Berezino

and 

Miezonka

history, geography, maps

and

people

© on 01st January 2011



November - December 2013 and June 2014 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2012.

Józef Piłsudski and Feliks Dzierżyński genealogy. Database for konstantynowicz.info. The noble Konstantinovich family history: Switzerland, Estonia, Belarus, Poland and Russia 1772 - 1939. Family Pilar Pilchau, Pilsudski, Dzierzynski / Dzerzhinsky, Bulhak and underground independence movement in Belarus and Lithuania in the years around 1885 to 1920. Trubeckoj and Konstantynowicz in Estonia and Belarus. Duflon, Breguet, Armand in Tsarist Russia in the nineteenth century - until 1918. Hacker, Reppman, Schilling and Benkendorff from Estonia.

The Russian military intelligence to 1918 and radio-intelligence (Sweden, Russia, Estonia, Poland) at the beginning of the 20th century.

All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell in Russia.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph. History on the noble Constantinovich family in Russia in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Duflon & Constantinovich Company 1892 - 1918.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

Breguet, Brown, Masson, Rey, Armand, Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, Duflon and history of research on telegraph, radio and electricity. Deka Company in Petersburg, Moscow and Zaporoze - Russian engines and airplanes.


   Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell

   © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

Estonia: Balachowicz, Constantinovich / Konstantinovich, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Dadiani, Dunkel, von Krauze / Krause, Gernet, Toll, Rehbinder / Rebinder, Croy - the Baltic German nobility. История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи.

Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Soltan, Dadiani, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

Genealogy and history of the Kanstancinovič / Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Orlov-Denisov / Orlow Denisow, Dadiani, Nikitin, Wittgenstein, Golicyn / Golitsyn, Bagrationi / Bagration-Gruzinski / Bagration Gruzinsky, Pashkovsky / Paszkowski, Duflon / Dyuflon, Siedych / Sedoch / Staroch-Siedoch, Armand, Demonets / Demonet in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia


Zbrojna agresja Zwiazku Sowieckiego na Polske we wrzesniu 1939 roku a stan wojny z Sowietami po 1939.

Armand, Paszkowski, Demonets, Konstantinovich and Duflon

Orlov Denisov, Radzivill, Pociej, Trubetskoy, Bagrationi, Siedych, Wittgenstein, Armand, Paszkowski, Demonets, Konstantinovich and Duflon families in Russia, Estonia, Latvia and Belarus.

© author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

  Deka Company 1904 - 1918 in St. Petersburg. New website on the Armand and Konstantinovich families from Moscow! © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz



   Sowiecka agresja na Polske 17 wrzesnia 1939 roku - © author Bogdan Konstantynowicz

  © Walki z sowietami po 23 wrzesnia 1939


At the beginning a famous 

Michno KonstantynowiczMiknos Konstantinoviciaus 

received the big estate, an arable ground and forested land from the king Sigismund Augustus on  

04 January 1554  

the farmland was in the Merkine = Merecz area (the Troki district), beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas) by the Merkys = Mereczanka river, and the same (as early as 1552   in the Troki district, too)  possessed a property  

Zaleskowszczyzna 

near by the rivers Solcza (or Salcia) and Wisincza (= Wisincia) - 49 km on N-W-N of Lida - south of the Merkys river.  

Next  

Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz has got a privilege handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa on  

07 March 1643 

and Bonifacy 1st Konstantynowicz derived from named Mikolay. 

The Mscislau branch 

come from Dominik and his brothers; my family from the Mscislau area derived from - according to the oral tale - a region by Mereczanka river (= Merkys river), then from  Michno Konstantynowicz / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus with the Fox proper coat of arms, where the same possessed forest (1554) and the property of Zaleskowszczyzna (1552)  but we weren't told that the Konstantynowicz family derived from Toloczki; the same Michno = Miknos Konstantinoviciaus was put down in judicial documents of  the Troki  district in 1552. I don't know doubtless if Michno = Miknos Konstantinoviciaus was from the Czyz family as Leszczyc suggested in 1908 and  whether he was born c.  1530  near to   Lida or  near to Hrodna? Searching for evidences last at present. I don't know surely if  Michno was stripped of the assets by his sister in 1547. All proofs show  the  Troki district by the Mereczanka river as the nest of our beginning and never point to the Hrodna district.   

All descendants with the Fox proper coat of arms only (and probably with Bowel(s), Three Crosses and Radwan armorial bearings, too) and with our Konstantynowicz surname come from the above Michno Konstantynowicz / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus and out of THE BUDSLAU BRANCH, maybe THE HRODNA BRANCHES, THE BRANCH OF THE IRKUTSK GOVERNMENT, from THE MINSK GOVERNMENT BRANCHES, THE MSCISLAU BRANCH, THE KAUNAS BRANCHES, VOLHYNIA branches (e.g. Oknin Wielki or Okniny, Okniki, Oleniny near by Horynia river and close to small villages: Kwarczowka, Horynka, Kuszlin, Podhajczyki, Jankowce, Kadzajowka, Wierzbica, Maniow, Kotiuzynce, Chwedkowce, Czajczynce and others, in 1876) and also THE KAZLOUSCYNA BRANCH.

The Konstantynowicz family from eastern Belarus (Antoni Konstantynowicz was born c. 1833; Mscislau, Samava and near to Krycau) is my lineage.  

1772 

this territory was already in Russia, as the Government of Mahileu after the 1st Partition of POLAND, I am afraid.

They partly have moved out to the easternmost parts of the MINSK government to the Berezino parish after circa

1840 or 1842

id est in the villages BOROVINA and MIEZONKA (the village is situated 28 kilometres south - east of Berazino = Beresino, Berezino, Byerazino, Berezyna or Berezina). You see the beautifuly website with pics at the address

Berezino / Miezonka

the Konstantynowiczs in East Belarus

Named Meshonka: here lived Antoni (the first son of Dominik derived from area of Krycau and verified noble descent in the Hrodna government 1861) and his son Stanislav; the same Stanislav Konstantynowicz (born c. 1855) from  Miezonka and Anna nee Malkiewicz are parents (?) of my grandfather; my great  grandmother  Anna nee Malkiewicz (Malkevicius of Tarnawa arms and others, mainly in districts of Panevezys and Siauliaicame from the Dryssa ujezd (= the Werchnedwinsk district; the place Asveja) in the Government of Vicebsk;  she was near related to the families Brzezinski / Bžezinskis (Konstancja Bžezinskis / Brzezinski), Ostrowski  (from Piotr Ostrowski de Kaki in 1697; 1760 by the Czerowacz lake in Livonia) and Filipowicz (Pilipavicius or  Pilipaitis with Pobog  and Prawdzic coat of arms verified the armorial bearings in Vilna 1821: Jozef, Mateusz, Michal, Antoni, Szymon, Izydor, Benedykt and  Joachim); family of my grandfather had Georgians next of kin. 

Those near and dear in the Berazino parish in the middle of the 19th cent.:

Piotrovicz from Luboszany, Karp, Zyvica (Shywica), Korbut from Hrynica (Grenica), Tatur (near of kin Zbieranovski), Dzierzynski (Dziershynski related to  Tumilovicz; among other things, Feliks Dziershynski - born 1872 - came from Dziershynov near by Zavalov that is Zavel'cy and Majdan, 61 km to the east of Vilna), Nieciejevski (their coat of arms verified in  1836 in the Minsk goverment), Milkiewicz (alone acquaintances and that's only accidental similarity with surname of Malkiewicz), Stankiewicz (among others Antoni, Walerian and Jan - sons of Stepan).  The Czapski family from Stankow and Przyluki leased Miezonka from duchess Stefania Radziwill / Stephania Radzivill in the first half of the  19th century - information from Piotr Zbieranowski of 1995 (Magdalena Czapski - d. after 1761 - was gotten married with duke Jeronimas  Florijonas Radvila /  Hieronim 1st Florjan Radziwill, b. 1715, from Stefania Radziwill branch). Mentioned above Dominik Konstantynowicz (b. ca  1805)  was gotten  married with Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki from Kublicy (b. ca 1810) who was granddaughter of Franciszka Teofila duchess Radziwill (b. ca 1765) of  the Ostoja coat of arms and Stanislaw Soltan with coat of arms Soltan (1756 - 1836). Dominik  Konstantynowicz had got an estate near by  Berezyna / Berezina river according to descendants of the Zarako Zarakowski family. 

Miezonka 

was situated in the Ihumen district (in the GOVERNMENT OF MINSK, the parish of BERAZINO or BERESINO, the  POHOST or Pogost region = Pogostskaya "volost" that is similar to county; PRECINCT BERAZINO = Uchastok No 2: Uyrevichskaya,  Pogostskaya and the Belichanskaya volost; in fourth military constabulary) near to villages Duleba or Duleby by the  Olsa river and Druczany - inheritance of Korsak family. In the small noble locality Druczany  was the poor nobility, too and they spoke Belorussian to themselves every day. In the village  Duleba lived mainly persons with Cedryk surname (1881). Besides close by villages: Iglica,  Borowic(a), Zapole, Jagodka (Small Berry), Maczeski and Teresin. 

the residents in this Polish noble locality at the beginning of the 20th cent. 

Umecki

near by Lodz now

Tumilowicz

(Miezonka and neighbourhood) Jan and Florian sons of Jozef, Leon and Piotr sons of Foma, Wasyl and Felicjan sons of Ilin, Jakub and Maciej sons of Wincenty and others; close to Dzierzynski family (brother of Felix); one of them Boleslaw worked at the Monitz factory in Lodz, was born c. 1901 in Miezonka number 9, he had two sisters and brother Bronislaw, nowadays in Poland (near by Lodz, too

Bronowicki

Lodz at a later date 

madam Zaleski

 

Barszczewski

Adam the son of Wincenty and Jan the son of a.n. Adam 

Soroko

= Soroka, Saroka of Leliwa and Suchekomnaty arms in the Brest province and at a later date in Vilkmerge area, Dzisna  region since 1571; related to Bulhak noble family and Koziell house; some estates in the Trakai  district in 1607; Siberia  now 

Konstantynowicz

among others Bydgoszcz now 

Szostak

i.e. Sastakas with Dabrowa coat of arms and Tartars with Swan arms (they lived in the Lida and Vilna  districts, for example A.D. 1764, and also in the Svencionys district A.D. 1835, derived from Tartar Szostak according to  S. Dziadulewicz and verified in Minsk and Vicebsk); Stanislaw Szostak was from this family, person of the  same age what my grandfather, he learnt at the "Nikolai - Ingenieurschule" (the air section was here during the First world war) in Petersburg by November 1917, defender of the Winter Palace on  07  November 1917, colonel of armoured weapon 1944 - 1947. According to Dariusz Szostak of 2011: Stanislaw Szostak born 14 January 1898 in Bobrujsk / Bobruisk, baptized in church of Berezyna, died 11 February 1961, 1908 - 1915 school in Bobrujsk, 1915 / November 1917 in Petrograd, all summers in Miezonka, 1917 / 1918 1st Polish Corps in Bobruisk, on 15 November 1918 escaped from Miezonka together with Karol Zbieranowski and M. Andrzejak, to 03rd December 1918 in Ihumen / Cerven, 06 December 1918 Lapy near by Bialystok in Polish Army, together with Ludwik Andrzejak, Marian Andrzejak, Karol Zbieranowski; in Zambrow after served for Lithuanian-Belarussian Voluntary Division; jailed 29 October 1917 to 18 December 1917 in Petrograd. 1939 Grodno, major 1939, 1939 / 1940 Lithuania, 1940 / 1941 Soviet camps, 1941 / 1947 Polish Army of General Anders. Summer 1946 in UK.

A few interesting facts about families coming from Miezonka. Antoni Szostak / Anthony Szostak born ca 1830 in the Vicebsk government, since ca 1864 in Miezonka or maybe ca 1850 the Berezina parish, the Pogost / Pohost district, The Ihumen county. He bought ca 75 ha in Miezonka, because of the act of 1861 this area of nobility been subjected to enfranchisement, and not divided and allocated among peasants, he was nobleman.
His wife Anna / Ann Nieciejewska / Nieciejowska, born ca 1835 in Hrynice / Grenica, south-west of the Berezina, close to the river of Berezina. She was sister of Eugeniusz / Eugene Nieciejowski senior, was married ca 1860/1864 in Miezonka and here she was living. Anna Nieciejowska's / Nieciejewski brother: Eugene b. 1826 in Hrynice, the Berezina / or Berezino / Berazino parish, he was killed by soldiers of the Red Army close to Berezina in 1922, aged 96. Nobleman with the Poraj coat of arms. This arms was confirmed in 1836 in the Minsk government. His wife died before 1914.

And others Nieciejewski: 1863/1864 - Anthony Nieciejewski son of Peter Nieciejewski, Anthony son of Casimir Nieciejewski or Niecijewski; Jan and Michal Nieciowski. Shot by the NKVD in 1939 - 1941: Francis, son of Francis Nieciejewski (born 1901) living in Grodno; Jozef son of Francis, born in 1899, killed in Grodno; Kazimierz son of John Nieciejewski, lived in Pinsk?, born in 1915; Jozef son of Mikolaj Nieciejowski, b. 1902 killed in Grodno; Aurelia voto Nieciejewska, was born in 1913.

Acc. to Dunin, 1836 nobility with coat of arms Poraj, 1836 confirmed in the Minsk government. Piorunowy Most, Hrynica, Usochy in the Ihumen County, acc to Leszczyc of 1908/1913, Nieciecki only.

Children of above named Eugene Nieciejewski, brother of Anna Szostak: Maria married to Wladyslaw Szostak, Bronislaw Nieciejewski, Stanislaw and unknown son, born ca 1875/1880, in Hrynica maybe, his wife unknown name has two children Sophia and Eugene Nieciejewski junior, lived in Warsaw, the Dabrowski street. This wife b ca 1880, died in the 50' of the 20th cent. in Warsaw, were she was living since 1948. Above Bronislaw Nieciejewski, General of the Russian Army, b ca 1870 in Hrynica, co-operated with the Bolshevik groups before 1914, 'count', in 1917 in the Soviet Russia, August 1918 in the Red Army, a lecturer in military school in Moscow, killed in Moscow run over by a tram ca 1935, he known Stanislaw Szostak. Above Stanislaw Nieciejewski b ca 1872.

Children of Anthony Szostak (the Szostak family from the Vicebsk government, nobility) and Anna Nieciejewska: Faustina b. Miezonka, 1919 lived in Miezonka; Beata born in Miezonka, ca 1930 the Urals mountains, lived in Ufa, died here, she has children, husband Arthur Duszewski, Ural mountains exile, here died in Ufa; Wincenty Szostak / Vincent Szostak born in Miezonka, wife Maria; Maria nee Szostak, b in Miezonka, winter 1929/1930 exiled to Siberia, back from Siberia to..., husband Narcissus Soroko / Narcyz Soroka, born in Miezonka, 1929/1930 is exiled to Siberia, he was born ca 1865/1870; Mamert Szostak, born Miezonka, single, died during the exile road in winter 1929/1930; Pawel Szostak b. ca 1875, Miezonka, single, lived in Miezonka, after 1944 in Minsk, 1940 and 1944 letters to his family from Minsk, in July 1944 from Minsk escaped to a West but he died in unknown place, 1940/1941 near by Wladyslaw Szostak his brother; Wladyslaw Szostak, born 1864 in Miezonka, lived in Bobruisk / Bobruisk, owner of the mill in Miezonka, 1940 - 1941 in Minsk Lithuanian, with Pawel Szostak, 1942 - 1945 the Pruzany / Pruzenie area, Szamotuly 1945, after Wilkowo village west Poland, died in 1948 in Wilkowo close to Swiebodzin, Mr. Dariusz Szostak discovered his tomb in the 90's of the 20th century. wife of above Wladyslaw Szostak: Maria nee Nieciejewska; above the Duszewski family was living in Ufa in Russia. Alexander Szostak son of Vincent Szostak, b 1905 in Miezonka, 1921 Radom, Poland, Railway company, 1940/1944 Warsaw, in 70' of the 20th cent. often with visit in Koluszki Stare.

Three sons of Narcissus Soroko: one was doctor in Siberia, after 1956 with his next brother was still living in Siberia, Soroko third son, b 1900 known many inf. on Miezonka, three times in Koluszki old in 50' of the 20th century, in 1958 among others, ca 1959 was living in Warsaw very short. Stanislaw Szostak born 14 January 1898 in Miezonka or Bobruisk, son of Maria nee Nieciejewska, baptized in Berezina, 1908 - 1915 Bobruisk, 1915 Petrograd / Petrograd. Maria nee Szostak, b 1900 Bobruisk, lived in Hrynica, 1920 escaped to Czemioly, 1921 in Slonim, 1925 lived in Jeziornica, 1941 - escaped to Pruzany, 1942-1945 close to Pruzany in the Prussia at this time, 1945 Wilkowo close to Swiebodzin, single, 1960 Czeremchy close to Bialystok, 1970 with visit in Miezonka and at Minsk Belarus, teacher, in the 70' known next of kin Georgians, lived in Bialystok, died in 1984 in Bialystok. Jan / John Szostak born 10 January 1905 in Svislach, lived in Bobruisk during the First World War, baptized in Svislach 30 January 1905, in 1918 with brother Stanislaw in Bobruisk, 1925 back to Poland, lived in Slonim, 1928 Lodz, 1996 spring I was talking with him, "Stanislaw Konstantynowicz was like close family" said to me, died November 1996 in Lodz, and his wife died in 1996. Alexander Szostak b Miezonka 1906, July 1920 escaped to Poland, complited the University of Vilnius, friend of Stefan Jedrychowski, close to Raczkiewicz, 1939 POW in the Soviet Union, Warsaw, married to Maria, 1940/1944 in Koluszki old, June 1944 Sulejow, with Zdzislaw Zbieranowski, 1943 letters to Jeziornica, 25 January 1945 with John Szostak and Zdzislaw Zbieranowski, 1945/1949 was working in Lodz, Warsaw after, died in 1968 in Warsaw.
Among others Lodz now  

Witkowski

= Vitovsky of 1860; among other things: Antoni and Wincenty the sons of Mikolaj and Jan who was  son of Franciszek, in period of the January Insurrection 1863 - 1864 

Malkiewicz

they had relatives in Paluse i.e. Pluszcze; information of 1958 according to Narcyz Soroko from  Siberia; among others Lodz now 

Zbieranowski

one from them, Mr. Aleksander Zbieranowski was convicted during "shahtynski"  lawsuit of 1928 - he was radio engineer and the specialist - expert of a radio valves after completion of the Polytechnic of Berlin in 1914; other - Wladyslaw Zbieranowski  was  courier of the Polish Military Organization at the district of Babrujsk A.D. 1918. Aleksander born 1895, in Miezonka, son of Jan, wife Jozefa b. 1905 - daughter of Michal, lived in Kirylucha close to Rozyszcze in Volhynia before 1939, children: Danuta, Jan, Ryszard, Zygmunt.

Aleksander Zbieranowski born ca 1890 in Miezonka, son of Wiktoria nee Konstantynowicz - she died after 1940 in Omsk, and Antoni Zbieranowski b. 1869, d. 1914 in Miezonka; Wiktoria Zbieranowska lived in Soviet Union after 1917, and 1929/1930 exiled to Siberia, Omsk; married to Antoni Zbieranowski ca 1890.

Above named Aleksander Zbieranowski born ca 1890 - completed the Moscow Technical University, an electricity division, after college in Bobruisk; next the Berlin Technical University before 1914, an radio faculty; he was working for Dutch Company Phillips. He taken Karol Zbieranowski to Moscow in 1914. He was in love to Letitia Bowler before 1917 in Moscow, she escaped from Moscow to Miezonka in November 1917 with Karol Zbieranowski. Letitia Bowler was wife of Juliusz Gezehle from Lodz after 1927. Aleksander Zbieranowski was with visit in Miezonka ca 1927/28.
Samples only: Gezela (Gezela Augustyn b. 1889, Polish colonel, Lodz 1929) / Gesehle / Gesell / Geselle (Silvio Gesell b. 1862, was a German anarchist and founder of Freiwirtschaft. He gave his business in Argentina to his brother and returned to Germany in 1892, next Gesell moved to Les Hauts-Geneveys in the Swiss canton of Neuchātel, to 1907. In 1915, Gesell left Germany to return to Les Hauts-Geneveys, 10 km north of Neuchātel).

Children of Wiktoria Konstantynowicz and Antoni Zbieranowski: Karol Zbieranowski, Aleksander, Aleksandra Przelaskowska b. ca 1900 in Miezonka, Siberia after 1929/30, Anna Muzyka b. ca 1902 in Miezonka, she died after 1965 in Omsk, Ryszard Zbieranowski b. 1897 in Miezonka, 1916 - 1917 the GUARD company in the Kremlin, Moscow, the first escaped to Miezonka and in November 1917 to Turkey, after Charbin in China, Vladyvostok, Japan after 1920/1921, cooperation with YMCA, Vancouver in Canada, Winnipeg in Manitoba 1921 - 1927, 1927 Saskatchewan, the Buchanan farm, died ca 1980 in Saskatchewan. And next child of Wiktoria: Jozef Zbieranowski b. 1898 in Miezonka, 1915 the car unit in Moscow, with Marian Andrzejak, November 1917 escaped to Miezonka, February 1918 1st Polish Corps, 1920 aide at the General Zeligowski, 1922 Lodz, the Nawrot street No 44, Canada after 1930, 1938 - 1945 Koluszki Stare, December 1945 escaped again to Canada, 1958 in Bydgoszcz to Zofia Konstantynowicz; his wife from Lodz, son in Winnipeg born after 1952 / 1956.

Karol Zbieranowski b. 1894, Miezonka, the Ihumen district; 1914 a car unit in Russian Army in Moscow, close to Aleksander Zbieranowski, November 1917 escaped to Miezonka together with Marian Andrzejak, February 1918 served for 1st Polish Corps with Jozef Zbieranowski, Marian Andrzejak, Marian Konstantynowicz vel Jerzy; in Bobruisk in a car unit of Staff; 15 November 1918 escaped from Miezonka together with Stanislaw Szostak and Marian Andrzejak; 06 December 1918 Lapy, together with Ludwik and Marian Andrzejak and Stanislaw Szostak; Zambrow after; 20 February 1919 at Bolshevik war; to 1921 in Lida, in car unit of the Kowno Regiment; 1921 Lodz, near by Ullman from Switzerland, 1928 near to Jan Szostak; and to engineer Zygmunt Rau, who translate the Rowecki memoirs; 1934 Koluszki Stare and Lodz, Piotrkowska No 40; 1927 in Lodz made appointment of Aleksander Zbieranowski from Soviet Union with English lady
Letycja Bowler / Letitia Bowler - before 1917 in Moscow
met; he known Julian Bronowicki from Miezonka who settled in Lodz; 1939 Hungaria, 1946 back to Lodz. Near by Marshal Marian Spychalski (Ludwik Andrzejak 'Black' friend of father of Marshal Spychalski from Lodz, and known Jozef Pilsudski ca 1900); his wife Maria Adelajda Andrzejak b. 1903 in Lodz, died after 1968 in Koluszki Stare; her father Ludwik Andrzejak 'Black', her friend was wife of Marshal Spychalski, b. 1906; 1903 / 1904 Jozef Pilsudski very often in a home of Andrzejak; her two brothers: Marian Andzejak close to Jan Szostak and Ludwik Andrzejak born ca 1895, owner of shop at Tuwim street No 15; Karol Zbieranowski died November 1966 in Koluszki Stare, acc. to inf. 1995/2000 (28 January 2014).

Title: ENGLISHWOMAN'S LIFE IN RUSSIA. After spending eight months in 29 Russian prisons, Miss Letitia Bowler (born ca 1890 ?) was changed for somebody and has come home to Ware, Herts - says The Daily Mail. She was sentenced to death by the Bolsheviks, taken into the woods at night to be shot, removed back to prison, and subsequently marched from gaol to gaol, walking in all 500 miles. In 11 years residence on the Continent, Miss Bowler had many other novel experiences (1910-1921). She dined with the ex-Kaiser at Wurtemburg in 1909 (she aged ca 19 ?), played blind man's buff with the Emperor Francis Joseph at Budapest in 1911, and was the only European among 3.000 women presented to Albdul Medjed after the great fast at Constantinople in 1912. She was acquainted with the Austrian Archduke Franz Fredinand, whose murder caused the war, and from the palace of the son of the Sultan Abdul Aziz at Constantinople she heard the first shot fired in the Dardanelles. She was captured by the Bolsheviks while a nurse with the Polish Army (1919 ? - 1921).
Tuesday, 8 March 1921. The Adelaide Register, 1901-1929. Acc. to 'trove.nla.gov.au' - 08 Mar 1921 - The Register. Ware, Herts: Ware is a town in Hertfordshire, England close to the county town of Hertford. It is also a civil parish in East Hertfordshire district, ca 35 km north of London City.

The Zbieranowski family near by
Lodz now  

Huszcza

or Guscis (= Gustis); with Puchala and Horseshoe coats of arms in the Polack province and in  Mahileu A.D. 1671 and next in the provinces Vilna and Minsk; they verified the arms in Minsk in  1825; the Huszcza and Tumilowicz families that is the rural  "badger nobility", the Polish strongly.  The Borsuki village  (Badgers) is situated 15 km north - east from Miezonka, according to M. K.  Pawlikowski who described history of Ipohorski -  Irtenski family from the Berazino parish (proprietors of  Backov estate 3 km E  from the Berezina river);
sons of Jerzy: Kazimierz, Hilary, Aleksander, Julian and  Maciej Huszcza; peers of this Jerzy: Jan Huszcza, Semen, Fiodor and Kondrat Huszcza in the period  of the January Insurrection; they've been living in
Siberia and Belarus


I search for all information about the village MIEZONKA where my grandfather was born on 23 April 1898 either 1897 or 23 April 1900; Belarus now, the Bjalynicy (= Belynichi) region in the Mahileu (= the Mogilev province) "oblast"; the village is situated among grand forest and southwards was big marsh - Miezonka was at a territory of enormous estates the Radziwilles before A.D. 1840; 

the Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party conducted a contraband of weapon from Russia to Austria -  Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century keeping in touch with Josef Pilsudski (b. 1867) and that track led out of  Petersburg among other things across Miezonka and Lodz (the Tuvim street) in the direction to Galicia; a family of  ANDRZEJAK from Lodz involved in this activity occupied quarters in Miezonka (among other things) all over the first World War and thus they became technolators of aviation and the basis of the amateurish movement of aviation sports in Lodz after 1920.

Genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich, Troubetskoy, Bagration-Gruzinski, Kalinowski, Oginski, Paszkowski, Dyuflon, Staroch Siedoch, Armand, Pociej, Radziwill and Piottuch Kublicki family in the 18th and 19th centuries in Russia, Estonia and Belarus.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part one.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part two.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part three.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part four.

Photos of the Polish noble village Miezonka - genealogy and history of the Konstantinovich family in the 19th century in Russia and Belarus. Part five.

The Polish school of Berazino precinct was here in 1918 under German occupation 

(others Polish schools in this constabulary in 1918 with following of the Germans: Cerven, Poticzolo near to Cerven, Pieczyszcze, Tadulicze and Stara Droga near to Ljady, Malinnik and Nowinki near to Chutar, Raczyborek and Wysoka Gora near to Bahusevicy, Berazino, Wiazyczyn, Ravanicy, Bieliszczany, Bryjelow and Hajduk Sloboda - NW of Berazino, Rubiez, Studzienka and Wasilewszczyzna - the east of Berazino, Zukowiec by Bjarezina = the Berezyna river);  

farm - houses in Borovina and Miezonka estates were burned down and sequestered by the Soviets in the second half of  November 1918 (Lenin in agreement with Germany occupied Belarus since 14.11.1918) and many perished. Displacement at Ural  and Siberia (the governments of Perm and Omsk) from here in winter 1928/29; the Roman Catholic chapel was in the village on  the  German map of 1941. 

Polish troops achieved the Bjarezina river, north of Berazino, on August 19th, 1919 and conquered Berazino on August 20th, 1919 when Poland was fighting with the Bolsheviks in defense of its independence 1919 - 1920  

(during the war of liberty, Polish army achieved for example: Barysau on 19/20th, Bahusevicy on August 19th, 1919; Svislac by the Bjarezina river on August 20/21st, Babrujsk on August 28th, Jasen' station near by Babrujsk on August 23rd, 1919). 

Curiosity: Izrael Gelfond or Aleksander Izrael Lazariewicz Helphand, Alexander Israel Helphant i.e. Alexander Parvus was born in Berezino, the Minsk government in 1867, he was revolutionary, friend of Lejb Bronstein (i.e. Lew Trocki) and acted together in Petersburg A.D. 1905; Parvus served for the intelligence service of imperial German  Army as some write and "produced" money to Lenin.  

Alexander Helphand vel Parvus from Berezyna / Berezino Lenin's funds in Russia and the German military intelligence service - part 2: Alexander = Helphand vel Parvus (from Berezyna / Berezino) and also Hanecki and Mecheslav Yulevich Kozlovsky (Mieczyslaw Kozlowski son of Julian, a Bolshevik attorney, died in 1927, was described as the chief recipient of the German money that was transferred from Berlin through the Diskonto-Gesellschaft to the Stockholm Nya Banken and thence to the Siberian Bank in Petrograd) had been working for Parvus, Sklarz in Berlin, Karinsky, Bonch-Bruyevich, Lenin, Radek, and Vorovsky; Eugenia Mavrikievna Sumenson (Eugenia daughter of Maurycy, a woman relative of Hanecki), Svenson vel Hans Steinwachs, Alexinsky.


Канстантыновіч - Мяжонка, Баравіно; Петрушкевіч - Мяжонка; Якубовіч - Мяжонка.

The Roman Catholic history in the Berezino parish

Запольскі сельсавет: Аксенькавічы, Ананеўка, Барсукі, Глыбокі Брод, Гуранёўка, Дабрылавічы, Дальні, Дручаны, Замачульле, Запольле, Зарэчча, Ігліца, Ксавяроў, Лынькоў, Макаўка, Матыка, Мяжонка, Падзевічы, Падкрэжнік, Падчарэшань, Панькаў, Папоўка, Пражэктар, Рубеж, Сенькаў, Скавародка, Стадолішча, Старына, Студзёнка, Сямікаўка. Zapolsky Village Council: Aksenkavichy, Ananevka, Badgers, Glyboki Brod, Guranevka, Dabrylavichy, Dalni, Druchany, Zamachulle, Zapolie, Zareczcza / Zarzecze, Needles / Iglica, Ksavyarov, Linkov, Makowka, Motyka, Myazhonka, Padevichy, Padkrezhnik, Padchareshan, Pankov, Popovka, Prazektar, Rubiez, Senkaw, Skawarodka, Stadolishcha, Staryna, Studenka, Syamikavka / Siemikowka.

Канстантыновіч Ч. ў Заходняй Аўстраліі / Чабатар К. / Konstantinovich in the West Australia

New information

Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, Trubetzkoy / Troubetskoy / Trubecki, Orlov-Denisov / Orlow Denisow, Bagrationi / Bagration-Gruzinski / Bagration Gruzinsky, Pashkovsky / Paszkowski, Duflon / Dyuflon, Siedych / Sedoch / Staroch-Siedoch, Armand, Demonets / Demonet in the XVIII and XIX centuries in Russia


The essence of my genealogy 

Among relatives and next of kins of our Mscislau branch appeared the Zarako Zarakowski family in the second half of 19th cent. and in the 20th cent.; the Spychalski family from Lodz was related to kinsmen of our lineage at the turn of the 20th century and in the middle of the 20th cent.; the  Jaroszewicz  family had connection to our line in the middle of the 20th cent.  

(the Jaroszewicz  house derived from the Vicebsk province and had Prus the 1st arms, they possessed here the Ostupiszcze estate from Gruzewski family since 1710 to the end of the 18th cent.; Jerzy Piotr Jaroszewicz with Kwaczynski nickname was an officer here in 1713 - 1714 and somebody here in 1716; related to Kownacki, Rymaczewski and Kopakowski according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3; among others several of the Jaroszewiczs died in Old Bychow in 1655; priest Manuel Jaroszewicz in Sluck A.D. 1666, Roman Jaroszewicz in Mahileu in 1682, and Jan Jaroszewicz in Vilna 1720 - 1722, another Jan Jaroszewicz  and also his son Jan lived in Szaule near by Mejszagola in 1753, Ludwik Jaroszewicz lived in the Mscislau province in 1764; the Jaroszewiczs  were related to Jankowski, Olszewski and Chodasiewicz families in the Dzisna district and also they served Radzivill family in  the  Minsk government at the turn of the 20th cent.; Dmitrij Jaroszewicz  son of Konstantin, Russian admiral);  

the Swierczewski family was near socially associated with us, for instance in the sixtieth of the 20th  century. Some Generals, Prime Minister, the Head of State and one marshal of the communistic Poland -  the creators of the Soviet administration 1943/1990 - derived from these families.  

Relatives of our Konstantynowicz branch kept in touch with Jozef Pilsudski (military Intelligence of Austria -  Hungary),  Michal Zymierski (Soviet military Intelligence) and  Wladyslaw  Sikorski  (?) at the  moment in the first  half  of  the 20th century  - marshals and  General with  different  political  views. It wonder  that three Marshals and  General -  military prosecutor died with  natural death but three  remaining Generals died with  tragic one.  Generals of  communistic People Polish Army:  Karol  Swierczewski, Piotr Jaroszewicz  and Marian Spychalski  (later on the Marshal) in the fourties of the 20th century  were deputies of Michal Zymierski  -  Marshal and communistic Minister of  Defense. The genealogy of  my Mscislau "inlet" of the Konstantynowicz  ancestry point out long and strong   connections with the Imperial Russian Army  and Russian military  intelligence since the seventies of the nineteenth  century and especial at the turn of   the 20th century since when they served in  tsarist Georgia. It was the tsarist military technology intelligence at the  beginning of the 20th century. This  connections fade away probably at the end of  the 20th century. Anyway it relate to Poland only, and not to our easterly  neighbours, e.g.  Russia and  Belarus.  This is exciting subject for our family and to historians for the sake of connections with a couple of intelligences,  and  also it's the example of  a  genealogical tree on which based the important military structure of communist Poland for 50 years. Very broad, general  information on these reciprocal  connections was published for the first time in 2003 at my websites after researches ongoing 10 years and it was possible  just after complete destruction  of  previous political system. Particular families of our ancestry didn't know mutually  each other  and they didn't know   general image of this military  genealogy up to 1995 (in piece) / 2003 (better in detail). This strange configuration in the genealogy and surprising family  relationships give evidence to  military service of  somebody from our Konstantynowicz family in Soviet Union.  

Below several information about the Ihumen (Cerven) district: 

Capital of this district - Ihumen, some time ago property of Kiezgajla family. There are five parishes in the Ihumen district: among other things  Berezyna and Karoleszczewicze.  The Ihumen district created in 1795; by 1793 it was part of  the Minsk district; since 1796 in governorship of  Minsk. The Ihumen catholic area was in the Vilna archbishopric since 1870 and had seven  parishes; the Berezyna (= Beresino, Berazino, BerezinaBerezino) parish numbered 2900  worshippers in the end of the 19th cent.  Рыма-каталіцкі Касцёл на Беларусі 

The Polish well-off proprietors in the second half of 19th cent.: 

Jodko family in landed properties Malackowszczyzna, Pukowo and Onufrowo, 

the Zawisza family in Kuchcice and Uzda, 

Harting in Cielakowo and Dukora,

Maciej Jamontt in Samuelowo (breeding of cattle),

Wankowicz in Zazierzce, Kaluzyca, Smilowicze and Horodyszcze,

Proszynski in Korliszczewicze (Karoleszczewicze i.e. Koroliszczewicze),

Slotwinski in Rawanicze and Drachcza,

Grabowski in Tolkaczewicze and Siemionowicze (they were Sozinians),

Uniechowski in Cieplen, 

Osowski in Rudnia,

Mirkowski in Prysynk,

Nieciecki in Switajlowce,

Bako in Blonie,

Janiszewski in Serafinowo

the Jaskiewicz family of Sulima arms or Jaskevicius in 1700

Dzialosza Rogowski Robert in 1816

Kollontaj house or Kolataj (Jan Kolataj + Zofia Pruszak owned the Lesniewicze i.e. probably Leschniza near by Beresino in 1722; possessed in the Minsk province: Litewka and Kornicze estates, too

RuckiRudzki house, they possessed Staryja Maksimavicy 26 km SW of Miezonka 

Krukowski in the Cerven territory persecuted in 1863 

Ankudowicz or Ankudavicius of Sulima arms, in the Cerven territory, verified in Vilna in 1820 

the Kostrowicki family was proprietor of Bieliczany (underwent on a family of Dowoyno before 1718) and they took on lease  Wolma (Volma in the Minsk province or Wolpy) from Radzivill in 1720; also here Pruty in 1831 and Dorozki in 1832 

Pozarski, a farm Lawy in the district, 62ha. 

the Bulhak house of Syrokomla arms, verified in Minsk A.D. 1802, possessed in the government of Minsk:  Matewitschi = Maciejewicze i.e. Macevicy 14 km SW of Miezonka, and also Zuki, Budzilowka and Kondratowicze 

Ciechanowicz (Wlodzimierz, Michal and Czeslaw possessed together the Zarzecze farm in the Ihumen district in 1899

Czechowicz possessed: Ignacpol - Czechowszczyzna, Horenki and Wiazyn id est Wiazyczyn near by  Konstantynowicz's Borowina 

Sikorski (among others Fox arms with Dumicz nickname but mainly in Galicia; they were related to the noble Hurko family in Livonia,  the  Rezekne district; the noble Sikorski family possessed Laskowka, Kniahinicze, Olesin and Mikulitschi estates in the Minsk government in 1899;  the  Mikulicze estate i.e. Mikulitschi was situated 14 km West of Beresino = Berezyna; orthodox families  verified themselves in Minsk A.D. 1820 and 1837)  

the Korzeniewski noble house possessed village Usa (i.e. Usza or Staraja Usha) near by Kaluzyn, and also in the Minsk  government they possessed Piorunov(y) Most together with Nieciejevski family, Krasny Brzeg (Krasny Brzeg in the Babrujsk  district, property  of the Korzeniewski family and also of Wincenty Stanislaw Koziell Poklewski) and Hajdukowa Sloboda (Galdukowa Sslobodka)  

Brzezinski in Szack (Sack), it is located on the Szacza river, 52 km S - E - S of Minsk, in the Ihumen district, parish of Uzda (SW of Minsk);  here lived Franciszka nee Brzezinski + Antoni Oskierko (1735) and his son Jozef Gabryel Oskierko + Anna nee Czapski since 1788; the noble  Brzezinski family of the Gryf coat of arms verified themselves in Minsk 1802 (Kazimierz with his sons: Franciszek, Aleksander, Michal), and with Swan coat of  arms  verified themselves in Minsk A.D. 1862 

at alii.  

In detail on the noble Brzezinski / Bžezinskis family

1. the Brzezinski house of the Doliva coat of arms verified in Vilna on 08 November 1837; Jan Brzezinski / Bžezinskis was possessor of Zodziowo near by Ludsen (i.e. Ludza in Livonia) and Pudermoyze (i.e. Puderi or Pudereva according to Latvian atlas of 1931 ed. in Riga; 19 km E - N - E of Vilani and 12,5 km north - west  of  Rositten i.e. Rezekne, Latvia now), and he owned also Dyrwaniszki in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge) district; the noble Brzezinski family of Doliva arms verified  themselves in Kovno 1837, according to Uruski, vol. 2 (Franciszek son of Jan) and in Vilna 1858 (Kacper son of Kazimierz with sons of mentioned Kacper: Onufry, Jan,  Ludwik, Jozef, and also Michal son of Kazimierz); 

2. in the Vilkmerge (Ukmerge that is Wilkomir) district, the Kaunas government also: Lokiany Upper and Lower in the Pagirys area = Pogiry or Pogieloze in  the Siesikai parish - 14 km W - N - W of Vilkmerge; the noble Brzezinski fammily of Trumpet arms in Lithuania as early as at the beginning of the 17th  cent. and derived from Jan Brzezinski and his son Franciszek and grandson Ignacy Brzezinski - verification in Kovno 1850 

3. Nacza Biedrzyca - Swaraszczyzna farm in the Lepel districtt, government of Vicebsk  

4. Kastyr estate i.e. Kastire, in the Dunaburg district, the Vicebsk government; it is located on the Jasa river, a tributary of the Dubna about 12,5 km  south - east of Preili and 42,5 km NE of Daugavpils (Dunaburg, Dyneburg); 750 ha,  the noble Dunaburg marshal Jozef Brzezinski  lived here and next  Zaba family; Jozef Brzezinski owned also Pazemys estate (Pozejmie, Poshejmy) in the Dusetos parish, area of Antaliepte, district of Novoaleksandrovsk  (Zarasai  = Jeziorosy) - Poshejmy is located 15,5 km SW of Zarasaai; the noble Brzezinski family possessed also a big Wenusow (Venusovo) estate in the  Novoaleksandrovsk district, the Kovno (Kaunas) government; Poshejmy and Venusovo are situated 39 and 38 km south - west of Daugavpils in present  Lithuania; Brzezinski family of the Swan coat of arms with Dunin nickname derived from Hieronim Brzezinski and stayed in Livonia since 1680 

5. Ssenkovo i.e. Sienkowo, Senkowo farm in the Mogilew district, 315 ha since 1882, it is located on the Lachwa river about 13 km W - N - W of  Mahileu (Mogilew

6. Zapole farm and Maniakowo in the Vilejka district, government of Vilna, about 11 km of Krajsk 

7. Podlasie territory before 1648 and the Nur area before 1704, they verified themselves in Hrodna 1852 - 1863 (the Lubicz coat of arms). 

Gardening in estates: 

Kuchcice, Tolkaczewicze, Malackowszczyzna, Pukowo, Cieplen, Smilowicze and Rawanicze. 

Besides St Basil order had ownership of Bieliczany (Belitschany) near by Borovina and close to Beresino in 1708; 

village Moszczenica (Moschtschaniza) near by Uscha and close to Kaluzyn (Kaljushiza) belonged to the order in 1711. 

Plants:

Ludwik Slotwinski in Rawanicze,

Korkozewicz in Czernowa Rudnia

and a factory of Slotwinski in Drachcza.

The famous persons in the Ihumen district:

Moniuszko Dominik - philanthropist

Moniuszko Kazimierz - lawyer

Moniuszko Aleksander - promoter of fine arts

Moniuszko Stanislaw (1819 - 1872) from Ubel' - composer and creator of the Polish national opera (Czeslaw Moniuszko, Michal Jelski and Ignacy Mirkulewicz lived near by Smaljavicy in 1819/1841)

Oginski Michal Kleofas / Mikhail Kleafas Ahinski (1765 - 1833) in Dukora -  composer and politician (insurgent of 1794

duke Oginski Michal Kazimierz (1728 - 1800) - insurgent of 1768, financier and promoteer of fine arts 

Massalski Tomasz - the author of "Podstolica

Massalski Jozef - poet 

Baka - poet

Lojko Feliks - historian

Bukaty Franciszek - Polish diplomat

Ignatowicz Jan - originator of Union

Jelski Ludwik - financier (the Jelski house in the Minsk province before 1653 and verified here on 11.05.1822)

Jelski Wlodzimierz - publicist

Jelski Michal - composer

Jelski Konstanty - naturalist (Karol Jelski exile in 1863)

Szemesz Adam - painter

Felinski Eve - writer 

Szyszko Michal - philologist

Klimontowicz Stefan - mathematician

Zdanowicz Aleksander - historian

Fatur Henryk - archeologist (Tatur maybe)

Zawisza Jan - archeologist

Zawisza Krzysztof - diarist

Baranowski Jozef - technician

Kotowicz Wiktor - literary man

Wankowicz Jan - entomologist

Prozor Jozef - a chief officer of the Vicebsk province 

Korzon Tadeusz - historian; the Korzon house or Korzonas of Korsak arms and Wolf coat of arms lived in the Minsk province since the 17th cent.

Szczerbowicz Wieczor Leon - publicist. 

The Polish archives in the Ihumen district in the 19th cent.: 

of the Osztorp and Harting families in Dukora (among others Leon Osztorf i.e. Osztorp was an officer in the Ihumen district in 1816)

Moniuszko and Wankowicz in Smilowicze and Szypiany

the Wankowicz family in Horodyszcze and Zasierz

Jelski in Lada, Zamosc and Dudzicze

Zawisza in Kuchcice

Grabowski in Tolkaczewicze

of the Harting family in Cielakow

Slotwinski in Rawanicze

Onufry in Pukow

Jodko in Malackowszczyzna

Kotowicz in Ludwinow

Janiszewski in Citwa, their property for 400 years! 

During the Insurrection of 1863 - 1864, a battle between the Polish and Russians took place near to Bahusevicy in May 1863. The Ihumen district as a whole didn't go into independent Poland after 1920. 


BOROVINA was situated in the Ihumen district (i.e. Borowiny near to Zeremiec at the map of 1859), here  lived  Ludwik Konstantynowicz and his son Jan born 1888, who has gone into the army of  Balachowicz in 1920 

Appendix F about 

the Corps of Balachowicz 

References: E. Charkiewicz, Jan F. Lewandowski, Stanislaw Lis - Blonski, Zbigniew Dunin - Wilczynski, Jozef Cisek, Zaremba (vol. 1),  Pantalejman Simanski, colonel Stanislaw Dowoyno - Sollohub, Marek Cabanowski "General Stanislav Bulak -  Balachowicz (...)" (ed. Warsaw, 1993), Aleksander Srednicki, Jozef Mackiewicz and major Stanislav Stankiewicz. 

Stanislaw Bej Bulak - Balachowicz b. in Mejszty, the Vilna government, SW of Braslau in February 10th, 1883; Nikodem, his father, had got Stokopijevo near by Mejszty (= Meishty). Stanislav served in Russian Army since August 20th, 1914, but according to Jozef Mackiewicz (vol. 1, p. 131 - 136) he deserted employment in the Dzisna (= Disna) district in 1915, i.e. military service in the "Punin Unit" near by Riga since September 05th, 1915. That was scouting troop. He had obtained promotion after March 1917; served also under command of Bolsheviks since November 1917, e.g. fightings with Germans by the Lake Pejpus (= Peipus) near by Smolowa (= Smolva) on March 05th, 1918,  where Stanislav was wounded and next transferred to Luga near by Petrograd (135 Km south of Petrograd); he was loyal towards Bolsheviks.  In the middle of December 1917, Stanislaw Bulak - Balachowicz (i.e. Stanislaus Bulak-Balachowicz) had contacted his brother Jozef Balachowicz in Petrograd, and again in April 1918 (Petrograd, at military hospital, here also was Jerzy Dabrovski or Dambrowski). Stanislaw Balachowicz next, in April  1918, received assent at Bolshevik's hands in Moscow for forming of Polish cavalry regiment; he was General then, with support of count de  Lubersac from the French Mission.  

Stanislaw and also Jozef Balachowicz fought against baron Korf near by Luga (131 Km NE of Pskow) in May 1918; in this regiment served:  Bohdan  and Jerzy Dabrowski (Jerzy Dabrowski was friend of Stanislaw Balachowicz and his wife Zinajda - after 1935 she lived in Wilno), Chodorowicz,   WolkowieckiSzumski (= Shumskij), Wawrzynski, Safaryn, Poljan, Michulski, Michalowski, Kozlowski, Karlowicz (related to Gen. Stanislaw Bulak   Balachowicz). 

Stanislaw and Jozef Balachowicz's regiment had thrown off superiority of Bolsheviks at the  end of May 1918 and moved  on Pskov (= Pskow).  Balachowicz brothers had fought with Bolsheviks near by Pskov for  June  -   till October 1918.  

Jozef Balachowicz, b. in Stokopijewo / Stokopijevo  near by Braslau (= Braslaw / Braslav, SE of Daugavpils), the Vilna government on  September  04th, 1894 or   1896; brother of Stanislaw; died in  assassinate in 1923 in Belavezskaja pusca, by Soviet agents. Military service in  the 7th  Reval infantry  regiment since April 1916, and next, since May 1916, he served with his brother in a special unit (sabotage beyond German  front near by Riga) of the  Russian North Front under command of Punin; wounded on January 13th, 1917 and promoted captain. Jozef   Balachowicz  had withdrawn from  Russian Army near by Riga on October 12th, 1917 and next served in Polish troops of the 1st Polish Corps in  Pskov (under command of Gen.  Dowbor  Musnicki and collaborated with Gen. Jacyna from Petrograd, October / November 1917). Jozef Balachowicz was  transfered  to Petrograd in the  middle of  November 1917, keep on within the 1st  Polish Corps. His son, Zdzislaw Bulak -  Balachowicz, b. 1915 or 1918 and died in 1944; was lieutenant of Polish Army in the  77th  infantry regiment in the Navahrudak  province.  Jozef maybe had gotten married in Petrograd 1918, and also met brother in  Petrograd in December 1917.  

Jozef Balachowicz served in Petrograd in a Polish cavalry troop under command of Przysiecki and was disarmed by Bolsheviks in December 1917. All details are lacking about  Jozef  Balachowicz since January 1918 until the beginning of May 1918, probably in Petrograd (?); after in Luga, in May 1918. 

May 1918: both of brothers served in Luga in own unit and revolted against Bolsheviks in the same month. 

June - October 1918: they fought near by Pskov and next conquered the town at the end of October 1918 (alongside white Gen. Dragomirow), for two days only. The Balachowicz's regiment fell back over axle Izborsk - Pieczery (= Petschory, 41 Km west of Pskow i.e. Pskov); Courland was destination. The regiment got in touch with Gen. Wandam in the first half of November 1918 and was disarming Germans, that went back to home. The Balachowiczs conformed to the Estonian Army of Gen. Laidoner in the middle of November 1918 until March 01st, 1919, near by Dorpat (i.e. Tartu or Juriew); fightings broke out again with Bolsheviks close to Dorpat in January 1919, too. The Balachowicz's group conformed to white Gen. Rodzianko on March 02nd, 1919 (in the Army of Gen. Yudenich). Jozef Balachowicz was appointed to Russian colonel in March 1919. Fightings with Bolsheviks again since May 1919, and Stanislav Balachowicz conquered the Gdow (103 Km north of Pskow) station during  offensive of Gen. Yudenich for Petrograd on May 13th, 1919; after conquered Pskov (= Pskow) on May 29th, 1919; the Balachowicz's group  administered Pskov since June till August 1919 (until August 23rd); after had clashed with Gen. Yudenich  and proceeded in guerrilla  war  against all: "reds" and "whites", near by Pskov - Werro (Voru probably, 36 Km west of Petschory) - by Velikaja river (here in September and  October  1919 together with Estonian Army); they served again Estonia in October 1919 (the 32nd Division) until February 02nd, 1920

Stanislaw Balachowicz at the same time conducted talks with a Byelorussian administration in Riga, and also with Polish agency (captain  Myszkowski). The Balachowicz's  group in the middle of February 1920 threaded its way through Estonia (from Reval i.e.  Tallinn,  Rewel) and Latvia, to Dyneburg (= Dzvinsk or  Daugavpils) on circa February 20th, 1920 and they made oath of  fidelity to Polish Army, however just on March 02nd, 1920 the Balachowicz's  group had gone on to Polish units in  Daugavpils; they came to a halt in Brest in March 1920. The Balachowicz's Corps (group) fought against Bolsheviks at east Polish  front since June 1920; went back through Luninec, Brest and Leczna (together with the Orenburg Cossacks under command of Jakovlev - here since August 09th, 1920 till August 16th, 1920); after they liberated Wlodawa on August 17th, 1920 and Kamin - Kasyrs'kyj on September 15th, 1920; Pinsk on September 16th, 1920; Derevok and Ljubesh (= Lubieszow) on September 22nd, 1920 and again near by Pinsk on September 26th. The rest in  Luninec since September 30th and change of name on "People's Voluntary Allied Army" of Major-General Stanislaw  Bulak -  Balachowicz: colonel Mikosz commanded the "Minsk regiment", aide of Corps: Grotkowski, cavalry of captain Saradin,  lieutenant  Lis -  Blonski as  messenger, colonels: Pawlowski, Matwiejew, Zgun (i.e. Shgun), Peremykin, "the Spark" and captain Wojciechowski

The Balachowicz's Corps (about 15.000 strong) had struck upon Bolsheviks on November 04th, 1920, near by Turau (= Turow); achieved  Mosiejewicze on November 07th, 1920, made Petrikow on November 08th; Romanowka, Skryhalow, Kopatkowo, Zechowicze (Shehovichi),  Kostiuchowicze on November 09th; on November 10th were occupied: Chomiczki and Prudok, won a battle near by Drozdy and conquered Mazyr (= Mosyr or Mozyrz) and Wielkie Zimowiszcze (Big Zimowishche), also penetrated to Kalinkavicy (= Kalinkowitschi). Captain Wojciechowski  filled Michalki - 16 Km south of Mazyr (= Mosyr) on November 11th, 1920. The following day Gen. Stanislav Bulak - Balachowicz, in Mazyr, proclaimed independence of Belarus and also appointed himself to "Commander - in - chief of Byelorussian Army". His brother Jozef Balachowicz was appointed as "Commandant of Voluntary Army". "Minsk" and "Ostrov" (the name from Ostrov i.e. Ostrow is situated south of  Pskow)  regiments repeatedly collected Kalinkavicy (fightings for five days) on November 14th, 1920, and next (November 15th) Gen. Balachowicz  moved on to Zlobin (40 Km), where had gotten on November 17th. Colonel "Iskra" (= "The Spark") got Lelczyce on November 11th, and after  (November 14th) he moved on toward Owrucz (70 Km;  north Ukraine now) - here they penetrated on November 17th. At the same time colonel  Matwiejew conquered: Wielkie Awtiucewicze (= Big Avtiucevichi) and Chabno (30 Km east of Mazyr; November 15th), also Makanowicze (43 Km NE of  Mazyr; November 16th), Babylew, Korystan (about 60 Km east of Mazyr; November 17th). 

Gen. Balachowicz established (November 16th) administration of Byelorussian People's Republic; amongst others: Gen. doc. Mieczyslaw  Adamowicz - Prime Minister, P. Aleksiuk, Prof. Ostrowski Radoslaw (he acted also in Minsk in 1943), colonel Bielajew and Jozef  Sienkiewicz. But nevertheless Petlura at the same time (November 17th) finished fightings against Bolsheviks; yet colonel Mikosz was getting 40 Km on NE of Kalinkavicy (November 17th), colonel "the Spark" came up Owrucz (= Owrutsch), too; colonel Matwiejew conquered Korystan. By  night 17/18 November, Gen. Stanislav Bulak - Balachowicz left Mosyr and was on his way to Recyca (= Retschiza), where colonel Matwiejew  penetrated on November 18th, 1920; but yet colonel "the Spark" near by Owrutsch had suffered defeat. So, Gen. Balachowicz close to  Retschiza directed concentration his troops on November 19th, and all day long November 20th he fought near by Retschiza. And  this  instant information came in about "catastrophe in the south". Colonel Matwiejew (on November 20th) retreated from Retschiza for Mosyr;  colonel  Pawlowski and next Gen. Balachowicz retreated, too (he next came away to the west from under Mosyr, but just after November 25th, 1920). 

Far away from Belarus north - west, Lithuania concluded a truce with Poland (November 21st/29th). In Belarus at the same time lasted defence of  Mosyr (21 - 23 November) but Jozef Balachowicz went away from the town on November 22nd; and Gen. Stanislaw Bulak - Balachowicz and colonel  Matwiejew also left Mosyr on November 23rd, and next came away to the west, but just after November 25th, 1920

The Balachowicz's Corps passed by Olszany and Remel by south bank of Pripjat (= Pryp'jat) on Polish side: on November 26th ("Tula" and  "Putwal"  regiments with Jozef Balachowicz); on November 26th - 28th: soldiers of the 2nd and 3rd Byelorussian Divisions passed to Poland; by night  27/28 November - Gen. Stanislaw Balachowicz went on to Poland (with his aides: painter Artur Szyk i.e. Alexander Szykarenko, b. 1894, d. 1951 in USA, since  1921 lived in Lodz, and also Tadeusz Darmont); on November 30th - Gen. Adamowicz; the remainder on December 02nd - 04th, 1920 (on December  04th:  unit 2100  strong from the 1st Byelorussian Division of colonel Peremykin after tough fightings on November 25th - 27th). The formal demobilization of the  Balachowicz's  Corps followed on December 03rd, 1920. And nonetheless Gen. Stanislaw Balachowicz was elected as "General Chieftain of  Belarus" in  Warsaw on December 23rd, 1920, according to Stanislav Dowoyno - Sollohub. Byelorussian soldiers were interned near by  Czestochowa in  January 1921, and from here to Szczypiorno close to Modlin, to Tuchola, Aleksandrow Kujawski, Pikulice, Dabie, Torun,  Strzalkow and Kalisz,  till August 1924. A lot of the "Balachowiczs" were employed in Hajnowka, Bialowieza and Bielsk

Kreczeuski and Zacharko had taken Byelorussian emblems and flags somewhere west. 

According to Konrad Zielinski from "Maria Curie Sklodowska University in Lublin" ("POPULATION DISPLACEMENT, CITIZENSHIP AND (...)"):  "people who voluntarily joined the foreign military service had no right for Polish citizenship. (...) Newcomers from behind the eastern Polish border were divided into two  categories. The first category consisted of Polish citizens i.e. Kingdom of Poland, who had immigrated to Russia before or during the First world war and wanted to come  back. The second category consisted of Russians and Belorussians that were also regarded as Russians. This category was divided into subcategories. The first of them  concerned people who were entitled to hold Polish citizenship and the second one concerned people who did not have the right. (...) Emigrants or refugees from Russia, when  they wanted to settle in Poland had to prove that: 1. they had enough funds to support themselves or they could count on the help of their relatives in Poland; 2. spotless moral  reputation; 3. proper attitude towards Poles during the Tsarist rule. However, Poles and people of Polish origin were preferred. Ethnic non-Poles, who had never lived in the  territory of the Kingdom of Poland, Galicia, and the Poznan province, had no right to Polish citizenship." This quotation without the Author's written permission. 


We lived in 

St Petersburg

- "Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co." abbreviated as DEKA 

i.e. joint stock company from St Petersburg - and we built up the military manufactory of  aeroengines in a town Aleksandrovsk (later on named Zaporozhye = Zaporozh'e) in 1916

The Breguet Company in Moscow and Petersburg.

Edward Brown of Clerkenwell owner 1870 and his sons owners (Henry Brown from London) of the Breguet Company.

Stefan Drzewiecki, Breguet and Duflon in St Petersburg. История фамилии Константинович - генеалогия семьи.

Genealogy of the Constantinovich family 1534 - ca 1945 in Belarus, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Russia, Lithuania. Константинович - биография. History and genealogy of the Constantinovich family with relatives: Troubetzkoy, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Sedykh from Kazan, Soltan, Oginski, Paszkowski and Kalinowski from Cracow, Zbieranowski, Zarako-Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Armand in Moscow and Petersburg, Gernet from Estonia, Bakst, Demonet or De Monet, Dizeren, Azbelev, Holynski of 18th cent., Bagration-Gruzinski and Mukhrani from Sakartvelo-Georgia. The German Baltic nobility from Estland / Estonia: von Toll, Weiss, Rehbinder, Gernet.

In search of genealogy. It is of greatest importance to me: 

I am looking for all information about my grandfather JERZY Konstantynowicz and about his Konstantynowicz family from the parish of Berazino  (either Berezino or Berezyna); he belonged to one of the old noble families from the farthest eastern reaches of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Those lands were also  the first to be taken by tsarist Russia as the result of the partitions of Poland. 

those near and dear (families at the beginning of the 20th cent.) in the Berazino parish and Dryssa ujezd and the others territories:

1. Malkiewicz (Old Svolna, Miezonka and the farm Jauji = either Jowce or Javci in LATVIA - the Ludsen = Ludza district formerly).

2. Nieciejevski (the farm Hrynica = Griniza and Usochy; the Russian and Soviet General count Bronislav Nieciejevski who was born c. 1870 in the Berazino parish was from them; either Nieciejovski or Niecijevskij and Nieciovski). Pani Czesława Paczkowska napisala 'Podzwonne dla Nadberezyńców' w 'Nasz Dziennik' dnia 19-20 marca 2011, Nr 65 (3996); autorka jest dziennikarką, współpracuje z 'Tygodnikiem Wileńszczyzny' na Litwie; zobacz tez: http://www.naszdziennik.pl/. "...Oddanie bez walki wielkiego terytorium z kilku milionami mieszkańców poczytane zostało (w 1921 roku) za wielką mądrość polityczną - pisał na ten temat Michał Kryspin Pawlikowski w swojej książce 'Wojna i sezon', zaznaczając z goryczą: 'Tylko kto pomyślał o tej dzielnej, twardej, pracowitej szlachcie zagrodowej i zaściankowej, o tym milionie Michniewiczów, Tumiłowiczów, Huszczów, Kandybów, Szpilewskich i tylu, tylu innych, którzy w pierwszej kolejce poszli pod nóż lub na tułaczkę do tundr Karelii lub kopalń Uralu?'. ... Tom drugi 'Nadberezyńców' kończy scena wizytacji pasterskiej księdza biskupa Zygmunta Łozińskiego i jego znamienne słowa skierowane do mieszkańców ziem mińsko-mohylewskich: 'Dzieci moje, powinniście wytrwać w wierze. Wytrzymajcie aż do końca. Stoicie przed możliwością nowych bolesnych prób i doświadczeń. Tam na wschodzie wisi czarna chmura wielka, dzika, niebezpieczna. Chmura zarazy bezbożnej, rozkładu moralnego, nieprawości; chmura pożogi, mordu, barbarzyństwa. Może ona tu nawrócić. ... Gorzki to kielich byłby do wypicia, ale nie trzeba rozpaczać; powinniście ten ciężar przyjąć z odwagą, godną prawdziwych chrześcijan'. Jak bowiem trafnie zauważa Andrzej St. Kowalczyk: 'Przez Białoruś przebiega granica między światem normalnym a jakąś koszmarną barbarią, podział ten zresztą ma charakter nie tylko polityczny i cywilizacyjny, lecz również transcendentny'. ... Rodzina Eysymontów posiadała na własność niezbyt okazałe, zaledwie 31 dziesięcin i 1776 sążni liczące, grunta rolne uroczyska Hrynica w powiecie (ujeździe) ihumeńskim guberni mińskiej. Tyle samo mniej więcej wynosiły posiadłości najbliższych sąsiadów, szlachty zagrodowej: Uścinowiczów, Nieciowskich (Nieciejewskich), Kowalewskich, Łukaszewiczów, Foktów. Gospodarzyli na roli, a wszystko, co posiadali, pracy rąk własnych zawdzięczali, najmując robotników tylko sezonowo: na sianokosy, żniwa, wykopki...".

   Szlachta zasciankowa nad Berezyna i jej zaglada po 1917 roku.

3. Uminski (Bruslevo or Bryjelov = Brialewo and Smolarnia - Florian Czarnyszewicz has written a book "Nadberezyncy" about this village), 

4.

Zarako Zarakowski (the palace Holubovo, Kniazievo and the great estate Svolna / Swolna  - the Polish communistic state prosecutor, count  and Soviet General  Stanislav  Zarako  Zarakowski was born here in  1907 / 1909), 

5.

Zbieranowski (Igumen, Berazino and Miezonka),

6. Szostak (Miezonka and Babrujsk = Bobruisk or Bobruysk),

7.

Konstantynowicz (Miezonka, Petersburg, Svolna = Svol'na or Swolna, Krycau, Kovalki, Omsk, Borovina, Daugavpils),  

8. Pilecki;  


my grandfather was a professional soldier; he learnt in the secondary school in Mahileu by the river Dnjapro, a real school in PARNU = Pernau (Estonia present) and the Naval Corps (or at the Petrograd Naval College = the Naval War College; Course of Navigational Officers 1912 - December 1916) in St Petersburg and he first served in the Kronstadt Stronghold (the Bureau of Navy Transport - in a navigation ensign capacity 1916/1917); during the First World War he was in Tallinn (Reval) with Estonian engineer Jansen since April by June of 1917; after in Petrograd by November 1917;  

during the fighting between the "whites" and "reds" after the Bolshevik Revolution towards the end of 1917 (Minsk - here in December 1917 - and after Bychauu = Bychow) by summer  1918 my grandfather Marian or Jerzy Konstantynowicz served in secret service of the 1st Polish White Corps under General Dowbor - Musnicki (a troop under   command of engineer Wroblewski - who later worked in an armoury in Pionki in the thirties of 20th century keeping in touch with the Wankowicz family still - recognized Mahileu and Babrujsk - here the  society  announced the first Polish capital after partitions) and fought (Orsa = Orscha, Rahacou - 4th infantry regiment, 1st Division of the Polish Rifles,   Hradzianka)  against the Bolsheviks for freedom of this country; he carried out duties of courier (Minsk, Babrujsk, Barysau) for the Polish Women Rings; after in the Civil  Guard of the Minsk Government and the Government of Mahileu - then he met the Wankowicz family (quod vide Appendix D about this family) in Old Kaluzyca  /   Kaluzyn / Kaljushiza because Mr. Witold "Tolo" Wankowicz was chief the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district (section of the Polish Military Organization) and my  grandfather was  messenger between the Luboszany estate and Kaluzyca in autumn 1918;  

he was near to General Wejtko (ensign of orderly in Minsk and Vilna 1918) in the Self-defence of Lithuania and Belarus;  

after the collapse of tsarist Russia, Poland regained its independence after 123 years of foreign rule and he was professional officer in intelligence service of Polish Army (04 December 1918 he owned document in Marian Konstantynowicz name but he wasn't this person surely) 1918 - 1947; military oath in Vilna on December 29th, 1918 during defense of the town against Soviet troops; the 77th Kovno Regiment after; he served when Poland was fighting with the Bolsheviks in defense of its independence (1919 - 1920).

The LIDA garrison (the barracks had name of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly; the 77th Infantry Regiment handed over an estate to the marshal west of Lida near by a farmland of famous Pilecki family; in this garrison was a colonel Witold Letowt or Letovt - Vorbek, famous pioneer of the Polish aviation) by morning 18 - 09 - 1939; on September 19th, 1939 he was in Landvarov (= Lentvaris), ZAVIASY  and arrived at the Rudziszki (= Rudiskes) station and (probably) after across Orany (= Varena) station arrived in Grodno (= Hrodna) - here on September 20th and overnight 20/21  September 1939; on September 21st he gone on Lithuania (= Litauen; registered at the Vievis station); he was in camps for prisoners of war in: Palanga, Vilkaviskis, Ponoj (= Ponoi in   USSR), Archangel = Archangelsk and Viazniki = at the Wjasniki station (here in August 1941; that is the Jusha camp).   I think he lived in Mexico (or New Mexico), too. I  don’t know where he died (as a matter of  fact my grandfather's name was Jerzy Konstantynowicz, son of Konstantynowicz who lived in Petersburg since 1911/1912);  he  employed a couple of fictional dates of birth, used fictional places of birth and made use of pseudonymes Stankiewicz either major Antoni  Stanislaw Stankiewicz (born 15.05.1900 and died before 1939) or Marian Konstantynowicz

§ 

SW of Miezonka (Meshonka

The German© map 1943, probably without copyright nowadays  


Many of the Konstantynowiczs  stayed in BELARUS 

At present - Константинович / Сакрат КАНСТАНЦІНОВІЧ / Sokrat Konstantynowicz the statistics and economics.

Асіповічы / Osipowicze / Osipovichi at present - Константинович / Віталь Канстанціновіч / Witalis Konstantynowicz the railway engineer.

Belorussian Bialynichy area / Бялынiчы - Константинович / Ларыса Канстанціновіч / Larysa Konstantynowicz in Stare Sielo / Старасело village at present. Also Максім Канстанціновіч / Maksym Konstantynowicz, grammar school No 1 in Bialynichy.

Belorussian naturalist and florist Константинович / Людмілай Канстанціновіч / Ludmila Konstantynowicz in Minsk at present.

Belorussian teacher and director in Пярэжыр / Piarezyr after 1866 Константинович / Антон Іванавіч Канстанціновіч / Antoni Konstantynowicz son of Jan.

Belorussian activist on nature preservation at present Константинович Станислав Адамович / Канстанціновіч Станіслаў Адамавіч / Stanislaw Konstantynowicz son of Adam.

Belorussian Cerven / Ihumen area in the village Мехаўцы / Miechawce Jozefa Konstantynowicz / Юзэфа Станіславаўна Канстанціновіч daughter of Stanislaw Konstantynowicz (born c. 1920?).

Belorussian peacekeeping veteran Канстанціновіч К. / Konstantine Konstantynowicz / Константинович inf. 11 April, 2003 and December 2010; Andrzej Konstantynowicz in Mahileu by the river Dnjapro according to Sergiusz   Marszalkowski of 2004; in villages Toloczki and Zabalac; and a first deputy chairman (the   vice-president in 2003) of the Belarusian Union of Architects, Anatoliy (i.e. Anatol / Канстанціновіч Анатоль Міхайлавіч born 1940 and staying in Minsk; son of Michail Konstantynowicz born c. 1915?). M. Konstantynowicz in Minsk; A. A. Konstantynowicz acted in Acad. Agric. Sci. of Belarus  in 1992; Sh. V. Konstantynowicz from Belarus at SECOND INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC -   TECHNICAL CONGRESS "MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES ". Now in Lida: G. F.   Konstantynowicz tel. 53109 Tuchachevski Str. and now in Minsk: Who tel. Str. No Apt. Konstantynowicz A. A.  2267105 Tanka Str. 30/2 Apt. 53, Konstantynowicz A. M. 2344451 Chorushej Str. 19 134, Konstantynowicz A.  M. 2625139 Kolcova Str. 23 66, Konstantynowicz A. N. 2302864 Vaniejeva Str. 8 72, Konstantynowicz G. A.  2733456 Altajskaja Str. 64/5 68, Konstantynowicz G. V. 2445007 Shabany Str. 13 56, Konstantynowicz E. T.  2432695 Gierasimienko Str. 29 74, Konstantynowicz Sh. D. 2955986 Zilunovicha Str. 27 23, Konstantynowicz I. E. 2429894 Niesterova Str. 4 153, Konstantynowicz I. M. 2165503 Jesenina Str., No 19 Apt. 166,  Konstantynowicz K. F. 2382929 Ilimskaja Str., 29 226, Konstantynowicz L. G. 2810745 P/O Stiepianka  Korwata  Str. 34 Apt. 33, Konstantynowicz L. K. 2356986 2 Bagrationa Court (Pier.) No 19 Apt. 789,  Konstantynowicz M.  A. 2738872 Angarskaja Str. 20/2 44, Konstantynowicz M. S. 2495360 Pliechanowa 56/3  166, Konstantynowicz  N. I. 2475314 Jakubova 30 5, Konstantynowicz N. N. 2499679 Pliechanova 52/1 9,  Konstantynowicz N. P.  2502878 Orlovskaja 86/3 14, Konstantynowicz O. V. 2268756 Tanka Str., 30/2 Apt. 71,  Konstantynowicz O. F.  2997217 Shossejnaja 9 17, Konstantynowicz T. I. 2968379 Bajkalskaja 45 28,  Konstantynowicz T. I. 2998379  Bajkalskaja Str. No 45 Apt. 28, Konstantynowicz F. I. 2431028 Angarskaja   13/2 6, according to:   http://www.nomer.org/minsk/

radzima

settled themselves in Russia

Krasnojarsk in the sixties of the 20th cent. and the Krasnojarsk area after 2nd world war,  Archangelsk = Arkhangelsk: Yury Константинович / Konstantynowicz now, Moscow Aleksandr Konstantynowicz and Oleg Konstantynowicz now, Dmitrij Konstantynowicz in  Togliatti near to Samara; in 1918 Abram Ioffe [b. 1880, son of Fedor; completion of the St.  Petersburg  Technological Institute in 1902] became a head of Physics and Technology division in State  Institute of Roentgenology and Radiologythe i.e. Physico - Technical Institute where a group  of young physicists worked: B. P. Konstantynowicz / Константинович, I. V.  Kurczatow = Kurchatov, Lev Landau [son of David, born 1908 in Baku; his father was an engineer who  worked in the Baku oil industry; since 1927 he continued research at the Leningrad Physico - Technical  Institute], P. L. Kapitsa [Piotr = Pyotr Kapica was born July 08/June 26, 1894 in Kronstadt; he  was son of  Leon or Leonid Kapica - a military engineer, lieutenant general in the Russian  engineers corps, Pole with the  Kapica i.e. Jastrzebiec diverse coat of arms, see:  http://http://www.jurzak.pl/gendyna.pl?kd=1&hb=0504 - and Olga Stebnicki who  was daughter of Hieronim Stebnicki, Pole with the Przestrzal coat of arms, see: http://www.przodkowie.com/niesiecki/s/stebnicki/5915.php?lit=s;  grandson of Piotr Kapica senior; received his preparatory education in Kronstadt and next educated at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute,  "he graduated in 1918 with a degree in electrical engineering" (or 1919) on Electromechanics Department; he remained there as a lecturer  until  1921; he went to England and there he worked with Ernest Rutherford; in 1934, Kapica went to Soviet Union] and others [quantum    electronics, electromagnetic waves] - see http://depts.washington.edu/hssexec/newsletter/1997/graham.html ; my family in Omsk  after  1929: Viktoria born 1870/71 - daughter of Antoni Konstantynowicz,  and also  Konstantynowicz Walery (i.e. Valerij) son of Zygmunt (i.e. Sigizmund); Orenburg Vasilij   Konstantynowicz - Deputy Head on Agricultural Administration in Orenburg; and  also   somebody exiled at Solowezki Islands in the White Sea after 1923  - but we lost touch  with  them.   

   In St Petersburg now Pavel Konstantynowicz, tel.  8-911-295-70-06. In  Moscov  now: Konstantynowicz Boris son of Ivan, tel. 9080498 Altufievskoje shosse No  100 Apt. 312, born 23. 02. 1942; Konstantynowicz Galina daughter of Michail, 9300585, Leninskij prospekt 72, 473 - born 29. 10. 1933; Konstantynowicz Elena - 4324419 Novatorov Str. No 14 / 2, Apt. 191 - born 21. 05. 1939; Konstantynowicz Jekaterina 1841744 Anadyrskij Prospekt 3, 48 - born 02. 04. 1965; Konstantynowicz Pietr, son of Gavril, 3260037, Birjulevskaja 12 / 2, 198 - born 16. 06. 1935; Konstantynowicz Lidija - tel. 4745859, Tajninskaja 16 / 2, Apt. 131 - born 11. 03. 1920; Konstantynowicz Jurij son of Pietr, tel. 3260037, Birjulevskaja Str. 12 / 2, 198 - born 06. 01. 1968; Konstantynowicz Olga Siergiejevna, tel. 3260037, Birjulevskaja 12 / 2, 198 - born 14. 06. 1968; Konstantynowicz G. V. 3227945 Proletarskij Prospekt No 35 apt. 21; Konstantynowicz L. L. tel. 3260306 Birjulevskaja Str. 12 / 2, 177; Konstantynowicz K. M. tel. 9300585 Leninskij Prospekt 72, 473; Konstantynowicz Aleksander 1241454 born 09. 09. 1948; Konstantynowicz Andrew son of Stanislav 1115257 Starokashirskoje shosse No 4 / 2 Apt. 120; Konstantynowicz Elena Michajlovna, 4324419, Novatorov Str. 14 / 2 Apt. 191; Konstantynowicz Vladimir son of Aleksandr tel. 5233572, Valashiha G. Kalinina No 2, 106 - born 13. 10. 1949; according to: http://www.nomer.org/minsk/

Ukraine

A. V. Konstantinowicz and I. A. Konstantinowicz - experts of ionization energies in Ukraine, unknown ancestry

settled themselves in CANADA

Vancouver - Karen Konstantynowicz; College of Medicine in Regina - B. Konstantynowicz

in Denmark

at the beginning of the 20th cent.; Maria H. and T. Konstantynowicz now

USA

OHIO and Ellis Island in the beginning of the 20th cent.: Peter (or Piotr the 2nd probably)  Konstantynowicz who was married to Mary G.; Olga I. Konstantynowicz who was born 1860  in Kiev - after 1880 in Paris - daughter of Alexander Konstantynowicz; Bronislaw  Konstantynowicz in Philadelphia, PA (1915 - 1918) and his wife Stella nee Marcinkiewicz; Mary (i.e. Maria born 1863) Konstantynowicz died in Princeton, NJ on July 26th, 1916; in the  thirties of the 20th cent.: Konstantynowicz Michael (= Michal), Konstantynowicz Jacob  (Jakov = Jakub) and Casmir (Kazimierz), Konstantynowicz Boleslauf and Eugene (Eugeniusz in  the Detroit area - WJLB radio) H. Konstantynowicz and also Anthony; now in USA:  KONSTANTINOWICZ MATTHEUS from RUSSIA according to US District Court in  BOSTON, MA; MARY P. born c. 1934, Brandon Konstantynowicz, REGINA born c. 1925,  EDWARD born c. 1924, Steven Konstantynowicz; DIANE S. born c. 1942 and stay in  Chicago  http://www.pmi-chicagoland.org/membership/; WALTER born c. 1968 (inf. 01 APR 2001 - 15 FEB 2004 from FORT  BRAGG); K. Konstantynowicz born c. 1955; Konstantynowicz Aleksei - an unknown line - in  "Military Review" and "Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press"; MARGARET; ROBERT and Leon  Konstantynowicz who was born in Baldwinville on April 28th, 1911 and resided in  Baldwinville, MA; Andrew Konstantynowicz located in St. Petersburg - Florida; Casey  Konstantynowicz in the Franklin Park School; JOHN W.; TED P. Konstantynowicz born c.  1921; Chief Operations Officer in Philadelphia or Newton's Vice President of Finance and  Operations (Newton Resource Group, a digital media company based in Pennington, NJ) Tom Konstantynowicz; T.  Konstantinowicz in Columbia, Aliso Viejo, CA; FRANK; BECKY; Josephine Konstantynowicz of  Youngstown; EDWARD M.; EDYTHE M.; D. Konstantynowicz and WENDY born c. 1969;  Lee Michaels born Nov. 2nd, 1942, in Chicago, and died on March 2nd, 2003 in Maywood, son of Margaret and Vincent Konstantynowicz, lived in Palatine (his sisters, Bernice Harker and Mary  Lund; brother, Edward Konstantynowicz); Chris Konstantynowicz acted as CFO; according to "Social Security  Death Index Search Results" RUTH KONSTANTOWIC or probably Konstantynowicz b. Jun. 1919  and d. 1994 in New Castle, Pennsylvania and JOHN KONSTANTOWIC b. Oct. 1923, d. 1988; you see  more details: 

http://www.ancestry.com/

England

Alice Konstantinowicz, chiropractor 

Australia

Konstantynowicz Michal, departure port: Genoa, Italy on 27 Apr. 1949 - arrival port:  Sydney - Australia on 27 May 1949, details are lacking. According to "Database =  Australian Records" KONSTANTYNOWICZ Martha Emma d. Jan. 02nd, 1992 in Minto 

ARGENTINA

Argentine Republic

Norway

Marek Konstantynowicz - "The Source and Different Cikadas", viola

The others in the world at present:

I had been told about (details are lacking) Pyotr and Helena Konstantinowicz - unknown ancestry and also KONSTANTYNOWICZ Cyryl who wrote "W obronie slowa"; dr. Feliks (Felix) Konstantynowicz - Soviet expert of Chernobyl explosion; in Barnaul (that is near to Nowosibirsk = Nowonikolajewsk in the middle of the 20th cent.) where Basil  Konstantinowicz - rather ancestry of the Konstantynowiczes who derived from present BUKOVINA or from  Volhynia - and his wife Olga

Everything Russia, from 19th Century Russia to White Russian. 

Appendix E:

Comment, references and notes on  heros - senior officers in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus 1917 - 1918 and about others Poles from tsarist army: 

The White Corps of  General Dowbor Musnicki (Dovbor - Mus'nicki) was composite of the Polish from Russian Army. Polish society had known in 1918 only  about nine tsarist Generals, Poles - according to Baginski: Gen. Michaelis, Dowbor Musnicki, Bylewski, Symon, Latour, Jacyna,  Lesniewski, Olszewski and Osinski. According to Olechowski, during the First world war in the tsarist Army served 800.000 Poles (20.000 officers  and 102 Generals in November 1917) but only a couple of a dozen or so had gone through to Polish Corps (the 1st, 2nd and 3rd) in 1917 - 1918. According to  Szczesny in Lithuanian Army (in 1919) as many 60 % officers came from the 1st Polish Corps, e.g. commands and orders in the Birzai regiment made in  Polish (spring 1919). According to Gen. Bylewski (data of April 01st, 1917) 119 Generals - Catholics - mainly the Polish, 20.000 offficers and 480.000 - 700.000  private soldiers served in Russian Army and besides 100.000 prisoners of war - Poles. According to Alexander Lednicki in June 1917 in Russian Army  served only 314.000 Poles, and according to Gen. Dowbor Musnicki were 300.000 the Polish.  

Polish military and civil administration subordinate to the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus under  command of Gen. Dowbor Musnicki had involved also Miezonka, Mahileu, Babrujsk, Rahacou, Asipovicy, Zlobin, Bychau, Staryja Darohi,  Ljuban,  Urecca, but didn't involve Berazino, during since the end of February 1918 until the end of  May 1918 with following  of the Germans. 

At margin: Mogilev (i.e. Mahileu) was occupied by the 1st Polish Corps since March 12th, 1918

Here below are some of senior Polish officers in Russia at the beginning of the 20th cent., and most information according to: Tadeusz Kryska - Karski & Stanislaw Zurakowski, "Generals of independent Poland", ed. © "Editions Spotkania" in Warsaw 1991; published memoirs in Warsaw of Gen. J. Jacyna, Gen. W. Wejtko, Gen. Jozef Dowbor Musnicki and Gen. Bronislaw Grabczewski and also searches of Prof. Peplonski, Godlewski, W. T. Kowalski, Szczesny, Baginski, Olechowski Kunert, G. Graf, J. T. Wroblewski, F. Babol, according to my research, and so on: 

 

1. senior officers in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus: 

Anders Wladyslaw, b. 1892, he studied at poly in Riga, tsarist staff officer of cavalry since June 1914; commander in 1st cavalry regiment, next chief of General Staff of the 1st Division of Rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since Autumn 1917 till May 1918; d. 1970. 

Bernatowicz Alexander, doc., Russian General, b. in the Vilna government 1855, he studied in Kiev and Petersburg; General doctor of  the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since 1917 till May 1918; acted in Minsk in June 1918 and was commander of the "Society of  Polish Military Self - defence"; acted in the "Self - defence of Lithuania and  White Russsia" since October 28th, 1918; served  in Lithuanian -  Byelorussian Division since  December 1918 (next in the 1st Lithuanian - Byelorussian  Division till spring 1919). 

Bielinski Adam J., b. in Dymki estate in the Minsk government in 1868, Russian colonel of cavalry; military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till May 1918:  commander of the Cavalry Officer Legion since  December 1917 (consulted with Gen. Dowbor Musnicki about  Officer Legion at the beginning of 1918) and next chief of  Mobilization Department in Minsk (vide  Gen. Suryn); secret commandant of Minsk  since January 12th, 1918 (after sending of  Polish officers from Minsk to Babrujsk, Rahacou  and Cyrvony Berah / Krasny Brzeg in the Babrujsk   district, property  of the Korzeniewski family and  also of Wincenty Stanislaw Koziell Poklewski, and  not west  of Novy Bychau) till February 1918.  Military service in Poland since  November 1918.  

Billewicz Leon, b. in Volhynia 1870, tsarist colonel,  1917:  military service in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus (commander of the 6th shot  regiment  and  also  commanded a Polish patriotic parade in  Babrujsk  on May 03rd,  1918 because the society  announced  here the first  Polish capital  after  partitions) and  next in Polish Army  since  November  1918. 

Bohusz - Szyszko Jakub K., b. 1855, Russian colonel; he organized the 3rd Polish Corps in 1917 and next commander of the 1st reserve regiment in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus and also the 5th shot regiment; one of commandants during a march of the 3rd Division of Rifles and part of the Reserve Brigade over Dnjapro, near by Rahacou, to the Babrujsk  region in February 1918 - commanded  Lieutenant-General Iwaszkiewicz; next military  service in Babrujsk since May till July 1918;  served in Poland since November 1918.  

Bojarski de Bojary Czarnota  Bronislaw, b. 1853, served in Russian Army as General, military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since 1917 till May 1918; reserve of Polish Army in December 1918.  

Bolewski, colonel of Russian Army, military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus 1918: carried out duties of chief of the 1st Polish Corps General Staff in Babrujsk on May 21st, 1918. 

Borodzicz, colonel of Russian Army, probably  military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus  1917 - 1918 and next  acted in the "Union of Polish  Military  of  Vilna" in October  1918; he  was  commander of the  "Military Units of  the  Self - defence of Lithuania and  Belarus" since November 26th, 1918   -  Gen.  Wejtko  was his  superior, and as  early as  November  24th, 1918 Polish  Military  Organization  in Vilna  subordinated to Gen.  Wejtko. After  January 1919  his  lots aren't known. 

Dabrowski Alexander A., b. 1870, tsarist colonel, after revolution military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since January 1918 till May 1918; 1919 - 1922 ?, but as Polish General in 1919. 

Dowbor Musnicki Jozef, b. 1867, tsarist Lieutenant-General; served in Manchuria 1904 - 1905; commander of the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since the beginning of July or August 06th, 1917 until May 22th, 1918 / c. July 08th, 1918 in  Babrujsk; friend of Gen. Brusilov, but also he had enemies: Alexander Kerensky, Gen.   Romanowski and Gen. Lukomski in 1917. He had  given an order about conquest of  Royal Castle in  Warsaw on November 10th, 1918. He  published memoirs in Warsaw at a later date and  died in 1937.  

Drucki - Lubecki Konstanty M. J., b. in Porochonsk in Palesse in 1893, duke, tsarist lieutenant and next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till March  1918: served in cavalry troop of captain K. Plisowski  on the march from Odessa to Babrujsk;  military service in the 3rd regiment of cavalry in the  Corps since March - till May 1918. Polish Army  since  January 1919.  

Duch Bronislaw B., b. 1896, Austrian lieutenant and for a short time in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus and next in Kiev  and Moscow in 1918. 

Dunin - Slepsc, tsarist colonel; 1917 ?; military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: Officer Commanding of the 8th regiment of  rifles;  fought and died at Bolshevik hands, probably in February 1918 according to  Olechowski

Dziewulski - Rawicz Stanislaw, b. 1869, colonel of Russian Army (cavalry) and next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till May 1918: O. C. of the Chivalrous  Legion of Cavalry. Polish Army since  November 1918. 

Frej Boleslaw, b. in Klimowice in the Mahileu government in 1873; tsarist colonel and next he was Officer Commanding of battalion in the Brigade of Polish Rifles (Russian Army) since December 1915, and after also O. C. of regiment in Division of Polish Rifles (next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?) until May 1918. He served in Poland since December 1918. 

Habich, colonel of Russian Army until autumn 1917 and next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 (in Minsk): O. C. of Chivalrous Legion (before him Lieutenant-General Suryn) 300 strong; and next he was O. C. of the 2nd Artillery Legion in the 2nd Division of Rifles (in the 6th regiment) since January 09th, 1918; on January 12th, 1918 unit 60 strong with Habich went out from Minsk to Babrujsk; he was O. C. of Chivalrous Legion in Babrujsk after April 20th, 1918 (second in command, colonel Chrominski, and chief of office, colonel  Zaleski); demobilization of the Chivalrous  Legion at the end of June 1918, and all signes, ensignes, banners and emblems were secured in  Babrujsk on June 20th, 1918. 

Hejdukiewicz Edward G., b. in Minsk 1868,  colonel of Russian Army; commander of the 3rd  regiment of rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus  since November 1917 till May 1918; next in Polish  Self - Defence in Odessa and served in the 4th  Division  of Rifles. Polish Army since June 1919.  

Hubicki Stefan B. J., b. 1877,  arrested by Russians but next served in tsarist Army as doctor; military  service in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since November 1917;  member of Polish Military  Organization  and therefore he had  gone out to Paris  (1918). 

Iwaszkiewicz - Rudoszanski Waclaw, tsarist Brigadier - General, b. in Omsk 1871, acted in  Polish organizations in Petrograd in September  1917; commandant of the 3rd Division of  Rifles in  the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since October 1917  or  February 1918   till May 1918 (from hands of Gen.  Lesniewski) that  stationed in the Smolensk region and  next in  Belarus; commandant of the  Lithuanian  -  Byelorussian  voluntary Division since  November 28th,  1918 (arrival to Zambrow on December  16th, 1918) till  March 11th, 1919; died November 25th,  1922 in  Warsaw. 

Jacyna - Jatelnicki Boleslaw M., b. in Volhynia 1890, Russian captain and next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since August 1917 till   January 1918 as commandant of  Ensigns School and  commander of that Legion after; military service in  Polish Units of the Council of  Regency since July 1918 till November 1918 as  O.  C.  of  the 3rd  regiment.  Military service in  Polish  Army since January 1919.  

Jasienski Roman R., b. in Vilna 1875, tsarist colonel; after revolution he acted in Polish military organization in Petrograd, and next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?; he had arrested by Bolsheviks but escaped  to Kiev and from here to Congress  Poland; fought in Lvov in November 1918. 

Jasinski Albin M., b. 1880, tsarist colonel, member of Polish secret military  organizations in Russia 1917/1918  and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus: Officer Commanding of the 9th regiment of rifles since December 1917 till June 1918. He was  killed in Minsk circa September  18th, 1939 according to Kunert

Jastrzebski Jerzy J., b. 1895, Russian cavalry officer till revolution and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus  since ?; at a later date he served in Polish  Siberian Division until 1919. 

Jastrzebski Tadeusz S. F., b. in Volhynia 1877, tsarist colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since October 1917 till February 1918: O. C. of the 2nd or 3rd Troop of  Artillery;  commandant of Artillery School  in  Babrujsk since March till July 1918.  August -  December 1918 ? Military service in  Polish Army since January 1919. 

Jazwinski Boleslaw, b. in the Hrodna government in 1882; tsarist colonel until the end of 1917 (organizer of engineering regiments in different Polish units since April 1917 and in the 1st Corps until February 1918) and next he served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: he  commanded the 1st engineering regiment in  January 1918 and fought about conquest of  Babrujsk  stronghold at the turn of  February 1918;  he was  head of  the stronghold in  March 1918 and  again in  May 1918. Officer Commanding of the 2nd Division of Polish Rifles since March 1918 till May 1918. June - October 1918 ?; military service in  Poland since November 1918. 

Kaczynski Antoni, b. 1874, Russian Brigadier - General, inspector of artillery of Polish units, and served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?; military service in Polish Army since  November 1918. 

Kapusta, priest dean, served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: the 2nd Division of Rifles, as colonel e.g. during the 3rd May holiday in Babrujsk 1918. 

Kardaszewicz Kazimierz, b. 1855, studied in Moscow, military service in Russian Army as Brigadier - General and next he served in General  Staff of  the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine since  February 1918 till April 1918; after he was chief  doctor of  the 1st Polish Corps hospital in Babrujsk  since May 1918 till July 1918.  

Karnicki Alexander, b. 1869,  Lieutenant-General of tsarist Army;  second in command of the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus since February till  May 1918 (e.g. he arrived to Gen. Michaelis  and Gen. Stankiewicz on March 15th, 1918, and  also he was talking about capitulation with Germans  in Minsk on May 21st, 1918); commenced  military service in Polish Army since  January 1919. 

Kedzierski Anatol, b. 1880, colonel of Russian Army (artillery) and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since August 1917 till May 1918: commandant of artillery troop and next O. C. of the 3rd  Artillery Brigade in the Corps. 

Kessler Edmund, b. 1880, tsarist colonel, Russian staff officer and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: staff officer in General Headquarters of the 3rd Division of Rifles in December 1917 and next chief of General Staff of the 3rd Division since May 1918 till July 1918. Chief  of General Staff of Lithuanian -  Byelorussian Division in Zambrow  since  December 1918. 

Kobordo, tsarist colonel and next he served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: fightings over Rahacou by Dnjapro in February 1918; next he commanded Polish troops in Minsk (units of the Self - defence of Lithuania and White Russia) since October 28th, 1918 till December 12th, 1918; second in command (he deputized for Gen. Wejtko) in Belarus and next military service in Polish Army since (circa)  February 1919.  

Kobylecki Jozef, b. 1894, tsarist lieutenant and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till May 1918; at a later date military service in Poland since November 1918. 

Konarzewski Daniel, b. in Petersburg 1871, tsarist colonel of guards, lawyer after completion of studies in Petersburg; commander of the 1st Officer Legion and next chief of brigade in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till May 1918.   

The 1st Officer Legion incorporated on January  09th, 1918 to the 1st Division of Rifles which had  gone from Old Bychau to Rahacou / Rachacou, and  officers had got to go off from Minsk to Rahacou 120 strong; the 1st Officer Legion stayed in Rahacou for March and April 1918, and - since April 20th, 1918 - in Babrujsk. The 1st and 2nd Legions joined together as a Chivalrous Legion under command of colonel Habich at the end of April 1918; here served captain Wrzalinski, colonel Labuc, lieutenant Minkiewicz, captain Szelagowski et alii. Data are lacking about Konarzewski since June till December 1918. He commenced military service in Polish Army since January 1919 (the Poznan province). 

Kopanski Stanislaw, b. in  Petersburg 1895, eng., lieutenant of tsarist Army, after completion of study in Petersburg in 1915, he served in Russian cavalry; after revolution military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: the 3rd cavalry regiment and next the 2nd  cavalry troop of artillery (1918); he served in Polish Army since November 1918. 

Krejczman Boleslaw, b. ?, Russian Brigadier - General and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?; at a later date in the Self - Defence of the Minsk province (Minsk and Vilna); he was next second in  command of the Military District of  Lithuania and Belarus in 1918 -  1919; died in Warsaw in February 1919. 

Kubiak, tsarist colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: he negotiated with Bolsheviks (526 "red" regiment) in Babrujsk on January 28th, 1918. 

Kuczewski Adolf Jan, b. in Minsk 1866; tsarist  colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since August 1917 until May 1918:  commander of the Infantry Brigade in the 3rd  Division  of  Polish Rifles. Military service in Polish  Army  since November 1918 (Lithuanian - Byelorussian  Division).  

Kuryllo, tsarist colonel and next  served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since ?: he organized an  attack and had conquered the  Babrujsk stronghold on January  21st, 1918; next he was commander  of the 6th infantry regiment that was stationed at Parchinkowicze and in Babrujsk; commandant over all Polish units in the stronghold and also the 7th infantry regiment in Dworzec near by Babrujsk on January 23rd, 1918.  After 1919 ? 

Lempicki Zygmunt L., b. 1867, Russian cavalry colonel, commander of the 3rd cavalry regiment in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till February 1918 and next he was commander of Brigade and also Division of  Cavalry in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since  February 1918. Polish  Army since  November 1918. 

Lesniewski Jozef K., b. in Poznajow estate in the Vicebsk government in  1867, Brigadier - General of Russian Army; commander of the 3rd Division of Rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus  since June 1917 until February 1918 and next he  organized the 3rd Polish Corps in  Russia since  February till May 1918. At a later date he fought near by Lwow in December 1918. 

Lossowski Hipolit, b. in Novgorod - Seversky in Russia 1880, tsarist pilot and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: organizer of air force in the 1st  white Polish Corps since  October 1917 till May 1918.  Polish  General 1925. 

Macewicz Gustaw, b. in Prussy estate in  the Kiev government; tsarist  colonel and pilot, served in Russian air force and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: organizer - with Lossowski - of air force in the White  Corps since November 1917 till May 1918. Military service in Poland since November 1918. His wife Katarzyna nee Jampolski  related to state prosecutor (before 1917) Baranowski from Kiev

Maciejewski, tsarist colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: commander of the 5th infantry regiment and died in fighting in  February (?) 1918 - the Minsk  government

Comment: the commandant ("ataman") of  the  Trans - Baikal Cossacks General  Matzievski (i.e. Maciejewski), was  promoted  to Major-General in 1900. 

Malewicz, colonel of Russian Army until 1917, next in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus: served in Babrujsk as commandant of artillery in the middle of January 1918 and after he was commandant of  Polish railway station close to Orsa  in March 1918; inspector of artillery in the 1st Corps and he was stationed then in May 1918 at Babrujsk stronghold. Next he served in Polish Army since 1919 till only 1921, e.g.: commandant of Modlin stronghold until the twelfth of August 1920 - after him Gen. Szamota, and also military service in an automobile units. 

Malewski Bronislaw, b. in Kutaisi Georgia / Sakartvelo in  1874, studied in  Petersburg and Moscow, doc. and  Russian colonel and next served in the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus since ?: as chief  doctor since  October 1917 till May 1918.  Military service in  Polish Army since  December 1918.  

Malewski Jozef G., doc., b. 1875, Russian colonel or General; in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since February 1918 till April 1918; May 1918 ?; military service in Congress Poland since June 1918 until  November 1918 under a Council of  Regency. Polish  Army since November 1918.  

Malinowski, tsarist colonel  probably and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus in May 1918. He stayed in Minsk in June 1918 and organized "Society of Self -  defence of the Military from  ex - Corps". After autumn 1918 ? 

Marcinkiewicz Dominik or Dunin - Marcinkiewicz, b. in Navahrudak in 1868; tsarist colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since September 1917 till February 1918 as commander of the 7th regiment of rifles and stayed in Babrujsk  with his units on February 01st, 1918.  Commandant of infantry regiment in  Symbirsk since February 1918 till  November 1918; commander of the 2nd  regiment of rifles in Siberia since  November 1918 till January 1919. He was after second in command (deputy of  Polish General Officer  Commanding) at the East Russia since January 1919 until January 1920; P. O. W. since January 1920 till January 1921. Military service in  Poland since October 1921. 

Medwadowski Jan  A. F., b. 1871,  served in Russian artillery as colonel and  next served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since November 1917; after in  the  Army of Admiral Kolchak;  served in  Siberia since May 1919  until January 1920:  commander of  the 5th Division of  Polish Rifles  (Tajga Krasnoyarsk);  P.  O. W.  since  January 1920 till  January  1921.  Military  service in Polish  Army  since June  1921. 

Mikulicz - Radecki Witold M., b. in Volhynia 1891, tsarist officer of cavalry and next he had attached to the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus with own troop; A. D. C. of Com. of the 1st Polish Corps since  February 1918 till June 1918.  

1919 ? 

Milewski Michal P., b. 1876, tsarist colonel of infantry and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since October 1917 till May 1918: second in command and next O. C. of the 4th regiment of rifles. Military service in Polish Army since  November 1918. 

Mokrzecki Adam W. F., b. in Dzitryki estate near by Lida in 1856; tsarist General and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: as General Officer Commanding of the 2nd Division of Rifles since March 1918 till May 1918; next he acted in Lida - November 1918; in the month also, he commanded the 2nd Group of the Self - defence in the Vilna government; commandant of Vilna since December 1918 till January 1919 and fought against troops of Bolsheviks. Military service in the Lithuanian - Byelorussian Division since March 1919; vide also Stefan Mokrzecki

Moscicki, colonel of Russian Army and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?:  commandant of the 1st regiment of cavalry; died   in the Sluck region during a mission  from Babrujsk to a Council of  Regency in February 1918.  

Niemira Rudolf, b. in Svencionys in 1886, Russian  captain and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since October 1917 till May 1918: served  in  artillery and commandant of an artillery troop. 

Niewiarowski Antoni, b. 1874, served in the  1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: chaplain of the  3rd Division of Rifles; colonel then ? 

Obuch - Woszczatynski, tsarist colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: officer of artillery according to Olechowski (ed. 1919); he fought about conquest of Babrujsk stronghold in January 1918 and stayed in Babrujsk on January  26th, 1918; he negotiated with Bolsheviks in  Babrujsk on January 28th, 1918 and next was  stationed at Bircza and Rahacou. After 1919 ? 

Odyniec Wincenty, b. in Litwinkow estate in the Minsk government in 1865;  Brigadier - General of Russian Army, commander of the 1st Brigade of Rifles since April till June 1918 and next temporary commandant of the 1st Division of  Polish Rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus  in June 1918; military service in Polish Army since  December 1918.  

Olszewski, served in Russian Army as colonel; and next in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?, e.g. May 03rd, 1918 in  Babrujsk

Osikowski Mikolaj I., tsarist colonel; b. 1873, served in infantry; 1917 - 1918 (probably in the Polish Corps in Belarus) ? and since December 1918 military service in France; 1919 came back to Poland (next as General Officer Commanding of the  2nd Lithuanian - Byelorussian  Division since November 22nd, 1919  until  April 1921 and also since September  1921 till July 31st, 1923).  

Ostapowicz Gustaw, b. in the Hrodna government in 1863, Brigadier - General of Russian Army and next commandant of the 1st Division of Rifles in  the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since August 06th,  1917 or July 1917 till May 1918; chief of "Polish  Military Mission in the East" since  November 1918  till March 1919.  

Ostrowski Franciszek K., b. in Ekaterinograd  in  south Russia in 1866; served in Russian infantry  as colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since September 1917: as commander of the 3rd regiment of rifles and next commandant of the 1st  infantry regiment till May 1918; commandant of the  Self - defence of Suwalki Land since  November 1918  until March 1919; military service  in  Polish Army since March 1919.  

Pajewski Alexander, b. 1879, tsarist captain  of cavalry, and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since April 1917 till May 1918: Officer Commanding of troop in a cavalry Polish Regiment (after as the 1st regiment of cavalry). 

Paszkiewicz Gustaw, b. near by Lida in 1892, Russian colonel of infantry and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 - till May 1918: commander of unit in the 3rd regiment  of  rifles; next he was commandant of  Rahacou  till May 1918.  

Pawlowski, tsarist General, served in Russian Army till 1917 and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?: the  Brigade in Dorohobuz since  January  1918  as General Officer  Commanding of  Brigade; a march to Jelnia  station in  February 1918 (the Smolensk  government) but  after March 1918 all data are lacking. 

Perkowicz Edward, b. in Berezovka near by   Kursk in 1886, tsarist officer, after revolution he  acted in the Union of Polish Military and next in the  1st regiment of rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since ?; military service in Polish Army  since November 1918 and at a later date colonel  Perkowicz fought against  the Soviet army in the  Wilno province 1939; emigrated to  Argentine c. 1948, d. in  Brazil.  

Plawski Kazimierz F., b. 1877, eng., colonel in Russian Army; he served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since September 1917; tough  fightings against the Reds in  February 1918 and at a later date he acted in  Polish Army since November 1918. 

Plisowski Konstanty, b. in Podolia 1890, tsarist  Capt., he organised Polish white troops in Odessa  1917/1918 and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since March 03rd, 1918 - August  1918 in the 3rd Polish regiment of cavalry; major  in  Polish white troops in Krasnodar region  by Kuban  river since September 08th,  1918  till January 1919;  killed in  Starobielsk  1940.  

Podhorski Zygmunt, b. in Ukraine 1891, eng., tsarist lieutenant and served in Russian cavalry, next served in Polish troops in Belarus (in the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus) since March 1917 until July 1918:  the 1st Regiment of Cavalry. Polish Army -   November 1918. In September 1939 he  fought against the Soviet Army  mainly, till October 06th, 1939.  

Poniatowski Mieczyslaw, b. in the Navahrudak region in 1867, tsarist colonel, military service in  the 3rd Polish regiment of rifles in the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till May  1918, and next military service in Polish Army since November 1918; general 1919.  

Porzecki Jozef, b. 1870, tsarist colonel; military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since January till May 1918; Polish general 1919. 

Powierza Wladyslaw P., b. 1891, tsarist captain, military service in Russian Army during the First world war; he served in the 3rd Division of Polish  Rifles of the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus under Gen.  Dowbor Musnicki since November 1917; in  General  Staff of Lithuanian -  Byelorussian Division since  November  1918 till April 1919; d. 1975.  

Przewlocki Marian R., b. 1888, tsarist major of cavalry, served in General Staff of  the 1st  Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 and next chief of the Cavalry Division staff in the Corps till July 1918; after acted in Lodz in December  1918; at a later date on September 14th,  1939 had left Lublin and made his  way to Lwow, the Soviet captivity.  

Przezdziecki Waclaw J., b. 1883, he had taken a degree in Kharkov and was tsarist captain; commandant of the Babrujsk stronghold since February 1918; next chief of General Staff in the 2nd Division of Polish Rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus and again commandant of Babrujsk in May  1918; military service in General Staff of  Polish Army in Warsaw since  November 1918; general 1927; at a later date  he was commandant of the   "Vaukavysk  Group"  since  September 14th, 1939 and he had  taken over  command  in Hrodna / Grodno on  September 21st, 1939  from  colonel   "Siedlecki"; d. 1964.  

Radziwillowicz or Radwillowicz Kazimierz P., b. 1874 in Kirsanow, Russia; tsarist colonel and next commander of mortars troops in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since October 1917 till May 1918; after  he acted in Vilna, in the Union of Polish Military of  Vilna, October and November 1918; December 1918  - May 1919 ?; next military service as general in  voluntary Lithuanian - Byelorussian  Division; served in Central Lithuania since  October 1920 till November 1921.  

Regulski Bronislaw, b. 1886, study in  France, eng., Russian officer, in the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till May  1918 (served in General Headquarters  in Babrujsk, Intelligence  Officer at  that time); military service in Poland since  November 1918; died 1961.

Rodziewicz Eugeniusz, b. in Georgia 1872, Russian colonel; commandant of a troop of mortars and next Officer Commanding of the 1st Artillery Brigade in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since September 1917 till May 1918; military service in Poland since  November 1918. 

Rodziewicz, captain in Russian Army, in the 1st  Polish Corps in Belarus since February 1918 (the  2nd Officer Legion in Babrujsk and  participant in battle of Puckowicze  station on February 24th, 1918); after ?  

Rumsza Kazimierz, colonel, military service in Russian Army, and next in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till August 1918: the 3rd regiment of rifles (i.e. shots); next in the 1st  Kosciuszko regiment in East Russia in  August -  November 1918 and after in  Siberia (since November  1918 until January   1920) as Polish colonel in Irkutsk and  in   Manchuria (Harbin).  

Rzadkowski Jan, b. 1860, Russian colonel; commander of the Pulavy Legion 1915; military service in the Brigade of Polish Rifles in Russia: October 1915 - February 1917; next he was in command of the Division of Polish Rifles (i.e. Shots): February - September 1917; second in command of the 2nd Division of Rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since September 1917 until ?; military  service in Polish Army since November  08th, 1918

Sarnecki Jozef, eng., born in Kielkovshchyzna  estate near by Minsk in Belarus; Russian  lieutenant of cavalry, military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 until May 1918 in artillery; in Polish Army since  November 1918 as captain; d. 1980. His ancestry   related to Zbieranowski family.  

Siestrzencewicz Boleslaw, b. 1869, tsarist colonel; after revolution he served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus and next came to Poland in January 1919. 

Skapski Konstanty Z., tsarist lieutenant, b. 1894; he served in the 1st engineering regiment in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus; Polish Army since November 1918. 

Skuratowicz Piotr, Russian officer of cavalry, b.  1891 in Minsk, Belarus; served in the 1st Polish  Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till May  1918; at a later date he commanded in  Dubno and next fought against  Soviet troops during September  1939, killed in Starobielsk 1940.  

Slaski Eugeniusz, b. in Taduliszki, the Vicebsk  government in 1873, Russian colonel, served in the  1st Polish Corps in Belarus since October 1917 till  May 1918 (the 5th regiment of rifles and next in the 2nd  cavalry  regiment). 

Strzemienski or Strzeminski Stefan M., b. 1885,  captain in Russian cavalry, commander of the 3rd cavalry regiment in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 until August 1918, served in  Polish Army since November 1918; at a later date he  fought against Soviet troops as  commander of  "Dubno" Group in  September 1939

Suryn - Massalski Stanislaw or Suryn, b. 1858, lieutenant - general of Russian Army till 1917; general Suryn was chief of  Polish  mobilization department in Petrograd in 1917  ("NACZPOL"), and after him - colonel Bielinski. At  the  end of 1917 and in 1918 he served in the 1st  Polish Corps in Belarus: inspector of the Officer  Legions in Minsk since January 07th, 1918 (after  him colonel Habich according to Baginski); stayed in Lodz  in November 1918 and he was in command an action of seizure of power from Germans in the town on November 10th, 1918 according to F. Babol of 1983; he was supported by industrialists of Lodz. He disappeared on November 11th, 1918 and didn't give  a signal to the action, according to F. Babol. But according to "Lodz, history (...)", vol. 1, p. 478 - 479: the general Suryn - Massalski commanded the action of disarmament of Germans in Lodz on November  11th, p.m., 1918 and by night November 11/12th  concluded a truce; next the municipality  with  president Skulski recognized a  "Council of  Regency" as the Pol.  gvt. (commissioner of the Council,  count Bninski); general  Suryn - Massalski had  organized a militia, and also  colonel A. Jasinski  started off  forming of military  units in Lodz on  November 12th, 1918 (he arrived Lodz  from Warsaw on  November 09th). General Suryn served in  Polish Army  since June 1919, died before 1928. 

Suszynski Stefan, b. in Bahrynov  estate in the Orsa district in 1872,  colonel in the Russian Army (cavalry); commander of the 2nd cavalry regiment in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till March 1918, and also commander of the 1st cavalry regiment in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since April 1918 until July 1918; military service in Poland  since November 1918 ("likeable and  elegant man").  He was killed in  1940 near by Karaganda

Szamota Jozef, b. 1859,  Brigadier  - General of Russian  Army;  military service in the 1st  Polish Corps in Belarus since October  1917 - till May 1918: commander  of  the 2nd Division  of  Polish Rifles;  served in Polish  Army since  December 1918. 

Szpreglewski, colonel in Russian Army and next  served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since ?,  chief  of   Headquarters / HQ in  Babrujsk  and  e.g. on  May 21st, 1918  with  Gen.  Karnicki  stayed in Minsk.  

Szychowski Alexander, b. 1890, Russian officer, served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till June 1918; Polish general  1938. 

Tupalski Andrzej, b. 1862, tsarist general, acted in the Union of Polish Military in  Petrograd in 1917, gaoled by  Bolsheviks  since January 1918,  escaped to Babrujsk  and next served  in  the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since ? 

Waraksiewicz Adolf M., b. 1881, Russian officer who served in the Pulavy Legion 1915 - 1917 and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus (the 1st regiment of cavalry) since 1917 till March 1918, commander of the 2nd regiment of cavalry in the 1st Polish Corps since March 1918 until July 1918; served in Polish Army  since November 1918 (after 1946  pseud. "Rudolf" ?). 

Wencel Jozef, b. 1874, Russian colonel and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since December 1917 till May 1918 (military service in Staff of the 3rd Division of Polish Rifles as quartermaster); in Polish  Army since November 1918; killed in  Auschwitz in 1943.  

Werobej Jozef, b. 1890, Russian officer and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus since December till May 1918  (military service in the Officer Legion); had gotten  into France in August 1918. 

Wiloch Stanislaw F., b. 1890,  lawyer and lieutenant of Russian Army and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since October 1917 till May 1918 (military service in the 3rd Division of Polish Rifles). 

Wolikowski Romuald, b. 1891, captain of Russian Army and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till May 1918 (military service in Headquarters of the 1st Corps as Staff Officer); next  he  was chief of General Staff of the  5th Division in  Siberia since July 1918  until 1919.  

Wroczynski Jan, b. 1876, Russian colonel, eng.,  military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus  since October 1917 till May 1918; general since  1918; member of "Secret Military  Council"  in Warsaw since June 1918.  Chief of War  Office under the  Council  of   Regency since  October  23rd, 1918; he  directed an action  of  conquest Royal Castle in  Warsaw  on  November 10th, 1918.  

Zabczynski Alexander D., b. 1866, military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus 1918 (stayed in Babrujsk). Polish general in 1919 according to Godlewski

Zaleski Jan, b. 1875, colonel in Russian Army and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since ?; organized Chivalrous Legions in Babrujsk since April 20th, 1918; demobilized at the end of June  1918, according to Olechowski (edition of 1919).  During July 1918 - September 1921 ? 

Zawisza Jerzy Alexander, b. 1895, tsarist lieutenant and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus since November 1917 till May 1918: the 2nd and  the 3rd brigade of artillery; acted in the Self -  Defence of Lithuania and Belarus since November  1918 until January 1919; in cavalry troop of  captain  Dabrowski since January 1919 till the  end of  February 1919; Polish Army since May 1919;  he  emigrated to Argentine 1947.  

Zeligowski Lucjan, b. 1865, tsarist colonel and commander of the 1st regiment of rifles since October 1915 till January 1917, next he commanded Division of Rifles in the 1st Polish Corps in  Belarus;  in Moscow in June 1918; commanded  the 4th Division of Rifles in Novorossiisk  region by the Kuban river since August  1918 (Ekaterynodar, too); Polish  lieutenant  - general since July 10th, 1918;  commander of Polish Army at East  since  October  23rd, 1918 and stayed  in Odessa  since December  01st, 1918.  

Ziemski Karol J., b. 1895, Russian officer during the First world war and next served in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus after  revolution till May 1918; at a later date  stayed in Warsaw as lieutenant. 

Zienkiewicz Michal, b. in Tsarist Sielo in  1868, Russian colonel, next served in the  1st  Polish Corps in Belarus, commander of  the 15th regiment of rifles since ?; military  service in Polish Army since February  1919. 

Curiosity: Ryszard Boleslawski, "also known as Richard Boleslavski, was born as Boleslaw Ryszard Srzednicki. At the age of sixteen, he began his  acting career and studied in the Moscow Art Theater. In 1916 he joined a cavalry troop in the Polish Rifle Brigade", and next military service in the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus in 1918 under the command of J. Dowbor Musnicki. "Placed in charge of motion picture coverage for the Polish army campaigns" (resources: Microsoft Cinemania 94 and Katz's Film encyclopedia; by http://polishwashington.com), he filmed the semi-documentary, "The Miracle by the Vistula" (1920). 

2. others Poles from tsarist army:

Adamowicz Mieczyslaw, doc., tsarist Brigadier - General, derived from the Minsk government;  1917  ?; originator of the "Green Oak"   http://www.berezino.net/  secret organization in the  Babrujsk district and a region by Pcic river. Prime  Minister of the People Republic of  Belarus  (in Mazyr, November - December 1920).  Byelorussian politician who died in Poland. 

Antonowicz or Antoniewicz Alexander, b.   1852,   tsarist officer; 1917 - 1920 ?; military service  in   Army of Central Lithuania  (Polish   general   1919)  in 1921.  

Babianski Bronislaw, b. 1862, Russian major -  general, he acted in the Union of Polish  Military in Petrograd since April 06th, 1917 and on board of the Union since July 29th, 1917; arrived Stockholm in May 1917; on boards of Polish  organizations in Petrograd on 12 - 14  December 1917.  

Baranowski Antoni L., b. 1854, tsarist  general, member on the board of the Union of Polish  Military in Petrograd on April 06th, 1917;  participant in council about Polish troops in tsarist  General  Headquarters in Mahileu on May 27th,  1917;  1918 ? and next military service in Polish Army  since May 1919 till October 1919; member of  Military Mission in Siberia since  October 1919 until July 01st, 1920 (arrival  in Shanghai on February 22nd, 1920 and next he  commanded "Polish units in the East Asia", e.g. in  Harbin in March 1920); he had come away to  Poland  on April 15th, 1920 and had made Gdansk  port on July 01st, 1920.  

Baszko, colonel of Russian Army,  Pole from Russian Latvia, tsarist  airman; commander of  Latvian Air Force till  1939/1940

Bejnar Boleslaw, doc., colonel of Russian Army;  Polish general 1919, and others data are lacking. 

Bejnar Wladyslaw, b. 1868; Russian colonel; 1918 - January 1919 data are lacking. 

Berbecki Leon P., eng., b. 1874 or 1875 according to  W. T. Kowalski; he studied in Kharkov and acted in  Polish organizations in Ukraine before  1914; tsarist  officer. 

Bialokur Franciszek, b. 1869, colonel of Russian  Army, doc., 1917 - 1918 ? 

Bieczynski Waclaw W., colonel od Russian Army till 1917; 1917 - 1918 ? 

Biergiel Konstanty, senior officer of tsarist Army -  Russian Admiral in 1917; 1918 ?, Polish  Admiral in 1919. 

Bitner Ryszard, b. in Wierehowazja in Russia 1867, colonel of Russian Army; acted in the Union of Polish Military since March 1917 - till May 1918; June  1918 - September 1919 data are  lacking; military service in Poland since  October 1919.  

Bobinski Wladyslaw, b. in the Kiev government 1901, military service in the 3rd and next in the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine since October 1917 - till  May 1918; at a later date served in Polish Military  Organization in Kiev, summer 1918. 

Bobrowski Ignacy, captain of Russian Army, he conducted action of recruitment for trip to Congress Poland in July 1918  (in Minsk). At a later date he had  lost  command of his Brigade of National Defence near by Wilno on September 19th, 1939, and next  participant in defense of Orany  (Varena,  September 20 - 21st, 1939)  and Druskienniki  (Druskininkai,  on  September 22nd, 1939)  against Soviet  Army.  

Bobrowski Tadeusz, b. 1873, he studied in Kronstadt at maritime - technical  school, eng., Russian Brigadier -  General, served in Russian Navy; 1917  -  1918 ?; military service in Polish  Army since July 1919. 

Bohatyrewicz Bronislaw, b. in Grodno 1870, Russian major, he had organized  the  Self - defence of Hrodna  in  November 1918 (till March 1919) and  commandant of the town; he had  brought the Hrodna Self - defence  units to Lithuanian - Byelorussian   Division in March 1919.  Killed in    U. S. S. R. in 1940.  

Boltuc Mikolaj, b. in Petersburg 1893, captain of Russian Army, military service in the 3rd Polish Corps in Ukraine since January till August 1918; September 1918  ?; served in the 4th Division of  Rifles in the East since  October  1918 until June 1919  and next in Poland. 

Boncz Brujewicz Michal, military service in Russian tsarist Army as general and he was commander of  Russian North Front in 1917; as early as April 1918  military service in the Red Army and he organized General Staff of the  Soviet Army under Trocki - May  1918 / September  1918 

M. Lawrynowicz  wrote about the  Boncza  coat of  arms in "Magazyn  Heraldyczny".  

Borkowski Robert, b. 1855, tsarist  officer,  1917 - September 1918  ?; military  service  in the 4th Division of  Rifles  in the East  (as colonel) since  October 1918 till June  1919.  

Borowski Michal Alexander, b. in  Juncewicze, the Vilna government in 1872, he studied in Petersburg (maritime - technical school); engineer of Russian Army  (vid. Gen. Katkowski, Gen.  Brynk and Gen. eng.  Bobrowski) and Brigadier - General;  units of the Self - defence of Vilna since July 1918 till January 1919 and acted in the "Union of Polish Military" since October  07th, 1918. He organized troops in Vilejka  in October - November 1918. Military  service in Polish Army since January 1919. 

Brynk Zygmunt, b. 1872, Brigadier - Gen. of tsarist Battle Fleet and rear Russian  Admiral in 1917, maritime - technical  studies, eng. - lived in Petrograd and  worked in Russian Navy Ministry since c. 1911 according to Jacyna, and his son Andrzej Brynk stayed in Crimea in September 1917 (as lieutenant of tsarist Navy); military service for  Polish Army since  May 1919. 

Brzeszczynski Stefan, b. 1893, Russian officer, and after he organized the Union of Polish Military in Kars region; military  service in the 4th Division of Rifles  since November 1918 till June  1919

Brzezinski - Dunin Leonard, b. 1862, tsarist colonel; 1917 ?, and next military service in the 5th  Siberian Division since  December   1918; P.O.W. during  fightings against  Bolsheviks  in Siberia  (as  Polish general in  1919). 

Bulak - Balachowicz Jozef, Belorussian general, stayed in Mazyr on November 12th - 17th,  1920; he was killed in  Belavezskaja pusca in the  twenties  of the 20th cent. 

Bulak - Balachowicz Stanislaw, b. in Mejszty in 1883, Russian general; stayed in Poland since March 02nd, 1920 (or February 04th ?/ c. February 20th) and commanded Belorussian troops; next he commanded the Voluntary Belorussian Army since October till December 1920.  Stanislaw was killed in Warsaw in   1940

Burhardt Jozef, b. 1863, Russian colonel; 1917 - 1918 ?; military service in Polish  troops in  Siberia since June  1919 (as Polish  general in 1919).  

Butkiewicz Karol P., b. 1868, tsarist colonel, 1917 - 1918 ?; military service in Polish Army since April 1919. 

Bylewski Tadeusz, b. 1866; he was commander of the 1st Division of Polish Rifles in the Kiev government since  February 08th, 1917 until May 1917; he had a consultation with the 1st Division of Polish Rifles in Kiev, 14 - 30 April 1917, and this Division was stationed at Kiev and Poltava since January 25th, 1917. Next  Bylewski was a chief of "Commission for formation of Polish troops" since May 08th, 1917 in Petrograd; major - general  of Russian Army and he was president of  "Council of Polish Military Units" in  Russia at the end of May 1917, stayed in  Mahileu in General Headquarters of  Russian Army; consultation of Gen.  Bylewski with Gen. Wejtko and Gen. Baranowski in Mahileu on May 27th, 1917 and later on with Polish military activists in Mahileu on June 07th, 1917. Military service in Polish Army since November 1918. 

Czarnecki Zygmunt P., b. 1900, served in Polish Military Organization in Kiev since January 1917 till September 1918; in Warsaw since November 1918. 

Czernicki Ksawery, b. in Giedejki, the Vilna  government in 1882; mar. -  technical studies (cf  Brynk Borowski, Bobrowski) in   Kronstadt and next colonel of tsarist Navy, eng.;  1917 - 1920 ?; military service in  Polish Army  since August  1920.  

Dowbor Musnicki K., brother of Jozef,  tsarist lieutenant - general, too;  participant in the Convention of Polish  military in Petrograd till June 08th,  1917.  He stayed in Petrograd in autumn  1917,  Polish activist at that time; friend  of  Gen.  Iwaszkiewicz according to  Jacyna Szczesny and  Baginski.  

Dreszer Rudolf E., b. 1891, tsarist   lieutenant of cavalry; 1917 - 1918 ?, and  next  military service in Polish Army since  October 1918.  

Dubinski Filip S., b. 1860, senior tsarist  general,  1917 - 1918 ? and next served in  Polish Army  since December 1918.  

Dziewanowski Waclaw, tsarist general, b. in  Olchowiec estate in the Kiev government in 1870;  1917 - 1920 all data are lacking (cf Kryska - Karski and  Zurakowski) but he was Polish general since 1919.  

Falewicz Wojciech, b. 1863, Russian general,  possessed Marwa estate in the Vilna region; 1917  -  1918 ?; as early as the end of October 1918 stayed  in  Warsaw.  

Frankowski Stefan, b. in Volhynia in 1887; officer of Tsarist Navy; 1917 - 1918 ?; military service in Poland since January 1919. 

Frankowski Wladyslaw, b. 1859, military service  in  Russian Army as general and next in Polish  troops in Russia, 1917; served in Polish Army  since November 1918.  

Galecki Tadeusz, b. in Irkutsk 1868; tsarist  colonel, after revolution of 1917 he acted in Polish   organizations in Ukraine and next he was arrested by  Bolsheviks; military service in Polish Army since  November 1918, automobile units.  

Gano Stanislaw W. P., b. in Congress  Poland 1895, technical study in Moscow;  military service in Russian Army during  the First world war, and next in the 4th  Division of Polish Rifles under  command of Gen. Zeligowski, since  August  1918 till December 1918. 

Gawronski Wiktor Mieczyslaw, b.  1863, and derived from the Kiev  government, general of Russian  Army, and since February 1919  served in Polish Army (1917 - 1918  ?). 

Glass, lieutenant - general of Russian Army till the end of 1917, and next under command of Gen. Michaelis - then he was O.C. of the 4th Division of Polish Rifles (before him colonel Kopczynski) in the 2nd Polish Corps in Soroki (Ukraine) since the end of January 1918; he wanted to surrender to Germans on  March 11th, 1918; General Officer Commanding of  the 2nd Polish Corps in Czeczelnik, Olhopol and  Vinnitsa in Ukraine since 24/25 March 1918 till  March 28th, 1918; disarmament in Vinnitsa in  June  1918; 1919

Godziejewski Eugeniusz, b. in Baransk estate near by Mahileu in 1885; he studied in Lvov; General since 1934. 

Grabczewski Bronislaw (Bronislav Grabchevski),  born in Kownatow in the district of Telsiai  (Lithuania now) in 1855, son of Ludwik (his father Ludvik  was an insurgent in 1863 and next he was exiled in Siberia);  Bronislav was friend of Alexander Jonin and acted   then in Russian intelligence; was tsarist  and  Russian general, served in central Asia since  1875 and has been searched wildlife (expedition to  Kashgar in 1885 i.e. Sinkiang province - East Turkestan); he  was commissioner of South Manchuria after 1896  till 1903 and next, since 1903, governor of  Astrakhan till 1906, in Harbin 1907, in Warsaw  since 1910 as general with 3rd class, lived in  Crimea 1914 - 1917 and served under  general Denikin 1918 and next  under  command of Admiral   Kolchak in  1918 - 1920; came back to   Poland in 1920 but here met refusal of  pension and  employment; he published memoirs in Warsaw in  1926 and died in Warsaw on February 28th, 1926. 

Grabowski, colonel, military service in  tsarist army till 1917; he participated in the   Convention of Polish Military in  Petrograd, June 1917 (as colonel); stayed in  Petrograd and acted in Polish organizations in March 1918; founder of the "Union of Polish  Military of Vilna" on September 10th,  1918. 

Grudzinski Antoni, b. in Vilna 1897, study at  Polytechnic in Petersburg; 1917 ?; July 1918 -  November 1919: military service by Kuban river  in Polish cavalry, and next in cavalry of the 4th  Division of  Polish Rifles under command of Gen.  Zeligowski

Gurbski Stanislaw, tsarist Brigadier -  General; served in tsarist, Russian and Polish (1919) Armies. 

de Henning - Michaelis Eugeniusz, b. 1863, tsarist lieutenant - general; commander of the 29th Russian CCorps in the 9th Army in 1916/1917; organized the  3rd Polish Corps in Ukraine since July 1917 until  June 10th, 1918; activist of Polish military  organization in Russia since July 06th, 1917. 

Ihnatowicz Konstanty, tsarist colonel, b. 1865; 1917 - 1918

Izycki de Notto Mateusz J., b. in Odessa 1899, pilot, served in tsarist cavalry and next in the 3rd Polish Corps since December 1917 till August (!) 1918. 

Jacyna Jan, was born in the Vilna government in 1864, Russian Brigadier - General and next  lieutenant  - general; he completed Engineering  School in Kronstadt; Prof. at Naval Academy in St  Petersburg since 1901; he was deputy-chairman of the Union of Polish Military in Petrograd since March 1917. Jan Jacyna acted continuously in Petrograd in March - July 1918 and next in Moscow; president of "Society of Tadeusz Kosciuszko" in Petersburg in June 1918. Jacyna escaped with his wife from Moscow to Pskov (German occupation) on July 20th, 1918. His  wife  - since 1893 - derived from the Mahileu  government and was daughter of engineer chemist  who  stayed in Moscow. His son served in Brit.  Iraq as military since January 1918. Jan Jacyna  served in Polish Army since December 1918 and  published memoirs in Warsaw at a later date. 

Jacyna Waclaw K., b. in Suwalki 1898; 1917 -  1918 ?; military service in Polish Army since  February 1919. 

Januszkiewicz, Pole; military service in Russian Army as general, chief of Russian  General Headquarters under duke  Nicholas Nicholayevich as early as  October 1914 and he was in strict  milieu of Tsar in 1914

Jastrzebski Adolf K., b. in Pernow, Russia in 1866; tsarist colonel, acted at organization of Polish units in Ukraine since December 1917 till March 1918; next  military service in the 4th Division of Rifles  since March 1918 till June 1919

Jedrzejewski Wladyslaw, b. in Nowiny in the Vicebsk government 1863, tsarist Brigadier - General, 1917 - 1918 ?; military service in Polish  Army since December 1918. He was killed  by  Soviet troops in Lwow, March  1940

Jocher, tsarist general, he was president (second in  order) on board of "Catholic Society of  Charity" in St  Petersburg; Pole, died before the First world war. 

Kaliszek Stanislaw Z., b. 1863, tsarist colonel,  1917/1918 ?; military service in the 4th  Division  of Rifles since October 1918  till June 1919

Katkowski Eugeniusz K. L., b. at Kronstadt in   1860 or 1861, Russian Brigadier - General; acted  in the Union of Polish Military in Vilna, e.g. on  October 07th, 1918. He commenced military service  for Polish Army since May 1919 till April 1921  only. Others information are lacking. 

Kiewnarski Antoni, b. 1867, he stayed in Moscow as colonel in 1917; member on the board of the Union  of Polish Military in Moscow on April 15th, 1917;  Polish general since 1919. 

Klembowski, tsarist general, Pole; military service in Brusilov General Staff (1916); he stood in with Kierenski (Kerensky) as chief commandant, according to G. Graf, and next served in General Headquarters of the Red Army, 1918 - 1919; after 1920 ? 

Klimaszewski Roman, tsarist general of  engineers, b. 1865 in the Raseiniai district, Lithuania now; 1917 - 1918 ?; as colonel (!) in Polish Army since  November 1918.  

Klimowicz Eugeniusz, tsarist general, ex-director   of  the Political Police Department in St  Petersburgchief of Counter -  Intelligence in the  Army of Gen.  Vrangel in 1920;  Pole by birth;  emigration in Paris next; involved in GPU   skulduggery ("M.O.R. - Trust") in the twenties of the  20th century; died ?  

Kloczkowski Waclaw, b. 1873 in Petersburg;  lawyer and next he was exiled inland of Russia;  at  a later date Admiral of the Tsarist Navy !; after   revolution he acted in the Union of Polish Military in  Sebastopol; military service in Poland since March  1919.  

Klott Leon L., b. 1868, doc. colonel of  tsarist Army; 1917 - 1922 ?; next in Lida (1924) and in Wilno  (Vilna, d. 1933). 

Kolankowski, tsarist general, Pole; he stayed with his wife and daughter in Petrograd; friend of  Nagurski family here and related to Godlewski and  to Stulginski family. After 1917 ? 

Kolczak, colonel, Pole; he stayed in Vilna in October  1918 and acted in the "Union of Polish Military of  Vilna"; after 1919 ? 

Kondratowicz, tsarist general, Pole; born probably in Samaites (Lithuania now); German power, i.e. "Ober - Ost" appointed Kondratowicz to chief  of  Self - defence of Belarus in October 1918;  he was  commandant of militia in Minsk in  November  1918 and next he had gone out to Vilna  and Kovno  (independent Lithuania since 11 Dec. 1917) at the end of  November 1918, where he was appointed to  commander of Lithuanian Infantry Division  (since  December 1918) under administration of Republic  of  Lithuania. 

Konosewicz, colonel, served in tsarist army; stayed in Moscow 1917, member on the board of the Union of Polish Military in Moscow, as colonel, according to Szczesny

Korewo (Koreywo = Korejwo probably) Marian  K., b. 1892, tsarist captain of artillery;  military service in the 2nd Polish Corps  in the East since January till May 1918   and next German P.O.W. in May 1918 -  escaped after. 

Koreywo Piotr, b. in Sito estate, the Kovno region in 1857; Russian general of the  military judiciary till 1917; next in the  Union of Polish Military in  Odessa; military  service  in the 4th Division of  Rifles under  command of lieutenant - general  Zeligowski since  December 1918; and had  gotten  back to Poland  in 1919; died in Wilno 1923.  Related to the  Konstantynowicz family. 

Kossecki Stefan, b. 1889, tsarist  officer; 1917 - 1921 all data are  lacking. 

Kostecki Mikolaj, tsarist officer, b.  1878; 1917 - 1921 ? 

Kostecki Zdzislaw, tsarist colonel; 1917 - 1918 ?; fightings near to Recyca by Dnjapro on May 14th, 1920; Polish general before August 1920.  

Kowalec - Kowalewski, tsarist colonel;  1917 ?; he acted in Polish Military  Organization and stayed in Minsk in  October 1918: he recruited the Polish on  trip to Congress Poland. 

Kowalewski Alexander, tsarist colonel, b. 1879, inspector of Polish Units in Ukraine under a Council of Regency in 1918; he provided Gen. Stachiewicz with an order from Gen. Michaelis, from Kiev to  Czeczelnik, on March 20th, 1918 (order for the 2nd Polish  Corps in Vinnitsa); 1919 - 1921 ?; it was Kowalewski  noble family from the Minsk government, the   parish  of  Berazino = Berezino, near by  Nieciejewski's  Hrynica

Kowalewski, tsarist general, commandant of  Military Engineering School in  Petrograd (here as general in January 1916); Pole;  colonel Kitkin was his deputy in the school, where S.  Szostak studied. 

Kowerski, tsarist general, Pole; he derived from  the Minsk government; founder of the  church in  Ivjanec - west of Minsk, bishop  Cieplak participated  in the consecration (1914  probably); after 1915 ? 

Kozlowski A., tsarist general of artillery, Pole;  military service in tsarist Army till 1917; 1918 - 1920 ?; commander of artillery of the Kronstadt till  March 03rd, 1921; after commandant of Kronstadt  stronghold since March 03rd, 1921, and next devoided of  position by Bolsheviks on March 07th, 1921; the  Bolshevik power arrested his family in March 1921  and he had to retreat to Finland; next he had  emigrated on. 

Kozlowski E., tsarist general; he was in mission  from Gen. Denikin to Warsaw - middle of  January  1919. 

Krajewski Wincenty, tsarist and Polish general; 1917 - 1918 all data are lacking; military service in Polish Army as general in 1919. 

Kruger, tsarist general, Pole; related to the family  of  Gen. J. Jacyna; his family stayed in Moscow still in July 1918; after 1919 ? 

Kruzlewski Jozef E., tsarist colonel, b. 1856; 1917

S. Kukiel and W. Kukielsenior officers of tsarist Baltic Navy; they maintained position of Bolsheviks in 1918 according to G. Graf

Curiosity: Kukiel, tsarist general, Pole, he was general - governor of Irkutsk in 1866; he took  care  of Polish exiles in Siberia but had put  down Polish rebellion by the Lake Baikal  in 1866.  

Kuncman, tsarist colonel, he had joined the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine on March 10th, 1918 and next commandant in Dzwonisze - unit 400 strong. 

Kurella Robert, tsarist general, b. 1854; after  revolution he served in the 2nd Polish Corps in  Ukraine - head of the South Area

Kurylowicz Stefan, b. 1866, doc., tsarist  general1917 - 1918

Laliczynski, colonel of Russian Army before 1917,  and after revolution acted in a Polish white  organizations in Russia. 

Latour Jozef K., b. 1853, lieutenant - general of  tsarist Army; he was president of the Union of  Polish Military in Moscow since April 15th,  1917; 1918 ?; served in Polish Army since  November 1918. 

Latour Stefan L., tsarist general, b. 1866; served  in  Russian infantry till revolution 1917; military  service in the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine since  December 1917 until April 1920

Linda Maksymilian E., tsarist colonel, b. 1860 or  1871; since December 1917 till April 1918: chief of  General Staff in the 4th Division of Rifles and next  commander of the Infantry Brigade in the 2nd Polish  Corps in Ukraine; since April until June 1918: 3rd  Polish Corps in Ukraine; military service in Polish  Army since February 1919. 

Liniewicz, tsarist general, served in Asia  for long time (among others in Manchuria 1903  -  1904; General Officer Commanding  of Russian  infantry in Manchuria  since Jan. 1904, according  to  Jacyna, and  after him commanded Kuropatkin);  Pole,  "experienced and gallant". 

Lipczynski Ignacy P. K., tsarist  officer, b. 1870; 1917 - 1920 ?  

Listowski Antoni, b. 1865, Brigadier -  General of Russian Army; 1917 - 1918 ?;  served in Polish Army since December  1918. 

Lokucijewski Piotr, tsarist officer, b. 1872 in   SporySvencionys region; quartermaster in  Russian Army; military service in Lodz since  February 1919.  

Lubjeniak, tsarist colonel, representative of  Gen. Janin at the "Polish Command  in East Russia" in Siberia 1919 -  1920; after 1920

Lubodziecki Jerzy, Petrograd in 1917 and acted in Polish organizations; Russian officer. 

Lubodziecki Stanislaw, tsarist officer  (captain ?), Russian military lawyer;  1917 - 1919

Lukomski, tsarist general, he stayed in  Petrograd  in March 1917; Pole; he had  informed  (on  March  14th, 1917) Tsar, who had  gone out from  Mahileu to  Petrograd, that Admiral  Niepienin  didn't  protest  about a Committee of  Duma (Russian  Parliament); he  served as chief  of   G.H.Q.  of   Gen.   Brusilov  in  Mahileu  in  the second  half of  July 1917; enemy of   Gen.  Dowbor  Musnicki.  

Mackiewicz Mieczyslaw, tsarist  captain, derived from the Kovno  government, b. 1880; served in  infantry till 1915. 

Majewski Mikolaj T., b. 1880 in Kuznieck,  Russia; tsarist colonel, served in artillery; October  1917 - February 1918 military service in the 5th  Polish Corps under command Gen.  Skierski;  next he served in France.  

Maj - Majewski, tsarist general, commander of  White troops in the South Russia 1918 - 1919;  Pole by birtth, very severe and  hard  on Bolsheviks; a lot of  details give  Gen. Piotr Vrangel to  us, in his  memoir published in  Berlin  1928/1929.  

Malachowski - Nalecz Stanislaw O., tsarist colonel, b. 1882 in Volhynia, after revolution he acted in Polish military organizations in Russia; September 1918 - July 1919 served  in the 4th Division of Rifles (he fought  near  by Paszkowska Stanica on October 03rd, 1918  and next participant in a fightings close to  Bezopasnaja, as  colonel; commandant of  Polish  Brigade of Rifles  since  November 20th, 1918). 

Manikowski, served in Russian Army as  general; Pole; an aide - de - camp of  war  minister Guczkow, and stayed in  Petrograd  e.g. on April 05th, 1917; after  1918

Maruszewski, tsarist general, Pole;  General Officer Commanding of  "Russian Forces in the North" in  Murmansk 1919; in Archangel on  May 20th, 1919 during  Polish  parade; after 1920 ? 

Mokrzecki Stefan, was born in Dzitryki near by  Lida, tsarist Brigadier - General, brother of Adam  Mokrzecki (who established in Minsk, the Union of Polish  Military on April 17th, 1917); 1917 ?; military service in  the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine since March till May  1918 and after he served in the "Self - Defence of  Lida" since November till December 1918; January  -  February 1919 ?; "Polish Military  Mission  in  the   East" since March  1919 until July  1919.  

Monkiewicz Mikolaj, tsarist general; Pole; he  had remained in Soviet Union and worked as  Intelligence Officer among Russian  emigration since 1920 in Paris;  disappeared in 1926, but Polish intelligence had  uncovered his connections just in 1930.  

Morawski Jan, b. 1867, tsarist colonel, geographer;  December 1917 - April 1918 military service in the  4th Division of Rifles.  

Mrozowski, served in Russian Army as  general  according to Dowbor Musnicki;  Pole; military  service in Pt Arthur in  1904

Narebski, of the Noga coat of arms ("The Leg");  Narebski was related to Caucasians dukes and  stayed in Tschetschnia at the end of 1917 and  in  1918, he was a general in Russian Army   before  1917; orthodox; 1918 - 1919 ?; lived in  Vilna  after  1920 and got married here (his wife born  in Vilna in 1900  and was related to Czeslaw Milosz), his son  lived in the Kielce  province, and grandson was  doctor  and live in  Poland.  

Nejman Tomasz, eng., tsarist  general, served in Russian Navy;  1917 - 1918 ?; Polish Admiral since  1919. 

Nieciejewski Bronislaw or Nieciejovskij, born c. 1870 in the Berazino parish; count, military service in  Russian Army as general and next served in Soviet  Army since probably 1918, he stayed in Moscow and   worked as military lecturer in Academy; here  died.  

Nowicki, military service in Russian Army as  general, enemy of Gen. Dowbor Musnicki; Pole;  an  aide - de - camp of war minister  Guczkow in  March   1917 according to Jacynavoluntarily  served in  Red Army  since 1918;  author of  letter to  Trocki  in  defence of tsarist officers.  

Olszewski Kajetan B., tsarist general, b. 1858, commander of the Polish Rifles Brigade in Russia since September 27th,  1916 until February 07th, 1917 - region of  Baranavicy; military service in Polish  Army since October 31st, 1918

Orlowski Eugeniusz, tsarist colonel (?), all  data are lacking. 

Osinski Alexander, b. 1870, Brigadier -  General of  Russian Army; he acted during  forming of Polish  Army in Russia in 1917 and he  was commander of  Polish troops in Ukraine in  April  - May 1918;  military service in Polish Army  since  November  1918.  

Ostrowski Jozef, b. 1859, Brigadier - General  of  Russian Army; 1917 - 1918 all data are lacking  and next military service in Polish Army since  January 1919.  

Pachucki Leon, b. 1872, 1917/1918 ?, tsarist  colonel;  since March 1918 military service in  France.  

Pawlikowski Stefan, b. in Kozlow, Russia in 1896; pilot eng., officer in Russian air force, studies in Moscow and training in France; military service in France March 1917 - November 1918. 

Pawlowicz Bronislaw T., tsarist colonel, eng.,  b. 1863, he fought against Bolsheviks in  White  Army; Polish general 1923 according to  Tadeusz  Kryska - Karski & Stanislaw  Zurakowski.  

Pilecki Oktawian, doc., b. 1870, Russian Army  and white troops; colonel in Poland in 1919. 

Piotrowski Edward, b. in Kosianovo Kascjaneva estate in the Lida district  1865,  Russian general, 1918 - white  troops; killed in  1939. 

Poderni or Pedeni Wladyslaw, tsarist colonel who served in a white troops probably 1918.  

Pluszczewski - Pluszczyk (Plushchevskij), tsarist  colonel according to Szczesny, he kept in touch  with  Polish military organizations in Russia  as  a representative of the Russian  General   Headquarters in May 1917  (together with  Gen.  Bylewski).  After  1917/1918

Podgorski, tsarist colonel, he acted in Polish  military organizations in Russia in 1917; stayed in  Moscow in February - August 1918 and was in  touch with Murmansk; 1919 ? and next military  service in Polish Army 1920 (automobile units); after   1921  worked for  English business.  

Pogorzelski Eugeniusz B., b. 1867, Russian colonel, commandant of the 8th Division of Polish Rifles in December 1917 and next commander of the 5th Polish regiment in Kishinev; military service in the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine; staff officer of the  4th  Division of Rifles under command of  Gen.  Zeligowski. Military service in Poland  since  November 1918.  

Poklewski - Koziell Wladyslaw, b. 1866   in  current  Belarus,  tsarist colonel, served in  Russian Army as engineer; Polish Army since  November 1918,  general  in 1919.  

Porebski Kazimierz, b. in Vilna 1872,  Russian   Admiral; he acted in a Polish  organizations in  Petrograd since April 1917 (the  Union of Polish Military,  e.g. July 29th, 1917), 1917/1918  data are lacking;  military service in Poland since  November 1918.  

Potocki, served in Russian Army as general,  Polish aristocrat; military service in White  Army  and he was representative of Gen.  Denikin in  Warsaw and German Empire  (next: Gen. Globaczow and Gen. Kozlowski -  Pole). 

Pozerski Olgierd, b. in Kursk, Russia, in 1880;  Russian colonel, 1917 - 1918 ?; military service in Poland since December 1918. 

Prokopowicz Jozef, b. 1855, lieutenant -  general  of Russian Army (cavalry); 1917 - 1918 ?;  military  service in Poland since February 1919. 

Pradzynski, tsarist lieutenant, participated in  talks with Gen. Bylewski and Gen. Romanowski in  Russian General Staff in Mahileu on May 27th,  1917, together with Gen. W. Wejtko and Gen.  Baranowski. He was in Pinsk with English officers  beside troops of Gen. Balachowicz in November   1920

Prugar - Ketling Bronislaw, after Bolshevik revolution, at the turn of 1918, he acted in Polish Military Organization in Russia, from where escaped from Murmansk to France. At a later date on  19  - 21 September 1939 fought  against Soviet Army, north of Lwow

Przybytek Stanislaw, doc., Prof., b. in Minsk on September 25th, 1852; lived and acted in St  Petersburg; tsarist colonel and next Polish  general since 1919; d. 1927. 

Przybytek Alexander, Admiral of  Russian Navy; derived from Belarus  (Minsk, c. 1850), retired in  1913 and  stayed in Minsk; after 1914 ? 

Rabcewicz Jerzy A., b. in Vilna 1864, eng. after completion of studies in St Petersburg; 1917 - 1918 ?  and next Polish Army since November 1918; general 1921.  

Radziukinas Maciej J., b. 1870 in Simno, region of Kalvarija (Lithuania now); engineer after completion of studies in Moscow; tsarist officer; 1917 - 1920 ? and next served in Polish Army since March 1921.  

Religioni Antoni L., tsarist colonel, doc., served in Polish Army since November 1918 and at a later date he stayed in Eisiskes estate in the Wilno  province. 

Reutt, served in Russian Army as colonel;  commander of the Pulavy Legion in  Russian  Army since January 1915; after  1917

Romanowicz Alexander, b. 1871 in  Olekszyszki, tsarist general of cavalry,  voluntary  troops 1918 - 1919 (Polish general  1919) and  next he  served Polish Army in a regiment  of   Tartars since  January 1920.  

Romiszewski Eugeniusz, b. 1869, he studied in Petersburg, doc., tsarist colonel, military service in Russian fleet as doctor and next served in Polish Army since November 1918. 

Romiszewski Modest, b. 1861, Russian lieutenant  -  general; 1917 - 1918 ?; military service in  Poland  since November 1918.  

Romanowski, tsarist general from Polish  nobility of this name lived in the Minsk  government and also in Minsk at the  beginning of the 20th cent.; above Gen.  Romanowski was chief of the   Russian  General Staff  in   Mahileu during the  First  world war  under minister of war  Kerensky in summer  1917. He was enemy  to general Dowbor  Musnicki who was  appointed to a post of  commander of the  1st Polish Corps in  Belarus by Gen.  Brusilov on August 06th, 1917

Rommel Juliusz K. W. J., b. in Grodno 1881, colonel of Russian cavalry until 1917; next he acted in Polish military organizations in Ukraine since August  1917; stayed in Kiev since January till  February 1918, served in the 3rd Polish   Corps in Ukraine since February until  June  1918 and next prisoner of war in  Austria -  Hungary since July till October  1918;  military service in Poland since  November  1918.  

Rudzki, tsarist general, commander of "North Army" in Pskov, where he  arrested Nicholas the  2nd; Pole; acted in the  Russian  General Staff in Mahileu, July 1917,  where talked to Kerensky. 1918 ? 

Rybinski Czeslaw L., tsarist colonel, eng., b. 1872; acted in Odessa in 1917 in the Union of Polish Military and co-operated with the 1st and 2nd Polish Corps; fought in Ukraine in November 1918; Polish general 1919.  

Risenkampf or Ryzenkampf, tsarist general, Catholic; president of catholic society in Petersburg  during the First world war; died here under  Bolsheviks, according to J. Jacyna. He formed  also  "Society of Tadeusz Kosciuszko" in Petrograd  in  June 1918; the intimate of Poles.  

Sawa - Sowietow Jerzy, priest; b. 1898 in Petersburg, Russian officer; he had emigrated to Yugoslavia in 1921; 1918 - 1920 ?, and stayed in Poland since 1926 according to Tadeusz Kryska -  Karski & Stanislaw Zurakowski

Sawicki Jan, tsarist general of  cavalry, b. 1872  in Telatycze in the Hrodna government; after revolution he was in command of Polish troops  beside the 8th Russian Army till March 1918 Died 1940 in U.S.S.R. 

Sejfert Andrzej, General in Russian Army, 1917 - 1922 ?, died in Vilna 1929. 

Skierski Leonard, b. 1866, Brigadier - General of Russian Army (artillery until 1917); next military service in Polish units in the East; arrested by  Bolsheviks, escaped and fought in Ukraine under  command of Gen. Michaelis; military service in  Poland since May 1919. 

Skirgiello - Jacewicz, tsarist colonel; 1917 - 1919 ?, he served in a white Polish  troops in Siberia, region of  Krasnoyarsk  in January 1920

Skroczynski Albin, Russian officer till   November 1917 and next he acted in Odessa.  

Skrzynski Stanislaw W., Russian captain, born 1877 in Vradiovka estate near by Cherson; acted in the "Union of Polish Military" in Odessa since December 1917 till April 1918.  

Slawoczynski Adam, b. 1860, Russian  general, commander of the Brigade of Polish Rifles (the Brigade was stationed at Babrujsk till March 28th, 1916 and next at Baranavicy till May 10th, 1916 and near by Baranavicy after) in Belarus since April 07th, 1916 - till September 26th, 1916; 1917 -  1918 ?; military service in Poland since June 1919. 

Sochaczewski Stanislaw, Colonel of Russian cavalry; b. in Steblow, Ukraine in 1877 and studied in Kiev; served in the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine since February till May 1918. 

Sollohub - Dowoyno Stanislaw, tsarist colonel, b. 1885; served in Russian Army till 1917 and next in 2nd Polish Corps in 1918 (chief of   General Staff); chief of Polish forces in  Archangelsk and  Oboziersk in July  1919; he was killed by Soviet  officer  in  September 1939 or died in  Siberia.  

Stankiewicz Jan, b. in Vilna / Wilno April 1862; tsarist and Russian colonel until January / February 1918 who served in Riga to 1909 / 1910, owner of the Awocin estate in Latvia to 1910; probably in Smolensk in January 1918. Friend of the Beck family from Riga. He isn't maybe Jan Stankiewicz, Russian tsarist  lieutenant - general until the end of 1917. Colonel Jan  Stankiewicz was Polish educational activist and  freedom fighter before 1914 in Riga.  Who  was Commander of  the 2nd Polish Corps in Soroka (Ukraine) in  the  end of January 1918 till March  08th, 1918? Colonel Jan  Stankiewicz from Riga? General Jan Stankiewicz? Gustaw   Stankiewicz - who was  born 1860 in the Siedlce government and  died 1918  (Gustaw  from the Siedlce province and colonel Jan from Riga were relatives;  General Jan  Stankiewicz and colonel from Riga were the same person surely) ?  Sylwester  Stankiewicz?? Commander of the 2nd   Polish Corps retreated front of Germans (a  withdrawal of military forces); stayed in Iasi on  March 02nd, 1918 and came into  contact with  Haller  in Jaruga on  March 05th, 1918;  after  Lieutenant-General Karnicki arrived to  Gen.  Michaelis  and Gen.  Stankiewicz on March  15th,  1918;  Stankiewicz went out from Czeczelnik to  Kiev  on  March 25th,  1918, to   Gen. Michaelis; and  next he joined Gen. Alekseev /  Aleksiejew by the Kuban  river in April 1918 (fought north of  Stavropol in  September - October 1918, e.g. battle near by Ternovka on October  14th, 1918); Stankiewicz took the offensive for  Astrakhan against  Stalin in middle  of November 1918, and after in  December 1918 -  till 1919 fought in  the  Stavropol  "White" Territory.  Ex-tsarist  colonel  Jan  Stankiewicz (or Russian tsarist lieutenant - general  Jan  Stankiewicz) arrived in Poland 1919 and settled  himself in  Vilna Wilno, died in Milanowek near to  Warsaw in December  1945.  

Stelnicki Bronislaw, tsarist general, Pole, he fought in Volhynia in 1915, according to J. T.  Wroblewski and commanded the 39th Russian Corps; after 1916? 

Suchodolski Waclaw, b. in Luck 1877, Russian general, died after 1939

A. Suchomel, Pole, tsarist Admiral, he acted as one of chiefs of a Polish independent organizations in Petrograd in April 1917 and he founded the Union of Polish Military of Russian Army on April 01st, 1917 in Petrograd. He was killed after 1918 in fightings with Bolsheviks. 

Suchomel Waclaw, tsarist general; he stayed in Petrograd since April 06th, 1917 and acted on board of the Union of Polish Military (again on July 29th, 1917).   

Sulewski Mikolaj, b. in Gradzicze estate near to Hrodna in 1859, Russian general till 1918, military service in the 2nd Polish Corps in spring 1918 and next he was commander of the Self - Defence of Hrodna Land since December 17th, 1918 till January 1919; Polish general 1919, died after 1939

Sulik - Sarnowski Nikodem, b. 1893, Russian officer and next acted in the Self - Defence of Hrodna Land in 1918; at a later date fought against Soviet troops in  September 1939

Sulkiewicz Maciej, Tartar - Pole who was born in Kiemiejszy estate, the district of Lida in the Vilna government on June 20th, 1865, son of Alexander Sulkiewicz - Russian colonel; Maciej was tsarist lieutenant - general, commander of the 1st Mussulman Corps in May 1917 till May 1918, Prime Minister in Crimean Administration since June 25th, 1918 till October 1918, next he was chief of General Staff in Azerbaijan (the independent state since May 28th, 1918) since 1919 till 1920 and was killed in Baku, Azerbaijan on  July 15th, 1920.  

Swiacki Stanislaw, b. in the Mahileu government in 1867 (Karol Swiacki possessed Nov. Belica estate SW of Mscislau in the end of the 19th cent.), major general of Russian Army before 1917, in white troops in 1918, Polish general 1919. 

Swidzinski Edmund, b. c. 1850 ?, senior Russian general, commander of a Polish Legion in Russian Army - the Pulavy Legion since January 24th, 1915 till March 27th, 1915; 1916 ?; stayed in Kiev 1917/1918. He corresponded with Gen. Dowbor Musnicki on situation in Kiev (at the end of February 1918) and around the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus (after February 26th, 1918), and also with Raczkiewicz. After spring 1918 ? 

Swiecicki, tsarist general before 1917, he acted in Minsk in April 1917 on the board of the "Union of Polish Military" according to Gen. Jacyna and Szczesny.  

Swietorzecki Jozef, b. 1876, general of Russian and Polish (1919) Army. 

Swiezynski, doc. and Russian colonel till 1917, he acted in the "Union of the Military of Vilna" in October 1918; later on ? 

Swirski Jerzy Wlodzimierz, b. 1882, senior officer of Russian Army, served in General Staff of Polish Army in Odessa and next (March 1919) in Paris. Polish Admiral since 1941. 

Swirski Teofil, b. 1860, tsarist general before 1917, acted on the board of the "Petrograd Union of Polish Military" since July 29th, 1917  according to Szczesny; 1918 ? and  next Polish general 1919.  

Swirski, tsarist Admiral, b. circa 1850, he established the Union of Polish Military in Petrograd at the beginning of April 1917 (April 01st); after 1918 ? 

Symon Antoni, b. 1860, Russian Brigadier - General, commander of Division of Polish Rifles in the Kiev government (Ploskirov) since May 1917 and next again served in Russian Army since August 1917, because a relationship between Symon and Gen. Dowbor Musnicki was on the decline since July 1917, according to J. Jacyna. Gen. Symon was participant in conventions of the military from Polish organizations in Russia: 

in Rezekne = Rositten, April 10th - 16th, 1917;

in Minsk, April 29th - May 04th, 1917;

in Petrograd, June 07th - 22th, 1917.

Next in November 1917 - till December 1918 ? and  after military service in Poland since January 1919. 

Szarecki Boleslaw, b. in  Minsk (Belarus) in 1874, he studied in Kharkov and Prof. over there, doc., 1917 - 1919 ?, military service in Polish Army since January 1920. 

Szylling Antoni, b. 1884, officer of tsarist Army; commander of the 5th regiment of Rifles in the 2nd Polish Corps (near by Kishinev at the end of February 1918) since December 1917 till February 1918; disarmament by Hungarian troops and next he served in General Headquarters of the 2nd Polish Corps in Ukraine since March 1918 till May 1918. 

Szymanowski Piotr, b. in the Vicebsk  government in 1858, Brigadier - General of the tsarist Army (cavalry); he had organized the Pulavy Legion in Russia 1915 and next commander of  a  Brigade of Polish Rifles since July 1915 until March 1916. 1917 - 1918 ? Military service in Poland since December 1918.  

Szymanski Pawel, b. 1867, tsarist colonel, 1917 - 1918 data are lacking, military service in Poland since January 1919.

Taklinski Wladyslaw, colonel in Russian Army, acted in Petrograd in April 1917 and was member of the Union of Polish Military since April 06th, 1917. After 1918 ?  

Tarnawski Rudolf, colonel in Russian Army, b. 1869; 1917 - 1921 ? 

Thommee Wiktor, b. 1881, Russian major; 1918 -  1919: chief of General Headquarterrs of the  4th Division of Rifles by the Kuban  river  (colonel Lukoski before him).  Aide -  de -  camp beside Army of Gen.  Aleksiejew in Ekaterynodar since August 24th, 1918. Military service in  Poland since June 1919.  

Tokarzewski Jozef, colonel in Russian Army, b. 1879; 1917 -  1918?, military service in Polish Army  since November 1918. 

Wejtko Wladyslaw, b. 1859, engineer, as  colonel he commanded an engineering battalion in  Kovno 1914 - 1915, according to Godlewski; next he stayed in Slepianka near by Minsk since October 1915 and was stationed at here also in 1916; Brigadier - General of tsarist Army since 1916. He presided over a meeting of Polish soldiers in Minsk on April 17th, 1917 according to Szczesny; participated in a consultation in tsarist General Headquarters in Mahileu on May 27th, 1917; he was chief of "War Emergency" in Minsk since February 08th, 1918 (Minsk was in Polish hands by night 19/20 February 1918 till  February 21st, 1918). Commandant of the  Self  - Defence of Lithuania and White  Russia since October 28th, 1918 (a  report  from Wilno to Warsaw on November 18th,  1918) and next commander of General  District of Lithuania in Polish Army since  December 29th, 1918 (as early as  November 24th, 1918 the Polish Military  Organization in Vilna subordinated to Gen.  Wejtko). Military service in Polish Army as  general  since 1919 till 1923.  Died 1933.  

Wojewodzki, tsarist general, Pole according to Gen. Dowbor Musnicki; commander of Irkutsk during the war against Japaneses in 1905. 

  Wojciechowski, tsarist general, Pole; military service in White Army of Admiral Kolchak in 1919 - 1920 (fought in Siberia, Group of Gen. Kappel near to Krasnoyarsk in December 1919). After 1920 ? 

  Wolkowicki Jerzy, b. 1883, officer of Russian Battle Fleet; in France 1918. 

  Wolyncewicz Romuald, b. 1878, eng. and colonel of Russian Army till 1917; 1918 - 1922 ? 

  Zabudzki, Prof., tsarist general, Pole; he stayed in St Petersburg where was killed (Litejny bridge according to Jacyna) on March 12th, 1917 during revolution. 

  Zajaczkowski A. M., Pole, tsarist general, next also Bolshevik general and he acted in the Soviet intelligence department in 1922 - 1924 (among Russian emigration in Paris).  

  Zaleski Boleslaw, b. 1866, colonel in Russian Army; 1917 - 1918 ? 

  Zarako - Zarakowski Jan  (according to Russian document ed. 1900, as Zaraka  Zarakovskij), b. February 1857, son of  count Jozef   from  Holubowo, the Dryssa district in  the  Vicebsk  government; 1917 ?, stayed in Vicebsk  in  June  1918, 1919 - 1922 ?; Russian and Polish  general  (1923).  

  Zawistowski Leon, b. 1873, colonel in Russian Army, 1917 - 1921 ? 

  Zielinski Antoni F., b. 1876, colonel (in 1918) of Russian Army; he stayed in Kiev with Haller in June 1918 and next in Stawropol with Gen.  Aleksiejew / Alekseev  in June and July  1918;  commander of a Polish Unit in the  Army of Gen. Aleksiejew since August 24th, 1918; commander of the 4th Division of Rifles since October 27th, 1918 till November 20th, 1918 or until March 1919; evacuated his Polish Brigade from  Novorossiisk - evacuation by Fr. and Brit. vessels at the end of November 1918; at a later date since  December 1918 he acted in Ukraine and had arrived  Poland in  March 1919.  

  Ziembinski, served as colonel in Russian Army; stayed in Minsk on April 17th, 1917 and organized the board of directors of the Union of the Military in  Minsk, according to Szczesny.  

  Zongollowicz Eugeniusz, b. in Pskov in 1895, Russian officer who served probably in white  units in 1918

  Zukowski Tadeusz, b. 1862, tsarist officer; military service in Siberia 1919, where was chief of  Polish Military Committee, as Polish  general; 1917 - 1918 and after 1920 data are  lacking. Killed by  Soviet troops in  1943

From a Azerbaijan list of executed generals in Baku -  July 1920 by   Soviets, according to M. E.  Rasulzade "Azerbaycan  Cumhuriyeti": tsarist General  Konstantinovich /  Konstantynowicz.  

  At alii. 

© COPYRIGHT BY BOGDAN  KONSTANTYNOWICZ 

24th May 2012

  This all paper is sold subject to the   condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser.

  © All rights reserved. No part of  all  this work covered by copyright  hereon may be translated and/or reproduced in any form or by any means - graphic, electronic, or mechanical - including photocopying, recording, downloading, uploading, taping, or storage in an information retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner - Bogdan Konstantynowicz.



November - December 2013 and January 2014 - new websites on the genealogy and history of the noble Konstantynowicz family in Russia 1772 - 1918, Poland 1918 - 1939 and next at a Polish territory 1939 - 2012.

The Russian military intelligence to 1918 and radio-intelligence (Sweden, Russia, Estonia, Poland) at the beginning of the 20th century.

All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell in Russia.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph in Sweden, Switzerland, Russia (Nobel, Damm, Hagelin and Schilling) in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Edward Brown of Clerkenwell.

Cryptography, ciphers, radio and telegraph. History on the noble Constantinovich family in Russia in 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The Breguet Company and Duflon & Constantinovich Company 1892 - 1918.

The noble Konstantynowicz family in new Poland 1945 - 2013.

Breguet, Brown, Masson, Rey, Armand, Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, Duflon and history of research on telegraph, radio and electricity. Deka Company in Petersburg, Moscow and Zaporoze - Russian engines and airplanes.



Appendix D:


The Wankowicz family from the Berazino parish 

Gaspar Wankowicz the Minsk territorial judge (in the Orsa area, too; with Fox arms which head was to the left of  shield

Mateusz Wankowicz in 1550 - the Minsk territorial judge 

Hrehory Wankowicz of 1640 

Piotr and his brother Stefan of 1643; a sons of named Piotr: Jan, Wladyslaw, Teodor and Stanislaw of 1671 

named Wladyslaw Wankowicz of 1680, died 1695 

Antoni Wankowicz

in the Minsk province of 1697, in Vicebsk A.D. 1709

Mateusz Wankowicz

in the Minsk province of 1765, he was the Minsk territorial judge 1764 - 1775

priest Wankowicz in 1798, a parson in Minsk  

Melchior