COPYRIGHT BY BOGDAN KONSTANTYNOWICZ

March the 07th, 2016

Mayer Amschel Rothschild - 1769 in Hessen-Kassel - the Illuminati, 1776. The Knights Templar in 1742 / 1743 in Paris and in 1745 / 1791, Scotland - and The Order of Mark Master Masons, 1769.

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Konstantynowicz Bogdan, encyklopedia Polski Niepodleglej.

Konstantynowicz Bogdan, the Independent Poland Encyclopedia.



November and December 2013 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2012.
The family history of the Konstantynowiczs in Tsarist Russia. In Viljandi, Tallinn, Parnu / Parnawa, Riga / Ryga, Moscow, Petersburg, Ufa, Miezonka, Hapsal / Haapsalu, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti.
With: Melik - Beglyarov or Melik-Beglarov, Demonets / Demonet or Demontet, Breguet, Brown, Wilde, Nikitin, Katenin, Gruzinski, Bagrationi, Drzewiecki, Orlov-Denisov, Martynov, Paszkowski, Kalinowski, Zarako Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Horodecki, Zbieranowski, Szostak, Nobel, Masson, Hacker / Hakker, Kammer, Briling, Vologdin, Azbelev, Benckendorf or Benkendorf, Pushkin, Kropotkin, Chikin, Bakst, Trubecki / Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy / Troubetskoi, Beklemishev, Rosenberg, Wittgenstein, Dadian-Mingrelsky / Dadiani Mingrelskij, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Soltan, Oginski, Japaridze, Rosen, Gernet, Rehbinder, Schilling, Nakachidze, von Zarnekau, Yurievsky, Duke of Oldenburg, Nikoladze, Maipariani or Maypariani, Saparov, Armand, Diseren, Duflon, Rey, Paat / Paats, Karamyan.

Encyklopedia Internetowa Polski Niepodleglej - Konstantynowicz Bogdan: Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Psarski, Kreski, Madalinski, Arcichowski, Bleszynski, Sulimierski, Radolinski, Fiszer, Bninski, Hutten Czapski, Mielzynski, Oginski, Kalinowski.

Globalization and globalism - Donald Trump, John F. Kennedy, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Bronislaw Komorowski - the Russian global intelligence network. Konstantynowicz Bogdan - Polish Internet Archive. Key note.

All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell in Russia.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph. History on the noble Constantinovich family in Russia in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Duflon & Constantinovich Company 1892 - 1918.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

Breguet, Brown, Masson, Rey, Armand, Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, Duflon and history of research on telegraph, radio and electricity. Deka Company in Petersburg, Moscow and Zaporoze - Russian engines and airplanes.

The Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Psarski, Kreski of Grebanin, and Sulkowski family - history and genealogy. Part 5.


Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski and Oginski genealogy.
General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus. Part 4.


Wola Pszczolecka and Miezonka; Kiedrzynski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski and Oginski genealogy. General comments to the genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family of Belarus. Part 5.


Paszkowski and Mielzynski, Uminski, Madalinski, PRADZYNSKI, Plater - close to Wloclawek / Brzesc Kujawski / Radziejow [in later times LEOPOLD KRONENBERG]:

Sons of TOMASZ Paszkowski and REGINA:
Michal Paszkowski 1st and
Jan Paszkowski [born 1742; he was living in Mokrsko in 1742 - the father of General Franciszek Paszkowski and the grandfather of Maria Paszkowska ARMAND from Moscow - see Apolon Konstantynowicz].

Jan Paszkowski [1742-ca 1800] moved home to Ukraine [ca 1776 ?]. Maybe his brother [cousin ?] was Piotr Paszkowski b. ca 1733 married Elzbieta nee Nietyks, with son Paszkowski Michal 2nd (1761 in Brzesc Litewski - after 1819), Colonel in 1794 in Brzesc Litewski, an official in Oszmiany; studied 1775-1779. In 1789 he bought Zabludow in the Grodno county. The friend of Hieronim Radziwill and of Michal Zaleski manager to Dominik Radziwill; Michal Paszkowski was closest to CONSPIRATOR, Karol Prozor in 1812. In 1808-1820 he taken from hands of Radziwill, Naliboki. After 1819 / 1820 no inf.

Michal Paszkowski 1st [b. ca 1725/1730] was an official in Malbork, moved in Volhynia, m. Monika Piotrowska of the Chelm area, daughter of Mikolaj and Katarzyna nee Plonski, Piotrowska, with a few children.

Józef PASZKOWSKI of Brzezie [b. ca 1765 ?], the son of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province [b. 1742], moved to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - owner of landestate close to Sampolno, [compare MADALINSKI, UMINSKI, Bajkowska-Kiedrzynska] in Skotniki.

SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI

- 12/13 km north-west to Radziejow

[RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793; the son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska; the father of Prokop Mielzynski];

20 km west to RUSZKI

[ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (1729-after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski; she was widowed in 1784; b. in Pieranie and married in 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710-before 1784), the Bydgoszcz official, with children: Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743, in Sobiesiernie, the Pieranie parish - north-west-north to RADZIEJOW). Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO. Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO. Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie - see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski ! - close to Badkowo. Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son Adam Kasper Mieroslawski born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc];

21 km west-south-west to Koscielna Wies

[compare: the children of Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; he in 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; an official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798. And grandchildren of Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin. Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek; bef 1750 the estate also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; the owners: ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska. His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer];

26 km west to BADKOWO

[Bedkowo - BADKOWO, 15 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski. JAN Madalinski was the grandfather of GENERAL Antoni Madalinski. Jan Madalinski b. 1665/1670; then in BADKOWO after a death of his wife Marjanna Klobski ca 1704; he became a priest in BADKOWO parish ca 1705. His daughter Franciszka + Józef Kicki, inf. 1754 about Franciszka and her brother - Józef. Great-grandfather of General Antoni Madalinski: Feliks Jan, MADALINSKI, b. 1630, married Katarzyna Porczynski b. ca 1650.

Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski.
Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner. Jacek come from Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750. Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river. Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita];

near Bodzanowo

[a village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 /12 km west of BADKOWO - that is 14 / 15 km to above SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI];

37 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski

[Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA]
and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847
[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

Nepomucena Pradzynska [1790-1858] married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski [1782-1855; his brother Jozef born 1785], ca 1810 - until ca 1825, son of
Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski official in Brzesc Kujawski [!], 1759-1846

{Ezechiel was the son of
Teodor Wojciech Moszczenski, 1714-1783 and Józefa Mieroslawska, 1740-1795 - her father was an official in INOWROCLAW; her brother Antoni Florian Stanislaw MIEROSLAWSKI was the official in Inowroclaw (1788), in Kruszwica (1765), 1743-1808 and ANTONI had son - Adam Kasper Mieroslawski b. 1785 in RUSZKI - 1837, and the grandson - Ludwik Adam Mieroslawski b. 1814, Nemours, d. in PARIS, Polish general, writer and poet, independence activist, a member of the Polish Democratic Society, the leader of two uprisings in Greater Poland in 1846.
Aleksander Moszczenski was an official in Brzesc Kujawski; at the end of the eighteenth century, Alexander Moszczenski (1759 - 1846), married Marianna, the daughter of the last governor of Gniezno, Józef Radziminski. Radziminski died in 1820; at the end of the 18th century, he was the owner of, among others, Srebrna Góra (then Srebrnogóra), and at the beginning of the 19th century he was the heir of Stepuchów, Brudzyn, Dziekczyno, Grzymultowice (today Gruntowice), Kozielsk, Mirkowice, Mirkowiczek, Modrzew, Petno (today Patnowo), Puzdrowce, Srebrna Góra and Werkowo. The son of Aleksander, was Wincenty Moszczenski (1790 - 1849), and grandson - Boleslaw Moszczenski (1826 - 1900), the son of Wincenty and Aniela Radonska; in 1848, Boleslaw took an active part in the Uprising - at the assault on the palace in Miloslaw, under the leadership of Józef Bonawentura Garczynski, and then during the expedition to Kcynia, under the leadership of Adolf Malczewski. After 1848, he fought for the equal rights of the Polish language},

and Marianna Radziminska.
Nepomucena's children: Teodor 1812-1831; Ignacy 1813-1880; Aleksander 1819-1829; Antoni Stefan Tadeusz 1822-1829.

Michal MADALINSKI, m. 2nd (?) time to Katarzyna Rudzki, with children: Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski; and Franciszek, the priest in Kruszwica and in Brzesc Kujawski in 1724;
also the son Samuel,
Lukasz,
Walenty.
Samuel MADALINSKI in 1731 was the owner of CHOCEN. Samuel Madalinski died before 1738, left children with his wife Wiktorja Wierzbowski: Jakób and Eufrozyna + Jakób Krasnicki. Jakób Madalinski in 1748 was the owner of Cerekwia / CEREKIEW 8/9 km west to RADOM. But sold this property - he was living close to Brzesc Kujawski and KOWAL.
Above Lukasz Madalinski, official in KOWAL close to Wloclawek, in 1727, in 1748; bought a part of named above Cerekiew in 1748; his brother - Walenty - inf. 1767. Married Ewa Estka, with the daughter Teresa + Stanislaw Dambski in 1771, official in BRZESC KUJAWSKI. Teresa died after 1796. Lukasz's son - Zenon Bonawentura Madalinski.
Named above Walenty Madalinski, official in KOWAL in 1740, in Brzesc Kujawski in 1746; he bought Borzymowice in 1740 - 4 km west to CHOCEN; m. Helena Umiastowski, with the son - Józef Madalinski, and daughter - Franciszka Krystyna, born in 1734 m. 1st to Piotr Skarbek; 2nd she married to Kasper Slawinski - official in KONIN in 1782.
Mentioned here Józef Madalinski, official in Inowroclaw in 1770, and in Kowal in 1770; died in 1775; his aunt Skarbkowa / Skarbek, had a court case about Borzymowice and Laki Markowe in 1775 with the Parliament envoy; they took Swietoslawice in 1778. Józef Madalinski married Teodora Polichnowska, with sons: Ludwik Madalinski the son probably to the 1st wife Teodora Modlinski; and Aleksy Antoni Madalinski, b. June 1762; and a daughters. In 1796 a court case vs Libiszowski; in 1797 Ludwik and Aleksy Madalinski bought Kieszków, Cerekiew and Zatopolice, from General Antoni Madalinski. Kieszek close to Radom. Zatopolice west to CEREKIEW - both situated 12 and 8 km west to RADOM].


The UMINSKI - Kiedrzynski - Madalinski - Mieroslawski branch [+ Pradzynski - Mielzynski - Kiedrzynski line]:
Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. 1811, the royal chamberlain + Tekla b. 1775 + Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826
[2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski. Jozefa was the daughter of Franciszka Kiedrzynska Bajkowska, and the granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki. The great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1715/1720].
See about BADKOWO - below.

At the beginning on his family:

Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700 + Teresa Rogalinski,
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700 and
Andrzej Uminski, b. ca 1700 + Apolinara Niemojewski, most likely were a brothers [a cousins ?].

HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730 - 1792), son of above mentioned Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski, the Bielsk governor; the owner of the Czeluscin estate in the then Gostyn county in 1778, m. in 1767 in Biechowo [at half way from Wrzesnia to Miloslaw - south to named Wrzesnia] to Franciszka Ryszewska (b. ca 1750-died after 1784); Hilary's children:
Marianna;
Róza;
Maksymilian UMINSKI;
Jan Uminski;
Teresa;
Katarzyna nee Uminska.

Around 1512, Stanislaw Zelik, who had previously built musical organs in the St. Mary's Church in Brzesc KUJAWSKI, built new in the cathedral in Gniezno. The bishop Bonawentura Madalinski [see below on his genealogy], the founder of the new instrument, was commissioned the organmaster of Torun, Mateusz Brandtner - it was completed at the end of 1691.

Localities connected with life of the Uminski - Kiedrzynski family close to Wloclawek:
Pocierzyn - 9 km west to BADKOWO !

Ruszki - 6 km to BADKOWO !

Krotoszyn - 6 km south-west to Badkowo.

Wysocin - 7 km east to named Krotoszyn; 5 km south-west to BRZEZIE ! and 5 km south-east to Badkowo.

Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN, had the son:
Kazimierz Uminski b. before 1730, the founder of a chapel in Ruszki; he bought in 1746 named Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; the border bailiff in BRZESC KUJAWSKI, married to Teresa Besiekierski; d. 1798.
KAZIMIERZ UMINSKI had children:
1. son Józef Uminski d. 1805, Archdeacon of the cathedral of Luck;
2. Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
with Antoni's children:
1. Jan Chrzciciel (Baptysta) Uminski 1778 - d. ca 1851, he has sold together with his uncle Konstanty, village Nikonowka near Zytomierz;
2. Wincenty Uminski b. 1788 (? - in the Radziejow county); and his daughter Justyna Uminska + Onufry Uminski of Ruszki; and grandson - Julian Uminski, painter + Tekla Bogdanska,
3. Modesta Uminska b. 1786 + Kasper Górski d. before 1832 + Cyprian Pyzinski (Wola Prosperowa west to ZYCHLIN);
4. Katarzyna Uminska b. 1792 + Leon Gasiorowski (Pocierzyn near RUSZKI); and the last - Marianna Brodzki and Tekla Kalinowska.
Next son of above KAZIMIERZ b. ca 1730:
Konstanty Uminski, with a daughter Rozalia Uminska + Jan Morzycki, Captain, d. 1830, the owner of Chociszew close to OZORKOW.
With a granddaughter Eufrazyna Morzycka, 1825 - 1860 Nikonówka + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski;

and next son and daughters of named
Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730:
Stanislaw Uminski 1760 - 1811, served at the Royal Court + m. 1st Tekla b. 1775; m. 2nd to a granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski - the great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski of WILCZKOW, b. ca 1715/1720 !
Brief explanation - Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy, official in Kalisz, married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki, with the daughter Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki; Stanislaw's Uminski 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

Kazimiera Uminska died in 1786;

Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski; that is Ksawera Uminska b. ca 1750 - ca 1800 + Antoni Mieroslawski ca 1740 - ca 1810 [see the dictator of the January Uprising in 1863].

Note to Eufrozyna Morzycka (1825-1860, Nikonówka) + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski, with Stanislaw Rafal Ludwik Morzycki, b. 1827, and grandson - Eugeniusz Morzycki (in Siberia) b. 1870, d. 1913.

Above Jan Morzycki, Captain of the 3rd Infantry Regiment, died 1830; was the second son of Jan Morzycki, received his inheritance from brother Pawel in 1802. Jan in 1808 was in the rank of lieutenant, and on the same day he was captain of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy. The recruits came from the Brzeziny, Gostyn, Leczyca, and Lowicz. In 1808 he was stationed in Warsaw.

We again confirm that Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN, also Antoni UMINSKI + Teresa Rogalinski, and Andrzej + Apolinara Niemojewski, maybe were a brothers.

HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730-1792), the son of mentioned above Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski; the owner of Czeluscin in the GOSTYN county, in 1778; married in 1767 in Biechowo, to Franciszka Ryszewska (b. ca 1750-d. after 1784).

ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (before 1729-d. after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski, of Bydgoszcz; Rozalia was the widow in 1784; Rozalia was born in Pieranie; m. 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710- before 1784), official in Bydgoszcz; her daughter - Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743 in Sobiesiernie, in the Pieranie parish).

Pieranie - 21 km west to BADKOWO and 18 km north to RADZIEJOW !

The BAJKOWSKI / Baykowski family:

They come from Bajki Stare:
Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy [CZEPOW - 12 km north to UNIEJOW, north-east to TUREK], official in Kalisz [south-west to TUREK], married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz [see WILCZKOW], and Brygida Bardzki [see Walknowski - Mielzynski branch],
with children:
A. Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow [close to PLESZEW], 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki [east to TUREK; close to Przykona and north to DOBRA !]; Stanislaw's 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

B. Roch Józef Ludwik b. 1790, the owner of Fulki and Kalów, m. Józefata Kossobudzka, born in Fulki in 1791.

Czepy / CZEPOW: 12 km north to UNIEJOW.

Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 7 km north-east to BIEGANIN of Kiedrzynski and north to Gorzenko [we know Bronow 2nd east to UNIEJOW, and south-east to named above CZEPOW] -
Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. 1811, m. + 1st Tekla b. 1775;
his sisters:
Kazimiera Uminska d. 1786;
Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski,
and his brothers:
Józef Uminski d. 1805, of LUCK;
Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
Konstanty Uminski.

Mentioned Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski had daughters:
Marianna Uminska b. 1799, d. bef. 1832 + Brodzki of Fundowo ? close to WARTA; and Józefa and also Tekla Uminska Kalinowski of KALISZ.

They were children of Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798;
and grandchildren of Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin.

Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek;
bef 1750 the estate also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; the owners:
ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska.
His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer.


Note to Badkowo / BEDKOWO / Badkow:
A.
Wladyslaw Jan Sulimierski b. 1830 in Lubiec, d. 1866, m. in ca 1850 to Wanda Walewska b. 1832, daughter of Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka, Kalinowski, Oginski, Trubecki, Konstantynowicz) 1802-1835 and Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832. Natalia Kreska was daughter of Florian Stanislaw Józef Kreski b. in 1771 Grebanin - died in 1838, owner of Maslowice, who married in 1803 in Weglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karsnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karsnicki and Józefa Maslowski.

Above Napoleon WALEWSKI was son of Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 who m. Antonina Kalinowska with sons:

1. Karol Franciszek Salezy b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska
with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857 + Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897;

and 2. above Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835 who married to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.

About above mentioned Antonina KARSNICKA and her children:

a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grebanin, d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin SULIMIERSKI and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,

b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grebanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski owner of Pstrokonie, son of Ludwik Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835),

c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Weglewice, d. 1879, owner of Maslowice, judge in Wielun, owner estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Lazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Lask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kreska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kozuchowski [!], 3rd m. in 1852 in Maslowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Tomasz KOWALSKI who died 1812, owner of Rakowice and Bedkowo, m. in 1789 in Lubczyna, to Helena Karsnicka daughter of Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow; second time Helena Kowalska - Karsnicka married to Feliks Murzynowski,
with:
Jozefa or Honorata Józefa KOWALSKA born ca 1807, Myjonice, m. in 1820, to Nestor Julian Wezyk of OSINY 1795-1862, from Myjonice in the Ostrzeszow county, son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk of Osiny b. 1750 and Marianna Fundament-Karsnicka of Karsznice 1767-1817.
B.
Children of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karsnicki, 1731 - 1820 + Józefa Jadwiga Maslowska [see above]:
1. Józef Jastrzebiec Karsnicki 1784-1862;
2. Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki);
3. Magdalena Jastrzebiec Karsnicka - SULIMIERSKA, born in ca 1784,
4. Antonina Fundament Karsnicka - KRESKA, d. 1862,
5. Helena Karsnicka - KOWALSKA - MURZYNOWSKA,
6. Wiktoria PSARSKA, Fundament - Karsnicka b. ca 1775 - died in 1844 in Biala; m. Franciszek Psarski b. ca 1770.
7. Marianna Wezyk; she was the mother of Nestor Julian Wezyk and Faustyna Kobierzycka.

Geographic remarks:

Rakowice - close to WROBLEW, 3 km north to Charlupia Wielka; west to SIERADZ.

Bedkowo - BADKOWO, 15 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski.

Lubczyna - 3 km west to CIESZECIN; 8 km north to Wieruszow, 9 km west to Galewice.
Lyskornia - north-west to Kurow; 4 km south to Walichnowy;

Weglowice - 9 km south to Truskolasy and west to Czestochowa; 6 km north to ex-Silesian border.

KIERZNO - 9 km north-west to Wieruszow.
C.
Brief note to the de Weydenthal family [and about BRZEZIE, WIENIEC, Badkowo / BEDKOW / BEDKOWO]:

Please, you remember, there are two or three important in our context the villages called Brzezie.
A landproperty of that name, Brzezie, is located between Wloclawek and Radziejów, close to the village WIENIEC and Badkowo [see KRONENBERG].

Jadwiga Barthel de Weydenthal - Brzeska, b. 1884 in BADKOWO, d. 1961, soldier of the I Brigade, activist of the independence, sculptress, godmother of the ship Batory. She was the daughter of Zdzislaw and Aniela Rózanska; sister of above Przemyslaw Barthel de Weydenthal - Colonel; Jerzy Barthel de Weydenthal; Jan Barthel de Weydenthal and Maria Barthel de Weydenthal - activists of the independence, a teacher in the high school, a nun of the Ursuline Sisters. Jadwiga studied at home, later in Paris at the Sorbonne, then was in the country in 1905-1906. In 1916-1919 studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw.
D.
Nadróz close to Rogowo, in the Rypin county. The village belonged to Nadrowski, at the end of 18th cent. to Balinski and Kretkowski; ca 1812 Adam Nadrowski taken all estate.
Nadróz ca 1850 bought Wilhelm Fryderyk Barthel von Weidenthal, who was an administrator of Antoni Suminski estate in Zbójno. Then in 1856 to his son Alfred Kalikst Barthel. 1886 Nadróz with Balin to Alfred Józef Barthel, son of Alfred Kalikst. The last in Nadróz - to 1939 - was Artur Barthel, son of Alfred Józef who acted also in Rypin.
Nadróz - 9 km south of RYPIN; north of Wloclawek and LIPNO.
See Swiedziebnia - 16 km north-east of RYPIN.
Brzezno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !];
Marianowo, in the Rypin County, close to Golub-Dobrzyn and RYPIN - 13 km north-west of RYPIN.
CHOCEN close to KOWAL and Izbica Kujawska [see my Encyclopedia].
Brzezie, BADKOWO and Wieniec - west of Wloclawek.

Barthel de Weydenthal - in BEDKOW or BADKOWO and see BRZEZIE [KRONENBERG - see Tyminska and Wojtyla], 7 km east of Bedków / BADKOWO.
E.
Osiecz Wielki - ca 1810 this land property was owned by the Bninski family.
In 1870 these estates also included: Osiecz Wielki, Osiecz Maly, Kucice, Biezyn, Arciszewo, Wola Paruszewska and Uklejnice.
At the beginning of the 20th cent. to the Plater family. Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski. Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner.
Count Witold Maria Broel Plater, 1893-1962 - in 1922 - built the private elementary school in assets Osiecz Wielki and Osiecz Maly; he was the son of Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count and Aleksandra Maria Helena POTOCKA, Broel-Plater, 1863-1918.
Named Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count, b. 1843 in Belmont, died in 1911 in Bad Nauheim, Germany, was the son of Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater and Idalia Adelajda SOBANSKA b. 1808;
father of Ignacy; Antoni Broel-Plater and Witold Maria Aleksander Broel-Plater; brother of Konstanty Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater; Wlodzimierz Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater and Feliks Broel-Plater.

Above Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, was the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750.

Above
Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river.

Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita. Michal OGINSKI was the son of Leon Kazimierz Oginski, b. ca 1658, who was the brother of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski b. ca 1664.

F.
Now about Mielzynski of Radziejów / Radziejów Kujawski:

Piolunowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów, south-west of BADKOWO; west of WIENIEC; landowner Mikolaj Roskowski, then since 1616 - Mielzynski, and in 1631 - Stanislaw Legocki.

RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793
[son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski {Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska};
father of Prokop Mielzynski;
Anna Maria Mycielska and Józef Mielzynski Count;
brother of Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski];
his wife Seweryna Lipska b. ca 1750, died in 1804 - Chobienice [see: Count Jan Mielzynski b. 1831 - Chobienice].

Maksymilian (Maksymilian Antoni Jan), son of Andrzej MIELZYNSKI and Bninska [Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski b. 19.10.1698 + Anna Petronella Bninska b. ca 1720], born 1737 / 1738, MP in 1773, had the right of succession to the property after a father [Adam Dadzbog Baranowski] of his great-grandmother Teresa Baranowska, that is Grocholno, Rospedek, Debogóra, Lankowice, Malice, Gromadna, Spióry, Bak, Tupadl, Siernik, Szamocin Lastkowy, but
he has assigned in 1771 to Maciej MIELZYNSKI all above properties;
he taking over his father's pledge of assets:
Zytowiecko, Mala Leka and Grodziszczko, and bought all named in 1771 from hands of Jan Nepomucen Mycielski.
From hands of Duke Antoni Sulkowski, bought in 1791
Zduny and villages: Perzyce, Borownica, Chachalnia, Ujazd, Baszków !, Bestwin, Trzaski, Trafary, Kobylin and Rembiechów, Dlugoleka, Bartoszek.
Maksymilian Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in 1799, and he put away a part of land property Konary in 1772, to his wife Konstancja Czapska, and Rozalia nee Czapska.
His daughter Józefa (Józefa Nepomucena Rozalia Konstancja Franciszka), b. in Rabin, 1773, m. 1790 in Pawlowice to Augustyn Kozminski, but she died in 1792 in Wronki. Next daughters: Helena, died in Rabin in 1774;
Katarzyna (Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia), b. Rabin, 1775, m. in Pawlowice in 1793 to Prokop Mielzynski; she died in 1817.

Czolowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów.

Bodzanowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 km west of BADKOWO.
G.
Brzezie close to Wloclawek [+ Badkowo] and the LANCKORONSKI family [Brzezie + Jedlno, Wola Pszczolecka]:

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski / ADAM, 1740-1796, m. Aniela Stadnicka with daughter Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780}.
Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1790, 1760-1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.
Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski. Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755 [maybe before 1755];
Barbara was sister of:
Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 who married to above Ewa Mecinska of JEDLNO;
Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski;
and maybe above Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.

Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, born 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer, and his wife - above
Barbara LANCKORONSKA, b. ca 1771 [not in 1780] - 1849 / 1850?
1.
Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist. He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg; after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Wloclawek. 1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice.
2.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski. BRZEZIE was the land property of Józef Dambski, b. ca 1810, son of Józef Walenty Dambski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczynska born 1785.
Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:
Tomasz Dambski of Inowroclaw, 1690-1748;
Lukasz Madalinski of Kowal, b. 1700
[Michal MADALINSKI m. Katarzyna Rudzki, with children:
Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski,
Franciszek Madalinski, the priest in Kruszwica, and in Brzesc Kujawski (?) in 1724;
Samuel Madalinski;
mentioned above Lukasz Madalinski;
and the last - Walenty.
Samuel MADALINSKI in 1731 save - give the comission a sum of money from the Chocen estate close to KOWAL and Wloclawek, to Anna Stempczynski married Gostkowska;
also SAMUEL with his brothers - Lukasz Madalinski and Walenty Madalinski, signed and chose the King Stanislaw Leszczynski in the Brzesc Kujawski county !
Samuel d. bef. 1738, left children with his wife -
Wiktoria Wierzbowski Madalinska];

Andrzej Leszczynski of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700;
Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoronski of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785;
Marianna Kolczynska b. 1690;
Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see the Estko - KOSCIUSZKO line];
Bazylea Woyczynska 1720-1751; and Eleonora Garczynska 1722-1802.
3.
Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1824, d. 1876, (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated ?? to Austrian Galicia), married ca 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew. Zbigniew Brzezinski come from Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr., 1824-1876.
H.
Bishop Bonawentura Madalinski / Bonawentura Dobrogost Madalinski in WLOCLAWEK and PLOCK, b. 1620, d. 1691, the son of Piotr Madalinski and Anna Chelmska.
In 1687, the Cathedral Chapter in Wloclawek with the founder of the new organs, the bishop Bonawentura Madalinski [these were completed at the end of 1691] - built new musical organs in WLOCLAWEK.

BROTHERS:
1.
Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski

[see General JAN NEPOMUCEN UMINSKI ! - HILARY Uminski b. ca 1730 - d. in 1792, the son of named Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski, the owner of Czeluscin near Gostyn, in 1778, m. in 1767, Biechowo, to Franciszka Ryszewska b. ca 1750 - d. after 1784, with children: Marianna, Róza, Maksymilian, Jan, Teresa, Katarzyna];
and 2.
Andrzej Uminski, b. ca 1700, and Apolinara Niemojewski

[ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (1729-after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski; she was widowed in 1784; b. in Pieranie and married in 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710-before 1784), the Bydgoszcz official, with children: Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743, Sobiesiernie, the Pieranie parish - north-west-north to RADZIEJOW)]
{during the Polish-Austrian War of 1809 under the orders of Jozef Poniatowski Neyman - CONSPIRATOR - was assigned deputy of General J. Niemojewski, commander of the department}.

Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO !

Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO !

3.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie [see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski !] close to Badkowo.

Antoni Mieroslawski b. ca 1740, d. 1797, the chamberlain in Inowroclaw; official in Kruszwica; the royal chamberlain, married 1st to Marianna Radonska born ca 1745, d. 1775, but 2nd marriage before 1769 to
Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son
Adam Kasper Mieroslawski
born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc.

Remember:
Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski, d. 1798.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn the village, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin.
Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO, west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek.
Pocierzyn bef 1750 also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish. In Pocierzyn ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska.
His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer.

Adam Kasper Mieroslawski, Colonel of the November Uprising in 1831, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Napoleonic Army, Adjutant of General Davout; decorated with the title of the Knight of the French Empire; m. Camilla Notte de Vaupleux
with sons:
1. Ludwik Adam Mieroslawski (born 1814 in Nemours, the godfather was Marshal Louis Davout, died 1878 in Paris), general, writer and poet, political and nationalist activist, historian, participant of the November Uprising (1831), dictator of the January Uprising (February 17 - March 11, 1863);
2.
Adam Piotr Mieroslawski (born April 1815 in Stryków near Brzeziny, died 1851) - sailor, engineer, insurgent in 1831, he discovered again, after 300 years, the island of New Amsterdam, which he became the owner.


Jan Nepomucen Uminski, 1778-1851 = Jan = Nepomucen Uminski,
parents: Hilary UMINSKI and Franciszka Ryszewska.
On September 23, 1831 Jan Uminski was appointed commander-in-chief of the November Uprising, from which he resigned the same day.
Jan Nepomucen Uminski, the officer of the Polish army; service ended in the rank of Major General; participant of the 1794 Insurrection;
adjutant of General Antoni Józef Madalinski;
Napoleonic Wars and November Uprising 1830 - 1831 (Chief of Staff on September 23, 1831).
In 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming to be a branch in Great Poland; he had a confidential relationship with Lieutenant Colonel Ludwik Sczaniecki.

His parents:
Hilary Uminski / Hilarion Uminski, 1730/1735/1760-1792 + Franciszka Ryszewska b. ca 1740

[HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730 - d. 1792), the son of
Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski;
Hilary Uminski was the owner of Czeluscin close to GOSTYN in 1778; m. in 1767 in Biechowo to Franciszka Ryszewska];

Czeluscin - close to PEPOWO, 4 km; 20 km west to KROTOSZYN the city [it has nothing to do with Krotoszyn close to Wloclawek!]; 14 km east to KROBIA; sout-east to SIEDLEC !

Biechowo - south to WRZESNIA.

The grandparents:
Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700 + Marianna Teresa Rogalinska, 1715-1796.
Marianna Teresa Rogalinska 1715-1796, was the daughter of Roman Rogalinski b. ca 1690 + Teofila Miaskowska.

Note to above ROMAN Rogalinski:
Stefan Poplawski, in 1741 in Noskow, married to Urszula Widlakówna; witnesses:
Roman Rogalinski,
Aleksander Radonski, Antoni Rokoszewski, Mikolaj Dobruchowski.
NOSKOW of Kiedrzynski -
11 km south - west to JAROCIN; 30 km east to Kunowo; 17 / 18 km east to KOSZKOWO of Kiedrzynski.

We back to GENERAL Nepomucen UMINSKI:
In the Strzelce Wielkie parish, close to GOSTYN, Piaski and KUNOWO:
a baptism in 1802 of Franciszek Xawery Pogorzelski - godmother Katarzyna Uminska;
in 1805 bpt. of Wiktoria Pogorzelska - godfather Nepomucen Uminski = Jan Nepomucen UMINSKI.
Ksawery Pogorzelski b. 1805 m. Marianna Rydzewska nee Sikorska in 1825. Ksawery Pogorzelski b. 1805, d. 1842, in Mystkowo, near Plonsk. His father Franciszek Pogorzelski.

Above Jan Nepomucen UMINSKI was the owner of
Smolice and Pruszynsk.
Strzelce Wielkie / Gross-Strzelce, close to Gostyn, in the ex-Kröben county; in 1846 belonged to Zakrzewska -
7 km east to GOSTYN ! and 10 km south-east to KUNOWO of Kiedrzynski ! 18 km north to PEPOWO - see Hilary UMINSKI ! - north-east to Rokosowo, Gogolewo, Poniec and Krobia; 9 km south-west to KOSZKOWO - see KIEDRZYNSKI.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. This is Kunow / Kunowo 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis. See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn; Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County.
Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 5th, b. ca 1735, from Koszkowo close to Noskowo and Kunowo.
Florian Kiedrzynski's father was Marcin Kiedrzynski senior, b. ca 1700/1715 - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska.
Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo / NOSKOW south-west to JAROCIN - inf. 1776, 16 / 18 km east of Koszkowo and 27 / 30 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

And Nepomucen UMINSKI was the owner of
Pruszyn - 10 km north-east to SIEDLCE - the Masovia prov.

SMOLICE -
west to Kobylin and 4 km south to CZELUSCIN ! And 8 km south-east to PEPOWO !

Jan Nepomucen Uminski b. 1778 in Czeluscin !
His father HILARY was the owner of Czeluscin - close to PEPOWO, 4 km; 20 km west to KROTOSZYN the city; 14 km east to KROBIA; sout-east to SIEDLEC [but of course it is not Siedlce]!

See on WALKNOWSKI:

In Kobierno, 7 km north-east to KROTOSZYN the city - see Mielzynski - in 1709, Rozalja Klara, was born to Stefan Dunin from Kobierno, and Anna; godparents:
Antoni Wiktor Walknowski official in WIELUN, and Anna Uminska.

In Laszczyn, 5 km north to RAWICZ, south-west to ROSZKOWO, in 1709, Tomasz Borucki m. Petronella Lubiatowska; witnesses: Wladyslaw Glinicki; Antoni Waliknowski / above WALKNOWSKI; Urszula Walknowska / Walikowska; Marjanna Slinicka [see Kiedrzynski].

Above Hilary UMINSKI m. ca 1760 to Franciszka Ryszewska with children:
1.
Antoni Uminski 1770-1813;
2. Teresa Uminska 1770-1836 + Wincenty Wilkonski;
3.
Rozalia Uminska + Józef Wilkonski, MP in 1789-1791; 1747-1822.
4.
Major of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Jan Nepomucen Uminski 1778-1851.

Debe - 11 km north-east to KALISZ; 22 km north-west to BEDZIECHOW of Kiedrzynski !

Nepomucen Uminski married in 1817, Debe close to Kalisz. Who ?

Jan Nepomucen Uminski b. 1778 in Czeluscin, the brigade general, he took part in the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794, where he was the adjutant of general Antoni Madalinski.
In 1806 he fought near Gdansk and Tczew during the Napoleonic wars. He was taken prisoner by Prussia and released in 1807 and joined the French cavalry; he moved to the army of the Warsaw Duchy. In Poznan, he was the commander of the squadron of the Honor Guard.
The Polish-Austrian war in 1809; 1812 the Russian campaign, Borodino and near Smolensk.
As the first of the Napoleonic army, he headed the Polish Hussars to Moscow.
Leipzig in 1813, where he was wounded and was taken prisoner; release in 1815, he joined the army of the Congress Kingdom.
In 1816 he left the army and settled in Smolice [compare General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI]. In 1820, he founded the "Kosynierzy Union" / SCYTHEMEN, then he became a member of the Patriotic Society, for which he was convicted by the Prussians in 1826 for six years in prison.
Uminski was jaled in Glogow, whence escaped on 17 February 1831. He joined the army of Poland in 1831.
General Dembinski entrusted him with command of the 1st Cavalry Corps. On September 23, 1831 he was the commander-in-chief. After capitulation he moved to Modlin. In Plock he had a controversy with General Maciej Rybinski. He went to France to emigrate. He was a collaborator of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.
He was a member of the Freemasonry of the United Brothers as "journeyman" in 1829 [in prison ?].

Above
Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borow, in the Przybyszew parish.
Polish general, commander of the cavalry, one of the commanders in the Kosciuszko Insurrection of 1794; the Bar Confederation in 1768; he was born in Porów in the Sieradz prov. {close to KALISZ ?} in 1739 or POROWO - maybe named above Borowa Wola, south to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica River.
Porowo close to KALISZ - we know Borow, 14 km east to KALISZ;

Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary in 1802,
Zatopolice west to Radom,
Przybyszew / Przybyszewo [close to Bialobrzegi !!],
Lubania
and Borow, in the Przybyszew parish - BOROWE, 7 km west to PRZYBYSZEW.
Burned in Przybyszewo,
but his heart in Lubania north to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica River. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto.
Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica!
He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn the city, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski.
Antoni Madalinski after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów / Borowo [or Borowa Wola south to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica River; or Potworow ?], d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo [Borow, in the Przybyszew parish. NORTH TO MARIOWKA then to KIEDRZYNSKI];
son of Józef [1700/1710 - 1755; Jozef was NOT son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775.

LUBANIA - north to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica;
Sadkowice - north to named Nowe Miasto.
Porów - we are not sure where this town is located! Borow, in the Przybyszew parish.
Above Józef Madalinski b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski! Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzatew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Maczniki, Male Swiatniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyzanowski.

Antoni Jozef Madalinski was a participant in the Bar Confederation fighting initially from 1768 in the branch of Józef Bierzynski. In 1770 he fought in Mazovia in the branches of Józef Sawa-Calinski, however, in December 1770 he was wounded near Wysokie and he was taken prisoner by Ksawery Branicki. In 1778-1788, in the political life he used the Sulkowskis' protection.
He was living in Baszków (commune of Zduny) and was the commander of the garrison in Zduny.


We back to UMINSKI and Czeluscin
- village in the Gostyn county, located 4 km south-east of Pepowo. Czeluscin belonged among others to Rogalinski; much later to General Jan Nepomucen Uminski who was born in 1778.
We back to Antoni Madalinski:
colonel of the Crown troops of 1781, in Gniezno in 1788; beat the Prussians several times and went to Krakow, where he links with Kosciuszko. He fought at Raclawice and Szczekociny, in defense of Warsaw and Prague. Captured by the Prussians, imprisoned, he was released in 1797.
Married to Witoria Skotnicki, with 8 children. He leased in 1787 Miejska Górka from Sulkowski; in 1797 he issue a power of attorney in Kieszkow to Antoni Kurnatowski, because antoni Madalinski was
the owner of Kieszków, Cerekiew and Zatopolice.
And Antoni transfered estates to his brothers:
Ludwik Madalinski and Aleksy Madalinski / Aleksander Madalinski.

In 1795, the Abbots of Plock ceased - they were the owners of Przybyszów / Przybyszew by the north bank of the PILICA river and west is BIALOBRZEGI - Przybyszew to Madalinski, so Prussia after the Third Partition of Poland occupied these areas. A part of post-monastery estates was Borowe - in 1802; Antoni died on 19 July 1804 in Borow / Borowe / Borowo and was buried in Przybyszewo.

Antoni's children:
Marja + Aleksander Iwanowski, the Zaslaw marshal;
Józefa d. 1853 + Ignacy Sosnowski, judge in RAWA;
Mikolaj Madalinski, b. in Miroslawice, Lieutenant in 1824, then Captain; m. 1st in 1832, Urszula Leszczynski, widow after death of her 1st husband - Antoni Swidzinski, the owner of Ossa; 2nd m. to Konstancja Zdziechowska, inf. 1850; his daughter Marja, m. in 1868 to Franciszek Czaplicki.

Father of named GENERAL Antoni Madalinski b. 1739:
JOZEF Madalinski born ca 1700/1710. or 1703.
Inf. on Józef in 1753 in SIERADZ vs Morawski; Jozef died in 1755 in SREM.
Married Barbara Gutowska, inf. in Koscian, 1759. KOSCIAN - 18 km east to WILKOWO POLSKIE !

JAN Madalinski was the grandfather of GENERAL. Jan b. 1665/1670; then in BADKOWO after a death of his wife Marjanna Klobski ca 1704; he became a priest in BADKOWO parish ca 1705.
His daughter Franciszka + Józef Kicki, inf. 1754 about Franciszka and her brother - Józef.

Great-grandfather of General:
Feliks Jan, MADALINSKI, b. 1630 ! Married Katarzyna Porczynski ca 1650
{Katarzyna Madalinska, Kesicka born Porczynska in Gasiorowo close to Swiercze. SOUTH TO PRZASNYSZ ! - see WORONIECKI}, with a daughter
Marjanna b. ca 1670, m. Jan Morawski before 1701 - she died before 1729; inf. 1726
{Marianna Morawska, born Madalinska ca 1670, to Feliks Jan Madalinski and Katarzyna Madalinska, Kesicka born Porczynska. Feliks was born ca 1630. They had son Józef Morawski};
and with sons:
Pawel Madalinski and
Jan Madalinski b. 1665/1670.

Named Pawel, a priest in 1690, in Wloclawek in 1692, Lowicz died in 1698.
Named Jan MADALINSKI, after death of wife was living in
Badkowo [a rector of the Badkowo parish] - close to Wloclawek; close to RUSZKI, where Andrzej Uminski was living, b. ca 1700, and Apolinara Niemojewski.
Compare on UMINSKI:
ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska b. 1729, d. after 1784, the daughter of Andrzej UMINSKI and Apolinara Niemojewski, widowed 1784; b. Pieranie, m. bef. 1743 to Michal Slubicki.

Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. ca 1811, of Bronow - the Royal clark, m. Tekla b. 1775, 2nd to the granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski. His sisters: Kazimiera Uminska d. 1786; Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski; and his brothers:
Józef Uminski d. 1805;
Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
Konstanty Uminski.

Above Antoni Uminski + Marianna Byszewski, had daughters: Marianna Uminska b. 1799, living in the WARTA district;
Tekla Uminska b. 1800 + Jan Kalinowski, official in KALISZ.
Mentioned above children come from the father - Kazimierz Uminski b. 1730, founder of a chapel in Ruszki,
in 1746 he bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in BRZESC KUJAWSKI; married Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798.
And they were grandchildren of
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN.

Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE; west to Wloclawek;
Pocierzyn and Krotoszyn belonged to Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; ca 1750 Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska were the owners; then to Onufry Uminski, and his grandson - Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954).

Rozalia Uminska, the daughter of Konstantyn, married Jan Morzycki with a daughter Eufrazyna.

Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO.
Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie [see JAKUB Kiedrzynski !].

We again back to General Antoni Madalinski:
JAN Madalinski was the grandfather of GENERAL. Jan b. 1665/1670; then in BADKOWO after a death of his wife Marjanna Klobski ca 1704; he became a priest in BADKOWO parish ca 1705.
Great-grandfather of General:
Feliks Jan, MADALINSKI, b. 1630 ! Married Katarzyna Porczynski ca 1650
Katarzyna Madalinska, Kesicka born Porczynska, in Gasiorowo close to Swiercze. SOUTH TO PRZASNYSZ ! - see WORONIECKI.
Great-great-grandfather of General Madalinski:
maybe from Marcin Madalinski, b. ca 1600 / 1610, an official in Wielun in 1651, died in 1658.
Come from (?) JERZY: in 1606 Jerzy de Niedzielsko Madalinski, b. ca 1575/1580, official in Wielun, founder of a church in Rudki.
And maybe Jerzy was a descendant of (?) Sebastian.
Sebastian Madalinski 1st, b. ca 1545 /1560 - this is the General Antoni Madalinski line. Named Sebastian b. ca 1545 + Jadwiga Kobierzycki had son Jan Madalinski b. ca 1585, d. 1644, the Catholic priest.
Brother of named Sebastian 1st, b. ca 1545/1560 -
Aleksander, b. ca 1550 - 1617 [his parents: Antoni Madalinski, b. ca 1520/1525 + GALEWSKA], tax official in Wielun and Ostrzeszow in 1603; m. Anna Konopnicki of Kroczewo, 1 voto Dambska.

Niedzielsko:
Jan Madalinski in 1551-1567 an official in Wielun;
1552 Andrzej Madalinski and Antoni Madalinski, were the owners of Niedzielsko;
ca 1588 Sebastian Madalinski married Jadwiga Kobierzycka.
1606 - Jerzy de Niedzielsko Madalinski of Wielun;
Krzysztof Madalinski inf. 1607-1623.
Jan Aleksander Madalinski inf. 1632-1634. Judge in Wielun: Jan Aleksander Madalinski - 1634-1654.
Jakub Madalinski, ca 1640 m. Helena Kobierzycka.
Aleksander Madalinski - 1651-1654 in Wielun;
Sebastian Madalinski inf. 1670-1679.
Ignacy Madalinski inf. 1679-1681. Aleksander Madalinski inf. 1699. Zygmunt Madalinski inf. 1664-1685.
Józef Madalinski, 1710-1755; Antoni Madalinski, 1739-1804.
Michal Madalinski inf. 1740-1750. Mikolaj Madalinski b. 1797.


Bobrowniki:

1640 - ca 1800 Bobrownik belonged to the Madalinskis:
Antoni Madalinski, b. 1525, m. Anna Galewska with 2 sons:
Sebastian b. ca 1545 (Sebastian Madalinski 1st, b. ca 1545 /1560 the General line) and ALEKSANDER [Jakub Karol Madalinski b. ca 1590 was the son of Aleksander and Anna Konopnicka] - the Bobrowniki line.
Named Sebastian b. ca 1545/1560 + Jadwiga Kobierzycki [her mother - Jadwiga Wiktorowska] had son
Jan Madalinski b. ca 1585, d. 1644, Catholic priest, in Kruszwica, Gniezno, Poznan and Wloclawek; royal secretary, abbot, bishop of Gniezno. He was the son of Sebastian Madalinski, 1545 / 1550 - 1617 and Jadwiga Kobierzycka. In 1611 he was a student at the University of Padua, then in Rome. After completing his studies, he was sent to Kruszwica.
Ca 1588, Sebastian Madalinski m. Jadwiga Kobierzycka.

The 2nd marriage of Antoni Madalinski b. ca 1520/1525 + Anna Wierusz-Galewska / Anna Galewska.
with son 1550-1617,
Aleksander,
and grandson JAN, 1575/1580-1644.

The brother of General Madalinski -
Feliks (b. 1741) bpt. in Brodnica near Srem. His sister Gabriela b. 1745 and brother Leon b. 1746 in Babin in the Bagrowo parish close to Sroda Wielkopolska.
Above Jan Madalinski b. ca 1575/1580-1644 sometimes had father Sebastian 1st born ca 1545/1560, and Jadwiga Kobierzycka. That is Jan Aleksander Madalinski, born ca 1575.

Aleksander, b. ca 1550 - d. 1617 [his parents: Antoni b. ca 1525 + GALEWSKA] the brother of Sebastjan, b. ca 1545/1560, m. Anna Konopnicki, Dambski,
with sons:
Jakób Karol b. ca 1573;
and Jan Aleksander b. ca 1575/1580 = JAN MADALINSKI.

We can state that the only high ranking officer of the Polish army from the Madalinski family, who came from Bobrowniki, was Captain Józef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, born in 1784. His father was Kajetan Madalinski, the cousin of the owners of Bobrownik - Ignacy and Jan Madalinski. After the death of Kajetan Madalinski in 1784, the care of his children, among whom was 10-year-old Józef, was taken over by the uncle Jan Madalinski.

Gostyn and the note to Antoni Ludwik Józef Madalinski, 1739 - 1804:
Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of above Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary 1802, Zatopolice close to Radom, Przybyszew / Przybyszewo, Lubania and Porów; burned in Przybyszewo, but his heart in Lubania. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto - see Kiedrzynski! Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica!
He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis;
he was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski.
Antoni Madalinski after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

Michal MADALINSKI d. ca 1753, owner of Lututów, m. Teresa Pruszkowska d. 1755, had son Józef - the Poznan priest.
Bonawentura b. ca 1680/1690 and named Michal b. ca 1690/1700 were brothers?
Konstancja married ca 1700 to Bonawentura Madalinski.
Priest Stefan and Bonawentura was born ca 1690. Bonawentura Madalinski of Niedzielsko was born to Kazimierz MADALINSKI and Zofia Wypyska. Bonawentura in 1731 leave Szczukwin to Majewski. Bonawentura Madalinski + Konstancja Oraczewski, had daughter Anna + Ludwik Górski in 1762; and sons: Felicjan and Wojciech - both priests; and maybe son Józef, inf. in 1739.

Kazimierz Madalinski was born to Samuel Madalinski and Katarzyna Madalinska (born Milaszewska). Kazimierz married Zofia Madalinska (born Wypyska). They had one son Bonawentura Madalinski. Kazimierz died in 1731. Kazimierz, official in Nur, had 4 sons:
Wojciech Józef, priest in Poznan in 1710, d. 1739, owner of Losino Wypychy, close to Nur.

Above Kazimierz had oldest son MICHAL !
Michal m. Brygida Pilchowska, of Liw - inf. 1718. With son Stefan. Stefan in 1748-1749 and in 1754, in 1766 was the Nur official. MP in 1764.
1758 bought Mystkowskie - Stary Karlów from Mostowski.
STEFAN's son:
Franciszek, official in Nur in 1768, m. 1st to Anna Bogdanski until 1783, 2nd to Salomeja de Tylli.

Michal, m. 2nd (?) to Katarzyna Rudzki, with children:
Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski;
Franciszek, the priest in Kruszwica and in Brzesc Kujawski in 1724;
Samuel MADALINSKI,
Lukasz,
Walenty MADALINSKI.

Samuel in 1731 was the owner of CHOCEN. Samuel Madalinski died before 1738, left children with his wife Wiktorja Wierzbowski:
Jakób and Eufrozyna + Jakób Krasnicki.
Jakób in 1748 was the owner of Cerekwia / CEREKIEW 8/9 km west to RADOM. But sold this property - he was living close to Brzesc Kujawski and KOWAL.

Lukasz Madalinski, official in KOWAL close to Wloclawek, in 1727, in 1748; bought a part of named above Cerekiew in 1748; his brother - Walenty - inf. 1767. Married Ewa Estka, with the daughter Teresa + Stanislaw Dambski in 1771, official in BRZESC KUJAWSKI. Teresa died after 1796.
Lukasz's son - Zenon Bonawentura Madalinski.

Walenty Madalinski, official in KOWAL in 1740, in Brzesc Kujawski in 1746; he bought Borzymowice in 1740 - 4 km west to CHOCEN;
m. Helena Umiastowski, with the son - Józef Madalinski, and daughter - Franciszka Krystyna, born in 1734 m. 1st to Piotr Skarbek; 2nd she married to Kasper Slawinski - official in KONIN in 1782.

Józef Madalinski, official in Inowroclaw in 1770, and in Kowal in 1770; died in 1775.
his aunt Skarbkowa / Skarbek, had a court case about Borzymowice and Laki Markowe in 1775 with the Parliament envoy; they took Swietoslawice in 1778.
Józef Madalinski married Teodora Polichnowska, with sons:
Ludwik Madalinski the son probably to the 1st wife Teodora Modlinski;
and Aleksy Antoni Madalinski, b. June 1762; and a daughters. In 1796 a court case vs Libiszowski; in 1797 Ludwik and Aleksy Madalinski bought Kieszków, Cerekiew and Zatopolice, from General Antoni Madalinski. Kieszek close to Radom. Zatopolice west to CEREKIEW - both situated 12 and 8 km west to RADOM.

Named Ludwik, official in Wloclawek - Kujawy; a court case in Brzesc Kujawski in 1780; Ludwik official with a title of Parnawa; in 1790 a court case with Tepper in Warsaw.

Marianna Barbara Stokowska, born Madalinska in 1719, to Michal Madalinski and Teresa Madalinska born Pruszkowska. Michal was born ca 1690. She had brother Józef Madalinski. Marianna married Franciszek Stokowski in 1740. They had son Wawrzyniec Stokowski.
Michal MADALINSKI d. ca 1753, owner of Lututów, m. Teresa Pruszkowska d. 1755, had son Józef. Michal Madalinski of Niedzielsko, officer in Ostrzeszów, 1690/1700-1753 m. Teresa Pruszkowska 1690-1755 also with son
Ludwik Ignacy Madalinski officer 1792-1793 in Inowroclaw, b. 1724; Ludwik Madalinski inf. in Kowal 1785-1789, in Ostrzeszow 1772-1785, and 1769-1772, 1765-1769, Wielun - 1764, MP in 1790,
with sons:
1. Józef b. ca 1750 m. Marianna Kamocka 1765-1812 with
Piotr Filip Jakub Madalinski 1787-1852 m. Anna Komornicka b. 1793, with children:
Karolina Albina Ludwika Madalinska b. 1815,
Lucja Krystyna Konstancja Madalinska b. 1817;

2. Kajetan Madalinski b. 1760.


Important note on Kalinowski - Walewski line:

Stefan Walewski + ZAPOLSKA had son ZYGMUNT d. 1689 + Anna Gostyńska,
and grandson Stanislaw Franciszek b. ca 1670, died 1716 + Siemianowska, + Rychlowska; with two sons:
Wojciech Walewski d. 1757 + Teresa Laszowska;
and KAROL WALEWSKI d. 1757 + BRYGIDA GALECKA 2v. RADOLINSKA.

Stanisław Franciszek WALEWSKI d. 1716, officer of Sieradz, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gronów, Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd to Krystyna Rychłowska - Trzebicki (she was 3rd married to Jan Feliks Walewski), with:
1. Józef WALEWSKI d. 1724, m. Elżbieta Magnuska - Skarbek,
2. Feliks WALEWSKI d. 1752,
3. Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Gałecka, daughter of Franciszek and Ludwika Poniatowska (she was 2nd to Jan Radoliński; see above on the King Poniatowski), with:
a). Ludwika m. Kazimierz Kacper Gembart,
b). Julianna Joanna b. ca 1756, m. Feliks Złotnicki, 2nd Daniel Suchecki;
4. Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Łaszowska with:
a). Józefa b. 1737 + Konstanty Ossowski,
b). Eleonora Walewska m. Maciej Krobanowski d. 1792,
c). Rozalia Walewska + Jakub Madaliński,
d). Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wężyk d. 1792 - owner of Kalinowa [see above on Lubienski and Kiedrzynski] and Ligota, 1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wężyk; Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzęcka - she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Świerzyny, to Mikołaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771; Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI had children:
A. Michał Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krześlow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolińska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckorońska, with:
a) Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822 in Parzymiechy,
b) Jadwiga Maria + 1850 to Henryk Stanisław Wojciech Lanckoroński;

D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kręska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karśnicka. Children of Napoleon Walewski:
a). Ludwik Mieczysław Walewski b. 1830, owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia, m. unknown with: Adela,
b). Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie, + Bolesław Kobierzycki,
c). Wanda Natalia Maria Walewska b. 1832 in Masłowice, m. Władysław Sulimierski owner of Lubiec near Wola Pszczolecka (see Adam Kiedrzynski in Sulmierzyce).

Władysław Jan / Władysław Sulimierski, 1830 - 1866, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka, was son of Marceli / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, and Zofia Szołowska / Joanna Szolochowska. Parents of above Marceli: Jan Sulimierski and Magdalena Fundament- Krasicka. Father of above Jan: Jozef Sulimierski b. 1738, d. 1805 in Widawa + Franciszka Wierzchlejska / Wierzchlenska. Parents of above Jozef: Michal Sulimierski [son of Marianna Stokowska], and unknown wife.

Above Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, was also father of Korneli Kazimierz Edward Sulimierski b. 1834 in LUBIEC close to Wola Pszczolecka, who married to Adamina Markowska ca 1830 - 1900, with son Bronisław Sulimierski b. 1863, d. 1952, and Maria Siemienska.

In ca 1775 Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO and Borki [see IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI].

Aleksander Walewski older, owner of Wieruszow, in 1761 officer in Piotrkow, m. ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun; she was the owner of Wieruszow. They had son Józef Kalasanty Walewski, 1747-1792. He married Paulina Pulina Radolińska daughter of KAJETAN RADOLINSKI.

Above Aleksander of Wieruszow and Jedlno had sons:
1. Jozef / JOZEF KALASANTY WALEWSKI, b. 1747 + Paulina RADOLINSKA;
2. Daniel b. 1751;
3. MICHAL b. 1749 + Salomea PSARSKA.

Józef Kalasanty Walewski had children:

1. Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863 + Józef Niemojowski. Józef Niemojowski 1840-1857, junior, was grandson of above LUDWIKA and JOZEF senior Niemojowski / Niemojewski.
2. Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski, Count in 1833, MP 1830-31, 1778-1845 + Tekla Walewska
{daughter of Michał Walewski 1749-1799 + Salomea Psarska b. 1761, and granddaughter of Aleksander Walewski + named Elżbieta Męcińska; Sebastian Psarski official in Wieluń; Teresa Niemojowska; and great-granddaughter of Franciszek Walewski official in Rozprza, 1710-1745}
1783-1862.

3.
Wincenty 1785-1820 + Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska

{daughter of Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814 + Józefa Wężyk-Widawska 1760-1817, and granddaughter of Stanisław Józef Walewski official in Spicymierz, 1720-1770; Konstancja Urszula Jordan; and great-granddaughter of Aleksander WALEWSKI born ca 1700, and Wiktoria Bykowska.
All children of Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanislaw Józef Walewski was born in 1720 ! or born in 1740-1770 with children: Bogumil Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814 {his daughter Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819}, and Kunegunda Szembek nee Walewska, born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek 1740-1835 MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793, with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdansk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier}

1791-1843,
with son
Mikołaj Józef Daniel Colonna-Walewski Count, 1813-1869 + Tekla Masłowska 1818-1879, and grandson
Wincenty Colonna-Walewski Count 1841-1896 {see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA !}.

Aleksander Walewski {Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 or 1778 !} married Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno, born ca 1700 or ca 1720; ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun, was the owner of Wieruszow.
His line:
Stefan Walewski d. ca 1681, had two sons:
Zygmunt 1656 - 1716, m. Koniecpolska and 2nd Olszewska;
Wojciech died 1716 + Maczynska; Nowomiejska; Tomicka-Olecka.
Zygmunt had son:
Franciszek died 1745, m. Cecylia Dambska; Frankenberg; Teodora Ludwika Walewska.
Franciszek had children {Franciszek Walewski official in Rozprza, b. ? - d. 1745}:
Aleksander + Elzbieta Mecinska [Jedlno, Wieruszow];
Stefan 1744-1803/1805 official in SZADEK + Antonina Walewska;
Tomasz Walewski;
Franciszek Ksawery 1739-1796, official in OSTRZESZOW since 1765, m. Maslowska; Niemojewska-Psarska; Konstancja Psarska in 1795.

Aleksander was son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745.

Another
FRANCISZEK Walewski b. 1745, d. 1813 (son of Marcin Walewski 1700 / 1720 - 1761 and Marcjanna Romer 1720 - 1761), owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów, Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki, Laziny, Zawadow; General, m. Ludwika Stokowska;
children:
A. Kacper m. Anna Lubieniecka, Izabela Oswiecimska,
B. Damazy m. Katarzyna Wagrowska,
C. Józef b. 1771 m. Marianna Blociszewska,
D. Ignacy Józef b. 1786, m. Salomea Walewska from Rusiec, Dabrowa, Jastrzebice, Kuznica.

Aleksander Walewski older, owner of Wieruszow, in 1761 officer in Piotrkow, m. ELZBIETA MECINSKA of Wielun; she was the owner of Wieruszow or Franciszek Walewski was the owner, and sold Wieruszow in 1743 to Aleksander Walewski. Elzbieta had 3 sons:
[Michal and Daniel taken Wieruszow] Jozef b. 1747 or 1743 [see below];
Michal born 1749;
Daniel b. 1750 or 1751. Daniel was the friend of Hugo Kollataj.
Michal since 1788 was owner of all Wieruszow estate, to 1793 - in this year Wieruszow was sold to German. Michal Walewski was near to the Magnuski family and to families from GREBANIN and Baranow.
Above Aleksander Walewski had daughters:
Salomea b. August 1775, m. Jozef Kielczewski of KOWAL [south of Wloclawek];
Felicjanna b. July 1777 + Ignacy Trzebinski.

Above Michal Walewski son of Aleksander, was the King court official; married Salomea Psarska of MYSLNIEW close to Ostrzeszow [see Kiedrzynski and Psarski]; she was the daughter of Sebastian PSARSKI and Teresa Niemojewska. They had daughter Tekla m. Count Aleksander Walewski.

Above named Jozef b. 1747 or 1743, died 1792, m. PAULINA RADOLINSKA; in ca 1775 Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno [see Izydor Kiedrzynski], and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola [see above on Andrzej Kiedrzynski].
Jozef had daughter Ludwika m. Jozef Niemojewski; and Jozef had 2 sons: Aleksander married to cousin - TEKLA.

WOLA PSZCZOLECKA:

The MIKUTA family: we know about Anna Mikuta born about 1865.
Leonas Mikuta buried in Beržoras, the Plunge district; husband of Barbora Mikutiene.
Beržoras, in ZMUDZ, west to TELSZE.
Jan Soltan, had son Lukasz Soltan, owner of Dobryn in 1599 + Dorota Mikuta (Mieta).

Ewa Ostapowicz (born Mikuta), 1804 - 1849, daughter of Mateusz Mikuta and Marianna born Karczewska. Mateusz was born in 1771. Marianna was born in 1773. Ewa had brother Józef Mikuta. Ewa married Mateusz Ostapowicz in 1840, b. 1794.
Józef Mikuta was born 1816, to Mateusz Mikuta and Marianna. Józef married Marianna Karp; 2nd he married to Katarzyna Marianna Bernatowicz born Karp {maybe with son JOZEF MIKUTA junior born ca 1855}.
Marianna KARP was born in 1818, in Krylatka, the Sztabin district, the estate in 1827 owned by Karol Brzostowski, Count, Captain.
In 1820 Brzostowski introduced social reforms in above KRYLATKA. The father of Ewa Chreptowicz-Brzostowska, was Michal Hieronim Brzostowski b. 1762, d. 1806.

Karol Brzostowski b. 1796, d. 1854 in PARIS. KAROL was grandson of Stanislaw Brzostowski + Konstancja Radziwill and / or Teofila Magdalena Radziwill Brzostowska d. 1769. Teofila Magdalena Radziwill = Teofila Magdalena Fersen / Brzostowska / born Radziwill in 1745, had daughter Karolina Wolodkowicz nee Brzostowska.

TEOFILA'S parents: Leon Michal Radziwill 1722-1751 + Anna Luiza Mycielska 1729-1771.

Her husbands: Hermann Gustav Fersen, Russian General, son of Georg Johann von Fersen + Anna Elisabeth von Derfelden; 2nd to Stanislaw Brzostowski 1733-1769 son of Józef Brzostowski 1692-1745 + Ludwika Maria Sadowska.

KAROL was born in 1796 - Michaliszki close to Worniany and Swir; north-east to Wilno.
KRYLATKA - 26 km south-east to AUGUSTOW - see: WOLLOWICZ.

The KRZESLÓW estate in the Wygielzów parish included:

Krzeslów, Polesie, Kurów, Wypychów, Wola Pszczólecka in 1783 [was sold by Stokowski and Wezyk, to Jan Przybylski].

Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. 1750 / Paulina m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski of JEDLNO. Jozef Kalasanty Walewski was the owner of Kurow (close to Wielun or Kurow near to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno.
In 1818 this KRZESLÓW estate bought Ludwik Walewski son of Wojciech WALEWSKI. Krzeslów estate included in 1818: Dziuby, Wypychy, Podlesie, Stara Poczta.

Wola Pszczolecka 1818-1821 belonged to Mikolaj Szczepkowski.
Wola Pszczółeczka was sold in May 1821 by Mikołaj Szczepkowski owner, to hands of Maryanna nee Psarska born ca 1770, married Bogdański.
She was married three times: in 1786, in Myślniów / MYSLNIEW, to Jan Walewski b. 1760; 2nd to Ciemniewski [see below on TERESA CIEMNIEWSKA]; 3rd to above Bogdański after 1790.
Marianna Urszula Psarska was the owner of Wola Pszczolecka, 1821-1834.
Her parents: Fryderyk Jakub Psarski b. ca 1730 - d. 1805 - Wrocław + Ksawera Franciszka Bardzińska died in 1814 - Myślniew [see below].

Stefania Woroniecka Wolowska's great-grandparents:
Pawel Gostomski 1760-1825;
Hieronim Zielinski of NUR;
Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski 1766-1851
{son of Władysław Psarski, 1700/1725-1787; grandson of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski b. 1691 - see below on Marianna b. ca 1740, mother of Maksymilian Olszowski b. 1763; grandmother of Tomasz Ksawery Olszowski b. 1792; great-grandmother of Antoni Borzysław Olszowski b. 1830 with son Mścisław Antoni Olszowski b. 1860};
Magdalena Gruszecka;
Aniela Szydlowska;
Teresa Ciemniewska;
Lucja Czekulin, 1775-1863.

See:
above Antoni Piotr Fabian Psarski (1766 - 1851 Redziny) m. Lucja Czekulin (1775 - 1863).

Another Marianna PSARSKA OLSZOWSKA, ca 1740 - 1764, daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Psarski
[Franciszek Ksawery Psarski, b. 1691, died 1772 in Myslniew / Myslniow, the Ostrzeszów County, Greater Poland; son of Aleksander Psarski and Marianna Zaborska, husband of Teresa SIELNICKA]
and Teresa Sielnicka;
MARIANNA was the sister of
Sebastian Psarski [Sebastian PSARSKI was the father of Salomea Walewska b. 1761, and grandfather of Tekla Walewska + Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski];
and Agnieszka Teresa; Teodora Eufrozyna; Franciszek Borgiasz Psarski;
named above Fryderyk Jakub Psarski
[b. ca 1720 / 1730, died in 1805, husband of Ksawera Bardzinska, father of Józef; Eleonora Leszczynska b. 1770 + Jan Leszczynski; Franciszek; above mentioned
Marianna Urszula Walewska {wife of Jan Walewski with daughter Józefa Konopnicka};
Wojciech Stefan; Jakub; Mikolaj Psarski and Konstancja];
Justyna Koldowska - Wyszlawska; Jadwiga Bylina; Jan Kanty; Wojciech Stefan; Andrzej and Wladyslaw.

ELEONORA Konopnicka (ca 1810-after 1838), daughter of Ignacy KONOPNICKI and Józefa Walewska; born in Mysliniów, and married in 1838 in Myslniów. Myslniów / Myslniew, in the Kobylagóra parish; see Teresa Sielnicka.
Kobylagóra - see Marianna Urszula Psarska daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski.

Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI had children:
A. Michał Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krześlow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow [close to Wola Pszczolecka], Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy + Maria or Marianna Radolińska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckorońska,
with:
a). Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822 in Parzymiechy,
b). Jadwiga Maria + 1850 to Henryk Stanisław Wojciech Lanckoroński.

Maria Radolinska b. 1795 m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski - owner of Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie, Krzeslow with Wola Pszczolecka, Kurow - Kiedrzynski; and Kurówka / KUROWEK 2 1/2 km north to KUROW, north-east to WYGIELZOW, 6 km north to KRZESLOW, 7 km west of ZELOW [compare WOLLOWICZ]; bought in 1818.

D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy + Natalia Kręska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karśnicka.

Tymieniecka Tekla nee STOKOWSKA [m. 1st Kobiecki in Lobudzice] - inf. 1825; Tekla born ca 1812/1815, m. 2nd Antoni Tymieniecki born 1805, of Wola Pszczólecka.
They were buried in Modlna, close to Zgierz, Ozorków and Sokolniki.
Lobudzice - 4 km south-east to ZELOW.
Antoni Tymieniecki d. 1882, and Tekla Stokowska Tymieniecka d. 1898. But we know only on Bogumił Antoni Tymieniecki b. 1824 in Burzenin, died in 1892 in Warsaw, m. Celina Celestyna Dobrowolska ?
BURZENIN - 9 km west to WIDAWA !



Tymieniecki and Gatkiewicz in Wola Pszczolecka:

Tymieniecka Tekla nee Kobiecki in Lobudzice - inf. 1825; Tekla born ca 1812, m. Antoni Tymieniecki, who lived in the village of Wola Pszczólecka. LOBUDZICE - ca 3 km south-east to ZELOW [see Wollowicz].
We know on TEKLA SOKOLNICKA married TYMIENIECKA.

But please compare the following data:

GATKIEWICZ / Gadkiewicz Alojzy Paulin b. ca 1804, d. 1852 in Wola Pszczólecka, owner of Jaworow, 1st m. Franciszka Chlapowska d. 1836, daughter of Ludwik Chlapowski and Tekla Sokolnicka [Ludwik Chlapowski 1768-1831 and Tekla Sokolnicka 1776-1848],
m. 2nd to Faustyna Lykowska;
with son Tomasz GATKIEWICZ 1828 - 1894 in Srem, married in Wola Pszczólecka to Anna Sokolnicka.
A sister of above FRANCISZKA nee CHLAPOWSKA was Józefa, 1798 - died 1875, daughter of Ludwik Chlapowski and Tekla Chlapowska; Franciszka was the wife of Józef Telesfor Melchior Sokolnicki.

Above Faustyna Lykowska 1st married Porczynska, widow, bought in 1834 Wola Pszczolecka.

The LYKOWSKI family was owned Przecznia / Przecznie in the Wygielzów parish [18 km south to Lask] that is in 1789 to Wincenty Lykowski, official in Chelmno; in 1831 PRZECZNIA owned by Antoni Porczynski b. ca 1775 - d. after 1832, married to above Faustyna Lykowska b. ca 1780, the daughter of - ? - Wincenty Lykowski b. ca 1750,
with son August Józef Ludwik Porczynski b. ca 1810, the owner of named Przecznie, m. 1836 in Radomsko to Wiktoria Konstancja Katarzyna Biedrzycka b. in 1814 in Strzalków, daughter of Ksawery Jan Chrzciciel Biedrzycki who was the son of Dominik and Antonina nee Rzeszotarska.

PRZECZNIA in 1846 to hands of Karczewski / Watta - Karczewski.

Albin Grochowalski bought Wola Pszczolecka in 1844, from Faustyna nee Lykowska, married 1st to Porczynski, 2nd to Getkiewicz / GATKIEWICZ [Gatkiewicz was married twice].
Alojzy Gatkiewicz sold Wola Pszczolecka in February 1844 to Albin Grochowalski; but Grochowalski not fulfilled the conditions of sale. The estate has become the property of the named Alojzy Gatkiewicz.

Mentioned Alojzy Paulin Gatkiewicz b. ca 1800/ca 1804, died in 1852 in Wola Pszczolecka, owner of JAWOROW, was the son of Tomasz Ignacy Gatkiewicz 1766-1837 and Karolina Korytowska b. 1760 - d. 1850 in KWASKOWO, close to BLASZKI. Alojzy's first marriage in 1827, in Sosnica, in the Krotoszyn county [9 km south-west to PLESZEW. SOSNICA'S owners: Rogalinski in 1745; in 1793 to CHLAPOWSKI; then Ildefons Chelkowski ca 1885], to Franciszka Chlapowska {her grandparents: Karol Chlapowski official at the Royal Court, 1733-1783, and Krystyna Zbijewska 1730-1771} b. 1800-1836, daughter of Ludwik Chlapowski 1768-1831 and Tekla Sokolnicka 1776-1848.

Alojzy's daughter: Klementyna Karolina Tekla GATKIEWICZ + Cezary Wawrzyniec Ignacy Gatkiewicz, marriage in 1851, Wygielzów [near to Wola Pszczolecka], with son Alojzy Wincenty Józef Gatkiewicz b. 1850 + Józefa Bialecka.

GATKIEWICZ / Gadkiewicz Alojzy Paulin 2nd time married to Faustyna Lykowska, with son Tomasz GATKIEWICZ, b. 1828 - died in 1894 in Srem, married in Wola Pszczólecka to Anna Sokolnicka. That is
Marianna Antonina Gatkiewicz born Sokolnicka, 1831 - 1909, was the daughter of Józef Telesfor Melchior Sokolnicki [born on January 5, 1786, in Gogolewo, 8 km south-east to Krobia, and 16 km south-east to ROKOSOWO] and Józefa Chlapowska, b. 1798.
Marianna Antonina Gatkiewicz born Sokolnicka had sister Kazimiera Sokolnicki. Marianna married Tomasz Gatkiewicz b. ca 1828, in 1855, with daughter Anna Gatkiewicz.

Note to the KORYTOWSKI and BLASZKI:

Józef Pomian Lubienski's parents:
Napoleon Lubienski b. 1806 in Chojno, close to BLASZKI, m. Józefa Rozdojczer b. 1807 in Kalisz. Grandfather: Józef Lubienski b. 1777 in Chojno, died in 1845.
Great-grandparents: Piotr Lubienski 1741-1794 and Anna Józefa Korytowska 1740-1782.

We back to TYMIENIECKI:

MARIANNA Tekla Tymieniecka (ca 1823 - after 1845), born in Belen in the Sieradz province, m. in 1845 in Kalisz to Antoni Józef Ruszkowski son of Karolina Bielski. BELEN - south-west to Zdunska Wola, and north-west to Widawa, close to Zapolice.

Antoni Józef Ruszkowski b. 1819 - Sieradz, d. 1875 - Kalisz; inf. in Zychlin, south-east to Gostynin; the owner of Zieleniew, in the Leczyca county.
His children:
Kamila Teofila RUSZKOWSKA b. 1839; Helena RUSZKOWSKA, 1847 - 1887. His granddaughter Zofia PIENIAZEK, 1880 / 1881 in KALISZ - 1961, great-grandchildren: Tadeusz SKAPSKI 1902 - 1963 and Elzbieta SKAPSKA 1905 - 1993 [born on August 13th, 1905, in Lososina Dolna] married to Jan Roman [copyright by Andrzej Lech in 1999].
Great-great-grandson Marek ROMAN 1931 - 2003 [Marek Franciszek Roman has son Jacek Roman b. 1968].

Lososina Dolna - south-west to TARNOW.
Jan Skapski had two older half brothers Franciszek and Zygmunt SKAPSKI, insurgents of the 1863 January Uprising. Their father, Antoni, was opposed, because his own experience already in mid-1845; he was a conspirator; Antoni Skapski in January 1846, was elected commandant of the Uprising planned in south ex-Poland. It did not result in any further action, but caused to be arrested on 23 February 1846, to prison in Lviv. Jan Skapski (1873-1950) at the beginning of the twentieth century was the tenant of Lososina Dolna and Brzezno, the chairman of the district agricultural circles, after the 1920s he settled in Pomerania.

Named above
Elzbieta Roman born Skapska, was the daughter of Jan Antoni Skapski [born in 1873, in Jazowsko] and Zofia Odrowaz - Pieniazek. Elzbieta married Jan Roman b. on November 20th, 1902, in Grzebsk, 18 km north-west to Krzynowloga Mala; north-east to MLAWA; close to Brzozowo [see ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI].
Jan Roman, 1902 - 1975, had 2 children: Marek Franciszek Roman.
Jan Roman died in Warsaw, was an architect, graduate of the Faculty of Architecture at the Warsaw University of Technology, ca 1927. Buried at the Northern Cemetery in Warsaw. We don't know who was the father of above JAN b. 1902 with the Slepowron coat of arms - maybe Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW, who was married in 1893 in Warsaw, to Janina Wladyslawa Malwina Pelka, 1870-1923.

The Roman family from the Przasnysz county and the neighboring surrounding area:

above Krzynowloga; Janowiec Koscielny in south Prussia; Szemplino Czarne - close to Janowo - west of Chorzele, in south Prussia; others places: Lysaków Drugi [+ Dolega - Zakrzewski family]; from the Lysakowo parish [Mierzanow, Klice, Lekowo, Lysakowo - 20 km west of PRZASNYSZ - in 1868]; Zmijewo-Kuce, 18 km south-east of MLAWA, and west of PRZASNYSZ; in the Zmijewo Koscielne parish [+ Olszewski and Kolakowski]. At the beginning the Roman family had owned an estates north and south of Przasnysz.

Pawel Czaplicki, b. in Czaplice-Baki ca 1742, d. in 1826, m. Barbara Mlodzianowska with son Franciszek, b. in Czaplice-Baki in 1788, d. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1859, m. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1826 to Zofia Orlowska (daughter of Waclaw Orlowski and Zofia), b. 1806, d. in Krzynowloga Mala in 1863, m. 2nd to Maryanna Charszewska, with daughter Antonina, b. in Obrab in 1831, m. Krzynowloga Mala in 1857 to Tadeusz Karol Lelewel (Lollhoffel von Loewensprung) son of Prot Lelewel and Jozefa Slaska, b. in Warsaw in 1824. Tadeusz' father's brother was Joachim Lelewel, the famous historian. Prot was a Napolean officer, a member of the Polish Parliament, and inheritor of Wola Cygowska near Warsaw. Tadeusz was the grandson of Karol Maurycy LELEWEL, lawyer, captain of the Polish Army, 1768 he was a Polish citizen.

Leonia ROMAN BRZEZINSKI, born 1896, died in 1985; she was married to Tadeusz Brzezinski.
LEONIA BRZEZINSKI, the mother of Zbigniew Brzezinski, was the next of kin to Andrzej Roman, well-known journalist in Warsaw; Andrzej was the son of Tadeusz ROMAN - the brother of Leonia nee ROMAN.
Leonia Brzezinska 1st married Zylinska, was the daughter of Leon Roman with the coat of arms Slepowron. She had brother TADEUSZ ROMAN b. 1894 - d. 1977 + Maria Zaborska b. 1891.
Named above Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW. His parents:
Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830 and Leontyna Orlowska born in 1843.
Parents of above LEONTYNA:
Anastazy Wiktor Orlowski, 1805-1868 and Olimpia Józefa Chosciak-Popiel b. 1815 [Olimpia Popiel].
Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, d. 1936 in WARSAW, married in 1893 in Warsaw, to Janina Wladyslawa Malwina Pelka, 1870-1923.
Named above Leon Wlodzimierz Roman b. ca 1865, was the son of Antoni Dominik Roman b. 1830 [the son of Franciszek Roman born in 1788 or b. ca 1790, and Magdalena Kobylinska b. ca 1800] and Leontyna Orlowska born in 1843 [a marriage in POSTOLISKA in 1862; 4 km north- east of TLUSZCZ].
Magdalena Kobylinska / KOBYLENSKA b. ca 1800, married Franciszek ROMAN of Ulatowo-Slabogóra, with children born in the Chorzele Parish, 34 km north of PRZASNYSZ:
1. in 1825, in Slabogora was born Piotr Grzegorz Roman son of Franciszek and Magdalena Kobylenska / Kobylinska aged 24. Named Ulatowo-Slabogóra, is sistuated 24 km north-east of Przasnysz, close to ROMANY-SEBORY [see the history of the Kiedrzynski - Rogaczewski and Konstantynowicz family: Leszno close to Przasnysz, 4 km south; and Radziejow-Wloclawek area - compare Kronenberg, Lanckoronski and BARTHEL].
2. 1826, in above Slabogora, Jozef Jakub Roman son of named Franciszek and Magdalena Kobylenska.
3. 1827, Slabogora, here was born Andrzej Szymon Roman;
4. 1829, Slabogora, Antoni Dominik Roman son of Franciszek and Magdalena Kobylenska.
GRZEBSK - ca 27 km west to CHORZELE.
Saturnin Roman emigrated from the parish of Chorzele, Poland to New Britain, CT, USA in 1904.

Rogowo - 10 km east of Przasnysz, here Marcin ROMAN, b. ca 1700, d. after 1761, resided in Ulatowo Pogorzel, close to Chorzele, married in Przasnysz in 1721 to Ewa Kobylinska (daughter of Kilian Kobylinski of Kobylaki Konopki), m. 2nd to Agnieszka Krepska (daughter of Kazimierz Krepski of Rogowo), died in Pogorzel in 1776. Sister of above MARCIN ROMAN - Konstancya, m. in 1729 to Pawel Gadomski, with son Michal Gadomski who married in the Chorzele parish in 1750 to Marcianna Bagienska.

MATEUSZ ROMAN, inheritor of Ulatowo Pogorzel, b. 1731, d. Pogorzel, 1792, m. in Chorzele in 1756 to EWA LOJEWSKA, b. ca 1732, d. in Pogorzel in 1799. His son:
Pawel ROMAN, b. 1777, d. before 1808, m. 1796 to Maryanna Dabrowska, she m. 2nd in 1808, Jakub Roman, with daughter Maryanna, b. Pogorzel in 1798, d. 1841, m. in Przasnysz in 1814 to Jakub Kobylinski (son of Franciszek Kobylinski and Franciszka Chodkowska), b. ca 1790.

JAKUB ROMAN, b. ca 1785, d. in Ulatowo Pogorzel, 1831, m. AGNIESZKA CHODKOWSKA, with children (all born in Pogorzel): Antoni, b. 1810, m (2) Tekla Kobylinska, b. 1819, d. Pogorzel; Jan Alexander ROMAN, b. 1828, m (1) in Chorzele in 1847 to Domicella Kobylinska daughter of Jan Kobylinski.

The GATKIEWICZ family and Rokossowski in the PAKOSLAW - KROTOSZYN region:

Pepowo in the Gostyn county, 16 km south-east of Gostyn, at half way from Gostyn to Krotoszyn, and east of Rokosowo!
In 1775 Zofja Rokossowska, wife of Klemens Karsznicki with her son Waclaw-Michal Karsznicki, together with Tomasz Rokossowski the purpose of considering matters of inheritance after death of Marianna Rokossowska 1 voto Bogurska, 2nd voto Korytowska; the estate was in Czeluscin close to PEPOWO, west of Krotoszyn [see Mielzynski and Merkel].
In 1772, Jakub Rokossowski, priest, son of the widow of the deceased Karol Rokossowski; mother nee Grodzicka, was owner of Szczytniki; grandmother was nee Rokossowska wife of Dankowski.

KAROLINA Gatkiewicz nee Korytowska was the daughter of Piotr Korytowski who died before 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska;
Karolina was born in Pakoslaw {south of above Pepowo, 14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN, see Mielzynski and Sulkowski}, d. 1800 [Piotr m. also to Weronika Tekla Bartoszewska 1730 - 1756; above Ewa was married also to Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski d. 1756].

ROKOSOWO is situated south-west of GOSTYN.

Alojzy Paulin Gatkiewicz b. 1800 - d. 1852 in Wola Pszczólecka, was son of Tomasz Ignacy Gatkiewicz [Tomasz was son of officer of Dyneburg who was b. before 1750, + mother who died in Kwaskow in 1824 and Tomasz was brother of Wiktoria Gatkiewicz b. after 1765-1838] 1766-1837 + Karolina Korytowska b. 1760 - died in 1850 in Kwaskow / Kwaskowo - ca 4 km east of Blaszki
[Wrzaca south of BLASZKI and above Kwaskowo were in the same estate].

Alojzy Paulin Gatkiewicz was married in 1827, in Sosnica to Franciszka Chlapowska 1800-1836, daughter of Ludwik Chlapowski 1768-1831 and Tekla Sokolnicka 1776-1848,
with daughter Klementyna Karolina Tekla GATKIEWICZ, b. ca 1820, m. Cezary Wawrzyniec Ignacy Gatkiewicz b. ca 1820, with son Alojzy Wincenty Józef Gatkiewicz b. ca 1850 + Józefa Bialecka.

Above Sosnica - 7 km west of Dobrzyca, south-west of Pleszew, north-east of Krotoszyn [see Merkel, Bilewicz, Mielzynski]. Sosnica was the estate of Michal Chlapowski.

We know on TEKLA SOKOLNICKA married TYMIENIECKA.

Above Karolina Gatkiewicz Korytowska died 1850, was daughter of Piotr Korytowski and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska [Ewa come from Karol Rokossowski and Marianna Grodzicka ca 1720 - died 1780 - see below more on the ROKOSSOWSKIS].

Karolina b. after 1760 was wife of Tomasz Ignacy Gatkiewicz b. 1766 and mother of Honorata Murzynowska and Tekla Agnieszka Zakrzewska; and above Alojzy b. ca 1800. Karolina was half sister of Aurelia; Karolina; Walenty Korytowski [wife Kuczborska] and Mikolaj Nepomucen Korytowski died 1775 [Mikolaj + Ludwika Goczalkowska b. 1721 with daughter Marianna Pagowska b. 1750 - d. 1799 or after 1801 {Marianna m. in 1775 to Seweryn Pagowski of Kalisz, 1744-1814, with daughter Elzbieta Pagowska 1777-1819 + Stanislaw Krzyzanowski}; + 2nd unknown Rokossowska].

The Konarzewski family had Pepowo to 18th cent., then Weronika Konarzewska married Maciej Mycielski and she brought him as her dowry named Pepowo; with Chocieszewice, in 1846 - Teodor Mycielski. 1830, Józefa Mycielski in Rokosowo. ROKOSOWO is situated south-west of GOSTYN.

Above Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska's family:
came from Wojciech Rokossowski b. ca 1665, died 1716 who was maybe brother of Jakub b. ca 1670, and wife of above Wojciech - Katarzyna Milinska d. 1732,
with children:
Jadwiga Rokossowska; Joanna Rokossowska, Teresa died 1750, Karol Rokossowski d. 1776, Zofia; Stanislaw; Franciszek Rokossowski.

Above named KAROL Rokossowski, d. 1776 with wife Marianna Grodzicka who died in 1780, had son Tomasz Konstanty Rokossowski 1721 - 1783;
next sons: Józef Rokossowski, Wojciech Sebastian; Antoni Fabian Rokossowski; Ignacy Maurycy; Adam Stanislaw Rokossowski; and above mentioned daughter
Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska - see Wola Pszczolecka - who died 1800 (KAROLINA Gatkiewicz was daughter of Piotr Korytowski d. 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska, married Walknowska, born in Pakoslaw south of Pepowo, 14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN);
next daughter Kunegunda Rokossowska.



Kiedrzynski, Jakub, died on 4 February 1798. His wife Brygida Bardzka - marriage in 1767, died in 1786
[her 1st husband Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski
with children: Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski junior, b. 1769; and Teresa Wierusz Walknowska.
OWIDIUSZ'S brother - Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski, senior, b. ca 1710, official in Kalisz, died in 1778 or in 1783 {Franciszek's sons: Antoni Wierusz-Walknowski m. Urszula Mielzynska; Józef Wierusz-Walknowski b. 1754}. Inf. about named Franciszek: in 1769, Józef Wierusz Walknowski, son of Franciszek, official in Kalisz, a court case of Bieczyny - close to Koscian and 7km north to Czempin.
BIECZYNY - with Srocko Wielkie, belonged to Kwilecki in 1846].
They had 2 daughters:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. in 1770; Petronela Kiedrzynska.
His brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski;
Named BRYGIDA'S parents: Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, and Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792, daughter of Helena Biernacka and Adam Jan Kozminski b. 1664 in
SZYPLOW in the Nowe Miasto parish - 13 km north-west to JAROCIN.

Compare:
1. inf. in Kalisz on Kiedrzynski Jan, in 1772, 1774.
2. In Kalisz on Bogdanski Marcin, in 1772, 1778 vs. Switonski; Marcin was the son of Walenty Bogdanski and Ewa Stawiska; the leaseholder of Plewnia in 1764-67, the owner of Strzegowa in 1767, tenant of Ociaz in 1774-75, owner of Lutynia in 1774-77, Ociaz in 1784, landowner of Wszolowo, Jankowo and Ordzino in 1784 and in 1788; married in 1764 to Marianna Kiedrzynska.
3. Kiedrzynski Kasper, inf. in KALISZ in 1781.

KWASKOW / Kwaskowo - close to BLASZKI + Sosnica close to PLESZEW:

Albin Grochowalski bought Wola Pszczolecka in 1844, from Faustyna nee Lykowska, married 1st to Porczynski, 2nd to Getkiewicz / GATKIEWICZ [Gatkiewicz was married twice].
Alojzy Gatkiewicz sold Wola Pszczolecka in February 1844 to Albin Grochowalski; but Grochowalski not fulfilled the conditions of sale. The estate has become the property of the named Alojzy Gatkiewicz.
Mentioned Alojzy Paulin Gatkiewicz b. ca 1800/ca 1804, died in 1852 in Wola Pszczolecka, owner of JAWOROW, was the son of Tomasz Ignacy Gatkiewicz 1766-1837 and Karolina Korytowska b. 1760 - d. 1850 in KWASKOWO, close to BLASZKI.
Alojzy's first marriage in 1827,
in Sosnica, in the Krotoszyn county [9 km south-west to PLESZEW. SOSNICA'S owners: Rogalinski in 1745; in 1793 to CHLAPOWSKI; then Ildefons Chelkowski ca 1885],
to Franciszka Chlapowska {her grandparents: Karol Chlapowski official at the Royal Court, 1733-1783, and Krystyna Zbijewska 1730-1771} b. 1800-1836, daughter of Ludwik Chlapowski 1768-1831 and Tekla Sokolnicka 1776-1848.
Alojzy's daughter: Klementyna Karolina Tekla GATKIEWICZ + Cezary Wawrzyniec Ignacy Gatkiewicz, marriage in 1851, in Wygielzów [near to Wola Pszczolecka],
with son Alojzy Wincenty Józef Gatkiewicz b. 1850 + Józefa Bialecka.

GATKIEWICZ / Gadkiewicz Alojzy Paulin 2nd time married to Faustyna Lykowska, with son Tomasz GATKIEWICZ, b. 1828 - died in 1894 in Srem, married in Wola Pszczólecka to Anna Sokolnicka / Marianna Antonina Sokolnicka.
That is Marianna Antonina Gatkiewicz born Sokolnicka, 1831 - 1909, was the daughter of Józef Telesfor Melchior Sokolnicki
[born on January 5, 1786, in Gogolewo, 8 km south-east to Krobia, and 16 km south-east to ROKOSOWO; died in Ciazen - at half way from Wrzesnia to Konin. He was the son of Piotr Prokop Sokolnicki b. 1762 in Gogolewo, and Maria Nepomucena SUCHORZEWSKI - next of kin to KURCEWSKI; grandson of Jan Nepomucen Sokolnicki b. 1718 and Otto - Trampczynska; great-grandson of Piotr Antoni Sokolnicki b. 1683 who was the son of Gabriel Sokolnicki b. 1626]
and Józefa Chlapowska, b. 1798.
Marianna Antonina Gatkiewicz born Sokolnicka had sister Kazimiera Sokolnicki. Marianna married Tomasz Gatkiewicz b. ca 1828, in 1855, with daughter Anna Gatkiewicz.

Note to the KORYTOWSKI and BLASZKI:

Józef Pomian Lubienski's parents:
Napoleon Lubienski b. 1806 in Chojno, close to BLASZKI, m. Józefa Rozdojczer b. 1807 in Kalisz. Grandfather: Józef Lubienski b. 1777 in Chojno, died in 1845. Great-grandparents: Piotr Lubienski 1741-1794 and Anna Józefa Korytowska 1740-1782.

MILEJOW close to Kaweczyn and Turek

- Sulimowski in the 17th cent.; 1628 - Waclaw of Sienno - north to Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski;
in 1679 Samuel Mycielski bought Milejow, he was the son of Adrian Mycielski official in Sieradz; before 1679 owned by Anna Zaleska {+ Grzymiszew and Rzymsk close to Dobra} widowed after death of Lukasz Mycielski;
next to Jan Kwiatkowski, and his son Tomasz in 1681.
In 1689 Milejów bought Stanislaw Mikolajewski + in 1690 Tokary and Gozdowo / Gozdów close to Zdzary and Kaweczyn. Katarzyna Mikolajewska in 1700 sold her estate, but without Milejow and Tokary.
Fabian Sokolowski official in Ciechanow, owned Milejów, but he and Andrzej Modlibowski, of Kalisz, in 1705 pledge Milejów.
In 1751 Franciszek MODLIBOWSKI and his wife Marianna Modlibowska, sold Milejow to hands of Franciszek Kilinski of TCZEW.
In 1751, Piotr Niwski, son of Michal NIWSKI and Marianna born Kwiatkowska, co-owners of Milejów, sold it to Mateusz Kawiecki, official in Sieradz, son of Piotr Kawiecki and Marianna born Potocka.
1787, Antoni Kawecki / KAWIECKI owner of Milejow, sold it to Piotr Konopnicki.
PIOTR Konopnicki owned Dobra.
His son Maciej Konopnicki in 1791 was a member of the civil-military commission of the Kalisz Province, by the 3-May Constitution. He was elected one of the judges of Kalisz. Maciej Konopnicki (in the rank of colonel) fought in the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794, under Jan Sieroszewski, head of the uprising in Kalisz. He was killed on August 20, 1794, at the battle of Stawiszyn. Prussian authorities confiscating his estate, also Milejów.
Milejów took again Ignacy Konopnicki, brother of Maciej. Ignacy was fighting in Italy under Napoleon.
In Milejow was living Wawrzyniec Konopnicki, b. 1802, to Ignacy and Tekla nee Potocka. Wawrzyniec fought in 1830.
Maria Konopnicka had the same roots.

Kaweczyn close to Turek:

1553, Kaweczyn was owned by Jan Mycielski;
then Samuel Maczynski, and his son Wladyslaw d. ca 1693 + owner of Kleczew; his wife 1st: Konstancja Lubienska; 2nd to Jadwiga, in 1668 she took Kaweczyno (Kaweczyn), Dzierzbotki and Ciemino (Ciemien).
Jadwiga MACZYNSKA in 1714 sold it to a husband of her daughter Maryjanna - Chryzostom Siemiatkowski.
Then named Kaweczyn, Ciemien, Dzierzbotki took his son Karol Siemiatkowski. 1784 his daughters: Wiktoria, Barbara and Rozalia. Kaweczyn and half of Dzierzbotki ca 1750 owned by Józef Bartochowski. His wife Kunegunda nee Grabski, in 1769 sold it to Stanislaw Klossowski. Next owners: Domanski, Kozuchowski, Suchorski.

DOBRA:

Son of Ignacy KONOPNICKI and Tekla nee Potocki {she was born in 1762 in Horbulow - 1807, daughter of Colonel Maksymilian Potocki and Katarzyna Letowska} - Wawrzyniec Konopnicki was born in 1803 in KRZEWAT / Krzewata in the Klodawa parish, lived in Milejow - close to RZYMSKO, GLUCHOW, Zdzary, Bedziechow and KAWECZYN.
He took Bronów; m. in 1829 to Katarzyna Pagowska, daughter of Kacper and Agnieszka Chrzaszczewska, owners of Dobra and Piekary close to Bronow and Milejow.
Wawrzyniec in 1831 moved to Galicja, but in March / May 1832 back to the Kingdom of Poland; he was living in Bronow.
In 1836, Wawrzyniec KONOPNICKI with wife and Magdalena widow after death of Józef Konopnicki, with sons Jaroslaw and Stanislaw, moved to MYSLNIOW / Mysliniew close to Ostrzeszow; in Myslniow was living half-siblings of Wawrzyniec

{Wawrzyniec KONOPNICKI died ca 1872. Tekla POTOCKA married 1st in 1778 to Franciszek Byszewski, Major

[Byszewski come from Komorze Przybyslawski and ZERKOW close to Jarocin 15 km to north; Franciszek was the son of Szymon Byszewski and Agnieszka Pomorska. Francisze Byszewski owned Tarchalin - inf. in 1786.
His next of kin were: Józef Byszewski or Byszawski; Marcianna born Letkowski, 1st married to Józef Dabrowski of Zakroczym, 2nd to above Franciszek Byszewski. Franciszek Byszewski lieutenant, m. 1st to named Tekla born Potocki daughter of Maksymilian Potocki; Teresa Nieswiastowska, m. Andrzej Przyjemski, official in WSCHOWA; Katarzyna Przyjemska, wife of Feliks Walknowski, official in Kalisz; Joanna, born Przyjemska; a brothers of Zaremba, guardians of above Joanna Przyjemska; Kazmierz Sulkowski, General Major; Ludwika Przyjemska, Krzyzanowski, Marcin Rowinski and Ludwik Blociszewski.
Tarchalin, was owned by Maciej Letkowski official in Leczyca, but pledge to Ignacy Naramowski, Konstancja nee Naramowska, wife of Ludwik Blociszewski.
The pledge was taken by Ludwika Przyjemska married Sulkowska and by Joanna Przyjemska, and Katarzyna Przyjemska wife of Feliks Walknowski.
Tarchalin was in 1786 in hands of: Marcianna wife of Józef Byszewski, daughter of Maciej Letkowski; and to Tekla, daughter of Maksymilian Potocki, and wife of named Franciszek Byszewski. Ultimately then named Franciszek Byszewski took Tarchalin].

Franciszek BYSZEWSKI was born ca 1760 and died before 1802 or in 1794. The 2nd time Tekla Byszewska-Potocka in 1802 married Ignacy Konopnicki. Ignacy was born in 1773. BYSZEWSKI was owner of KRZEWATA close to Klodawa, they had 2 children: Józef Byszewski owner of Krzewata, and Magdalena married Józef Konopnicki - the brother of Ignacy. Jozef Konopnicki escaped in 1831 to Cracow / Kleparz until 1843. Since 1843 Jozef lived in JANOWICE to death in 1846}.

Above Wawrzyniec KONOPNICKI in 1845 went to Russia, to Horbulowo; to estate of Maksymilian Potocki who already dead.

In Bronów, in 1848 Katarzyna Pagowska Konopnicka died.

Wawrzyniec Konopnicki was living in Bronow until 1862; then to his son.
Wawrzyniec's son Jan Jaroslaw Konopnicki b. in Piekarskie Mlyny close to Dobra in 1830, lived in Bronów, married in 1862 in Kalisz, to Maria Wasilowska, poet, b. in 1842 in Suwalki, daughter of Józef, defense attorney of the Crown Prosecutor's Office in Suwalki and next in KALISZ; and JOZEF'S wife Scholastyka Turska- Wasilowski, daughter of Bartlomiej TURSKI, lawyer in Plock, the owner of Siecien. Józef Wasilowski was a hot patriot, as a young man involved in revolutionary conspiracies [?? - and then defense attorney of the Crown Prosecutor's Office in Suwalki], and his brother spent 16 year as exile in Siberia.
Brother of named Maria Konopnicka was Jan Wasilowski - studied in Liege, killed in Krzywosad; an uncle brother of Jaroslaw Konopnicki that is Artakserkses Pagowski, was the friend of named Jan Wasilowski in Kalisz, died in 1863.

The 3rd son of mentioned Wawrzyniec Konopnicki was Leon Konopnicki b. ca 1836, d. 1887, m. Antonina Zaborska.

The first of the KONOPNICKI family was
Piotr Konopnicki - b. ca 1730, in 1764 he rented Równia in the Sieradz province; in 1767 / 1781 / 1786 after death of Placzkowski, named Piotr took all after him.
In 1783 Piotr Konopnicki owned Kobierzycko, from Ignacy Wyszlawski official in Wielun;
in 1787 from hands of Galecki {Franciszek Zygmunt Galecki b. ca 1645, had son Ignacy Galecki b. 1726, acc to me}, official in Bydgoszcz, named Piotr KONOPNICKI took Dobra.

{Franciszek Zygmunt Galecki b. ca 1645, d. 1711, General-Adjutant, official in Kalisz, in Bydgoszcz 1676-1679 and 1688-1710, in Poznan in 1695-1697, in Inowroclaw in 1697-1703, diplomat in NEDERLAND in 1699, in SWEDEN in 1698-1699, in DANMARK, 1698-1699;
he was the son of TOMASZ GALECKI.
Franciszek Zygmunt's son - Franciszek Galecki junior, died in 1760, official in Wielun in 1750-1760, in BYDGOSZCZ in 1710-1745.
His son Ignacy Galecki b. 1726 - died in ca 1780 / 1798, the Bar insurgent in Sieradz in 1767, MP, official in Bydgoszcz until 1772; Bydgoszcz was under the rule of the Kingdom of Prussia.
IGNACY Galecki refused to recognize the occupying power of Frederick II. He lost all assets possessed in the Prussian partition.
Brygida Galecka was the daughter of Franciszek GALECKI junior, d. 1760, and Ludwika Poniatowska; she come from the family of the King Poniatowski - Ludwika nee Poniatowska / Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) as "Luds" was the sister of King. Brygida Walewski nee GALECKA was born to Franciszek Galecki and Ludwika Galecki born Poniatowska. Maria Brygida Galecki born ca 1730.

Ludwika Poniatowska died after 1757 {d. in 1781} + Franciszek Galecki officiel in Wielun had maybe also son Ignacy {GALECKI} born before 1740? or acc. to me 1745.
But we know about Helena Maczynska born Galecka in 1720, daughter of Ignacy Galecki b. ca 1700, and Ludwika Galecka born Poniatowska in ca 1700; Helena married Antoni Jan Maczynski b. ca 1720 with 2 children: Franciszek Maczynski.
Kasper Niesiecki ca 1839 wrote down: Unknown GALECKI, officiel in Bydgoszcz, married Teresa Mycielska of Kalisz, 1 voto Sokolnicka of Miedzyrzecz, and the same man or maybe another married Ludwika Poniatowska; they were next of kin to Galicki in Brzesc Kujawski.

Named Ignacy Galecki died 1778/1780/1798. Married to Marianna Borucka.

Remember - Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Galecka, daughter of Franciszek and Ludwika Poniatowska
(BRYGIDA was 2nd married to Jan Radolinski in ca 1760, with son IGNACY RADOLINSKI 1771-1825, married Anna NINA KWILECKA, b. 1789, with the grandson Hugo Juliusz Radolinski, 1841-1917).
PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764/1765-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka born ca 1730; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740. Brygida Galecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska that is Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds", the sister of King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Above Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was in 1745 the wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech and above named Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka.

The 2nd wife of Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813) in 1789 was mentioned above Petronela Radolinska (1765 - 1821), daughter of Jan Radolinski (1726 - 1796) and Maria Brygida Galecka}.

In 1787, Piotr Konopnicki bought the Milejów estate close to Tokary from Antoni Kawiecki; his oldest son was Maciej Konopnicki, b. ca 1760, lived in Równo and Kobierzycko, in 1786 he bought Zakowice in the Kalisz province; then he bought Bronów, Spedoszyn and Zalesie in 1790 [in 1787 to Franciszek Magnuski, and his daughters Mrokowska and Szymanowska].

Next son of Piotr was Ignacy Konopnicki, b. ca 1774, in 1802 m. Tekla Potocki 1st to Franciszek Byszewski.

Mother of named Tekla: Katarzyna nee Letkowski.

Tekla Konopnicka died before 1808, and Ignacy Konopnicki married 2nd to Józefa Walewska, daughter of Jan WALEWSKI, official in Ostrzeszow, owner of Makolice, and his wife Marianna Psarska Walewska.
Ignacy Konopnicki d. in 1832 in Piekarskie Mlyny.
Józefa Walewska-Konopnicka, d. 1836.

3rd son of Piotr: Józef Konopnicki, lived to 1793 in Milejow, m. Magdalena Byszewska. She lived in Bronow.

Melchior Konopnicki younger son of named Piotr, b. ca 1780, in 1828 he lived in Bronow.
Michal Konopnicki b. 1780 was the last son of PIOTR.

Gozdów close to Zdzary, 7 km to Kaweczyn, close to TOKARY:

Gozdów in 1827 owned by Biernacki. Gozdow and TOKARY in 1873 to Ms Myszkowska.
Kazimiera Konstancja Sulimierska nee Milkowski b. 1811 in Macewo close to Kalisz; m. 1st Maksymilian Myszkowski b. 1807 in Tokary, landlord of Tokary and GOZDOW; he died in 1848 in Kalisz.
Kazimiera Myszkowska in 1849 2nd married to owner of Jablonki, Józef Lutomski, d. 1856. Kazimiera 3rd married Jan Konstanty Sulimierski. They lived in Gozdow; Kazimiera Sulimierska founded a church in Tokary in 1858. In 1869, 4 years after death of named Jan Konstanty Sulimierski, mentioned Kazimiera m. 4th to Alojzy Wolski from Warsaw.

KOWALE PANSKIE:

Kowale in 1690 was owned by Jan Franciszek Walewski, owner of Dobra.
1742, owned by Józef Bielski. Józef BIELSKI m. Karolina Tokarska nee Pogorzelska widow after death of Swietoslaw Tokarski.
Kowale Panskie maybe belonged to Antoni Czarnecki, in 1847 [from Brzóskowo close to Jarocin].

GLUCHOW:
Gluchów close to Kaweczyn and TOKARY;
to the Galczynski family in the 18th cent. - 1783; Tomasz Galczynski died in 1786; but in 1785, Rzymsko and Gluchów were sold by Cyprian Galczynski to hands of Franciszek Ostrowski official in Sieradz. Then to Wezyk; Pstrokonski and Cielecki.
In the 19th cent. to Zaborowski.

Myszkowice, close to Zdzary:

Myszkowski owned Tokary and Milejów. Myszkowice ca 1795 to Celestyn and Wilhelm Myszkowski of Tokary and Milejow.
1804, in Tokary, Adam Ignacy Ananiasz Myszkowski was born, son of Cyprian and Anna Zboinska. Adam Myszkowski took Milejów. In 1869 - 1870 Adam was living in Warsaw. He married to Trankwilina Noskowska, b. 1810.

DLUGA WIES WARCKA -

1601 to Krzysztof Radzewski. In 1874 and ca 1890 to Skórzewski.

KAWECZYN:

Close to Kowale Panskie and to Tokary.

Wladyslaw Maczynski inf. in 1668, d. ca 1693; he owned Kaweczyno (Kaweczyn), Dzierzbotki and Ciemino (Ciemien). Married Jadwiga with 2 daughters: Maryjanna and Konstancja.
Jadwiga in 1714 sold all to hands of Chryzostom Siemiatkowski; then named Kaweczyn, Ciemien, Dzierzbotki took his son Karol Siemiatkowski.
Kaweczyn and the half of named Dzierzbotki ca 1750 had also Józef Bartochowski with his wife Kunegunda Grabska - inf. 1769.
Next owners: Domanski, Kozuchowski and Suchorski.

MILKOWICE:

In 1732 owned by Stanislaw Poninski with the part of Milkowice, Strachocice, Zaspy and Mlyny.

MIKULICE:

Close to Turek.
1665 Mikolaj Wolanski took Mikulice from Maria Potocka, widow after death of Mikolaj Pstrokonski;
Ewa Pstrokonska daughter of Stanislaw Pstrokonski owner of Mikulice, widowed after Franciszek Potocki, married to Maciej Mierzawski as his 3rd wife.
Skórzewski ca 1800; including Mikulice, Orzepów, Stefanów, Jablonka, Wola Kowalska. i Orzepów.
Ca 1890 to Dzierzawski.

Stanislawa.

Close to Skarzyn / Skarzyno. Including Skarzynka and Andrzejow.

Owners: Skarzynski; Wierusz-Kowalski;
to Maciej Zablocki, official in Sieradz, insurgent in 1768; his sons: Andrzej and Ignacy after 1795-1796. Next to Markowski; Bojakiewicz; Frenkel; and Janicki.
In 1793 to South Prussia; 1807 in the Warsaw Duchy; 1815 in the Kingdom of Poland;

SKARZYN = Skarzyno, 3 km north to Bedziechów:

Skarzyn, in 1643 to Jadwiga Skarzynska, wife of Stefan Przybyslawski; then to Piotr Zajaczek, next was Marcin Wierusz Kowalski - inf. 1622;
his son Jakub - inf. 1714; his brother Maksymilian Wierusz-Kowalski.

Next owner - Teresa Bojanowska widow after him. Agnieszka Winiarska m. Baltazar Korzeniecki.
In 1763 owner of Skarzyn, Siewieruszki - Maciej Zablocki official in Sieradz; next - Walenty Zeromski owner of Kwaskow close to Blaszki.
Named Walenty sold to Brygida Zablocka daughter of Maciej; Brygida married Walenty Zeromski.
Above Maciej Zablocki was the son of Jan Zablocki and Helena POTOCKA, owners of Skarzyn, Siewieruszki, he died in 1792 in Skarzysk / Skarzyn.

Skarzyn was in the Przespolew parish. We remember on
Alfred Jan Maksymilian Wierusz Kowalski (1849-1915) the grandson of Maksymilian Kowalski; but his father
Teofil KOWALSKI was a notary in SUWALKI.
Alfred Jan Maksymilian Kowalski born in 1849 in Suwalki, painter, was oldest son of named Teofil Kowalski NOTARY in SUWALKI, and his 2nd wife Teofila Siewierska, daughter of a manager of an estate. Kowalski was the rich man, owned a home in Suwalki, and the estate of Debszczyzna close to Filipow - 16 km east to KOWALE OLECKIE, Nowa Debszczyzna - 8 km south-east to named FILIPOW at way to SUWALKI, 18 km north-east to RACZKI WIELKIE; in 1865, Teofil Kowalski moved home from SUWALKI to Kalisz as the notary.

Alfred maybe was living in SKARZYN in the Przespolew parish.

Above KWASKOW - 5 km east to BLASZKI !

In the 17th cent. owned by Parczewski, Jan was official in Sieradz and Szadek; in 1782 owned by Tomasz Hulewicz.
In 1803 Walenty Zeromski sold Kwasków to Tomasz Gatkiewicz; until 1852 owned by the GATKIEWICZ family! See WOLA PSZCZOLECKA.
Next - Teobald Zakrzewski; Drehr; Kazimierz Mniewski.



Bedziechów:

Stanislaw Zaremba and his wife Bona Cerekwicka, give BEDZIECHOW in pledge in 1700 to Wojciech Sieroszewski. In 1753 Justyna Swierska was owner, daughter of Jan from Romanow / Jan ROMAN, official in Podolia;
Justyna was wife of Wladyslaw Zaremba owner of Bedziechow, son of Stanislaw ZAREMBA of Kalinowa, and Bona Cerekwicka.

In 1766, Ignacy Zaremba son of Wladyslaw ZAREMBA [and Wladyslaw's wife Justyna Buzynska / Biezynski, owner of Strzalków, Malgów and Bedziechów], took 550 ducats, from a leaseholder of Bedziechow, Jan Grudziecki / JAN GRODZIECKI, son of Antoni Grodziecki, official in Piotrkow, and his wife Franciszka Walewska.

Next owner KIEDRZYNSKI !?

The Walewskis:

Adam WALEWSKI was a brother to Marcin Walewski, and they were sons of Piotr Walewski,

with Adam's son - Piotr Walewski, junior.

Marcin Walewski had son - Piotr 3rd, + Petronella Marianna Tyminska and 2nd Barbara Dobrzycka, with daughter Elzbieta m. in 1661 to Wojciech Grodziecki.
Piotr Walewski in 1645 was official in Sieradz,
had son Stanislaw Walewski, owner of Rembieszew, m. Katarzyna Lanckoronska
with son
Kazimierz Walewski and 6 daughters: Konstancja.
Marcin Walewski was married three times: to Jadwiga Rembiewska ? and Barbara Pogondzka ?

Named Stanislaw Walewski b. ca 1650 - died 1740, was the son of above PIOTR b. ca 1620.
Stanislaw was the father of named KAZIMIERZ born ca 1680 ?
KAZIMIERZ WALEWSKI, m. Zofia Radolinska, born ca 1678, d. after 1723. Zofia Walewska Radolinska, was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski and Marianna born Sarnowska. Zofia had 2 brothers: Jozef Stefan Radolinski. Zofia married Kazimierz Walewski, with children: Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Marianna Radolinska born Walewska. KAZIMIERZ was the son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna. Katarzyna Walewska was lv. Aleksander Poplawski, 3v. Kazimierz Rychlowski.

Named Józef Kazimierz Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763, was the father of Anastazy Walewski {1730 - 1815 in Walewice, Bielawy; Anastazy was the husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa TYZENHAUZ and Joanna PULAWSKA; and Marie d'Ornano} and Teodora Walewska - wife of KASPER WALEWSKI.

KAZIMIERZ WALEWSKI, b. ca 1680, m. Zofia Radolinska, born ca 1678, d. after 1723, with daughters:
Maria (Marianna) born ca 1705, m. in 1723 to Andrzej Radolinski;
Eleonora + Antoni Dobiecki in 1727, 2nd in 1740 to Pawel Tymieniecki;
Teodora + Franciszek Walewski of Rusiec; marriage in 1737; 2nd to Antoni Zawisza;
mentioned Franciszka WALEWSKA born ca 1710, married Antoni Grodziecki with son Jan Grudziecki / Grodziecki.
Konstancja, was daughter with second wife; she married to Swietoslaw Gnoinski.

Oldest son of named Kazimierz: Antoni b. ca 1700, m. in 1736 to Kunegunda Garczynska, 2nd to Katarzyna Szczucka.

We remember on Kacper KIEDRZYNSKI + MARIANNA ARCICHOWSKA / Maryanna Arciohowska, with sons:
a. Andrzej Kiedrzynski, owner of Zydowo [5 km north to Rokietnica owned by Mlicki, and to Poznan; Zydowo was owned by Rozdrazewski; Zdziechowski; Korytowski in the 17th cent.; ca 1800 - 1932 owned by Szoldrski. Zydowo - maybe ZYDOW, 8 km south to KALISZ], Suliszewice and Koldow.
b. Walenty Kiedrzynski, owner of BEDZIECHOW / Bedziechowo [ca 1800 ?], in the Kalisz province in Russia, inf. in the Kingdom of Poland in 1839 [inf. 1837].

Bedziechów in the second half of the 19th cent. was owned by Sokolowski; 38 east to the Prosna river - ex-Prussian border.

MILEJOW:
4 km north-west to GLUCHOW; 9 km east to Bedziechow;

Fabian Sokolowski official in Ciechanow, owner of Milejów, pledge to Andrzej Modlibowski, of Kalisz, named Milejow in 1705. 1751 Franciszek [Sokolowski] and his wife Marianna Modlibowski, sold Milejow at hands of Franciszek Kilinski of Tczew.
In 1751, Piotr Niwski, son of Michal Niwski and Marianna Kwiatkowska-Niwska, was co-owner of Milejów, and sold the estate to Mateusz Kawiecki of Sieradz, son of Piotr and Marianna born Potocka.
1775 Tomasz Czyzewski owner - ? - of Milejów and Tokary, Charlupia, Laski and Korytków. In 1787 Antoni Kawecki owner of Milejow, sold the land to Piotr Konopnicki of DOBRA; his son Colonel [1794] Maciej Konopnicki.
Prussia confiscated his Milejów, and here was living his brother Józef in 1793.
Milejów took again Ignacy Konopnicki [after back from ITALY], brother of Maciej. Wawrzyniec Konopnicki, was born in Milejow in 1802 - son of named Ignacy and Tekla born Potocka. Wawrzyniec was insurgent in 1830.

Maria Konopnicka had husband Jaroslaw Konopnicki who come from Tekla Potocka-Konopnicka.
Maria Stanislawa Konopnicka nee Wasilowska, b. in 1842 in Suwalki. In 1849, the Wasilowskis moved home to Kalisza.
In 1862 in Kalisz, Maria Wasilowska m. Jaroslaw Konopnicki, b. 1830 [see above on RACZKI WIELKIE - compare Samuelson and USA]. They moved to Bronowo, then to Gusin in the Kalisz province; Jaroslaw was the owner of Konopnica [2 km north to Bronow], Bronówek and Bronów: 9 km east to UNIEJOW and 22 km north-east to DOBRA.

The Konopnickis took in 1784, Spedoszyn.

In 1844 they bought Bronów: Wawrzyniec Konopnicki the father of Jaroslaw.

1880 - Sokolowski Wladyslaw, owner of Bedziechów.

Note to SOKOLOWSKI:

Ms Franciszka Sokolowska, born Lutostanska, in 1807, was the daughter of Bartlomiej Lutostanski and Rozalia Suchorzewska; Franciszka had brother Jozef Maciej Lutostanski. Franciszka married Stanislaw Erazm Sokolowski.
Stanislaw SOKOLOWSKI was born on May 8 1806, in Kepka Szlachecka, 7 km south-west to KOWAL; south of WLOCLAWEK - see DEBICE.
They had 4 children: Maciej Artur Konstanty Sokolowski of Wrzaca Wielka. Franciszka died in 1884.

Note to GRODZICKI:

Katarzyna Grodzicka b. ca 1770; her parents: Michal Grodzicki and Zuzanna Konarska;
grandparents:
Jan Michal Grodzicki
{his father was official in Ciechanów; 1660-1737}, 1685 - 1743, and Anastazja Grabkowska.

Above Jan Michal Grodzicki b. ca 1685 had son with 1st wife:
ANTONI Grodzicki, born ca 1710; with 2nd wife Anastazja Grabowska b. ca 1690, was above son MICHAL GRODZICKI b. 1730, official in LUKOW.

Franciszka WALEWSKA born ca 1710, married Antoni Grodziecki with son Jan Grudziecki / Grodziecki, b. ca 1735.
Compare:
A.
Dembowski / Debowski, Jan, born ca 1770, in Debowa Góra and died in 1823, married Matylda Viscontini, was father of Herkules Dembowski - the astronomer; Jan was political activist, and Italian general; Brigadier General of the Polish Army. He was born in Debowa Góra ca 4 km south of Skierniewice, the Orlow county - east of KUTNO
[at the end of the sixteenth century mentioned above Orlow was property of Paul Orlowski in 1576. Then Andrzej / Andrew Dembowski, and later his heirs.
At the end of the eighteenth century the owner was Serafin Sokolowski / Serafin Rafal Sokolowski b. ca 1738, d. after 1807, a secretary of the Cabinet of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, MP - his father was Józef Sokolowski b. ca 1700, official in Bydgoszcz;
- see GALECKI];
the son of Andrzej DEMBOWSKI; near to Ignacy Potocki.
Dembowski then was the Secretary of Potocki. He was closely associated with Kollataj; he traveled to Dresden as an emissary; he took part in the uprising of Kosciuszko; a member of the club of Jacobins, and later an officer of the Polish Legions in Italy and adjutant of General Jan Henryk Dabrowski. Since 1802 he served the Italian army. 1808-1810 he took part in the campaign of Napoleon Bonaparte in Spain; in 1812 promoted to brigadier general during the Moscow campaign. Later he appointed governor of Ferrara.
B.
Wiridianna Radolinska 1761-1826 m. 1st in ca 1780 to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, chamberlein of the King, b. 1764 son of Franciszek Antoni Kwilecki 1725-1794 and Teresa Agnieszka Sczaniecka 1740-1807, with children:
A. Anna Nina Kwilecka b. 1789 m. 1st Ignacy Radolinski 1771-1825 [see below on Józef Franciszek Klobukowski 1786-1874]
with:
1. Gabriela Emilia Radolinska 1808-1837, and
2. Wladyslaw Emeryk Radolinski 1808-1879 m. Józefa Radolinska 1809-1880 with Hugo Juliusz Radolinski 1841-1917;
3. Stanislaw Marceli Ignacy Radolinski 1810-1825;
4. Petronela Antonina Radolinska born 1812 m. de Rabe.
Relatives:
Edward Sokolowski of Wrzaca Wielka [he was born in 1815] and Anna Józefina SOKOLOWSKA born Klobukowska 1819-1865 [Józefa Sokolowska of Wrzaca Wielka, Sokolow and Ochla; Wrzaca Wielka - the Kolo county, 7 km north-east of Kolo].
B.
Józef Ignacy Walenty Kwilecki, Polish Captain, 1791-1860 m. Lucynda Ludwika Czarnecka b. 1790, 2nd time married to Aleksandra Sobolewska 1798-1878.

Note to SOKOLOWSKI and KWILECKI:

Józefa Klobukowska born Sokolowska, in 1840, to Edward Sokolowski and Anna Józefina Sokolowska born Klobukowska; above Edward was born in 1815. Anna was born in 1819, in Warszawa, died in 1865; Józefa born Sokolowska had sister Ludwika Dmochowski born Sokolowski. Józefa married Jan Nepomucen Klobukowski b. in 1830, with the son Jan Dominik Klobukowski.
The parents of above EDWARD Sokolowski:
Józef Sylwester Sokolowski b. 1784
{compare KEPA SZLACHECKA - Stanislaw Sokolowski was born in 1806, in Kepka Szlachecka, 7 km south-west to KOWAL; south of WLOCLAWEK.

Kepa = Kepka Szlachecka - at half way from CHOCEN to KOWAL.

See:
Smolsk - in 1793 owned by Sokolowski - 5 km east to Brzesc Kujawski;

see: DEBICE - 1780 to Sokolowski, at half way from BRZESC KUJAWSKI to KOWAL; south-west to WLOCLAWEK - see Leopold Kronenberg !

Inf. on Roman Sokolowski who married in 1818 in KRUSZYN close to WLOCLAWEK - 1797 belonged to Sokolowski -

Kruszyn is situated 9 km south-east to Brzesc Kujawski}

and Ludwika Walentyna Józefata Mdzewska b. ca 1780 [Debica was - to her death in 1882 - in her hands].

Edward Sokolowski was married in 1839, in Grzegorzew (7 km east to KOLO; north-east to TUREK), to Anna Józefina Klobukowska daughter of Józef Franciszek Klobukowski 1786-1874 and mentioned Anna Nina Kwilecka born in 1789 in POZNAN.

ANNA NINA KWILECKA was married three times: to Ignacy Radolinski, to Faustyn Wyssogota-Zakrzewski, and 3rd to JOZEF KLOBUKOWSKI with daughter Anna Jozefina married Edward Sokolowski.

ANNA NINA KWILECKA-KLOBUKOWSKA was the daughter of Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, official at the Royal Court, born in 1764, and Wiridianna Radolinska, 1761-1826 and
granddaughter of
Franciszek Antoni Kwilecki 1725-1794;
Teresa Agnieszka Sczaniecka 1740-1807;
Józef Stanislaw Radolinski, official in Wschowa, 1730-1781 {son of Józef Stefan Radolinski official in Wschowa, 1680-1740} who married Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792.

Wiridianna Radolinska 1761-1826 m. 2nd in 1806 to General Stanislaw Fiszer 1759-1812, son of Karol Ludwik Fiszer, General Major, 1730 -1783 + Joanna Luiza Elzbieta von Luck 1738-1788.
General FISZER was the friend of TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO and General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI [Paszkowski's daughter married Armand in MOSCOW - see Apollon / Apolon Konstantynowicz].

Above DEBICE:

Debice owned by Godziemba-Dambski. In 1736 Antonina DAMBSKI married Stefan Radoszewski, who was the owner of nearby Kruszynek and since 1765 owned Kruszyn.
Her only daughter Ludwika RADOSZEWSKA in 1780 married Michal Sokolowski, official in KOWAL. All the Radoszewski estates took Sokolowski.
1793, DEBICE was increased by a Smólsk estate; 1797, Sokolowski took Kruszyn.

Michal Sokolowski died in 1809; Debica and Poddebice belonged to Ludwika Sokolowska-Radoszewska. In 1820 co-owner was her son Józef Sokolowski born 1784 [Józef Sylwester Sokolowski b. 1784]. JOZEF died in 1834 and Ludwika Mdzewski-Sokolowska, widow after death of mentioned Józef, owned Debice.

[Ludwika nee MDZEWSKA was the mother of Edward Sokolowski who was married in 1839, in Grzegorzew (7 km east to KOLO; north-east to TUREK), to Anna Józefina Klobukowska daughter of Józef Franciszek Klobukowski 1786-1874 and Anna Nina Kwilecka born in 1789 in POZNAN].

In 1859 Debice took a daughter of Mdzewska-Sokolowska, that is Karolina Mierzwinska. But until 1882 named Ludwika Sokolowska managed the estate. In 1886 Hugo Haack, of Wloclawek, bought DEBICE.

SMOLSK - 5 km east to Brzesc Kujawski.

Józef Sylwester Sokolowski b. 1784 - son of Michal Sokolowski born in 1758;
grandson of
Adam Sokolowski 1730-1764 [Adam's son: General Wojciech Sokolowski b. 1760] and Elzbieta Zychlinska 1730-1779 [Elzbieta Zychlinska was the daughter of Serafin and Konkordia Raczynska].
Great-grandson of
1. Serafin Seweryn Zychlinski and Konkordia Raczynska, born in 1700. Elzbieta had sister Anna Koszutska.
Elzbieta married Adam Sokolowski in 1750. They had sons Wojciech Sokolowski and Michal Sokolowski.
2. Wojciech SOKOLOWSKI born ca 1680 / 1700 and Marcjanna Wodzinska.

Note to Jadwiga Sokolowska m. Karol Morzycki:
parents of above JADWIGA:
Wladyslaw Ignacy Sokolowski b. 1836 in Warsaw, married Marianna Kazimiera Morzycka
(daughter of Michalina Sokolowska-Morzycka; granddaughter of Roman Sokolowski born 1786, marriage in KRUSZYN close to Wloclawek, to Katarzyna Sokolowska; great-granddaughter of MICHAL Sokolowski born 1758 and Ludwika RADOSZEWSKA b. 1762 of DEBICA, KRUSZYN and KRUSZYNEK);
Marianna born in 1846.
Mentioned
WLADYSLAW Sokolowski was the member of the Agricultural Society of the Kingdom of Poland in 1861 - see Wolowski, Szymanowski and Leopold Kronenberg.
Wladyslaw Sokolowski lived in Biejkowska Wola by the PILICA river, south to GROJEC.

1880 - Sokolowski Wladyslaw was the owner of Bedziechów. From hands of KIEDRZYNSKI.

His parents:
Walenty Sokolowski b. ca 1799 - Juchnowiec Koscielny, 21 km south of Bialystok; studied in Warsaw, died in 1851 - Warsaw, m. in WARSAW in 1830 to
Eufrozyna Katarzyna Cissowska b. ca 1811 - Radomin, east of GOLUB DOBRZYN, d. 1851. RADOMIN - also close to Wielun.
Walenty's parents: Sokolowski b. 1750 of Kujawy.
WALENTY's sister ?:
Franciszka Duszynska born Sokolowska in 1784, to Michal Sokolowski and Katarzyna Fidorow; Michal was born in 1735, in Ostrów Mazowiecka. Franciszka had one brother Walenty Sokolowski. Franciszka married Mateusz Duszynski b. 1788, in Dobrzyca, POLAND. Franciszka married 2nd to Franciszek Brzostek in 1803, born in 1775, in Ostrów Mazowiecka.

We back to Jadwiga Sokolowska m. Karol Morzycki. Her grandparents:

Walenty Sokolowski 1799-1851; Eufrozyna Katarzyna Cissowska 1811-1851; Antoni Morzycki 1801-1882; named above Michalina Ludwika Józefa Sokolowska 1820-1882, daughter of ROMAN ANTONI.
See BOGUMIL SOKOLOWSKI, b. 1786.
Named Roman Sokolowski married in 1818 in KRUSZYN close to WLOCLAWEK, to Katarzyna Sokolowska b. ca 1790, the daughter of Michal Sokolowski b. 1758 + Ludwika Radoszewska, 1762-1841.

Kruszyn - 9 km south-east to Brzesc Kujawski.

Michalina Ludwika Józefa Sokolowska 1820-1882, daughter of ROMAN ANTONI:
MICHALINA married 2nd time in 1842 in SADLNO to Antoni Robert Morzycki - south of RADZIEJOW - with daughter Marianna Kazimiera Morzycka married in 1865 to Wladyslaw Ignacy Sokolowski b. 1836, with son Wlodzimierz SOKOLOWSKI 1880-1921 + Kazimiera Wankowicz 1886-1939, with daughter Irena Sokolowska 1901-1990 married Waclaw Iwaszkiewicz.

We back to Jadwiga Sokolowska m. Karol Morzycki. Her great-grandparents:

Bogumil Morzycki 1770-1824;
Roman Antoni Bogumil Sokolowski owner of SADLNO, in the Brzesc KUJAWSKI county in 1837 - 24 km south of RADZIEJOW, lived in 1786-1865;
Marianna Borucka;
Katarzyna Sokolowska b. ca 1790.

Her great-great-grandparents:

Józef Jordan Walenty Sokolowski b. 1760
[he was the father of Stanislaw Erazm Sokolowski 1806-1869, {with Franciszka LUTOSTANSKA had son Maciej Artur Konstanty Sokolowski; Józef Blazej Marian Sokolowski; Alfons Franciszek Sokolowski and Pelagia Blizinska} and Roman Antoni Bogumil Sokolowski]
and Marianna Wolicka von Valdorf b. ca 1760.

Her great-great-great-grandparents:
Antoni Sokolowski b. ca 1710; Marianna Obiedowska; Cyprian Wolicki; Teresa Keska.

They come from the parents:
Józef Sokolowski, official in Bydgoszcz, 1700-1754 [see GALECKI]; and Magdalena Ponetowska.


WALKNOWSKI:

1.
Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska's family:
came from Wojciech Rokossowski b. ca 1665, died 1716 who was maybe brother of Jakub b. ca 1670, and wife of above Wojciech - Katarzyna Milinska d. 1732,
with children:
Jadwiga Rokossowska; Joanna Rokossowska, Teresa died 1750, Karol Rokossowski d. 1776, Zofia; Stanislaw; Franciszek Rokossowski.

Above named KAROL Rokossowski, d. 1776 with wife Marianna Grodzicka who died in 1780, had son Tomasz Konstanty Rokossowski 1721 - 1783;
next sons:
Józef Rokossowski, Wojciech Sebastian; Antoni Fabian Rokossowski; Ignacy Maurycy; Adam Stanislaw Rokossowski; and above mentioned daughter
Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska - see Wola Pszczolecka - who died 1800

(KAROLINA Gatkiewicz was daughter of Piotr Korytowski d. 1783, and Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka nee Rokossowska, married Walknowska, born in Pakoslaw south of Pepowo, 14 west of RAWICZ, south-west of KROTOSZYN);

next daughter Kunegunda Rokossowska.
2.
Mentioned Piotr Korytowski + Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska
had granddaughter
Marianna Korytowska 1750-1799 + Seweryn Pagowski with a
daughter + Jan Nepomucen Paschalis Chrzanowski 1779-1854,
and with next daughter Anna Pagowska b. 1787 + Rafal Chrzanowski 1783-1831;
and with last daughter
Ludwika Maria Pagowska b. 1801 + Stanislaw Krzyzanowski 1780-1828, the son of Jakub Filip Florian Krzyzanowski b. 1750 in Jaroslawiec.
3.
Above
Ewa Franciszka Agnieszka Rokossowska married 1st Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski.
Mentioned
Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski b. 1720, was the son of Antoni WALKNOWSKI and Urszula Mielzynska !
4.
Kalisz in 1776:
Józef Wierusz Walknowski, b. ca 1720/1730, the son of Franciszek Walknowski, judge in KALISZ, and Marianna Bilinski, 1 voto;
named Jozef Walknowski was a nephew to above Antoni Walknowski b. ca 1680/1690
[Antoni and Franciszek Walknowski b. ca 1690 were brothers ?],
the official in WIELUN,
and his wife Urszula Mielzynski.

Named Jozef Walknowski signed to Ms Katarzyna Sulerzyski, b. ca 1750/1755, in future she was wife of named Jozef Walknowski; she was the daughter of
Antoni and Aleksandra Przybyslawski [1st]. Katarzyna was nephew - next of kin to Jan Sulerzyski and Golinska.
5.
Konin - 1792:
Katarzyna Sulerzycka, the daughter of Antoni and Aleksandra Przybyslawski, the wife of Józef Walknowski, the official in Kalisz; the court case with witnesses:
Kasper Slawinski the son of Jan and Apolonia Przybyslawski;
Jozef was the son of Franciszek Walknowski, the judge in Kalisz;
his wife:
Marjanna Bielinski 1voto.

Antoni Walknowski married Urszula Mielzynski [2nd ?].

Inf. in 1777: mentioned above JOZEF Walknowski, was the owner of Slesin and Piotrkowice.
Slesin - 20 km north to KONIN;
Piotrkowice - 5 km south-east to SLESIN.
6.
1792 - Elzbieta Grodzicka with a children, after a death of her husband Michal Chrzanowski, returned money to Józef Wierusz Walknowski, official in Kalisz.
7.
In KALISZ in 1750:

Bonawentura Wierusz Walknowski, the son of named Antoni Walknowski, official in Wielun + Urszula Mielzynski; married Ewa Rokossowska, the daughter of Karol Rokossowski and Marianna Grodzicki.

In Kobierno, 7 km north-east to KROTOSZYN the city - see Mielzynski ! - in 1709:
Rozalja Klara, was born - the daughter of Stefan Kobierzycki + Anna; godparents:
Antoni Wiktor Walknowski official in Wielun; and Anna Uminska.

8.
Laszczyn, 5 km north to RAWICZ, south-west to ROSZKOWO.
In 1709, Tomasz Borucski / Borucki married Petronella Lubiatowska; witnesses:
Wladyslaw Glinicki, Antoni Waliknowski / Walknowski named above, official in Wielun; Ludwik Borucki; Urszula Walikowska / Walknowska; Marjanna Slinicka.
9.
Branno - 8 km south-west to KONIN.
1719 - Józef Grabski the owner of Konecko Swiete married Ludwika Borucka the daughter of Ludwik Borucki the owner of Branno, and his wife Teresa Walknowski b. 1675.
Witnesses:
Wojciech Dambski the official in INOWROCLAW;
Andrzej Dambski the official in INOWROCLAW;
Andrzej Dambski 2nd; Stanislaw Garczynski of POZNAN;
Antoni Wierusz Walknowski of WIELUN - the brother of TERESA BORUCKA Walknowska.
10.
Kalisz in 1747 - Witalis Wegierski, the son of Marcjan the official in WSCHOWA, and his wife Urszula Kierski; Witalis was the owner of Wegry and Chotów in the Kalisz county;
inf. 1746, on Witalis's wife - Anna Walknowski, the daughter of named Antoni WALKNOWSKI the official in Wielun; Antoni's wife - Urszula Mielzynski.
11.
1747 - Ignacy Walknowski, the son of Jan Walknowski of Wielun + Krystyna Molski, 2 voto Jan Jaskólecki; Elzbieta Laszczynska, the daughter of Michal + Konstancja Koszutski.
12.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA b. 1689 + Antoni Walknowski b. 1680.
With sons - OWIDIUSZ; Bonawentura Wierusz-Walknowski; and
Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski.
Urszula d. ca 1743, Wierusz-Walknowska born Mielzynska, had also a daughters
Katarzyna Sokolnicka born Wierusz-Walknowska and Franciszka Bogucka nee Walknowska.

Urszula born Mielzynska in 1689, to Maciej Mielzynski and Katarzyna Anna Mielzynska born Mycielska. Maciej was born on August 31, 1636, in Niegolewo. Katarzyna was born ca 1655. Urszula had 5 siblings: Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, Krzysztof Mielzynski, and others.
13.
Starygrod - 11 km north-west to the city of KROTOSZYN - in 1745:
Anatol Feliks, the son of Józef Wierusz Walknowski + Krystyna Potocki. Godparents: Józef Zaorski and Marjanna Chmielewska.

Starygrod in 1750: Aleksander Florjan the son of named Józef + Krystyna Walknowski; godparents: Kasper Modlibowski the official in Miedzyrzecz, and Katarzyna Sokolnicka.

Starygrod in 1751 - Euzebja Urszula was born - the daughter of Józef Walknowski and Krystyna Walknowski; the godparents:
Karol Rokossowski + his wife.

Starygrod in 1753: Anna Agnieszka was born - the daughter of Józef and Krystyna Walknowski;
godparents: Anna Wegierska with her husband - Witalis Wegierski.

Starygrod in 1756; Teodozja Petronella Paula, was born to Józef and Krystyna Walknowski of Kuklinow;
godparents:
Ewa Rokossowski and Antoni Bogucki.

14.
Augustyn Wierusz-Walknowski b. ca 1760, the son of Józef Walknowski and Krystyna Potocka.

15.
On the junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798]. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn z Wrzesni Bardzki died in 1793, and Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.

Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;

and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD - b. 1770,
and Petronela Kiedrzynska PRADZYNSKA - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski.

Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and Katarzyna {he m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof and Teresa Grodziecka; she was widow after Adam Gorzycki} had:

1. Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;

2. Urszula Mielzynska + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska d. 1743; half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA. Mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKI WALKNOWSKA KIEDRZYNSKA

[Brygida was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770] -
see KIEDRZYNSKI};

3. Marianna Krystyna; and

4. son [with the 2nd wife] Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.


Note to
Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784: he was the son of Aleksander MADALINSKI, 1690-1773, owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, who married in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska daughter of Ewa nee Kozuchowska.

Above mentioned Kajetan MADALINSKI 1740 - d. ca 1784, landlord of Raczkow and Upuszczow, m. before 1773 to Dorota Kiedrzynska (1740-1784) daughter of Andrzej KIEDRZYNSKI, and Franciszka nee Jackowska, 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski (b. ca 1730) son of Stefan Grabinski, 2 voto
Tomasz Psarski, (1740-1770 ?) (b. 1807 ??), owner of Wola Dzierlinska;
with children:
1. Jakub Madalinski 1775 - 1833 m. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 with daughter Pulcheria Anna Magdalena Madalinska m. to Józef Julian Kazimierz Kolumna-Walewski b. 1787;
2. mentioned Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain, owner of Kraszyn, and Chodaki m. Julianna Bogdanska, 1 voto Jakub Kiedrzynski, d. 1809, with Kunegunda before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki.

Madalinski Aleksander owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow in the Sieradz county, m. in 1725 to Barbara Walknowska Walichnowska; Aleksander Madalinski [born ca 1690 - died before 1773] owner of Raczkow and Upuszczow close to Sieradz, was from BOBROWNIKI by PROSNA.
Son of Andrzej Madalinski born in 1650, in Bobrowniki, died in 1720, official of WIELUN; he married in 1690 to Marianna Grabianka, 1660 - 1721.

They had one son Aleksander Madalinski b. ca 1690.

Piotr Wierzbieta married Anna Domiechowska, in 1640 he sold Bobrowniki, Kolebki and Mieleszówka to Aleksander Madalinski oldest;

Mentioned Aleksander Madalinski, oldest, the son of Jan Aleksander and Niechmierowska, was an official of the royal court in 1636, in Wielun in 1652.

His son was Andrzej MADALINSKI of BOBROWNIKI, m. Marianna Grabianka, and he taken from Marcin Borzyslawski and Stanislaw Borzyslawski, in 1685, village Zarzecze and Debicza in the Ostrzeszow county.
His successors were the sons:
Andrzej and Franciszek [Bobrowniki, Hanobry, Kolebki];
Franciszek married twice: Petronela Doruchowska, then in 1728 to Julianna Zajdlicz. He died in 1738;
his son Ignacy (1707 - 1777), died in Bobrowniki;
in 1777 his brother JAN MADALINSKI inherited Bobrowniki, and he was also the guardian of the children of his cousin Kajetan MADALINSKI.

In Bobrowniki also lived sister of above Jan and Ignacy - Teresa. She died on January 4th, 1787 in KOLEBKI;

Jan's daughter, Katarzyna, on February 11, 1792, married in Bobrowniki to Ignacy Rominski;
in 1792 the son of JAN, that is Kazimierz was mentioned.

Named above Andrzej MADALINSKI was mentioned as a heir to Bobrowniki in 1741. His wife was Katarzyna Gaszynska. Their daughter, Anna Madalinska, married Maciej Belina, and since then, Bobrownik has been part of the Belina's family property.

We can say that the only top officer of the Madalinskis, born in Bobrowniki, was Captain Józef Kajetan Antoni Madalinski, born in 1774, died in 1809.

His father - Kajetan Madalinski, was the cousin of Ignacy and Jan Madalinski of Bobrowniki.
Kajetan Madalinski died in 1784, and left Józef, aged 10 years, under care of above Jan Madalinski.


WALICHNOWSKI and KARSY !

The Conspiracy in Saxony and in Poland in Summer 1793:

Dzialynski;
Kapostas;
Barss [in the Sieradz prov. in Sept 1793];
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko;
in Poland:
gen. Jozef Zajaczek in Warsaw;
Major Czyz [then in the Lublin prov.];
Franciszek Eliasz Aloe [Aloe and Walichnowski then come in Saxony to Kosciuszko and Ignacy Potocki];
Lieutenant Aleksander Walichnowski - August 1793 in LIPSK to meet Kosciuszko and Ignacy Potocki;
in Drezno - Kollataj;
Pawlikowski;
Rafal Kollataj [then in Sandomierz] + Kosciuszko [met also General Jozef Wodzicki] + general Zajaczek - September 1793 in Podgorze [then Zajaczek moved to Warsaw], to Franciszek Barss and Jozef Pawlikowski.
Jozef Januszewicz Prof. of the Cracow University;
Jan Maj from Cracow;
Lieutenant Aleksander Dziminski closest to Brigadier ANTONI MADALINSKI;
Brigadier Ludwig MANGET and
MP Stanislaw SOLTYK !

Walichnowski then moved to the Great Poland.


In August 1770 in Karsy, 13 km north-east to BIEGANIN, north-west to KALISZ, Kajetan Lipnicki married Bona Kiedrzynska.

Inf. in 1763 - Franciszek Kozuchowski was the owner of Karsy; an official in KALISZ. Franciszek Kozuchowski was the husband of Marjanna Walichnowska nee BIELINSKA. In 1750, Marianna Walichnowska nee Bielinska took the wedding.

In 1763, in Pikart / PIEKART: Karol Franciszek Salezy Jan Chryzostom Dobruchowski was born; godparents: Franciszek Kozuchowski and Marianna Walichnowska - Kozuchowski, and Marianna Chlebowska with Ignacy Chlebowski.

In 1762, in the Karsy manor, Juljanna Michalina Kozuchowska was born, daughter of Franciszek Kozuchowski and Marjanna Kozuchowskich; witnesses: Jan Krosnowski and Krystyna Walichnowska.

In 1770 in Grudzielec close to Sobotka, Gutow and 5 km north-east to BIEGANIN [see Kiedrzynski], south-east to Dobrzyca; Marjanna, was born, daughter of Tomasz Bystrzycki, a manager of the estate, and Marjanna Bystrzycka.
In 1770, 1772 in Sobotka Wielka, 4 south-west to KARSY, inf. on childrens of Andrzej Bogdanski and Elzbieta Bogdanska.
In 1763 in Gutów, south to KARSY, inf. on Franciszka Kozuchowska married Przespolewska of Droszew.

In Sobotka in 1763, was born son of Franciszek Kozuchowski and Marjanna Walichnowska; and inf. on Krystyna Potocka married Walichnowska; but we know:
Augustyn Wierusz-Walknowski b. ca 1760, the son of Józef Walknowski and Krystyna Potocka.

Franciszek Kozuchowski was the owner of Karsy, Wierchoslaw / Wierzchoslaw, Bobry, Ciechel, Grudzielec, Magnuszewice.
Inf. in Sobotka, in 1766; in the Karsy manor, Elzbieta Longina KOZUCHOWSKA, was born, daughter of Franciszek Kozuchowski and Marjanna Wierusz Walichnowska; witness: Longina Zychlinska.
The Gutów estate was owned by Malczewski ca 1780; near to Sobotka.
In Sobotka in 1779: Marjanna was born, a daughter of Antoni Wardenski and Ludwika Kiedrzynska m. Wardenska; godparents: Kasper Zakrzewski and Marjanna Bogdanska.

1781 in Sobotka, a daughter of Ludwik Bogdanski and Teresa Rozdrazewska - Bogdanska, was born; godfather Andrzej Bogdanski - grandfather of named above.

The Roman-Catholic parish in Sobotka named St. Michael the Archangel; in 1782 - Sobotka was owned by Bogdanski Ludwik and Teresa Bogdanska.
In Sobotka in 1783, inf. on grandparents: Franciszek Radolinski and Konstancja Gomolinska.

In 1787, the Sobotka manor, here Stanislaw Jan Kiedrzynski was bpt. - son of Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI and Juljanna Kiedrzynska nee BOGDANSKA; Jakub Kiedrzynski was the owner of Orpiszewek [9 km west to PLESZEW].
Godparents: Michal Bogdanski and Salomea - the parents of named Julianna Kiedrzynski.
See: in 1782 - Sobotka was owned by Bogdanski Ludwik and Teresa Bogdanska.

In Sobotka in 1788, bpt.; but was born in the Karsy manor: Marjanna Teodora Wincencja Józefa BILEWICZ, daughter of Teodor BILEWICZ and Cecylja Kozuchowska - Bilewicz; he was official in Lojeck.
Godparents: Antoni Szkulski and Urszula Walknowska - Szkulska, owner of Szkudla; and Jan Nepomucen KOZUCHOWSKI and Juljanna Kozuchowski, owners of Karsy, Wierzchoslaw [Wierzchoslawice - ? - 17 km north-east to Inowroclaw], Czechel [7 km east to Sobotka].

1761, in Karsy, died Aleksander Kozuchowski.
Sobotka in 1774, Aleksy Bogdanski died.
1787 in Karsy, Franciszek Kozuchowski died, the owner of KARSY.

In Sobotka in 1783, Teodor Bilewicz younger, from Lithuania, official in Zmudz, m. Cecylja Kozuchowska; witnesses: Józef Gomolinski, official at the Royal Court, Antoni Szkulski, and Andrzej Kaczkowski; wedding was in KARSY.

Sobotka in 1779, bpt.; in Gutów in the Malczewski manor, was born Marjanna, daughter of Antoni Wardenski and Ludwika Kiedrzynska Wardenska; godparents: Kasper Zakrzewski and Marjanna Bogdanska.
In 1788, Antoni Szkulski owner of Szkudl; his friends - Jan Nepomucen Kozuchowski and Juljanna Kozuchowska - owners of Karsy, Wierzchoslaw, Czechel.
1751, Bartlomiej and Joanna Boguslawski, the owners of Sobotka.
1824, Kasper Wyssogota Zakrzewski died; the owner of Gutow; born in 1738.
1830, Józef Otto Trampczynski died; the owner of Karsy; buried in Kucharki; born in 1733 !
1790, Katarzyna Radolinska of Chorze died; owner of Karsy, buried in Kalisz.
1763, Stanislaw Kostka Dydak Aleksander Józef was born; son of Franciszek Kozuchowski and Marjanna Walichnowska; Walichnowska was the daughter of an owner of Karsy, Wierchoslaw, Bobry, Ciechel, Grudzielec, Magnuszewice.

1779, in Gutów manor, owned by Malczewski, Marjanna was born - the daughter of Antoni Wardenski and Ludwika Kiedrzynski - Wardenski; witnesses: Kasper Zakrzewski and Marjanna Bogdanska.

Gutów - 3 km south to Sobotka; 6 km north to Bedzieszyn; 5 km south to KARSY; 18 km west to KALISZ.

1801, in Karsy, Jan Kromer, the Prussian lieutenant, married Wiktorja Grudzielska. she was born 1755; witnesses: Józef Trampczynski owner of Karsy; Osinski owner of Czechel.

Mentioned above Teodor Billewicz / Bilewicz - the Confederate Marshal of the WILKOMIERZ county in 1764.
But we know on senior Teodor Bilewicz, the friend of Michal Kazimierz Radziwill.

Starygrod - 11 km north-west to Krotoszyn, the city.

Starygrod in 1686: Petronella Jadwiga, was born to Stanislaw Walichnowski and Dorota from Kuklinow.

Kozuchowski - compare the family of Trubecki - Kalinowski !

KARSY - here BONA Kiedrzynska of KARSY - is situated in the Kalisz prov.; close to Goluchow - 8,5 km; near Pleszew - 14 km. Karsy - 2,5 km west to Kucharki, 5 km north-east to SOBOTKA; 8 km north to GUTOW; and south-west to GOLUCHOW.


The branch of the Konstantynowiczs come from Dominik Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms.

Brief explanation:

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki - officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780 / 1790.

Above named Jozef had daughters and sons:

1. Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benisławski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanisław, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benisławski, Helena Benisławska b. before 1852);

2. Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);

3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;

4. Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;

5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal and Konstancja Mickiewicz;

6. above named Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735-1789.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760

[daughter of Stanisław Sołtan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer;
the granddaughter of Samuel Sołtan 1654 - 1735; and
great-granddaughter of Hieronim Władysław Sołtan],

with:
1. Elżbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Brasław, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Sołtan (see below).

Half sister of above named Stanisław Sołtan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Sołtan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanisław Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róża Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Sołtan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanisław Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanisław Sołtan and Helena Römer;
husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł b. 1751
and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockytė / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanisław Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, wife of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Sołtan;
Anna Sołtan;
Stanisław Sołtan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanisław Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

Above Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznań,
husband of Idalia b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michał Pociej;
Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan b. 1792 was father of Aleksander Stanisław August Sołtan and Maria Anna Sierakowska.
Above Aleksander Stanisław August Sołtan 1821 - 1853, was father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.

Note to Smokowski:

Wincenty Smokowski b. 1797 in Wilno, died 1876 in Krykiany (KRIKONYS or Krykiany, the manor / Krikonys, 18 km south-east of Ignalina, south-east of UTENA) close to Mielegiany.
Wincenty Smokowski, was "painter, graphic artist, sculptor, lecturer at the Vilnius University (studied at the Vilnius University 1817 - 1822);
and at the Art Academy in St. Petersburg in 1823-29 (1831-36 in Wilno again studied medicine).
In 1829 under Jan Rustem

[b. 1762 in Konstantynopol, died in 1835, Dūkšteliai / Duksztialiai / Dūkštas in Lithuania, he was a painter of Armenian ethnicity, was sponsored by
Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, back to Poland around 1774, among his tutors were Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine and Marcello Bacciarelli;
1788 and 1790 in Germany, where he became a freemason,
then in Warsaw, later moving to Vilna;
1789 he worked in the theater of Michal Kleofas Oginski / Michael Casimir Oginski in Slonim - to 1798;
in Wilno was as assistant to Franciszek Smuglewicz, his students were Taras Shevchenko, Józef Oleszkiewicz, Kanuty Rusiecki, and Michał Kulesza].

Painted compositions of an historical, daily life, and antiquarian nature, as well as portraits; illustrated books, and published articles about Lithuanian art and artists", acc. to http://www.unesco.org/webworld.
In 1822, the Vilnius artist Wincenty Smokowski (1797–1876) visited the ruins of the Trakai island castle and sketched the surviving fragments.
Wincenty Smokowski was excellent woodcutter - illustrator by Aleksander Majerski (1789-1857), artist, lithographer, drawing teacher.



Now back to
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski: b. 1740, Freemason; 1772 in Vienna, his wife Paula Szembek / Paulina Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski, b. 1765 died 1833 in Florencja.
Michal Kleofas Oginski married Izabela Lasocka ca 1791 (1789). They had 2 sons, Tadeusz Antoni, and Franciszek Ksawery / Xavier.
Maria de Néri / Maria Neri was his second wife in 1802, with children Amelia Zaluska, Emma Brzostowska - Wysocka, Ireneusz and Ida, acc. to Iwo Zaluski.
Michal Kleofas Oginski, in accordance with second source, had children: Tomasz Antoni Oginski, Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski, Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, Amelia Zaluska, Ida Oginska, and Emma Oginska.
Acc. to Iwo Zaluski: ca 1798, Kajetan Nagurski himself returned to Russian Lithuania, to reclaim and sort out his estate. Kajetan, unable then to get a passport allowing him back into Prussia, and thus to Warsaw, asked Morawski's father, Apolinary, to visit Maria Neri. Apolinary Morawski became lover behind Kajetan's back, with Maria Neri ca 1798. Nagurski brought her to his estate in Lithuania, where he married her, ca 1799. Ca 1800 Maria began to be seen in the company of the dashing young Count Ludwik Pac, whose father, Count Michal Pac, owned Jezno, one of the finest palaces in Lithuania. The affair came to an end when Count Kajetan Nagurski decided to go to Vienna with Maria, where he hoped to find a cure for his jaundice. Kajetan died soon afterwards in Vienna 1800 / 1801. His widow, now an independent lady, returned to Vilnius, and in 1801, Countess Maria Nagurska's life changed direction after she caught the attention of General Count Levin August von Bennigsen, Governor of Vilnius.
Above Michal Kleofas Oginski in 1790, to The Hague as a diplomatic representative of Poland in the Netherlands; in 1795 Konstantynopol, 1796 Venice, Tuscany; Paris; 1810 Petersburg; moved abroad in 1815?, in 1822 Italy, 1823 Firenze / Florence to death 1833.
Michal Kleofas Oginski in 1801 was living with his wife Izabela and two infant sons, Tadeusz and Xavier, at his wife's family's estate at Brzeziny, to the south west (see Otrebusy) of Warsaw.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki married to above Ida Ogińska b. ca 1813 / 1820. He was son of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki;
Adolf's sister
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Szumski + 2nd Dominik Konstantynowicz;
next sister Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Józef Benisławski;
Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 m. Władysław Józef Sołtan b. 1795, d. 1843, son of Józefa Benisławska;
and Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + above mentioned Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michał and Konstancja Mickiewicz
(his wife's estate was Krikonys, a small village in the Ignalina region).



Now we back to the Wankowiczs:

Melchior Wankowicz b. ca 1760-1815

(his brothers:
Wincenty ca 1760 - died 1814, m. in 1804 to Kajetana Gąsowska b. ca 1790; and
Teodor born ca 1760, married Izabela Gąsowska),

m. in 1800 to Scholastyka Gorecki; with sons:
Walenty 1800-1842 m. in 1827 to Aniela Rostocka;
Stanisława b. ca 1803, m. Wincenty Hornowski;
Karol 1805-1854, m. Rozalia Wańkowicz born ca 1807-1891 with
son Melchior 1842-1892 m. in 1876 to Maria Szwoynicki ca 1855-1895, and grandson
Melchior 1891-1974 m. in 1916 to Zofia Małagowska 1891-1969.

Above Melchior ca 1760-1815,
Wincenty,
Teodor and
Stanisław b. ca 1760 were sons of
Aleksander and unknown Hrehorowicz.

Above Aleksander had brothers:
Wladyslaw;
Piotr;
Marcin

(b. ca 1730 with sons:
Teodor b. ca 1760;
Jozef b. ca 1760;
Ignacy with sons:
Hipolit b. 1809 and
Wladyslaw 1810-1848;
next sons of MARCIN:
Jakub b. ca 1760 and
Joachim m. Malgorzata JESMAN with
Jozef b. 1819 m. Wanda Swida with son
Florian b. 1851);

Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski
(with sons Kasper + Eleonora Makowiecka and
Józef + Marianna b. ca 1775);

and SEBASTIAN b. ca 1740

(with son Szczepan ca 1775 + Barbara Koziełł-Poklewski
and grandson Aleksander b. 1828 + Konstancja Estko;
and great-grandson Aleksander b. 1854 + Stanisława Aleksandrowicz; and his children:
Aleksander b. 1881;
Wanda 1882-1938 + 1st in 1900 to Rutkowski, 2nd in 1912 to Aleksander Ponomarew 1875-1965;
and Zygmunt born 1884).

Above Aleksander born 1854 had sibilings:
Ludwik b. ca 1858;
Stefan 1859-1923 + Helena Boguszewski 1868-1928, and
Konstanty b. 1860.

Above Stefan had children:
Maria b. 1890 + Jankowski b. ca 1880;
Maurycy 1893-1918;
Zofia 1894-1981 m. in ca 1925 to Tadeusz Römer 1894-1978;
Jadwiga 1900-1938 m. ca 1922 to Jan Rostworowski 1897-1975.

Above Mateusz Wankowicz (Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski) was son of Jan WANKOWICZ and Katarzyna Brzuchowski;
Jan was son of Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna Korsak.

Tadeusz Oginski owner of Luczaj, let this estate to Tadeusz Wankowicz and Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; Andrzej and Franciszek Ksawery Oginscy, sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Łuczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wańkowicz senior b. ca 1675
(grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki;
Jan had brothers:
Wladyslaw b. ca 1648 and
Teodor b. ca 1650; and
Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK)

and Helena Wołodkowicz born ca 1685;

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki

(Tadeusz Wankowicz junior had sibilings:
Antoni Wańkowicz b. ca 1710;
Eleonora Wańkowicz b. ca 1715;
Scholastyka Wańkowicz born ca 1720;
Franciszka Wańkowicz b. ca 1725;
half brother was Adam Wańkowicz son of Teresa Filipowicz and Tadeusz senior);

son of Tadeusz junior was Antoni ca 1758-1812 m. Anna Sołtan ca 1785-1812.

Daughters of above Antoni:
Klementyna b. ca 1804, m. in 1820 to Edward Mostowski 1790-1855;
Waleria b. 1805, m. in 1821 to Konstanty Tyzenhauz 1785-1853;
and Wanda 1808-1842, m. in 1825 to Benedykt Emanuel Tyszkiewicz 1801-1866.
See more at http://genealogia.plewako.pl.

Пётр / Piotr Wankowicz, officer in Minsk, Belarus, owner of Wolma and Skarabagatawa farm in the Minsk county in 1654, died before 1670, married to Ганна Дунін-Глушынская / Anna / Hanna Dunin-Gluszynska of Wolkowysk;
his son was Stanislaw Wankowicz b. ca 1652.

Above Stanislaw Wankowicz / Станіслаў, of Smolany north-west of Orsha, bought from Tomasz Cedrowski and Katarzyna nee Drucka-Lubecka, Siemionkowicze / Сяменькавічы and Slobodka / Slobudka in the Minsk county in 1672, landowner of Domaszewicze / Damashevichi / Дамашы / Дамашэвічы in the Minsk county in 1682, 1st married to Krystyna Cedrowska / Цадроўская, 2nd to Hanna Korsak / Anna / Ганна Корсак of Polock.

Son of Stanislaw Wankowicz was Jan Antoni Wankowicz; see below.
All sons of above Stanislaw:
Kazimierz Wankowicz / Казімір;
Andrzej Wankowicz killed in 1700 near Olkienniki;
Tomasz / Тамаш, officer in Minsk in 1704, exiled in 1706, died before 1746, married Teofila Korsak;
Jan Antoni Wankowicz / Ян-Антоні, officer in Minsk - 06.10.1744, owner of Zabaszewicze / Забашавічы in the Minsk county in 1753, d. before 1766, married Katarzyna Brzuchowski / Bruchanska / Brzuchanska / Кацярына Бруханская;
Emercjanna / Emerencjana, m. Michal Rowinski of the Dobrzyn county.

Above Jan Antoni Wankowicz
(Melchior ca 1760-1815, Wincenty, Teodor and Stanisław b. ca 1760 were sons of Aleksander and unknown Hrehorowicz - see below;

Jan Antoni Wankowicz had sons:
Aleksander + lady Hrehorowicz;
and
Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski
with sons:
Kasper + Eleonora MAKOWIECKA, and
Jozef + Marianna b. ca 1775);

Jan Antoni Wankowicz had also son Piotr Wankowicz.

Mateusz Wankowicz (Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski) was son of Jan WANKOWICZ that is Jan Antoni Wankowicz and Katarzyna Brzuchowski;
Jan was son of Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna Korsak

[Stanislaw Wankowicz / Станіслаў, of Smolany north-west of Orsha, bought from Tomasz Cedrowski and Katarzyna nee Drucka-Lubecka, Siemionkowicze / Сяменькавічы and Slobodka / Slobudka in the Minsk county in 1672, landowner of Domaszewicze / Damashevichi / Дамашы / Дамашэвічы in the Minsk county in 1682, 1st married to Krystyna Cedrowska / Цадроўская, 2nd to Hanna Korsak / Anna / Ганна Корсак of Polock].

Above named
Piotr was judge in Minsk, and married to Urszula Illicz / Ілліч. They had sons:
Michal Wankowicz;
Jan Wankowicz m. Anna Szablowska / Ганна Шаблоўская;
and last son Wincenty Wankowicz.

Above Michal / Міхал, officer in Orsha, 1st m. Teofila Mikusz with two sons, 2nd Elzbieta Dzierzynska with 2 sons.
Sons of above Teofila Mikusz Wankowicz:
Damazy Wankowicz died 30.11.1797 in Rakow, lieutenant, m. Kazimiera Zaroska;
Adam Wankowicz officer under command of Count Eugeniusz Wurttemberg in 1833
(Duke Eugen of Württemberg / Eugen Carl Paul Ludwig von Württemberg, b. 1788, d. 1857, a General of Infantry in the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars, his younger brother was the explorer Duke Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg. His aunt was Empress Maria Feodorovna the consort of Paul I of Russia. 1776 moved to Petersburg to General Ehrenfried von Diebitsch und Narten, father of Iwan Dybicz).

Sons of Elzbieta Dzierzynska Wankowicz:
Antoni Franciszek Piotr Wankowicz, died in June 1820, buried in Smolany church;
Eustachy Wincenty Wankowicz d. April 1827, buried in Smolany church.

Смаляны / Смоляны / Smolany - north-west of Orsza / Orsha, ca 25 / 28 km.



A branch from Samuel Sołtan b. 1654, killed in 1709, m. 1st to Wisiunianka / Wisimianka, and 2nd to Helena Ewa von Manteuffel 1-v. Jan von Berk;

his son:
Stanisław Pereświt Sołtan 1698 - 1758, owned Andrepna and Zielonpole close to Rezekne / Rzeczyce, and Lideksna with Sprykutow close to Ludsen / Lucyn,
m. 1st to Eleonora Hilzen, daughter of Jerzy Konstanty Hilzen, and Anna Regina Schimmelpfennig von der Oye;
m. 2nd time in Dyrwiany to Helena Römer / Romer b. ca 1730 - she was 2-v. Jan Wayssenhof;
children of Stanislaw Soltan:
1. Augusta Sołtan, b. ca 1750 m. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Stanisław Sołtan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł d. 1802, daughter of Stanisław RADZIWILL and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzięcioł;
m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róża Górska.
Children of above Stanislaw Soltan:
1. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812 son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Świętorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Świętorzecki;
with children:
Waleria Wańkowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wańkowicz, + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Łohojski,
Klementyna Wańkowicz, + Mostowski.
Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.
3.
Helena Sołtan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4.
Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;

5.
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.
Note:
Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Soltan Carolina born ca 1780; with child:
Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (mother Josepha Benislawska), her child
Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to above
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, landowner, member of the January Uprising.
Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia;
he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and mentioned by Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, daughter of Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia. In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.

6.
Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, with wifes:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and
Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.
Children of Stanislaw Soltan b. 1822:
1. Bogdan Wiktor Soltan 1861 - 1912 married to Maria Franciszka Soltan b. 1863, with daughter
- Maria Emilia Soltan b. 1889 Aninsk and died 1963, m. Zdzisław Henryk Grocholski - her daughter
Maria Grocholska b. 1911 Pietniczany and died in 1940 Otrebusy;
2. Emilia Soltan Korsak, b. 1847 d. 1908,
3. Stanislaw Soltan, 1848 - 1850,
4. Helena Soltan 1849 - 1852,
5. Adam Soltan 1851 - 1902 Brzostownica Murowana,
6.
Wiktor Władyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, owner of Kraszuty.

Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł / Jundzill Dunin had three daughters (see above and below):
1. Albertyna Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1836 - 1863;
2. Maria Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1827 - 1858;
3. Helena Chodźko nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodźko / Александр Ходзько / Аляксандар Ходзька, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to
Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikołaj Michał Cichocki
(godchild of Marshal Joseph Poniatowski),
son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, married named above:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.

Parents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
August Jacek Hieronim Broel-Plater / August Hiacynt 1745-1803 and Anna Beydo-Rzewuska 1761-1800.
Józef Krzysztof Donat Broel Plater b. 1796 in Krasław, died 1852 in Wilno, m.
Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) or
she married to Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater who was sentenced to settlement in Smolensk, where he lived with his family to 1846.
In Smolensk he has established a contact with Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski. After 1846 he returned to Kombula, in 1847 was elected assessor of the Criminal Chamber of the Novgorod province. Writer under nick-name Joseph Płaskoziemski in 1846, gave his own theory of light, heat and electricity, but not supported by experiences in the mid-nineteenth century. He was also the author of the short history and geography of Livonia; died in 1852 in Vilnius, was buried in Krasław.
He was married from 1819 to Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) and had 14 children.

Antonina Pereświt-Soltan (1800-1871) was daughter of Benedykt Soltan b. ca 1770 and Jozefa Benislawska
(Jozefa had also son Władysław Józef Sołtan 1795 - 1843 + Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800 with daughter
Oktawia Sołtan 1830 - 1871 + Władysław Hieronim Samuel Sołtan 1824-1900);
Antonina was granddaughter of Piotr Sołtan + Przyborowska + Kopeć + Szostakowska;
the great-granddaughter of Jan who was son of Samuel Soltan;
Samuel was son of Jan Sołtan + Aleksandra Boreysza.



Note at margin on the Jundzill family:

a.
Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodźko / Александр Ходзько / Аляксандар Ходзька, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia. Son of the writer Jan Chodzko; from 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland; she was the granddaughter of Mikołaj Michał Cichocki (godchild of Marshal Joseph Poniatowski), son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).

Michał Mikołaj Cichocki / Michael Nicholas Cichocki (b. 1770 in Warsaw, died 1828 in Warsaw), Brigadier General of the Duchy of Warsaw; graduated from the Corps of Cadets, the captain, took part in the 1792 war with Russia. He died suddenly. He was a member of the Masonic lodge 'Slavic Unity'.

Above Magdalena Agnieszka Sapieżyna (1739 - 1780), was daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski.

Above Marianna Iwanska + Stanisław August Antoni Poniatowski had child Michał Mikołaj Cichocki, General, 1770 Warsaw - 1828 Warsaw; Parents: Stanisław August Poniatowski 1732 Wołczyn - 1798 in Petersburg; Marianna Iwańska about 1740 - after 1770.

b.
Note on Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł / Jundzill Dunin and his daughters:

1. Albertyna Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1836 - 1863;

2. Maria Sołtan nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1827 - 1858;

3. Helena Chodźko nee Dunin-Jundziłł, 1822 - 1886 in Paris.

See also about Konstantynowicz, Poniatowski King of Poland, Sulkowski, Venture, Breguet, Bizet, Maleszewski.

At geni.com:
Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł 1790 - 1862, son of Franciszek Dunin-Jundziłł and Teresa Burzyńska, husband of Teresa Karolina;

father of Teresa Wiktoria Daszkiewicz; Helena Chodźko; Emilia Dunin-Jundziłł; Maria Sołtan; Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł;
Karol Dunin-Jundziłł;
Konstancja; Albertyna Sołtan.

Helena Chodźko was wife of Aleksander Chodźko Sr., and she was mother of Adam Chodzko; Victor Chodzko; Alexandre / Aleksander Chodzko.

Maria Soltan was mother of Emilia Korsak; Helena Sołtan; Wiktor Władysław Sołtan; Adam Sołtan, and Stanisław Sołtan. Under copyright by Leszek Mila.
c.
Some on above named
Karol Dunin Jundzill (1826-1855):
1. great-grandparents:
Tadeusz Dunin-Jundziłł of Grodno 1720-1771; Tadeusz Burzyński 1730-1773; Stanisław August Antoni II Poniatowski 1732-1798; Ignacy Jakub Bachmiński 1740-1794; Aniela Cygemberg-Zaleska b. 1730; Józefa Broel-Plater 1720-1778; Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Lubomirska 1739-1780 or after 1784
(1st married at the age of 16; we have inf. that Agnieszka 2nd married to Stanislaw II August Poniatowski in 1784, and they had one daughter Konstancja Szwan Poniatowska; Konstancja b. 1768 - d. 1844 in Dolsk, the Śrem County, was daughter of Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Sapieha; wife of Karol Szwan, and mother of Kazimierz Szwan + Julianna Barbara Elżbieta Szpilman b. circa 1796);
Ludwika Józefa Jórska of Jurzec b. 1740;
2. grandparents:
Franciszek Dunin-Jundziłł 1750-1818; Teresa Burzyńska b. 1764; Michał Cichocki, 1770-1828; Emilianna Bachmińska 1768-1844;
3. parents:
Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł 1790-1862; Teresa Karolina Cichocka 1799-1858.

d.
Magdalena Agnieszka Sapieżyna / Magdalena Agnieszka Maria Poniatowski / Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska that is Maria Iwańska + Stanislas II Antoine Auguste Poniatowski de Pologne; she was born 1739, d. 1780, her parents:
Anthony Benedict Lubomirski / Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and Anna Zofia / Anna Sophia Ożarowska - the daughter of George Ozarowski. Sister of George Martin Lubomirski.
In 1756 she remarried by Alexander Michael Sapieha. From this marriage were born two sons and four daughters. Names of children are: Kazimierz, Anna Teofila, Karolina, Franciszek, Marianna Katarzyna, and Emilia.
Her all children:
Konstancja Żwan, Michał Cichocki (with Stanisław August Poniatowski), and mentioned Kazimierz, Anna Teofila, Karolina, Franciszek, Marianna Katarzyna and Emilia (with above Aleksander Michał Sapieha).
Meanwhile, the Princess Agnes Lubomirski Sapieżyna approached the king of Poland, giving birth to another man; with Sapieha was above five children (!) during the first five years of married life; the first husband, her next of kin Lubomirski, was 35 years older, and soon died. At the age of 23 began approchement with the king, gave birth of two children, Michal / Michael and Konstancja / Constance, but Prince Sapieha did not recognize them, by giving the name "Cichoccy" (formally as children of Jan / John Cichocki, and his wife Marianna Iwańska).
Above Michał Mikołaj Cichocki / Michal Cichocki, son of the king and the Duchess, was born in 1770, in 1813 become a General. He left numerous children (maternal branch).
He was father of Teresa Karolina Dunin-Jundziłł. She was born 1799 and died in 1858 in Switzerland; her mother was Emilia Katarzyna Abramowicz;
Teresa Karolina Dunin-Jundziłł was wife of Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł, and mother of Teresa Wiktoria Daszkiewicz; Helena Chodźko; Emilia; Maria Sołtan; Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł; Karol Dunin-Jundziłł; Konstancja; and Albertyna Sołtan.
About Constance wrote Dr. Czeppe:
son, Michal Cichocki was born in the autumn of 1770. In 1768 was a daughter Constance, bearing the names of Rużycka, Peters, and Cichocka. She lived at home in Warsaw of merchants Peter and Dorothy Peters.
Constance, married (and divorced) Szwan / Shvanov aka Zwanow. See Polish Biographical Dictionary, Vol. XXXV, pp. 170-171.
1844 in Dolsk, the parish Turzysk in Volyn / Volhynia, Konstancja Ciechocka Żwanowa died, left a son Kazimierz Zwan, the grandson of the king Poniatowski.
Kazimierz Zwan died in Warsaw in 1858, was colonel of the former Polish Army; born in the Volyn province in Mikitycze; Constantine Koehler, stepson;
in 1854 Zwan was living in Warsaw at a palace, owned by Joseph Dyzmański, previously owned by the sister of King, Izabella Poniatowski Branicka; next of kin was Julia Spilman.
Karol Szwan was married to Constance Cichocka (she aged 15 ?!) on January 19, 1783 in Warsaw; she divorced above Karol / Charles. At the cemetery Powazki in Warsaw: KAZIMIERZ ŻWAN, colonel, died 1858; close to him buried is JULJA 1st KOEHLER, 2nd ŻWAN, d. 1875; divorced (in 1825), Kohler had four children, including probably the last born shortly before the divorce.
But we know Julia Köhler m. in 1836 to Dobrski Julian, a noble and at the same time a singer; the youngest of their children, Helen, married Charles Wolanski, landowner in Podole;
on the other hand about Julianna nee Spillman / Szpilman, 1st married to Köhler / Kochler, 2nd to Szwan / Żwan; she was daughter of Franciszek and Małgorzata nee Rogowski; Franciszek Spillman died in 1840 in Warsaw.
Konstancja Salomea Gładkowska born 1810, in Warsaw, was the daughter of Andrzej b. ca 1763, and Salomea Woelke aka Wilkin (1786 - after 1833); her father was manager of the house;
the godmother was Constance / Konstancja Cichocki Żwan, illegitimate daughter of King Stanislaw August. Gladkowska studied singing at the Warsaw Conservatory, under the direction of Carl Soliva. 1829 during the concert she met Frederic Chopin
- lasted one and a half year and turned into a youthful fascination with Frederick. Konstancja married Grabowski and has left five children, of whom we know Sophia-Valentina married
Antoni Karpinski - Anthony led the Branickis company near Kiev and traded wheat in Odessa.
Under copyright by Mysłakowski and Andrzej Sikorski in 2007.
Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, 1732 - 1798 in Saint Petersburg, was son of Stanisław Poniatowski and Konstancja Zofia; father of Izabela Sobolewska; Michał Grabowski; Stanisław I Grabowski; Konstancja Grabowska; Petrovna Romanov Grand Duchess of Russia; Anna Poniatowski; Michał Mikołaj Cichocki and Konstancja Szwan.
King was brother of Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski; Franciszek Poniatowski; Aleksander Poniatowski; Ludwika Maria Zamojska; Izabela Antonina Mokronowska Branicka; Andrzej Poniatowski, and Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski. Inf. by Andrzej Hennel in 2014.
Above Petrovna Romanov Grand Duchess of Russia / Анна Петровна Romanov, 1757 Petersburg - 1759; daughter of Stanisław II August Poniatowski, King of Poland and Catherine II the Great, Empress of All Russia; she was sister of Anna Poniatowski.
The brother of above named King of Poland, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, was
Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski 1736 in Gdańsk - 1794 in Warsaw; son of Stanisław Poniatowski; father of Piotr Paweł Jan Maleszewski.

e.
Wiktor Jundziłł (1790-1862 Switzerland) was the landlord of Brzostowica / Bieriestovica to 1858;
village at present is close to the Belarus-Poland border;
in 1750, the estate bought Tadeusz Dunin-Jundziłł (1720-1771), chamberlain, and then the marshal of the nobility of Grodno district, married for the first time with Franciszka Lazow / Francoise Łazówna, and the second time with Aniela Zaleska;
a palace began to build Tadeusz Dunin-Jundziłł, finished his son from his second marriage, Franciszek Dunin Jundzill;
Francis (1750-1818), married to Teresa Burzyńska (1764-?) - like his father was chamberlain of Grodno, holder of the title of Count granted to him in 1798 by the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm III;
after Francis Dunin-Jundzill, Brzostowica was inherited by his son, Victor (1790-1862). In 1818 he married Teresa Cichocka (1799-1858), (acc. to dworypogranicza.pl/) Polish army general's daughter, Michal Cichocki and she had twelve children. Victor took part in the November Uprising, and after he emigrated to Switzerland. Tsarist authorities for their participation in the uprising confiscated this property but
Catherine Emilia Cichocka with her third husband, Michal Abramow / Michael Abramov, bought Brzostowica, and he took on education the eldest daughter of Victor, Maria Jundziłł. Then he gave her to marry Stanislaw Soltan (1822-1897), a graduate of the University of Dorpat, owner assets situated in the district of Wiłkomierz; he was the son of Stanislaw Soltan (1758-1836), a court marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and his second wife, Konstancja Toplicka / Constantine Toplicki;
after the wedding, Stanislaw Soltan sold his lands and settled in Brzostowica Murowana. Maria nee Jundziłł, Sołtan (she died in 1858) gave birth to two daughters and four sons.
After the death of Maria / Mary, above Stanislaw / Stanislaus Soltan married to her sister, Albertyna / Albertine (1836-1863).
Due to the illness of his wife, he did not take part in the armed uprising of January 1863, but he supported them financially; he was exiled in 1864 to Tobolsk, and he could return to Brzostowica after 10 years.
In 1896 he moved to the province of Vitebsk, to the estate Anińsk, of his daughter, Emilia, married to Bronislaw Korsak. Stanislaw Soltan died in Anińsk in 1897, and Brzostowica was taken by his only son from his second marriage, Bogdan Wiktor Soltan / Bohdan Victor (1861-1912), graduated from the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Riga, counselor of the Society of the Earth Credit in the Polish Kingdom. Married to his next of kin, Maria Franciszka Sołtan / Mary Francis Sołtan (1863-1926), with six children: three daughters and three sons.
Another lord of Brzostowica Murowana was the second son of Viktor Bogdan, Bohdan Joseph (1893-1960), married with Anna Nartowski (1898-1970); he was the last owner of the property.

Wiktor Jundziłł (1790-1862 Switzerland) was a Polish nobleman, married the grand-daughter of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski - Teresa Karolina nee Cichocka / Teresa Cichocka
(in 1818 he married Teresa Cichocka 1799-1858, sometimes is mistake: Polish army general's daughter, Michal Cichocki and she had twelve children).

Remember!
Agnieszka Magdalena Anna Lubomirska 1739-1780, daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski 1718-1761;
her children:
1. Konstancja Cichocka 1768-1844 m. Karol Szwan b. 1750 with child:
a. Kazimierz Żwan 1793-1858 m. Julianna Barbara Elżbieta Szpilman 1780-1875;
2.
Michał Cichocki, General in 1827, 1770-1828;
m. 1st to Emilianna Bachmińska 1768-1844 with child
Teresa Karolina Cichocka 1799-1858 m.
Wiktor Dunin-Jundziłł 1790-1862;
m. 2nd to Józefa Brzozowska 1801-1853.

The well-known activist of Polish emigration, acting in Switzerland, a close friend of Adam Mickiewicz.
He was a supporter of the religious sect of Andrzej Towiański 'The matter of God' / 'The issue of God'. In 1834 the Russian Government has been confiscated his property; in 1836 he obtained Swiss citizenship and moved to Freiburg first, then to Lausanne, where he bought a property called "Campagne Lithuania".
Jundziłł had ten children and lived in the same house in Lausanne with Adam Mickiewicz.
Jundziłł for a short time sympathized with Towianski (Mickiewicz acted); Jundziłł frequently gave cash and favors to Mickiewicz.
Sometimes he supported immigrants who settled in Lausanne; Mickiewicz after his return to Paris, continue contacts and correspondence with Jundziłł.
Wiktor Dunin-Jundzill was living in Switzerland since 1831; his children:
Adam Dunin-Jundzill;
Magdalena nee Dunin-Jundzill (Magdalena married to Alois Tachet-de-Combes / Aloizy Tachet de Comtes);
Zofia; Konstancja; Karol; Emilia;
Wiktor Dunin-Jundzill (Wiktor born 1832, married to Adela nee de Reiff {Adela de Reiff born 1840, died 1892} and 2nd time to Maria de Reiff; died 1875);
Maria;
Teresa nee Dunin-Jundzill (Teresa born 1830, married to Ryszard Daszkiewicz; died 1909);
Helena.

f.

Under copyright by Site Genealogique et Heraldique du Canton de Fribourg, by Thierry Hürliberger, Ada Romer-Wysocka of Paris in 2004, and Gerard Troisvires at http://www.diesbach.com/sghcf/j/jundzill.html:

Count Victor Pierre Thadee DUNIN de JUNDZILL, in Fribourg in 1836, b. 1790 in Poland, a member of the 'Cercle de la Grande Societe de Fribourg' in 1859; m. Therese Caroline Rosalie CICHOCKA, nickname LICHOCKA, b. 1799, d. in Lausanne in 1858;
children:
1. Emilie, b. in Poland in 1819, d. Lausanne 1845.
2. Helene JUNDZILL, lived in Fribourg, b. Dresden in 1822, d. in Paris in 1886, m. in Lausanne in 1847 to Alexandre Edmond BOREJKO - CHODZKO, b. in Lituanie in 1802, d. in Noisy-le-Sec in 1892, with children:
Adam, Victor-Jean-Adam, Alexandre, Marie and Therese.
3. Constance, b. in Poland, in 1823, d. St-Julien in 1902.
4. Charles (Karol) / Charles de Jundzill, b. Dresden in 1826, d. in Paris 1855, studied at the l'Ecole Polytechnique de Paris in 1844, professor, poet, near by Auguste Comte; member of the la Societe Positiviste (1848-1855);
5. Marie, b. in Poland in 1827, d. 1858, m. Stanislas SOLTAN.
6. Adam, b. 1828, d. in Hyeres, France, engineer;
7. Therese, b. in Poland in 1830, d. Geneve 1909, m. to Ryszard KORYBUT - DASZKIEWICZ, with Therese Tina, and Dymitr.
8. Victor.
9. Sophie, b. in Lausanne in 1833, d. Rome 1891.
10. Antoinette, b. Lausanne 1835, d. Warsaw in 1870.
11. Albertine, b. 1836, d. Poland in 1863, m. Stanislas SOLTAN / Stanislaw Soltan.
12. Madeleine de JUNDZILL / Magadalena DUNIN-JUNDZILL, b. 1839, d. Geneve 1907 m.
Alois TACHET des COMBES, of Vaulion b. 1836, d. 1905, with children:
1. Marie Tachet des Combes, of Vaulion 1862 - 1935 m. in Villars-sur-Glane;
2. Pierre Tachet des Combes, of Vaulion b. in Thonon (France, Haute-Savoie) in 1868, d. Lausanne in 1933, lived in Villars-sur-Glane, and Morges (1909-1910), Sacre-Coeur (1910-1930), Geneve, Fribourg (1928), Geneve (1929-1932).

Above mentioned Count Victor JUNDZILL, of Villars-sur-Glane, b. Lausanne 1831, d. Pau in 1875, engineer;
m. 1st ca 1860 to Marie Louise Josette, b. Fribourg in 1835, daughter of Jacques Louis Balthazar de REYFF de LENTIGNY, from Fribourg, and Marie Anne Josephine de REYNOLD;
m. 2nd ca 1866 to Marie Adele Madeline de REYFF de LENTIGNY, b. 1840, d. in Fribourg in 1892, with
Count Charles JUNDZILL, d. Fribourg in 1884;
Stanislas, b. Fribourg in 1867, d. 1941;
Jadwiga / Hedwige, b. 1873, d. Montreal 1963;
Marie / Misia, 1869 - Gries 1902, m. Bronislas ROMER, b. in Lithuanie 1856, d. San Remo 1899, with children:
a. Mathias / Maciej, 1890, d. Warsaw 1955 m. Marie KORYBUT - DASZKIEWICZ, 1889 - 1953.
b. Bronislas / Broneck, 1891 in Powience, Russie,
c. Tadeusz Romer / Thaddee ROMER, b. in Antonosz near Kaunas in 1894, died in Montreal 1978, and acc. to Wikipedia: a secretary to Roman Dmowski in 1919, the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ambassador to Italy, Portugal, Japan (1937-1941) and the Soviet Union (1942-1943). Then he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Polish Government in Exile (1943-1944);
m. Zofia Wankowicz / Sophie WANKOWICZ, b. Poland in 1897, d. Montreal 1981.
Tadeusz Romer has the 'Medaille de Juste parmi les Nations decernee par le Memorial Yad Vashem' (1984).
d. Jadwiga / Hedwige / Jadziulka, b. Lithuanie 1897, died in Geneve 1956.



Note on Zofia Wankowicz:

Acc. to http://www.sejm-wielki.pl/:
Zofia Wańkowicz m. Tadeusz Ludwik Römer b. 1894 in Antonosz, d. 1978 in Montreal; Zofia Wańkowicz b. 1907 in Zaświatów, died Sept. 1981; her parents:
Stefan Kolumb Wańkowicz 1859-1923 and Helena Boguszewska 1868-1928.
Above Stefan Kolumb Wańkowicz was father of Jadwiga Rostworowska and Zofia Römer.
Above named Zofia Römer b. 1907 or Zofia Wankowicz born on 17 Feb. 1897 in Zaswiatow by Swislocz river, died in Montreal in Sept. 1981, daughter of Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz 1859 - 1923, and Helena Boguszewski 1868-1928;

Helena nee Boguszewski had 2 daughters:
Jadwiga Rostworowski and above
Zofia Romer;
Zofia m. two times:
1st to Tadeusz Ludwik Romer 1894 - 1978, with 3 children;
2nd to Konstanty Maria Józef / Konstanty Maria Drucki-Lubecki, 1893-1939, since 1918;
her grandfather: ?
She was mother of Gabriela Alba Taylor.
Above Gabriela Alba Taylor (Römer) b. 1931, d. 1990;
married to Charles Margrave Taylor who was born in Montreal, Canada, in 1931, the youngest of three children (one brother, one sister) to Simone Beaubien, and Walter Margrave Taylor, a partner in a Montreal structural steel factory; Catholic. 1956 Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford;
"...studies under Isaiah Berlin, a major 20th century political philosopher who helped foster understanding of the relationship of liberty and equality, and analytic philosopher G. E. M. Anscombe, whose article Modern Moral Philosophy introduced the term consequentialism and influenced the study of ethics...".
Alba Romer has five daughters: Karen, born 1958; Miriam, 1959; Wanda, 1960; Gabriela, 1962; and Gretta, 1965.

TACHET-DES-COMBES:
1. The George Combe (1788-1858) of Edinburgh; lawyer;
2. Andrew Combe, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1797 and died on 9 August 1847;
3. Henri Tachet des Combes and Marguerite de Grenaud, married 1888 she born 1863 from Alexandre Joseph Bonifort de Grenaud, Count of Saint-Christophe 1835-1888 and Gabrielle della Chiesa d. 1887;
4. Nicolas Tachet des Combes;
5. Elisabeth Marie Paule ESGONNIERE du THIBEUF, nee Bournezeau b. 1892, m. 1918, to Jean TACHET des COMBES, with:
Elisabeth TACHET des COMBES; Marie Madeleine TACHET des COMBES, m. Georges LE JARIEL des CHATELETS; Henri TACHET des COMBES.



Wiktor Konstantynowicz or Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name - Wasyl acc. to me
(remember about A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon) Konstantynowicz / Константинович son of Wasyl / Wasilij Константинович, the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon. Wasilij / Wasyl Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred. Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz / Константинович who b. ca 1862, was the son of Wasilij Константинович / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1840. The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand; Eugene / Eugeniusz Armand was born about 1842),
but mother was Mary vel Maria nee Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1853 (or circa 1840).
Wiktor Konstantynowicz was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, her father Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / Riabczynski; Wiktor on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme, the Harku street No (tn) 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu.
Above named Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division.
In 1917 Wiktor Konstantynowicz was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi.
Daughter of Alexandra and Victor Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovitsch was
Galina nee Konstantynowicz born approx. 1900 / 1902 died in Nomme after 1968 and was married to a Latvian - Dunkel / Tunkel; she had two daughters, one married to a Latvian, another to a German (Irena? Rita Irene).
Alexandra Konstantynowicz was buried by Rita Dunkel, and in the recording of Constantin (Wiktor Konstantynowicz) is Galina Dunkel / Tungel or Tunkel.
Dunkel Galina was buried at the cemetery of Siselinna on 13 August 1982; here name of Rita Krause.
Maybe Rita KRAUSE is a daughter of Galina DUNKEL nee Konstantynowicz, and Rita Irene and Rita are the same person.
Rita Irene, was daughter of Heinrich.
Rita Irene Heynrihovna b. 1927; Rita-Ireene was buried at cemetery of Siselinna that is Krauze Rita-Ireene who died on 21 November 1998.
Heinrich Dunkel, was a father of Rita, Irene; captain, husband of Dunkel Galina / Halina nee Konstantynowicz.
Heinrich Georg Dunkel / Heinrich Dunkel / Baldwin-Heinrich Dunkel was a reserve captain; Heinrich Dunkel was poisoned in the central prison of Tallinn by the communists. On January 10, 1934 or 1935 in Tallinn - was a funeral of the union officers leader, a reserve captain Baldwin - Heinrich Dunkel.
He had died in prison.
Inf. from Riga, Latvia: daughter of Galina Sedykh / Dunkel nee Konstantynowicz was Irena.
Granddaughter was Sabine from Riga, the Sedykh family relatives. After Irene's death from Tallinn brought some pictures, among them there were, pre-revolutionary.



Now we back to the Konstantynowiczs:
Nestor Troubecki vel Nester Kalinowski in 1857 went to Vienna, in 1859 returned to Krakow, promote the Ruthenian Catholic Church, the Belarusian Greek Catholic Church and Ruthenian language; 1863 the outbreak of January Uprising and he was involved in the secret 'Prowincjonalny Litewski Komitet' in Vilnius / Wilno; Trubecki was a member of the 'Miedzynarodowa Socjalno-Rewolucyjna Partia Proletariat' and a contributor of the 'Wolny Swiat' in 1904; 1905 went to Warsaw in the Congress Poland and next fled arrest in April 1906 and went to Zürich and Geneva; "...lived in several European countries and returned to Congress Poland; active in the Polish-Belarusian underground resistance until his death in 1907".
Prince Nestor Grigorievich Troubetzkoy / Nester / Nestor Grigoriewicz Trubecki, a landowner and revolutionary, international journalist and from 1901 "correspondent of Freiheit, Neues Leben, Der Anarchist, Der Freie Arbeiter, Wolny Swiat, Der Generalstreik, Der Weckruf, member of Jan Machajski’s squad in Geneva", was born and died in Poland, b. in 1832 (?) in Free City of Cracow or in 1840 (!) - died in 1907 Warsaw.
Mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was countess Maria Kalinowska.
Probably she was born after 1805 - ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski. The genealogy of Maria Kalinowska has to be proven, but it appears that the family was listed below:
her mother Emilia Potocka b. 1790 and married Kalinowski and second time married to Czeliszczew;
father Josif / Jozef / Osip Kalinowski b. after 1780 ? and died 1825;
grandfather was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 and
grandmother Elzbieta Bielska from Olbrachcice b. ca 1760.

Above Emilia Potocka married first to Kalinowski and second time to Czeliszczew, was born 1790 and her parents: Protazy Antoni Potocki b. 1761 and mother Marianna Lubomirska (Zubow, Potocki, Uwarow) born 1773 or Marianna Elzbieta Lubomirska b. ca 1766 - 1810.

Marianna Elżbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Ponińska;
wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Федор Петрович Уваров / Uvarov;
mother of above Emilia Kalinowska + Jozef Kalinowski (Josef / Osip Kalinowski general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka / Kalinowska born 1790);
Aleksandr Valerianovich Zubov;
Platon Valerianovich Zubov, and
Elizaveta Valerianovna Voieikova.

Marianna Elżbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was sister of Józefa Walewska.
Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; she was wife of Adam Walewski, and Jan Witt, Count; copyright by Leszek Mila.
Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska.

Husband of above Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was
Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874
- his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski).
His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski).

Above Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Trubetsky / Gregori Trubiacki / Grzegorz Trubecki was a Prince of the Troubetzkoy family. He married above MARIA Kalinowska (lived in St Petersburg to 1840, then in Cracow).
Grigory / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.
Above Prince Пётр Николаевич Трубецкой / Petr Nikolaevich b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and her husband
Николай Никитич Трубецкой / Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, writer, who was son of
Prince Nikita / Ники́та Ю́рьевич Трубецко́й
(1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

Prince Nikita was son of Юрий Юрьевич Трубецкой (1668 - 1739), Russian statesman, privy councilor, senator.

Above Prince Nikita 7 months after the death of the first wife, married the widow of Major Matthew Kheraskov - Anna Danilovna, daughter of Prince Daniel DRUCKI-SOKOLNICKI; Anne Danilovna was primarily married to major Matvey Andreyevich Kheraskov. Above Даниил Андреевич Друцкий-Соколинский died 1752.
Above named Анна Даниловна Друцкая-Соколинская (Хераскова, Трубецкая) died 1780; she had son born in 1744 in Moscow - above Николай Никитич Трубецкой 3rd, 1744 - 1820.
The family had 8 sons Yuri, Nikolai, Alexei, Nicholas, Nicholas II, Alexander, Alexander II, Basil, and 5 daughters: Anna, Maria, Elena, Elena II, Catherine. Of the 13 children, 6 died in infancy.
TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.
This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

M. Kalinowska (Maria) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of Seweryna Kalinowska, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!
Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818.
This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.
Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow and Zalesie.
Bogdan Ogiński died on 25. 03. 1909.

Sister of Olga: Jozefina Kalinowska born 1816, was also married to duke Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński who was born 1808.
And Северина Иосифовна Калиновская / Seweryna Kalinowski b. 1814 d. 1852 was married to Mikolaj Plautyn / Плаутин b. 1794 or 1796 d. 24 December 1866, son of Fiodor Sergiejewicz Plautyn / Plautin died 1807?
Above Nikolai Fedorovich Plautin was an outstanding military leader and statesman of the Russian Empire, General of Cavalry 1856, Adjutant General 1849, a member of the State Council in 1862.



Note on count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:
his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) -
Justyna was daughter of Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715),
and married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?.
The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.
Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695; Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński, son of wife's brother. Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to Regina Ogińska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.
Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Ogiński and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Ogiński; Szymon Karol Symeon Ogiński, and Helena Tyszkiewicz,
inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene.
Above Samuel Leon Ogiński b. ca 1593, d. 1657;
inf. by Andrzej Hennel at geni.com.

Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej and Anna Teresa had son Aleksander Pociej 1698 - 1770, who was the father of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwiłł; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej.
Mentioned above Karolina Pociej was born in 1732 in Witebsk - died 1776, was daughter of above Aleksander Pociej and Teresa Brzostowska.
Karolina POCIEJ was wife of Stanisław Radziwiłł;
she was mother of Anna Barbara Mostowska; Mikołaj Radziwiłł; Franciszka Teofila Sołtan; Antonina Barbara Anna Mostowska; Teofila Radziwiłł.
Karolina was sister of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej. Copyright by Jacek Woźniakowski.
Above named Antonina Barbara Anna Radziwiłł 1762-1833 was 1st wife of Tadeusz Antoni Mostowski Count (1824), 1766-1842; he 2nd married to Marianna Anna Potocka.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army,
his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.
I wrote down above that
Ludwik Konstanty POCIEJ was father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA (m. Ignacy Kalinowski who was born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790,
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, 1784-1831, owner of Białokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karśnicka 1800-1881, 2nd voto Jablonowska, daughter of Antoni Karśnicki b. 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów, died 1844 [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea; he was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Głogowska b. 1780;
child of Ignacy:
Władysława, b. 1831, d. 1893 in Oryszkowce, landowner of Białokiernica and Oryszkowce; Władysław Kalinowski m. Cecylia Szeliska, with:
Jadwiga Kalinowska + in 1884 to Artur Cielecki owner of Hadyńkowce;
Jerzy Kalinowski;
Władysław Kalinowski junior + in 1893 to Karolina Sieminigowska;
Marcin Marian Kalinowski / Marcin Maryan Kalinowski-Jabłonowski;
Józef Kalasanty Kalinowski b. 1861 + Wanda Russocka / Wanda Aleksandra Russocka Css, 1875-1935.

Above Wanda Aleksandra Russocka married in 1896 in Brody to Józef Kalasanty Kalinowski b. 1861, son of above Władysław Kalinowski b. 1831; Wanda had brother Bronisław Russocki b. 1877 in Brzozów, m. in 1910 in Zbaraż to Stefania Niezabitowska b. 1889, daughter of Feliks Niezabitowski and Aniela Linert.

Below data under copyright by Elżbieta Halina Nejman:

Stanisław Franciszek WALEWSKI d. 1716, officer of Sieradz, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gronów, Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd to Krystyna Rychłowska - Trzebicki
(she was 3rd married to Jan Feliks Walewski),
with:
1. Józef WALEWSKI d. 1724, m. Elżbieta Magnuska - Skarbek,
2. Feliks WALEWSKI d. 1752,
3. Karol WALEWSKI died ca 1757, owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Gałecka, daughter of Franciszek and Ludwika Poniatowska
(she was 2nd to Jan Radoliński),
with:
a). Ludwika m. Kazimierz Kacper Gembart,
b). Julianna Joanna b. ca 1756, m. Feliks Złotnicki, 2nd Daniel Suchecki;
4. Wojciech WALEWSKI died in 1757, owner of Pstrekonie / Pstrokonie, m. in 1730, to Teresa Łaszowska with:
a). Józefa b. 1737 + Konstanty Ossowski,
b). Eleonora Walewska m. Maciej Krobanowski d. 1792,
c). Rozalia Walewska + Jakub Madaliński,
d). Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 1754 - 1820, MP in 1776, + in 1784 to Martyna / Maksyma Wężyk d. 1792 - owner of Kalinowa and Ligota, 1v. Andrzej Niemojowski, 2v. Ludwik Wężyk;
Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI 2nd m. in April 1794 to Kalinowska Janina / Antonina Kalinowska of Lelow daughter of Ignacy KALINOWSKI and Justyna Borzęcka - she was 2nd time married in 1822 in Świerzyny, to Mikołaj Jaksa Krobanowski b. ca 1771;
Ludwik Mikołaj WALEWSKI children:
A. Michał Walewski b. 1804, owner of Krześlow (see Wola PSZCZOLECKA), Kurow, Wypychow, Podlesie, Dziuby, Stara Poczta,
B. Justyna b. 1807,
C. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795, owner of Parzymiechy, + Marianna Radolińska daughter of Piotr RADOLINSKI and Tekla Lanckorońska,
with:
a). Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822 in Parzymiechy,
b).Jadwiga Maria + 1850 to Henryk Stanisław Wojciech Lanckoroński;
D. Napoleon Walewski b. 1802, owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna, Gorzuchów, Lisy, + Natalia Kręska d. ca 1833, daughter of Florian KRESKI and Antonina Karśnicka.
Children of Napoleon Walewski:
a). Ludwik Mieczysław Walewski b. 1830, owner of Pstrokonie, Paprotnia, m. unknown with: Adela,
b). Antonina Floriana Salomea b. 1831 in Pstrekonie, + Bolesław Kobierzycki,
c). Wanda Natalia Maria Walewska b. 1832 in Masłowice, m. Władysław Sulimierski owner of Lubiec near Wola Pszczolecka (see Adam Kiedrzynski in Sulmierzyce).

Władysław Jan / Władysław Sulimierski, 1830 - 1866, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka, was son of Marceli / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, and Zofia Szołowska / Joanna Szolochowska.
Parents of above Marceli: Jan Sulimierski and Magdalena Fundament-Krasicka.
Father of above Jan: Jozef Sulimierski b. 1738, d. 1805 in Widawa + Franciszka Wierzchlejska / Wierzchlenska.
Parents of above Jozef: Michal Sulimierski [son of Marianna Stokowska], and unknown wife.

Above Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805, was also father of Korneli Kazimierz Edward Sulimierski b. 1834 in LUBIEC close to Wola Pszczolecka, who married to Adamina Markowska ca 1830 - 1900, with son Bronisław Sulimierski b. 1863, d. 1952, and Maria Siemienska.

Above named
JÓZEF SULIMIERSKI b. 1738, d. 1805, owner of Lubiec south of Wola Pszczolecka, and Kuźnica (near Lubiec), m. Franciszka Wierzchlejska, with son Jan Piotr Walerian SULIMIERSKI b. 1783, m. in 1804 in Cieszęcin to Magdalena Jastrzębiec Karśnicka born in ca 1784, daughter of Jan Gwalbert KARSNICKI and Jadwiga Masłowski, with son:
Marceli Jan Gwalbert / Marceli Jan Sulimierski b. ca 1805 in Weglowice / WEGLEWICE close to Wielun (the Wieruszow county); d. 1874, judge, exiled to Siberie, m. in 1828 in Częstochowa, to Zofia Joanna Wczele Szołowska b. 1808,
with son - above Władysław Jan Sulimierski 1830 - 1866, who m. Wanda Walewska b. 1832.
Above Wladyslaw Jan Sulimierski b. 1830 in Lubiec, d. 1866, m. in ca 1850 to Wanda Walewska b. 1832, daughter of Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka, Kalinowski, Oginski, Trubecki, Konstantynowicz) 1802-1835 and Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.
Natalia Kreska was daughter of Florian Stanisław Józef Kreski b. in 1771 Grębanin - died in 1838, owner of Masłowice, who married in 1803 in Węglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karśnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki and Józefa Masłowski.

Above Napoleon WALEWSKI was son of Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 who m. Antonina Kalinowska with sons:
1. Karol Franciszek Salezy b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857 + Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897;
and 2. above Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835 who married to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.

About above mentioned Antonina KARSNICKA and her children:
a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grebanin [near Wieruszow], d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin SULIMIERSKI and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,
b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grebanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski owner of Pstrokonie, son of Ludwik Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835),
c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Weglewice, d. 1879, owner of Maslowice, judge in Wielun, owner estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Lazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Lask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kreska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kozuchowski [!], 3rd m. in 1852 in Maslowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Tomasz KOWALSKI who died 1812, owner of Rakowice and Bedkowo, m. in 1789 in Lubczyna, to Helena Karsnicka daughter of Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow; second time Helena Kowalska - Karsnicka married to Feliks Murzynowski, with:
Jozefa or Honorata Józefa KOWALSKA born ca 1807, Myjonice, m. in 1820, to Nestor Julian Wezyk of OSINY 1795-1862, from Myjonice in the Ostrzeszow county, son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk of Osiny b. 1750 and Marianna Fundament-Karsnicka of Karsznice 1767-1817.

Above
Piotr RADOLINSKI died 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Lanckorońska, with:
1. Maria Radolinska b. ca 1795 married to Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski, son of Ludwik and Antonina Kalinowska,
2. Józefa Radolinska b. 1800 in Żelazków m. to Józef Jastrzębiec Karśnicki 1784-1862, son of Jan Gwalbert and Józefa Jadwiga Masłowska; Jozefa 2nd time married to Sylwester Boito.

Wojciech Donat Rokossowski died 1834, owner of Poręba in the Olkusz county, the Cięgowice parish, m. Zuzanna Jabłońska d. 1851, with
Marcela Marianna Rokossowska b. 1810, m. Jan Gwalbert Karśnicki 1795-1874, owner of Łyskornia and Węglowice
(his sister Urszula Julia Agnieszka Fundament-Karśnicka 1823 [1813 ?] - 1881 m. Józef Marek Piotr Stadnicki 1816-1893),
son of Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki) and Konorata / Honorata Kożuchowska 1770-1860 (see Trubecki).
Idzi was son of Jan Gwalbert Fundament-Karśnicki 1731-1820.
Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karśnicki was born in 1731 to Sebastian Fundament - Karśnicki; in 1808-1810 Jan Gwalbert Karśnicki, had built a church in Weglewice, he was MP in 1788, insurgent in 1794. Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki married Jadwiga Maslowska. Owner of Węglewice.

Above Jan RADOLINSKI:

PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Malecka;
Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski).
Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).
Józef Stanisław Radoliński born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.
Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763
(he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806)
were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.

FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki
(Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander),
married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723.

Mentioned above
Petronela died in Złoczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Złoczów and Brzeźno; he was born in Złoczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski the 2nd and Marianna Sarnowska.
Andrzej was born circa 1650
(grandfather of above Zofia: Andrzej Radoliński older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA;
father: above named Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski).
Zofia 1677 - 1723 had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski
(Józef Stefan Radoliński who lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski, was a clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski), died in 1740, was son of above Andrzej junior {younger} 1650 - 1708; see a branch of Petronela Radolinska).
Zofia RADOLINSKA 1677 - 1723 married Kazimierz Walewski. They had daughter Marianna Radolinska, born Walewska.

PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.

Kajetan Radoliński of Poznań, b. ca 1740
[he was son of Andrzej Radoliński the 3rd b. ca 1680 ?, and above Marianna Walewska
daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia nee Radolińska 1677 - 1723,
who was daughter of Andrzej Radoliński the 2nd born circa 1650 and Marianna Sarnowska]
+ Małgorzata Łubieńska 1733-1784, with son
Piotr RADOLINSKI b. 1760, died 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Lanckorońska;
with grandson Aleksander Eustachy Piotr Radoliński b. 1816,
and with great-granddaughter Gabriela Radolińska b. ca 1850 + Witold Kazimierz Marian Jundziłł of the Slonim branch.



The genealogy of above Ignacy Bleszynski [Ignacy Bleszynski of Luszowice, close to Koscielec]:
Ignacy Błeszyński born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan

[all children of Jan:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanisław Józef Walewski 1740-1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814
{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and Kunegunda Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek 1740-1835 MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793 with son Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdańsk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier,
with son Aleksander Szembek (1815-1884)]

who died in 1735;
Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew
(Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki and close to Lututow, Borzęckie, Czarna, Cegielnia, Grójec Mały, Huta Szklana / Szklana Huta, Huta Stara, Miklesz, Stanisławów, Złoczewska Wieś, Złoczewska Wola and Zapowiednik, inf. by Wikipedia; 1773 - Grodzice and Łagiewniki),
MP in 1809, 1811 of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection (battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski) in the Sieradz province; married Petronela Radoliński.
With son Ignacy Franciszek Błeszyński b. 1783, m. ANNA ca 1810.
With 3 grandchildren:
Teodora Błeszyńska b. ca 1825 married 1852 in Wierzbie, near Tczyca to Henryk Kacper Tarczałowski - his brothers:
Roman Ignacy Tarczałowski b. 1810, Krzepice + Sylwia Bleszynska;
Bolesław Tarczałowski b. 1818 - d. ca 1874, in Cieszęcin;
Wincenty Antoni Tarczałowski born 1820, in Krzepice.

Brief on the CICHOWICZ family:
CICHOWICZ of Zydaczow in 1764 with son Marcin d. 1833 m. Małgorzata Wieczorkiewicz, with
1. Rozalia Bednarski;
2. Marianna b. 1795, m. 1835 to Antoni Felicjan Karśnicki, 1789-1836, owner of Kuźnica Marianowa, son of Wincenty Karśnicki, owner of Dembe, and Rożdzały + Franciszka Bajkowska;
3. Franciszka CICHOWICZ m. Jan Karśnicki;
and last son (No 9) Antoni owner of Danków close Częstochowa, officer in Złoczewa, m. in 1828 to Józefa Błeszyńska daughter of Stanisław Błeszyński and Konstancja Wężyk.

On the Kalinowskis:

BRODY in Podolia - first to the Paszkowskis, next to the Kalinowski family.
Kamionka Bużańska / Kamionka Strumiłowa, 1857 owner was Count Karol Mier, heir of the family Kalinowski; Kalinowski Samuel Jerzy (1621-1652), son of Marcina 1588-1652, and Duches Helena Korecka, owner of Bracław, Lityń and Lubecz, Łojów, Konotop and Husiatyn, in 1646, then also Czernihow; m. to daughter of Jerzy Ossoliński - Urszula Brygida; his son Marcin Adam, 1640 / 1650-1701, of Husiatyn, had daughter married to MORSZTYN Jakub Władysław.
Żwaniec in Podolia, estate of Walenty Kalinowski, General.
HUSIATYN, 1630 castle of above Marcin Kalinowski, and his family Kalinowski in 1795; 7 km south of Husiatyn is situated Sidorow, with the Kalinowskis castle in the XVIII century.

Children of above named landowner and revolutionary Nestor Trubecki / Nester Troubetzkoy or Kalinowski / Trubeckoj born 1832 or 1840 in Cracow and died in Cracow or in Warsaw, Congress Poland in 1907:
1. professor Nestorovich Paul Troubetskoy / Павел Трубецкой / Pavel Trubecki son of Nestor / Pawel Trubecki (TROUBETZKOY, was born in Congress Poland 1879); with title of Prince; died in 1941 in Tallinn; in Orsza, Belarus, 1903 was married to Maria Makeiewna Dobrzinska (Maria daughter of Maciej Dobrzynski born in Orsza on August the 1st or 8th, 1887 and died in Tallinn on 22 March 1974).
Pavel Trubecki was a member of the Polish Socialist Party of Józef Pilsudski, "was a partisan of Stanislaw Bulak-Balachowicz, a member of The Special Unit of Belarusian People's Republic in Estonia (Asobny Atrad BNR in Estonia) and veteran of Estonian War of Independence. By 1905 Jozef Pilsudski's party, the Polish Socialist Party, of which Pawel Trubecki was a member, was the largest socialist party in the entire Russian Empire. Failing in his purpose, Trubecki left Congress Poland in 1906, and moved to Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia). (Pawel Trubecki / Pavel Trubiacki / Paul Troubetzkoy moved from Orsha / Orsza to Tallinn in 1906, at the end of this year probably - but all his family to 1908).
In 1906, as a stable government was re-established in the province, a Neo-Romantic literary movement 'Young Estonia' (Noor-Eesti) took hold there. Pawel Trubecki got the Nansen passport".
His children:
Jan Michal / Ivan Mihkel Trubecki / Pavlovich Troubetzkoy born in Orsza 1906, died in Tallinn 1971 with wife Alma Koidu;
second - Anjuta Pavlovna Gorbachev / Gorbaczow b. Tallinn in 1908, died Tallinn 2004 with husband A. Gorbachev, proprietor of houses in Tallinn;
third Aleksander Trubetskoi / Alexander Pavlovich Troubetzkoy b. Tallinn 1913, d. 1941 with wife Linda;
fourth (see also below) - Wladymir / Vladimir Trubetsky / Wladimir Trubetskoi / Vladimir Waloc Troubetzkoy, b. 5.10.1915, d. 22.4.1997 with wife Gerda Tiksmann and second wife 1935 Lydia Maripuu born Dundaga 1915, died in Muuga Aedlinn 1990
(Muuga aedlinn - Muuga garden city is area in the western part of the town of Maardu, Estonia; it's located just east of Tallinn's Pirita district and Maardu is a town and a municipality in Harju County, Estonia and it is part of the east Tallinn metropolitan area; Nomme is south-west part of Tallinn):
his child - Jan Trubecki / Jaan Trubetsky, born in Tallinn on 29.12.1938 and his children with Leili Rikk:
Tonu Trubetsky (+ Anu Klyszejko) and Toomas Trubetsky and also with Dagmar:
Tonis Trubetski and Toivo Trubetski.

Above named Vladimir Trubetskoy was a member of the Polish Home Army born 1915 died 1997 and his son was above Jan Trubetskoy born 1938.

2. Gerasim / Herasim Trubecki / Gerasimos vel Gerasim Nestorovich Trubecki, doctor, born 1866 / 1870 / 1880 or after 1870 and died in Paris; scientist.
3. four (5?) unknown:
an unknown oil magnate in Baku who was born ca 1870s and died ca April 28, 1920 in Baku; he was chemist in oil industry in Bakou;
the second unknown, captain of the soviet icebreaker 'Yermak' / Ermak,
and two (or three) unknown daughters.

The genealogical research are directed to show that
Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria Trubecki / Troubetzkoy.
His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house: Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.
Duchess Maria Troubeckoy probably born about 1840 or after 1840, married Konstantinovich - genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl.
Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.
Therefore, we have strong links between the 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zaporozhya / Zaporoze / Alexandrovsk and with Estonia, including Tallinn, Viljandi and Parnu. These relations also apply Miezonki, Lodz, the secret Pilsudski movement (Andrzejak, Wankowicz, Trubecki) in Belarus and Estonia and the smuggling of weapons from Russia to Galicia by (Spychalski, Andrzejak) Lodz.
Two families: Kalinowski and Paszkowski [see Armand], has a lot connections. Count Joseph Kalinowski fought in the Polish Legions, among others between 1806 and 1807 - Silesia, Westphalia, etc. Similarly, the colonel and then general Franciszek Paszkowski. Both participated in the Napoleonic wars, years 1812-1813. Returned to the country in 1814. Then Paszkowski, and Kalinowski, have made a Free City of Krakow (ca 1819) and established families. Their children were born just after 1816 [see Moscow and the Armands]. Both have completed military service in the rank of general. Both family came from south of the former Poland, after in the Russian zone, and also in the Austrian partition, but had a relationships with families living in Russia.



Note about Ludwik Kalinowski and Ignacy Kalinowski:
They were living in Lgota Murowana: 14 km north-east of Zawiercie, south-east of Czestochowa, and south of Lelow.

The branch of Walenty Kalinowski b. ca 1615 + Eufrozyna Bydłowska b. ca 1610 - his son:
Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738 + Anna Katarzyna Tarnawska / Tarnowska b. ca 1640 with son

Ludwik Kalinowski b. ca 1680 + Zofia Potocka b. ca 1670 + 2nd in 1723 to Elżbieta Ponińska b. 1690, with daughters:
Marianna Kalinowska b. ca 1700,
Tekla Kalinowska b. ca 1700 married to Antoni Bielski died in 1789
(with daughters Julianna Bielska + Dominik Herakliusz Dzieduszycki 1727-1804, Elżbieta Bielska and Aniela Bielska),
and Barbara Kalinowska born circa 1725
(Tomasz Ulinski 1620 - 1658, son of Jan Ulinski senior and Katarzyna; husband of Anna; father of Michal Ulinski; half brother of Jerzy Ulinski. Michal Ulinski b. 1650.
Augustyn Ulinski b. 1720 / 1728, m. Barbara Kalinowska b. 1725 / 1730, he was son of Jan Ulinski, of Podolia; Count in Austria in 1779;
Jan Ulinski b. ca 1690 and died in 1761, Colonel, Kamieniec Podolski 1714-1751, MP 1728, 1729 - 1732 and 1733, m. 2nd in 1720 with son Augustyn Ulinski).

The family of above Marcin Kalinowski 1640-1738:
Aleksander Kalinowski b. ca 1640 + Elżbieta Strzemeska,
Klara Kalinowska b. ca 1640 + Paweł Chamiec,
Antoni Kalinowski born ca 1640 + Ludwika Gidzińska Gierowska,
and Józef Jan Kalinowski 1650-1728 + Anna Lanckorońska b. ca 1660, with children:
Adam Kalinowski b. ca 1690 + Marianna Boryszewska
(with son Józef Kalinowski b. ca 1720),
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzęcka b. ca 1720 with children:
1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,
2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / OLSZOWSKI,
3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Sołtyk + Tomasz Piasecki,
4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Głogowski,
5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Ludwik Walewski,
6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elżbieta Bielska.
Mentioned above
Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 (ca 1730 !?) + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 (b. ca 1735 ?) daughter of Franciszek Borzecki b. ca 1695 - son of Antoni and Justyna Winnicka - and Marianna Pociej b. ca 1700, daughter of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, commander-in-chief of the Lithuania Army in 1709, with his second wife Emercjanna Warszycka - daughter of Stanislaw Warszycki - she was 2nd time married to Duke Montmorency (his 1st wife was Aniela Katarzyna Zahorowska, daughter of Stefan).
Emerencjanna Emercjanna Pociej, de Bours de Montmorency, nee Warszycka was born ca 1692, to Stanislaw Warszycki and Marianna of Zakliczyn nee Jordan. Stanislaw was born in 1666. Marianna was born in 1670. Emerencjanna married Ludwik Konstanty Pociej in 1717; Ludwik was born in 1664, in Kietowiszki. They had daughter Ludwika Marianna Borzecka nee Pociej. Emerencjanna married 2nd to Józef Aleksander de Bours de Montmorency in 1730; Józef de Montmorency, chevalier seigneur de Bours, was born in 1690 / 1700. Emerencjanna died in 1730.

Justyna Borzecka's children:

1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,

2. Franciszka Kalinowska + Olszewski / Olszowski
[Antoni Jan Olszowski was born 1732, to Stanisław Olszowski and Zofia Nekanda-Trepka. Stanisław was born in 1705. Zofia was born in 1700. Antoni had brother Jan Nepomucen Olszowski; Antoni married Katarzyna in 1756; they had one daughter Franciszka Załuskowski; Antoni Jan Olszowski m. to Katarzyna Niemojowska b. 1730, with son Marceli Olszowski 1767-1837, grandson Andrzej Olszowski 1801-1879 m. in 1837 to Emilia Czarzewska / Czażewska 1818-1885; great-grandson Ludwik Olszowski 1836-1911
married Julia Szembek 1836-1928. Ludwik was owner of Torzyniec, died in Breslau / Wroclaw, the marriage in 1866.
Julia was daughter of Wincenty Szembek and Emilia de Becu / Emilia Becu;
Julia nee Szembek was born 1836 or ca 1838 in the Siemianice parish, died in Wrocław.
Above Andrzej Olszowski was son of Marceli and Franciszka Kalinowska - she was born ca 1760 (before 1765 ?). Franciszka Kalinowska m. Olszewski / Olszowski in ca 1800.
The Ludwik Olszowski branch come from Walerian and his son Mikołaj who was born in 1619 in Olszowo / Olszowa, the Ujazd parish. Olszowo - 15 km north-west of Ujazd in the Śląsk province (Schlesien, Silesia)],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki,

4. Józefa Kalinowska + Jan Sadel Sadlo + Glogowski,

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 + Ludwik Walewski, with son Karol Franciszek Walewski,

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 d. after 1790 + Elzbieta Bielska b. ca 1760, d. ca 1809, owner of Petlikowce Stare 1799 - 1809, daughter of Jozef Bielski 1730 - 1774 - son of Boguslaw Bielski and Anna Szeptycka - and Jozefa Ostrorog b. ca 1730 1st wife;
with children:

a. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. ca 1790 / 1795 d. before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka 1800-1881 owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki 1779-1844 owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska, and mother of Hortensja: Julia Glogowska b. 1760 ?;
Hortensja had husbands:
1 m. Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski 1795 - before 1846,
2 m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska,
3 m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Child of above Hortensja:
Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska;
b. Justyna Kalinowska 1790-1876 in Paris owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.
c. Józef Kalinowski ca 1790-1825 owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. ca 1791 in Guzow; the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was
Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810 1st m. to Prot Antoni Potocki, 2nd to General Walerian Zubow, 3rd to General Teodor Uwarow / Uvarov (see a note below);
she was daughter of Kacper Lubomirski d. 1780, and Barbara Lubomirska b. 1745 daughter of Jerzy Ignacy b. 1687

(acc. to http://myszkowscy.pl/ by Andrzej Wcislo - Barbara m. to Sollohub, Kacper Lubomirski, Kalikst Poninski, and Aleksander Winnicki):
with children:
Józefina Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski,
Olga Kalinowska + Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski,
Seweryna Kalinowska,
and Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki. That is married to Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773.

We remember about Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow.
1840 acc. to Cosroe Dusi:
May 30. This morning began the portrait of Countess Josephine Kalinovskaya / Jozefina Kalinowska ... 1840, June, the 27. This morning the family Branicki leaves with Countess Kalinovsky. They ordered me a portrait of an older sister, who is married to General Plautin / Plautyn and lives in Tsarskoye Selo.
And Olga Kalynovska / Kalinowska goes away from court, to his native Poland, where she get married; Alexander agrees to marry Mary Hesse-Darmstadt.

Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria. His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house: Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.
Maria Trubeckoi / Duchess Maria Troubetzkoy / Mary Trubecki was born 1835 / 1840 / 1850. Duchess Maria Troubeckoy married Konstantinovich - genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl; Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.
Therefore, we have strong links between the 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zaporozhya / Zaporoze / Alexandrovsk and with Estonia, including Tallinn, Viljandi and Parnu. These relations also apply Miezonki, Lodz, the secret Pilsudski movement in Belarus and Estonia and the smuggling of weapons from Russia to Galicia by Lodz.
Two families: Kalinowski and Paszkowski, has a lot connections. Count Joseph Kalinowski fought in the Polish Legions, among others between 1806 and 1807 - Silesia, Westphalia, etc. Similarly, the colonel and then general Franciszek Paszkowski. Both participated in the Napoleonic wars, years 1812-1813. Returned to the country in 1814. Then Paszkowski, and Kalinowski, have made a Free City of Krakow (ca 1819) and established families. Their children were born just after 1816. Both have completed military service in the rank of general. Both family came from south of the former Poland, after in the Russian zone, and also in the Austrian partition, but had a relationships with families living in Russia.
Nestor Troubetzkoy had father:
Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874;
grandfather - Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773 - died 16 November 1801.
And mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was Countess Maria Kalinowska. Probably she was born (after 1805) ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski.



Note on count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:

his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) - Justyna was daughter of Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715), and married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?.

The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.
Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695; Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński, son of wife's brother. Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to Regina Ogińska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.

Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Ogiński and Zofia Billewicz. She was sister of Jan Ogiński; Szymon Karol Symeon Ogiński, and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene. Above Samuel Leon Ogiński b. ca 1593, d. 1657; inf. by Andrzej Hennel at geni.com.

Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej and Anna Teresa had son Aleksander Pociej 1698 - 1770, who was the father of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwiłł; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej.
Mentioned above Karolina Pociej 1732 in Witebsk - died 1776, was daughter of above Aleksander Pociej and Teresa Brzostowska;
Karolina POCIEJ was wife of Stanisław Radziwiłł;
she was mother of Anna Barbara Mostowska; Mikołaj Radziwiłł; Franciszka Teofila Sołtan; Antonina Barbara Anna Mostowska; Teofila Radziwiłł. Karolina was sister of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Leonard Pociej, and Ludwik Pociej. Copyright by Jacek Woźniakowski.

Above named Antonina Barbara Anna Radziwiłł 1762-1833 was 1st wife of Tadeusz Antoni Mostowski Count (1824), 1766-1842; he 2nd married to Marianna Anna Potocka.

Now we back to above named Franciszka Teofila Sołtan:
Józef Szumski b. ca 1800, m. ca 1827 to Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810; Oktawia 2nd married ca 1831 to Konstantynowicz Dominik of MIEZONKA; OKTAWIA was daughter of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 and from mother Karolina Sołtan;
KAROLINA was daughter of Stanisław Sołtan 1756-1836 and Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł at Nieśwież b. ca 1751, daughter of above Stanisław Radziwiłł 1722 - 1787, who was son of Mikołaj Faustyn Radziwiłł 1688 - 1746.

We back again to above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej 1666 - 1728, who was son of Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina; Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej was the brother of mentioned above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej; copyright by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene.
Children of above Stanisław Sołtan 1756-1836:
1. Helena Sołtan + Franciszek Sołtan, member of the Order of Malta;
2. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warszawa, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
3. Karolina Piottuch-Kublicki; and others.
We back to above Leonard Pociej 1727 - 1774 who was son of Aleksander Pociej and Teresa Brzostowska; Leonard Pociej was the brother of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwiłł and Ludwik Pociej.
Leonard had son Aleksander Michał Pociej (1774-1846); Leonard Pociej married Maria Aleksandra.

Aleksander Michał Pociej (1774-1846) was the husband of Anna Korzeniowska; he was the father of Teodor Pociej and
Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839 married Sołtan.
Inf. by Maksim Pavlenko at geni.com.
Above Aleksander Michał Pociej (1774-1846) was son of Maria Aleksandra Radziwiłł b. 1753; his grandfather was Wojciech Albrycht Radziwiłł 1717-1762.
Above Aleksander Pociej 1698 - 1770, was son of mentioned Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej.
Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej 1666 - 1728, was son of Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina;
Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej was brother of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej; copyright by Viktorija Janina Ruškuliene.

A brother of above Justyna nee Borzecka was Aleksander Maciej Borzecki in 1773 who made agreement with Ignacy Kalinowski on a will and testament of Emerencjanna Warszycki who was married first to Pociej, and she was great-grandmother of Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782, acc. to: http://www.redbor.pl/.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.
Ludwik Konstanty was father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter Justyna KALINOWSKA (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was above named count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790,
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 had son Władyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844 and also
3. Olga born 1822 died 7 April 1899 in Retowl;
4. probably M. Kalinowska (Maria) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course (see the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia)!

Above countess Olga / Ольга Осиповна Калиновская born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Ogiński b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849.
She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.
I wrote above that the grandfather of Olga, Jozefina and Seweryna was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.

Grandson of named above Seweryna nee Kalinowska was Mikolaj Plautin / Николай Сергеевич Плаутин b. 1868 who married to Maria Michajlowna Rajewska 1872 - 30 December 1942; her mother:
Marija Grigorievna nee Gagarin -
her sister Anastazja Grigorievna nee Gagarin b. 1853 died 1876 married to Piotr Michajlovich Orlov Denisov born 1852 who was son of
Michail Vasilievich Orlov Denisov born 1823, who was brother of Nadiezda married Katenin.

Grandfather of above Marija nee Rajewskaja was Mikolaj Mikolajevich Rajevskij Younger from the Kiev government, Moscow and St Petersburg b. 14 September 1801; and the second grandfather of above Maria nee Rajewska was
Grigorij Grigorievich Gagarin b. 1810 d. 1893.

Note on the Gagarins:

A.
Julia Martynova Solomonovna Gagarin b. 1821, m. in 1841 to Лев Андреевич Гагарин, 1821 - 1896; his parents: Андрей Павлович Гагарин 1787 - 1828 son of Павел Сергеевич Гагарин 1747 - 1789; grandson of Сергей Васильевич Гагарин 1713 - 1782 and Прасковья Павловна Ягужинская / Jakuszynska, died 1775; great-grandson of Василий Иванович Гагарин died in 1745.
B.
Grigorij Grigorievich Gagarin b. 1810 d. 1893, son of Григорий Иванович Гагарин 1782 - 1837, grandson of Иван Сергеевич Гагарин b. 1752, d. 1810; great-grandson of mentioned above Сергей Васильевич Гагарин b. 1713, d. 1782 with his wife above named Прасковья Павловна Ягужинская d. 1775.
C.
Sergei GAGARIN born 1795, m. Izabela Walewska (1800 - 1886), daughter of Adam Walewski and Pss Josefina Lubomirska / Jozefina; Sergei was son of Sergei senior (1745 - 1798) + Pss Warwara Nikolaevna Galitzine (1762 - 1802); grandson of Sergei (1713-1782) the 1st who married to above named Css Praskovia Pavlovna Jagushonsky / Ягужинская / Jakuszynska (d. 1775); great-grandson of Wassili Gagarin who died before 1745 and married to Maria Ivanovna Wolkov.
D.
Now on the Walewskis:
Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, with:
1. Franciszek 1745-1813 m. Ludwika Stokowska;
2. Adam Walewski b. 1750 m. Józefa Lubomirska 1764-1851 with children:
Tadeusz Walewski 1800-1855 m. Anna Dunin-Karwicka 1795-1881,
above Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn / Sergei GAGARIN 1795-1852, with children:
Maria Gagaryn 1829-1906, and Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890.
3. Justyna Walewska m. Michał Pisarzowski.
4. Marianna Walewska ca 1750-1778,
5. Paulina Walewska,
6. Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, ca 1750-1806, m. Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812.
Teodora was daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730.
Jozef had children:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815,
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michał Walewski of Bochnia, the member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to above Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806. Teodora had children:
Antoni Colonna-Walewski 1774-1846 m. Julia Libiszowska;
Felicja Colonna-Walewska m. Józef Weryha-Darowski;
Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska 1780-1840,
Konstancja Barbara Colonna-Walewska 1780-1852,
Marianna Colonna-Walewska m. Aleksander Antoni Jan Rożniecki;
Feliks 1780-1809;
Julia Agnieszka Colonna-Walewska 1789-1857 m. Ignacy Badeni 1786-1859;
Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1792-1837.
E.
Anastazja Grigorievna nee Gagarin b. 1853 died 1876, come from:
above named Ivan Sergeevich Gagarin / Иван Сергеевич Гагарин b. 1752/1754, d. 1810; his son was Gregori Ivanovitch Gagarin 1782 - 1837, grandson was Gregori Gregorievitch Gagarin 1810 - 1893; great-grandchildren were:
Catherine Gregorievna Gagarin 1844 - 1920,
Gregory Gregorievitch Gagarin 1850 - 1918,
Maria Gregorievna Gagarin 1851 - 1941 m. Michel Nikolaievitch Raievsky 1841 - 1893 / MICHAL RAJEWSKI,
above Anastasia Gregorievna Gagarin 1853 - 1876 m. Pierre Mikhailovitch Orlov-Denissov 1852 - 1881.

According to Russian sources in 2015, Maria Tarnowska [Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish, 1783 - 1851] came from the Ukrainian Cossacks:

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin or Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, married to Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, the second daughter of General Count Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.
They had daughters:
1.
Mary or Maria / Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin married in 1868 to Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899; he d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters.
2.
Sofia KATENIN d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816, and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov / Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760, had brother
Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich was above named
Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish (1783 - 1851), the daughter of Major and State Councilor Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski (1759 - ?).
Children of Elzbieta Tarnowska MARTYNOW were:
Elizabeth Solomonovna Martynov,
Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna (Rzhevskaya - Rzhevskij Michal),
1814-60 Michael Solomonovich Martynov;
above named Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish);
1819 Natalia Martynova Solomonovna;
Julia Martynova Solomonovna Gagarin b. 1821;
Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich born 1824 and died 1909;
also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov (? born ca 1820) - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki, Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Above Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski was son of Wasyl Tarnowski / Vasily Tarnowski; known as Michael Tarnavskiy, b. 1759; Vasily Tarnowski (? b. ca 1720) was son of Jan Tarnowski / Ivan Grigorevich Tarnavskiy died 1761 (? born ca 1700); Vasily was Cossak, captain of Poltava regiment.
Above Grigorij TARNOWSKI (? born ca 1670) was son of Jan b. ca 1650, and grandson of Jozef Tarnowski b. ca 1620.

Mentioned above Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760 - that is Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760. Captain (or Major?). He was a Kirsanov district (in Tambov Province) leader of the nobility.
His daughter was Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria Matriniwna second voto Krasnickaja (Krasnicki), born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev.
Daughter of above Wiktoria:
Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz / Анна Петровна Константинович (Вернадская) / Hanna Pietriwna / Konstantinovich who married Vernadsky / Vernadskij.
Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vasilevich Vernadsky / Iwan Wasylewicz Wernadski b. 1821 died 1884, and she was mother of W. I. Wernadski.
Anna b. November 11, 1837 (1827?) in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898 (1865?).
Her mother was named above Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria second voto Krasnicka, daughter of Major (or Captain?) Russian army - Martynow.
Wernadska Konstantynowicz Anna / Ganna / Hanna was friend of Wultfert Malecka Lidia, daughter of Karol Malecki.
Anna's children:
1. Владимир Иванович Вернадский / Wladymir Wernadski born 28 February 1863 d. 6 January 1945,
2. Екатерина Ивановна Вернадская / Ekaterina married Korolenko / born 1864 died 1910,
3. Ольга Ивановна Вернадская / Olga Wernadska born 1864.

Anna's father:
Piotr Konstantynowicz son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery; Kiev garrison 1836, general major 1848, son of
Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Христофор Анастасійович Костянтинович who was born 1741 and died 1786.

Anna's stepmother (not mother):
Іванівна Гулак daughter of Надія Андріївна Суровцева and Іван Іванович Гулак / Jan Gulak, son of Jan.

Anna's brothers and sisters:
1. Pawel Konstantynowicz Piotrowicz / Pawlo son of Pietr, 1822 - 1884, lived in Wsiotiwce / Wojtiwce / Woitivcy / Wojtowce, married to Olga Iwanowna, b. ?, died 1903, daughter of Dubnikow; he served for the Poltawskij regiment in 1837, the Sleckij regiment (Slucki?) of 1842, 1843 lieutenant, the Newski Naval regiment 1845, has 7 children;
2. Lew,
3. Elena,
4. Iwan Piotrowicz - Jan Konstantynowicz who married to Marija Sofroniwna / Sofronow, daughter of Grigorij, b. ?, died 1850, she was from Sewastopol; they had daughter
Oleksandra Iwaniwna Konstantynowicz / Aleksandra Iwanowna 1848 - died 1920, nee Konstantynowicz; she was married in August 1866 to Modzelewski Lew son of Michail, 1837 - 1896; her sons:
Modzelewski Wadim Lwowicz 1882 - 1920, historian; and
Wsiewolod Lwowicz 1879 - 1936, the Naval Corps in Sankt Petersburg and after in 1898 he served in the Russian fleet in Petersburg, 'Imperator Aleksandr II', 1904 - 1905 a war against Japan, captain 2nd class in 1912.
Konstantynowicz Iwan son of Piotr, born 1818 - died 1877, since 1834 served the Russian fleet, captain 1st class, 1875 Caucasus army;
5. Zofia - Sofija Konstantynowicz Piotrowna, 1823 - 1848,
6. Wladymir,
7. Aleksandr,
8. Aleksandr second:
Aleksander Konstantynowicz who came from an Ukrainian military and landowning family, lived in the government of Poltava (now in Ukraine), also in Kiev; his daughter was
Olga I. Konstantynowicz who was born 1860 in Kiev - since 1880 in Paris and USA at the beginning of the 20th cent.;
9. Elizawieta,
10. Piotr older,
11. Piotr younger.


My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century.

Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878.

Compare three dates:
1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.

2.
1870, Brown of London - takes over the Breguet company [below];

3.
and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini.

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others).

In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878.

L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini [Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"], dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr...".

It was the plan known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers, and within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was Rhodes with Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner who was added to the society by Stead.

Rhodes had been planning this event for more than seventeen years (before 1872).

See: the letter of Pike to Mazzini in 1871, and Edward Brown - Breguet Company in 1870.

Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. In modified form, it exists to this day.

Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) and Polish officers:

Army commandant:

Nikolaj Nikolajevic senior, Romanov; that is Mikolaj Mikolajewicz Romanow, b. 1831, d. 1891; Grand Duke, General Adjutant - 1856, General Field Marshal - 1878. Third son of Tsar Nicholas I and Tsarina Aleksandra Fedorovna, born as Charlotte / Charlotta Princess of Prussia. His older brothers were Tsar Alexander II and Grand Duke of Russia, Konstanty Mikolajewicz.

"... The Knights of the Order of the Garter are the leaders of the Illuminati hierarchy ...

[Queen Victoria, Alexandrina Victoria b. 1819 was daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent

(son of George III {his father Frederick, Prince of Wales and mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha} + Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1744 - 1818 {her father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow, and mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen})

and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1786 - 1861

(1803 at Coburg, she married 1st to Charles, Prince of Leiningen; 2nd to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent {the TEMPLARS} and Strathearn, in 1818 at Amorbach. Victoria's father was Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and mother Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf daughter of Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg)]

... [mentioned above] Charlotte was the grandmother of Queen Victoria {Maltese Orders}, and whose son married the daughter of Frederick III of Hessen-Kassell {Frederick III of Hessen-Kassel / Friedrich III von Hessen-Kassel, born in 1747, the father of Auguste Wilhelmine Luise von Hessen-Kassel b. 1797 married Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, the son, of George III of the United Kingdom and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz}.

Charlotte's brother was Charles II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, whose daughter married the heir of the Prussian crown, Frederick William III.

Frederick II of Prussia was succeeded by his nephew, Frederick William II, who married Louise of Brunswick- Wolfenbuettel.
She was the sister of Frederick Duke of Brunswick, the Grand Master of the Strict Templar Observance, and who had convened the great Masonic convention at Wilhelmsbad in Hessen-Kassel.

Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia was the father of Frederick William III, who became a member of the Order of the Garter.

Of Frederick William III and Louise' four children, three married the brothers and sisters of Csar Alexander I. Frederick William III's daughter, Charlotte of Prussia, married Paul's son, Czar Nicholas I, who succeeded Alexander I, and who also belonged to the Order of the Garter.
Frederick's son Wilhelm I married Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, the daughter of Nicholas' sister Maria Romanov.

A third child of Frederick, Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia, married Maria's Romanov other daughter, Marie Luisa Alexandrina von Saxe-Weimar.

The son of Csar Nicholas, Constantine Nicholaievitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia, fathered Olga Constantinovna Romanov, who married George I King of Greece. George was a member of the Order of the Garter, as was his father, Christian IX of Denmark. ...".

Mikolaj Mikolajewicz married his cousin Aleksandra Oldenburg

[see Oldenburg in St Petersburg and the Duflon & Konstantynowicz Company. She was the daughter of Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich Oldenburg (1812-1881).
Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Oldenburg, 1812-1881, m. Therese Wilhelmine Friederike Isabella Charlotte von Nassau, 1815-1871, with children:
1. Alexandra Friederike Wilhelmine von Oldenburg, m. Nikolaj Nikolajewitsch of Russia, 1831-1891

[Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia / Nicholas Nicolaievich the Elder, 1831 - 1891, was the third son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Alexandra Feodorovna. Field Marshal and the commander of the Russian army of the Danube in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878]
with son: Peter Nikolajewitsch, 1864-1931;

2. Alexander Friedrich Konstantin von Oldenburg, 1844-1932, with son Peter Friedrich Georg von Oldenburg, 1868-1924;

3.
Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Oldenburg, 1850-1906 m. in 1882, Agrippina Djaparidse / Agrippina JAPARIDZE, 1855-1926,
with daughter Alexandra von Oldenburg, Gräfin von Zarnekau, 1883-1957.
The JAPARIDZES - see Armand - PASZKOWSKI - DEMONSI home in Moscow and Konstantynowicz line of Moscow- Swolna-Miezonka-Lida.

Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich von Holstein-Gottorp of Oldenburg was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I.
Above
Konstantin Friedrich Peter Oldenburg or Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg began a flirtation with Agrippina; Agrippina's husband, Prince Tariel 'Daniel' Dadiani, was one of the officers under Duke Constantine's command; Dadiani were a branch of the Bagrationi Dynasty;

Agrippina was Tariel Dadiani's second wife but Agrippina in 1882 divorced Dadiani. 1882, Constantine entered into a morganatic marriage with Agrippina Japaridze; by the early 1890s, they were doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe).
See the Armands and Konstantynowiczs in Moscow and Alexandrovsk.
Prince Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani, b. 1842, m. first to Princess Sopio Dadiani b. 1838 daughter of Prince Levanti Shervashidze of the Guria. On June 28, 1882, Agrippina divorced Dadiani.
His father:
Prince Aleksandri Manuchari Dadiani.
And his grandfather:
Major-General H. E. Prince Nichola Giorgi Dadiani / Nikolai Georgievitch Dadianov / Bolshoi Niko, Lord of Kurdzu, b. 1764 - Duke of Mingrelia, fourth son of Katsia II Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia.

Prince Aleksandri Kviti Niko Dadiani, b. 1864, m. Princess Nino Dadiani (b. 1868), younger daughter of Prince Tarieli Taia Dadiani, by his second wife, Princess Agrafina Countess von Zarnekau, daughter of Prince Konstantini Japaridze.

Eugene's ARMAND of Moscow brother - Emil E. ARMAND was married to Zofia Hacker / Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke) from Estonia.
They had six children:
LEW ARMAND / Leo (1880 - 1942) + Japaridze-Saparov [Saparova Tamara Arkadevna - Japaridze married 2nd to Leo Emilievich ARMAND.

Saparov Arkady (1854 - before 1921), was married to Varvara Maypariani with the daughter
Tamara Arkadevna SAPAROV married 1st to Ivan Konstantinovich Japaridze, and
TAMARA SAPAROV - JAPARIDZE was 2nd married to Lev ARMAND / Lion Emilievich Armand (Inessa Armand relatives).

Ivan Iaparidze was the son of Constantine Japaridze / Constantin Japaridze (Ivan b. ca 1860; his father Konstantyn died in 1860 !) from the upper Racha region of Georgia. Ivan Japaridze b. ca 1860, had sister Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau, b. 1855, nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze, and Ivan Japaridze's parents were Constantine and Melania Japaridze; named father Constantine died 1860].

His {Mikolaj Mikolajewicz} brother was Michal Mikolajewicz Romanow b. 1832, d. December 1909; Grand Duke of Russia, field marshal, chairman of the Council of State (1881-1905). In 1862-1882 he was the general-governor of the Caucasus. He worked in Tbilisi.

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich had son Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho who was a key figure in the development of the Russian air force; Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France.
Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro): Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia [Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company], on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies.

Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro) was the Freemason, and he called himself Philalethes.

Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich b. 1832, the fourth son of Tsar Nicholas I, died in Cannes on 18 December 1909; the funeral was in Russia; Field Marshal.
Mentioned
Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia was partner of Countess Olga Kalinowska [see Trubecki, Konstantynowicz, Oginski and Wola Pszczolecka] but she happened to be the mistress of Tsarevitch Alexander, the son of Tsar Nicholas I. Olga was pregnant by either the Tsarevitch or his father Nicholas I. On 10 October 1848 or in 1849 Olga gave birth to Prince Bogdan or Michael-Bogdan - Oginski by name and Romanov by gene.


I am presenting here several Poles fighting in the Russian army during the war 1877-78:

Artur Niepokojczycki / Niepokójczycki (1813-1881)
- Russian general. Pole. After graduating for some time he served in the General Staff.
NIEPOKÓJCZYCKI Artur, born in 1813 in the Niepokójczyce estate close to ZABINKA, died in Petersburg.

Arthur Adamovich Nepokojchitsky wasn't born in Slutsk.
His father ADAM NIEPOKÓJCZYCKI / Niepokojczycki was the district leader of the nobility - the Sluck marshal of nobility.
Arthur Adamovich Nepokojchitsky was born when the war with Napoleon rattled. Originated from the old German clan von-Upru, who moved to Poland.
The Niepokojczyce chapel of the Helvetic congregation was operated under the auspices of the family Rayski
[Evangelische Kirche Helvetischen Bekenntnisses / Evangelische Kirche, is the Calvinist church of the reformed trend; Calvinism is the dominant confession in Scotland and in the many cantons of Switzerland].

Niepokojczyce, is situated near Jamna / Jamno / Yamno [east district in BRZESC], the Kobryn county, Polesie; rural commune of Zbirohi / ZBIROGI [18 km north-east to the center of BRZESC] by the Muchawiec river.

Compare:
Rasna

- in the second half of the nineteenth century, it was bought by Calvinist Count Jan Grabowski. Already from the beginning of the nineteenth century, a small Calvinist church in the village stood where the mausoleum of the Grabowski family was located. The branch of this parish was Niepokojczyce under the patronage of the Rayskis.
Here in 1765 Tadeusz Matuszewicz was born - Polish politician, Minister of the Treasury of the Kingdom of Poland and Minister of Treasury of the Warsaw Duchy

{Tadeusz Wiktoryn Matuszewicz - born 1765 in Rasnia, died 1819 in Bologna, Polish speaker, publicist, translator, poet and theater critic. Minister of the Treasury of the Kingdom of Poland in 1815-1817, member of the Provisional Government of the Kingdom of Poland in 1815. A member of the Central Military Government of the Galicia in 1809, a Freemason. He was the son of Marcin Matuszewicz, of Brest, and Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt, daughter of Józef, and Petronella Wolodkowicz}.

Niepokojczyce - in the Kobryn county.

Grabanów close to Biala Podlaska;

in 1818, Grabanów is already the court property of Adam Niepokojczycki, the father of GENERAL ARTUR Niepokojczycki.
He had wooden residential building made of oak tree.
1822, Grabanow farm was bought from the Radziwills by Poplawski. Shortly thereafter, these estate passed on to the property of the Grabowski family.
Kozula's mill in the Grabanów farm in 1781, belonged to the Radziwills, who had a hunting lodge here - near BIALA PODLASKA.

GENERAL ARTUR Niepokojczycki in 1841, was sent to the Caucasus under General Grabbe.
Artur A. Nepokojchitsky owned the estate Ostashevo. Until 1861 it was called Aleksandrovskoe-Ostashevo on the left bank of the Ruza Reservoir, 21 km from the Volokolamsk suburb near Moscow.
The Polish origin had the actual commander-in-chief of the 1877/1878 Army, the Chief of Staff, General Artur Niepokojczycki and his deputy, General Karol Lewicki, and two leaders of the Bulgarian uprising, dictator and commander-in-chief - Stanislaw StClair, and major Ludwik Wojtkiewicz.

Artur A. Nepokojchitsky was next of kin to the KRUPSKI family.
Krupski Bonifacy, the son of Urban Krupski and Katarzyna Antoniewicz, was born in 1822 in Ihnatow in the MINSK county in Belarus; he studied in SLUCK; then Bonifacy lived in the BOBRUJSK county in the Wittgenstein estate [see SZUMSKI]. 1856, his father Urban bought from Korsak the Mieciawicze estate in the Sluck county, and in 1861 from Ratyski bought Nowosióki in the IHUMEN county. Bonifacy Krupski in 1861 was married Stefanja widow, born ca 1830, the daughter of Florjan SWIDA, and Konstancja Niepokojczycki Swida, b. ca 1805.

{Erazm Swida-Polny, b. 1882 - Mieciawicze, d. 1928 - Malecz; a brother of his father was Wladyslaw Swida-Polny b. 1842, d. 1924 - Siechniewicze near Pruzany. Wladyslaw Swida was the son of Florian Jakub Swida-Polny and named Konstancja Niepokojczycka born ca 1805. Wladyslaw Swida-Polny 1842-1924 m. Jadwiga Rewkowska, 1850-1922}.
In Nowosiólki was a folk school, under Ligenza from Kiev.
B. Krupski fought in 1863 in the Ihumen county.

Niepokojczycki had the WAGA coat of arms - together with Abramowicz, Korzeniowski, Pociej.
Brief note:
1. Sniadecki knew Benedykt Niepokójczycki well.
2.
SOSNOWICA:
close to PIESZOWOLA, Wytyczno, LIBISZOW, and Parczew.

In the first half of the 19th century, the lands near Sosnowica belonged to the large landowners and the clergy. In 1822, it belonged to Józef Sosnowski. They come from Kruszewo near Choroszcz, west to Bialystok

[Wlodzimierz Karol Józef Sosnowski, 1822-1888, had a son Wlodzimierz married Amelia Maria Romana Dembinska the great-granddaughter of Ignacy Dembinski 1753-1799; Ignacy Aleksy Jakub Dembinski 1766-1829; and
Duke Antoni Pawel Sulkowski, 1785-1836 who was born in 1785 - Leszno, died in 1836 - Rydzyna. Duke Antoni was the grandson of Duke Aleksander Józef Sulkowski, 1695-1762 in RYDZYNA
- he bought LESZNO in 1738, and in 1752 also BIELSK in Silesia].

Józef Sylwester Sosnowski d. 1783, was the owner of SOSNOWICA, after his father MARCIN; Rokitno and Przegaliny in the Brzesc Litewski province.
Near to Marcin Radziwill of KLECK and to Bartlomiej Stecki, Maltese bachelor, in 1765 of Stwolowicze [1737 Jozef was in Wschowa; acted with the Poniatowskis of Wolczyn].
JOZEF married in 1741 in DAUKSZE to Tekla Zenowicz / Despot Zenowicz, with the daughters,
Katarzyna PLATER
and Ludwika + JOZEF LUBOMIRSKI.
Ludwika - Tadeusz Kosciuszko fell in love with her, unsuccessfully because of her father's opposition, in 1774.

Józef Sosnowski bought Sosnowica in 1802 from his cousin of the same name and surname as he.

Józef Sylwester Sosnowski born 1729, had 2 daughters: Katarzyna Sosnowski Plater; and Ludwika Sosnowski.

Józef Sosnowski died 1823 and Sosnowica was acquired by his children: Tekla b. 1801, Joanna born 1804, and Stanislaw Stefan Sosnowski b. 1805.
In 1824 Tekla Sosnowska sells her part, to her future husband, Jan Niepokójczycki, maybe the family of Adam Niepokojczycki.

1827 Pieszowola was bought by Wojciech Weglinski. 1832 -
the division of the property between Jan Niepokójczycki, Joanna Sosnowski Skarszewska and Stanislaw Sosnowski. As a result, Sosnowica's land estates, took the last one.
1871, Stanislaw Sosnowski died and Sosnowica was inherited by daughters of Tekla NIEPOKOJCZYCKA: Waleria and Sabina Niepokójczycki.
1892, they sold Sosnowica to Alfons Libiszowski.
Waleria was living in the Sosnowica manor.
1894 - Teodor Libiszowski, son of Alfons.
Sosnowica village and Turno, in 1832 took Jan Niepokójczycki. Then to Antoni Zembrzuski husband of named Sabina Niepokójczycki.
1888 Turno belonged to Ksawery Bielski.
Jan Niepokójczycki was a brother of ADAM ?

Note to Tadeusz Kosciuszko in Sosnowica:

"I see him OFTEN, ... He is as pure a son of liberty, as I have ever known, ... and of that liberty which is to go to all, and not to the few or rich alone. Thus did Thomas Jefferson describe his new-found friend General Kosciuszko in 1798. Kosciuszko had left his native Poland in 1776 to join the American patriots ... Jefferson had scarcely known him then, but when he returned to his adopted fatherland for a second time in 1797 the two men became close friends and saw each other, for a time, almost daily.

Kosciuszko travelled in 1796 / 1797 from Russia to Sweden with his secretary J. U. Niemcewicz and with cheerful officer, Libiszewski who often had to carry the General

[Libiszowski / Libiszewski willingly performed this service. In Sweden, Kosciuszko was listening to Libiszewski playing the guitar at his bedside and to a concert organised in his honour by the best musicians; in Philadelphia was a musician in orchestra. He died - still young - of fever in Cuba. In 1892 the Sosnowski manor from Waleria Niepokójczycki, bought Alfons Libiszowski. In Libiszow is the Libiszowski manor, 'Rybakówka'; Libiszow is situated 5 km west of Sosnowica; east of Ostrow Lubelski].

The American newspapers followed with interest his triumphal fourney through Sweden and England. At Gothenburg, the principal inhabitants turned out to greet the Polish hero ... In London, the leaders, including Fox, Wilberforce, and Sheridan, waited on him. The members of the Whig Club had their president, General Banastre Tarleton, the former dashing cavalry commander who almost captured Jefferson during the American Revolution, present a sword worth 200 guineas to Kosciuszko as a public testimony of their sense of his exalted virtues and of his gallant, generous, and exemplary efforts to defend and save his country. Rufus King, the American Minister to Britain, arranged his passage to the United States. At Bristol, where the citizens presented him with a magnificent mahogany case of silver plate weighing more than 216 ounces, each piece inscribed "The Friends of Liberty in Bristol to the Gallant Kosciuszko", the General stayed in the home of the American Consul. ... Kosciuszko arrived at Philadelphia in August, 1797. ...

Niepokojczyce by the Muchawiec river - Rayski Edward; close to JAMNO and Zabinka, near Brzesc.
Zygmunt Rayski b. 1917, of Niepokojczyce.

Ostashevo (until 1861 - Aleksandrovskoe-Ostashevo)
is a fragmentary preserved estate on the left bank of the Ruza reservoir, 21 km from the Volokolamsk suburb near Moscow.
Ostashevo, a small village, 140 kilometers to Moscow.

The grandson of Nicholas I, Konstantin Romanov, received this estate in 1903.
The previous owner, Nikolai Shipov, was one of the greatest agricultural innovators of his era. In 1854 he bought 200 cows, hired a specialist from Switzerland and established a cheese factory at Ostashevo [FRAUCHI ?].

The Ostashevo estate was owned by

1.
an energetic entrepreneur A. V. URUSOV [N. D. Urusov in KOTOVKA];

2.
MURAVIEV

[in the early 1820s young Prince Valentin Shakhovskoy, a pupil at the famous cavalry school in Moscow run by Nikolai Muraviev of nearby Ostashevo, became involved in the DECEMBRISTS movement. A sister of named WALENTY SZACHOWSKI married the leading Decembrist, Alexander Muraviev of Ostashevo];

3.
Artur A. Nepokojchitsky / Artur Niepokojczycki owned the estate Ostashevo [ca 1840 - 1854]. Until 1861 it was called Aleksandrovskoe-Ostashevo; Arthur Adamovich Nepokojchitsky was born in Slutsk in the family of Adam Niepokojczycki, the district leader of the nobility, on December 8, 1813, when the war with Napoleon rattled. Originated from the old German clan von Upru, who moved to Poland in the village of Nepokoychitsa close to Brzesc.

4.
N. P. Shipov since 1854 or before

[Nikolai P. Shipov, to 1903 {b. ca 1830 ?}. Nikolai Shipov, JUNIOR, the son of PAVEL SHIPOV, junior, was one of the greatest agricultural innovators. Nikolai Smirnov, P., and Nikolai Shipov traveled together. PAVEL junior b. ca 1795/1800 had a brother,
Sergei Shipov b. 1790.

In 1813 until 1844, the serf entrepreneur Nikolai Shipov SENIOR roamed the Russian Empire. Aleksey Feofilaktovich Pisemsky b. 1821, a Russian novelist and dramatist, was born at his father's Ramenye estate in the Chukhloma province of Kostroma. His parents were retired colonel Feofilakt Gavrilovich Pisemsky and his wife Yevdokiya Shipov.

Nikolai's junior brother was Ivan Pavlovich Shipov (1865-1919) was an Imperial Russian Politician. Ivan Pavlovich Shipov after graduating from the Imperial Alexander Lyceum, entered the Ministry of Finance. He rose to the position of Assistant Director of the Special Credit Office, and was eventually Director of the General Office (Ministerial Chancellery).
In addition, Ivan Pavlovich Shipov served on the Board of the State Bank in 1902-1905. In 1905, he was appointed Minister of Finance during the Witte government. In 1906, he left that position when Witte resigned, due in part to his long association with Witte. He was executed by the Bolsheviks in 1919.
Compare:
Nikolai Shipov junior had a son Dmitry Shipov, b. 1851.
DMITRY was the founder of the All-Zemstvo Organization, which was banned shortly after it was founded in 1896. He was elected chairman in the first Zemstvo Assembly from 6-9 November 1904 during the Zemstvo Congress. Piotr Swiatopelk Mirski / Pyotr Dmitrievich Sviatopolk-Mirsky gave permission for their assembly. Alexander Guchkov and Dmitry Shipov refused to work with the reactionary. "... Witte was in October 1905, charged with the task of assembling the nation's first cabinet government, and he offered the liberals several portfolios (Ministry of Agriculture to Shipov; Ministry of Trade and Industry to Guchkov; Ministry of Justice to Koni; Ministry of Education to Trubetskoy; Milyukov and Lvov were also offered ministerial posts). None of these liberals agreed to join the government...".

Most remarkable of the Shipovs was Sergei Pavlovich Shipov (1790-1876), that is SERGEI the son of PAVEL senior born ca 1760.
PAVEL junior b. ca 1795/1800 had a brother, Sergei Shipov b. 1790.

Nikolai's junior [b. ca 1830] brother was Ivan Pavlovich Shipov (1865-1919).

Sergei Shipov, b. in 1790, was descended from a well-to-do gentry family in Kostroma province. In 1832 he served Ministry of War. 1841 - 1846 the governor of KAZAN - compare DEMONSI and Wasyl Konstantynowicz + Breguet in KAZAN + V. A. KOKOREV in KAZAN ca 1843 {1844 tax reform note on farms; near LIKHACHEV before 1844; 1843-1844 he had two farms close to Kazan}.

SERGEI born 1790, had youngers brothers
[the textile manufacturing - see also ARMAND:
DMITRII P. Shipov - a governor;
and Pavel born ca 1795/1800;
and maybe the serf entrepreneur Nikolai Shipov SENIOR roamed the Russian Empire in 1813 until 1844].

Nikolai P. Shipov owned to 1903 the Ostashevo estate (his son Dmitry Nikolaevich Shipov b. on 14 May 1851 - d. 14 January 1920). His brother Ivan Pavlovich Shipov (1865-1919) was an Imperial Russian Politician.
Mentioned Dmitry Nikolaevich Shipov (14 May 1851 - 14 January 1920) was a Russian liberal Slavophile politician of the 19th and 20th century. Shipov acted as a political mentor of Georgy Lvov, Russia's future first Prime Minister.
see:
Karl Wilhelm also known as Karl Vasilievitj Hagelin was born in St. Petersburg in 1860. His parents Wilhelm Hagelin (1828-1901) and Anna Lovisa Eriksdotter (1818–1870) ... In 1861, the family moved to the Volga where his father worked for a period as a second engineer on passenger boats and towboats. ... In autumn 1870, he started at the Givochini boarding school in Nizhny Novgorod ...
In 1875, thanks to a recommendation from family friend A. I. Sandström, he was accepted into the design workshop at the shipbuilding factory belonging to D. P. Shipov in Kostroma. He received his first real assignment working on the designs for a motorboat, ... and two smaller steamers
... he was employed as a mechanic at the Kaukaz & Mercury shipping company in Astrakhan, where he worked on preparing boats ... he met two Swedes, N. Qvarnström and master mechanic Westvall, with whose recommendation he was able to secure employment as a mechanic in the instrument workshop at the Nobel paraffin factory in Baku. Hagelin’s first working day at Robert Nobel's factory was on 4 April 1879. ... During his initial period in Baku (1879-1883), Wilhelm ... assisted chemist E. Tell ... When engineer Alfred Törnqvist returned from his trip to the USA and started setting up a new paraffin factory, Hagelin was given a job as a draughtsman. ... he decided to apply to the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In order to pass the entrance exams, he took private lessons from engineer A. B. Lambert in mathematics, physics and chemistry. After two years in Sweden, he wrote to Branobel's managing director, J.G. Crusell, explaining his desire to return to Russia and take up his position again. ...

Ludvig Nobel invited Hagelin to St. Petersburg. Wilhelm was given a post in the technical laboratory where he experimented with chemical processes for production of light oil fractions. ... In 1891, he was first promoted to technical director and then office manager in Baku. ... In 1900, he was recalled to St. Petersburg to replace M. J. Belyamin as the company's chairman of the board ... In 1906, he was appointed Swedish consul general in St. Petersburg (1906-1911). ... In spring 1917, Hagelin travelled to Baku, continuing onboard the K.W. Hagelin motorboat to Astrakhan ... Wilhelm left Russia and spent a year abroad, but in July 1918 he was back for a shorter visit ... The remaining directors M. Belyamin, G. Nobel and A. Belonozhkin tried at numerous meetings to solve the burning issue of how the company's trading rights and authority could be protected. Hagelin's last attempt to enter Russia via Constantinople failed and on 3 July 1920 he was forced to return to Stockholm. ...

he, together with Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859, joined the Aktiebolaget Cryptograph company under the management of Arvid Gerhard Damm (where Wilhelm's son, Boris Hagelin, also worked for a time)].

5.
K. K. ROMANOV in 1903 until 1915

[Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia, born 1858 in Strelna - d. 1915 in Pavlovsk, was a grandson of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia; a poet and playwright. He wrote under the pen name "K.R.", initials of his given name and family name, Konstantin Romanov.
Konstantin Romanov / Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich was the son of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich of Russia.

Konstantin Nikolaevich had a brothers:
1.
Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, 1831 - 25 April 1891, as a Field Marshal he commanded the Russian army of the Danube in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878 [see General ARTUR Niepokojczycki].
2.
And Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (25 October 1832 - 18 December 1909), served 20 years (1862-1882) as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi, the town which most of his children remembered as the home of their childhood];

6.
in 1915, a merchant and philanthropist A. G. Kuznetsov

[Aleksandr Gennad'evich Kuznetsov / Kuznetsov Aleksandr Genadjevich or Alexander Grigorievich Kuznetsov

- "...in Mansurovsky Lane in the heart of Moscow, architect Alexander Kuznetsov built himself a mansion with an entrance gate {in 1915} ... The house owner received guests: the famous Russian modernist architect Fyodor Shekhtel, and constructivist architect Konstantin Melnikov. After the revolution, Kuznetsov was found building a factory on the outskirts of the Soviet Union, and was jailed ... Russian tea merchant, Alexander Kuznetsov and Co, Moscow, had a factory in Hankou, China {see CEYLON !}, the offices in MOSCOW and IRKUTSK.
Alexander Grigorievich Kuznetsov,
was the tea magnate of Imperial Russia, named and purchased the 239 foot steam yacht 'Foros' in Scotland on the 9th June 1891. Designed by the Glasgow yacht architect Thomas Lennox Watson, Foros took the name from the southernmost Crimean resort made popular by Kuznetsov through the development of his estate there. Guest on board the yacht was in 1896 Grand Duke George Alexandrovich

{GEORGE died in 1899 in Abastumani, Georgia - was the third son of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Marie of Russia. Grandson of Emperor Alexander II and his first wife Marie of Hesse - a daughter of Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Princess Wilhelmine of Baden. Marie of Hesse was the granddaughter of Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse, the great-granddaughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt / Ludwig IX von Hessen-Darmstadt, 1719 in Darmstadt - 1790 in Pirmasens (compare JOHANN STARCK in 1781 back to Darmstadt)}.

We remember about Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow. In 1840 acc. to Cosroe Dusi: "... May 30. This morning began the portrait of Countess Josephine Kalinovskaya / Jozefina Kalinowska ... 1840, June, the 27. This morning the family Branicki leaves with Countess Kalinovsky. They ordered me a portrait of an older sister, who is married to General Plautin / Plautyn and lives in Tsarskoye Selo. And Olga Kalynovska / Kalinowska goes away from court, to his native Poland, where she get married; Alexander agrees to marry Mary Hesse-Darmstadt...".

Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia b. 1861 was a son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia
{Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (25 October 1832 - 18 December 1909), served 20 years (1862-1882) as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi};

in 1862, the family moved to Tiflis, Georgia on the occasion of his father's being named Viceroy of the Caucasus; Grand Duke Michael spent his early years in the Caucasus, where his family lived for twenty years; served in the Russo-Turkish War and became a Colonel. In 1882, when Grand Duke Michael was twenty years old, he returned with his family to St. Petersburg, acc. to Wikipedia. In 1888, he had an affair with Princess Walewski; later, with Countess Catherine Nikolaevna Ignatieva daughter of Minister of Interior, Nicholas Pavlovich Ignatiev.
In 1900, moved to Keele Hall, in Staffordshire, close to Newcastle-under-Lyme;
visitor of North Berwick in Scotland {east to Edynburg}, and
in the south of France, Cannes where he met his sister Anastasia and in 1903 his father, also brother Alexander and his family;
he moved with his family to Hampstead in 1909 and every year Grand Duke Michael would visit Edward VII at Windsor Castle, Sandringham and Buckingham Palace

{Edward VII born in 1841, the son of Victoria b. 1819, was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - she was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn [the TEMPLARS], the fourth son of King George III / George William Frederick, b. 1738. GEORGE III was the grandson of King George II}.

In 1912, Grand Duke Michael was with a visit in Russia. 1914 as an agent for Russian loans in France.
On 31 October 1916 he "...wrote to Tsar Nicholas II warning him that British secret agents in Russia were expecting a revolution".

And (by Wikipedia) "General Erich Ludendorff, Generalquartiermeister and joint head (with von Hindenburg) of Germany's war effort, stated that Russian communist elements working against the Tsar had betrayed Kitchener's travel plans to Germany. He stated that Kitchener was killed 'because of his ability', as it was feared he would help the tsarist Russian Army to recover...".

Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia after November 1917 moved to Regent's Park. In 1916 his youngest daughter, Nadejda (Nada) married Prince George of Battenberg, eldest son of Prince Louis by Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Victoria of Hesse-Darmstadt. Anastasia (Zia), the eldest daughter, in 1917 married Sir Harold Wernher. Michael Mikhailovich and his wife returned to Cannes in 1923, and died in 1929.

Note:
Johann August Starck / Stark (1741 - 1816)
- Immanuel Kant and Johann Georg Hamann were among his acquaintances in Königsberg. In 1776 went to Mitau [Courland; at margin see Komorowski] and took place here as professor of philosophy until 1781 when he back to Darmstadt.

1767 or 1768 - J. A. von Stark / STARCK has established a new sect, which grew out of Clirici Ordinis Templariorum / Clerics of the Knights Templar;
he was in 1761 initiated into a French freemasonry lodge at Göttingen but
left for St. Petersburg in 1761, while teaching in St. Petersburg, Starck had met a Greek by the name of Pyotr Ivanovich Melissinos = Count Peter Melesino / Melissino, 1726-97, a lieutenant-general in the Russian Imperial Army, and whose order of freemasonry claimed the clerics of the Templar Knights

{"... Melissinos arrived in Russia during the reign of Peter the Great and ended his career as Vice-President of the Commerce Collegium in 1740-45.
During the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774, Pyotr Melissino was in charge of the Russian artillery.
... In 1783, he was appointed Director of the Artillery and Engineering Corps in St. Petersburg. ... Melissino was instrumental in promoting the career of one of Paul's favourites, Aleksey Arakcheyev. His son Aleksey Melissino, a Major General, was killed in the Battle of Dresden (1813). His brother, Ivan Melissino, was Dean of the Moscow University under Catherine the Great. Starck had met a Greek by the name of Count Peter Melesino (or 'Melissino'; 1726-97), a lieutenant-general};

then traveled to Paris in 1765 and obtained a position at the royal library;
back to Germany, in Wismar (1766-8). Starck promoted the clerical brand of Templarism.

Alexandrine Bacheracht nee Hutten-Czapska / Alieksandra Kolemin, wife of Wilhelm Bacheracht, ex-wife of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse- Darmstadt;
sister of Henryka Julia Plater-Zyberk.
Mentioned above Alexandrine Bacheracht nee Hutten-Czapska / Alieksandra Kolemin / Hutten-Czapski Alexandra b. 1854 / 1853 - d. 1941, the 1st husband Kolemin; then entered into a morganatic marriage with the Grand Duke of Hesse Ludwig IV b. 1837;

Louis IV / Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl was connected to the British Royal Family, to the Imperial House of Russia and other Royal Houses of Europe. Louis was born at Darmstadt, Germany; his mother was the granddaughter of King Frederick William II of Prussia. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse- Darmstadt, the first son of Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine b. 1809, and Princess Elisabeth of Prussia; CHARLES was the second surviving son of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse. LOUIS II was the son of Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and the grandson of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt born 1719; the great-grandson of a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Louis IV / Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl in 1862, married Princess Alice, the third child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
The couple had seven children, among others Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia b. 1864, and Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress of All the Russias b. 1872.
Ludwig IV contracted a morganatic marriage in 1884 in Darmstadt with Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska / Aleksandra Czapski Hutten b. 1854 in Warsaw, d. on 8 May 1941, in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland; she was the former wife of Aleksander Kolemin, the Russian charge d'affaires in Darmstadt; now the Countess von Romrod.

Alexandrine Bacheracht / Alexandrine Countess von Hutten-Czapska died in Vevey / Switzerland, close to La Tour de Peilz; 8 km noerth-west of Montreux (see: Duflon, Konstantynowicz); 18 km south-east of Lutry; 6 km north-west of Clarens!
Countess Alexandrine Hutten-Czapska, Grafin Romrod, was the daughter of Count Adam Hutten-Czapski, and Countess Mariane Rzewuska / Marianne von Rzewuska Grocholska / Maria Anna Katarzyna Hutten-Czapska nee Rzewuska b. 1827.

We back to mentioned above Alexander Grigorievich Kuznetsov:

During the First World War, the yacht of Alexander Grigorievich Kuznetsov served as a hospital ship before eventually being scrapped in 1927.

"In 1840 Alexei Semenovich Gubkin established the first tea-selling company in Kungur. Up until then tea had arrived in Russia in the form of large solid bricks. Gubkin was the first business owner to sell tea already weighed out in handy quantities and wrapped in colourful attractive packaging. In 1882 the firm's head office moved to Moscow. After Gubkin's death his nephew Alexander Grigorievich Kuznetsov took over at the helm. He renamed the company The Successor to Alexei Gubkin, A. Kuznetsov & Co {Kuznicow}. Over a period of fifteen years the company sold 300 million roubles' worth of tea and sugar and had branches not only throughout Russia, but also in China, India, Ceylon and London. By the beginning of the 20th century the firm controlled one third of the entire tea market in the Russian empire."
Copyright by bibelotslondon.co.uk.

"The largest firms in the pre-revolutionary Russian tea trade, were: C. S. Popoff & Co., Alexis Gubkin & Co., and Wissotsky & Co. At first, the Popoff company had the lion's share of the business, but Wissotsky & Co., a much younger firm, finally took away much of Popoff's trade. Alexis Gubkin & Co. became A. Kusnezow & Co. after Mr. Gubkin's death, with its head office at Moscow. Later, this concern became the Trading Company, and later still, The Asiatic Trading Corporation, Ltd., under British registry".

Asiatic Trading Corporation, Ltd:
in LONDON, and Thrissur, Kerala, India importers of tea, coffee, and cotton. "The Russian Society for Tea Trade Gubkin-Kuznetsov and Co founded a tea-packing factory called the Moscow Branch of the Society Karavan. Its yield was 1600000 pounds a year. It quickly became one of the major manufacturers of Russian-style blends. In the 1920s Karavan was renamed Lenin Moscow Tea-Packing Factory, which became the flagship of the Soviet tea industry. Russian Caravan Tea: produced the Chinese tea, blend of China black tea, notably with Keemun tea, is called Caravan since it was carried by camel back from China to the West].

OSTASHEVO and SHIPOV:

For the processing of dairy products obtained from 200 cows of improved northern breeds kept in the estate, a cheese factory was commissioned and assigned to a specialist invited from Switzerland. At the same time, Shipov undertook to rebuild the estate.
Compare!
Arthur Eugene Leonard Frauchi / Artour Khristianovitch Frautschi / Arthur Hristianovich Artuzov Frautschi / Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov b. 1891, Tver region.

Family of Christian Frautschi, came from Switzerland to Russia in 1881 and settled in the estate of Popov landowner, Apashkovo, Tver province, where his older brother Paul / Peter Frautschi, arrived in this region 1879, next in Yurino estate, manor Zhdanov, Mikhailovsky, Putjatino, the village Davydkovo / Davydovo, 17 km north-west of Kashin, and north-east of Tver.

Cheesemaker was working in the estate
Mykolaivka, and
Christian Frautschi married Augusta Didrikil, Didrikil family was of mixed origin, the Latvian and Estonian, her grandfather was a Scot; after the wedding, the young family settled in the estate at Kashin County, Tver province. Leonti V. Dubbelt / von Dubelt was owner of the factory Kuvshinovo, Tver region.

Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov Frauchi was born in the family of Swiss origin, but Italian nationality. His father Christian Frautschi came to Russia, where he was engaged in reindeer cheese; cheesemaker, a citizen of the Swiss Federation.
Mother Augusta Avgustovna nee Didrikil b. ? - died in 1938, had the Latvian and Estonian roots, and one of her grandfathers was a Scot;
her father Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik,
her mother Bertha Sterling / Esterling / Stirling / EASTERLING born 1835 d. 1891 -
her parents:
Edward Sterling / Edward Esterling / EASTERLING and
Elena Shtaal from Riga and Livland.

"Augusta grandfather was from Scotland. Edward Sterling / Edward Esterling was in Russia during the War of 1812. He studied at Dorpat, worked as notary, married Latvian woman. One of his many daughters married Estonian - Didrikilya / Didrikil. In this family was born Augusta Avgustovna".

Hereditary cheesemaker Christian Frautschi came to Russia in search of a good steady income; took a fancy to the north-western province (Estonia), for cattle, and it took two or three years; Here Christians Frauchi married to one of the four sisters of the Didrikil family, of the Estonian, Latvian, Russian, Scottish and even French blood.

One of the sisters, Olga Avgustovna, married exiled Bolshevik Mikhail Kedrov
(Olga Avgustovna Didrikil - daughter of gamekeeper August Ivanovich Didrikil who served for many years to the Suvorov family, in Prozorovskaya (?) county).

In 1903 the whole family Frauchi / Frautschi moved to Novgorod province, where, moving from one estate to another, Arthur's father, together with his assistants was doing cheese. Estates - Zhdanov, Mikhailovsky, Putyanin, Petrovskoe, Davydkina.

Nikolaj Wasiljewicz Wierieszczagin, born 1839 near the village of Piertowka or Pietrowka in the Czerepowiec district, Nowogrod province; a Russian representative of agricultural sciences, he was the elder brother of painter Vasily Viereshagin. At the Tver lands meetings, he applied for loans to farmers for dairy cooperatives and cheese makers; spring 1865 - according to the advice of the younger brother - he and his wife Tatiana Ivanovna started a trip to Switzerland and other countries, Germany, Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden. In these countries he observed the organization of milk, butter and cheese in the Swiss town of Coppet, near Geneva. At the heart of Freiburg, under the supervision of the masters, he learned the technology of oily cheeses. 1866, the first cooperative cheese factory in Russia in Otrokowicze; a model milk cattle farm was opened in Edimonów.

We back to
Arthur Adamovich Niepokojczycki, died in St. Petersburg on November 11, 1881, was buried at Volkovsky Lutheran Cemetery.
He graduated from the General Staff Academy in St. Petersburg. In the Russian army 1832-1881, the pacification of the peoples of the Caucasus, 1841-1845; Chief of Staff of the Army Corps during the revolution in Hungary 1849;
Chief of Staff of the Army (general lieutenant) during the Crimean War of 1854-1855.
Member of the Council of State (general of arms) and general adjutant of the Emperor.

The Niepokojczycki family was Calvinists.
Under the Radziwills - 1600, Zabludów bought Krzysztof Radziwill Piorun; then his son Krzysztof II Radziwill. He founded in Zabludow and took care of the Calvinist congregation. Dominik Hieronim Radziwill, the owner of ZABLUDOW, m. in 1807 to Izabella Mniszchek, div. Izabella, 2nd voto Demblinska, in 1819 took Zabludów - until 1831.

Niepokójczycki Bartlomiej, the Sluck official, was the grandfather of General Artur Niepokojczycki.
He acted in Sluck in 1763 - 1795. Niepokojczycki Bartlomiej owned Boloczyce.
Before him here was Aleksander Pociej, then Ludwik Rozwadowski, also were Józef Twardowski, Jan Gieczewicz, Lady Plater married Aleksandrowicz; Ignacy Karp.

Bolotchitsy / Boloczyce,

close to Novobelichi and Prussy. 18 km north-west to METYAVICHI / Maciewicze / Mieciavicy . 22 km south-west to SLUCK.
Close to
Mieciawice / Maciewicze in the SLUCK county, and here was living Bonifacy Krupski, born 1822; opponent of the military action in 1863; he was involved as a commissar of the IHUMEN area.
Soon he was arrested and imprisoned in Minsk. The sentence condemned him to 8 years of heavy work and confiscation of Novosiolki property. At exile stayed in Usol, after 5 years in Tobolsk, then in Tsarevo, then in Warsaw. 1874 rights restored. Died in 1903 in Maciewicze.

Józef Ignacy Kraszewski wrote on Maciewicze.
Close to Pohost, Starobin, by the Slucza river; near Sielco, Cisowo and Hawrylczyce. Starobin - south to SLUCK.

Metyavichi / Maciewicze / Mieciavicy in Belarus; close to ZAZEVICY; SIALCO; TOMILOVA GORA; CHIZHEVICHI; east to DUBOCHKI; nort to SAKOVICHI / Sakovicy; 6 km north-east to SOLIGORSK [137 km south to MINSK - since 1958]; 6 km south-west to PAGOST / Pohost; close to the villages of Vishnevka, Pokrovka, Kovaleva Loza, Teslin, Peschanka.

The Nameless Association [Union of people without names / Association of an unnamed = innominate people / The Nameless Association / 'Zwiazek bezimienny' / 'Zwiazek Bezimiennych'].
Founder of the underground association -
Walerian Pietkiewicz / PIETKIEWICZ Walerian Jan (1805-1843), born in Metyavichi / Maciewicze / Mieciavicy in the SLUCK district;
Professor, MP, activist in exile; he, on the initiative of Lelewel, established the Association of an unnamed = innominate people.
Preparations were made to fight against Russia.
In 1832/1833, colonel Józef Zaliwski arrived from exile with a few companions and began preparations for the uprising in the Russian lands [see SULIMIERSKI in Lubiec close to Wola Pszczolecka]. The first attempts to create a conspiracy were made by Walerian Pietkiewicz - the emissary of Joachim Lelewel. The center was in Kolbuszowa (property of the Tyszkiewicz family) in Galicia, where after 1831 many of the November insurgents were held. Preparations were directed by the Union of people without names [Association of an unnamed = innominate people / The Nameless Association / Unknown Association].

Adam Mickiewicz already during a trip to Rome and to Florence in the summer of 1830, said, according to Odyniec, similar thoughts like the closest and most faithful followers of Towianski, Ferdynand Gutt who wrote to Walerian Pietkiewicz in 1836.

Walerian Pietkiewicz befriended with Gutt and he was the recipient of many of his letters sent from countries where Ferdinand traveled in those years. As Stanislaw Pigon Ferdinand wrote from Germany.
The year 1830 ended with a stronger accent, with the outbreak of the uprising in the Kingdom of Poland and the expansion of war activities to Lithuania soon. Walerian Pietkiewicz was a member of the Central Vilnius Committee and friend of Joachim Lelewel.

Valeryan Pietkiewicz knew well Towianski, like Gutt Ferdynand. He gives the testimony of honesty although in 1830 they did not take up arms; Gutt as a doctor served his knowledge on both sides. And he - at the request of General Paskevich - for the protection of Russian soldiers wounded in the Polish war of 1830-1831, was decorated on January 13, 1834 with the order of Saint Anna's third grade.
On January 24, 1836 from Mannheim, Gutt wrote to Pietkiewicz that his father was murdered on 1 November 1835 at home. Money was not taken; the tragic death of the pharmacist Jerzy Gutt was dominated by legends, as always, when the perpetrators could not be detected. One of the legends accused Mikolaj Malinowski, the son-in-law of Gutt. By Krasinski - Towianski persuaded Ferdinand Gutt to murder his father [the letter of Zygmunt Karasinski to Delfina Potocka on March 19, 1842].
Extensive fragments of letters from Gutt to Pietkiewicz, written in 1833-1837 from Germany, are quoted by Stanislaw Pigon in the book "From the Age of Mickiewicz - Studies and Sketches" (1922).

Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski wrote on Metyavichi / Maciewicze / Mieciavicy in the SLUCK district.

Parents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
August Jacek Hieronim Broel-Plater / August Hiacynt 1745-1803 and Anna Beydo-Rzewuska 1761-1800. Józef Krzysztof Donat Broel Plater b. 1796 in Kraslaw, died 1852 in Wilno, m. Antonina Pereswit-Soltan (1800-1871) or
she married to Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater who was sentenced to settlement in Smolensk, where he lived with his family to 1846.
In Smolensk he has established a contact with named above Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski. After 1846 he returned to Kombula, in 1847 was elected assessor of the Criminal Chamber of the Novgorod province.
Writer under nick-name Joseph Plaskoziemski in 1846, gave his own theory of light, heat and electricity, but not supported by experiences in the mid-nineteenth century. He was also the author of the short history and geography of Livonia; died in 1852 in Vilnius, was buried in Kraslaw. He was married from 1819 to Antonina Pereswit-Soltan (1800-1871) and had 14 children.
I emphasizes once again on
Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852, writer, born 1796 - Kraslaw, died in 1852 - Wilno, married in 1819 to Antonina Soltan 1800-1871, daughter of Benedykt Soltan b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska b. 1770.

We back to
Bartlomiej Niepokojczycki, born ca 1760, the Sluck official, was the legal guardian for Kajetan Kraszewski.

Kajetan Kraszewski b. 1827 in Dolhe, the Pruzany county, d. 1896 in Stary Kuplin, close to Pruzany; Polish writer, musician and astronomer, the father of Boguslaw Kraszewski.
Benislawska MANTEUFFEL-SZOEGE was closest friend to Kajetan.

Bartlomiej Niepokojczycki, send named Kajetan to Nieswiez under Devil alias De Yille; Nieswiez was owned by Karol Radziwill, 'panie kochanku';
in Nieswiez often stayed then
Leon Borowski, Wolodkowicz, maiden Brzostowska; Morawski, Wendorf, Miternowski, Mackiewicz, Czyz, Mogiluicki;
Bartlomiej Niepokójczycki, of Boloczyce, the father of ADAM Niepokojczycki;
and Michal Domanski, who journeyed in 1769 - 1778, with KAROL Radziwill.

Karol Stanislaw Onufry Jan Nepomucen Radziwill 'Panie Kochanku' b. 1734 in Nieswiez; voivode of Wilno from 1762, general lieutenant from 1759, marshal of the Grand Court of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1755;
in 1764, he signed the manifesto, recognizing the convocial session in the presence of Russian troops as illegal.
KAROL Radziwill a great patriot and creator of the anti-Russian opposition fought against the Russians in June - the battle under Slonim, and was forced to go to Woloszczyzna. Then he moved to Dresden, where he found out the news that the Parliament was deprived of his office, and that his estates were seized and confiscated.
In 1768 he fought out a guarantee treaty, because Poland became a Russian protectorate, and he joined in exile to the leaders of the Bar Confederation. In 1770 he was a member and the founder of the Masonic Lodge Wandering Crew in PRESOV / Preszów.
For failing to swear the oaths to Catherine II, after the first partition of Poland, in 1772, the Russians confiscated KAROL Radziwill's Newel, Siebiez in the Polock Province / Governorate, and Kopys and Romanów in Mogilev Governorate.
He returned to Lithuania in 1777, settled in Nieswiez.

Niepokójczycki Bartlomiej, acted in Sluck, Nieswiez and in Boloczyce [Niepokójczycki Bartlomiej, the Sluck official, was the grandfather of General Artur Niepokojczycki. He acted in Sluck in 1763 - 1795. Niepokojczycki Bartlomiej owned Boloczyce].
Bartlomiej NIEPOKOJCZYCKI had a son Adam, the Sluck Marshal of nobility;
Adam's son was General ARTUR Niepokojczycki!

See on MICHAL DOMANSKI -
KAROL RADZIWILL with Lady Morawska were abroad, with a few respected ladies, between whom there was a foster child, without father and mother, Miss Karolina Paszkowska, from the Lanckoronski clan.
Michal Domanski and Miss Karolina Paszkowska were together.

Paszkowski - Radziwill:

Sons of TOMASZ Paszkowski and REGINA: Michal Paszkowski 1st and Jan Paszkowski [born 1742; he was living in Mokrsko in 1742 - the father of General Franciszek Paszkowski and the grandfather of Maria Paszkowska ARMAND from Moscow - see Apolon Konstantynowicz].

Jan Paszkowski [1742-ca 1800] moved home to Ukraine [ca 1776 ?]. Maybe
his brother [cousin ?] was Piotr Paszkowski b. ca 1733 married Elzbieta nee Nietyks,
with son Paszkowski Michal 2nd (born 1761 in Brzesc Litewski - after 1819), Colonel in 1794 in Brzesc Litewski, an official in Oszmiany; studied 1775-1779. In 1789 he bought Zabludow in the Grodno county. The friend of Hieronim Radziwill and of Michal Zaleski, manager [1804] to Dominik Radziwill; Michal Paszkowski was closest to CONSPIRATOR, Karol Prozor in 1812. In 1808-1820 he taken from hands of Radziwill, Naliboki. After 1819 / 1820 no inf.
The Niepokojczycki family was Calvinists.
Under the Radziwills - 1600, Zabludów bought Krzysztof Radziwill Piorun; then his son Krzysztof II Radziwill. He founded in Zabludow and took care of the Calvinist congregation. Dominik Hieronim Radziwill, the owner of ZABLUDOW, m. in 1807 to Izabella Mniszchek, div. Izabella, 2nd voto Demblinska, in 1819 took Zabludów from hands of Michal Paszkowski 2nd - until 1831.

Michal Paszkowski 1st [b. ca 1725/1730] was an official in Malbork, moved in Volhynia, m. Monika Piotrowska of the Chelm area, daughter of Mikolaj and Katarzyna nee Plonski, Piotrowska, with a few children.

Above HIERONIM Radziwill:

Dominik Hieronim Radziwill b. 1786 in Biala Podlaska, d. Nov. 1813 in Lauterecken in Nadrenia-Palatynat; the son of Hieronim Wincenty Radziwill and Zofia Dorota Fryderyka Thurn-Taxis;
Dominik Radziwill was the Freemason.
Colonel Dominik was the owner of Nieswiez and Olyka, Birze, Dubinki, Sluck, Kopyl, Biala. Since 1786 Dominik was under care of Karol Radziwill, and then in 1790 under Adam Czartoryski. Dominik Radziwill inherited the uncle Karol Radziwill.

Above KAROL:
Karol Stanislaw Onufry Jan Nepomucen Radziwill 'Panie Kochanku', died in 1790 in Biala, General Lieutenant in 1759.

Above HIERONIM WINCENTY:
Hieronim Wincenty Radziwill married Zofia Dorota Fryderyka Thurn-Taxis. Duke, died in 1786; owned Kleck. The son of Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 'Rybenko' and the father of named Dominik Hieronim Radziwill.

Niepokojczycki Ignacy, maybe was the brother of Adam Niepokojczycki. Inf. 1780 - 1782.
Also of Niepokojczycki Tadeusz, inf. in 1767 - 1780

[Niepokojczycki Tadeusz, the Bialsk / Bielsk official, inf. in 1787 - 1794, BIALA PODLASKA west to Brzesc Litewski. Grabanów close to Biala Podlaska, 5 km north-east to Biala;
in 1818, Grabanów is already the court property of Adam Niepokojczycki, the father of GENERAL ARTUR Niepokojczycki.
He had wooden residential building made of oak tree. 1822, Grabanow farm was bought from the Radziwills by Poplawski. Shortly thereafter, these estate passed on to the property of the Grabowski family. Kozula's mill in the Grabanów farm in 1781, belonged to the Radziwills, who had a hunting lodge here - near BIALA PODLASKA].

The father of ARTUR:
Niepokojczycki Adam, of SLUCK, was the secretary of Dominik Radziwill

[Prince Dominik Hieronim Radzivil (1786-1813) was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman. Compare:

Paszkowski Michal 2nd (born 1761 in Brzesc Litewski - after 1819), Colonel in 1794 in Brzesc Litewski, an official in Oszmiany; studied 1775-1779. In 1789 he bought Zabludow in the Grodno county.
The friend of Hieronim Radziwill and of Michal Zaleski, manager [1804] to above Dominik Radziwill;
Michal Paszkowski was closest to CONSPIRATOR, Karol Prozor in 1812.
In 1808-1820 he taken from hands of Radziwill, Naliboki. After 1819 / 1820 no inf.
The Niepokojczycki family was Calvinists.
Under the Radziwills - 1600, Zabludów bought Krzysztof Radziwill Piorun; then his son Krzysztof II Radziwill. He founded in Zabludow and took care of the Calvinist congregation. Dominik Hieronim Radziwill, the owner of ZABLUDOW, m. in 1807 to Izabella Mniszchek, div. Izabella, 2nd voto Demblinska, in 1819 took Zabludów from hands of Michal Paszkowski 2nd - until 1831].

Dominik Radziwill was the owner of Nesvizh and Olyka and owner of Birzai, Dubingiai, Sluck and Kapyl estates. He took part in Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 and later died of wounds after the Battle of Hanau. Parents - Hieronim Wincenty Radziwill and Princess Sophie Friederike of Thurn and Taxis.
Prince Hieronim Wincenty Radziwill b. 1759 - died in 1786, was a Polish prince, diplomat, politician and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded in 1780. He was Count of Kleck, Great Cupbearer of Lithuania from 1779 and governor of Minsk.
Parents - Michal Kazimierz "Rybenko" Radziwill + Anna Luiza Mycielska.

Adam Niepokojczycki - inf. in 1805 - 1809.


ARTUR NIEPOKOJCZYCKI:

1841-47 fought in the Caucasus, and Dagestan. He participated in 1849 in Russian intervention in Hungary and the Crimean War of 1853-1856. In 1874 he became a tsar's adjutant. In the war 1877-78 he became the head of the staff of the Danube army.
During the stay of the Tsar on the front, ie until mid-December 1877, he belonged to five people who ruled Russia - but the head of government did not belong to this group.
1853-1856, at the end of this campaign he commanded a staff of naval and land forces in the Crimea. Originally, he was the son of ADAM Niepokojczycki, the County marshal of the gentry in Slutsk.
In 1878 deputies of Artur Niepokojczycki, who was to concentrate on strategic problems, were appointed:
General Kazimierz Lewicki (operational command) and
General Marcin Kuszewski

{maybe his brother was Aleksander Kuszewski b. ca 1830; wife Zofia Linowska, the granddaughter of Jan Antoni Linowski, the Wschowa official, 1736-1801; he comes from Jan Franciszek Linowski b. 1667, d. bef. 1725}.

Both had extensive experience from the Hungarian campaign and the Crimean war. The staff also included Artillery commander Gen. Mikolaj Massalski.

Note 1:
Kosciuszko travelled in 1796 / 1797 from Russia to Sweden with his secretary J. U. Niemcewicz and with cheerful officer, Libiszewski who often had to carry the General;

[Libiszowski / Libiszewski willingly performed this service. In Sweden, Kosciuszko was listening to Libiszewski playing the guitar at his bedside and to a concert organised in his honour by the best musicians; in Philadelphia was a musician in orchestra. He died - still young - of fever in Cuba. In 1892 the Sosnowski manor from Waleria Niepokójczycki, bought Alfons Libiszowski. In Libiszow is the Libiszowski manor, 'Rybakówka'; Libiszow is situated 5 km west of Sosnowica; east of Ostrow Lubelski].

Note 2:
The conspiracy created in May 1793 reached the roots to the Freemasonry organization and of the club of the "Society of Friends of the Constitution of May 3". A part of the Masons stood in a moderate, liberal position - the preservation of the monarchy with King Stanislaw August and the implementation of the Constitution of May 3. Among the moderate activists of the conspiracy found themselves:
Ignacy Dzialynski, Andrzej Kapostas, Michal Kochanowski,
Alexander Linowski,
Stanislaw Woyczynski, Ludwik Gutakowski, Antoni Bazyli Dzieduszycki, Kazimierz Nestor Sapiecha.

Note 3:
Niepokójczycki Mikolaj (born in 1883 - died after 1914), born in Minsk.

Liudvikas Abramavicius Niepokójczycki (1879-1939) was a Polish activist in Kharkiv. Ludwik Abramowicz-Niepokójczycki was editor of 'Przeglad Wilenski'.

Nepokoichitskiy Artur Adamovich / Artur Adamovich Nepokoichitsky b. 8 Dec 1813, d. 11 Nov 1881. Burial at the Volkovskoye Lutheran Cemetery in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Note 4:
NIEPOKOJCZYCKI Benedykt Wilhelm (1796-1865), President of the Bank of Poland; b. in Szlowiany, in the Wilkomierz county, died in 1865 - Drezno. His mother Scholastyka Kuszelewska born 1770 died in 1829 + Stanislaw Niepokojczycki, b. ca 1760. Benedykt's brother was Wincenty Niepokojczycki b. ca 1800. They lived together in WILKOMIERZ in 1829 and in 1852.
Stanislaw had a brother Adam Niepokojczycki born ca 1760.

Niepokójczycki Bartlomiej, acted in Sluck, Nieswiez and in Boloczyce [Niepokójczycki Bartlomiej, the Sluck official, was the grandfather of General Artur Niepokojczycki. He acted in Sluck in 1763 - 1795. Niepokojczycki Bartlomiej owned Boloczyce close to SLUCK].

Bartlomiej NIEPOKOJCZYCKI had a son Adam, the Sluck Marshal of nobility; Adam's son was General ARTUR Niepokojczycki!

Wincenty Niepokojczycki b. ca 1800, had a son born 1829, and grandaughter Józefa Niepokojczycka 1857-1925 + Tadeusz Chelminski 1852-1901. Tadeusz had a daughter Felicja Chelminska 1887-1943 + Marian Antoni Andrzej Chrapowicki 1864-1930. MARIAN Chrapowicki was the grandson of Eustachy Chrapowicki b. ca 1790; Amelia Gorska 1793-1866; and Dorota Szadurska b. 1810.
MARIAN Chrapowicki was the great-grandson of Józef Chrapowicki 1750-1812; Stanislaw August Gorski and of Franciszek Ksawery Szadurski b. 1764; Pss Magdalena Oginska; Anna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1767-1796 and of Franciszka Felkerzamb.
Anna Niemirowicz had a half-sister Dorota 1780-1813 + Mikolaj Siestrzanek-Karnicki and Dorota had a daughter Adela Siestrzanek-Karnicka 1811-1883 + Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill 1793-1869,
who was the
grandson of Leon Michal Radziwill 1722-1751 and the great-grandson of
Michal Antoni Radziwill (1687-1721). Michal Antoni + Marcjana had a daughter Izabela (1711-1761) / Izabella Katarzyna Radziwill married Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski.

Kazimierz Lewicki (1835-1891),
the Russian General, Pole. An educator of the cadet corps in Polock. 1855 served the Guard. Participated in Crimean War 1853-56. In 1859, he finished Academy and started serving the staff of the Guards and then in the Siberian District. 1870 professor; in 1874, the tsar's adjutant and chief of staff of the guard. In the war 1877-78, replaced Artur Niepokojczycki; after the war, he becomes an inspector of cavalry and 1885-88 commander a Cavalry Division.

Duke Mikolaj Massalski (1812-1880), the Russian General;
Pole. He graduated from the Military Academy in St. Petersburg. In the army from 1832 and fights at Caucasus. In 1839 in Persia, 1855 commander of the Finnish artillery, 1865-67 he is in the Polish Kingdom, later the commander of the Siberian District. In the war 1877-78 he became commander of the Danube army artillery. From 1879, a member of the State Council.

Walerian Derozynski (1826-1877), the Russian General; Pole.
In the army from 1845, then the end of Academy; Russian intervention in Hungary 1849 and Crimean War 1853-56. From 1857, the Division chief of staff; he fights in the war of 1877-78, at the Battle of Szypka together with
General Marcin Kuszewski, deputy Chief of Staff of the Danube army;
Colonel Aleksander Lipinski;
Colonel Bieniecki.

Artur Niepokojczycki during the Tsar's stay on the front, ie until mid-December 1877, he belonged to five people who were ruled of Russia.

9 Infantry Division - General Duke Swiatopolk Mirski / Swiatopelk.

11 Corps - Duke General Schachowskoi ie Aleksy Szachowski.


The ARMAND family from Moscow [+ General Franciszek Paszkowski] and the French roots of the Konstantynowicz family [Anna Armand Konstantynowicz and Inessa Armand - Lenin Uljanov] - Prometheism / PROMETHEISM of Poles in Russia, 1877/1878 - 1904:

Jean-Louis Armand (1786 - 1855 in Moscow) appeared in Russia in 1799, together with his father Paul Armand and mother Angelica (1765 / 1767 - 1813 in Moscow), the daughter of Charles, during an escape from the terror of the French Revolution.
Paul Armand b. ca 1762 was a prosperous farmer in Normandie and sympathized royalists. He, settling in Paris, opened the building workshop; there he married Angelica, b. 1767, the daughter of Charles from Alsatie; he decided to build his commerce on the French wines trade in Russia. Once the ship crashed in the Bay of Biscay and it ruined family of Armand in 1791. But Paul soon had good commercial relations in shipping ports of south France (Nice and Marseille probably).
The 29 year-old General Paul Armand, in 1791 [Jean-Louis Armand in 1799], came from Paris to Russia in the carriage of the Marquis de Courtenay [see below].
He had an antique best wines of France in barrels, bought up at the south. Paul Armand expected to open in Moscow own wine shop. On the way to Russia, he did not know that it will suffer a financial collapse: the ship will sink with wine in 1791.
After the shipwreck of wine in the Bay of Biscay, Armand transfered trade of wines to the Mediterranean ports of France, in 1792/1793, it took place perhaps during the continental blockade taken by England against Napoleon. Then, after 1815, the trade lasted maybe until the Crimean War in the 50's of the 19th century.

Paul Armand ran the wine trade through the ports in the south of France to Russia: a probable route from Marseille - Nice - after Italian Naples - Smyrna / Smyrne (see the Ralli Brothers from London, Marseille, India) in Turkey? - Crimea / Krym, where the Armand family had a very good trade agreements. A Demonsi / Demontet family ran in Moscow and in KAZAN a sales of these French wines.

When Paul Armand married [ca 1783 / 1785], he did not know what would be the basis of family trade - fashionable hats at first. Next to the fashionable shop of Armand in MOSCOW, was trading house of DEMONSI / Demonet where sold not only fashionable Parisian clothes, but also French wines, perfumes, delicacies and even lamps.

Mentioned above
Jean-Louis Armand, from his first marriage [ca 1806] to Elizabeth Osipovna (1786 / 1788 - 1817), Sabine called her, had a son Yevgeny / EUGENIUSZ ARMAND, born in 1809. From his second marriage, Jean-Louis and Marie-Barbe, nee Collignon (1780 - 1872) had a daughter Sophia, married a Swede, Osip Hecke / Hoecke/ Hacker [compare HACKER in the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company].

In 1811 in Moscow lived:

Jean-Louis Armand b. ca 1786 / 1787,
and his son Louis-Jean ARMAND, b. 1807 / 1808, French nation;
his wife Elizabeth Osipovna b. ca 1786/1787/1788 and
the daughter Elizabeth b. 1807.
Also merchant Paul / Pavel Armand b. 1762, who arrived (again?) to Moscow in 1808; his wife Angelica, the daughter of Charles, was born 1767.

Louis-Jean ARMAND, b. 1807 / 1808.

Jean-Louis Armand (1786 - 1855 in Moscow) appeared in Russia in 1799.

Yevgeny Armand born in 1809 = Evgeny (Eugene Louis) Armand (1809 - 1890), the grandson of Paul Armand, worked as a foreman for weaving and dyeing factories near Moscow.

Paul was killed and Paul's son, Jean - Ivan [= Jean-Louis Armand b. ca 1786 / 1787], started a wine-import business [in 1799 in Russia - but in Moscow in 1808].
But it was Ivan's son, the first
Eugene [= Yevgeny / EUGENIUSZ ARMAND, born in 1809], who founded the Armand fortunes.

Note to Marquis de Courtenay in Russia in 1791:

The last male member of the French Courtenays died in 1733 [the last male member of the French Courtenays committed suicide in 1727], but his niece married the Marquis de Bauffremont, and her descendants assumed the title of "Prince de Courtenay".
However the marquis de Beauffremont [Louis de Bauffremont (1712-1769)] was made in 1757 Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and this title was recognised in France.

Above LOUIS had a brother - Prince Joseph of Bauffremont (1714-1781) who married in 1762 to Princess Louise Benigne Marie Octavie Francoise Jacqueline Laurence of Bauffremont / Princesse de Bauffremont-Courtenay [b. ca 1745 ?] 1750-1803.

JOSEPH's son -
Alexandre Emmanuel Louis de Bauffremont-Courtenay, [maybe he was born before 1773 !] b. 1773, died in 1833, married in 1787 [in 1787, San Ildefonso, Province de Segovie, Castille et Leon, Espagne] to Marie-Antoinette Rosalie Pauline of Quelen de La Vauguyon (1771-1847), the daughter of Paul Franēois of Quelen de Stuer de Caussade, second duke of La Vauguyon, prince of Carency, and Marie Antoinette Rosalie de Pons de Roquefort.

Alexandre Emmanuel Louis de Bauffremont - Courtenay (1773-1833), son of JOSEPH [not of Louis] served under the Bourbons.
He fled France during the French Revolution and emigrated in Koblenz, then Alexandre was in Russia in 1791, he entered the rank of a colonel in Spain, served in the campaigns of 1793 and 1794 as captain of the cavalry in the service of France.
He settled in the United States [in 1794 ?].
He later returned to France [compare General Tadeusz Kosciuszko] and was made a Count of the French Empire by Napoleon in 1810. Louis XVIII made him a peer of France in 1815 and in 1817, and duke in 1818.
Alexandre Emanuel Louis de Bauffremont, marquis de Listenois had 2 sons:
Alphonse (1792-1860), 2nd Duke of Bauffremont;
Theodore (1793-1852).

Brief note on Courtenay in England:

John Courtenay Throckmorton (1753/1754-1819), fifth baronet of Coughton, county Warwick (1791).
William Paston married Mary Courtenay, daughter of mentioned John Courtenay.
Above Sir John-Courtenay, 5th bart., was commemorated as being "a ban vivant", and he was baronet after Christopher Hewetson. John was the son of George Throckmorton SENIOR, and Anna Maria

[= Anne Maria Paston b. ca 1730, was the daughter of William Paston and Mary Courtenay. Mary Courtenay b. ca 1705, was the daughter of John Courtenay. John Courtenay b. ca 1670, lived at Molland, Devon, England
(Molland-Bottreaux; in 1703 of Molland-Champson. The Courtenay family in West Molland in 1467 - 1489 - 1733 - 1863)].

Husband of Maria Katherine Giffard. Brother of Sir George Throckmorton, 6th Baronet, JUNIOR; Sir Charles Throckmorton, 7th Baronet; William Throckmorton; Robert Throckmorton and Teresa Metcalf.
Sir George "6th Baronet Throckmorton of Coughton" Courtenay-Throckmorton, JUNIOR, formerly Throckmorton. Born on 25 Sep 1754 in Warwick, England.

Now on the Konstantynowiczs - HURKO and PROMETHEISM in 1877/1878:

Prometheism - in 1904 Jozef Pilsudski announced the division of Russia into component parts, and giving independence to countries that were strongly incorporated into Russian Empire.
The name Prometheism was described in the years 1924-1926 from the inspiration of Tadeusz Schaetzel and Tadeusz Holowko.

Georgians researcher from France and the state of Washington in the USA, Georges Mamoulia writes that the creator of the word Prometheism was HAJDAR Bammat - inf. 2009.
Wlodzimierz Baczkowski writes in 1984, on the name Prometheism is associated with the Prometheus League and followers of Józef Pilsudski.

Charaszkiewicz writes that the idea of Prometheism appeared in the Memorandum of Jozef Pilsudski to the government of Japan in 1904
[see Sieroszewski and Azbelev - the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - in JAPAN. Breguet and Nobel around the Konstantynowiczs].

Roman Knoll in Ankara in 1924-1925 devoted his efforts to implementing the idea of Prometheism.

In the definition of the Promethean movement, it should be specified that it is not synonymous with the term Promethean thought. It is the close cooperation of the representatives of enslaved nations with "Polish factors" aimed at bringing the independence of these countries.
On the other hand, the Promethean thought from 1877/1878 is a much broader concept, it is understood as the idea of dismembering the Russian Empire based on the unified movement of nations enslaved by Russia.

Already in the years 1877-1878, Polish officers in the headquarters led the Russian Army in the Balkans, and they met with the problems of Russian imperialism and the problems of small nations in Transcaucasia and the Balkans.
In 1877 in order to overcome the ridges of the Balkans, the General JOZEF HURKO / Josif Hurko (about 12000 soldiers) was appointed as commander.

General Jozef Hurko / Iosif Vladimirovich Hurko (Gurko) born in July 1828, in Veliky Novgorod or in the village of Burnejko in Mogilev Governorate; died 1901 in the village Sakharov in the Tver Governorate; Russian field marshal.
He came from a Polish-Belarusian noble family, the son of General Vladimir Iosifowicz Hurka (1795-1852) and Tatiana Aleksandrowna, baroness Korff;
the grandson of Polish nobleman Józef Hurko-Romejko, junior, died in 1811.

General Jozef Hurko born in 1828, was a student in 1846; participant of the Crimean War (1853-1856). Then a commander of the 2nd Division of the Guard.
In the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878), he was commanding the Division from June 1877, he made a march - maneuver for the Balkans (commanded by Aleksandr Puzyriewski), for which he was promoted to general-adjutant.
Mentioned above
Józef Hurko-Romejko JUNIOR died in 1811, the son of Jozef Hurko Romejko, senior, Polish nobleman and state activist of the Russian Empire, the first vice-governor of the Kurland Governorate after 1795/1796.
He came from a noble family from the Polish province of Vitebsk. He was born ca 1750/1760. He served the army as Petyhorski's lieutenant before 1796.
Recommended by the general-governor of Kurland, Peter Ludwig von Pahlen, on the newly created position of vice-governor of the Kurland Governorate. The nomination was issued by Tsarina Catherine II.
In addition to the estates in the Courland province, Jozef Hurko-Romejko, junior, also owned estates in the Mogilev Governorate, in the Orsza county.
That is
Krynki = Krotowsza or neighbouring Krotowsze / KROTOVSHE;
Wysokie Łuszajewo;
and
Pograbiówka.

He died in 1811.

Krynki was situated in the Wysoczany district; the ORSHA county in the Mohylew province.
Kratowsza, in 1849 belonged to the Mikulino Rudnia parish.
Wysokie Łuszajewo = Wysokie / Vysokoje - north to ORSHA; close to Obuchovo; Grishany; Jurcevo.

Burnejko in the Mohylew province.

General Jozef Hurko owned in 1901 Sacharowo in the TWER province [compare inf. in my domain].

KRYNKI, south-east to KOPTI; west to Bolszaja WYDREJA; south-east to VICEBSK; north to Vyshacany. See KOLPINO - west to OSIPOVO; close to LUCHOSA.

BABINOWICZE / Babinavichy - in the 17th and 18th cent. belonged to OGINSKI. 1772 to Russia. Babinowicze, the Orsza county; by the Werchita River. Бабінавічы / Babinowicze in the ORSHA county - Babinowicze - south to Liozno, of the Vitebsk region of Belarus. North to ORSHA.

Józef Hurko-Romejko JUNIOR b. ca 1750/1760, was the son of SENIOR Jozef Hurko / JOZEF HURKO - ROMEJKO, born ca 1710 - in 1759-1780 the Vitebsk chamberlain.
Jozef Hurko / Gurko, senior, was maybe the son of JAN HURKO, born ca 1680 from KROTOWSZE-KRYNKI.

Christina Golynskaya (Krystyna Holynska) was the third daughter of Stephen Holynski. She gave her estate in will to her brother Kazimierz HOLYNSKI, and to her sister Frantiska.
In 1718, she sold the Chodun estate in the hands of the Order of Jesuits.
Frantisek Rogosa / Franciszek Rohoza Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms, born ca 1670 - but not the Srzhenyava (Szreniawa) arms - was the first husband of KRYSTYNA HOLYNSKA; the second husband: Jan Gurko (Jan Hurko born ca 1680 of Krotowsze-Krynki) was the Vitebsk province clerk and was mentioned in 1714.

Acc. to 'Secret Memoirs of the Court of Petersburg...' Zachary Konstantynowicz / Constantinowitz in 1796 was a valet (servant) of Yekaterina Alexeevna or Catherine II the Great, Empress of Russia.

Stephen (Stefan) Golynsky (Stefan Kazimierz Holynski born ca 1630/1640) was the third son of Davyd / Dawid Holynski, owned the estate Soin (Soino, Soino Wielkie, Woronowe Slobody).
In 1663 Golynsky / Holynski mentioned, Mayor Zhmudsky, served in the regiment of Ilya Surin (mother of Stepan Holynski was kind of Surin ancestry).

On January 31, 1664 a priest of the Mstislavl Church, Herman Konstantynowicz filed a complaint against Paul Moskevich and Stephen Golynsky / Stefan Holynski for armed mob to his house, for loot his grain bread and torturing her daughters
(a data extracted from the Vitebsk and Mogilev documentary province books, stored in a central repository in Vitebsk, and published under the editorship of M. Verevkin, T. 24, Vitebsk 1893, p. 455-457).

Christina Golynskaya
(Krystyna Holynska born ca 1680)
was the third daughter of Stephen Holynski / STEFAN HOLYNSKI born 1630/1640. She gave her estate in will to her brother Kazimierz and to her sister Frantiska. In 1718, she sold the Chodun estate in the hands of the Order of Jesuits. Frantisek Rogosa / Franciszek Rohoza Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms - but not the Srzhenyava (Szreniawa) arms - was her first husband; the second husband: Jan Gurko (Jan Hurko born ca 1680) was the Vitebsk province clerk and was mentioned in 1714
(I think that the above error about the Rohoza nickname arose from confusion between this nickname and surname Rahoza; for example Michał Rahoza with the Szreniawa coat of arms from Kiev in 1579).

Józef HURKO JUNIOR, had 2 sons:
Leopold Hurko (1783-1860) the Russian Major General;
Włodzimierz Hurko (1795-1852) the Russian General; and the daughter
Ewelina (d. 1821 in ROMA) - the wife of Tadeusz Niemirowicz-Szczytt, the POLOCK official (1778-1840), the son of Justynian Niemirowicz.

Włodzimierz [1795-1852], had a son {the grandson of Józef HURKO [died in 1811]} the Russian Field Marshal and the Warsaw governor, Józef Władimirowicz Hurko / Romeiko-Gourko / Иосиф Владимирович Гурко (1828-1901).

Zenaida Lubomirska nee Hołyńska, b. 1820 in Rowne / Rivne, was daughter of Michał Hołyński and Elżbieta Tolstoj; wife of Kazimierz Anastazy Karol Lubomirski
with children:
Stanisław Michał Henryk Michał Henryk Lubomirski [1838-1918],
and Marie Lannes de Montebello.

Above Michał Hołyński / Михаил Иванович Голынский, b. 1784, was son of Jan (Ivan) Hołyński and Barbara KASZYC.

Above Jan (Ivan) Hołyński b. 1746, was son of Józef Antoni Tadeusz Hołyński and Petronela ZUKOWSKA.

Above Józef Antoni Hołyński / Juozas Antanas Holinskis of the MSCISLAU province of POLAND, born ca 1720/1730, was son of Kazimierz Hołyński b. ca 1670, and Teofila MOSKIEWICZ.

Kazimierz Hołyński b. ca 1670 - the son of Stefan Kazimierz Hołyński and Izabela Ostankiewicz.

KAZIMIERZ of the MSCISLAU province was brother of
Franciszka Holynska born ca 1665;
Teofila Wojna;
Jan Michał Hołyński;
Krystyna Romeyko-Hurko - Konstantynowicz born ca 1680;
Jakub Hołyński;
and Barbara Romeyko-Hurko.

Note to above mentioned KAZIMIERZ Holynski b. ca 1670:

Franciszek Rohoza Konstantynowicz b. ca 1670/1680, near of kin with Holynski family from Soino (either Big Soino or Voronove Slobody near by a farm of Mielkovka = Mietkowka), and his siblings, and Hurko family also (from Krotowsza otherwise called Krynki or Krotovshe that belonged to Romejko - Hurko family in the Orsa district / JAN HURKO born ca 1670) were in trouble with Holynski

(Kazimierz Holynski born ca 1670, the son of Stefan Kazimierz Holynski from Chlyszczewo i.e. Chwostowo close by border between Belarus and Russia, from Soino and Uszpol, born ca 1630/1640)

family after 1714.

The above Soino is situated 18 km east away from Mscislau, at territory of Russia now i.e. 7 km from present border; it was the Grand duchy of Lithuania 1359 - 1772 and next in Russia: the Mstislavl district, Soino region = "volost" that is similar to county, in a parish of Mscislau (archbishopric of Mahileu, in the Mscislau - Klimavicy catholic area were three parishes: Lozovica, Mscislau and Smolensk in the 19th cent.);
one our leg lived in the territory of present Belarus, but the second one stood at the present land of Russia in borders after 1992.

A fortunes of Poles in this remote easterly territories of the former Both Nations Republic turned out differently than by Vistula, because not a few Poles had got to choose military service in the Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent. [see 1877/1878] or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century.



Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / 
Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand
Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth; was married to a Polish woman, Catholic - Mary Frantsevna Pashkovskaya / Maria Paszkowski (Пашковские) daughter of Franciszek.

She was born
1819 and died 1901


and was
highly educated, c. 1840 studied painting in France; she was a woman of strong and humble disposition.

Eugeniusz Ludwik Armand / Eugene Louis of MOSCOW was married to a beautiful Polish - Maria Wilhelmina Pashkovskaya.

Her father, Franciszek Paszkowski / Francis Paszkowski was a writer and military, during Napoleon's Italian campaign, he served as adjutant to Murat. ...

Young Catholics family donated money the Orthodox St. Nicholas Church in Pushkino.
When Armand moved to Orthodoxy, grandchildren of Louis Eugene / Yevgeny Ivanovich were baptized in this church.

Maria had a tender heart. In contrast to the position of her husband, his wife was educated, and drew quite well, in France she drew the ruins of castles and really liked them; Evgeny built in a park such ruins.  


Zygmunt Walewski (1656 ! or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior) had first wife Anna Gostyńska.
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu. He had daughter and two sons:
a.
Justyna,
b.
Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ?

(FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 ! or 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki,
married 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska b. ca 1710,
daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723
{Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708 and Marianna Sarnowska. The grandfather of above Zofia was Andrzej Radoliński older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA; the father: above Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski. Zofia RADOLINSKA, 1677 - 1723, had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski.
Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 m. in 1755 to Malgorzata Lubienska 1733-1784; he was the son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska! MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife - above named Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radoliński younger, 1650 - 1708 and Marianna SARNOWSKA})

with son Aleksander Walewski who married Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno, and grandchildren:
Józef Kalasanty Walewski {see - Izydor Kiedrzynski and Helena}

{Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski;
Wincenty Walewski 1785 - 1819 was son of Józef Kalasanty Walewski and Paulina; Wincenty was husband of Konstancja Salomea Józefa;
WINCENTY WALEWSKI was the father of Konrad Colonna-Walewski of JEDLNO, and Mikolaj Józef Colonna-Walewski.

Wincenty Walewski 1785 - 1819 was brother of Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski b. 1778 Count and Ludwika Niemojewska nee WALEWSKA {Anna Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872, acc. to my search, her mother was named above Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863}.

Wincenty Walewski b. 1785, had mentioned above son Konrad Walewski, b. 1813 in Jedlno, d. 1896 Cracow who married to Ludwika Potocka b. 1814 / 1815 with 2 children:
Stanislaw Aleksander Blazej Colonna-Walewski and
Marianna Tekla Wielopolska}

and
Michał Walewski d. 1801
(his daughter Tekla Colonna-Walewska 1783 - 1862, was wife of
Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski Count, 1778 - 1845 son of Józef Kalasanty Walewski and Paulina Radolinska, inf. by Leszek Mila at geni.com in 2014).

Jan Paszkowski, born ca 1755 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków);
Anna Niemojewska was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872, acc. to my search, her mother was Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863 and her grandfather was Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 + Paulina Pulina Radolinska, and
great-grandfather was
Aleksander Walewski m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno.
c.
Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 with son
Stanisław Józef Walewski ca 1720 or 1740 - 1770 and
grandchildren:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski and
Kunegunda Szembek.

Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska and her son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (ca 1743 / 1747 - 1792) were owners of Jedlno.
Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno.

Michal Mikolaj Mecinski of Wschowa in 1715, Colonel, judge - 1724, a life companion of Friedrich August in 1706, that is of August II the Strong, August II der Starke b. 1670 in Dresden, Polish king 1697 - 1706 and 1709 - 1733, elector of Saxony 1694 to 1733 as Frederick Augustus I of Saxony / Friedrich August I; Augustus II the Strong relinquished the crown to Stanislaw Leszczynski in September 1706. In October 1706 army of Augustus II defeated the Swedes in the Battle of Kalisz. August II the Strong in 1709 returned to Poland.
Michal Mikolaj Mecinski of Wschowa b. ca 1660, d. 1725, married Felicjanna Rudzka, his children:
a. Wojciech of Wielun, 1698-1771 m. Anna Glogowska,
b.
Elzbieta Mecinska b. ca ?, m. Aleksander Walewski of Piotrków - 1778, Rozprza - 1748, in Cracow in 1740, with children:
Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 m. Paulina Pulina Radolinska b. 1750 with:
Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863,
Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski 1778-1845,
Wincenty Walewski 1785-1820;
and next children of ELZBIETA MECINSKA:
Michal Walewski 1749-1799 m. Salomea Psarska;
Salomea Walewska 1754-1814 m. Józef Kielczewski 1750-1812.


Jan Paszkowski, born ca 1755 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków);
Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, b. 12.10.1778 in Brody (to 1st wife of Jan), d. 10.3.1856 in Cracow, General, Virtuti Militari, owner of Tonie close to Cracow, tomb in Cracow - Rakowice, was half-brother of above Dominik Paszkowski.
Dominik Paszkowski was father of Józef Franciszek Paszkowski.

Below it's just a hypothetical representation of ancestors of above Anna!
Jan Paszkowski, born ca 1755 + Petronela Kulikowska with son Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Kraków);
Anna was born ca 1795 ?, died 1872: acc. to me, her mother was
Ludwika nee Walewska 1775-1863 and her grandfather was
Józef Kalasanty Walewski 1747-1792 + Paulina Pulina Radolinska, and great-grandfather was
Aleksander Walewski m. Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno
{Aleksander was son of FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki;
Franciszek was son of Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior) who had first wife Anna Gostyńska. Zygmunt Walewski married 2nd time to Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu. Her son was above mentioned Franciszek}.

Jozef Niemojowski / Niemojewski 1760-1836 m. ca 1790 to Ludwika Walewska 1775-1863, with
Leon Michal b. 1798; Izabella Salomea Niemojowska b. 1801; Adolf Józef 1802-1873; Edward 1810-1874; Józef Niemojowski 1840-1857;
and above named oldest daughter Anna b. ca 1795 died 1872 m. Paszkowski?

Sons of above Dominik Paszkowski:
Franciszek Paszkowski b. 1818 in Warsaw, d. 1883 Cracow, owner of Tonie, MP; and
Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski, b. 1817 in Warsaw, d. 1861 in Warsaw, + Seweryna Stompf with children:
1. Franciszek Paszkowski, jurist, in 1902 owner of Tonie, and
2. Leon Ignacy Paszkowski, 1845 - 1904, director of a bank in Cracow, + (1875 - 1887) Maria Lasocka daughter of Bronislaw + Felicja Wolowska.
In Cracow were buried
Józef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski 1817–1861, who married to Kazimiera Seweryna Stompf;
PASZKOWSKI Józef Edmund 1817-1861, poet, translator;
Dominik Paszkowski 1783–1866 son of Jan + Petronela Kulikowska, who married Anna Niemojewska;
Laura Anna Antonina Paszkowska 1844–1866 daughter of above Józef + Kazimiera Stompf.
Jan Paszkowski married two times:
unknown and Petronela.
Above mentioned Franciszek Paszkowski, MP, son of Dominik (1783-1866) + Anna nee Niemojewski (d. 1872), was brother of above
PASZKOWSKI Józef Edmund 1817-1861, poet, translator;
Franciszek studied painting at the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts.

Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski died in 1856, in September 1800 received the assignment to captain in the Italian Legion. In 1801 he met Thaddeus Kosciuszko and the next three years 1801-1804 he spent at his side gathering material for a biography. In 1804-1805, he was in a camp of Chalons-sur-Marne. He was reactivated on the staff of Joachim Murat, as a translator and espionage officer, also an aide of Murat; He had correspondence contact with Kosciuszko, who named him 'my Paszkos'. In January 1815 Paszkowski resigned from the position of secretary in the Polish Kingdom, and was deleted from the state service of the Polish army.
After leaving the military he went abroad, visiting Kosciuszko and Frederick Augustus ex Duke of the Warsaw Duchy.
Back to the Posen Duchy, and then he settled in the Republic of Cracow - in 1820 in the village Tonie; after the death of Kosciuszko received an inheritance, and in Krakow organized the funeral of Kosciuszko; he was one of the initiators of the Kosciuszko mound in Krakow and chairman of the committee of its construction.

Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1720 / 1730 was father of KACPER b. ca 1750,
DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750;
and according to my research of
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena who was born in 1762 and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1720 / 1730, was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko.

Above Izydor KIEDRZYNSKI + HELENA

(acc. to me she was the daughter of
Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, who m. 1st to Zuzanna Połchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835, and
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska born ca 1761 / 1762.

Romuald was son of Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, who m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.
Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, son of mentioned above
Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga; father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and named above Magdalena Antonina Walewska!
We back to mother of Paula Oginska:
Jadwiga Szembek nee Rudnicka, ca 1710 - ca 1765, wife of Marek Szembek and Kazimierz Lubienski, mother of Paula Oginska; Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.
Above Marek Szembek 1700 - 1744.
Above Paula Oginska Szembek, burned in Miedniewice, was born 1737, d. 1798,
wife of Celestyn Lubienski, Jan Prosper Potocki, and Andrzej Ignacy Oginski!
She was mother of Feliks Walezjusz Wladyslaw Lubienski, Michal Kleofas Oginski!
(see: Trubecki, Kalinowski, Konstantynowicz, Tallinn, Italy, Napoleon...)
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska;
half sister of Konstancja Kossowska and Anna Letowska.
We remember that above Antoni Felicjan Szembek ca 1680 - 1739, was father of Magdalena Antonina Walewska.

Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733.
Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733 was maybe brother of Zygmunt Walewski b. 1656 ! or 1670 - died in 1716, both were sons of Franciszek Walewski senior)

had sons:

A. Felix b. 1796 / 1799;
B. Józef KIEDRZYNSKI of Ostrzeszow.
BOGDAŃSKI Walenty died ca 1761, owner of Gostynie in the Kalisz province, m. Ewa Stawicka, with son Michał Bogdański d. 1787 m. Salomea Kawiecka (1731-1821). Michał had children:
Teresa b. 1768, Orpiszewek;
and Petronela BOGDANSKA 1783 - 1807 who married to Józef Kiedrzyński the leaseholder of the Ostrzeszów estate.
C. Stanislaw Kiedrzynski;
D. Gabriel Kiedrzynski born as Gabryel in 1796 (or 1798, 1803) in Osiny / Osina; married in 1821 in Wola Wiazowa, died Jan. 1848 in Wola Wiazowa (Gabriel died after 1819 - a mistake - acc. to somebody). Osiny / Osina - 10 km north of Sulmierzyce, ca 22 km north-west of Krepa, property Osiny / Osina of the Walewskis - south-east of Szczercow, that is north of Jedlno! Gabriel had 5 sons and 4 daughters with Katarzyna Wojtaszek b. 1796 / 1807 in Rusiec, m. 1821 in Wola Wiazowa, d. after 1866; Rusiec was land of the Walewskis!
E. Adam Kiedrzynski born 1783 / 1784 / ca 1787, landlord of Sulmierzyce near LUBIEC.
Adam Kiedrzynski was godfather in Wola Blakowa in 1803 like nobleman with Joanna Lepicka. His relatives Felicjan Kiedrzynski and Tekla Lepicka of Wola Blakowa. Sulmierzyce is situated close to Rzasnia, north of Jedlno; in the Krepa parish since 1769, close to LGOTA WIELKA.
Adam Kiedrzynski married in 1808 in Krepa to Anastazja Bleszynska b. ca 1785 / 1792, from Bakowa Góra close to Przedborz. His daughter was born in 1824 in Sulmierzyce - Franciszka Aniela Kiedrzynska.
Relatives of Izydor:
Lukasz b. 1772, 1774, 1786, lived in Jedlno 1820, and
Mikolay b. 1774, worked for the Walewskis.



Explanation:
A.
Stanisław Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675 !, d. 1716, from Sieradz and
Franciszek Walewski / Francis b. ?
(FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki,
married 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska b. ca 1710, daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723)
were half-brothers!

Stanisław Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz (see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski), owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychłowska daughter of Stanisław, owner of Podłężyce, Rzechta;
his parents:
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior) and his first wife Anna Gostyńska.
His (that is Stanisław Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675, d. 1716, from Sieradz) children:
A. Józef Walewski d. 1724, m. Elżbieta Magnuska, 1 voto Jan Skarbek;
B. Feliks d. 1752;
C. Karol d. ca 1757 owner of Ptaszkowice, Lichawa, Grabia, m. Brygida Gałecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska, 2 voto Jan Radoliński
(Brygida Gałecka daughter of Ludwika nee Poniatowska. Countess Ludwika Maria Poniatowska (1728 - 1781) / as "Luds"; was the sister of King of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski. Ludwika married in 1745 Jan Jakub Zamoyski, by whom she had an only daughter).
Children of above Karol Walewski:
a) Ludwika m. Kazimierz Kacper Gembart,
b) Julianna Joanna b. ca 1756, m. Feliks Złotnicki;
D. Wojciech born ca 1715, d. 1757, landlord of Pstrekonie, m. in 1740, Teresa Łaszowska.
Above Wojciech Walewski 1715-1757 m. Teresa Łaszowska / Laszewska / Teresa Łaszewska, with:
1. Rozalia m. Jakub Madaliński with son Ksawery Madaliński;
2. Ludwik Mikołaj Walewski / Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 m. 2nd in 1794 to Antonina Kalinowska.
Antonina Aniela Teodora Kalinowska b. 1764 in the Kroczyce parish, her parents:
Ignacy Kalinowski 1720-1782 and Justyna Borzęcka b. 1710.
Antoniona b. ca 1750 / 1760 had 3 sons (Karol Franciszek Walewski) and daughter.
See: Wola Pszczolecka, Kiedrzynski, Sulimierski, Oginski, Trubecki.
Ludwik Walewski bought Parzymiechy in 1794 from Poniński.


B.
Brothers maybe:
Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733
{Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733.
Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, but 1st time to (mistake that 2nd marriage) Magdalena Antonina Szembek}
and
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 ! or 1670-1716, son of Franciszek Walewski senior) who had first wife Anna Gostyńska.
Son of above named Zygmunt and Anna:
Stanisław Franciszek Walewski b. ca 1670 / 1675 !, d. 1716, from Sieradz
(see: Wola Pszczolecka, the Zaliwski movement, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski),
owner of Pstrokonie, Woźniki, Świerzyna / Swierzyny, Gronów; m. in 1694, to Marianna Rozalia Siemianowska, 2nd in 1708, to Krystyna Rychłowska daughter of Stanisław, owner of Podłężyce, Rzechta.
Zygmunt Walewski (1656 ! or 1670-1716), of Rozprza (1702-1716), married 2nd time to
Maryanna Koniecpolska, of Pärnu.
He had daughter and two sons:
a. Justyna,
b. Franciszek Walewski / Francis
{FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów [before him to the Mecinski family], Dąbrówka, Jastrzębice, Broszęcin, Wola Wiązowa, Leśniaki, married 3rd in 1737 to Teodora Ludwika Walewska b. ca 1710, daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolińska 1677 - 1723}
with son Aleksander Walewski who married Elzbieta Mecinska of Jedlno, and grandchildren:
Józef Kalasanty Walewski and
Michał Walewski d. 1801
(his daughter Tekla Colonna-Walewska 1783 - 1862, wife of Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski Count, 1778 - 1845 who was son of
Józef Kalasanty Walewski and Paulina Radolinska,
inf. by Leszek Mila at geni.com in 2014),
c.
Alexander / Aleksander Walewski 1700 - 1751 with son Stanisław Józef Walewski ca 1720 or 1740 - 1770 and grandchildren:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski and
Kunegunda Szembek.


C.
Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733
{Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733 was maybe brother of Zygmunt Walewski b. 1656 ! or 1670 - died in 1716, both were sons of Franciszek Walewski senior}.
Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, but 1st time to (mistake that 2nd marriage) Magdalena Antonina Szembek.
Marcin Walewski of Sieradz, 1700-1761, m. in 1736 to Magdalena Antonina Szembek 1710 - 1744 daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek, with children:
1. Anna Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1722 / 1728-1832 m. in 1740 to Adam Slaski 1722-1773 with 12 children;
2.
Michał of Bochnia, member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784 - 1792 / 1795), 1735 / 1740 - 1806, m. 1st to Jadwiga Walewska with
Teodora Walewska 1770-1826 m. Jan Kazimierz Stecki-Olechnowicz,
Wojciech Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Prakseda Maszkiewicz;
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno,
with children:
Teresa Walewska 1776 - 1856 m. Adam Bierzyński,
Karolina Teresa Walewska 1778 - 1846 m. 1st Aleksander Franciszek Chodkiewicz 1776 - 1838, m. 2nd to Aleksander Golicyn 1789 - 1858;
Józef Walewski 1780 - 1813;
Hieronim Jerzy Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Cecylia Potocka 1783 - 1861 with
Juliusz Walewski 1805 - 1878.

Above named Michał 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczęsna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michałowska 1770-1844.
Michał Walewski 1735 / 1840 - 1806, was son of Marcin Walewski and Magdalena Antonina Szembek.
3.
Józef 1737-1807 m. Felicjanna Połchowska 1733 - 1808 (? born 1743) with
Antonina Walewska b. ca 1760 m. Stefan Walewski 1744-1803 with children:
Józef Walewski 1781-1813, Maciej Walewski 1785-1825, Kajetan Dominik Walewski 1789-1841, Salomea Walewska 1790-1833, Ferdynand Aleksander Colonna-Walewski 1792-1839, Wiktor Walewski 1794-1812.
4.
Romuald Walewski, General, 1738-1812, m. 1st to Zuzanna Połchowska with:
a. Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846 m. Sebastian Jan Dembowski 1762-1835,
b. Magdalena Helena Walewska (? wife of IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI; she was born ca 1762 !).

Married second to Teresa Dunin-Karwicka with
Michał Walewski,
Helena Walewska 1800-1856 m. Antoni Onufry Alojzy Libiszowski,
Teodora Walewska 1804-1884 m. Kwiryn Russocki.

Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was husband in 1740 to Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, with:
1.
Franciszek 1745-1813 m. Ludwika Stokowska, with:
Józef Walewski b. 1771,
Kasper Walewski 1774-1833 m. Anna Lubieniecka, m. 2nd to Izabella Oświęcimska 1780-1853 with Teodora Walewska, Józef Walewski, Edmund Walewski, Stanisław Walewski, Adam Walewski;
Damazy Walewski b. ca 1780,
Klemens Walewski 1782-1832,
Ignacy Walewski 1783-1833 m. Salomea Walewska 1790-1833, with children:
Ludwika Walewska 1811, Marianna Walewska 1812-1850, Antonina Walewska 1816-1868, Ewelina Walewska, Matylda Walewska 1820-1887.
2.
Adam Walewski b. 1750 m. Józefa Lubomirska 1764-1851
with children:
Tadeusz Walewski 1800-1855 m. Anna Dunin-Karwicka 1795-1881,
Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852,
with children:
Maria Gagaryn 1829-1906, and Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890.
3. Justyna Walewska m. Michał Pisarzowski.
4. Marianna Walewska ca 1750-1778,
5. Paulina Walewska,
6.
Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, ca 1750-1806, m. Teodora Colonna-Walewska b. ? - d. in 1812
(daughter of Józef Walewski of Brzeziny died Jan. 1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. ca 1730,
Jozef had children:
a. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815,
b. Jadwiga Walewska m. Michał Walewski of Bochnia and member of Parliament, in Sieradz (1784-1795) 1735 / 1740 - 1806,
c. Teodora Colonna-Walewska ? - 1812, m. in 1768, in Bielawy to above Kasper Walewski member of Parliament, 1750-1806),
with children:
Antoni Colonna-Walewski 1774-1846 m. Julia Libiszowska
{Julia Colonna-Walewska nee Libiszowska, 1810 - 1866, daughter of Izydor Libiszowski and Modlińska. Izydor was born in 1780. Julia married Antoni Colonna - Walewski in 1830; Antoni was born in 1774 to Kasper 1750-1806 and Teodora Walewska; his grandparents: Marcin Walewski of Sieradz 1700-1761, Marcjanna Romer 1720-1761, Józef Walewski of Brzeziny 1720-1763, and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska b. 1730}
and 2nd to Marianna Dąmbska;
Felicja Colonna-Walewska m. Józef Weryha-Darowski
(with children:
Teodora Domicella Urszula Weryha-Darowska 1802-1859,
Klementyna Weryha-Darowska 1810-1865 m. Władysław Stadnicki,
Bolesław Weryha-Darowski 1810 / 1811 - 1874,
Józef Wincenty Szymon Weryha-Darowski 1812-1849 m. Helena Amalia Józefa Mieroszewska 1819-1908, with:
Bolesław Weryha-Darowski 1839-1905, Roman Weryha-Darowski, Adam Weryha-Darowski, Helena Weryha-Darowska 1842-1918, Maria Weryha-Darowska 1845-1896, Barbara Weryha-Darowska 1847-1929; Wiktor Werycha-Darowski 1818-1873);
Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska 1780-1840,
Konstancja Barbara Colonna-Walewska 1780-1852,
Marianna Colonna-Walewska m. Aleksander Antoni Jan Rożniecki;
Feliks 1780-1809;
Julia Agnieszka Colonna-Walewska 1789-1857 m. Ignacy Badeni 1786-1859;
Ludwika Colonna-Walewska 1792-1837.


D.
Emilia Potocka married first to Kalinowski and second time to Czeliszczew, she was born 1790 and her parents:
Protazy Antoni Potocki b. 1761 and
mother Marianna Lubomirska (Zubow, Potocki, Uwarow) born 1773 or Marianna Elzbieta Lubomirska b. ca 1766 - 1810.
Marianna Elżbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was sister of Józefa Walewska. Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; wife of above mentioned Adam Walewski, and Jan Witt, Count;
copyright by Leszek Mila.


Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
I.
Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki.
At Polonszczyzna, was the Polonne estate; in the center of the cemetery is a burial chapel of the Karwicki family, the last owners of the city; the inheritance received from the Walewskis, with whom they were related. The last owner was Jan Dunin-Karwicki, son of Natalia Franciszka and Francis Karwicki. In 1795 Polonne was visited by King Stanislaw August Poniatowski, coming back from Kaniow. Polonne took then heir Callistus Poninski. After him Polonne took Tadeusz Walewski, who contributed among others to the Baranowka porcelain factory, existing to this day. Tadeusz Walewski had portraits of Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Prince Jozef Poniatowski. Subsequent owners were Jozef Dunin-Karwicki and Henry Stecki. The Adam Walewski family, the royal army brigadier, from the hands of his wife received the Polonna estate; others assets taken Mary Elizabeth Potocka. Adam Walewski as a result of a bad economy was forced to sell Ostropol and Miropol;
his son Tadeusz (1795-1855) - since 1828 married with Anna Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof / Christopher Karwicki - had only Polonna and part of Baranowiecko
- so in 1826 Tadeusz Walewski built a small manor house, and the Walewskis successor, Francis Karwicki, leaving all the buildings expanded, only the main dwelling house.
Widowed Anna Walewska, transferred Lubarsk and Polonna to nephews and niece - children of Kazimierz Karwicki; Polonna was received by Karwicki Francis (1843-1900), married with Natalia Frankowska. Their son Jan Dunin-Karwicki (b. 1896) was the last owner of Polonne before the First World War.
Mentioned above Adam Walewski + Jozefina or Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a. above named Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b. Izabela Walewska.

Jozefina or Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz.
Michał Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806, was Voivode of Sieradz in 1785-1792.
Kasper Lubomirski divided the estates, also the Tuczyn over Horyn was sold in 1775 to Michael Walewski.
Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska
(Kasper Lubomirski 1724 - 1780 who was son of Teodor Lubomirski and Elisabeth / Elzbieta Marianna. Teodor / Johann Theodor Lubomirski 1697 - 1745, son of Stanislaw Herakliusz Lubomirski and Elzbieta Denhoff, brother of Józef Lubomirski and Franciszek Lubomirski, half brother of Elzbieta Sieniawska and Elzbieta Lubomirska);
Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, born ca 1766, was wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Uvarov;
she was mother of Emilia Potocka + Jozef Kalinowski;
Aleksandr Valerianovich Zubov;
Platon Valerianovich Zubov,
and Elizaveta Valerianovna Voieikova.

Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska was sister of Józefa Walewska.
Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska, b. ca 1764 - 1851; wife of Adam Walewski and Jan Witt, Count; copyright by Leszek Mila.
Adam Walewski b. ca 1750 was son of Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761, who was son of Franciszek Walewski and Felicja.

II.
Izabela Walewska.


Mentioned Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, died on June 14, 1812, was Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; in 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus.

Romuald Walewski, 1738 - 1812, m. 1st to Zuzanna Połchowska b. ca 1730 with:
Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846, and
Magdalena Helena Walewska b. 1762 (Helena Walewska) in Stradom, Cracow;
Romuald m. 2nd Teresa Dunin-Karwicka b. ca 1760.
Romuald Walewski was half brother of Kasper Walewski, inf. by Karol Antoni Wodyński.

King's aides were Augustyn Gorzeński / Augustine Gorzenski and above named Romuald Walewski.
Romuald's close friends:
in 1789 an ensign Żeromski Maciej (lieutenant);
1789 - 1792, Stawiski Michał - ensign (Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski);
1790, Więckowski Marcin, Regiment of the National Cavalry of brigade under Hadziewicz;
1792, Jasieński Błażej, above Regiment of the National Cavalry of the Crown Army Capt. Romuald Walewski;
a counselors of the Permanent Council:
Anastazy Walewski, Ksawery Walewski, named Romuald Walewski, Hieronim Wielopolski, Jozef Wilczewski, Antoni Wollowicz, Maksymilian Woroniecki, Franciszek Woyna and others.

Mentioned above Ignacy Augustyn Michał Gorzeński born 1743, died in 1816 in Warsaw, the Senator of the Polish Kingdom, chamberlain, aide and chief of the Military Chambers of King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski, Crown Forces lieutenant general and adjutant general of the king; Ensign of Kalisz and Poznan; Poznan chamberlain, a member from the Poznan province to Four-Year Parliament in 1788; the Senator of the Kalisz province of the Duchy of Warsaw, co-founder of the May 3rd Constitution.
He was the son of Antoni, and Ludwika Błeszyński of Bydgoszcz,
in 1774 married Aleksandra Skórzewski of Łabiszyn (1761 - 1801), daughter of
General Franciszek Skórzewski and Marianna nee Ciecierski - famous favourite of Fryderyk II the Prussia King.
Above Ludwika Błeszyńska / Bleszynski, 1718-1759, daughter of
Michał Błeszyński 1680 - 1769,
grand-daughter of Jakub Bleszynski and Teresa Gorayska / Teresa Gorzeński; above
Michał Błeszyński died in 1769, top officer in Bydgoszcz, son of above named
Jakub (died 1710), top officer in Międzyrzecz (west Polish border) and Przemęt - 30 km north-west of Leszno (see SULKOWSKI).

Michal Bleszynski married in 1718 to daughter of Andrzej Teodor Grabowski, of Chelmno / Chełmno; her daughter was above Ludwika, wife of mentioned
Antoni Gorzeński (the counselor of the Poznan province during the Bar Confederation, 1768-1772).
Ludwika was mother of mentioned above General Augustyn Gorzeński.
Above Jakub Błeszyński d. 1710,
son of Wojciech and Agnieszka Brzozowski; married five times:
1st to Dorota Brodzka (d. 1670) in 1661;
2nd in 1670 to Teresa Dąmbska, daughter of top officer in Inowrocław and the widow of Konstanty Bojanowski.
The 3rd wife Teresa Gorajska (d. 1755), mother of Michał Bleszynski of Bydgoszcz;
4th m. Teresa Zielińska (d. 1699), daughter of Ludwik Zieliński of Sierpc;
5th time married to Marianna Łucja Trzebuchowska (died in 1709).
Jakub Błeszyński had 15 children (6 sons and 9 daughters).
His son Józef Błeszyński born circa 1670, died 1730, was husband of Marianna; and father of Kazimierz Błeszyński 1703 - 1757, who married Teresa Jordan with son
Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813).
Ignacy was half brother of Wojciech Ludwik Jordan and Konstancja Urszula Walewska.

Petronela who died in Złoczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813), son of above Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; Ignacy was the owner of Złoczów and Brzeźno; he was born in Złoczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka.

The genealogy of above Ignacy Bleszynski:
Ignacy Błeszyński born in 1742 Zloczew - d. 1813 / 1815, son of Kazimierz Bleszynski b. 1703 in Bleszno, and Teresa nee Struss / Strus m. 1st to Jan Jordan

[all children of Jan JORDAN:
Spytek Rogatian Jordan; Wojciech Ludwik Jordan, and
Konstancja Urszula Walewska - married Stanisław Józef Walewski b. 1720 or 1740 - died in 1770 with children:
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski 1750-1814
{his daughter Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska married to Wincenty Walewski b. 1785 d. 1819},
and Kunegunda Szembek born in 1760 / 1766 - d. 1828 wife of Ignacy Józef Szembek 1740-1835 MP in 1788, officer in Ostrzeszow 1777-1793 with son
Piotr Szembek 1788-1866 General, Freemason, 1813 in Gdańsk married to Fryderyka Becu de Tavernier, with son Aleksander Szembek (1815-1884)]

who died in 1735;
Ignacy was owner of Zloczew
(Bujnów - 3 km west of Zloczew and 9 km north-east of Dymki and close to Lututow, Borzęckie, Czarna, Cegielnia, Grójec Mały, Huta Szklana / Szklana Huta, Huta Stara, Miklesz, Stanisławów, Złoczewska Wieś, Złoczewska Wola and Zapowiednik, inf. by Wikipedia; 1773 - Grodzice and Łagiewniki),
MP in 1809, 1811 of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, officer in Brodnica, very active member of the 1794 Insurection (battle of Sieradz; see Madalinski and Uminski) in the Sieradz province; married mentioned above Petronela Radoliński.

PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki;
granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 who was also father of Józef Stanisław Radoliński

[Józef Stanisław Radoliński 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer]

and Józef Stefan Radoliński was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 / 1678 - 1723 who m. Kazimierz Walewski.

Petronela died in Złoczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813), son of Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; owner of Złoczów and Brzeźno; he was born in Złoczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska.

Genealogy of above named Jan Radoliński (1726 – 1796):
Andrzej Radoliński (ca 1610 - 1681) owner of Jarocin and villages: Bogusław, Ciświca, Roszków and Pszonna. Andrzej Radoliński married Katarzyna with oldest son Andrzej junior who died 1708 and with his brother Wojciech travelling around Europa; they were owners of Jarocin.
Józef Stefan Radoliński was son of Andrzej junior acc. to Wikipedia. He was owner of Jarocin, Skoki, Łobżenica and Sierniki, Kretkowo, Wola.
Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; officer in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Died in 1740.
Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski was owner of Jarocin,
and his brother
Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa, in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).

Mentioned above PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki.
In 1774 Józef Stanisław from hands of Stanisław August Poniatowski had taken Jeziorki, Słupia and Piekary; Józef Stanisław died in 1781. Józef Stanisław and Katarzyna had daughter
Wirydianna (1761 - 1826), who married two times; 1st in 1788 to Maciej Antoni Kwilecki, officer in Wschowa;
Wirydianna m. 2nd time to General Stanisław Fiszer, the Chief of Army Staff of the Duchy of Warsaw and longtime friend of Tadeusz Kosciuszko (see General Franciszek Paszkowski who had daughter - Armand's wife, and relatives to the Konstantynowiczs!).
Wirydianna Fiszer b. 1761 as 4th child of Katarzyna Radolinska nee Raczynska, who aged 18 (?!) years at this moment; Wirydianna was living in Chobienice, the estate of second husband of grandmother of Mielzynski who was governor of province
(Maciej Miełżyński / Mielzynski born 1799 was son of Józef 1765 - 1824 and Franciszka Niemojowski b. 1781, and brother of Seweryn;
grandson of Maciej Mielzynski 1733-1793.
Above Josef son of Maciej by his wife Seweryna Lipska, obtained the hereditary title of Count from King Frederick William III of Prussia on 12 July 1817);
Chobienice is situated close to Wolsztyn and the Prussian border
{remember about Michał Błeszyński died in 1769, top officer in Bydgoszcz, son of above named Jakub (died 1710), top officer in Międzyrzecz (west Polish border) and Przemęt - 30 km north-west of Leszno (see SULKOWSKI)}.

Wirydianna married Antoni Kwilecki d. 1814, when she aged 26, with two children: Nina Anna, and Jozef Kwilecki. Wirydianna then moved home to Warsaw. 2nd time married to Stanislaw Fiszer d. 1812.
Her uncle Kazimierz Raczynski bought Rogalin; her aunt Estera was her friend.
Wirydianna known Ludwik XVIII in Warsaw;
her mother Katarzyna Raczynska b. 1744 married Jozef Radolinski who died in 1781; marriage was in 1756/1757 when she aged 12 years!

Wirydianna Fiszer met Kosciuszko in Paris. Wirydianna was living both in their estates in the Great Poland, in Warsaw and Paris, but Fisher died in 1812 during the retreat from Moscow. At the end of his life, Wirydianna wrote down her memories.

Mentioned few times above Ignacy Błeszyński, senior, born 1742 in Zloczow / Zloczew - died in 1813 or 1815, son of Kazimierz Błeszyński and Teresa Jordan Struss
(m. 1st to Jan Jordan or Ignacy Jordan of Zakliczyn);
he was half brother of
Wojciech Ludwik Jordan (1725 - 1793),
Konstancja Urszula Walewska,
and Spytek Rogatian Jordan.

Ignacy Błeszyński senior, born 1742 was married 2nd time to PETRONELA RADOLINSKA.

Henryk Kacper Tarczałowski b. ca 1820 m. in 1852 in Wierzbie, in the Tczyca parish, to Teodora Błeszyńska b. ca 1825,
daughter of Anna (b. ca 1780) and Ignacy Franciszek Błeszyński (b. 1783) junior,
son of Ignacy Bleszynski senior (1742 in Złoczów close to Sieradz - died 1813), member of the Bar confederation 1768, and the 1794 Uprising, and Apolonia Sudrawska;
2nd wife of above Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813) in 1789 was mentioned above Petronela Radolińska (1765 - 1821), daughter of Jan Radolinski (1726 - 1796) and Maria Brygida Gałecka.

Michał Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski was brother to Kazimierz Jakub Poniatowski; Franciszek; Aleksander; Ludwika Maria Zamojska; Izabela Antonina Mokronowska - Branicka; and Andrzej Ksiaze Poniatowski / Duke.
Above Ludwika Maria Zamojska nee Poniatowska, 1728 - 1781, was wife of Jan Jakub Zamoyski; and was mother of Urszula Maria Wandalin-Mniszech and above named Brygida / Maria Brygida Gałecki / Brygida Gałecka.

Above
Konstancja Urszula Walewska nee Jordan, was the daughter of Jan Jordan and Teresa Jordan; wife of Stanisław Józef Walewski and she was mother of
Bogumił Gabriel Walewski and Kunegunda Szembek.

Mentioned above Jakub Błeszyński (died in 1710), in Międzyrzecz and Przemęt Castellan; he was top civil servant in Bydgoszcz since 1677; he held the office of Przemęt Castellan in 1690-1694, then he was appointed Castellan of Międzyrzecz (1694-1710). In 1697 he was Elector of Augustus II the Strong of the Poznan province.

And now we will deal with
Adam Kiedrzynski who married in 1808 in Krepa to Anastazja Bleszynska / BLESZYNSKI b. ca 1792, from Bakowa Góra close to Przedborz, with children:
a. Apolonia Scholastyka Joanna 1809-11 in Krepa, 6 km north of Wola Jedlinska; north-east of Jedlno, 11 km north-west of Radomsko, south-east of Sulmierzyce;
b. and Franciszka Aniela b. 1824, Jan. 25th, in Sulmierzyce.
Above Bakowa Góra - near Reczno, 7 km north of PRZEDBORZ (see Wielgomlyny, Al Capone and Wolinski).
Above Ignacy Błeszyński (1742 - 1813) senior, in 1789 was married 2nd time to Petronela Radolińska (1765 - 1821), with daughter Anastazja acc. to my search;
Adam Kiedrzynski married in 1808 in Krepa to above named Anastazja Bleszynska b. ca 1792, from Bakowa Góra close to
Przedborz.

Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 was daughter of Andrzej Radolinski and Marianna Sarnowska.
Andrzej was born circa 1650
(grandfather of above Zofia:
Andrzej Radoliński older, born ca 1610 / 1620, died in 1681, from Jarocin, clerk in Krzywin 1670 - 1681, m. KATARZYNA;
father:
Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708, married two times ca 1670; his brother was Wojciech Radolinski).
Zofia 1677 - 1723 had brother Jozef Stefan Radolinski.

Above mentioned
Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was father of Józef Stanisław Radoliński, and Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 [m. Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki];

Józef Stefan Radoliński was brother of Zofia 1677 / 1678 - 1723 who m. Kazimierz Walewski; both were children of Andrzej Radolinski and Marianna Radolinska (born Sarnowska).
PETRONELA Radolińska (b. ca 1764-1821), was daughter of above Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Gałecki; she was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.

Kajetan Radoliński b. ca 1730 was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska! MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radoliński b. ca 1650 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA.

Kajetan Radoliński - officer in Poznań, b. ca 1730, was great-grandfather of Jadwiga Maria Walewska born in Parzymiechy in 1825 - died in 1857
(her parents: Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 + Maria Radolińska born 1795 [see Wola Pszczolecka]).
She married in 1850, Berlin, to Henryk Stanisław Wojciech Lanckoroński - insurgent in 1831, 1816-1897, son of Antoni Józef Lanckoroński 1777-1850 and Ewa Męcińska (see Jedlno); her daughter Henryka Lanckorońska 1852-1880 m. Henryk Gustaw Algernon Breza, Count.

Above Józef Stanisław Radoliński 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer.

Małgorzata Łubieńska b. 1733, died in 1784, m. above Kajetan Radoliński, born ca 1730.

Kajetan had two sisters: Konstancja Radolińska 1720-1782 and one more.

From Florian Łubieński 1705 - 1760, who was son of Maciej Łubieński and Marianna, were children: Celestyn Łubieński and above named Malgorzata b. 1733.
Małgorzata Łubieńska b. 1720 [mistake ?] or 1733, died in 1784, m. Kajetan Radoliński, born ca 1730 with children:
a. Paulina Pulina Radolińska b. ca 1750 m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski of Jedlno, 1747-1792;
b. Karolina Radolińska 1757-1824;
c. Piotr MP in 1788, b. 1760, d. 1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckorońska 1774-1849, with daughters:
1. Izabela Kunegunda Maria Radolińska b. 1794, m. Jan Chryzostom Guillaume b. 1780, married 2nd time to Józef Walewski 1784-1827 with:
Leon Piotr Adam Walewski b. 1820, Władysław Franciszek Walewski 1822-1860;
2. Maria Radolińska born 1795 (see: Kalinowski, Wola Pszczolecka!) m. Karol Franciszek Salezy Walewski b. 1795 with Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857;
d. Felicja Radolińska 1760-1826.

Above named
Józef Kalasanty WALEWSKI b. ca 1743 / 1747, d. 1792, was landowner of Jedlno (see Kiedrzynski), Jankowice, Borków,
married to Paulina Radolińska daughter of Kajetan Radoliński and Małgorzata Łubieńska (see Fiszer, Kiedrzynski, Wola Pszczolecka) with children:
1. Aleksander Józef Colonna-Walewski 1778-1845 / Aleksander Józef Walewski b. in Zelazków, Count, m. Tekla Walewska daughter of Michał Walewski and Salomea Psarska;
2. Ludwika ca 1775 - 1863 in Warsaw, m. Józef Niemojowski son of Feliks Niemojewski;
3. Ignacy Jan Nepomucen 1786 - 1787;
4. Franciszka Kunegunda b. 1787;
5. Wincenty Jan Nepomucen 1785 - 1820 in Stróża, Captain, m. in 1812 in Tczyca, to Konstancja Salomea Józefa Walewska 1791-1843, daughter of Bogumił Walewski and Józefa Wężyk, with children:
A. Mikołaj Józef Daniel Walewski b. 1813 in Stróża, d. 1869, m. Tekla Masłowska,
B. Konrad b. 1814 in Jedlno, d. 1896 in Kraków, m. 1839 in Warsaw to Ludwika Józefa Stanisława Potocka daughter of Stanisław and Marianna Górska;
C. Ludwika m. Ludwik Niemojowski.

The genealogy of above named
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski:
Aleksander Walewski + Elzbieta Mecinska had son Jozef Kalasanty Walewski (ca 1743 / 1747 - 1792) and they were owners of Jedlno.
Paulina RADOLINSKA m. Józef Kalasanty Walewski.
Jozef Kalasanty Walewski had also Kurow (close to Wola Pszczolecka, see: Malkiewicz, Kiedrzynski), Turow, Wielun and Jedlno (see Kiedrzynski).

Józef Stefan Radoliński lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski).
Józef Stefan had 7 children:
youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanisław was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanisław married to Katarzyna Raczyńska (see Kiedrzynski).
Józef Stanisław Radoliński born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County, was father of
Antonina Maria Breza and
Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Józef Stefan Radoliński of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolińska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763
(he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806)
were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.

In 1774 Józef Stanisław Radolinski from hands of Stanisław August Poniatowski had taken Jeziorki, Słupia and Piekary; Józef Stanisław died in 1781. Józef Stanisław Radolinski and Katarzyna had daughter Wirydianna (1761 - 1826), who married two times; 1st in 1788 to Maciej Antoni Kwilecki, officer in Wschowa;
Wirydianna m. 2nd time to General Stanisław Fiszer, the Chief of Army Staff of the Duchy of Warsaw and longtime friend of Tadeusz Kosciuszko (see General Franciszek Paszkowski who had daughter - Armand's wife, and relatives to the Konstantynowiczs!).



Note on above DEMBOWSKI:

Let us now our Anna Walewska's brother in law.
Mr. Jan Sebastian Dembowski represents exceptional family linkages:
his mother was Ewa Dembowska nee Tarło b. 1736, died 1808; and his father was Stefan Florian Stanisław Dembowski b. 1728 in Warsaw, died 1802 in Warsaw, son of Antoni Sebastian Dembowski and Salomea Zuzanna Rupniewska.
Above Antoni Sebastian Dembowski born 1682 in Zambrow, died 1763 in Będkowo, close to Trzebnica and Wolbórz, the Lower Silesian Voivodeship at present; he was son of Florian Dembowski and Ewa; Antoni was half brother of Jan Dembowski; Józef Dembowski, and Mikołaj Dembowski.
Anthony Sebastian Dembowski b. 1682, was Polish Roman Catholic Bishop of Plock, the Crown Office regent until 1730, journalist and playwright.

Above named Jan Sebastian Dembowski (1762-1835) - insurgent, political writer, lover of life sciences; the author of "Comments on the letter of the Polish statistics" about Staszic (1755-1826). He know Henryk Lubomirski; he given the number of Polish population, the social and occupational structure and presented in statistical terms some of the problems associated with agriculture (October 1811); Jan Sebastian Dembowski b. 1762 in Debowa Gora (the Orlów county; Orlów-Kolonia and Orlów-Parcel close to Kutno and Bedlno), died in Lubcza, he was a supporter of the Constitution of May 3, took part in the uprising of Kosciuszko in 1794. In 1811 he was a Member of Parliament, mainly with tax issues. Since 1815 a member of the Warsaw Society of Agricultural Economic; he believed that the basis for social order is liberty, and property.

Dembowski / Debowski, Ludwik Mateusz, was his next of kin; Baron (1810), born 1768, Debowa Gora, d. 1812, Valladolid (Spain), general; he was a son of Colonel Andrzej Dembowski. At age 16, he enlisted in the Polish army, in 1790 captain, in 1791, appointed major of the 6th regiment of infantry. He fought in the war to defend the Constitution of 3 May, in 1792; then in the uprising of Kosciuszko (the colonel) in 1794; fought in defense of Prague, after the defeat of the uprising in exile. on 19 February 1795 he enlisted in the French army as a captain, he served under Kellermann, and since January 1796 in the Army of Italy under Bonaparte; wounded near Saint Georges in 1796; acted with the moderate group of Polish emigration and served the Dabrowski Legions as the head of the battalion (February 1797).
In 1801, married Anna Maria Józefina de Thanneberg of Blatzheim, and together moved on San Domingo.
Her son was Ignacy Ludwik Dembowski / Debowski, an officer of the French infantry, fought in Spain in 1824-1828. Dembowski / Debowski, Ludwik Mateusz was killed in a duel, deprived his wife and son the relevant allowance.

Next brother of above LUDWIK MATEUSZ was
Dembowski / Debowski, Jan, born ca 1770, in Debowa Góra and died in 1823, married Matylda Viscontini, was father of Herkules Dembowski - the astronomer; Jan was political activist, and Italian general; Brigadier General of the Polish Army.
He was born in Debowa Góra ca 4 km south of Skierniewioce, the Orlow county - east of KUTNO [at the end of the sixteenth century mentioned above Orlow was property of Paul Orlowski in 1576. Then Andrzej / Andrew Dembowski, and later his heirs. At the end of the eighteenth century the owner was Serafin Sokolowski]; the son of Andrzej; near Ignacy Potocki. Dembowski then was the Secretary of Potocki. He was closely associated with Kollataj; he traveled to Dresden as an emissary;
he took part in the uprising of Kosciuszko; a member of the club of Jacobins, and later an officer of the Polish Legions in Italy and adjutant of General Jan Henryk Dabrowski. Since 1802 he served the Italian army. 1808-1810 he took part in the campaign of Napoleon Bonaparte in Spain; in 1812 promoted to brigadier general during the Moscow campaign. Later he appointed governor of Ferrara.
In June 1804 he became a member of the Masonic lodge La Providenza on the 15th stage of initiation (Grand Orient de France) in the Kingdom of Naples - was caretaker of the lodge.
Since August 1805, he was a great caretaker of the Grand Orient of Italy in Milan!
Above Dembowski Herkules, born January 1812, Mediolan, and died 1881, Monte di Albizzate close to Varese, son of Jan. He was an astronomer.

Above Anna Maria Józefina de Thanneberg of Blatzheim - that is Anna Maria Josefina Thanneberg / Marie Joséphine visconde de Thanneberg / Thannberg / Anna Marie Josephine Philippine PERROT / Anna Maria Josephine Philippine PERROT of THANNEBERG (or Thannberg) - she is Philippine Perrot was born in 1787 in Neu Isenburg, to Jean Nathanael Perrot {born 1747, died in 1825 in Neu Isenburg}
and {married in 1772 in Neu Isenburg} Anne Marie Charrier
[we know about Jeanne Marie Marguerite Perrot who was born to Jean Nathanael Perrot and Anne Marie Brochet (her two children were: b. 1774 Jeanne Louise Marie Marguerite PERROT, in 1777 Jean Nathanael PERROT). Jeanne born 1774 married Jean Daniel Passet in 1796. And Jeanne Marguerite Susanne Perrot born 1783, to Jean Nathanaėl PERROT / Jean Nathanael Perrot and Anne Marie Charrier {m. 1778; her two children were: in 1785 Jean George PERROT, and in 1787 Philippine PERROT !}];
married in Blatzheim in Alsace to Dembowski / Debowski, Ludwik Mateusz / Ludwik DEMBROWSKI,
who had a brother officer, Jan Dabrowski / DEMBOWSKI;
LUDWIK left Switzerland on December 21, 1802 and sailed to Santo Domingo in January to arrive in March. His son was born in Cape Town in July.


Freemasonry in Italy:
"Grande Oriente d'Italia was founded in June of 1805 to Milan, and was set under the regency of Eugene Beauharnais. With the fall of the French empire and of its Murat's appendage in Naples, the Italian Freemasonry fell in a deep crisis. ... especially in Sicily". "The extreme precedent dispersion of the Masonic groups, combined to the formation of 'secret societies' similar to the Freemasonry, but active on the political plain only, contributed to make difficult and hard-working the following Masonic reconstruction". (by Wikipedia) "The lodge founded in Milan in 1756 was quickly discovered by the Austrian authorities... However the lodge continued to exist and in 1783 joined the Grand Lodge of Vienna. ... In 1797, most of Northern Italy east of Piedmont and north of the Papal States became the Cisalpine Republic. ...
The Grand Orient of France formed the new state's first lodge in Milan in 1801, and in 1805 Milan also hosted a Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. The Grand Orient of Naples amalgamated with the new body, and a new Grand Orient was born, recognised by Paris.
... By 1867 the Grand Orient was based in Florence ... Two Scottish Rite Councils existed in Palermo and one in Milan. Garibaldi personally intervened. His masonic congress in Naples in 1867 started a process of unification of the grand bodies ... when the Supreme Council of Palermo amalgamated with the Grand Orient".

A note on the genealogy of Borys Konstantynowicz / Борис Владимирович Константинович, born on May 2, 1912 in Kharkiv, Ukraine;
he was son of Wladymir / Владимир Константинович and Наталья Петровна Константинович;
he was brother of Татьяна Владимировна Константинович.
Above Tatiana / Татьяна Владимировна Константинович b. on April 11, 1922 in Kremenchuk, Poltavs'ka oblast, Ukraine.

Mentioned above Владимир Константинович b. on January 3, 1888 in Yartsevo, the Smolensk Oblast, Russia, and died on June 17, 1968 in Kremenchuk, Poltavs'ka oblast.

Wlodzimierz Konstantynowicz / Wladymir was son of Zygmunt Konstantynowicz / Sigizmund Konstantynowicz
(Sigizmund Konstantynowicz or Константин Матвеевич Konstantynowicz, b. 1851 in Poland, died in 1906 in Smolensk; see: Ludwik Konstantynowicz / Ludwig Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms was born ca 1850 / 1860)

and Efrosynia / Ефросинья Лаврентиевна; Wlodzimierz Konstantynowicz was father of Борис Владимирович Константинович and Татьяна Владимировна Константинович; brother of Ольга Константиновна Шемякина / Olga Shemiakin.
Above Ольга Константиновна Шемякина nee Константинович, b. circa 1881 in Yartsevo, Smolenskaya oblast, Russia, died 1937 in Kremenchuk, Poltavs'ka oblast. She was daughter of Sigizmund Konstantynowicz; wife of Сергей Павлович Шемякин, and mother of Борис Сергеевич Шемякин and Галина Сергеевна Френкель / Halina Frenkel.
Above Ефросинья Лаврентиевна Константинович 1865 - 1909 in Smolensk.
Above Владимир Константинович Константинович 1888 - d. 1968 in Kremenchuk, husband of Наталья Петровна;
above Natalia / Наталья Петровна Константинович nee Будрина / Budryn, b. 1889 in Pulawy, Poland, died on January 31, 1969 in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
She was daughter of Петр Васильевич Будрин and Юлия Ивановна Будрина; wife of Владимир Константинович; mother of Борис Владимирович Константинович and Татьяна Владимировна Константинович; sister of Dymitr Budryn; Анна Петровна Будрина; Екатерина Петровна Будрина; Сергей Петрович Будрин; Таисия Петровна Павлова; Василий Петрович Будрин and Елена Петровна Сонгайло / Helena Songailo.

Mentioned above Sigizmund Konstantynowicz or Константин Матвеевич Konstantynowicz, b. 1851 in Poland, died in 1906 in Smolensk, Russia; his mother unknown Wojnowicz; Ефросинья Лаврентиевна married to Sigizmund Konstantynowicz / Zygmunt Konstantynowicz, she was born 1865, died 1909 in Smolensk.

Сергей Павлович Шемякин b. circa 1877, died 1917 in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine; his wife was Ольга Константиновна nee Константинович, b. circa 1881 in Yartsevo, Smolenskaya oblast, Russia, died 1937 in Kremenchuk.

Yartsevo, Yartsevsky District, ca 40 km north-west of Dorohobuz / Doroghobuz; Smolenskaya oblast in Russia.

We know at geni.com on
Ольга Константиновна Константинович b. on November 24, 1896, died on May 21, 1897; daughter of Константин Александрович Константинович and Вера Анатолиевна; sister of Софья Константиновна Константинович and Кира Константиновна Константинович, copyright by Yevheniya Brykova / Брыкова in 2015.

Above Константин Александрович Константинович b. on January 19, 1869 in Riga, Latvia; son of Александр Петрович Younger Константинович and София Антоновна; husband of Вера Анатолиевна; father of Софья Константиновна Константинович; Ольга Константиновна Константинович and Кира Константиновна;
brother of Ольга Александровна Шмидт / Olga Shmidt (Ольга nee Константинович b. February 8, 1858 in Kijow / Kyiv, wife of Андрей Иванович Шмидт);
Михаил Александрович Константинович;
Ekaterina Halenkowski / Galenkowska / Екатерина Александровна Галенковская;
София Александровна Манчич / Zofia Manczicz;
Евгений Александрович Константинович;
and Наталия Александровна Булацель / Natalia Bulacel b. 1867 (we remember on Павел Ильич Булацель 1797 - 1854 - son of Anastasja Anna Lutkowska b. 1777, d. 1845) - was wife of Григорий Павлович Булацель died on February 15, 1908 in Kyyiv.

But we know also on Ольга Константиновна Шемякина nee Константинович, b. circa 1881 in Yartsevo, Yartsevsky District, Smolenskaya oblast, died 1937 in Kremenchuk, Poltavs'ka oblast, Ukraine; daughter of Sigizmund Konstantynowicz and Ефросинья Лаврентиевна Константинович;
wife of Сергей Павлович Шемякин (circa 1877 - died 1917 in Dnipropetrovsk);
mother of Борис Сергеевич Шемякин and Галина Сергеевна Френкель / Halina Frenkel;
sister of Владимир Константинович.

Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine - ca 85 km north of Zaporoze / Aleksandrowsk / Alexandrovsk; Dnipropetrovsk / Dnepropetrovsk / Днепропетрoвск originally Ekaterinoslav / Katerynoslav.

Above Dymitr Budryn b. on December 24, 1892 in Warsaw / Warszawa; died April 1, 1940 in Katyn, Smolensky District, Soviet Union. He was son of Петр Васильевич Будрин; husband of Anna Budryn.
Above Julia / Юлия Ивановна Будрина nee Павлова / Julia Pawlow, b. on January 11, 1870, died February 1942.
She was daughter of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov and Evgenia von Baltz; wife of above named Петр Васильевич Будрин / Piotr Budryn.
Above Eugenia / Evgenia von Baltz b. ca 1840 / 1850, died 1915, daughter of Friedrich Julius / Fedor Karlovich von Baltz and Lydia Adelaida von Tiesenhausen; wife of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov.
Her father Friedrich Julius (Fedor Karlovich) von Baltz b. on April 30, 1800 in Pernau (Pärnu), Pärnumaa, Estland, died on July 27, 1873 in St. Petersburg, Russia; son of Carl Gottlieb von Baltz and Helena Juliana von Tornauw; husband of Rosa von Baltz and Lydia Adelaida von Tiesenhausen.
Above Helena Juliana von Tornauw / Tornauv b. 1772, daughter of George Andreas von Tornauw and Helena Juliana von Schlippenbach; wife of Carl Gottlieb von Baltz. Mentioned George Andreas von Tornauw d. 1786, son of Valerian von Tornow.

Note about above mentioned Friedrich Julius (Fedor Karlovich) von Baltz b. on April 30, 1800 in Pernau / Pärnu, Estonia.
Fyodor Karlovich (Friedrich Julius) Balz / Friedrich Julius von Baltz b. 1800, Pernau, Livonia province, died in 1873, St. Petersburg, Russian military engineer, Major General, born in the German merchant family in Pernau; Evangelist-Lutheran;
1822, he completed a full course of higher engineering education at the Main Engineering School, a second lieutenant of the Dynaburg / Dinaburgsky engineering team. He served in Riga, Moldova, Poland, Kronstadt; the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829, uprising in Poland in 1831; 1835 Balz was promoted to lieutenant, under command of the Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich. 1841 colonel. 1844 the hereditary nobility. 1851 was promoted to major general, 1855 retired. 1858 taken the manor of Domashovo, beautiful estate of Kingisepp district and the whole of St. Petersburg Province, near by the river Sume, was named in memory of his wife Lidino. Fyodor Karlovich Balz buried in the Volkov Lutheran cemetery.
Family by Wikipedia:
father - Carl Gottlieb Baltz (1760-1802).
Mother - Helena Juliana von Tornauw (1772-?), great granddaughter of the Vice Governor of Eastland - Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach.
Brothers - Johann Georg Baltz (Ivan Karlovich) (1795 - 1849); Karl Ludwig von Baltz / Gotlibovič (1796 - 1879), Major-General, 1855-1857 the commander of the First Brigade of the 14th Infantry Division.
Since 1833 married to Lydia Bogdanovna / Lidino / Adelaide Katarina Alexandrina Tizengauzen / Adelaide Kath. Alex. Von Tiesenhausen (1808 - 1853),
daughter of Major-General Baron Bogdan Karlovic Tiesenhausen.
The second wife - Rosa Metzler.
Children from his first marriage:
1. Eugenia / Evgenia von Baltz b. ca 1840, died 1915, daughter of Friedrich Julius / Fedor Karlovich von Baltz and Lydia Adelaida von Tiesenhausen; wife of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov - a member of the Military Council of General of Infantry. Her father Friedrich Julius (Fedor Karlovich) von Baltz b. on April 30, 1800 in Pernau.
2. Julius (d. 1914) - colonel, a graduate of the First Cadet Corps, the head of the construction of the Orenburg railway, then the Tashkent railway, his daughter - Aglaia Yulevna von Balz (1870-1956), married to Alexander Rüdiger (1870-1929). Their son Michael Riediger (1902-1962) was the archpriest of the Kazan church in Tallinn and is married to Elena Josephovna Pisareva (1902-1959), the daughter of a colonel of the tsarist army. Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy comes from the well-known Baltic noble family.
3. Ottilia (05.03.1836 - 04.11.1838). 4. Johann (1837 - 1875) - engineer, Lieutenant Colonel. 5. Nicholas (d. 1884) - Engineer-captain. 6. Leontine (1840 - 1856).
7. Alexander (1841 - 1899) - Lieutenant-General of the General Staff. Wife - Sofia Eduardovna von Baggehufwudt, b. 1851. The son - Vladimir (1871-1931). Daughter - Wiera (1866-1943).

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov and Evgenia von Baltz - Ivan Petrovich Pavlov 1830 - 1909, son of Петр Петрович Павлов, father of Федор Иванович Павлов; Евгения Ивановна Павлова; Александр Иванович Павлов; Мария Ивановна Павлова; Елена Ивановна Павлова; Ольга Ивановна Павлова; Николай Иванович Павлов; Юлия Ивановна Будрина and Надежда Ивановна Павлова. Copyright by Elle Kiiker.

Above Johann Georg (Ivan Karlovich) von Baltz b. 1795 in Parnu / Pernau, died in 1849 in Petersburg, was son of Carl Gottlieb von Baltz and Helena Juliana von Tornauw.
And above mentioned Karl Ludwig Karlovich von Baltz / Karl Ludwig von Baltz / Gotlibovič (1796 in Pernau / Pärnu - 1879 in St. Petersburg), Major-General, 1855-1857 the commander of the First Brigade of the 14th Infantry Division.
He was brother of
Anna Karolina Juliana von Baltz b. 1791 m. NN Althan;
Helena Elisabeth von Baltz;
Johann Georg (Ivan Karlovich) von Baltz;
Friedrich Julius (Fedor Karlovich) von Baltz - Friedrich Julius von Baltz b. 1800 in Pernau, General-Major;
Juliana Elisabeth von Baltz
(wife of Johan Heinrich Althan - b. 1799 was son of Johan Diedrich Benjamin Althan and Catharina Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau, he was brother of Georg Benjamin von Althann and Emilie Helene Althan.
Catharina Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau b. 1769 in Hallik and died 1835 was daughter of
Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau and Catharina Helena von Tausas;
she was sister of Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau;
Georg Ludwig (Egor Maksimovich) Pilar von Pilchau;
Jakob Johann (Jakob) Baron Pilar von Pilchau
and Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau,
half sister of Margarethe Elisabeth Gfin. Manteuffel and Gotthard Johann III Reichsgraf Zoege von Manteuffel
- inf. under copyright by Elle Kiiker);
Gustav Herman von Baltz b. 1801,
and
Maria Ottilie von Baltz (b. 1802);
copyright by Elle Kiiker in 2013 at geni.com.

We back now to mentioned above
Наталья Петровна Константинович nee Будрина, b. on October 11, 1889 in Pulawy, died on January 31, 1969 in Saint Petersburg; she was daughter of Петр Васильевич Будрин and Юлия Ивановна; wife of Wladymir Konstantynowicz / Владимир Константинович Константинович.
Her father Петр Васильевич Будрин b. on June 6, 1857, d. on March 27, 1939, son of Василий Алексеевич Будрин and Анна Андреевна Будрина.
Above Анна Андреевна Будрина nee Suvorov / Suworow / Суворова, b. on January 13, 1835 in the Kirovskaya oblast, Russia, d. on January 26, 1877 in Perm Province; daughter of Andrej Suworow / Андрей Иванович Суворов and Елисовета Алексеевна Суворова; wife of Василий Алексеевич Будрин, and mother of Иван Васильевич Будрин; Петр Васильевич Будрин and Мария Васильевна Страмковская / Maria Stramkowski.
Above Андрей Иванович Суворов b. ca 1800 ? by Peter Trefilov in 2014.
Now about Jan Krzyżanowski 1869 - died 1910 in Łódź; son of Иван Андреевич Крыжановский; husband of Maria Andrusow; father of Olga Hersztanski / Ольга Ивановна Герштанская and Anna Budryn. Above Anna Budryn nee Krzyżanowska, wife of Dymitr Budryn, and mother of Wlodzimierz Budryn / Włodzimier Budryn.
Above Jan Krzyżanowski was son of Иван Андреевич Крыжановский.
Above Jan Krzyżanowski / Ivan / Иван Андреевич Крыжановский b. on May 8, 1834, died on September 3, 1889 in Warszawa, Poland; Colonel of the 37 Екатеринбурский Его Императорского Высочества великого князя Алексея Александровича полк / Ekaterinburskij Regiment, the Crimea War, Sevastopol / Севастопол 1853-1855.
Above Dymitr Budryn b. on December 24, 1892 in Warsaw, d. on April 1, 1940 in Katyn, wife of above Dymitr:
Anna Krzyżanowska, daughter of Jan Krzyżanowski and Maria Andrusow; mother of Włodzimierz Budryn. Sister of Ольга Ивановна Герштанская nee Крыжановская, b. 1899 in Plonsk, Poland, her sisters: Анна, Надежда and Лидия. We know on Герштанский Иван Васильевич inf. 1877.
We back to Иван Андреевич Крыжановский b. 8 May 1834, d. 1889 in Warsaw / Варшава.
And some on the Krzyzanowskis:
a. 1812 Крыжановский from Ukraine, commander of the Polish Corps under Napoleon; escaped to Poland with nickname Kржижановский;
b. General-lieutenant Mikolaj Krzyzanowski / Николай Андреевич Крыжановский 1818 - 1888, wars on Caucasus, the Crimea War, the Warsaw war governor, the Orenburg general-governor;
c. his brother was Pawel Krzyzanowski son of Andrzej Krzyzanowski; Павел Андреевич Крыжановский, Sewastopol / Севастопол 1853 - 1856;
d. Андрей Николаевич Крыжановский together with father Nikolaj / Николай Андреевич Крыжановский acted in Turiestan / Туркестан, Orenburg / Оренбург, Buchara / Bukhara / Бухарa.
Above Павел Андреевич Крыжановский (1831 - ca 1917), General, the Crimea War.
Above Николай Андреевич Крыжановский (1818 - 1888), born in St Petersburg, 1839 Berlin / Берлин.
See: Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira, Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk!

We must back to Russia, to the Romanovs:

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia, born 1832, served 1862 - 1882 as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi. Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, son of Jan Despot Zenowicz / Jan Despot-Zenowicz (b. ca 1800) was born in 1833 or 1835, education in France, he settled in the Caucasus, 1856 with the rank of titular counselor, served as an officer of the Caucasus Governor, the Baku District Court, was appointed by the Caucasus Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich.

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich had son Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho who was a key figure in the development of the Russian air force; Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France. Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro): Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies. Mason, and called himself Philalethes. Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich b. 1832, the fourth son of Tsar Nicholas I, died in Cannes on 18 December 1909; the funeral was in Russia; Field Marshal.
Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia was partner of Countess Olga Kalinowska but she happened to be the mistress of Tsarevitch Alexander, the son of Tsar Nicholas I. Olga was pregnant by either the Tsarevitch or his father Nicholas I. On 10 October 1848 or in 1849 Olga gave birth to Prince Bogdan or Michael-Bogdan - Ogiński by name and Romanov by gene.

Children of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich:
1. Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia;
Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia, b. 1859, d. 1919, the eldest son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich, and a first cousin of Alexander III; he urged the Tsar to implement reforms, and he even participated in discussions of a palace coup. Nicholas spent his childhood and youth in Georgia, a socialist, he often visited Paris, the south of France; Francophile, he offended Germany during a visit to Paris when he expressed his anti-German political views; critic of most of his male cousins, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikholaievich in particular; a pacifist and was against the war in a time of uppermost patriotism.
Above Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929) was the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838 - 1900). His father was the sixth child to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798 - 1860).
Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
His maternal grandfather was a son of Duke George of Oldenburg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Paul I of Russia and Maria Fedorovna of Württemberg.
Grand Duke Nicholas played a main role during the Revolution of 1905, from 1905 was commander-in-chief of the St. Petersburg Military District.
1907, Nicholas married Princess Anastasia of Montenegro, who reinforced the Pan-Slavic tendencies of Nicholas.
The Grand Duke had no part in the planning and preparations for World War I. The February Revolution found Nicholas in the Caucasus, next two years in the Crimean Peninsula, 1922, Nicholas was proclaimed as the emperor of all Russia.
Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich or Nikolay Nikolayevich Romanov (1856 - 1929) served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 - 1878 and was inspector general of the cavalry for ten years from 1895; was Commander in Chief of the Russian army during the first year of the First World War and, for the briefest moment, at the end of Tsar Nicholas II's reign. I said that the maternal grandfather of Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich Romanov of Russia was a son of Duke George of Oldenburg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Paul I of Russia and Maria Fedorovna of Württemberg. Duke George of Oldenburg (1784 - 1812) was a younger son of Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and his wife Duchess Frederica of Württemberg. He had two sons: Peter Georg Paul Alexander Georgievich of Oldenburg, and Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg (1812 - 1881). Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich von Holstein-Gottorp of Oldenburg was the grandfather of Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg as well as grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, General of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. Konstantin Friedrich Peter Oldenburg or Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg began a flirtation with Agrippina; Agrippina's husband, Prince Tariel 'Daniel' Dadiani, was one of the officers under Duke Constantine's command; Dadiani were a branch of the Bagrationi Dynasty; Agrippina was Tariel Dadiani's second wife but Agrippina in 1882 divorced Dadiani.
1882, Constantine entered into a morganatic marriage with Agrippina Japaridze; by the early 1890s, they were doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe). See the Armands and Konstantynowiczs in Moscow and Alexandrovsk. "...Georgian nationalist, Prince Viktor Nakachidze, was convicted in late 1885 for participating in a nihilist bomb plot to kill the Tsar. Through his Mingrelian relatives, Prince Nakachidze had connections to Agrippina Japaridze, the wife of Constantine Petrovich, and to the Dadiani family - Salome, Niko and Andria Dadiani - the Georgian royal family then living in exile at Nice ... For his role in the bomb plot, Prince Victor Nakachidze was sentenced to death and sent to Siberia. However, with the aid of his wife, Roedel, he managed to escape, travelling across the Pacific to the United States. The couple eventually resurfaced in London... Shortly after the marriage of Prince George Yurievsky to Countess Alexandra von Zarnekau at Nice in 1901, a connection between Prince Viktor Nakachidze and the Yurievsky circle in Nice became clear...".

The Saparov family:
Saparov Gerasim had children:
a. Saparov Mariam was married to Arutyunov,
b. Saparov Bagdasar / Baghdasar was married to Taliko daughter of Sarkisov with children: Saparov Ivan (d. 1912), Saparova Eugene was married to NN Karganova, Saparova Tamara;
c. Saparov Gaspar married to Catherine Yenikolopov with children:
Saparova married to George G. Ambardanov,
Saparova Maria was married to Markar'yan,
Nina married to Nikolai Shadinov,
and last Sofia married to Prince Cherkezov / Czerkasow;
d. Saparov Peter married to Yarovoy with children :
Nicholas married Melikova,
Michael m. [?] to Mirimanova, and
Darius married to daughter of [?] Vakhtang Jalalov;
e. Saparova Tatela was married to Kalabekov,
f. Saparov Pavel Gerasimov (1820 - 1878), was married to Sophia Grigorevne Paat (d. 1866) with children:
1. Anna b. before 1845,
2. Saparov Gerasim (1845 - 1869),
3. Elizabeth (ca 1854 - 1919), was married to Sergei Teimurazovich Melik-Beglarov (d. 1905),
and 4. Saparov Arkady (1854 - before 1921), was married to Varvara Maypariani with children:
Elena,
Tamara Arkadevna was married 1st to Ivan Konstantinovich Japaridze, and
2nd marriage to Lev / Lion Emilievich Armand
(Inessa Armand relatives - this is next of kin to ANNA KONSTANTYNOWICZ nee ARMAND - relatives to the Konstantynowiczs from Viliandi, Tallinn, Nomme, PARNU, Miezonka, Borowina / Borovica, Riga, Mscislau, Krycau, Lida);
Saparova Nina Arkadevna d. before 1920;
Saparov Paul;
Catherine Arkadevna d. 1916;
Saparova Maria;
5. Saparova Olga Salome / Olga Saparian / Ольга Сапарова Сапарьян (born March 25 / April 6, 1859 in Signach 100 km of Tbilisi - died in 1951; mentioned Signach that is maybe Гыццыл Сихиат / პატარა ციხიათა - close to Didi Tsikhiata / Styr Sichiat; ca 18 km north-west of Cchinwal / Chinval on way to Oni), was married to Alexander Ivanovich Florensky (30 September / October 12, 1850 - 1908), with children:
A. Pavel Florensky (9 / 21 January 1882 - December 8, 1937), was married to Anna Mikhailovna daughter of Hiacynt (1889 or 1883 - 1973) with 5 children, 12 grandchildren, 24 great-grandchildren:
Florensky Vasily Pavlovich (1911 - 1956), Cyril P. Florensky (December 27, 1915 - 1982), Michael P. Florensky (1921/22 - 1961), was married to Helena daughter of Ivan;
B. Florenskaya Julia A. (1 / 13 July 1884 - 1947), was married to Mikhail Mikhailovich Asatiani (1881 - 1938) founder of scientific school of psychiatrists in Georgia;
C. Florenskaya Elizabeth A. (7 / 19 May 1886 - 1959),
D. Florenskaya Raisa Alexandrovna (16 / 28 April, 1894 - 1932).
6. Saparova Barbara (1861-1891),
7. Saparova Ripsime / Repsimiya P. (1865 to 1930), married the 1st to Tavrizov and 2nd to Leonid G. Konovalov;
8. Saparova Sofia P. (1866-1939), was married to Nicholas Romanovich Karamyan (d. 1930).

2. Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna,
3. Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich b. 1861 and in 1891 he contracted a morganatic marriage with Countess Sophie of Merenberg (relatives of the Pushkin family / Puskin/ Alexander S. Puszkin - family was near by military counterintelligence headquarters),
4. Grand Duke George Mikhailovich,
5. Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro) b. 1866 - freemason, and near by military intelligence headquarters,
6. Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich
7. and last Grand Duke Alexei Mikhailovich.
Above named Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia b. 1861 was a son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia; in 1862, the family moved to Tiflis, Georgia on the occasion of his father's being named Viceroy of the Caucasus; Grand Duke Michael spent his early years in the Caucasus, where his family lived for twenty years; served in the Russo-Turkish War and became a Colonel. In 1882, when Grand Duke Michael was twenty years old, he returned with his family to St. Petersburg, acc. to Wikipedia. In 1888, he had an affair with Princess Walewski; later, with Countess Catherine Nikolaevna Ignatieva daughter of Minister of Interior, Nicholas Pavlovich Ignatiev. In 1900, moved to Keele Hall, in Staffordshire, close to Newcastle-under-Lyme; visitor of North Berwick in Scotland, and in the south of France, Cannes where he met his sister Anastasia and in 1903 his father, also brother Alexander and his family; he moved with his family to Hampstead in 1909 and every year Grand Duke Michael would visit Edward VII at Windsor Castle, Sandringham and Buckingham Palace. 1912, Grand Duke Michael was with a visit in Russia. 1914 as an agent for Russian loans in France.
On 31 October 1916 he "...wrote to Tsar Nicholas II warning him that British secret agents in Russia were expecting a revolution".
And (by Wikipedia) "General Erich Ludendorff, Generalquartiermeister and joint head (with von Hindenburg) of Germany's war effort, stated that Russian communist elements working against the Tsar had betrayed Kitchener's travel plans to Germany. He stated that Kitchener was killed 'because of his ability', as it was feared he would help the tsarist Russian Army to recover...".
Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia after November 1917 moved to Regent's Park. In 1916 his youngest daughter, Nadejda (Nada) married Prince George of Battenberg, eldest son of Prince Louis by Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Victoria of Hesse-Darmstadt. Anastasia (Zia), the eldest daughter, in 1917 married Sir Harold Wernher. Michael Mikhailovich and his wife returned to Cannes in 1923, and died in 1929.

Brief explanation to the Japaridzes:
Saparov Pavel Gerasimov (1820 - 1878), was married to Sophia Paat (d. 1866) from Estonia, with children:
1. Saparova Anna born before 1845,
2. Saparov Gerasimos 1845 - 1869,
3. Saparova Elizabeth 1854 ? - 1919 was married to Sergei Teimurazovich Melik-Beglarov who d. 1905 and
4. Saparov Arkady 1854 - before 1921, was married to Varvara Maypariani, with children -
a. Saparova Elena Arkadevna,
b.
Saparova Tamara Arkadevna (b. ca 1880?) was married 1st to Ivan Iaparidze son of Constantine Japaridze / Constantin Japaridze (b. ca 1860) junior from the upper Racha region of Georgia

(sister of Constantin junior was Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau (b. 1855) nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze and her parents were: Constantine senior JAPARIDZE and Melania Japaridze; this above named father Constantine born after 1810 ?, died 1860)

that is Ivan Konstantinovich Japaridze;

Saparova Tamara Arkadevna 2nd time married to Leo Emilievich Armand (b. 1880) - Inessa Armand was the wife of his cousin.

Louis Eugen Armand / Евгений Иванович Арманд
[was son of Jean-Louis Armand b. 1786 - died 1855 in Moscow, and grandson of Paul Armand {Paul Armand born 1761, died 1828 in Moscow} and Angelique]
b. 1809 in Moscow, died 1890 in Pushkino
[he has sisters: София Ивановна Armand; and Elisabeth Armand],
was father
[with Мария Францевна Пашковская / Maria PASZKOWSKA from Cracow, 1819 - 1901]
of Евгений Евгеньевич Арманд; Адольф Евгеньевич Арманд and Эмиль Евгеньевич Арманд;
above Эмиль Евгеньевич Арманд [+ Софья Осиповна Гекке from Estonia, d. 1920, daughter of Осип Гекке and София Ивановна Armand] was father of
Лев Эмильевич Арманд;
Наталья Эмильевна Арманд b. 1881;
Мария Эмильевна Арманд;
Софья Эмильевна Арманд;
Павел Эмильевич Арманд;
and Евгений Эмильевич Арманд b. 1890.

Above Leo / Lev / Lion Emilievich Armand / Лев Эмильевич Арманд [1880 - 1942] - 1st married to Лидия Марьяновна Тамповская, 1887 - 1931; she was mother of Давид Львович Арманд b. 1905 in Moscow, d. 1976 in Moscow + Галина Васильевна Ткаченко b. 1906.

c. Saparova Nina Arkadevna d. before 1920,
d. Saparova Catherine Arkadevna d. 1916 and
e. Saparova Maria Arkadevna.

In 1882, Princess Agrippina Japaridze (b. 1855 - died 1926 or 1927) became a morganatic wife of Duke Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg (1850 - 1906) and received the title of Countess Zarnekau.
Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze - a patron of numerous educational establishments in Russian Georgia. She taken controversial role in the secret marriage of Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia.
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrippina,_Countess_von_Zarnekau -
Agrippina Japaridze was born in the upper Racha region of Georgia, to parents Constantine senior and Melania Japaridze. Her father Constantine died 1860, and her mother Melania moved to Kutaisi, where she 2nd time married. Agrippina was sent to the St. Nino School, where she received her education along with Olympia Nikoladze, sister of Georgian statesman Niko Nikoladze / ნიკო ნიკოლაძე / Nikolos Nikoladze.
In 1876, Agrippina married a Georgian nobleman named Tariel Dadiani, with four children, Miquel, Levanti, and Nino.
Above Niko Nikoladze / ნიკო ნიკოლაძე b. 1843, public figure, was born in the village of Didi Jikhaishi, Imereti, western Georgia. After leaving St. Petersburg he went to study in Zurich 1864 - 1868. During his stay in Zurich, through Paul Lafargue he met Karl Marx. While in Europe, he briefly collaborated with Aleksandr Herzen.

In the 1880s, Kutaisi became a new location for the Hopersky Kuban Cossacks, commanded by Duke of Oldenburg, Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Holstein-Gottorp, b. 1850, who was a son of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg.
Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Holstein-Gottorp was known in the court of Tsar Nicholas II as Duke Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg. Under command of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich, the Governor General of the Caucasus, Constantine Petrovich rose to the rank of Lt. General of Kuban Cossacks. I wrote above that in 1882, Princess Agrippina Japaridze (b. 1855 - died 1926 or 1927) became a morganatic wife of Duke Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg (1850 - 1906) and received the title of Countess Zarnekau.

Duke of Oldenburg, Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Holstein-Gottorp, b. 1850, had older sister:
Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg [born 1838; Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Russia d. 1900, was a daughter of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg {see below} and a great granddaughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia. She married Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831 - 1891), the elder, and was the mother of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856 - 1929), the younger] m. in 1856 to above named Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, the son of Tsar Nicholas I and commander-in-chief in 1877-1878. Their son, above mentioned Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia b. 1856 was commander-in-chief of the Russian Army during the First World War I.
Alexandra Petrovna was born in St. Petersburg as Duchess Alexandra Frederika Wilhelmina of Oldenburg. She was the eldest of the eight children of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg, half-sister of Sofia of Nassau, queen consort of Oscar II of Sweden.
On 3 August 1809, Duke George of Oldenburg, the grandfather of above Constantine Petrovich, married to Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna, daughter of Tsar Paul I.
Above named Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg / Duke Konstantin Friedrich Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg b. 1812 in Yaroslavl.

In 1876, Agrippina married a Georgian nobleman named Tariel Dadiani.

Duke Oldenburg, Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Holstein-Gottorp, that is Duke of Oldenburg / Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg, served as an adjutant stationed on the Caucasian Front in Georgia, under command of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich, the Governor General of the Caucasus. Agrippina's husband, Prince Tariel Daniel Dadiani, was one of the officers under Duke Constantine's command. The Dadiani were respected noble family in Georgia, as a branch of the Bagrationi Dynasty. Agrippina Japaridze was Tariel Dadiani's second wife. Prince Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani, b. 1842, m. first to Princess Sopio Dadiani b. 1838 daughter of Prince Levanti Shervashidze of the Guria. On June 28, 1882, Agrippina divorced Dadiani. On 20 October 1882, Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg entered into a morganatic marriage with a titleless Georgian noblewoman Agrippina Japaridze. Between 1883 and 1892 they produced six children, all of them born in Kutais, the Caucasus: Alexandra Constantinovna Countess von Zarnekau b. 1883 married in 1900 Prince George Alexandrovich Yurievsky, a son of Alexander II of Russia. In 1884, they bought a local wine cellar established by the Frenchman Shote in 1876 for bottling champagne, doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe).
Above Prince George Gogo Yurievsky was the son of Tsar Alexander II and his secret mistress, Catherine Dolgorukov, the Princess Yurievskaya. In 1885, Baron Arthur von Mohrenheim, head of the Russian Okhrana (secret police) in Paris, reported that the widowed Princess Yurievskaya had been using her money to finance a group of Russian nihilists who were attempting to kill Tsar Alexander III and his family.

Above named Agrippina's husband, Prince Tariel Daniel Dadiani, was one of the officers under Duke Constantine's command. The Dadiani were respected noble family in Georgia, as a branch of the Bagrationi Dynasty. Agrippina was Tariel Dadiani's second wife. Prince Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani, b. 1842, m. first to Princess Sopio Dadiani b. 1838 daughter of Prince Levanti Shervashidze of the Guria. On June 28, 1882, Agrippina divorced Dadiani. On 20 October 1882, Constantine entered into a morganatic marriage with a titleless Georgian noblewoman Agrippina Japaridze. Between 1883 and 1892 they produced six children, all of them born in Kutais, the Caucasus: Alexandra Constantinovna von Zarnekau, Countess von Zarnekau b. 1883 married in 1900 Prince George Alexandrovich Yurievsky, a son of Alexander II of Russia. In 1884, they bought a local wine cellar established by the Frenchman Shote in 1876 for bottling champagne, doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe). Above Prince George Gogo Yurievsky was the son of Tsar Alexander II and his secret mistress, Catherine Dolgorukov, the Princess Yurievskaya.
In 1885, Baron Arthur von Mohrenheim, head of the Russian Okhrana (secret police) in Paris, reported that the widowed Princess Yurievskaya had been using her money to finance a group of Russian nihilists who were attempting to kill Tsar Alexander III and his family.
Prince Viktor Nakachidze, was convicted in late 1885 for participating in a nihilist bomb plot to kill the Tsar. Prince Nakachidze had connections to Agrippina Japaridze, the wife of Constantine Petrovich, and to the Dadiani family.
Duke Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg died 1906. Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia married to a local Georgian noblewoman from the house of Nakashidze, who was Agrippina's cousin. Prince Nakachidze had connections to Agrippina and to the family of Agrippina's former husband, the Dadiani family, which was then living in exile at Nice. Prince Victor Nakachidze was sentenced to death and sent to Siberia.

Details on the Dadiani family:
Prince Alexander Leonovich Dadian / Aleksandr Leonovich Dadiani b. 1800 in Simbirsk, Sengileevsky County and died 1865 in Moscow, adjutant, Colonel, commander of Erivan Regiment; his father Leon Aleksandrovich and Maria nee Naryshkina; Piotr / Peter Katenin reported violations to the emperor and when Emperor Nicholas I in 1837 visited the Caucasus, he removed Alexander Leonovich Dadian and ordered immediately send to Bobruisk. His wife's mother, Elizabeth D. Rosen, was next of kin with Baron Alexander G. Rosen (1812-1874) - the hero of the battle of Warsaw in 1831. His father Baron Grigory V. Rosen (1782-1841), Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, General of Infantry, Adjutant General in 1818. And grandfather Lieutenant-General V. I. Rosen (1742-1790) from his marriage to the Olympia Raevskaya Feodorovna.

Note on the Rosen family:
From Carl Gottlieb Gernet b. 1700 d. 1791: Hedwig Charlotte von Rosen nee von Gernet b. on March 30, 1821 in Reval / Tallinn and died 1884 in Reval, her father - Karl Johann von Gernet 1776 Lehhola / Lehola - 1857 in Lauenhof / Lőve, Pődrala, Valdamaa, Estland; and her grandfather - Carl Gustav von Gernet 1747 - 1812, and her great-grandfather - Carl Gottlieb von Gernet b. on March 18, 1700 and died on May 4, 1791 in Lehhola; her husband - Karl Gustav Woldemar Amandus / Woldemar von Rosen 1813 - 1892 and his father - Hans Wilhelm Gustav Freiherr von Rosen 1780 - 1862. Above Karl Gustav Woldemar Amandus von Rosen, b. 12 Jan 1813 at Resna, m. 1844 at Hapsal / Haapsalu to Hedwig Charlotte von Gernet b. at Reval, daughter of Johann von Gernet and his wife Hedwig Elisabeth von Patkul of Habbinem. Sons of above named Hedwig:
1. Johann Wilhelm Fabian Richard von Rosen, b. at Neuenhof near Hapsal, m. at St. Petersburg to Sophie Valentine Schottländer d. 28 Sep 1912 at Reval,
2. Leo Felix Karl von Rosen, b. in St. Petersburg, m. 2ndly in 1927 at London to Magna Smith daughter of Nadeschda Kowalewskaja Smith / Kowalewski. The palace of Herrenhaus Neuenhof that is Uuemőisa mőis east part of Haapsalu at present.
The noble Schillings / Schilling family moved to Estonia / Estland from Courland (Kurland). Karl Gebhard von Schilling began his service in the Russian army, married to Helene Charlotte von Römer of Müüsleri / Seinigal and Orina / Orgena - 2 km north-east of Jarva-Jaani (Orina, Järva-Jaani vald / Ярва-Яаани, Ярвамаа, Эстония). See: http://www.balticconnections.net/ Müüsleri (Seinigal by German) is a village in the rural community Kareda - ca 80 km east-south of Saku, close to Jarva-Jaani. Pauline Amalie Sophie von Schilling b. 1806 in Reval / Tallinn, Estland / Eesti, her mother Anna Juliane von Rosen b. 1770.

Above Prince Alexander Leonovich Dadian / Aleksandr Leonovich Dadiani b. 1800, was married two times:
1. to Princess Nina Farnaozovna Georgia / Нина Фарнаозовна Грузинская b. 1802, daughter of Prince Gruzinsky and Princess Anne Georgian Eristov - Ksani / Аннa Эристовa-Ксанскa, making his son Nicholas (1824-1829);
2. from 1836 to Baroness Lydia G. Rosen (1817-1866), daughter of Gregory Vladimirovich Rosen (1782-1841) and Elizabeth Dmitrievna Zubov / Елизаветa Дмитриевнa Зубов (1790-1862). Children:
a. Maria (1840-1894) m. Senator Nikolai Arsenyev, b. Anton / Anton Dadian b. 1841 - 1906 who has children: Nadiezda Antonovna Dadian, Dmitry Antonovich Dadian, Alexander Antonovich Dadian, c. Leon 1845, d. Mitro 1847.

Acc. to: http://www.royalark.net/Georgia/ under Copyright © Christopher Buyers, March 2003 - August 2008.
Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani, b. 1842, m. first to Princess Sopio Dadiani b. 1838 daughter of Prince Levanti Shervashidze of the Guria.

His father: Prince Aleksandri Manuchari Dadiani
(and his grandfather: Duke of Mingrelia, fourth son of Katsia II Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia, m. first a daughter of Prince Shervashidze; m. second to Ana Dadiani, daughter of Prince Kakhaberidze-Chijavadze; he d. after 1804, having six sons and three daughters. Above named the fourth son (he d. after 1804) of Katsia II Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia, m. first a daughter of Prince Shervashidze; m. second to Ana Dadiani. Above Katsia II Dadiani (from List of monarchs of Mingrelia: 1758–1788 or 1744-1788) was friend of David II / დავით II (1756–1795), of the Bagrationi Dynasty, who was King of Imereti in the western Georgia. David II was the son of George IX of Imereti. With the support of Katsia II Dadiani, prince of Mingrelia, he seized the throne and proclaimed himself king on May 4, 1784. He attempted to establish a contact with Imperial Russia and to restrict the powers of great nobles. David's policy drew many leading aristocrats, including the Mingrelian prince Grigol Dadiani
(Prince Petri Nichola Dadiani, b. 1812, in Mingrelia, m. Princess Mariami Marika Dadiani, daughter of Prince Davit Gurieli, by his wife, Princess Elena, third daughter of Grigol VI Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia - he had two sons: Prince Aleksandri Petri Dadiani b. 1843 and Prince Levanti Petri Dadiani b. 1848, m. Princess Kekela Dadiani. Western Georgia has the semi-independent prince-regent Dadian Grigol of Mingrelia / Grigol VI Dadiani. In 1803, his country was taken under direct Russian suzerainty until the dignity of Dadian was finally abolished in 1867. Nicholas Dadiani in 1867 was compelled to cede all his sovereign rights to the Tsar in exchange for 1.000.000 rubles, a grant of estates in Russia, and the title of Prince Dadian-Mingrelsky, and his brother Andrew has the name of Prince Mingrelia),
into opposition. Between 1792 and 1794, he attempted, with the Dagestan mercenaries, to reclaim the crown, but suffered a defeat and withdrew from Imereti. He died in exile at Akhaltsikhe. This is an excerpt from the article of the Wikipedia. Princess Thamar b. 1790, d. 1818, second daughter of Prince Katsia II Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia, married before May 1808 to General Prince Giorgi Shirvashidze / Safar Ali Bey, Prince of Abkhazia, who signed a petition for protection from Russia in 1808, having four sons and six daughters),
m. Princess Rodami Dadiani b. 1820, daughter of Prince Manuchari Mikeladze. He d. 1856, having five sons and two daughters:
1. Prince Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani, b. 1842, m. first Princess Sopio Dadiani b. 1838, daughter of Prince Levanti Shervashidze Bego of the Guria, by his wife Princess Marika, daughter of Prince Tarieli Dadiani of Mingrelia; m. second 1859 and div. 1882 to
Princess Agrafina

(Agrafina / Agryppina / Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze and her parents: Constantine and Melania Japaridze; father Constantine died 1860; Princess Agrafina Countess von Zarnekau, daughter of Prince Konstantini Japaridze b. at Radsha, Georgia, 1855; m. second, at Kutaisi in 1882 as Countess von Zarnekau by Grand Duke Peter II of Oldenburg, to Lieutenant-General Konstantin Friedrich Peter, Duke of Oldenburg, by whom she had two sons and two daughters, and she d. at Kislovodsk, North Caucasus in 1926)

daughter of Prince Konstantini Japaridze / Konstantyn Japaridze.
Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani had one daughter by his first wife, and two sons and one daughter by his second wife (Agrafina or Agrippina born 1855 ?!; on June 28, 1882, Agrippina divorced Dadiani):
- Prince Mikeli Tarieli Dadiani b. 1860,
- Prince Levanti Tarieli Dadiani b. 1864,
- Margareta Tsitsino Dadiani b. 1859 m. Prince Giorgi Niko Dadiani (b. 1855), eldest son of Prince Niko Besarioni Dadiani, Chief of Police of Zugdidi, by his wife, Princess Salomea Nino, daughter of Prince Katsia Chichua,
- Princess Nino Dadiani b. 1868 m. Prince Aleksandri Kviti Niko Dadiani (b. 1864), son of Prince Niko Bessarioni Dadiani, Chief of Police of Zugdidi, by his wife Princess Nina (b. 1835), daughter of Prince Chichua.
2. Prince Nikolaoz Aleksandri Dadiani b. 1846,
3. Prince Platoni Aleksandri Dadiani b. 1848.
4. Colonel Prince Petri Aleksandri Dadiani, 1855, served in the Russo-Turkish War 1877-1878, m. Princess Agatha Dadiani younger daughter of Prince Ioani Elizbari Dadiani, by his wife, Princess Kesaria, daughter of Prince Vameq Giorgi Dadiani. He d. at Harbin, China in 1939.
5. Colonel Prince Giorgi Aleksandri Dadiani b. 1855, Col. of Cavalry, Russian service, m. Princess Nadejda Dadiani b. 1863, nee von Traumberg, adopted daughter of General Jakov Ivanovich Jzuravskii, and of his wife, Helena Zakharovna, daughter of Zakhari Chachikishvili of Natakhtari.

Major-General H. E. Prince Nichola Giorgi Dadiani / Nikolai Georgievitch Dadianov / Bolshoi Niko, Lord of Kurdzu, b. 1764, Ambassador to Russia 1805-1806, Major Gen. Russian Army, married first time to Princess Mariami Dadiani (d. 1802), daughter of Rustami Shervashidze, Duke in Guria, and married second to Princess Kethevan Dadiani, daughter of Prince Marshania. He d. 1834, having five sons and two daughters:
1. Prince Giorgi Nichola Dadiani, b. 1795, m. Princess Varvara Dadiani (b. 1804),
2. Prince Aleksandri Nichola Dadiani;
3. Prince Besarioni Nichola Dadiani, b. 1810, m. Princess Evdukia Dadiani (b. 1810), heving one son and three daughters:
a. Prince Niko Besarioni Dadiani, b. 1830, Chief of Police of Zugdidi in 1857, m. Princess Salomea Nino Dadiani (b. 1835), daughter of Prince Katsia Chichua with children:
aa. Prince Giorgi Niko Dadiani, b. 1855, m. Princess Margareta Tsitsino Dadiani (b. 1859), elder daughter of Prince Tarieli Taia Aleksandri Dadiani, by his first wife, Princess Sopio, daughter of Prince Levanti Shervashidze, of the Guria;
ab. Prince Demeter Niko Dadiani, b. 1862;
ac. Prince Aleksandri Kviti Niko Dadiani, b. 1864, m. Princess Nino Dadiani (b. 1868), younger daughter of Prince Tarieli Taia Dadiani, by his second wife, Princess Agrafina Countess von Zarnekau, daughter of Prince Konstantini Japaridze - he had two sons and four daughters.
4. Prince Petri Nichola Dadiani, b. 1812, Supreme Tribunal of Justice in Mingrelia, m. Princess Mariami Marika Dadiani, daughter of Prince Davit Gurieli, by his wife, Princess Elena, third daughter of
Grigol VI Dadiani, Duke of Mingrelia - he had two sons: Prince Aleksandri Petri Dadiani b. 1843 and Prince Levanti Petri Dadiani b. 1848, m. Princess Kekela Dadiani.

Western Georgia has the semi-independent prince-regent Dadian Grigol of Mingrelia. In 1803, his country was taken under direct Russian suzerainty until the dignity of Dadian was finally abolished in 1867. Prince
Alexander Dadiani, colonel of the Erivan Regiment, was an imperial aide-de-camp but tsar Nicholas taken his sword from him, and have him sent off to the fortress of Bobruisk. Nicholas Dadiani in 1867 was compelled to cede all his sovereign rights to the Tsar in exchange for 1.000.000 rubles, a grant of estates in Russia, and the title of Prince Dadian-Mingrelsky, and his brother Andrew has the name of Prince Mingrelia.

Praskovya A. nee Dadiani married to Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, was born 1846 or 1847; her parents: Aleksandr Leonovich Dadiani b. 1800

(his father Leon A. Dadiani, his grandparents Alexander P. Dadiani b. 1753 and

Leonovna Anna Bagration-Gruzinskaja of Mukhrani born 1753 died 1812.

The parents of above Alexander: Peter G. Dadiani and Anna Bagration-Gruzinskaja died March 19, 1780.

Parents of above Piotr / Peter: George / Egor Levanovich Dadiani b. 1683 and Sophia A. Imereti of Mukhrani b. 1691 died 1747
)

and mother of Praskovya: Lydia G. Rosen born 1816 and died 1866

(a branch from baron Vladimir I. Rosen, born 1742 died 1792 and his wife Olympia Raevskaya / Olimpia / Olimpiada Rajewska born ca 1746).

Above named Anna Bagration-Gruzinskaja of Mukhrani born 1753, died in Moscow, February of 1812, married Alexander Petrovich Dadiani b. 1753/54, died in Moscow on 26 Jan. 1811. Her father Levan Bagration-Gruzinsky, born Moscow 1739, or 1730 acc. to me! He was in 1753 married to Alexandra Yakovlevna Sibirsky b. 1728. Her grandfather Bakar I King of Kartli, born Kutaisi 1700, married Anna Eristavi of Aragvi b. 1706. Her great-grandfather Vakhtang VI King of Kartli, b. 15 Sept. 1675.



And now let's see how my genealogical research began, and not only those - in 1987 - and how it connects to the Artusov / Артур Христианович Артузов / Фраучи and Vernadsky! This short preface to my domain was formed 19 and on 20th April 2015, but its extensive fragments are also to read in the so-called 'Part 2 - Intelligence...'. So I invite you to read how somebody can create an history image omitting the historical facts...

"...The Trust's young mastermind, A. H. Artuzov / Артур Христианович Артузов (Фраучи), in his thirties at the peak of the operation, was a cousin of Potapov. Originally named Renucci or Fraucci, Artuzov is said by most sources to have returned to Russia from Genoa only on the eve of the Revolution, while the Soviets' fictionalized biography of Artuzov acknowledges that he was of Italo-Swiss ancestry. When Potapov was the Trust's emissary to Western Europe in the 1920s, he supposedly fooled the Russian aristocrats abroad into believing he was the representative of an anti-Bolshevik underground. Yet, as emigre chronicler of the Trust S. L. Voitsekhovsky had to admit, it was incomprehensible, how his contemporaries, his former superiors and colleagues, could have believed in the sincerity of his monarchical views. ... The Trust of the spies and provocateurs, as the above shows, turns out to be a microcosm of a much bigger East­West complex, whose strategic outlook was best stated by the infamous Toynbee in 1974. ... Cheka chief Dzerzhinsky wore another hat, as chairman of the Supreme Council for the National Economy, which allowed him to deal directly with the Western members of this larger Trust...".
Copyright of above quotation:
EIR Volume 15, Number 3, January 15, 1988; © 1988 EIR News Service Inc., All Rights Reserved. A Fresh Look at the February Revolution. New KGB skirts history lessons... by Aleln and Rachel Douglas.
"John Dziak leads the IASC's work on technology security, strategic denial and deception and countermeasures. He has served over three decades as a senior intelligence officer and an executive in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and in the Defense Intelligence Agency, with long experience in weapons proliferation intelligence, counterintelligence, strategic intelligence, global countermeasures and intelligence education. He is the author of the award-winning, Chekisty: A History of the KGB (1987), numerous other books, articles, and monographs, the most recent of: which is The Military Relationship Between China and Russia, 1995-2002 (2002), and is currently preparing a book on counterintelligence. Dr. Dziak is fluent in Russian. Dr. Dziak is co-founder and President of Dziak Group, Inc., a consulting firm in the fields of technology transfer, intelligence, counterintelligence and security, and national security affairs with clients in industry and the Intelligence Community. Dr. Dziak is an Adjunct Professor at the National Defense Intelligence College".

The Dziak family came from Slovakia:
Ortutova in 1921, George Dziak to Cleveland, OH; Maria Dziak (Zavidny) of Lipova; in Lipova in 1901 Andrew Dziak to Marblehead, OH; Ortutova, Slovensko, east of Bardejov. Helen Dziak 1854-03-10 of Lipova; Stefan Dziak; Dziak, John 1866-02-17 of Ortutova; Peter Dziak; Dziak, John 1888-08-09 of Sasova / Šašova; see: Charles Dziak b. ca 1900 / 1906. His wife Susan Dziak (nee Madansky). Lipova, Ortutova and Sasova are located east of Bardejov, northern Slovakia. Dr. John J. Dziak is co-founder and President of Dziak Group, Inc., a consulting firm in the fields of technology transfer, intelligence, counterintelligence and security, and national security affairs with clients in industry and the Intelligence Community in USA. Please remember about: John W. Dziak, Sr, of Lorain, died 2014 in Lorain; he was born in 1927 in Lorain; John served with the US Army from 1945-1947; worked for the Illuminating Company; member of the American Slovak Club, First Catholic Slovak Union; his wife Frances nee Keplar; children Robert, Barbara (Dennis) Goza of Cheboygan, Beverly (William) Allsop of Vermilion, Joan, John (Kathy) Dziak, Jr of Lorain, and so on; from Slovakia!

But
"... A. H. Artuzov, in his thirties at the peak of the operation, was a cousin of Potapov. Originally named Renucci or Fraucci, Artuzov is said by most sources to have it returned Russia from Genoa only on the eve of the Revolution, while the Soviet's fictionalized biography of Artuzov acknowledges that he was of Italo - Swiss ancestry. When Potapov was the Trust's emissary is Western Europe in the 1920s, he supposedly the Russian aristocrats fooled into believing abroad he was the representative of an anti-Bolshevik underground".
In this quotation, however, is a mistake (see below my explanations).
Characteristic that appeared to it in the years 1987 and 1988.
Recently in 1987, I started by solving puzzles and political genealogy around my Konstantynowicz family in Poland and Russia.
In the first period October 1987 - September 1989 I recognized the immediate environment of our family Konstantynowicz, maybe 200 people; unfortunately it 'coincided' with the sudden death of my father on November 3, 1987; buried 09 November 1987.
Not counting other important family events on 28 October 1987 and 1 November 1987 - and finally, on November 2, 1987 I attempted to obtain from my father (died 03rd Nov.) the most important data about our family.
The Special services of the Polish State are completely responsible for the death of my father and his brother (and his wife); any Wojciech - their neighbor - involvement in this affair unfortunately died a year after that, as I have begun track down his.
These people hated Poles, Poland and my family, and me personally; and they also hate now, no matter what country they come from. Their obsession of hate my family is dangerous and lasts several decades.
More:
http://www.konstantynowicz.info/Berezyna/Miezonka_Polish_nobility_village_photos_part_five/duflon_deka_company_miezonka_21st_century/Poland_1945_2013/index.html

In principle, all these people (October 1987 - September 1989) were associated with the Warsaw special services, mainly with counter-intelligence of the security services

(by the way, like in the whole period 1972 - 2015
[along with the Lodz civil counterintelligence Captain Krzysztof Tomczyk b. ca 1952, and Monika Bogucka Sedzicka born 1976 {then The Department of National Telecommunications Security} with a line to Jaworska Halina, nee Wodkiewicz b. 1923 in Leszno close to Przasnysz + the Chodecz - Brzesc Kujawski - Wloclawek - Torun - Tczew - Gdansk - Wabrzezno - Zgierz {2005/2006} branch [sometimes practically only from among ethnic minorities: 2015 from Mokotow in Warsaw; 1982/1988 from Opoczno; Suwalki, Wroclaw in 1985 and 2008... and from Western Europe].
Along with a very interesting association to the network structure with Jaroslaw Slota born near Chodecz and Malgorzata Zieleniewska - directly related to PM Leszek Miller (2001 - 2004).
Since 2005 with cooperation of Slovakia and Romania; at present in 2015 even the structure derived from the famous Humer alias Umer from Tomaszów Lubelski - Gliwice, with connection to ... Katowice ... Tirana, Thessaloniki, Tbilisi...]);

the locations of these people in society in 1988 clearly suggested further direction of my historical research.

The creator of this special services network since 1972 was General Kiszczak, the head of military intelligence, former communist prime minister and the head of the secret police. The funeral of Czeslaw Kiszczak was in November 2015 and his wife said:
"God will pay you for all the harm, which ungrateful, unworthy Pole has done to you. A wrong words fall somewhere there out, hateful to you - of the people full of evil, hypocritical ... Your heroic deeds will be exposed."

On the http://studioopinii.pl/waldemar-kuczynski-jarek-nie-byl-z-nami/ on 2013-11-08 appeared the text of the eminent political thinker Waldemar Kuczynski [but two years later in November 2015...], who accurately
summed up the years 1944 - 2013 / 2015, and in them the key to solving many puzzles - of General Czeslaw Kiszczak network and the Smolensk airplane crash 2010 -
to put it more clearly:
Jaroslaw Kaczynski "...led a country that he openly denied, even he hated this country.
Just as he hated people and political structures standing at back of this country.
And, unfortunately, there is no reason to think that this attitude is changing something.
Outline of the nation composed of two tribes can be seen in Poland since a very, very long time. But that common ground linking these tribes melts, and two tribes are more and more alien and hostile, results from the rejection of the current state by one of their.
The rejection [of the current state founded in 1944 by aliens against Poles] by the political and cultural conglomerate ... with a no small part of the clergy, with many circles of opinion leaders and the great faction of the nation.
This part of the Poland is in the attack, the rest [of the Polish citizens] defended himself, or does not care about this. The attacker sing 'The free homeland deign us back Our Lord', defending [of the Polish citizens] sing 'free country, bless the Lord'. The same song is split into two camps of the cold civil war at the moment. Were it not for the fact that we are in NATO and the European Union, in the two structures which a gravity stabilizes the base of the political order in our place, it would have been a time of great 'outcry over the Vistula'. Today it seems that there is no possibility of reducing the tears on two snarling at each other tribes, that our policy must be violent, with war rhetoric and roll from the electoral battle to battle. It can take a very long time ... Everything in Poland is to discuss. ... Even whether the Third Republic lasts a quarter of a century, should be replaced by some other. ... Both parties must sing the same version of 'God Save Poland'...".

Now we come to US in 1961 - 1963:

The operation named the Bay of Pigs was launched in April 1961; the Cuban armed forces destroyed the invading force within three days;
this failed action has caused repercussions among the leaders of the CIA, and were dismissed in autumn 1961, among others, Director Allen Dulles, also CIA Deputy Director Charles Cabell, and Deputy Director for Plans Richard Mervin Bissell Jr.; on November 29th, 1961, the White House released about a resignation letter signed by Dulles.
Two years later, on November 29, 1963, President Lyndon Johnson appointed Dulles as one of seven commissioners of the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. The appointment was later criticized, have noted that Kennedy had fired him;
on January 10, 1961 there was a publication of the 'New York Times' article under title: "The United States will help train forces against Castro in a secret air-land base in Guatemala"; the Cuban security apparatus knew of the invasion, thanks to their secret intelligence networks, and reports in the US and foreign newspapers. The Cuban government has been warned by two senior officers of the KGB, Osvaldo Cabrera Sįnchez and "Aragon"; the first of whom died violently before and one after the invasion; on April 18, 1961 at the beach of Playa Larga came to the biggest battle of the invasion;
fighting finally ended on 21 April 1961;
and then President Kennedy referred the words to the American Newspaper Publishers Association at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City on April 27, 1961.
In his speech President Kennedy addresses his discontent with the press's news coverage before, and during, and after the Bay of Pigs incident, suggesting there is a need for "far greater public information" and "far greater official secrecy".

Mentioned above Bissell moved after 1949 to Washington, where he associated with a group of journalists and politicians: Frank Wisner, George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Desmond FitzGerald, Joseph Alsop, Stewart Alsop, Tracy Barnes, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Cord Meyer, James Angleton, W. Averell Harriman, John McCloy, Felix Frankfurter, Allen W. Dulles, and Paul Nitze. In September 1960, Bissell and Allen W. Dulles, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, initiated talks with Johnny Roselli and Sam Giancana. Later, with Carlos Marcello, Santo Trafficante, Jr. and Meyer Lansky became involved in plot against Castro. Meyer Lansky, original name Maier Suchowljansky born in Grodno, or Meier Suchowlanski, moved to the United States through the port of Odessa. Bissell became head of the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) in 1962. IDA was a Pentagon think tank set up to evaluate weapons systems. After Bissell was Richard McGarrah Helms who served as the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973. Helms began intelligence work with the Office of Strategic Services.

At www.jfklibrary.org we have the speech of President John F. Kennedy; that is an Address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association, on April 27, 1961 at Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City.
"Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen: I appreciate very much your generous invitation to be here tonight. ... I want to talk about our common responsibilities in the face of a common danger. The events of recent weeks may have helped to illuminate that challenge for some; but the dimensions of its threat have loomed large on the horizon for many years. ...
The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know. ...
Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired.
If the press is awaiting a declaration of war before it imposes the self-discipline of combat conditions, then I can only say that no war ever posed a greater threat to our security. If you are awaiting a finding of "clear and present danger," then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear and its presence has never been more imminent. It requires a change in outlook, a change in tactics, a change in missions - by the government, by the people, by every businessman or labor leader, and by every newspaper.
For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day.
It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations.
Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined.
Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed.
It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match.
Nevertheless, every democracy recognizes the necessary restraints of national security - and the question remains whether those restraints need to be more strictly observed if we are to oppose this kind of attack as well as outright invasion. ...".

And now we look at
Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt / Георгий Сергеевич де Мореншильд / Jerzy Sergiusz,
who studied at the Institute of Higher Commercial Studies, the University of Liege and the University of Texas at Austin. He was petroleum geologist.
He became
friends with Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy.
George De Mohrenschildt met Oswald after his return from the Soviet Union.
"...While in Atsugi, Japan, Oswald studied the Russian language ... He studied by himself a great deal in late 1958 and early 1959 after he was transferred from Japan to California. ... When he reached the Soviet Union in October of the same year he could barely speak the language. During the period in Moscow while he was awaiting decision on his application for citizenship, his diary records that he practiced Russian 8 hours a day. After he was sent to Minsk in early January 1960 he took lessons... Marina Oswald said that by the time she met him in March 1961 he spoke the language well enough ... Oswald resided in the city of Minsk from January 1960 until June 1962...".
George De Mohrenschildt's spouses:
Dorothy Pierson / Pherson ? m. 1942 - 1944, Phyllis Washington, Wynne Sharples and Jeanne LeGon.

De Mohrenschildt was born Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt in MOZYRZ / Mozyr (see Bulhak family and Ipohorski) in Belarus, in 1911.
He had an older brother, Dimitri / Dymitr.
His father was Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt;
his mother, Alexandra / Aleksandra Zopalsky / ALEKSANDRA ZAPOLSKA, of Polish descent.
Sergey von Mohrenschildt was a Marshal of Nobility of the Minsk Province 1913 - 1917 (see Karol Hutten - Czapski and Duflon & Konstantynowicz in Minsk), and an Actual Civil Councilor; 1920, Sergy von Mohrenschildt was arrested by the Bolsheviks;
while awaiting transport to Veliky Ustyug, Sergey became ill. The Soviet government released Sergey, his wife and De Mohrenschildt then fled to Poland;
De Mohrenschildt's older brother Dimitri was awaiting execution but was later released in a prisoner exchange in Poland;
Alexandra died ca 1922 in Poland.
De Mohrenschildt lived in Wilno (here the Konstantynowiczs), Jerzy was graduated from the Wilno gymnasium in 1929 and later graduated from Polish Cavalry Academy in 1931.
Then he completed a dissertation on the economic influence of the U.S. on Latin America; in Liege in Belgium in 1938. Jerzy / George de Mohrenschildt moved to the United States in 1938; changed his surname to de Mohrenschildt;
he was working for German intelligence?
He was hired by the Shumaker company in New York City, which also employed Pierre Fraiss - the French intelligence spy. He lived together with his older brother Dimitri von Mohrenschildt on Long Island, New York -
Dimitri was the founder of the CIA's Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty;
Dimitri died in 2002.
De Mohrenschildt became acquainted with the Bouvier family, including young Jacqueline Bouvier, future wife of John F. Kennedy, and he became a friend of Jacqueline's aunt Edith Bouvier Beale.
He helped raise money for the Polish resistance after ca 1940.
George Sergius de Mohrenschildt b. 1911, d. 1977, befriended Lee Harvey Oswald in the summer of 1962 and maintained that friendship until Oswald's death, two days after the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy.
After Kennedy was assassinated, De Mohrenschildt testified before the Warren Commission in April 1964. In 1976, the CIA requested that the FBI locate De Mohrenschildt, because he had "attempted to get in touch with the CIA Director."
In 1976, De Mohrenschildt had written a letter to the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, George H. W. Bush, asking for his assistance. He was acquainted with the Bush family; George H. W. Bush had roomed with De Mohrenschildt's nephew, Edward G. Hooker, at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts.
His father was a marshal of nobility in Minsk Province, and he served as director of the Nobel interests in Russia.
A descendant of the de Mohrenschildt family, Baron Hilienfelt, was a Baltic Swede, fought in the American Army of Independence.
An uncle, Ferdinand de Mohrenschildt, was First Secretary of the last Russian Embassy in Washington under the Tsar government.
De Mohrenschildt's brother, Dimitri von Mohrenschildt, emigrated to the United States and became a professor at Dartmouth University.
De Mohrenschildt's father was jailed by the Communist regime in 1920, but a friends of the government intervened to secure his release. He was jailed again in 1921 and was banished to Siberia for life. Sergius von Mohrenschildt escaped with his family to Poland.
His family regained (1922 / 1924 ?) an estate had held in Russia near the Polish border (close to Minsk ?). It was money from that estate that George do Mohrenschildt brought to the United States in 1938 when he started his first business interest.
I wrote above his father was Sergiusz / Sergei / Sergis Alexander Von Mohrenschildt, mother was Alexandra Zopalsky.
His father and uncle, ran the Branobel Oil Company in Baku (see Duflon and Konstantynowicz in Petersburg). In 1918 De Mohrenschildt lived in Minsk (from Baku ?). In 1944 George De Mohrenschildt told the FBI that Sergius Von Mohrenschildt was a Vice President of the Nobel Oil Company in Russia with holdings in Poland and Russia prior to and during World War I;
his father continued in the oil business until the confiscation of these holdings in 1918 / 1920.
By Tommy Wilkens:
Baron George De Mohrenschildt born 1911 in Mozyr, comes from the Baltic Germans. His father was Baron Sergius Alexander Von Mohrenschildt;
1918 De Mohrenschildt lived in Minsk, probably in St. Petersburg, or Moscow; 1922 Sergius was released from Soviet prison due to health problems ?!;
1929 George DeMohrenschildt volunteered for the Polish Army and attended a Polish military academy in Grudziadz; 1931 George / Jurij was graduated from the Polish military academy with rank of sergeant; then in Liege, and returned to Poland to take part in military summer maneuvrs.
The de Mohrenschildts were major players in the global oil business since the beginning of the twentieth century, and their paths crossed with the Rockefellers; George de Mohrenschildt’s uncle and father ran the Swedish Nobel Brothers Oil Company's operations in Baku;
1915, the Russian government dispatched a second uncle of George de Mohrenschildt, the young diplomat Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt, to Washington to plead for American intervention in the war (see Koziell POKLEWSKI);
1917, Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt's mission was a success;
he was often in the company of Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, of the family then befriending Prescott Bush and about to hire Prescott's future father-in-law, George Herbert Walker.
Ferdinand married the step-granddaughter of President Woodrow Wilson.
Emanuel Nobel sold half of the Baku holdings to Standard Oil of New Jersey, with John D. Rockefeller Jr. personally authorizing the payment of $11.5 million (see more at my webpages).


The genealogy of Alexandra Zapolski is very important and any traces lead to Mozyr, to the family Zapolski Downar / Downar-Zapolski.
This case must be deeply research.
In the Minsk county in 1791 we have 2 persons Downar, in the parishes: Uzda and Iwieniec.
Mitrofan Downar – Zapolski b. 1867, in Rzeczyca, in the Minsk government, died in 1934; son of Wiktor Zapolski Downar b. 1827; Mitrofan was historian, professor in 1902. He studied in Baranovichi village, then in Plovdiv in Bulgaria,
in Rzeczyca in ca 1877,
Minsk in 1878,
the gymnasium in Mozyrz / MOZYR in ca 1878 - 1885,
gymnasium in KIEV since 1885 to 1888. In 1918 in Minsk served the Belarusian People's Republic founded on March 25, 1918 in Minsk and replaced by a Communist government on January 5, 1919. He worked in BAKU. In 1925 - 1926 in Minsk again.
His father was collegiate secretary, and chief clerk of the district gendarmerie in MOZYR / MOZYRZ (and RZECZYCA ?).
By the nineteenth century Dovnar-Zapolsky family lost the status of the middle gentry, nevertheless, the Russian Senate in 1843, enrolled to the nobility clans, the family of Mitrofan Viktorovich, of the Minsk province as the ancient hereditary nobility. It has managed in 1802 to the great-grandfather of Mitrofan, that is Antoni Zapolski Downar born ca 1775, with his sons: among others youngest MARCIN Zapolski who was born in ca 1800.
Marcin was the father of Wiktor Zapolski b. 1827 in Rzeczyca;
Wiktor was appointed in Rechitsa district as court clerk in ca 1850; the Rechitsa district was the biggest in Minsk province.
He married a local noblewoman Alexandra Stanislavovna Lindaher (Lindauer ?), the Orthodox faith, and in this marriage were born five children, among whom was Mitrofan b. 1867 in Rechitsa / Rzeczyca. Soon, the family split up, the mother with the younger daughters moved to Bulgaria in ca 1875, to the eldest son Peter, b. ca 1852, who was served the Bulgarian military.
Mitrofan was living only with father after 1876, who was able to rise to the positions of the Rechitsa Gendarmerie (ca 1877).
In Mozyr 1878 - 1885.
Maybe here Aleksandra Zapolska / Zapolska Downar was born 1879 as daughter of Wiktor Zapolski Downar, b. 1827 in Rzeczyca;
we remember in 1911 in Mozyr was born Jurij / George von Mohrenschildt, because his father was here a teacher.
Mitrofan moved in 1885 to Kiev but his father was living in Mozyr.


The Mohrenschilt / Mohrenschildt - the Baltic-German noble family.
They were living in Estonia: in Nurme, Seidla, Sipoo, Jogisoo, Hatu, Valingu, Cross, Kumna, Haiba, Laitse, Vacation, Leebiku, Kurisoo.
Dmitri von Mohrenschildt born in the HLUSK / GLUSK region, near Bobruisk in 1902 - died in 2002, a professor at Stanford University, one of the founders of the CIA Radio Free Europe.
Dmitri was a prominent Russian historian and former Hoover fellow, died on 9 June 2002 in India. Dmitri studied ca 1912 to 1916 at the Minsk college, then in Sevastopol. Dmitri received his early education in the Naval Cadet School. In 1918 lived again in German-occupied Minsk. But after the German withdrawal in December 1918, Dimitri and his father were soon arrested, and Dimitri spent nearly a year in prisons in Minsk and Smolensk. After he was finally released in late 1919, his parents arranged for him to travel to Poland as a hostage in exchange for someone; he worked as a merchant seaman; then at Yale University in 1922. Graduating in 1926; 1936 Columbia University. He taught Russian history at Dartmouth College from 1942 to 1947; 1971 von Mohrenschildt published a materials on the Russian Revolution; in 1976 von Mohrenschildt left for India, where he settled in the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry.


West of the Berezyna river, and close to Bobruisk / Bobrujsk stronghold were living in the 19th century the Bulhak, Konstantynowicz, Szostak, Dzierzynski, Tatur, Czajkowski families:
1.
The parents of Marta nee Konstantynowicz
(grand-daughter of Daniel Konstantynowicz / Daniil Konstantinovich):
Константинович Матвей Даниилов and Уршуля (Ирина) Адрианова - Urszula Irena daughter of Adrian, moved from Snustik (here also Antoni Tatur / Антон Иванович Татур in 1795), the Igumen / Ihumen county.
They were living in Gorochovka / Gorochovo, south-west of Bobrujsk / Bobruisk, ca 20 km, close to Fortuny: north-west of Gorochovka, and south of Glusha, close to Gorochovka, Rimovcy, Spornoje; east-south-east of Simonovichi (see: Bulhak family).

Glusha, Glusza, at half way from Bobruisk to Simonovichi, west of above Bobruisk / Bobrujsk; ca 28 km north-east-north of Glusk / Hlusk, and south-east of Osipovichi / Osipowicze.
Snustik / Снустик - east of Pukhavichy and Maryina Gorka, and west of Gradzyanka, and south-east of Turin / Turyn (Bulhak family) in the Igumen / Ihumen county / Игумен.

2.
Anthony George Bułhak / George Bulhak (using his middle name) / Jerzy Bulhak / Antoni Jerzy Bułhak, a Polish citizen, the son of Gediminas and Aldona, the house Dzerzhinsky, was born in Zawołoczyce, on March 3, 1898; married Wanda nee Juchniewicz, born in Vilnius, March 8, 1901, the daughter of Caesar and Mary nee Pilsudska. The marriage was April 11, 1923 in Vilnius.
In above named Zawołoczyce was the Bernardine filial chapel, like in Chromce (near Bobruisk).

Zawołoczyce that is Заволочицы, Zavalochycy, Zavolochicy, Zavolochitsy close to Simanavichi; west of Glusha, ca 38 km west of Bobruisk / Bobruisk.
Glusha, Glusza, at half way from Bobruisk to Simonovichi, west of above Bobruisk / Bobrujsk; ca 28 km north-east-north of Glusk / Hlusk, and south-east of Osipovichi / Osipowicze.

Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833 died 1902, + Maria Billewicz has 12 children, among others
Helena Piłsudski b. 1864 d. 1917, Zofia Kadenac b. 1865 + Bolesław Kadenac,
Bronisław Piłsudski,
Józef Piłsudski,
Adam Piłsudski / Адам Гинятович Косьчеша Пилсудский b. 1869,
Kazimierz Piłsudski,
Maria Juchniewiczowa / Juchniewicz b. 1873 + Cezary Juchniewicz.

3.
In 1887, Peter / P. L. Wittgenstein died; he was the son of Lev Petrovich Wittgenstein;
Peter L. Wittgenstein b. 1831, Vilna Province, Lieutenant-General, a military agent in France, the Russian-Turkish war, one of the richest landowners of the Russian Empire.
Wankowicz family / the Vankovichs were living in the Slutsk county, lived near Kleck, Byhovschinka / Byhovschizna / Byhovschina and Ostreika / Astrejka in the Bobruisk (?) county, lived in the Borovische village in the district of Hlusk / Glussk. This Byhovschizna was in the Slutsk County. It was into the property of the Prince D. Radziwill, of Nesvizh.
Above Lew / Prince Lev Wittgenstein / Ludwig Adolf Friedrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn b. June 7, 1799, the eldest son of Field Marshal Count Peter Xristianovich Wittgenstein / Piotr Christianovich Wittgenstein and Antoinette Stanislavovna Snarskii / Antuanetta Snarski / Antuaneta Snarska.
He was married twice:
1. 1828 to Princess Stefania nee Radziwill, daughter of above Dominik Radziwill and Theophile Morawska;
with two children:
Maria or Antoinette Carolina - Stefania, and Peter / Peter Dominic Ludwig 1832-1887, Adjutant General, Lieutenant General.
2. Princess Leonilla Baryatinskaya Ivanovna.
Stefania Wittgenstein b. Paris 1809, d. 1832, nee Radziwill - father Dominik Radziwill b. 1786, d. 1813; mother Teofila Morawska. Stefania was owner about 12000 km˛ that is 1 mln ha in Belarus (Miezonka...) and Lithuania.
4.
The Wankowicz family / the Vankovichs were living in the Slutsk county, lived near Kleck, Byhovschinka / Byhovschizna / Byhovschina and Ostreika / Astrejka in the Bobruisk (?) county,
lived in the Borovische village in the district of Hlusk / Glussk.
This Byhovschizna was in the Slutsk County. It was into the property of the Prince D. Radziwill, of Nesvizh.

5.
The Zbieranowski family was living in Лясковичи / Ляскавічы / Liaskavichi / Laskowicze, ca 28 km south-east of Prusy, close to Albinsk, Choromcy, Zabolotse, south of Glusk / Mogilev Province, Belarus; south of Dokol; south of Simanavichi, where was a property of Bulhak (Dzierzynska Aldona, Jerzy Bulhak).
Zawoloczyce is located south-east of Simonovichi, ca 2 km, and west of Glusha, north of Liaskavichi ca 45 km.
6.
The Bulhak family:
Ліпень (Халуі) / Липень (Холуи) / Lipień (Chołuje) / Lipień (Chałui) or Халуйцы / Халуйск / Холуйск / Chołujce or Lipen / Lipien, at way from Osipovichi to Svisloch, south-west of Swislocz, and north-west of Bobruisk.
1859 - the estate Matseevich / Matsevichi / Mateevichi;
1890, the estate Bluza / Блужа-Городно close to Poddiegtiarnia, north-west of Talka, ca 26 km north-west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze / Asipovichy, and west of Lipien of Bulgak / Bulhak family, west of Lapichi, south-east of Marina-Gorka;
Булгак Софья Ипполитовна b. 08.09.1886, Колесничи of the Копыльского р-н., south-west of Marina Gorka, south-east of Uzda, north of Sluck; d. Nov. 1937.
Булгак Викентий Игнатьевич b. 1902 in Побоковичи, south-east of Osipovichi, close to Osovo, Stavishche, Protasievichi, near by Poplawy, Derevcy, Dubrolevo;
Булгак Героним Станиславович b. 1855 in Сутин or Sucin, 11 km south-west of Talka, and west of Osipovichi / Osipowicze; was living in Дворище to 1937.
Kamionka or Matseevich from Lipovskii in 1861 and Мацевичи / Matsevichi of Bulhak in 1867 - Mateevichi, south of Ugodino, near by Kamienka / Kamionka; west of Talka, and south of Marina Gorka;
Булгак Борис Николаевич b. 1907 in Macevichi / Мацевичи. Матевичи / Мацевичи / Matewitschi / Maciejewicze i.e. Macevicy (inf. about location above), and Zuki, Budzilowka and Kondratowicze.
Budzilowka / Будзиловка in the Беломльская волость / Bielomlskaja volost;
Zabrodok / Забродок and Beresniewka / Бересневка belonged to the Bulhak family / Булгак.
7.
Wincenty BULHAK, son of Stanisław Wincenty Michał Bulhak, 1807-09 office in Mozyr district. His wife Dubrawska / Dabrowska; relatives of Emanuel Bułhak.


Acc. to 'Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften', Görlitz 1930 -
1.
Theodor Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt b. Reval in 1805 m. 2nd to Pauline Wilhelmine Rehbinder b. 1818. Pauline Wilhelmine Rehbinder b. 1818 in Wastemois, d. 1905 in Reval (Tallinn), daughter of Gustav Wilhelm von Rehbinder and Charlotte Margarethe Helene von Lantingshausen; mother of Theodor Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt (b. 1841 in Wredenhagen / Maidla mois, Haggers / Hageri, Harrien / Harjumaa) and Roman Viktor von Mohrenschildt; sister of Woldemar von Rehbinder; Emilie Charlotte and Elisabeth Betty Auguste von Rehbinder b. 1824 in Sarrakus, Livland.
2.
Baron George De Mohrenschildt, a Russian, an Estonian by birth, a Baltic German by last name, a Swedish-Scottish by origin, and a Pole according to his passport. George / Jurij / Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt April 17, 1911 in Mozyr / Mozyrz in the Minsk government - was the son of Sjergei / Siergiej b. 1870.

Siergei's son (+ Aleksandra Zapolski / Gapolski m. in 1901) was also
Dmitri b. March 1902 in the Hlusk district, the Minsk gevernment
- that is Dimitri Sergius Von Mohrenschildt, 1902-2002.
Hlusk / Глуск / Glussk in Moghilev Region, Belarus, ca 50 km south-west of Bobrujsk / Bobruisk at way to Liaskovichi of the Zbieranowskis; see Konstantynowicz, Dzierzynski and Bulhak (Aldona Dzierzynska was living here!) in this area.


Acc. to the Russian source:
George De Mohrenschildt / Morenshild, stated, that was born in 1911 in Mozyr, but his next of kin thought he was born in Georgia, maybe born in 1914. His family comes from a Swedish family (and from Scotland !), but was of the Greek Catholic religion. His father served the Nobel family in Baku, but also worked on oil development in Romania; after 1939 George promoted in the Polish resistance to the rank of lieutenant colonel and spent most of the war in London as a liaison officer. He arrived in America in 1938, but, according to him, in 1939, returned to Poland to serve the army, but in the same year, returned to America. In the US, takes part in various operations; maybe for the French intelligence service of De Gaulle, who fought with the Germans, but also for Marshal Petain; he became known for his contacts with many German agents. But the war years he spent as a neutral film producer in Mexico, in 1944, changed his name, returned to the United States, less than a year receive a diploma of the petroleum engineer;
1957 he spent several months in Yugoslavia after verification by the State Department; 1958 he went on a long journey through Africa: Togo, Ghana, Dahomey; and back out through Poland. He was in Czechoslovakia. In 1959, he and his wife traveled to Mexico, and met Anastas Mikoyan. In 1960, the couple De Mohrenschildt gone for almost a year to the Central or South America.


Acc. to a book 'PRL in Dallas...', about the assassination of President Kennedy, above named George De Mohrenschildt, who as George von Mohrenschildt, first came to the United States, as a Polish citizen (to ca 1952), just before World War II, was the best friend of Lee Oswald.
George edited films about the Polish underground, with the cooperation of the Polish embassy in Washington. However, British intelligence warned about his possible cooperation with Germany;
his father Sergei Von Mohrenschildt, was anti-communist, and ca 1940 decreed German nationality and, he left Vilnius to Germany.
George questioned by Mr. Jenner, on behalf of the Warren Commission, related his biography: a cavalry school in Poland, and doctorate studies in Belgium and three marriages with the daughters of millionaires.
Mr Pacepa and Antoni J. Wrega of Warsaw, cites other sources.
According to Ion Mihai Pacepa, De Mohrenschildt was the so-called "officer support" to Oswald; Consul Valery Vladimirovich Kostikow / Kostin from the Embassy of the Soviet Union in Mexico City was the officer in charge of the case to Oswald,
who on 28 September and 1 October met Oswald in Mexico;
Kostikow was an employee of the Department of the KGB for homicide and sabotage.
Interesting that President Kennedy received from Golitsyn ("Martel"), a KGB officer who defected to the United States, information on the Soviet spies located among others in France, and in Italy. Total about 200 spies in the structures of NATO countries. Spring 1962, John F. Kennedy handed over to the President of France, Charles de Gauelle, data about Soviet infiltration in France. The Report of the Warren Commission showed several so-called "Polish traces". An example of a certain professor, James Dombrowski, with Polish origin, the most prominent activist of the Communist Party of the United States in the South. Especially, however, the figure of George De Mohrenschildt, to at least 1952 a Polish citizen. Media reports about the special role played in 1962 - 1963 by marriage of De Mohrenschildt: George and Jeanne, to Lee Harvey and Marina Oswald, lasted approx. 8 months, from the middle of summer 1962.
George's father was a teacher in high school in Mozyrz, and later vice-president of the oil company, owned by Alfred Nobel in Baku; he was also the Marshal of the nobility in the province of Minsk, and after the outbreak of the revolution Nov. 1917 even deputy minister of agriculture of the Soviet Belarus (1919). In 1922 Sergei von Mohrenschildt found himself in exile in Vilnius, where he was director of the Russian emigre school.
George / Yurij graduated in Polish school in Vilnius in 1929, then studied at one and half year military officers' school of Cavalry in Grudziadz, who graduated as sergeant - candidate for lieutenant in 1931. After he went - with a Polish passport - to study at the School of Commerce in Antwerp, with a doctorate on the natural resources of Latin America at the University of Liege, Belgium. In 1938, with 10 thousands dollars, De Mohrenschildt arrived to the United States. He lived for several months in the apartments of the daughter of the Queen of Yugoslavia, Madame de Lipovatz, trying various businesses after the outbreak of war in 1939. Cooperated with the Polish Consul in New York, Sylwin Jerzy Strakacz, previously confidential secretary of Ignacy Paderewski. Acted together with his cousin, Baron Konstantin von Maydell, apparently an officer of the Abwehr.
Married 4th time in 1958 to 1975, to the fashion designer Jeanne Legon, born as Evgenija Fomenko, Russian from Charbin, northern China, ex wife of Sergei Bogojawlienski;
in 1960, couple of De Mohrenschildt set off on a hike, over 3 thousand miles away, as interpreter all, from the Mexican border with Texas, to the Panama Canal;
in Mexico, they faced with a very important Bolshevik head, Anastazy Mikoyan, the old Bolshevik guard, brother of the constructor of MIG.
In June 1963 George was in Haiti; along with Jeanne, in Haiti are looking for oil and there finds the tragedy in Dallas. George had numerous contacts with Poles: Rey family, meets in Caracas, Venezuela with the then Polish Deputy Minister of Science, chemist, prof. Osman Achmatowicz. Also he corresponds with Mr. Domanska in Warsaw, probably before the war famous Miss Achmatowicz; and with Strumillo from Paris;
but in Port-au-Prince, the Haitian capital, he known the head of the Commercial Counsellor's Office (subordinate to the Polish Embassy in Mexico), attache Wlodzimierz Galicki and Kazimierz Sałaciński.
On 9 August 1964 George and Jeanne De Mohrenschildt met with Wlodzimierz Galicki, and Wojciech STAWINSKI, a Polish national who arrived in Haiti for the first time, by plane on the same day. Stawiński was a member of the "Universal", Polish state-owned commercial organization. Stawiński left the Venezuela to Quito.
29 March 1977, on the eve of a testify before the Commission of the Chamber of Representatives, George De Mohrenschildt shot himself in the throat, leaving a letter in defense of Oswald.


We need check:
In 1915, the Russian government dispatched a second uncle of George de Mohrenschildt, the young diplomat Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt, to Washington to plead for American intervention in the war (see Koziell POKLEWSKI); 1917, Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt's mission was a success; he was often in the company of Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, of the family then befriending Prescott Bush and about to hire Prescott's future father-in-law, George Herbert Walker. Ferdinand married the step-granddaughter of President Woodrow Wilson.

Von Mohrenschildt Ferdinand was son of Karl Johann Ferdinand Mohrenschildt b. 1841. That is Ferdinand Theodor b. in 1870 in Reval, d. Dec. 1918, Reval, m. 1904 in Reval to Irma Sophie Broszewicz / Broschewitz b. 1881 daughter of Johann (JAN BROSZEWICZ) and Amalie (Amalie Girard of Goa canton ?).

Above named Ferdinand's children:
Olga Marie b. 1906 in Reval; Brigitte Dorothea b. 1908 Reval; Ursula Alice b. Nov. 1913 in Reval. See: Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften, © BSB München.

Sjergei / Siergiej b. 1870 married to Aleksandra Zapolski / Gapolski / ZAPOLSKA in 1901.

Siergei's son was Dmitri b. March 1902 in the Hlusk district, the Minsk gevernment - that is Dimitri Sergius Von Mohrenschildt, 1902-2002.
Sergei b. 1870 was son of Heinrich Alexander von Mohrenschildt b. 1831 - d. 1904, and L. Nikonov. Heinrich was son of Gustav Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and Luise Wilhelmine Anna Alexandra von Doerper.
Heinrich's children: Wladimir; Nikolai; Siergei / Sergei; Konstantin b. 1858; Aleksander; and Peter.
Heinrich was brother of Julie Friederike Ulrike; Ottilie Alexandra von Tobiesen; Helene Ottilie Mathilde; Peter Ludwig Hugo von Mohrenschildt; Olga Wilhelmine Lisette Auguste; Oskar Johann von Mohrenschildt; Emilie Nathalie Elisabeth; Eduard Fromhold Gustav von Mohrenschildt and Nikolaus Ewald Konstantin von Mohrenschildt.


Brief note on Artuzow - Frautchi:
In the history of intelligence services Artuzov Arthur Frauchi was headed counterintelligence, foreign intelligence and military intelligence.
He was born 1891 in the village Ustinovo, Kashin County, Tver province
(Dubbelt or Dubelt family in Kuvshinovo, Tver region = Russia, Tver Oblast, Kuvshinovo, close to Puzakovo; ca 120 km west of Tver),
his father Christian Frautschi was a master cheesemaker in the estate of the landowner Likhachev. Frauchi father remained a Swiss citizen;
mother, Augusta Avgustovna Didrikil, Latvian descent, taught him French and German, and then he taught himself English.
Family of Christian Frautschi, came from Switzerland to Russia in 1881 and settled in the estate of landowner Popov, Apashkovo, Tver province, where his older brother Paul / Peter Frautschi, arrived in this region 1879, next in Yurino estate, manor Zhdanov, Mikhailovsky, Putjatino, the village Davydkovo / Davydovo, 17 km north-west of Kashin, and north-east of Tver.
Cheesemaker was working in the estate Mykolaivk, and Christian Frautschi married Augusta Didrikil, Didrikil family was of mixed origin, the Latvian and Estonian, her grandfather was a Scot; after the wedding, the young family settled in the estate at Kashin County, Tver province.
The ancestors of the Frautschi family were Italians, but they settled in that part of the country, where lived natives of Germany, village in the mountains - Gstaad, about an hour away by car from Bern and ca 2 km only from Saanen; ca 30 km east of Villeneuve; here were always Frautschi, all generation were cheesemaker; spoke a strange dialect of German; Christian Frautschi, went to Russia from this village;
Christian's Petrovich daughter Nina came home in Gstaad during the holidays at summer of 1912.
House was unhurt now, the house is so empty since 1912.
Elisee Reclus and Piotr Kropotkin were living in Clarens, Montreux.
L'Abbaye - Breguet.
Abetel in Riex, Lausanne.
Morges - Duflon.
Demontet - in Villette in the Vaud province. Cully is near to Riex. Villette or Lavaux close to Lutry and Cully.
Ramseyer family from Neuchātel and La Chaux-de-Fonds is a Swiss city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchātel. Also St-Aubin-Sauges north of Lausanne, Grindlachen, Bern in Switzerland; from Siebnen and Steffisburg north-east of Lousanne, Tavannes, north of Neuchatel.
Villeneuve is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, located ca 30 km east-south of Lausanne;
Duflon family gone from Nimes 1584, Lutry 1852, Neuchatel, in Paris 1801 - 1877 Louis Duflon. Duflon in 1906 in d'Ardon, south-east of Villeneuve. Also in La Tour-de-Peilz east from Lausanne, close to Villeneuve, 15 km. The DUFLON family 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse.
M. Wilczek from Lausanne, and Michael Dobrovolsky / Michail / Michal Dobrowolski 1903 - 1907 in Lausanne.
Jean Rey / Jean-Alexandre REY b. 1861 in Lausanne / Lauzanne, Switzerland. His first wife Marie Sautter b. 1870, daughter of Louis Sautter - founder of LEMONNIER - HARLE and Co. with Paul LEMONNIER.
Diserens or Dizeren among other things, it were the villages and towns:
CLARENS located east from Lausanne, also Villette, Cully and Riex. Villette or Lavaux is located close to Lutry and Cully.
Shortly before the First World War Kedrov graduated from the Medical Faculty of the University of Lausanne.
At margin - we know about Anna Frauchi, b. 1716 in Koppigen, Bern district, Switzerland, died in 1756, Switzerland, married 1774 in Jegenstorf, Bern, Switzerland.
Didrikil Maria Gieorgievna, born 1872, in the Armed Forces of South Russia and evacuated at the end of January 1920 from Novorossiysk on the ship 'Hannover'.
Somebody of the Frauchi / Frautchi in Rapperswil-Jona, close to Zurich; Turbach ca 5 km east of Saanen.
Johann Jakob Frautschi / Jacob Jacques Frautschi in 1842, used passport to travel from Switzerland between Canton Berne and Paris, living in Gessenai (Saanen/Gessenay or Saanen, east of Montreux ca 28 km, close to Versoix, near by Rougemont; and now in Schonried close to Saanen; east of Villeneuve), aged 44 years, who was native of Gesseney, who wanted to return to France, married 1843 to Elise Perrin, aged 34 years.
Marie Elise Perin / Perrin was born 28 May 1814, and was baptised in 1815 in the parish of Briel (Biel / Bienne, ca 35 km north-east of Neuchatel).
More:
http://www.konstantynowicz.info/constantinovich/konstantinovich/Russian_military_intelligence/renucci_fraucci_frauchi_frautchi_artuzov/pilar_pilchau/index.html


Note at margin - acc. to http://jfkmurdersolved.com/bush3.htm:
"George H. W. Bush failed to disclose his friendship with George De Mohrenschildt, a renowned oil geologist and Lee Harvey Oswald's best friend in Dallas. They knew each other since 1942, probably even longer, because in 1939 he went to work for Humble Oil, a company founded by Prescott Bush. In 1977, when De Mohrenschildt is located by investigators of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, who want to interview him, he allegedly commits suicide the following day. The last person to interview him on the day he died, is Jay Edward Epstein, a writer - historian and a known apologist for the Warren Report since day one. Epstein married a CIA agent and is the biographer of former CIA-director James Jesus Angleton, presumably in charge of Oswald's "defection" to Russia. Interestingly, Epstein is also the "consultant" that was suddenly hired by NBC in 1995, when NBC was making a program for national TV on the confession of James E. Files".


Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt was son of Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt, who had brothers:
1. Konstantin son of Alexander, collegiate counselor, the Chairman of the Board of the shipbuilding company and a mechanical plant in St. Petersburg. Member of the Board and Managing Director of the mining and oil industry in Ferghana.
2. Morenshild Vladimir son of above Alexandr / Aleksander De Mohrenschildt, was born in 1854. Midshipman - 1876. The senior officer of the battleship "Vice Admiral Popov" (1896). Senior Officer of "Terets" (1896 - 1897) and the battleship "George" (1897-1899). The commander of "Ingul" (1899) and mine cruiser "Griden" (1901-1902), "Zaporozhets" (1902-1903). The mayor of Sevastopol (1906). Orthodox; one son (1906).
Sergey von Mohrenschildt was a Marshal of Nobility of the Minsk Province 1913 - 1917 and served as director of the Nobel interests in Russia.
Konstantin also ran the Branobel Oil Company in Baku. In 1918 De Mohrenschildt lived in Minsk (from Baku ?).
The Baku department of BRANOBEL, the Control Department:
R. E. Nobel, Ulner K. K., Ternudd G. A., Bergrot E. I., Nikolaev R. N., Garsoev I. G., Eklund G. P., Morenshild K. A.,
Lessner A. G. who was in 1916 the Director of the Board;
Nobel G. L. (Gustaf Oscar Ludvig);
Lamberg A. B.
About above Nobel G. L.:
Nobel L. L. (descendant of Ludvig and Edla Nobel), Ludvig Alfred Lullu Nobel, 1874 - 1935, hereditary honorable citizen, Director of the Company 'Gear-Tsitroen' (Citroen) and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' and a machine factory of Company 'Ludvig Nobel'.
Descendants of Immanuel Nobel, the younger b. 1801 and Andriette Ahlsell:
Robert Nobel b. 1829, Alfred Nobel b. 1833 - the inventor of dynamite, instituted the Nobel Prizes, Emil Oskar Nobel and Ludvig Immanuel Nobel b. 1831 - is buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery in St. Petersburg.
Descendants of Ludvig and Mina Nobel:
Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 d. 1932 (Branobel's second president and being interested in the encryption business correspondence, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin and Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel were an investors of the AB Cryptograph Company, in the production cipher machines developed Arvid Damm, like a rotary machine Electrocryptograph B-1),
Carl Nobel b. 1862;
and descendants of Ludvig and Edla Nobel:
Esther Wilhelmina Olsen-Nobel,
Ludvig Alfred (Lullu) Nobel b. 1874 (Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company),
Ingrid Hildegard Nobel-Ahlqvist b. 1879,
Marta Helena Nobel-Oleinikoff b. 1881,
Rolf Nobel,
Emil Waldemar Ludvig Nobel and
last above mentioned Gustaf Oscar Ludvig.
Above LESSNER:
Next of kin to the Armands and the Konstantynowiczs was Pampel Eduard 1884 - 1952, Germany, began his career in Russia at Lessner factory in St. Petersburg 1911, then entered the factory Becker in Revel; he worked at the aerodynamic laboratory of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute 1917, shipbuilding division Putilov factory. Plant Becker was in Revel that is Revel Shipyard BECKER & Co. / Joint Stock Company 'metallurgical, mechanical and shipbuilding plants Becker & Co.' in Reval / Tallinn. During the First World War, it had to be evacuated to Novorossiysk, where it is located on the site of a small factory Muller, Lampe & Co., after which he ever lost shipbuilding specialization. The factory made machine-gun and artillery tower installation of armored trains.
The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company co-operated with the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank. According to V. S. Solomko at http://www.encspb.ru/ this St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank was a joint-stock commercial bank, opened in 1869, cooperating especially closely with the St. Petersburg International Bank by taking part "in the military industrial group to build submarines for the Baltic Navy.
The group included Lessner's Plant and Nobel's Plant in St. Petersburg, which played a leading role in the group, as well as Fenix, Atlas, and Gatchinsky Ironworks".
Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich b. 1862, political and public figure, banker and businessman, was Director of Moscow Discount Bank. In 1907 and 1915, he was elected Member of State Assembly representing Industry and Trade, heading a defence Commission 1907-10. In St Petersburg, he was a member of St Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank's board. From 1915, he was Chairman of the Central Military-Industrial Committee and a member of Special Meeting for defence. At the end of 1916, he designed plans for dynastic coup.
Emmanuel Nobel / Immanuel the younger b. 1801 died 1872, the inventor of underwater mines. In 1842 - 1859 he lived in St. Petersburg, where he founded a mechanical plant. Robert E. Nobel (1829 - 1896) was born in Sweden but his mother came to St. Petersburg and since 1850 he has worked at the factory of his father, after worked for many years in companies that founded together with his brothers:
Alfred Bernhard Nobel b. 1833, founder of the Nobel Prizes - in Russia became acquainted with the works of Zinin and V. F. Petrushevskii / Pietruszewski in chemical engineering nitroglycerin.
Ludvig Nobel b. 1831 died 1888, member of the Russian Technical Society, in St. Petersburg acted for 'Ludwig Nobel' / 'Russian diesel', in 1876 he founded with brothers
Robert and
Alfred and
with his sons:
Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and
Carl:
Oil Industry Company / Branobel / Tovarichtchestvo Nephtanavo Proisvodtsva Bratiev Nobel in Baku.
He moved with his mother Andriette and brothers Robert and Alfred to St Petersburg in 1842 where his father Immanuel had set up a factory. He bought his own smaller factory that he called the 'Machine-Building Factory Ludvig Nobel'. There, he made cannons, gun carriages, underwater mines and artillery missiles, machine tools, hydraulic presses.
Together with Russian Major General Peter A. Bilderling and his brother, he built up a model factory in Izhevsk in the Urals.
Ludvig and his son
Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859, visited Baku in 1876. In 1879, the 'Naftaproduktionsaktiebolaget Bröderna Nobel', shortened to Branobel, was formed in St. Petersburg.
Above Ludvig Immanuel Nobel b. 1831, was an engineer, m. 1st. time in 1858 to Mina Ahlsell and 2nd time in 1871.
Ludvig ran the company with his sons Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and Carl.
His first and illegitimate child, Hjalmar Crusell, was head of a laboratory and the closest person in St Petersburg.
Most of the people in the managerial staff were Swedes, but was also a man from Norway, Hans Olsen who came to Kronstadt to work in 1880 and met Ludvig Nobel's sons,
Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and
Carl, in the Russian capital.
Above Major General Peter A. Bilderling and his brother:
Marie Dolivo Dobrovolsky / MARIA Doliwa Dobrowolska, 1820 - 1887 was mother of above Peter I von Bilderling + Sophie von Westmann von Bilderling.
He was father of Peter II von Bilderling + Marie Rjewsky / RAJEWSKA.
The baron Peter I von Bilderling (born in Saint-Petersburg in 1844) died in Zapolie near Luga in 1900, was the Russian Imperial Army Engineering Officer. Founder with Robert Nobel in Tsaritsin refinery and creation with Ludwig Nobel of the Branobel's Baku petroleum company.
He was the brother of baron Alexander von Bilderling, the general.
Peter von Bilderling was born in Courland, became Orthodox family. His father Alexandre Otto Hermann Grigorievitch von Bilderling was lieutenant general in the engineering. His grandfather, Georges Sigismond von Bilterlings, (1767-1829).
Co-operated with Ludwig Nobel, Alfred Nobel, Robert Nobel, I. J. Zabelsky / ZABIELSKI, Alexander von Bilderling, Fritz Blumberg, Michel Beliamin, A. S. Sundgren, Benno Wunderlich.
More:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Deka_Company_1904_-_1918_St_Petersburg/cryptography_ciphers_radio_telegraph_sweden_switzerland_russia_nobel_damm_wheatstone_hagelin_schilling/index.html
De Mohrenschildt's family managed Nobel Oil (Branobel Oil) in Baku, whose legal representative was John McCloy.
McCloy was a consultant to I. G. Farben and was on the Warren Commission as well. Both McCloy and Gen. William F. Draper, Jr. opposed the de-Nazification of of Germany according to Christopher Simpson in Splendid Blond Beast.
In 1961 George de Mohrenschildt was invited to lunch by J. Walton Moore. According to Edward Jay Epstein, during the meeting Moore told de Mohrenschildt about Lee Harvey Oswald living in Minsk.
In May 1920, the Nobel family sold almost half of Branobel's shares.
The Petroleum Production Company Nobel Brothers, Limited, or Branobel, was an oil company set up by Ludvig Nobel and Baron Peter von Bilderling, mainly in Baku, Azerbaijan but also in Cheleken, Turkmenistan.
At the head of the partnership stood the Board, based in St. Petersburg. From 1879 to 1888 L. Nobel was Chairman, and after his death, this post was taken by his son Emmanuel.
The post of Director of the Board held:
I. O. Olzen / OLSEN, K. V. Hagelin, M. M. Belyamin, G. P. Eklund, E. K. Grube.
Above HAGELIN:
Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin b. 1892, was a Swedish businessman and inventor of encryption machines. Born of Swedish parents in Azerbaijan;
father Karl Wilhelm Hagelin worked for Ludvig and Emanuel / Emmanuel Nobel in Baku
(Karl Hagelin was closest advisor for Emmanuel, because Wilhelm Hagelin, his father, had been employed by Ludvig Nobel as a manager of the St. Petersburg factory; 1899, Karl Hagelin was called back to St. Petersburg, like Emmanuel's closest technical advisor),
and next was an investor in the Arvid Gerhard Damm's company - Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, established to sell rotor machines, acc. to Wikipedia.
See: Smith, Francis O. J., The Secret Corresponding Vocabulary..., ed. in Portland; Shannon, A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Bell System..., ed. in 1948; Damm Arvid G., Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, ed. 1922;
Boris C. W. Hagelin became first a director and later the owner of the Cryptograph Company, next the Cryptographe Technik and then the Crypto A. G. in the 1960s.
Several genealogical family connections between families Rehbinder and Gernet, and Arensburg, Saku and Lehola in this configuration:
on 6 March 1865 between the Lord Captain Alezander Gernet / Alexander Gernet
(Alexander August von Gernet 1786 - 1865, born and died in Lehhola / Lehola; his wife died in Lehola - Natalie Praskowia Rehbinder 1796 - 1862)
- as owner of the property in the Harri / Harrifchen or
(Harju County or Harjumaa / Harrien / Harria, it is situated in northern Estonia, on the south coast of the Gulf of Finland)
Harjumaa county, Keila parish, close to Lehola - and the farmer Tönnis Elling concluded agreement on the sold on 20 April 1865. And agreement between Gernet and the farmer Karel Keippar on the site Wanna Iürri, as owner of the property in the Harri / Harrifchen close to Lehola.
Captain Alexander von Gernet and the farmer Hans Limberg on the site Old (?) concluded decreed, as owner of the property in the Harrifchen / Harjumaa / Harrien / Harria, close to Lehola.
The Baltic German historian Axel von Gernet (1865-1920), or Konrad Axel von Gernet from Sallentack (Salutaguse / 2 km east of Kohila, 19 km south-east of Saku), Raplamaa, Estland, died 1920 in St. Petersburg.
Kohila, Estonia is located ca 17 km south of Saku! Konrad Axel von Gernet was from Sallentack (Salutaguse / 2 km east of Kohila).
Alexander Gustav Konstantin von Benckendorff, from Jendel, b. 1846 in Warrang (Varangu - north of Rakvere ca 18 km), Väike-Maarja vald. Died 1910 in above Jendel (Jäneda - ca 65 km east of Saku).
Some inf. on the Pilchau family:
Karl Gustav Pilar von Pilchau 1751 - 1802 born in Wait (Vaida), Rae vald, Harjumaa, Estland and died 1802 in Weissenstein (Paide), Järvamaa, Estland.
His wife Johanna Christine Charlotte Pilar von Pilchau nee von Patkul 1751 - 1828; above Weissenstein (Paide), Järvamaa, ca 75 km south-east of Saku.
Siim Hacker b. 1817; his sons: Constantin Johann Hacker b. 1859 d. on February 28, 1926 in Keila - Keila town is 5 km north-east of Lehola, Harju County, and Keila is west of Saku; Gustav Hacker b. 1854 Hiiumaa - island, west of Haapsalu, died on September 28, 1917 in Tallinn, Harjumaa (his daughter Olga-Pauline Hacker b. 1876 d. 1877).
Pilar von Pilchau:
the first the Narva commendant Wenzel Pilar von Pilchau (1606–1675); lived in Livland / Liivimaa and Estonia; Pilar von Pilchau were owners of Vaida / Wait, Oru / Orrenhof, Meremoisa / Merremois, Raasiku / Rasik, Kääsla / Käsal, Lehtse / Lechts, Karjaküla / Karjaküll close to Saue and Saku, Vardi, Valgu, Palivere south-west of Lehola / Palvere / Pallfer and Halinga / Hallick, Uulu, Lelle, Alt-Salis, Audru / Audern, Arrohof, Haeska / Hasik close to Haapsalu (see Dunkel).
Pilar von Pilchau owners of:
Vaida is a small borough in Rae Parish, Harju County, northern Estonia. It's located about 21 km southeast of Tallinn.
Orrenhof, south of Parnu, is a place with a very small population in the region of Parnumaa, Estonia.
Merremois / Meremoisa - 10 km north-west of Karjakula, and 15 km from Keila. Raasiku, south-east of Tallinn, 23 km. Rasik to von Sivers in 1843.
Palifer - Wilhelm Friedrich Pilar von Pilchau (1761-1819), was owner of Palifer, Orks, Pall, Käsal.
Orks = Polumyza Orks, Laanemaa, south of Haeska. Kütke (Kütke) close to Märjamaa, south of Saku.
Lechts, outh-west of Rakvere.
Schloss Felks owner Baron de Maydell.
Karjaküll - Vana-Karjaküla / Alt-Karjaküll, Karjaküla is a small borough in Keila Parish, Harju County, northern Estonia.

A note on the Gernet family from Estland / Estonia:
Natalie Praskowia Rehbinder b. 1796 died 1862, her father Peter Woldemar Rehbinder b. 1757 d. 1823;
her husband Alexander August von Gernet b. 1786 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia and died on October 5, 1865 in Lehhola.
Lehola is a settlement in Keila Parish, Harju County in northwestern Estonia, 15 km south-west of Harku, and 18 km west of Saku.
His father Carl Gustav von Gernet b. 1747 died 1812 in Lehhola / Lehola, Estonia.
Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau 1767-1830, the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen., von Pilhau Yegor Maksimovic or Georg Ludwig, from the family of a professional military, his father was retired major of the Polish army -
Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801.
Georg Ludwig (Egor Maksimovich) Pilar von Pilchau b. 1767 in Kirna, Türi vald, Järvamaa; but his father Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau b. 1734 and died on November 25, 1801 in Jöggis (Jogisuu).
He was son of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and Anna Sophia.
Jogisoo (Jogisuu) ca 3 km south-west of Kullamaa, south-east-east of Haapsalu, Läänemaa county. But we know about different Jöggis, ca 5 and 1/2 km south from Saue, and south-west of Saku, also ca 7 km south-east of Keila and east of Lehola.

Walter Erich von Mohrenschildt b. 1910, died on July 1, 1934 in Berlin, the Sturmabteilung (SA) of the NSDAP. Son of Walter Konstantin von Mohrenschildt b. 1879 in Haiba, Hageri kihelkond, Harjumaa, Estonia; grandson of Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt b. 1833 in Haiba, Estland;
great-grandson of Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Gertrude Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau b. 1806 in Jöggis (Jogisoo), Saue vald, Harjumaa, Estland.
She was daughter of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm.

More about Estonia, Saue, Keila, Lehola, Tallinn:
http://konstantynowicz.info/Konstantinovich_Troubetskoy_Orlov_Denisov_Bagrationi_Paszkovsky_Siedych_Armand_Demonets/Estonia_Russia_Belarus_Poland/toll_rehbinder_steinberg_gernet_nomme_harku_saku/index.html
Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa - ca 30 km south-west of KEILA.
http://konstantynowicz.info/family_history_genealogy_historia_rodzina_genealogia/Italy_UK_Switzerland_Estonia_Sweden_Belarus_Russia_Poland_France/Belarusian_Estonian_Polish_Russian_genealogical_historical_database/index.html.

A brief explanation on the De Mohrenschildt family from Estonia / Estland:

De Mohrenschildt / Мореншильд, Фёдор Борисович 1st, served the Guards Finland Regiment in 1823; staff captain - 1830, in 1841 lived in Estonia.

The brothers:
1. Sergei son of Alexandr De Mohrenschildt / фон Мореншильд Сергей Александрович, the court counselor, a district chief of the Slutsk district of the Minsk province in 1903.
2. Konstantin / фон Мореншильд Константин Александрович, collegiate counselor, the Chairman of the Board of the shipbuilding company and a mechanical plant in St. Petersburg. Member of the Board and Managing Director of the mining and oil industry in Ferghana.
3. Morenshild Vladimir son of above Alexandr / Aleksander De Mohrenschildt, was born in 1854. Midshipman - 1876. The senior officer of the battleship "Vice Admiral Popov" (1896). Senior Officer of "Terets" (1896 - 1897) and the battleship "George" (1897-1899). The commander of "Ingul" (1899) and mine cruiser "Griden" (1901-1902), "Zaporozhets" (1902-1903). The mayor of Sevastopol (1906). Orthodox; one son (1906).

We back to Kennedy:
In January 1963 Kennedy proposed to Congress to enforce the law, reducing incentives to oil companies. Implementation of this measure would cut the income of the Texas oilmen, which also referred to Count George de Morenshild / George S. De Mohrenschildt; his real name is George S. Morenshild. He was born on April 17, 1911 in Belarus. Many researchers believe that he had already worked for several networks of intelligence; in 1941 he was arrested in Arkansas as a German spy. But it took only three years, and in 1944 Count George Morenshild becomes famous Texas oil businessman. In 1949, he finally gets US citizenship; as a specialist in the oil, he travels around the world.
At early 60-ies in Dallas, he met with Oswald's family; Oswald's wife was Marina Oswald Prusakova from Belarus.

And now a note about the genealogy of Count George de Morenshild / George S. De Mohrenschildt:
Karl Reinhold von Mohrenschildt born 1831 in Estonia, d. 1905 in Wolfsberg, Kärnten, Österreich; was son of Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Gertrude Elisabeth; husband of Katharina Elmerice and father of Behrend Reinhold Alexander von Mohrenschildt.
Above Gertrude Elisabeth nee Pilar von Pilchau, born 1806 in Jöggis / Jogisoo, the Saue vald, Harjumaa, Estonia - d. 1847 (see Dunkel and Krauze). She was daughter of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau (see Becu, Dzierzynski and Pilsudski) and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm. She was sister of Karl Pilar von Pilchau and Emilie Caroline Elisabeth.
Above Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt, b. 1786 in Kreuzhof / Risti, the Padise vald, Harjumaa, died in 1861 in Kreuzhof.
He was son of Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and Gustava Stephanie (see below !).
Husband of Margaretha Ulrika Juliane; Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth; and Gertrude Elisabeth. Father of Elisabeth (Lilly) Auguste 1825 - 1916 wife of Karl Platon Oskar von Baumgarten.

And we back to mentioned above Juri or George Sergius de Mohrenschildt 1911 - 1977, son of Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt (see above about фон Мореншильд Сергей Александрович) and Alexandra Gapolski / Zapolska; husband of Wynne Sharples; Phyllis Washington; Eugenia Jeanne Fomenko LeGon, and Dorothy Pierson; brother of Dimitri von Mohrenschildt
- inf. under copyright by Timo Antero Westerlund at geni.com in 2014.

George De Mohrenschildt's father was Von Mohrenschildt Sergej Aleksandrovic, born 9.4.1870; mother of Sergej: Nikonova Ljubov. The wedding day of Sergej on 29.4.1901 / 12.5. 1901; Sergej's wife was Alexandra Zapolska born 13.5.1879 / 25.5.1879; occupation: the County marshal in Mozyrz / Mozir in 1911; County marshal in Minsk in 1914 - 1915 or 1913 to 1917; description: Minsk office in 1911.

Above Alexandra Gapolski (Aleksandra Zapolska) b. 1879.

Above Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt b. 1870, son of Heinrich Alexander von Mohrenschildt and Ljubow Nikanorowna (Nikonova Ljubov); brother of Wladimir von Mohrenschildt; Nikolai von Mohrenschildt and Konstantin von Mohrenschildt.
Above Ljubow Nikanorowna Lukin (Nikonova Ljubov), 1840 - 1902. Above Heinrich Alexander von Mohrenschildt, 1831 - 1904 was son of Gustav Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and Luise Wilhelmine Anna Alexandra von Doerper.
Above Gustav Reinhold von Mohrenschildt, b. 1787, died in 1834, was son of Johann Heinrich von Mohrenschildt and Ottilie Helene Gfin. Douglas.
Above Ottilie Helene Douglas born 1756 in Reval (Tallinn), d. 1797. She was sister of above Gustava nee Douglas that is Gustava Stephanie von Mohrenschildt. She was daughter of Robert Wilhelm Douglas Count and Margarethe Juliane von Knorring.
Above Robert Wilhelm Douglas, 1724 in Tallinn, d. 1778 in Järvamaa. He was son of Gustaf Otto Douglas that is Gustav Otto Gf. Douglas-Skenninge, b. 1687 in Stockholm.

Part of von Mohrenschildt family moved home to Österreich:
Reinhold von Mohrenschildt b. 1915 in Krumpendorf am Wörthersee, Kärnten / Carinthia, Austria, was son of Erich Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt; grandson of Karl Reinhold von Mohrenschildt b. 1831;
great-grandson of Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Gertrude Elisabeth Pilar von Pilchau b. 1806 in Jöggis / Jogisoo, Saue vald, Harjumaa, daughter of mentioned above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau.
Above Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt b. 1786 in Kreuzhof (Risti); son of Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt;
Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt b. 1748, son of Berend Otto von Mohrenschildt and Marie von Ramm; above Berend Otto von Mohrenschildt b. 1718 in Reval (Tallinn) was son of Berend Johann who died in 1732 in Kurkse, the Padise Parish, Harju County, Estonia.


The DOUGLAS family from SCOTLAND:

Stjärnorp Castle / Stiernorp, in the southern province of Östergötland, Sweden, was built by the Douglas family, in 1655 - 1662 owned by Field Marshal Robert Douglas, Count of Skenninge (1611 - 1662). Robert Douglas b. 1611 in Standingstone Estate, by Traprain Law, East Lothian, Scotland; his father, Patrick Douglas, was the second son of William Douglas of Whittinghame. ROBERT Douglas in 1654 was created a count. In 1658-1661 the military governor of Estonia and Livonia. His daughter married an Oxenstierna. The remaining son, Gustaf, was first of the Swedish-born noble line of Douglas.

His grandson, Count Gustav Otto Douglas, was captured by the Russians during the Battle of Poltava, entered Russian service, and in 1717 was the Governor General of Finland. Count Gustaf / Gustav Otto Douglas b. 1687, Stockholm, died in Reval, was father of Robert Wilhelm Graf Douglas b. 1724 in Tallinn, d. in Järvamaa, and grandfather of
Robert;
Ottilie Helene;
Juliane Luise;
Gustava Stephanie von Mohrenschildt,
and Peter.
Above Ottilie Helene b. 1756 in Reval (Tallinn), was wife of Johann Heinrich von Mohrenschildt. She was mother of Berend Wilhelm von Mohrenschildt.
Above Gustava Stephanie von Mohrenschildt Gräfin von Douglas b. 1758 in Reval (Tallinn), was wife of Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and mother of Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt; sister of Ottilie Helene.
Above Berend Robert / Behrend von Mohrenschildt b. 1786 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland. Father of Katharina Augusta Elisabeth; Behrend / Boris; Lilly Auguste; and among others
Thomas Ferdinand or Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt - see below!

Famous Juri / George Sergius de Mohrenschildt 1911 - 1977, son of Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt and Alexandra Zapolski. Above Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt b. 1870, was son of Heinrich Alexander von Mohrenschildt and Ljubow Nikanorowna / NIKONOV; above Heinrich Alexander von Mohrenschildt b. 1831 was son of Gustav Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and Luise Wilhelmine Anna Alexandra von Doerper.
Above Gustav Reinhold 1787 - 1834 was son of Johann Heinrich von Mohrenschildt and Ottilie Helene Douglas - see above!

Russian diplomat in the US, Ferdinand Nikolai Alexander von Mohrenschildt, b. 1885 in Haiba, Kernu Parish, Harju County, Estonia, d. March 4, 1919 in New York; sometimes inf. he died in Reval in Dec. 1918. Burial at Sleepy Hollow, Westchester County, New York.
He was son of Thomas Ferdinand or Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt and Mary / Marie von Mohrenschildt daughter of Behrend / Boris Mohrenschildt and Marie Luise von Bremen. Above Ferdinand's wife was Nona Hazelhurst McAdoo b. 1893, daughter of William Gibbs McAdoo, U.S. Senator and Secretary of the Treasury and Sarah Hazelhurst Houston.
Above Thomas Ferdinand von Mohrenschildt b. 1833 in Haiba, Hageri kihelkond, Harjumaa, Eesti / Estland. He was son of Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Gertrude Elisabeth.
Above Berend Robert (Behrend) von Mohrenschildt b. 1786 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland.
He was son of Berend Reinhold von Mohrenschildt and Gustava Stephanie. Above Gustava Stephanie Gräfin von Douglas b. 1758 in Reval (Tallinn) - see above!
She was daughter of Robert Wilhelm Douglas and Margarethe Juliane von Knorring.
Above Robert Wilhelm Douglas (above on the Douglas in Estonia and Scotland; see my domain about the Douglas family in Italy) b. 1724 Tallinn - died in 1778 in Järvamaa was son of Gustaf Otto Douglas and Helena von Schlippenbach.


Curiosity!

The webpage 'Executive Intelligence Review www.larouchepub.com/.../eirv15n03-1988011' was founded on 21 November 1987, but EIR, Executive Intelligence Review, was ed. on January 15, 1988, vol. 15, No 3. EIR: Founder and Contributing Editor: Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. and Editor-in-chief: Criton Zoakos
(Criton M. Zoakos is President of Leto Research, Inc., an economic research and consulting firm in Ft. Lee, NJ. Formerly, he was a columnist for the Asia Times. Earlier, he worked with Norman A. Bailey, Inc. of Washington, D.C., a firm headed by Dr. Bailey, formerly the President Reagan's Special Assistant for International Economic Affairs at the National Security Council. Dr. Norman Bailey, a native of Chicago, Illinois; Dr. Bailey in 1981, joined the Reagan administration as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director of International Economic Affairs on the staff of the National Security Council in the White House),
Editor: Nora Hamerman.

EIR is published by New Solidarity International Press Service.
Executive Intelligence Review is a newsmagazine founded in 1974 by the American political activist Lyndon LaRouche.
The article "New KGB history skirts lessons of the...", by Aleln and Rachel Douglas, is about "A History of the KGB" by John J. Dziak, Lexington Books, edited on October 1, 1987, 234 pages.
'Chekisty: The KGB...' was ed. the first by 'Free Press' on 28 September 1987, and then
'Los Angeles Times', on November 22, 1987 by Michael Krepon about 'CHEKISTY: A HISTORY OF THE KGB' inf.: "The Soviet state security apparatus has a wide-ranging portfolio, including internal security, foreign espionage, kidnaping, assassination, and control over nuclear weapons. Many of the sordid details are provided in John J. Dziak's short history of the KGB, 'Chekisty'."
And again 'Chekisty: The KGB...' was ed. by 'Free Press' on 01 January 1988.

The Lexington Books edited this book on 01st October 1987, but second publisher 'Ballantine Books' ed. on October 31, 1988.

AP published on March 18, 1988 in BOSTON, that on

March 17, 1988 "Lawyers for Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr. introduced today three letters between Henry A. Kissinger and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and said they were evidence of a Government effort to harass Mr. LaRouche. A Government prosecutor said later that he might put Mr. Kissinger on the stand to rebut the harassment charge. ... Today's developments came in a months-long Federal trial of Mr. LaRouche, a political extremist who, along with six of his aides and five of his organizations, is charged with conspiring to obstruct a grand jury investigation of credit card and loan fraud attributed to his 1984 Presidential campaign. Among the letters introduced today was one written in August 1982 by Mr. Kissinger to William H. Webster, who was then the F.B.I. Director and is now Director of Central Intelligence. ... Oliver Revell, the F.B.I.'s executive assistant director, responded with two letters saying that the bureau would investigate Mr. Kissinger's complaint and that there appeared to be some evidence of illegal telephone use by LaRouche supporters to harass him. John Markham, an assistant United States attorney, told Federal District Judge, Robert Keeton, that he might call Mr. Kissinger as a witness after the testimony of a former LaRouche aide scheduled to appear Friday. ... Mr. LaRouche contends he has been the target of a 20-year Government vendetta that climaxed in 1984 because of his outspoken criticism of the Administration's efforts to aid the rebels in Nicaragua...".

(Some on Lyndon LaRouche:

"...an internationally known economist, and his exceptional successes as a long-range forecaster, are the outgrowths of his original discoveries of physical principle, dating from a project conducted during the 1948-1952 interval".

Acc. to http://www.larouchepub.com/larouche_biography.
"In his subsequent search for a metrical standard for this treatment of the functional role of cognition, he adopted the Leibniz-Gauss-Riemann standpoint, as represented by Bernhard Riemann's 1854 habilitation dissertation. Hence, the employment of Riemannian conceptions to LaRouche's own discoveries became known as the LaRouche-Riemann Method. That work was further enriched by his study of the Riemannian biogeophysicist Vladimir Vernadsky, whose concepts play a major role in LaRouche's scientific work".

At https://larouchepac.com/vernadsky we read: "Throughout the work of Ukrainian-Russian [Pole!] biogeochemist Vladimir Vernadsky, we find a powerful argument for why processes on Earth, and in the Universe, are organized according to a top-down principle of life, and, even higher, human cognition. This is a concept found throughout the writings and speeches of economist Lyndon LaRouche, who has often referenced the work of Vernadsky".

Vernadsky's life's work ended up culminating in a similar investigation, of the unique distinction of man from animal, something Vernadsky approached from the standpoint of a biogeochemist. Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky wrote 'Revolutionary Theory of the Biosphere and the Noosphere'.
Irina Trubetskova of the Department of Natural Resources, University of New Hampshire: After years of silence, the West finally started to discover and scientifically recognize a prominent Russian researcher, organizer of science, educator, public figure, person of encyclopedic knowledge, philosopher, and thinker - Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky, a genius that belongs to all of humanity.

GRANDPARENTS of Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., among others:
Ella Stevens Lougee, b. Lynn, Mass., 1869;
George Weir, b. Bridgeton, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland, in 1860, emigrated to US in 1863, lived in 1920 in Perry Co., Ohio;
George Weir married Martha H. Wood, daughter of Daniel Heveland Wood Jr. and Caroline Almira Starr, in 1890.
The WEIRs come of Bridgeton and Hamilton.

История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи. Genealogy and history of the Wernadski, Modzelewski and Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia.

At http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/cult/larouche
informed by By John Mintz from Washington Post, on January 14, 1985:
It was January 1974, and Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr., the leader of a left-wing sect, was telling his followers why they had to believe his story that one of them had been brainwashed by the Soviet secret police. ... The story of how Lyndon LaRouche transformed himself from Marxist theoretician to red-white-and-blue conservative in 10 years is a tale of a political chameleon. ... He has taken with him on his ideological journey a worldwide organization that follows his every instruction and mimics his every political twist and turn, according to interviews with former LaRouche associates and experts on the group, as well as the group's internal documents. ... his organization, known as the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC), according to interviews with former NCLC members, others familiar with its activities, published reports and an examination of the group's internal documents, some of which were filed in a recent libel suit in Alexandria. ... A top associate, Nancy Spannaus ... LaRouche associates point to the Schiller Institute's sometimes large conferences as evidence that his followers do not constitute a cult. ... Paul Goldstein, a top LaRouche aide, said descriptions of the group as a cult come from former members who "have gotten burned out because of the pressure" of outsiders' attacks.
Another source: Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort by Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons, New York: Guilford Press, 2000: ...Though often dismissed as a bizarre political cult, the LaRouche organization and its various front groups are a fascist movement whose pronouncements echo elements of Nazi ideology. Beginning in the 1970s, the LaRouchites combined populist antielitism with attacks on leftists, environmentalists, feminists ... They developed an idiosyncratic, coded variation on the Illuminati Freemason and Jewish banker conspiracy theories. ... A former Trotskyist, Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., founded the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) in 1968 as an offshoot of the radical student movement. But in the early 1970s, LaRouche engineered a political about-face, using cult pressure tactics to consolidate his grip over the NCLC and initiating a campaign of physical attacks on Communists and Black nationalists...
During the 1970s and 1980s, the LaRouchites built an international network for spying and propaganda, with links to the upper levels of government, business... The LaRouchites traded information with intelligence agencies in the United States, South Africa, East Germany, and elsewhere. ... Food for Peace and the Schiller Institute, and put out such publications as New Solidarity (later The New Federalist) and Executive Intelligence Review. In 1976 LaRouche's original electoral arm, the U.S. Labor Party (USLP), published a conspiracist attack on President Jimmy Carter...
In 1989, LaRouche was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for mail fraud conspiracy, based on illegal and manipulative fund-raising practices, as well as tax evasion. His organization continued to operate while he was in prison...
At Metapedia.org:
... LaRouchism, also known as the LaRouche movement, is an idiosyncratic political movement based on the views of Lyndon LaRouche, an American political activist. ... the LaRouche movement has attracted a significant amount of Jews (Anton Chaitkin, Jeffrey Steinberg, Paul Goldstein, Phil Rubinstein, Harley Schlanger and others). ...
Gregory Rose, a former chief of counter-intelligence for LaRouche who became an FBI informant in 1973, said that while the LaRouche movement had extensive links to the Liberty Lobby, there was also copious evidence of a connection to the Soviet Union. George and Wilcox say neither connection amounted to much-they assert that LaRouche was "definitely not a Soviet agent",
by Wikipedia.
By Wikipedia
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Caucus_of_Labor_Committees and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Labor_Party):
"...Beginning in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Lyndon LaRouche formed a variety of political organizations, including the U.S. Labor Party and the National Democratic Policy Committee. These organizations served as the platforms for presidential campaigns by LaRouche starting in 1976, and by his followers in scores of local races. According to one candidate, supporters viewed LaRouche as "the greatest political leader and economist of the 20th century, and they're proud to be associated with him. They feel he's leading the battle to save Western civilization." The Survey of Jewish Affairs, 1987 called the LaRouche movement one of the two most prominent "extremist political groups" of 1986. ... The U.S. Labor Party (USLP) was a political party formed in 1973 by the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC). It served as a vehicle for Lyndon LaRouche to run for President of the United States in 1976, but it also sponsored many candidates for local offices and Congressional and Senate seats between 1972 and 1979. ... According to Dennis King, the USLP chairman advocated launching ABC (atomic, biological and chemical) warfare against the Soviet Union as well as the military crushing of Britain (which his newspaper described as the headquarters of the "Zionist-British organism"). ... The National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) is a political organization in the United States founded and controlled by political activist Lyndon LaRouche, who has sometimes described it as a "philosophical association". ... According to the Los Angeles Times, LaRouche said he met with representatives of the Soviet Union at the United Nations in 1974 and 1975 in order to discuss attacks by the Communist Party USA on the NCLC, and to propose that the CPUSA should be merged into the NCLC. He denied receiving any assistance from the Soviets. ...
The NCLC had it origins in the 1968 convention of the Students for a Democratic Society. It comprised people who had been expelled from the Maoist Progressive Labor Party, an SDS faction, and students from Columbia University in New York City. It called itself the "SDS Labor Committee" or the "National Caucus of SDS Labor Committees". Led by LaRouche, it included "New Left lieutenants" Ed Spannaus, Nancy Spannaus, and Tony Papert, as well as Paul Milkman, Paul Gallagher, Leif Johnson, Tony Chaitkin, and Steve Fraser.
According to Dennis King, Papert and Fraser had been targets of the FBI's COINTELPRO operatives. ... It was originally a New Left organization influenced by Trotskyist ideas as well as those of other Marxists such as Rosa Luxemburg, but opposed other New Left organizations which LaRouche said were dominated by the Ford Foundation, Institute for Policy Studies and Herbert Marcuse. ... The LaRouche criminal trials in the mid-1980s stemmed from federal and state investigations into the activities of American political activist Lyndon LaRouche and members of his movement. They were charged with conspiring to commit fraud and soliciting loans they had no intention of repaying".

Helga Zepp-LaRouche founded the Schiller Institute in Germany in 1984. In the same year, LaRouche was able to raise enough money to purchase 14 television spots, at a cost of $330,000 each.
By http://www.lyndonlarouche.org/fascism19.htm:
"...Between February 1982 and February 1983, with the approval of the National Security Council, LaRouche met with Soviet embassy representative Evgeny Shershnev. Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld reported in his 2011 memoir that at a 2001 dinner in Russia with leading officials, he was told by General Yuri Baluyevsky, then the second highest-ranking officer in the Russian military, that LaRouche was the brains behind SDI. ... In 2012 the former head of the Russian bureau of Interpol, General Vladimir Ovchinsky, also described LaRouche as the man who proposed the SDI. ... The LaRouche organization's relationship with the Soviet Union ranged beyond military and scientific matters. Former NCLC intelligence staffer Kevin Coogan writes that in 1979 LaRouche met in West Germany with Julian Semenov, a Soviet spy novelist widely believed to be linked to the KGB. Semenov asked the LaRouchians to investigate the disappearance of a czarist treasure looted by the Nazis. The LaRouchians found no treasure, but they did publish an EIR teaser about it. They also published an article by Semenov on the Kennedy assassination. Predictably, he speculated that Peking was involved. Another key Soviet contact was Ioni Andronov, a correspondent for Literaturnaya Gazeta. Andronov frequently chatted with Paul Goldstein, whom he occasionally quoted as a counterintelligencc expert. In one interview Goldstein told Andronov he thought the so-called Bulgarian role in the attempted assassination of Pope John Paul was a hoax. On this point he was probably right, but he went on to suggest that the CIA might have been involved - an allegation for which there is no evidence whatsoever. ... According to Coogan, the LaRouchians met regularly with Soviet officials in Washington as late as 1983. The LaRouchians claim they provided reports on these contacts to Judge Clark's office at the NSC. Whatever the truth, LaRouchian publications until the death of Leonid Brezhnev displayed a certain degree of affection for hard-line Stalinism because of its no-nonsense attitude toward Zionists and other dissenters and its commitment to central economic planning. New Solidarity's obituary on Brezhnev praised him as a "nation builder" and avoided any mention of his invasions of Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan. Thereafter, as LaRouche became more heavily involved in supporting Star Wars and NATO, the NCLC line changed. Moscow became the "Third Rome," a center of unremitting Russian Orthodox evil. When Gorbachev took power, the LaRouchians said he was the Antichrist. The Soviets in turn took serious note for the first time of LaRouche's West European political intrigues. In the wake of the 1986 assassination of Olof Palme, the Soviet press depicted the LaRouchians as the prime suspects. ... LaRouche countered that the KGB did it, a charge for which there was no more rhyme or reason than Goldstein's allegations about the CIA and the Pope. Meanwhile, LaRouche claimed that the October 1986 government raid on his headquarters in Virginia was Soviet-inspired. According to LaRouche, when Reagan and Gorbachev met in Iceland, Gorbachev delivered an ultimatum: Either you get rid of LaRouche or there'll be no arms deal. In Paris, LaRouche sued the pro-glasnost Soviet magazine New Times for calling him a "Nazi without the swastika." It was basically the same suit he had brought repeatedly without success in American courts. The pro-glasnost Soviet magazine chose to play by Western legal rules: They mounted an aggressive courtroom defense, entering LaRouche's own writings as evidence. The Paris High Court rejected LaRouche's suit and ordered him to pay costs as well as damages to the magazine and its distributors...").


We back to my work.
Then came the second exploration period, since September 1989 to 2002. I traveled through West Berlin + West Germany (1989), Vienna,
Georgia / Sakartvelo (I met then on my way Soviet intelligence services in all 1990 which cooperated against me with Polish counterintelligence),
Azerbeidzan, Ingushetia, Kabardino - Balkaria, Ossetia, Abkhazia, Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Lithuania, Slovakia, Hungary.

I met Georgians, Russians, etc, ... but mostly tens people of Poland and other countries has granted me accurate genealogical data, and not just about family Konstantynowicz;
thanks to this I could - in 1992 - provide a working thesis of particular importance: "in our family was someone on the top of the Soviet military intelligence" , and our family Konstantynowicz moved in Tsarist Russia very close to the Russian intelligence core. The parts it turned out to be true; I am writing that only partially, because the key person was a Swiss with Italian - Estonian origin, and this man had no affinity with our family, but was created by the military system, whose my Konstantynowicz family was a part: in Miezonka, Swolna, Moscow, Estonia, St. Petersburg, Kazan, the Vaud canton and the nearby Swiss villages, Riga.
This search took me 27 years, but it took 20 years to Stalin it came up on the trail military conspiracy in May 1937 - probably as long, because the key person - Artusov surely created a Soviet counterintelligence, and next he took the position as head of civilian intelligence, then deputy head of the military intelligence of the Soviet Union. In the period February 2003 to date (31 January 2014) in 2014, communicate to all with the help of Yahoo servers in California, knowledge on the history and genealogy of the Konstantynowicz family, by using further of the factual help my readers .

So...
Sebastian Rybarczyk, journalist and publicist, specializes in the history of special services, at 'historia.focus.pl/swiat/' on January 15, 2014 write about Artuzow
(my webpage was writing on Artuzow on January the 01st, 2014 and on 08th January, 2014):
"...Strange that he did not defend himself, using his knowledge of the most senior (Soviet) leaders, eg, at early 20s (of the 20th cent.) he was responsible for the 'protection' of Clare Sheridan - an attractive young British sculptor, Churchill's cousin and lover of Trotsky and Kamenev, the personal enemies of Stalin...".
Well, unfortunately, I lost on 02 January 2014 the previous workplace.

Part 1 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.

Part 2 - Intelligence. Scotland, Ireland, Estonia, Switzerland, Russia. Bolshevik Revolution 1917. Key note.

Espionage and intelligence in Russia 1772, 1914, 1917, 1937, 1989.

At the beginning of 2014, the first on the world I am showing very interesting network! Lenin and Inessa Armand, Konstantynowicz, Breguet, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.
This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands. It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear.
It works like clockwork.
Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.
Maciej Pietraszczyk on 19 January 2015 wrote down: "A feature of the network operation is the lack of central leadership but actions are run in a fixed overall direction; they are not necessarily coordinated. This causes the highest effectiveness and practically physical impossibility of liquidation".

The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the beginning of the 20th century:
Europe 1789, 1815, 1914, 1917, 1937. Belarusian, Estonian, Polish and Russian genealogical and historical database
1. call up the chaos in Europe (see below on Major Edmund Charaszkiewicz and Gavrilo Princip);
2. to bring the continental war (Bogdan Hutten-Czapski);
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia (Hanecki, Radek, Parvus, Armand, Konstantynowicz);
4. lead to anarchy in Russia (Lenin, Dzierzynski, Artuzow Frutchi, Pilar Pilchau);
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence (Pilsudski);
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America (Koziell Poklewski, Ricord, Anjou).
Overarching objectives are:
1. Polish independence (Jodko Narkiewicz, Pilsudski, Sudzilowski, Krzyzanowski, Konstantynowicz),
2. The independence of the Baltic States (Pilar Pilchau of Parnu);
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine (Zionist movement of Odessa).

Odessa and French intelligence:

1. In 1801 Maleszewski interested in the problem of the Black Sea. He wrote the memorial to the French Government, published in 1802; has demonstrated the benefits of French trade with Ukraine (Sur le commerce de la Mer Noire). Maleszewski / Maliszewski in September 1802 was in Warsaw, and in November he was elected active member of the Warsaw Society of the Friends of Science under Ignacy Zaborowski. Maleszewski / Maliszewski was shareholder of the "Trzecieski, Horodyski et comp." in Odessa for the development of trade in the Black Sea. He also participated in other commercial companies. In June 1803 was in Odessa, where he investigated the conditions for the development of trade with France. Maleszewski / Maliszewski in 1803 returned to Paris.

2. Walenty Wankowicz studied in Polock at the Jesuit Order school;
Gabriel Gruber was his teacher ? But we know that Gabriel Gruber b. 1740, Vienna - died 1805 in St. Petersburg, General of the Society of Jesus in Russia. 1784 Gruber arrived in Belarus until 1800; Napoleon kept secret correspondence with Gruber; Gruber created the Jesuit mission in Saratov (1803), Odessa (1804) and Astrakhan (1805), 1803 in Riga.
Walenty was then in Wilno 1818 - 1824. Around 1821 Wankowicz / Vankovich met at university in Vilna, a countryman - Adam Mickiewicz; they were listening to the same lectures, became closest friends.

Tools to achieve these goals are:
1. The money from the Scottish (Perth), Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon, India, Japan (Nagasaki);
2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America (masonry);
3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries (MI5 in 1909).

I managed to investigate and decipher a system in 2013 after 26 years of my researches: this is a conspiracy inside the headquarters of military intelligence of the Tsarist Russia:
deep political espionage (anarchists, Lenin, Marxists) and strategic technological-scientific intelligence (Breguet + Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company, also Nobel and Armand families:
telegraph, radio, electricity, aircraft, engines, ignition magnetos, automatic pilots, helicopters, airships, submarines, lights, etc.).

Taken over in a certain period by British intelligence.

An influential leadership role in the formulation of foreign UK policy ca 1895 to ca 1921 played Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner b. 1854, a British statesman.

Acc to Aydelotte:
"...in 1888 Rhodes made his third will ... to LORD ROTHSCHILD (his financier in mining enterprises), but ... for strategic reasons Lord Rothschild was subsequently removed from the forefront of the scheme. Professor Quigley reveals that Lord Rosebury, replaced his father-in-law Lord Rothschild, in Rhodes' next and last will. ... Quigley informs us that the central part of the 'secret society' was established by March, 1891, using Rhodes' money.

The organization was run for Rothschild by Lord Alfred Milner - the ROUND TABLE worked behind the scenes at the highest levels of British government, influencing foreign policy and England's involvement and conduct of WW I.
... Between 1894 and 1907 a number of international treaties were signed to have Russia, France, England and further nations unit against Germany in the case of war. It was the task of the
COMMITTEE OF 300 to set the stage for the First World War. From the ROUND TABLE group emerged as a front the 'Royal institute for International Affairs' ... known as 'Chatham House' and had among its founding members Lord Albert Grey, Lord Arnold Toynbee ... of the MI6, H. G. Wells, Lord Alfred Milner - head of the Round Table, and H. J. Mackinder - inventor of the so-called geopolitics.
... sums of money from the international bankers, among others from ALFRED MILNER - by Jan Van Helsing - who later took over the secret Round Table, were poured into the Ochrana that already had infiltrated the Bolshevik movement. Agents steered many of its activities. The infiltration was so strong that in 1908 four of the five members of the Petersburg committee of the Bolshevik party were Ochrana agents".

Some details:

Hubert Bland, a bank-journalist, worked for the London Sunday Chronicle, a paper owned by newspaper magnate Edward Hulton, formerly of the Liberal Manchester Guardian. Bland was a co-founder of the Fabian Society in 1884 and became a treasurer. He also recruited Bernard Shaw. Bernard Shaw was working for the London Pall Mall Gazette, where William T. Stead served as editor and Alfred Milner as his assistant, both Stead and Milner were close to diamond magnate and Rothschild associate Cecil Rhodes and were involved in the formation of the influential secret organisation known as the Milner Group. Having been recruited to the Fabian Society by his friend Bland in 1884, Shaw recruited Annie Besant and his friends Sidney Webb, Sydney Olivier and Graham Wallas in 1885 and 1886.

Shaw married Charlotte, daughter of Horace Payne-Townshend, a wealthy Stock Exchange investor. He was employed by millionaire William Waldorf - Lord Astor, owner of the Pall Mall Gazette, and became a close friend of the Milner Group leader - Waldorf and his wife Nancy. Shaw's friend, Sidney Webb married Beatrice - a close friend of Rothschild associate and Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, the daughter of Richard Potter, a wealthy financier with international connections, the chairman of the Great Western and Grand Trunk Railways of England and Canada.
Shaw, Webb, Olivier and Wallas became the Fabian Society's dominant Big Four with John Passmore Edwards, an leader of the Liberal Manchester School, and with Richard Cobden. The Fabian Society was in close touch with the Rothschilds both directly and through Lord Arthur Balfour, and has also been close to David Rockefeller. Cecil Rhodes the South African diamond millionaire, used his fortune to promote the scheme of federating the English speaking peoples around the globe.
Rhodes and other acolytes of Ruskin, formed a secret society known as the Round Table Group, were able to gain access to Rhodes' fortune after his death in 1902. The Milner Group, the secret society formed by Cecil Rhodes, dominated the British delegation to the Peace Conference of 1919, founded the UK Royal Institute for International Affairs in 1919 / 1920 (the British Institute of International Affairs was founded in London in July 1920), the US Council on Foreign Relations, and parallel groups in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India.
In 1919 British and American delegates to the Paris Peace Conference, under the leadership of Lionel Curtis, conceived the idea of an Anglo-American Institute of foreign affairs to study international problems with a view to preventing future wars - at Chatham House, Number 10 St. James's Square in 1923 (Professor Arnold Toynbee became the leading figure until his retirement in 1955).

Retinger was very close to Lionel Curtis, the founder of Chatham House and Retinger was politically active in London exactly at the same time when Chatham House was established in 1921-1923; the Chatham House / the Royal Institute of International Affairs represented by both ideologies of the Rhodes - Milner ideology with the ideology of the Fabian society and Retinger had links to both these groups; his the Bilderberg Group had their first meeting in May 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel, near Arnhem in Holland.

I wrote above that the Round Table was started by Freemason and Rothschild agent, Lord Alfred Milner; but Rhodes, who was connected to the Freemasons, first formalised his idea with William T. Stead;
in 1910, The Round Table Journal: A Quarterly Review of the Politics of the British Empire was founded by Lord Milner and members of Milner's Kindergarten: Lionel Curtis, Philip Kerr and Geoffrey Dawson; by 1915 Round Table groups existed in seven countries: in the United States acted George Louis Beer, Walter Lippmann, Frank Aydelotte, Whitney Shepardson, Thomas W. Lamont, Erwin D. Canham.

Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, b. 1862, known as Sir Edward Grey, the British Foreign Secretary from 1905 to 1916, was closely politically, intellectually, and socially affiliated with the Milner Group according to Prof. Quigley; he got Russia and France to sign secret agreements that committed them to join England if there was a major war in Europe. Several years later, when World War I was imminent, Sir Edward Grey denied the existence of the secret agreements.
Sir Edward Grey met few times with Edward Mandell House, the son of a successful banker and land owner; House in 1911 became acquainted with Woodrow Wilson; he confered with British foreign secretary Sir Edward Grey in 1913, and in the spring of 1914 again; Colonel Edward House was a superb behind-the-scenes operator whose talents made him an invaluable diplomat and presidential advisor. "...Wilson proclaimed neutrality and in January 1915 dispatched House back to Europe on board the Lusitania for a second official mission. House hoped to change British blockade policies and end German attacks on merchant ships. House found that both sides were so heavily invested in the conflict that they feared a public backlash if peace were sought without victory...".
A third mission took place in 1916, when House met with Lord Grey; in January 1919, House accompanied Wilson to Paris for the peace conference.
Sir Edward Grey was a member of the Fabian Co-Efficients, who also belonged to the inner circle of the Rhodes' Round Table groups that were under the direction of Alfred Milner; others members:
Haldane, L. S. Amery, Lord Robert Cecil, Lord Arthur Balfour, Michael Sadler and Lord Milner himself were among the Fabian Coefficients.
Coefficients included: Bertrand Russell, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Leo Maxse (who advocated war with Germany already in 1902), Clinton Dawkins of the City, Carlyon Bellairs of the Navy, Pember Reeves, W. A. S. Hewins, H. J. Mackinder, Henry Newbolt, John Hugh Smith, J. Birchenough of the City, Garvin, Josiah Wedgwood, John Hugh Smith, Colonel Repington, F. S. Oliver, and C. F. G. Masterman.
The Illuminati, who also called themselves the Society of the Elect: Cecil John Rhodes, Baron Nathan Rothschild, Sir Harry Johnston, William T. Stead, Reginald Brett - Viscount Esher, Alfred Milner - Viscount Milner, B. F. Hawksley, Thomas Brassey - Lord Brassey; Edmund Garrett; Alfred Beit; Sir Abe Bailey; Albert Grey - Earl Grey; Archibald Primrose - Earl of Rosebery; Arthur James Balfour; Sir George R. Parkin; Philip Lyttelton Gell; Sir Henry Birchenough; Herbert A. L. Fisher; William Waldegrave Palmer - Earl of Selborne; Sir Patrick Duncan; Robert Henry Brand - Baron Brand; Philip Kerr - Marquess of Lothian, and others.
The Association of Helpers:
1. The Inner Circle:
Sir Patrick Duncan, Robert Henry Brand - Baron Brand; Philip Kerr - Marquess of Lothian; Lionel Curtis, William L. Hichens, Geoffrey Dawson, Edward Grigg - Baron Altrincham; Herbert A. L. Fisher, Leopold Amery, Richard Feetham, Hugh A. Wyndham; Sir Dougal Malcolm, Basil Williams, Flora Shaw, Nancy Astor, Arnold J. Toynbee; and others;
2. The Outer Circle: John Buchan - Baron Tweedsmuir, Sir Fabian Ware, Sir Alfred Zimmern; Gilbert Murray, Robert Cecil - Viscount Cecil of Chelwood; Sir James W. Headlam-Morley, and others.
Members in other countries: a. Canada; b. United States: George Louis Beer, Frank Aydelotte, Jerome Greene; c. South Africa: Jan C. Smuts, Sir Patrick Duncan, Sir Abe Bailey, and others; d. Australia; e. New Zealand; f. Germany: Helmuth James von Moltke and Adam von Trott zu Solz.

Victor Rothschild (Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild b. 1910 d. 1990; son of Charles Rothschild; a member of the Apostles Club at Cambridge, a secret society, there he became friends with the future Soviet spies Guy Burgess and Anthony Blunt, and Kim Philby - not a member; he was recruited to work for MI5 during World War II, and was the head of B1C, continued to work in security as an adviser to Margaret Thatcher; 1971 to 1974 The Think Tank), who worked for J. P. Morgan & Co., was one of the members of the Round Table.

The Rothschilds had financed Cecil Rhodes, co-operated with the Morgans and the Rockefellers, and they financed the activities of Edward Harriman (railroads) and Andrew Carnegie Steel.

Roundtable inner Circle of Initiates included Lord Milner, Cecil Rhodes, Arthur Balfour, Albert Grey and Lord Nathan Rothschild (Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild b. 1840, d. 1915, a British banker in issuing loans to the governments of the USA, Russia and Austria; a close relationship with Benjamin Disraeli, he also funded Cecil Rhodes in the development of the British South Africa Company and the De Beers diamond conglomerate, and administered Rhodes's estate from 1902 and set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford).

According to Gary Allen's expose, Milner financed the Russian Bolsheviks on Rothschild's behalf, with help from Jacob Schiff and Max Warburg.

The Round Table movement, founded in 1909 - acc. to historian Carroll Quigley - was connected to a secret society named the 'Society of the Elect' with
Cecil Rhodes, Stead and Lord Rothschild as his designated successors, and also Milner, Reginald Baliol Brett Lord Esher, Cardinal Manning, Lord Arthur Balfour, Lord Albert Grey and Sir Harry Johnston;
Carroll Quigley claims in 'Tragedy and Hope' that Rhodes's 'Society of the Elect' was established in 1889 - 1891; an outer circle known as the Association of Helpers was later organised by Milner as the Round Table;
its sister organisations: Lionel Curtis founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs in 1920, and Walter Lippmann in 1921 - the Council on Foreign Relations, in America.
See also: Alexander May, The Round Table, 1910-66, ed. by University of Oxford.


At this same year, 1909 descendant of Samuel Konarski founded the groundwork of modern English MI5 counterintelligence. KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel b. 1802 in Cracow or in 1803 in Praszka, west of Czestochowa; he was son of Joachim Konarski. That is maybe Rajmund Konarski (1783 - 1863) / Rajmund Joachim Konarski (Rajmund Konarski was son of Józef Konarski and Tekla Laskowska / Tekla Kunegunda Laskowska; and was brother of Tomasz Konarski (General) 1792 - 1878; Jan Konarski and Feliks Konarski; probably father of Samuel Aleksander Konarski).

Alexander Samuel or KONARSKI Aleksander Samuel was wine merchant in England, like Paul Armand who opened in Moscow own wine shop. Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski married to Harriet Fraser Lucas; he was transcribed as 'Alexander Kowaraki'.
She come from the Irish family, Philip Monoux was the West India and Colombia merchant, plantation owner and slave-factor.
Philip Monoux Lucas was a partner in a number of companies and resided in the West Indies between about 1802 and 1810, acted in the Lang, Chauncy & Lucas (address: at 39 Wilson Street Finsbury Square in 1834). Monoux Lucas died in 1830. Emma, the daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and Sarah Lucas, married Edward Walker, a London solicitor who left £500,000 on his death in 1872. "James Mad Lucas" or "The Hermit of Hertfordshire", was son of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah nee Beesly.
Above Nathaniel Snell Chauncy, 1789 - 1856, son of Charles Snell Chauncy ne Snell, who died in 1809, and brother of Charles Snell Chauncy. West India merchant, partner with Philip Monoux Lucas and Charles Porcher Lang in Chauncy, Lucas & Lang until Lucas's death in 1830.
Harriet Fraser Lucas / Harriet Fraser Konarska was daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and his wife Sarah and she was one of the "heirs of Philip Monoux Lucas" identified as a beneficiary of his estate. She married above mentioned Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski at St Pancras in London, 1839. Died in 9 Bedford Place, Brighton in 1871.
Children of Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski / Samuel Konarski / Konasski / Alexander Kowaraki:
a. Samuel Philip Lucas Konarski b. 1843,
b. Marie Konarska b. 1853 / Maria Alexandrina Stuart Konarski or Marian Alexandrina Stuart died 1926, in 1845 living in Kensington, 1846 court against George Lucas;
c. Georgina Augusta Konarska b. 1855 / Georgina Augustus Kell nee Konarski;
d. Emma Konarska / Emma Issabella Countess Konarska / Emma Issabella Countess Konarska (1847-1933) daughter of Alexander Count Konarski of Poland, (inf. of 1895) m. in 1870 to Valentine P. MacSwiney / Valentin Mc Swiney / Walenty Mac Swiney / Valentine MacSwiney / Valentin Patrick MAC SWINEY
(son of Valentine MacSwiney of Macroom / Valentin MAC SWINEY 1806-1862 who married 1st Margaret Cremen, m. 2nd to Isabelle MAC LEOD 1814-1903)
b. 1847 in Macroom, Ireland, d. 1897;
her son Valentine Emmanuel Patrick MacSwiney of Paris, Chamberlain to his Holiness Pope Leo XIII
(Valentin Emmanuel MAC SWINEY, marquess of Mashanaglass b. 1871 in Paris, d. 1938, he married in 1895 1st to Stella CAVALANTI d'ALBUQUERQUE / Stella Cavalcanti de Albuquerque / Stella Mac Swiney, Marquesa de Mashanaglass, sister of Fernando Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque who was born 1873, to Diogo Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque b. 1828 or 1829 and Amelia Machado Cavalcanti de Albuquerque born in 1852; and 2nd m. to Anne de SCHILTZ-HESSE 1877-1933 in 1910 with children:
Honora MAC SWINEY b. 1911, Mary Elisabeth MAC SWINEY b. 1913, and Owen MAC SWINEY; inf. at 'gw.geneanet.org/ygobilliard').
Acc. to: A representation of North Paraiba in the House of Representatives of Brasil, 1821 to 1900; LEGISLATURE 1857 - 1860, district - Areias, copyright by Carlos Eduardo Barata.
Diogo Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, born in 1828 in Mill Keys Farm, in Paraiba; baptized 1829, in Gurinhem, died 1899, in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais. He was son of Diogo Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, of Nazareth, Pernambuco, and Angela Sofia Teotonia; degree of Pernambuco Univ. in 1851. He was the District Attorney of the District of Areias in Paraiba. In 1871, in Rio de Janeiro, m. to Amelia Machado de Castro Coelho, born 1852, Rio de Janeiro, died 1946, Viscountess Cavalcanti, daughter of Dr. Constantine Machado Coelho de Castro and Mariana Barbosa de Assis Ferreira; her children:
1. Velho Fernando Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, born 1873, in Rio de Janeiro. Civil engineer, graduated from the Polytechnic School of Rio de Janeiro, 1899;
2. mentioned above Maria Estela Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Marchioness of Marchesini, for your 2nd wedding.

Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski was died on 14 January 1893 in Nice, France; was a doctor, emigrated to England.
We know also on Thomas / Tomasz Paschalis Seweryn Konarski / KONARSKI Tomasz Paschalis (1792-1878) General 1830-1831, from Zarczyce close to Malogoszcz; in Zarczyce Duze in 1700 was born Stanislaw Konarski actual name Hieronim Konarski; died 1878 - Auxerre. His father lieutenant of the Austrian Army born 1742. Grandfather 1699-1756. Tomasz Konarski married two times: in 1822, Warszawa, and in France.
Marie Melanie Edwige KONARSKA 1855-1940 m. 1880, Auxerre to Isidore ROZE 1848-1934 with Marie Therese Eleonore ROZE 1881-1971 m. 1899 to Henri LIONS with Hedwige LIONS b. 1900.

Auxerre - half way from Paris to Dijon.
We know also that Samuel Alexander Konarski played at roulette in the casino in Monte Carlo with high luck; a surgeon by profession, a participant of November Uprising 1830 - 1831, during which he was wounded, awarded the Golden Cross of the Virtue Military;
after the uprising, he emigrated to England, where he was occupied at large scale in wine trade, thanks to help of Treasury (see below a note).
He spend the winter in warmer corners of Europe, including Monte Carlo, Nice, Monaco.
He left a considerable wealth, for which his daughter Emma bought a large collection of art. Unfortunately, after her death, none of this collection was provided to Polish museums, but only to the collections of the Vatican Museum, the Museum of Cluny in Paris and the City Museum in Pau (France).
Explanation!
1. Emma was the daughter of Philip Monoux Lucas and Sarah Lucas, married Edward Walker, a London solicitor who left Ł500,000 on his death in 1872.
2. Valentine P. MacSwiney / Valentin Mc Swiney / Walenty Mac Swiney m. in 1870 to Emma Konarska / Emma Issabella Countess Konarska (Emma KONARSKA 1847-1933).
Her son Valentine Emanuel Patrick MacSwiney (1871-1945) was born in Paris and created a Marquess by Pope Leo XIII.
We know on the copy of confirmation of arms to the descendants of Valentine MacSwiney of Macroom married Margaret Cremen
(or Valentin MAC SWINEY 1806-1862 m. Isabelle MAC LEOD 1814-1903, her parents John MAC LEOD ca 1774-1839 and Honora RIORDAN; under copyright by Yves GOBILLIARD):
his grandson, Valentine Emmanuel Patrick MacSwiney of Paris, Chamberlain to his Holiness Pope Leo XIII (Valentin Emmanuel MAC SWINEY, marquess of Mashanaglass b. 1871 in Paris, d. 1938,
he married in 1895 1st to Stella CAVALANTI d'ALBUQUERQUE / Stella Cavalcanti de Albuquerque / Stella Mac Swiney, Marquesa de Mashanaglass, sister of Fernando Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque who was born 1873, to Diogo Velho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque b. 1829 and Amélia Machado Cavalcanti de Albuquerque born in 1852;
and 2nd m. to Anne de SCHILTZ-HESSE 1877-1933 in 1910 with children: Honora MAC SWINEY b. 1911, Mary Elisabeth MAC SWINEY b. 1913, and Owen MAC SWINEY; inf. at 'gw.geneanet.org/ygobilliard')
and who was only son of Valentine MacSwiney (Valentin Patrick MAC SWINEY b. 1847 in Macroom, Ireland, d. 1897) by Emma Issabella Countess Konarska daughter of Alexander Count Konarski of Poland, inf. in 1895.
This MacSwiney family come also from Mashanaglass.
3. Major, 25th Regiment, King's Own Scottish Borderers (b. 1843, died at Torquay in 1887; the only son of Count Alexander Konarski) Konarski Samuel Phillip Lucas / Samuel P. L. Kouasaki / Samuel Konarski m. Emma Cecilia Konarski / Emily L. Kouasaki / Emma Cecilia nee Walker b. ca 1844 in Paddington, living in 1881 at Biddlesden, Buckinghamshire.

National Treasure, the immigration funds collected in order to promote the fight against invaders on the country, used to promote Polish foreign affairs. The idea of the creation of the National Treasury in exile after the fall of the January Uprising already gone back to Agaton Giller.
The base of this treasure was a gift of Louis Michalski residing in Switzerland; in 1887 Sigmund Milkowski edited the famous book 'The thing about the active defense and on the National Treasury', where he outlined the idea of creating a fund.
Agaton Giller b. 1831 in Opatówek, was a Polish journalist and writer, conspirator and independence activist, a member of the National Government; brother of Stefan Giller.
Ludwik Michalski born Louis Matyasek / Ludwik Maciaszek, b. 1836 in Krakow, d. 1888 in Hilfikon in Switzerland, was Polish-Swiss engineer and entrepreneur, a participant of the January Uprising.
Milkowski in 1859 thought on the idea of national permanent Insurgency, and as Z. F. M. wrote 'Rzecz o obronie czynnej i o skarbie Narodowym', ed. in Paris, 1887; expanded ed. Krakow, 1912: Polish question, so-called 'Polish Intrigue' should be most important for Europe.
He also reminded all the time, on the pattern of Ireland, on the establishment of the National Treasury, with the national voluntary Taxation;
in August 1887 (? 1886) Milkowski / Jez moved to the castle Hilfikon in Switzerland, where he studied with Ludwik Michalski, the Polish emigrant, Maximilian Hertl from Paris, and the curator of the Ossolinski library in Lviv - Dr. Alexander Hirszberg who met Polish Democrats in Lviv, especially the Director of the Lemberger Savings Bank, insurgent of 1863, Fr. Zima, and the Warsaw patriots, to organize a democratic society with a centralization at the top, and the result of those deliberations was the Polish League.
In Switzerland in 1887, by a group of former participants of the January Uprising living in the Prussian and Austrian partitions, as well as abroad, Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez, Maximilian Hertel and Alexander Hirschberg at Hilfikon castle near Zurich, was established the Polish League.
Zygmunt Milkowski / Theodore Thomas Jez b. 1824 in the village Saracei in Podolia, d. 1915 in Lausanne, Polish writer, was the son of an noblemen, Joseph, was a Napoleonic officer; the gymnasium in Niemirow; he was graduated from Richelieu high school in Odessa 1843 - 1846, then the University of Kiev 1847; 1848 he went to Hungary via Galicia and served in the Polish Legion during the Hungarian campaign of 1848-1849, where he advanced to the rank of lieutenant.
Since the time of the Hungarian uprising was in the sphere of influence of Stanisław Worcell b. 1799, Heltman Victor b. 1796, Darasz Wojciech b. 1808, and Limanowski Boleslaw b. 1835.
He emigrated to Turkey where he was interned for a year,
1850 he left for England, where, while he was working in a factory producing printing blocks for wallpaper patterns, he joined the Polish Democratic Society.
In 1851 he went to Moldavia as an agent of the Central Committee of European Democracy. During the Crimean War he was on the Balkan Peninsula, and was also an observer attached to the Turkish army. He stayed in Walachia then left for Serbia, Bulgaria, 1855-1857 he was living in Constantinople,
then in 1858 he returned to London.
After the outbreak of the January Uprising in Poland in 1863, he became commander of the army in Ruthenia and was appointed colonel by the National Central Committee. He organised an insurgent troop in Tulcza, which was to enter Russia through the territory of Romania. 1864-1866 he stayed in Belgrade, then he moved to Brussels, Lausanne and Geneva. Towards the end of his life he settled in Lausanne.
In 1866 he initiated the establishment of the National Treasury to fund future insurgent actions and develop Polish propaganda abroad.
Darasz was the editor of Polish Democrat, a member of the Centralization - Polish Democratic Society and a member of the Revolutionary Committee of the Centralization of Europe.
Heltman was one of the ideologues of Polish Democratic Society and European activist, with
Jastrzębowski Wojciech Bogumil b. 1799, who can safely be called the first theorist of a United Europe; the National Guard soldier, battles at Wawer and Olszynka Grochowska in 1831; his ideas about Europe were echoed in the views of Massini and Giuseppe Garibaldi, Ledru - Rollin and Ruge Anolda b. 1802.
Massini fought with MONARCHS EUROPE, already in 1832 he founded YOUNG ITALY, helped organize the YOUNG GERMANY and Young POLAND. These were the steps involved in creating YOUNG EUROPE because he believed that only the young generation could rebuild Europe's monarchs in Europe of Nations.
We back to Milkowski, who was sent back to England 1850 (again 1858); active involvement in the Polish Democratic Society, closer to the international revolutionary circles. Since then, he was theorist of the European revolution.
The Central Committee of European Democracy commissioned colonel Zygmunt Miłkowski task of forming a resistance movement in Russia; detailed instructions on this matter received from the German revolutionary Arnold Ruge; besides Miłkowski, to Galicia was sent Louis Jastrzebski.
Milkowski with a passport in the name of Williams Smith went (1851) to the east, had letters of recommendation from Massini and Bratianu Dmitri; this mission was a tragedy for his family, his brothers Joseph and Felix in Romania were arrested and handed in 1853; Joseph, as the tsarist officer was shot in Izmaiłow; Felix sent to Orenburg. The third brother John was killed in a battle with the Turks at Oltenica. The mission of the European Democracy agents was thwarted by the church and the aristocracy, because some European Democracy activists were Freemasons;
the European Democracy top members:
Giuseppe Mazzini, Ledru-Rollin, Arnold Ruge, Darasz Wojciech and Dimitrie (1818-1892); they shared a need to organize a European revolution. Massini though Mason was the believer man; Arnold Ruge was a atheist. Darasz and Rollin were radicals.
Colonel Sigmund Milkowski did not agree with the policy of Czartoryski, who financed the trip to America, for former insurgents 1863; Society of the Third of May led by Adam Czartoryski also called the Hotel Lambert and the Society for Military of gen. Rybinski Maciej deprived to participate in the fight against the aggressors.
But the League of Liberty and Peace was established in 1867 in Geneva. At the Congress in Lausanne, speech in defense of Polish affairs gave Colonel Zygmunt Milkowski in 1872; the congress was attended by representatives of the Poles, French, Germans and other nationalities. "Almost all the congresses of the League felt the spirit of the EUROPE of NATIONS ... by the inspiration of Charles Lemonnier, at the Congress in Lausanne, Polish independence was considered as a prerequisite for peace in Europe".
Milkowski was one of the founders of the Polish National League, which was transformed into the National Democracy Party.
Also with Louis Matyasek Michalski, an engineer, who opened his castle Hiltikon for this meeting; he was born in a family of teachers. 1863 he joined the January Uprising under Kopernicki Francis (1824-1892). After the uprising got to Switzerland, Sumatra, and back to Switzerland; provided financial support for Polish initiatives.
Hertel was also an engineer, poet, worked for the Ministry of Roads and Transport in Paris. He had a big impact on the French Polonia.
Dr. Hirschberg, historian, the history of diplomacy and Polish-Russian relations. The source of the new organization were manifestos of the POLISH DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (1832-1862), with the reconstruction of Poland from 1772, but with the right of minorities to autonomy.
Milkowski was also the President of the Supervisory Council of the National Treasury, a member of the Board of the Polish Emigrant Union and of the Executive Board of the Polish National Museum in Rapperswill. In 1900 he made a journey to the USA; he died in Lausanne on 11 January 1915.
Above data under copyright by Dr Marek Adamiec.
On his initiative Zygmunt Balicki came to Warsaw, and founded a secret Polish Youth Union modeled on Freemasonry, at the turn of 1886-1887, among university students; fought on the independence of Poland.

Interesting notes on wine commerce:

1. Trading House "Heirs of A. F. Poklewski-Koziell" / Pakleuski Kozell - the Company founder was Alfons Fomich Poklevskii-Kozell / Alfons Koziell Poklewski who in 1869 bought a large estate in Kurgan, built here a stone wine warehouse.
2. The ARMAND family from Moscow:
Jean-Louis Armand (1786 - 1855 in Moscow) appeared in Russia ca 1790 - 1799, together with his father Paul Armand and mother Angelica (1765 / 1767 - 1813 in Moscow) daughter of Charles, during an escape from the terror of the French Revolution; Paul Armand b. ca 1762 was a prosperous farmer in Normandie and sympathized royalists. He, settling in Paris, opened the building workshop; there he married Angelica daughter of Charles from Alsatie; he decided to build his commerce on the French wines trade in Russia. Once the ship crashed in the Bay of Biscay and it ruined family of Armand. But Paul soon had good commercial relations in shipping ports of south France (Nice and Marseille probably). The 29 year-old general Paul Armand came from Paris in the carriage of the Marquis de Courtenay. He had an antique best wines of France in barrels, bought up at the south. Paul Armand expected to open in Moscow own wine shop. On the way to Russia, he did not know that it will suffer a financial collapse: the ship will sink with wine.
After the shipwreck of wine in the Bay of Biscay, Armand transfered trade of wines to the Mediterranean ports of France, it took place perhaps during the continental blockade taken by England against Napoleon. Then after 1815 the trade lasted maybe until the Crimean War in the 50's of the 19th century.
Paul Armand ran the wine trade through the ports in the south of France to Russia: a probable route from Marseille - Nice - after Italian Naples - Smyrna / Smyrne (see the Ralli Brothers from London, Marseille, India) in Turkey? - Crimea / Krym, where the Armand family had a very good trade agreements. A Demonsi / Demonet / Demontet family ran in Moscow a sales of these French wines.
When Paul Armand married, he did not know what would be the basis of family trade - fashionable hats at first. Next to the fashionable shop of Armand was trading house of Demonet where sold not only fashionable Parisian clothes, but also French wines, perfumes, delicacies and even lamps.
Jean-Louis Armand, from his first marriage to Elizabeth Osipovna (1788 - 1817), Sabine called her, had a son Yevgeny born in 1809. From his second marriage, Jean-Louis and Marie-Barbe, nee Collignon (1780 - 1872) had a daughter Sophia, married a Swede, Osip Hecke / Hoecke/ Hacker.
In 1811 in Moscow lived:
Jean-Louis Armand b. ca 1787, and his son Louis-Jean b. 1807 / 1808, French nation; his wife Elizabeth Osipovna b. ca 1786/1787 and daughter Elizabeth b. 1807. Also merchant Paul / Pavel Armand b. 1762, who arrived (again?) to Moscow in 1808; his wife Angelica daughter of Charles, was born 1767.
Louis-Jean b. 1807 / 1808 that is Yevgeny born in 1809 = Evgeny (Eugene Louis) Armand (1809 - 1890), the grandson of Paul Armand, worked as a foreman for weaving and dyeing factories near Moscow.
Paul was killed and Paul's son, Jean - Ivan, started a wine-import business. It was Ivan's son, the first Eugene, who founded the Armand fortunes.
3. Alexandra Constantinovna Countess von Zarnekau b. 1883 married in 1900 Prince George Alexandrovich Yurievsky, a son of Alexander II of Russia. In 1884, they bought a local wine cellar established by the Frenchman Shote in 1876 for bottling champagne, doing business in Odessa and Alexandrovsk (Zaporozhe).
4. On July 30th Bronislaw Pilsudski left Nagasaki by ship, on August 3rd left Japan for Galicia (Austrian Poland) via America.
On the main street of Ginza in Tokyo, Pilsudski rented a room from the end of January to July 1906 - had a connection with Russian merchants in Vladivostok and sold natural ice transported from Hakodate in Hokkaido and milk, as well as ice cream and foreign-made wines later. In 1908 Futabatei visited St. Petersburg as a special correspondent for the newspaper Asahi and met Zarnowska - wife of Bronislaw Pilsudski - who was staying at a relative's home there. He did not, however, manage to see Pilsudski.
5. GAILLARD, J. Jeune / Jeune GAILLARD, 1896, a General Store was opened at Nagasaki at 12 Oura under the name of J. Gaillard, the Nagasaki branch of Gaillard & Co., which was led by Jean Sirot. Sirot came from Shanghai. The Nagasaki branch provisioned the French Navy with coal, food and other provisions and in 1897 the branch specialized in wine and spirits. From 1889 to 1903 only C. Joana is listed as head of this branch and J. Gaillard is only mentioned in 1901, with Rene Chevalier Lavaure, to 1904.
6. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829 in Paris, France, d. 1904 / 1908 in London, England; he was son of John O'Meara and Elizabeth Sophie. John O'Meara, b. 1797 in Borrisokane, Co Tipperary, central part of Ireland, south-west of Dublin; died 1867 in Paris.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was husband of Marie Camille and father of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara b. 1861; Henrie Marie Bulkeley b. 1857, Charles Louis Thomas b. 1862, John Herbert Lewis b. 1860, and Camille Alfred O'Meara. Camille Alfred O'Meara b. 1858 in Piltown - south-east of Ireland, d. ?; son of Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara and Marie Camille; husband of Rosalee Julia nee Guilloux; from this family was Louis Fanēois Marie GUILLOUX, b. 1899 in Saint-Brieuc, France, his father was a socialist activist of 'Proudhonism'; Guilloux befriended the philosophy tutor Georges Palante, an anarchist. Camille Alfred O'Meara was father of Rose Julie Taylor, Harry O'Meara, Charlie O'Meara, Tom O'Meara, Alf O'Meara, Pat and Camille Cammie; half brother of Mathilde Camille Marie O'Meara.
Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - was half brother of Josephine Camille O'Meara and Mathihilde O'Meara. Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara was born on the 9th December 1829 in Paris and died at Addison Gardens, London, in 1904; he was secretary of the Cercle Imperial Club in Paris, was a cashier in Salt Manufacturing of his brother-in-law's company at Stoke Prior in England, and finally was a wine merchant; married to Marie Camille nee Blot.
Parents of above named Thomas Bulkeley O'Meara - wine merchant - b. 1829: John O'MEARA 1797-1867 and Elisabeth Sophie FITZPATRICK 1809-1889. Acc. to http://gw.geneanet.org: parents of mentioned John O'Meara: Jack O'MEARA and Ann MORAN.
Why James Augustin FITZPATRICK found himself in France between 1805 and 1809, we do not know; France and England at that time were fighting at many fronts; maybe he traded wine from southern France as Paul Armand?! Maybe he traded tea from India? The economic blockade of the UK economy by France, created by closing the trade of this country with the countries of continental Europe and imposed allies of France to introduce trade embargo against Great Britain, resulted edition in Berlin by Napoleon Bonaparte's decree of November 21, 1806. The closure of European ports for the British fleet cut off the United Kingdom from markets and supply. It was notoriously broken because its effects were also negative for the European economies. For example, the cost of wine production in Scotland and France. France also losses because it was the recipient of the English wool.


The creation of a secret society (the Round Table of Milner) had been planning for more than seventeen years. "Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890".
According to Carroll Quigley, "...Rhodes embraced the ideas of Stead much earlier than they actually have met (on 4 April 1889), and then they jointly set up their secret society for the establishment of the Anglo-American Union ... in 1891, February 5. Stead continues: The conception in those day (1880) was confined to few, but nowadays the parties led by Lord Rosebery and Lord Salisbury would vie with each other in asserting their readiness to recognize the European Concert as the germ of the United States of Europe, and to develop the concerted action of six Powers in relation to the question of the East into a Federated Union of all the European States...".
This is not a joke on the readers of this website, that 100 years and 1 day later, the general Kiszczak also closed the debate of his Round Table.
This Round Table that are negotiations conducted to April 5, 1989 by the representatives of the People's Republic of Poland in Magdalenka near Warsaw.

When Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, drowned on 5 June 1916 when HMS Hampshire sank west of the Orkney Islands, Scotland, then Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, from December 1916 to November 1918, was one of the most important members of David Lloyd George's War Cabinet. His mother was a daughter of Major General John Ready, former Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island and later the Isle of Man.
Upon his return from South Africa, Viscount Milner occupied himself mainly with business interests in London, becoming chairman of the Rio Tinto Zinc mining company, a director of the Joint Stock Bank, in January 1917 Milner led the British delegation, with Henry Wilson, in Russia, to boost Russian morale and see what equipment they needed; he was an advocate of inter-allied cooperation, in St. Petersburg in February 1917.
But Trotsky in his book 'My Life' tells of a British financier, who in 1907 gave him a large loan to be repaid after the overthrow of the Tsar. Arsene de Goulevitch, who witnessed the Bolshevik Revolution, has identified both the name of the financier and the amount of the loan: over 21 million rubles were spent by Lord Alfred Milner in financing the (October 1917 Revolution) Russian Revolution.
It was a big dream of Pilsudski and Poles to Tsarist Russia collapsed, and then in the revolutionary chaos appeared Lenin had passed into Russia by the Germans.
A documents made it clear, that this above mentioned funding was provided by Milner and channeled through Sir George Buchanan, who was the British Ambassador to Russia at the time, acc. to Goulevitch, p. 230.

In March 1832, Adam Mickiewicz stayed in Dresden, Saxony, where he wrote the third part of his poem 'Dziady'. July 1832 he arrived in Paris, accompanied by Ignacy Domeyko; in Paris, Mickiewicz published articles in 'Pielgrzym Polski', and wrote 'The Books of the Polish People and of the Polish Pilgrimage' - in the part: 'Pilgrim LITANY' we read:
"...The universal war for the freedom of peoples,
We ask you, Lord.
The weapons and national eagles,
We ask you, Lord...".

Tadeusz A. Kisielewski in "The Great War and Polish independence" ed. Rebis Publishing House, 2014, shows the First World War (the Great War 1914-1918) as a game of powers, which fight each other for dominance over Europe and domination in the colonies.

In 1832 the author of 'Pilgrim LITANY', Adam Mickiewicz, although romantic poet, but cool, wrote that
an essential condition of Poland's independence is the conflict between the invaders, and it must be converted into a European-wide war.

In 1895, Pilsudski published an article titled "Russia", in which he formulated for the first time
a basic condition for independence by Poland: to "slit the seams of ethnic Russia" and other non-Russian parts of the empire (to split the seams of ethnic Russia and other non-Russian parts).

On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six assassins, Serbs and Bosniak, coordinated by Danilo Ilic, a Bosnian Serb and a member of the Black Hand secret society.
"...In May of 1914 Colonel Dmitrijevic, a secret way from his own government, introduced the idea of the assassination of Archduke. The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow, was not able to decide, and reached an agreement with friends from the General Staff in St. Petersburg, and after a few days passed acceptance: 'Works ... we will not leave you alone'. Today we know that these words were not empty. We do not know who made the decision. Whoever he was, he had to be close to the heads of the party pro war; it was leading by the uncle of the Tsar, Grand Duke Nicholas (Nikolai); and operate at the interface between the military and diplomacy, he soon began a covert operation to observe long-term Russian ambassador in Belgrade, Nikolai Hartwig. One thing is certain: the decision of St. Petersburg, and then ... shots of Princip started the chain of events that led to the global carnage...",
according to http://foxmulder2.blogspot.com/2014/06/najwieksze-sekrety-kryptonim.html by Hubert Kozieł.

The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow / Viktor Alekseevich Artamonov / Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov / Виктор Алексеевич Артамонов, had a close relationship with Apis;
"...accessible records do not explain what role, if any, Artamonov had in the plot. To make matters murkier still, just before his execution by his own government at Salonika in June 1917, after being accused of involvement in yet another plot, this time against his own leaders, Dimitrijevic boasted in writing of his role behind the Sarajevo plot and admitted that Artamonov funded the terrorist operation, something that Yugoslavia's Communists revealed in 1953 to discredit the royal regime that preceded them in power in Belgrade. As Artamonov died in exile in 1942 without fully explaining his role in the assassination... something undertaken by direction from St. Petersburg. ... Given that Russian radio intelligence was able to read Austro-Hungarian diplomatic ciphers before the war, it seems likely that St. Petersburg was aware of what Vienna's probable reaction to the assassination would be and, as Sean Meekin has recently observed, the Russians subsequently acted as if they have something to hide: 'gaps in the record strongly suggest a good deal of purging took place after 1914', to cover whatever tracks Artamonov left behind. The attaché conveniently managed to be out of Belgrade on the day of the assassination, yet it was well known in Serbian military circles that, in the weeks before the assassination, he and Apis saw each other almost daily. A Serbian colonel who was close to Apis conceded that Artamonov had encouraged the plot... it seems very likely that St. Petersburg knew more about the plot that it later proved politic to admit...".
And "...Serbian military intelligence, whose chief, Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijević, colloquially known as Apis (The Bull), was a violent conspirator with impressive credentials even by high regional standards", copyright by http://20committee.com/

Apis ordered the murder of Franz Ferdinand, and he said that the Russian military attache Artamonov promised protection of Russia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, when Serbia's intelligence operations will be disclosed, and that Russia has financed the killing. In an interview, Artamonov categorically denied any involvement of Russia in this case. Artamonov said that at this time he was on vacation in Italy, leaving only military assistant of Attache Alexander Verkhovsky; and although he had the daily contact with Apis, he learned about the role of Apis only at the end of the war, acc. to Albertini.
Verkhovskii / Alexander Verkhovsky first admitted involvement of the Attache Office, and then completely stopped talking about it.
There is evidence that on June 14, 1914 Russia was at least aware of the plans of terrorists.
Shelking wrote: '...01 (14) June 1914, Emperor Nicholas had a conversation with King Charles in Constanta in Romania. I was there at the time ... as far as I could tell from my conversation with the members of his entourage (Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov) he (Sazonov) was convinced that if the Archduke (Franz Ferdinand) will go in the direction of peace in Europe will not be threatened'.

Mentioned above
Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Верхо́вский / Verkhovsky, Alexander / Aleksander Wierchowski - b. 1886, St. Petersburg, d. August 19, 1938; nobility.
In 1905, for the liberal-constitutional view expelled from the Corps of Pages and sent in Manchuria, was the gunner; awarded the George Cross and promoted to officer. In 1905-1908 he served in Helsingfors, the 3rd Light division in Finland, 1909 lieutenant. Graduated from the Nikolaev Military Academy (1911); 1911 he graduated from the Academy of General Staff. 1911 staff-captain, 1913 - Captain. 1911-1913 he commanded a company of the 2nd Infantry Regiment in Finland. 1913 the senior aide of Staff of the 3rd Finnish Infantry Brigade.
He was sent to Serbia (1914) to study the experiences of participation of the Serbian army in the Balkan wars.
Since the beginning of the First World War he returned to Russia, participated in the battles in East Prussia. Since 1915 head of security section of Staff to the 22nd Corps on the South-Western Front; at the headquarters of 7th Army. Since March 1916, Lieutenant Colonel, Chief of Staff of Army Group, designed to capture Trebizond from the sea. In September - December 1916 in Romania, he was assistant of the security section of the Russia's representative at the headquarters; he arrived in Petrograd and wrote: 'Only a change of political system could save the army from the new misfortunes, and Russia from the ignominious defeat. Army has lost patience...', acc. to '...From the diary of a marching 1914-1918', Moscow.
In early 1917 appointed Chief of Staff of the Chernomorskoy division, designed for landing on the Turkish coast.
After the February Revolution of 1917 he participated in the meeting of officers of the garrison to support the Provisional Government.
On August 30, 1917 Kerensky appointed Verkhovsky the Military Minister;
on Sept. 1st, 1917 introduced him to the Directory, giving the rank of Major-General;
on Sep 7, 1917 Verkhovsky made a presentation on the reorganization of the army;
on Sep 8, 1917 appointed to the Bureau of the Central Executive Committee;
on October 20, 1917 the joint meeting of the Pre-Parliament Committee Defense and Foreign Affairs - Verkhovsky analyzed the state of the army and said we can't fight;
on October 22, 1917 / 04 Nov. "he went on to Balaam" (?), where only on 29 Oct. learned about the October armed uprising.
Nov. 3 / 16, 1917 returned to Petrograd, and together with members of the Central Committee went to headquarters where the All-Army committee and leaders of some socialist parties tried to form a 'general-socialist government';
Nov. 1917 moved to Mogilov.
In 1922 he was a military expert of the Soviet delegation at the Genoa International Conference.
On 18 July 1931 on charges of anti-Soviet activities sentenced to death. December 2, 1931 sentence to 10 years in the camps.

Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov born October 9, 1873 and died August 23, 1942 in Antwerp, Belgium.
"He graduated in 1890 from the Cadet Corps Simbirsk, in 1892 the Military Academy in 1900 and Pavlovsk Academy of Staff of Mykolayiv. ... the Volhynian Guard Regiment, ... and Odessa in 1904. ... military liaison officer 1907 to 1909 in Greece and then from 1909 to 1918 in Serbia. ... 1919 to 1920 he was representative in Belgrade Armed Forces of South Russia, under the direction of Anton Ivanovich Denikin then under those of Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel...".

Very interesting research of Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire, 'Dictionnaire de la Franc-maconnerie', Paris, Armand Colin, 2014, p. 307-314: the conspiracy theory, a whole section of contemporary American literature to have become a topic of academic research among Americanists; revolutions from the eighteenth century.

But the first was John Robison (1739 - 1805), a Scottish physicist and mathematician. He was a professor of philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. A member of the Edinburgh Philosophical Society, the first General Secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783 - 1798). See Becu in 1803 in Scotland (Dzierzynski, Becu, Pilar-Pilchau, Bulhak, Pilsudski). Robison also worked with James Watt on an early steam car. Following the French Revolution, Robison became disenchanted with elements of the Enlightenment. He authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, a polemic accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati. Born in Boghall, Baldernock, Stirlingshire, close to Thornhill, north-west of Stirling; west of Drummond, south-west of the Doune castle.

See: Peter Rutherford, b. 1843 in Doune - 15 km north-west of Stirling, Kilmadock, Perth in Scotland; his father was John RUTHERFORD; the Douglas family from Bothwell - 15 km south-east of Glasgow, Kincardineshire, 30 km south of Aberdeen, and from Fordoune, Scotland - 14 km north-west of Srirling; see: Douglas from Italy, Napoli. James Francis Edward Keith b. 1696, a Scottish soldier, was born at Inverugie Castle near Peterhead - north of Aberdeen in eastern Scotland, the second son of William, 9th Earl Marischal of Scotland who b. ca 1664, and was also a Jacobite politician of Scotland. Robert Wardlaw Ramsay of Tillicoultry and Whitehill. Tillicoultry is located 18 km east of Stirling! Louis Latour b. 1799, m. Catherine Smith in 1822, Calcutta; Edward De Lautour married Catherine Sconce - second daughter of Robert Sconce, Esquire, of Stirling in Scotland - at Calcutta.

Back to John Robison:
"...In 1770 he travelled to Saint Petersburg as the Secretary of Admiral Charles Knowles, where he taught mathematics to the cadets at the Naval Academy at Cronstadt, obtaining a double salary and the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. ... Robison returned to Scotland in 1773 and took up the post of Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. He lectured on mechanics, hydrostatics, astronomy, optics, electricity and magnetism (see Gernet, Duflon, Breguet, Konstantynowicz). Towards the end of his life, he became an enthusiastic conspiracy theorist, publishing Proofs of a Conspiracy, ... in 1797, alleging clandestine intrigue by the Illuminati and Freemasons ... carried on in the secret meetings of Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies. The secret agent monk, Alexander Horn provided much of the material for Robison's allegations. ... In 1798, the Reverend G. W. Snyder sent Robison's book to George Washington for his thoughts on the subject in which he replied to him in a letter. ... Modern conspiracy theorists, such as Nesta Webster and William Guy Carr, believe the methods of the Illuminati as described in Proofs of a Conspiracy were copied by radical groups throughout the 19th and 20th centuries in their subversion of benign organizations...".

Weishaupt (Johann Adam Weishaupt b. 1748 in Ingolstadt, d. 1830) was trained by friend of Moses Mendelssohn - Hartwig Wessely / Hartog Naftali Herz in 1771. Over the next five years
Weishaupt formulated a plan, all secret systems be reduced to a single powerful organization. On May 1, 1776, he formed it to live as a secret Order of the Illuminati or "Enlightened"
and stood at the forefront; see at http://www.eioba.pl/a/3it4/teorie-spiskowe-zakon-iluminatow; this organization essentially acting as a "over-Freemasonry", to take control on all of Freemasonry. Weishaupt himself to be even accept to lodge "Zur Behuntsamkeit" in Munich, and began to arrange his Order within Freemasonry. Please compare the text: http://www.klubinteligencjipolskiej.pl/2015/03/wall-street-i-rewolucja-bolszewicka-w-rosji-2/; and notes by Douglas Reed, translated by Krzysztof Edmund Wojciechowicz, at http://spiritolibero.neon24.pl/post/107504,rewolucja-swiatowa.


And now back to England:
Edward VII, b. 1841 in London, in 1874 the Prince of Wales attended the marriage at St. Petersburg of his brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, with the grand-duchess Marie of Russia. He was first elected grand master of the Freemasons of England in 1874; a bencher of the Middle Temple, he was son of Queen Victoria; initiated by the King of Sweden, at Stockholm in 1868, the rank of Past Grand Master of England was conferred upon him in 1870. Patron of the Grand Lodges of Scotland and Ireland and was an honorary member of Lodge of Edinburgh No. 1. Grand Master Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (then the King of Great Britain and Ireland as Edward VII from 1901), 1874 to 1901.

The network:
Montenegro - Potapov - Parvus - Berezyna - Konstantynowicz - Artuzow - Volpi - Venetia - electricity:
Prince Arseny Karageorgievich / Karadjordjevic b. 1859, d. 1938, was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; served until 1916 to the Russian military, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army, participated in the Russian-Japanese War and in the First World War; the pretender to the Serbian throne, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion; the friend of Drzewiecki, Duflon, Breguet in St Petersburg (see: Potapov in Montenegro; the Azbelev / Azbelew family, and the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Petersburg; Nagasaki and Bronislaw Pilsudski, Volpi; Neuchatel in Switzerland).
Arseny was the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia.

The first genealogy of Arseny:

Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov / Demidoff, 2nd Prince San Donato, 1839-1885, owned approximately 100 factories in Russian and 1 million squares kilometers of land in Russia, France and in Italy. He move to Villa Pratolino, named as Villa Demidoff, and m. 2nd time to Helena or Elena Petrovna, Princess Troubetzekaya, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, b. St. Peterburg in 1853, d. Odessa in 1917; Aurora Pavlovna Demidova, Countess Demidova, Princess San Donato, Princess of Serbia, and later Countess Noghera, born in San Donato in 1873 or 1874, d. Marseille, in 1943 (? - Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), eldest daughter of the second marriage of the above Prince Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; Aurora m. first to Arsene Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1859-1938, son of Alexandar Karageorgievich, Prince of Serbia, 1806-1885 and Persida Nenadovic, 1813-1873. General of the Russian army; Comander-General of the Yugoslavian army. He was brother of Peter I, King of Serbians, Croats and Slovens, later King of Yugoslavia, 1844-1921. Prince Arsene divorced in 1896. Paul Karadordevic, Prince of Yugoslavia, b. 1893, was educated at the University of Oxford.

The second genealogy of Arseny:

A wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:

Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev; her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov; her grandfather Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826, her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804; her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817; her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812.

Above mentioned Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic / Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1806 - 1885), Prince of Serbia in 1842 - 1858. After his father's death in 1817, he was living in Russia and served to the Russian army to 1840. He left two sons: Peter I of Yugoslavia (1844-1921), 1903 the king of Serbia, 1918 the King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; and above named Arseny (1859 - 1938); his son, Prince Paul was a regent of Yugoslavia in 1934 - 1941.

Mentioned Aurora Pavlovna, nee Princess Demidov San Donato (b. 1873, Kiev; d. 1904, Turin), her father Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, Prince of San Donato (1839, Weimar - d.
1885, Pratolino near Florence),
Russian industrialist, 1871-1872 and 1873-1874 Kiev; the Red Cross during the Turkish war of 1877-1878. He was son of Pavel Nikolayevich Demidov and Aurora Karamzina.

Baroness Eva Aurora Charlotte Stjernvall / Eva Aurora Charlotta Stjernvall; 1836 the name Demidov, 1846 as Karamzin; she was born in 1808, Bёrneborg, died 1902, Helsingfors; the Swedish-Finnish roots, a maid of honor of the imperial court, a large philanthropist.
Her husband was Count Pavel Demidov (1798 - 1840, Mainz), Russian businessman, the owner of the richest Ural iron foundry (see Koziell-Poklewski family), the actual state councilor, honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, philanthropist; the son of Count Nikolai Nikitich Demidov and Elizabeth Alexandrovna Stroganov.

On the other hand we look at
Emmanuel Karaso, Karassu / Carasso / Emanuel Karasu (Salonica, 1862 - died in Trieste in 1934), a lawyer of the Sephardic Jewish Carasso family of Salonica / Thessaloniki, Greece; a member of the Young Turks; a member or a founder, president of the Macedonian Risorta Masonic lodge in Thessaloniki; he worked for Jewish organizations in Turkey, and negotiated the treaty ending the Italo-Turkish War.

And next network in the Balkan kingdom of Montenegro, owned by Volpi, and the Russian military attache from 1903 to 1915 - N. M. Potapov.

Potapov in 1915 taken the position of Quartermaster General and Deputy Chief of Staff of the Russian Army, in charge of all army intelligence.
In the summer of 1917, Potapov began Bolshevik, but he was known since the 1890s.
He help to the transformation of the Tsarist War Ministry into the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs (see the Bonch-Bruevich brothers, Lenin, and village Zbyszyn close to Miezonka).
He was the first Red Army Chief of Staff; close to A. A. Artuzov (see Saanen in Switzerland, Lenin, Dzierzynski in Switzerland, Duflon) - who was a cousin of Potapov.

And at present back again to Montenegro and Serbia, Venetia and Turkey:

"...Parvus's status in Switzerland was secured by his longtime colleague, Adolph Muller, the German Ambassador in Berne, and a Munich publisher. According to authors James and Suzanne Pool ... he had done business with the Nazis since before the putsch. ... The money that Hitler used to purchase the newspaper came from a White Russian and former Okhrana associate, Vasili Biskupsky. ... At the close of World War I, Parvus wrote the following profile of the European situation:
'There exist two possibilities only: either the unification of western Europe, or Russia's domination. The whole game with the buffer states will end in their annexation by Russia, unless they are united with central Europe in an economic community, which would provide a counter-balance to Russia'.
Under any circumstances, Parvus argued that the era of the nation-state system had ended in Europe...".

Acc. to the article on September 23, 2005, Executive Intelligence Review, ... Parvus Permanent War Madness, by Jeffrey Steinberg, Allen Douglas, and Rachel Douglas. This article was based on an exhaustive study by Allen and Rachel Douglas, 'The Roots of the Trust: From Volpe to Volpi, and Beyond - The Venetian Dragomans of the Russian Empire', and on published and unpublished research by Scott Thompson, Marjorie Mazel Hecht, and Joseph Brewda:
"...a doctrine which the Russian-born British intelligence asset Alexander Helphand, also known as Parvus, dictated to Leon Trotsky's effort to overthrow Russia's Tsar in the revolution of 1905. What Helphand dictated to his dupe Trotsky, in writing, personally, there at that time, is a doctrine of 'permanent revolution / permanent war', which Trotsky himself defended up to the moment of his murder by a Soviet assassin, in Mexico in 1940. Alexander Israel Helphand (a.k.a. Parvus). Both (Shabotynsky / Zabotynski) Jabotinsky and Parvus edited publications of the British / Venetian-spawned Young Turk movement, which helped ... the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire.
Like Jabotinsky, Parvus (1867 - 1924) came from (born in Berezyna in 1867) an Odessa family steeped in the grain trade. By 1886, Helphand / Parvus had already become involved in the Okhrana-spawned Russian socialist scene, travelling to Switzerland to participate in the Emancipation of Labor group, led by a number of documented Okhrana agents, including Lev Deutsch, and suspected Okhrana man Georgi Plekhanov / Plechanow.

... By 1900, Parvus had joined the inner circle of the Bolsheviks, using his Munich, Germany apartment to house the printing press for the group, and hosting V. I. Lenin and other leaders (see Brilling, Duflon and Konstantynowicz family, Inessa Armand, Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand).
According to several biographical accounts, by 1902, Parvus was receiving direct Okhrana funding through Gorky, who gave Parvus the rights to publish his works abroad (see Neapol and Capua in my research).
When the entire leadership of the Petersburg Soviet, including Trotsky, was rounded up and jailed in December 1905, Parvus escaped the police clutches. When he was later captured, he escaped police custody, courtesy of the Okhrana agent Lev Deutsch. Parvus next turned up, via Germany, in Constantinople, as a 'journalist' covering the Young Turk rebellion against the Ottomans ... It would be at this moment that Parvus's ties to the leading European 'Venetian Party' factions would be publicly shown.
In 1908, the Committee for Union and Progress, otherwise known as the Young Turks, carried out a military coup, overthrowing the Sultan and seizing power over the Ottoman Empire. ... The actual founder of the Young Turk movement was an Italian Freemason and grain trader named Emmanuel Carasso. Jewish by birth, Carasso had been a founder of the Italian Masonic lodge in Salonika, called the Macedonia Risorta Lodge.
Virtually all of the members of the Young Turk leadership were lodge members. The forerunner of the Macedonia Risorta Lodge was founded by a follower of another Palmerston agent and revolutionary provocateur, Giuseppi Mazzini. ... Carasso was a leading financier (see electricity, Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Venetia) of the entire Young Turk insurrection, and during the Balkan Wars, he was not only the head of Balkan intelligence operations for the Young Turks; he was in charge of all food supplies for the Ottoman Empire during World War I, a lucrative business which he shared with Parvus (see Berezyna and Odessa). ... Another of Carasso's 'business' associates was Parvus, who became economics editor of another Young Turk journal, The Turkish Homeland. Parvus also became a partner of Carasso in the grain trade, and in the arms business, and became independently wealthy. ... Carasso was a protege and business partner of Volpi di Misurata, the leading Venetian banker of the early 20th century, who not only sponsored the Young Turk insurrection, but also promoted the Black Shirt takeover of Rome and went on to run the Mussolini Fascist regime ... The Venetian banker Volpi was closely allied with City of London financiers throughout. And the Young Turks, once they took power, made no secret of their London ties. In 1909 the Ottoman Navy was put under the command of a British admiral; ... banker, Ernst Cassel, established and managed the National Bank of Turkey; and British officials advised the Ministry of Finance, the Interior Ministry, and the Ministry of Justice.
... Parvus also got into the tightly controlled arms business, probably under the patronage of Sir Basil Zaharoff of the Vickers Arms cartel, a prominent Anglo - Venetian enterprise. Once the Balkan Wars had started, leading directly into World War I, Parvus turned his attention back to Russia, laying plans to finance a revolution, to be led by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Parvus set his scheme for revolution down in a March 9, 1915 memorandum to the German Foreign Ministry, vowing that the Bolsheviks would take power in Russia in 1916, and seeking financial support. ...
One of the key backers of the Parvus Plan at the German General Staff was Count Bogdan von Hutten-Czapski, the head of the Political Section and a longtime business associate of none other than Young Turks financier, the Venetian Synarchist Party operative Giuseppi Volpi, the future controller of Mussolini.
According to his own memoirs,
von Hutten-Czapski had seen the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War as an opportunity 'to smash the Tsarist Empire',
a view shared by Parvus.
... Hugo Stinnes of the German coal syndicate. Stinnes granted Parvus control over the shipping and sale of German coal to Denmark ... Stinnes, too, was tied to Volpi and the Banca Commerciale Italiana. In May 1915, Parvus met with Lenin and Karl Radek in Switzerland (see Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand), and then created a string of front groups in Stockholm and Copenhagen. ... By April 1917, Parvus had pushed the German government to grant secret safe-passage to the Bolshevik leaders back into Russia, and arrangements were soon made, through Parvus and Radek, to smuggle Lenin and 40 other leading Bolsheviks from Switzerland, through Stockholm, back to Petrograd. Parvus remained in Stockholm, in constant communication with the International Mission of the Petrograd Bolshevik Central Committee Abroad...".

On the above Synarchist movement, by LYNN PICKNETT & CLIVE PRINCE:
"...This shadowy politico-occult movement is synarchy, which was developed by the Frenchman Joseph Alexandre Saint-Yves, the Marquis d'Alveydre, in opposition to the rise of anarchy in the second half of the nineteenth century. ... The most high-profile late nineteenth-century devotee of Saint-Yves was the physician Gérard Encausse (Papus), a leading light among French esoteric societies. ... Encausse's death in 1916 resulted in a schism in the Martinist Order over its involvement in politics. The activists, under Victor Blanchard - head of the secretariat of the Chamber of Deputies of the French Parliament - formed the breakaway Martinist and Synarchic Order, which established the Synarchic Central Committee in 1922, designed to pull in promising young civil servants and younger members of great business families...".

Acc. to 'Cheney Revives Parvus "Permanent War" Madness', by Jeffrey Steinberg, Allen Douglas, and Rachel Douglas:

"...The German government was deeply split over the issue of backing a Russian Bolshevik revolution. Close advisors to the German Kaiser argued that Germany should push a separate peace with the Tsar, while a faction, centered in the General Staff and around Foreign Minister Zimmerman, pushed for a war-to-the-death with Russia, arguing that war with Russia was inevitable, and it made sense to get on with it before Russia became more powerful. One of the key backers of the Parvus Plan at the German General Staff was Count Bogdan von Hutten-Czapski ...
In addition to the German Foreign Ministry and the German General Staff, Parvus was also given access to an exhaustive amount of funds for his Russian regime change scheme from a leading German Synarchist industrialist and close associate of Hjalmar Schacht (later Hitler's Economics Minister), Hugo Stinnes of the German coal syndicate. Stinnes granted Parvus control over the shipping and sale of German coal to Denmark, from which Parvus made millions of gold marks per month...".


Some on Jakub Fuerstenberg-Hanecki:
A.
Von Fürstenberg was a powerful family lived in Germany in the 19th and the 20th centuries.
Maria Felicitas Ferdinanda von Fürstenberg married ca 1920 to Friedrich Carl von Westphalen zu Fürstenberg b. 1900. Sophie Therese de Longueval Gräfin von Buquoy b. 1879, the daughter of Karl de Longueval Graf von Buquoy and Philippine Gräfin Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, married Clemens Graf von Westphalen zu Furstenberg in 1897.
Her children: 1. Friedrich Carl Graf von Westphalen zu Furstenberg b. 1898, and 2. Carl Philipp Graf von Westphalen zu Furstenberg b. 1907.
Above Clemens Graf von Westphalen zu Furstenberg b. 1864. Above mentioned Philippine Gräfin Czernin von und zu Chudenitz was born in 1858, the daughter of Hermann Graf Czernin von und zu Chudenitz and Countess Aloisia Morzin.
Hermann Graf Czernin von und zu Chudenitz was born in 1819, the son of Eugen Karl Graf Czernin von und zu Chudenitz and Therese Gräfin von Orsini und Rosenberg.
Eugen Karl Graf Czernin von und zu Chudenitz was born on 4 November 1796 at Vienna, Austria, the son of Rudolf Graf Czernin and Maria Theresia Gräfin von Schonborn-Heussenstamm.
B. We know that:
1. after the First World War Stanisław Furstenberg lived in Poland, he was prosecutor, inf. 1931.
2. Fürstenberg Stanisław died in Warsaw, on 06.08.1911. Maybe father of Hanecki.
3. History of the Fürstenberg (Furstenberg) beer originated to the 13th cent. in Donaueschingen, Germany; commercial production of the drink starts from the XVIII century; beer brewed at Hallertau, now Fürstenberg Lager brewed in Munich.
At the beginning of the 19th cent. in Warsaw brewed beer: Krembitz, Schaefer and Glimpf, Wojciech Sommer, in the second half of the 19th cent. in Warsaw: Herman Jung, Karol Machlejda, Władysław Kijok, Edward Reych;
Haberbusch and Schiele since 1846 (Błażej Haberbusch, Konstanty Schiele and Henryk Klawe) in Warsaw and Odessa;
Herman Jung since 1840 from Silesia to Warsaw, 1846 the Grzybowska street, then with Knopf taken K. Bochenek brewary and from Antoni Boenisch plant, also the Karol Osterloff brewary at Grochow.
Jakub Fürstenberg / Kuba / Mikola, b. 1879, came from an assimilated German family, his father was a wealthy merchant and industrialist of Polonized German family.
His father Stanislaw von Fürstenberg / Stanislaus von Furstenberg was the producer of beer, and a factory owner.
The first owner Samuel Krauze, next Waldemar Beorner leased a brewery from Anna Krauze (see Krauze / Krause in Estonia), and then became it owner, a subsequent owners: S. Fürstenberg / Stanislaw von Furstenberg, next was Z. Katz;
main gate of this brewary at Grzybowska / Wronia street (Grzybowska 61 then 65, and Wronia No 12); at Grzybowska No 34 a brewary of A. LENTZKI of 1874, then 1891 to Samuel Krauze; but 1889 Waldemar Boerner was owner.
C.
Our Polish-Jewish-German revolutionary, Jakub Fuerstenberg-Hanecki b. 1879, killed in 1937 in Soviet Union; Lenin had received money and instructions from Jakub Fuerstenberg / Yakov Ganetsky, and from Alexander Parvus of Berezyna. Jakub Hanecki since 1896 in the underground movement, since 1901 in Berlin as a salesman, 1902 top member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania; a friend of Feliks Dzierżyński in Warsaw.
According to the book by Berberova "Iron Lady", the Fuerstenberg or Fürstenberg / Furstenberg family was in a relationship with A. Parvus from Berezyna - Odessa (maybe Stanislaw Furstenberg or his wife was next of kin with the Helphand family of Berezyna?).
We read on an announcement of executions for espionage against the German army, in Warsaw during the German occupation, by the martial court due spy sentenced to death:
1. Leo Sommerfeld,
2. Alexander Petrajtys,
3. Jacob Fürstenberg,
on 23 October 1915, acc. to the German form of 1916.
But immediately after Gelfand had visited Lenin in May 1915 in Switzerland, first appeared one of the most efficient agents of Lenin in Copenhagen, in the place which the Gelfand had chosen as the base for his anti-Russian campaign - the agent was mentioned above Jacob Fürstenberg - Ganetzky.
Lenin asserted in the summer of 1917, Ganetzky had never been a Bolshevik.
The journey of the April 1917 went via Frankfurt to Berlin, where the train was stopped for some time; on the evening of April 12, 1917, the train reached Saßnitz,
24 hours later, Lenin went ashore in Malmö. There, his agent Fürstenberg - Ganetzky received him with a message from Parvus: It is now high time to direct German-Russian peace negotiations in the way.
Ganetzky / Ganetsky / Hanecki was a treasurer of Lenin.
Yakov Stanislavovich Ganetsky / Hanecki / Jakub Fürstenberg / Fuerstenberg / Jakub Ganezki / Jakow Stanislawowitsch Fürstenberg was the connection to Parvus, and was the immediate link to Lenin.
Hanecki - Fürstenberg killed on 26 November 1937, was "...one of the financial wizards who arranged, through his close working relationship with Alexander Parvus, the secret German funding that saved the Bolsheviks ... (with) Karl Radek, was involved in secret negotiations with the German General Staff regarding funding of the Bolsheviks and was one of the organizers of the (Copenhagen operation) as well as a mediator between Lenin and the Germans. He was one of the organizers of Lenin's return in a sealed train from exile in Switzerland to Russia in 1917 ... After the October Revolution of 1917, Ganetsky served as Chief Soviet banker, trade representative and Ambassador to Latvia...(copyright Wikipedia)", by Wikipedia in 2015: he signed the Peace of Riga and Treaty of Kars.
D.
At margin:
Franz Jacob Furstenberg b. 1856 to Franz Johannes Furstenberg and Elizabeth Gerlach. Franz Johannes Furstenberg 1823-1879 married in 1849 to Elizabeth Gerlach b. 1823, her children:
Heinrich b. 1851, August 1853, Furstenberg, Franz Jacob b. 1856, and 4. Franz Joseph b. 1861. The Gerlach family was from Helmsdorf bei Leinefelde.
Franz Johannes Furstenberg born in Helmsdorf, Germany in 1823 to Adam Furstenberg and Dorothea Wachtel. His brother (?) Franz Joseph Furstenberg 1831-1930.

By Wikipedia:
"Karol Sobelsohn / Karl Berngardovich Radek, b. 1885 in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary, d. 1939, acted in the Polish and German social democratic movements; during the Great Purge of the 1930s, he was accused of treason and confessed, after two and a half months of interrogation, sentenced to 10 years of penal labor; killed in a labor camp in a fight with another inmate, or was killed by an NKVD operative under direct orders from Lavrentiy Beria".
1901 Karl set out for Cracow (classmates: Marian Kukiel); met with Boleslaw Drobner, 1902 wrote to 'Promien'; met with Emil Haecker of 'Naprzod'; 1903 in Cracow with Feliks Dzierzynski at the Jagellonian University, but late in 1903 Radek emigrated to Zurich!
took a job as librarian, met with Max Nomad (see Machajski and Trubecki Nestor); then met with Adolf Warski Warszawski, who was his sponsorship to SDKPiL; through Warszawski Warski, he began a correspondence with Rosa Luxemburg; and she arranged for him to publish some articles in the newspapers of the German socialist;
in December 1905 he crossed the Austro-Russian border to Warsaw, was arrested in March 1906 (see Nestor Trubecki); emerged from prison in early 1907;
in May 1907 he became the editor of 'Czerwony Sztandar'; 1908 had transffered some trade union funds to Stanislawski, and Radek must left Warsaw for Berlin;
met with Warszawski and his immediate acceptance into the top socialist circles in Germany in 1908 could been through the intervention of Warszawski, Marchlewski, Luxemburg and Leo Jogiches, Paul Frolich in Berlin.
Then Radek moved to Leipzig (see Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand), under command of Luxemburg; by 1910 Radek was well known in German socialist circles; 'married' 1909/1911 to a German girl Rosa;
summer 1910 in Copenhagen (see Anna Konstantynowicz and Inessa Armand); met Lenin the first. Radek returned to Leipzig; 1910 moved back to Berlin, 1911 with Hanecki Furstenburg and Unszlicht; 1911 disagreement with Marchlewski, but close friendships with August Thalheimer, Konrad Haenisch from Bremen.
Karl Radek in spring 1912 published for Karl Kautsky; but in July 1912 aimed his attack directly at Kautsky.
'Through Germany in the Sealed Coach', ed in 1924, originally published in German in Fritz Platten, Die Reise Lenins durch Deutschland im plombierten Wagen, Berlin 1924, pp. 62-66. This is the first time this text has been published in English. Translated and transcribed by Ian Birchall. Translation © Copyright 2005 Ian Birchall. Used by kind permission of the translator. Marked up by Einde O'Callaghan for the Marxists' Internet Archive; at https://www.marxists.org/archive/:
"...On behalf of Vladimir Ilyich I turned, in association with Paul Levi, who at the time was a member of the Spartacus group, and who was temporarily staying in Switzerland, to the representative of the Frankfurter Zeitung, who was known to us. If I am not mistaken, it was a Dr Deinhard. Through him we asked the German Ambassador Romberg whether Germany would allow emigres returning to Russia to pass through its territory. In turn, Romberg enquired of the Foreign Ministry in Berlin and received a reply that was in principle favourable. Thereupon we elaborated the conditions on which we were willing to undertake the journey through Germany. The main conditions were as follows: the German government should allow all applicants to pass through, without asking for their names; those travelling through should enjoy the protection of extraterritoriality and nobody would be entitled to enter into negotiations of any sort with them during their journey. With these conditions we sent the Swiss Socialist deputy Robert Grimm, the secretary of the Zimmerwald Union, and our political ally and comrade Platten to see Romberg. After the meeting with the German Ambassador we met in the trade-union premises. Grimm related how surprised the Ambassador had been, when they had read out to him our conditions for the journey. ...
Grimm, who continued the negotiations in the name of Martov group, had undoubtedly already in Switzerland engaged in negotiations about conditions for peace, and later from Petrograd he sent communications about the prospects for peace from his government, which the Swiss government then probably passed on to the Germans. The attempts to represent him as a German spy or agent are absurd. He wanted to play an important role; Ilyich had already considered that such ambition was the principal motive of his activity. The Germans hoped that in Russia the Bolsheviks would act as opponents of the war and declared themselves in agreement with our conditions. I recommend those gentlemen who are still raising an outcry against the Bolsheviks on this account to read Ludendorff's memoirs, for he is still tearing his hair out over the fact that he let the Bolsheviks through; he has finally grasped that in so doing he was not performing a service for German imperialism, but for the world revolution.
So we set off and travelled in a Swiss train as far as Schaffhausen, where we had to change into the German train. ...
In Trelleborg we made a very striking impression. Ganetsky invited us all to supper which in the Swedish fashion involved Smörgas. We poor fellows, who in Switzerland had been accustomed to have no more than a herring for our dinner, looked at this enormous table with innumerable hors d'oeuvre: we rushed at it like a swarm of grasshoppers and completely emptied the table, to the astonishment of the waiters, who were used to seeing only civilised people at the Smörgas table. Vladimir Ilyich ate nothing. He tried to find out from Ganetsky everything he could about the Russian revolution - but Ganetsky knew nothing. The next morning we arrived in Stockholm. Swedish comrades, journalists and photographers were waiting for us. At the head of the Swedish comrades was Dr Karleson in a top-hat, an inflated chatterer who now, fortunately, has returned from the Communist Party to Branting's camp. ...
In Stockholm Parvus tried to meet Lenin as a representative of the central committee of the German Social Democracy, but Ilyich not only refused to meet him, but charged me, Vorovsky and Ganetsky, together with the Swedish comrades to make a formal record of this attempt. The whole day passed in discussions; we went here and there; but before Lenin left another real deliberation took place. The moment of departure was approaching. Together with the Swedish comrades and a part of the Russian colony in Stockholm we went from the Regina hotel to the station. When our comrades had already boarded the train, one of the Russians took his hat off and made a speech to Lenin. ...
This account by Radek was published in Fritz Platten, Die Reise Lenins durch Deutschland im plombierten Wagen, Berlin 1924, pp. 62-66.
According to Robert Service, Lenin: A Political Life Volume 2: Worlds in Collision, Basingstoke 1991, p. 153, an account of the journey by Radek appeared in Pravda, no. 91, 20 April 1917, p. 4. However, the 1924 version had clearly been revised, since there is a reference to Ludendorff's Memoirs, first published in 1920.
... Last updated on 18.10.2011".

And more information
(on 26th January 2015 by Hubert Koziel) at http://foxmulder2.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/najwieksze-sekrety-archanio-cz-4-miecz.html.
'Antidotes to Empire: From the Congress System to the European Union' by Stella Ghervas of Harvard University, Center for European Studies, Department Member;
'Blockade 9: Sustaining The Enemy – Tea, Coffee And Plenty Denials' by Jim Macgregor (First World War Hidden History) and Gerry Docherty.


Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski: his father - Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 in Smogulec + Eleonora Mielżyński; his grandfather Józef Grzegorz Longin Hutten-Czapski 1760-1810
(he was brother of Mikołaj Adrian Joachim Hutten-Czapski Count 1753 - 1833, who was father of Franciszek Ignacy Dionizy Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1862, and Antonina Skórzewski; and grandfather of Matylda Fabianna Jadwiga Osiecimska; Kazimierz Antoni Fabian Hutten-Czapski, and Stanisław Hutten-Czapski 1837 - 1884 in Paris);
and his great-grandfather General Antoni Michal Hutten-Czapski (ca 1725) 1725-1792,
great-great-grandfather Ignacy 1699 - 1745.
Wywiad brytyjski, niemiecki i rosyjski, a niepodleglosc Polski w 1918.  Lista teorii konspiracyjnych - najwieksze teorie konspiracyjne w historii.  Teorie konspiracyjne, historia i genealogia rodu Konstantynowicz z Bialorusi.  Masoneria. Rosyjski wywiad wojskowy. Kluczowe zagadnienia.  Wstep i glowne uwagi o historii rodu Konstantynowicz na Bialorusi i w Rosji 1772 - 1917.

Franciszek Stanisław Kostka Czapski Hutten born 1725 (ca 1725)
(son of above mentioned Ignacy Hutten-Czapski b. ca 1699 / 1700, who was brother of Franciszek Hutten-Czapski [m. Katarzyna Skorzewska], Józef Piotr Hutten-Czapski, and Teresa Pawłowska),
d. 1802 in Warsaw; his children:
a. Maria Hutten-Czapska b. 1760 m. Gen.-Major Mikołaj Adrian Joachim Hutten-Czapski of Bukowiec, 1804 Count, with children: 1. Franciszek Ignacy Dionizy Hutten-Czapski b. 1797; 2. Antonina Skórzewski;
b. Anna m. to Józef Oskierka;
c. Ignacy born 1770,
d. Franciszek b. ca 1770;
e. Karol b. in Mińsk 1777-1836 m. Fabianna Obuchowicz (next generation - Emeryk b. 1828);
f. Stanisław 1779-1844 m. Zofia Obuchowicz, Colonel under Napoleon.

Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Francis Servatius Hutten-Czapski b. 1851, d. 1937, in 1890 negotiated with Pope Leo XIII end of the Kulturkampf in Germany; he was friend with the Cardinals of the Vatican; persuaded the German general staff to support the Bolsheviks (1916 - 1917) and in the independent Poland (since 1918) was the president of the Polish Association of the Knights of Malta.
His father Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 / Joseph Napoleon Hutten-Czapski: November Uprising 1831, on December 14, 1831 on the English ship sailed to
(January 1832) Ireland, to Dublin; the Masonic lodges friends obtained for him a French passport in the name of Joseph Chapman at the beginning of 1833;
1833 - 1837 Czapski traveled from Paris to Switzerland, where he and others young revolutionaries founded 'Young Europe' on April 15, 1834, including the Young Italy, Young Germany and Young Poland. Also he traveled to Italy, Algeria, Spain and London; acc. to H. Koziel, in
1841 he went on a false passport as an Irishman O'Brien to Germany to Munich, Augsburg and Frankfurt.
The republican conspirator, a close collaborator of Giuseppe Mazzini.

Explanations:

1. At http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1832/feb/29/count-czapski we read:
"...It appeared that Count Czapski had made his escape from Warsaw, with great difficulty, and was so fortunate as to get to Belfast; on his landing there, he was told, it was necessary to give information of his arrival to the office of the Secretary, under the Act regarding Aliens. On his arrival at Dublin, he had made several inquiries at the Custom House and the Castle, and 966 was told at the latter place, as he only intended to stay a few days, he need not apply again. ... After he had landed in Ireland, he came to Dublin, and when he had been there a short time, he was informed, that, in conformity with the Alien Law, he must state to the Government whether he intended to fix his residence there...".
2. "...THE ALIEN LAW - COUNT CZAPSKI. It will be seen from our Police report in this day's FREEMAN, that the distinguished, but unfortunate Pole, who has been sojourning in Dublin for a few weeks. A was yesterday fined 50£ by the Magistrates at the Head office of Police, under...", on 3 February 1832 in Dublin.
3. "...I DINNER TO COUNT JOSEPH NAPOLEON CZAPSKI. On yesterday, upwards of seventy gentlemnen sat ... I o 'plendid dinner' at Challoner and Hunt's hotel, Davsonstie, WILLIAM FRANCIS FINN, Etq. in the Chair. The, CHAIMIMANI (??), in proposing the first... Saul, be a about to propose the...", on March 02, 1832, by 'Freeman's Journal', in Dublin.
4. Aliens Act; Petition from Dublin respecting Case of Count Czapski.
"Upon reading the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Parishes of the City of Dublin, in that Part of the United Kingdom called Ireland, whose Names are thereunto subscribed; taking notice of the Arrest and Punishment by Fine of Count Joseph Napoleon Czapski, a Native of Poland, for an unintentional infraction of the Aliens Act; and praying their Lordships 'to take such steps as may be best calculated to vindicate the Character and Nature of the British Laws; and to cause a strict Investigation to be instituted into all the Facts of this Case, with a view to a Redress and Reparation of the Injury sustained, and the Punishment of the guilty...".
5. 1832. The House resumed, and the report was ordered to be received next day. The other orders of the day were then disposed ... COUNTRY MISCELLANEA. AFFAIRS OF GERMANY. A meeting, rather thinly but respectably attended, was held on Wednesday at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, Strand, to express, as the requisition stated, their indignation and abhorrence at the invasion lately made by the Diet of Frankfort on the ancient liberties of the Germanic States. Colonel Evans, M. P., Mr. Wyse, M. P., Sir W. Brabazon, Mr. Murray, Count Czapski, M. Bach, with several other foreigners were present. Mr. T. Campbell as chairman, opened the proceedings in a feeling and energetic speech, towards the conclusion of which he said, 'If England allowed Germany to be enslaved by Princes who were themselves the slaves of Russia, she might, when too late, repent in sackcloth and ashes over her departed liberties. The measures of Napoleon against English commerce would be but a jest, a mere feather, compared with the hostility of the present continental despots...".
6. Count Joseph Napoleon Czapski / Czapski left Dublin for London in April 1832.
7. "William Francis Finn was an Irish politician in the United Kingdom House of Commons", by Wikipedia. "He was elected to the United Kingdom House of Commons as Member of Parliament for County Kilkenny in (on 20 Dec.) 1832 (with Pierce Butler, b. 1774, held post to 1846), and held the seat until 1837".
Pierce Butler (1774 d. 1864) was an Irish politician, elected to the United Kingdom House of Commons as Member of Parliament for County Kilkenny in 1832, and held the seat until 1846.
Acc. to http://genealogy.links.org/links-cgi/readged?/ we read:
Pierce Butler 1774 - 1846 son of Edmund Butler 1745 - 1793 and Lady Henrietta 1750 - 1785; grandson of Edmund Butler, Charlotte Bradstreet, Somerset Hamilton Butler 1718 - 1774, and Juliana Boyle d. 1774.
William Francis Finn died in December 1862 in Tullaroan, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland; wife Alicia; a member of Carlow town family; William Francis Finn's father, also named William, was a prosperous Carlow merchant and tanner, who resided in Carlow.
His brother, Edmund Finn (d. 1777) produced 'Finn's Leinster Journal' / 'Leinster Journal' of Kilkenny. William Snr. helped finance the paper, then to Patrick Kearney.
Carlow is situated on way from Kilkenny to Dublin, south-east of Mountrath!
William Snr. was one of the Carlow delegates to attend the Back Lane Parliament in 1792.
William Francis senior held lands in Graiguecullen, and farms in Kilkenny. William senior had four sons: Thomas, William - Francis, Patrick and Michael. Thomas 1772 - 1842 resided in Carlow. He was an able journalist and accurate historian, in 1798, in "The Irish Magazine and Monthly Asylum for Neglected Biography 1811, Vol.4"; died 1842, at Bellfield, Clontarf.
William Francis, the second son, educated at Trinity College, Dublin, in 1805;
a friend of Daniel O'Connell, O'Connell was a frequent visitor to Carlow town, where he stayed with Alicia and William at their residence at Evergreen Lodge in Cox's Lane. Patrick Finn - William's brother, was actively involved in the County Carlow committee, and was also for many years secretary of the "Friends of Civil Religious Liberty... County", with William as chairman; A Liberal club was established in the town, with the Finn family prominent among its leaders. Peter Gale from the Queen's County, William Francis Finn - Carlow, Nicholas Aylward Vigors - Old Leighlin, and Francis Bruen - Enniscorthy, who represented the Tories. Finn to represent the Liberal party.
William Francis was well known and respected in the Leinster and Munster areas, through his involvement in the Catholic Association.
August 1832 - a Baronial meeting at Ballyhale met with William Finn. William Francis finally declared his intention to stand as a candidate for the constituency of County Kilkenny;
he had settled in Tullaroan, County Kilkenny.
In 1837 William Finn withdrew from parliamentary representation; While residing in Tullaroan, he donated land to the clergy, for the erection of a church and school;
The KILKENNY COUNTY: north of Waterford, north-east of Clonmel and east of Tipperary.
County Kilkenny / Contae Chill Chainnigh is a county in Ireland, in the province of Leinster, of the South-East Region.

Very interesting that the family of Countess Maria Dorota Leopoldyna Czapska (nick-name Dorota Obuchowicz, Maria Strzalkowska, and Dorota Thun), b. 1894 in Praga, died 1981, Maisons-Laffitte, Polish historian, sister of Józef Czapski,
grand-daughter of Emeryk Hutten-Czapski, met and was talking in Belarus with (in 1892) Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, the next of kin of the Belarussian branch of the Czapskis, who described an estate of the Czapski family close to Minsk;
she was in Paris 1925 - 1930.
Maria Leopoldyna Hutten-Czapska / Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Czapska / Countess Hutten-Czapski, b. 1894 / 1895 in Prague, died in 1981, daughter of George and Josephine;
above George / Jerzy Hutten-Czapski 1861-1930, was son of Emeryk Zachariasz 1828-1896 and Elzbieta Karolina Meyendorff b. 1833 in Sankt Petersburg, d. 1916;
and mentioned Jerzy was grandson of Fabianna Obuchowicz b. ca 1800 and Karol Hutten-Czapski 1777-1836;
also Jerzy was grandson of Jerzy Wolter Konrad Meyendorff b. 1795 (Georges de Meyendorff d. 1863, diplomate) and Zofia Stackelberg b. 1806.
Above named Josephine / Jozefa Thun-Hohenstein 1867-1903, was daughter of Fryderyk Franciszek Józef Thun-Hohenstein 1810-1881 and Leopoldyna Lamberg 1825-1902.
Above named baron Jerzy Wolter Konrad Meyendorff b. 1795, died in Würzburg, Bawaria, acc. to Maria (Maja) Anna Górska-Zabielska.
Copyright by Claude Trudel:
Jerzy / George Baron Meyendorff (1795-1863) recounts his journey from Orenburg to Bukhara made in 1820 in his travelogue published in 1826. He was then a colonel in the General Staff of the Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825).
This expedition is part of Russian expansionism initiated in the 18th century by Catherine the Great (1729-1796).
An extract of this travelogue is contained in the anthology 'The trip to Central Asia and Tibet' published by Michel Jan in the Editions of Robert Laffont. This extract contains two parts: Preparation and dangers of the journey, Manners and customs of Kyrgyz. Acc. to http://cltr.blogspot.co.uk/2014/10/expedition-en-asie-centrale-1820.html.

Above mentioned Emeryk Zachariasz Mikolaj Seweryn Hutten-Czapski, Count, b. 1828, was son of Karol Józef Czapski, friend {?}

(Karol Czapski was owner of Stankow / Stan'kava in Belarus!; b. 1777, died in 1836 in Danilovichi / Daniłowicze
[Daniłowicze / Danilavichy (Данілавічы, Даниловичи, Daniłavičy), ca 11 km east-south-east of Stan'kava / Stankowo of the Hutten-Czapskis, and 18 km south-east of Dzyarzhynsk / Dzierzynsk / Kojdanow of the Hutten-Czapski family; west of Dukora of the Oginski family; ca 40 km south-west of Minsk in Belarus now. In 19th cent. it was the Minsk government, the Ihumen county (Cerven now), the Uzda region];
he was son of Franciszek Stanisław Kostka Czapski Hutten of the Chelmno province in Poland, and Weronika Joanna Radziwiłł, daughter of Michał Kazimierz Radziwill nick-name Rybenko; Karol Czapski married to Fabianna Obuchowicz, daughter of Michał Obuchowicz of Minsk in Belarus; Karol was brother of Stanisław 1779-1844 / 1845, Colonel of the Polish Army; Marshal of the Minsk county, married Zofia Obuchowicz, owner of Kiejdany - son of mentioned Stanislaw was Marian Czapski Count: born in Łachwa in 1816 Belarus now, d. 1875, Więckowice in the Posen province / Poznan province, studied in Wilno / Vilnius, 1845 owner of Kiejdany close to Minsk, exiled to Siberie in 1864, Tomsk to 1867, 1867-1871 Czapski was living in Dorpat, Estonia)

of last Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski
(see: Sulkowski, Poniatowski genealogy, Venture, Breguet, Konstantynowicz and villge Miezonka),
and Fabianna nee Obuchowicz; this branch come from Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski, of the Chelmno province, and from Belarus (Radziwill family and Wittgenstein - Radziwill).

Emeryk Zachariasz Hutten-Czapski studied in St Petersburg, 1863-1864 governor of Great Nowogrod, in 1865 was deputy of the Petersburg governor.

Karol Józef Czapski leased Miezonka from Radziwill 1832 - 1842; then Miezonka was the Konstantynowiczs estate (see: Breguet in Kazan and Armand in Moscow).

Above named Michał Kazimierz Radziwill nick-name Rybenko / Prince Mykolas Kazimieras Radvila / Міхал Казімер Радзівіл, b. 1702, Olyka, owner of Niasviž, Olyka, Biržai, Dubingiai, Slutsk and Kopyła. Court Marshal of Lithuania since 1734, Grand Hetman of Lithuania since 1744, 1725 he married Urszula Franciszka Wiśniowiecki, 2nd married Anna Luiza Mycielski in 1754 in Lviv; his children: Michal Krzysztof Radziwiłł, Janusz Tadeusz, Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł - Panie Kochanku, Anna, Ludwika, Teofilia Konstancja Radziwiłł / Teofila Morawska, Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Rzewuska / Katarzyna Karolina, Weronika Joanna Radziwiłł / Weronika Joanna Hutten-Czapska, Hieronim Wincenty, Maria Wiktoria / Maria Wiktoria Maja Moricone / Morykoni, Józefina Grabowska, and last Konstancja.
Mykolas Kazimieras Radvila Žuvelė / Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł / Rybenko d. 1762 in Nieswiez, son of Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (1669 - 1719, Karol was brother of Mikołaj Franciszek Radziwiłł; Bogusław Krzysztof; Jerzy Józef Radziwiłł; Ludwik Radziwiłł; Tekla Adelajda; and Jan) and Anna Katarzyna;
he was brother of Katarzyna Barbara Branicka; Tekla Róża Korybut-Wiśniowiecka; Karolina Teresa Pia Sapieha; Hieronim Florian Radziwiłł, and Konstancja Franciszka Sapieha.

In May 1900, Alfred Graf von Schlieffen (acc. to Bogdan Hutten Czapski) gave the political leadership - Chancellors Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfurst and Bernard von Bulow - "an early opportunity to object to the politically risky portion of his military thinking ... Accepted by Gerhard Ritter, Fritz Fischer, and Norman Rich, he sought to determine what the Reich political leadership thought about violation of Belgian and Dutch neutrality.
In May 1900 Schlieffen asked Graf (Bogdan) Hutten-Czapski, confidential and private secretary to Chancellor Hohenlohe, to visit him. He asked (Bogdan) Hutten (Czapski) if he would sound out Holstein and the Chancellor confidentially.
... Schlieffen apparently did not name the country to which he referred, but Graf Hutten (-Czapski) immediately thought of Belgium. Hutten-Czapski broached the matter with his friend Holstein, the influential advisor to the Foreign Office. ... A few days later Holstein arranged a social gathering at his house to which the Chancellor and the Chief of the GGS were invited. ... Schlieffen apparently carried out the same procedure with Chancellor Bulow. Schlieffen got a different reaction from Herman Freiherr von Eckhardstein, German Counselor in London...", acc. to Moltke, "Schlieffen, and Prussian War Planning", p. 176.
The Schlieffen Plan of the German General Staff in 1905, with the Deployment Plan Aufmarsch I in 1905, "...would not involve Russia but was expected to include Italy and Austria-Hungary as German allies ... In Aufmarsch I, it was stated that Germany would have to go on the offensive to win this kind of war, which entailed all of the German army being deployed on the German–Belgian border, so it could launch an offensive into France, through the southern Dutch province...".
Alfred von Schlieffen, b. 1833, d. 1913, a German field marshal, the Chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906.
Count Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, was at the time the confidential adviser and secretary to Prince Hohenlohe. Acc. to J. Bradford DeLong on July 16, 2014.
In July 1914, Germany had prepared nothing diplomatically, not even the ultimatum to Belgium. Count Hutten-Czapski, records that in May 1900 immediately thought about Belgium. The whole conversation lasted only a few minutes. The name of the country to which Schlieffen referred was never mentioned.
Count Hutten Czapski claims to have been of a different opinion - that it was a momentous decision which would need careful thought. "...Fundamentally he was against any violation of neutrality without the permission of the states involved, because the consequences could not be predicted".
Schlieffen still had close contact with Holstein, also no less significant and influential Count von Hutten-Czapski.
Big play began in the eighties of the 19th century, when Hutten-Czapski, who was the Polish largest landowner in the Prussian officer corps, also enjoyed the full confidence of Holstein, was as a personal secretary at the Imperial Chancellor Hohenlohe; and under his successor Bulow.
Bernhard Heinrich Karl Martin von Bülow b. 1849, in 1905 Prince, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs for three years and then as Chancellor of the German Empire from 1900 to 1909.
Senior military officials, foreign diplomats and military attaches met in the Bogdan Hutten Czapski house. His connections with the ruling circles and members of the imperial government and the Prussian officer corps were very needed to Schlieffen,
"who conducted non-public life. In his memoirs, Hutten-Czapski wrote about it: 'When he was chief of the General Staff, he let me go to him often and I honored his confidence, using my connections'. ... 'Hutten-Czapski had ample contacts in Poland and Russia and use them to gather political information and military espionage for the Chief of the General Staff...'. The high trust placed him close to Alfred Graf von Schlieffen, evidenced by the fact that Hutten-Czapski to find out about how to Hohenlohe and Holstein relate to the violation of Belgium's neutrality, which was the highest level of state secrets, acc. to Theodor Schiemann. In his memoirs, Hutten-Czapski wrote, among other things about him: 'Even when he resigned from his position, he allowed me to visit him and said to me, laughing, that I am now the one who delivers to him the most interesting information about court life and politics'. ... On the other hand, Ritter, Wallach and Craig, wrote that between Holstein and Alfred Graf von Schlieffen 'often marked confidential talks on the political situation', and in appreciation of contacts with Hutten-Czapski. ... Contact with Hutten-Czapski proved that among other things it was about foreign policy issues; Helmut Otto said that since August 1891, established contacts between Alfred Graf von Schlieffen and Chancellor Caprivi. Alfred Graf von Schlieffen on all important matters consulted Holstein and Hutten-Czapski (Hague Peace Conference in 1899 Hutten-Czapski). ...
Soon after Hutten-Czapski had a long conversation between Alfred Graf von Schlieffen and Hohenlohe, also Otto said: 'At the turn of the century to strengthen cooperation with the Government and the General Staff...'.
... In general, we should agree with Otto ...
Helmut Otto also confirms the existence of contacts and cooperation with the Alfred Graf von Schlieffen and Chancellor Hohenlohe ... consulted Holstein and Hutten-Czapski ... Schlieffen was fully aware of this need and ... foreign events and issues and their impact on military and strategic planning.
These included the Franco-Russian alliance, the peace conference in The Hague, the first Moroccan crisis, relations with partners in the Triple Alliance of Austria-Hungary and Italy and the problems of coalition military preparations, the military objectives and expansionist colonial policy of German imperialism, primarily intervention in China from 1900 to 1902. ... colonial wars in South-West Africa, the struggle against the revolutionary workers' movement...".

It was 1914, the start of the Great War.
But when this war finished, Beseler, as German Governor-General in 1916, proclaimed the German Empire by the occupying powers and Austria - Hungary agreed establishment of an independent Kingdom of Poland. With active help of his close employee Bogdan Hutten - Czapski, he created the new Polish-language Warsaw University and the Technical University of Warsaw. On 10 November 1918, back to Warsaw, Józef Piłsudski; Zdzisław Lubomirski and Adam Koc in the night 09/10 November, 1918 received message about Pilsudski; by Lubomirski's car, Piłsudski arrived to Lubomirski house. Count Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, was looking at this situation from distance, but at Warsaw Castle talked with Hans Hartwig Beseler on Pilsudski; at this moment Sosnkowski moved at Moniuszki avenue. Beseler fled on November 12, with his two aides and Polish officers on a ship on the Vistula river, from Warsaw to Thorn and from there to Berlin.
His contemporaries Hutten - Czapski, Prince Hermann von Hatzfeld and Maria Princess Lubomirska - wife of Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski - expressed their praise of him; Hutten - Czapski: 'The Inspector General of the engineer and pioneer corps and the fortresses had also acquired management experience. ... with a refined and perfect - looking character...'.
Above Prince Zdzisław Lubomirski, a Polish aristocrat, landowner, chairman of the "Central Civil Committee" in 1915. 1917 to 1918 member of the Regency Council. Zdzislaw Lubomirski born 1865 in Nizhny Novgorod, the son of Prince Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski, and Maria Zamoyska; he attended Krakow's St. Anna High School; Jagiellonian University and University of Graz.
Maria Lubomirska b. 1841, d. 1922, daughter of Zdzisław Zamoyski Count; she was wife of Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski Prince, and she was mother of Zdzisław Lubomirski (b. on April 4, 1865, in Niżny Nowogrod, d. 1943); above Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski b. 1826 in Dubrowna in the Mohylow region, d. 1908, m. Maria nee Zamoyska; Zdzisław Lubomirski m. Maria nee Branicka; mentioned above Nizhny Novgorod / Nizhniy Novgorod / Nizhny Novgorod in Russia.
Above Zdzislaw Zamoyski:
Zdzisław Zamoyski Count, 1810 Warsaw - d. 1855 in Vienna, Austria, son of Stanisław Kostka Franciszek Zamoyski and Zofia; husband of Józefa Jadwiga Zamoyska; father of:
Stefan Zamoyski, above Maria Lubomirska;
Wanda Grocholska and Zofia Tarnowska;
brother of Konstanty Zamoyski, Andrzej Artur, Jan Zamoyski, Władysław Zamoyski, Celestyna Gryzelda Działyńska; Jadwiga Sapieha; Artur Zamoyski, Elżbieta Brzozowska; Stanisław Kostka Jan Zamoyski and August Zamoyski.
Above named Władysław Zamoyski Count, 1803 - 1868.

Count Andrzej Przemysław Konstanty Jan Władysław Zamoyski b. 1852 was a Polish aristocrat and landowner, the grandson of Count Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski, and of Count Przemysław Potocki. Andrzej Przemysław married Maria Carolina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, granddaughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies, and had eight children.
Count Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski b. 1775, d. 1856, politician, landowner of Zamość estates. In 1809 he became the chairman of the "Provisional Government" of Galicia. He was Senator-Voivode of the Duchy of Warsaw and the Congress Kingdom from 1810 until 1831. He married Princess Zofia Czartoryska in 1798 in Puławy.
Róża Maria / Marianna Ewa Zamoyska nee Potocka, b. 1831 in Tomaszpil, Ukraine, d. 1890, daughter of Przemysław Potocki and Teresa; wife of Stanisław Kostka Jan Zamoyski b. 1820 in Vienna, who was son of Stanisław Kostka Franciszek Zamoyski and Zofia;
Roza was mother of Andrzej Przemysław Konstanty Jan Zamoyski b. 1852 - d. 1927, landowner, born in Warsaw - the grandson of above named Count Stanisław Kostka Franciszek Zamoyski 1775 in Warszawa, d. 1856 in Wien / Vienna.

On October 7, 1918, on initiative of Prince Lubomirski, Polish declaration of independence was announced and 14th October 1918, Polish Army soldiers pledged allegiance to the Polish flag.
Lubomirski supported Pilsudski's nomination (on 10th Nov. 1918 - 14th Nov.) for the post of the head of state.
Above mentioned Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski b. 1826 in Dubrowna / Dubrovno, the Moghilov government; d. 1908, son of Eugeniusz Lubomirski, studied in St Petersburg. Then in France and England. 1863 the Foreign Affairs of Polish Government.
Above named Дубрoвно / Dubrowno in the Sienno (north-east of Miezonka) catholic area; the Orsha county, Moghilev government; at present in the Vicebsk oblast; 90 km to Vicebsk, 19 km north-east of Orsza / Orsha. Dubrovno to 1774 to Sapieha; then Count R. A. Potiemkin / G. A. Potemkin to 1791 (a watch factory!), close to Ksawery Lubomirski estate (and his daughter Klementyna girlfriend of Piotr Kroer);
since 1791 Lubomirski taken Dubrovno - now this place is "capital" of the government; next to Eugeniusz Lubomirski - 1809 new Orthodox church; Dubrovno was the Lubomirski family estate to 1917!
Eugeniusz Lubomirski b. 1789, d. 1834, landowner of Dubrovno close to Orsha from his father;
son of Ksawery Lubomirski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819) and Teofila Rzewuski (Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831), and brother of the Russian General Konstanty Lubomirski.

Bogdan Hutten - Czapski had met with the family of Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Hutten-Czapska in 1892.
She was the daughter of George and Josephine, and was born in Prague. Her mother came from the highest aristocracy of the Roman Empire. Maria was a prominent figure who has registered in history primarily as an editor collaborating with Paris 'Culture'. Also worked on biographies of her family, written in collaboration with her brother Jozef Czapski / Joseph.
Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Czapska / Countess Hutten-Czapska, b. 1894 in Prague, died in 1981, Maisons-Laffitte; the granddaughter of Emeryk Czapski / Emeric Hutten-Czapski of the family who had a huge estates from Radziwill, around Minsk, in Curland, Lithuania and Volhynia, acc. to Bogdan Graf von Hutten-Czapski, vol. 1-2, Berlin 1936.
Ferdinand Radziwill of the Polish Knights of Malta, has come after Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, an old friend of the Prussian court and military.
The estate of Pryluki to the Hutten - Czapskis was situated on Ptych river; a house of 1882 and terraced park. Pryluki / Priluki ca 14 km south-west of the Minsk core, and 15 km west of Koroliszczewiczi / Korolishchevici of the Konstantynowiczs; 13 km west of Gatovo / Hatowo, and 23 km north-east of Kojdanow / Koidanov; south-west of Minsk in Belarus, on way to Dzierzynsk / Dzierhinsk / Kojdanow / Koidanov.
Kuchcicze / Kuhtichi of Zawisza and the Radziwill family at the Minsk district; the palace complex, the facade with stone accents.
The first secret missions Bogdan Hutten - Czapski received in 1890, to the Vatican; over the next two years he worked as observer - the German embassy in Paris, where he was ambassador; the later Chancellor, Prince Hohenlohe, which entered into a close friendship with Czapski, and the later Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow, send him on missions; Duke Hohenlohe send Czapski to maintain contacts and research sentiment of the ruling class, also among the well-known from his youth - Bonapartists; he was residing in Paris, and known Count Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck, and his wife Teresa primo voto Marquise de Paiva; then he moved to Strasbourg, where he was an aide of the Field Marshal Manteuffel.
Then he received from the German General Staff a very important intelligence mission, a trip to the Russian and Austrian ex-Polish districts, to explore moods and relationships (1892). Bogdan Hutten-Czapski met with Karol Czapski of the Minsk goverment;
in 1891 Karol Czapski Hutten in Minsk opened the first pawnshops; in 1892 Hutten-Czapski launched full-scale operations, 1894 Karol Czapski was one of the most wealthy man not only in Minsk, but also in the whole of Belarus.
He know the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company. In the same year in Minsk there was the first power plant, which was able to provide electricity to much of the city. This power was located on Independence Avenue near the Belarusian State Circus.
Karol Hutten-Czapski died in Germany, in Frankfurt on January 17, 1904.


And next very interesting woman:

Alexandrine Bacheracht nee Hutten-Czapska / Alieksandra Kolemin, wife of Wilhelm Bacheracht, ex-wife of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt;
sister of Henryka Julia Plater-Zyberk.
Above Wilhelm Bacheracht, the Russian diplomate, b. 1851, d. 1916 in Berne, the Bern District, in Switzerland; son of Robert von Bacheracht; husband of above mentioned Alexandrine.

Above Robert von Bacheracht b. 1797, died 1884 in Genova, Liguria, Italy. Ex-husband of Therese Henriette Antoinette Elisabeth von Struve, and father of above named Wilhelm Bacheracht. Also was the Russian diplomate, Vicekonsul in Hamburg, and the generale consul in Genova.
Above Therese Henriette Antoinette Elisabeth von Struve, born in 1804 in Stuttgart, to a father who was Russian legation secretary Heinrich von Struve; she lived in Hamburg; she was sent to Weimer in 1820, and in St. Petersburg,
married Robert von Bacheracht in 1825,
in 1841 / 1848 she started writing using the Pseudonym Therese. She sepparated from Robert von Bacheracht in 1849 (her love affair with the writer Karl Gutzkow / Karol Guczkow), back to her cousin, Heinrich Freiherr von Lützow (he was the Dutch officer, and she followed him to his post to Surabaya on Java) in August 1849. Therese died in 1852.

Mentioned above
Alexandrine Bacheracht nee Hutten-Czapska / Alieksandra Kolemin / Hutten-Czapski Alexandra b. 1854 / 1853 - d. 1941, the 1st husband Kolemin;
then entered into a morganatic marriage with the Grand Duke of Hesse Ludwig IV b. 1837; Louis IV / Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl he was connected to the British Royal Family, to the Imperial House of Russia and other Royal Houses of Europe. Louis was born at Darmstadt, Germany; his mother was the granddaughter of King Frederick William II of Prussia.
1862, Louis married Princess Alice, the third child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. The couple had seven children, among others Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia b. 1864, and Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress of All the Russias b. 1872.
Ludwig IV contracted a morganatic marriage in 1884 in Darmstadt with Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska / Aleksandra Czapski Hutten b. 1854 in Warsaw, d. on 8 May 1941, in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland; she was the former wife of Aleksander Kolemin, the Russian charge d'affaires in Darmstadt;
now the Countess von Romrod.

Alexandrine Bacheracht / Alexandrine Countess von Hutten-Czapska died in Vevey / Switzerland, close to La Tour de Peilz; 8 km noerth-west of Montreux (see: Duflon, Konstantynowicz); 18 km south-east of Lutry; 6 km north-west of Clarens!
Countess Alexandrine Hutten-Czapska, Grafin Romrod, daughter of Count Adam Hutten-Czapski, and Countess Mariane Rzewuska / Marianne von Rzewuska Grocholska / Maria Anna Katarzyna Hutten-Czapska nee Rzewuska b. 1827; Alexandrine was the sister of Henryka Julia Plater-Zyberk.
Bacheracht, Alexandrine nee Countess von Hutten Czapska, Kolemine, Countess Romrod (1854-1941) has grave with Georg von Kolemines in the cemetery of St. Martin in Vevey, Switzerland; but her husband was Alexander von Kolemin.
Who was Georg v. Kolemines?

"According to L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome I (1986), Grand Duke Ludwig (b. 1837, d. 1892) married morganatically at Darmstadt on 30 April 1884 Countess Alexandrine Hutten-Czapski (b. 1853 or 1854, d. 1941). Alexandrine was Ludwig's young Warsaw-born mistress of some years, was a recent widow, her husband Alexander von Kolemine, a Russian diplomat, having died the previous month in March. The von Kolemines had been separated since 1884, according to L'Allemagne Dynastique, but according to other sources, Alexandrine and von Kolemine were divorced. She is known as Alexandrine or Alexandra, and her first husband's name is rendered as Kolemine, Kolemin, Kalomine, or Kolomine. ... The Queen wrote to Victoria in reply that she was angry with Ludwig's plan to marry... Queen Victoria acted quickly and decisively. She more or less forced Ludwig to agree to end his marriage ... See 'From Battenberg to Mountbatten', by E. H. Cookridge, London, 1966, ... E. Corti (Salzburg, 1936). ... Ultimately, Alexandrine had no choice, accepted the situation, and left for Moscow. A few years later, in 1892 or 1893, Alexandrine married for a third time, to Basil von Bacheracht, who died in 1916. Finally, as for a child born of Ludwig and Alexandrine's brief marriage, one source mentions his existence, ... by David Duff (London, 1958). ... the child, a son, 'was adopted as a brother by the Empress of Russia'. ... Duff, using information supplied by Lord Mountbatten (Victoria's younger son), states that Grand Duke Ludwig's marriage to Alexandrine was not consummated",
acc. to Yvonne Demoskoff on 14 Mar 2003.

It was different Alexander von Kolemin who in 1842 m. to Marija Aleksandrovna Tolstoj b. 1822, daughter of Alexandr Stepanovich Tolstoj 1788 - 1850 / 1859, and Marija Ivanovna Golovina.

Jurij Alexandrovich Kolemin, was son of above Alexandrina nee Hutten Czapska.

I wrote above that
Alexandrine von Hutten-Czapska was the daughter of Adam Graf von Hutten-Czapski (1819 - d. 1883 in Nice or 1884) and Marianne Countess of Rzewuska-Grocholska (1827-1897).
Her father was raised along with his brothers and Ignacy Hutten-Czapski (Emmerich) on 12 June 1874 to the Count title in the Russia.

Above Adam Józef Erazm Hutten-Czapski b. 1819 was son of Karol Hutten-Czapski and Fabianna;
above Karol Hutten-Czapski b. 1777 d. 1836,
was son of Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Hutten-Czapski and Weronika Joanna, husband of Fabianna;
he was father of Adam Józef Erazm;
Emeryk Zachariasz Hutten-Czapski;
and Karol Ignacy Hutten-Czapski;
brother of Stanislaw Hutten-Czapski; half brother of Augustyn Szymon (Michal) Hutten-Czapski; Anna Hutten-Czapska and Maria Hutten-Czapska.

In 1894 Karol Hutten Czapski was top figure in Minsk in Belarus; this Jan Karol Alexander Hutten-Czapski, usually as Karol Czapski (August 15 1860-1904) the Mayor of Minsk from 1890 to 1901, a Catholic, Count; born in Stankow close to Minsk Litewski, d. 1904 in Frankfurt;
he was the eldest son of Count Emeryk Czapski, known numismatist and Elizabeth of Meyendorff barons.
The owner of an estates: in Minsk belonged to him orchard, three stone and five multi-storey wooden houses, 34 thousands acres of land in Minsk and the Ihumen / Igumen districts, namely Stankovo:
Negoreloye (11 km south-west of Kojdanow, and north-east of Stolbcy; 12 km south-west of Stan'kowo / Stankovo),
Prusinovo (15 km east of Stolbcy; north-east of Nesvizh / Nieswiez),
Zubarevichi (Glussk / Hlusk area),
Stankovo (in Stankovo library there were more than 2,500 books), forest cottage on the way of Tslyakovo;
Sallenen estate / Sallienien in Courland / west Kurland, Saliene (Saliena), south-west of Kuldinga.
In 1894, a friend of Bogdan Czapski, Hohenlohe was Chancellor of the Reich and Czapski, along with his good friend, gray eminence of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Baron Holstein, became the main adviser to the Chancellor on matters of foreign policy;
Czapski also brokered between Berlin and the Vatican; Czapski at that time supported the candidacy of Edward Likowski on nomination, which Berlin did not want to agree. In 1895, Bogdan Hutten - Czapski was appointed hereditary member of the Prussian House of Lords.
Colonel Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, one of the closest collaborators of General Hans Hartwig von Beseler resided in the Potocki Palace in the years 1915-1918.

In 1914 Max Isidor Bodenheimer set out his vision to Count Hutten-Czapski of the General Staff, chief of sabotage operations on the eastern front.
With support from the General Staff and the Wilhelmstrasse, Bodenheimer established the German Committee for Freeing of Russian Jews in 1914; Bodenheimer wanted the German army to assault the power of the Tsarist empire in the Baltic states, Poland, White Russia and the Ukraine, where he hoped for an 'East European Federation' in which 'all ethnic groups were to enjoy national autonomy', including the Jews, by Wikipedia.
Max Isidor Bodenheimer b. 1865, Stuttgart, the main figure in German Zionism, 1898 he visited Palestine, in August 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, he submitted an Expose on the Synchronization of German and Jewish Interests in the World War to German military headquarters in Cologne. The League of East European States or Federation of East European States was a political idea conceived during World War I for the establishment of a buffer state, which would be a de facto protectorate of the German Empire.


Florence, a node of this network in Italy:
1.
a.
Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, Prince of San Donato (1839, Weimar - d. 1885, Pratolino near Florence).
b.
Nikolai Nikitich Demidov, b. 1773 in Moscow, Russia; died in 1828 in Florence, Tuscany, Italy. Since 1815 - Russian Ambassador to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. In Florence, where he founded an orphanage and a school, it was built a monument (1871) on the square called Piazza Demidoff.
In 1793, "Demidov married an heiress Baroness Elizabeth Alexandrovna Stroganov, so was able to improve their financial situation. Upon his retirement, Demidov went with his wife in foreign travel, visiting Germany, England, France and Italy, and never missed a chance to get acquainted with the success of the mining equipment ... Returning to Russia in 1806, Demidov, wanting to have at its plants all the latest improvements on the part of technology, ordered from France Professor Ferri, then famous expert in the mining business. Demidov sent at his own expense abroad in England, Sweden and Austria to study specific industries of metallurgy more than a hundred serfs. The Nizhny Tagil plant of Demidov, ... was considered at that time the most advanced around the ridge of the Ural Mountains. ... Appointed in 1815 to Florence as Russian envoy, Demidov arranged here at their own expense an art museum and art gallery, which contains works by famous artists. In Florence Nicholas Nikitich arranged for their money a home for the elderly and orphans charity and donated to his special affairs. Living in recent years in Florence, Demidov though he lived a very luxurious and spare no means patronized scientists and artists, could, however, skillfully manage their affairs in Siberia, America, France and other countries...".
His son with Baroness Elisabeta Alexandrovna Stroganova:
Pavel Nikolayevich Demidov, b. 1798 in Saint Petersburg, died in 1840 in Mainz; husband of Aurora Karamzin; Count Pavel (called Paul) Nikolaievich Demidov as an officer in his father's regiment fought at the battle of Borodino in 1812. After the war he entered the Chevalier Guards regiment; in 1831 he entered civil service as governor of the province of Kursk. In 1834 he entered service in the Ministry of the Exterior as court Huntsmaster, later State Councillor. In Helsinki he married the maid-of-honour to Her Majesty the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Aurora Stjernvall (1808-1902) - they had one son, above Pavel Pavlovitch Demidov (1839–1885), whose daughter Aurora was mother of Prince Paul of Yugoslavia.
Above Eva Aurora Charlotta Karamzina (nee Stjernvall) was a Finnish-Swede philanthropist. "...Karamzina was born in Ulvila (Ulvsby), in Saaren Kartano, Finland. She was the daughter of Carl Johan Stjernvall (1764-1815) and Baroness Eva Gustava von Willebrand (1781-1844). Her father was a high official in the Grand Duchy of Finland and became the First Governor of the Viipuri Province in 1812. Von Willebrand was a distant niece of Gustav I of Sweden. Following Stjernvall's death in 1815, the Baroness remarried and became the wife of Finland's Procurator, Carl Johan Walleen ... Karamzina had an older brother, Emil Stjernvall Walleen (1806-1890) who became a Finnish Minister of State and a Baron. Karamzina also had two sisters, Emilia (1811-1846) and Alexandra Aline (1812-1851). Emilia married Vladimir Musin-Pushkin while Alexandra became the second wife of Jose Maurķcio Correia Henriques, the 1st Count de Seisal. Karamzina also had three half-brothers ... Aurora was appointed as a lady-in-waiting to Empress Alexandra Fedorovna the elder (consort to Tsar Nicholas I of Russia), and a lady of the bedchamber of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna the younger and Empress Maria Feodorovna. She was made a dame of the Order of Saint Catherine, the highest honour for ladies in Imperial Russia. ... In 1836, she married Pavel Nikolayevich Demidov ... In 1846 ... she remarried to Andrei Karamzin. ... She was considered a great benefactor in many cities such as Saint Petersburg and Florence. Karamzina's only child was Pavel Pavlovich Demidov ... In 1870, Pavel succeeded his childless uncle, Anatoly Nikolaievich Demidov, as the 2nd Prince of San Donato. Her granddaughter ... Princess Aurora Pavlovna Demidova married Arsen Karadordevic, Prince of Serbia and became the mother of the Yugoslav regent, Prince Paul of Yugoslavia...".
Above named Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, 2nd Prince of San Donato, died in 1885, Pratolino, Florence, was a Russian industrialist, jurist, philanthropist; first m. in 1867 to Princess Maria Elimovna Meshcherskaya (b. Saint Petersburg, 1844 - d. San Donato (or Vienna, per Ferrand), in 1868).
Her son Elim Pavlovich Demidov, 3rd Prince of San Donato, at Hietzing in the suburbs of Vienna born 1868.
In Saint Petersburg in 1871 he remarried to Princess Elena Petrovna Trubetskaya (Saint Petersburg, 1853 - Odessa, 1917), with whom he had six children:
Princess Aurora Pavlovna Demidova (b. Kiev, 1873 - d. Bussolino Torinese, Torino), mother of Prince Paul of Yugoslavia;
Anatoly Pavlovich Demidov, 4th Prince of San Donato (b. San Donato 1874 d. in Marseille);
Princess Maria Pavlovna Demidova (b. Kiev, d. Pratolino), married in Helsingfors to Prince Semyon Semyonovich Abamelik-Lazarev;
Pavel Pavlovich Demidov (b. San Donato, 1879);
Elena Pavlovna Demidova (b. Saint Petersburg, 1884 - d. Sesto Fiorentino), married firstly in Saint Petersburg to Count Alexander Pavlovich Shuvalov, married secondly in Dresden in 1907 to Nikolai Alexeievich Pavlov.
Count Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, 2nd Prince of San Donato moved to Villa Pratolino / Villa Demidoff next to Gaston Mestayer.
c.
Evgenia Klimentievna Demidova had daughters Evgenia, Avrora and Helena; in Saint Petersburg in 1894 he married Podmener.
d. Look at
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/Part54.htm, on Florence, Bobrinski and Oginski:
da. Pr Dimitri Obolensky, b. St. Petersburg in 1882, d. Cannes in 1964; m. 1st Berlin in 1905 (div 1916) Css Helene Bobrinsky (St. Petersburg in 1885 - died in Bordeaux in 1937); m. 2d in Moscow 18 Jul 1917 (div 1921) to Css Maria Schouwalowa (b. Berlin in 1894, d. Oxford in 1973); m. 3d in London in 1923 to Natalia Fedorov (b. Simbirsk 1894).
db. Ct Alexis Bobrinsky, b. St. Petersburg in 1893, d. London in 1971; m. 1st in St.Petersburg in 1915 to Css Natalia Fersen (b. Paris in 1890); m. 2d Paris in 1940 to Olga Kosolup-Pchenitchny; m. 3d to Css Olga de Bertren;
dc. Css Catherine Bobrinsky, b. St.Petersburg in 1883, d. Nice in 1954; m. in St.Petersburg 1908 to Ilya Miklachevsky (b. Odessa in 1877).
dd. Pr Jerome Bonaparte (b. Trieste in 1814, d. Florence in 1847).
de. His sister:
Pss Mathilde Bonaparte (b. Trieste 1820, d. Paris in 1904); m. in Florence in 1840 to Anatole Demidov, Pr di San Donato (b. Moscow in 1813, d. Paris in 1870).

df. Ct Alexander Schouwalow / Szuwalow / Shuvalov, b. Vartemiagui in 1881, d. London 1935; m. 1st in St.Petersburg in 1903 (div) Pss Helene Demidova di San Donato (b. St. Petersburg in 1884, d. Florence in 1959); m. 2d in Paris in 1916 to Css Sophia Fersen (b. St. Petersburg 1888, d. Davos in 1927).

2.

Michal Kleofas Oginski, b. 1765 died 1833 in Florence / Florencja.
See: 'Freemasonry and Fraternalism in Eighteenth-Century Russia' by Andreas Önnerfors and Robert Collis (eds.), Sheffield Lectures on the History of Freemasonry and Fraternalism, Volume Two, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, 2009, ©2009 CRFF and the authors, ISBN: 978-0-9562096-1-0.
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski: b. 1740, Freemason; 1772 in Vienna wanted to establish failed contact with the French Ambassador, de Rohan; was talking with the British Ambassador in Vienna, David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield (David Murray b. 1727 d. 1796, known as The Viscount Stormont from 1748 to 1793; Minister to Saxony and Poland, 1755-1763; Ambassador to Austria, 1763-1772; Ambassador to France, 1772-1778; married 1st to Henrietta Frederica Bunau, daughter of the British ambassador to Saxony - child, Elizabeth Murray b. 1760 in Warsaw, and she was friend of Dido Elizabeth Belle b. 1761; David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield married secondly Louisa Cathcart, they had five children - Caroline, David, George, Charles, and Henry), but Oginski believed Kaunitz;
his wife Paula Szembek / Paulina Szembek, with son Michal Kleofas Oginski, b. 1765 died 1833 in Florencja.
Michal Kleofas Oginski married Izabela Lasocka ca 1791 (1789). They had 2 sons, Tadeusz Antoni, and Franciszek Ksawery / Xavier. Maria de Néri / Maria Neri was his second wife in 1802, with children Amelia Zaluska, Emma Brzostowska - Wysocka, Ireneusz and Ida, acc. to Iwo Zaluski. Michal Kleofas Oginski, in accordance with second source, had children: Tomasz Antoni Oginski, Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski, Franciszek Ksawery Oginski, Amelia Zaluska, Ida Oginska, Emma Oginska.
In 1796 Catherine of Russia died. 1796 - Paul, the new Tsar, and refugees were accepting amnesties already offered by Catherine. Ca 1797 Kajetan Nagurski joined this re-immigration, and he took Maria Neri back with him to Warsaw, now the Prussian city of Warschau. Acc. to Iwo Zaluski: ca 1798, Kajetan Nagurski himself returned to Russian Lithuania, to reclaim and sort out his estate. Kajetan, unable then to get a passport allowing him back into Prussia, and thus to Warsaw, asked Morawski's father, Apolinary, to visit Maria Neri. Apolinary Morawski became lover behind Kajetan's back, with Maria Neri ca 1798. Nagurski brought her to his estate in Lithuania, where he married her, ca 1799. Ca 1800 Maria began to be seen in the company of the dashing young Count Ludwik Pac, whose father, Count Michal Pac, owned Jezno, one of the finest palaces in Lithuania. The affair came to an end when Count Kajetan Nagurski decided to go to Vienna with Maria, where he hoped to find a cure for his jaundice. Kajetan died soon afterwards in Vienna 1800 / 1801. His widow, now an independent lady, returned to Vilnius, and in 1801, Countess Maria Nagurska's life changed direction after she caught the attention of General Count Levin August von Bennigsen, Governor of Vilnius.
1801, Michal Kleofas Oginski
(1790, to The Hague as a diplomatic representative of Poland in the Netherlands; in 1795 Konstantynopol, 1796 Venice, Tuscany; Paris; 1810 Petersburg;
moved abroad in 1815?,
1822 Italy, 1823 Firenze / Florence to death 1833)
was living with his wife Izabela and two infant sons, Tadeusz and Xavier, at his wife's family's estate at Brzeziny, to the south west (see Otrebusy) of Warsaw.
Tsar Paul refused him permission to return, and new Tsar Alexander offered him an unconditional amnesty. Michal Kleofas Oginski, whose marriage to Izabela had just ended in inevitable divorce, accepted the amnesty, and returned to Vilnius in 1802. Maria Nagurska / Maria Neri accepted marriage 1802, and in 1804 settled at his estate at Zalesie close to the town of Smorgon, half way between Vilnius and Minsk. Michal Kleofas had been appointed senator at the Court of the Petersburg in 1810.
Her children: Amelia, born on December 10, 1803, who later became Countess Zaluska, Emma and Ida, born in 1805 and 1813. Her son Ireneusz, born in 1807 / 1808 was conceived of the singer Giuseppe Paliani.

Michal Kleofas Oginski with his parents in 1772 - 1773 was living in Viena; 1773 back with mother to Guzow again; 1785 memeber of Parliament in Warsaw; in March 1794 the Uprising began, which was led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Count Mikhail-Cleophas Oginski was in the front ranks of the rebels. Donated 188000 zlotys, was in command of 480 riflemen. He was elected to the National Council.
Twice attempted to enter the Minsk Governorate to raise Belarusians against Russian occupation; actions under him to Dyneburg / Dinaburg on August 12, 1794; also struggled against Prussian intervention.
When the Russians occupied Vilnius 1794, Michal Kleofas Oginski moved to Warsaw.
The Russians outlawed him and seized all his lands. In fall of 1794 he, along with Isabella, flees to Vienna and Venice in Italy, but she soon returned to Poland after learns that her husband has spent on the case "revolution" even her family jewels. Thereafter Michal Kleofas Oginski moved to Paris.
He swore allegiance to Tsar Alexander I of Russia in 1802 and settled in Zalesie village 1804, Ashmyany region, in present-day Belarus and later Helenow close to Otrebusy and Pruszkow.
1807 - Oginski met Napoleon in Italy,
in Venice; he told with Napoleon but next Oginski moved on Tuscany in 1808, where he was 12 years before; here in Florence General Menou was appointed governor, and Oginski was in the Pitti Palace; after the peace of Schoenbrunn, Oginski repaired to Paris, at the invitation of the Russian minister Prince Kurakin; Oginski was in Paris the seventh time; from Paris back to Wilno, and was entrusted with a memorial from the nobility of Lithuania, and he repaired to Petersburg in 1810 to Alexander who appointed of Oginski to be Senator of Russia and the Russian Emperor gave Oginski the rank of Privy Councilor. In 1810, the nobility of Vilna and Grodno provinces decided to send a representative to the Alexander I on economic and administrative affairs of the region, and this representative was elected Michal-Cleophas Oginski and supported by the Governor-General Mikhail Kutuzov. Then he rejoined his family at Paris; he again appeared at the Tuilleries in 1810, where Napoleon and Duroc again received him about the project re-establishment of the kingdom of Poland. In April 1811 Oginski back to Petersburg to Emperor with regard to Poland.
Michal Kleofas Oginski, not once (1810-1811) met the Russian Emperor Alexander I in St. Petersburg, Vilnius, Mogilev and Vitebsk, developed the latest project of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Russian Empire, known as the Oginski Plan;
this Plan for the restoration of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Russian Empire, to unite the eight provinces, in 1810-1812 offered to Alexander I, however, was rejected by the Emperor in May 1811;
in June 1812, Michal Kleofas / Michael Cleophas Oginski with troops stationed in St. Petersburg. After the war with Napoleon returned to Zalessie, where he remained until 1822, slowly moving away from political affairs;
in 1817 Oginski moved from St Petersburg to Vilna.
I wrote down in 1810 Oginski moved to St. Petersburg, Russia. There he met the Russian Emperor.
"...In 1814, the tsar decreed that the Retow / Rietavas manor be sold to M. K. Oginski for the sum of 277,600 silver rubles. In this way, Rietavas became a private manor of the Oginski family, and soon after that, their most important residence in Lithuania. Duke M. K. Oginski was a multifaceted personality: a prominent figure in the life of the state, the last treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a composer, a man of letters ... (by Jeffrey Andrev Clarke, Liucija Balkevičiūtė).
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, M. K. Oginski lost hope that the Lithuanian state would be restored, and he decided to emigrate. In 1822, he transferred ownership of his Rietavas property to his wife Maria nee Neri / Marija and to his children, and in 1823 he left for Italy. M. K. Oginski never returned to Lithuania".
"...After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Ogiński considered the Polish puppet Kingdom of Poland, with the Tsar himself as King, a sell-out, and he lost faith not only in politics, but also in his marriage, which, like his first one, had gone sour. In 1823 he wrote his most famous Polonaise No 13 in A minor, known as Farewell to the Fatherland, and exiled himself to his beloved Florence...",
by Iwo Załuski, at http://www.oginskidynasty.com/Kleofas.aspx.
In 1815, his marriage came to divorce, said love life of his wife probably condemned his reputation and now Oginski as a senator of the Russian Empire, after the creation of the Congress Kingdom in 1815, left for Italy, settling in Florence again.
By Jerzy Jan Lerski, ‎Piotr Wróbel, ‎Richard J. Kozicki:
"Disappointed again, Oginski emigrated to Western Europe in 1815. ...".
In 1817 Oginski resigned as senator,
"...in 1822 he became seriously ill, he had drove to Florence (again) to cure itself. From this time Oginski gave away the music and composition ... In 1831 he gave his note book (collection of his notes) with more than 60 works for piano and some songs out".
But different sources wrote:
In 1823 (1815, 1822?) failing health forced him to move to Italy, where he spent the last 10 years of his life.
But in 1820, when finally disappointed policies of Alexander I, Oginski agreed to move to a second wife's home in Napoli / Naples.

And now the most important notes on:
1. The Scotti Douglas / Scotti family of Naples and Nola (below at this webpage); 2. the Neri family from Florence, Venice, Zalesse; 3. also the Mercier / Mercer family from Estonia, Petersburg, Ceylon and south India; 4. tea plantations at Ceylon island. 5. the Weiss family of Estonia.

We need to check all data on Michal Kleofas Oginski trips:
1815 abroad, 1817 ?, 1822 Italy, 1823 Florence.

Explanations to Naples in 1820:

1.
Leonard Borejko Chodźko, historian and writer, born in Oborek, the Palatinate of Vilna, in 1800; son of Ludwik Chodźko and Waleria; cousin of the Orientalist Aleksander Chodźko; studied at Molodeczno, with Zan, and at Wilna, under the historian J. Lelewel.
In 1819 was the personal secretary of Michael Cleophas Oginski, and together in 1822 left Lithuania, through nearly all Europe; Chodzko after a four-year stay in Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and England, settled in Paris in 1826;
he published Histoire des legions polonaises en Italic in 1829; 1830, "...Lafayette appointed him his aide-de-camp; and after the outbreak of Nov. 29 of the same year in Warsaw, he acted as agent of the revolutionary government in France. He was an active member of the French-Polish and American-Polish committees...".
Member of the Polish National Committee and 'Zemsta Ludu', 1832 / 1833, with Joachim Lelewel and Józef Zaliwski, and also with Józef Kazimierz Sulpicjusz Napoleon Hutten-Czapski / Józef Napoleon, b. 1797 d. 1852,
the father of famous Bogdan Hutten - Czapski (see Pilsudski, Lubomirski, 1892 Minsk in Belarus, Miezonka before 1842.
Members of the 'Zemsta Ludu':
Stanisław Gabriel Worcell, Bolesław Gurowski, Mjr Antoni Krąkowski, Józef Zaliwski; Ostrowski moved to Paris, Krąkowski to Posen, Worcell to Lviv,
Joachim Lelewel who was republican conspirator, a close collaborator of the Carbonari, and of the
Société des Amis du Peuple

[see Inessa Armand:
Inessa Armand born in Paris on 8th May, 1874. Name variations: Ines Stéphane / Eлизавета Фёдоровна / Ines Elisabeth Stephane / Elise / Elisabeth / Elisaveta / Стеффeн / Steffen / Comrade Inessa and Elena Blonina. Born Elizabeth Stephane, was daughter of Theodore Pecheux d'Herbenville and Nathalie Wild; married Alexander Armand, Oct 3, 1893.
Alexandre Dumas points to Pescheux d'Herbenville / Pecheux and Ernest Duchatelet were involved in political trials at the time but the person who shot Alfred Galois (a duel) was by the initials L. D., a member of the Society of Friends of the People (La Societe des Amis du Peuple, in France created in 1830, fighting for a republic and for political enlightenment of progressive workers. After the 1833 trial, the society ceased to exist,
acc. to 2010 The Gale Group, Inc). And after - when she was only five - Elizabeth Stephane or Ines / Inessa was brought up by an aunt - new governess and grandmother living in Moscow - around 1880. Anna Asknazi vel Askenazy was friend of Inessa Armand in Moscow of 1909 and also doctor N. N. Pechkin, Boris Armand, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich / Константинович who helped out financially, Natalia Emil'evna, the twin Brilling brothers-in-law, Alexander Armand. At the age of eighteen she married Alexander Armand, the son of Evgenii Armand, a successful textile manufacturer in Pushkino near by Moscow. At the age of 19 she knew only two languages until as adult she learned German and Polish.
Above mentioned Société des amis du peuple / The Society of Friends of the people was a Republican organization, dissolved October 2, 1830 on the basis of Article 291 of the Criminal Code, but it does not disappear. In April / May, 1831, 19 Republicans are accused of conspiracy, of which ten were members of the Society. New associations take over, such as the League of Human Rights. Member of the Society of Friends:
Evariste Galois was born 1811 in Bourg-la-Reine, died on 31 May 1832 in Paris after a duel; May 9, 1831 in the restaurant Harvest Burgundy, Faubourg du Temple, Evariste Galois was at garden-party, but the next day, arrested with nineteen Republicans, including Ulysses Trélat, Joseph Guinard, Godfrey Cavaignac and Pescheux Herbinville of accused of plotting against the security of the State; on July 4, 1831, Fish and Lacroix make their report on Galois; release on 29 April 1832. Galois's fatal duel took place on 30 May, 1832. There has been much speculation, about a Mademoiselle Stéphanie-Félicie Poterin du Motel; Alexandre Dumas names Pescheux d'Herbinville, one of the nineteen artillery officers whose celebrated at the banquet on the occasion of Galois's first arrest and du Motel's fiance.
Dumas is alone in this assertion, and only a few days after the duel give a description of his opponent that more accurately applies to one of Galois's Republican friends, most probably Ernest Duchatelet, who was imprisoned with Galois on the same charges. There were plans to initiate an uprising during his funeral.
See: John Stillwell of 2010.
Société des droits de l'homme / The Society for Human Rights (SDH) is a republican association from 1830, developed from 1832, after the disappearance of the other great republican association the Society of Friends of the People;
it is organized on the model of the Carbonari.
The note on:
Franēois Etienne Pecheux or Pescheux of Herbinville, former member of the League of Friends of the People / Pescheux d'Herbinville (but also PECHEUX-HERBINVILLE / Théodore Pécheux d'Herbenville):
Evariste Galois confronted Pescheux d'Herbinville in a duel to be fought with pistols, and was shot through the stomach. Évariste Galois, b. 1811.
See: Alexandre Dumas, My Memoirs, p 61 and 247.
Pescheux was named Administrator at Compiegne Palace on May 4, 1848, he took office on June 1 to August 25, 1848 and then at Chāteau de Fontainebleau, on September 2, 1848 until April 15, 1850. He published "Fontainebleau and charming walks to sites and rocks that surround" in 1850.
The genealogy of Inessa Armand:
Henri Lucien PECHEUX-HERBINVILLE born on 14 August 1875 in Asnieres;
parents: Leon PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE b. 1849, marchant, and Augustine Anais GARĒONNET b. 1854;
grand-parents:
Etienne PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE b. 1809 and Marie-Josephine DESCHAMPS / Marie-Joséphine Jenny DESCHAMPS by
http://gw.geneanet.org/pierfit?lang=en&p=henri+lucien&n=pecheux+herbinville.
Her children:
Etienne PECHEUX d'HERBENVILLE 1839-1904,
Lucien PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE b. 1845 married in 1876, in Paris to Caroline GAVIOLI 1842-1924,
Théodore PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE b. 1847 - father of Inessa Armand;
Léon PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE b. 1849 married to Augustine Anais GARĒONNET b. 1854.
Above Etienne PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE / Etienne PECHEUX d'HERBENVILLE / Etienne PECHEUX des HERBENVILLE / Etienne Franēois PECHEUX-HERBENVILLE, b. on 5 April 1809 in Paris, Artillery Officier, member of the 'Société des Amis du Peuple';
m. 1st to Marie-Joséphine DESCHAMPS;
m. 2nd in 1859 in Paris to Lucie Marie Dorothée PÉPIN; he was awarded the Cross of July]

and
Société des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen,
Filip Buonarotti, Michał Chodźko in Lyon in 1833; Kalikst Borzewski of Plock, Zawisza, Sperczyński, Kisielewski, Aleksander Psalmart, Józef Dąbkowski).
Mentioned Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Graf von Hutten-Czapski was born 1851, d. 1937.
In 1833 Colonel Zaliwski, co-operated with The Carbonari movement (see Oginski in Naples in 1820; the Scotti-Douglas in Nola and Naples / Napoli and also Scotland), secret revolutionary society founded in early 19th century in Italy.
The Italian Carbonari influenced other revolutionary groups in Spain, France, Portugal and possibly Russia: Bazard, Silvio Pellico, Pietro Maroncelli, Giuseppe Mazzini, Marquis de Lafayette (see Chodzko), Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, Louis Auguste Blanqui, Byron and Giuseppe Garibaldi.

We back again to Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 / Joseph Napoleon Hutten-Czapski: November Uprising 1831, on December 14, 1831 on the English ship sailed to (January 1832) Ireland, to Dublin; the Masonic lodges friends obtained for him a French passport in the name of Joseph Chapman at the beginning of 1833; 1833 - 1837 Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski / Czapski traveled from Paris to Switzerland, where he and others young revolutionaries founded 'Young Europe' on April 15, 1834
(Mazzini's Young Europe, founded in Bern by seventeen exiles; the center of a European movement, acc. to Alberto Mario Banti:
"...according to whom, in a peaceful future, Europe would take the form of a harmonious community, in which all free nations would cooperate both politically and culturally, to their mutual benefit".
"...Mazzini obtained the cooperation of the principal representatives of the various nationalities in the organization of a new association to be called Young Europe. ... appointed delegates, who on April 15, 1834, solemnly agreed to abide by the political, social, and religious platform which was laid down by Mazzini. The main object of Young Europe, according to Mazzini, was to lay the foundation for a universal development of thought and action, which would lead to the discovery and practical application of the divine laws of human government. Mazzini defined the league as the young Europe of the people, which was to supplant the old Europe of kings...",
acc. to 'chestofbooks.com/reference'),
including the Young Italy, Young Germany and Young Poland.
Also he traveled to Italy, Algeria, Spain and London; acc. to Hubert Koziel, in 1841 he went on a false passport as an Irishman O'Brien to Germany to Munich, Augsburg and Frankfurt.
Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski was the republican conspirator, a close collaborator of Giuseppe Mazzini of the Carbonari.
Who was above mentioned an Irishman O'Brien?
Notes:
Journal of Political Ideologies 06/2008 "...analyses the political economy of James Bronterre O'Brien, most important intellectual of 1830s' British working-class radicalism. It examines O'Brien's critique of 1830s Britain ... The article argues that O'Brien's work of the period 1832–1841 is best viewed as the first example of a genuinely democratic anti-capitalist political economy. The article goes on to analyse changes that occurred to O'Brien's democratic anti-capitalist political economy ... was partially abandoned in 1841. The article concludes that the reasons for these changes are to be found not in ideational factors internal to O'Brien's political economy, but rather in O'Brien's personal circumstances and relationship with his imagined audience", copyright by Ben Maw.
Acc. to Richard Brown at http://richardjohnbr.blogspot.co.uk/
"...Bronterre O'Brien was born at (near by) Granard (28 km south of Cavan, 36 km north-west-north of Mullingar), County Longford, Ireland, in February 1804 (or 1805), the second son of Daniel O'Brien and his wife, Mary Kearney. His father, who was a wine and spirit merchant and a tobacco manufacturer in co. Longford, failed in business during O'Brien’s childhood, and died soon after. O'Brien was educated at ... Edgeworthstown School, which had been promoted by Richard Lovell Edgeworth. He then went to Trinity College, Dublin ... 1829. He entered the King's Inns, Dublin, and then went to London, where he was admitted as a law student at Gray's Inn in March 1830. In London he met Henry Hunt and William Cobbett. In 1831, ... contributed to Hetherington's Poor Man's Conservative. ... called himself James Bronterre O'Brien. ... visited France on three occasions in 1837-8. In 1836, his translated edition of Buonarotti's History of Babeuf's Conspiracy was published and in 1838 the first volume of his eulogistic Life of Robespierre appeared. ... In 1837, he began Bronterre's National Reformer, but it soon failed and in 1838 The Operative that ended publication in July 1839. ... he had four children. From the beginning of the Chartist movement, O'Brien was one of its most prominent figures. He was a member of the original London Working Man's Association, and was a delegate to the Chartist meeting in Palace Yard ... 1838 ... He represented the Chartists of Manchester at the Chartist convention ... 1840. O'Brien acted in his own defence ... on a charge of conspiracy, but was found guilty at Liverpool in April ... He was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment. ... Released in September 1841, O'Brien continued the series of bitter personal quarrels with O'Connor ... edited the British Statesman between June and December 1842, and in 1845 became editor of the National Reformer. ... He wrote several pamphlets on Lord Palmerston, Lord Overstone, Napoleon Bonaparte, and Robespierre. He was a member of the Stop-the-War-League during the Crimean War ... died at his home in Pentonville, London, ... 1864. His wife survived him...".
A short on his son Bogdan Hutten-Czapski:
"...On the German side, the emperor had himself as early as July 31, 1914, a day before Germany declared war on Russia, given the German-Polish magnate Count Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Hutten-Czapski (b. 1851), a personal acquaintance of his, a non-binding assurance that the Polish state should be restored when Russia was defeated. The imperial promise may have been vague, but the Imperial Chancellor confirmed it on the same day. ... immediately on the outbreak of war this same Hutten-Czapski, who was a lieutenant-colonel in the Prussian army, was attached to the general staff in charge of Polish and Ukrainian questions. His first commission was to foment insurrection in Congress Poland by means which included the raising of a Polish Legion - the counterpart to Pilsudski's in Galicia - and the dissemination among the Poles of leaflets and cartoons to awaken sympathy for the Central Powers. A month later Hutten-Czapski was relieved of this commission but only, it would appear, because his sympathies were too strongly nationalist ...
See: Fritz Fischer, Germany's Aims in the First World War, New York, 1967 pp. 114-5. Note 4 referring to Hutten-Czapski, 60 Jahre Politik etc., Berlin, 1936, Vol 2, pp. 145 f.;
... Szescdziesiat lat zycia politycznego i towarzyskiego. Warszawa, F. Hoesick, 1936. 2 v. plates ... At head of title: Bogdan Hutten-Czapski...".

Leonard Chodzko died in Poitiers in 1871; he was born 1800, son of Ludwik Chodźko and Waleria;
husband of famous Olimpia (see Venture, Sulkowski and Breguet, Konstantynowicz and Armand in Moscow; Duflon from Switzerland);
brother of Aleksander Chodźko (died 1877)
acc. to Leszek Mila.


Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis, was a French orientalist. The son of a family of diplomats
(his father had been consul in the Crimea and in other countries of the Levant)
and military, he studied at the School of Languages of Louis-le-Grand College in Paris where he learned so well the Arab and Turkish, and at the age of fifteen, was working at the French Embassy in Constantinople. He was a secretary and interpreter of the Embassy of France; he held various positions in Syria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunis in 1779 and Algier. He also participated in the inspection mission of the Levant, by Baron de Tott. He returned to Paris in 1797 at the School of Oriental Languages, the Turkish​​. The member of the Commission on Science and the Arts, military interpreter of the Army of the East. Member of the Institute of Egypt on August 22, 1798, at the section of literature and arts.
Jean-Joseph Marcel, who was his pupil, said he died of dysenterie, others talk of plague. Another hypothesis says he died on April 19, 1799 in Nazareth, ill after the Siege of Saint John of Acre.
He was married in Cairo to Victoria Digeon (on June 14, 1774), he had two daughters, one of which, Jeanne Venture de Paradis married in 1810 (?) to watchmaker Antoine Louis Breguet, son of the famous Abraham Louis Breguet, which is a branch of Clementine Célarié.
But we know that Breguet, Louis Franēois Clément / Louis Clément Bréguet, b. December 22, 1804 (!) in Paris.
Clémentine Célarié (born 1957) is a French actress and singer, was born as Myriem Célarié in Dakar, living in the United States, back in France to Aix-en-Provence.
Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis in 1764, as interpreter in Sidon, and in 1770 in Cairo, until 1776, making a number of services to politics and commerce of France.
Above mentioned Digeon Victoria (next of kin ? with Alexander Elisabeth Michel vicomte Digeon / Alexandre Elisabeth Michel Digeon, Major General, b. on June 26, 1771 in Paris, died on August 2, 1826 in the village of Ronqueux, annexed in 1834 to Bullion, near Paris) had two daughters.
Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis returning to France to report to Cabinet on the art of Egypt, had to leave for Marseilles, to accompany Barone Tott, who inspected the French warehouses in ports of the Levant, 1778 Cairo. This mission taken two years. In 1779 Venture was in Tunis, where he remained for five years as interpreter for the Consulate of France; recalled in Paris, as Secretary of interpreters of the East; then posted in Algiers, in order to renew the treaties between France and Algier, in 1790 returned to France; again in 1793 as Secretary - interpreter, together with the French ambassador to Constantinople; he was arrested in Switzerland at the hands of the Austrians; had expected to Venice 1793 ?, then gone alone to Constantinople where he stayed until 1797; then returned to France, accompanying the Ambassador Ali Effendi. In Paris at the Turkish Special School of Oriental Languages​​. When Napoleon undertook the expedition to Egypt, Venture de Paradis was appointed primary interpreter.
During the stay in Egypt, he was appointed member of the Institut of Egypt since its founding, on August 22, 1798 at the section of literature and the arts. He gone with the emperor in Syria, but during the siege of Acre fell ill of dysentery, in the convent of Nazareth, died during the retreat, or he was transferred to Egypt. Venture de Paradis was one of the most famous Arabists of the time, not only for his languages, but also for his perfect knowledge of the habits and customs of the eastern populations.
Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis that is Jan Michał Venture de Paradis was father of Janina 'Egipcjanka' Franciszka Victoire Maleszewska / JeanneFranēoise Venture / Jeanne Franēoise Venture b. 1774 in Cairo, Egypt; died 1813 in Bourg-la-Reine, France, wife of Antoine Louis / Antoine Breguet, and mother of Louis Clément Bréguet.
She was also wife of Piotr Paweł Jan Maleszewski.
Her father Jean-Michel de Venture de Paradis, born 8 May 1739 in Marseille, died 16 May 1799 in Acri / Acra.
Janina Franciszka Victoire Maleszewska, with Piotr Paweł Jan Maleszewski had children:
Victoire Clementine de Laqueuille,
Olimpia Chodźko
and (different father !) Adela married to Mortier (Adelajda? b. ca 1813 or ca 1815 ?).
So Little Louis had a sister, Adela!
And their mother knew the Polish language:
although she knew a bit the Polish language from first husband. So half-siblings of Little Louis also come to know from their father, the Polish language and Polish history.
Adela had the surname, which suggests that she could be in St. Petersburg already in the 30's of the 19th century? And Breguet, when he was in Kazan in the 40's of the 19th century, could know the Polish language and some Russian language!?
Antoine Louis Breguet ran, with his cousin Lassieur, the team of watchmakers working in a studio on the Quai de l'Horloge.
The 'little Louis' - called as its size does not exceed 1.55 m - was sent in 1824 to Geneva, where he worked as a common laborer.
On his return to Paris in 1827, he devoted himself to the construction of marine chronometers, wrote in 1847 in a notice on its work presented at the Academy of Sciences. In 1832, 'Little Louis' decided to become an electrician.
1833, Louis married his cousin Caroline Lassieur, the daughter of Louis Lassieur and Sophie Courbin.
Lassieur Louis was the son of Marie-Louise a younger sister of Abraham Breguet.
May 20, 1833 Antoine Louis Breguet signed the sale of his 'Breguet house, nephew and Co.', formed by Louis Breguet and Louis Lassieur; the price of 270.000 francs paid by the three members.
Now, he invented a mechanical counter in 1841, published on induction with Masson and Savart, in the Annals of Physics; at that time Louis Breguet realized thermometrograph who recorded at the University of Kazan in Russia temperatures of minus 42 degrees; he was appointed a member of the Kazan university in 1843.
Also in 1843, Louis Breguet devised, upon request by Arago and using a method assigned Wheatstone, apparatus of rotating mirror, 540.000 per minute! This time was full of activity with the electric telegraph in France, after its discovery by the English.
Louis Breguet and Alphonse Foy, invented t