Russian communist conspiracy 1917-1987.

The Templars, Illuminati and Polish conspirators in 1792/1794, 1796/1797, 1819/1820/1821, 1831/1833 until 1863. Konstantynowicz Bogdan - genealogy - history - biography - archive - encyclopaedia - geography and people.

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© on 02nd February 2018



Russian communist conspiracy 1917-1987 versus Polish conspirators 1793 / 1819 / 1821 / 1833 / 1918:


Polish conspiracy for independence and the genealogy of families:
Pilsudski [see: Koluszki, Andrzejak, Moscow, Zbieranowski, Miezonka, Spychalski] - Dzierzynski [see Oziemblowski, Terlecki, Pilsudski] - Bulhak - Pilar Pilchau [see Parnu / Parnu and George de Mohrenschildt of Estonia / Belarus - Kennedy, Bouvier, Chrapowicki - Swolna] - Becu:

Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, d. 1871 = Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802, his sister Sophia.
His father Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau was born in 1769 in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army.

The son of above mentioned Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802 and died d. 1871, was Stanislaw Count Pilar von Pilchau owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia, married to Zofia Januszewska (come from Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806), she died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno;
her son Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, junior, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec;
he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin to Feliks Dzierzynski;
Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son Roman Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1894, d. 1937 [the Soviet intelligence services].

Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау born on 8 June 1768 was a closest next of kin of Мария Цецилия фон Бекю / Bekiu / Becu.

Alexander von Pilar Pilchau, senior, the Judge of the district of Vilnius, died in 1871 - he was great-grandfather of Roman Pilar. Александр Карл Пилар фон Пильхау born 1802, in Wilno / Вильнюс, was married to Ионна Станиславовна Кульвинска / Joanna nee Kulwinska daughter of Stanislaw Kulwinski.
His mother Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю and father Магнус or Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау born 1768.
His grandfather Магнус Вильгельм Пилар фон Пильхау born 1734, married 1756 in Tallinn / Ревель, to Катарина Хелена фон Таузас.
Place of living: Халлик and Йоггис; Hagar / Hallik in Tamsalu, Estonia, county of Laane-Viru, south-west of Rakvere - eastern Eesti.

Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau or Roman Pilar von Pilchau / Roman Pilljar / Romuald Pilar von Pilchau / Romuald Ludwig von Pilar Pilchau, born 1894 in Mickuny close to Wilno / Vilnius. In 1905 to September 1910 - Vilnius secondary school, followed by Zurich in real school (1910 - 1911), where he graduated in 1911. In September of the same year, he continued study in Kuressaare Gymnasium. When German troops occupied the Saaremaa, Pilar von Pilchau evacuated to the Yaroslavl Province. The Pilars then were not wealthy, but still Helena sent Roman Pilchau Pilar to study in Switzerland 1910 to 1911.

Zofia Januszewska married Станислав Александрович Пилар фон Пильхау.
ZOFIA had sister Helena Januszewska b. 1848, Iody / Jody in the Wilno governorate, married EDMUND DZIERZYNSKI / Эдмунд Руфин Иосифович Дзержинский.

Zofia had next sister Emilia Januszewska b. 1834, married Feliks Zawadzki [Emilia Zawadzka 1st married Krzywiec].
They were daughters of Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera Zabielska (Januszewska).

Emilia Zawadzki (Januszewska) d. 1883 in Wilno; mother of Jadwiga Rapacka; Józef Zawadzki and Feliks Zawadzki junior. Sister of Helena Dzierżyńska; Zofia Pilar von Pilchau and MARIA GRAZEWICZ - granddaughters of SZYMON JANUSZEWSKI.

Эдмунд Руфин Иосифович Дзержинский b. 1838, d. 1882, was the son of
Józef Jan Dzierżyński b. 1788, d. 1865 + Antonina Oziembłowska d. 1869.

EDMUND had the son - b. 1877 in Kojdanów (Dzierżynowo) - Feliks Dzierżyński who d. 1926.

FELIK'S sister - ALDONA Dzierzynska - Bulhak - Kojallowicz.

Aldona nee Dzierzynski was living in the Bobruisk district, near by Ryszard Edward Wincenty Dzierżyński b. 1817, who was brother of Edmund Dzierzynski b. 1829 or (date of birth is mistake maybe) Эдмунд Руфин Иосифович Дзержинский / Edmund Rufin Iosifovich Dzierzynski, b. on 15 May 1838, died in 1882.

Jacek Gilewicz from Marseille - grandson of Justin Dzerzhinsky / Justyn Dzierżyński, a cousin of Felix Dzierzynski, the adoptee by his parents. He has an archive of the sister of Felix - Aldona Dzierzynska, suddenly three pages of the manuscript; he was convinced that Stalin was poisoned Felix.

Gedymin Jerzy Bulhak b. 1856, m. 1892, to Aldona Dzierzynski, he died 1908, lived in Mickiewicze. His grandfather Chryzostom Stanislaw Bulhak b. 1789, m. to Antonina Bulhak, estates: Ostrówek, Burdziewicze, Kozlowicze, Nowy Dwor close to Jelnica and Szabany, south-east of Minsk or Nowy Dwor close to Sluck!? Chryzostom's mother Franciszka Lowicki and father Jerzy Onufry Bulhak, b. 1749; grandfather: Florian Stanislaw Bulhak (b. ca 1700? or 1730, 1681 and 1741; he was son of Mikołaj Bułhak and Katarzyna or Marianna.

Aldona Kojałłowicz Bułhak nee Dzierżyńska, 1870 - 1966, had a son Antoni Bułhak b. 1898. His wife Wanda Bułhak nee Juchniewicz from Cezary Juchniewicz and Maria Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska, b. 1873.
MARIA Juchniewicz nee Piłsudska was the daughter of Józef Wincenty Piotr Piłsudski, b. 1833; and her brother was Józef Klemens Piłsudski b. 1867.

Aldona was always closest sister to Feliks Dzierzynski. Aldona, whose son was adjutant of Jozef Pilsudski!
Aldona Dzerzhinskaja - at first marriage Bulhak, second Koyallovich. Her husband Bulhak / Bulhac didn't like Feliks Dzierzynski, and removed out him from the Aldona Dzierzynska - Bulhak home. Aldona Bulhak later moved to Vienna / Wieden in Austria. Her husband was a millionaire. In 1945, after the war, she lived in Vilna. Then moved to permanent residence in Poland, where he lived in Lodz. There is evidence that during the trial of the officers in 1949 she petitioned to the Boleslaw Bierut for Sila - Nowicki, her relative.
Few details on Feliks Dzierzynski: In the autumn of 1887 Aldona Dzierzynska drove with brother Feliks Dzierzynski to Vilna, where he successfully passed his exams and was accepted into the first class of the first Vilna school, where he studied until 1896. Feliks Dzierzynski lived with his grandmother Казимира Янушевская / Kazimiera Januszewska on the street Poplavsky 26.

Edmund Dzerzhinsky born 1829 in Dzierżynowo, married to Helena Januszewska.
Helena Januszewska born 1849 in Joda and married to Edmund Dzerzhinsky, she died on 15 Jan. 1896 and buried in Vilnius. Feliks Dzierzynski b. 11 September 1877, his father Edmund Dzierzynski b. 1829, mother
Helena Januszewska b. 1849, died in 1896,
her parents: Ignacy Januszewski born 1804 and Kazimiera Januszewska born 1806;
parents of Edmund Dzierzynski: Jozef Jan Dzierzynski b. 1788 and Antonina Oziemblowska.

Above Ignacy Januszewski: b. 1804, m. Kazimiera Zabielska (Januszewska).


Roman Pilar was the cousin of the Dzerzhinsky - Roman Adolfovich / Romualdas Liudvikas Adolfovich Pillar Pilhau was one of the prominent of the initial period of the Cheka - the Deputy Chief of counterintelligence Cheka, deputy chairman of Belarus GPU, then People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of Belarus, then worked at senior positions in the Central Asia in 1937, as chief of the NKVD in the Saratov region, was arrested and executed (pay attention to his last post - in the Saratov region was larger numbers of Germans, there was even a Republic of the Volga Germans).
Roman Pilar Pilchau / R. Pillar Pilhau was one of closest personal friends and relatives to the known leader of the security organs - Artuzov.
Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov Frauchi headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service from August 1931 to May 1935. Artuzow created on May 8, 1922 the counterintelligence department of the GPU.
Artusov / Artuzow / Fraucci knew French. This counterintelligence department was structural unit of the GPU - OGPU, because on May 6, 1922 on the management meeting of the State Political Administration DECIDED to ESTABLISH the structure of a special unit to combat with foreign espionage;
the first leaders: Felix Dzerzhinsky, Vyacheslav Menzhinsky and Arthur Artuzov. Everyone from the structure of the Swiss-Estonian and of the Polish nobility of Belarus, I have discussed.
Artuzow was in years 1927-1931 - Assistant Chief of the Secret operational management. Artuzov / Artuzow - Frautchi on 01/01/1931 Deputy (Deputy Head of the Foreign Department INO OGPU) and 31 July 1931 headed Foreign department of the OGPU; when creating 10 July 1934 NKVD he headed foreign intelligence, but replaced 21/05/1935 by Slutsky and transferred to {in MAY 1935}
the Main Intelligence Directorate on the post of Deputy, on 11th January 1937 lost this post;
he was also the Corps Commissar on 21/11/1935; Artuzow / Artuzov was on 13.05.1937 appointed on the registration Department and Artuzov Frauchi was arrested on the same day May 13, 1937 as part of the 'Plot of the Generals' (he was executed on August 21, 1937). Wife of Artuzow: Inna Mikhailovna, in 1938, June 20 accused of spying for the French intelligence service on the grounds that she went twice 'under the guise of treatment' in Paris, where she was recruited; Artuzov Hristianovich Arthur was her husband, living with her from 1934. On August 26, 1938 Ulrich announced the verdict: the death penalty; first wife Lydia Artuzov Slugina escaped arrest;
mother of Artuzov, Augusta Avgustovna {see below} died shortly after the arrest of Arthur Christianovich; father Christian Petrovich Fraucci / Frautchi {see below} and uncle Peter Fraucci / Frautchi died in 1923. Son Kamil / Camill was arrested in 1941; on March 23, 1938 was arrested brother Rudolph Hristianovich Frauchi, was shot by the NKVD in Butovo; the second brother, Victor Hristianovich, moved to Kazan, and became well-known professor; Artusov disagreed with Stalin in matters of Poland and Germany, has also tried to observe certain standards of conduct during the purges of the thirties.
After arrest of Artuzow / Artuzov was a secret trial, and Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky / Tuchachevski, Iona Yakir, Ieronim Uborevich, Robert Eideman, August Kork, Vitovt Putna, Boris Feldman, Vitaly Primakov and Yakov Gamarnik (suicide) were accused with planning a military coup on May 15, 1937; they were executed on the night of June 11-12, 1937. Marshal Tukhachevsky / Tuchachevski, Corps Commanders Yefimov, Eideman and Appoga were all arrested on the same day - 22 May 1937; on 24 May 1937, the Politburo passed the following resolution: '...Tukhachevsky, as participant in an anti-Soviet Trotsky-Right conspiratorial bloc ... having engaged in espionage activity against the USSR on behalf of Fascist Germany'. Between 01 and 10 June 1937, Tukhachevsky was describing the conspiratorial organization and plans for defeating the Red Army.
Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov Frauchi was born in the family of Swiss origin, but Italian nationality {see below}. His father Christian Frautschi came to Russia, where he was engaged in reindeer cheese; cheesemaker, a citizen of the Swiss Federation.
Mother Augusta Avgustovna nee Didrikil b. ? - died in 1938

[Augusta's grandfather was from Scotland. He was in Russia during the War of 1812. He studied at Dorpat, worked as notary, married Latvian woman. One of his many daughters married Estonian - Didrikilya / Didrikil. In this family was born Augusta Avgustovna. Her sisters and brother:
1. Olga Avgustovna Didrikil next of kin to Sverdlov; Olga Avgustovna, married exiled Bolshevik Mikhail Kedrov. Olga Avgustovna Didrikil - daughter of gamekeeper August Ivanovich Didrikil (Bertha Didrikil nee Sterling / Esterling, married to Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik / Август Иванович Дидрикиль / Didrikil) who served for many years to the Suvorov family, in Prozorovskaya (?) county. Mikhail Kedrov b. 1878, Moscow – killed 1941, secret policeman and one of the builders of the Cheka; on December 20, 1917 was formed Russian Extraordinary Commission headed by F. Dzerzhinsky. Shortly before the First World War Kedrov graduated from the Medical Faculty of the University of Lausanne. Kedrov was reportedly extremely cruel and barbaric, even by the standards of the Red Terror. Kedrov and his son Igor had complained repeatedly to Joseph Stalin about Lavrenti Beria, who increasingly came to control the Soviet secret police in the 1930s. Kedrov in 1912 emigrated to Switzerland. Maintained contacts with Lenin, and lectured medicine at the universities of Bern and Lausanne. In 1916, on the instructions of the Central Committee returned to Russia, on the Caucasian front.
2. Maria Avgustovna remained an old maid but she known the renowned journalist, the future chairman of the OGPU Vyacheslav R. Menzhinsky / Vyacheslav Menzhinsky. Menzhinsky - deputy and successor of the first chairman of the Cheka - Dzerzhinsky.
3. Nina Avgustovna / Anthonine Catherine / Antonina Avgustovna Didrikil / DIDRIKIL Avgustovna Nina b. 1882 - d. 1953 - married to an exile Nicholas Podvoisky / Podvoisky Ivan Ilyich / Podwojski. Podvoisky become one of the founders of the Red Army.
4. Edward Avgustovich Didrikil],

had the Latvian and Estonian roots, and one of her grandfathers was a Scot; her father Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik, her mother Bertha Sterling / E'sterling / Stirling / EASTERLING born 1835, d. 1891 - her parents: Edward Sterling from Scotland / Esterling / EASTERLING and Elena Shtaal / Staal / Shtaal from Riga and Livland.
Edward Sterling / Esterling (b. ca 1807/1809) and Elena Shtaal / Elena Staal from Riga and Livland had daughters:
1. Odile Sterling / Esterling b. 1830 (Latvia?) at farmhouse in Yucca / Iukka, and
2. Bertha Didrikil born in Riga in 1835 died in 1891, also
3. Charlotte Sterling / Esterling and
4. Alvina Sterling / Esterling.
Probably that is Yukka, Yuka at Crimea, close to Заозерное / Ялы́-Мойна́к / Yalı Moynaq / Ялы Мойнакъ, 10 км south-west of Евпатория, western Crimea.
Above named Bertha Didrikil nee Sterling / Esterling b. 1835 in Riga, m. Avgust Didrikil / August Diederik / Август Иванович Дидрикиль / Didrikil; her son Edward Avgustovich Didrikil and her daughter Augusta Avgustovna nee Didrikil b. ? - died in 1938
[Avgustovna Augusta m. to named above Swiss cheesemaker; Christian's Frauchi wife was interlocutor of Podvoisky, Kedrov, Ангарский / Angarskij and Klestov. In 1903 the whole family Frauchi / Frautschi moved to Novgorod province, where, moving from one estate to another, Arthur's father, together with his assistants was doing cheese. Estates: Zhdanov, Mikhailovsky, Putyanin, Petrovskoe, Davydkina];
her father was mentioned above Edward Sterling / Esterling who had named above daughters: Odile Esterling b. 1830 (Latvia?) at farmhouse in Yucca / Iukka, and above Bertha Didrikil born in Riga in 1835 died in 1891, also Charlotte Esterling and Alvina Esterling.

And we back to the STERLING family of Scotland and Ireland:
John Sterling was born at Kaimes Castle, rented by his father, in the Isle of Bute, on the 20th July, 1806. Both his parents were Irish by birth, Scotch by extraction.
Edward Sterling - his father - a man was originally of Waterford; son of the Episcopalian Clergyman there; family founded by a Colonel Robert Sterling, called also Sir Robert Sterling; a Scottish Gustavus Adolphus soldier. Edward Sterling a man experienced in fortunes and changes, a native of Waterford, born 27th February, 1773; his father, resided in the Deanery House, kinsmen the Beresfords generally, whose grand house of Curraghmore, near by Waterford, was a familiar haunt of his and his childrens; had inherited political connections; there were daughters of the family; but Edward was the only son - he had studied at Trinity College, Dublin. He visited the Inns of Court here; 1803, at a ball in Derry he met with Miss Hester Coningham; 1804, Hester Coningham, only daughter of John Coningham, Esquire, Merchant in Derry, and of Elizabeth Campbell his wife, was wedded to Captain Sterling; his father was now dead;
their first son Anthony, Captain Anthony Sterling, was born at Dundalk, in January, 1805.
Hester Coningham, married to EDWARD Sterling on 5th April 1804; Hester was only daughter of John Coningham, merchant in Derry, and Elizabeth Campbell, of the Campbells of Sunderlaud in Isle.
Hester's 3 sons:
Anthony [b. 1805, see below],
John Sterling (m. Susannah Barton with three sons: Edward 1831, Charles b. 1839, John 1840) d. 1844, and
Edward [Edward Sterling / Esterling (b. ca 1807/1809) m. Elena Shtaal / Elena Staal from Riga and Livland],
and a one daughter!

Waterford - here above Sterling was born on 27th February, 1773; this family resided in the Deanery House, kinsmen the Beresfords generally, whose grand house of Curraghmore, near by Waterford; Curraghmore - 5 km north-west of Portlaw; 20 km north-west of Waterford; east of Clonmel, southern Ireland.

See: the MacSwiney family of Macroom; and the Lucas family, the Konarskis and Taaffe; the Nugent family and Sidney Reilly who was son of George and Pauline Reilly of the Irish town of Clonmel.

We back now to Edward Sterling (1773 - 1847) who was a British journalist. He went from Ireland
{he came from William Sterling of Munster province in Ireland, who was brother of ROBERT STERLING, Colonel, from STIRLING of KEIR. We know on John STIRLING 6th of Kippendavie, b. 1742 in Kippendavie, close to Dunblane, the Perth county, in Scotland, died in 1816 in Kippenross, Dunblane, Perth; John succeeded his brother Patrick in the lands in 1775; he acquired the estate of Kippenross from William Pearson in 1778, and the superiority of Kippendavie, Lanrick, Auchinbie, Shanraw, and Woodland from James Stirling of Keir in 1813. His parents: Patrick STIRLING 4th of Kippendavie b. 1704 in Kippendavie, Dunblane, Perth, and Margaret DOUGLAS b. 1708 in Of Aberdeen, Scotland; John m. Mary GRAHAM}
to Scotland and took to farming at Kames Castle. In 1804 he married Hester Coningham. "...One of her uncles had made a fortune through the sugar plantations of St Vincent, and his money, based on slave labour, supported the Sterlings". In 1810 the family removed to Llanblethian in the Vale of Glamorgan; contributed a number of letters to The Times, which were reprinted in 1812, and a second series in 1814, when he moved to Paris, but on the escape of Napoleon from Elba in 1815 took up residence in London.
See more: http://konstantynowicz.info/encyklopedia_internetowa_Polski_Niepodleglej_czesc_2_1772-1989/index.html
"John Sterling was his second son [see above], the elder being Colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling (1805 - 1871), who besides serving in the Crimea and as military secretary to Lord Clyde during the Indian Mutiny, was the author of The Highland Brigade in the Crimea and other books". Above John Sterling (1806 - 1844), was a Scottish author, born at Kames Castle on the Isle of Bute, the son of Edward Sterling; at the University of Glasgow; in 1824 entered Trinity College, Cambridge; in London, employing himself actively in literature; marriage to Susannah, daughter of Lieutenant-General Charles Barton (1760 - 1819) and his wife Susannah. In 1841 Sterling moved to Falmouth. His son, Major-General John Barton Sterling (1840 - 1926), after entering the navy, went into the army in 1861. Above colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling 1805 - 1871, was a British Army officer and historian, author of The Highland Brigade in the Crimea; eldest son of Captain Edward Sterling, by Hester, daughter of John Coningham of Derry, was born at Dundalk in 1805. John Sterling was a younger brother; the Crimean campaign of 1854 - 1855, as assistant adjutant-general to the Highland division.

Genealogy of the DIDRIKIL family:

Didrikil Edward son of August / Avgust Didrikil / Didrikil Jeduard / Дидрикиль Эдуард, journalist of an Agriculture newspapers, in the Pskov government in 1913.

The wife of N. I. PODVOYSKY was Nina Avgustovna DIDRIKIL, 1882 - 1953, her father was above named ДИДРИКИЛЬ Август / DIDRIKIL Avgust.

Her sister Augusta Avgustovna married Frauchi Christian Petrovich with son Frautschi ​​Artusow Hristianovich Arthur 1881 - 1937 / 1938?, and with daughter Frauchi Vera Christianovna.

Her second sister Olga Avgustovna married КЕДРОВ / Kedrov Mikhail S. 1878 - 1941, son of a notary, with sons: Kedrov Bonifatii Mikhailovich b. 1903, philosopher, chemist, and with the second son Kedrov Igor Mikhailovich 1908-40, working in subjection Dekanozov, arrested in April 1939 and was shot.

The family Sverdlov [next of kin to N. I. PODVOYSKY and Nina Avgustovna DIDRIKIL]:

SVERDLOV Michael Izrailevich / Moshe Serdlin / Mikhail Saveliev, a native of Lithuania, d. 1921, m. to Elizabeth Solomonovna d. 1900, and second time married to КОРМИЛЬЦЕВА Мария Александровна / Kormiltsev Maria, with:
1. daughter Софья Михайловна 1882-1951 or Pauline, her husband Awerbach / Averbach / Auerbach, owner of the steamship company on the Volga - her children
a. Leopold Auerbach Leonidovich 1903-1939, literary critic and member of the Union of Soviet Writers, married to Bonch-Bruevich Vera Vladimirovna, daughter of Vladimir Dmitrievich Bonch-Bruevich;
b. Ida Leonidovich d. 1938, Deputy of Moscow prosecutor, her husband Henryk Jagoda / ЯГОДА Генрих Григорьевич or Иегода Енон Гершонович / Iegoda Enone Gershonovich, 1891-1938, with son Garik Jagoda 1929 - ? (Ida Leonidovich Auerbach was niece of the Y. M. Sverdlov).
2. Zalman or Yeshua Zolomon Movshev PESHKOV, b. ca 1885-1966, adopted by M. Gorky, went abroad in 1903 to France joined the Foreign Legion.
3. Yakov Mikhailovich, 1885-1919, married Claudia Novgorodtseva Timofeevna, merchant's daughter, with son Andrey Yakovlevich b. ca 1911/14 - 1969, in 1935 and again in 1937 he was arrested, later he served in the NKVD, his wife - Podvoiskaya Nina 1916-1996, daughter of above named N. I. Podvoysky (N. I. PODVOYSKY + Nina Avgustovna DIDRIKIL 1882 - 1953, her father ДИДРИКИЛЬ Август / DIDRIKIL Avgust; her sister Augusta Avgustovna + Italian-Swiss origin Frauchi Christian Petrovich - son Frautschi ​​Artusow Hristianovich Arthur 1881-1938).
4. Veniamin Mikhailovich 1887-1940, owner of the bank in America, 1918 he returned to Russia, arrested in 1937, shot, wife DELEVSKAYA Vera.
5. Sarah M. 1889-1964; 6. Lev Mikhailovich 1891-1914; 7. Herman M. 1905/08-1984; 8. Alexander b. 1910.

We back to Pilar Pilchau:

Alexander von Pilar Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau, born 10.2.1802, Judge of the district of Vilnius, died in 1871 in WILNO - he was great-grandfather of Roman Pilar [see below] / Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau / Пилляр Роман Александрович / Роман Людвиг Пилар фон Пильхау / Ромуальдас-Людвикас Адольфович Пилляр фон Пильхау!
Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau was married to Ионна Станиславовна Кульвинска / Joanna nee Kulwinska daughter of Stanislaw Kulwinski.
Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau had sister Sophia;
his father Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau was born in 1768 or 1769 in Lida, the Vilna province in Poland, he was Major of the Russian army. Магнус or Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau married to Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю [see below on the BECU family] - she was closest next of kin of Augustas Ludvikas Becu / August Ludwik Becu / August Ludwik Bécu b. 1770 or 1771 in Grodno, son of Jan Ludwik Bécu.

August Ludwik Bécu was owner of Mickuny, married ca 1800 to von Pilar Pilchau 1770-1816 and he had two daughters:
Aleksandra Mianowski nee Becu 1804-1832, closest friend of Juliusz Słowacki;
and Hersylia Januszewski 1808-1872.
August Ludwik Bécu in August 1818 married second time to Salomea Słowacki.

Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau born in 1768 or 1769 in Lida, was son of
Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau / Магнус Вильгельм Пилар фон Пильхау born 1734, who married 1756 in Tallinn / Ревель, to Catharina Helena von Tausas / Катарина Хелена фон Таузас;
place of living: Халлик and Йоггис; Hagar / Hallik in Tamsalu, Estonia, county of Laane-Viru, south-west of Rakvere - eastern Eesti [Gustav Adolf Nikolai Pilar von Pilchau / Gustav Adolf Pilar von Pilchau born in 1841 and died on January 11, 1918 in Haapsalu (Hapsal), Lääne County, Estonia also came from Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilchau b. 1734].
Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau / Pilchau was retired major of the Polish army, died in 1801 in Jöggis / Jőgisuu, he was son of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau and Anna Sophia.

Sons of Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau / Pilchau:

1. Georg Ludwig / Egor Maksimovich Pilar von Pilchau / Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau 1767-1830.
Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau was the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen., von Pilhau Yegor Maksimovic or Georg Ludwig, from the family of a professional military, his father was retired major of the Polish army - Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau 1734 - 1801. Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilchau (1734-1801), was landlord of Hallik north - east of Tallinn or rather south-west of Rakvere, Lehtse south-west of Rakvere, Meremőisa close to Keila-Joa, Major (1756), served for the Polish army as Major in 1757. Recorded in service 1780, above Yegor Maksimovic exactly one year later was promoted to sergeant. Received his primary education at home, with the rank of lieutenant was transferred to Narva Infantry Regiment; next to the Vyborg Infantry Regiment; Yegor Maksimovic Pilar participated in a battle with the Swedes under Nyslott; 1803 has been married to Anna Fyodorovna von Hesse / Johanna Agnetha b. 1779, had three sons and two daughters: Alexander (1804 - 1866), Lieutenant-Captain of the Guards; Nicholas (1815 - 1887) and George (1819 - 1882); Elizabeth 1808, Elena 1811.

2. mentioned above Major Магнус Максимилиан Фабиан Пилар фон Пильхау / Maxim / Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau, b. 08.06.1768 or 1769
(his wife was named above Maria Cecylia von Bécu / Мария Цецилия фон Бекю / Maria Becu with her children: Zofia / София Пилар фон Пильхау and a son who was born in Wilno / Вильнюс - Alexandr / Alexander Karl / Aleksander Karol Pilchau Pilar, b. 1802. Magnus Fabian's closest next of kin: Бокельберг or Фокельберг / Vokelberg, Фридрих фон Руктешель in Йоггис; Шталь фон Гольштейн / Holstein; фон Людер / Luder who died 1857).

3. Engineer Major Jacob Maksimovic / Jakob Johann Baron / Jakob Johann Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1774.

Adolf Konstantin Jakob Pilar von Pilchau, a Baltic German politician, regent, the owner of the Audern, his birthplace after his father's death in 1870, and Sauga. Audru / Audern, 8 to 10 km north-west-north of Parnu city [see Jerzy Konstantynowicz with nickname Marian Stankiewicz or Marian Konstantynowicz], is a small borough. Sauga / Sauck, 6 km north of Parnu core, in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia. Adolf (Alf) Konstantin Jakob Baron Pilar von Pilchau died June 17, 1925 in Pernau (Pärnu), Pärnumaa, Estland.
The father of Adolf Pilar von Pilchau was Fredrik Adolf Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau, Baron, born and died in Audru / Audern, 1814 - 1870; the grandfather - above Jakob Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau 1774 - 1814.

4. Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau b. 1777 and died in 1847 in Jöggis (Jogisoo);
married Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm. He was son of Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau 1734 - 1801 in Jöggis / Jogisoo; the grandson of Georg Johann Baron Pilar von Pilchau 1709 - 1752 in Reval; great-grandson of Friedrich Jakob Pilar von Pilchau 1675 - 1710, who was son of Nikolaus Georg Pilar von Pilchau.

We look now at the genealogy of CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803, Yoggis / Jogisoo near KEILA (see HACKER or Hakker family next of kin to the ARMANDS and PASZKOWSKI - Konstantynowicz) - 8 km east-south (or in Padis / Padise), he died in 1862, Revel, the owner of Jogisoo / Yoggisa and Pallu ca 6 km south of above named Jogisoo, in Estonia (Yoggis / Jogisoo / Yoggisa / Jöggis). Chief of District. Baronial title in 1855.
His wife was Katharina Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt / MORENSHILD [see Lee Oswald and Kennedy] / Katharina Augusta Elisabeth von Mohrenschildt b. 1811 in Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald, Harjumaa, Estland that is Kreuz Hof, died in 1855, Revel, the daughter of Berend von Mohrenschildt, owner of Kreuzhof (Risti), Padise vald and Eleanor Juliana Elisabeth von Rosenthal.
That is Behrend Robert von Mohrenschildt and Eleonore Juliane Elisabeth Rosenthal daughter of Gustav Heinrich von Wetter-Rosenthal.
CARL MAGNUS Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was a cousin of Karl Magnus Pilar von Pilchau, husband of Princess Kudasheva Kitty b. 1811, granddaughter of Field Marshal Kutuzov.
Karl Magnus Reinhold Pilar von Pilchau b. 1803 was son of Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau and Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm.
Mentioned above Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau married Margaretha Ulrike Henriette von Ramm; Reinhold Woldemar Pilar von Pilchau b. 1777 and died in 1847 in Jöggis (Jogisoo), was son of above named Magnus Wilhelm Pilar von Pilchau 1734 - 1801 in Jöggis / Jogisoo.

Above mentioned Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau [born 10.2.1802] had son Stanisław Count Pilar von Pilchau [born ca 1830] owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia.
Stanislaw married to Zofia Januszewska (come from Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806), she died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno.
Zofija Pilar von Pilchau born Januszewska was sister of Januszewski Dzerzhinsky Helena [she died in 1896], mother of Felix Dzerzhinsky.

Son of above named Stanislaw Pilar von Pilchau and ZOFIA:
Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin of Feliks Dzierżyński.
Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son Roman Pilar von Pilchau, b. 1894 in Mickuny close to Wilno / Vilnius, d. 1937 [1938 ?].

Above Romuald Roman baron Pilar Pilchau [Romuald Ludwig Pilar von Pilchau or Roman Pilar von Pilchau / Roman Pilljar / Romuald Pilar von Pilchau / Romuald Ludwig von Pilar Pilchau], in Sept. 1905 lived in Wilno [to September 1910 - Vilnius secondary school], then in Zurich [Helena sent Roman Pilchau Pilar to study in Switzerland 1910 to 1911 - real school. "Nothing helped. He came back. Then he went in the other direction, to Russia, to Petrograd, where he studied law. From Dzerzhinsky not departed"], next to Аренсбург / Arensburg in the Лифляндская губерния / Livland government, and in Даниловo / Danilovo in the Jaroslav government [when German troops occupied the Saaremaa, Pilar von Pilchau evacuated to the Yaroslavl Province]. Pilar Roman / ПИЛЛЯР РОМАН АЛЕКСАНДРОВИЧ (РОМУАЛЬД ФОН ПИЛЬХАУ) in Arensburg / Аренсбург on Saaremaa Island, was living since September 1911 to March 1917. And different details: Roman was in Аренсбург / Arensburg / Kuressaare from September 1911 [he continued study in Kuressaare Gymnasium] to 1918, or 1911 to 1915.

Note on the BECU family [see above]:

August Ludwik Bécu owner of Mickuny, married ca 1800 to von Pilar Pilchau 1770 / 1771-1816 and had two daughters:
1. Aleksandra Mianowski nee Becu 1804-1832, closest friend of Juliusz Słowacki, and
2. Hersylia Januszewski 1808-1872, m. Teofil Januszewski, brother of Salomea - mother of poet Juliusz Słowacki.

August Ludwik Bécu in August 1818 married second time to Salomea Słowacki, when Juliusz Slowacki aged 8. August Ludwik Becu was sent in 1803 - 1804 from (Russia) the Vilna University to Scotland (UK) to investigate smallpox vaccination!
Note:
Bécu August, the royal adviser, freemason of "L'Hereuse Délivrance" in Grodno, chairman after 1781 and before 1784.
BÉCU Jan Ludwik [Bécu Louis] born ca 1741, died after 1797, industrial and commercial activist, freemason of "L'Hereuse Délivrance" (Grodno), secr. in 1786.
Bécu Jacob, the brother of above Jan Ludwik Becu / Louis; a royal adviser, 1771-1780 Inspector General of the Tyzenhauz factories in Grodno, 1780-1787 supervising them, freemason of "L'Hereuse Délivrance" (Grodno) in 1781 [J. V. Antoine Godin, Chair of the Master of Wilna; freemasons in Grodno in 1817: J. E. Gilibert, J. Becu, Louis Wiazowski, J. Sacco, J. Gimel, Charles Gottlieb / Golt, Jean Godefroi Walter, J. H. Müntz, Zacharius Büttner, Jean Louis Becu, Ephraim Gottlieb, Kaus, Franēois Narwoysz, Chresteon Ernst Fechner, Gembowski, Siegfrierd Schmidt, Jurewicz, V. S. Antoine, Fr. Schreiber].


The Templar masonry in England and the Order of MALTA:

Thomas Dunckerley (1724 - 1795) was a Provincial Grand Master of several provinces, this was made possible by an annuity of £100, rising to £800, which he obtained in 1767 from King George III by claiming to be his illegitimate half brother - the Prince of Wales, later King George II, was Thomas' natural father.
At this time, in 1751 Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund und Altengrotkau began the Order of Strict Observance [with the superior, Prince Charles Edward Stuart], which came from the reconstituted Templar Order in 1743 in Paris.

Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (1720 - 1788), was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III). In 1742, Lord Kilmarnock and other exiled Stuart participants received Karl Gotthelf, Baron Von Hund into the Order of the Temple in Paris showing the Jacobite Templar link still existed; and in 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart given a gala meeting for the Chivalry of the Order in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

Jacobitism was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.

The next step was in 1779 when the High Knights Templar of Ireland Lodge, Kilwinning, obtained a charter from Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Scotland.
"This lodge now began to grant dispensations to other lodges to confer the Knights Templar Degree. Some time around 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836". "The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780".

In 1791, Dunckerley became the Grand Master of the first national Grand Conclave of English Masonic Knights Templar; then followed, in 1805 by their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, who became Grand Master himself. Kilwinning Abbey was a home to the Knights Templar and birthplace of the Freemasons.

In 1796 Alexander Deuchar becomes the Heritor to the Jacobite Templar legacy. Alexander Deuchar (1777 - 1844) stayed in Lyon, his family had been Jacobite; in 1807, Deuchar holds a meeting of Knights Templar in Edinburgh; the new Order started formally in 1805 "when a charter was issued to by the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland (previously the High Knight Templars of Ireland Lodge), under the title of the Edinburgh Encampment No 31" - it became the Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh; the charter was granted in 1811, for the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulcher, and of St. John of Jerusalem.
In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in December 1813 - above Prince Edward became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.

Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria! The Duke of Kent was appointed Field-Marshal of the Forces in 1805. His wife was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld with daughter Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom. His mother - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Martinism "as a mystical tradition, it was first transmitted through a masonic high-degree system established around 1740 in France by Martinez de Pasqually, and later propagated in different forms by his two students Louis Claude de Saint-Martin and Jean-Baptiste Willermoz". Or Martinism is a specific form of Christian mysticism, an esoteric Christianity; founded 1754 in Paris, by Martinez Paschalis, and
in 1775 by Louis Claude de Saint Martin, near to Illumine [Illuminate] - Jean Willermoz who voted the death of the King of France in 1782.
The Scottish Rectified Rite or Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cite-Sainte was originally a Masonic rite, a reformed variant of the Rite of Strict Observance, which underlies both Martinism and the practices of the Elus-Cohens; was founded in the late 18th century by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, who was a pupil of Martinez de Pasqually and a friend of Saint-Martin.
The Modern Martinist Order was established with three degrees in Paris.
Above Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick 1721 - 1792; Scottish Rite; he is the same Duke of Brunswick who was mentioned in Robison's secret Illuminati membership list, patron of the Asiatic Brethern, an Illuminati offshoot. The Sabbatian Vienna Lodge of the Asiatic Brethren was founded by Jacob Frank's cousin, Moses Dobrushka, alias Von Schoenfeld.
Jonathan Eybeschütz born in Cracow in 1690, d. Altona, 1764, was a Talmudist, Rabbi of the "Three Communities": Altona, Hamburg and Wandsbek. According to Jacob Katz, Jonathan Eybeschütz's grandson was rumored to be Baron Thomas von Schoenfeld, an apostate Jew who inherited his grandfather's collection of Sabbatean kabbalistic works. He eventually left the Sabbatean movement and founded a
Masonic lodge called the Asiatische Bruder, one of four Illuminati lodges in Vienna.
After his uncle's death in 1791, he was offered the leadership of the Frankist movement which he refused.
Above Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg b. 1721, Wolfenbüttel, was a German-Prussian field marshal (1758 - 1766) "known for his participation in the Seven Years' War. From 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover...".

The vocation to live a few pseudo-secret organizations, very fast , with extremely strange names and rituals, names dating back to the deep Middle Ages, causes the astonishment and even awakens laughter. In the course of 50 years each of these organizations tried to take control of the other [1740-1790].

The United Kingdom, Russia and France sent out for supreme positions in these organizations, his trusted men, too. Only the United Kingdom has been successful taking over control of the Scottish mysterious structures, but it was in the years 1790-1800. A previously plan of mysterious brain was successful. From England broke away its colonies [without Canada] in the years around 1776-1785.

Blows from the inside hit in France and Poland [1780s] destroying the two countries; Poland disappeared from the map of the world for about 120 years, but France survived the chaos of the Jacobin revolution and Napoleonic wars.

It broke out a strange uprising in Russia, operettas and provoked, of the Decembrists, as if someone wanted to prove that Russia is not directed underground movements against Poland, Great Britain and France [and even earlier already against Bavaria; and later against the Papacy in Italy], and at the turn of the 19th and 20th century also against Turkey.

But it is Russia suffered the greatest benefits of the revolutionary turmoil in North America and France - but rather in the whole of central and Western Europe at the end of the 18th century.

Discussed below mysterious organization is nothing more than the 18-century intelligence agencies of a foreign power.

For Germany, England, France, and Poles and also for Baltic Germans, remained the hardest way - but also the way bringing the greatest benefits - take over the underground structures, when it takes on the momentum and becomes the might; best to immediately take over the head of structure - the supreme authority of underground networks and the supreme command of Russian intelligence.

It had to be, however, protect from the rear - creating from the ground up a modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia, by the Baltic Germans already infiltrated from Ireland and Scotland.

Objectives were clear - the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty and abridgment of Russia to the national core [1917-1922]. The whole plan should have been conducted in Europe now plunged into chaos of war - it is the First World War [1914-1918]. So plan for dismantling of the colonial powers: England and France, ended with a defeat - and the same multi-level underground structure has become a tool of western intelligence services.

In this ensemble, ready to act, entered Polish independence movement of Pilsudski, using additional family connections with the Baltic Germans, Irish and Scots. This was the largest triumph of Poles in the period 1618-2015.
Pilsudski never could let - during his life - destroyed of this work [1926], as his successor Marshal Rydz Smigly [1939-1941].
Greatest defeat suffered Poles in the years 1937-1945, and to this day is difficult for them to get up.

Of course, already other countries took a leading role in this web network in the 20th century; only suggests - USA, Great Britain, Russia and Israel ...

Russia was the only country interested in depriving of England colonies in North America (1776), and in broken down of France from the core (1789); Russia, which began the race for colonies in the Central and North Asia (the way to India and China), and America (the 18th cent. - Alaska, Oregon, California);

Russia in the second half of the 18th century began conquer of the Central Europe, including the destruction of Poland (1795) and Turkey.

Secret societies were the Russian (Freemasonry, Illuminati, Templars) best tools in infiltrating opposition against the monarchs of England and France (and against the Catholic Church).

The Masonic conspiracy theories said the
"...Freemasonry overlaps with, or is controlled by, the Illuminati, especially in the higher degrees; Illuminati Freemasons secretly control many major aspects of society and government and are working to establish the New World Order. Some conspiracy theories involving the Freemasons and the Illuminati also include the Knights Templar and Jews as part of the supposed plan for universal control of society. This type of conspiracy theory was described as early as 1792 ... the Masons are either intimately connected to or (conversely) in conflict with the Illuminati regarding a plot to control several countries."

"The first President of the United States, George Washington believed that the Illuminati intended to separate the people from their government in his letters in the Library of Congress. The original manuscript is on the Library of Congress website...", acc. to Greg Scott:
"Mount Vernon, October 24, 1798. Revd Sir: I ... It was not my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am. The idea that I meant to convey, was, that I did not believe that the Lodges of Free Masons in this Country had, as Societies, endeavoured to propagate the diabolical tenets of the first, or pernicious principles of the latter (if they are susceptible of seperation). That Individuals of them may have done it, or that the founder, or instrument employed to found, the Democratic Societies in the United States, may have had these objects; and actually had a seperation of the People from their Government in view, is too evident to be questioned".
Greg Scott:
"Essentially what he is saying is that he does not doubt that the doctrines of the Bavarian Illuminati, as created by Adam Weishaupt in 1776, (which was used to infiltrate Freemasonry) had spread in the United States in fact he says, 'On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am'...".
Matthew Dorry:
"This is a nonsense interpretation of the letter. George Washington's words, 'It was NOT my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had NOT spread in the United States', were a double-negative, and express that he was dubious of the spread of the Illuminati and the Jacobins. And when he says, 'On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am', he's affirming that he's glad that the Illuminati and Jacobin ideals hadn't spread. This is directly confirmed by the very next paragraph that YOU quote, in which G. W. refers to the Doctrines of the Illuminati as 'diabolical tenets', and Jacobinism as having 'pernicious principles'. On the whole, he's expressing that although it cannot be doubted that certain individuals had entered Freemasonry lodges with the intent of spreading those principles, he didn't think that whole lodges in America were spreading them. He's making a very clear distinction between the Bavarian Illuminati and Jacobins, and American Freemasonry. So much for people reading these things only once and misunderstanding the language of the letter."
Above text under copyright by http://consciouslifenews.com/.

Thomas Jefferson on the Illuminati - a letter on January 31, 1800:
"I have lately by accident got a sight of a single volume ... of the Abbe Barruel's Antisocial conspiracy, which gives me the first idea I have ever had of what is meant by the Illuminatism against which 'illuminate Morse' as he is now called, and his ecclesiastical and monarchical associates have been making such a hue and cry. Barruel's own parts of the book are perfectly the ravings of a Bedlamite. But he quotes largely from Wishaupt whom he considers as the founder of what he calls the order. As you may not have had an opportunity of forming a judgment of this cry of 'mad dog' which has been raised against his doctrines, I will give you the idea I have formed from only an hour's reading of Barruel's quotations from him, which you may be sure are not the most favorable. Wishaupt seems to be an enthusiastic Philanthropist. ... As Wishaupt lived under the tyranny of a despot and priests, he knew that caution was necessary even in spreading information, and the principles of pure morality. He proposed therefore to lead the Free masons to adopt this object and to make the objects of their institution the diffusion of science and virtue. He proposed to initiate new members into his body by gradations proportioned to his fears of the thunderbolts of tyranny. This has given an air of mystery to his views, was the foundation of his banishment, the subversion of the masonic order, and is the colour for the ravings against him of Robinson, Barruel and Morse, whose real fears are that the craft would be endangered by the spreading of information, reason, and natural morality among men. This subject being new to me, I have imagined that if it be so to you also, you may receive the same satisfaction in seeing, which I have had in forming the analysis of it: and I believe you will think with me that if Wishaupt had written here, where no secrecy is necessary in our endeavors to render men wise and virtuous, he would not have thought of any secret machinery for that purpose."

It was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy:
Lenin and Inessa Armand, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.

On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.

Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.

The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities.

This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland.

Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.

Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands. It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear. It works like clockwork.

Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.

The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries:

1. call up the chaos in Europe;
2. to bring the continental war;
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia;
4. lead to anarchy in Russia;
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence;
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America.

The network in the 18th to 21st cent.
Overarching objectives are at the beginning of the 20th cent.:
1. Polish independence,
2. The independence of the Baltic States;
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Tools to achieve these goals are:
1. The money from the Scottish, Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon, India, Japan;
2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America;
3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries.

Below we have the details of the movements of underground in Europe in the period 1740-1790, which also reached North America.

Robert Welch in 1956 used some of his money to fund various extreme right-wing causes. This included supporting the work of Joseph McCarthy and in 1958 he established the John Birch Society (JBS). In 1956 Welch wrote that top government officials such as John Foster Dulles and Allan W. Dulles were "communist tools". Welch made it clear he wanted a "secret, monolithic organization" that would "operate under completely autoritative control at all levels". British historian John Simkin adds important detail to the story of Ben Bradlee and CIA Counterintelligence Chief James Angleton after the assassination of President Kennedy.
At http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/ we read:
Dan Smoot, the author of The Invisible Government, wrote: "Somewhere at the top of the pyramid in the invisible government are a few sinister people who know exactly what they are doing: they want America to become part of a worldwide socialist dictatorship, under the control of the Kremlin".

Another important supporter of the JBS was William F. Buckley. In April 1961 Major General Edwin Walker, commander of the 24th Infantry Division in Europe and stationed in Augsburg, Germany was accused of indoctrinating his troops with right-wing literature from the John Birch Society.
On 10th April, 1963, Edwin Walker was victim of an assassination attempt while he sat at a desk in his Dallas home. It was later claimed that Lee Harvey Oswald had taken the shot at Walker. Marina Oswald reported that she "asked him what happened, and he said that he just tried to shoot General Walker...".
Haley also suggested that Johnson might have been responsible for the death of John F. Kennedy. Robert W. Welch died on 6th January, 1965 and Lawrence P. McDonald replaced him as chairman of the John Birch Society. "...Interestingly, McDonald was on board the Korean Air Flight KAL-007 when it was shot down by Soviet fighters on 1st September, 1983. He therefore became the first and only congressman ever killed by the Soviets during the Cold War. Some people, including Jesse Helms and Jerry Falwell, believe that McDonald was targeted by the Soviets".

The Illuminati was first seen in the 15th century by occultists proclaiming to have wisdom from a higher source. The secret society became strong in 18th century Germany. It adopted many different grades of Freemasonry. Conspiracies were spun about the forces of order, bureaucracy, and repression. People soon realized that espionage was their main focus, then the French Revolution arrived and changed the country.
The only people who mention the Illuminati anymore is the John Birch Society. Read more: http://www.meta-religion.com/Secret_societies/
The John Birch Society (JBS) is a conservative advocacy group supporting anti-communism; Robert W. Welch, Jr. (1899 - 1985) developed an organizational infrastructure in 1958 of chapters nationwide. Presidents: Robert W. Welch, Jr. (1958 - 1983), Larry McDonald (1983), a U.S. Representative who was killed in the KAL-007 shootdown incident; Robert W. Welch, Jr. (1983 - 1985). Korean Air Lines Flight 007 (also known as KAL007 and KE007) was a scheduled Korean Air Lines flight from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage. On September 1, 1983, the airliner serving the flight was shot down by a Soviet Su-15 interceptor, near Moneron Island west of Sakhalin in the Sea of Japan. All were killed, including Larry McDonald, a Representative from Georgia in the United States House of Representatives.
Arthur R. "Art" Thompson (born 1938 in Seattle) is the CEO of the John Birch Society, and took office in 2005. Thompson believes that Russian communism remains a serious threat to the USA, and is responsible for much global terrorism; Art resides in Appleton, Wisconsin.

The years 1740 - 1790, it's the beginning of the secret Masonic organizations in Germany, Ireland, France and Scotland, as well as in Russia, Poland, Austria.

Jean-Baptiste Willermoz (1730 - 1824) was a "French Freemason and Martinist who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany". In Lyon he became Grand Master in 1761, also organized "Sovereign Chapter of Knights of the Black Eagle Rose-Cross", was admitted to first grade in the Order of the Elus Cohens at Versailles in 1767 by Martinez de Pasqually; in the 1770s, he came into contact with Baron von Hund and the German Order of the Order of Strict Observance which he joined in 1773; Willermoz introduced also at the Convention of Lyon the Regime Ecossais Rectifie (Rectified Scottish Rite), which combined Templar Freemasonry with the religious ceremonial of the Elect Coens; he defended the place of Martinist currents in the rite; "... he resumed his Masonic activities with a resurgence of the CBCS [the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City; in Lyon in 1778, constituted the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City] in 1804, and dedicated himself to this end until his death ... 1824".

The Rectified Scottish Rite, "also known as Order of Knights Beneficent of the Holy City is a Christian Masonic rite founded in Lyon (France) in 1778". It is derived from the Rite of Strict Observance erected in 1754, the foundation of which was attributed to Baron von Hund; it propounded a theory that freemasonry was developed directly from the Crusading Templars; the Rite was mainly elaborated by Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, including some items coming from the Elect Cohen Order and denying the Templar legacy.

The Elect Cohens, or the Ordre des Chevelier Macons Elus Cohen de L'Univers / Order of Knight-Masons Elect Priests of the Universe / The Martinist Order of the Elect-Cohens, which issued from the Traditional Martinist Order i.e. of the Elus Cohen of Martinez de Pasqually, and of the Order of the Rose-Croix of the Orient; the Elect Cohens, were a society of Cabbalists, organised on 'Scottish' Masonic lines, who were influenced by the Spanish Alumbrados / Sufi; "...they were the first group to be called the Illumines, or Illuminati, though their relatively conservative views were diametrically opposite to the Bavarian Illuminati ... founded in 1765 by the Freemason Jacques de Livron Joachim de la Tour de la Casa Martinez de Pasqually, of Grenoble, France, the Order was initially only open to Master Masons, but later became more open".

"The system of the Strict Observance grew out of what is known as Templarism. Templar Masonry commenced to grow up in France soon after true Freemasonry was introduced. This was about 1725. However, no Grand Lodge was established till 1752. ... The Hospitallers, known officially as Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, was founded at Jerusalem during the first Crusade. ... Some of the Knights went to Russia and elected the Emperor Paul I Grand Master ... In England the Order was never formally suppressed, and in 1888 Queen Victoria granted it a charter. In 1889 King Edward VII, then Prince of Wales was made Grand Prior. ... The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, or, as it is otherwise called, Knights Templar, was founded in Palestine in the 12th century by the Crusaders. ... The Rite of the Strict Observance is based on Templar Masonry. Its founders claimed that all Templars were Masons ... The truth is that all Templar Masonry is descended from a Kadosh degree invented in Lyons, France, in 1743.

... Nevertheless, about 1740, various Rites, or degrees, of Scots Masonry, did spring into existence, followed shortly afterwards by Scots Mother-Lodges controlling systems of subordinate Scots Lodges. ... In 1743 the Masons of Lyons invented the Kadosh degree, comprising the vengeance of the Templars, and thus laid the foundation for all the Templar Rites. It was at first called Junior Elect

... The Rite of Strict Observance was carried from France to Germany as early as 1749. Von Bieberstein, as Provincial Grand Master, was succeeded at his death, about 1750, by Karl Gotheif, Baron Von Hund, and Alten-Grotkau. He was made a Mason in 1742. A year or so afterwards he met at Paris Lord, Kilmarnock, who interested him in Templarism, and he was initiated into the Order of the Temple. He was given a patent and directed to report to the Prov. Grand Master, Von Bieberstein, of the 7th Province in Germany. ...
We can trace its beginnings back to Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scotland, in 1742 - 43. Kilmarnock in Scotland was made a barony ... In 1751 Von Hund began to give particular attention to the restoration of the Order of the Temple and evidently considered it his life work.
... In 1763 a fellow named Leucht, going under the name of Johnson, who had got hold of some Masonic papers relating to Masonry proper, as well as the high degrees, appeared at Jena where there was a Clermont Chapter practicing the Templar degrees in the Strict Observance system, and stated that he had a commission from the Sovereign Chapter in Scotland to reform the German Lodges and impart the true secrets of Masonry ...
An Order called the Clerics turned up and it was supposed for a time that the lost secrets were with it. ... This convention took place at Brunswick and was in session from May 23 to July 6, 1775. ... Baron Von Gugumos was at the Brunswick convention and told different members of it that they were all on the wrong track; that the Strict Observance was an imitation, or rather, only a branch of the true Order, and possessed none of the real secrets; ...

The Convention of Wiesbaden ... on Aug. 15, 1776, with the consent the Prince of Nassau-Usingen, but without that of the Duke of Brunswick. Among those present was the sovereign, the Duke of Nassau; also the Duke of Gotha, the Landgraves Ludwig and George, and many other nobles of lesser note. At one time there was not less than twelve reigning sovereign Princes of Germany members of the Rite of the Strict Observance ... Baron Von Hund died on Oct. 28, 1776 ... In 1782 the Rite of Strict Observance was reorganized by Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, who was elected Grand Master General. The next year, however, the Lodge of the Three Globes of Berlin, with all of its subordinate lodges and the Hamburg Lodges, withdrew from the Strict Observance ...",
acc. to http://blog.templarhistory.com/ by Burton E. Bennett [born 1863 in North Brookfield, New York; 1887, United States, Attorney for Alaska].


The Illuminati officially founded their organization on May 1, 1776 in Bavaria, today in Germany. 'The real purpose of this Order - Weishaupt wrote - is ruling the world. To achieve this, it is necessary to destroy all religions, overthrow governments and ban ownership of private property'.

Weishaupt also ordered his anti-monarchist organization to take control of Bavaria through infiltration. Some experts suggest that Adam Weishaupt was the true architect of the American Revolution 1775-1783.

Weishaupt was the founder of the association from Bavaria - known as the Illuminati. Weishaupt, his followers and their heirs were also attributed to political and organizational influence on the French Revolution 1789, and Russian Revolutions in 1917. The Illuminati are often exchanged in numerous contemporary conspiracy theories.

Freemasonry should not be confused with the Illuminati. President George Washington, a freemason, declared that "none of the lodges is in this country tainted with the rules attributed to the Illuminati community".
But it is known that by 1782 the Illuminati had infiltrated Freemasonry in Bavaria.

It is not known they ever managed to infiltrate lodges in America.
For centuries both in Europe and in USA many specialists from various fields of political science examines the organizations of Masons and the Illuminati. Some of them think that Freemasonry is trying to introduce a theocratic New Order of the World, symbolically depicted in the form of the Great Seal of the United States of America.

Some legends point to the links between Freemasonry and the Knights Templar Order. Historian John Robinson claims that freemasonry can actually originate from this order - some monks got from France to England and there, they secretly survived until the eighteenth century.
Most of the Masonic terminology is of Old French origin and has been taken over by English.
The anniversary of the death of the Grand Master of the Templars, James de Molay, is celebrated in the lodges. Revenge was to be made by beheading of Louis XVI in the former Templar stronghold. The first mention of Templars associated with Freemasonry comes from protocols of the lodge "Chapter of the Royal Vault of St. Andrew" in Boston in 1769. The Grand Lodge in York sanctioned in 1780 a degree "Knight of the Templar".

Many Masons denies the origin of Freemasonry from the Templars - this was expressed in Wilhelmsbad in 1782 declaring that Scottish-style of the masonry is not a continuation of the Order's tradition.
Nonetheless, similar to masonic organizations are formed referring to the tradition of the Templars, for example the Order of Eastern Templars promoted by Aleister Crowley, head of the British section.


An important note:

Albert Pike [Albert Pike b. 1809, died 1891, was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason, elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Southern Jurisdiction in 1859, of thirty-two years] described in a letter wrote to Mazzini [Giuseppe Mazzini, 1805 - 1872, an Italian politician, journalist; "William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy"], dated August 15, 1871, plans for three world wars necessary to bring the One World Order, and it is a "commonly believed fallacy that for a short time, the Pike letter to Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London, and it was copied by William Guy Carr

[died 1959, was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author; educated in Scotland; he also refers to the theories of l'abbe Augustin Barruel and John Robison {John Robison b. 1739, d. 1805, was a Scottish physicist; the first general secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh; worked with James Watt on an early steam car; he authored Proofs of a Conspiracy in 1797, accusing Freemasonry of being infiltrated by Weishaupt's Order of the Illuminati"} who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt, associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order],

former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy. The British Library has confirmed ... that such a document has never been in their possession, but Cardinal Rodriguez have said that it was in 1925".
Carr learned about this letter from Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago,
[died 1958, was a Chilean Cardinal; "...Caro was strongly opposed to the influence of Freemasonry in modern society and wrote several anti-Masonic pamphlets"];
"... no conclusive proof exists to show that this letter was ever written. Nevertheless, the letter is widely quoted and the topic of much discussion".

The extracts of the letter:

"The First World War must be brought about in order to permit the Illuminati to overthrow the power of the [Emperors] Czars in Russia and of making that country a fortress of atheistic Communism. The divergences caused by the "agentur" (agents) of the Illuminati between the British and Germanic Empires will be used to foment this war. At the end of the war, Communism will be built and used in order to destroy the other governments and in order to weaken the religions. ... During the Second World War, International Communism must become strong enough in order to balance Christendom, which would be then restrained and held in check until the time when we would need it for the final social cataclysm. ... The Third World War must be fomented by ... the leaders of Islamic World...".

"... Michael Haupt said, that William Guy Carr said, that Cardinal Caro y Rodriguez of Santiago, Chile said, that ... Dr. Bataille aka Leo Taxil said about Albert Pike and Giuseppe Mazzini in 'Le diable au XIXe siecle', v. II, 1892-1894, p. 605...".

At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Guy_Carr we read:

"...In 'Pawns in the Game', Carr claims that World War I was fought in order to enable the Illuminati to overthrow the powers of the Tsars in Russia ... Michael Haupt had taken the three world war theory from the introduction of Carr's Pawns in the Game (1958). This introduction outlines a plan that Carr attributes to Pike, but not to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. Only the last section of the three world war plan in Haupt's text is a quote attributed to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. This quote is virtually identical to the one in Rodrique's book and it can be traced to the book Le diable au XIXe siecle (1894) by Gabriel Jagond-Pager a.k.a. Leo Taxil, where it is claimed to be from a letter of Pike to Mazzini written in 1871. This quote was later considered to describe the Bolshevik revolution, but whether a hoax or not, it predates 1917. The book of Jagond-Pager is enlisted in the British Museum, which is what Rodriguez meant by his statement, and it contains the full letter, be it hoax or not. The plan attributed to Pike is also described in part in Le Palladisme by Margiotta and it seems to describe the same plan as in Jagond-Pager's book, so it is possible that in this case the famous hoaxer Leo Taxil actually refers to some existing letter, but Dominico Margiotta may be another pseudonym of Jacond-Pager. There is nothing of the three world war plan in this letter, and nothing especially prophetic-it simply describes a Freemasonry plan to overthrow all religions".
At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawns_in_the_Game_(book):

"...a Book written by the Canadian William Guy Carr published in 1955. The author was killed {?} in mysterious conditions" {created this page on 1 November 2015}.

Abnormally strange theories appeared already in the 19th century, then in 1916 in Great Britain, and since then, these considerations are in order to hide the real motor for the global intelligence network. These shocking theories are designed to excite readers of its mystery and with the events described not to the end.

"Albert Pike ... moved to Arkansas [1833] where he became a prominent member of the secessionist movement. He was chosen by Mazzini to head the Illuminati operations in America and moved to Charleston, South Carolina, in 1852 [to New Orleans in 1855]. During the war he was made a brigadier general ... Mazzini was not only the head of the Illuminati, he was the leading revolutionist in Europe. He was determined to establish a New World Order on the rubble of the old order and created a plan to accomplish his goal. He detailed his plan for world domination in a letter to Pike on January 22, 1870: 'We must allow all the federations to continue just as they are, with their systems, their central authorities and their diverse modes of correspondence between high grades of the same rite, organized as they are at the present, but we must create a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree whom we shall select...', [acc. to] Lady Queensborough, Occult Theocracy, pp. 208-209.

This secret rite is called "The New and Reformed Palladian Rite [or Reformed Palladium]." It has headquarters in Charleston, S.C., Rome in Italy, and Berlin ... Pike wrote about his beliefs and goals in 1871 in "Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry."

"The Palladian Rite, according to conspiracy theorists it is the very top of the Illuminati pyramid. Conspiracy theorists point to the Palladian Rite as being the secret overlord of all Masonic Rites uniting all masonry together in a dark agenda to propitiate three world wars to bring about the New World Order Government led by shape shifting reptiles from outer space".

Pike designed a plan for world conquest and wrote of it in a letter to Mazzini dated August 15, 1871. He said three future world wars would prepare the world for the New World Order ... This strategy is corroborated by Dr. Dennis L. Cuddy PhD. in 'The Power Elite's use of Wars and Crises'." See: pike.htm and http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/. Above Dennis Laurence Cuddy, is historian and political analyst, received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill [also at NewsWithViews.com].

Mazzini was the member of the underground "Carbonari" society, also with Lelewel [see Chodzko, Oginski ...], Krepowiecki and Józef Zaliwski. On 17 February 1833, Zaliwski [see Lubiec estate close to Wola Pszczolecka; Sulimierski, Bleszynski, Psarski ...] left Paris and traveled to the Polish lands.

Giuseppe Mazzini born 1805, died in 1872, was an Italian politician, journalist and headed the Italian revolutionary movement. William R. Denslow lists Mazzini as a Mason, and even a Past Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy; in 1840 Mazzini reformed the Giovine Italia in London, and from London he wrote a series of letters to his agents in Europe and South America, and made friends with Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane; in 1843 he organized another riot in Bologna; in 1847 he moved again to London, also founded the People's International League; 1848 Mazzini was in Paris; in April 1848 Mazzini reached Milan, when the First Italian War of Independence started; joined Garibaldi's force at Bergamo, moving to Switzerland with him; in 1849 a republic was declared in Rome.

"Under Lord Palmerston, England supports all revolutions ... and the leading revolutionary in Her Majesty's Secret Service is Giuseppe Mazzini ... Mazzini is a Genoese admirer of the ... Venetian friar Paolo Sarpi. Mazzini's father was a physician to Queen Victoria's father. For a while Mazzini worked for the Carbonari, one of Napoleon's Freemasonic fronts. Then, in 1831, Mazzini founded his Young Italy secret society. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, ... President of France, sent him articles for his magazine. Mazzini's cry ... that the people are the new God. ... Mazzini teaches that Christianity developed the human individual, but that the era of Christianity, of freedom, of human rights, is now over ... The British would take care of Industry and Colonies; the Poles, leadership of the Slavic world; the Russians, the civilizing of Asia. The French get Action, the Germans get Thought...".

"... Mazzini has tried to put this into practice just last year. In November 1848, armed Young Italy gangs forced Pope Pius IX to flee from Rome to Naples. From March to June of 1849, Mazzini ruled the Papal States as one of three dictators, all Grand Orient Freemasons. During that time, death squads operated in Rome, Ancona, and other cities. Some churches were sacked, and many confessionals were burned. ... During this time he was planning to set up his own Italian national church on the Anglican model. The defense of Rome was organized by Giuseppe Garibaldi, who had joined Mazzini's Young Italy in the early 1830s. But a French army ... drove out Mazzini, Garibaldi, and their supporters.

Lord Palmerston said that Mazzini's regime in Rome was 'far better than any the Romans have had for centuries' ...

Right now Mazzini is here in London, enjoying the support of Lord Ashley, the Earl of Shaftesbury, a Protestant fanatic who also happens to be Lord Palmerston's son-in-law. Mazzini's direct access to the British government payroll comes through James Stansfeld, a junior Lord of the Admiralty and a very high official of British intelligence. ... Stansfeld's father-in-law, William Henry Ashurst, is another of Mazzini's patrons, as is John Bowring of the Foreign Office ... Bowring is Jeremy Bentham's literary executor. John Stuart Mill of India House is another of Mazzini's friends. Mazzini is close to ... writer Thomas Carlyle, and has been having an affair with Carlyle's wife. Young Italy, as we have seen, was founded in 1831, attracting the young sailor Giuseppe Garibaldi and Louis Napoleon.

Shortly thereafter there followed Young Poland, whose leaders included the revolutionaries Lelewel and Worcell.
Then came Young Germany, featuring Arnold Ruge ... In 1834, Mazzini founded 'Young Europe', with Italian, Swiss, German, and Polish components. ... By the end of this century we will have a Young Argentina (founded by Garibaldi), Young Bosnia, Young India, Young Russia, Young Armenia, Young Egypt...", acc. to Webster G. Tarpley, Ph.D.

Theories of William Guy Carr on the Satanism - the Illuminati - Zionism, are obviously erroneous, mistaken and very strange because it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy.

Compare three dates:

1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.

2. 1870 Brown of London - took the Breguet company [below];

3. and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini [above].

Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others). In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878. L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

In 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown;
Louis Francois Clement Breguet collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and Louis Francois Clement Breguet met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market. He had one son Antoine b. 1851 and he was grandfather of Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer. The great-grandson of Louis Franēois Clément Breguet: above Louis Antoine b. 1851 d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business. So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century.

By Michael Weare at http://clicktempus.com/turning-points-in-time-breguet:

under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920. Then Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of 'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets. The complicated watches were built by the Joux Valley's leading watchmakers including the Victorin Piguet workshops. 1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France.

At all my domain very interesting on line {see below !}:
Chodzko - Oginski - Breguet - Konstantynowicz - Schaub - Gilliard - Duflon - Armand - Paszkowski - Kosciuszko - Fiszer - Mielzynski.


TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.

This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Philip Monoux Lucas (George Smith Philip Monoux Lucas born ca 1780 ?, d. December 1830; at St. Vincent island 1802 - 1810; lived in Marylebone, Middlesex in 1827) + (ca 1805 ?) Sarah nee Beesly b. in Ireland ca 1781, had daughters:
Anna Maria (1809 - 1846) Lucas married the Austrian Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taafe (d. 1845 near London) in 1842, and
Harriet Fraser Lucas married Count Samuel Ernest Alexander Konarski [see MI5].
Joseph Ferdinand Count de Taaffe b. ca 1792, a Freemason and was a member of the states of Moravia and Bohemia, the Count of the Empire, the Knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, great grandson of Nicholas VI Visconne. Nicholas Taaffe was the 6th Viscount Taaffe and 6th Baron of Ballymote, born 1685 at Crean's Castle in county Sligo, Nicholas Taaffe was an Irish-born courtier and soldier who served the Habsburgs in Lorraine and Austria.
Georgina Augusta Konarska was born in 1855 at Brussels, Belgium, and she was the daughter of named above Samuel Alexander Ernest Konarski and Harriet Fraser Lucas.

The Order of St. John / the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem "first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria. It evolved from a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s and moved to Britain in the early 1830s, where, after operating under a succession of grand priors and different names, it became associated with the founding in 1882 of the St John Ophthalmic Hospital near the old city of Jerusalem and the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1887".

The Knights Templar / The United Religious, Military and Masonic Orders of the Temple and of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta, is a fraternal order affiliated with Freemasonry. "Unlike the initial degrees conferred in a regular Masonic Lodge, which only require a belief in a Supreme Being regardless of religious affiliation, the Knights Templar is one of several additional Masonic Orders in which membership is open only to Freemasons who profess a belief in Christianity".
"It is known by varying degrees of formality as the Order of Malta, or the Order of Knights of Malta, or the Ancient and Masonic Order of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta. In practice this last and fullest version of the name tends to be reserved to letterheads, rituals, and formal documents".

In 1774, in Poland was established the Grand Priory of the Order of Malta, headed by Prince Adam Poniński. In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte setting off on the Egyptian campaign took Malta and the Order was exiled. Above Adam Poniński b. 1732, was the Speaker of Parliament from 1773 to 1775, and the Prior of the Priory of the Polish Order of the Knights of Malta. In Poland were two 'komandorie' (Commanderies).

The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. By the early 19th century, the order had been severely weakened by the loss of its priories throughout Europe. Only 10% of the order's income came from traditional sources in Europe, with the remaining 90% being generated by the Russian Grand Priory until 1810. This was partly reflected in the government of the Order being under Lieutenants, rather than Grand Masters, in the period 1805 to 1879, when Pope Leo XIII restored a Grand Master to the order. Copyright by Wikipedia.

The Russian Emperor, Paul I, gave the largest number of knights shelter in St. Petersburg, an action which gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitallers and the Order's recognition among the Russian Imperial Orders. The refugee knights in St Petersburg proceeded to elect Tsar Paul as their Grand Master – a rival to Grand Master von Hompesch until the latter's abdication left Paul as the sole Grand Master. In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since.
Michał Radziwiłł Red (1870 - 1955 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife) was a nobleman and diplomat in the embassy of the Russian Empire in Paris. He was also a Knight of Malta. He was born to Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Pelagia Sapieha; his great grandfather was Prince Anton Radziwill and his great grandmother was Princess Louise of Prussia (1770 - 1836).
Above Ferdynand Fryderyk Radziwiłł (1834 in Berlin - 1926 in Rome), was also a Knight of Malta since 1889; father of Janusz Franciszek, Michał Radziwiłł Red, Karol Ferdynand; son of Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł and Leontyna Gabriela von Clary und Aldringen. 1874-1919 member of Reichstag.
Above Janusz Franciszek Ksawery Józef Bronisław Maria Radziwiłł 1880 in Berlin - d. 1967, 1935 - 1939 senator; was also a Knight of Malta since 1926 as President.
Stefan Przezdziecki, Rajnold Przezdziecki; Alfred Chłapowski, too.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in Igumen County, made ​​a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county: Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski; he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808). He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.

Bogdan Franciszek Serwacy Hutten-Czapski / Bogdan Francis Servatius Hutten-Czapski b. 1851, d. 1937, in 1890 negotiated with Pope Leo XIII end of the Kulturkampf in Germany; he was friend with the Cardinals of the Vatican; persuaded the German general staff to support the Bolsheviks (1916 - 1917) and in the independent Poland (since 1918) was the president of the Polish Association of the Knights of Malta.
His father Józef Napoleon Kazimierz Hutten-Czapski 1797 - 1852 / Joseph Napoleon Hutten-Czapski: November Uprising 1831, on December 14, 1831 on the English ship sailed to (January 1832) Ireland, to Dublin; the Masonic lodges friends obtained for him a French passport in the name of Joseph Chapman at the beginning of 1833; 1833 - 1837 Czapski traveled from Paris to Switzerland, where he and others young revolutionaries founded 'Young Europe' on April 15, 1834, including the Young Italy, Young Germany and Young Poland. Also he traveled to Italy, Algeria, Spain and London; acc. to H. Koziel, in 1841 he went on a false passport as an Irishman O'Brien to Germany to Munich, Augsburg and Frankfurt. The republican conspirator, a close collaborator of Giuseppe Mazzini.
Bogdan Hutten - Czapski had met on a secret intelligence mission with the family of Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Hutten-Czapska in 1892 in Belarus.
Dorothy Maria Leopoldina Czapska / Countess Hutten-Czapska, b. 1894 in Prague, died in 1981, Maisons-Laffitte, was the granddaughter of Emeryk Czapski / Emeric Hutten-Czapski of the family who had a huge estates from Radziwill, around Minsk, in Curland, Lithuania and Volhynia. Ferdinand Radziwill of the Polish Knights of Malta, has come after Bogdan Hutten-Czapski, an old friend of the Prussian court and military.

Stanisław Sołtan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwiłł d. 1802, daughter of Stanisław and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzięcioł; m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róża Górska. Stanislaw had children:
a. Helena Sołtan + Franciszek Sołtan, member of the Order of Malta,
b. Adam Leon Ludwik Sołtan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warszawa, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839,
c. Karolina Sołtan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki [see Dominik Konstantynowicz],
d. Anna Sołtan, b. ca 1790 + Antoni Wańkowicz,
e. Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia, was son of Stanislaus Soltan and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, studied at a high school in Mitawa in 1835- 1842 Courland.

Catherine married Francis Kossakowski (b. 1815), that is Katarzyna O'Brien de Lacy, 1820 / 1827-1910, married Franciszek Korwin-Kossakowski in 1840. Franciszek was born in 1815, in Marciniszki.
Katarzyna Korwin - Kossakowska nee O'Brien de Lacy, was born to Patryk O'Brien de Lacy and Julia O'Brien de Lacy nee von Damme; Patryk was born in 1800. Julia was born in 1800. Katarzyna had brothers - Piotr O'Brien de Lacy, and Aleksander O'Brien de Lacy b. 1830 m. Gabriela Radowicka b. 1850, who had daughter
Aleksandra 1895 - 1987, by www.sejm-wielki.pl: m. ca 1915 to Andrzej Miączyński 1876 - 1936 with daughter
Zofia 1919-2015 m. Stanisław Komorowski 1915-2004 with Andrzej Komorowski 1950, Stanisław Komorowski 1950, Krzysztof Komorowski 1954, Anna.
Grandparents of above Franciszek: Antoni Korwin-Kossakowski 1735-1798 and Eleonora Straszewicz b. 1750; Ludwik Gorski from Retów 1749-1815 and Konstancja Odachowska.
Parents of above Franciszek:
Szymon Korwin-Kossakowski, a member of the Malta Order (the Sulkowskis!), 1777-1828 and Józefa Ewa Rachela Gorska b. 1783. Franciszek d. 1887.
Hipolit Gorski (his sister Józefa Górska married to Szymon Kossakowski b. 1777 in Marciniszki, died in 1828, with sons: Ludwik Kossakowski b. 1805, d. 1843, and Franciszek Kossakowski b. 1815). Hipolit Gorski b. ca 1790 was son of Ludwik Gorski and stepson of Konstancja Odachowska b. 1750.

In 1797 Catherine II gave Augustówek to General Maurice de Lacy for his merits during the Turkish-Russian war. Maurice de Lacy, residing permanently in the palace of King Stanislaus Augustus, compiled in 1819 testament to his nephew, Patrick O'Brien, senior, the son of Terence and Mary de Lacy, captain of troops of England. Even before his death, ie. before 1820, gen. Maurice de Lacy gave to above Patrick O'Brien surname de Lacy, and the Tsar Alexander I to combine the two names in one: O'Brien de Lacy. The founder of the Polish family line became a nephew of Count Maurice - above named senior Peter O'Brien de Lacy. He followed his uncle, serving in the Russian army, and he received from Catherine II, Augustówek, confiscated after the abdication of King Poniatowski. Not having children of their own, Maurice left the palace his nephew Patrick senior, who gave Augustówek in the hands of his younger son Alexander, who married a Polish girl, Gabriela Radowicka. From this marriage were born three daughters: Maria, Genevieve and Alexandra, and three sons: Terence, Patrick junior, and Maurice. Above "...Count Patrick O'Brien de Lacy / de Lassy [junior] had served his life term [a poisoning case] at the Shlisselburg fortress near St. Petersburg until 1917, when he was released together with other prisoners. Soon afterwards he returned to his family's originally native Scotland and, according to one source, was employed as naval engineer at Dundee Shipyard". This is very important information, because Patrick was of Irish origin, but after 1917 emigrated to Scotland and to Dundee, close to Perth. It seems to me that poisoning case could have completely different motives. Please look for Perth and Dundee at my domain! Patrick, who was born in 1790 [1800 ?], married a Miss Egan at Bath, England and was later divorced; he later became known as Patrick O'Brien de Lacy of Grodno [senior]. At the time of John and Johanna Pierse's wedding Mary de Lacy (or Mrs. Mary O'Brien) was dead and her youngest child Patrick O'Brien was 5 years old [senior]. The first recorded birth of a child to John and Johanna Pierse was Maurice in 1804 and who was known as Maurice de Lacy Pierse. Immediately prior to 1815, Patrick O'Brien [senior], then aged 24 or 25, had become a Lieutenant of Militia in the Russian service. Between 1815 and 1819, Patrick O'Brien spent half a year in Russia and half in England because of his poor health. In 1819, at the request of above mentioned General Maurice de Lacy, he took up permanent residence in Russia and, upon the General's recommendation, applied for and obtained a commission in the Guards of the Russian Emperor. Thus, when General Maurice died at Grodno in December 1819 (Jan. 1820 ?), these three, Dr. Condon, Lieutenant Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) senior and named above Maurice de Lacy Pierse, were in attendance at the funeral. Immediately after the funeral, Maurice de Lacy Pierse was persuaded by Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) to go to London from Poland, where he arranged to meet him regarding the contents of the General's will which, O'Brien declared.
Patryk O'Brien de Lacy senior married 2nd to Julia. Despite the fact that neither Patrick O'Brien de Lacy [senior], nor his wife Julia von Damme / Dame were Poles, quickly and completely became the Polish; their six children:
daughter Catherine / Katarzyna married Francis / Franciszek Kossakowski (b. 1815);
son Peter / PIOTR [see below] was married to Louise / Ludwika Ronikier;
Henry / Henryk; Karol / Charles and Maurycy / Maurice [2nd] remained unmarried;
Alexander married Gabriela Radowicka (Alexander O'Brien de Lacy, 1842-1908, son of Patryk O'Brien de Lacy senior and Julia O'Brien de Lacy nee Von Dame. Patryk was born in 1790 [1800 ?]. Alexander and Gabriela nee Radowicka born in 1856, had 6 children: Maria Jaholkowski, Genowefa Zembszuski and so on).
Louise Ronikier that is Ludwika Ronikier was daughter of Kazimierz Jozef Ronikier 1787 - 1863, and Ludwika Zbijewska b. after 1787. Ludwika Ronikier, married to Piotr O'Brien de Lacy / Peter (son of Patryk / Patrick O'Brien de Lacy 1st / senior and Julia), and had son:
Patryk O'Brien de Lacy 2nd (O'Brien de Lacy, Patrick Petrovic, b. 1863, junior), who m. 1st Maria Tanska with children: Piotr junior and Katarzyna; Patryk O'Brien de Lacy 2nd / junior married 2nd to Ludmila Buturlin, that is Ljudmila (b. 1876) nee Buturlin, m. 1st (div) Dmitri Aleksandrovich Buturlin (d. 1942); m. 2nd to Patrick O'Brien de Lacy junior.
Please compare below the genealogical data:
Dmitry Buturlin Sergeevich / Dmitri Buturlin b. 1850-1917 or died on 12.05.1920; Aide to the Head of the General Staff. Gen. Lieutenant (1906), head of the 26th Infantry Division in Grodno, 1912 - General of Infantry.
His wife - Ludmila Pavlovna, nee Countess Bobrinskaya / LUDMILA BOBRZYNSKA (Ljudmila Bobrinsky / Ludmila Pavlovna, 1860 / 1866 {?} - 1911 Paris), in 1876 (div 1891),
with children:
1. Ljudmila (b. 1876) nee Buturlin, m. 1st (div) Dmitri Aleksandrovich Buturlin (d. 1942); m. 2nd to above Patrick O'Brien de Lacy junior;
2. Wassili Buturlin (1884 - poisoned by his brother-in-law on 11 May 1910), m. Maria Maximilianovna Sticke-Haymann.
Brother of above Dmitri Buturlin was Aleksander Buturlin (Moscow 1845-Moscow 1916) m. Jelisaveta Mikhailovna Snitko (d. after 1913). Father of mentioned Dmitri Buturlin: Sergei Buturlin (1803-1873) m. Maria Sergeievna Gagarin (1815-1902).

Jozef Sulkowski in 1779 to 1782 with an uncle or a grandfather was in Naples, Flanders, Netherlands, England, Spain, Portugal, Paris to Marie-Antoinette d'Autriche; in 1783 in Russia to Ekatherina II who given to him title of officer. I am thinking that a boy Jozef was taken into the care of a wealthy uncle, the Duke Casimir Augustus Sulkowski. August fancied himself that Jozef is an adoptive son; Duke took him on nearly 3-years tour in Europe. Joseph Sulkowski was taken to the highest courts. Particular sympathy to him showed the queen of France, Marie Antoinette. According to the chroniclers, made him a page to her; Prince August died in 1786. In 1783 served the Rydzyna Regiment of the Polish army, 1786 lieutenant.
Above named Duke August Sulkowski died on 7 Jan. 1786 and given to Jozef the title of the 'Commandor of the Malta Order' with 12000 'zlotych' per year;
Jozef in 1786 served 10th regiment of the Polish army; Dec. 1791 Captain, 1792 in Lithuania on the Zelva river banks fought against the Russian Army (Virtuti Militari) under General Michal Zabello / Zabiella 1760-1815; escaped from Poland in Autumn 1792 to Paris. 1793 the French citizen,
1793 married daughter of Jean-Michel de Venture de Paradis 1739-1799; 1793 served the secret service of the 'Convention nationale' in Syria, India, Constantinopole, but in Autumn 1794 back to Poland, under Tadeusz Kosciuszko troops;
around Nov. 1794 back to Paris, on 1 May 1796 the French Army; in 1796 - 1797 Italy: a friend of Napoleon Bonaparte and on 27th October 1796 his Adjutant.
Alexander Sulkowski Sulima b. 1730 / 1731 - 1786, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire from 1752, lieutenant general of the royal army in 1785, Austrian field marshal, was the son of Alexander Joseph Sulkowski; the Order of Malta cavalier.
Francis Sulkowski Sulima born in 1733, died on April 28, 1812, prince of the Holy Roman Empire from 1752, inspector general of infantry, Chamberlain of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, superior of the Commandery of St. John the Baptist, of the Knights of Malta since 1776 to ?, the Austrian court chamberlain from 1754.
Jozef Sulkowski's father was Franciszek SULKOWSKI, prince 1733 - 1812
(copyright by B. C. Biega at page biega.com/sulkowski-family.html:
ALEXANDER JOSEPH SULKOWSKI, b. 1695 in Cracow, d. 1762 in Leszno [see MIELZYNSKI and ROKOSSOWSKI], a companion of August III, son of August II, and was his Minister of State in Saxony from 1733 to 1738; a Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1733; Prince by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in 1752; bought the estates of Rydzyna and Leszno from the exiled ex- king of Poland Stanislaw Leszczynski, and estates of Bielsko in Cieszyn Silesia, married Baroness Maria Francis Stein zu Jettingen, had four sons and three daughters:
1. August Casimir (Kazimierz), b. 1729, general of the royal army, Marshal of the Polish parliament 1775 - 1776, married Louise Mniszech in 1766;
2. Alexander Antoni, b. 1730, General of the royal army 1785, married Elenor Cetner in 1755;
3. FRANCIS (FRANCISZEK), b. 1733, d. 1812, the Bielsko estates,
4. ANTONI PAUL, b. 1734, the RYDZYNA line;
5. Marianna, b. 1728, d. 1749, married Franciszek Jakub Szembek in 1747;
6. Joanna, b. 1736, d. 1800, married Prince Peter Sapieha in 1750;
7. Josepha Petronela, b. 1737, married Prince Ignacy Potocki in 1753)

Jean Michel de VENTURE de PARADIS born 1739 Marseille - his children:
1. a daughter unknown by name de VENTURE de PARADIS married to Jozef Sulkowski / Joseph SULKOWSKI born in 1770 in the Poznan province in Poland - died in 1798 in Cairo / Kair / Caire, Egypt: the friend and aide de camp to Bonaparte, friend with Muiron, Vivant Denon, Carnot, Augereau, and Bourienne;
and 2. Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI [see Walewski, Zamoyski, Radolinski, Poniatowski, and Wola Pszczolecka] with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;
b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858 with children:
A. Louis Franēois Clément BREGUET 1804 - 1883 married to Charlotte Eugénie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815 - 1889 with children:
Louise BREGUET 1847-1930,
Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882,
Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877;
B. Louise Charlotte Clémentine BREGUET 1810 - 1887 married to Dr LIONNET.

And now let's get back to Belarus to such character as Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich who married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government [on June 19, 1812 was created on the orders of the French Emperor Napoleon administrative authority in the occupied territory of the French troops in the Lithuanian-Belarusian provinces of the Russian Empire during the Franco-Russian war]. With his wife Anna Soltan, Anton Tadeushevich Vankovich had three daughters who married off very well. The first daughter Clementine Antonievna Vankovich married a wealthy Count Edward Mostowski / Edward son of Jozef Mostowski (1790-1855), the Sventsiany county leader (1812-1840), the provincial leader of the Vilna (1840-1843), owner of the estate Cerkliszki / Tserklishki in Vilnius province; the second daughter Valeria Antonievna Vankovich (1805 - ?) married a wealthy Count Konstantin Ignatievich Tizengauzen / Konstanty Tyzenhaus (1786-1853), owner of the Postawy estate, in the Rakiszki / Rakishki county, famous ornithologists and regional specialists.
The third daughter Wanda Antonievna Vankovich (1808-1842) married the wealthy Count Benedykt Tyszkiewicz / Mihalavich Benedict Tyszkiewicz (1807-1866), the provincial leader of the Kovno (1846-1849), owner of the estate Czerwony Dwor close to Kaunas / Kovno.
Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in Igumen County, made a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county: Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski; he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808) [see MIEZONKA].
He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.
In 1812, when the Franco-Russian war in Minsk province began, came the French troops that established here its management system. Anton Vankovich joined the French authorities and set up local administrations under Prince Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout on July 13 / July 25 - the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Minsk province; cooperated with Prince Michael Kryshtafavich Dominikovich Puzyna and the Commissioner-General Michael Antonovich Zenovich / Michal Zenowicz; Anton Tadeushevich Vankovich and Michael Antonovich Zenovich were members of the economic department, headed by chairman Ignacy Moniuszko / Ignatius Stanislavovich Moniuszko (1787-1869) [see OGINSKI, and Dukora close to MINSK]. According to the decree of the French Emperor Napoleon I on June 19 (July 1) 1812 to control the territories seized by the French, were created departments in Vilna, Grodno, Minsk and Bialystok; Vankovich became part of the new administration and has been a member since July 17 to August 15, 1812, and then was supervisor of the military hospital of the French "Grand Army" in Minsk. He inherited his father's estate, in Minsk Province, Zazere and Vidagoshch [Zarzecze and Widagoszcz]; the palace in Vilnius, called the Vankovitski palace.
Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

Now brief note on the Uvarov family settled in Pskov. Fedor Petrovich Uvarov had his cousin's nephew Sergei Uvarov Apollonovich (1847 in Tula, Kharkov and Tver); Fedor Petrovich Uvarov [see below] was born on April 16, 1773 [or 1769] in the village Hruslovka in the Tula province. He was married to Princess Maria Feodorovna Lubomirski. His father was on trial and lived in St. Petersburg, the property was under arrest, and the Uvarov had to live with his mother in the village. In 1786, Fedor Petrovich was sergeant in the Life Guards Regiment. 1788 the captain of Sofia Infantry Regiment. 1790 he took part in military actions in Poland and again in 1792 and 1794. 1798 he received the rank of colonel. He became a close friend of Ekaterina Nikolaevna Lopukhina, mother of the emperor's favorite. In March 1798 he was transferred to St. Petersburg, 1800 he was appointed chief of the Cavalry Corps;
he had the Order of St. John of Jerusalem; 1800 - lieutenant general. Uvarov became one of the most closest friend to EMPEROR Alexander, accompanied him on walks and trips.
At the head of the Horse Guards he fought in 1805; Austerlitz; he accompanied the Emperor Alexander in Erfurt; 1807 - the commander of the 1st Cavalry Division. 1812 he was appointed commander of the 1st Cavalry Corps, which joined the Patriotic War of 1812 - Uvarov spoke against the order to leave Moscow; participated in the Battle of Vyazma; the campaign of 1813 at Leipzig. He was awarded the rank of general of cavalry; he was under the Emperor in Vienna; Uvarov died on November 20, 1824 in St. Petersburg and buried in the church in the presence of Emperor Alexander I and the Great Princes.
The genealogy on above mentioned Princess Maria Feodorovna Lubomirski that is Marianna:
Pr Jan Teodor Konstanty Lubomirski of Wisnicz and Jaroslaw, 1683 - 1745; m. in 1727 to Anne Elisabeth Cumming (b. in Ireland 1685, d. in Vienna in 1776), widow of horsebreeder John Christ. Elisabeth Christ, Lubomirska born Cummings in 1685 or 1695 and died in 1782 or 1776 [or 1689 / 1700 - 1776], that is Elisabeth Elzbieta Marianna Lubomirska born Cumming De Culler / Culter Commiges / Elżbieta Marianna Lubomirska (Cummings de Culler-Coming) b. 1689 in Ireland. Maybe she is Elisabeth CUMMINGS, b. on 5 Jan. 1687, married Joseph FRENCH, son of Samuel and Sarah (Cummings) French; Elisabeth was daughter of JOHN-3 CUMMINGS b. in Boxford, MA, in 1657 and lived in Old Dunstable, married Elisabeth, daughter of Samuel Kinsley of Billerica, MA.
Jan Teodor Lubomirski adopted Elisabeth's children as his own:
Pss Maria Susanna Anna Christ, b. Cracow in 1722, d. in Vienna in 1771 [Anna Esterhazy born Lubomirska / Maria Susanna Anna Esterhįzy De Galįntha], m. in Warsaw in 1744 to Gf Miklos Esterhįzy de Galįntha (1711 - 1764); and next adopted son Pr Kasper Lubomirski, Russian General-Lieutenant, who died 1780, m. Pss Barbara Lubomirska with daughter above named MARIA / Pss Marianna {2nd}, 1773 - 1810, 1st m. (div) Protazy Antoni Potocki (1761 - 1801) with daughter EMILIA POTOCKA m. to JOZEF KALINOWSKI d. 1825 [see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski; with daughters: Jozefina b. 1816, OLGA b. 1822, SEWERYNA, and MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska {see an affair in St Petersburg in 1840, and her daughter Maria m. KONSTANTYNOWICZ of Estonia and NESTOR Trubecki vel Kalinowski}]. MARIA / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804); 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824). MARIA / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski; 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814). Adam Walewski + Józefa Lubomirska had 2 children: a. Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki; b. Izabela Walewska [Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 / the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin, with daughter Maria 1829-1906, and son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}]. Husband of above Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874 - his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski). His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski). Captain Franciszek Majewski, was authorized to set up the Lodge by the Edinburgh, whose members he knew during his stay in England; The TEMPLARS [Templariusze] acted until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdichev. Many of the Templars were also members of Patriotic Society, like Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn-Krzyzanowski. The Patriotic Society also spread to Lithuania, where reached the Masonic circles; The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn. The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society. The Special Committee qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Kingdom Polish [Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew; or in Kaski in the Minsk government ?]: Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski {Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira (see Ascher Ginsberg!), Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk; he was a poor invalid in TOBOLSK, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German [?? - Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from Baltic German or German ? born ca 1840]}, Captain Franciszek Majewski, Wojciech Grzymala, Stanislaw Soltyk [!], priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanislaw Zablocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Zaluski. MAJEWSKI Franciszek (1781- died after 1837), was son of Stanislaw Majewski and Barbara Zabinska; he was Captain, Freemason, founder of the Templars Society, served Polish army in 1806. After returning to the country in 1817 he joined the Polish army, established contacts with a Masonry, because of his Scotland patent, and was admitted to the lodge "Temple of Isis"; he had the title of member of the Supreme Chapter of the Edinburgh, and founded the Templars Society; the first member was a former colonel P. Lagowski in Warsaw in 1819. In January 1820 adopted several new members and acted under the care of the Grand Master of the Templars - Duke of Kent {the modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with named above Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna]}. Most members of the Templars entered the Patriotic Society. In 1836 Majewski obtained the right to return to the country; Roman Sanguszko recommended him to his parents, and then Majewski lived in Slawuta as a resident close to Sanguszko. Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz / Paul Carl Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682-1752), a Court and Grand Marshal of Lithuania, second married to Marianna Lubomirska {1st}, heiress of Ostroh / Ostrog {Princess Marianna Lubomirska, 1693 - 1729, a daughter of Grand Marshal of the Crown Józef Karol Lubomirski, and Princes Teofila Ludwika Zasławska, the daughter of Prince Władysław Dominik Zasławski and Katarzyna Sobieska - sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski; Marianna married Prince Paweł Karol Sanguszko and had son Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko, Court Marshal of Lithuania, who married Konstancja Denhoff, the daughter of Stanisław Ernest Denhoff}, but main residence was above Slawuta / Slavuta (now in Ukraine); then Slawuta to Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743-1812); after partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erasmus Sanguszko fought during the Kosciuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign - his son, named above Prince Roman Sanguszko, participated in the November Uprising, and was exiled to Siberia.


A few words about the Templars in the south of Ireland and on the Curraghmore House, close to Portlaw, in the Co. Waterford:
the Curraghmore House is located at half way from Clonmel to Waterford. See http://curraghmorehouse.ie/, where we read: "Curraghmore House in Waterford [county] is the historic home of the 9th Marquis of Waterford. His ancestors (the de la Poers) came to Ireland from Normandy...". At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curraghmore: "Curraghmore near Portlaw, County of Waterford, [south] Ireland, is a historic house and estate and the seat of the Marquess of Waterford. ... The estate was inherited by Lady Catherine la Poer who married Sir Marcus Beresford in 1717. He was elevated to the peerage in 1720 as Baron Beresford and Viscount Tyrone, and in 1746 he was created 1st Earl of Tyrone (third creation). ... The 1st Earl's eldest son George was created 1st Marquess of Waterford in 1789...".
In Crook is the castle, formerly occupied by the Knights TEMPLARS, and erected by LE POER, Baron of Curraghmore, in the 13th century; CROOK, co. Westmorland.
Clontarf Castle is a castle, dating to 1837, in Clontarf, close to Dublin, Ireland; there has been a castle on the site since 1172 built by "either Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath, or his tenant Adam de Phepoe. Clontarf was subsequently held by the Knights Templar and, after their suppression in 1308, passed to the Knights Hospitaller, until they were in turn deprived of it at the Dissolution of the Monasteries". In 1660, John Vernon, passed Clontarf Castle to his son, Edward Vernon.

See on the de Lacy family at my domain [see Latvia, Plater Zyberk, Buturlin, and around Grodno]:

At the beginning was Hugh de Lacy - the son of Gilbert de Lacy (died ca 1163) of Ewyas Lacy, Weobley and Ludlow. Hugh de Lacy was married twice. Before 1155 Hugh married Rohese of Monmouth (also known as Rose of Monmouth or Roysya de Monemue). Hugh and Rohese had 9 children, 4 sons and 5 daughters:
1. Walter de Lacy (1166 - 1241; on his death his estate was divided between his granddaughters Margery and Maud. He married Margaret de Braose, the daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber and Maud de St. Valery and had issue: Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire married Isabel Bigod, with 1 son Walter de Lacy, who married Rohese le Botiller but had no issue);
2. Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (d. 1242; had legitimate and natural children. The earldom became extinct at de Lacy's death);
3. Gilbert de Lacy.
Hugh married 2nd Princess Rose Ni Conchobair, daughter of King of Ireland, Ruaidri Ua Conchobair. They had a son William Gorm de Lacy (declared illegitimate by Henry II of England).
The history of de Lacy family is associated with a battle in 1690 in which Ireland lost its independence in favor of England. Many Irish have chosen exile rather than surrender to William III of Orange. On one ship was James de Lacy with his nephew Peter de Lacy.
Alice DeLacy / Conway, b. circa 1642 in Killorglin, County Kerry, Ireland; daughter of Edward Conway and Catherine; wife of Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill, Esq. and Patrick Dowdall. Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill married Lady Alice Conway, by whom his children were:
Edmond,
Peter {see below},
Patrick,
Elizabeth and
Hanora [see more below !].

Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill, Esq. and Alice:
"...Edmond de Lacy, father of the famous Marshal Peter de Lacy of Russia, settled at Rathcahill (Monagea) in 1677 (The "Roll of the House of Lacy" gives this Edmond Lacy as being grandfather of Marshal Peter, which in my opinion, is a slight error. Vide Begley's History of Limerick). Edmond married the Lady Alice Conway, by whom his children were Edmond, Peter, Patrick, Elizabeth and Hanora. Hanora de Lacy married George Browne, Baron of Camas, a scion of the ancient household of Knockmany, and these were the parents of the illustrious Count Marshal George Browne, Governor of Riga and Livonia and Knight of the Order of St. Anne. Count George was born at Mayne, Castlemahon, on June 15th, 1698..."; under copyright by http://www.limerickleader.ie/news.
De Lacy / Laci / Lacey, is the surname of an old Norman noble family. Count Peter von Lacy / Pyotr Petrovich Lacy b. 1678, died in Riga in 1751, was Russian imperial commander; Peter Lacy [see above] was born as Pierce Edmond de Lacy in Killeedy near Limerick, Ireland. Count Peter claimed that his father Peter [!?] was the son of John Lacy of Ballingarry. Count Peter's grandfather John Lacy of Ballingarry was of the House of Bruff.
In 1700, Peter was drawn into the Russian army. Service began with the rank of captain, and graduated as Governor-General of Riga, then the whole of Latvia. His first land battle in Russia was Narva; Lacy withdrew to Riga and resumed the command of the Russian forces stationed in Livland. He administered Northern Latvia and Southern Estonia;
his son Franz Moritz von Lacy / de Lacy had entered the Austrian service in 1743.
Count Peter married Estonian-Livonian noblewoman Maret Philippine / Martha von Funcken from Liezere, widow of the young Count Hannes Kristof Frölich, daughter of general Remmert von Funcken of Liezere, and his second wife baroness Helena Üksküla [Martha von Phillippine FUNCKE (1685-1759), m. to the Riga Governor, General Peter von Lacy (1678-1751)]. They had 5 daughters and 2 sons:
above Franz Moritz von Lacy / Francis Maurice de Lacy / Boris Petrovich Lassi, born in 1725, St. Petersburg - 1801, Vienna, was the son of Count Peter von Lacy and was a Austrian field marshal. He was a close friend to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor; his father, Count Peter von Lacy or Pyotr Petrovich Lacy or Peter Lacy was born as Pierce Edmond de Lacy in 1678 in Killeedy near Limerick into a noble Irish family - Riga Governor, General, d. 1751; his mother, Countess Martha Philippina von Loeser, the widow of the Count von Funk of Livonia - Martha von Phillippine FUNCKE (1685-1759). Franz Moritz was born in St Petersburg, and entered the Austrian service in Italy, Bohemia, Silesia and the Netherlands; his last years were spent in retirement at his castle of Neuwaldegg near Vienna, by Wikipedia.

From "THE ENGLISH BRANCH OF THE PIERSE FAMILY", by John H. Pierse:

"...Johanna, was the daughter of Patrick de Lacy of Rathcahill, a townland in West Limerick a mile or so from Templeglantin, and Lady Mary, daughter of Henry Herbert of Templeglantin. Patrick and Mary de Lacy of Rathcahill had a number of children:
Maurice, the eldest (1739-1820) later to become the famous General in the Russian service of Augustovik Palace (Augustowek) near Grodno, and
Henry who conformed to the Protestant religion, and who lived in Dublin,
Johanna (1750-1795) who married Pierce O'Brien,
Mary (1752-1795) who eloped with a certain William Terence (later 'Patrick') O'Brien of Tullig and Drumtrasna,
Frances who married a certain Mr. Joyce but had no family, and
Benedicta.
... At the time of the wedding in 1795, John Fitzmaurice Pierse was 32 years of age and his bride, Johanna was 25 years old... The first recorded birth of a child to John and Johanna Pierse was Maurice in 1804 and who was known as Maurice de Lacy Pierse. In 1819, the eldest son Maurice, at the tender age of 15, left Ireland to visit his grand-uncle General Maurice de Lacy, then aged 79, at his palace home at Augustovik near Grodno in Russian Lithuania. He was apparently well received there and stayed on together with his friend Dr. Condon during the time of the General's final illness (Dec. 1819) and death in January 1820.
His aunt's son, Patrick O'Brien, whose legitimacy was a matter of dispute among the de Lacy family, had also left Ireland first in 1811, ... he married Miss Egan at Bath, and later travelled to Russia to introduce himself to the general, and who also remarked that he had been well-received at Grodno. Immediately prior to 1815, Patrick O'Brien, then aged 24 or 25, had become a Lieutenant of Militia in the Russian service. Between 1815 and 1819, Patrick O'Brien spent half a year in Russia and half in England because of his poor health. In 1819, at the request of General Maurice de Lacy, he took up permanent residence in Russia and, upon the General's recommendation, applied for and obtained a commission in the Guards of the Russian Emperor.
Thus, when General Maurice died at Grodno in December 1819 (Jan. 1820?), these three, Dr. Condon, Lieutenant Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) and Maurice de Lacy Pierse, were in attendance at the funeral. Immediately after the funeral, Maurice de Lacy Pierse was persuaded by Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) to go to London from Poland, where he arranged to meet him regarding the contents of the General's will which, O'Brien declared,
... 1820-1, Johanna Pierse died (it is not certain whether in Ireland or in England) at the age of about 50 years, and shortly afterwards the Pierse family emigrated to England. The family would have been: John Fitzmaurice Pierse, widower, aged 59, William Fitzmaurice, aged 18, Mary de Lacy, aged 15, John Patrick, aged 11, Patrick John, aged about 9, George, aged 6, and any other children not yet traced. ... they most likely sailed from Limerick or Cork to London, where Maurice, aged 18, was already in residence. ... Wilson Place, entire houses were occupied all by Co. Kerry emigrants ...
Maurice de Lacy Pierse returned to Russia and there joined the Russian Service. Letters sent by him, dated November 1823 (when he was 19) from Petrosky in Russia to his sister Mary (aged 16) in London, written up to Autumn 1829 addressed from Chumetry just before he died in the siege of Adrianople in September, 1829 outline his career ...
When in 1792 General Maurice de Lacy of Grodno (then aged 52) together with his kinsman General Count George de Lacy Browne, Governor of Riga, made a visit to Ireland to see their relatives, they were appalled to see the state of poverty into which the family had fallen. They stayed with Maurice's mother (then quite elderly) at Rothcahill ... and returned to Russia the following year. Upon their return, Maurice made arrangements for sums of money ... His mother did not live long to enjoy her fortune and died in 1795 (the year in which John Fitzmaurice Pierse and Johanna O'Brien were married) leaving future gifts to pass to her daughters and their descendants:
these were John Fitzmaurice and Johanna Pierse (daughter of Johanna O'Brien, nee de Lacy who also died in 1795), Mary Condon, nee O'Brien, whose husband Richard Condon had died before 1792 and whose eldest son Dr. Maurice John Condon joined General Maurice in the Russian service, Kathleen or Kitty O'Brien (otherwise Mrs. Fitton or Mrs. McGrath of Cork) - later all daughters of Johanna O'Brien nee de Lacy.
... Other equal beneficiaries were: James Morphy of Newcastle West and Killarney (widower of Benedicta nee de Lacy, who died before 1792) and their children Miss Mary Morphy who died in March, 1819 and her sister Lucy Morphy (otherwise Berry) who had married another James Morphy and who was still living in 1830. Other possible beneficiaries were the daughters of Mary de Lacy (otherwise O'Brien) who was the youngest of General Maurice de Lacy's sisters, who was alleged to have eloped with a certain Terence or Dennis O'Brien of Tullig and Drumtrasna, and who had an illegitimate son, Patrick. Another sister, Frances (or Fanny) had married a certain Mr. Joy but died before 1792 ...
Mrs. de Lacy-Browne was claimant to the disputed bequests of Count Maurice de Lacy of Augustovik, Grodno ... some $5,000,000 from the various funds of her kinsman. ... Charles Nash, Mary de Lacy Nash and their son Maurice FitzGerald de Lacy Nash have been fruitless. They appear to have just disappeared. Possibly they emigrated. Now Mary's brother William Fitzmaurice Pierse, born also in 1807 and therefore possibly a twin ... He was about 18 years of age when he arrived in England with his father and his brothers and sisters. ... were baptised in Christchurch: Maurice de Lacy (b. 3 October, 1832), Elizabeth (b. 25 December 1833), Amelia (b. 16 September, 1836), Florence Johanna (b. 14 March, 1838), Marion O'Brien (b. 22 November, 1839), Kathleen..., William Fitzmaurice (b. September 1843), and Alice Emma (b. 22 February, 1845)".

The founder of the Polish family line became a nephew of Count Maurice - Peter O'Brien de Lacy. He followed his uncle, serving in the Russian army, and he received from Catherine II, Augustówek, confiscated after the abdication of King Poniatowski. Not having children of their own, Maurice left the palace his nephew Patrick, and he gave Augustówek in the hands of the younger son Alexander, who married a Polish girl, Gabriela Radowicka.
Mentioned Honora (Hanora [see above !]) de Browne / de Camus Browne of Camas / DeLacy, daughter of Edmond DeLacy of Rathcahill, Esq. and Alice DeLacy, was wife of George de Browne, de Camus, and she was mother of George, 1st Count Browne of Camas and Ulysses Browne.
Above Ulysses Browne was husband of Maria Philippina Magdalena Gfin. von Martinitz, and was father of
Baron Maximilian Ulysses / Reichsgraf von Browne / Camus und Mountany, b. 1705 in Basel, Switzerland, died 1757.
Above named Count Pierce Edmond de Lacy / Peadar de Lasa, b. 1678, had family:
1. the son-in-law, Riga Governor-General George Browne;
2. son - Franz Moritz Lacy (1725-1800), a famous military leader;
3. nephew was Boris P. Lassi / Moritz Lazy / Lacy, 1737-1820, General of Infantry (Boris Petrovich Lassie was the Russian military leader, General of Infantry, a hero of the storming of Izmail and Prague. In 1797-1798 the Governor-General of the Kazan province. He began his service in the Austrian army, in 1762 admitted to the Russian service with the rank of lieutenant, in respect to the merits of Field Marshal Lassi immediately promoted to captain; he remained out of work until 1805, when the first he was sent to Naples with a secret mission, and then, was appointed commander of the Russian, English and Neapolitan troops to protect the kingdom of Naples. After Austerlitz Lassie returned from Naples to Russia and settled in his estate in Grodno, where he died in 1820).

Above mentioned Count (in 1774) George Browne / Seoirse de Brśn, b. 1698, Limerick, Ireland - d. 1792, Riga, Russian commander of the Irish origin, general-in-chief, the Riga Governor-General. He was married first to the daughter of Field Marshal Peter Lacy, their son, Count Ivan Y. (Georg) Brown, commander of the Kexholmsky regiment, Maltese gentleman, buried in Vienna with his famous uncle, an Austrian Field Marshal Count Lacy. After the death of Helen Lassie / Lacy in 1764 he married again, to Eleanor Christine von Mengden (1729-1787). Buried in Kurland, in the town of Schönberg.


Count Peter von Lacy, or Pyotr Petrovich Lacy b. 1678, that is Pierce Edmond Lacy, was born in Killeedy near Limerick; his family of Limerick [west of Ireland] came from William Gorm de Lacy, the son of Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath who died in 1186.

Pierce father's brother was Lieutenant-Colonel John Lacy of the House of Bruff.
PIERCE had 5 daughters and 2 sons, including Count Franz Moritz von Lacy / Francis Maurice de Lacy, the Austrian Field Marshal.
Maurice de Lacy, residing permanently in the palace of King Stanislaus Augustus, compiled in 1819 testament to his nephew, Patrick O'Brien, senior, the son of Terence and Mary de Lacy [see below !]; Maurice left the palace his nephew Patrick senior, who gave Augustówek in the hands of his younger son Alexander, who married a Polish girl, Gabriela Radowicka [with three daughters: Maria, Genevieve and Alexandra, and three sons: Terence, Patrick junior, and Maurice]. Above Count Patrick O'Brien de Lacy / de Lassy [junior] had served his life term [a poisoning case - see BUTURLIN] at the Shlisselburg fortress near St. Petersburg until 1917, when he was released and returned to Scotland as naval engineer at Dundee Shipyard.
So, above Patrick O'Brien, senior / Peter O'Brien de Lacy / Patryk O'Brien de Lacy b. 1790 / 1791, died 1870, was a son of Maurycy {?} or Terence {?} and Mary de Lacy [Mary de Lacy O'Brien died in 1795] {Mary was maybe with Dennis O'Brien of Tallig and Drumtrasna, 1770-1830, who had wife Margaret born in 1770 - d. 1850, with two sons: Morgan [with children: Ann; Denis born in LIMERICK; Ellen] and Denis d. 1851}; Patryk married Julia with son Aleksander.
Patryk was nephew of General Maurice de Lacy who compiled in 1819 testament to Patrick O'Brien, senior, and given him the surname de Lacy.
We back to UK and reading THE ENGLISH BRANCH OF THE PIERSE FAMILY by John H. Pierse at www.winsolve.webspace.virginmedia.com:
John Fitzmaurice Pierse b. 1763, married in 1795 to Johanna b. ca 1770 [her mother died in 1795, her father before 1794] with oldest sons: Maurice [junior] b. in 1804 - known as Maurice de Lacy Pierse [see below], and William Fitzmaurice Pierse b. in Co. Kerry [?].
JOHANNA'S uncle was above named General Maurice de Lacy of the Russian service, was in Ireland in 1792 to visit his mother in Rathcahill.
Her aunt was Benedicta, who had married James Murphy Esq. of Newcastle West and Killarney, and had two daughters Mary and Lucy.
Her next uncle, Henry de Lacy, was a Protestant; his relative was Mrs. Evans;
JOHANNA'S aunt - Fanny (Frances) had married Mr. Joy but had no children and died before 1792.
Her youngest aunt Mary had eloped with a Terence or Dennis O'Brien of Tallig and Drumtrasna and had five children - illegitimate - the youngest of whom was above named Patrick, who was born in 1790, and married Miss Egan at Bath, England and was later divorced; he later became known as Patrick O'Brien de Lacy of Grodno.
Mary de Lacy (or Mrs. Mary O'Brien) dead in 1795.
The next children of above named JOHANNA: Mary (de Lacy) Pierse born in 1807, in Co. Kerry, John (Patrick) Pierse, born in 1811, in Co. Kerry, and George, born in 1816.
In 1819, the above eldest son Maurice, left Ireland to visit his grand-uncle General Maurice de Lacy [b. 1740, d. Jan. 1820], at his palace home at Augustovik near Grodno in Lithuania. General Maurice de LACY's aunt had son - above Patrick O'Brien, had also left Ireland first in 1811, travelled to Russia to introduce himself to the general, become a Lieutenant of the Russian service, but 1815 - 1819, spent half a year in Russia and half in England; when General Maurice died at Grodno in December 1819 or Jan. 1820, Lieutenant Patrick O'Brien (de Lacy) and Maurice de Lacy Pierse, were in attendance at the funeral. In 1820/1821, Johanna Pierse died in Ireland or in England and her family sailed from Limerick or Cork to London; then Charles Nash married in 1836 to Maurice's [junior] sister Mary Pierse, with son [in 1839] Maurice FitzGerald de Lacy Nash.
When in 1792 General Maurice de Lacy of Grodno together with his kinsman General Count George de Lacy Browne, Governor of Riga, made a visit to Ireland to see their relatives, they were stayed with Maurice's mother at Rothcahill; General Maurice known the daughters of Mary de Lacy (otherwise O'Brien) who was the youngest of General Maurice de Lacy's sister, who was eloped with Terence or Dennis O'Brien of Tullig and Drumtrasna; another sister, Frances (or Fanny) had married Mr. Joy but died before 1792.
Patrick O'Brien upon the death of General Maurice in 1819/20 had taken up residence and possession of the estate at Augustovik Palace, near Grodno [all above data under copyright by John H. Pierse].


At www.jfklibrary.org we have the speech of President John F. Kennedy, that is an Address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association, on April 27, 1961 at Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City:
"Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen ... Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired. ...
For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed.
It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match...".


Tadeusz Kosciuszko's best friends:
General Franciszek Paszkowski,
Tadeusz Mostowski,
General Stanislaw Fiszer,
and Wirydianna Kwilecka Radolinska who met Kosciuszko in Paris in the years 1801-1802.

Wiridianna / Wiridiana Radolinska - her grandparents:
Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa, 1680-1740

[Józef Stefan Radolinski had 5 sons and 2 daughters; Józef Stefan lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; officer in Wschowa (see Sulkowski).
His granddaughter was also PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1747 or circa 1764/1766-1821)

{Ignacy BLESZYNSKI was owner of Zloczew, married Petronela Radolinski. Kazimierz Bleszynski 1703 - 1757, who married Teresa Jordan had mentioned above the son Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813). Ignacy was half brother of Wojciech Ludwik Jordan and Konstancja Urszula Walewska. Petronela RADOLINSKA who died in Zloczew / Zloczow, m. in 1789 to Ignacy Bleszynski (1742 - 1813), son of above Kazimierz and Teresa Struss; Ignacy was the owner of Zloczów and Brzezno; he was born in Zloczów, 1st married to Apolonia Sudrawska. See: Wola Pszczolecka. PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca ca 1747 / 1764-1821), was the daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki; Petronella / Petronela was the granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 who was also father of Józef Stanislaw Radolinski [Józef Stanislaw Radolinski 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuly County, father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer] and remember that Józef Stefan Radolinski was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 / 1678 - 1723 who m. Kazimierz Walewski. Jan Jakub Zamoyski (b. 1716, died in 1790, IX Ordynat. Ludwika Maria Poniatowska born 1728, in 1745 married Jan Jakub Zamoyski, with daughter Urszula Zamoyska. Ludwika Maria Poniatowska died in 1781, was daughter of Stanislaw Poniatowski and LUDWIKA was also the sister of the King of Poland - Stanislaw August Poniatowski; mentioned above Urszula Zamoyska (1750-1806), was best known as Ursula Mniszech. Ludwika Maria Poniatowska had the second daughter - Brygida / Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Galecka [b. ca 1747 ?] - see about Radolinski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka, Kosciuszko; see at my webpages on Venture, Sulkowski, Murat, Paszkowski, Szaniawski, Armand)}.

Nephews and nieces of Jozef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa -
Konstancja Radolinska 1720-1782 m. 1st Jan Antoni Walewski 1700-1747, m. 2nd to Stanislaw Poninski 1712-1791;
Kajetan Radolinski b. ca 1730 m. in 1755 to Malgorzata Lubienska 1733-1784
{Kajetan Radoliński b. ca 1730 was son of Andrzej RADOLINSKI b. 1680 [Andrzej the 3rd] and Marianna Walewska! MARIANNA Walewska RADOLINSKA [b. 1695 ?] was daughter of Kazimierz Walewski and his wife Zofia born circa 1677 / 1678 who was daughter of Andrzej Radoliński b. ca 1650 [Andrzej Radolinski younger, 1650 - 1708] and Marianna SARNOWSKA}];

Teresa Swinarska 1700-1771; Leon Raczynski 1698-1755; Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska 1718-1797 {see more below};
Wirydianna's Fiszer parents:
Józef Stanislaw Radolinski of Wschowa 1730-1781; Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792.

Wiridianna Radolinska 1761-1826 m. 1st in ca 1780 to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, chamberlein of the King, b. 1764 son of Franciszek Antoni Kwilecki 1725-1794 and Teresa Agnieszka Sczaniecka 1740-1807.

Wiridianna Radolinska 1761-1826 m. 2nd in 1806 to General Stanislaw Fiszer 1759-1812, son of Karol Ludwik Fiszer, General Major, 1730- 1783 + Joanna Luiza Elzbieta von Luck 1738-1788.

Named above
Wirydianna Mielzynska - Raczynska born Bninska / Wirydiana Bninska 1718-1797, was daughter of Wojciech Bninski 1690 - 1755 and Katarzyna Cienska; her husband - Leon Raczynski b. 1698, with children:
1. Filip Nereusz Raczynski b. 1747 m. Michalina Raczynska (with children: Eduard Raczynski b. 1786 m. Constantia Potocka; Atanazy Raczynski b. 1788 m. Anna Elzbieta Radziwill),
2. Magdalena Raczynska born 1761 + Michael Lubomirski.

The Governor Jozef Mielzynski, was closest relatives to Wirydianna Radolinska / Wirydianna Kwilecka Radolinska / Wirydianna Fiszer - she was next of kin to Raczynski, Bninski, Mielzynski, Radolinski, Kwilecki; she was an envoy at the Four-Year Parliament, and she wrote speeches for her cousins.
We back to Wirydianna (1761 - 1826) daughter of Józef Stanisław RADOLINSKI and Katarzyna.
In 1806 she married Stanislaw Fiszer, a general who served Napoleon in his campaign against Russia, and bring her closer to Kosciuszko, who took care of the general Fiszer.
General Stanislaw Fisher was adjutant to Kosciuszko.
Wirydianna Fiszerowa / Fiszer was living in Łobżenica Gorka / Łobżenica / Lobzenica, but we know the names of the four estates, which was related to her childhood and adult life of Wirydianna. Here was the family house of her father, Jozef Radolinski; Lobzenice's house was sold approx. 1778 - 1793 to Prussian general.
Chobienice appear for the first time in the diaries of Wirydianna due to the changes in the live of her family after the Prussian annexation.
The parents decided to move from Łobżenica to Winnogóra, but the kids were send to grandmother.
Later, along with her mother and sister, Wirydianna a lot of time spent in Chobienice's mansion; Chobienice belonged at that time to the second husband of grandmother - the governor Jozef Mielżyński.
His father Franciszek MIELZYNSKI in the 30s and 40s of the eighteenth century built a new residence by Adam Stier.
Rogalin - Kazimierz Raczynski owner, with a large sympathy felt for his cousin Katarzyna, mother of Wirydianna; their fathers - Leon Raczynski and Wiktor Raczynski / Victor were brothers;
so, Wirydianna and her sister Katarzyna / Catherine part of her childhood spent in his uncle's estate; uncle treated her like a daughter. Lifestyle in Rogalin hit novelty and showed great people, wrote Wirydianna;
politically, Kazimierz Raczynski was with Russia, was on the Russian fixed salary, in 1775 he was the governor general of Great Poland, in 1778- 1784 he chaired the Commission of Good Order in Poznan, one of the best in Poland. In 1768 he has started to build baroque-classical headquarters in Rogalin, but in 1780 moved permanently to Warsaw, and Rogalin taken his son - Filip Raczynski / Philip Raczynski, who not too favorable of the Radolinskis.
Winnogóra - a few years of her life, Wirydianna spent in Winnogóra - leased by her father after the first partition of Poland, when part of the family land was incorporated in Prussia.
It belonged to the so-called assets of bishop's table in Poznan. When the parents moved to Winnogóra, Wirydianna stood there in a mansion built in the '60s of the eighteenth century by the Bishop Teodor Kazimierz Czartoryski;
Wirydianna's mother, widowed in 1781 but during the carnival Catherine / Katarzyna Radolinska lived in Poznan; sometimes the Marshal Kazimierz Raczynski was occupying half of the house received numerous petitioners. Just before the third partition in 1795, the Radolinskis lost the right to lease Winnogóra. At the end of the eighteenth century the Church estates were sequestered by the Prussian government, including Winnogóra;
in 1807 Napoleon given Winnogóra to General Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
When Wirydianna, already the wife of Anthony Kwilecki, spent time in Winnogóra, her mother moved to Chobienice.
The construction of classicist palace of Catherine Radolinska began in 1786-1788, by Jan Chrystian Kamsetzer, under the direction of Antoni Höhne.
1793 Wirydianna Kwilecka moved to Chobienice, with independence from her husband; after her divorce from first husband Wirydianna left with two children and settled in Warsaw. It was there that she met General Stanislaw Fiszer, to whom she married in 1806.
Next place - Sierniki, a village in the Oborniki district, 10 km south-east of Rogozno. The estate's proprietorship changed several times throughout 17th century and up to 3rd quarter of the 18th century.
In the late 18th century, the property was bestowed to Katarzyna Radolinska, nee Raczynska, and she erected a new classicist residence in 1786 - 1788; after Katarzyna death in 1792, Sierniki was inherited by her daughter Wirydianna nee Radolinska, Kwilecka;
the property was sold to Wladyslaw Szuldrzynski in 1849.
Wirydianna nee Radolinska, Kwilecka - Fiszer, after the formation of the Congress Kingdom in 1815, was living on a widow's pension in Warsaw.

Wiridianna Kwilecka / Wirydianna Fiszer Radolinska was sister of Antonina Maria Breza 1771 - 1845, wife of Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian Breza with son Wlodimir Anton Breza / Wlodzimierz Antoni Maciej Breza born 1812 in Dresden, d. 1876,
father of Adam Breza 1850 - 1936 in Warsaw;
grandfather of Aleksandra Epstein and Wanda Iwanicka. Mentioned Adam Breza born in Swiontkowo in 1850 married Isabella Goldstand and had 2 children.
Swiontkowo / Swiatkowo - 12 km south-west of Znin, the Poznan Prov., German.

Mentioned TADEUSZ Kosciuszko in the autumn of 1775 decided to emigrate, and in late 1775, he attempted to join the Saxon army, and then returned to Paris. Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko arrived to France 1775/1776; sailed for America in June 1776, with the help of Pierre Beaumarchais. In August 1776, Kosciuszko was assigned to the United States War Department; served as a volunteer under Benjamin Franklin;
spring 1777, under Major General Horatio Gates, then with Major General Philip Schuyler, General Benedict Arnold,
in 1780 with General George Washington;
then under command of Major General Nathanael Greene; with Colonel John Laurens. October 1783, Congress promoted him to brigadier general.

Kosciuszko lived with help of the Polish-Jewish banker Haym Solomon,
and received a certificate for 12.280 dollars, at 6%.
Winter 1783/84, General Greene invited Kosciuszko to his home; Kosciuszko was member of the Society of the Cincinnati, oldest patriotic organization, founded in 1783, to promote appreciation of the achievement of American independence, with Major General Henry Knox, Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington who was elected the first President General of the Society, Aaron Burr, and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.

In July 1784, General Tadeusz Kosciuszko set off for Poland, where he arrived in August; settled in Siechnowicze north-east of Brest by Bug river; his brother Józef Kosciuszko had lost most of the lands, but Kosciuszko had the help of his sister ESTKO Anna Barbara (1741-1814).

Tadeusz Andrzej Kosciuszko was the brother of named Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko;
Katarzyna Zólkowska and
mentioned Anna Estka / Anna Barbara Krystyna Estka.

Above Józef Tomasz Kosciuszko 1743 - 1789, married to Burniewicz, was father of Rachela Aniela Broel-Plater

(Rachela PLATER 1784 - 1860, was mother of Adam Michal; Michal; Lucjan Stanislaw; Ferdynand; Aleksandra b. 1812; Fabian Antoni Ignacy; Tadeusz August Jan; Antoni Konstanty Broel- Plater; Rachela Broel-Plater and Anna);

Aleksander Kosciuszko with daughter Antonina Traugutt

(Antonina Kościuszko married 1st to Romuald Traugutt b. 1826, the commander of the 1863 Uprising; m. 2nd to Franciszek Mickiewicz b. ?, son of Aleksander Julian Mickiewicz (Aleksander Julian b. 1801 in Nowogródek) who was brother of famous
Adam Mickiewicz (Adam married Celina Szymanowska daughter of Józef Szymanowski and Maria Agata Wolowska - Szymanowska, famous composer); above Józef Szymanowski m. 2nd to Elżbieta Młodzianowska with daughter Zofia Szymanowska who married Teofil Lenartowicz, poet.
Above mentioned
Lt. Colonel Romuald Traugutt (1826 - 1864) was a Polish general, October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection, headed the Polish national government on 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864,
and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office; hanged on 5 August 1864, together with Rafał Krajewski, Józef Toczyski, Roman Żuliński and Jan Jeziorański);

Jozef Kosciuszko and

unknown Kosciuszko who was father of Abraham Salomon Kosciuszko - 1821 in Suwalki, died 1917, husband of Jeanette Marx
and father of Louis Kosciuszko b. 1857 [grandfather of Jacques Achille Kosciusko 1913 in Paris, died 1994 in Paris].


We back to USA and Thomas Jefferson who called Tadeusz Kosciuszko "the purest among the sons of liberty"; Thomas Jefferson b. 1743 was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801 - 1809).
"However, there is some evidence that indicates he may have been a Mason and that he attended Masonic meetings. Dr. Joseph Guillotin reported that he attended meetings at the prestigious Lodge of Nine Muses in Paris, France - the same lodge attended by Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, and John Paul Jones. He marched in a Masonic procession with Widow's Son Lodge No. 60 and Charlottesville Lodge No. 90 on October 6, 1817, and participated in laying the cornerstone for Central College (now known as the University of Virginia)"; acc. to
http://toddecreason.blogspot.co.uk/2011/ by Todd E. Creason in 2011.

"I see him OFTEN, ... He is as pure a son of liberty, as I have ever known, ... and of that liberty which is to go to all, and not to the few or rich alone. Thus did Thomas Jefferson describe his new-found friend General Kosciuszko in 1798. Kosciuszko had left his native Poland in 1776 to join the American patriots ... Jefferson had scarcely known him then, but when he returned to his adopted fatherland for a second time in 1797 the two men became close friends and saw each other, for a time, almost daily.
Kosciuszko travelled in 1796 / 1797 from Russia to Sweden with his secretary J. U. Niemcewicz and with cheerful officer, Libiszewski who often had to carry the General;
[Libiszowski / Libiszewski willingly performed this service. In Sweden, Kosciuszko was listening to Libiszewski playing the guitar at his bedside and to a concert organised in his honour by the best musicians; in Philadelphia was a musician in orchestra. He died - still young - of fever in Cuba. In 1892 the Sosnowski manor from Waleria Niepokójczycki, bought Alfons Libiszowski. In Libiszow is the Libiszowski manor, 'Rybakówka'; Libiszow is situated 5 km west of Sosnowica; east of Ostrow Lubelski].
The American newspapers followed with interest his triumphal fourney through Sweden and England. At Gothenburg, the principal inhabitants turned out to greet the Polish hero ... In London, the leaders, including Fox, Wilberforce, and Sheridan, waited on him. The members of the Whig Club had their president, General Banastre Tarleton, the former dashing cavalry commander who almost captured Jefferson during the American Revolution, present a sword worth 200 guineas to Kosciuszko as a public testimony of their sense of his exalted virtues and of his gallant, generous, and exemplary efforts to defend and save his country. Rufus King, the American Minister to Britain, arranged his passage to the United States. At Bristol, where the citizens presented him with a magnificent mahogany case of silver plate weighing more than 216 ounces, each piece inscribed "The Friends of Liberty in Bristol to the Gallant Kosciuszko", the General stayed in the home of the American Consul. ... Kosciuszko arrived at Philadelphia in August, 1797. ... him to the boarding house of Mrs. Loveson on Second Street. For the next few months, the leading citizens and several noble French emigres feted him. Later ... he visited his old friends General Anthony Walton White in New Brunswick, New Jersey, and General Horatio Gates just outside New York City. For a time Kosciuszko enjoyed a popular triumph similar to that Lafayette was to receive in 1824. Portraits of him were sold in Philadelphia; ... No one in Philadelphia saw the General more often than Vice-President Jefferson; he was with him almost daily, and, as Niemcewicz remarked, "Kosciuszko completely adhered to Jefferson." An amateur artist, he painted a small watercolor, probably in April, 1798, of Jefferson ... Since the General had never received full payment for his services in the Revolution, Jefferson helped him claim what was due. Oliver Wolcott, Secretary of the Treasury, paid him $12,280.54 principal and $2,947.33 in interest for the years 1785-1788. ... Jefferson also assisted in securing for Kosciuszko a 500-acre military land warrant, located on the Scioto River in what is today Columbus, Ohio. ... When young Niemcewicz late on the evening of May 4, 1798, returned to the house in Philadelphia where the General and he were staying, Kosciuszko swore him to secrecy and then dramatically informed him: "I leave this night for Europe."
... Jefferson arrived in a covered carriage; Kosciuszko was carried out and the carriage drove off to Newcastle. News that Polish emigre leaders were organizing Polish legions to fight with the Italian allies of Napoleon was Kosciuszko's chief reason for returning to France. He hoped that Poles who had been drafted into the Russian, Prussian, and Austrian armies would desert to join the legions, and that eventually they, with French aid, would re-establish the Polish state. By March, 1797, the Polish general Dombrowski had 2,000 men organized into the first legion. Kosciuszko, learning about the movement soon after his landing in America, had wanted to go to France immediately. The French Consul informed his government of this two days after the General's arrival ... on his arrival in Paris, the General told the officers of the Polish legions who welcomed him:
"I want to be ever and inseparably with you. I want to join you to serve our common country. Like you I have fought for the country, like you I have suffered, like you I expect to regain it. This hope is the only solace of my life."
Jefferson, ... treated Kosciuszko as an informal envoy from the United States to France. Kosciuszko later wrote: "Jefferson considered that I would be the most effective intermediary in bringing an accord with France, so I accepted the mission even if without any official authorization."
Jefferson helped him obtain a passport under the assumed name of Thomas Kanberg.
Kosciuszko, ... about securing his passage, frequently importuned Jefferson to hurry. ... The two men agreed upon a cipher or code in which they could correspond, though, as it turned out, they did not actually use it.
Kosciuszko gave Jefferson power of attorney to act for him in all business concerning his property in the United States ... Dr. Benjamin Rush, his Philadelphia friend and physician, when reporting the General's wounds almost healed, though he would always limp slightly, had added: "Every step he takes will remind him of his patriotism and bravery." For the next twenty years, Jefferson and Kosciuszko corresponded, usually several times a year. Part of this exchange was over business. Although Jefferson had turned the General's funds over to John Barnes, an excellent Philadelphia banker... Through the years, Kosciuszko confined his letters chiefly to business. He usually wrote in French with considerable misspelling and bad grammar. Kosciuszko's opinion of Jefferson remained high. When the Virginian was nominated for the presidency, the Pole urged him to be "always good, true American a Philosopher and my Friend," and again: "Do not forget in your post be always the virtuous Republican with justice and probity without pomp and ambition in a word be Jefferson and my friend." ...
When Kosciuszko returned to France in 1798, he wrote the Czar a strong letter, which he gave to the newspapers, revoking his oath not to resist him on the grounds that the Czar's ministers had exacted that promise by terror and against his free will. This letter infuriated Paul and resulted in reprisals against the families of leading Polish emigres, including Niemcewicz's.
Kosciuszko served for a time as a kind of ambassador of the Polish legions with the French Directory; he was known as "chief of the Polish nation." Two legions based in Italy... and Kosciuszko helped organize a third unit, the Legion of the Danube.
After Napoleon assumed dictatorial powers under the coup d'etat of November, 1799, Kosciuszko developed a deep distrust of him. ... Napoleon had failed to meet his demands for an independent nation, a constitution based on the British model, and freedom and lands for the serfs.
On the other hand, Julian Niemcewicz, who had married and settled in New Jersey, ... enlisted Jefferson's help in securing a passport to Poland so that he might fulfill "a sacred duty to hasten to my post, and join my feeble Services to those my Countrymen undertake." ...
Kosciuszko sadly returned to exile, this time in Switzerland.

In his letter of April, 1816, he explained to Jefferson what happened:
Tsar Alexander promised me to enlarge the Duchy of Warsaw to the Dzwina [Dvina] and Dnieper, our former limits, but his ministers refused to carry out his generous and magnanimous plans, and unfortunately the Kingdom of Poland is smaller by a good third than the Duchy of Warsaw. Tsar Alexander pledged me a constitutional government liberal and independent and even to enfranchise our unfortunate serfs and give them their land.
That alone would have immortalized him, but it went up in smoke. I am now at Soleure in Switzerland watching the Allied Powers in bad faith treating the little states unjustly and acting toward their own subjects as wolves with sheep.

In the last letter Tadeusz Kosciuszko wrote Jefferson, in September, 1817, he added:
"I am the one true Pole in Europe, all the others under the circumstances are the subjects of different foreign powers". ...
Late in October, 1817, Frantz Xavier Zeltner, in whose home Kosciuszko lived at Soleure, wrote Jefferson that the General had died in his arms on October 15.
Jefferson commented thus to Zeltner in reply:
To no country could that event be more afflicting nor to any individual more than myself. I had enjoyed his intimate friendship and confidence for the last 20 years, and during the portion of that time which he spent in this country, I had daily opportunities of observing personally the purity of his virtue, the benevolence of his heart, and his sincere devotion to the cause of liberty...".

Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1783 was promoted by the Continental Congress to brigadier general.
Returned to Poland in 1784.
In 1796 after the death of Catherine the Great, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and emigrated to the United States again.
Kosciuszko left for the United States, via Stockholm, Sweden and London, departing from Bristol on June 17, 1797, and arriving in Philadelphia. In March 1798, Kosciuszko received a letters from Europe with news that Polish General Jan Henryk Dabrowski was fighting in France under Napoleon and that Kosciuszko's sister had sent his two nephews in Kosciuszko's name to serve in Napoleon's ranks.
Tadeusz Kosciuszko consulted Thomas Jefferson, who procured him a passport under a false name and arranged for his secret departure for France and to Russia.
By Wikipedia: "Jefferson considered that I would be the most effective intermediary in bringing an accord with France, so I accepted the mission even if without any official authorization."
Tadeusz Kosciuszko arrived in Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798.
The best friends of Kosciuszko in France after 1798 were the Zeltners;
Xaver Joseph Anton Zeltner born in 1764 in Solothurn, died 1835 in Saronno (Lombardy), close to Milano, Cath., son of Franz Anton Zeltner, and Anna Maria de La Martiniere.
Brother of Peter Josef ZELTNER - in 1794 the Jesuit College of Solothurn. 1781-88 officer of the Swiss Guards in France. 1789 public notary in Solothurn, 1793-94 Governor in Lugano. Febr. 1798 arrested in Solothurn as a patriot, 1798-1800 government governor. 1802-03 the Consul in Paris. 1810-14 member of the Solothurn cantonal parliament, 1811-14 appellation judge. 1814 member of Government, then under arrest;
at his residence (today the Kosciuszko Museum) lived 1815-17 the Polish freedom fighter Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Jefferson and Kosciuszko met in 1797 and became firm friends. Jefferson was a member of the American Philosophical Society for 35 years, ... founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin.
"...Agrippa Hull, a freeborn black New Englander, volunteered at eighteen to join the Continental Army. During the Revolution, Hull served Kosciuszko as an orderly, and the two became fast friends. ...
When Kosciuszko returned to America in the 1790s, bearing the wounds of his own failed revolution, he and Jefferson forged an intense friendship based on their shared dreams for the global expansion of human freedom.
They sealed their bond with a blood compact whereby Jefferson would liberate his slaves upon Kosciuszko's death. But Jefferson died without fulfilling the promise he had made to Kosciuszko...".

We back to friends of Kosciuszko.
Szymon Askenazy, 'Ksiaze Józef Poniatowski...', wrote:
Józef Poniatowski in the summer of 1798 settled in Prussian Warsaw. In 1798 the French Republic invaded the Rhine and the Alps, Bonaparte sailed for Egypt;
Mrs. Vauban, his favorite, has invited to each other Versailles homeless to Warsaw, Louis XVIII, the Dukes of Berry and Conde. "He received us with true contentment" - writes in his diary ex-adjutant of Kosciuszko and the head of the brigade of the Danube, General Fiszer / Fisher, on his return to Warsaw and visited the Prince in Jablonna.
1802 - the Prussian government has changed attitude towards Duke.

Stanislaw Fiszer / Fischer (1769–1812) was Polish General and Chief of Staff of the Duchy of Warsaw. He was married to Wirydianna Radolinska Kwilecka
(see Wola Pszczolecka; Kalinowski, Oginski, Trubecki, Konstantynowicz; Estonia; Walewski and Madalinski, Kiedrzynski);
1783-1788 studied at the School of Cadets, served the Division of Tadeusz Kosciuszko during the Polish-Russian War in 1792, Polonne and Dubienka; arrived at Frankfurt by Oder and recognized the Prussian army.
During the Kosciuszko Insurrection accompanied Kosciuszko at Maciejowice, was send with Kosciuszko and Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz to St. Petersburg, as the only state prisoner refused to testify, for which he was deported to Nizhny Novgorod.
1796 / 1797 FISZER went to Paris,
then the Danubian Legion organized as brigadier general; 1799, was taken into captivity.
Then under General Moreau; Livorno - the infantry legion,
1801 FISZER left for Paris (see Kosciuszko); he stayed there surrounded Kosciuszko, who show to him Wirydianna Kwilecka Radolinska, and managed to get the Koninko estate near Poznan, where FISZER settled in 1803. He married to Wirydianna in 1806.
Since 1811 led the mobilization for war with Russia. In 1812 he joined the General Confederation of Polish Kingdom;
Moscow in 1812, as chief of staff; the Battle of Borodino and taken Moscow. At the back from Moscow, was killed.
Freemason in Gdańsk in 1792.

Ludwik Fiszer b. 1800, Warszawa, a lawyer, was a nephew of General Stanislaw Fiszer.
His grandfather d. 1783, was the colonel of the Russian army, and then service of Polish Army in 1767, adjutant general of the King Stanislaus Augustus.
Parents of Stanislaw Fiszer 1759-1812 were Karol Ludwik Fiszer General Major, 1730-1783 and Joanna Luiza Elzbieta von Luck 1738-1788;
wife Wirydianna 1761-1826 was daughter of Józef Stanislaw Radolinski of Wschowa, 1730-1781 and Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792 (see Kiedrzynski and Raczynski).

More about Stanislaw Fiszer:

Stanislaw Fisher / Fischer was the son of Charles Louis Fischer, who passed through the Polish army from the Russian service (ca 1761; see Pilar-Pilchau), a lieutenant colonel; Charles Fischer in 1767 was the adjutant of the king, and in 1771 was promoted to the rank of colonel in the 1st infantry regiment.
In 1767 Charles Fischer received nobility with the coat of arms Tarczała, in 1774 major general. He was married to Joanna Louise Elizabeth von Luck.
Stanislaw FISZER was born in Mazovia as the youngest of four siblings (he had the oldest sister Joanna, and two older brothers - William Louis Sebastian and Charles John Leonard).
Stanislaw Fiszer defended the Constitution of 3 May and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Military Virtue in 1792.
Also gained promotion to captain, and above all had Kosciuszko's trust; was his favorite (he called to him "Fiszerek").
Stanislaw Fiszer remained in the army after the Tagrowica.
In 1792 was admitted to the Gdansk Masonic Lodge, and he organized here a secret conspiracy. Together with Dabrowski tried to organize resistance against the Prussians in 1793 in Pomerania with Gdansk and Torun.
During the insurrection of 1794 Fisher was promoted to the rank of Major;
in April 1794 - Stanislaw Fiszer was the aide - adjutant to Kosciuszko and chief of his staff. Fisher in the absence of Kosciuszko signed his orders;
1794 - emigrated to France, where he vegetated in Paris;
after returning of Kosciuszko from America in 1798, Fisher went to the legion of the Danube, in which he was the head of the brigade.
1800 - close to Offenburg fell into the hands of Merveldt; as a political prisoner he was sent to the Czech, where he was imprisoned in Königgrätz (Hradec Kralove) until 1 February 1801.
With the efforts of Kosciuszko and General Moreau was replaced by Lichtenstein. Fisher after consultation with Kosciuszko, back to the Danube Legion, but resigned - the summer of 1801;
leaves the service. Studied in Paris;
Kosciuszko showed to him Wirydianna Kwilecka, nee Radolińska; then he traveled to Italy, England, Holland and Germany, where in the local libraries studied the works of the military. The summer of 1802 - visited Warsaw and met Jozef Poniatowski.

Stanislaw FISZER settled then in the Great Poland, where Mycielski gave him the property

{Fiszer lived in
Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN.
In 1775 in the Koninko estate, divided a land, after the death in 1774 of Gorecki; witnesses: General Jan Zakrzewski and Teresa Gorecki - the spouses; Teresa was widowed after 1st husband General Józef Gorecki; General Jan Zakrzewski and Teresa Gorecki Zakrzewska were the heirs of the deceased already Wojciech Dzierzbinski. Above named Jan Gorecki of RZUCHOW died in 1774, was married Zofia Niwinska. Before 1775 Anna Kierski also died; Krzysztof Kierski was died; Marianna Jemelska the General wife died, too. The court established the amount of the inheritance of the Koninko and Świątniki properties. Koninko and Świątniki were sold in 1731 to hands of Władysław Andrzej Kurnatowski. The court divides this sum into two parts, ie the son and daughters of Jozef Gorecki and Teresa Zakrzewska Gorecka.
Here we read about Marianna Zakrzewska, the wife of Samuel Kierski, official in Rogoźno, who was died.
Marianna was widowed in 1729. Łukasz Gorecki was the brother of Jozef ?

At the beginning Krzysztof Mielzynski, MP, Jr., d. in Poznan in 1658, married in 1623 to Elzbieta NIEGOLEWSKA, with sons:
Jakub; Maciej Mielzynski official in SREM; Stanislaw;
daughters:
Anna m. Kazimierz Rogalinski;
Jadwiga MIELZYNSKA 1st to Wladyslaw Maniecki, 2nd to Fabian Wilhelm Rosen, Colonel;
Dorota;
Zofia + Wojciech Kierski;
Katarzyna.

Katarzyna BREZA KIERSKA was mother of:
ONUFRY;
Michal Breza (Michal Breza of Lubaczów, 1718-1771 [see above] was father of Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian von Alcantara Ignatz Breza born 1752/1754, and Ewa Woynarowski);
and Brygida Raczynska.

Onufry Breza, official in Wlodzimierz [Wolynski] in 1789, son of Jan Dominik BREZA and Katarzyna Kierska, married Helena Jawikiewicz, of MSCISLAW.
His brother Michal (d. 1771in Chorostkow) took Chorostkow, or Antoni (1758-1818), son of named MICHAL BREZA, clerk in Ostrog. Michal m. Anna Czarnecka, daughter of Nikodem from Volhynia, and Teresa nee Drzewiecki. Michal bought Siekierzynce and here were born his sons:
Józef (1796-1877), Colonel in the Kingdom of Poland, and next son Maksymilian Wincenty Breza (1807-1890), Lieutenant in 1831; also sons: Hipolit and Józef. Siekierzynce took Hipolit Breza (1806-1882), officer of the Polish Army, m. in 1837 to Honorata Radziminska, daughter of Gotfryd, official in Zaslaw, and Felicja Mikoszewski. They had 4 daughters and 3 sons.
Siekierzynce owned Achilles Breza (1845-1905), m. in 1870 to Felicja Pruszynska, daughter of Mieczyslaw, and Halina Czeczel, owner of Cecyniówka.
His son Stanislaw b. 1871, in 1890 m. Maria Zólkiewska, daughter of Antoni and Katarzyna Weryha-Darowski; Stanislaw was the last owner of Siekierzynce; he had 2 sons: Achilles jun. and Tadeusz (1905-1970), writer and diplomat.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, on 01.08.1774 married 2nd time to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska - and Brygida nee Breza - daughter of Jan Dominik Breza 1681 - 1738, and Katarzyna nee Kierski / KIERSKA BREZA, b. 1680 d. 1749. Daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska, was Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska - she was born ca 1775, studied in Poznan, translator of French philosophers, was near by to sister of her mother - Tekla Zmichowska nee Raczynski and her husband Józef RACZYNSKI.

Above named The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and Kosciuszko in Paris. The main activists were:
Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski,
Raymond Rembieliński,
Andrew Horodyski and
Erazm Mycielski / Erasmus Mycielski.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo, freemason, in 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director - after E. Mycielski - of the Society of Polish Republicans.

Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794, son of Aleksander Mycielski General; 1775 served the Regiment of Poninski. Captain 1788. Campaigns in 1792 took place in Lithuania. The Kosciuszko Uprising 1794. He was a member of the conspiracy, preparing the uprising of Kosciuszko; promoted by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. He was one of the founders of the Polish Society (1798). He was involved in the conspiracy in the Great Poland.

Above Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy. Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818 was son of Jan MYCIELSKI / John Mycielski, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski; he was a friend of Joseph Alexander Sulkowski.

Above Aleksander Józef Sulkowski, 1695 - 1762, 1733-1738 the Saxon Electorate prime minister, Count and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, chamberlain of Augustus III, 1734 Saxon Infantry Major General, grew up at the royal court, was the closest adviser the King and Elector Augustus III. Prince Alexander Joseph died in Leszno in 1762, had a four sons from his first marriage.

See - In 18th cent. Jan Nepomucen Mycielski (owner of Gostyn) - 1775.

Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski / Joseph Calasanz Szaniawski b. in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, 1764, died 1843 in Lviv, a Polish philosopher and politician, during the Kosciuszko Uprising (1794) was a Polish Jacobin. Member of the Jacobins Security Department - Deputation in 1794, and after 1796 a member of a secret political organization called "Centralization of Warsaw"; he was a member of the "Polish Deputation" 1795 - 1796; emigrated to Paris, 1797; the Polish Deputation came into conflict with the moderate Kościuszko-Uprising émigré activists of the "Agency" founded in Paris in 1794 and supporting Henryk Dąbrowski's Polish Legions. In 1811 he resigned, close to Stanislaw Zamoyski in Zwierzyniec. Soon after, near by the Czartoryski family and
1810 he married Luiza Mycielska / Louise Mycielski Moskorzewska, becoming attorney general of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807 - 1815), then active in the Congress Poland. He was a member of the Masonic lodge Temple of Isis in 1811 - 1812, Casimir the Great in 1819 - 1820, the Great East, an honorary member of the lodge Excellence in 1821.

Les Freres Anglais et Franēais Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski.
Members: Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski,
Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and with Jozef Poniatowski.

The Konarzewski family had Pepowo to 18th cent., then Weronika Konarzewska married Maciej Mycielski and she brought him as her dowry named Pepowo; with Chocieszewice, in 1846 - Teodor Mycielski. 1830, Józefa Mycielski in Rokosowo. ROKOSOWO is situated south-west of GOSTYN}.

Meanwhile Wirydianna KWILECKA finally obtained a divorce from first husband, and she could marry Fiszer.
When Stanislaw Fiszer received a letter of Wybicki, sent in Berlin on November 4, 1806, Fisher contrary to the promises made his wife and objections of Kosciuszko, immediately gone to Dabrowski.
The chief of the legions sent him on 18 November 1806 to Napoleon, with the report on the state of the organization of the Polish armed forces; at the request of Dabrowski was promoted to Brigadier General.
He served as the Chief of Staff under Zajączek; he was head of the Polish military General Staff. At the end of January 1809 visited Paris, where he discussed issues related to the reorganization of the army of the Duchy of Warsaw. 1810, Fiszer / Fisher was promoted to the rank of Major General.
1811 - Fiszer / Fisher also served as head of the Polish military intelligence.
In the war of 1812 Gen. Fisher served as Chief of Staff of Polish corps. During the Battle of Smolensk in 1812 personally led the attack of the Polish infantry.


We back to Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko / Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko, b. 1746, hero in Poland, Belarus, and the United States. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kosciuszko Uprising. Born in Mereczowszczyzna / Merechevschina, Belarus close to Kosów Poleski / Kosava;
Tadeusz Kosciuszko was the youngest son of Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko, an officer in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army, and his wife Tekla, nee Ratomska.
Kosciuszko moved to France in 1769 to studies, returned to Poland in 1774, returned to France. In 1776, Kosciuszko moved to North America, where he took part in the American Revolutionary War; back to Poland in 1784, as a major general in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Army in 1789; Polish-Russian War of 1792; 1796, Kosciuszko was pardoned by Paul I, and he emigrated to the United States; close friend of Thomas Jefferson,
returned to Bayonne, France, on June 28, 1798.
Kosciuszko remained politically active in Polish circles in France, and in 1799, he joined the Society of Polish Republicans, but October 17 and November 6, 1799, he met with Napoleon Bonaparte; 1801, Kosciuszko settled in Breville, near Paris;
Kosciuszko wrote a letter to Napoleon, and did not move to the Duchy of Warsaw;
after the fall of Napoleon, he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I, in Paris and then in Braunau, Switzerland, demanded borders on the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east.
In Vienna, Kosciuszko called new Poland as "a joke" of Russia; send letters to the Tsar, and left Vienna, moved to Solothurn, Switzerland.

Above named The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and Kosciuszko in Paris.

Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski died in 1856, in September 1800 received the assignment to captain in the Italian Legion. In 1801 he met Thaddeus Kosciuszko and the next three years 1801-1804 he spent at his side gathering material for a biography.
In 1804-1805, he was in a camp of Chalons-sur-Marne.
He was reactivated on the staff of Joachim Murat, as a translator and espionage officer, also an aide of Murat.
He had correspondence contact with Kosciuszko, who named him 'my Paszkos'.
In January 1815 General Franciszek Paszkowski resigned from the position of secretary in the Polish Kingdom, and was deleted from the state service of the Polish army.
After leaving the military he went abroad, visiting Kosciuszko and Frederick Augustus ex Duke of the Warsaw Duchy

(Frederick Augustus I / Frederick Augustus Joseph Maria Anton Johann Nepomuk Aloys Xavier / Friedrich August I b. 1750, was King of Saxony 1805-1827, Elector of Saxony 1763-1806 and as Duke Frederick Augustus I / Fryderyk August I of Warsaw 1807–1813; succeeding his father in 1763 as the elector Frederick Augustus III. Son of Frederick Christian / Fryderyk Krystian Wettyn b. 1722 who was the son of Frederick Augustus II, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, by his wife, Maria Josepha of Austria. Grandson of Augustus III / Augustas III b. 1696 the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 1734 until 1763, known as Frederick Augustus II / Friedrich August II - 1719 he married Maria Josepha, daughter of the Holy Roman emperor Joseph I).

General Franciszek Paszkowski back to the Posen Duchy [winter 1815/1816 ? - January 1816 to Prussia], and then he settled in the Republic of Cracow [1819 ?] - in 1820 in the village Tonie; after the death of Kosciuszko received an inheritance, and in Krakow organized the funeral of Kosciuszko; he was one of the initiators of the Kosciuszko mound in Krakow and chairman of the committee of its construction.
1822 - Jan Karski was caught on the border of the Kingdom of Poland; and a letter to Dobrzycki was found, in which numerous matters were discussed: Umiński, Kniaziewicz, Arnold Skórzewski, General Paszkowski were threatened with arrest.

Stanisław Mielżyński was born on November 14, 1778 in Rąbin as Stanislaw Kostka Andrew James. He was the fourth child (the first of three sons) of the writer of the Crown - Maximilian Mielżyński and Constance Czapski. In the early 90's of the XVIII cent., the family lived in Pawlowice owned Maximilian. In 1799, died Count Maximilian Mielżyński, the owner of a huge fortune inherited by his three sons. Stanislaw got Pawlowice, Poniec, Łaszczyn and Gołańcz. His brother Nicholas among others, Żytowiecko, Leka, Karczewo, Baszków close to Krotoszyn and Rawicz; the youngest brother Thomas died four years later. Three brothers had sister Catherine.
On 18 November 1800, Stanislaw married in Gostyn to Prowidencja Honorata Zaremba, the daughter of the chamberlain Peter Zaremba and Elizabeth nee Radoliński.
From this marriage were born in the following order: Elizabeth (1802), Joseph (1803), next daughter (1807), Leon (1809) and Eleanor (1815).

In 1806 in November, the French troops invaded the Great Poland; in Poznan was gen. Jan Henryk Dabrowski and Joseph Wybicki who known Mielżyński and began creating Polish army;
the count Stanislaw Mielżyński on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
The commanders of the other regiments in the division were also Prince Anthony / ANTONI Sulkowski from Rydzyna (1 Regiment), Łącki (2 regiment) and Poniński (4 Regiment).
With Mielżyński co-operated the commander of the battalion Major Stanislaw Fisher / Fiszer (then the Army Chief of General Staff).
On January 3, 1807 created division of gen. J. H. Dąbrowski, with the 3rd Infantry Regiment, of Colonel Stanislav Mielżyński stationed in Pawlowice. Other regiments in Leszno, Zduny and Rawicz (see Sulkowski).
The service of regiment in Gdansk lasted for two years until 1809. In the spring of 1809 the Duchy of Warsaw was attacked by the Austrian army. He was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General (20 March 1810). Mielżyński was the commander of one of three departments in Plock. On the way to Russia 30 V 1812 by Leszno passed Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, going from Głogów to Poznań.
The Polish Army was partly assigned to the units of the French, led by Prince Jozef Poniatowski.
The corps consisted of three infantry divisions;
General Mielżyński was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajączek. With him commanders of the brigades in the division were: General Franciszek Paszkowski (II infantry brigade) and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade).

Mielżyński co-operated with Zakrzewski and Miaskovsky. During 1813, the Russians occupied the former Duchy of Warsaw. His mother died July 29 1813 (1812 ?).
After complete breakdown, General Mielżyński was commander in the 3rd Infantry Division of General Loison within the thirteenth corps of Marshal Louis N. Davout; Meanwhile, on December 19, 1812, Russian troops seized Leszno, then again took the Prussians. As a result of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Great Poland was the Grand Duchy of Posen.
On September 8, 1815 Mielżyński was released from military service and began acted in secret societies, among others, in the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry, the 'Association of Kosynier', he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "The Brothers of the Union", was a master of the lodge "Humanity".
Stanislaw Mielżyński died in Pawlowice in June 1826 and was buried here;
left 17-year-old son Leo, who got Pawłowice and Kąkolewo;
Stanislaw;
Elizabeth (1822 married Louis Mycielski, who in 1831 died) got Poniec;
Filipina (wife of Ignatius Szczaniecki - Miedzychód, a colonel during the uprising of 1848) had Łaszczyn, while
youngest Eleonora Laura (m. in 1834 to Karol Czarniecki of Volhynia, divorced, 2nd m. in 1850 to General Józef Napoleon Hutten-Czapski) taken Gołańcz.
Gołańcz is situated at northern Great Poland, close to Chodziez. The widow Prowidencja lived later in Poznan by 11 years. She died in Poznan, on October 11, 1837 and was buried in Pawlowice.
Inf. under copyright by http://www.krzemieniewo.net.

The important note:
A.
Katarzyna Raczynska b. 1744 - d. 1792 married Józef Antoni Radoliński / Jozef Radolinski (= Józef Stanisław Radoliński born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuły County) born in 1740; her parents: Leon Raczyński and Wirydianna Miełżyńska, Raczyńska born Bnińska. Leon was born in 1698, d. 1750.
Wirydianna BNINSKA was born in 1718 (wife of Leon Raczyński and Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielżyński).
Katarzyna had brother Filip Nereusz Raczyński.
Filip Nereusz Raczyński (1747 - 1804) was son of above named Leon, General Major of the Polish Army.
Michał Kazimierz Raczyński (1650 - 1737, father of Wiktor and above named Leon);
above Wiktor Raczyński (1698 - 1764, father of Kazimierz);
above Leon Raczyński (1698 - 1750 or 1755, father of Filip Nereusz; and brother of Wiktor Raczyński; Kazimiera Bona Hutten - Czapska; Kazimierz Bona Raczyński and Konkordia Ruszkowska);
Count Kazimierz Raczyński, (1739 - 1824), General of the Polish Army, MP in 1793; Kazimierz Jan Nepomucen Raczyński herbu Nałęcz b. 1739 in Wojnowice, court marshal of the Crown, member of the Targowica Confederation, member of the Confederation of Andrew Mokronowski; 1797 - 1804 chairman of the Banking Committee, appointed to liquidate the Polish banking. The title of count on 6 July 1798 in Berlin.
His daughter Michalina married to Filip Raczyński with sons: Atanazy and Edward.
Atanazy Raczyński b. 1788 in Poznan, d. 1874 in Berlin, Polish landowner, the younger brother of Edward, owner of Obrzycko, MP in 1837, 1841. He was Prussian ambassador in Lisbon and Madrid.
Edward Raczyński b. 1786, died in 1845, Zaniemyśl; landowner, married Constance Potocki with one son Roger Maurice. 1806 - 1809 he served Napoleon's army and the army of the Duchy of Warsaw. He was awarded the Order of Military Virtue. Political and social activist Grand Duchy of Posen. In 1814 he made journey to Odessa; 1827 a member of the Warsaw Society of Friends of Sciences. He founded an agricultural school in Jeżewo near Srem (1841). Financially supported writers: Adam Mickiewicz and Bronislaw Trentowski.
B.
Józef Raczynski b. ca 1710 / 1720 / 1730, was son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska;
Stanisław Raczyński b. ca 1700;
Jozef married Brygida BREZA and was father of
Anna Strzelecka born ca 1757;
Zuzanna Raczyńska;
and also Franciszka Maria Raczynska Kiedrzynska b. ca 1755
(daughter of above Józef Raczynski [Jozef was son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska] and Brygida nee Breza).

Franciszek Strzelecki was son of Józef Strzelecki and Jadwiga; husband of above named Anna Raczyńska (Anna Strzelecka Raczyńska, b. ca 1757, died on February 4, 1807; she was mother of Kazimierz Anastazy Strzelecki; Piotr Strzelecki; famous Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, and Izabela Świętopełk-Słupska; she was half sister of Franciszek Wojciech Raczyński).
Above Paweł Edmund Strzelecki b. 1797 in Głuszyna, the Poznań province, died 1873 in London; Sir Paul Edmund de Strzelecki was a Polish explorer and geologist.
1839 he set out on an expedition into the Australian Alps and explored the Snowy Mountains. In 1840 he climbed the highest peak in Australia and named it Mount Kosciuszko, to honour Tadeusz Kościuszko; corresponded with Charles Darwin.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski born ca 1740, owner of Kunow / KUNOWO, on 01.08.1774 married (2nd time ?) to Franciszka Maria Raczynska b. ca 1755 daughter of Józef Raczynski - son of Stanislaw Raczynski and Zofia nee Grodzynska - and Brygida nee Breza - daughter of Jan Dominik Breza and Katarzyna nee Kierski.
Daughter of Lukasz Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska, was Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska - she was born ca 1775, studied in Poznan, translator of French philosophers, was near by to sister of her mother - Tekla Zmichowska nee Raczynski and her husband Józef. Wiktoria married Jan Zmichowski, from family of Józef Zmichowski.
Marriage in 1801 - Jan Zmichowski fought in 1794 under Kosciuszko, lived in Rawicz (Sulkowski !); Jan Zmichowski was judge; in Rawicz were born his children:
Wiktoria
and Kornelia.
The Narcyza Żmichowski parents moved home from Rawicz to the Posen Duchy in 1819;
Wanda Narcyza Albina Redel nee Żmichowska b. ca 1816 was daughter of Jan Żmichowski and Wiktoria; wife of Władysław Ignacy Józef Redel, and sister of
Kornelia Gloger
(Kornelia Gloger nee Żmichowska 1810 - 1902, was wife of Karol Paweł Antoni Gloger and mother of Maria Wiktoria Rostworowska;
sister of Wiktoria Lewińska,
above Wanda Narcyza Albina Redel and
Narcyza Żmichowska).


Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA had sons:

1. Krzysztof Mielzynski,

[governor of Przemet (1717-1721), the official in Kcynia (1693), 1670-1721, with son Andrzej Mielzynski, 1698-1771, m. Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771, and grandson Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski, b. 1738 - Laszczyn, died in 1799 - Pawlowice, the owner of PAWLOWICE, m. in 1771, Mierzyszyn, to Konstancja Hutten-Czapska, 1749-1813; with daughter Css Katarzyna Mielzynska 1775-1817, m. Prokop Mielzynski, lieutenant (1793), 1763-1800]
2. Franciszek Mielzynski
[Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, the owner of CHOBIENICE;
with children:
1. daughter
Józefa Mielzynska, ca 1729-1752, m. Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski,
and granddaughter Wiktoria Jakobina Gajewska b. in 1749, m. Jan Józef Kwilecki 1729-1789.
2.
Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI, the owner of CHOBIENICE,
governor of Kalisz (1758-1763), Poznan (1763-1782), Kalisz (1782- 1786), Poznan (1786-1792), 1729-1792;
m. Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska, 1718-1797
{Leon Raczynski, 1698 - died 1750, son of Michal Kazimierz Raczynski, was also the husband of Wirydiana Mielzynska-BNINSKA}.


Freemasonry, Illuminati and the Templars Order - conspiracy and conspirators: 1793/1794, 1796, 1819/1820/1821, 1833. History Of Secret Societies: Templars, Illuminati, and Freemasons. The Order of the Illuminati: Origins, Methods and Influence.

I managed to investigate and decipher a system in 2013 after 26 years of my researches: this is a conspiracy inside the headquarters of military intelligence of the Tsarist Russia:
deep political espionage (anarchists, Lenin, Marxists) and strategic technological-scientific intelligence (Breguet + Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company, also Nobel and Armand families:
telegraph, radio, electricity, aircraft, engines, ignition magnetos, automatic pilots, helicopters, airships, submarines, lights, etc.).

Taken over in a certain period by British intelligence.

An influential leadership role in the formulation of foreign UK policy ca 1895 to ca 1921 played Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner b. 1854, a British statesman.

Acc to Aydelotte:
"...in 1888 Rhodes made his third will ... to LORD ROTHSCHILD (his financier in mining enterprises), but ... for strategic reasons Lord Rothschild was subsequently removed from the forefront of the scheme. Professor Quigley reveals that Lord Rosebury, replaced his father-in-law Lord Rothschild, in Rhodes' next and last will. ... Quigley informs us that the central part of the 'secret society' was established by March, 1891, using Rhodes' money.

The organization was run for Rothschild by Lord Alfred Milner - the ROUND TABLE worked behind the scenes at the highest levels of British government, influencing foreign policy and England's involvement and conduct of WW I.
... Between 1894 and 1907 a number of international treaties were signed to have Russia, France, England and further nations unit against Germany in the case of war. It was the task of the COMMITTEE OF 300 to set the stage for the First World War. From the ROUND TABLE group emerged as a front the 'Royal institute for International Affairs' ... known as 'Chatham House' and had among its founding members Lord Albert Grey, Lord Arnold Toynbee ... of the MI6, H. G. Wells, Lord Alfred Milner - head of the Round Table, and H. J. Mackinder - inventor of the so-called geopolitics.
... sums of money from the international bankers, among others from ALFRED MILNER - by Jan Van Helsing - who later took over the secret Round Table, were poured into the Ochrana that already had infiltrated the Bolshevik movement. Agents steered many of its activities. The infiltration was so strong that in 1908 four of the five members of the Petersburg committee of the Bolshevik party were Ochrana agents".

Upon his return from South Africa, Viscount Milner occupied himself mainly with business interests in London, becoming chairman of the Rio Tinto Zinc mining company, a director of the Joint Stock Bank, in January 1917 Milner led the British delegation, with Henry Wilson, in Russia, to boost Russian morale and see what equipment they needed; he was an advocate of inter-allied cooperation, in St. Petersburg in February 1917. But Trotsky in his book 'My Life' tells of a British financier, who in 1907 gave him a large loan to be repaid after the overthrow of the Tsar. Arsene de Goulevitch, who witnessed the Bolshevik Revolution, has identified both the name of the financier and the amount of the loan: over 21 million rubles were spent by Lord Alfred Milner in financing the (October 1917 Revolution) Russian Revolution.
It was a big dream of Pilsudski and Poles to Tsarist Russia collapsed, and then in the revolutionary chaos appeared Lenin had passed into Russia by the Germans.

A documents made it clear, that this above mentioned funding was provided by Milner and channeled through Sir George Buchanan, who was the British Ambassador to Russia at the time, acc. to Goulevitch, p. 230.


In March 1832, Adam Mickiewicz stayed in Dresden, Saxony, where he wrote the third part of his poem 'Dziady'. July 1832 he arrived in Paris, accompanied by Ignacy Domeyko; in Paris, Mickiewicz published articles in 'Pielgrzym Polski', and wrote 'The Books of the Polish People and of the Polish Pilgrimage' - in the part: 'Pilgrim LITANY' we read:
"...The universal war for the freedom of peoples,
We ask you, Lord.
The weapons and national eagles,
We ask you, Lord...".

Tadeusz A. Kisielewski in "The Great War and Polish independence" ed. Rebis Publishing House, 2014, shows the First World War (the Great War 1914-1918) as a game of powers, which fight each other for dominance over Europe and domination in the colonies.

In 1832 the author of 'Pilgrim LITANY', Adam Mickiewicz, although romantic poet, but cool, wrote that an essential condition of Poland's independence is the conflict between the invaders, and it must be converted into a European-wide war.

In 1895, Pilsudski published an article titled "Russia", in which he formulated for the first time a basic condition for independence by Poland: to "slit the seams of ethnic Russia" and other non-Russian parts of the empire (to split the seams of ethnic Russia and other non-Russian parts).

On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six assassins, Serbs and Bosniak, coordinated by Danilo Ilic, a Bosnian Serb and a member of the Black Hand secret society.
"...In May of 1914 Colonel Dmitrijevic, a secret way from his own government, introduced the idea of the assassination of Archduke. The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow, was not able to decide, and reached an agreement with friends from the General Staff in St. Petersburg, and after a few days passed acceptance: 'Works ... we will not leave you alone'. Today we know that these words were not empty. We do not know who made the decision. Whoever he was, he had to be close to the heads of the party pro war; it was leading by the uncle of the Tsar, Grand Duke Nicholas (Nikolai); and operate at the interface between the military and diplomacy, he soon began a covert operation to observe long-term Russian ambassador in Belgrade, Nikolai Hartwig. One thing is certain: the decision of St. Petersburg, and then ... shots of Princip started the chain of events that led to the global carnage...",
according to http://foxmulder2.blogspot.com/2014/06/najwieksze-sekrety-kryptonim.html by Hubert Kozieł.

The Russian attache Colonel Artamonow / Viktor Alekseevich Artamonov / Viktor Alekseievitch Artamonov / Виктор Алексеевич Артамонов, had a close relationship with Apis.

The network:
Montenegro - Potapov - Parvus - Berezyna - Konstantynowicz - Artuzow - Volpi - Venetia - electricity:
Prince Arseny Karageorgievich / Karadjordjevic b. 1859, d. 1938, was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; served until 1916 to the Russian military, Major General of the Russian Imperial Army, participated in the Russian- Japanese War and in the First World War; the pretender to the Serbian throne, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion; the friend of Drzewiecki, Duflon, Breguet in St Petersburg (see: Potapov in Montenegro; the Azbelev / Azbelew family, and the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in Petersburg; Nagasaki and Bronislaw Pilsudski, Volpi; Neuchatel in Switzerland).
Arseny was the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia.

And at present back again to Montenegro and Serbia, Venetia and Turkey:

"...Parvus's status in Switzerland was secured by his longtime colleague, Adolph Muller, the German Ambassador in Berne, and a Munich publisher. According to authors James and Suzanne Pool ... he had done business with the Nazis since before the putsch. ... The money that Hitler used to purchase the newspaper came from a White Russian and former Okhrana associate, Vasili Biskupsky. ... At the close of World War I, Parvus wrote the following profile of the European situation:
'There exist two possibilities only: either the unification of western Europe, or Russia's domination. The whole game with the buffer states will end in their annexation by Russia, unless they are united with central Europe in an economic community, which would provide a counter-balance to Russia'.
Under any circumstances, Parvus argued that the era of the nation-state system had ended in Europe...".

Parvus also got into the tightly controlled arms business, probably under the patronage of Sir Basil Zaharoff of the Vickers Arms cartel, a prominent Anglo - Venetian enterprise. Once the Balkan Wars had started, leading directly into World War I, Parvus turned his attention back to Russia, laying plans to finance a revolution, to be led by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Parvus set his scheme for revolution down in a March 9, 1915 memorandum to the German Foreign Ministry, vowing that the Bolsheviks would take power in Russia in 1916, and seeking financial support. ...
One of the key backers of the Parvus Plan at the German General Staff was Count Bogdan von Hutten-Czapski, the head of the Political Section and a longtime business associate of none other than Young Turks financier, the Venetian Synarchist Party operative Giuseppi Volpi, the future controller of Mussolini.
According to his own memoirs,
von Hutten-Czapski had seen the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War as an opportunity 'to smash the Tsarist Empire', a view shared by Parvus.


A key excerpt from Piłsudski's 1904 memorandum declared:

Poland's strength and importance among the constituent parts of the Russian state embolden us to set ourselves the political goal of breaking up the Russian state into its main constituents and emancipating the countries that have been forcibly incorporated into that empire. We regard this not only as the fulfilment of our country's cultural strivings for independent existence, but also as a guarantee of that existence, since a Russia divested of her conquests will be sufficiently weakened that she will cease to be a formidable and dangerous neighbour.
The Promethean movement, according to Charaszkiewicz, took its genesis from a national renaissance that began in the late 19th century among many peoples of the Russian Empire. ... this was so in Poland, Ukraine, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Georgia and Azerbaijan. These socialist parties would take the lead in their respective peoples' independence movements. ... Ultimately the peoples of the Baltic Sea basin - Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - won and, until World War II, all kept their independence. The peoples of the Black and Caspian Sea basins - Ukraine, Don Cossacks, Kuban, Crimea, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Northern Caucasus - emancipated themselves politically in 1919-1921 but then lost their independence to Soviet Russia.
In 1917-21, according to Charaszkiewicz, as the nations of the Baltic, Black and Caspian Sea basins were freeing themselves from Russia's tutelage, Poland was the only country that worked actively together with those peoples.
... Immediately after the loss of independence by the peoples of the Black and Caspian Sea basins and the annexation of those lands in 1921 by Soviet Russia, Poland was the only country in Europe that gave material and moral support to the political aspirations of their Promethean (pro- independence) emigres.
... Throughout the years 1918-39, according to Charaszkiewicz, the Polish Promethean leadership consistently observed several principles. The purpose of the Promethean enterprise was to liberate from imperialist Russia, of whatever political stripe, the peoples of the Baltic, Black and Caspian Sea basins and to create a series of independent states as a common defensive front against Russian aggression. Each Promethean party respected the political sovereigny of the others.

The conspiracy in Russia created curtains and protected from the beginning by the modern counterintelligence of the Tsarist Russia created by Benkendorff and Dubbelt from Estonia and Latvia - thanks to this major role in this system can be played a German families from Estonia.

They anchored (Fabian Pilar von Pilchau of Parnu) in Lithuania / Belarus and joined with families from Belarus: Piłsudski, Dzierzynski, Konstantynowicz and so on. Thanks to this connections the German Empire took over from the top of all this political system according to some theorists, and by others - the British intelligence.
This statement is not true, or not true fully. The main ally of Britain during the First World War was Russia, and the Romanov dynasty with its last tsar. This is confirmed by the organization of the Allied mission to Russia in January 1917 and earlier such a mission to Romania. Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. Ireland fought then about freedom, just like the Poles. Scotland also fight, like Estonia.

"...In January 1917 Milner led the British delegation, with Henry Wilson as chief military representative, and including a banker and two munitions experts - on the mission to Russia. There were 50 delegates in total including French, led by de Castelnau, and Italians. The object of the mission, stressed at the second Chantilly Conference in December 1916, was to keep the Russians holding down at least the forces now opposite them, to boost Russian morale and see what equipment they needed with a view to coordinating attacks...".

Today it is difficult to say who, what country, either a government, or an institution, maybe a NGO managed this complicated structure.

Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.

"...Lenin was preceded by a Swiss spy named Pierre Gilliard who was hired to tutor the Romanov children in French. Charles Sydney Gibbes was their English tutor.
The Revolution was planned in London and Geneva... Both men were MI6 operatives (this is an opinion of Scrivener) and they could be relied upon to maintain strict secrecy as to the final fate of the Romanovs...",
acc. to Patrick Scrivener.

This structure had a military - intelligence - political nature. This structure created for decades the leading politicians, and drove to the spectacular political internationally events. The mystery of the complicated machines - several octopuses - caused the birth of conspiracy theories, such theories and journalism as Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay b. 1894.

For a 100 years such theories indicate specified states, as well as some nations or particular politicians, as drivers of the intelligence structure - this situation lasts from 1916 to today, 2014.

The answer to the above question at the moment is gone.

In the history of Tsarist Russia, it is difficult to find a detail, because there is difficult to get to archives of a special services and political institutions.

These data obviously yet not suggest who or what was the driving force of the intelligence network and the military-political structures, which in details is discussed on this web site, and broadening data on the site designated as part two. Both of these parties were formed in the second half of 2014. So Carroll Quigley wrote in 1981:

"... in February 1891, three men were engaged in earnest conversation in London. From that conversation were to flow consequences of the greatest importance to the British Empire and to the world as a whole.
For these men were organizing a secret society that was, for more than fifty years, to be one of the most important forces in the formulation and execution of British imperial and foreign policy. ... The leader was Cecil Rhodes, fabulously wealthy empire-builder ... The second was William T. Stead, the most famous, and probably also the most sensational, journalist of the day. The third was Reginald Baliol Brett, later known as Lord Esher, friend and confidant of Queen Victoria, and later to be the most influential adviser of King Edward VII and King George V. ... the three drew up a plan of organization for their secret society and a list of original members. The plan of organization provided for an inner circle, to be known as The Society of the Elect, and an outer circle, to be known as The Association of Helpers. Within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be exercised by the leader, and a 'Junta of Three'. The leader was to be Rhodes, and the junta was to be Stead, Brett, and Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner.
In accordance with this decision, Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner was added to the society by Stead ...
Rhodes had been planning for this event for more than seventeen years (around 1873).
Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. ... in modified form, it exists to this day. ...".


100 years earlier
Michal Kleofas Oginski with his parents in 1772 - 1773 was living in Viena; 1773 back with mother to Guzow again; 1785 memeber of Parliament in Warsaw; in March 1794 the Uprising began, which was led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Count Mikhail-Cleophas Oginski was in the front ranks of the rebels. Donated 188000 zlotys, was in command of 480 riflemen. He was elected to the National Council.
Twice attempted to enter the Minsk Governorate to raise Belarusians against Russian occupation; actions under him to Dyneburg / Dinaburg on August 12, 1794; also struggled against Prussian intervention.
When the Russians occupied Vilnius 1794, Michal Kleofas Oginski moved to Warsaw.
The Russians outlawed him and seized all his lands. In fall of 1794 he, along with Isabella, flees to Vienna and Venice in Italy, but she soon returned to Poland after learns that her husband has spent on the case "revolution" even her family jewels. Thereafter Michal Kleofas Oginski moved to Paris.
He swore allegiance to Tsar Alexander I of Russia in 1802 and settled in Zalesie village 1804, Ashmyany region, in present-day Belarus and later Helenow close to Otrebusy and Pruszkow.
1807 - Oginski met Napoleon in Italy,
in Venice; he told with Napoleon but next Oginski moved on Tuscany in 1808, where he was 12 years before; here in Florence General Menou was appointed governor, and Oginski was in the Pitti Palace; after the peace of Schoenbrunn, Oginski repaired to Paris, at the invitation of the Russian minister Prince Kurakin; Oginski was in Paris the seventh time; from Paris back to Wilno, and was entrusted with a memorial from the nobility of Lithuania, and he repaired to Petersburg in 1810 to Alexander who appointed of Oginski to be Senator of Russia and the Russian Emperor gave Oginski the rank of Privy Councilor. In 1810, the nobility of Vilna and Grodno provinces decided to send a representative to the Alexander I on economic and administrative affairs of the region, and this representative was elected Michal-Cleophas Oginski and supported by the Governor- General Mikhail Kutuzov. Then he rejoined his family at Paris; he again appeared at the Tuilleries in 1810, where Napoleon and Duroc again received him about the project re-establishment of the kingdom of Poland. In April 1811 Oginski back to Petersburg to Emperor with regard to Poland.
Michal Kleofas Oginski, not once (1810-1811) met the Russian Emperor Alexander I in St. Petersburg, Vilnius, Mogilev and Vitebsk, developed the latest project of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Russian Empire, known as the Oginski Plan;
this Plan for the restoration of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Russian Empire, to unite the eight provinces, in 1810-1812 offered to Alexander I, however, was rejected by the Emperor in May 1811;
in June 1812, Michal Kleofas / Michael Cleophas Oginski with troops stationed in St. Petersburg. After the war with Napoleon returned to Zalessie, where he remained until 1822, slowly moving away from political affairs;
in 1817 Oginski moved from St Petersburg to Vilna.
I wrote down in 1810 Oginski moved to St. Petersburg, Russia. There he met the Russian Emperor.
"...In 1814, the tsar decreed that the Retow / Rietavas manor be sold to M. K. Oginski for the sum of 277,600 silver rubles. In this way, Rietavas became a private manor of the Oginski family, and soon after that, their most important residence in Lithuania. Duke M. K. Oginski was a multifaceted personality: a prominent figure in the life of the state, the last treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a composer, a man of letters ... (by Jeffrey Andrev Clarke, Liucija Balkevičiūtė).
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, M. K. Oginski lost hope that the Lithuanian state would be restored, and he decided to emigrate. In 1822, he transferred ownership of his Rietavas property to his wife Maria nee Neri / Marija and to his children, and in 1823 he left for Italy. M. K. Oginski never returned to Lithuania".

"...After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Ogiński considered the Polish puppet Kingdom of Poland, with the Tsar himself as King, a sell-out, and he lost faith not only in politics, but also in his marriage, which, like his first one, had gone sour. In 1823 he wrote his most famous Polonaise No 13 in A minor, known as Farewell to the Fatherland, and exiled himself to his beloved Florence...",
by Iwo Załuski, at http://www.oginskidynasty.com/Kleofas.aspx.
In 1815, his marriage came to divorce, said love life of his wife probably condemned his reputation and now Oginski as a senator of the Russian Empire, after the creation of the Congress Kingdom in 1815, left for Italy, settling in Florence again.
By Jerzy Jan Lerski, ‎Piotr Wróbel, ‎Richard J. Kozicki:
"Disappointed again, Oginski emigrated to Western Europe in 1815. ...".
In 1817 Oginski resigned as senator,
"...in 1822 he became seriously ill, he had drove to Florence (again) to cure itself. From this time Oginski gave away the music and composition ... In 1831 he gave his note book (collection of his notes) with more than 60 works for piano and some songs out".
But different sources wrote:
In 1823 (1815, 1822?) failing health forced him to move to Italy, where he spent the last 10 years of his life.
But in 1820, when finally disappointed policies of Alexander I, Oginski agreed to move to a second wife's home in Napoli / Naples.

A strongest organization in the region of Napoli / Naples was the Carbonari movement in 1820; they proclaimed a constitutional monarchy in Naples.
King Ferdinand I accepted vision of social revolution political changes. Vienna and the Holy Alliance directed intervention against the revolution in 1821. Reintroduced the absolute rule of Ferdinand I.
There are many theories about the creation of the Carbonari movement; creators were to be French Freemasons in opposition to the Masonic Swedish Rite or officers who came to Italy with Joseph Bonaparte and Murat to propagate fighting with the reign of Ferdinand IV; there is also a view that English created in Sicily the Carbonari movement, either Queen Maria Carolina of Austria or the Italian Illuminati at the end of the eighteenth century.
Giuseppe Garibaldi b. 1807 in Nice, politician, and fighter for the unification of Italy, was a Freemason, Grand Master of the lodge Grande Oriente d'Italia, but his grandfather and father were shipowners, owners and captains of small vessels in the northern and western Italy; he joined the revolutionary Carbonari. In February 1834 he took part in a failed uprising led by Mazzini in Piedmont, in Genoa. Giuseppe Mazzini b. 1805 in Genoa, a journalist, a fighter for freedom together with Garibaldi, also Mazzini was a Freemason; maintained close contacts with Albert Pike, also a Freemason.
We must back now to Napoli / Naples / Neapol:
Silvati, Joseph b. in Naples 1791, lieutenant of the Bourbon cavalry, former officer of Murat, affiliated with the Carbonari, together with M. Morelli stationed in Nola (1-2 July 1820), and started the riots of 1820-21;
after the revolution failed he fled to Ancona; arrested by the papal authorities and handed over to the Bourbon government, was sentenced to death and executed.

In Naples, the conspiracy, which was not intended to overthrow King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies but only to ask a constitution, was growing rapidly and involved senior officers. In March 1820 the message from Spain across quickly in the Kingdom of Naples to strengthen the Carbonari and Masonic movements.

Too much in the military - political - intelligence structure is discussed below, is Irish and Scots. It used French families located in Switzerland, Ceylon, France, Russia. Scottish and Irish families combined to Naples and Marseille, Ceylon, Odessa and Japan; Russians, English and Pilsudski entered by Japan to Ceylon; parallel from Odessa the Zionist movement came out founding a base of the state of Israel. Odessa has paired their to Berezino, Ireland - Japan - Ceylon [Philby !].

And the whole system took over the movement of Germans from Estonia, and underground combat movement of Pilsudski, combining the objectives of the independence of these two states: Poland / Lithuania / Belarus + Estonia / Latvia, and as I wrote above Israel. Then they created a counterintelligence and intelligence of new Bolshevik Russia and the USSR. It already was a masterpiece, but totally wrecked by Stalin in 1937 - have to say that in this case, Stalin was a genius.

At the end part of that intelligence system of Soviet Union took over the colony by building its so-called People's Polish Republic and the Ministry of Defence, through affinitized of the Konstantynowiczs: the Jaroszewicz, Spychalski, Zarako Zarakowski families and friendly Swierczewski family. Interesting in all of this is the use of Frenchmen to the creation of this system, most moved on the Konstantynowiczs - not so completely.
This is the connection:
Waclaw Sieroszewski a colleague of Azbelev, who was in Nagasaki - his brother is a director of the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz; so, the Nobel family with Sydney Reilly, an Irishman and a Jew from Odessa - this is the same family of Nobel, where the brother of above-mentioned was the head of the board of the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - this is short way to the Swedish Enigma! Waclaw Sieroszewski of course was mate to a brother of Jozef Pilsudski - Bronislaw, which of course anchored in Nagasaki, and then here sailed Reilly.
One very interesting figure - erased from history: Nikolay Russel / N. K. Sudzilovskiy / Sudzilowski from the Mscislaw district.


In his speech [on 27th April 1961] President Kennedy addresses his discontent with the press's news coverage before, and during, and after the Bay of Pigs incident, suggesting there is a need for "far greater public information" and "far greater official secrecy". Why?

On April the 28th, 1961 we read on the 'JFK Tells of Red Menace',

"President Kennedy told the nations newspaper publishers Thursday night that no formally declared war ever posed as great a threat to American security as does the rampant worldwide menace of communism. In view of this deadly challenge, he urged newspapers across the land to re-examine their obligations in the light of global danger and, in presenting the news, to heed the duty of self-restraint. Kennedy ... speaking at the annual Waldorf-Astoria dinner of the Bureau of Advertising of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, suggested there is a need for greater public information, and at the same time a need for greater official secrecy...".
On April 28, 1961, President Kennedy explained what is meant by the term: "The Communist conspiracy".
We read The Address in Chicago at a Dinner of the Democratic Party of Cook County on April 28, 1961:
"Mayor Daley, Governor Kerner, Senator Douglas, Congressman Dawson, Chairman Cullerton ... ladies and gentlemen: ... We live in a hazardous and dangerous time. ... Now our great responsibility is to be the chief defender of freedom, in this time of maximum danger. Only the United States has the power and the resources and the determination.
We have committed ourselves to the defense of dozens of countries stretched around the globe who look to us for independence, who look to us for the defense of their freedom. We are prepared to meet our obligations, but we can only defend the freedom of those who are determined to be free themselves.
... The Russians and the Chinese, containing within their borders nearly a billion people, totally mobilized for the advance of the Communist system,
operating from narrow, interior lines of communication, pressuring on Southeast Asia with the masses of the Chinese armies potentially ready to move-of the Russians who hold great power potentially in the Middle East and Western Europe ...
There is no easy answer to the dilemmas that we face. Our great ally is the fact that people do desire to be free, that people will sacrifice everything in their desire to maintain their independence.
And as the true nature of the Communist conspiracy becomes better known around the globe, when people come to realize - as they surely will - that the Communist advance does not represent a means of liberation but represents a final enslavement, then I believe that they will rally to the cause to which we have given our support and our commitment".

John F. Kennedy in his Address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association, on April 27, 1961 acc. to 'jfklibrary.org/Research/Research-Aids/JFK-Speeches':
"...The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. ...
Today no war has been declared - and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired.
... It requires a change in outlook, a change in tactics, a change in missions - by the government, by the people, by every businessman or labor leader, and by every newspaper.
For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day.
It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed.
It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match."

And by 'charismanews.com/politics/events' -
Donald Trump on 10/14/2016, during a speech in Florida, Republican presidential nominee [said]:
"... The Washington establishment, and the financial and media corporations that fund it, exists for only one reason: to protect and enrich itself. The establishment has trillions of dollars at stake in this election. ...
This is not simply another 4-year election.
This is a crossroads in the history of our civilization
that will determine whether or not We the People reclaim control over our government.
The political establishment that is trying everything to stop us is the same group responsible for our disastrous trade deals, massive illegal immigration and economic and foreign policies that have bled this country dry. The political establishment has brought about the destruction of our factories and our jobs ...
It's a global power structure that is responsible for the economic decisions that have robbed our working class, stripped our country of its wealth, and put that money into the pockets of a handful of large corporations and political entities.
... The Clinton Machine is at the center of this power structure. ... The most powerful weapon deployed by the Clintons is the corporate media. ... For them, it is a war - and for them, nothing is out of bounds. This is a struggle for the survival of our nation. This election will determine whether we are a free nation, or whether we have only the illusion of Democracy but are in fact controlled by a small handful of global special interests rigging the system.
This is not just conspiracy but reality, and you and I know it. The establishment and their media enablers wield control over this nation through means that are well-known.
Anyone who challenges their control is deemed a sexist, a racist, a xenophobe and morally deformed.
They will attack you, they will slander you, they will seek to destroy your career and reputation. And they will lie, lie and lie even more.
...
Our great civilization, here in America and across the civilized world, has come upon a moment of reckoning.
We've seen it in the United Kingdom, where they voted to liberate themselves from global government and global trade deals and global immigration deals that have destroyed their sovereignty. ...
But the central base of world political power is here in America, and it is our corrupt political establishment that is the greatest power behind the efforts at radical globalization and the disenfranchisement of working people. Their financial resources are unlimited. Their political resources are unlimited. Their media resources are unlimited. And, most importantly, the depths of their immorality is unlimited. Our political establishment has no soul.
I knew these false attacks would come. I knew this day would arrive. And I knew the American people would rise above it and vote for the future they deserve. ...
This is a conspiracy against you, the American people. This is our moment of reckoning as a society and as a civilization.
... This election is about every man, woman and child in our country who deserves to live in safety, prosperity and peace...".


At the beginning of 2014, the first on the world I am showing very interesting network! Lenin and Inessa Armand, Konstantynowicz, Breguet, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands. It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear.

It works like clockwork.

Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.
Maciej Pietraszczyk on 19 January 2015 wrote down: "A feature of the network operation is the lack of central leadership but actions are run in a fixed overall direction; they are not necessarily coordinated. This causes the highest effectiveness and practically physical impossibility of liquidation".

The Polish - Lithuanian conspirator in 1793-1794, General Antoni Tyzenhauz, junior, b. 1756, died 1816, the member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation in 1776 and the MP in 1776 of the Rzeczyca county:

Antoni Tyzenhauz JUNIOR, born in 1756, died on February 19, 1816, General of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation in 1776 and a MP in 1776 from the Rzeczyca county; the Rohaczew official; president of Vilnius in 1792, deputy to the Parlaiment in 1790, member of the Friends of the Government Constitution; he was
a member of the Lithuanian underground government preparing in 1793 and 1794 the outbreak of the Kosciuszko Uprising in Lithuania
- compare:
Jan Mikolaj Oskierka born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk, and KAROL PROZOR [in early August 1793, JAN OSKIERKA acted together with his son Rafal Michal Oskierka born after 1761 - d. 1818; official in MOZYRZ, in 1791 served at the Royal Court, CONSPIRATOR in 1793; Jan and Rafal Oskierka took part in the conspirative congress of the nobility in the estate of Karol Prozor in Chojniki / Khoyniki, whose goal was to prepare an armed attack against the Russian Army and for the revival of the Constitution on May 3, 1791].

Antoni Tyzenhauz JUNIOR, born in 1756 was the Deputy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to the Kosciuszko insurrection; in 1794 he was a member of the Secret Deputation. In 1812, he joined the General Confederation of the Kingdom of Poland.
Antoni junior, married Zofia Tyzenhauz, whose marriage to Franciszek Ksawery Chominski ended with divorce. She was married three times.

Franciszek CHOMINSKI / Franciszek Ksawery Chominski b. bef. 1745, d. 1809 in Wilno, the Mscislaw governor, General major in 1788, Speaker of the Parliament in 1784; the member of the Bar Confederation (1768-1772);
he was a supporter of Michal Kazimierz Oginski, and he was in diplomatic missions to Vienna (1770), Paris, Germany and Italy, in order to obtain financial support for the Bar Confederation.
He participated in the battle of Stolowicze. After the collapse of the confederation,
he went - until 1775 - together with Oginski to emigrate to Bavaria, France and Italy. In 1775 he also was the secretary of Oginski and ran his interests. Shortly thereafter, he was associated with the royal party, collaborating with Antoni Tyzenhauz SENIOR and with J. Chreptowicz. A member of the parliament from the Pinsk County in 1780, 1782 and 1784.

Mentioned above Karol Prozor, b. ca 1759/1761, in Samaites / Zmudz, was the eldest son of Józef Prozor and his first wife Felicjanna Szczyt; brother of Ignacy PROZOR and Antoni Prozor. The name was given in honor of Karol of Courland; god mother - Zofia Zabiello.
KAROL Prozor in 1783 married to the stepdaughter of father, Ludwika Konstancja Szujska (daughter of Adam Szujski and Marianna Chalecki - third wife of Józef Prozor); she brought to her husband: Chojniki / Chojnice in the Owrucz county [from which he removed Wojciech Szujski from Nizin], with several manors, the Ostrohavsky estate; the Radohski estate and Siechniewicze / Siehniewicze farm (the Ryki county). KAROL received from his father in 1787 in Samogitia: Poniemunie, Pojesie, Niewiarowicze, Oszminta, Szlanów, Szaniec, Zodziszki.
During the war of 1792, KAROL PROZOR acted together with Antoni Tyzenhauz [junior - Antoni Tyzenhauz 1756 - 1816; General of Lithuania] and planned to organize a guerrilla at the rear of the Russian army in Lithuania.

Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816) junior - CONSPIRATOR:
the son of
Tomasz Tyzenhauz b. 1730,
and the grandson of Franciszek Tyzenhauz and Barbara Towianska.
The great-grandson of
Michal Mikolaj Jan Tyzenhauz, b. ca 1690-1734 [see below];
the great-great-grandson of
Hieronim Tyzenhauz junior, b. ca 1650 - d. 1724, and Helena Tyzenhauz.
Come from:
Hieronim Tyzenhauz, b. ca 1610, SENIOR; and his father -
Reinhold von Tiesenhausen b. ca 1590
[Reinhold von Tiesenhausen b. ca 1590, the official in DORPAT had also son WILHELM !].

SAPIEHA and above MICHAL TYZENHAUZ:

Kazimierz Wladyslaw SAPIEHA, top Lithuanian official in 1685, 1686, the Lithuanian court treasurer in 1686, b. ca 1650, d. 1703; 1 m. in 1678 Franciszka Kopec, 2 m. Anna Wincenta Fredra; with:
Jan Fryderyk Sapieha + Konstancja Franciszka Radziwill (1697 - 1756);
and Mikolaj, b. 1689, the Mscislaw official [see Augustyn Konstantynowicz];
Cecylia Zofia Sapieha, b. 1688, d. in Mozejkowo Wielkie in 1762; 1 m. in Dawgieliszki in 1710 to Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, 2 m. above Michal Tyzenhauz / Michal Mikolaj Jan Tyzenhauz b. ca 1690-1734.

In 1792 Karol Prozor went abroad, arrived in Königsberg; went to Klaipeda. Now he had the opportunity to communicate with his brother- in-law Franciszek Bukaty. Bukata urged Karol to come to London;
Karol Prozor soon established contacts with the conspiracy in Lithuania in January 1793; he cooperated closely with Cpt. Amilkar Kosinski, and from Jan Oskierka, he received secret brochures [see on JAN OSKIERKA older]. The manor in Chojniki became a conspiracy center at that time, and here in July 1793 the nobility congress was held, during which the members of the Volhynia-Polesie conspiracy set up a plan of action.
JAN Oskierka and Karol Prozor were called by General Governor T. Tutolmin in 1794, the "chief rebels" in Mozyr and Owrucz "the root of evil", the "spirit of disobedience and anarchy".
At the beginning of February 1794 KAROL PROZOR came from Chojnik to Warsaw; left Warsaw on the 13th or 14th of August under the name of Dabrowski;
the meeting with Kosciuszko took place in Dresden.
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko appointed Prozor as General Major and commander of all insurgent units in Ukraine, Polesie, Podolia and in a part of Lithuania, and A. Kosinski as his chief of staff.
Karol Prozor returning from Dresden, stopped briefly in Warsaw and moved to Zmudz to Poniemun. After meeting with the activists of the conspiracy in Kaunas, he went to Vilnius to Jakub Jasinski. From Vilnius, left in Polesie, to Zdzieciol [see Konstantynowicz here]
to the court's ex-minister Stanislaw Soltan, head of the conspiracy in the province of Nowogródek.
Then he went to Chojnik.
After the defeat of the KOSCIUSZKO insurrection, he went to Galicia with Michal Kleofas Oginski [see my domain] and General Franciszek Lazninski, in Jaroslaw; then left for Venice.

The Andrzej Mokronowski Confederation in 1776:

Józef Rafal Wereszczynski b. 1749, MP of the Upita county in 1788; Upita clerk in 1776-1794, a member of the Andrzej Mokronowski Confederation in 1776, MP in 1776 of the Upita county.

Andrzej Mokronowski 1713 - 1784, MP in 1776, the Masovia governor, general lieutenant in 1759, General Major in France in 1754, the Freemason. See about Mokronowski at my webpages

(a.
Count Tomasz Adam Ostrowski 1735 - 1817 a Polish nobleman, politician, statesman and Count since 1798, Colonel of the Crown Army in 1765, the Chamberlain of King Stanislaw II Augustus in 1767, inf. by Wikipedia: son of Piotr Ostrowski and Konstancja Stoinska. In 1765 he married Józefa Godlewska, with whom he had a daughter Julia. 1781 he married Apolonia Ledóchowska with nine children: Antoni Jan Ostrowski, General Commander of the National Guard during the November Uprising and Wladyslaw Ostrowski, Marshal of the Parliament of the Polish Kingdom in 1830. 1795, Ostrowski married Apolonia Kunegunda Brzozowska.
b.
The king sought to strengthen the Permanent Council in 1776 through a confederation chaired by Andrzej Mokronowski in August of 1776, who was married (circa 1773) to the king's sister, Izabella Poniatowska;
the republican families clearly formed a core in the network;
the Oginski family had adherents on both the republican and royalist sides, is connected to those two factions.

Andrzej Mokronowski was assisted by Andrzej Oginski who married to a cousin of royalist Bishop Krzysztof Szembek that is Paula Szembek with son Michal Kleofas Oginski

[Michal Oginski was son-in-law of Michal Czartoryski];

above Andrzej Ignacy Joachim Jozafat Oginski born in 1740 in Tadulino in the Vicebsk province, died 1787 in Guzow, he was Marshal of the Parliament in 1776, the Marshal of the Andrzej Mokronowski Confederation in 1776, Troki governor in 1778, Freemason, son of Tadeusz Franciszek and Izabella Radziwill.

A royalists:

Antoni Tyzenhaus [Antoni Tyzenhauz junior, 1756 - 1816, General],
Ignacy Przebendowski who had married into the Wielopolski family;
and Kazimierz Raczynski with
Jan Komarzewski / Konarzewski.
c.
Michal Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792. Michal Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771. A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married with Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744, daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek. The mother of the future owner of Tuczyn, and after her death Marcin Walewski married to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).
Jozefina or Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz.

Luczaj is located south-west of Verchnedvinsk, and 20 km east of Postawy
(Anna Bieganska daughter of Kazimierz and Aleksandra Kryszpin, married to mentioned Benedykt Tyzenhauz owner of Postawy.
His sons:
Michal,
Kazimierz
and Antoni Tyzenhauz;

the above Antoni Tyzenhauz SENIOR (1735-1785), the member of Parliament in 1761. In 1850 owner of Postawy - Konstanty Tyzenhauz (1785/6 - 1853), son of Ignacy Tyzenhauz (1760-1822), was the brother of Antoni - owner of Postawy),
the Witebsk province.

Note to Antoni PROZOR:

Antoni Prozor in 1816 was the owner of the Mozuryszki estate with a villages: Kapliczniki, Karszeliszki, Skaly, Sojdzie, Nowosiolki in the Derwiany parish. Mazuryszki existed since the year 1647; at the end of the eighteenth century, Mazuryszki owned the chamberlain Józef Sulistrowski. In 1805, the farm changed another owner - it is Antoni Prozor, the Vitebsk governor. Then Mazuryszki bordered on CEKONISKES / Ciechanowiszki belonging to Drzewicki, the writer of the Wilkomierz county.

Prozor Józef (1723-1788), MP, the Vitebsk governor. Born in Bobcin in Zmudz / Samaites, a son of Stanislaw PROZOR (died around 1756), official in Kaunas, and his first wife, Róza Siruc. JOZEF was married three times. The first wife was Felicjanna Szczyt (died after 1764), daughter of Józef SZCZYTT / Szczyt, official in Mscislaw; the second - Aleksandra Zaranek (died in Dudzicze in 1771), the wedding on September 7, 1767; third Maria Chalecka 1st voto Adam Szujski (c. 1751-1826). JOZEF from the first marriage had two daughters: Petronela Karenga, and Maria (died 1833), the wife of Ignacy Bykowski, the royal chamberlain;
and three sons:
Karol PROZOR;
mentioned above Antoni PROZOR
and Ignacy PROZOR / Ignacy Kajetan Prozor + ANIELA OSKIERKA [see Miezonka].

From the second marriage JOZEF had daughters: Róza (died on June 22, 1834), married in 1785 to Stanislaw Jelski; and Barbara PROZOR, married to Franciszek Bukaty and 2nd to Ksawery Lipski. JOZEF PROZOR studied in Królewiec, 1734-6 (Stanislaw Leszczynski was then residing there), and 1737 he was educated at the Knight's Academy in Luneville, which he left in 1741.

Mazuryszki - by the WILIA river, 17 km north-west to WILNO; south to MEJSZAGOLA.
In the 1830s, Antoni Prozor was heavily indebted. Not being able to pay the debt, Prozor had to move out. Probably this way Mazuryszki went to Teodor Illakowicz, one of Prozor's creditors. The Illakowiczs were the owners by the early 20th century. After the death of Teodor Illakowicz, the estate, in the second half of the nineteenth century, belonged to his daughters Hortensja and Joanna. Two villages - KOPLYCNINKAI / Kapliczniki and LEICIAI / Lojcie belonged to the former farm of Mazuryszki.
Mazuryszki / Ciechanowiszki in the mid-18th century, belonged to Bernard Buchowiecki, then to Michal Bulharowski. In 1784, Bulharowski sold Ciechanowiszki to Mikolaj Manuzzi; in the last decade of the eighteenth century, the estate belongs to priest Walenty Wolczacki.

Antoni Prozor was the Witebsk governor in 1825.

Now we back to the TYZENHAUZ family:

Konstanty Tyzenhauz born in 1786, in Zoludek, Count, landowner, painter, was the son of Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Bieganska

[the grandson of Michal Ludwik Tyzenhauz / Tyzenhauzas, ca 1670-1708, and Barbara Korwin-Kosakowska-Tyzenhauz;

the great-grandson of Stefan Tyzenhauz , ca 1640 - 1708 - who was the son of

Wilhelm Tyzenhauz, b. ca 1620-1676; he come from -

Reinhold von Tiesenhausen, b. ca 1590, the official in DORPAT].

Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wankowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - d. in 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wankowicz and Anna Soltan b. 1780. Waleria married mentioned Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822.

Named above IGNACY b. 1760 - d. 1822, was the brother of
Tadeusz Tyzenhauz;
half brother of Kasper Tyzenhauz;
Teresa Oskierka;
Benedykt Tyzenhauz junior;
Antoni Tyzenhauz;
and Teresa.

Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz nee Judycka, ca 1740 [not in 1720 !] - 1784, was the wife of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and KAZIMIERZ TYZENHAUZ / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas, and
the mother of

MIKOLAJ GIELGUD
[Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813, was the son of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz],
Antonina von Rönne
[Antonina von Rönne nee Gielgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Oginska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Oginska]
and ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ / Sofija Tyzenhauziene - Zofia Tyzenhauz
[?? - born ca 1790; acc. to me ca 1780] m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840, with son Aleksander Ignacy Choiseul-Gouffier m. Zofia Hutten-Czapska.
ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ m. 2nd to Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816), CONSPIRATOR, General, in 1792 was the president of Wilno, MP in 1790, CONSPIRATOR in 1793 and 1794, the member of the 1794 Uprising of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Above
Kazimierz Tyzenhauz b. ca 1730,
was the son of
Benedykt Tyzenhauz b. ca 1700.

Kazimierz was the brother of Michal b. ca 1730 + Barbara Zyberk zu Wischling, 1740-1811.

Named BENEDYKT Tyzenhauz:
the son of Michal Jerzy Tyzenhauz b. ca 1670;
grandson of
Stefan Tyzenhauz 1630/1640–1708 [the Nowogródek governor in 1689, top Lithuanian official in 1687];
great-grandson of
Wilhelm Tyzenhauz, b. ca 1600/1620-1676, and Katarzyna Ciechomska.
The great-great-grandson of
Reinhold von Tiesenhausen b. ca 1590 [in 1633 official in DORPAT].

Some details on de Lacy:

1. Alexandr O'Brien de Lacy and Gabriela Radovitsky's genealogy:

Alexander O'Brien de Lacy, 1842-1908, was born to Patryk O'Brien de Lacy and Julia nee Von Dame. Patryk was born in 1790. Gabriela Radowicka was born in 1856. They had 6 children: Maria Jaholkowski, Genowefa Zembszuski / Zembrzuska, and 4 other children.
2.
On February 17, 1863 Lt. Tytus O'Brien de Lacy escaped with 400 the guerrillas to Galicia in March 1863. In the Battle of Chroberz the guerrillas covered the retreat of the main body of Polish forces under Marian Langiewicz.
3.
Patryk O’Brien de Lacy b. 1888 in Augustówek close to Grodno, d. 1964; served in the Army of the Russian Empire, to 1917, as a second lieutenant of engineers. He was then adjutant of General Joseph Dowbor-Musnicki in the Polish Corps in Russia [see Bobrujsk and Miezonka]. In 1920 he took part in the Polish-Bolshevik war.
1922 has been verified in the rank of major. He came from an old family of the counts, derived from Ireland. He was a brother of Terencjusz and Maurycy; married with Maria Duszynski, with whom he had a son Hugon (1925-1958) and daughter Margaret b. 1928.
4.
Augustówek / Augustowek, 1760 - 1920, manor, lying at a distance of 3 km from Grodno, on the left bank of the Neman, belonged to the royal estates, wearing the other names. After the partitions 1795, the estates are confiscated and subsequently passed into private ownership.
In the second half of the eighteenth century, Antoni Tyzenhauz, SENIOR, treasurer of Lithuania, built palaces, calling them "Stanislaviv" and the other "Augustówek".

Antoni Tyzenhauz / Antoni Tyzenhaus SENIOR, b. 1733 in Nowojelnia, d. 1785 in Warsaw; the Lithuanian top Royal Court official since 1765, in 1762-1764, 1764-1765, in 1765-1780 main manager of the King properties in Lithuania.

In 1797 Catherine II gave Augustówek to General Maurice de Lacy for his merits during the Turkish-Russian war.


Maurice de Lacy, residing permanently in the palace of King Stanislaus Augustus, compiled in 1819 testament to his nephew, Patrick O'Brien, the son of Terence DE LACY, and Mary de Lacy, captain of troops of England. Even before his death, ie. before 1820, gen. Maurice de Lacy gave to above Patrick O'Brien surname de Lacy, and the Tsar Alexander I to combine the two names in one: O'Brien de Lacy.

The nomination to named Antoni Tyzenhauz / Antoni Tyzenhaus SENIOR, was connected with the construction by Stanislaw August the KING, of his own party; probably [JOZEF] PROZOR recommended Antoni Tyzenhauz, under whose leadership he worked at that time (and also in 1775 and 1776) in the Treasury Commission of LITHUANIA.

Konstanty Tyzenhauz born in 1786, in Zoludek, Count, landowner, painter, was the son of Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Bieganska. Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wankowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wankowicz and Anna Soltan b. 1780.
Waleria WANKOWICZ married Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822.
Ignacy Tyzenhauz b. 1760, d. 1822, General major of Lithuania.
IGNACY was the son of Michal Ludwik Tyzenhauz.

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1740 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz SENIOR - was the husband of Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauziene. Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of
Barbara Wawrzecka;
Benedykta Niezabitowska;
Aleksandra Anna Morykoni;
Teresa Tyzenhauz, and
Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.

Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730/1733, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz. Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz
and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI;
ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano; father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pulaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, the US Revolutionary Hero, the Polish conspirator.


Jan Mikolaj Oskierka - born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk and here he was buried.

The son of
Rafal Alojzy Oskierka 1708-1767 and Stanislawa Teresa OGINSKA.

Stanislawa Teresa Oskierka Oginska, 1724 - 1744, the daughter of Martian Michal Oginsky, b. 1672 in Witebsk.
Named Marcjan (Marcin) Michal Oginski 1672 - 1750, the Witebsk governor in 1730, Vitebsk castellan 1703-1730, marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1712, 1718, 1723, prince.
Son of Szymon Karol Oginski and Teodora.
Husband of Tekla Ana / Anna Larska; Teresa Tyzenhauz; Teresa Oginska; and Krystyna Oginska.
Father of Stanislawa Teresa OSKIERKA / Oskierko

[with a daughter Marianna Straszewicz b. ca 1740.
Mother of Teresa; Aleksandra; and Alojzy Rokicki b. 1760;
and grandson Michal ROKICKI b. 1790 + KORNELA PROZOR;
great-grandson Ludwik Rokicki b. 1820/1830.
Maybe from ALOJZY was a daughter TEKLA ROKICKA married PROZOR, died 1860 with the son Mieczyslaw PROZOR b. 1830 + Zofia Oskierka 1830-1878,
and with granddaughter Stanislawa Prozor b. 1862, m. Jan Olizar-Wolczkiewicz 1855-1913.
The mother of named JAN OLIZAR WOLCZKIEWICZ was Wiktoria Modzelewska 1828-1903 born Szymanowska!];

Marianna;
Barbara Pac;
Ignacy Oginski Duke; Stanislaw Jerzy Oginski.
Brother of Boguslaw Kazimierz Oginski; Krystyna Tyszkiewicz; Eleonora Oginska and JERZY Oginski.
Half brother of Zofia Oginska and Aleksander Oginski.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka / Ivan Oskirka, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
He was the son of Rafal Aloizy.
Together with his brother Antoni Joachim Oskierka studied in Warsaw. Participated in the seven-year war of 1756-1763.
In 1764 he took Czartoryski's side and of King Stanislaw Poniatowski. He was the confederary Mozyr judge; was a deputy from the Mozyr County. In 1781, he was elected to the Tribunal of Lithuania. In August 1784, he was invited by Karol Radziwil to Nesvizh in connection with the King's visit planned there.
In August 1786, he signed a petition to the king asking for the border regiment. In 1788, together with Konstantin JELENSKI, he was a deputy to the Polish-Lithuanian Parliament from the Mozyr County.
In 1790, he gave up his son Rafal Oskierka to the top post in Lithuania.
The Constitution of May 3, 1791 greeted with his great enthusiasm. He was the richest owner in Lithuania, heir to a huge fortune (7 million zl). He owned Narovlei / NAROWLA (in the HOMEL county and close to KONOTOP - with the villages of Antonovo, Mukhoyedy, Ugly, Golovchitsy), Karpovichi in the Mozyr County; Barbarovo and Konotopy in Rechytsky / RZECZYCA COUNTY.
In early August 1793, together with his son Rafal Michal Oskierka

[born after 1761 - d. 1818; official in MOZYRZ, in 1791 served at the Royal Court, CONSPIRATOR in 1793 ! He married to Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790, the daughter of ANTONI OSKIERKA b. ca 1740. RAFAL's son - Jan Oskierka b. 1819 + Julia Oskierka the daughter of Pawel Oskierka official in RZECZYCA and granddaughter of Leopold Oskierka],

took part in the conspirative congress of the nobility in the estate of Karol Prozor in Khoyniki, whose goal was to prepare an armed attack against the Russian Army and for the revival of the Constitution on May 3, 1791.

Karol Prozor and Captain Hamilcar Kasinsky / KOSINSKI left the Khoyniki on April 20, 1794 in JUREWICZE / Yurovichi.
However, Jan Mikolaj Oskerko, through his envoy, warned that Russian soldiers were waiting for them in Jurewicze.
Thus he saved friends, but he himself was arrested on the first day of Easter in 1794.
After the Smolensk investigation, by decree of Catherine II of June 20, 1795, ranked among the first category of convicts; Oskerka was exiled to "the most remote Siberian cities." His property was confiscated and was distributed to Russian nobles, in particular, in 1793 his estate Barbarovo was transferred to the real secret adviser Sivers.
From Irkutsk, Oskerka was moved to Zhigansk in the Yakutsk region of Irkutsk province, where he brought 122 silver rubles.
Released under the amnesty of Paul I in 1796 but he was died of apoplexy in Tobolsk in 1796, where he was buried with honors by the son Dominik Oskierka, accompanying his father on his way back to his homeland.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk had 3 children:

1.
Rafal Michal Oskierka 1761-1818 + Maria Oskierka

[with 1. Jan Oskierka b. 1820 + Julia Oskierka;
2. Emilia Oskierka + Hubert Artemiusz Swiatopelk;
3. Teresa Oskierka + Romuald Jelenski];
2.
Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka

[with 1. Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790 + Jan Gizycki and
2. Kajetan Oskierka b. 1821 + Pss Stefania Julia Radziwill - the owner of MIEZONKA !];
3.
Aniela Oskierka 1770-1804 + Ignacy Kajetan Prozor

[with 1. Kornela Prozor 1800-1835 + Michal Rokicki
2. Henryk Prozor b. ca 1800;
3. Maurycy Prozor h. wl. 1801-1886
+ Anna Chlopicka - see more details at my domain !].

After the death of Oskierka, the Russians to return only a small part of the property (Konotopy). The memory of the loss of the huge estates of Oskerka was preserved in the Belarusian proverb: "It disappeared, like Oskierka assets. [above inf. under copyright by the Russian Wikipedia]"


Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) married Katarzyna MYCIELSKA GORZYCKA MIELZYNSKA

MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki.
MACIEJ's children:
1. Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;
2.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770; she was married two times: to Owidiusz Walknowski and to Jakub Kiedrzynski] - see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:

Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798]. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn Bardzki of Wrzesnia, died in 1793, and Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770
{in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ},
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

3. Marianna Krystyna;

4. and son Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.


Maciej married in 1667 to Elzbieta Baranowska - she died in 1682.
Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI married in 1682 to Anna Goszycka / Gorzycka - she died in 1733, the daughter of Andrzej Goszycki / GORZYCKI and KATARZYNA MYCIELSKA, d. 1712.

MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska Gorzycka, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki or Andrzej Gorzycki.

Krzysztof had the son Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski, 1698-1771; born in 1698 - Goscieszyn close to - Wolsztyn (Wollstein); 9 km south-east to WOLSZTYN, 8 km north-east to WRONIAWY; north-west to PRZEMET; 18 km north-west to WILKOWO POLSKIE of Kiedrzyski-Zamoyski family. See Pradzynski-Kiedrzynski line. Compare Wola Wiazowa.
Andrzej Mielzynski d. 1771 in Pawlowice. Married in 1734 to Anna Petronella Bninska, b. before 1720 in GLOGOW - d. 1770, the daughter of Stanislaw Bninski + JOANNA Krzycka.
Andrzej's son -
Maksymilian Antoni Mielzynski, 1738-1799, born in Laszczyn - Cieladz [close to RAWA MAZOWIECKA]; d. in Pawlowice. Married in 1771 in Mierzeszyn (Meisterswalde) close to Trabki Wielkie, the Gdansk Pomeranie, to Konstancja Czapska, 1749-1813.
Her daughter:
Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia Mielzynski, b. in 1775 in Rabin (Rombin), close to Koscian; d. 1817 in the Chobienice - Siedlec estate near Wolsztyn, and the PRUSSIAN border. Married in 1793 in Pawlowice (Pawlowitz) to Prokop Rufin Jozef Mielzynski, 1763-1800, the son of Hipolit Maciej Jozef Mielzynski 1733-1797 + Seweryna Lipska d. 1801,
with daughter
Gabriela Maria Konstancja Józefa Mielzynski POTULICKA OGINSKA, b. 1798 in Kotowo - Granowo, close to Grodzisk Wielkopolski and south-west to Poznan; d. 1822 in Nice, France.

Olga Kalinowska born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus, in 1844, and her son Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with a princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki
[compare above mentioned MIELZYNSKI of PAWLOWICE and the WOLSZTYN district].


Let us remember, however, that in 1819 Gabryel Kiedrzynski made a testamentary record in the event of his possible death
[if he belonged to LECHICI ? - an organization formed in 1819]
and in January 1833 he changed his name
[compare Wola Wiazowa - Kreski, Bleszynski, Arcichowski, Psarski, Walewski, Madalinski, Kalinowski {+ Trubecki, Konstantynowicz - Estonia, Orsha, Cracow, St Petersburg}, Oginski {+ Soltan, Piottuch-Kublicki, Konstantynowicz (+ Armand and Japaridze - Oldenburg - Saparov) and Szumski (see: Baron Bouvier)}].

After all, we have 5 brothers,

1. Floryan Kiedrzynski + Barbara Mikolajewska, with son Leon Kiedrzynski - inf. 1837;

2. Franciszek Kiedrzynski with the son Adam Kiedrzynski, and the grandson Adam Klemens Kiedrzynski - inf. 1848 in the Congress Poland.

3. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski
[born 1738, and lived near ERAZM MYCIELSKI and TEODOR BILLEWICZ + Kozuchowski - read about the village of KARSY. Teodor Billewicz - Chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski from 1765; the member of the Bar Confederation of the Duchy of Samogitia.
Andrzej Bardzki Colonel, 1730-1819 was the friend of ERAZM MYCIELSKI.
Jakuba's family has family ties with Pradzynski, Madalinski, Psarski - and then Pradzynski and Uminski combines family ties with Kiedrzynski in the Kujawy, and also to MIEROSLAWSKI. Jakob Kiedrzynski of Kalisz, had the son Józef Kiedrzynski, living in the Congress Poland - inf. 1837],
4.
Izydor Kiedrzynski
[maybe as Izydor Jan Kiedrzynski + Helena, after about 1776 staying in JEDLNO; his family joins family ties with Bleszynski],
5.
and Kasper Kiedrzynski
[his son owned Bedziechow / Bedziechowo - then the estate owns SOKOLOWSKI from Brzesc Kujawski {there are Uminski, Madalinski, Mielzynski families}. Kacper Kiedrzynski + Maryanna Arcichowska, with the sons: Andrzej Kiedrzynski the owner of Zydowo, and Walenty Kiedrzynski the owner of BEDZIECHOWO in the Kalisz governorate].


The Permanent Council - the highest authority of administration of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, established in 1775:

The Permanent Council consisted of a king (with 2 voices), 18 senators and 18 representatives of nobles (deputies); divided into 5 departments (foreign interests, army, police, treasury and justice). The Permanent Council managed the administration, prepared a parliamentary acts, controlled the law and gave its interpretation; to limit the king's power and resist reforms. The Council was liquidated in 1789 by the Four-Year Parliament - reactivated in 1793 by the Grodno Parliament.

A counselors of the Permanent Council in 1775/1776 - 1788/1789 and 1793-1795:
1.
Anastazy Walewski,

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1740 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz SENIOR - was the husband of above Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauziene. Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.
Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz.
Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of
Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz
and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI;

ATANAZY was the ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano

[above Maria Countess Walewska nee Laczynska, 1786 - 1817, a mistress of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1805 she married Atanazy / Anastazy Walewski / Athenasius Colonna-Walewski of Warka district b. ca 1733, d. 1815 or 1814, and a chamberlain to the last Polish king, Stanislaw August Poniatowski. She 2nd married count Filip Antoni d'Ornano / Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, an Napoleonic officer from Ajaccio. Maria was born in Kiernozia; she known Nicholas Chopin, Frederic Chopin's father];

father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.

Maria partnered Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born in 1769, in above Ajaccio. They had one son Aleksander Florian Józef Walewski.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pulaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero, the Polish conspirator.
2.
Ksawery Walewski,

Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda; m. 1759-64, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska.

In 1781 named above owner of Wola Wiazowa, Franciszek Walewski / Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, an official in Ostrzeszow in 1765, 1772, 1775, 1778 - 1796,
m. in 1784, in the Kobyla Góra parish, in MYSLNIEW, 4 km to Silesia, to Konstancja Psarska b. before 1770, daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski 1730-1805 and his wife Ksawera Franciszka Bardzinska, 1753-1814.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, was married three times: TERESA NIEMOJOWSKA-PSARSKA, b. ca 1730 - a marriage in 1760; unknown - marriage ca 1778 [or to Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda, marriage in 1759-64]; and in 1779 or in 1784, in Myslniew, west to Ostrzeszow, to Konstancja Psarska a daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO]. Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec; Franciszek's the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

PSARSKI ALEKSANDER MAREK died ca 1726, m. Marianna
with:
A. MIKOLAJ Psarski died 1762 (branch of Tomasz Psarski married Kiedrzynska) m. Teresa Skrzynska [see below];

B. FRANCISZEK KSAWERY 1691 - 1772, owner of Cieszanowice, Poradzew, Gawlowice, part of Biala, Unikow, Myslniew, Szklarka and m. Teresa Silnicka / Sielnicka in 1726. Teresa Sielnicka b. 1700.

Above FRANCISZEK KSAWERY Psarski b. 1691, had children:
1. Marianna b. ca 1740, m. Jan Nepomucen Kosma Damian Adam Olszowski b. 1733 in Baranow;
2. Wojciech Stefan Psarski owner of Szklarka, m. Marianna / Magdalena Walewska;
3. Jadwiga 1740-1808 m. Ludwik Bylina, son of Anna nee Madalinski;
4. Jan Kanty Psarski owner of Wielgie and DYMKI, m. Teodora / Honorata Pstrokonska b. 1730,
with a. Tomasz m. Jablkowska;
b. Honorata Psarska 1770-1831 m. Jakub Madalinski 1775-1833;
5. Jakub Fryderyk PSARSKI, born ca 1730, d. 1805, owner of Myslniew close to Ostrzeszow;
6. Konstancja Psarska m. in 1784, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski d. ca 1805, owner of Wola Wiazowa !!! - son of Franciszek.

Above TOMASZ Psarski (born - ? - ca 1730-1807), was son of above named Mikolaj Psarski owner of Zielonczyn and Teresa Skrzynska, in 1786 owner of Wola Dzierlinska.
Tomasz married to Dorota Kiedrzynska daughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski, she was 1 voto Wawrzyniec Grabinski;
Tomasz Psarski was 2nd voto Franciszka Rupniewska died 1826.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.
Tomasz Psarski had daughter Marianna Psarski owner of Wola Dzierlinska, m. Mikolaj Sulimierski son of Michal Sulimierski and Jadwiga Jaroszewska.
3.
Romuald Walewski,

Mentioned Romuald Walewski b. ca 1738, died on June 14, 1812, was Major General, Adjutant General of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, the King of Poland, a captain of cavalry in 1789, Crown Court judge, six-time Member of Parliament. In Cracow from 1773 to 1775 joined the confederation Adam Poninski; member of Parliament in 1778 of the Cracow province; member of Parliament in 1786; member of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Military Commission in 1788; in 1792 he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, in 1781 received the Order of St. Stanislaus.
Romuald Walewski, 1738 - 1812, m. 1st to Zuzanna Polchowska b. ca 1730 with:
Felicjanna Walewska 1760-1846, and
Magdalena Helena Walewska b. 1762 (Helena Walewska married probably IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI of Jedlno - Wola Wiazowa) in Stradom, Cracow;
Romuald m. 2nd Teresa Dunin-Karwicka b. ca 1760.
4.
Hieronim Wielopolski,
5.
Jozef Wilczewski,
6.
Antoni Wollowicz,

Mentioned above Antoni Wollowicz {Count in 1798 of Prussia}, 1750-1822 was son of Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz; husband of Józefata Piasecka and Teofila Matuszewicz;
father of Joachim Józef Wollowicz and Eustachy Wollowicz; brother of Michal; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera, and Katarzyna.

Above Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz] and Barbara Adamkowicz.

The WOLLOWICZ clan:

Teresa RONIKIER, 1845-1900 [the sister of ROMAN RONIKIER] m. Michal Wollowicz 1812-1882: he was the grandson of Count Antoni Wollowicz, 1750-1822 + Teofila Matuszewicz.
Antoni Wollowicz, Count in 1798 of Prussia, 1750-1822 was son of
Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz [see below on SWIACK];
husband of Józefata Piasecka and Teofila Matuszewicz;
father of Joachim Józef Wollowicz and Eustachy Wollowicz;
brother of Michal Wollowicz; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera, and Katarzyna.

Above Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz / Krzysztof Kazimierz Wollowicz b. ca 1670 / 1675] and Barbara Adamkowicz.

Now about Wollowicz in the Grodno district:

Swiack - in the Hrodna / Grodno district, ex-Augustow county; close to Wollowiczowce; in the 18th - 19th centuries in the Troki province - belonged to the Wollowiczs; a palace built the Grodno marshal - Józef Wollowicz (d. 1779)

{Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and married Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz. Above Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz] and Barbara Adamkowicz}.

The palace finished his son Antoni Wollowicz, the official in Merecz, senator in the Congress Poland; Antoni Wollowicz d. 1822, and the estate took
his oldest son Joachim Józef Wollowicz (1783-1842) married Css Maria Starzenska.
Then all SWIACK belonged to Michal Wollowicz (1812-1882), m. Teresa Ronikier.
Michal's daughter Jadwiga Maria Wollowicz married Count Józef Miaczynski - they were owners of SWIACK.
Above JOZEF WOLLOWICZ:
Józef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779; m. Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz. Son of Jerzy Wollowicz and Barbara Adamkowicz - see above. Husband of Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz. Father of Antoni Wollowicz; Michal Wollowicz; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera Wollowicz. Half brother of Joanna Alexandra Wollowicz.

We back to the OGINSKIS:

Witold Zygmunt Joachim Wollowicz 1825-1875, married to Amelia Oginska [with son OLGIERD / Olgierd Michal Wollowicz 1869-1900], daughter of
Tadeusz Antoni Oginski b. 1798, d. 1844, and Marianna Tekla von Rönne (Borewicz, Oginska).

Amelia Oginska Wollowicz was granddaughter of Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833
[Kleofas was father of Franciszek Ksawery Oginski; above Tadeusz Antoni
{Tadeusz was father of above Gabriele Marija Rene; Natalia Gawronska and named above Amelia Wollowicz / Amelija Wollowicz};
Amelia Zaluska; Ireneusz; Emma Wysocka; and Ida]
and Felix von Rönne 1770-1827.

Witold Wollowicz was grandson of
Antoni Wollowicz Count, [in 1798 of Prussia] 1750-1822 and
Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian Breza 1752-1847,
Teofila Matuszewicz, and
Antonina Maria Radolinska 1771-1845.

Above Antonina Maria Radolinska 1771-1845 was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa, 1680-1740 and Leon Raczynski 1698- 1755, and Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska 1718-1797.

Above Wirydianna BNINSKA was daughter of Wojciech Bninski 1710-1755.
7.
Maksymilian Woroniecki,

married in Kojdanow in 1762 to ANGELIKA or Aniela Miaczynska b. 1731 ? - d. 1790; her 2nd husband, with a daughter Konstancja Woroniecka b. 1744.
Her 1st marriage to Hieronim Florian Radziwill, 1715-1760. She was married also to Hieronim Hadziewicz.

Angelika Woroniecki (born Miaczynska) was born in 1731, to Piotr Miaczynski and Antonina Rzewuska; Angelika had brother Adam Miaczynski. Angelika married Maksymilian Woroniecki. Angelika married Hieronim Radziwill in 1755.

Note:
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg. After the owner's death in 1878, his sons managed the property; to 1887 by Stanislaw Kronenberg, then until 1937 by Leopold Julian Kronenberg.
WIENIEC - in the first half of the nineteenth century the owners were Dambski and Miaczynski (Stanislaw Miaczynski was adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski). Then to above Leopold Kronenberg (1812-1878), a Warsaw banker, investor, one of the richest men in ex-Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century.

Named above Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski 1780-1845, was the son of Kajetan MIACZYNSKI;
Stanislaw's grandparents:
Antoni Miaczynski 1691-1774 [next of kin to Józef Mikolaj Radziwill of Nieswiez, 1784-1788, the Minsk governor (1773-1784), 1736-1813] and
Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - see Zbigniew Brzezinski.

Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785
- the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila], and Teresa Rydzynska.
Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA],
who was the son of WALERIAN, and
grandson of Duke MICHAL and Konstancja Stempkowski;
they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570 ?.

Above Antoni MIACZYNSKI come from Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski (1639 - 1723), the treasurer of the Crown court, the province governor of Volyn and colonel, was friend of Jan III Sobieski.
His children:
Piotr Michal Miaczynski, Antoni Miaczynski, Kazimierz Miaczynski, Katarzyna Ossolinska; Elzbieta Miaczynska - Sierakowska, Józef Miaczynski.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs [with Wieniec, Dubielewo, Aleksandrowo, Maryanki, Leopoldowo]. 1873 - new palace; Leopold Kronenberg died in 1878 and Brzezie taken his children: Stanislaw Leopold Kronenberg (to 1887), then Leopold Julian Kronenberg (to 1937); 1889 - here was living Walerian Kronenberg; the last owner was Leopold Jan Kronenberg.

Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski -
Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski b. 1639 - d. 1723 in Zawieprzyce in the Lublin prov.;
the Volhynia governor in 1713. The son of Piotr Miaczynski SENIOR, and Regina Cieklinska.
ATANAZY's children:
1. above Antoni Miaczynski (1691-1774), MP, the Podlasie governor; m. Pss Dorota Woroniecka,
with sons
Józef Miaczynski (1743-1793) the French General; and
Aleksander Kajetan Miaczynski (1751-1801) - General inspector.

2. below - Piotr Michal Miaczynski (1695-1776), junior, the Chelm governor in 1724, the Czernihow governor in 1737. Married Antonina Anna Beydo-Rzewuska.

3. Kazimierz Miaczynski - Colonel;

4. Katarzyna Miaczynska (d. 1729) + Franciszek Maksymilian Ossolinski;

5. Elzbieta Miaczynska (d. 1737) m. Józef Sierakowski;

6. Józef Miaczynski (d. ca 1723), in Warsaw.

ANIELA MIACZYNSKA married (1) Hieronim Florian Radziwill on January 1, 1755 and (2) Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki on April 13, 1762 in Kojdanów.
The daughter of Piotr Michal Miaczynski 1695 - 1776, the granddaughter of Atanazy Miaczynski + Helena Luszkowski.
Antonina Rzewuska + Piotr Miaczynski had children:
Adam; Józef; Aniela; Petronela; Anna Konstancja:
Adam Miaczynski - the Maciejow estate owner; official in Ostrzeszow and in Krzepice; General major;
Józef Miaczynski - the owner of Zawieprzyce, official in Leczyca; General major.
Petronela Miaczynska + Onufry Splawski.

Above Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki d. 1797, an advisor, counselor, member of the executive of the Confederation in 1776. Maybe Maksymilian Woroniecki was the owner of Swieczna, ca 1770.
Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki of ZBARAZ, Duke, acted with official FELIKS SOLTYK; Mp in 1773-1775; born ca 1710/1720; married Aniela Miaczynska the daughter of Piotr b. 1695; granddaughter of ATANAZY b. 1639; great-granddaughter of Piotr Miaczynski and REGINA CIESLINSKA.
Hieronim Florian Radziwill was married: Teresa Sapieha on September 9, 1740;
Magdalena Czapska in October 1745 in Warsaw;
and Aniela Miaczynska on January 1, 1755.

See: Antoni Piotr Woroniecki b. ca 1760 - d. 1835, the son Bazyli Woroniecki and Helena.
Above BAZYLI: 1745 - 1782, the son of Franciszek Michal Woroniecki and Joanna.
Mentioned Franciszek Michal Woroniecki b. 1714, the son of Wladyslaw Woroniecki and Dorota;
see above on the Miaczynski - Woroniecki branch.
Acc. to my search: Wladyslaw Woroniecki born ca 1650, had the sons:
1.
Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki, Duke [MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI b. 1680 - died on November 1, 1748 in Dziembowo, Kaczory close to Pila + and Teresa Rydzynska]. Mikolaj Wojciech Woroniecki - the estate: Dziembowo 6 km south-west to KACZORY; and named Kaczory, at half way from PILA to CHODZIEZ - see Kiedrzynski - Arcichowski branch in MARGONIN!
2.
Jan Woroniecki, Duke, and
3.
above Franciszek Mikolaj Woroniecki, b. 1700/1714;
4.
probably Maksymilian Dionizy Woroniecki b. ca 1710/1720, Duke.
5.
and ? Wojciech Woroniecki b. ca 1710 with a son ANDRZEJ Woroniecki - b. 1750 in LWOW, d. 1819; and the grandson KALIKST b. 1795.

Named above Wladyslaw Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719, the son of Walerian Woroniecki [Walerian he had brothers STANISLAW and MARCIN], Duke, and Zofia. Husband of Dorota Woroniecka older
[Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, younger, 1712-1785 - the daughter of MIKOLAJ WORONIECKI 1680 - 1748 [d. on November 1, 1748 Dziembowo, Kaczory / Pila, Wielkopolskie], and Teresa Rydzynska. Granddaughter of WLADYSLAW Woroniecki b. ca 1650, d. 1719 [and DOROTA older], the son of WALERIAN, and grandson of Duke MICHAL and Konstancja Stempkowski; they come from NASTAZJA and Mateusz Maciej Woroniecki b. ca 1570].

Franciszek Michal Woroniecki b. ca 1700/1714
had a daughter Konstancja Szydlowska b. 1744 in Babruysk / BOBRUJSK, the Mogilev Province, Belarus, d. 1816, m. Szymon Kazimierz Szydlowski.

Note to CHODZIEZ:

Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka.
Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].
JAKUB'S brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski and IZYDOR Kiedrzynski!

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771. Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters:
Marianna in 1779 m. to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski;
Michalina;
Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.

Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784, with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821,
and with daughter Monika, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.
Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski. The commanders of the other regiments in the division were also Prince Anthony Sulkowski from Rydzyna (1 Regiment), Lacki (2 regiment) and Poninski (4 Regiment). With Mielzynski co-operated the commander of the battalion Major Stanislaw Fisher / Fiszer (then the Army Chief of General Staff). On January 3, 1807 created division of gen. J. H. Dabrowski, with the 3rd Infantry Regiment, of Colonel Stanislav Mielzynski stationed in Pawlowice. Other regiments in Leszno, Zduny and Rawicz (see Sulkowski).
General Mielzynski was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajaczek. With him commanders of the brigades in the division were: General Franciszek Paszkowski (II infantry brigade) and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade).
On September 8, 1815 Mielzynski was released from military service and began acted in secret societies, among others, in the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry, the 'Association of Kosynier', he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "The Brothers of the Union", was a master of the lodge "Humanity". Stanislaw Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in June 1826 and was buried here; left 17-year-old son Leo, who got Pawlowice and Kakolewo; Stanislaw; Elizabeth (1822 married Louis Mycielski, who in 1831 died) got Poniec; Filipina (wife of Ignatius Szczaniecki - Miedzychód, a colonel during the uprising of 1848) had Laszczyn, while youngest
Eleonora Laura (m. in 1834 to Karol Czarniecki of Volhynia, divorced, 2nd m. in 1850 to General Józef Napoleon Hutten- Czapski) taken Golancz.
Golancz is situated at northern Great Poland, close to Chodziez [see Kiedrzynski !].
The widow Prowidencja lived later in Poznan by 11 years. She died in Poznan, on October 11, 1837 and was buried in Pawlowice.
Golancz - 28 km east of Chodziez [Smogulec is north of Golancz]. See - Margonin - 14 km east of CHODZIEZ, and Chodziez close to ex-Prussian border - Arcichowski and Kiedrzynski. Margonin is situated 18 km west of named GOLANCZ !! Smogulec - north-east of Margonin.

An advisors, counselors, members of the executive of the Confederation in 1776:

Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski,
Ignacy Kurzeniecki,
August Fryderyk Moszynski,
Hieronim Janusz Sanguszko, and
Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Above Stanislaw Kostka Felicyan / Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski b. ca 1740 - died in 1812 in Witebsk, the Marshal of the Court since 1793, Marshal of the Parliament in 1793, the Garwolin clerk, son of Michal Bielinski of Chelmno and Tekla Peplowski; 1761 the Court top officer, 1765 chamberlain of the King, in 1776 Andrzej Mokronowski's party.
He married to unknown Golicyn / Golitsyn, died 1827, mother of Julia Stanislavovna Belinskaya and Victoria Stanislavovna Volkova; inf. by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.
Above Julia Junosza-Bielinska / Yulia Stanislavovna Belinskaya, 1804 - 1892 in Paris, wife of Peter Alexandrovich Sobakin
and Pawel Bobrzynski / Count Paul Bobrinsky;
mother of Alexei Bobrinsky; Julia Countess Bobrinskaya; Count Alexei Bobrinsky and Pavel Pavlovich Bobrinsky.
Above Pavel Pavlovich Bobrinsky 1829 - 1860, husband of Lyudmila Stepanovna / Kolpashnikov Ludmila,
father of Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski and Lyudmila Pavlovna Bobrinskaya.
Above Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski / Helena Bobrzynska / Elena Pavlovna Bobrinskaya, b. 1857 in Florence, died in?.
Wife 3rd time to Alfred Carl Nikolaus Alexander Eckbrecht von Dürckheim-Montmartin, 1st to Mikail Meyendorff von Uexküll and 2nd m. Arthur von Staden; inf. by Timo Antero Westerlund in 2015.
Above named Mikail Meyendorff von Uexküll b. 1861, son of Fredrik Adeldagus Felix Meyendorff and Olga; husband 2nd Nadiezda Kosakov / Nadesjda Kasakov, but 1st to Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski; he was brother of Alexander Felixovich Meyendorff.
Mentioned above Alexander Felixovich Meyendorff 1869 - 1964, was husband of Varvara Shervashidze 1859 - 1946 daughter of Hamud-Bey Chachba / Mikhail Georgievich Shervashidze Duke, 1806 in Abkhazia, Georgia - died 1866 - son of Safir Bey George Shervashidze and Tamara Katsievna.

8.
Franciszek Woyna,
and others.


The newspaper in Munich, 1827, on the Polish conspiratorial underground movement:

General Uminski, was trying to increase the number of members of the secret movement, he had established in Warsaw, meanwhile went to see former Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Oborski, whom he had been contacted by Dobrogoyski.
Aleksander Antoni Oborski, the son of Józef Oborski and Petronela Ossowski Oborska. Aleksander was born in 1778 / March 1779 in Warsaw, d. 1841 in Lublin.
In 1785 - 1792 he studied at the Knight's School; he participated in the war of 1792 and the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794; he joined the Polish Legions in 1798 in Italy; in 1801 he returned to Poland [compare Oginski and Nagorski]. In 1812, he served Duke Józef Poniatowski. For these campaigne he obtained the Order of Both Sicily awarded by MARSCHAL Murat [compare - General Franciszek Paszkowski]. 1815-1831: he took up painting and CONSPIRACY. On January 8, 1831, he was a commander of volunteers near Augustów.

Józef Oborski b. ca 1670, had son Baltazar Oborski, 1700-1768 + Teresa Szydlowska;
grandson - Józef Oborski, 1737-1797 + Petronela Ossowska ca 1750-1862; the great-granddaughter
Teresa Oborska, b. ca 1774-1862 + Marceli Marian Potocki, 1781-1851;
Teresa had a sons - Adam Potocki, 1804-1890 + Filipina Dittmayer von Rusfelden; Edmund Kajetan Potocki, b. 1805 + Anna Katarzyna Soltynska; and daughter Klementyna Potocka, 1811-1878 + Mateusz Miaczynski

{note:
Ignacy Miaczynski b. 1760, Count in 1803, the son of
Józef Bonawentura Miaczynski, b. 1731, Count, an official 1749, 1766, 1776, 1783, General major, the owner of Zawieprzyce. Józefa Ronikier Miaczynska b. 1758, the daughter of Józef Bonawentura Antoni Miaczynski and Katarzyna Miaczynska. Wife of Michal Aleksander Ronikier and mother of Kazimierz Józef Anastazy Ronikier, Count.
Jozef Bonawentura was the son of Piotr Michal Miaczynski 1691-1776; grandson of Atanazy Miaczynski 1639-1723.

In ca 1775, Jozef Walewski was heir of JEDLNO, Borki and Jankowice close to Jedlno, and also of Kalinowa close to Zdunska Wola. But 6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Polish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg. After the owner's death in 1878, his sons managed the property; to 1887 by Stanislaw Kronenberg, then until 1937 by Leopold Julian Kronenberg. WIENIEC - in the first half of the nineteenth century the owners were Dambski and Miaczynski (Stanislaw Miaczynski was adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski). Then to above Leopold Kronenberg (1812-1878), a Warsaw banker, investor, one of the richest men in ex-Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Named above Stanislaw Adam Miaczynski 1780-1845, son of Kajetan;
Stanislaw's grandparents:
Antoni Miaczynski 1691-1774 [next of kin to Józef Mikolaj Radziwill of Nieswiez, 1784-1788, the Minsk governor (1773-1784), 1736-1813] and Dorota Teresa Regina Woroniecka of Zbaraz, 1712-1785 - see Zbigniew Brzezinski.
MIACZYNSKI come from Atanazy Walenty Miaczynski (1639 - 1723), the treasurer of the Crown court, the province governor of Volyn and colonel, was friend of Jan III Sobieski. His children: Piotr Michal Miaczynski, Antoni Miaczynski, Kazimierz Miaczynski, Katarzyna Ossolinska; Elzbieta Miaczynska - Sierakowska, Józef Miaczynski.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK, close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski, then it was the land of Miaczynski, next the property to the Kronenbergs.

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski m. Aniela Stadnicka with
1. Ewa Lanckoronska (born Mecinska) born in 1789 / 1790, to Aniela Mecinska (born Stadnicka). Ewa married Antoni Lanckoronski, born in 1777 [see SZYMANOWSKI and BRZEZINSKI], with 6 children: Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Radolinska (born Lanckoronska), Julianna Nepomucena Fryderyka Rejswicz (born Lanckoronska) and 4 other children;
2. Magdalena Miaczynska (born Mecinska),
3. Anna Magdalena Teresa Miaczynska (born Mecinska),
4. Franciszka Bobrowska, Szafraniec - Bystrzanowska, born Mecinska in 1775, the daughter of Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski and Aniela Mecinska (born Stadnicka).
She m. Franciszek Ksawery Szafraniec - Bystrzanowski in 1809; Franciszek was born in 1767. Franciszka married Joachim Bobrowski in 1810, with one daughter: Aleksandra Klara Stadnicka (born Bobrowska).
5. Jan Nepomucen Mecinski.
6. Wojciech Mecinski, 1760 - 1839 in Cracow}.

IGNACY's son:
Mateusz Miaczynski (1799 - 1863) married mentioned above Klementyna Potocki.

Onufry Oborski, b. ca 1760, the LIW Marshal, + Marianna Golabek-Jezierska; had son Antoni Walenty Teodor Oborski, b. ca 1780 + Marcjanna Jawornicka;
grandson - Maksymilian Oborski, b. 1809 Proszew, close to Siedlce; a painter, and the insurgent in 1831; the owner of Staszów, Sieniawa, he was exiled 1863 in Siberia; and granddaughter - Maria Oborska, b. ca 1810 + Ignacy Kokoszka Michalowski, Baron.

The former Colonel Alexander Oborski was determined by Uminski, to take part in the underground movement.

Lord John Russel Brougham in 1831 gives the names of conspirators. The names of the individuals involved in the investigation are:

Adolph Cichowski,

Dobrogoyski,

Nikolaus Dobrzycki,
Jordan,
Bruno Kicinski,
Joseph Koszutki / Jozef Koszutski,
Kozakowski,
Lagowski,
Lukasinski,
Machnicki,
Theodor Morawski,
Alexander Oborski,
Pawlikowski,
Prondzynski / General Pradzynski,
Wierzbolowicz;
Szreder / Schroder.

General Jan Nepomucen Uminski co-operated with

Jozef Krzyzanowski, b. 1793, died in 1856

{In secret academic organizations ("Brotherhoods" and others), acted Majewski, Wolowski; and Henryk Mackrott, the freemason, the most distinguished secret police agent; Hieronim Szymanowski; Pazdzierska; Joel Birnbaum; Ludwik Grünberg and others. Mackrott' detailed wrote a reports from August 1819, to Duke Konstanty. He spied on the relationship of "Scythemen", where the deputy head of the Province of Poznan was named Józef Krzyzanowski from Pakoslaw, born 1793 [his wife Aniela Kolaczkowska], about which S. Askenazy wrote that "it was a man who was not very specific...".

We know about
Michal Krzyzanowski, b. 1734-died in 1810, Castellan of Miedzyrzecz, built a beautiful classical palace in Pakoslaw, which was started in 1791. In 1764-1791 to Ignacy Wyskoty-Zakrzewski, the President of Warsaw. From 1791, the Pakoslaw estate belonged to the Krzyzanowski family. The first of them was Michal Krzyzanowski, b. 1734, the founder of the palace, who bought Pakoslaw for 166 thousand thalers. Michal Krzyzanowski was the marshal of the Crown Tribunal.
In 1831 the son of named Michal b. 1734, ie. Józef Krzyzanowski, born 1793, sold Pakoslaw to Duke Acerenza-Pignatelli.
Michal's grandson:
Michal Józef Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. 1828 in PAKOSLAW - d. 1903 in GORA close to SIERADZ.
Named Józef Filip Jakub Krzyzanowski 1793-1856
[Mikolaj Krzyzanowski was exiled to Tobolsk, and the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk - born ca 1795/1800. Compare - Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1790/1795. Come from LUKASZ ?]
was the son of Michal Krzyzanowski official in Miedzyrzecz, 1734/ca 1740-1810 + Alojza Anna Gajewska 1757/1760-1815;
and grandson of
Lukasz Krzyzanowski official in Poznan, 1700-1741.

ALOJZA GAJEWSKA was the daughter of
Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski 1714-1775 and Katarzyna Tworzyanska 1737-1798.
RAFAL GAJEWSKI the 1st maried
in 1747 to Józefa Mielzynska 1729-1752, the daughter of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski 1682-1738 + Krystyna Skalawska 1690-1762.
The 2nd before 1776, Katarzyna Tworzyanska
with the daughter
Alojza Anna Gajewska 1757-1815 + Michal Krzyzanowski
and grandson
Józef Filip Jakub Krzyzanowski 1793-1856, CONSPIRATOR;
and great-grandchildren:
Michal Józef Stanislaw Krzyzanowski 1828-1903; Maria Florentyna Józefa Krzyzanowska 1831-1916; Józefa Aniela Krzyzanowska 1834-1917.
ALOJZA had daughter
Melania Emilia Katarzyna Krzyzanowska 1795/1798-1849 + Wiktor Tomasz Antoni Szoldrski Count, 1775/1779 in ROGALIN - died in 1830 in Berlin; the owner of
Czacz, Przysieka Polska, Karszanice, Ksieginki,
Wilkowo POLSKIE - see KIEDRZYNSKA + PRADZYNSKI and WOLA WIAZOWA,
Siekowo, Siekówko, Kluczewo, Saczkowo, Borek, Ziemin, Czempin, Borówko, Piechanin, Tarnowo, Grzybno.

A mansion in Pakoslaw was commissioned by Emilia Sczaniecka; a parish school in Pakoslaw was established in 1840 - 41, whose initiator was Count Józef Krzyzanowski, heir to Pakoslav.

SEWERYN KRZYZANOWSKI:

Captain Franciszek Majewski, of which Askenazy writes ("Lukasinski", vol. II, 89), "was a dark person...", was authorized to set up a new lodge by the Edinburgh Chapter of TEMPLARS from which he became acquainted during his stay in England. The newly lodge worked hard until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdyczów.
Many of the Templars were at the same time members of the Patriotic Society. To their number belonged the Lieutenant-Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski.
SEWERYN KRZYZANOWSKI died on 4 July 1839 in Tobolsk or in northern village Iszym.
Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Ukraine. Maybe the brother of Mikolaj Krzyzanowski exiled to Tobolsk, and the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk - born ca 1800, and of Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1795.
Seweryn Krzyzanowski acted in underground National Patriotic Society, a secret organization founded and headed by Walerian Lukasinski, also an officer. From the autumn of 1822, that is, from the moment Lukasinski was arrested by the Russians (as a result of the trial he was detained until his death in 1868), Seweryn Krzyzanowski was actually the leader of the National Patriotic Society. He was a moderate activist, so together with prince Antoni Jablonowski he co-operated with Russian democrats from the South Union (Society) / decembrists. After the Decembrists' uprising in 1825, the Tsarist police attacked Polish conspirators, so Antoni Jablonowski, arrested in Kiev in February 1826, made extensive statements in which he revealed many names of Polish conspirators, including Seweryn Krzyzanowski. Seweryn Krzyzanowski and 127 other Polish independence activists stood in front of the court in 1827, but the case of Seweryn Krzyzanowski himself and seven of his closest collaborators were qualified as high treason.
Tsar Mikolaj I remembered, after the fall of the November Uprising in 1831, when his sentence was finished, and was given the personal command of Seweryn Krzyzanowski - he was arrested again and imprisoned.
The sentence was absolute: new exile to the Siberian forest.
Krzyzanowski settled in Berezowo in the basin of the Irtysh River; already after a few years of staying in Berezów he fell ill.

Trocki: Summer 1879, David Bronstein, with wife Anneta Zivotovski / Anna nee Zywotowska and children: Aleksandr b. 1870, and Elizavieta b. 1875, (David Bronstein was living the first close to Poltava) moved to Janovka in the Elisavietgrad county, Cherson government (now here is village Breslavka); the estate bought from wife of Janovski; Lejb Bronstein / Lev was born in 1879 October, in Janovka, and in 1883 Olga was born here. David Bronstein had bussiness in Cherson, Odessa and Nikolaiev / Nikolajev; 1910 or 1912 died Anneta Zivotovski. David Bronstein died in 1922.
Lejba / Lev studied in Odessa, in 1888 - 1895; moved to Nikolaiev / Nikolajev in 1895 or 1896; 1898 jailed in Odessa, and he was sent in Siberie; escaped in Summer of 1902: taken false surname from somebody of Odessa - Trocki, next to
Samara, to G. M. Kzyzanovsky / Gleb Krzyzanowski; then Trocki moved to Charkiv, Poltava and Kiev; and abroad to Viena, Zurich, Paris, in Oct. (?) 1902 to London, to the Lenin home, after a letter from Samara, from G. M. Kzyzanovsky / Gleb Krzyzanowski;
1905 - 1907 Petersburg; 1914-1916 West Europe; jailed in Spain 1916; 1916 / 1917 in USA; 1926 - 1927 fought with Stalin, 1928 Alma-Ata, 1929 Turkiye. His wife Aleksandra Sokolowska, m. in 1899 in Moscow. His brother Aleksandr was owner of factory in Bobrinca; Olga was living in Elisavietgrad. Brother of his mother: D. L. Zivotovski/ Zywotowski.

Krzyzanowski, Gleb Maksimilianovich / Gleb Maximilianowitsch Krschischanowski that is Gleb Krzyzanowski, b. 12 January or 24 Jan. 1872 in Samara, d. 31 March 1959 in Moscow; Krzhizhanovsky came from a noble family, the Soviet statesman,
his father Maximilian Nikolaevich Krzyzanowski / Maksymilian Krzyzanowski was of Polish origin, his mother was Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg / Elvira Rosenberg, a German;
he studied at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology, from which he graduated in 1894 with success as an engineer; he was interested in revolutionary movements in 1891 at one of the first Marxist circles in the former Russian Empire; 1893, he temporarily was the leadership of the Marxist struggle for the liberation of the German working class in St. Petersburg, there in 1893 he met the young Vladimir Ulyanov Lenin; at that time had begun his revolutionary activities; December 1895, arrested and exiled to Eastern Siberia in February 1897; Krzhizhanovsky participated in all Russian revolutions since 1905; 1904 he was a member of the Central Committee of the RSDLP, which he compared with the Mensheviks left; 1902 he initiated in Samara, an office of the Social Democratic revolutionary newspaper Iskra; 1903 to 1905 he lived in Kiev, where he was employed at a railway station;
his wife from 1899 - Zinaida Nevzorov (1869 - 1948);
his mother Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from German,
his father Maximilian Nikolajewicz Krzyzanowski was living in Samara, born ca 1840/1850;
his grandfather Mikolaj Krzyzanowski was exiled to Tobolsk, and the enemy of Russia, was a Decembrist, died in Tobolsk - born ca 1800.
Compare - Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1795.

Now about Jan Krzyzanowski 1869 - died 1910 in Lódz; husband of Maria Andrusow; father of Olga Hersztanski and Anna Budryn.
Above Anna Budryn nee Krzyzanowska, wife of Dymitr Budryn, and mother of Wlodzimierz Budryn / Wlodzimier Budryn.
Above Jan Krzyzanowski was son of JAN, senior - Jan Krzyzanowski / Ivan, b. on May 8, 1834, died on September 3, 1889 in Warszawa, Poland; Colonel of the Ekaterinburskij Regiment, the Crimea War, Sevastopol 1853-1855.
Anna Krzyzanowska, daughter of Jan Krzyzanowski and Maria Andrusow; mother of Wlodzimierz Budryn.
And some on the Krzyzanowskis:

a. General-lieutenant Mikolaj Krzyzanowski junior, 1818 - 1888, wars on Caucasus, the Crimea War, the Warsaw war governor, the Orenburg general-governor;
b. his brother was Pawel Krzyzanowski b. 1831 - son of Andrzej Krzyzanowski born ca 1795.
Nikolaj / Mikolaj, b. 1818, acted in Turiestan, Orenburg, Buchara / Bukhara.

Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira (see Ascher Ginsberg!), Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk; he was a poor invalid, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German.
Curiosity!
In March 1874 Nikolai Sudzilovsky came from St. Petersburg to Saratov. It is possible that a student has been selected Pokrovsk. He was born in Mogilev in 1850. Nicholas Sudzilovsky had relatives in Pokrovsk, the Novouzensk county, the Samara province. Father was once a wealthy nobleman; the origin of the surname associated with the name Sudzily: Sudzilovskaya village that is Fastow in the Mstislavsky district, Mogilev province. Nikolai Sudzilovsky moved in 1874 to London, 1875 in Geneve, 1876 Bulgaria, 1877 Romania, 1887 San Francisco, next Hawaii.
POKROVSK = Engels, at present; east suburb of SARATOW; see Hleb Krzyzanowski / Gleb Krzyzanovsky},

Maciej MIELZYNSKI

{Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielzynski b. 1799 in Winna Góra, d. 1870;
the Polish political and social activist, landowner in Winna Gora - see SCZANICKI.
He was the son of Józef and Franciszka Niemojowski. He studied at home under a tutor Jan Baptiste Motty, then in Berlin. In youth, he was imprisoned for participation in the "Kosynierzy Union"; he took part in the November Uprising under the command of Dezydery Chlapowski. He was in exile; on his return he was sent to the Prussian prison for nine months, and he received a very fine.

The son of
Józef Mielzynski 1765-1824 + Franciszka Niemojowska 1781-1863,
and grandson of

Maciej Mielzynski official in Radziejów, 1733-1793; Seweryna Lipska; Ignacy Niemojowski official in Wielun, 1750-1786;
Katarzyna Wierusz-Walknowska
[the daughter of Franciszek Wierusz-Walknowski b. ca 1710; the granddaughter of
Antoni + Urszula Mielzynska. Urszula - see Jakub Kiedrzynski !],
1750-1787;
and great-grandson of
Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski 1682-1738.

At margin: Brygida Sczaniecka [the daughter of Sylwester Sczaniecki], 1775-1859 married
Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski, 1780-1842, the son of
Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799 + Konstancja Hutten-Czapska 1749-1813,
and grandson of
Andrzej Mielzynski official in Kcynia, 1698-1771; Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771; Jakub Hutten-Czapski; Rozalia Ewa Hutten-Czapska 1715-1769;
and great-grandson of
Krzysztof Mielzynski 1670 - 1721, official in Kcynia 1693, and in Przemet in 1717 - 1719;
and great-great-grandson of
Maciej Mielzynski 1636 - 1697, official in Kcynia 1659 - 1660, in Srem 1683.

Named Maciej born in 1636, with 2nd wife had son named KRZYSZTOF Mielzynski, died in 1721; and
with 3rd wife had
1. Urszula Mielzynska (1689-1743) m. Antoni Walknowski - see the JAKUB KIEDRZYNSKI family - Pradzynski - Wola Wiazowa!,
and

Ludwig SCZANIECKI / Ludwik Sczaniecki

{Ludwik Pawel Sczaniecki b. 1789 in Boguszyn, d. 1854 in Paris, the November insurrection, landowner, conspirator; in 1807, he worked in the office of the director of internal affairs in Warsaw - Stanislaw Breza.
Stanislaw Breza / Stanislaw Kajetan Krystian Breza b. 1752, died 1847, MP in 1784, and in 1790.
Ludwik Sczaniecki was born 1789 in Boguszyn north-west to Jarocin [close to Nowe Miast by the Warta river; north-west to PLESZEW], his father Józef Sczaniecki (1756-1815) and mother Jadwiga Wygan Sczaniecka.
After 1815, he maintained constant with Dabrowski, and Sczaniecki visited him in Winna Gora until the death of the general in 1818; he was also the guardian of the children of Dabrowski.
In 1819, during his stay in Warsaw, he met Walerian Lukasinski, who introduced him to the National Freemasonry and ordered to develop organizational structures in the Grand Duchy of Poznan.
In 1820, Sczaniecki introduced Ignacy Pradzynski to the Poznan lodge; at the initiative of Pradzynski, the Poznan organization changed its name to the "Kosynierzy Union" / SCYTHEMEN; after the destruction of the Patriotic Society he could not appear for several years in the property of Konstancja's wife in the Kingdom of Poland.
Back to Poland in October 1830.

Józef Filip Nereusz Sczaniecki b. 1756 - Godurowo, d. 1815 - Miedzychod;
the son of Michal Sczaniecki 1702-1787}.


CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski / Count Marcin Amor Tarnowski, born in 1778 in Kozin.

Kozin / Kozyn, in the ROWNO county, close to Radziwillow. The estate belonged to Hojski / Gojski; Firlej; and to Tarnowski - that is Jan Amor Tarnowski met here, in the palace, King Stanislaw August, in 1787 on the way to Kaniów to the Empress Catherine II. And belonged to Kajetan Amor Tarnowski - inf. of 1738. After the partitions, the Kozin commune was in the Volhynia Province.

CONSPIRATOR - Colonel Marcin Tarnowski, d. 1862; he served the 16th Cavalry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, and the 3rd Horse Rifles of the Congress Kingdom - the Galician campaign when the Tarnowskis formed an regiment; the campaign of 1812 under General Latour-Maubourde [Rohaczow, Smolensk, Dubrowna, Mozajsk, Kaluga and Borysow], and the campaign in 1813.
Marcin Tarnowski was the President of the Volhynia Province, 1821 to arrest in 1826, of the Patriotic Society.
The Marshal of the nobility of the Krzemieniec county.
Marcin Tarnowski died in Zator, the Polish military commander under Kosciuszko in 1794, son of mentioned Jan Amor Tarnowski, general of the Crown troops, and Tekla Grabianki from Pankracewice near Leszczyce (1740-1805) - the Vinnytsia county.
He started the military service as an adjutant of Tomasz Wawrzecki in 1794; took part in the battles in defense of Warsaw, he also fought against the Suvorov near the Warsaw Praga. In June 1809 he became the head of the insurgent horse unit in Podolia: in Tarnopol with Piotr Strzyzewski; in Stryj and Sambor; Wieniawka; Grzymalow, Chorostkow, Brzezany, Adamówka and Zaleszczyki. In 1813 fighting for Hellensdorf, Königstein, and Peterswelde, Pirna, Sere and Dresden. He was taken prisoner (November 8); the army of the Kingdom of Poland, on January 20, 1815, he commanded the 3rd Rifle Division of the Kingdom of Poland. However, he resigned on December 9, 1815.
He settled in Wolyn, where he was active member of the Patriotic Society, 1821, as the head of the Volhynia province, as its president, he was also the vice-president of the central committee for the Kiev, Podolia and Wolyn provinces, whose formal president was KAROL PROZOR; Marcin Tarnowski knew about the contacts of the Society's emissaries with the Russian decembrists:
among CONSPIRATORS were:
Mikolaj Worcell,
Atanazy Gródecki,
Aleksander Prozor [?],
KAROL PROZOR,
Franciszek Zaleski,
Jan Lipski,
Narcyz Olizar,
Waclaw Rzewuski,
Aleksander Bledowski and many others.

After the arrest of Lukasinski, the leadership of the plot was taken over by Seweryn Krzyzanowski.

Named Prozor Karol (1761 - 1841), the activist of the Kosciuszko plot in 1793/1794, and emigration, the minister of treasury in the Provisional Government of LITHUANIA in 1812. He was the eldest son of Józef Prozor, and his first wife Felicjanna Szczyt; the brother of Ignacy Prozor and Antoni Prozor.

MARCIN TARNOWSKI was arrested in 1826; transfered several times to the prisons of Warsaw and St. Petersburg (here he sat in the Pietropavlovsk Fortress). He tried to suicide in prison (1827); his wife Zofia Tarnowska fell into oblivion.
Finally sentenced to a month of fortress and year of police supervision. In 1829 he returned to Wolyn;
on the eve of the November Uprising in 1831, he was taken back to Russia, he was sent to Skier; released after a few years, he settled in his Podberezka palace in the village of Berezka near Krzemieniec in Ukraine;
in 1854 he supported the plans of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. He became the marshal of the nobility in Krzemieniec.
Shortly before his death he came to Krakow [compare the TEMPLARS and General Franciszek Paszkowski !].
He died on November 20/21 or 22, 1862 in CRACOW.

The Scytheman's society = KOSYNIERZY, headed by Denerowski, with senior officers of the Polish army, such as Mielzynski and Uminski, Marcin Tarnowski from Wolyn, Lukasinski.
Olizar in his Memoirs called the Patriotic Society - as the Society of Kosynierzy = SCYTHEMAN.
The Russians suggested that the Poles join in a conspiracy against the imperial family; the Poles replied that they fought for the freedom of the country, but do not want to make secret conspiracies against the regime of the state in Russia.
The commanders in 1807 were recently Jacobins' conspirators in Galicia: Kazimierz Rozwadowski; Gabriel Rzyszczewski; Colonel Marcin Tarnowski.

Jan Amor Tarnowski born in 1735 in Krasnobród, died ca 1799, General major of the Crown troops, captain of the National Cavalry of 1775-1783, count, poet and philosopher, was the father of Marcin. JAN was the son of KAJETAN AMOR TARNOWSKI.
Jan Amor, Count Tarnowski, lived also in Markuszewa / Markuszów / Markuszew - a settlement in Poland, in the Pulawy district.

We can look now at the Tarnowski - Martynov line:

Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; his wife was Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska, d. 1851; the daughter of Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski; her children:
Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish);
Michael Solomonovich 1814-60;
Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna married Rzewska (Polish) / Rzhevskij Michal;
Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich b. 1824 and died 1909;
Elizabeth;
Natalia b. 1819;
Julia married Gagarin, b. 1821; also
Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki [see below], Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Sofia Katenin d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816 and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Note:

Józef Drzewiecki, born 1772 in Juskowice, d. 1852, MP in 1792, Colonel in 1794, since 1817 the Krzemieniec county marshal of the nobility. He was Karol's / Charles's father and grandfather of Stefan Drzewiecki - the pioneer of the underwater navigation (see Duflon and Breguet in St Petersburg ! - Apollon Konstantynowicz + Anna ARMAND from Moscow, descendant in straight line from MARIA PASZKOWSKA and her father FRANCISZEK PASZKOWSKI);
diarist;
Jozef DRZEWIECKI was son of Felicjan Raphael (chamberlain of Krzemieniec) and Anna Bledowski; 1792 MP from Volyn.
At Maciejowice was captured (taken to Taszan), soon freed with helps of generals Kamienski, Kniaziewicz and Sierakowski.
In the conspiracy in Lviv (1795-1796), founded the underground club in Warsaw. After a long way by the Vienna-Karlsbad-Leipzig-Zurich-Mestre reached in 1797 the Legions, at headquarters in the rank of captain. In Rome at the Council of Economic;
with Kniaziewicz participated in a mission to Paris to the Directorate in 1799; 1799-1801 the Danubian Legion, and together with Kniaziewicza and Stanislaw FISZER / Fisher (see Wola Pszczolecka; and Kosciuszko in 1794 and also Madame Fiszer in Paris) resigned in Florence on June 10, 1801, and then returned to the country.
He collaborated with Tadeusz Czacki;
a co-founder of the Black Sea Trade Association on July 27, 1802 (see Horodyski, Szaniawski and Odessa).

Above Solomon Mikhailovich Martynov went to the rank of state councilor and died in 1839. His wife Elizaveta Mikhailovna came from the noble family of Tarnowski. In total they had eight children, four sons and four daughters.
Nikolay Martynov was born in 1815 / 1816 and was only one year younger than Lermontov. He had began to write poetry at an early age, imitating the famous poets of his time.

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin had 2 daughters:
Sofia KATENIN, d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816 and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760 - that is Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760. Captain (or Major ?). He was a Kirsanov district (in Tambov Province) leader of the nobility. His brother Solomon Martynow 1774-1839.

1. Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria Matriniwna second voto Krasnickaja was born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev; she was daughter of Russian Major (or Captain? Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich probably) Martynow, her second husband - Krasnicki.

2. Ivan Vernadsky born 24 or 26 May / 5 or June 7, New Style, 1821 in Kiev - died 26 or 27 March / 7 or 8 April on the Gregorian calendar, 1884 in St. Petersburg, he was father to Vladimir Vernadsky, and was grandfather of Wernadskij Georgij Wolodimirowicz, 1887 - 1973 (George Vernadsky).

Vladimir Vernadsky / Wolodimir Iwanowicz Wernadskij was grandson of Wasilij Wernadskij - freemason from the Czernihow government in 1853 and Vladimir was next of kin with: Filippienko, Konstantynowicz, Staricki (Iwan Michajlowicz Staricki, general) and Zarudny.

Wasilij Iwanowicz Wernadskij, born 1770/1773, 1830 commander of the Kiev military hospital, his wife Ekaterina Jakowlewna, his brother Iwan Iwanowicz born 1775/1778 (but Ioann Wernadskij, born 1729/1732, in 1786 was a Orthodox priest of the Berezinski ujezd, wife Pelagia Leontiewna Leontowicz), children of Wasyl:
Charyton, Awksentij and named above
Iwan Wasylewicz WERNADSKI, b. Kiev on 24 May 1821, died 1884, was two times married:
1st to Marija Nikolajewna Szigaska / Szygacka / Szigacka, and
the 2nd time to Anna Piotrowna Konstantinovich / Anna Pietrowna Konstantynowicz born 01 November 1836 / or 11.11.1837 and she died on 07 November 1898.
The first wife of Ivan Vasilevich Vernadsky died in ten years after the marriage, leaving him a son, Nicholas.
The second time, Ivan marries her cousin - the daughter of Ukrainian landowner Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz / ANNA KONSTANTYNOWICZ, the teacher of music and singing.
Vernadsky Ivan was a teacher of Russian literature in high school; in 1847, in St. Petersburg, Ivan V. defended a master's degree thesis; after - at the University of St. Vladimir; in 1850 he was transferred to the same department in Moscow University and was here from 1851 until 1856 as full professor; in the village Giant Shishaki in Poltava government Vernadsky had got a mansion, where all the family was living in summer.

3. The genealogy of above named Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz / Hanna Pietriwna / Anna Konstantinovich married Vernadsky / Vernadskij (Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vasilevich Vernadsky / Iwan Wasylewicz Wernadski b. 1821 died 1884, and she was mother of W. I. Wernadski):
b. November 11, 1837 (1827?) in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898 (1865?);
her mother Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria second voto Krasnicka was born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev, she was daughter of Major (or Captain?) Russian army - Martynow, her second husband - Krasnicki.

Above Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760. Captain (or Major ?). He was a Kirsanov district (in Tambov Province) leader of the nobility. His brother Solomon Martynow 1774-1839.

Wernadska Konstantynowicz Anna / Ganna / Hanna was near by Wultfert Malecka Lidia daughter of Karol Malecki.

Anna's children:
1. Wladymir Wernadski born 28 February 1863 d. 6 January 1945,
2. Ekaterina married Korolenko, born 1864 died 1910,
3. Olga Wernadska born 1864.

Anna's father:

Piotr Konstantynowicz, with the FOX coat of arms,
the son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz;
PIOTR: b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery; Kiev garrison 1836, general major 1848.
Named Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, born 1741 and died 1786.
Anna's stepmother (not mother) was a daughter of Jan Gulak, son of Jan.

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin had the second daughter, Mary / Marija Michailovna Katenin b. ? and died 1903; married 1868 or 1869 to His Highness Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski / Nikolai Ilyich Bagration Gruzinskij of Georgia
(b. 1844, d. 1916, his father Elizbar / Ilija Bagration-Gruzinskij who was b. 1790 and died 1854 son of Georgij XII Bagration - Kachietinskij who born 10 October 1746 and died 28 December 1800).

Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760, Captain (or Major?) had the brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich: Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska, b. 1783, d. 1851.

Mentioned Elzbieta Tarnowska was the daughter of Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski; a wife of Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich; Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska b. 1783, d. 1851; according to Russian sources in 2015, Maria Tarnowska came from the Ukrainian Cossacks:

Michael / Michail Andreevich Katenin or Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, married to Countess Nadejda Vasilievna, the second daughter of General Count Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.
They had daughters:
1.
Mary or Maria / Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin married in 1868 to Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899; he d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters.
2.
Sofia KATENIN d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 - his father, Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816, and his grandparents: Solomon M. Martinov and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov / Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760, had brother
Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840; a wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich was above named Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish (1783 - 1851), the daughter of Major and State Councilor Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski (1759 - ?).
Children of Elzbieta Tarnowska MARTYNOW were:
Elizabeth Solomonovna Martynov, Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna (Rzhevskaya - Rzhevskij Michal), 1814-60 Michael Solomonovich Martynov; above named Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish); 1819 Natalia Martynova Solomonovna; Julia Martynova Solomonovna Gagarin b. 1821; Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich born 1824 and died 1909; also Pawel and Peter Solomonovich Martynov (? born ca 1820) - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki, Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Above Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski was son of Wasyl Tarnowski / Vasily Tarnowski; known as Michael Tarnavskiy, b. 1759.

Vasily Tarnowski (? b. ca 1720) was son of Jan Tarnowski / Ivan Grigorevich Tarnavskiy died 1761 (? born ca 1690/1700); Vasily was Cossak, captain of Poltava regiment.

Grigorij TARNOWSKI (? born ca 1670) was son of Jan Tarnowski b. ca 1650, and grandson of Jozef Tarnowski b. ca 1620.

CONSPIRATORS in Poland under Russia:

Stanislaw Tyszkowski,
Ludwig Sobanski,
Marcin Tarnowski,
Feliks Ciszewski,
Antoni Czarkowski,
JAN CHODZKO and others.

The Kosciuszko Mound - Presidents of the Committee since 1820 in CRACOW - the TEMPLARS:

1820 - 1856 General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski
[name Ksawery was mistake ! - see Armand and Konstantynowicz in Moscow];

1856 - 1878 Piotr Moszynski [TEMPLARS in Volhynia - compare CONSPIRATOR, MARCIN TARNOWSKI];

1878 - 1883 Franciszek Wladyslaw Paszkowski;

1884 - 1917 Stanislaw Tarnowski / Stanislaw Kostka Tarnowski; nickname - Edward Rembowski, Swiatowid; the son of Jan Bogdan TARNOWSKI 1805-1850, and Gabriela Malachowski; the grandson of Jan Feliks Tarnowski; the great-grandson of Jan Jacek Tarnowski, who was the son of Józef Mateusz Amor Tarnowski 1705/1710-1744. Named Jan Bogdan was also great-grandson of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski 1706-1748 [compare here about MARCIN TARNOWSKI, CONSPIRATOR - the SCYTHEMEN and the TEMPLARS]. Stanislaw Tarnowski was jailed 1863 as associate in CONSPIRACY with General Zygmunt Jordan b. 1824, the son of JORDAN, General, b. 1790.

1917 - 1926 Franciszek Paszkowski.

CONSPIRATORS in UKRAINE:

In August 1821 in Berdyczow, Colonel Marcin Tarnowski of the Union of Scythemen / SCYTHEMAN from the Posen province [see Mielzynski];
in Podolia acted
Ludwik Sobanski,
in Kiev -
Antoni Czarkowski,
Anzelm Iwaszkiewicz,
Stanislaw Joteyko;
others of the Patriotic Society:
Mikolaj Worcell,
Atanazy Grodecki,
Aleksander PROZOR [so I think he is Karol - see Malkiewicz],
and KAROL PROZOR,
Franciszek Zaleski,
Jan Lipski,
NARCYZ OLIZAR,
Waclaw Rzewuski,
Aleksander Bledowski;
Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski
and Lukasinski - head border .

Above KAROL PROZOR was Freemason in 1808, and two years later he was at the head of the Lithuanian lodge. In 1812, after the beginning of the Napoleonic campaign, KAROL PROZOR and his family stayed together with their sister Marianna Bykowska (died in 1833) in the Mahilyow governorate / MOHYLEW by the Dniepr River.
He was appointed to the five-person Government Committee of the Lithuania, appointing him a Treasury Minister. The confederation was signed in Mogilev / MOHYLEW; Napoleon received the delegation coldly.
In 1821 Karol Prozor joined the Patriotic Society and he was elected to the so-called Provincial Council in Lithuania.
He acted with Michal Romer in Poprawy near Vilnius.
Soon after, he was appointed by Marcin Tarnowski as the president of the Central Committee of three provinces: Podolia, Wolyn and Kijów.

Karol PROZOR - in 1822 to September 1823 - was with his wife in Vienna and Dresden, where Józef's PROZOR daughter lived; 1824 went on a long journey to Italy through Vienna, Trieste, Venice, Florence, Rome, Naples, Padua, Verona, Bologna, Rome, Nice, Milan, in 1826 in Turin, to J. E. Champollion. In 1826, the Prozors returned to Chojniki.

1826 Prozor was arrested in Warsaw, and then in Minsk, Warsaw, St. Petersburg (in the Petrapavlovsk Fortress). March 1829, he was released from prison.
He came with his son Wladyslaw Prozor to Chojniki.
Karol Prozor with Ludwika Konstancja Szujski (1769-1828) had 5 children:
Józefa PROZOR b. 1786, in 1818 m. Hipolit Ksawery Bleszynski;
Marianna b. 1787;
Stanislaw b. 1790 in Chojniki;
Józef Prozor younger, died 1845, the owner of Biesiadz, Freemason in Mohylew;
Wladyslaw b. 1793, Chojniki, in 1818 m. Tekla Rokicka (1799 - 1860), the owner of Chojniki and Ostrohladowicze. His son Mieczyslaw Prozor (b. 1827) the 1863 Uprising member; died in prison in 1864.

We back to the genealogy of CONSPIRATOR, Marcin Tarnowski:

Jan Amor Tarnowski, b. 1735, the son of Kajetan Amor Tarnowski and Anastazja Bogusz / Bohusz / Anastazja Anna Tarnowska, 2 voto Józef Mier; Jan was the half-brother of Albert Mier.

Named Kajetan Amor Tarnowski, born in 1706 in Tarnów, died in 1748; the son of Aleksander Dominik Amor Tarnowski, Count, and Marianna.
Father of Aleksandra Strojnowska; Jan Amor Tarnowski; Fortunat Antoni Tarnowski; and Marianna Mier.

They have genealogical - family relationships to Henryka Komorowska (Mier) b. 1840 in Szufnarowa; the daughter of Tytus Mier; the wife of Wojciech Jerzy Edward Komorowski Count; mother of Jerzy Komorowski; Maria Magdalena; Stefan Komorowski and Adam Graf von Liptowa und Orawa-Komorowski.

And they have genealogical - family relationships to Adam Graf von Liptowa und Orawa-Komorowski b. 1864 in Zywiec;
they come from Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, the son of Michal Józef Komorowski.

Important note on Kalinowski - Walewski line:

Wojciech Walewski 1715 - 1757:
m. 1740 to Teresa Laszewska b. 1720, with children:
a. Rozalia Walewska b. 1740 m. Jakub Madalinski who was born ca 1735 ?;
b. Ludwik WALEWSKI 1754-1820 (Ludwik was owner of Parzymiechy in 1794 or 1797 from hands of Franciszek and Ignacy Poninski; also landowner of Pstrykonie / Pstrokonie from father, and Krzeslow [with Wola Pszczolecka], Kurow [see Kiedrzynski] and Kurówka bought in 1818) m. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1760,

[Ignacy Kalinowski b. ca 1710 + Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1720 with children:

1. Agnieszka Kalinowska b. ca 1750,

2. Franciszka Kalinowska b. ca 1760/1765 + Olszewski / Olszowski [see President Lech Kaczynski],

3. Justyna Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Józef Soltyk + Tomasz Piasecki,

4. Józefa Kalinowska b. ca 1750 + Jan Sadel Sadlo + 2nd time to Glogowski

[this is the genealogical connection to the Komorowski family and this means that also to the President Bronislaw Komorowski - see below my data on liaisons of Lithuanian and Galician branches of this count's family - also see: Wola Pszczólecka, Mielzynski, Kalinowski and Oginski - von Ronne and Bilewicz from Zmudz / Samaites],

5. Antonina Kalinowska b. ca 1750 / 1760 + Ludwik Walewski [see Kiedrzynski, Fiszer, Wola Pszczolecka],

6. Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 + Elzbieta Bielska [see Trubecki - Tallinn, Konstantynowicz - Nomme, Viljandi; ... Oginski and again back to Kalinowski].

Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Josef / Osip Kalinowski / JOZEF KALINOWSKI - general of Polish Army, b. ca after 1780 or 1790, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 or 1791. Józef Kalinowski was owner of Kamionka Wielka, Machnowka, Lubar, Udnow + Emilia Potocka b. in Guzow [see OGINSKI], was the daughter of Prot Antoni Potocki 1761-1801 owner of Machnowka in the Berdyczow county, and her mother was Marianna Maria Lubomirska d. 1810.
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 or 1790/1795, d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876. Justyna Kalinowska died in Paris, she was owner of Petlikowce + 1st in 1809 to Józef Tomasz Russocki Count 1785-1862 son of Magdalena Dobinska daughter of Zygmunt of Brzeziny d. 1759, + 2nd to Jozef Oechsner b. 1790.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. in 1784 or ca 1790 / 1795, d. 1831 or before 1846 + Hortensja Karsnicka 1800-1881 owner of Kurzany, daughter of Antoni Karsnicki born in 1777 / 1779 in Hrechorów - d. 1844, owner of Bakowiec and Hrehorow, who was son of Walenty Karsnicki and Elzbieta Paczynska [Salomea ?].
Hortensja Karsnicka had 3 husbands:
1st m. to Ignacy Franciszek Antoni Kalinowski b. 1784 / 1795 - died 1831 / before 1846; Ignacy Kalinowski, MP in 1830, was owner of Bialokiernica, and Kurzany; m. ca 1830 to Hortensja / Hortencja Karsnicka daughter of Antoni Karsnicki [writer, son of Walenty and Salomea (?) who was two times in Italy - Roma; Count] and Julia Glogowska b. 1780;
2nd m. Ludwik Jablonowski 1795 - 1846, son of Ludwik Stanislaw Jablonowski (1773-1825) and Lucja Glogowska [see above Julia],
3rd m. Józef Jakubowicz (1820 - 1883) owner of Zochatyn close to Sanok, Kurzany, Podwysokie, Wólka, Huciska, Demna, son of Dominik Jakubowicz (1784 - 1887).
Son of above Hortensja: Wladyslaw Kalinowski (1831 - 1893) m. Cecylia Szeliska b. ca 1835, daughter of Józef Kalasanty Szeliski and Emilia Pietruska / Postruska].

Note:
Teresa Oziemblowski m. Bartlomiej Komorowski b. 1697 in Laszki, d. 1758
[Bartlomiej had son Franciszek Antoni Komorowski b. 1723 in South Moravia; - see President Bronislaw Komorowski; and daughter Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Pilsudska !]
who was son of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1680 and Zofia Polanska;
and grandson of Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660.

Compare the lines in the genealogy of the Komorowski family:

Antoni Piotr Józef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Józef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno,
was son of mentioned Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781,
who was son of Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670, and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].

Michal Józef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.
Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska [Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogródek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670, daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka; they had all 4 sons: above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski; above named Ignacy Komorowski; Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice; and Piotr d. 1747.

Representatives of the Lithuanian Komorowski branch received on December 1, 1892 the title of the count by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Austria-Hungary.
They were descendants of Francis Anthony / Franciszek Antoni Komorowski (1723-1800):
that is 4 brothers - Stanislaw Franciszek Wincenty (1862 / 1863 - 1920), Stefan Karol (1866-1894), Czeslaw August (1867-1913) and Wiktor Emil (1870-?), who were sons of August Piotr (1817-1905); Leon Wilhelm (1849-1900), son of Wiktor Tomasz (1821-1887); 3 brothers - Piotr Anton (1862-1920), Jaroslaw Jan Narcyz (1865-1919) and Szymon Stanislaw Cyryl (1869-1907), the sons of Antoni Jerzy August (1833-1881); 3 brothers - Zygmunt Leopold Piotr (1865-1920) {Zygmunt and above Francis Anthony (1723-1800) were ancestors of Bronislaw Komorowski in a straight line}, Witold Stanislaw Adam (1875-?) and Antoni August Samuel (1873-1910), sons of Piotr (1838-1905); 3 brothers - Adam Stanislaw Hieronim (1873-1923), Józef Wiktor Onufry (1876-1947) and Henryk Onufry Seweryn (1875-1922), all sons of Jan Leopold Antoni (1833-1904?).

Franciszek Komorowski b. 1723 was Antoni's grandfather.

Bartlomiej Komorowski was father of Countess Marcjancella Pilsudzka / Marcjanna Pilsudska Komorowska / Marcjanella Pilsudski + Franciszek Pilsudzki b. 1707 [Pilsudski] in Pajuralis, close to Silale, and died in 1791 in Šilale, the Taurage County, Lithuania.

Franciszek Pilsudski / Pilsudzki was 1st married to Johanna von RONNE b. ca 1718 / Joanna Rehno / Renno {see below} - she was mother of Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija / Aniela Pilsudska Frackiewicz.

Stefan von Rönne was married 2 times with children:
1. above named Johanna b. circa 1718 m. Franciszek Pilsudski [see family of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski and Feliks Dzierzynski + Becu + Pilar Pilchau of Parnu in Estonia - see brief note below!];
2. MIKOLAJ / Nikolai Anton b. ca 1720 [see below !], in 1781 Russian Colonel and he was owner of the manor Renavas / Renowo or Rennow. Twice married:
1st to Lady Eleonora Pietrowicz / Petravicitute,
2nd to ANIELA PILSUDSKI / Anele Pilsudskyte of Zermaitija.

Zofia Pilar von Pilchau (nee Januszewska) born 1836, was wife of Stanislaw Pilar von Pilchau, Count
{with sons: Henryk Andrzej and Adolf Pilar Pilchau + Helena Joanna Krzywiec and grandson Romuald Roman Pilar von Pilchau b. 1895 - see great play of Soviet intelligence services 1917-1937}.

Ignacy Januszewski, 1804 - 1875 was father [4 children] of
Emilia Zawadzka [Emilia Krzywiec Zawadzka born Januszewska] born 1834;
Helena Dzierzynska {Helena nee Januszewska was mother of FELIKS Dzierzynski - see great play of Soviet intelligence services 1917-1937}
and above named Zofia Pilar von Pilchau [see Parnu / Parnawa and Jerzy Konstantynowicz].

Ignacy Januszewski was son of Szymon Januszewski and Anna Billewicz. Ignacy married Kazimiera nee Górska b. in 1806.
Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau / Carl Alexander Pilar von Pilchau born 10.2.1802, d. 1871, had sister Sophia / Zofia Pilar von Pilchau; his father was born in 1769 -
Magnus Fabian Pilar von Pilchau
- in Lida, Vilna province in Poland, after Major of the Russian army.
Aleksander's son - Stanislaw Count Pilar von Pilchau owner of Mickuny close to Nowa Wilejka, polonised, but from the Baltic German from Estland and Latvia, married to mentioned above Zofia Pilar von Pilchau (nee Januszewska) / Zofia Januszewska / Zofia Januszewski born 1836. She was daughter - I wrote down above - of Ignacy Januszewski b. 1804 and Kazimiera born 1806.
Zofia died on 28 Jan 1898, Wilno; her son Aleksander Pilar von Pilchau, born 1860, married 1890 to Helena Joanna Krzywiec, he died on 12 Oct. 1939 in Mickuny, next of kin of Feliks Dzierzynski [that is Adolf Pilar Pilchau + Helena Joanna Krzywiec with son above named Romuald].
Helena Joanna Krzywiec born 1864, died on 8 Aug. 1955 in Mickuny; her son was Roman Pilar von Pilchau or Romuald, b. 1894, d. 1937 [see Soviet military intelligence].


CONSPIRATORS in Poland under Russia:

Stanislaw Tyszkowski,

Ludwig Sobanski,

Marcin Tarnowski,
Feliks Ciszewski,
Antoni Czarkowski,

JAN CHODZKO

{Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); he died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, the Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia.
He was son of the writer Jan Chodzko and Klara Korsak;
the brother of Michal Chodzko and Józef Chodzko
[above Joseph Chodzko / Józef Boreyko Chodzko or Khodzko, born 1800 in Krzywicze, ex-the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, died in 1881 in Tiflis / Tbilisi, a General-topographer and Polish geographer. He stayed in Paris in 1843, where he met Adam Mickiewicz and his three brothers: Alexandre, Michel and Stanislas, and his cousin Leonard - all Polish nationalists].
ALEKSANDER CHODZKO, in 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom.
In 1847 he married in Lausanne to Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikolaj Michal Cichocki, son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).
Named above Michal Mikolaj Cichocki / Michael Nicholas Cichocki (b. 1770 in Warsaw, died 1828 in Warsaw), Brigadier General of the Duchy of Warsaw; graduated from the Corps of Cadets, the captain, took part in the 1792 war with Russia. He died suddenly. He was a member of the Masonic lodge 'Slavic Unity'.

Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 (see below), the son of Józef CHODZKO b. 1723, and Konstancyia Bujnicki, married to Clara Korsak - Jan was the President of the Civil Minsk Chamber, and the School Inspektor of the Province of Vilnius and Minsk; died in 1851, buried in Zaslaw.
Mentioned above Jan Borejko Chodzko born 1776 in Wilno was the Chairman of Minsk Supreme Court; Chairman of the University of Wilno; awarded the Order of St. Vladimir; chamberlain of the Wilno district. He prevented the Russians burning of MINSK, before evacuating of the town.
Considering Napoleon as the liberator of Poland, as a good patriot, he slept Russian vigilance and introduced the Marshal Davoust in stores of food and ammunition - Napoleon heard the news; after the retreat of the French, he had to flee Poland but he returned thanks to the amnesty of the Emperor Alexander.
He was the founder of two Masonic lodges, one in Vilnius and one in Minsk. He was the top member of a patriotic secret society before the uprising of 29 November 1830,
and he was arrested and taken to St. Petersburg where he met in prison his son Alexander who was also arrested, it was the last time that they saw themselves. Jan was sentenced to 5 years in prison and deported to Russia. His eldest son Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia. Jan could not return to his homeland but died in 1851 in Minsk.

Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, King of Poland was brother of Michal Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski b. 1736 in Gdansk, d. 1794 in Warsaw;

Michal Jerzy Ludwik Poniatowski was father of Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski 1767 - 1828 who married 2nd time to Jeanne Garran de Coulon, but 1st time married to J. Venture de Paradis or Victoire Franēoise Venture de Paradise (see Sulkowski, Venture and Breguet, Duflon, Konstantynowicz at my domain: part 1, 2, 3 - the links below).
First marriage of Maleszewski with a beautiful Victoire Franēoise Venture de Paradise, called "Egyptian", the representative of the then "Merveilleuses", gave him a number of concerns. They had a daughter born in Paris in 1794 - Victoire Clementine, later married Alfred de Laqueuille. In addition, his name wore two daughters of his wife,
Adela Mortier and Olimpia Chodzko Leonardowa;
after the death of his wife in 1813 he married in 1816 to Jeanne, daughter of an old friend Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon.

Branch from Jean VENTURE d. 1660, Consul de Marseille in 1637; his son Charles de VENTURE sieur de PARADIS; grandson Jean Michel de VENTURE b. 1701 in Marseille; great-grandsons Jean Joseph de VENTURE and Jean Michel de VENTURE de PARADIS born 1739 Marseille - his children:
1. Unknown by name de VENTURE de PARADIS married to Jozef Sulkowski / Joseph SULKOWSKI born in 1770 in the Poznan province in Poland - died in 1798 in Cairo / Kair / Caire, Egypt: the friend and aide de camp to Bonaparte, friend with Muiron, Vivant Denon, Carnot, Augereau, and Bourienne.
and 2. Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI / Piotr Maleszewski with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;
b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858 with children:
A. Louis Franēois Clément BREGUET 1804 - 1883 married to Charlotte Eugénie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815 - 1889 with children:
Louise BREGUET 1847-1930,
Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882,
Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877;
B. Louise Charlotte Clémentine BREGUET 1810 - 1887 married to Dr LIONNET.

Jan's son, Aleksander Chodzko was arrested in 1830/1831 and taken to St. Petersburg where he met the father, then above Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia. Next he was the Russian consul in Persia, then professor of Slavic literature at the College de France, well-known author who married to Helena Jundzill, daughter of Victor, with her sons, Victor Chodzko m. Mary Baldassari, with children: Edward, Victor junior, Helena and Aleksander junior - the English naval captain, and the last son was Adam, an engineer residing in San Francisco.

Stanislaw / Stanislas Chodzko, chemist - son of above Jan Chodzko;
Stanislaw was the brother of above named Alexander.
Józef Chodzko, was the third brother, General.

Jozef / Joseph CHODZKO 1723-1782, and Konstancja BUJNICKA had children:

1. Ludwik Tadeusz Chodzko / Louis Thadee CHODZKO, 1769-1843, married to Waleria DEDERKO with son
Leonard CHODZKO, 1800-1871 who married to Olympe MALESZEWSKI / Olimpia Maleszewska;
see below - Sulkowski and on the Venture of Paradise, the Breguet family and Duflon - Konstantynowicz Company!

2. above Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 m. Klara KORSAK, d. 1852, with son
Alexandre CHODZKO 1802-1891.

Leonard Chodzko, was son of Ludwik Chodzko, Marshal of the Zawilejski region and Waleryia Dederko; he was grandson of Jozef / Joseph CHODZKO 1723-1782, and Konstancja BUJNICKA;
Leonard was born in 1800, residing in Paris, author of many historical works, his brother
Aleksander Chodzko 2nd, died, 1877},

Stanislaw Joteyko,

Wiktor Ossolinski,

Wincenty Karwicki,

Jozef Gruszecki,

Tomasz Czarkowski,

MICHAL ROMER

{Michal Józef Römer / Romer or Roemer; b. 1778 - d. 1853, was a politician, writer, Freemason. Römer was born in WILNO / Vilna, where he spent most of his life. He owned manors in Kriaunos, Antanase, Bagdoniskis, Daugirdiskiai, Granapolis, Dembine. During the French invasion of Russia, he served as the mayor of Vilna from July to September 1812.
1817 and 1820 he served as a Marshal of the Vilna Governorate. He also served as a head of the regional branch of the National Patriotic Society and the "Towarzystwo Szubrawców" - literary society

(along with Michal Balinski, Leon Borowski, Ignacy Chodzko, Antoni Gorecki, Kazimierz Kontrym, Józef Sekowski, Jedrzej Sniadecki and Tomasz Zan).

MICHAL ROMER was master of Masonic Lodge Diligent Lithuanian and chairman of the Great Lodge Perfect Unity.
In 1826 he was imprisoned in Warsaw and the Peter and Paul Fortress. Later he was exiled to Voronezh. After the return in 1832, he retired from public life.
Michal Józef Romer was born in 1778, to Stefan Dominik Romer and Anna Romer (born Pac). Stefan was born in 1721. Anna was born in 1749. Michal married Rachela de Raes.
They had son Seweryn Justus Justyn Romer m. in 1850 to Aniela Burba with:
Kazimierz Ignacy + Kazimiera Bronislawa Skirmunt
with son and daughters:
1. Antoni Kazimierz Seweryn Römer 1889-1973 + Anna Soltan 1895-1974;
2. Irena Aniela Helena Römer + Edward Plater-Zyberk;
3. Jolanta Römer 1892-1987 + Witold Klemens Wankowicz 1888-1948;
4. Maria Konstancja Karolina Römer + Zygmunt Lubienski;
5. Kazimiera Römer 1899-1989 + Karol Tadeusz Wankowicz 1894-1990 -
the son of Waclaw Stanislaw Adam Wankowicz 1860-1936 who was the
great-grandson of
Melchior Wankowicz b. ca 1770 and Scholastyka Gorecka b. ca 1790.

MELCHIOR's son:
Karol 1805-1854 + Rozalia Wankowicz 1800-1891;
and grandson -
Melchior Roman Julian Wankowicz 1842-1892 + Maria Szwojnicka;
and great-grandchildren:
Czeslaw Wankowicz 1876-1912;
Witold Wankowicz [the conspiracy in the IHUMEN county and the BEREZYNA parish - a person friendly with my family] 1882-1944;
Regina Wankowicz 1883-1963;
Melchior Wankowicz 1892-1974.
See more on ROMER:
Marie / Misia, 1869 - Gries 1902, m. Bronislas ROMER, b. in Lithuanie 1856, d. San Remo 1899, with children:
a. Mathias / Maciej, 1890, d. Warsaw 1955 m. Marie KORYBUT - DASZKIEWICZ, 1889 - 1953.
b. Bronislas / Broneck, 1891 in Powience, Russie,
c. Tadeusz Romer / Thaddee ROMER, b. in Antonosz near Kaunas in 1894, died in Montreal 1978, and acc. to Wikipedia: a secretary to Roman Dmowski in 1919, the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ambassador to Italy, Portugal, Japan (1937-1941) and the Soviet Union (1942-1943). Then he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Polish Government in Exile (1943-1944);
m. Zofia Wankowicz / Sophie WANKOWICZ, b. ex-Poland in 1897, d. Montreal 1981.
Tadeusz Romer has the 'Medaille de Juste parmi les Nations decernee par le Memorial Yad Vashem' (1984).

Zofia Wankowicz m. Tadeusz Ludwik Römer b. 1894 in Antonosz, d. 1978 in Montreal; Zofia Wankowicz b. 1907 in Zaswiatów, died Sept. 1981; her parents:
Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz 1859-1923 and Helena Boguszewska 1868-1928.
Above Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz was father of Jadwiga Rostworowska and Zofia Römer.
Above named Zofia Römer b. 1907 or Zofia Wankowicz born on 17 Feb. 1897 in Zaswiatow by Swislocz river, died in Montreal in Sept. 1981, daughter of Stefan Kolumb Wankowicz 1859 - 1923, and Helena Boguszewski 1868-1928;
Helena nee Boguszewski had 2 daughters: Jadwiga Rostworowski and above Zofia Romer; Zofia m. two times: 1st to Tadeusz Ludwik Romer 1894 - 1978, with 3 children; 2nd to Konstanty Maria Józef / Konstanty Maria Drucki-Lubecki, 1893-1939, since 1918},

Mikolaj WORCELL,

Stanislaw Karwicki,

Anselm Iwaszkiewicz,

Piotr MOSZYNSKI,

Anastazy GRODECKI,

Antoni Jablonowski.


CONSPIRATORS in Lithuania:

Barankiewicz,

Biallozor,

JOZEF BILLEWICZ,

Buczynski,

Bykowski,

Aleksander CHODKIEWICZ,

Franciszek Czarkowski,

Downarowicz,

Karol Dziekonski,

Stanislaw Gruzewski,

Jozef Gruzewski,

Michal Hoffmann,

Karpinski,

Korbut;

Kulczycki;

Labanowski;

Piotr LAGOWSKI,

Lipski;

LUKASZEWICZ,

Stanislaw Mackiewicz;
Stefan Mackiewicz;
Stanislaw Mikulicz;

Teofil Mikulicz;

Konstantyn Nowowieyski,
IGNACY PLATER or Kazimierz Ignacy Broel Plater

{Michal Plater-Zyberk b. in 1777, died in 1862 in Schloßberg, Saksonia.
Son of Count Kazimierz Konstanty Plater [see WRONIAWY] and Izabela Ludwika Plater / Izabella Borch / IZABELA BORCH PLATER ZYBERK [see below]. Husband of Izabella Helena.
Brother of Ludwik August Plater [see below, b. 1775];
Jan Ferdynand Plater;
Stanislaw Broel-Plater Sr. born 1784 [see below];
Kazimierz Ignacy Broel-Plater / IGNACY BROEL PLATER;
Viktoria Augustina.

Stanislaw Plater Senior, b. 1784 in Dowgieliszki / Dawgieliszki, d. 1851 in Wroniawy or Wolsztyn / Wollstein, the Provinz of Posen, had brother Ludwik Plater [see below - born in 1775]. STANISLAW b. in Daugieliszki in 1784; Polish geographer, geologist, historian, the author of numerous publications. Stanislaw Plater, Senior, was an officer in 1806 to 1815, then lived in Posen and Paris for a long time. He was known as historian and antiquarian.
Keblowo, the church was built by owners of Wroniawy: Stanislaw Plater and his son Stanislaw junior.

Stanislaw Plater, junior, was the son of named Stanislaw Broel-Plater and Antonina Gajewski of Blociszew, he was born in 1822 in Paryz / PARIS. Plater (Broel-Plater) Stanislaw (1822-1890), junior, was the landowner, political activist, in 1850 was member of the Polish League; 1858 to 1863 he was a member of the Prussian parliament, from the district of Leszno, then in the Poznan-Oborniki.
Married (1848) KATARZYNA MIELZYNSKA / Catherine Mielzynski (1828-1899), daughter of MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI.
Above Katarzyna Broel-Plater b. 1828 in above Chobienice, the Wolsztyn County, Greater Poland; d. 1899 in Warsaw, daughter of Count Maciej Mielzynski
[Maciej Mielzynski 1799 - 1870, son of hrabia Józef Mielzynski and Franciszka NIEMOJOWSKA]
and Konstancja Mielzynska daughter of PROKOP MIELZYNSKI [see MERKEL].

Katarzyna was the wife of Stanislaw Broel-Plater Jr.; sister of Karol Ignacy Mielzynski and Gabriela Koncza.

Above Ludwik / Ludwig Plater (1775 in Kraslaw, Livonia / Polish Inflanty, d. 1846 in Posen / POZNAN) was a Polish patriot. Count Plater came from the German baltic noble family; MASON; in 1794 he took part as a volunteer in the Kosciuszko uprising and became adjutant of General Karol Sierakowski. In 1815 he joined the Polish State Council, in 1830 he co-operated with Karol Kniaziewicz in Paris, his estates were confiscated; he stayed first in Paris, where he became Vice- President of the Literary Society, and moved to POZNAN / Posen in 1840, where he died in 1846.
Named above Kraslava / Kreslau / Kraslaw, at half way from DYNEBURG to Wierchniedzwinsk - DRYSSA - see SWOLNA};

POCIEJ;

Jan Poniatowski 1760/1770 - d. after 1823

{Kulczyny in 1753, Antoni Lubomirski took; then his son Marcin. Before 1775 Kulczyny belonged to Ignacy Poniatowski, General Adjutant (1776), m. Anna Malachowska.
Ignacy Poniatowski / Ignacy Józef, 1707 / 1730 - 1796, in 1788 official in Lublin; the brother of Stanislaw, SENIOR; the son of NIKODEM Poniatowski / Nikodem Tadeusz Poniatowski, the official in MSCISLAW, b. ca 1690, m. Franciszka Skórkowska;
Ignacy Poniatowski, moved home from Poniatowo to Volhynia, m. Anna Jaksa Malachowska / Anna de Malachowo Malachowska, the daughter of Lukasz. Ignacy Poniatowski, had two sons:
Jan Poniatowski, CONSPIRATOR;
and Józef Poniatowski, 1762 - 1845 + Julia Grocholska the daughter of Franciszek Ksawery GROCHOLSKI.
Jozef's daughter: Matylda Poniatowska b. ca 1800 in Tahancza, d. 1887 in Geneva + Józef Szymanowski

[his 2nd marriage; b. 1778/1779 in KASKI - see The TEMPLARS].

Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law).
Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother [1st wife of Franciszek WOLOWSKI ?] - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski [Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins: Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; children remained with Maria after
her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce.
Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1778/1779.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born in 1778 / 1779 in KASKI, were brothers - acc. to me.

Józef Poniatowski (1762-1845), Colonel, m. JULIA Grocholska.
His brother Jan Poniatowski b. ca 1770 - died after 1823, Colonel, m. Honorata Jastrzebska, jailed for activities of the Patriotic Society. After the death of Ignacy Poniatowski - Kulczyny / Kulczyna was given to Jan Poniatowski, and after his death, the estate passed onto the only daughter Otylda, married to Adolf Grocholski, and later divorced.
Otylda Grocholska died after 1860. Kulczyn was returned to her family as a legacy of Cezary Poniatowski (born in 1803 - died after 1864), one of the five sons of Józef; Cezary married to Olga Swiejkowska.
Cezary and Olga Poniatowski sold Kulczyna to Wolkonski};

Przeciszewski;

KAROL PROZOR;

Kazimierz PULAWSKI

{Konstanty Tyzenhauz born in 1786, in Zoludek, Count, landowner, painter, was the son of Ignacy TYZENHAUZ and Anna / Marianna Bieganska. Waleria Tyzenhauz, born Wankowicz, in 1800 / 1805 - 1841 / 1843, was the daughter of Antoni Wankowicz and Anna Soltan b. 1780. Waleria married Konstanty Tyzenhauz in 1822.
IGNACY b. 1760 - d. 1822, the brother of
Tadeusz Tyzenhauz;
half brother of Kasper Tyzenhauz;
Teresa Oskierka;
Benedykt Tyzenhauz junior;
Antoni Tyzenhauz;
Teresa.
IGNACY was the son of Michal Ludwik Tyzenhauz.

Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz nee Judycka, ca 1740 [not in 1720 !] - 1784, was the wife of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and KAZIMIERZ TYZENHAUZ / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas, and the mother of
MIKOLAJ GIELGUD
[Mikolaj Gielgud / Mykolas Gelgaudas, born in 1768 in Warsaw, died 1813, was the son of Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Tyzenhauz],
Antonina von Rönne
[Antonina von Rönne nee Gielgud, born ca 1770, daughter of above named Antoni Onufry Gielgud and Barbara Gielgud Tyzenhauz; she was the wife of Felix von Rönne and mother of Antoni von Rönne; Maria Tekla Oginska; Ludwika von Rönne; Feliks Filip von Rönne and Teodora Oginska]
and ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ / Sofija Tyzenhauziene - Zofia Tyzenhauz
[?? - born ca 1790; acc. to me ca 1780] m. ca 1810 to Oktawiusz Antoine / Oktaw de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1773-1840, with son Aleksander Ignacy Choiseul-Gouffier m. Zofia Hutten-Czapska.
ZOFIA TYZENHAUZ m. 2nd to Antoni Tyzenhauz (1756-1816), General, in 1792 was the president of Wilno, MP in 1790, member of the 1794 Uprising.

KAZIMIERZ Tyzenhauz / Kazimieras Tyzenhauzas [see above] b. ca 1740 - son of Benedykt Tyzenhauz SENIOR - was the husband of above Barbara Gielgud, and father of ZOFIA Tyzenhauziene. Kazimierz Tyzenhauz was the brother of Barbara Wawrzecka; Benedykta Niezabitowska; Aleksandra Anna Morykoni; Teresa Tyzenhauz, and Magdalena Maria Ewa Walewska.
Named above Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz-Walewska, was the wife of Anastazy Walewski / Colonna-Walewski, b. ca 1730, died in 1815 in Walewice [or Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815], close to Lowicz.
Atanazy Colonna-Walewski was the son of Józef Kazimierz Walewski and Ludwika;
husband of Magdalena Maria Ewa Tyzenhauz
and Joanna PULASKI daughter of Jozef PULASKI;
ex-husband of Marie d'Ornano; father of Ksawery Walewski, Teresa Walewska, Józefa Witkowska and Antoni Bazyli Rudolf Walewski; brother of Teodora Walewska.

Named above Anna nee Pulaska / Joanna Pulaska, b. 1742 in Grabowo, was the daughter of Józef Pulaski; she was the sister of KAZIMIERZ PULASKI / Casimir Pulaski, US Revolutionary Hero, the Polish conspirator.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolinska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.
FRANCISZEK Walewski born ca 1675 / 1690, died 1745, owner of Rusiec, Wieruszów (before him to the Mecinski family), Dabrówka, Jastrzebice, Broszecin, Wola Wiazowa, Lesniaki (Franciszek Walewski had son Aleksander), married 3rd in 1737 to above Teodora Ludwika Walewska (b. ca 1710), daughter of above Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia Radolinska 1677 - 1723}

Konstantyn Radziwill;

Skibicki;

Stanislaw Soltan;

ADAM SOLTAN;

Jozef STRUMILLO;

Karol Wagner;

Woynillowicz;

Zagorski;

Jozef Kaleski;

Tomasz ZAN,

Zapolski

{Ewa Cydzik was 1st married to Jan Konstantynowicz b. ca 1832/1833 - d. ca 1874 / 1877, the son of Jan Konstantynowicz senior (1804-1806) of TOLOCZKI, and Maryanna Zapolski, the daughter of SIEMION ZAPOLSKI.

And we back now again to De Mohrenschildt who was born
Jerzy Sergius von Mohrenschildt in MOZYRZ / Mozyr (see Bulhak family and Ipohorski) in Belarus, in 1911. He had an older brother, Dimitri / Dymitr. His father was Sergey Alexandrovich von Mohrenschildt; his mother,
Alexandra / Aleksandra Zopalsky / ALEKSANDRA ZAPOLSKA, of Polish descent.
Sergey von Mohrenschildt was a Marshal of Nobility of the Minsk Province 1913 - 1917 (see Karol Hutten - Czapski and Duflon & Konstantynowicz in Minsk), and an Actual Civil Councilor; 1920, Sergy von Mohrenschildt was arrested by the Bolsheviks; while awaiting transport to Veliky Ustyug, Sergey became ill. The Soviet government released Sergey, his wife and De Mohrenschildt then fled to Poland; De Mohrenschildt's older brother Dimitri was awaiting execution but was later released in a prisoner exchange in Poland; Alexandra died ca 1922 in Poland.
Alexandra Gapolski / Zapolska born 13.5.1879 / 25.5.1879; Aleksandra's husband - occupation: the County marshal in Mozyrz / Mozir in 1911; County marshal in Minsk in 1914 - 1915 or 1913 to 1917; description: Minsk office in 1911};

IGNACY ZAWISZA.


Conspirator, Ignacy Zawisza of Kowno in all probability is Ignacy Zawisza-Dowgiallo, b. 1774, died in 1833; the son of Teresa Zawisza-Dowgiallo
(Teresa Burzynska b. ca 1740, the daughter of Stanislaw Antoni Burzynski b. 1701, died in 1775. The graddaughter of ELZBIETA BUTLER, BURZYNSKA),
and Stanislaw Zawisza b. ca 1740,
the grandson of - ? - Ignacy Zawisza senior b. ca 1720.
Ignacy Zawisza Dowgiallo, senior, d. 1798, a land judge of Kaunas in 1765-1782, an official in 1754-1765; inf. 1764 in the Kowno county;
Ignacy Zawisza, was the owner of Czewkowce / Ciolkowce in Podolia, the Kamieniec Podolski area, in 1774.

Named Ignacy Zawisza-Dowgiallo, junior, 1774 - 1833, had the daughter:
Leokadia Zawisza, b. ca 1800 - d. in 1829 + Stanislaw Gieysztor 1800-1834 [see below the genealogy]; and they had a son
Jakub Konstanty Wilhelm Gieysztor 1827-1897

[JAKUB Gieysztor was the son of Stanislaw GIEYSZTOR, a member of the insurgent Kaunas committee in 1831 and Leokadia Zawisza-Dowgiallo Gieysztor. Jakub in 1844 was graduated with the Noble Institute in Vilnius and began studies at the St. Petersburg University, where he came into contact with Zygmunt Sierakowski. In 1848, he returned to Lithuania, to stop insurgents, including the so-called conspiracy of the Dalewski brothers. He settled in Ignacogród.
In 1863, Jakub became the president of the Provinces of Lithuania. On July 31, 1863, he was arrested due to the denunciation of the Vilnius province governor Alexander Domeyko.
In 1865, sentenced to 12 years of hard work in Usol, in 1868 he was transferred to Irkutsk; in 1872 he returned to the country
and settled in Suwalki, then in Warsaw].

Jakub was twice married: 1st to Tekla ZAWISZA in 1851, with 5 sons [Tekla was the late daughter of named above Ignacy Zawisza-Dowgiallo 1774-1833; Tekla was born ca 1825]; 2nd to Helena Eysmont in 1877 with two sons.


Named Stanislaw Gieysztor 1800-1834, had parents: Jakub Gieysztor SENIOR, 1764-1804 + Anna Gasecka 1770-1837; the grandparents:
Stanislaw Gieysztor b. ca 1730 + Marianna Zaleska [the daughter of Stanislaw ZALESKI and unknown Maslowska];
the great-grandparents:
Antoni Gieysztor 1700-1744; Stanislaw Zaleski; and Anna Maslowska [the wife of ANTONI GIEYSZTOR d. 1744] born 1698 -
note:
Maslowski Andrzej with Katarzyna Chmielinska had daughter
Anna Zofia Maslowska / Anna Maslowska, b. 1698, owner of Lubojnia [LUBOJNA - 8 km east to KAMYK of Kiedrzynski ! and 9 km west to KOSCIELEC of Madalinski].

We back to
Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun,
son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska.
Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784 [godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska].

KAROL Myszkowski was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów
[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police,
but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761.
KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801; Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary

[Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska. Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784].

HIERONIM Myszkowski b. ca 1550, died after 1577 [he was the son of Hieronim senior b. ca 1500, and grandson of Marcin Myszkowski b. ca 1448, and Zuzanna LASKI; Marcin was born 1448, son of Piotr Myszkowski and Agnieszka KOBYLANSKA];
had son
Waclaw Myszkowski b. ca 1600 - died in 1663/1666 + Zofia Podczaszanka Mirzowska;
and grandson
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640, bpt in Kozieglówki, 3 km south-east to Kozieglowy, south of Czestochowa - d. 1713) owner of Dabrowa, and Galewice (from hands of wife Aleksadra Grodzicki), married also to unknown Anna,
with the son
Jan Myszkowski (ca 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice), owner of Galewice.


WOLA WIAZOWA and the "Kiedrzynskis" - Maslowski - Pradzynski - Walewski:

Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, died after 1692, married Urszula Bielska.

Below on Wodziczna / Wodzicze - 3 km south to Pomiany; 4 km south-east to TRZCINICA; 5 km north-east to the ex-Silesian-Austrian border:

Jadwiga Myszkowska [b. ca 1675] m. 1st to Stefan Golygowski / Golyglowski, Goligowski, owner of Pomiany and Wodzicze / WODZICZNA; in 1689 - 1692, Stefan Golychowski / Golyglowski lease village Kurow in the Wielun county [7 km north to MOKRSKO; 4 km north-west to TUROW; west of WIELUN; also see KIEDRZYNSKI], next of kin to Franciszka Antonina Trzcinska, b. 1693, in Trzcinica; in 1692 named Kurow lease Michal Myszkowski of Dabrowa.

Named Andrzej Maslowski 1660 / 1665 / 1670 - d. 1720 / 1742, was the owner of Ruda close to Wielun [south-east to Wielun, 5 km], Mierzyce, Toporów, Przewóz; he lived in Pomiany close to Trzcinica

[POMIANY, 2 km to east of Trzcinica - 18 km south to KEPNO in Poland to 1793, in the Wielun county; Trzcinica was owned to 1812 by the Trzcinski family; then to German family. Is situated 12 km south to GREBANIN - see Kreski and Kiedrzynski, in the Ostrzeszow county, in 1793 to Prussia. 1807 to the Duchy of Warsaw. But Wieruszow in 1815 to Russia. BRALIN was in Silesia; but TRZCINICA was 10 km east to the Silesia ex-border],

1st wife of Andrzej Maslowski in 1695 was Katarzyna Chmielinska, daughter of Piotr CHMIELINSKI.
Maslowski Andrzej with Katarzyna Chmielinska had children:

1. Anna Zofia Maslowska, b. 1698, owner of Lubojnia [LUBOJNA - 8 km east to KAMYK of Kiedrzynski ! and 9 km west to KOSCIELEC of Madalinski], married Antoni Gieysztor 1700-1744.

2. Krystyna m. an owner of Strzyzew / Strzyzewo,

3. Jadwiga Aleksandra b. 1699 m. Pawel Fundament Karsnicki,
4. Katarzyna Barbara,
5. Róza,
6. Jan Chryzostom owner of Rudniki, and Malyszyn [7 km north-east to WIELUN - see KUROW; north to Ruda],
7. Karol Boromeusz MASLOWSKI - owner of Stronsk / STRONSKO, d. 1795, officer in Ostrzeszow, m. Jadwiga Karsnicka = GERTRUDA KARSNICKA,
with
A. Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda m. 1759-1764, to Franciszek Ksawery Walewski the owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska.
B.
In the Rudlice parish, in 1746, in Ostrówek, Ksawery August Józef Maslowski was born - the son of Karol Maslowski official in WIELUN + Gertruda Karsnicki Maslowski; godparents: Pawel Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow and Teresa Wieloglowski married Bleszynska.

Franciszek Walewski / Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, an official in Ostrzeszow in 1765, 1772, 1775, 1778 - 1796; in 1781 the owner of Wola Wiazowa;
he m. in 1784, in the Kobyla Góra parish, in MYSLNIEW, 4 km to Silesia, to Konstancja Psarska b. before 1770, daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski 1730-1805 and his wife Ksawera Franciszka Bardzinska, 1753-1814.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski, 1739 - 1796, was married three times:
1.
TERESA NIEMOJOWSKA-PSARSKA, b. ca 1730 - a marriage in 1760;
2.
unknown - marriage ca 1778 [that is the marriage in 1759-64, to Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda];
3.
and in 1779 or in 1784, in Myslniew, west to Ostrzeszow, to Konstancja Psarska a daughter of Fryderyk Jakub Psarski.

Franciszek Ksawery Walewski owner of Wola Wiazowa, was the son of Franciszek Walewski with his 3rd wife [a marriage in STRONSKO]. Franciszek senior was born ca 1675 / 1690 / 1710 - died in 1745 in Rusiec; the 3rd wife was Teodora Walewska.

Franciszek Walewski from the 1st marriage had also a son Aleksander Walewski, official in Piotrków (1778), in Rozprza (1748), in Cracow in 1740, married Elzbieta Mecinska of Wieruszow and JEDLNO [see Izydor Kiedrzynski]!

We back to
Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788;
she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun,
son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska.

Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784 [godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska].

KAROL Myszkowski was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów

[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police,
but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761.
KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801; Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary
[Jan Myszkowski, 1695 - 1730, owner of Galewice, m. before 1718 to Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska 1695 - before 1788, she was 2 voto to Antoni Ignacy Szeliski who died before 1788; she was daughter of Andrzej Maslowski born ca 1665 / 1670, officer in Wielun, son of Adam Maslowski (died after 1692), and Urszula Bielska. Above JAN Myszkowski had son Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784].

HIERONIM Myszkowski b. ca 1550, died after 1577 [he was the son of Hieronim senior b. ca 1500, and grandson of Marcin Myszkowski b. ca 1448, and Zuzanna LASKI; Marcin was born 1448, son of Piotr Myszkowski and Agnieszka KOBYLANSKA];
with son
Waclaw Myszkowski b. ca 1600 - died in 1663/1666 + Zofia Podczaszanka Mirzowska;
and grandson
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640, bpt in Kozieglówki, 3 km south-east to Kozieglowy, south of Czestochowa - d. 1713) owner of Dabrowa, and Galewice (from hands of wife Aleksadra Grodzicki), married also to unknown Anna,
with the son
Jan Myszkowski (ca 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice), owner of Galewice.

See:
Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, 9 km east to ZLOCZEW and 18 km west to Widawa), owner of Kroczyce [17 km south to LELOW; close to Lgota Murowana], and Malowana Wola;
was the son of Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - d. 1839), owner of Ochle [at half way from Widawa to Wola Wiazowa; 9 km west to RESTARZEW], Gromadzice in the Wielun county [6 km north-west to Maslowice; 11 km north to WIELUN]; and Agnieszka Psarska b. ca 1770 - d. after 1844, in 1803 she was single and she was living in Radoszowice close to Osjaków [RADOSZEWICE - 9 km south-east to OSJAKOW or Radoszowice], daughter of Wladyslaw Psarski, granddaughter of Franciszek Ksawery PSARSKI.

We back to MYSZKOWSKI:

Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640 - d. 1713), the owner of Dabrowa and Galewice; m. Anna; they had son
Jan Myszkowski (b. ca 1695 - d. 1730 in Galewice), official in Wenden, the owner of Galewice;
JAN married Katarzyna Barbara Maslowska b. ca 1695 - d. after 1754, daughter of Andrzej Maslowski b. ca 1670 - d. before 1742, official in Wielun; ANDRZEJ Maslowski was the son of Adam Maslowski and Urszula Bielska. the wife of named ANDRZEJ was Katarzyna Chmielinska / Chmielewska.

Above JAN had son
Karol Myszkowski b. in 1723 in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - died in 1779 / 1784,
godfather was Jan Maslowski, and his wife Jadwiga nee Myszkowska;
KAROL MYSZKOWSKI was the owner of Galewice, Tokary, Gozdów
[TOKARY 5 km nort-west to Gluchow; and GOZDOW west to GLUCHOW, at way to BEDZIECHOW and to Zdzary - see Kiedrzynski, Konopnicki, Pstrokonski],
Police, but was living in Galewice in 1757 - 60, Captain in 1761. KAROL Myszkowski m. Justyna Niwska died after 1802, owner of Gostyczyna; Justyna Niwska-Myszkowska sold Gostyczyna in 1801;
Justyna was the daughter of Piotr Niwski d. 1763, owner of Gostyczyna (in 1751; 10 km south to KALISZ), Milejów [2 km north- east to TOKARY], and Tokary.

Son of named KAROL Myszkowski:

Cyprian Justyn Franciszek Myszkowski b. 1763, in Galewice, bpt. in Cieszecin - d. in above Tokary - close to GLUCHOW;
and grandson of KAROL MYSZKOWSKI:
Adam Ignacy Ananiasz Myszkowski, b. 1804, Tokary - d. 1864, Warszawa, owner of Kustrzyce, Przymilów and mentioned Milejów; in 1833 owner of Rojków.

Compare - Andrzej Milkowski b. ca 1770 - d. after 1831/1849, official in Wschowa; the owner of Macew [17 km north-west to KALISZ], and Milejów.

Compare:
Swiato Jeziory / Swietojeziory / Šventežeris - in the Sejny district, a region of Lozdzieje, located about 9 km east to LOZDZIEJE. In the 18th century, belonged to Dominik Radziwill. Then, Swietojeziory / Šventežeris to Mikolaj Myszkowski until 1863.
Then the estate broke up on a few parts. The farm passed to Mendel Burak.
That is Mikolaj Myszkowski (b. in 1806, in the Doruchów parish, 13 km east to OSTRZESZOW ! - in Przytocznica 4 km north-west to Doruchów. See SUWALKI !).
He was the son of Hipolit Ignacy Karol Myszkowski (1760 in Komorniki close to Poznan - d. 1828, Zapolice, 3 km east to STRONSKO; in the Stronsko parish - 9 km south-west to Zdunska Wola);
the grandson of WOJCIECH who had 4 wives;
named Wojciech Stanislaw Myszkowski (b. 1727, Galewice, bpt in Cieszecin - d. 1795, Galewice) was the brother of Karol Myszkowski b. 1723, Galewice {godfather was Jan Maslowski + Jadwiga Maslowska-Myszkowska};
the great-grandson of Jan Myszkowski b. 1695 - d. 1730, Galewice, official in Wenden, the owner of Galewice, north-east to Wieruszow and CHOBANIN;
who was the son of
Mikolaj Myszkowski (1640 - 1713), the owner of Dabrowa / Dabrowka [4 km east to Galewice] and Galewice; m. Anna.

Mentioned above Mikolaj Myszkowski, 1640-1713, owner of Ruda close to Wielun [5 km south-east to WIELUN; east to MOKRSKO ! - see Jan Paszkowski], and Galewice [13 km north-east to WIERUSZOW], m. Aleksandra Grodzicka, 1640 - 1668, with:

1. Chryzostom Mikolaj Myszkowski, born ca 1675 or b. 1665-1709 m. Jadwiga Karsnicka of Wielun,

2. Jadwiga Myszkowska, died in 1725 m. Stefan Golygowski owner of Kurow (see Kiedrzynski) [8 km west to WIELUN],

3. Elzbieta Myszkowska m. before 1692 to Adam Kiedrzynski.

Elzbieta Myszkowska b. ca 1675, d. before 1724, m. Adam Kiedrzynski b. ca 1660 / 1670, but in 1724 Eleonora Rozdrazewska was widow after death of Adam Kiedrzynski; Eleonora was then wife of Jan Relo.

The brother of named JADWIGA and ELZBIETA was [previously mistaken] Mikolaj / Chryzostom Mikolaj Myszkowski b. ca 1675 - d. 1709, the owner of Galewice [13 km north-east to WIERUSZOW], married in 1702 in Kruszyna north-east to Czestochowa [east to Cykarzew; 13 km north-east to KOSCIELEC of MADALINSKI].

Karol Maslowski, official in Wielun, m. Gertruda Karsnicki Maslowski.

They had bpt. in Rudlice in 1743, the daughter Kunegunda Ewa Anna. Kunegunda Ewa Anna Maslowska b. 1743 in Ruda
[RUDA was the estate of MASLOWSKI: Piotr Maslowski the owner of Maslowice, Mierzyce and Ruda in the Wielun county; Piotr was the official in WIELUN, 1527-1561],
baptis. in Rudlice [19 km north to WIELUN], m. Franciszek Ksawery Walewski b. ca 1740, owner of Wola Wiazowa, son of Franciszek Walewski and Teodora Walewska. Above Franciszek Walewski officer in Rozprza, 1710-1745, wife Teodora Walewska b. 1710. His son Ksawery Franciszek Walewski officer in Ostrzeszów, 1739 / 1740-1796.

WOLA WIAZOWA owned by the Walewskis in the 18th cent.,
they founded in 1781 a church. In 1885 estate included Wola Wiazowa, Wincentów, Stanislawów, Deby, and owned by Pradzynski:
1.
Stanislaw Kostka Pradzynski / Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [born in Pacholewo, died in Poznan; owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and his wife BRONIKOWSKA;
2.
then named Wola Wiazowa was taken by his son Wincenty Pradzynski
[that is Wincenty Józef Pradzynski], died 1858 in Warszawa

(Wincenty's brother: Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski {b. 1792 in Sanniki; General}.
Wincenty was born on April 5, 1795, in Iwno / IWNIE close to Kostrzyn. His wife Salomea was born on November 19, 1790, in Wasosz)

and his wife Salomea Mierzynska b. 1799

[the sons of named Wincenty Jozef Pradzynski, 1795-1858:
A. Stanislaw Wincenty Pradzynski / Stanislaw Pradzynski, 1828-1855 in WOLA WIAZOWA;
B. Wincenty Boleslaw Pradzynski born in 1839, d. 1895;
C. Edward Emilian Julian Pradzynski b. 1838 in Leznica Wielka - died in 1895 in WOLA WIAZOWA + Maria Skorzewska

{a case of excise duty on spirits, which was supposed to be exported abroad (to Prussia ?) in Piotrkow in 1875 and in 1892; the owner of the distillery in Wola Wiazowna's estate, Edward Pradzynski, for the purpose of securing the excise tax due to him for export abroad spirits, presented a deposit in the general amount of 17,000 rs. In 1875 Pradzynski demanded from the excise manager in the Kalisz to return to him the deposit on the principle that the corresponding amount of spirits was supposedly from his distillery exported abroad.
A court case in 1893 - Maria Pradzynska vs. Edward Pradzynski
(compare the life of A. MATEUSZ "KIEDRZYNSKI" of Wola Wiazowa - a trade in alcohol, snuff, cigars, lubricants to Prussia. B. And Gabriel Kiedrzynski / Gabryel Kiedrzynski of Jedlno and Wola Wiazowa - 1831/1832 to April 1832 abroad ?; C. and Jan "Kiedrzynski" of Wola Wiazowa and Wola Pszczolecka, come from named Gabryel)};

D. Boleslaw Jan Pradzynski, 1842-1855, and

E. Wladyslaw Pradzynski 1837-1898 lived in LEZNICA WIELKA close to Leczyca + Anna Skrzynska].

3.
Stanislaw Pradzynski 1828-1855, a single, son of Wincenty and Salomea born Mierzynska; Stanislaw died in Wola Wiazowa in 1855.

In 1858, Wincenty Pradzynski died, the owner of Kobierzycko [at half way from BLASZKI to Sieradz; the Wróblew parish, 3 km to KOBIERZYCKO] and of Wola Wiazowa / Wola Wiezowa; Wincenty-Józef-Grzymala Pradzynski, was the Actual Counselor of State; died in Warsaw on 19 November 1858.

In 1863 in the Wola Wiazowa manor was secret printing house of Feliks Kicki.

4.
1892 - Wola Wiazowa belonged to Pradzynski [see above on Edward Emilian Julian Pradzynski b. 1838 in Leznica Wielka - died in 1895 in WOLA WIAZOWA + Maria Skorzewska].

BIEGANIN - 21 south-east-south to ORPISZEWEK; 18 south-east to DOBRZYCA.


The BARDZKI / Bardski family and MIELESZYN

[Antoni Szaniawski married 1st to Konkordia Lipinska in the Mieleszyn parish; in named Mieleszyn in July 1776, Antoni Szaniawski married second to Joanna nee Szczepkowski, 1 voto Tymieniecka. The Parish of St Mary Magdalene in Mieleszyn - the Roman Catholic parish belonging to the Boleslawiec deanery of the diocese of Kalisz. Mieleszyn - near to Wieruszow, is situated close to CHOBOT; 9 km south-east to Wieruszow; south to CHOBANIN; east to MROCZEN and OPATOW.
Jan Kanty Szaniawski was born in 1764 or 1760, to Józef Tomasz Szaniawski and Zofia Podczaska. Józef Szaniawski was born in 1734, in Galewice near Wieruszow. Jan Kanty Szaniawski, 1764 - 1835 / 1836 or died in 1839, married Agnieszka Psarski, born in 1780. They had son Teofil Kazimierz Szaniawski. Jan Kanty Szaniawski (1764-1836) was the Attorney in Wielun.
Named Józef SZANIAWSKI was born on March 6, 1734, in Galewice. GALEWICE 18 km north-east-north to MIELESZYN ! Close to CHOBANIN. Above Józef Szaniawski was born in 1734, in Galewice, was the brother {?} of above ANTONI SZANIAWSKI, b. ca 1730, who married close to WIERUSZOW - Mieleszyn, close to CHOBOT; 9 km south-east to Wieruszow. South to CHOBANIN; east to MROCZEN and OPATOW. Died in 1792. JOZEF Szaniawski was the son of Kazimierz Szaniawski and Marianna]:

A. Pawel BARDZKI, 1690-1739, married in 1732, Anna Skorzewska, 1700-1744, the daughter of Andrzej and Dorota Choinski, with children:

[remember:
BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770 and she was 2nd married to Jakub Kiedrzynski. Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724]:

1. Franciszek BARDZKI b. 1732 in Mieleszyn;
2. Katarzyna Elzbieta Dorota b. 1735 in JAGNIEWICE / Igniewice, north-west to GNIEZNO, and married to Józef Dobrolecki;
3. Ignacy Jan BARDZKI b. in Mieleszyn;
4. Józef Jan Nepomucen BARDZKI born in 1738, the Royal official, m. Anna Pawlowska,
with children:
a) Aleksandra;
b) Ludwika Franciszka m. Tadeusz Krzyzanowski, 2nd she married Antoni Feliks Lewinski the owner of Paprotna / Paprotnia;
c) Mateusz Bardzki - Colonel, b. ca 1783,
d) Marianna m. Ludwik Dembinski, owner of Liszkówka;

5. Andrzej BARDZKI b. in 1730 or ca 1738/1739
- not in 1743;
Colonel [note about Erazm Mycielski], owner of Kobierzycko [at half way from Sieradz to BLASZKI; close to TUBADZIN], bought from hands of Antoni Siemiatkowski,
m. Marianna Krzyzanowska, lived in Osmolin close to Zdunska Wola {or near Kiernozia ?}; children:
a) Michal Bardzki b. ca 1793, in Glinno [25 km north to SIERADZ, close to Warta],
b) Ludwika b. ca 1799, m. Józef Stanislawski,
c) Nepomucena m. Kalikst Byszewski,
d) Ignacy Wojciech Pawel BARDZKI, b. 1797 in Iwanowice, lived in Wróblew, the owner of Rojkow, m. in Stronsko, to Faustyna Sulimierska, b. in 1799 in Stronsko
[by the Warta river; 18 km north-west to WIDAWA; 13 km west to MARZENIN],
the daughter of Ludwik Sulimierski and Marianna Kempista Sulimierska;
with children:
1. Romana Dobrochna Tekla, b. 1835 in Janowice [7 km south to Mikolajewice] near to Mikolajewice [4 km south-west to Lutomiersk],
2. Kandyd Brunon Franciszek BARDZKI - served the Russian Army in 1863,
3. Kamila Seweryna Ignacja,
4. August Ludwik Bardzki, b. 1827 in Rojków close to Marzenin [Marzenin - 19 km north-east to WIDAWA; Rojkow - 17 km north to Widawa],
5. Anna Balbina.

Mentioned above
Faustyna Sulimierska born ca 1799, in Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki, the owner of Janowice, close to SZADEK, inf. 1840, born 1797 - Iwanowice.
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki -
his parents:
Andrzej Bardzki COLONEL, 1730-1819 and Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska b. ca 1750;
the grandparents:
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739; Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745; Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. ca 1720; Dorota Bystram.

B.
Andrzej Bardzki, died in 1726, senior

[Above named Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 + in 1732 to Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745, with the son Colonel ANDRZEJ BARDZKI, 1730-1819 {note - Erasmus Mycielski !} + Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska with son Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki b. 1797 + Faustyna Sulimierska, with children: Józef Bardzki b. 1824; Kamilla Seweria Ignacja Bardzka; Kandyd Brunon Franciszek Bardzki; Romana Bardzka; Maksymilian Edward Bardzki];

C.
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770;
Stanislaw Bardzki born 1697;
Marianna Bardzka, 1707-1729;
elder brother Maciej Bardzki b. 1685;
Pawel Bardzki b. 1690 - d. 1739;
Antoni Bardzki d. 1738;
Kazimierz Bardzki d. 1738;
Katarzyna Bardzka died in 1742.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767. Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Brygida Bardzka Walknowska + JAKUB Kiedrzynski had two daughters:

1. Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 / 1772-1811;

2. and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724.


The Bardzki family - Sulimierski - Kiedrzynski {Wilczkow, Orpiszewek, Wilkowo Polskie, Jedlno, Wola Wiazowa, Wola Pszczolecka, and also about Mariowka in the Opoczno county} - Mielzynski - Oginski / Kalinowski + Wolowski - Arnold - Kiedzynski lines + the Pradzynskis:

Acc. to Nejman:
Wojciech Sulimierski owner in 1728 of Losieniec, married to Dorota Trzebnicka, with son:
Józef Sulimierski d. 1787, m. Antonina Przeradzka; with children:
1. Jan died 1809,
2. Salomea;
3. Agnieszka m. Jan Kossobudzki;
4. Ludwik Sulimierski born ca 1758, died ca 1826, owner of Stronsko, m. to Marianna Julianna Kempista, daughter of Maciej Kempista and Joanna Szeliska, with children:
a) Faustyna born ca 1799, Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki;
b) Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski of Wesola and Tyczyn, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska;
with daughter Ewa Józefa born 1836 in Zielecice;
c) Feliks Bonawentura Sulimierski married in 1829 to Petronela SZANIAWSKA - she was b. 1810 in Gromadzice, daughter of Jan Kanty SZANIAWSKI b. ca 1764, owner of above Gromadzice, and Ochle, and Agnieszka Psarska [see below].

Jan Kanty Szaniawski (ca 1764 - 1839) had sons:
1. Józef Gabriel Szaniawski (born in 1805 in Gromadzice close to Wielun - d. 1879) married in 1841 to Aniela Zbijewska (b. 1816);
2. Jan Chryzostom Ignacy Szaniawski (born 1813, Gromadzice), owner of Chodaki in the Szadek county, and also owner of Kraszyn, and Zwiasty;
3. Ludwik Bartlomiej Szaniawski (b. 1816 in Gronów, the Sieradz county), owner of Kroczyce in the Lelów county and Malowana Wola (see above on Ignacy KIEDRZYNSKI)
and married in 1844 in Redziny to Aniela Rotkiewicz from Kroczyce (b. in 1824, Kroczyce - died 1860, Piotrków) daughter of Marianna Dobinska (Dabinska, Drabinska).


Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720; JAKUB was the owner of Orpiszewek [Jakub was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko / ORPISZEWEK in 1809 (Orpiszewko was owned by the Kiedrzynskis);
with daughter Kunegunda Madalinska born before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki Chrzanowska.

Jozef Madalinski was son of Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].

JAKUB'S brother was Kasper Kiedrzynski and IZYDOR Kiedrzynski!

MICHAL Arcichowski or Arciechowski Michal, b. ca 1717, inf. 1748, died in Chodziez [northern Grand Poland and close to ex-Prussian border !], in 1771. Before 1747 he was married to Antonine (Agnieszka ?) Golinska, d. before 1779, with son Anastazy, and daughters:
Marianna in 1779 m. to Kasper Kiedrzynski / KACPER KIEDRZYNSKI [see family of Izydor Kiedrzynski !];
Nepomucena in 1778 m. Zygmunt Grudzinski;
Michalina;
Karolina in 1779 was unmarried.

Arciechowski Józef Wojciech, b. in Milicz in 1785, Captain of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, landowner of Dziewoklucz in 1815, owned Margonin in 1817, m. in 1813 to Dominika Gembicka, daughter of Ignacy and Cecylia Kurdwanowska, divorced as Jaworowicz, b. ca 1784,
with son Jan, b. in Margonin in 1821,
and with daughter Monika, b. ca 1814, married in 1838 to Apolinary Kiedrzynski;
Eufemia, b. ca 1818 and died in 1820 in Margonin.

Margonin - 14 km east of above CHODZIEZ.

They were relatives of Marcin Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1715/1720, and they come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. ca 1675 - owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county.

Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and Katarzyna MYCIELSKA GORZYCKA MIELZYNSKA

{MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki}

had children:
1. Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;
2.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska MIELZYNSKA, died in 1743;
URSZULA Walknowska Mielzynska was the half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA.
Urszula was the mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - the husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKA
[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]
- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn Bardzki of Wrzesnia, died in 1793, and
Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
1. Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770

{in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness in 1798 was Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ},

and 2.
Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

3. Marianna Krystyna;
4.
and son Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.


MYCIELSKI - BARDZKI:

Andrzej Bardzki Colonel, 1730-1819 was the friend of ERAZM MYCIELSKI, acc. to my research.

On February 19, 1796, Erazm Mycielski went with Dabrowski from Warsaw to Berlin to discuss with French representatives, A. B. Caillard, and with P. Parandier, the project of establishing Polish military formations with the help of France. In Berlin, Erazm also was the representative of the Central Assembly of Warsaw.
After the arrest of members in April 1796, Mycielski destroyed the papers; then
he played a major role in the creation of a new secret organization - instructions were sent from Paris;
a proclamation of General Franciszek Rymkiewicz was calling for the unification of patriotic efforts.

Erazm Mycielski set up the secret congress in Warsaw in September / Oct. 1796. He also contacted General Karol Kniaziewicz. The Society was preparing in 1797-1799 and an armed uprising in the country based on France;
Erazm Mycielski visited the Great Poland, Kujawy, Leczyca, and Sieradz to expand the network of secret relationships, and organized an interviews. In February 1799 "he had more than two hundred people in the Great Poland".
He wrote about it to his friend Bardzki on 14 October 1799, that "... silence seem to dominate and that all hopes have gone up in smoke."
Erazm Mycielski died on February 28, 1800 in Kalisz.
Erazm left his wife Ludwika Bardzka [born ca 1760/1770; maybe the daughter of ANDRZEJ BARDZKI], perhaps of Mieleszyn - Kobierzyck origin, whom he married after the dispensation of the archbishop.
The widow remarried to Hilary Radzik in KALISZ.

Above HILARY RADZIK:

In Kuchary in 1811, Kazimiera Konstancja was born, daughter of Andrzej Milkowski and Marcjanna Pruski; with figures: Jakub Bilski + Konstancja Ryjska of Radzikow; assesor Hilary Radzik; Juljanna Milkowska the sister of Józef Milkowski; Prowidencja Radzikówna.

In Kuchary in 1812: Jakub Bielski the owner of Sliwnik and Juljanna Milkowska, the daughter of the owners of Macewo.

Kotlów in 1795:
Lazarz Adam Teofil, b. 1794, son of Stanislaw Wiesiolowski and Honorata Kielczewski; godparents: Adam Czernik of the Odolanow county, and Józefata Czernik Pracka.

Hilary Radzik the owner of Kaliszkowice Kaliskie, m. 1st to
Józefa Szelinska Karsznicka the owner of Chlewo.

There was a Franciscan monastery in Kalisz;
The monastery was owned by the Commission of Religious Affairs of the Kingdom of Poland. Others post-monastery buildings went through various fates after 1805. We also know that the property was bought by an city councilman Hilary Radzik from the commission and he continues to trade on them.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski

{see on
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Józef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847
[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

PETRONELA Kiedrzynska m. in 1791 to MELCHIOR Pradzynski who was born in Mrowino, the Greater Poland Province in 1753 and died in 1797.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka.
Melchior's brother was named Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. mentioned Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - it was her second marriage ca 1825}

with the son Andrzej Pradzynski 1794-1872
{born in KOWALEW / Kowalewo close to Pleszew, and 5 km east to ORPISZEWEK; close to Lutynia, Fabianow and KOTLIN. Died in 1872 in Zerkowo / ZERKOW close to Nowe Miasto by the WARTA river, and north to Jarocin, north-west to PLESZEW}.


BORZECKI:

Jan Borzecki, died before 1686, + Zofia Roznowski, d. before 1718, had sons:
Wladyslaw;
Jakub;
and daughter Regina m. in Gebice in 1715 to Jan Gintowt.
Above Wladyslaw in 1686 an official in Policko; m. Zofia Jablkowski, the daughter of Mikolaj and Elzbieta Radecki.
Wladyslaw bought in 1721 Debnie until 1736.
Above Jakub BORZECKI, son of named Jan, in 1702 married to Marianna Bardzka, the daughter of Piotr BARDZKI and Urszula Mlodziejowski, widoved after 1st husband Eliasz Birszynski.
Jakub had in 1705 Wegierki, from hands of Andrzej Roznowski.
In 1711-14 he took Dzierzazna (near Gebice).
Marianna Borzecka nee Bardzka was living before 1737 - close to Konin.
Jakub d. before 1740. His daughter Zofia in 1737 was a wife of Józef Jablkowski.
Jakub's sons:
Wojciech Józef;
and Jan Augustyn Borzecki,
Józef Jan, b. 1705 in Gozdowo.
Inf. about Wojciech Józef and Jan Augustyn in 1737 in Gebice; inf. in 1739. Wojciech Józef, the owner of Grotowy Wielkie and Male; Kleparz; Grzybowo; Stawie, inherited from BARDZKI;
he sold above estates in 1774 to General Pawel Józef Malachowski. He lived before 1777.

Faustyna Sulimierska born ca 1799, in Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki, the owner of Janowice, close to SZADEK, inf. 1840, born 1797 - Iwanowice.
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki -
his parents:
Andrzej Bardzki COLONEL, 1730-1819 and Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska b. ca 1750;
the grandparents:
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 {see below !}; Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745; Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. ca 1720; Dorota Bystram.

Note to [see WOLA WIAZOWA and Kiedrzynski] Marianna Bardzka:

Antoni Pradzynski married Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.

Józef Czaplicki b. ca 1690, d. before 1768, m. in 1761 in Komorniki, to named Marianna Bardzka, d. after 1768, 1 voto Antoni Pradzynski; the daughter of
Kazimierz BARDZKI and Teresa Bogucki;
Marianna's son: Witalis Czaplicki.

In POZNAN:
1783, an agreement after Stanislaw Bardzki death, written in Poznan in 1783, between Marianna Bardzka [the daughter of Kazimierz Bardzki and Teresa Bardzki Bogucki], a formerly married sister; and Wojciech Goliszewski, married close relatives of his father and mother;
Jan and Stanislaw Kostek; Antonina; Maurycy Bialkowski, of the Kalisz family; and sisters of the Pradzynskis of the deceased Marianna (sic!) nee Bardzki; mentioned Stanislaw Bardzki;
above MARIANNA - Antoni Pradzynski in the first marriage, and in the second, Józef Czaplicki's wife - in the first marriage were sons and daughters.
Vitalis Czaplicki also signed the contract. Marianna Bardzki and Józef Czaplicki from the second marriage; son Pradzynski; Antonina Bialkowska; Maurycy Bialkowski and Ludwika Pradzynska, under the care of Marcin Pradzynski; Maurycy Bialkowski as a plenipotentiary.

Stanislaw Bardzki left the estate under his wife, Jadwiga Skoroszewska Bardzka.
She was the second wife of Józef Krzyzanowski, and then the estate was occupied by Jan PRADZYNSKI and Stanislaw Pradzynski.
Stanislaw Bardzki share the estate. On the other hand, Mrs. Goliszewska, took everything from Bardzki's fortune.
She blesses Pradzynski nephews, who were obliged to pay in 1784 10,000 zlotys to Goliszewski's husbands.
The rest of the fortune after Stanislaw Bardzki' death, was taken by Krzyzanowski, and it divided into equal parts between Jan Pradzynski and Stanislaw Pradzynski, and Antonina Pradzynski Bialkowska, Ludwika Pradzynska, Miss; and Witalis Czaplicki.
We learn that Stanislaw Bardzki had two sisters: 1. Marianna Bardzki, 1st to Jakub Wyrzykowski, 2nd to Wojciech Targowski, 3rd to Wojciech Goliszewski;
and 2. Marianna (sic!) 1st to Antoni Pradzynski and the second wife of Józef Czaplicki.
The successors of these two sisters to divide the estate of Stanislaw Bardzki, with JADWIGA Skoroszewska BARDZKA, 1st married Stanislaw Bardzki; 2nd to Józef Krzyzanowski, wife.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.

Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770 was the brother to Stanislaw Bardzki born 1697;
his sister Marianna Bardzka, 1707-1729;
elder brother Maciej Bardzki b. 1685;
next brothers and sister:
Andrzej Bardzki, died in 1726;
Pawel Bardzki d. 1739 {see below};
Antoni Bardzki d. 1738;
Kazimierz Bardzki d. 1738;
Katarzyna Bardzka died in 1742.

Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724.

Above named
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 + in 1732 to Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745,
with the son
Colonel ANDRZEJ BARDZKI, 1730-1819 {note - Erasmus Mycielski !} + Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska
with son
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki b. 1797 + Faustyna Sulimierska,
with children:
Józef Bardzki b. 1824; Kamilla Seweria Ignacja Bardzka; Kandyd Brunon Franciszek Bardzki; Romana Bardzka; Maksymilian Edward Bardzki.

Brygida Bardzka Walknowska + JAKUB Kiedrzynski had two daughters:
1.
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 / 1772-1811 or
Julianna Kiedrzynska

{she was married in Sobotka - south-west to KROSNIEWICE, in 1798, to Jan Arnold b. 1751 - died in 1840 in Pietrzykowo [north to Szczecinek - the Arnolds had a home in PLOCK in 1824];
the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811;
he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw [north to GOLENIOW]; he was 3rd married in 1813 in LISKOW

(17 km west to WILCZKOW - see the place of birth to named above Kiedrzynski Jakub - south to MADALIN, 8 km south-west to BEDZIECHOW of Kiedrzynski; 17 west-south-west to GLUCHOW ! and north-west to WRONIAWY),

with a son ARNOLD, 1814-1885,
and a granddaughter 1845-1935 married in 1867 in OSZCZEKLIN to WOLOWSKI

(to Marian Józef Edward Wolowski 1838 - 1909
the son of Ksawery WOLOWSKI

[b. Dec. 1792 - Warsaw, d. 1867 - Oszczeklin; studied in Warsaw, married Agnieszka Basinska. see: Mikolaj Basinski, inf. in 1844 in Kalisz and in 1839 in SZADEK.
Mentioned OSZCZEKLIN:
ca 1790, it bought Stanislaw Potocki. In 1854 Oszczeklin was owned by Ksawery Wolowski [with new village Ksawerow]. 1866 the estate took his son Marian Wolowski b. 1838, with ca 1875 Marianowo and Agnieszkowo. Marian Wolowski in 1863 was the insurgent. In 1909 died Stanislaw the son of named Marian;
Marian Wolowski died also in 1909, buried in Rajsk.
Oszczeklin belonged to Maria, the daughter of Marian Wolowski. Maria married Wincenty Górski who bought the estate in 1899 from hands of Konrad Arnold. Oszczeklin belonged to ARNOLD in 1895. Wincenty Górski died in 1931.
Compare:
1. Adam Wolowski (1855 to August 1865) and then Stanislaw Pusch were the directors of the Warsaw mint; that is Adam Ernest Wolowski, b. ca 1798, died 1868 - Warszawa. He married ca 1820 to Barbara Maryewska, 1796-1863.
Mentioned Adam Ernest Wolowski born ca 1798 was the son of Adam Zachariasz Wolowski, 1770 - before 1833, who was married in 1795, Warszawa, to Teresa Zalewska, 1777 - 1855; they had daughter Emilia Teofila Zalewska (born Wolowska), and the son Adam Ernest WOLOWSKI, 1798-1868 + Barbara Maryewska 1796-1863.
2. Adam Alfons Wolowski, 1799 - 1861 - Warszawa,
parents: Ludwik WOLOWSKI, b. ca 1764 - died in 1832 in Warsaw, and Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. ca 1771 - d. 1837 - Warszawa.
Elzbieta Lanckoronska, b. 1770/1771, was the daughter of Józef LANCKORONSKI and Klara.
LUDWIK WOLOWSKI m. in 1786, Warszawa.
3.
In 1824 - 1827, Jan Toczyski [heir of property] filed a lawsuit against Jozef Wolowski and Israel Wassertzug [tenants] about income tax and about payment for Russian military. Named Jan Toczyski b. ca 1760, died in 1837, was the son of Kazimierz TOCZYSKI and Domicela Bielska. Jan died in Rokitno, close to BLONIE, 14 km north-west of OTREBUSY, and 28 km east to GUZOW of OGINSKI ! Jan Toczyski married in ca 1780 to Anna Krystyna Szymanowska 1765-1845, daughter of Dyzma Szymanowski 1719-1784. Relatives of Stefania Helena Nepomucena Toczyska from Oltarzew in 1800. His father: Kazimierz Toczyski, b. ca 1740.
4.
In 1771, Kaski belongs to Maciej Szymanowski, since 1773-1775 the Commonwealth gave Kaski to him in 50 years possession. After the partitions of Poland, Kaski was in the Prussian partition and the Kaski was transferred to the Prussian general - Brul. After the Napoleonic wars, the land became a part of the Duchy of Warsaw;
At that time, the Napoleonic officer was in charge - Blociszewski.
After the fall of the Duchy of Warsaw, these lands came under Russian rule. Emperor Alexander I gave it to Franciszek Wolowski, inf. also in 1828.
Filipina Szymanowska that is Filipina Brzezinska-Szymanowska (1800 - 1886) was a Polish pianist and composer, daughter of Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski {b. ca 1770/1780} and Agatha / AGATA Wolowska. FILIPINA was sister-in-law of the composer Maria Szymanowska ("szwagierka" or "bratowa" = sister-in-law). Named above Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer. Her mother [1st wife of Franciszek WOLOWSKI ?] - Barbara LANCKORONSKA, 1780 - 1849 / 1850? Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski [Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755; Barbara was sister of: Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 m. Ewa Mecinska, and Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski].
Marianna Agata Wolowska m. 1810 in Warsaw to Józef Szymanowski, with whom she had three children while living in Poland: Helena (1811–61), who married a man named Malewski, and twins: Celina (1812–55), who married Adam Mickiewicz, and Romuald (1812–40), who became an engineer; children remained with Maria after her separation from Szymanowski in 1820. The marriage ended in divorce. Józef Szymanowski died in 1832. Józef Szymanowski was born ca 1770/1780.

Franciszek Szymanowski / Franco Francis Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, Michal Szymanowski b. ca 1770/1780, and named here Józef Szymanowski was born in 1779 in KASKI, were brothers - acc. to me.
5.
Ksawery Jan Teodor KRYSINSKI (born 1825), who married Amelia Maria Wolowska (1832-?), daughter of Franciszek Wolowski and Justyna Julianna Niesiolowska [2nd wife of named above FRANCISZEK WOLOWSKI ?]; KSAWERY'S daughter was poet Maria Anastazja Wincentyna Krysinska (1857 in Warsaw - died in PARIS, 1908) / Marie Anastasie, in Paris studied harmony and composition at the Conservatoire Music, became the active member of the literary circles of the Hydropaths, the Zutists, the "Hirsutes" and the "Jemenfoutistes"]

and Agnieszka Basinska Wolowski b. 1809 in LASK, died in OSZCZEKLIN in 1897, south-west to WRONIAWY and LISKOW),

with two great-granddaughters:
Seweryna Józefa Maria Wolowska 1869-1949 (m. Walenty Hieronim Julian Kamocki in ca 1885), and
Wanda Edwardina Wolowska b. 1870 (m. Wincenty Jacenty Beniamin Górski).

Julianna Kiedrzynska, was married in Sobotka - south-west to KROSNIEWICE, in 1798, to Jan Arnold b. 1751 - died in 1840 in Pietrzykowo. Witness in 1798, Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ [relatives to the Kiedrzynskis]. Her son Mateusz Arnold was studied in Warsaw in 1823, b. 1804, m. Józefa Ilowiecka with grandson Julian Pius Ludwik Arnold b. 1840.

2.
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

Note:
Rozalia Marianna Józefa Trzcinska b. 1786 in Trzcinica - godmother was Marjanna Trzcinski Szembek of Inflanty - m. Mikolaj Pradzynski, b. ca 1785,
with a daughter
Emilia Pradzynska (b. ca 1810), married in 1839 in Blizanów north to Kalisz - 18 km east to PLESZEW, to Wladyslaw Górski - his 2nd wife was Scholastyka Elsner b. 1836 in Jeziórko, 9 km north-east to TUREK.

In POZNAN:

1783, Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski;

in 1674 Stanislaw Pradzynski, the son of Stanislaw Pradzynski senior, save the amount of money to Anna Chlapowski, the daughter of Wladyslaw Chlapowski + Jadwiga Zadorska.

In 1710 in Poznan Wladyslaw Pradzynski died - son of Stanislaw Pradzynski;

in 1759 Antoni Pradzynski agreeing on financial matters with Franciszka Szoldrska, of Inowroclaw; and with Anna Dzialynska, of KALISZ;
it concerns Wroniawy
[see also on Arnold and Kiedrzynski], Marianna Bronikowski and Wladyslaw Pradzynski.

In 1779 in Pyzdry, Stanislaw Kostka Grzymala Pradzynski the son of Antoni Pradzynski + Marianna Bardzka; named Kostka save the amount of money to his uncle - Stanislaw Bardzki of Wrzesnia -
on the Niepruszewo estate, 30 km west to Poznan.


The Kiedrzynski - Pradzynski line:

This is the Kiedzynski family line from Wola Wiazowa in the 19th cent. [in the 2nd half of the 20th cent. it's the author's family], affinity with the Pradzynski home, also in Wilkowo Polskie under the Prussian border in the 18th-19th centuries, and near to KALISZ in the 18th century, close to OPOCZNO in the 20th century, and in Wola Pszczolecka [compare: Sulimierski from LUBIEC {guerrilla of 1833}, Soltyk {note on 1831 November Uprising}, Walewski from Jedlno and Wieruszow, Kalinowski-Oginski-Ronne-Trubecki branch + Mielzynski-Bninski-Fiszer line of CHOBIENICE-KROTOSZYN-Gorzdy/Gargzdai].

Strong political ties connected them with {Freemasonry and the fight for independent Poland - Kosciuszko-Fiszer-General Franciszek Paszkowski + Armand-Konstantynowicz-Japaridze in Moscow + Duflon-Breguet} the independence conspiracy linked to Erasmus Mycielski / ERAZM Mycielski, Ignacy Pradzynski, Kalasanty Szaniawski, and thus indirectly with General Fraciszek Paszkowski [+ Horodyski, Maleszewski, Venture, Breguet, Neyman and the TEMPLARS], General Tadeusz Kosciuszko [see Jefferson and Illuminati movement], and through the family of BREZA to General Stanislaw Fiszer and his wife Fiszer - Kwilecka.


The MYCIELSKI family and the Polish secret independence organizations:

Stanislaw Mycielski born on November 9, 1767 in Nowa Wies near Wronki, died on February 3, 1813 in Poznan;
Polish independence activist, colonel of the Napoleonic army.
Mycielski Stanislaw was the younger son of Józef, official in Inowroclaw, and Franciszka Kozminska;
He took his initial studies in Gostyn, then he studied in Paris.
During the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794 STANISLA MYCIELSKI was a member of the administrative commission of the Poznan province, but the Prussian authorities after the fall of the insurrection found him innocent. He continued the struggle for independence after the Third Partition in 1795, and maintained contact with General Stanislaw Fiszer [compare: General Tadeusz Kosciuszko; Jefferson; General Franciszek Paszkowski; Wirydianna Fiszer].
In November 1806, General Jan Henryk Dabrowski sent a special letter to STANISLAW Mycielski, calling for him to undertake a propaganda campaign in Poznan for Napoleon and France.
Stanislaw Mycielski died during the smallpox epidemic; due to his medical education, he tried to help his peasants using the Jenner vaccination. Edward Jenner (born on May 17, 1749 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, died on January 26, 1823) - English physician, discoverer of smallpox immunization. See BECU in Scotland!
STANISLAW's MYCIELSKI wife, Anna Mielzynski (died on March 1, 1840), previously divorced Bonawentura Gajewski b. ca 1760

[BONAWENTURA's father - Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski b. 1714, d. 1775 + Tworzyanska.
RAFAL's GAJEWSKI 2nd wife was JOZEFA MIELZYNSKA (see below on Jozefa MIELZYNSKI)],

also participated in the pro-Polish and pro-Napoleonic activities

[1767-1840;
the daughter of
Maciej Mielzynski 1733-ca 1793 and Seweryna LIPSKA

{MACIEJ's son - Prokop Mielzynski 1763-1800 + Css Katarzyna Mielzynska 1775-1817

[[KATARZYNA's parents:
Count Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski 1738-1799 + Konstancja Hutten-Czapska 1749-1813.
KATARZYNA's grandparents:
Andrzej Mielzynski official in Kcynia, 1698-1771; Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771; Jakub Hutten-Czapski; Rozalia Ewa Hutten-Czapska, 1715-1769.

KATARZYNA's daughter -
Konstancja Mielzynska 1799-1844 + Count Maciej Mielzynski - insurgent in 1831]]};

the granddaughter of
Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski 1682-1738 + Krystyna Skalawska 1690-1762;
the great-granddaughter of
Maciej Mielzynski (1636-1697) - official in Srem.

Mielzynski Maciej (1636-1697), of SREM; the son of Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI and Elzbieta Niegolewski.
MACIEJ was born in Niegolewo, MP in 1659; in 1660 official in KCYNIA].

Stanislaw and Anna Mielzynski Gajewska, had 6 children:
Franciszek, Michal, Ludwik and Józef;
daughters Konstancja Wiktoria (wife of Józef Breza) and Seweryna (wife of Józef Sokolnicki).


Note to Jozefa Mielzynska GAJEWSKA:

STANISLAW's MYCIELSKI wife, Anna Mielzynski (died on March 1, 1840), previously divorced Bonawentura Gajewski b. ca 1760.
BONAWENTURA's father - Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski b. 1714, d. 1775 + Tworzyanska.
RAFAL's GAJEWSKI 2nd wife was JOZEFA MIELZYNSKA.


Note to MIELZYNSKI:
Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA had sons:

1. Krzysztof Mielzynski,

[governor of Przemet (1717-1721), the official in Kcynia (1693), 1670-1721, with son Andrzej Mielzynski, 1698-1771, m. Anna Petronela Bninska 1720-1771, and grandson Maksymilian Antoni Jan Mielzynski, b. 1738 - Laszczyn, died in 1799 - Pawlowice, the owner of PAWLOWICE, m. in 1771, Mierzyszyn, to Konstancja Hutten-Czapska, 1749-1813; with daughter Css Katarzyna Mielzynska 1775-1817, m. Prokop Mielzynski, lieutenant (1793), 1763-1800];
2.
Franciszek Mielzynski

[Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, the owner of CHOBIENICE; with children:

1. daughter
Józefa Mielzynska, ca 1729-1752, m. Rafal Tadeusz Gajewski,
and granddaughter Wiktoria Jakobina Gajewska b. in 1749, m. Jan Józef Kwilecki 1729-1789.
2.
Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI, the owner of CHOBIENICE, governor of Kalisz (1758-1763), Poznan (1763-1782), Kalisz (1782-1786), Poznan (1786-1792), 1729-1792; m. Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska, 1718-1797
{Leon Raczynski, 1698 - died 1750, son of Michal Kazimierz Raczynski, was also the husband of Wirydiana Mielzynska-BNINSKA}.
Compare:
Wiridianna / Wiridiana Radolinska - her grandparents:
Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa, 1680-1740; Teresa Swinarska 1700-1771; Leon Raczynski 1698-1755; Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska 1718-1797 {she was married twice};
her parents: Józef Stanislaw Radolinski of Wschowa 1730-1781; Katarzyna Raczynska 1744-1792.

Wiridianna Radolinska, 1761-1826, m. 1st in ca 1780 to Antoni Maciej Konstanty Kwilecki, chamberlein of the King, b. 1764 son of Franciszek Antoni Kwilecki 1725-1794 and Teresa Agnieszka Sczaniecka 1740-1807; Wiridianna Radolinska 1761-1826 m. 2nd in 1806 to General Stanislaw Fiszer 1759-1812, son of Karol Ludwik Fiszer, General Major, 1730-1783 + Joanna Luiza Elzbieta von Luck 1738-1788.

Wirydianna Fiszerowa / Fiszer / Wirydianna Radolinska, Kwilecka b. in Wyszyny, d. in Dzialyn in 1826 (Dzialyn - a village in the administrative district of Klecko, in west-central Poland, at way from Klecko to Gniezno); she known Frederick II of Prussia, Izabela Czartoryska, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Józef Poniatowski, Jan Henryk Dabrowski, and Tadeusz Kosciuszko; her sisters: Katarzyna b. 1762, and Antonina b. 1770.
Chobienice appear for the first time in the diaries of Wirydianna due to the changes in the live of her family after the Prussian annexation. The parents decided to move from Lobzenica to Winnogóra, but the kids were send to grandmother. Later, along with her mother and sister, Wirydianna a lot of time spent in Chobienice's mansion; Chobienice belonged at that time to the second husband of grandmother - the governor Joseph / JOZEF Mielzynski
[Józef Klemens Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI, the owner of CHOBIENICE, governor of Kalisz (1758-1763), Poznan (1763-1782), Kalisz (1782-1786), Poznan (1786-1792), 1729-1792; m. Wirydianna / Wirydiana Bninska-Mielzynska-Raczynska, 1718-1797].
His father Franciszek Mielzynski / Francis [Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski, 1682-1738, the owner of CHOBIENICE] in the 30s and 40s of the eighteenth century built a new residence by Adam Stier.
When Wirydianna Radolinska-Kwilecka, already the wife of Anthony / Antoni Kwilecki, spent time in Winnogóra, her mother moved to Chobienice.
The construction of classicist palace of Catherine Radolinska [Katarzyna Raczynska-RADOLINSKA, 1744-1792; Katarzyna born Raczynska in 1744, to Leon Raczynski b. in 1698, and Wirydianna Raczynska-Mielzynska-Bninska b. in 1718. Katarzyna had sister Estera; Katarzyna married Józef Radolinski] began in 1786-1788, by Jan Chrystian Kamsetzer, under the direction of Antoni Höhne.
In 1793, Wirydianna Radolinska-Kwilecka moved to Chobienice, with independence from her husband; after her divorce from first husband Wirydianna left with two children and settled in Warsaw. It was there that she met General Stanislaw Fiszer, to whom she married in 1806.

PETRONELA Radolinska (b. ca 1764?-1821), was a daughter of Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 and Brygida or Maria Brygida Galecki / Brygida Malecka; Petronela nee Radolinska was granddaughter of Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740.
Józef Stefan Radolinski lived at the court of Polish King, Jan III Sobieski; clerk in Wschowa (see Sulkowski). Józef Stefan had 7 children: youngest son Jan Radolinski 1726-1796 was owner of Jarocin, but his brother
Józef Stanislaw was officer in Wschowa and in 1757 Józef Stanislaw married to Katarzyna Raczynska (see Kiedrzynski).

Józef Stanislaw Radolinski born 1730 - died in 1781 in Winnogóra, the Szamotuly County, was father of Antonina Maria Breza and Wiridianna / Wirydianna Fiszer-Kwilecka (see General Stanislaw Fiszer, Radolinski of Wola Pszczolecka, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Armand + Konstantynowicz, Lenin + Inessa Armand, Tadeusz Kosciuszko).

Józef Stefan Radolinski of Wschowa b. 1680 - died in 1740 was brother of Zofia Walewska 1677 - 1723 who married Kazimierz Walewski. Kazimierz Walewski was son of Stanislaw Walewski and Katarzyna Lanckoronska.

Teodora Ludwika Walewska, Marianna Radolinska and Józef Kazimierz Colonna Walewski b. ca 1710, d. 1763 (he had son Atanazy Colonna-Walewski 1733-1815 and daughter Jadwiga Walewska who married in 1762 in Bielawy to Michal / Michael Walewski 1735 / 1740 - 1806) were children of Kazimierz Walewski and Zofia.

3.
MACIEJ Mielzynski, 1733 - 1793, the owner of CHOBIENICE],

and daughters of Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and TERESA:
Zofia Anna m. Adam Kozminski, official in Kalisz;
Ludwika MIELZYNSKA, 1st married Rafal Tworzyjanski, official in Wschowa, 2nd to Adam Poninski;
Franciszka, m. Andrzej Zakrzewski.

Maciej Mielzynski (1636 or born 1638-1697) and Katarzyna MYCIELSKA GORZYCKA MIELZYNSKA

{MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki}

had children:
1.
Elzbieta, m. Franciszek Wessel, official in Zakroczym;
2.
Urszula MIELZYNSKA + Antoni Walknowski

{Urszula Wierusz-Walknowska MIELZYNSKA, died in 1743;
URSZULA Walknowska Mielzynska was the half-sister of ANNA GORZYCKA.
Urszula was the mother of Owidiusz Wierusz-Walknowski - the husband of BRYGIDA BARDZKA

[BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770]

- see Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI junior}.
On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.
Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn Bardzki of Wrzesnia, died in 1793, and
Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and
Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 {in Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811; he was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw. Witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ},
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.
Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA! - the family of the author to this domain].
3.
Marianna Krystyna;
4.
and son Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski b. 1670, d. in Pawlowice in 1721, in 1693 official in KCYNIA; 1717 governor of Przemet.

Krzysztof Ignacy Mielzynski born before 1670 in Dabrowa (Kaisersfelde), close to Mogilno - west to RADZIEJOW. He was the son of
Maciej Mielzynski, born in 1636 in Niegolewo west to Poznan, close to Opalenica; d. 1697 in Goscieszyn near Wolsztyn (Wollstein).
Married in 1667 to Elzbieta Baranowska - she died in 1682.
Krzysztof MIELZYNSKI married in 1682 to Anna Goszycka / Gorzycka - she died in 1733, the daughter of Andrzej Goszycki / GORZYCKI and KATARZYNA MYCIELSKA, d. 1712.
MACIEJ MIELZYNSKI m. 3rd in Pawlowice in 1684 to Katarzyna Mycielska Gorzycka, daughter of Krzysztof MYCIELSKI and Teresa Grodziecka; KATARZYNA was the widow after Adam Gorzycki or Andrzej Gorzycki.
Krzysztof had the son Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski, 1698-1771; born in 1698 - Goscieszyn close to - Wolsztyn (Wollstein); 9 km south-east to WOLSZTYN,
8 km north-east to WRONIAWY; north-west to PRZEMET; 18 km north-west to WILKOWO POLSKIE of Kiedrzyski-Zamoyski family. See Pradzynski-Kiedrzynski line. Compare Wola Wiazowa.
Andrzej Mielzynski d. 1771 in Pawlowice. Married in 1734 to Anna Petronella Bninska, b. before 1720 in GLOGOW - d. 1770, the daughter of Stanislaw Bninski + JOANNA Krzycka.
Andrzej's son -
Maksymilian Antoni Mielzynski, 1738-1799,
born in Laszczyn - Cieladz [close to RAWA MAZOWIECKA]; d. in Pawlowice. Married in 1771 in Mierzeszyn (Meisterswalde) close to Trabki Wielkie, the Gdansk Pomeranie, to Konstancja Czapska, 1749-1813. Her daughter:
Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia Mielzynski, b. in 1775 in Rabin (Rombin), close to Koscian; d. 1817 in the Chobienice - Siedlec estate near Wolsztyn, and the PRUSSIAN border.
Married in 1793 in Pawlowice (Pawlowitz) to Prokop Rufin Jozef Mielzynski, 1763-1800, the son of Hipolit Maciej Jozef Mielzynski 1733-1797 + Seweryna Lipska d. 1801, with daughter
Gabriela Maria Konstancja Józefa Mielzynski POTULICKA OGINSKA, b. 1798 in Kotowo - Granowo, close to Grodzisk Wielkopolski and south-west to Poznan; d. 1822 in Nice, France.

Olga Kalinowska born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus, in 1844, and her son Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849.
She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with a princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki
[compare above mentioned MIELZYNSKI of PAWLOWICE and WOLSZTYN].


We back to MYCIELSKI:

Stanislaw's MYCIELSKI father - JOZEF MYCIELSKI, 1733-1789, born in Leszno, d. in Breslau / Wroclaw,
General lieutenant in 1761, commander of the 1st Lithuanian Division, general-adjutant in 1755, official in Inowroclaw in 1784-1789, in Konin in 1756.

Jozef was the son of Maciej Mycielski and Weronika Konarzewski, d. 1762.
Jozef Mycielski was the deputy of the Starodub county to Parliament in 1754, of Kalisz in 1761. On May 7, 1764, in Poznan, he signed a manifesto recognizing the presence of Russian troops as illegal during king's election.

JOZEF's father - Maciej Mycielski b. 1690, died 1747 in Szubin, official in Poznan in 1737-1747, in KALISZ in 1732-1737; the son of
Adam Jan Mycielski born in 1663,
and
grandson of MIKOLAJ Mycielski d. 1686.

MIKOLAJ MYCIELSKI was the brother of Katarzyna Radolinska (wife of ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI) and Krzysztof Mycielski

(Krzysztof was the father of Andrzej Mycielski ca 1650-1707, official in KALISZ

[Andrzej Mycielski was the father of Józef Mycielski; Teresa Skoroszewska; Krzysztof Maksymilian Mycielski; Stanislaw Adam Mycielski; Jan Ignacy Mycielski b. after 1690 / in 1696 - died in 1790

(Jan MYCIELSKI, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski had the son
Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy;
and grandson, Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794)];

and Krzysztof was the father of Katarzyna Mielzynska and Zofia Miaskowska).

MACIEJ Mycielski b. ca 1690
was the brother of Zofia Mycielska and Katarzyna Lacka
{compare: Jan MYCIELSKI / John Mycielski, a lieutenant of the royal army, m. Domicella Horodynski. Jan was the grandfather of famous mason and conspirator ERAZM - Erasmus Mycielski}.
MACIEJ Mycielski ca 1715 married Weronika Konarzewska (1699-1762), from Konin. In 1715 he secured her dowry and wrote down a mutual life sentence with her. As the last of her family, she brought great possessions to her husband and brother. Maciej owned Szamotuly and Gostyn in the Poznan province, Szubin south-west to Bydgoszcz, and Tuliszków north-west to TUREK, in the Kalisz province; Hrynki in the Nowogródek prov. and Kulikowicze in Volhynia / Wolyn. He died in Szubin, he was buried in Gostyn.

The conspiracy created in May 1793 reached the roots to the Freemasonry organization and of the club of the "Society of Friends of the Constitution of May 3". A part of the Masons stood in a moderate, liberal position - the preservation of the monarchy with King Stanislaw August and the implementation of the Constitution of May 3. Among the moderate activists of the conspiracy found themselves:
Ignacy Dzialynski, Andrzej Kapostas, Michal Kochanowski, Alexander Linowski, Stanislaw Woyczynski, Ludwik Gutakowski, Antoni Bazyli Dzieduszycki, Kazimierz Nestor Sapiecha.
To the second group belonged radical activists of conspiracy, among whom we find Freemasons as:
Eliasz Aloe, Piotr Grosmani, Joachim Muszynski,
Erazm Mycielski,
Józef Herman Pawlikowski, Stanislaw Wegrzecki i Wojciech Boguslawski.
The Warsaw leftists, the activists of the conspiracy founded on April 21, 1794, the Jacobin club.
On January 1, 1808, the "Brothers of the United France and Poles" camp was established in Poznan.
The lodge in 1814 had 233 brothers. The master was Gen. Wincenty Axamitowski, and also, for some time, Prince Józef Poniatowski.
Axamitowski was a military commander of Poznan. Among the brothers were:
Col. Stanislaw Mycielski,
prefect of the department Józef Poninski,
president of Poznan Bernard Rose,
count Kacper Skarbek,
general Jan Henryk Dabrowski,
general Kazimierz Turno,
general Antoni "Amilkar" Kosinski,
count Aleksander Bninski,
count Melchior Lacki and others.


General Stanislaw Fiszer:
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko showed to him Wirydianna Kwilecka, nee Radolinska; then he traveled to Italy, England, Holland and Germany, where in the local libraries studied the works of the military. The summer of 1802 - visited Warsaw and met Jozef Poniatowski.
Stanislaw FISZER settled then in the Great Poland, where Mycielski gave him the property.
Fiszer lived in Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN.
In 1775 in the Koninko estate, divided a land, after the death in 1774 of Gorecki; witnesses: General Jan Zakrzewski and Teresa Gorecki - the spouses; Teresa was widowed after 1st husband General Józef Gorecki; General Jan Zakrzewski and Teresa Gorecki Zakrzewska were the heirs of the deceased already Wojciech Dzierzbinski.

The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and General Tadeusz Kosciuszko in Paris.
The main activists were:
Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski,
Raymond Rembielinski [see Wiktor Rembielinski],
Andrzej HORODYSKI / Andrew Horodyski and
Erazm Mycielski / Erasmus Mycielski.

The Polish-French lodge "Les Freres Francais et Polonais reunis", at first was presided over by Stanislaw Mycielski, then by Gen. Wincenty Axamitowski.

In October 1810 in Poznan, a female lodge "Eden Garden" was created; The Grand Master was the wife of General Jan Henryk Dabrowski - Barbara Chlapowska DABROWSKA.

Les Freres Anglais et Franēais Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski.
On January 1, 1808, the "Brothers of the United France and Poles" camp was established in Poznan.
Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski,
Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek,
Wiktor Szoldrski,
General Henryk Dabrowski,
General Amilkar Kosinski,
Count Aleksander Bninski,
Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki.
In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and Jozef Poniatowski;
others members of the Freemasonry:
Barbara Dabrowska, Julianna Poninska, Karolina Palombini, Jaraczewska, Wincentyna Axamitowska, Eufemia Kwasniewska, Sulkowska, and Augustyna Zablocka;
Lasocki in Lomza,
General Kretkowski in Leczyca,
Plichta in Plock,
Franciszek Mickiewicz,
General Stanislaw Mielzynski,
Maximilian and Adam Moszczenski.


ANDRZEJ HORODYSKI in 1802,
became a shareholder of the Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp. - commercial house, which was also opened in Odessa, to which they also received:
P. Maleszewski
[see Venture de Paradise / Sulkowski / Napoleon, and Breguet - Duflon in Russia + Konstantynowicz, Nobel, Armand],
J. K. Szaniawski
[he come from area of Wieruszow and J. K. Szaniawski was the family of Erazm Mycielski. General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski approached Gen. Dabrowski's opponents - he became friend with Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski and Andrzej Horodyski, with whom he was later considered, at the time of the Duchy of Warsaw, as one of the leaders of "Polish Jacobins"]
and J. Drzewiecki
[see DUFLON in St. Petersburg co-operated with DRZEWIECKI - his family. Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin].


ERAZM MYCIELSKI:

Jan MYCIELSKI, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski with the son
Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy;
and grandson, Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794.

Above JAN = Jan Ignacy Mycielski b. after 1690 / in 1696-1790, the son of
Andrzej Mycielski ca 1650-1707 official in KALISZ;
grandson of Krzysztof Mycielski.

Erazm Mycielski b. 1769 in Kamieniec Podolski, died 1800 Kalisz, Colonel in 1794, son of Aleksander Mycielski General; 1775 served the Regiment of Poninski. Captain 1788. Campaigns in 1792 in Lithuania.
The Kosciuszko Uprising 1794. He was a member of the conspiracy, preparing the uprising of Kosciuszko; promoted by Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
He was one of the founders of the Polish Society (1798). He was involved in the conspiracy in the Great Poland.

Above Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818, the Crown Army lieutenant general, envoy. Aleksander Mycielski 1723 - 1818,
was son of Jan MYCIELSKI / John Mycielski, a lieutenant of the royal army and Domicella Horodynski.
JAN was a friend of Joseph Alexander Sulkowski.

Above Aleksander Józef Sulkowski, 1695 - 1762,
in 1733-1738 the Saxon Electorate prime minister, Count and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, chamberlain of Augustus III, 1734 Saxon Infantry Major General, grew up at the royal court, was the closest adviser the King and Elector Augustus III. Prince Alexander Joseph died in Leszno in 1762, had a four sons from his first marriage.

Mycielski Erazm alias ERASMUS (1769-1800) - after the fall of the uprising in 1794, Erazm found support in his father's Wyszki estate close to Pleszew, and in neighboring Magnuszewice / Magnuszowice, close to the sister Ludwika Mycielski married to Idzi Moskorzewski.
Erazm Mycielski did not abandon underground work [the winter 1794/1795] and already in the early spring of 1795 he managed the Greater Poland organization, which developed among others relationship in Kalisz [see the Kiedrzynskis].
Erazm Mycielski was a supporter of the Deputation, he was under influence of Dionizy Mniewski, Franciszek Ksawery Dmochowski and Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski, but he did not share their stand to Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
Erazm in the Great Poland was in contact with the military conspiracy of J. H. Dabrowski in Warsaw; he was at first one of DABROWSKI's courier.
On February 19, 1796, Erazm Mycielski went with Dabrowski from Warsaw to Berlin to discuss with French representatives, A. B. Caillard, and with P. Parandier, the project of establishing Polish military formations with the help of France. In Berlin, Erazm also was the representative of the Central Assembly in Warsaw.
After the arrest of members in April 1796, Mycielski destroyed the papers; then he played a major role in the creation of a new secret organization - instructions were sent from Paris; a proclamation of General Franciszek Rymkiewicz was calling for the unification of patriotic efforts.
Erazm Mycielski set up the secret congress in Warsaw in September / Oct. 1796. He also contacted General Karol Kniaziewicz.
The Society was preparing in 1797-1799 an armed uprising in the country based on France; Erazm Mycielski visited the Great Poland, Kujawy, Leczyca, and Sieradz to expand the network of secret relationships, and organized an interviews. In February 1799 "he had more than two hundred people in the Great Poland".
He wrote about it to his friend Bardzki on 14 October 1799, that "... silence seem to dominate and that all hopes have gone up in smoke."
Erazm Mycielski died on February 28, 1800 in Kalisz.
Erazm left his wife Ludwika Bardzka [born ca 1760/1770], perhaps of Mieleszyn - Kobierzyck origin, whom he married after the dispensation of the archbishop.
The widow remarried to Hilary Radzik in KALISZ.

Erazm's Mycielski sister in Magnuszewice / Magnuszowice, Ludwika Mycielski married to Idzi Moskorzewski. After the divorce with Idzi Moskorzewski, named Ludwika Moskorzewska Mycielska was married Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski.

The RADZIWILL - Mycielski branch:

Anna Luiza Mycielska born in 1729, was the daughter of
Weronika KONARZEWSKA MYCIELSKA and her husband
Maciej Mycielski b. 1690 - d. 1747;
granddaughter of
Adam Jan Mycielski b. 1663, and Anna Tuczynska;
great-granddaughter of
MIKOLAJ Mycielski d. 1686.

Named MIKOLAJ MYCIELSKI was the brother of Katarzyna Radolinska (wife of ANDRZEJ RADOLINSKI) and Krzysztof Mycielski.

Named Krzysztof was the father of Andrzej Mycielski ca 1650-1707, official in KALISZ.

Mentioned Anna Luiza Mycielska born 1729 - Lwów, d. 1771 - Drezno, buried in Nieswiez, m. in 1744, Lwów, to Leon Michal Radziwill, 1722-1751; 2nd married in 1754, Lwów, to Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 1702-1762.
Her son with the first husband was Maciej Radziwill, MP, official in Wilno (1790-1795) , + Elzbieta Chodkiewicz.
And her grandson was the conspirator -
Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill 1793-1869,
m. 1st Maria Aleksandra Grabowska 1788-1826; 2nd to Celestyna Celina Sulistrowska 1805-1836; 3rd to Adela Siestrzanek-Karnicka.


Duke Antoni Jablonowski was the Polish conspirator - 1821.

but remember:
Józefa Mycielska b. ca 1720 m. Dymitr Hipolit Aleksander Jablonowski

{the son of Jan Stanislaw Aleksander Jablonowski 1669-1731 - who had also a son
Stanislaw Wincenty Jablonowski 1694-1754
and the grandson ANTONI BARNABA Jablonowski, 1732-1799;
and great-grandson General major Stanislaw Pawel 1762-1822;
the great-great-grandson was Antoni Michal Jablonowski, 1793-1855 + Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech 1798-1863}

and named Dymitr was the official in Swiecie, KOLO, and in Kowel; Dymitr was living in 1706-1788.
Dymitr had the son KAROL 1768-1841, and the daughter Joanna Jablonowska b. 1753.


Named
Antoni Michal Jablonowski - CONSPIRATOR,
the prince in Ostrog, Maryampol and Podkamien; born 1793 in Warsaw - died 1855 in Annopol; member of the Council of State of the Kingdom of Poland, chamberlain of the emperor of the Russian Empire, prince of the Congress Kingdom in 1820; a Polish conspiracy activist to 1826.

Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski and Teodora Walewska were the parents of Antoni.

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jablonowska, died in 1826; the daughter of Michal Walewski

{Michal Walewski 1740 - 1806; the son of Marcin Walewski
(Marcin Walewski 1700 - 1761 was son of Franciszek Walewski from Sieradz, 1670-1733)
and Magdalena Antonina SZEMBEK
[Marek Szembek b. circa 1700, d. 1744, son of Antoni Felicjan Szembek and Ewa Apolonia; husband of Jadwiga; father of Paulina / Paula Oginska; brother of Józef Eustachy Szembek, and Magdalena Antonina Walewska].
Michal Walewski 1735 or 1740 - 1806, Voivode of Sieradz 1785-1792.
Michal Walewski m. 2nd to Ksawera Marianna Jadwiga Turno, with children:
Teresa Walewska 1776 - 1856 m. Adam Bierzynski,
Karolina Teresa Walewska 1778 - 1846 m. 1st Aleksander Franciszek Chodkiewicz 1776 - 1838, m. 2nd to Aleksander Golicyn 1789 - 1858;
Józef Walewski 1780 - 1813;
Hieronim Jerzy Walewski b. ca 1780 m. Cecylia Potocka 1783 - 1861.
Above named Michal 1735 / 1740 - 1806 m. 3rd to Szczesna Feliksa Kokoszka-Michalowska 1770-1844.
Michal Walewski in 1788-1792 put forward the project of expansion of the Polish army to 100 000 soldiers; the Speaker of the Bar Confederation of Cracow province in 1771. A member of the Andrzej Mokronowski confederation, with Stanislaw August Poniatowski;
he was the son of Marcin Walewski / Martin (d. 1761) who married 1st to Antonina Magdalene Szembek b. circa 1710, d. 1744, daughter of Antoni Felicjan Szembek.
Marcin Walewski married 2nd to Marcjanna Romer (d. 1761).
Jozefina or Józefa Walewska nee Lubomirska married to Brigadier Adam Walewski, brother of Michal Walewski, the Voivode / governor of Sieradz}

and Jadwiga

{above Jadwiga Colonna-Walewska / Walewski, born 1740 / 1744 to Józef Colonna-Walewski and Ludwika Colonna-Walewska. Józef was born in 1700 / 1710, in Walewice. Jadwiga had brother Anastazy Colonna-Walewski. Jadwiga married Michal Walewski. Michal was born in 1735/1740/1750, officer in Sieradz}.

Teodora Potocka - Walewska - Jablonowska, died in 1826, the daughter of Michal Walewski, the wife of Stanislaw Potocki and Stanislaw Pawel Jablonowski. Mother of Antoni Jablonowski and Stanislaw Potocki - Jablonowski.
Half sister to Teresa Bierzynska; Karolina Teresa Chodkiewicz; Józef Walewski; Hieronim Jerzy Walewski and Wojciech Walewski.

Antoni Jablonowski was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge Bouclier du Nord in 1818; a member of the Patriotic Society of Walerian Lukasinski; In 1825, Antoni Jablonowski negotiated with the Decembrists. After the fall of the Decembrists' uprising, he was arrested in 1826.
About 1810 Antoni Jablonowski married Paulina Wandalin-Mniszech, the daughter of Michal Jerzy Wandalin-Mniszch. Their daughter Dorota Jablonowska married Stanislaw Kostka Korwin-Krasinski, an officer of the November Uprising.


Raymond REMBIELINSKI:

Rajmund Hiacynt Rembielinski, in 1820, the Sejm Marshal in the Kingdom of Poland (September 1774-12, February 1841).

Rajmund Rembielinski (1774/1775-1841) was a Polish political activist, and landowner. Rajmund Rembielinski born in Warsaw, d. in Lomza, president of the Department of Bialystok in Lomza in 1808, in Plock, president of the Masovia Province and MP, the owner among others of Jedwabne and Krosniewice; freemason.
In December 1813 in Plock, in Rembielinski home was staying Aleksander Ist, and again in May 1825.
Jedwabne - city in the Podlasie province, in the Lomza county, in 1736, the owner of the village was Antoni Rostkowski. In 1777, Stanislaw Rembielinski, the cabinet secretary of King Stanislaw August, became the new owner of Jedwabne. At the end of the 18th century, cloth factories were established in Jedwabne. 1795, the city was under Prussian rule, then in 1807 it was the Warsaw Duchy, which in 1815 was transformed into the Kingdom of Poland.
Rajmund Hiacynt Rembielinski the owner of Krosniewice, Jedwabne and Mezenin, was married in 1797 to Agnieszka Helena Opacka. Marriage after twenty years ended with a divorce.
On 8 September 1816 Rembielinski was appointed chairman of the Masovia Province. As a result of the divorce contract, Rembielinski received in the dowry Krosniewice and Mezenin. In 1819 he married Antonina Weltz. She died in 1868 - Poznan, buried in Kazimierz close to Szamotuly.
Antonina Rembielinska nee Weltz, born ca 1800, had 2 sons of the 1st marriage: Eugeniusz Rembielinski and Aleksander. She moved home to the Great Poland in 1841, and married Wincenty Skarzynski. She died in Poznan.
Aleksander - the owner of Krosniewice, and Eugeniusz - was staying in Augsburg.

Named Kazmierz near to Szamotuly, is situated close to Radzyny and Komorowo, Bytyn, Mrowino.

In the summer of 1820, Rajmund Rembielinski was presented to the Administrative Board, his economic plan; in 1821, the Government Commission on Internal Affairs and the Police entrusted Rembielinski with creating cloth settlements in Zgierz, Przedecz close to IZBICA KUJAWSKA, Lodz, Dabie, Gostynin, Leczyca, Gabin, Rawa, Brda and Skierniewice. In 1818 he was a deputy to the Parliament of the Biebrza county,
in 1820 - Marshal of the Parliament and state councilor.

The fate of OPACKI family [see above about Agnieszka Helena Opacka] after the partitions is unknown.
Gabriel Rafal Chryzanty Opacki in 1771 received from his father: Mezenin, Rutki (located in 1760), parts of the villages of Ozar and Ozarka in the Lomza county, Gielczyn south to LOMZA, parts of the villages of Brzostowo-Siestrzanka and Rutkowskie; mansion in Praga; Krosniewice in the province of Leczyca.

MEZENIN:
Gabriel Rafal Chryzanty Opacki the great-great-grandson of Wojciech Opacki, the only son of Stanislaw - patriot, social activist, manager and entrepreneur; Opacki Gabriel Rafal Chryzanty (1741 or 1742-1806), official of Wiski, general major in 1794. Born in Mezinin in a parish of Rutki (close to Lomza), the son of Stanislaw (died 1784), a deputy to the Parlaiment, and his first wife, Konstancja Pelkowska / Pelka ?
In 1759 under the protection of Jan Klemens Branicki, served captain in the army; close to Izabela Poniatowski, sister of King Stanislaw August; 1769 he became a royal chamberlain; managed Bialystok estate;
he had one daughter Agnieszka Helena Konstancja, a well-educated woman who married Rajmund Rembielinski and the estate passed into the hands of the Rembielinski family.
Then it was sold by Eugeniusz Rembielinski to the Jewish hands.

Mezenin - a village in the Zambrow county, close to Rutki.

Krosniewice - a city in the Kutno county, 15 km west of Kutno; 1775 the owner Karol Saryusz Gomolinski receives from King Stanislaw August Poniatowski a privilege for Krosniewice;
1793, the city was occupied by Prussia, later in the Congress Kingdom. Here is the Rembielinski palace and park, and a monument to Prince Józef Poniatowski in 1814; 39 km south-east is IZBICA KUJAWSKA.
Karol Sariusz Gomolinski, 1696-1784 was the son of
Jan GOMOLINSKI and Bielicka.
Karol Sariusz Gomolinski d. 1784 in Krosniewice, a Polish judge, a chamberlain; married ca 1730, Helena Pokrzywnicka, with children:
1. Józefata Gomolinska 1738-1823 + Wladyslaw Skarbek, 2nd to Szymon Dzierzbicki;
2. Franciszka Kunegunda Gertruda Gomolinska;
3. Ignacy Gomolinski, MP, official in Rzeczyca , 1740-1793;
4. Marianna Saryusz-Gomolinska b. ca 1740 - died in 1800, m. Count Chryzanty Gabriel Rafal Opacki MP, Count in 1797, 1741-1806,
with daughter Agnieszka Helena Opacka 1777-1863, m. Rajmund Hiacynt Rembielinski 1775-1841, 2nd to Józef Bechon.
5. Katarzyna Barbara Sariusz-Gomolinska b. 1742.

Compare - GOSTYCZYNA:

Gostyczyna - close to Nowe Skalmierzyce, 3 km to the Prosna river; 10/13 km south of KALISZ and ca 30 km north of BOBROWNIKI by the Prosna river.
Ksawery Pstrokonski / Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783 [his mother Konstancja ZAREMBA died in 1753], m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with 2 daughters: Marianna Pstrokonska, and Wiktoria PSTROKONSKA married Marcin Kiedrzynski, son of Jakub Kiedrzynski and Ewa Gomolinska or Anna Gomolinska [born ca 1680/1700 ?].

Kiedrzynski, Jakub junior, died on 4 Feb. 1798, buried in KALISZ.

Jakub Kiedrzynski - Ostoja, SENIOR, b. 1668, died in 1729.

Interesting reading:
GOMOLINSKI / Gomulinski, JERZY b. ca 1620 ?; m. Anna Lis Starzenska, the daughter of Wojciech, with sons:
1. Marcin Gomolinski, b. ca 1640/1650, inf. 1670 owner of Lubca, Kuznica Lubiecka and part of Wola Pszczólecka; and

2. Mikolaj Gomolinski, died ca 1699, owner of Krzeslów, Kurów, Wypychów, m. Zofia Drozdowska, the daughter of Andrzej Stefan; with Stefan, Marcin, Katarzyna Jelowiecki.

Maybe Ewa Kiedrzynska b. ca 1700, was the daughter of named above Marcin or Mikolaj Gomolinski.

The GLUCHÓW parish and Kiedrzynski:
close to TUREK, to TOKARY and MILEJOW; south-west to DOBRA.

1658 - the godparents: Jan Kazimierz Czynski Colonel, and Teofila Gomolinska.

Jan. 1736 in Wilczków, Antoni Pawel Sebastian Pstrokonski was born, the son of Maciej Pstrokonski and Konstancja Zareba; godparents: Franciszek Potocki of Mikulice, and Bona Zareba of Przespolew.

1738, May in Wilczków, Jan Antoni Maciej Kiedrzynski was born, the son of Marcin Kiedrzynski and Wiktoria Pstrokonska; godparents: Maciej Pstrokonski of Wilczkow, and Bona Zareba of Przespolew.

1738, July, Gluchów, here was born Jakub Wawrzyniec Michal Kiedrzynski
[acc. to me JAKUB Kiedrzynski, junior, then official in KALISZ, was the brother of IZYDOR KIEDRZYNSKI of JEDLNO]
son of Andrzej Kiedrzenski / Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowska, with godparents: Marcin Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska-Jackowska, of Wilczkow.

1740, January in Gluchow, was born Kacper Maciej son of named above Andrzej Kiedrzenski [Kasper Kiedrzynski son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski] and Franciszka Jackowski; godparents: Tomasz Galczynski the owner of Gluchow, and Konstancja Pstrokonska of Wilczkow.

1741 in Wilczków, Dorota Apolonia Papieski was born; godparents: Andrzej Kiedrzenski of Gluchow, and Katarzyna Papieska of Wilczkow.

In Gluchów, 1741, Marianna, the daughter of named Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowskich; godparents: Stanislaw Papieski of Wilczkow and young Jackowska of Gluchow.

1742 in Wilczków, Stanislaw Papieski junior was born.

1743, bpt. of Dorota Apolonia Kiedrzynska, the daughter of above Andrzej Kiedrzenski and Franciszka Kiedrzynska; the godparents: Mikolaj Napruszewski and his wife Anna.

1747 in Wilczków, godfather Walenty Galczynski and Franciszka Skrzetuska of Wilczkow.

In KALISZ, buried in Church of St. Family:
Gomolinski, Józef, in 1788.
Gorzenski, Jan, in 1692.
Kiedrzynska, Brygilla, on 16 Jan. 1786.
Kiedrzynski, Jakub, junior, died on 4 Feb. 1798.
Kierski, Józef, in 1737.
Kierzynska, Anna, 1728.
Kierzynska, Kostancya in 1744.
Kierzynski, Jan, 1744.

On above junior, Jakub Kiedrzynski:

Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767.
Her father
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Her brothers:
Augustyn z Wrzesni Bardzki died in 1793, and Rafal Tadeusz Jan Bardzki, 1739-1758.
Her children:
Franciszek Wierusz Walknowski b. 1769 or before, and Teresa Wierusz Walknowska;
and with JAKUB Kiedrzynski:
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. 1770,
and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'.

Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski

{see on Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Józef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.
Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
above Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847

[note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

PETRONELA Kiedrzynska m. in 1791 to MELCHIOR Pradzynski who was born in Mrowino, the Greater Poland Province in 1753 and died in 1797.

Melchior Pradzynski was the son of Antoni Pradzynski b. 1710, and Marianna Czaplicka.
Melchior's brother was named Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, who was the father of famous Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski, from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - commander-in-chief of the Polish Army.

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. mentioned Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - it was her second marriage ca 1825}

with the son Andrzej Pradzynski 1794-1872
{born in KOWALEW / Kowalewo close to Pleszew, and 5 km east to ORPISZEWEK; close to Lutynia, Fabianow and KOTLIN. Died in 1872 in Zerkowo / ZERKOW close to Nowe Miasto by the WARTA river, and north to Jarocin, north-west to PLESZEW}.

ANDRZEJ Pradzynski married 1st Apolonia Szulc
{with son Józef Antoni Pradzynski b. 1832, married to Maria Barbara Leokadia Drzenska in 1867 / 1868 in Szemborowo close to Wrzesnia}
and 2nd with unknown, with son Maksymilian Pradzynski.

Above Józef Antoni Pradzynski b. 1832 in Lubochnia close to Tomaszow Mazowiecki, had children:
1. Jan + Maria Bochynska;
2. Waclaw + Kornelia Preibisz 1870-1918;
3. Stefan;
4. Jadwiga Pradzynska;
5. Andrzej 1872-1938 + Józefa Jaraczewska.
6. Aleksander.


And now on SULIMIERSKI - PRADZYNSKI branch:

Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski b. 1797/1798, of Wesola / WIESIOLKA, and Tyczyn, official in SZADEK, m. Nepomucena Pradzynska b. ca 1790 - it was her second marriage ca 1825.
W. Maciej Sulimierski / Maciej Wincenty Sulimierski, the owner of the Wiesiolka village and the owner of ZIELENCICE, where he lived and the future godfather of Filip SULIMIERSKI [December 22, 1843 / Jan. 1844], was pardoned in the Russian court after 1834 although he was arrested for the guerrilla.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brother:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Józef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.

Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA]
and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847 [note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].

Nepomucena Pradzynska married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski, ca 1810 to ca 1825, son of Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski official in Brzesc Kujawski [!], 1759-1846, and Marianna Radziminska.
Nepomucena's children:
Teodor 1812-1831; Ignacy 1813-1880; Aleksander 1819-1829; Antoni Stefan Tadeusz 1822-1829.

Mentioned above Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, close to OBORNIKI and MUROWANA GOSLINA. Died in 1817; the son of Antoni Pradzynski and Marianna Czaplicka / Marianna Bardzka !
Husband of Marcjanna Marianna BRONIKOWSKA;
father of
Nepomucena Moszczenska Sulimierska;

Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski

[see 'ZWIAZEK KOSYNIEROW' and
Free Poles Association / Free Lechytes - a secret patriotic organization in 1819-1823 in the Kingdom of Poland;
founded in November 1819 in Warsaw by Tadeusz Krepowiecki, Wiktor Heltman and Ludwik Piatkiewicz; among the members were Ignacy Pradzynski, Seweryn Goszczynski, Maurycy Mochnacki, Stanislaw Jachowicz, Józef Kozlowski and Ksawery Bronikowski - all about 40 members.
They fought on full unification of the Polish lands and the independence of the state; called for fight with the Russian invaders, prepare papers and readings. Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association. He was member of the Patriotic Society. When Alexander I went to the congress of the Holy Alliance to Opava (in early 1821 moved to Ljubljana), he to sign an agreement to intervene in the event of a revolution.
Arrived from Warsaw in 1821, Ignacy Pradzynski put forward the project of independence of the Great Poland's branch of the National Freemasonry. They were renamed the Union of Scytheman, 1820-1826.
In 1819, the Association of Free Poles with Wiktor Heltman was created. See below on IGNACY Pradzynski];

Wincenty Józef Pradzynski
[see on WOLA WIAZOWA]
and
Sylwia Zuzanna Krasicka.

Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski b. 1761 in Pacholewo, was the brother of Józefina Gertruda Pradzynska; Melchior Jan Pradzynski !; Antonina Joanna Malgorzata; and Ludwika Klara Róza Modliborska; inf. by Leszek Mila.


Note on Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski:

He was born on July 20, 1792 in Sanniki, died on August 4, 1850 on the island of Heligoland / Helgoland; division general of the Army of the Kingdom of Poland, commander-in-chief of the November Uprising. 1793, the village Sanniki was in the Prussian partition. From 1807 Sanniki belonged to the Duchy of Warsaw, and from 1815 to the Kingdom of Poland in the Russian Partition.
Maybe he was born on July 18 in Poznan - as Pradzynski himself stated in his files;
He grew up in a very patriotic atmosphere - his father fought in 1794 in a partisan unit commanded by Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
Ignacy Pradzynski was sent to Dresden;
returned to his homeland in November 1807, volunteered for the 11th Infantry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy, was stationed in Poznan in 1806

{Count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 Nov. 1806, was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize the 3rd Infantry Regiment; Col. Stanislaw Mielzynski was stationed in Pawlowice; in August 1807 in Poznan under Colonel Mielzynski. The 3rd Infantry Regiment / the Legia of Poznan received the number 11th and was part of the 3rd Infantry Division, of General J. H. Dabrowski.
Stanislaw Kostka Andrzej Jakub Mielzynski born in 1778, Rabin, died 1826, Pawlowice, Count, Freemason, Brigadier General of the Polish Army.
Stanislaw was the son of Maksymilian Antoni (1738-1799), and Konstancja Czapska;
Stanislaw Mielzynski in 1810 - General;
in 1815, he moved to his estates in Pawlowice [see the Merkel family], Kakolewo, Poniec, Smogulec, Golancz, under the Prussian partition.
There he was very active as a freemason, especially in lodges supporting the conspiratorial struggle for independence and the unification of Poland, such as the Poznan lodge - the Scytheman Union / Scythemen, which Mielzynski was leading, or in a secret Masonic organization created by Valerian Lukasinski.
In 1800, Mielzynski married the Honorata Zaremba and he had son Leon and three daughters:
Laura (Eleonora) married Józef Napoleon Czapski with the son famous
Bogdan Hutten-Czapski
- compare the Polish independence conspiracy in Belarus};

Gdansk until 1809; in 1814 in LOMZA.

Named above Sanniki in the Gostyn county, here in 1828 was Fryderyk Chopin [compare his visit in Scotland], at half way from Plock to Sochaczew, 13 km west to ILOW.
On April 20, 1815, Ignacy Pradzynski in Warsaw was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and assigned to quartermaster services.
In 1819, Ignacy Pradzynski associated himself with the Polish independence conspiracy -
first in the Union of True Poles / 'LECHICI' in 1819,
then in the Union of SCYTHEMAN / Scythemen / 'Kosynierzy' in 1820,
and finally with the Polish Patriotic Society.

In 1826, when officers belonging to the conspiracy were arrested, Pradzynski was also taken prisoner. He was married in 1825 and was living in Augustów [?] - Emilia Rutkowska of Chelmica [Chelmica Duza 13 km north to WLOCLAWEK] and Miedzechów b. 1808,
had Helena (1826-1854), painter, m. Stanislaw Herniczek, and Sylwia (1831-1862), writer.


In April 1821 in Warsaw, Polish conspirators conducted talks in which participate:

Lukasinski - 1819 National Freemasonry,
Colonel Kozakowski - acted in LWOW,
Colonel Pradzynski [in June 1820 in Poznan with General Uminski],
Szczaniecki of the Great Poland 1819-1820,
General Uminski from the Poznan Duchy, National Freemasonry, Kosciuszko supporter,
Wierzbolowicz,
Colonel Dobrogojski,
Cichowski - the Tax official,
Sobanski from VOLHYNIA,
Teodor Morawski - magazine publisher of 'Orzel Bialy',
Aleksander Oborski

[Colonel, acted in Wilno together with
Jozef Gruzewski and Stanislaw GRUZEWSKI,
Romer,
Biallozor,
Stanislaw SOLTAN

{Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735-1789. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[daughter of Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer; the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz;
2. Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan.

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; CONSPIRATOR, he was son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Römer;
husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, CONSPIRATOR;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, wife of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.
Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, husband of Idalia b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej, CONSPIRATOR},

Stanislaw Mikulicz,
Teofil Mikulicz,
Stefan Mackiewicz,
Stanislaw Mackiewicz,

KAROL PROZOR

[Karol Prozor b. 1759, died in 1841 in Chojniki, west to DNIEPR, and MOZYRZ; in the 18th century in the Owrucz county, the Kiev province.
Chojniki - the manor of Józef PROZOR and Karol Prozor.
Prozor Józef (1723-1788), MP, voivode of Vitebsk. Born in Bobcin in Zmudz / Samaites, a son of Stanislaw PROZOR (died around 1756), official in Kaunas, and his first wife, Róza Siruc. JOZEF was married three times. The first wife was Felicjanna Szczyt (died after 1764), daughter of Józef SZCZYTT, official in Mscislaw; the second - Aleksandra Zaranek (died in Dudzicze in 1771), the wedding on September 7, 1767; third Maria Chalecka 1st voto Adam Szujski (c. 1751-1826). JOZEF from the first marriage had two daughters: Petronela Karenga, and Maria (died 1833), the wife of Ignacy Bykowski, the royal chamberlain;
and three sons:
Karol PROZOR;
Antoni PROZOR and
Ignacy PROZOR / Ignacy Kajetan Prozor + ANIELA OSKIERKA.
From the second marriage JOZEF had daughters: Róza (died on June 22, 1834), married in 1785 to Stanislaw Jelski;
and Barbara PROZOR, married to Franciszek Bukaty and 2nd to Ksawery Lipski.
JOZEF PROZOR studied in Królewiec, 1734-6 (Stanislaw Leszczynski was then residing there), and 1737 he was educated at the Knight's Academy in Lunéville, which he left in 1741.

Franciszek Bukaty (born in August 1747, died on June 15, 1797) - Polish diplomat, royal chamberlain, freemason; chargé d'affaires of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1775 -1777 and 1788-1789, envoy-minister of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1777, Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Poland in the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1787 and in 1793-1795. Married to Barbara Prozor, and she had Sierhiejewicze in a dowry.

Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz. Ignacy Kajetan Prozor was General major of the Kowno county],
with:
Kornela Prozor Rokicka, 1800-1835;
Henryk Prozor;
Maurycy Prozor 1st senior 1801-1886 + Anna Chlopicka b. ca 1810. Maurycy Prozor senior was born in Rothley-Temple, Leicestershire, died in 1886. PROZOR Maurycy was the commander of the Kowno Uprising.

ANIELA's had brothers Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka; and Rafal Michal Oskierka, 1761-1818.
They were children of Jan Mikolaj Oskierka 1735-1796 - see the plot of KOSCIUSZKO and PROZOR - married in 1761 to Barbara Rokicka.

Named Rothley Temple / Rothley Preceptory / Rowth-Ley, was a preceptory in the village of Rothley, Leicestershire, England, associated with both the Knights Templar and the Knights Hospitaller. The chapel was constructed by the Knights Templar],

Count Aleksander POCIEJ

[Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, married Idalia Pociej b. 1801
{Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839},
the daughter of named above Aleksander Michal Pociej.
Leonard Pociej 1727 - 1774 - who was son of Aleksander Pociej senior {more below} and Teresa Brzostowska - was the brother of Anna Tyszkiewicz; Karolina Radziwill and Ludwik Pociej.
Leonard had son - Aleksander Michal Pociej (1774-1846). Aleksander Michal Pociej (1774-1846) was the husband of Anna Korzeniowska; he was the father of Teodor Pociej and named Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839 married Soltan.
Above Aleksander Michal Pociej (1774-1846) was son of Maria Aleksandra Radziwill POCIEJ, b. 1753; his grandfather was Wojciech Albrycht Radziwill 1717-1762.
Aleksander Pociej senior, 1698 - 1770, was son of Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej. Above Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej 1666 - 1728, was son of Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina.
Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej was brother of Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.
Ludwik Konstanty was father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) with daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA Borzecka (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error). Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:

1. Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the general of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790
{Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska; she was the wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Uvarov; she was the mother of above Emilia Kalinowska},
2. Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 and
3. Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790 d. 1876.
Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784 d. 1831 had son Wladyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina Kalinowska married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844;
3. Olga born 1822, died 7 April 1899 in Retow;
4. probably M. Kalinowska (Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of above Seweryna, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course (see the Konstantynowiczs in Estonia)!

Above countess Olga Kalinowska born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808 d. 1863 from Belarus, in 1844, and her son Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849. She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with a princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 who married to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki [compare MIELZYNSKI of PAWLOWICE and WOLSZTYN].
I wrote above that the grandfather of Olga, Jozefina and Seweryna {and Maria Trubecka} was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.
The grandson of named above Seweryna nee Kalinowska was Mikolaj Plautin, b. 1868 who married to Maria Michajlowna Rajewska 1872 - 30 December 1942.
Her mother: Marija Grigorievna nee Gagarin - her sister Anastazja Grigorievna nee Gagarin b. 1853 died 1876 married to
Piotr Michajlovich Orlov Denisov born 1852 who was son of Michail Vasilievich Orlov Denisov born 1823, who was brother of Nadiezda married Katenin.

Grandfather of above Marija nee Rajewskaja was Mikolaj Mikolajevich Rajevskij Younger / RAJEWSKI MIKOLAJ from the Kiev government, Moscow and St Petersburg; b. 14 September 1801; and the second grandfather of above Maria nee Rajewska was Grigorij Grigorievich Gagarin b. 1810 d. 1893],

Ignacy ZAWISZA of Kowno,

Duke Konstanty Radziwill of Nowogrodek

[After the death of prince Maciej Radziwill in 1800, Poloneczka was inherited by his son, Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill (1793-1869), by his mother Elzbieta Chodkiewicz Radziwill. In 1815, Konstanty Radziwill married Maria Grabowska, who died in 1826. 2nd marriage to Celestyna Sulistrowska. Konstatnty m. 3rd to Adela Karnicka.
Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill was, among others, a member of the Vilnius Education Commission (1820), chamberlain of the tsarist court (1832), marshal of the nobility of the Nowogródek Province (1832-1835), a correspondent member of the Imperator Russian Geographical Society.
During this period he became friends with Wladyslaw Syrokomla.
Prince Konstanty Mikolaj Radziwill / Constantine was the leader of a secret patriotic association operating in Lithuania, which led to his arrest. He made contact with the decembrists, and met in Vilnius in 1823 several times with Aleksander Bestuzew.
His son Maciej Józef Radziwill (1842-1907) after returning from exile in Russia, married Jadwiga Krasinska in 1867 (1843-1913), heiress of the property Zegrze near Warsaw],

Woynillowicz,
Nowomiejski in Wilno,

ADAM SOLTAN

[Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, husband of Idalia POCIEJ, b. 1801, daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej;
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 was father of Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan and Maria Anna Sierakowska. Above Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan 1821 - 1853, was father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.

Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan was the brother of Karolina SOLTAN Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780.

Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll was the father of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, who had the daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751 and her son was above mentioned Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan - the Polish conspirator.

Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810, married 1st to Józef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 [maybe the brother of IGNACY SZUMSKI / Ignatius Shumsky b. ca 1800, of Chobienice], and she was married second to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA.
Her sister Emilia Piottuch- Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski.
Józef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800, supposedly lost a large landed estate. He never left the home without the box of dueling pistols. He known Duke Wittgenstein; that is Ludwik Adolf Fryderyk Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (1799-1866) who in 1828 married Stefania Radziwill, daughter of Dominik Radziwill.
OKTAWIA was the daughter of Józef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 - official in Zawilie, b. 1780 - and Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780/1790;
above mentioned Józef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, had a sister:
Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krütz.

JOZEF was the son of Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760.

AUGUSTA Soltan Kublicka come from:
daughter of Stanislaw Soltan senior, 1698 - 1758, and Helena Römer;
the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan 1654 - 1735; and
great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska 1735-1789.

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan, senior, 1698 - 1758 was Teodora Soltan 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with daughter Krystyna Róza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, junior, born in 1756 in Berdyczów, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaw Soltan SENIOR, and Helena Römer;
Stanislaw SOLTAN junior was the husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751
and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.
Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, junior, b. 1756, was half brother of Juozas Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mykolas Jonas Veisenhofas and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

KAROLINA Soltan Piottuch Kublicka was the daughter of Stanislaw Soltan junior, 1756-1836 and Franciszka Teofila Radziwill at Nieswiez b. ca 1751, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, who was son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill 1688 - 1746.

Oktawia's siblings:
1. Anna Benislawska
(born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Józef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with: Leon Benislawski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);

2. Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Józef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, son of Benedykt b. 1770 and Józefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);

3. Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;

4. above Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Józef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;

5. Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski 1797 - 1876, son of Michal Smokowski and Konstancja Mickiewicz;

6. Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska had the son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, daughter of Oktawiusz EYSYMONT, and Helena Soltan)],

Michal HOFFMAN,
JAN CHODZKO

{Jozef Chodzko / Joseph CHODZKO 1723-1782, and Konstancja BUJNICKA had children:
1.
Ludwik Tadeusz Chodzko / Louis Thadee CHODZKO, 1769-1843, married to Waleria DEDERKO with son
Leonard CHODZKO, 1800-1871 who married to Olympe MALESZEWSKI / Olimpia Maleszewska

[Jeanne VENTURE de PARADIS 1774 - 1813 married to
a. 1st to Ludwik / Louis MALESZEWSKI / PIOTR Maleszewski, with children
Klementyna nee Maleszewska / Clementine MALESZEWSKI married to de LAQUEILLE, and
Olimpia Maleszewska / Olympe MALESZEWSKI married to Leonard CHODZKO b. 1800 - died in 1871;

b. m. 2nd in 1810, Paris to Antoine Louis BREGUET 1776 - 1858 with children:
A. Louis Franēois Clément BREGUET 1804 - 1883 married to Charlotte Eugénie Caroline LASSIEUR 1815 - 1889 with children:
Louise BREGUET 1847-1930,
Antoine BREGUET 1851-1882,
Madeleine BREGUET 1853-1877;
B. Louise Charlotte Clémentine BREGUET 1810 - 1887 married to Dr LIONNET.

Jeanne Franēoise Félicité Garran de Coulon, was 2nd wife of PIOTR MALESZEWSKI / Pierre Jean Maleszewski, resident at rue du Pont de Lodi.
Jeanne Maleszewska nee Garran de Coulon, was daughter of Jean-Philippe Garran / Jean-Philippe Garran de Coulon / Jean Philippe GARRAN DE COULON who was b. April 10, 1749 or 29/04/1749 (born in Saint-Maixent on 19 April 1748), died on 10/12/1816 in PARIS - FRANCE (or 19-11-1816 / December 19, 1816); he was a French politician, was born in HAUTE-SAŌNE - FRANCE; Secretary of Henrion de Pansey in Paris; lawyer in 1789; member of the legislative in 1791; member of the Institute. Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon, lawyer in Paris. Jean Philippe Garran de Coulon took part in the agitation preceding the meeting of the States General and was elected alternate member of the Third Estate of Paris. Member of the first and the second Paris Commune, he directed the Research Committee - the police, and presented the insurrection on 14 July 1789 as the member of conspiracy. Maleszewski Piotr known J. P. Garran de Coulon, who had daughters: 1. Jeanne Franēoise Félicité GARRAN de COULON; 2. Félicité-Franēoise GARRAN DE COULON.

Garran-Coulon, member of the Comite des Recherches was writing 'Report on the troubles of Santo Domingo'; Garran-Coulon, the left-leaning deputy wrote the report, noted on Oge affair in Saint-Domingue. "...BORD appears to have gratuitously added Garran's name to a passage from the 'Proces-verbal des Electeurs' which described a group of unnamed Electors angrily denouncing Flesselles. ...".
B. M. Shapiro wrote:
"Eager to demonstrate that all of the violent eruptions of summer 1789 were parts of a carefully orchestrated Masonic plot and equally eager to connect the Comite des Recherches to this plot, Gustave Bord was trying to persuade his readers that GARRAN, the author of the Comite's published brief against those servants of the Monarchy who had escaped the July violence, was
a 'point man' in a well-planned effort to eliminate a host of top royal officials.
For, having helped dispose of Flesselles and Berthier, Garran's next assignment, in Bord's eyes, was to engineer the judical assassination of BESENVAL:
'At each event, he launches the word or phrase which compromises the man in the hot seat... Garran de Coulon was certainly partly responsible for the assassinations of the Prevot des Marchands and the Intendant de Paris, and now he is given the task of rendering a legal opinion on the question of whether those in authority in JULY (1789) were guilty'.
By adding his 'evidence' linking Garran to the Flesselles and Berthier assassinations to his extravagant vision of the Comite des Recherches as 'the model for all these revolutionary committes which, in a few months, will put the executioner to work on a full-time basis', BORD was able construct the following equation: July Massacres = Comite des Recherches = Terror. ...". ];

see below - Sulkowski and on the Venture of Paradise, the Breguet family and Duflon - Konstantynowicz Company!
2.
above Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 m. Klara KORSAK, d. 1852, with son
Alexandre CHODZKO 1802-1891.

Jan Chodzko / Jan Borejko Chodzko (1776 in Wilno, died 1851 - Minsk), was the father of
1. Jozef Chodzko / Joseph (see below), the Russian general, surveyor and geographer
[Joseph Chodzko / Józef Boreyko Chodzko or Khodzko, born 1800 in Krzywicze, ex-the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, died in 1881 in Tiflis / Tbilisi, a General-topographer and Polish geographer. He stayed in Paris in 1843, where he met Adam Mickiewicz and his three brothers: Alexandre, Michel and Stanislas, and his cousin Leonard - all Polish nationalists];
2. Alexander / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko (1804 in Krzywicze, died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec), poet, orientalist and Slavist, a professor at the College of France
[Aleksander was arrested in 1830/1831 and taken to St. Petersburg where he met the father, then above Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia. Next he was the Russian consul in Persia, then professor of Slavic literature at the College de France, well-known author who married to Helena Jundzill, daughter of Victor, with her sons, Victor Chodzko m. Mary Baldassari];
3. Stanislas, chemist; and
4. Michal Chodzko, Polish poet.

Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 (see below), the son of above Józef Chodzko and Konstancyia Bujnicki, married to Clara Korsak -
Jan was the President of the Civil Minsk Chamber, and the School Inspektor of the Province of Vilnius and Minsk; died in 1851, buried in Zaslaw.
Jan Borejko Chodzko born 1776 in Wilno was the Chairman of Minsk Supreme Court; Chairman of the University of Wilno; awarded the Order of St. Vladimir; chamberlain of the Wilno district. He prevented the Russians burning of MINSK, before evacuating of the town. Considering Napoleon as the liberator of Poland, as a good patriot, he slept Russian vigilance and introduced the Marshal Davoust in stores of food and ammunition - Napoleon heard the news; after the retreat of the French, he had to flee Poland but he returned thanks to the amnesty of the Emperor Alexander.
He was the founder of two Masonic lodges, one in Vilnius and one in Minsk. He was the top member of a patriotic secret society before and after the uprising of 29 November 1830, and
he was arrested and taken to St. Petersburg where he met in prison his son Alexander who was also arrested, it was the last time that they saw themselves. Jan was sentenced to 5 years in prison and deported to Russia. His eldest son Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia.
Jan could not return to his homeland but died in 1851 in Minsk},

JOZEF Billewicz of ROSIENIE

[Józef Billewicz (died 1850) - marshal of the Rosienie county. The son of Mateusz Billewicz and Anna Eugenia Lopacinska. Ruthenian civilian-military commissar of the Duchy of Samogitia (1790), deputy to the Grodno Parliament (1793), president of the border court of the Ruszcza county (1795).
On August 15, 1812, elected as the deputy to the General Confederation of the Kingdom of Poland, later he became the marshal of the nobility in the County Rosienie.
Master of the "Palemon" Masonic Lodge (1820-21) and honorary member of Vilnius lodges: "Perfect Unity" and "Good Shepherd".
In May 1821, he was admitted to the Patriotic Society during the meeting in Vilnius.
He married Anna Szemiot, with two daughters: Urszula + Ludwik Pilsudski; and Kunegunda + Ezekiel Staniewicz.
After his death, the Billewicze estate (today's Biliunai village) passed into the hands of the Pilsudski family.

ALEKSANDER BILEWICZ of the Rosienie county married Anna Romer with 4 sons:
1. Tadeusz Billewicz, senior, b. ca 1728, died in 1788; in 1783 - the Mscislau province
{TADEUSZ had daughter Helena Wazgird (Morykoni) and also he had son ADAM / Adomas Bilevicius, b. ca 1750, who was father of Kazimierz Tomasz; and Kaspar Bilewicz, and so on.
Above KASPAR - Kasparas Bilevicius, b. ca 1782, d. 1840, had son
Antoni Billewicz or Tadeusz b. ca 1815, + Helena Michalowska b. 1820, with:
Pranas Bilevicius;
Maria Pilsudska / Maria Billewicz (1842 - 1884; born 1842 in Adomava) + Józef Wincenty Pilsudski
(1833 - 1902. Note:
Antoni Bulhak b. 1898, married to Wanda Bulhak nee Juchniewicz from Cezary Juchniewicz and Maria Juchniewicz nee Pilsudska, b. 1873, d. 1921 - her parents: named above Maria Pilsudska nee Billewicz + Józef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833.

MARIA JUCHNIEWICZ had the brother - Józef Klemens Pilsudski b. 1867);
Wiktor Billewicz and
Zofia Zubow b. ca 1860.
Above ZOFIA: Zofia Zubow nee Billewicz, was born circa 1860, married Wlodzimierz Zubow before 1887, with son Wlodzimierz Zubow b. 1887 Szawle [Šiauliai / Šiaule north of Raseiniai] - d. 1959 in Kowno},

2. Jerzy BILEWICZ, studied in Królewiec, known German, then in Nieswiez {Jerzy Bilewicz was the Judge of ROSIENIE in 1765};

3. Teodor Billewicz + Kozuchowska of Kalisz;

4. Mateusz Bilewicz also lived in Smorgonie and NIESWIEZ;
Mateusz + Lopacinska had sons:
Józef, MP in 1793 {Józef Billewicz (died 1850) - marshal of the Rosienie county; the member of the Patriotic Society};
Jan;
Ignacy;
Tadeusz junior.
Mateusz Bilewicz was the official in Rosienie, MP],

Gruzewski of SZAWLE,
Wagner,
Korbutt,
Buczynski,
Przeciszewski,
Barankiewicz,
lawyer Kulczycki of Wilno,
Strumillo,
TOMASZ ZAN

{Tomasz Zan, Promienisty, 1796 in Miasata, in the Minsk province, d. 1855 in KAKOWCZYN / Kochaczyn. Son of Karol Zan and Katarzyna. Husband of Brygida Swietorzecka b. 1825; her brothers - Fortunat Swietorzecki, Mieczyslaw Swietorzecki and MICHAL of Malinowszczyzna. Her sister Wanda Swietorzecka (Dederko).
She was the daughter of Stanislaw Swietorzecki.
Note:
Witold Pilecki had summer holidays in Hawrylkowo in the SIENNO county. Hawrylkowo belonged to his grandmother Wanda Majewska married Lucjan Osiecimski, d. in Hawrylkowo / Gawrylkowo before 1908 after work in Pietrozawodzk. Lucjan Jan Osiecimski + Wanda Helena Majewska.
Gawrylkowo was situated close to the Doliwo Dobrowolski estates and near to KACHATSHYN / Kakowczyn owned by Tomasz Zan with wife BRYGIDA SWIETORZECKA; Kakowczyn + Szyrkowszczyzna owned by Brygida Zan at the beginning of the 20th cent.;
Kakowczyn that is Kakoucyna / Kakoutschyna / Kokovcino, north to Smolany - south to Bieleniewo / Bielenieva, 7 km; south-west to Bogushev station; in the SIENNO county.
In the Kakoucyna / Kakoutschyna / Kokovcino / Kakchinsky volost / district, the Sienno county, the Mogilev governorate - was situated named Hawrylkowo / Gawrylkowo of OSIEMCIMSKI - Gavrilkovo, farm, close to Germanovo, Kuliki, Doganovka.

Kazimierz Dederko / Dederka of the Oszmiany county in 1783 and 1788, died in 1800 in Oborek; married Wiktorja Kamienska with 5 children,
the daughter Waleria Chodzko / Walerja nee Dederko m. Ludwik Chodzko;
sons Barnaba and Józef without children,
son Roch Dederko lieutenant of Napoleon period, owner of Obórka / Oborek, m. to Wanda Swietorzecka, he d. 1856;
they had 2 sons: Kazimierz owner of Obórka, Soter Dederko owner of Puzele.

Puzele and Bludów belonged to Michal Oginski 1793 and 1794.

In Oborek in 1800 was born Leonard Chodzko, son of daughter of Kazimierz Dederko - Walerja, and Ludwik Chodzko; author, 'Historja domu Rawitów Ostrowskich';
in Oborek in 1847-1850 lived Tomasz Zan with wife in 1846, Brygida Swietorzecka, sister of Wanda Swietorzecka who married to Roch Dederko.
Oborki / Aborak / Oborek - manor of Dederko ca 2 km east of Poloczany - south-west of Molodeczno, 6 km south-east of Jachimowszczyna of Swietorzecki.
Malinowszczyzna was a part of Lebedevo / Lebiedziew, bought from Dominik Radziwill by Jakób Swietorzecki;
his son Stanislaw Swietorzecki, m. cousin Swietorzecka, daughter of landlord of Konstantow, Boratycze, in the Mohylew government, 1827; Stanislaw was owner of Malinowszczyzna;
Michal Swietorzecki, son of above Stanislaw; married to Stengelmajer, 2nd to Marja Jasiewicz of Uzblocie and Józefpola in the Oszmiany county; Malinowszczyzna had two plants; Michal Swietorzecki d. 1891, had two sons Boleslaw and Waclaw.
Justyna Stanislawowa Swietorzecka build home in Malinowszczyzna at the Tomasz Zan time},

Labanowski],

attorney Szreder,

Jordan of CRACOW / Ludwik Jordan ?,

Kicinski,

MACHNICKI,

Colonel Krzyzanowski in Warsaw

[The Special Committee in 1825 qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Polish Kingdom:
Captain Franciszek Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew;
Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski / Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira
{Seweryn Krzyzanowski (1787 in Parchamówka in Ukraine, died in 1839 in Tobolsk), Lieutenant Colonel of the Polish Army, leader of the Patriotic Society. In 1808 he joined the army of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1809-1811 in Spain, like MAJEWSKI [see below !]. He was a Freemason. He belonged to the lodge Shield North};

Wojciech Grzymala,
Stanislaw Soltyk

{Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz].
Józef Soltyk in 1787 stayed in Kurozweki at the cousin's [of his father Maciej] home, and here welcomed King Stanislaus Augustus PONIATOWSKI [see Walewski in Volhynia].
Member of Parliament of the Cracow province in 1790 - Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 - was one of the most active in the preparation of the Constitution in 1791.
In 1794, on a secret mission from Kosciuszko to the Viennese court, interned by the Austrians [see above on PASZKOWSKI and FISZER]; 1795 in exile, he played a leading role, and was one of the first initiators of the Italian's legions, was imprisoned several times by the Prussians and the Austrians;
and Stanislaw Soltyk in 1802 was (along with Tadeusz Czacki) the initiator of the Commercial Association, for export of grain through the Black Sea [see HORODYSKI, Szaniawski].
The president of the Central Committee of the Patriotic Society. 1826-1829, a state prisoner, chaired the 1829 conspiracy;
after the outbreak of the November Uprising, Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833 was honored as the patriarch of the struggle for freedom},

priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanislaw Zablocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Zaluski],

Downarowicz of Bialystok in 1822,

Duke Antoni Jablonowski.


Conspirators and the Freemasonry in Belarus 1772 - 1839.

This material is published in the journal by an author - S. Rybchonkom, 'Godnasts', No 1 (2), 1994; at 'survinat.com'.

Freemasonry in Belarus [Poland-Lithuania state] penetrates from Prussia, and in 1784, after the creation of the 'Great East of Poland and Lithuania', receives here a solid organization - acc. to: DOBRZANSKI / Dobriansky S. F., Masonic lodges in Lithuania, in Vilna, 1911.

This process is poorly reflected in manuscripts and in printed sources. ... was closely connected with Warsaw. But at the same time, there are examples of penetration of Freemasonry and the East. Thus, Bakunin argued that in Mogilev, which in 1772 was part of the Russian Empire [until 1772 in POLAND], there was the lodge "Hercules in the Cradle." Since the beginning of XIX century (1809- 1814) begins the second phase of the Masonic movement in Belarus. The main purpose and activities of the Freemasons are the same ... However, ... young Emperor Alexander I, ... contributed in the Kingdom of Poland and in the Polish-Belarusian society certain hopes. ... began arguing for ... Vilna, Grodno, Minsk, to create an autonomous Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the borders of the Russian Empire. ... masons ... celebrated Alexandr I' birthday (the Minsk "Northern torch"), regarded him as their patron...
Clear proof of this - the member of "North torch", Ludwik PLATER in 1817 ... See: Bakunin, Les repertoires biographique des franks-masons russes, Bruxelles, 1949. ... In 1817, the management of "Northern Torch" appealed to the leadership of the Lithuanian Provincial officials with a letter which was wrote by the 'journeyman' Samuel Kostrowicki, not participate in the work of the lodge. ...
There are several specific cases of send the money: in 1817, donated by B. Berpovich - 700 rubles; the artist Domelyu in 1817; Trembinski in 1818, L. Dybowski to pay 100. ...
A very interesting initiative was made in 1820 by master CHODZKO / Khodko. He proposed the creation of a school in Minsk for the education of poor children. ... However, in general, not a lot of examples of charity.
In Minsk there were two lodges:
1) symbolic, with a students - "Northern Torch";
2) the higher level - ie. Knight of the East and Knight of gold pink cross - "Mount Tabor".

The first lodge had at least 215 members, the second - 31 members. ... Many masons were both members of several lodges, such as the landlord of the Minsk district - Przystanowski / Pristanovsky P. ... in 1814 - 1816 - in 1819 - in 1821 "Mount Tabor."
... landlords Denisenski;
Count Okuszko / Akushke I.,
and C. Wolosowski-Raszkowski / Volosovskiy Rashkovsky in 1817 ...

The founders of the "Northern torch" in 1816 were seven people:

JAN CHODZKO BOREJKO / Jan-Bareika Khodko

[CONSPIRATORS in Poland under Russia:
Stanislaw Tyszkowski,
Ludwig Sobanski,
Marcin Tarnowski,
Feliks Ciszewski,
Antoni Czarkowski,
JAN CHODZKO
and others.

Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko, born 1804 in Krzywicze / Krivitchi, the Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kryvitchi, Minsk Region); he died 1891 in Noisy-le-Sec; an Orientalist, the Polish writer and poet, was Russian consul in Persia.
He was son of the writer - above CONSPIRATOR and the freemason - Jan Chodzko and Klara Korsak;
the brother of Michal Chodzko and Józef Chodzko

[above Joseph Chodzko / Józef Boreyko Chodzko or Khodzko, born 1800 in Krzywicze, ex-the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, died in 1881 in Tiflis / Tbilisi, a General-topographer and Polish geographer. He stayed in Paris in 1843, where he met Adam Mickiewicz and his three brothers: Alexandre, Michel and Stanislas, and his cousin Leonard - all Polish nationalists].

ALEKSANDER CHODZKO, in 1841 to 1842, he stayed in Greece, in Italy and the United Kingdom. In 1847 he married in Lausanne to Helena Dunin-Jundzill (1822 - 1886), daughter of Earl Wiktor / Victor Jundzill Dunin, General who emigrated from Poland;
she was the granddaughter of Mikolaj Michal Cichocki, son of Stanislas Poniatowski King of Poland, and Marianna Iwanska (Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska ?).
Named above Michal Mikolaj Cichocki / Michael Nicholas Cichocki (b. 1770 in Warsaw, died 1828 in Warsaw), Brigadier General of the Duchy of Warsaw; graduated from the Corps of Cadets, the captain, took part in the 1792 war with Russia. He died suddenly. He was a member of the Masonic lodge 'Slavic Unity'.

Jan CHODZKO 1776-1851 (see below), the son of Józef CHODZKO b. 1723, and Konstancyia Bujnicki, married to Klara Korsak -
Jan Chodzko was the President of the Civil Minsk Chamber, and the School Inspektor of the Province of Vilnius and Minsk; died in 1851, buried in Zaslaw. Mentioned above Jan Borejko Chodzko born 1776 in Wilno was the Chairman of Minsk Supreme Court; Chairman of the University of Wilno; awarded the Order of St. Vladimir; chamberlain of the Wilno district.
He prevented the Russians burning of MINSK, before evacuating of the town in 1812.
Considering Napoleon as the liberator of Poland, as a good patriot, he slept Russian vigilance and introduced the Marshal Davoust in stores of food and ammunition - Napoleon heard the news; after the retreat of the French, he had to flee Poland but he returned thanks to the amnesty of the Emperor Alexander.
He was the founder of two Masonic lodges, one in Vilnius and one in Minsk. He was the top member of a patriotic secret society before the uprising of 29 November 1830,
and he was arrested and taken to St. Petersburg where he met in prison his son Alexander who was also arrested, it was the last time that they saw themselves. Jan was sentenced to 5 years in prison and deported to Russia. His eldest son Alexandre Chodzko / Aleksander Borejko Chodzko was deported also in Siberia.
Jan Chodzko could not return to his homeland but died in 1851 in Minsk],

the initiator and the first Master of the lodge;

Jan Norwid;

Piotr Przystanowski / Peter Pristanovsky;

Jan Sierakowski;

Albert BURGIELSKI / Burgelsky;

Wincenty LEWKOWICZ / Vincent Levkovich;

and Jozef Ragoza.


Acc. to MALACHOWSKI - LEMPICKI / Malahovskiy-Lyampitsky, in 1820 of "Northern torch":

Master - Dominik MONIUSZKO / Dominic Manyushka, former Army Major

[Dominik Moniuszko, b. 1788 - died in 1848 in MINSK;
Dominik was the son of Stanislaw Moniuszko

{Stanislaw Moniuszko SENIOR, b. 1734. d. 1807; the son of Józef Moniuszko and Marianna JAKUBOWSKA}

and Ewa WOJNILOWICZ Moniuszko;

Dominik was the brother of Ignacy Moniuszko;
Józef Moniuszko;
Czeslaw Wincenty Eliasz Aleksy Moniuszko / Czeslaw Moniuszko - see below !;
Kazimierz Moniuszko;
Michalina Monika Wankowicz
(she was married Edward Wladyslaw Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1790, d. 1872, the son of Stanislaw Wankowicz; she had children:
Stanislaw Wankowicz; Zygmunt Wankowicz; Aleksander Wankowicz; Adam Wankowicz; Gabriela Horwatt).

Composer Stanislaw MONIUSZKO, junior:
"... Stanislaw Moniuszko was a Polish composer, conductor and teacher. He wrote many popular art songs and operas, and his music is filled with patriotic folk themes of the peoples of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (predominantly the Poles, Lithuanians and Belarusians)".
He was born in 1819 in Ubiel close to Minsk; died in 1872 in Warsaw.

Stanislaw Moniuszko was born in a landowner's family with patriotic traditions. His father mentioned above Czeslaw MONIUSZKO participated in the Napoleonic campaign. For early musical education the composer took care of his mother, Elzbieta Madzarska Moniuszko, which taught him how to play.

DOMINIK MONIUSZKO' relative:

In 1812, when the Franco-Russian war in Minsk province began, came the French troops that established here its management system. ANTONI WANKOWICZ / Anton Vankovich joined the French authorities and set up local administrations under Prince Marshal Louis- Nicolas Davout on July 13 / July 25 - the Commission of the Provisional Government of the Minsk province; Antoni Wankowicz cooperated with
Prince Michael Kryshtafavich Dominikovich Puzyna / MICHAL PUZYNA,
and the Commissioner-General Michael Antonovich Zenovich / Michal Zenowicz / MICHAL DESPOT ZENOWICZ.

ANTONI WANKOWICZ / Anton Tadeushevich Vankovich
and Michal Zenowicz / Michael Antonovich Zenovich
were members of the economic department, headed by chairman Ignacy Moniuszko / Ignatius Stanislavovich Moniuszko (1787 -1869) [see OGINSKI, and Dukora close to MINSK].

According to the decree of the French Emperor Napoleon I on June 19 (July 1) 1812 to control the territories seized by the French, were created departments in Vilna, Grodno, Minsk and Bialystok; Vankovich became part of the new administration and has been a member since July 17 to August 15, 1812, and then was supervisor of the military hospital of the French "Grand Army" in Minsk. He inherited his father's estate, in Minsk Province, ZARZECZE / Zazere and Vidagoshch [Zarzecze and Widagoszcz]; the palace in Vilnius, called the Vankovitski palace.
Those who have studied the roots of this complex structure, the most common commit certain substantive and methodological mistakes, runs the risk of retaliatory attacks and ridicule, and even fully social ostracism.
See:
Ferdynand Piottuch - Kublicki, who was an activist of 1863 in the East Belarus, was friend of Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski from the Vicebsk region and also Walerjan Weryho / Valerian Veryho (he was owner of the Stajki estate - South of Vicebsk, close to the Dymanowo station, where Russian police on 22nd April 1863 attempted to arrest him). Above Ferdynand Piottuch - Kublicki was neighbour of Wasilewski and relation to Staniewicz; he and duke Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski / Weryho stayed in Vicebsk in 1862 and in Stajki 1863. Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski was familiar to:
Moniuszko, Odyniec, Syrokomla and with Aleksander Chodecki in Mohylew (Mahileu or Mogiliow) in 1859.
Compare -
The Polish archives in the Ihumen district in the 19th cent.:
Moniuszko and Wankowicz in Smilowicze and Szypiany
the Wankowicz family in Horodyszcze and Zasierz (Zazierzce ?)].


Deputy Master - Apolinary Wankowicz / Appolinary Wankowicz

[inf. 1820;
Apolinary Wankowicz b. ca 1795 / 1800 - 1857, the son of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1760/1770
{Jan Wankowicz, born 1770 to Adam Wankowicz and unknown wife Wankowicz. Adam was born in 1730. Jan married Teodora Wankowicz born Pioro in 1780, and they had son Apolinary Wankowicz.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki

(Tadeusz Wankowicz junior had sibilings:
Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1710;
Eleonora Wankowicz b. ca 1715;
Scholastyka Wankowicz born ca 1720;
Franciszka Wankowicz b. ca 1725;
and half brother was mentioned above Adam Wankowicz b. in 1730 - the son of Teresa Filipowicz {2nd wife} and Tadeusz Wankowicz, the senior).

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Luczaj in 1786, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675 and Helena Wolodkowicz born ca 1685 {1st wife};

(grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki;
named above Jan Wankowicz had brothers:
Wladyslaw b. ca 1648;
Teodor b. ca 1650; and
Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK).

Now we back to the Wankowiczs:

Melchior Wankowicz b. ca 1760-1815
(his brothers:
Wincenty ca 1760 - died 1814, m. in 1804 to Kajetana Gasowska b. ca 1790; and Teodor born ca 1760, married Izabela Gasowska),
m. in 1800 to Scholastyka Gorecki; with sons:
Walenty Wankowicz, 1800-1842 m. in 1827 to Aniela Rostocka;
Stanislawa b. ca 1803, m. Wincenty Hornowski;
Karol Wankowicz, 1805-1854, m. Rozalia Wankowicz born ca 1807-1891 with
son Melchior Wankowicz, 1842-1892 m. in 1876 to Maria Szwoynicki ca 1855-1895, and grandson
Melchior Wankowicz, writer, 1891-1974, m. in 1916 to Zofia Malagowska, 1891-1969.

Above Melchior Wankowicz, ca 1760-1815,
Wincenty,
Teodor and
Stanislaw b. ca 1760 were sons of
Aleksander Wankowicz and unknown Hrehorowicz.

Above Aleksander Wankowicz had brothers:
Wladyslaw;
Piotr;
Marcin;
Mateusz Wankowicz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski
(with sons -
Kasper Wankowicz + Eleonora Makowiecka and
Józef + Marianna b. ca 1775.
Mateusz Wankowicz (Mateusz m. in 1750 to Katarzyna Janiszewski) was son of Jan WANKOWICZ and Katarzyna Brzuchowski; Jan Wankowicz was the son of Stanislaw Wankowicz, b. ca 1652 + Joanna Korsak;
see below !);

and SEBASTIAN b. ca 1740.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior was owner of Luczaj in 1786, and was the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675
(grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki;
Jan had brothers:
Wladyslaw b. ca 1648 and
Teodor b. ca 1650; and
mentioned above Stanislaw b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK)

and Helena Wolodkowicz born ca 1685.

Tadeusz Wankowicz, junior, m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka ca 1735-1812.

A branch from Samuel Soltan b. 1654, killed in 1709, m. 1st to Wisiunianka / Wisimianka, and 2nd to Helena Ewa von Manteuffel 1-v. Jan von Berk;
his son:
Stanislaw Pereswit Soltan 1698 - 1758, owned Andrepna and Zielonpole close to Rezekne / Rzeczyce, and Lideksna with Sprykutow close to Ludsen / Lucyn,
m. 1st to Eleonora Hilzen, daughter of Jerzy Konstanty Hilzen, and Anna Regina Schimmelpfennig von der Oye;
m. 2nd time in Dyrwiany to Helena Römer / Romer b. ca 1730 - she was 2-v. Jan Wayssenhof;
children of Stanislaw Soltan:
1. Augusta Soltan, b. ca 1750 m. Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Stanislaw Soltan b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793, then in 1812, member of Parliament of 1782, 1788, m. Franciszka Teofila Radziwill d. 1802, daughter of Stanislaw RADZIWILL and Karolina Pociej, owned Zdzieciol;
m. 2nd in 1820 to Konstancja Toplicka-Tupalska 1-v Kasper Korsak, daughter of Antoni and Róza Górska.

Children of above Stanislaw Soltan:
1. Karolina Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1790 married after 1800 to Józef Piottuch-Kublicki;
2. Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wankowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812 son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[ie. Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz SENIOR, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka ca 1735-1812, daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki;
with children:
Waleria Wankowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz, + Mostowski.

Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman ANNA SOLTAN WANKOWICZ / Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776); her father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.
3.
Helena Soltan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
4.
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
5.
Stanislaw Soltan, born in 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment, with wifes:
Maria Dunin-Jundzill b. 1827 and
Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, b. 1837.
Children of Stanislaw Soltan b. 1822:
1. Bogdan Wiktor Soltan 1861 - 1912 married to Maria Franciszka Soltan b. 1863, with daughter
- Maria Emilia Soltan b. 1889 Aninsk and died 1963, m. Zdzislaw Henryk Grocholski - her daughter
Maria Grocholska b. 1911 Pietniczany and died in 1940 Otrebusy;
2. Emilia Soltan Korsak, b. 1847 d. 1908,
3. Stanislaw Soltan, 1848 - 1850,
4. Helena Soltan 1849 - 1852,
5. Adam Soltan 1851 - 1902 in Brzostownica Murowana,
6.
Wiktor Wladyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, owner of Kraszuty.

Tadeusz Wankowicz senior was the owner of SWOLNA.

Antoni Wankowicz ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812, was the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz son of Tadeusz Wankowicz SENIOR, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725].

Luczaj
- the first written record about the town comes from 1542. Luczaj was the estate of the Zabrzezinski family. Stanislaw Zabrzezinski, had only one daughter, Anna, and in 1542, Luczaj took Wojciech Jundzill. Anna to be an orphan guardian Stanisław Kierzgajlo, but Jan Hlebowicz, bought Luczaj. In 1550 Elzbieta Hlebowicz, daughter of Jan, had married Melchior Szemiot, and brought him Luczaj as a dowry. Their grandson Jerzy Szemiot in 1617 sold the property to a neighbor, Andrzej Janowicz Rudomin, who sold it to his nephew, Piotr. In 1731, a widow of Piotr Rudomin, ie. Katarzyna Chalecka, 2nd voto Wollowicz, 3rd voto Pociej, sold Luczaj to Elzbieta Oginski Puzyna, a wife of Antoni Puzyna. Elzbieta Puzyna gave it in 1755 to her brother Tadeusz Oginski, the provincial governor of Troki, heir of Hanuta, and Zalesie.
Oginski gave back Luczaj in 1786 to the Wankowicz family. Luczaj is situated in the Oszmiany county.
Around 1820, the daughter of Antoni Wankowicz, official in Minsk and Anna Soltan, ie. Klementyna Wankowicz, marrying Edward Mostowski (died in 1855), received these estate in dowry.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior, 1755 m. Anna Swietorzecka ca 1735-1812, the daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki. The son of Tadeusz Wankowicz, junior was Antoni Wankowicz, ca 1758-1812 m. Anna Soltan ca 1785-1812. Daughters of above Antoni Wankowicz:
Klementyna b. ca 1804, m. in 1820 to Edward Mostowski 1790-1855;
Waleria b. 1805, m. in 1821 to Konstanty Tyzenhauz 1785-1853;
and Wanda 1808-1842, m. in 1825 to Benedykt Emanuel Tyszkiewicz 1801-1866.

Tadeusz Wankowicz junior [Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz] was owner of Luczaj in 1786, son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA.

Tadeusz Oginski owner of Luczaj, let this estate to Tadeusz Wankowicz and Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; Andrzej and Franciszek Ksawery Oginscy, sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs.

Teresa Filipowicz was the 2nd wife of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior.
Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675 married 1st to Helena Wolodkowicz born ca 1685.
Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675 was the son of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 and Zofia Chrapowicki}.

and Teodora Pioro.

Apolinary's Wankowicz wife was (m. ca 1830) Izabella Obuchowicz, with children:
1.
Helena + Józef Woynillowicz;
2.
Leon Wankowicz born in 1831 and married Paulina Moniuszko, 1831-1903, the daughter of
Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 + Alina Aleksandra Beydo-Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska
and the granddaughter of
Stanislaw Moniuszko b. ca 1760 + Ewa Woynillowicz b. ca 1770.

His relative:
Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich, having a rather large estate in IHUMEN / Igumen County, made a career of the noble service in native county, had friendly relations with the most influential families of the county:
Wankowicz, Konstantynowicz, Osztarp, Moniuszko, Jelski, Pruszynski, Slotwinski, Janiszewski;
he hold positions of cornet in the Igumen county (1802-1804), chairman of the Igumen county court (1804-1805), Marshal of the Igumen county (1805-1808).
He got quite rare in those days, the Maltese Order of St John of Jerusalem. He became a member of the local Masonic lodges, which was very popular and common in those days - "Vladislav Jagiello" and The Peace Room / 'The shrine room'.
Compare:
Joachim Wankowicz was commissioner of independent authorities in SMOLEWICZE / Smaljavicy of the BORYSOW / Barysau district in 1812;
Antoni Wankowicz,
Michal Puzyna Duke,
Ignacy Moniuszko,
Jan Chodzko and
Ksawery LIPSKI / Xawery Lipski
signed Act of Temporary Administration of the Minsk Province on 19 July 1812 under general Oppeln Bronikowski;
a certain Stanislaw Wankowicz in the Zadziewo estate in 1840 - he was insurgent in 1831].


Aleksander Moniuszko born in 1790, was the son of Stanislaw Moniuszko b. ca 1760, and Ewa Woynillowicz, b. ca 1770. Aleksander's brothers were Czeslaw Moniuszko; Klotylda Jelski; and Józef Moniuszko of Ubiel. Aleksander married Alina Aleksandra Rzewuski b. in 1800 with a daughter Paulina Wankowicz born Moniuszko. Named Józef Moniuszko married Pelagia unknown surname. Mentioned Józef Moniuszko b. 1789, died in 1840, the brother of Ignacy Moniuszko; Dominik Moniuszko; Czeslaw Wincenty Eliasz Aleksy Moniuszko; Kazimierz Moniuszko; Michalina Monika Wankowicz and 10 others, acc. to Leszek Mila of 2016.
Above
Stanislaw Moniuszko b. ca 1760 is the same as Stanislaw Moniuszko b. 1734, d. 1807 [a military judge of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania], the son of Józef Moniuszko and Marianna.
Husband of Ewa; the father of Ignacy Moniuszko; Dominik Moniuszko; above Józef Moniuszko; above Czeslaw Wincenty Eliasz Aleksy Moniuszko; Kazimierz Moniuszko and 11 others;
the half brother of Adam Moniuszko.

Apolinary's Wankowicz [CONSPIRATOR] wife was (m. ca 1830) Izabella Obuchowicz, with children:
1.
Helena + Józef Woynillowicz;
2.
Leon Wankowicz born in 1831, and married Paulina Moniuszko, 1831-1903,
the daughter of
Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 + Alina Aleksandra Beydo Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska
and the granddaughter of
Stanislaw Moniuszko SENIOR, b. ca 1760 [Stanislaw Moniuszko b. 1734, d. 1807] + Ewa Woynillowicz b. ca 1770.

Aleksander Moniuszko was born in 1790, to Stanislaw Moniuszko SENIOR, and Ewa Woynillowicz.
Above
Józef Moniuszko JUNIOR, b. 1789.
Above Stanislaw Moniuszko SENIOR, b. 1734, the son of Józef Moniuszko SENIOR, and Marianna.

Czeslaw Moniuszko, the composer's father, however, was the only one of ten children of Judge Moniuszko to have a male descendant - a future national composer who got his name after his grandfather. Czeslaw, was not as well educated as his brothers, he did not have many talents.
Stanislaw Moniuszko SENIOR, b. on May 8, 1734 - 1807, was the father of Dominik Moniuszko, b. 1788 - died in 1848 in MINSK.
An important figure for the family history was the composer's grandfather, Stanislaw Moniuszko (1734-1807), who after leaving Podlasie moved to Vilnius, where he took up studies at the university there; he began his professional and social career in the circles of the highest officials and representatives of the nobility.
Stanislaw Moniuszko entered into cooperation with Franciszek Osztorp, the secretary of the prince Michał Oginski, with whom he founded a company for supplies of the army; he leased among others property in Smilowicze near Minsk.
Oginski was forced to sell the Smilowicze estate, which included many smaller villages and settlements. Moniuszko and Osztorp took over these land and in 1791 they divided the purchased land.
Stanislaw Moniuszko (grandfather) started his family at a later age and ten children came to the world - six sons and four daughters.

The eldest son of judge was Ignacy Moniuszko (1787-1869). He studied philosophy at the University of Wilno, was interested in politics; he also actively served to the army. During the Napoleon's campaign in 1812, he was a representative of the Provisional Council to Davout, who was welcomed in Minsk. Ignacy Moniuszko joined the Provisional Government, later replaced by the Administrative Chamber of the Minsk Department.

Dominik Moniuszko (1788-1848) - CONSPIRATOR - was the second son; the most significant figure among all the uncles of the composer. Like Ignacy, he also graduated from the University of Wilno; also took part in the campaign of 1812, and he ended his military career in 1816 with the rank of major.

Józef Moniuszko (1789-1840), lived in Skuplina, was a theater enthusiast and often organized amateurish performances in his property. Unfortunately, there is no information about them today.

Stanisław Moniuszko had two other important uncles. Younger than Józef, the fourth son was Kazimierz (1795-1836), a great figure; graduated from the University of Wilno; he was the honorary curator of the schools in the Ihumen district, and Prince Adam Czartoryski entrusted him with the honorable functions in Lithuania and Volhynia.
In his property in Smilowicze he had a very rich library.

The last uncle of composer was Aleksander (1801-1836); humanist. After philological studies, in Vilnius, he devoted himself to science. He used the ancient languages ​​perfectly. He lived in Smilowicze. Married Rzewuska, and the Moniuszko family was associated with the writer and historian Henryk Rzewuski.
The composer's grandfather, Stanisław Moniuszko (1734-1807) came from a Polish family from Bialystok, and after leaving Podlasie, he moved to Vilnius.


Franciszek Osztorp and his son Leon Ashtorp / OSZTORP / Oschtorp Leon:

Stanislaw Moniuszko - Senior - entered into cooperation with Franciszek Osztorp, the secretary of the prince Michal Oginski [Michal Kazimierz Oginski], with whom he founded a company for supplies of the army; he leased among others property in Smilowicze near Minsk.
Michal Oginski / Michal Kazimierz Oginski was forced to sell the Smilowicze estate, which included many smaller villages and settlements. Moniuszko and Osztorp took over these land and in 1791 they divided the purchased land.
Stanislaw Moniuszko (grandfather - senior) started his family at a later age and ten children came to the world - six sons and four daughters.

Most of the Freemasonry members in BELARUS are representatives of a small gentry of the Minsk, Novogrudok, Vileika, DZISNA and BORYSOW / Borisov districts of the Minsk province. "Mount Tabor": DOLACHOWSKI-LAMINCKI / Doalahovsky- Lyamintsky in 1818
[see: Wincenty FRIBES / Vincent Fribes, Secretary of the MINSK governor office;
a representative of the Provincial Committee of the Lithuania - Józef Zawadzki, a printer and publisher;
Secretary - Wincenty HRYNIEWSKI / Grinevsky Vincent, an attorney of the 2nd MINSK Department;
Hilary Jakubowski / Gilyarov Jakubowski;
Piotr Schneider, a high school teacher;
Jerzy Kobylinski / KOBYLANSKI / Yuri Kobylinsky, titled Advisor;
Hipolit Hajdukiewicz / Hippolytus Gaidukevich].

According to other sources, in April 1821 was elected Master - the Minsk Deputy Governor, Ludwik KAMIENSKI / Kamensky.

"Mount Tabor" - there are at least 31 members (mostly from "Northern torch" and NIESWIEZ / Nesvizh lodges). In 1784, the Great East of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania / Grand Orient was acting and in Belarus ca 1821 its members were:
Vankovich A.;
L. Ashtorp / OSZTORP;
Ratynski;
DESPOT - Zenovich, on October 8, 1821 - 6th degree Knight of the East.

Even before the decree of Alexander I on August 1, 1822, the Minsk governor wrote in a secret letter that they were dangerous because of their aspirations "for equality and independence", stating that "the Polish and Lithuanian Great East" was liquidated on October 1, 1821.

It is true that Moniuszko and Franciszek Osztorp came to Minsk in Belarus-Lithuania in the second half of the 18th century as the tenantry of the OGINSKI property.

Oschtorp Leon / Leon Osztorp (1786-1851) - the FREEMASON; the Malta order member
[The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, is a Roman Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature];
the son of FRANCISZEK OSZTORP, b. ca 1750;
and the grandson of Marcin Osztorp of Pomianowna, b. ca 1720.

Pomianowo - close to Dzierzaznia, west to PLONSK.

Named Franciszek Osztorp was the son of Marcin Oschtorp from Pomianowna, the Colonel of the Lithuanian Army; the Chamberlain of the Polish King court, a man of science and military service; he was serving in the army of Lithuania for 25 years, as a lieutenant of the national cavalery.
His parents are Marcin Osztorp and Joanna Pomianowna. Franciszek was born in a mansion in Mikicin, neighboring with Moniuszko's Smogorówka.
On 6 February 1735, Wojciech Moniuszko was married Teresa Osztorp from Moniuszko village.

Smogorówka - 4 km west to Moniuszki village; south-west to DOLISTOWO; 9 km west to MIKICIN.

Mentioned Mikicin - east to OSOWIEC; south to Suchowola, Sztabin and Augustow.
Mikicin, was owned by Samuel and Konstancja Bidrzycki / Biedrzycki; in 1677 the part of these land took Adam Bobinski and Peski. Ca 1700, Mikicin belonged to Florian Mlodnicki. Ca 1740 to Marcin Kuczynski. 1838 - 1942 the Moniuszki estate owner, Kazimierz Moniuszko bought all village.
Then to his son - Adolf Moniuszko, inf. in 1826. Kazimierz died in 1872.
After death of Adolf Moniuszko, his heirs were: the wife Maria, and his sister Ewelina Zawadzka, also relatives: the Kozlowski brothers: Jan, Leon, Boleslaw, Stanislaw and Stefan.

Moniuszki is situated near Jaswily and close to Smogorowka.

DUKORA - 42 km south-east to MINSK in Belarus.

Leon OSZTORP was born here in 1786;
in Dukora in Belarus was living the family of Colonel of the Lithuanian cavalry, Franciszek Osztorp and his wife Ludwika Iwanowska, and they came from a noble family of Swedish descent.

Leon OSZTORP, the nobleman of the Golocki coat of arms, a real state councilor (1832). In 1812, with the rank of colonel of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, served the Corps of gendarmes in the Province of Minsk (29 officers, 93 gendarmes) - the Emperor's decree of July 1, 1812; the Corps search for deserters and marauders, as well as for protection of the strategically important roads in the rear from the sabotage of the Russian army; on the orders of the Minsk military governor, General Count Bronikowski-Oppeln (Mikolaj Bronikowski-Oppeln, 1767-1817), the Corps was engaged in the crossing of Berezina river, including the ferry under Studianka / Studzianka, which the Emperor used.
After the end of the campaign in 1812, he received the pardon of Emperor Alexander I;
for 15 years he served as the head of the Igumen / IHUMEN district leader of the nobility [see Konstantynowicz and Wankowicz], from 1823 to 1847 - the leader of the nobility of the Minsk province; he was a member of the Civil Court of the Civil Chamber of the Minsk Province Board, and also a member of the Imperial Special Commission for horse-breeding. In 1851, he died as a result of an accident during the trip [he passed a bridge across Svisloch near the village of Peski; close to LESHNITSA; Siniki and Wankowszczyzna; 14 north-west to DUKORA; 19 km south-east to Smilowicze] from Minsk with his youngest daughter Leocadia / Leokadia Osztorp.

In 1880, Leokadia Sianozecka Osztorp has died in Dukora.

Leon Osztorp was awarded the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.

The Malta Order was established in 1888 by Queen Victoria, as the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem; The Order of St John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria. "... It evolved from a faction of the Order of Malta that emerged in France in the 1820s and moved to Britain in the early 1830s, where, after operating under a succession of grand priors and different names, it became associated with the founding in 1882 of the St John Ophthalmic Hospital near the old city of Jerusalem and the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1887".

Mentioned Leokadia OSZTORP Sianozecka - b. ca 1810, d. 1880, the wife of Aleksander Wojnicz - Sianozecki, b. 1807.
Alexander Wojnicz-Sianozecki / Aleksander Sianozecki, the Noble Marshal in the Czausy county; died in June 1861, buried at the Catholic cemetery in Mohylew by the Dniepr river.

CZAUSY - in 1863 battle with Russians; 48 km east to Mohylew by the Dniepr river.

Alojzy Wojnicz-Sianozecki (1754-1840) - a president of the main court of law in the Mogilev Governorate, and the noble Bielice marshal;

Alexander Wojnicz-Sianozecki (1807-1861) - the Czausy county Noble Marshal [in Bielica - Sianozecki; in Mscislaw - Adam Holynski; in Teszka, the Klimowice Marshal - Michal Holynski].

Chalc - the estate of Sianozecki-Voynic; is situated in the Homel / Homiel region, of the Vietka county.

In the Witebsk province:
above Bielica; Czarnorucze; Druck; Dubrowna; Dymanów; Holaszew; Horodnia; Janowicze.

Mentioned Khal'ch / Chalcz / Halcz, in the Homel prov., close to Vietka / Wieteck, 16 km north to Homel, by the Soz river [ex-Rzeczyca county, the Minsk prov.]. Here was living Stanislaw Chalecki, the Wilno judge; Stanislaw d. 1805, and in 1812 the estate bought Otton Woynicz-Sianozecki;
the last owner was Aleksander Sianozecki the father of Zygmunt Wojnicz-Sianozecki, killed in October 1939 close to Grodno.

See:
Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925, the daughter of Eugeniusz SIANOZECKI and Leontyna Holynska.

Note:
Congregation of the missionary sisters of St. Family:
the founder was Boleslawa Maria Lament of Lowicz, where she was born in 1862; for the poor and the disabled in Warsaw. News about their social work came to Ms. Sianozecka, a wealthy citizen in Belarus. She invited in 1903 named B. Lament to Mogilev to care of youth. In Mogilev, the head of the children's nurseries, Leokadia Gorczynska, a native of Kalisz, lived together with her. Soon a third employee arrived, Lucja Czechowska, from the Mogilev Governorate, who already had worked with the youth. All three ladies acted with Feliks Wiercinski staying in Moscow at that time.

We back to
Dukora:

the estate belonged to the Sapieh family, later to Zawisza (in the 16th century) and the Oginski family. Michal Oginski's [Michal Kazimierz Oginski] property had administrators: Stanislaw Moniuszko (former Lithuanian judge; the grandfather of the famous composer) and Franciszek Osztorp [Colonel, writer], son of a Swedish army soldier in Poland.
Franciszek Osztorp's acquaintances:
Jan Wasilewski, Jan Zyzemski, Jozef Pietrulewicz; Maciej Zyzniewski; Michal Stecki; Antoni Czechowski; Andrzej Terlecki; Jgnacy Holynski; Maciey Wilkicki.
Dukora:
the owner - Prince Michal Kazimierz Oginski (ca. 1730, Warsaw - d. 1800, Slonim or Warsaw), a military commander in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, musician and composer. His trusted servant and the leaseholder of land wealth - Franciszek Osztorp, the administrator, provided him with money
[his son Leon Osztorp, commander of the Minsk Gendarmerie Regiment co-operated with Francois Oretti commander of the Bialystok].
Prince Michal Kazimierz Oginski was a noted engineer, established the Pinsk - Volhynia road, the arsenal in Vilnius, and the Oginski Canal, which joined the Neman and Dnieper rivers (1765- 1784). He also founded numerous factories and foundries in the lands belonging to his family. At his court in Slonim he held two theater groups (Italian and Polish), a printing house and orchestra.

Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833 was the son of Andrzej Ignacy Oginski, 1740-1787 [Freemason], and Paula Anna Szembek, 1737-1798; the grandson of Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski and Izabella Radziwill
[the second wife of named Tadeusz was Jadwiga Zaluska.
Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski had children:
Andrzej Ignacy Oginski and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski].

Michal Kazimierz Oginski (ca. 1730, Warsaw - d. 1800) was the son of Józef Tadeusz Oginski (1693 - 1736), and the grandson of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski, 1664-1733 [below], and Eleonora.

Jan Oginski b. 1619, of the Mscislau province, was father of
Leon Kazimierz Oginski,
named Kazimierz Dominik Oginski,
and Mikolaj Franciszek Oginski Duke / Mikalojus Pranciškus Oginskis,
Anna Tyszkiewicz;
Maria Massalska / Marina Ana Masalskiene;
Grzegorz Antoni Oginski;
Aleksandr Oginski;
Marcian Antoni Oginski died 1703.

The family of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski, 1664-1733:

Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, was the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750.
Above
Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river.

Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita.

Michal OGINSKI b. 1696, was the son of Leon Kazimierz Oginski, b. [before !] ca 1658, who was the brother of mentioned Kazimierz Dominik Oginski b. ca 1664.

MARCJAN Marcin Michal Oginski, 1672 - 1750:
above MARCJAN Marcin Michal Oginski, 1672 - 1750, m. to Teresa Brzostowski, then 2nd to Teresa Tyzenhaus; 3rd Krystyna Abramowicz; 4th Tekla Anna Larska.

Now we look at Szymon Karol / Symeon Oginski b. ca 1621, died 1699, who was also brother of JAN Oginski (1619 - 1684); Szymon was father of
Zofia Oginska;
Boguslaw Oginski Duke;
mentioned Marcin Michal OGINSKI / MARCJAN Marcin Michal Oginski, Duke, 1672 - 1750;
Krystyna Tyszkiewicz;
Eleonora;
Jurgis Oginskis and
Aleksander Oginski.

Above LEON Kazimierz Oginski / Leonas Kazimieras Oginskis, b. ca 1658, died 1699, was son of Jan Oginski (his second wife Anna Siemaszko), and Joanna / Joana Teodora NARUSZEWICZ / Oginska.

LEON Kazimierz Oginski had children:
Helena Filipina Oginska b. ca 1690 / 1694 in Mogilev that is Elena Filipina Plateriene / Helena Filipina Oginska b. in Mogilev;
Liudvika Krolikovskiene, and
Mykolas Antanas Oginski / Mikolaj Antoni Oginski.

Jan Oginski was the brother of Szymon Karol OGINSKI / Symeon Oginski (see below); Regina Pociej; Helena Tyszkiewicz-Lohojska; Prakseda; Katarzyna; and Krystyna - wife of Dadzbog Frackiewicz-Radziminski.

Mentioned Jan Oginski b. 1619 of the Mscislau province was father of
Leon Kazimierz,
Kazimierz Dominik Oginski,
and Mikolaj Franciszek Oginski Duke / Mikalojus Pranciškus Oginskis,
Anna Tyszkiewicz;
Maria Massalska / Marina Ana Masalskiene;
Grzegorz Antoni Oginski;
Aleksandr Oginski;
Marcian Antoni Oginski died 1703.

Remember:
Franciszek CHOMINSKI / Franciszek Ksawery Chominski b. bef. 1745, d. 1809 in Wilno, the Mscislaw governor, General major in 1788, Speaker of the Parliament in 1784; the member of the Bar Confederation (1768-1772);
he was a supporter of Michal Kazimierz Oginski, and he was in diplomatic missions to Vienna (1770), Paris, Germany and Italy, in order to obtain financial support for the Bar Confederation.
He participated in the battle of Stolowicze. After the collapse of the confederation,
he went - until 1775 - together with Oginski to emigrate to Bavaria, France and Italy. In 1775 he also was the secretary of Oginski and ran his interests. Shortly thereafter, he was associated with the royal party, collaborating with
Antoni Tyzenhauz SENIOR and with J. Chreptowicz.
A member of the parliament from the Pinsk County in 1780, 1782 and 1784.

And we back to the RADZIWILLES - Oginski - SOLTAN:

Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. 2nd to Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retów passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill [Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill] of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763.

Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill b. 1711, d. 1761 / 1763 in Maladzyechna [Molodeczno], the Minsk Province, was daughter of Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687.

Mentioned above Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill with children:
A. Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw Oginski and
B. Andrzej Ignacy (1738-1783) + Paula Szembek, with son
Michal Kleofas Oginski (1765-1833), owner of Molodeczno, Zalesie and Retów in 1812 from hands Platon Zubow [1806-1812].
Michal Kleofas Oginski lived in Zalesie, married two times: Izabella Lasocka, and Maria de Neri (she died in 1851).

Brief note to named MICHAL KLEOFAS OGINSKI:

MARCJAN Marcin Michal Oginski, 1672 - 1750, m. to Teresa Brzostowski, then 2nd to Teresa Tyzenhaus; 3rd Krystyna Abramowicz; 4th Tekla Anna Larska.
Marcin Michal was father of
Stanislawa Teresa
[Stanislawa Teresa Oginski, 1724-1744, m. Rafal Alojzy Oskierka, marriage in 1741. Her parents: Marcin Michal Oginski, 1672- 1750 + Teresa Tyzenhauz 1690-1730];
Marianna;
Barbara Pac;
Ignacy Oginski;
Stanislaw Jerzy Oginski;
Tadas Pranciškus Oginskis / Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski b. 1712
[father of Andrius Ignotas Oginskis / Andrzej Ignacy Oginski b. 1740 in TADULINO
{father of Michal Kleofas Oginski b. 1765 in Guzow
(he was father of
Franciszek Ksawery Oginski;
Tadeusz Antoni Oginski;
Amelia Zaluska;
Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski / Irenejus Oginskis b. 1808 who married Jozefina Kalinowska and Olga Kalinowska;
Emma Wysocka; and Ida b. 1813),
and Józefa Zofia Lopacinska},
and Franciszek Ksawery Stanislaw];
Marcijana Potocka and
Benedykta Tyszkiewicz.

Note:
The great-grandparents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:
1. Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 or 1690-1736
(Jan Ludwik Plater born in 1686 either 1690-1736 or ca 1700 - 1764 who was son [here was mistake] of Jan Andrzej Henryk Plater and Ludwika Maria von Grothuss; Jan Ludwik was husband of Rozalia Brzostowska; father of Konstancja; Konstanty Ludwik and Józefa; brother of Fabian Ksawery Broel-Plater; Aleksander Konstanty; Izabela Borch and Anna Sybilla von Syberg / Zyberk),
2. Józef Tadeusz Oginski
(1693 - 1736, son of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski and Eleonora; husband of Anna; father of Augustyna Plater; Katarzyna Przezdziecka; Michal Kazimierz Oginski; Elzbieta Wielhorska and Genowefa Brzostowska; brother of Marcibela Zawisza-Kiezgajlo and Helena Oginska);
3. Waclaw Beydo-Rzewuski b. 1705 / 1706 - d. 1779;
4. Michal Kazimierz Radziwill
(Prince Michal Kazimierz Radziwill born in 1702, Olyka and died in 1762, nick-name Rybenko, owner of Biržai, Dubingiai, Slutsk, Kopyla and Shumsk. He was Court Marshal of Lithuania since 1734, Field and Grand Commander-in-Chief of Lithuania and in 1725 in Biala Krynica he married Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka, 2nd time married Anna Luiza Mycielska in 1754 in Lviv. His lover was Maria Karolina Sobieska, grand daughter of John III Sobieski);
5. Rozalia Brzostowska 1690-1746;
6. Anna Wisniowiecka 1695-1732;
7. Anna Lubomirska
(1717 - died 1763, m. in 1732 to Waclaw Rzewuski of Cracow, the Grand Commander-in-Chief of Poland, 1706 - 1779);
8. Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753.

Grandparents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:

1. Konstanty Ludwik Plater 1722-1778,
2. Augusta Oginska 1724-1791,
3. Stanislaw Ferdynand Beydo-Rzewuski 1737-1786,
4. Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

Parents of Józef Kazimierz Broel-Plater / PLATER 1796-1852:

August Jacek Hieronim Broel-Plater / August Hiacynt 1745-1803 and
Anna Beydo-Rzewuska 1761-1800.

Amelia Oginska Wollowicz was granddaughter of mentioned Michal Kleofas Oginski 1765-1833.

On July 1, 1812, Napoleon decreed the creation of a National Guard for Vilnius to be composed of two battalions of infantry consisting of six companies each. The staff of the Vilnius National Guard was to consist of twenty-two officers and soldiers and each Guard Company to be composed of 119 officers and soldiers totaling 1450 men. Colonel Kosielski of the old Lithuanian Artillery Corps was named Commander of the unit and his Battalion Chiefs, former Captain of Infantry Zakrzewski and former Captain of Artillery, Franceson.
Notable local militia units were established by Count Mirbach at Telsiai and Count Witkiewicz / Vitkevicius at Siauliai which functioned efficiently in protecting the inhabitants from both Russian and French marauders.
In order to secure his rear, Napoleon also decreed on July 1, 1812, the formation of one Gendarmerie (Police) Regiment in each department.
Antoni Chrapowicki / Antoine Chrapowicki was appointed Colonel of the Vilnius Gendarmerie Regiment,
Prince Michal Radzwill commander of the Grodno Gendarmerie Regiment,
Leon Osztorp commander of the Minsk Gendarmerie Regiment, and
Franciszek Oretti commander of the Bialystok Gendarmerie Regiment.

On July 9, 1812, Prince Sapieha recommended Michalowski to be the major of the 2nd Vilnius Gendarmerie Regiment due to his past sixteen years military service.

Note on the Polish archives in the Ihumen district in the 19th cent.:

of the Osztorp and Harting families

[the Гартынгаў / Harting come from Netherlands and SATER north-west to Sztokholm / Stockholm - until 1919.
Georgi Stanislavovich Harting b. 1899 + Sofia Gendrik, he was the son of
Stanisław Konstantinovich Hartingh b. 1855,
the grandson of Konstantin Martynovich Hartingh born in 1821 + Józefina Antonina Hartingh nee Niesiołowska;
the great-grandson of Marcin Hartingh b. 1785, d. in 1824 in Mogilev + Amalie Dorothea von Lambsdorff born in 1797; the great-great-grandson of Mikolaj junior, 1752 - 1795, the son of Mikolaj Harting senior, 1714 - 1766 - a brother of Marcus Harting, b. 1715, with the son Иван Маркович Гартинг / Johann F. Harting, 1768 - 1831 + Elena Ghika (Sturdza) from ROMANIA. IVAN had a sister Amarentia Wilhelmina Harting b. 1756 of Gravenhage, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands]

in Dukora (among others Leon Osztorf i.e. Osztorp was an officer in the Ihumen district in 1816);

Moniuszko and Wankowicz in Smilowicze and Szypiany;

the Wankowicz family in Horodyszcze and Zasierz.

We back to KOSCIUSZKO, Michal Kleofas Oginski, JAN Oskierka and Karol Prozor:

In 1792 Karol Prozor went abroad, arrived in Königsberg; went to Klaipeda. Now he had the opportunity to communicate with his brother- in-law Franciszek Bukaty. Bukata urged Karol to come to London;
Karol Prozor soon established contacts with the conspiracy in Lithuania in January 1793; he cooperated closely with Cpt. Amilkar Kosinski, and from Jan Oskierka, he received secret brochures [see on JAN OSKIERKA older]. The manor in Chojniki became a conspiracy center at that time, and here in July 1793 the nobility congress was held, during which the members of the Volhynia-Polesie conspiracy set up a plan of action.

JAN Oskierka and Karol Prozor were called by General Governor T. Tutolmin in 1794, the "chief rebels" in Mozyr and Owrucz "the root of evil", the "spirit of disobedience and anarchy".
At the beginning of February 1794 KAROL PROZOR came from Chojnik to Warsaw; left Warsaw on the 13th or 14th of August under the name of Dabrowski;
the meeting with Kosciuszko took place in Dresden.
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko appointed Prozor as General Major and commander of all insurgent units in Ukraine, Polesie, Podolia and in a part of Lithuania, and A. Kosinski as his chief of staff.
Karol Prozor returning from Dresden, stopped briefly in Warsaw and moved to Zmudz to Poniemun. After meeting with the activists of the conspiracy in Kaunas, he went to Vilnius to Jakub Jasinski. From Vilnius, left in Polesie, to Zdzieciol [see Konstantynowicz here] to the court's ex-minister Stanislaw Soltan, head of the conspiracy in the province of Nowogródek. Then he went to Chojnik.

After the defeat of the KOSCIUSZKO insurrection, Karol Prozor went to Galicia with Michal Kleofas Oginski [see my domain] and General Franciszek Lazninski

[1761-1819, Jacobin movement sympathizer in 1794; in May 1794, come back from the Kiev prov. to west; escaped with K. Prozor, M. Kleofas Ogiński, and Lady Sołtan - then to VENICE; Mediolan; Volhynia and Warsaw. He married Tekla Grocholski, daughter of Franciszek; she was helping the survivors of the Suchorzewski brigade; the family had a son, Wiktor, born in 1796 in Pisa, later marshal of Winnica, and daughter Aniela],

in Jaroslaw; then left for Venice.

DUKORA:

The town Dukora belonged to the Sapieha family, later to Zawisza in the 16th century, and the Oginski family. Michal Kazimierz Oginski had the property administrators: Stanislaw Moniuszko (grandfather of the famous composer) and Franciszek Osztorp, son of the Swedish army of Charles XII soldier. Oginski was forced to sell them the property; in 1791, Moniuszko and Osztorp divided the estate into each other. Dukora belonged to Osztorp.
Moniuszko raised a magnificent church in Dukora;
at the end of the 18th century or at the beginning of the 19th century, a splendid palace was built here - Franciszek Osztorp or his son Leon (1786-1851).
Leon Osztorp for 23 years (1823-1846) was the marshal of the nobility, maintained his own circus, and a home orchestra.


Count Waclaw Rzewuski - CONSPIRATOR in Ukraine:

Waclaw Rzewuski, 1775-1831, certainly the most mysterious figure in the history of the world; he bought Arabian horses, the son of the field commander Seweryn Rzewuski and Konstancja Lubomirski; after the death of his father, he became the heir of the fortune.
Already in student times, he took lessons in Arabic in Vienna. And from his uncles, Jan Potocki and Adam Czartoryski - he had the first knowledge about Arab countries. He was visiting Slawuta of SANGUSZKO, Antonina and Biala Cerkiew, and he started to buy Arabian horses; 1817-1820 spent in the East.

Above SEWERYN RZEWUSKI:
During the Kosciuszko Uprising he was sentenced to death by the Supreme Criminal Court and executed in effigy on 29 September 1794. He was married to Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska and had three children, Waclaw Rzewuski, Izabella Rzewuska and Maria Rzewuska.

We look on Alina Aleksandra Beydo-Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska MONIUSZKO + ca 1830 to Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 - with a daughter Paulina MONIUSZKO, 1831-1903 + Leon Wankowicz b. 1831.
Alina's great-grandparents:

Waclaw Rzewuski 1705-1779; Michal Kazimierz Radziwill 1702-1762; Antoni Jerzy Rdultowski; Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski 1737-1786; Anna Lubomirska 1717-1763; Urszula Franciszka Wisniowiecka 1705-1753; Justyna Chlusewicz; Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill 1740-1789.

The son of named above WACLAW Rzewuski 1705-1779, senior:

Seweryn RZEWUSKI, General major in 1760, 1743-1811 + Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirska.

Sawran - in Ukraine, close to Odessa, at Podolia. A private noble town located in the Bracław Province was in 1789 owned by Józef Lubomirski.
Prince Józef Lubomirski, the governor of Kiev, founded the city of Kodym, from his name Józefgród in 1771. His son, the last heir from the Lubomirski family, made for the town the privileges. The town was called Balta.
Towards the end of Wacław Rzewuski's life BALTA was his main residence until the confiscation of the estate.
Waclaw Seweryn Rzewuski with foster names, and nicknames: Emir Tadz el faher Abd-el-Niszan; Emir Arslan; Abu Assed; Le Comte W. S. R.; Child el cheil; Count W. S. R.; born in Lviv, died in 1831 ? - the son of Seweryn Rzewuski, and Constance Malgorzata Lubomirska; a traveler, orientalist, memoirist, poet, conspirator and horse expert.
After returning to Poland, he settled in Sawran in Podolia. He was friendly with Tomasz Padurra, poet of the Cossacks, promoter of folklore and Ukrainian music.
1825-1826 he belonged to the Patriotic Society. Denounced in 1826, for two years he was controlled and interrogated. The investigation was discontinued due to lack of evidence of guilt.
In 1831, during the November Uprising, Rzewuski has organized the Cossack riot division, giving him his Arabian horses and commanding the unit in the battle at Daszów, lost in unspecified circumstances on May 14, 1831.

Above named
Konstancja Malgorzata Lubomirski Rzewuska (born 1761, died 1840 in Kamienc Podolski), the daughter of Stanisław and Izabela Czartoryski Lubomirska. Painter, circa 1780, made a series of drawings; 1782 she married her cousin Seweryn Rzewuski and was mother of Wacław. Since 1817 she lived in Podhorce after confiscation of her son's property for participation in the November Uprising, then in Kamieniec Podolski in scarcity.

See:
Lubomirski Franciszek Ksawery (1747-1819), Russian General; the son of Stanislaw Lubomirski, and Ludwika Pociej; the brother of Józef and Michal. he took the part of the Smilanszczyzna; his 2nd wife Teofila Rzewuski had owned Miedzyrzecz; Smila wa the center of the estates.

Apolinary's Wankowicz [CONSPIRATOR] wife was (m. ca 1830) Izabella Obuchowicz, with children:
1.
Helena + Józef Woynillowicz;
2.
Leon Wankowicz born in 1831, and married Paulina Moniuszko, 1831-1903,
the daughter of
Aleksander Moniuszko b. 1790 + Alina Aleksandra Beydo Rzewuska / Alina Rzewuska
and the granddaughter of
Stanislaw Moniuszko b. ca 1760 + Ewa Woynillowicz b. ca 1770.

Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski b. 1826 in Dubrowna / Dubrovno, the Moghilov government; d. 1908, son of Eugeniusz Lubomirski. Eugeniusz Lubomirski b. 1789, d. 1834, landowner of Dubrovno close to Orsha from his father KSAWERY Lubomirski;
EUGENIUSZ was the son of Ksawery Lubomirski / Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819, and Teofila Rzewuski / Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831.

Above named Eugeniusz Lubomirski b. 1789, d. 1834, landowner of Dubrovno close to Orsha from his father {see above}; son of Ksawery Lubomirski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819) and Teofila Rzewuski (Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831), and Eugeniusz was the brother of the Russian General Konstanty Lubomirski.
We back to
Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski, 1747-1819,
the son of
Stanislaw Lubomirski 1704-1793 + Ludwika Honorata Pociej 1726-1786.

Above STANISLAW had children:
1.
Franciszek Ksawery - the Russian General lieutenant; 1747-1819 + Antonina Adelaida Potocka;
2nd m. Teofila Rzewuska 1762-1831;
3rd to Maria Naryszkin 1766-1886.
2.
Ludwika Lubomirska 1750-1829 + Józef Makary Potocki;
3.
Józef Aleksander Lubomirski MP in 1791; general-lieutenant; official in Kijów (1790-1795), 1751-1817 + Ludwika Sosnowska.
4. Aleksander Mp, general in France; 1751-1804 + Rozalia Chodkiewicz;
5.
Michal Lubomirski - general major; 1752-1809 + Magdalena Maria Raczynska 1765-1847.


The member - Ludwik PLATER / Broel-Plater Ludwik August

{Plater / Broel-Plater Ludwik August (1775-1846), participant of the Kościuszko Uprising, director of the Government Committee of Revenue and Treasury, senator. An emigre activist. Born in Krasław in Livonia, he was the son of Kazimierz Konstanty PLATER and Izabela Borch. The brother of Konstanty Plater and Michał Plater-Zyberk, and Stanisław. He received a home education in foreign language learning. His father put him in public service; MP,
on 19 April 1794 he joined the uprising. In September, as the adjutant of general Józef Sierakowski, he took part in the battles at Krupczyce, Brest and Terespol. After the Maciejowice defeat, he went to the headquarters of General Tomasz Wawrzecki. Then he returned to Livonia, probably to Indra, of which he was a co-owner. He stayed often in Vilnius.
He kept in touch with Jędrzej Śniadecki.
In the first years of the reign of Alexander I, he approached Adam Czartoryski.
He joined many patriotic actions carried out on the ground of Freemasonry and its Lithuanian connections, and it was the reason for disfavour.
Despite previous attempts to enter the lodge in Lithuania, Plater became a freemason in the Congress Kingdom. In 1816 he was the founder of the "Zum Dreieck" lodge, an honorary member of the "Grand Casimir" lodge, to which he introduced many prominent people from Lithuania.
In 1816 he was elected a great secretary, in 1818 as the deputy of the Grand Master.
Ludwik Plater was unanimously elected (1819) to The Great East of the Lithuanian Province.
He organized Lithuanian Freemasonry, and at the same time he tried on the Warsaw ground to make it independent of Russian influence. He supported the "Trade Union Act" and Plater was the head of the opposition in the Freemasonry, but in 1820, under strong government pressure, he left the governorship.
He was an honorary member of many masonic lodges, including in Lithuania and Russia, in Grodno, Vilnius, Minsk and Rafałówka.
Henryk Mackrott wrote that he was hostile to Duke Konstanty. Nowosilcow slandered him before Aleksander I in 1813.
It was not until 1829 that he obtained a nomination for a senator.

Ludwik Plater in 1801 married Maria Anna Brzostowski, the daughter of Robert Brzostowski official in PLOCK, and she was widowed after Idzi Hylzen (d. 1843).
Ludwik Plater had 7 children:
Zygmunt Adam Plater (1817-1882), lived in Paris, the owner of Pustynia in the Witebsk prov.; and Paulina (1813-1889), m. Kajetan Chalecki - she was the owner of the Psarski estate}.


Deputy Master of ceremonies TEODOR LUBOWSKI / Theodore Lyubovski, Director of the MINSK Army Hospital;

Mikolaj / Mikolaj PASZKOWSKI / Nicholas Paszkowski, a lawyer

[Paszkowski Mikolaj, the landowner in 1821, the member of "Slowianie Zjednoczeni" in Kiev / Kijów; defense attorney in ministry department No III; the member of "Pochodnia Pólnocna"];

Wincenty FRIBES / Vincent Fribes, Secretary of the MINSK governor office;

a representative of the Provincial Committee of the Lithuania - Józef Zawadzki, a printer and publisher;

Secretary - Wincenty HRYNIEWSKI / Grinevsky Vincent, an attorney of the 2nd MINSK Department;

Hilary Jakubowski / Gilyarov Jakubowski;

Piotr Schneider, a high school teacher;

Jerzy Kobylinski / KOBYLANSKI / Yuri Kobylinsky, titled Advisor;

Hipolit Hajdukiewicz / Hippolytus Gaidukevich.

... The majority of the Freemasonry members - small gentry of the Minsk, Novogrudok, Vileika, DZISNA and BORYSOW / Borisov districts of the Minsk province. ...
"Mount Tabor": DOLACHOWSKI-LAMINCKI / Doalahovsky-Lyamintsky in 1818.

According to other sources, it was only in April 1821 was elected Master - the Minsk Deputy Governor, Ludwik KAMIENSKI / Kamensky.

"Mount Tabor" - there are at least 31 members (mostly from "Northern torch" and NIESWIEZ / Nesvizh lodges).

... "Grand Orient of the Polish and Lithuanian" -
Vankovich A.;
L. Ashtorp / OSZTORP;
Ratynski;
DESPOT - Zenovich, on October 8, 1821 - 6th degree Knight of the East.

... Even before the decree of Alexander I on August 1, 1822, Deputy of the Polish Kingdom, Zenczyk / ZENCZIK / Zaenchik, worried radical Masons, and the Minsk governor wrote in a secret letter that they were dangerous because of their aspirations "for equality and independence", stating that "the Polish and Lithuanian Great East" was liquidated on October 1, 1821.

It was this order, on September 29, 1821, ie. Grand Master ROZNIECKI / Rozhnetsky sent to the "North Torch" letter, where it was said "Close the lodge and for the preservation of archives, things and money to establish a committee of three persons, all hidden in a safe place...".
... finished their work, and on January 24, 1829 Crown Prince sent orders to the governor of Minsk, in which he said:
"All Masonic papers and files, and prints, crowns and other signs assigned to different degrees, putting in separate boxes, ... and stored in the secret archives of the governor".
Continuation of the case took place on ... July 21, 1839, ... in Vilna - Dolgoruky said:
"All Masonic signs, books, papers, certificates and other things ... to dig a hole at the bottom of a mountain, ... along a Jewish cemetery at LIACHOWKA / Lachowka / Lyahovki and to burn" [under] ... the Minsk police chief Major TYZENHAUZ / Tizenkhauz, Solicitor Siemienkowicz / Semenkevich and official ... Budko.


Some specific remarks to the character
Mikolaj PASZKOWSKI / Nicholas Paszkowski, a lawyer and CONSPIRATOR, who has an unknown origin, but I am thinking he was born ca 1780/1790.
Maybe he come from:
1.
Józef PASZKOWSKI of Brzezie [b. ca 1765 ?], the son of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province [b. 1742], moved to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - owner of landestate close to Sampolno, [compare MADALINSKI, UMINSKI, Bajkowska-Kiedrzynska] in Skotniki.
2.
Michal Paszkowski 1st [b. ca 1725/1730, older. The brother of mentioned JAN b. 1742] was an official in Malbork, moved in Volhynia, m. Monika Piotrowska. Michal was the son of Tomasz Paszkowski and Regina.

Mikolaj PASZKOWSKI / Nicholas Paszkowski, a lawyer, collaborated with the Deputy Master of ceremonies, TEODOR LUBOWSKI / Theodore Lyubovski, Director of the MINSK Army Hospital. Mikolaj PASZKOWSKI - the landowner in 1821, the member of "Slowianie Zjednoczeni" in Kiev / Kijów in 1823-1825; defense attorney in ministry department No III; the member of "Pochodnia Pólnocna" established in Minsk in 1816

[together with:
1.
MIKOLAJ GOGOL Vasilevich -
Gogol V. A. and M. I. in August 1822; Gogol N. V. - by his own admission, he "belonged to the Masonic society" first, as a member of the Minsk lodge "Pochodnia pólnocna" and then in Kiev - "United Slavs". He was among the leading NIEZYN / Nezhin / Niezyn teachers, he was dismissed in 1830. Nizyn or Niezyn, is a city located in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine, by the Oster River, 150 km north-east of the capital, Kiev.
2.
Stanislaw Kurczynski
- (1780-1822), an illustrator and amateur painter, a Masonic activist. The son of Stanislaw Kurczynski, born in Warsaw, he studied at the Piarist's college. He chose a military career; in 1808 he was a lieutenant of the National Guard. He has been drawing for a long time, rural landscape was made in 1803 in Strózewo.
He played a significant role in the Masonic movement. He reached the highest (VII) degree in it; in 1816 he held the office of archivist, in 1819 he was the grand master of ceremonies of the Great Polish National Sunrise. He was an active member of the lodge Temple of Isis, an honorary member of the lodges Kazimierz Wielki and Torch of the North. He decorated the title page of "Masonic Songs". Married to Tekla Zaborowski, he had three children. He died in Warsaw. The post-mortem inventory was written by Z. Vogel and J. A. Blank.
His granddaughter was married to Leon Jan Modzelewski 1825-1907, and Leon's granddaughter was married to Józef Koziell- Poklewski b. 1883.
3.
Aleksander Michal Pociej -
was a member of Masonic lodges (at least since 1810): Great East, Perfect Unity, School of Socrates, Torch of the North (Minsk) and Zum Guten Hirten (Vilnius). The estates of Pociej, inherited from his father and the dowry of his wife, was seriously depleted by generosity.
4.
doctor Teodor LYKOW;
5.
Mackiewicz Stefan - the member of Szkola Sokratesa; and of Pochodnia Pólnocna.
6.
On June 5, 1816, the Masonic Lodge "Torch North" was established in Minsk. It was created by the Chairman of the Minsk court, Jan Chodzko. In 1820, Dominik Moniuszko became its master, and Apolinary Wankowicz was elected to the deputy.
7.
Kostrowicki until 1817.
8.
Ludwik Ginett - born ca 1770;
in 1811-1816 he was the secretary of the "Polish Grand National East" and an active member of the lodge "Temple of Isis" in Warsaw, in 1820 an honorary member of the "Torch North" lodge in Minsk. Married to Marianna Roszkowska.
9.
Remember:
General Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739, d. 1804.
His mother Elzbieta Branicki Sapieha Madalinski, the first lover of Stanislaw August Poniatowski, induced the king to appoint an 18- year-old son to a general. He was an MP of 1786 from the Brest-Litovsk prov. and 1788 [see the Paszkowskis here]; on January 11, 1789, he became the
grand master of the Masonic lodge of the Great East of the Polish Kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
In 1792 he was a supporter of continuing the war with Russia.
Note:
To the "Scisla Obserwa" in 1780 belonged Jan Dubanski, priest of Kujawy.
10.
Ludwik Osinski
- he was an honorary member of lodges in Vilnius (School of Socrates, Oneness Perfect), Lublin (Temple of Equality), Plock, in Minsk (Torch North) and Warsaw (Temple of Minerva). From 1800, he wrote among others translations of plays to the Theater.
11.
Hilary Oborski, Freemason, in 1820 "Pochodnia Pólnocna".
12.
A Temple at Kalisz - this was followed by the Grand Lodge "Royal York to Friendship" with Konstanty Macewicz.

Geographic explanations to Stanislaw Kurczynski:

Byton and Strózewo are in the same landed estate; Strózewo is situated 5 km north-east to BYTON, 12 km south-east to RADZIEJOW; south-west to BADKOWO. In Balkow - Kazmierz Kurczynski served Sulerzycki; Balków - close to PIATEK].

On June 5, 1816, the Masonic Lodge "Torch North" was established in Minsk. It was created by the Chairman of the Minsk court, Jan Chodzko. In 1820 Dominik Moniuszko became its master, and Apolinary Wankowicz was elected to the deputy. Later, another (smaller and more important) Lodge was established - "Mount Tobor". The house of the freemasons "Torch of the North" - after reconstruction in 1980 - has survived.

The Southern Society and the Society of United Slavs:

The Society of United Slavs was formed in early 1823 in Novograd-Volynsky, in the Second Russian Army. The founders were officers, brothers A. I. Borisov and P. I. Borisov, and political exile, Polish nobleman,
LUBLINSKI Julian (b. 1798) / Julian Motosznowicz / Lublinsky.
In 1826, the unification congress of both organizations will take place. In the years 1823-25, talks were also conducted with the Polish Patriotic Society on the possibility of a joint fight against the tsarist.
In September 1825, the Society of the United Slavs entered the Southern Society. By the autumn of 1825 the society numbered about 50 people, among whom were Russians, Ukrainians, Poles. The most active of them were: the Borisov brothers, I. I. Gorbachevsky, V. A. Bechasnov, Ya. M. Andreevich, M. M. Spiridov, V. N. Soloviev, A. D. Kuzmin, M. A. Shchepilo and others. Specific tasks in the program were not indicated; the Society of United Slavs merged with the Southern Society at the suggestion of S. I. Muravyov-Apostol and M. P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin. Later members of the society participated in the preparation for the uprising in the Chernigov regiment.

Named LUBLINSKI Julian (b. 1798) - the conspirator, the son of Kazimierz Motosznowicz and Konstancja Kostanowicz / Konstancja KONSTANTYNOWICZ.

"...In Ukraine, in Nowogród Wolynski, an organization was formed at the turn of 1823/1824, with the name of the Association of the United Slavs. Its management included the brothers Piotr and Andrzej Borysow, Iwan Horbaczewski and the Pole, Julian Lublinski (the name is Kazimierz Motosznowicz). The Association's program was included in the seventeen-point Catechism and it set up federations of all Slavic nations; in the end of 1825, the Association of the United Slavs merged with the Southern Society, becoming its fourth already "Slavonic" branch. It should be added that some role in creating secret societes has probably been played by the Masons, which - after a longer break - began to arise again during the reign of Alexander I. The Freemasonry has developed not only in St. Petersburg, but also in Kiev, Zytomierz and Kamienec Podolski. The freemasons were Pestel and Murawiow-Apostol, and in 1818, the United Slavonic League was established in Kiev...".

Motosznowicz Lublinski Julian (1798 / 1799 - 07.09 / 26.08.1873) the son of Kazmierz Motosznowicz, named Lublinski from Lublin / Lubliniec, owned by his ancestors.
The widow's mother left him to Miedzyrzecz Korecki's school in 1803. He went to Lyceum of Krzemieniec, then to the University of Warsaw, in 1819 until 1821;
in 1820, after they were celebrating the Constitution of May 3, some were sent from Warsaw, and Julian Lublinski was back home.
His friend, Kalinowski, one of the students who was ordered to leave Warsaw, went to Krakow, then to the Italian States, but soon, in 1821, the mentioned Kalinowski returned back to the Polish borders.

Julian Lublinski had a close acquaintance and friendship with Kalinowski, he also received frequent letters from him. For this reason, interrogated him, brought him to prison, and sent him in 1822 to Nowogrod Wolynski; in 8th Artillery Brigade, officers Andrew and Piotr Borysov, already friends with Julian Lublinski's relatives, took Lublinski, to be in the Society that they had established.
Lublinski was jailed and was later taken to Petersburg, sentenced to three years of heavy labor as the Decembrist.
His father - a nobleman Kazimierz Motoshovich died in 1803. Julian had a brother and two sisters. Lubliniec, is a city-type settlement in the Kovel district - 8 km south-west to KOWEL; of the Volyn region of Ukraine.

LUBLINSKI Julian maintained contacts with Polish secret organizations - the Union of Young Poles and Panta Koin (the Union of Friends). In 1821, on suspicion of participation in the revolutionary circle was under investigation in the Warsaw. He was exiled under the supervision of the police at his mother's place of residence in the city of Novograd-Volynsky. Here in 1823 Lublinsky and the brothers Borisov founded the Society of United Slavs. Arrested in Zhitomir on February 15, 1826. February 26, was taken to St. Petersburg and placed in the Peter and Paul Fortress.
On July 10, 1826 he was sentenced to hard labor for 5 years. On August 22, 1826, the term of hard labor was reduced to 3 years. Sent to Siberia on February 7, 1827, delivered to the Chita prison on April 4.
After the end of hard labor by decree of July 30, 1829, he was settled in the Tunkinsky fortress of the Irkutsk province (now - the village of Tunka, in Buryatia); married Agafya Dmitrievna Tyumentseva, a Tunkin peasant woman. On January 26, 1844, Lublinsky was allowed to move to the village of Zhilkino in the Irkutsk province, where he arrived in August 1845.
Under the amnesty on August 26, 1856, Lublinsky was reinstated. On September 5, 1857, with his wife and children, he left to the European part of Russia and settled in Slavuta / SLAWUTA of the SANGUSZKO family, in the Volyn province.
He was released from supervision on December 12, 1858.
In 1865 the family moved to St. Petersburg. Lublinsky's memories on the exile were sent to London by A. I. Herzen, but were not published. Yulian Kazimirovich Lublinsky (Motoshovich) died in 1873, in St. Petersburg. In 1875 the Lublinski family returned to Irkutsk. The sons in 1858 studied in the 1st Cadet Corps. Later, Mikhail served in the Irkutsk commissariat, he died in 1907 [copyright by the Russian source].
Julian was the Catholic.
His mother Constance born in Warsaw, in 1826 she lived in Novograd-Volynsky in her own house.

SLAWUTA:

Since 1720, it was the family nest of the princely line of the Sanguszko family: Fiodor Sanguszko; as a result of the Second Partition of Poland, Slavuta was in 1793 in the Russian Empire. The January Uprising also reached Sławuta in 1863, the unit of Różycki's insurgents was hidden by the Sanguszko in the court.
Sanguszko's last of the dukes, Roman Damian Sanguszko, was killed in the estate on November 1, 1917 (October 19) by revolted Russian soldiers.

As part of the underground activity of Waclaw RZEWUSKI, at the beginning of 1825, he was in Zytomierz. At that time he visited the Marshal of the Nobleman's gentry, Piotr Moszynski, and representatives of the Polish Patriotic Society with Russian conspirators.
Waclaw Rzewuski met with a young Polish-Ukrainian poet, Tomasz Padurra;

Tomasz Padurra came from a small-noble family, he was the son of Jan PADURRA, and Aniela Paszkowska.

Tomasz Padura / Tymko Padura / Padurra, the Sas coat of arms, born 1801 in Ilińce in the Kiev governorate, died in 1871 in Koziatyn in the Berdyczów county, the Kiev Governorate, Polish-Ukrainian composer and the author of song "Hey, falcons". Aniela Paszkowska born ca 1775/1780.

But Mikolaj Paszkowski, the conspirator, b. ca 1780/1790.

Waclaw's Rzewuski father, as the Padurras friend, in 1790 graduated from the Jesuit college in Zytomierz, entered the service of the prince Hieronim Sanguszko in SLAWUTA. In 1794, he fought near Maciejowice, under the son of the prince, Eustachy SANGUSZKO.
The Sanguszko family surrounded the Padura family with care; Jan PADURA received from them the house with arable land in Ilince; here Tomasz PADURA was born; in 1825, the young writer graduated from the Krzemieniec high school, then
he also established some closer relationship with the Patriotic Society.
He visited nearby mansions, including Sanguszko and Potocki; translated into Ukrainian the fragments of "Konrad Wallenrod";
At that stage of his young life, Count Waclaw Rzewuski, the conspirator, met him.

See:
Sanguszko and TEMPLARS!

An advisors, counselors, members of the executive of the Confederation in 1776:
Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski,
Ignacy Kurzeniecki,
August Fryderyk Moszynski,
Hieronim Janusz Sanguszko,
and
Maksymilian Woroniecki.

Above Stanislaw Kostka Felicyan / Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski b. ca 1740 - died in 1812 in Witebsk, the Marshal of the Court since 1793, Marshal of the Parliament in 1793, the Garwolin clerk, son of Michal Bielinski of Chelmno and Tekla Peplowski; 1761 the Court top officer, 1765 chamberlain of the King, in 1776 Andrzej Mokronowski's party.
He married to unknown Golicyn / Golitsyn, died 1827, mother of Julia Stanislavovna Belinskaya and Victoria Stanislavovna Volkova; inf. by Peter Trefilov at geni.com.
Above Julia Junosza-Bielinska / Yulia Stanislavovna Belinskaya, 1804 - 1892 in Paris, wife of Peter Alexandrovich Sobakin and Pawel Bobrzynski / Count Paul Bobrinsky;
mother of Alexei Bobrinsky; Julia Countess Bobrinskaya; Count Alexei Bobrinsky and Pavel Pavlovich Bobrinsky.

Above Pavel Pavlovich Bobrinsky 1829 - 1860, husband of Lyudmila Stepanovna / Kolpashnikov Ludmila, father of Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski and Lyudmila Pavlovna Bobrinskaya.

Above Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski / Helena Bobrzynska / Elena Pavlovna Bobrinskaya, b. 1857 in Florence, died in?. Wife 3rd time to Alfred Carl Nikolaus Alexander Eckbrecht von Dürckheim-Montmartin, 1st to Mikail Meyendorff von Uexküll and 2nd m. Arthur von Staden; inf. by Timo Antero Westerlund in 2015.

Above named Mikail Meyendorff von Uexküll b. 1861, son of Fredrik Adeldagus Felix Meyendorff and Olga; husband 2nd Nadiezda Kosakov / Nadesjda Kasakov, but 1st to Helene Pavlovna Bobrinski; he was brother of Alexander Felixovich Meyendorff. Mentioned above Alexander Felixovich Meyendorff 1869 - 1964, was husband of
Varvara Shervashidze, 1859 - 1946, daughter of Hamud-Bey Chachba / Mikhail Georgievich Shervashidze Duke, 1806 in Abkhazia, Georgia - died 1866 -
son of Safir Bey George Shervashidze and Tamara Katsievna.

The TEMPLARS:

Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew; or in Kaski in the Minsk government ?; above Kaski and Helenow in 1890 were owned by Count Potocki and Wladyslaw Bacciarelli concluded a contract of lease of above KASKI, and his son Kazimierz was appointed administrator of KASKI and Helenów.

But we know about different Kaski estate:
Anna Cielecka (ca 1770 - 1838), the proprietress of estates Galewice, Kaski farm close to Galewice (Galewice 10 km north-east of Wieruszow and 8 km north-east of Chobanin; KASKI - 2 / 3 km east of above Galewice and east of Domanin; Kaski - 11 km west of LUTUTOW and west of Dymki of the Kiedrzynskis. family; see OLSZOWSKI / Olszewski, Kreski, Madalinski and Psarski families), and Gizyce with Maczniki in the Kalisz province, m. Adam Wegierski (ca 1770 - 1829), with daughter Róza Tekla Wegierska (b. 1804), married in Warsaw in 1829, to Ludwik Fiszer (born 1800 - died in 1877 in Lomza).

The conspirators in Volhynia:

Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski,
Captain Franciszek Majewski,
Wojciech Grzymala,
Stanislaw Soltyk [!],
priest Konstanty Dembek,
Stanislaw Zablocki,
Andrzej Plichta and
Roman Zaluski.

MAJEWSKI Franciszek (1781- died after 1837), was son of Stanislaw Majewski and Barbara Zabinska; he was Captain, Freemason, founder of the Templars Society, served Polish army in 1806, fought in Spain, during his stay in France (Sedan) was adopted in 1809 to the Masonic lodge, and received the first three stages of initiation. In 1811 he was captured by the English in Alboro in Portugal;
transferred to a POW camp in the county of Somerset in England, then in Scotland, entered the lodge of Scottish Rite and received the degree of Rose Croix; he received the right to establish of new lodges. After returning to the country in 1817 he joined the Polish army, established contacts with a Masonry, because of his Scotland patent, and was admitted to the lodge "Temple of Isis";
he had the title of member of the Supreme Chapter of the Edinburgh, and founded the Templars Society;
the first member was a former colonel P. Lagowski in Warsaw in 1819.

In January 1820 adopted several new members and acted under the care of the Grand Master of the Templars - Duke of Kent. Most members of the Templars entered the Patriotic Society;
after the uprising of the Decembrists, Majewski was imprisoned with several members of the Templars (1826), then he was deported in 1828 to St. Petersburg, was also sent as a soldier to the Caucasus, where he became friends with Roman Sanguszko. In 1836 obtained the right to return to the country.

Then R. Sanguszko recommended him to his parents; he taken a village in the lease.

Majewski lived in Slawuta as a resident close to Sanguszko.

Prince Paul Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682-1752), second married to Marianna Lubomirska, heiress of Ostroh, but main residence was above Slawuta / Slavuta (now in Ukraine); then to Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743-1812); after partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erasmus Sanguszko fought in the Kosciuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign.

The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn.
The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society. The Special Committee qualified to judge eight of its members, recruited from the Kingdom Polish [Majewski was born in KASKI - 11 km north-east of Guzow of the Oginskis, near Sochaczew; or in Kaski in the Minsk government ?]:
Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski
{Severin / Seweryn Krzyzanowski b. 1787 in Parchamówka in the Skwir county / Skwira (see Ascher Ginsberg!), Ukraine, d. 1839 in Tobolsk, colonel to 1826 of the Polish Army, exiled in 1830 to Tobolsk; he was a poor invalid in TOBOLSK, both his feet are paralyzed, and he never quits his chamber; his company, M. Onufry Pietraszkiewicz, his nurse, a German [?? - Elvira Ernestovna Rosenberg, from Baltic German or German ? born ca 1840]},
Captain Franciszek Majewski,
Wojciech Grzymala, Stanislaw Soltyk [!], priest Konstanty Dembek, Stanislaw Zablocki, Andrzej Plichta and Roman Zaluski.

MAJEWSKI Franciszek (1781- died after 1837), was son of Stanislaw Majewski and Barbara Zabinska; he was Captain, Freemason, founder of the Templars Society, served Polish army in 1806. After returning to the country in 1817 he joined the Polish army, established contacts with a Masonry, because of his Scotland patent, and was admitted to the lodge "Temple of Isis"; he had the title of member of the Supreme Chapter of the Edinburgh, and founded the Templars Society; the first member was a former colonel P. Lagowski in Warsaw in 1819. In January 1820 adopted several new members and acted under the care of the Grand Master of the Templars - Duke of Kent

{the modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with named above Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna]}.

Most members of the Templars entered the Patriotic Society.

In 1836 Majewski obtained the right to return to the country; Roman Sanguszko recommended him to his parents, and then Majewski lived in Slawuta as a resident close to Sanguszko. Prince Pawel Karol Sanguszko-Lubartowicz / Paul Carl Sanguszko-Lubartowicz (1682- 1752), a Court and Grand Marshal of Lithuania, second married to Marianna Lubomirska {1st}, heiress of Ostroh / Ostrog {Princess Marianna Lubomirska, 1693 - 1729, a daughter of Grand Marshal of the Crown Józef Karol Lubomirski, and Princes Teofila Ludwika Zaslawska, the daughter of Prince Wladyslaw Dominik Zaslawski and Katarzyna Sobieska - sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski; Marianna married Prince Pawel Karol Sanguszko and had son Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko, Court Marshal of Lithuania, who married Konstancja Denhoff, the daughter of Stanislaw Ernest Denhoff}, but main residence was above Slawuta / Slavuta (now in Ukraine); then Slawuta to Hieronymous Sanguszko (1743-1812); after partitions of Poland, Eustachy Erasmus Sanguszko fought during the Kosciuszko Uprising and Napoleon's Russian campaign - his son, named above Prince Roman Sanguszko, participated in the November Uprising, and was exiled to Siberia.

The earliest information in the world of the Knights Templar Degree is from the meeting of an Irish Royal Arch Lodge, in 1769 with William Davis, a P.M. and Member of Lodge No. 58.

The first body of Knights Templar in Ireland was "The High Knight Templars of Ireland, Kilwinning Lodge" with Archibald, the 11th Earl of Eglinton, the Grand Master of Lodge Mother Kilwinning in 1779 in Dublin.

In 1736, the Grand Lodge of Scotland was organised and the Kilwinning lodge was one of its constituent lodges; this one acted as a grand lodge, organising lodges in Scotland and on the continent, as well as in Virginia and Ireland.
Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton b. 1726 - died in 1796, was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Mother Kilwinning, from 1771 until 1796.

"Lodge Mother Kilwinning is a Masonic Lodge in Kilwinning, Scotland, under the auspices of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. ... is reputed to be the oldest Lodge not only in Scotland, but the world".

Above Montgomerie was elected as one of sixteen Scottish representative peers, in 1776; was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in 1782. Montgomerie died at Eglinton Castle, a mansion in Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, Scotland. Ca 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836 [in 1805 as the "Edinburgh Encampment No. 31", then became the"Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh"].

The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780.

In 1791 - the formation of its first Grand Conclave, with Thomas Dunckerley as Grand Master.

In 1805 their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, became Grand Master himself.

The modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna].

In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in December 1813 - above Prince Edward became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.

Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria!

The Duke of Kent was appointed Field-Marshal of the Forces in 1805.
His wife was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld with daughter
Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom.
His mother - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Compare: General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in Brody !
Paszkowski Mikolaj, the landowner in 1821, the member of "Slowianie Zjednoczeni" in Kiev / Kiev in 1823-1825; defense attorney in ministry department No III; the member of "Torch North",

Southern Society - a secret revolutionary organization of Decembrists, operating in Ukraine, created in March 1821 by members of the Tulczyn circle of the former "Association of Salvation" (Pawel Pestel, O. Jusznewskyj, O. Baratynskyj and others), entered into the so- called Society's Duma. Shortly after, the members of the association were the brothers Sergei Nikita Murawjow-Apostol, Michail Bestuzew-Riumin and other officers of the 1st and 2nd Army, quartered in Ukraine.
Most of the Decembrists were Masons; the first secret organizations were founded in 1816 (Association of Salvation) and 1818 (Association of Public Good).

At a meeting in February 1821, the Public Good Association was dissolved. Some of his members did not acknowledge liquidation, and soon there were two separate secret organizations in its place: the North Society and the Southern Society in 1821.
Regardless of them, the Association of the United Slavs in 1823, which in 1825 merged with the Southern Society, was established in Volhynia and Kiev.
The congress in 1822 confirmed the creation of the Society. In 1823, the organization was divided into three branches:
Tulczyn with Paweł Pestel (later Baratynski),
Kamiansk with W. Dawidow and S. Wolkonski,
and Wasylkiw branch headed by Sergey Murawijow-Apostol and Michail Bestuzew-Riumin.

The others members of the Minsk Freemasonry:

Wincenty FRIBES / Vincent Fribes, Secretary of the MINSK governor office;
a representative of the Provincial Committee of the Lithuania - Józef Zawadzki, a printer and publisher;
Secretary - Wincenty HRYNIEWSKI / Grinevsky Vincent, an attorney of the 2nd MINSK Department;
Hilary Jakubowski / Gilyarov Jakubowski;
Piotr Schneider, a high school teacher;
Jerzy Kobylinski / KOBYLANSKI / Yuri Kobylinsky, titled Advisor.


Note to HYLZEN and PLATER:

Ludwik Plater in 1801 [more below] married Maria Anna Brzostowski

{Maria Anna Brzostowska, 1776-1843, married 1st IDZI JOZEF HYLZEN, died bef. 1801 - the son of JUSTYNIAN HYLZEN and Katarzyna Dzialynska; the grandson of Jan August Hylzen, 1702-1767 + KONSTANCJA BROEL - PLATER, the daughter of Jan Ludwik Broel - Plater and Rozalia Brzostowska; the great-grandson of Jerzy Hylzen, died 1737},

the daughter of Robert Brzostowski official in PLOCK, and she was widowed after Idzi Hylzen (she d. 1843).
Ludwik Plater had 7 children:
Zygmunt Adam Plater (1817-1882), lived in Paris, the owner of Pustynia in the Witebsk prov.;
and Paulina PLATER CHALECKA (1813-1889), m. Kajetan Chalecki - she was the owner of the Psarski estate.

Jan August Hylzen and his wife Konstancja Plater Hylzen, founded a monastery of the Sisters of Mercy with the hospital in Oswiej [1749 owned by HYLZEN]; they had son Józef Hylzen (Hylzen Józef Jerzy (1736-1786) / Jozef had the brother Justynian Hylzen), official in Mscislaw; in 1786 he give away Oswiej to Józefow Szadurski [remember: Malkiewicz + Konstantynowicz; Malkiewicz + Szadurski].

But we know also on
Józef Hylzen died in Roma and after the Oswiej / Oswieja estate went through to Plater: Kazimierz Konstanty Broel-Plater, who give away the estate in 1786 to Jan Szadurski, the son of Jan Szadurski senior.
Above
Hylzen Józef Jerzy (1736-1786), was official in Mscislaw, freemason;
he was the son of Jan August HYLZEN, and Konstancja Plater; he visited Germany, France, Belgium and Italy. In 1754 he became a courtier of Augustus III.
JAN AUGUST HYLZEN in 1767 {?} took OSWIEJA.

Mentioned Idzi Hylzen (his wife d. 1843):
Maria Anna Brzostowska, 1776-1843, married 1st IDZI JOZEF HYLZEN, he died bef. 1801.

IDZI JOZEF HYLZEN, died bef. 1801 - the son of JUSTYNIAN HYLZEN and Katarzyna Dzialynska; the grandson of Jan August Hylzen, 1702-1767 + KONSTANCJA BROEL - PLATER, the daughter of Jan Ludwik Broel - Plater and Rozalia Brzostowska; the great-grandson of Jerzy Hylzen, died 1737.

LUDWIK PLATER

in 1801, married Maria-Anna Brzostowska Hylzen, widowed after death of her husband - IDZI HYLZEN, the Maltese commander.
After marriage to Ludwik Plater, she sold the estate inherited from her first husband, to a chamberlain Andrzej Bujnicki. In 1825, she lived in Warsaw with her husband and three children: Zofia (1811-1825), Paulina (1813-1889) and Zygmunt (1817-1882).
Paulina PLATER immigrated to Paris with her parents after the revolution of 1830, and she bought the Psarskie estate near Śrem; her father Ludwik, lived there until his death; she was the owner of these properties in 1857.

The last owner of PSARSKIE was Eustatchy Wierusz Kowalski, followed by Antoni Raczyński. Paulina was also the owner of the neighboring GORA near Śrem.
Cezary Plater, perhaps also owned the Psarskie estate [4 km north-west to SREM; and 6 km south-east to GORKA / GORA. East to KOSCIAN] at one time.
Maria Anna Brzostowski Plater died in Poznan on February 24, 1843.
Ludwik Plater died on October 6, 1846. Xavier Godebski gave a lecture on the merits of the deceased. This text in 1847 was published in Paris.

Ludwik's younger brother was Stanisław Plater (1784-1851) - he in 1806-1815 served as Polish Major; Stanislaw PLATER lived in the Poznan Duchy, at an estate of his wife - Antonina Gajewski - in Wroniawy close to Wolsztyn
- see Wilkowo Polskie of Szoldrski, Kiedrzynski, Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska, Kiedrzynska-Pradzynska.


Very important note - compare BOUVIER; John Fitzgerald Kennedy and George von Mohrenschildt - a link to PRUSAKOV / Prussakow - Lee OSWALD and KAROL PROZOR:

Note on PRUSSAKOV:
1.
Maria Filaretovna Prussakova, Marija Prussakova (? - 28.02.1985) from the family of F. F. Prussakov. She graduated from the Reval City Gymnasium in 1925. Died in Tallinn. Brothers: Ivan Prussakov and Fedor / FEODOR / Theodore Prussakov (died 12.09.1979); sisters: Tatiana Murnikov, and Vera Domashkin.
2.
Marina Nikolayevna Oswald Porter was the widow of Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin. Porter was born Marina Nikolayevna Prusakov in Molotovsk / Severodvinsk, in the Arkhangelsk Oblast. In the spring of 1961, Lee Oswald met Marina Prusakova at a dance in Minsk, Belarus, USSR. Six weeks later, they were married at the home.
Marina Oswald was born on July 17, 1941. She lived with her mother and stepfather until 1957 when she moved to Minsk. Marina Prusakov was the wife of Lee Harvey Oswald since 30.04.1961 - to 24.11.1963, with daughter June Lee b. 1962.
Then, in 1965, in a Texas town Fate, she married Kenneth Jess Porter. North-east to DALLAS. She had a son. Porter was a twice-divorced, was in jail. Lee Harvey Oswald, born 18 October 1939 - New Orleans, LA, son of Robert Edward Lee Oswald 1896-1939 and Marguerite Frances Claverie 1907-1981.

George S. Morenshild b. 1911 in Belarus, becomes famous Texas oil businessman. At early 60-ies in Dallas, he met with Oswald's family; Oswald's wife was Marina Oswald Prusakova / Prussakov Marina, from Belarus. Aunt and Uncle of Marina met in Berlin. Ilija Prusakow, the uncle of Marina OSWALD lived in Minsk, he was Colonel of the Interior Ministry in the 60's in the Soviet Union and has allowed his niece to communicate with the American.

Marina Nikolayevna Oswald-Porter, born July 17, 1941 was the daughter of Nikolay PRUSAKOW b. ca 1900. He was living in Dryssa ca 1950 / 1960.

His brother was Ilija born ca 1900.
FATHER OF ABOVE BOTH was Vasilij PRUSAKOW / Vasily Prusakov born 1854, architect in Wilno since the end of 1888; he arrived from St. Petersburg to Vilna on assignment by the Ministry of Justice; acted in 1899 - 1909,
with
Aleksy Krasowski,
Michal PROZOR [compare OSWIEJA north to DRYSSA],
Tadeusz Rostworowski,
Julian Januszewski [Hilary Raduszkiewicz, engineer and architect, co-operated with Julian Januszewski in WILNO],
Feliks Jasinski,
August Klain.

Prussakov (Prusakov) Vasiliy Agafonovich b. 1854, studied at Academy of Arts since 1871, on mechanics and technology, 1876 he graduated;
Prusakov Agafon born ca 1820 / 1830.
We know on:
Prussakov Afanasi.
Prussakov Agafon born 1911, repressioned after 1940 in Estonia [maybe grandson of Prusakov Agafon born ca 1820 / 1830].
Prussakov Aleksander born in 1921, lived next in Estonia.
In the first Estonian Republic, the Tallinn Old Believer Society of the Pomorians of the nuptial concord was officially registered in 1924 (Tallinn Old Believer Society, 11. 07. 1924, Nr. 547). Until 1930, the community general meetings in TALLINN were held in private apartments. Then the first chairman of the community Filaret Filaretovich Prussakov put at community's disposal the apartment in Tekhnika Street, 12.
Mustvee, Jogevamaa, east of Estonia, on Peipus Lake.
Named Filaret Prussakov, b. 1879 in Mustvee, d. in Tallinn, 1944; son of Feodor Prussakov, husband of Evdokija Landsberg - Prussakova. Father of Maria Domaškina died in TALLINN; Ivan Prussakov;
Veera Lamberg wife of Boris Lamberg born in GATCZYNA / Gatšina, close to PETERSBURG, son of Karp / Karl LAMBERG from Tori vald and his wife TOHVER; Tatjana Murnikova and Feodor Prussakov. Copyright by Karin Lamberg. Tori vald - 25 km north-east to PARNU / Parnawa.

MICHAL PROZOR =
Mikhail Prozorov (born October 30, 1860 in Würzburg, died after 1914) - Russian architect connected with Vilnius, author of numerous buildings in the capital of Lithuania, including Karaite kienes and the building of the Russian State Bank on the former Mickiewicz street. He graduated from a real school in Vilnius,
the son of Mieczyslaw Prozor b. 1830
and Zofia Oskierka 1830-1878.
His sister was
Stanislawa b. 1862 + Jan Olizar-Wolczkiewicz 1855-1913.
Great-great-parents:
Józef Antoni Prozor 1723-1788 + Felicjanna Niemirowicz-Szczytt 1730-1766.

We back to Kennedy:

In January 1963 Kennedy proposed to Congress to enforce the law, reducing incentives to oil companies. Implementation of this measure would cut the income of the Texas oilmen, which also referred to Count George de Morenshild / George S. De Mohrenschildt; his real name is George S. Morenshild. He was born on April 17, 1911 in Belarus. Many researchers believe that he had already worked for several networks of intelligence; in 1941 he was arrested in Arkansas as a German spy. But it took only three years, and in 1944 Count George Morenshild becomes famous Texas oil businessman. In 1949, he finally gets US citizenship; as a specialist in the oil, he travels around the world.
At early 60-ies in Dallas, he met with Oswald's family;
Oswald's wife was Marina Oswald Prusakova from Belarus / DRYSSA.

Aunt and Uncle of Marina met in Berlin. Ilija Prusakow, the uncle of Marina OSWALD lived in Minsk, he was Colonel of the Interior Ministry in the 60's in the Soviet Union and has allowed his niece to communicate with the American.

Lee Harvey Oswald b. October 1939, in New Orleans; his wife was Marina Nikolayevna Oswald-Porter, born July 17, 1941; daughter of Nikolay PRUSAKOW b. ca 1900.
He was living in Dryssa ca 1950 / 1960. His brother was Ilija born ca 1900.
FATHER OF ABOVE BOTH was Vasilij PRUSAKOW / Vasily Prusakov born 1854, architect in Wilno since the end of 1888; he arrived from St. Petersburg to Vilna on assignment by the Ministry of Justice; acted in 1899 - 1909, with
Aleksy Krasowski, Michal PROZOR, Tadeusz Rostworowski, Julian Januszewski, Feliks Jasinski, August Klain.
Prussakov (Prusakov) Vasiliy Agafonovich b. 1854, studied at Academy of Arts since 1871, on mechanics and technology, 1876 he graduated; Prusakov Agafon born ca 1820 / 1830.


Secret societies were called to life in 1819/1821:
The Patriotic Society and
the Scytheman Association / SCYTHEMEN in the Great Poland -
General Stanislaw MIELZYNSKI,
Ignacy Pradzynski,
JAN UMINSKI in 1821 [in Poland in 1822, 5000 members].

Les Freres Anglais et Franēais Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski.
Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski, Józef Poninski, Aleksander Zychlinski, Augustyn Zaborowski, Bernard Rose, Count Kacper Skarbek, Wiktor Szoldrski, General Henryk Dabrowski, General Amilkar Kosinski, Count Aleksander Bninski, Kazimierz Turno, Count Melchior Lacki. In 1812 Faustyn Zakrzewski a master; and Jozef Poniatowski; others members: Barbara Dabrowska, Julianna Poninska, Karolina Palombini, Jaraczewska, Wincentyna Axamitowska, Eufemia Kwasniewska, Sulkowska, and Augustyna Zablocka; Lasocki in Lomza, General Kretkowski in Leczyca, Plichta in Plock, Franciszek Mickiewicz, General Stanislaw Mielzynski, Maximilian and Adam Moszczenski;
it was constituted again in December 1815 and on 16 March 1816 with Zaborowski, and was the meeting mourning for a brother TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO / Thaddeus Kosciuszko on 19 December 1817.
In Dec. 1819 - Jan. 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming that is always ready to establish a branch in the Great Poland; he had confidential relations with Lieutenant Colonel Louis Sczaniecki; the secret organisation was formed - probably at the beginning of 1820 in Poznan - national Freemasonry:
Sczaniecki, Count Wiktor Szoldrski, Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski, Zaborowski, Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski, three brothers Mielzynski, two Potworowski, Tytus Dzialynski, Józef Krzyzanowski, Garstkiewicz, Monkowski, Bukowiecki, Alojzy Zaborowski, Kalinowski, General Pradzynski also in Warsaw.
General Uminski was a member since 1820 with witnesses Morawski, Pradzynski, Adam Grabowski, with a contacts to counties nobility of southern, around Gostyn and Leszno. Maybe a separate filial existed in Leszno. In 1820 gathered a large number of members from the Leszno area; Pradzynski was in Leszno a member of the commission to limit the Russian - Prussian border.

The Union of Scythemen came from the National Poznan Freemasonry.
According to testimony of Pradzynski - General Stanislaw Mielzynski was the chairman of above The Union of Scythemen;
members among others:
judge Morawski and general Uminski, the delegate to the headquarters in Warsaw. The oath was more militancy, than of the national Freemasonry. When in Poznan was founded named above Union, in Warsaw a negotiations were started in the direction of assimilation whole organization. Poznan recommended the creation of the central committee of the whole Poland in Warsaw or Poznan; Uminski stayed in Warsaw since May 6, 1821. To the Association was given the name of the Patriotic Society [in Warsaw]. At the head stood Wierzbolowicz.
Uminski was the formal founder of the Patriotic Society.
In this way national Freemasonry formally ended its life, transforming in 1820 in Poznan to the Union of Scythemen, and in 1821 to the Patriotic Society. People remained the same.
Uminski again was - from February to April 1822 - in Warsaw.
Józef Krzyzanowski, was in Warsaw, too, but soon, in fact Lukasinski was arrested, and also Dobrogoyski and Dobrzycki.
1823 Count Stanislaw Soltyk, later Franciszek Jablonowski, among others, made contact with Russia.


ROMAN SOLTYK:

General Franciszek Paszkowski in 1816 - 1819 lived in the Great Poland, then in Cracow. Acc. to me Paszkowski was secret member of the Union of Scythemen, and he escaped in 1822 to Free City of Cracow.
There he was very active as a mason, especially supported the underground struggle for independence and unification of Poland.
The 'Union of the Scythemen' was a secret organization for Polish independence, which operates in the Poznan region in 1820-1826. It was established on the base of the Poznan National Freemasonry with the head board - Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski, and General Jan Nepomucen Uminski. Gen. Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski [see Pawlowice and Aleksander Bilewicz senior, and Baszkow close to Krotoszyn - see the branch of Angela Merkel] carried out the unification talks in Warsaw, ending with the transformation of Freemasonry to the National Patriotic Society in May 1821 [Ignacy Pradzynski, Maciej Mielzynski and Louis / LUDWIK Szczaniecki] but was broken in 1826.

Mentioned Maciej Józef Franciszek Mielzynski b. 1799 in Winna Gora, d. on March 5, 1870, Polish political and social activist, a landowner. He was the son of Jozef Mielzynski / Joseph; he was educated in Berlin; he was imprisoned for participating in the 'Union of the Scythemen'; took part in the November Uprising in 1831, served under the command of Dezydery Chlapowski. For a short time he lived in exile, then jailed; also received a high penalty fine.

And now we look at
Roman Soltyk b. 1790 - d. 1843, who was a Polish nobleman, political activist and general [see Wola Pszczolecka and Kalinowski]. Born in Warsaw; Roman was son of Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, and Caroline / Karolina Sapieha.
ROMAN SOLTYK was a member of secret independence organisations in the Congress Poland, like his father, he became a member of the underground Patriotic Society. In 1826 he was imprisoned, but released [see Union of Scythemen]. Linked to the conspiracy of Piotr Wysocki. In 1830, vice-president of the Patriotic Association.

Stanislaw Soltyk b. 1752, d. 1833, senator of the Polish Kingdom, the Speaker of the Parliament of the Duchy of Warsaw; in 1779 he was the caretaker of the Masonic lodge of the Three helmets, and in 1811/1812 he was a member of the lodge Temple of Isis [see Wankowicz].


MAJEWSKI at head of the TEMPLARS

[Captain Franciszek Majewski, was authorized to set up the Lodge by the Edinburgh, whose members he knew during his stay in England; The TEMPLARS [Templariusze] acted until the outbreak of the November Uprising in Kiev and Berdichev. Many of the Templars were also members of Patriotic Society, like Lieutenant Colonel Seweryn Krzyzanowski. The Patriotic Society also spread to Lithuania, where reached the Masonic circles.
The Templars Masonic Society was founded in 1820 in Volyn.
The arrests, which took place in 1825, after the military coup of the Decembrists, resulted in detection of the Patriotic Society.
Piotr Moszynski born 1800, the member of the TEMPLARS, exiled after 1826 in TOBOLSK, back to CRACOW, was also the Chairman of the Mound of Kosciuszko Committee in Cracow, 1856 - 1878,
after GENERAL Franciszek Paszkowski.

Ca 1790 the Early Grand Encampment of Ireland was formed, which began to warrant Templar Lodges, and evolved into the Supreme Grand Encampment in 1836 [in 1805 as the "Edinburgh Encampment No. 31", then became the"Grand Assembly of Knights Templar in Edinburgh"]. The Templar degree had filtered into the lodges of the Antients from Ireland about 1780. In 1791 - the formation of its first Grand Conclave, with Thomas Dunckerley as Grand Master.
In 1805 their Royal Patron, Duke of Kent, became Grand Master himself.
The modern revival of Templarism in Scotland starts with Alexander Deuchar, of the Grand Assembly of the High Knights Templar in Edinburgh; in 1811 with a Charter from the Templar Grand Master in England, the Duke of Kent, Alexander Deuchar established the Grand Conclave of Knights of the Holy Temple and Sepulchre, and of St. John of Jerusalem [see Wankowicz and Swolna]. In 1813 Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, became Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and in December 1813 - above Prince Edward became Grand Master of the Antient Grand Lodge of England.
Mentioned above the Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn / Edward Augustus, b. 1767, died in 1820, was the fifth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and the father of Queen Victoria!
The Duke of Kent was appointed Field-Marshal of the Forces in 1805. His wife was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld with daughter Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom. His mother - Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz];

co-operated with
Piotr Lagowski, Zablocki, Uminski of Poznan, Oborski in Lithuania, Ludwik Sobanski in Volhynia, CICHOWSKI in KALISZ, Jordan in Cracow, Romer, Bialozor, Jozef and Stanislaw Gruzewski, A. Soltan, Mikulicz, brothers Mackiewicz,
Karol PROZOR,
Aleksander Pociej, Zawisza, Konstanty Radziwill, Nowomiejski, Billewicz, Karwicki, Jozef ZALEWSKI, Worcell, Narcyz OLIZAR, Piotr Moszynski, PULASKI.

Ignacy Pradzynski was a member of the 'Kosynierzy Union' and one of the founders of the Patriotic Society (1821).
Captive (1826-1829) for belonging to secret organizations. In 1830-1831, during the November Uprising, a subcommand of the Zamosc Fortress, then quartermaster general of the General Staff, commander of the corps of engineers and -
from August 16 to August 19, 1831 - general commander.
Author of war plans against Russia, partly used by general Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki. He was also the author of a plan to coordinate partisan activities in the Kingdom of Poland [compare Sulimierski - Zaliwski movement in 1833; see LUBIEC estate].


The 'Kosynierzy Association' - a secret Polish independence organization operating in the Poznan province in 1820-1826.

It was founded on the base of the Poznan National Masonry. Its ties to the emperor Alexander I were not responsible for the Poznan activists. At the head of the 'Kosynierzy Union' was
General Stanislaw Kostka Mielzynski

[Stanislaw Kostka Andrzej Jakub Mielzynski born in 1778, Rabin, died 1826, Pawlowice, Count, Freemason.

Count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 Nov. 1806, was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize the 3rd Infantry Regiment; Col. Stanislaw Mielzynski was stationed in Pawlowice; in August 1807 in Poznan under Colonel Mielzynski. The 3rd Infantry Regiment / the Legia of Poznan received the number 11th and was part of the 3rd Infantry Division, of General J. H. Dabrowski. Stanislaw Kostka Andrzej Jakub Mielzynski - 1810, Brigadier General of the Polish Army.
Stanislaw was the son of Maksymilian Antoni (1738-1799), and Konstancja Czapska].

The delegate to the Kingdom of Poland was General Jan Nepomucen Uminski.
He also in May 1821 carried out unification talks in Warsaw, ending with the transformation of National Freemasonry into the Patriotic Society, to which he had subordinated the 'Union of Scytheman' / SCYTHEMEN, with
Ignacy Pradzynski,
Maciej Mielzynski
and Ludwik Sczaniecki.

It was broken down in 1826, in connection with the deconstruction of the Patriotic Society in the Kingdom of Poland.


Association 'LECHICI':

Association of Free Poles (Association of Free Poles Brothers, Association of Free Lechites) - secret patriotic organization, operating in 1819-1823 in the Kingdom of Poland.
The organization was founded in November 1819 in Warsaw, and leaders were
Tadeusz Krepowiecki,
Wiktor Heltman and
Ludwik Piatkiewicz,
with Seweryn Goszczynski, Maurycy Mochnacki, Stanislaw Jachowicz, Józef Kozlowski and Ksawery Bronikowski.
The Association of Free Poles numbered about 40 members fighting for the full unification of Polish lands and the independence of the state, while promoting the principles of liberalism,
urged to fight against the Russian invader, and prepared papers.
After the arrest of Wiktor Heltman and Ludwik Piatkiewicz in 1821, the activities of the organization weaken. In 1823, the Association of Free Poles was dissolved.


We back to Kiedrzynski - Pstrokonski branch:

Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783, m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with Marianna, and Wiktoria Pstrokonska [b. ca 1740 ?] married Marcin Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1715/1720 ?], son of Jakub Kiedrzynski senior, 1668 - 1729, and Ewa Gomolinska b. ca 1680 or Anna Gomolinska.

See marriage in RADOMSKO:
1751: Walenty Pagowski m. Franciszka Karsnicka 1voto Ostrowska widowed, with witnesses: Dionizy Zaremba, Kazimierz Ostrowski, Walenty Bleszynski of Roznów, and Brzuchowski.
1756: Adam Rozek m. Marianna Bleszynska in Rozny, marriage in Dobryszyce; witnesses: Walenty Pagowski of Piaszczyce and Walenty Bleszynski.
1761: Sebastian Kobierzycki m. Jadwiga Komornicka of Braclaw from Ladzice; witnesses Walenty Bleszynski, Marian Komornicki.
In 1778:
Ludwik Kiedrzynski m. Róza Bleszynska of Rozny; witnesses: Stefan Siemienski, Adam Rogojski, Melchior Dulski.

In Radomsko:
1739 -
Augustyn was born; mother Agnieszka Kiedrzynska.

In the Sieradz county in 1791/1793:
Kiedrzynski Floryan with his son Leon Kiedrzynski.


Note to FRANKENBERG:

in 1704, Teresa Ruszkowska, widowed after Seweryn Czyzewski, vs. Stanislaw Dominikowski and Zofja Kiedrzynska Dominikowska, 1 voto Adam Drogonski.

We have two noblewomen named Julianna Kiedrzynska:

1. Sobotka, 1798, Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow, married Juljanna Kiedrzynski [2nd], b. ca 1770 / or in 1772-1811, 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, the owner of Wierzchoslaw.
witness Maciej Bogdanski, official in KALISZ.
2. Note:
Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1715/1720, was probably a cousin to MARCIN Kiedrzynski, senior, b. ca 1700-1788.

Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, was the owner of Orpiszewek [born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798].

Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna [1st] nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko / ORPISZEWEK in 1809/1811
(Orpiszewko was owned by the Kiedrzynskis);
with daughter Kunegunda born before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784, son of Zofia Tymienicki Chrzanowska.

Jozef Madalinski was son of Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784 and Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740 or 1750 - 1784.

Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763; his brothers: Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787; his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744;
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died ca 1807; Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786. Antoni PSARSKI who was the son of Tomasz, and Lucja Czekulin had daughter KONSTANCJA Psarska (b. ca 1819 - died after 1840). Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784 had son Antoni Psarski born in 1770.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski 1740-1784, with son Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809.

Dorota's brother -
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena who was born in 1762 and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828 [the family of the author].

Jakub Kiedrzynski was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. His two wives: Brygida Bardzka [in 1767]; and Julianna nee Bogdanska [ca 1788].
Above Józef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809, m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1st voto JAKUB Kiedrzynski; she d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).
Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774, owner of Kraszyn and Chodaki, had children:
a) Kunegunda b. ca 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784;
b) Sebastian Fabian MADALINSKI.

Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan MADALINSKI b. 1774 had brother Jakub Hiacynt MADALINSKI born 1775, m. Honorata Psarska died ca 1820, with daughter Anna b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Józef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej owner of Wola Balucka, 2nd time married to Jan Kanty Psarski, landowner of Wielgie.

3. In Raszków in 1801 [RASZKOW - 9 km south-west to BEDZIESZYN]:
Teofila Domicella was born, the daughter of Jan Antoni Arnold, the owner of Pecherzew in the Sieradz province, by his wife Julianna Kiedrzynski, 1st Ruszkowska
[JAKUB Kiedrzynski had daughter Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. ca 1770/1772].
Godparents:
Józef Ossowski and
Franciszka Radolinska, she was the owner of Bedzieszyn
[Bedzieszyn in 1778, owned by Jan Kosicki; Bedzieszyn - 10 km na pólnoc od Ostrowa; 8 km south-east to BIEGANIN / Bieganino of Kiedrzynski; 20 km west to KALISZ].
Ossowski the owner of BINIEW / Bieniewo, 6 km west to named BEDZIESZYN.

4. In Raszków, 1801, Jan Nepomucen Józef Ruszkowski was born, with godparents:
Ignacy Frankenberg and his wife Marcjanna, both owners of Koscielec [east to Proszowice ? or KOSCIELEC near to Redziny, Mstow, Rudniki, Lubojenka, WIERZCHOWISKO - north-east to Czestochowa; see Kiedrzynski].

5. Kiedrzynski Franciszek Placyd, son of Józef Kiedrzynski, was born in 1771.

6. In BESANCON was living lieutenant Kiedrzynski, inf. by the Polish National Committee in Dec. 1831-1832. No inf. in 1833 !

In the Cracow prov. in 1791:

Antoni, Kiedrzynski, born in 1751, in Kiedrzyn close to Czestochowa.

Close to Czestochowa in 1783 – 1792:
Kamyk - owned by mentioned above Antoni Kiedrzynski and Stanislaw Jeziorkowski;
Kiedrzyn - to Antoni Kiedrzynski;
Kobylczyce - Maciej Pstrokonski, and Jan Nepomucen Woznicki with Marcin Wierciszewski and Ignacy Korwin Jaszewski.
Kotowice – Adam Mecinski;
Kruszyna - until 1789 Konstancja nee Danilowicz, married Potocka. 1789 - Adam Potocki.
Kuzniczka - Antoni Kiedrzynski with Paciorkowski;
Wierzchowisko - part to Antoni Kiedrzynski,
Wilkowiecko - 1783 owned by Maksymilian Chodakowski. 1790 - Jakub Fryderyk Psarski.
Wola Hankowska - Bartlomiej Trepka, and Antoni Kiedrzynski.

In Kalisz:

in 1774, Wojciech Ciesielski, the son of Antoni Ciesielski, the grandson of Krzysztof Ciesielski. In a court with Marianna Gawlowska, also Jan; Izydor and Florjan Ciesielski - brothers in Zdzenice Skrzyszczyzna and the owners of Ciesielszczyzna.
Vs Kasper Kiedrzynski, son of Andrzej Kiedrzynski and Franciszka Jackowski-Kiedrzynska. It was sold part of Skrzeszczyzna.

In 1735 in KALISZ:
Kazimierz Ciesielski, son of named above Krzysztof Ciesielski and Maria Dzenicki-Ciesielska, on behalf of Stanislaw; Antoni and Jan Ciesielski - brothers, about Zdzenice Skrzeszczyzna in part ceded to Marcjan Zdzenicki.

Zdzenice / Zdzienice, close to TUREK, and Malanów; south-west to TUREK, 18 km north-west to DOBRA; 14 km north to MADALIN and BEDZIECHOW of Kiedrzynski; 4 km north-east to MALANOW, 20 km north-west to MILEJOW [see GLUCHOW !].

Prior of the monastery at Jasna Góra:
Anastazy Kiedrzynski 05.1719 - 05.1722.


The GOMOLINSKI family:

Stanislaw Gomolinski official in Wielun, who was Jan's son from Szpinkowno, and two daughters, Anna and Barbara.

Piotr Gomolinski b. ca 1510, official in Sieradz, married widow Mieszkowska, with 2 sons:
Jan Gomolinski and
Mikolaj, and 4 daughters:
Barbara, Weronika, Urszula and Anna b. ca 1545 ?;
Piotr was the owner of Lopatki.
Above sons -
A.
born ca 1530, Jan [Jan Gomolinski in the Sieradz province] + Belzacka, with children:
1. mistake - see sons of Mikolaj ! Born ca 1550, Stanislaw the bishop of Chelm, and Kamieniec, who by Jan Zamojski, chancellor, in 1589, in the Lublin, was appointed guardian;

2. Florian, b. ca 1580 ?;
3. Marcin.

Come from Florian or from Marcin Gomolicki - in 1764: Andrzej Gomolinski, from the Leczyca province; Ludwik Roch Sariusz Gomolinski, colonel and Piotr Sariusz Gomolicki, the major of the Crown.

4. Kazimierz Gomolinski b. ca 1580/1610, was the son of Jan Gomolinski, junior b. ca 1550? Kazimierz Gomolinski, of Lazinska, had son
Wladyslaw Gomolinski, and Wladyslaw [Wladyslawa GOMOLINSKI born ca 1630] married Slomkowska with the son
Jan Gomolinski [born ca 1660/1670]. Jan with Bielicka had 3 sons:
Antoni; Franciszek; Karol [b. 1700 ?].

Note:
JAN GOMOLINSKI b. ca 1665, had son:
Karol Sariusz-Gomolinski 1696-1784, died in Krosniewice,
Polish judge, medical chamberlain. Named Karol Saryusz Jelita Gomolinski b. 1696, chamberlain of Leczyca, m. Helena Pokrzywnicka with the son Ignacy Gomolinski, the instigator.
Ignacy born ca 1725.
Ignacy's sisters:
1. b. ca 1738, Józefata Sariusz-Gomolinska 1738-1823, primo voto Count Skarbek, General major; secundo voto Szymon Dzierzbicki official in Leczyca.
2.
b. ca 1740, Marianna + Count Opacki of MINSK.

B.
b. ca 1530, Mikolaj + Myszkowska, the daughter of Marcin Myszkowski, official in Wielun, with 3 sons of named MIKOLAJ GOMOLINSKI:
1. Stanislaw, priest in Krakow; bishop in Luck,
2. b. ca 1560, Jedrzej the brother of Stanislaw bishop, married Debowska of Sieradz.
3. Florian Gomolinski of Sieradz, MP in 1595.

Aleksander Gomolinski b. ca. 1610, d. ca 1667, had 2 sons:
1. b. ca 1640, Samuel Gomolinski, maybe in the Radomsko county, by his mother Barbara Malachowska Gomolinska,
2. Aleksander Gomolinski + Teresa Lipska had son
Jan, b. ca 1645, and daughter Ewa born ca 1646, inf. 1667, after Swientoslaw Lipski, the priest of Choczki in the Kalisz province took heirloom.

Jan Gomolinski m. Zbijewska, but she died in 1687, Cracow.
We know on Pawel Gomolinski d. 1711, Bishop of Kiev from 1698, royal secretary.

The Pstrokonski - Kiedrzynski - Gomolinski branch:

Pstrokonski Franciszek Ksawery 1715 - ca 1783, m. Agnieszka Nieniewska d. 1776, with Marianna, and Wiktoria [b. ca 1740 ?] married Marcin Kiedrzynski [b. before or ca 1720], son of Jakub Kiedrzynski

{Marcin Kiedrzynski b. before or ca 1720, son of Jakub Kiedrzynski senior, 1668 - 1729, and Ewa Gomolinska b. ca 1680}

and his wife Anna Gomolinska or Ewa Gomolinska b. ca 1680.

Brothers and cousins of Marcin Kiedrzynski

(Marcin Kiedrzynski b. before or ca 1720, come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior b. 1668
[Gomolinska Anna / Ewa m. Jakub Kiedrzynski SENIOR, d. 1729 - the Wielun officer]
- owner of Dymki in the Lututow parish since 1698, inf. 1709 Wielun. Dymki and Lututow - Dymki estate of the Kiedrzynskis is situated 5 km east of Lututow, in the Wieruszow county):

1. Jakub Kiedrzynski / Jakob Kiedrzynski the 3rd, junior, b. 1738 in WILCZKOW; in 1775 court with Anna [JULIANNA] about Kurow (see Walewski; close to Wola Pszczolecka; see Malkiewicz!) close to Wielun; inf. in 1786 and 1788 in Kalisz.
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the son of mentioned above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720, and JAKUB was the owner of Orpiszewek.
WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish.
JAKUB died in 1798.
Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

See: Erasmus Mycielski and Szaniawski Jan Kalasanty.

The closest relatives of the MADALINSKI family was Jakub Kiedrzynski of Kalisz [born in 1738 in Wilczkow] who helped to this family. Józef Madalinski, Jakub Madalinski and Julianna were owners of Raczkow and Upuszczow, inf. 1786. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski junior, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

Above Józef MADALINSKI, Captain in 1809 m. Julianna nee Bogdanska, 1 voto Kiedrzynska, d. in Orpiszew / Orpiszewko in 1809 (Orpiszewko was the Kiedrzynskis).

2. Jan Kiedrzynski b. ?
(others with the first name Jan: Jan Kiedrzynski with Ostoja arms, b. ca 1710 and Jan Kiedrzynski b. ca 1680 who was brother (?) of Adam - inf. 1704 from the Poznan province),

3. Andrzej Kiedrzynski (senior) - b. ca 1715/1720, owner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko / Orpiszewek [see Izydor Kiedrzynski and his son - Gabriel / Gabryel Kiedrzynski].

4. Ignacy Kiedrzynski / Ignacy Kiedrzynski [b. ca 1730; acc. to my research he was the brother of named above Andrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1715/1720.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski was the landowner of Biegacino in 1760, that is Bieganin / Bieganino ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 km south of Orpiszewko; married Franciszka Jackowska]:

In 1764 in Wielgomlyny, Ignacy Kiedrzynski of Malowana Wola (5 km east of DMENIN; 9 km north-west of WOLKA BANKOWA; 5 km north of Kobiele Wielkie) married Zofia nee Zablocka 1 voto Swiecicka (widow, a woman who has lost her husband by death).

Cousins of above named Marcin Kiedrzynski, come from Jakob / Jakub Kiedrzynski senior, the Wielun officer:

1. Kasper or Kacper Kiedrzynski, with wife Maryanna Arcichowska.

2. Wiktoria nee Kiedrzynska, m. Adam Rogujski owner of Wola Murowana, 9 km south of Opoczno - inf. in 1781 and 1782.

3. Michal Kiedrzynski b. after 1745, owner of Kamyk close to Klobuck and Wilkowiecko - in the Cracow province, west of Kiedrzyn, east of the Polish border and Prussia - inf. 1783 - 1788; in 1781, Colonel Chodakowski bought the estate Wilkowiecko - 14 km north-west of Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis, and 9 km north-west of Klobuck - then to the Psarskis.

Kamyk, close to Klobuck (26 km to the Austrian border and 12 km north-west of Czestochowa), was the Kiedrzynski property since 1672 from the Bielski brothers, owned by Franciszek Kiedrzynski - inf. 1669 in the Wielun county; born ca 1625; Franciszek Kiedrzynski was the brother of Ignacy, Jan, and Stanislaw Kiedrzynski - inf. 1669 of the Wielun county; Franciszek was son of Piotr Kiedrzynsky b. ca 1595 - inf. of 1621 on the Wielun county. Piotr was the branch of Jan Kiedrzynski vel Kierzynski, with the Ostoja coat of arms, b. ca 1565, inf. of 1590 in Kolo, about Jan - writer of Ostrzeszow, again inf. of 1606 in Wielun

4. Wojciech Kiedrzynski born 1745 in Kiedrzyn, killed by Russians in Krzepice on 05 November 1768; he was living in the Sieradz province. Krzepice - Czestochowa i Klobuck were the centre of the Bar Confederation in 1768.

5. Antoni Aleksy Kiedrzynski b. ca 1740, owner of Kamyk, Kiedrzyn - inf. 1745, Lechow(o), Kuznica Kiedrzynska, Wola Kiedrzynska north of Czestochowa, officer in Latyczow, the Ostoja coat of arms, he lost assets.
Kiedrzynski taken out loans in the Royal Prussian Bank in Berlin. His land estate was in debt (the Kiedrzyn property). This was in the years 1793 - 1806. In 1815 the Government of the Polish Kingdom took over debts owed by the Kiedrzyn property and took over the management of this lands in Kiedrzyn (in the jurisdiction of the State).
The Kiedrzyn estate was situated in the Lelow county, the Cracow province, south-east of Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis, north of Czestochowa, east of Liswarta river - the border of Poland and Prussia.


We back to conspirators:

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo.

The Society of Polish Republicans was the Polish secret organization, in Warsaw on October 1, 1798 to mid-1801; with contact to the Deputation in Paris, and Kosciuszko in Paris.

The main activists were:
Jan Orchowski / John Aloysius Orchowski,
Raymond Rembielinski [see Wiktor Rembielinski],
Andrzej HORODYSKI / Andrew Horodyski and
Erazm Mycielski / Erasmus Mycielski.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo [son of ANTONI], freemason, in 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director - after ERAZM Mycielski - of the Society of Polish Republicans.

Horodyski Andrzej maintained correspondence with J. K. Szaniawski in 1802.

Andrzej Horodyski, a friend of the duke Józef Poniatowski, in 1831, the deputy of the minister of the FOREIGN Affairs in Warsaw. His portrait, painted by Benner in 1816.
Note at margin:
Franciszek Kostrzewski - a painter, illustrator, associated with the Warsaw artistic community, was born in 1826 in Warsaw, invited and hosted by noblemen and landowners, he was among others at Sulkowskis in Rydzyna, Chlapowski in Turwia, Koscielski in Karczyn, and Horodyski in Molodiatycze.
Molodiatycze - village in Poland located in the Lublin province, close to Trzeszczany, 18 km west of Hrubieszów.
In 1578, the village belonged to the Branicki family. In the 18th century Molodiatycze were the property of the Wyszynski. Around 1823, the village was inherited by the daughter of Tomasz Wyszynski and brought them in the dowry to Antoni Horodyski (1798-1877).

Antoni Horodyski junior, 1798-1877, son of Ignacy Horodyski and Teresa Koczorowska.
Ignacy Horodyski, 1776-1856, son of Antoni Horodyski senior, born ca 1740, official in DYNEBURG + Ksawera Jaworska.
Above Ignacy Horodyski 1776 / 1780-1856.
Note:
The Baworowo castle in the TARNOPOL county; close to Zastaw; 21 south-east to Tarnopol / Tiernopil; west to SKALAT; south to ZBARAZ. Brody - see PASZKOWSKI - ca 90 km north-west to Tarnopol.
A wooden castle was located on a hill, and in the 17th century, the stronghold was rebuilt. The Malecki family around 1800 abandoned the castle; in 1851, the estate was bought by Count Wiktor Baworowski from Malecki. See:
Andrzej Michal Horodyski b. 1773 in Baworowo [son of ANTONI + 1st wife JUSTYNA MARCHOCKA HORODYSKA; Antoni Horodyski senior, 2nd married to Ksawera Jaworska], freemason, in 1798 moved to Warsaw, where he became director - after ERAZM Mycielski - of the Society of Polish Republicans. Horodyski Andrzej Michal d. ca 1857.
In 1773 named Baworów belonged to the Galician Podole in AUSTRIA.
Andrzej Michal Horodyski in 1796 became the activist of Lviv Centralization.
See: Ignacy Horodyski b. ca 1780-1856, the son of Antoni Horodyski senior, and Ksawera Jaworska.
Jadwiga Horodyska b. ca 1830-1903, the daughter of Antoni Horodyski junior, 1798-1877, and Ignacja Wyszynska - see above Molodiatycze.
The son Wladyslaw, married to Józefa Chrzanowska. In 1866, a distillery was in Molodiatycze - compare Wola Wiazowa. Before 1890, the village was in the hands of Antoni Horodyski, son of Wladyslaw. Antoni Horodyski 3rd, 1858-1902, first married to Józefa Rostworowska, and after her death to Taida Wodzicka.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski / Michal Andrzej Horodyski, b. 1773, translator, and Freemason. Wedding about 1800.
Translator together with Szaniawski, 1808; also with S. Staszic, F. K. Dmochowski, A. and K. Gliszczynski, A. Wyganowski, M. Wodzynski.
Horodyski Andrzej Michal, 1798 co-organizer and secretary of the Polish Republicans Society; Jacobin, 1807-09 he cooperated in organizing the Polish authorities; 1831, the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1830-1831) - the head Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. Wincenty Niemojowski - vice president, head of the Administration and Police Department.
In 1831, Minister of Internal Affairs and Police has been appointed Bonawentura Niemojowski then Antoni Gliszczynski; Wiktor Rembielinski the minister of justice.

Horodyski Andrzej Michal, 1798, took over these functions - secretary of the Polish Republicans Society - after ERAZM Mycielski. 1801, the direction of the Society.
Maintained encrypted correspondence with H. Kollataj - became one of Kollataja's closest friends.

In 1802, he became a shareholder of the Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp. - commercial house, which was also opened in Odessa, to which they also received:
P. Maleszewski
[see Venture de Paradise / Sulkowski / Napoleon, and Breguet - Duflon in Russia + Konstantynowicz, Nobel, Armand],
J. K. Szaniawski
[area of Wieruszow and Szaniawski was the family of Erazm Mycielski. General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski approached Gen. Dabrowski's opponents - he became friend with Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski and Andrzej Horodyski, with whom he was later considered, at the time of the Duchy of Warsaw, as one of the leaders of "Polish Jacobins"]
and J. Drzewiecki
[see DUFLON in St. Petersburg co-operated with DRZEWIECKI - his family. Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin].

Andrzej HORODYSKI after the invasion of the Russians in 1813, he became associated with Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. In time of The November Uprising was connected with General Skrzynecki. He was a member of the freemasonry lodge of Isis / Izis in 1811/1812, a member of the Great Kazimierz Wielki in 1819/1820 [1816, Casimir the Great worked until the dissolution in 1821]. Izis in the east of Warsaw - a Polish masonic lodge opened on April 1, 1780.

Note at margin:
Michal Jerzy Poniatowski b. 1736, d. 1794 in Warsaw, the Plock bishop in 1773, the Freemason, son of Stanislaw Poniatowski, and Konstancja Czartoryska; the brother of the King Stanislaw August Poniatowski.
MICHAL had son Piotr Maleszewski
[closest to Jozef KALASANTY Szaniawski, and Horodyski] - see Sulkowski + Venture de Paradise, also Breguet and Duflon - Konstantynowicz.


Paszkowski and Mielzynski, Uminski, Madalinski, PRADZYNSKI, Plater - close to Wloclawek / Brzesc Kujawski / Radziejow [in later times LEOPOLD KRONENBERG]:

Sons of TOMASZ Paszkowski and REGINA:
Michal Paszkowski 1st and
Jan Paszkowski [born 1742; he was living in Mokrsko in 1742 - the father of General Franciszek Paszkowski and the grandfather of Maria Paszkowska ARMAND from Moscow - see Apolon Konstantynowicz].

Jan Paszkowski [1742-ca 1800] moved home to Ukraine [ca 1776 ?]. Maybe his brother [cousin ?] was Piotr Paszkowski b. ca 1733 married Elzbieta nee Nietyks, with son Paszkowski Michal 2nd (1761 in Brzesc Litewski - after 1819), Colonel in 1794 in Brzesc Litewski, an official in Oszmiany; studied 1775-1779. In 1789 he bought Zabludow in the Grodno county. The friend of Hieronim Radziwill and of Michal Zaleski manager to Dominik Radziwill; Michal Paszkowski was closest to CONSPIRATOR, Karol Prozor in 1812. In 1808-1820 he taken from hands of Radziwill, Naliboki. After 1819 / 1820 no inf.

Michal Paszkowski 1st [b. ca 1725/1730] was an official in Malbork, moved in Volhynia, m. Monika Piotrowska of the Chelm area, daughter of Mikolaj and Katarzyna nee Plonski, Piotrowska, with a few children.

Józef PASZKOWSKI of Brzezie [b. ca 1765 ?], the son of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province [b. 1742], moved to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - owner of landestate close to Sampolno, [compare MADALINSKI, UMINSKI, Bajkowska-Kiedrzynska] in Skotniki.

SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI

- 12/13 km north-west to Radziejow

[RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793; the son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska; the father of Prokop Mielzynski];

20 km west to RUSZKI

[ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (1729-after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski; she was widowed in 1784; b. in Pieranie and married in 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710-before 1784), the Bydgoszcz official, with children: Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743, in Sobiesiernie, the Pieranie parish - north-west-north to RADZIEJOW). Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO. Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO. Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie - see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski ! - close to Badkowo. Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son Adam Kasper Mieroslawski born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc];

21 km west-south-west to Koscielna Wies

[compare: the children of Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; he in 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; an official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798. And grandchildren of Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin. Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek; bef 1750 the estate also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; the owners: ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska. His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer];

26 km west to BADKOWO

[Bedkowo - BADKOWO, 15 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski. JAN Madalinski was the grandfather of GENERAL Antoni Madalinski. Jan Madalinski b. 1665/1670; then in BADKOWO after a death of his wife Marjanna Klobski ca 1704; he became a priest in BADKOWO parish ca 1705. His daughter Franciszka + Józef Kicki, inf. 1754 about Franciszka and her brother - Józef. Great-grandfather of General Antoni Madalinski: Feliks Jan, MADALINSKI, b. 1630, married Katarzyna Porczynski b. ca 1650.

Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski.
Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner. Jacek come from Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750. Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river. Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita];

near Bodzanowo

[a village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 /12 km west of BADKOWO - that is 14 / 15 km to above SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI];

37 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski

[Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
Stanislaw Kostka Józef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA]
and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847 [note: Bronikowski Ksawery (1796-1852), Polish political activist, participated in the work of the Free Poles Association].
Nepomucena Pradzynska married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski, ca 1810 to ca 1825, son of
Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski official in Brzesc Kujawski [!], 1759-1846,
and Marianna Radziminska. Nepomucena's children: Teodor 1812-1831; Ignacy 1813-1880; Aleksander 1819-1829; Antoni Stefan Tadeusz 1822-1829.

Michal MADALINSKI, m. 2nd (?) time to Katarzyna Rudzki, with children: Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski; and Franciszek, the priest in Kruszwica and in Brzesc Kujawski in 1724;
also the son Samuel,
Lukasz,
Walenty.
Samuel in 1731 was the owner of CHOCEN. Samuel Madalinski died before 1738, left children with his wife Wiktorja Wierzbowski: Jakób and Eufrozyna + Jakób Krasnicki. Jakób Madalinski in 1748 was the owner of Cerekwia / CEREKIEW 8/9 km west to RADOM. But sold this property - he was living close to Brzesc Kujawski and KOWAL.
Above Lukasz Madalinski, official in KOWAL close to Wloclawek, in 1727, in 1748; bought a part of named above Cerekiew in 1748; his brother - Walenty - inf. 1767. Married Ewa Estka, with the daughter Teresa + Stanislaw Dambski in 1771, official in BRZESC KUJAWSKI. Teresa died after 1796. Lukasz's son - Zenon Bonawentura Madalinski.
Named above Walenty Madalinski, official in KOWAL in 1740, in Brzesc Kujawski in 1746; he bought Borzymowice in 1740 - 4 km west to CHOCEN; m. Helena Umiastowski, with the son - Józef Madalinski, and daughter - Franciszka Krystyna, born in 1734 m. 1st to Piotr Skarbek; 2nd she married to Kasper Slawinski - official in KONIN in 1782.
Mentioned here Józef Madalinski, official in Inowroclaw in 1770, and in Kowal in 1770; died in 1775; his aunt Skarbkowa / Skarbek, had a court case about Borzymowice and Laki Markowe in 1775 with the Parliament envoy; they took Swietoslawice in 1778. Józef Madalinski married Teodora Polichnowska, with sons: Ludwik Madalinski the son probably to the 1st wife Teodora Modlinski; and Aleksy Antoni Madalinski, b. June 1762; and a daughters. In 1796 a court case vs Libiszowski; in 1797 Ludwik and Aleksy Madalinski bought Kieszków, Cerekiew and Zatopolice, from General Antoni Madalinski. Kieszek close to Radom. Zatopolice west to CEREKIEW - both situated 12 and 8 km west to RADOM].


The UMINSKI - Kiedrzynski - Madalinski - Mieroslawski branch [+ Pradzynski - Mielzynski - Kiedrzynski line]:
Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. 1811, the royal chamberlain + Tekla b. 1775 + Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826
[2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski. Jozefa was the daughter of Franciszka Kiedrzynska Bajkowska, and the granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki. The great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1715/1720].
See about BADKOWO - below.

At the beginning on his family:

Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700 + Teresa Rogalinski,
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700 and
Andrzej Uminski, b. ca 1700 + Apolinara Niemojewski, most likely were a brothers [a cousins ?].

HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730 - 1792), son of above mentioned Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski, the Bielsk governor; the owner of the Czeluscin estate in the then Gostyn county in 1778, m. in 1767 in Biechowo [at half way from Wrzesnia to Miloslaw - south to named Wrzesnia] to Franciszka Ryszewska (b. ca 1750-died after 1784); Hilary's children:
Marianna;
Róza;
Maksymilian UMINSKI;
Jan Uminski;
Teresa;
Katarzyna nee Uminska.

Around 1512, Stanislaw Zelik, who had previously built musical organs in the St. Mary's Church in Brzesc KUJAWSKI, built new in the cathedral in Gniezno. The bishop Bonawentura Madalinski [see below on his genealogy], the founder of the new instrument, was commissioned the organmaster of Torun, Mateusz Brandtner - it was completed at the end of 1691.

Localities connected with life of the Uminski - Kiedrzynski family close to Wloclawek:
Pocierzyn - 9 km west to BADKOWO !

Ruszki - 6 km to BADKOWO !

Krotoszyn - 6 km south-west to Badkowo.

Wysocin - 7 km east to named Krotoszyn; 5 km south-west to BRZEZIE ! and 5 km south-east to Badkowo.

Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN, had the son:
Kazimierz Uminski b. before 1730, the founder of a chapel in Ruszki; he bought in 1746 named Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; the border bailiff in BRZESC KUJAWSKI, married to Teresa Besiekierski; d. 1798.
KAZIMIERZ UMINSKI had children:
1. son Józef Uminski d. 1805, Archdeacon of the cathedral of Luck;
2. Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
with Antoni's children:
1. Jan Chrzciciel (Baptysta) Uminski 1778 - d. ca 1851, he has sold together with his uncle Konstanty, village Nikonowka near Zytomierz;
2. Wincenty Uminski b. 1788 (? - in the Radziejow county); and his daughter Justyna Uminska + Onufry Uminski of Ruszki; and grandson - Julian Uminski, painter + Tekla Bogdanska,
3. Modesta Uminska b. 1786 + Kasper Górski d. before 1832 + Cyprian Pyzinski (Wola Prosperowa west to ZYCHLIN);
4. Katarzyna Uminska b. 1792 + Leon Gasiorowski (Pocierzyn near RUSZKI); and the last - Marianna Brodzki and Tekla Kalinowska.
Next son of above KAZIMIERZ b. ca 1730:
Konstanty Uminski, with a daughter Rozalia Uminska + Jan Morzycki, Captain, d. 1830, the owner of Chociszew close to OZORKOW.
With a granddaughter Eufrazyna Morzycka, 1825 - 1860 Nikonówka + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski;

and next son and daughters of named
Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730:
Stanislaw Uminski 1760 - 1811, served at the Royal Court + m. 1st Tekla b. 1775; m. 2nd to a granddaughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski - the great-granddaughter of Andrzej Kiedrzynski of WILCZKOW, b. ca 1715/1720 !
Brief explanation - Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy, official in Kalisz, married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz, and Brygida Bardzki, with the daughter Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki; Stanislaw's Uminski 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

Kazimiera Uminska died in 1786;

Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski; that is Ksawera Uminska b. ca 1750 - ca 1800 + Antoni Mieroslawski ca 1740 - ca 1810 [see the dictator of the January Uprising in 1863].

Note to Eufrozyna Morzycka (1825-1860, Nikonówka) + Kazimierz Jan Pienkowski, with Stanislaw Rafal Ludwik Morzycki, b. 1827, and grandson - Eugeniusz Morzycki (in Siberia) b. 1870, d. 1913.

Above Jan Morzycki, Captain of the 3rd Infantry Regiment, died 1830; was the second son of Jan Morzycki, received his inheritance from brother Pawel in 1802. Jan in 1808 was in the rank of lieutenant, and on the same day he was captain of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Warsaw Duchy. The recruits came from the Brzeziny, Gostyn, Leczyca, and Lowicz. In 1808 he was stationed in Warsaw.

We again confirm that Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the landowner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / WYSOCIN, also Antoni UMINSKI + Teresa Rogalinski, and Andrzej + Apolinara Niemojewski, maybe were a brothers.

HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730-1792), the son of mentioned above Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski; the owner of Czeluscin in the GOSTYN county, in 1778; married in 1767 in Biechowo, to Franciszka Ryszewska (b. ca 1750-d. after 1784).

ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (before 1729-d. after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski, of Bydgoszcz; Rozalia was the widow in 1784; Rozalia was born in Pieranie; m. 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710- before 1784), official in Bydgoszcz; her daughter - Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743 in Sobiesiernie, in the Pieranie parish).

Pieranie - 21 km west to BADKOWO and 18 km north to RADZIEJOW !

The BAJKOWSKI / Baykowski family:

They come from Bajki Stare:
Michal Bajkowski the owner of Czepy [CZEPOW - 12 km north to UNIEJOW, north-east to TUREK], official in Kalisz [south-west to TUREK], married in 1785, to Franciszka Kiedrzynska, daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski official in Kalisz [see WILCZKOW], and Brygida Bardzki [see Walknowski - Mielzynski branch],
with children:
A. Józefa Bajkowska b. ca 1786, d. 1826, m. Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow [close to PLESZEW], 2nd she was married in 1812, Leon Witalis Chmielewski, 1786-1840, son of Antoni and Eleonora Boryslawski, the owner of Zimotki [east to TUREK; close to Przykona and north to DOBRA !]; Stanislaw's 1st wife was TEKLA b. 1775.

B. Roch Józef Ludwik b. 1790, the owner of Fulki and Kalów, m. Józefata Kossobudzka, born in Fulki in 1791.

Czepy / CZEPOW: 12 km north to UNIEJOW.

Stanislaw Uminski d. ca 1811, of Bronow, 7 km north-east to BIEGANIN of Kiedrzynski and north to Gorzenko [we know Bronow 2nd east to UNIEJOW, and south-east to named above CZEPOW] -
Stanislaw Uminski b. 1760, d. 1811, m. + 1st Tekla b. 1775;
his sisters:
Kazimiera Uminska d. 1786;
Ksawera Franciszka Uminska + Antoni Mieroslawski,
and his brothers:
Józef Uminski d. 1805, of LUCK;
Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski;
Konstanty Uminski.

Mentioned Antoni Uminski d. 1813 + Marianna Byszewski had daughters:
Marianna Uminska b. 1799, d. bef. 1832 + Brodzki of Fundowo ? close to WARTA; and Józefa and also Tekla Uminska Kalinowski of KALISZ.

They were children of Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski d. 1798;
and grandchildren of Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin.

Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO; west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek;
bef 1750 the estate also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish; the owners:
ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska.
His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer.


Note to Badkowo / BEDKOWO / Badkow:
A.
Wladyslaw Jan Sulimierski b. 1830 in Lubiec, d. 1866, m. in ca 1850 to Wanda Walewska b. 1832, daughter of Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski (see Wola Pszczolecka, Kalinowski, Oginski, Trubecki, Konstantynowicz) 1802-1835 and Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832. Natalia Kreska was daughter of Florian Stanislaw Józef Kreski b. in 1771 Grebanin - died in 1838, owner of Maslowice, who married in 1803 in Weglewice, to Antonina Fundament Karsnicka d. 1862, daughter of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karsnicki and Józefa Maslowski.

Above Napoleon WALEWSKI was son of Ludwik Walewski 1754-1820 who m. Antonina Kalinowska with sons:

1. Karol Franciszek Salezy b. 1795 + Maria Radolinska
with children: Piotr Ludwik Teodor Walewski b. 1822, Jadwiga Maria Walewska 1825-1857 + Henryk Stanislaw Wojciech Lanckoronski 1816-1897;

and 2. above Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835 who married to Natalia Marianna Kreska 1804-1832.

About above mentioned Antonina KARSNICKA and her children:

a. Laura Rozamunda KRESKA b. 1805 in Grebanin, d. 1860, m. Adam Andrzej Sulimierski 1803-53, son of Marcin SULIMIERSKI and Józefa Zdziennicki, owner of Paprotnia,

b. Natalia Marianna KRESKA born in 1804 in Grebanin, d. 1833, m. Napoleon Walewski owner of Pstrokonie, son of Ludwik Walewski (Napoleon Izydor Roscislaw Walewski 1802-1835),

c. Edward Napoleon Kreski born in 1806 Weglewice, d. 1879, owner of Maslowice, judge in Wielun, owner estates close to Lask from 1852, m. 1st to Urszula Apolonia Lazarowicz 1811 - 1843 in Lask, daughter of Grzegorz and Teodozja Bagiewski, m. 2nd in 1846 to Antonina Kreska 1823 - 1851, daughter of Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski and Brygida Kozuchowski [!], 3rd m. in 1852 in Maslowice, to Alojza Uherek b. 1826, daughter of Ignacy.

Tomasz KOWALSKI who died 1812, owner of Rakowice and Bedkowo, m. in 1789 in Lubczyna, to Helena Karsnicka daughter of Jan Gwalbert Karsnicki official in Ostrzeszow; second time Helena Kowalska - Karsnicka married to Feliks Murzynowski,
with:
Jozefa or Honorata Józefa KOWALSKA born ca 1807, Myjonice, m. in 1820, to Nestor Julian Wezyk of OSINY 1795-1862, from Myjonice in the Ostrzeszow county, son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk of Osiny b. 1750 and Marianna Fundament-Karsnicka of Karsznice 1767-1817.
B.
Children of Jan Gwalbert Fundament - Karsnicki, 1731 - 1820 + Józefa Jadwiga Maslowska [see above]:
1. Józef Jastrzebiec Karsnicki 1784-1862;
2. Idzi Karsnicki (ca 1765 ? / 1780-1835 or E. Karsnicki);
3. Magdalena Jastrzebiec Karsnicka - SULIMIERSKA, born in ca 1784,
4. Antonina Fundament Karsnicka - KRESKA, d. 1862,
5. Helena Karsnicka - KOWALSKA - MURZYNOWSKA,
6. Wiktoria PSARSKA, Fundament - Karsnicka b. ca 1775 - died in 1844 in Biala; m. Franciszek Psarski b. ca 1770.
7. Marianna Wezyk; she was the mother of Nestor Julian Wezyk and Faustyna Kobierzycka.

Geographic remarks:

Rakowice - close to WROBLEW, 3 km north to Charlupia Wielka; west to SIERADZ.

Bedkowo - BADKOWO, 15 km north-west to Brzesc Kujawski.

Lubczyna - 3 km west to CIESZECIN; 8 km north to Wieruszow, 9 km west to Galewice.
Lyskornia - north-west to Kurow; 4 km south to Walichnowy;

Weglowice - 9 km south to Truskolasy and west to Czestochowa; 6 km north to ex-Silesian border.

KIERZNO - 9 km north-west to Wieruszow.
C.
Brief note to the de Weydenthal family [and about BRZEZIE, WIENIEC, Badkowo / BEDKOW / BEDKOWO]:

Please, you remember, there are two or three important in our context the villages called Brzezie.
A landproperty of that name, Brzezie, is located between Wloclawek and Radziejów, close to the village WIENIEC and Badkowo [see KRONENBERG].

Jadwiga Barthel de Weydenthal - Brzeska, b. 1884 in BADKOWO, d. 1961, soldier of the I Brigade, activist of the independence, sculptress, godmother of the ship Batory. She was the daughter of Zdzislaw and Aniela Rózanska; sister of above Przemyslaw Barthel de Weydenthal - Colonel; Jerzy Barthel de Weydenthal; Jan Barthel de Weydenthal and Maria Barthel de Weydenthal - activists of the independence, a teacher in the high school, a nun of the Ursuline Sisters. Jadwiga studied at home, later in Paris at the Sorbonne, then was in the country in 1905-1906. In 1916-1919 studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw.
D.
Nadróz close to Rogowo, in the Rypin county. The village belonged to Nadrowski, at the end of 18th cent. to Balinski and Kretkowski; ca 1812 Adam Nadrowski taken all estate.
Nadróz ca 1850 bought Wilhelm Fryderyk Barthel von Weidenthal, who was an administrator of Antoni Suminski estate in Zbójno. Then in 1856 to his son Alfred Kalikst Barthel. 1886 Nadróz with Balin to Alfred Józef Barthel, son of Alfred Kalikst. The last in Nadróz - to 1939 - was Artur Barthel, son of Alfred Józef who acted also in Rypin.
Nadróz - 9 km south of RYPIN; north of Wloclawek and LIPNO.
See Swiedziebnia - 16 km north-east of RYPIN.
Brzezno near to Lipno [see Golub-Dobrzyn and PLOCK !];
Marianowo, in the Rypin County, close to Golub-Dobrzyn and RYPIN - 13 km north-west of RYPIN.
CHOCEN close to KOWAL and Izbica Kujawska [see my Encyclopedia].
Brzezie, BADKOWO and Wieniec - west of Wloclawek.

Barthel de Weydenthal - in BEDKOW or BADKOWO and see BRZEZIE [KRONENBERG - see Tyminska and Wojtyla], 7 km east of Bedków / BADKOWO.
E.
Osiecz Wielki - ca 1810 this land property was owned by the Bninski family.
In 1870 these estates also included: Osiecz Wielki, Osiecz Maly, Kucice, Biezyn, Arciszewo, Wola Paruszewska and Uklejnice.
At the beginning of the 20th cent. to the Plater family. Osiecz Wielki is situated 10 km south-west of Chocen; 10 km north-west of CHODECZ; east of Izbica Kujawska; south of Wloclawek, BADKOWO and Brzesc Kujawski. Osiecz Wielki - here was born Jacek Plater in 1932, son of Count and landowner.
Count Witold Maria Broel Plater, 1893-1962 - in 1922 - built the private elementary school in assets Osiecz Wielki and Osiecz Maly; he was the son of Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count and Aleksandra Maria Helena POTOCKA, Broel-Plater, 1863-1918.
Named Wiktor Maria Broel-Plater, Count, b. 1843 in Belmont, died in 1911 in Bad Nauheim, Germany, was the son of Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater and Idalia Adelajda SOBANSKA b. 1808;
father of Ignacy; Antoni Broel-Plater and Witold Maria Aleksander Broel-Plater; brother of Konstanty Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater; Wlodzimierz Ignacy Antoni Broel-Plater and Feliks Broel-Plater.

Above Wilhelm Ignacy Broel-Plater b. 1791 in Pinsk, d. 1854, was the son of Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750.

Above
Józef Antoni Wilhelm Broel-Plater b. in SZADEK in 1750 was the son of PETRONELA NAGORSKA and Wilhelm Jan Plater, 1715 - d. 1769 in Vilnius, who was the son of Jan Plater and Elena Filipina OGINSKA b. ca 1694 in Mogilev by Dniepr river.

Elena Filipina OGINSKA was the sister of Michal Antoni Oginski b. 1696 in Stakliškes - north-east of Alytus / Olita. Michal OGINSKI was the son of Leon Kazimierz Oginski, b. ca 1658, who was the brother of Kazimierz Dominik Oginski b. ca 1664.

F.
Now about Mielzynski of Radziejów / Radziejów Kujawski:

Piolunowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów, south-west of BADKOWO; west of WIENIEC; landowner Mikolaj Roskowski, then since 1616 - Mielzynski, and in 1631 - Stanislaw Legocki.

RADZIEJOW - Maciej Mielzynski was the district administrator of Radziejów in 1762; he was living 1733-1793
[son of Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski {Franciszek Walenty Mielzynski b. 1682 and Krystyna Skalawska};
father of Prokop Mielzynski;
Anna Maria Mycielska and Józef Mielzynski Count;
brother of Józef Klemens Krzysztof Mielzynski];
his wife Seweryna Lipska b. ca 1750, died in 1804 - Chobienice [see: Count Jan Mielzynski b. 1831 - Chobienice].

Maksymilian (Maksymilian Antoni Jan), son of Andrzej MIELZYNSKI and Bninska [Andrzej Walenty Mielzynski b. 19.10.1698 + Anna Petronella Bninska b. ca 1720], born 1737 / 1738, MP in 1773, had the right of succession to the property after a father [Adam Dadzbog Baranowski] of his great-grandmother Teresa Baranowska, that is Grocholno, Rospedek, Debogóra, Lankowice, Malice, Gromadna, Spióry, Bak, Tupadl, Siernik, Szamocin Lastkowy, but
he has assigned in 1771 to Maciej MIELZYNSKI all above properties;
he taking over his father's pledge of assets:
Zytowiecko, Mala Leka and Grodziszczko, and bought all named in 1771 from hands of Jan Nepomucen Mycielski.
From hands of Duke Antoni Sulkowski, bought in 1791
Zduny and villages: Perzyce, Borownica, Chachalnia, Ujazd, Baszków !, Bestwin, Trzaski, Trafary, Kobylin and Rembiechów, Dlugoleka, Bartoszek.
Maksymilian Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in 1799, and he put away a part of land property Konary in 1772, to his wife Konstancja Czapska, and Rozalia nee Czapska.
His daughter Józefa (Józefa Nepomucena Rozalia Konstancja Franciszka), b. in Rabin, 1773, m. 1790 in Pawlowice to Augustyn Kozminski, but she died in 1792 in Wronki. Next daughters: Helena, died in Rabin in 1774;
Katarzyna (Katarzyna Regina Barbara Cecylia), b. Rabin, 1775, m. in Pawlowice in 1793 to Prokop Mielzynski; she died in 1817.

Czolowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Radziejów.

Bodzanowo - village in the Radziejow county, near to Dobre; the royal village, which L. Mielzynski since 1616 has received in the pledge; in 1789 - Aleksander Modlinski. 1795 - gen. Henryk Rudolf Bischofswerder; the village is situated 11 km west of BADKOWO.
G.
Brzezie close to Wloclawek [+ Badkowo] and the LANCKORONSKI family [Brzezie + Jedlno, Wola Pszczolecka]:

Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski / ADAM, 1740-1796, m. Aniela Stadnicka with daughter Ewa Mecinska b. 1789 / 1790 {maybe ca 1780}.
Piotr RADOLINSKI, MP in 1790, 1760-1823, m. Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.
Barbara was the daughter of unknown Lanckoronski. Barbara maybe was the daughter of Jan Lanckoronski of Brzezie, officer of Nur, 1746-1791, and Maria Anna Januszkiewicz b. 1755 [maybe before 1755];
Barbara was sister of:
Antoni Józef Lanckoronski 1777-1850 who married to above Ewa Mecinska of JEDLNO;
Julia Barbara Lanckoronska 1779-1846 m. Jakub Jerzy Antoni Dunin-Borkowski;
and maybe above Tekla Celestyna Eleonora Lanckoronska of Brzezie, 1774-1849.

Maria Szymanowska born Marianna Agata Wolowska in Warsaw, born 1789, died in 1831, St. Petersburg, Russia; was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. Marianna Agata Wolowska was daughter of Franciszek Wolowski, a landlord and a brewer, and his wife - above
Barbara LANCKORONSKA, b. ca 1771 [not in 1780] - 1849 / 1850?
1.
Leon Wladyslaw Loewenstein de Lenval was industrialist and philanthropist. He was the third son among five children of a wealthy Jewish merchant Jacob Loewenstein and Dorothy Kronenberg, older sister of Leopold Kronenberg; after graduating in 1855 of the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry at Marymont in Warsaw, he worked as administrator of property of Kronenberg in Brzezie in the area of Wloclawek. 1857 - went to Calvinism. 1882 lived mainly in Brussels and Nice.
2.
Brzezie - west of WLOCLAWEK [see Lipno and Plock !], close to Radziejow and Brzesc Kujawski / Brzesc Kujawski. BRZEZIE was the land property of Józef Dambski, b. ca 1810, son of Józef Walenty Dambski b. 1777 and Marcjanna Marianna Leszczynska born 1785.
Jozef Dambski's great-grandparents:
Tomasz Dambski of Inowroclaw, 1690-1748;
Lukasz Madalinski of Kowal, b. 1700
[Michal MADALINSKI m. Katarzyna Rudzki, with children:
Anna Konstancja + Antoni Turski,
Franciszek Madalinski, the priest in Kruszwica, and in Brzesc Kujawski (?) in 1724;
Samuel Madalinski;
mentioned above Lukasz Madalinski;
and the last - Walenty.
Samuel MADALINSKI in 1731 save - give the comission a sum of money from the Chocen estate close to KOWAL and Wloclawek, to Anna Stempczynski married Gostkowska;
also SAMUEL with his brothers - Lukasz Madalinski and Walenty Madalinski, signed and chose the King Stanislaw Leszczynski in the Brzesc Kujawski county !
Samuel d. bef. 1738, left children with his wife -
Wiktoria Wierzbowski Madalinska];

Andrzej Leszczynski of Rawa Mazowiecka b. 1700;
Franciszek Kazimierz Lanckoronski of Brzezie and of Rawa Mazowiecka, 1723-1785;
Marianna Kolczynska b. 1690;
Ewa Estko b. 1740 [see the Estko - KOSCIUSZKO line];
Bazylea Woyczynska 1720-1751; and Eleonora Garczynska 1722-1802.
3.
Please remember on Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr. born ca 1824, d. 1876, (60s of the 19 cent. emigrated ?? to Austrian Galicia), married ca 1865 to Zuzanna Mayer [born ca 1840 / 1845 ?]; they were living in Zolkiew. Zbigniew Brzezinski come from Kazimierz Brzezinski, Sr., 1824-1876.
H.
Bishop Bonawentura Madalinski / Bonawentura Dobrogost Madalinski in WLOCLAWEK and PLOCK, b. 1620, d. 1691, the son of Piotr Madalinski and Anna Chelmska.
In 1687, the Cathedral Chapter in Wloclawek with the founder of the new organs, the bishop Bonawentura Madalinski [these were completed at the end of 1691] - built new musical organs in WLOCLAWEK.

BROTHERS:
1.
Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski

[see General JAN NEPOMUCEN UMINSKI ! - HILARY Uminski b. ca 1730 - d. in 1792, the son of named Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski, the owner of Czeluscin near Gostyn, in 1778, m. in 1767, Biechowo, to Franciszka Ryszewska b. ca 1750 - d. after 1784, with children: Marianna, Róza, Maksymilian, Jan, Teresa, Katarzyna];
and 2.
Andrzej Uminski, b. ca 1700, and Apolinara Niemojewski

[ROZALIA Teresa Marianna Katarzyna Uminska (1729-after 1784), the daughter of Andrzej Uminski and Apolinara Niemojewski; she was widowed in 1784; b. in Pieranie and married in 1743 to Michal Slubicki (ca 1710-before 1784), the Bydgoszcz official, with children: Apolinara Justyna Slubicka (b. 1743, Sobiesiernie, the Pieranie parish - north-west-north to RADZIEJOW)]
{during the Polish-Austrian War of 1809 under the orders of Jozef Poniatowski Neyman - CONSPIRATOR - was assigned deputy of General J. Niemojewski, commander of the department}.

Pieranie - 22 km north-west to RUSZKI and 26 km north-west to BADKOWO !

Sobiesiernie - 1 km west to PIERANIE and 27 km north-west to BADKOWO !

3.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, born ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn, Pocierzyn, Wysocie [see the granddaughter of JAKUB Kiedrzynski !] close to Badkowo.

Antoni Mieroslawski b. ca 1740, d. 1797, the chamberlain in Inowroclaw; official in Kruszwica; the royal chamberlain, married 1st to Marianna Radonska born ca 1745, d. 1775, but 2nd marriage before 1769 to
Ksawera Franciszek Uminska with son
Adam Kasper Mieroslawski
born 1785 in Ruszki near Krotoszyn the village, close to BADKOWO, Wieniec and Brzezie; died on November 16, 1837 in Bar-le-Duc.

Remember:
Kazimierz Uminski b. ca 1730, of Ruszki; 1746 bought Wysocin Wiekszy and Wysocinek; official in Brzesc KUJAWSKI; m. Teresa Besiekierski, d. 1798.
Laurenty (Wawrzyniec) Uminski, b. ca 1700, the owner of Ruszki, Krotoszyn the village, Pocierzyn, Wysocie / Wysocin. Pocierzyn 8 km west to BEDKOWO, west to BRZEZIE and west to Wloclawek. Pocierzyn bef 1750 also included Krotoszyn and Ruszki in the Koscielna Wies parish. In Pocierzyn ca 1750 - Kazimierz Uminski and Teresa Uminska. His descendant - Onufry Uminski, grandfather of Wladyslaw Uminski (1865-1954), writer.

Adam Kasper Mieroslawski, Colonel of the November Uprising in 1831, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Napoleonic Army, Adjutant of General Davout; decorated with the title of the Knight of the French Empire; m. Camilla Notte de Vaupleux
with sons:
1. Ludwik Adam Mieroslawski (born 1814 in Nemours, the godfather was Marshal Louis Davout, died 1878 in Paris), general, writer and poet, political and nationalist activist, historian, participant of the November Uprising (1831), dictator of the January Uprising (February 17 - March 11, 1863);
2.
Adam Piotr Mieroslawski (born April 1815 in Stryków near Brzeziny, died 1851) - sailor, engineer, insurgent in 1831, he discovered again, after 300 years, the island of New Amsterdam, which he became the owner.


Jan Nepomucen Uminski, 1778-1851 = Jan = Nepomucen Uminski,
parents: Hilary UMINSKI and Franciszka Ryszewska.
On September 23, 1831 Jan Uminski was appointed commander-in-chief of the November Uprising, from which he resigned the same day.
Jan Nepomucen Uminski, the officer of the Polish army; service ended in the rank of Major General; participant of the 1794 Insurrection;
adjutant of General Antoni Józef Madalinski;
Napoleonic Wars and November Uprising 1830 - 1831 (Chief of Staff on September 23, 1831).
In 1820 was meeting of General Jan Nepomucen Uminski with Colonel Dobrogoyski, envoy of Kalisz. Dobrogoyski informed on the secret network in Cracow, and Uminski was claiming to be a branch in Great Poland; he had a confidential relationship with Lieutenant Colonel Ludwik Sczaniecki.

His parents:
Hilary Uminski / Hilarion Uminski, 1730/1735/1760-1792 + Franciszka Ryszewska b. ca 1740

[HILARY Uminski (b. ca 1730 - d. 1792), the son of
Antoni UMINSKI b. ca 1700, and Teresa Rogalinski;
Hilary Uminski was the owner of Czeluscin close to GOSTYN in 1778; m. in 1767 in Biechowo to Franciszka Ryszewska];

Czeluscin - close to PEPOWO, 4 km; 20 km west to KROTOSZYN the city [it has nothing to do with Krotoszyn close to Wloclawek!]; 14 km east to KROBIA; sout-east to SIEDLEC !

Biechowo - south to WRZESNIA.

The grandparents:
Antoni Uminski b. ca 1700 + Marianna Teresa Rogalinska, 1715-1796.
Marianna Teresa Rogalinska 1715-1796, was the daughter of Roman Rogalinski b. ca 1690 + Teofila Miaskowska.

Note to above ROMAN:
Stefan Poplawski, in 1741 in Noskow, married to Urszula Widlakówna; witnesses:
Roman Rogalinski,
Aleksander Radonski, Antoni Rokoszewski, Mikolaj Dobruchowski.
NOSKOW of Kiedrzynski -
11 km south - west to JAROCIN; 30 km east to Kunowo; 17 / 18 km east to KOSZKOWO of Kiedrzynski.

We back to GENERAL Nepomucen UMINSKI:
In the Strzelce Wielkie parish, close to GOSTYN, Piaski and KUNOWO:
a baptism in 1802 of Franciszek Xawery Pogorzelski - godmother Katarzyna Uminska;
in 1805 bpt. of Wiktoria Pogorzelska - godfather Nepomucen Uminski = Jan Nepomucen UMINSKI.
Ksawery Pogorzelski b. 1805 m. Marianna Rydzewska nee Sikorska in 1825. Ksawery Pogorzelski b. 1805, d. 1842, in Mystkowo, near Plonsk. His father Franciszek Pogorzelski.

Above Jan Nepomucen UMINSKI was the owner of
Smolice and Pruszynsk.
Strzelce Wielkie / Gross-Strzelce, close to Gostyn, in the ex-Kröben county; in 1846 belonged to Zakrzewska -
7 km east to GOSTYN ! and 10 km south-east to KUNOWO of Kiedrzynski ! 18 km north to PEPOWO - see Hilary UMINSKI ! - north-east to Rokosowo, Gogolewo, Poniec and Krobia; 9 km south-west to KOSZKOWO - see KIEDRZYNSKI.

Lukasz Kiedrzynski married to (1st time ?) Franciszka Buczynski / Buczynska, he was owner of Kunowo / Kunow in 1767 (from hands of his mother), he was son of Ludwika nee Sitnicka or Sielinski - 6 km north of Gostyn and 31 km south-east of Koscian. This is Kunow / Kunowo 6 / 8 km north of Gostyn, that is east of Leszno of the Sulkowskis. See: Koszkowo - 13 km north-east of Gostyn; Noskow / Noskowo - 9 km south-west of Jarocin and 16 km east of above Koszkowo; Gostyn / Gostingen, is a town in Greater Poland Voivodeship, in Gostyn County.
Mikolaj Kiedrzynski the 5th, b. ca 1735, from Koszkowo close to Noskowo and Kunowo.
Florian Kiedrzynski's father was Marcin Kiedrzynski senior, b. ca 1700/1715 - died in 1788, mother Wiktoria Pstrokonska / Wiktoria Poraj Pstrokonska.
Florian / Floryan Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1730 / 1740, owner of Noskowo / NOSKOW south-west to JAROCIN - inf. 1776, 16 / 18 km east of Koszkowo and 27 / 30 km east of Kunowo. The same Florian Kiedrzynski b. ca 1730 (1740 ?), married in 1759, his wife was living 1730-1786. His son Leon Kiedrzynski b. ca 1760. His uncle was Kazimierz Kiedrzynski m. Katarzyna Swierczkowska.

And Nepomucen UMINSKI was the owner of
Pruszyn - 10 km north-east to SIEDLCE - the Masovia prov.

SMOLICE -
west to Kobylin and 4 km south to CZELUSCIN ! And 8 km south-east to PEPOWO !

Jan Nepomucen Uminski b. 1778 in Czeluscin !
His father HILARY was the owner of Czeluscin - close to PEPOWO, 4 km; 20 km west to KROTOSZYN the city; 14 km east to KROBIA; sout-east to SIEDLEC [but of course it is not Siedlce]!

See on WALKNOWSKI:

In Kobierno, 7 km north-east to KROTOSZYN the city - see Mielzynski - in 1709, Rozalja Klara, was born to Stefan Dunin from Kobierno, and Anna; godparents:
Antoni Wiktor Walknowski official in WIELUN, and Anna Uminska.

In Laszczyn, 5 km north to RAWICZ, south-west to ROSZKOWO, in 1709, Tomasz Borucki m. Petronella Lubiatowska; witnesses: Wladyslaw Glinicki; Antoni Waliknowski / above WALKNOWSKI; Urszula Walknowska / Walikowska; Marjanna Slinicka [see Kiedrzynski].

Above Hilary UMINSKI m. ca 1760 to Franciszka Ryszewska with children:
1.
Antoni Uminski 1770-1813;
2. Teresa Uminska 1770-1836 + Wincenty Wilkonski;
3.
Rozalia Uminska + Józef Wilkonski, MP in 1789-1791; 1747-1822.
4.
Major of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Jan Nepomucen Uminski 1778-1851.

Debe - 11 km north-east to KALISZ; 22 km north-west to BEDZIECHOW of Kiedrzynski !

Nepomucen Uminski married in 1817, Debe close to Kalisz. Who ?

Jan Nepomucen Uminski b. 1778 in Czeluscin, the brigade general, he took part in the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794, where he was the adjutant of general Antoni Madalinski.
In 1806 he fought near Gdansk and Tczew during the Napoleonic wars. He was taken prisoner by Prussia and released in 1807 and joined the French cavalry; he moved to the army of the Warsaw Duchy. In Poznan, he was the commander of the squadron of the Honor Guard.
The Polish-Austrian war in 1809; 1812 the Russian campaign, Borodino and near Smolensk.
As the first of the Napoleonic army, he headed the Polish Hussars to Moscow.
Leipzig in 1813, where he was wounded and was taken prisoner; release in 1815, he joined the army of the Congress Kingdom.
In 1816 he left the army and settled in Smolice [compare General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI]. In 1820, he founded the "Kosynierzy Union" / SCYTHEMEN, then he became a member of the Patriotic Society, for which he was convicted by the Prussians in 1826 for six years in prison.
Uminski was jaled in Glogow, whence escaped on 17 February 1831. He joined the army of Poland in 1831.
General Dembinski entrusted him with command of the 1st Cavalry Corps. On September 23, 1831 he was the commander-in-chief. After capitulation he moved to Modlin. In Plock he had a controversy with General Maciej Rybinski. He went to France to emigrate. He was a collaborator of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.
He was a member of the Freemasonry of the United Brothers as "journeyman" in 1829 [in prison ?].

Above
Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739, d. 1804 / 1805 in Borow, in the Przybyszew parish.
Polish general, commander of the cavalry, one of the commanders in the Kosciuszko Insurrection of 1794; the Bar Confederation in 1768; he was born in Porów in the Sieradz prov. {close to KALISZ ?} in 1739 or POROWO - maybe named above Borowa Wola, south to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica River.
Porowo close to KALISZ - we know Borow, 14 km east to KALISZ;

Above Madalinski Antoni / Antoni Józef, son of Gutowska, b. 1739, owner of Karniszew / Karniszewo until 1781, Kostrzyn east of Poznan in 1800, Piekary in 1802,
Zatopolice west to Radom,
Przybyszew / Przybyszewo [close to Bialobrzegi !!],
Lubania
and Borow, in the Przybyszew parish - BOROWE, 7 km west to PRZYBYSZEW.
Burned in Przybyszewo,
but his heart in Lubania north to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica River. Lubania close to Sadkowice, and close to Nowe Miasto.
Przybyszew - east of Nowe Miasto by Pilica!
He was in 1778 - 1788 under protection of the Sulkowskis; was living in Baszkow - 6 km to the Silesien and then Prussian border - south-west of Krotoszyn the city, close to Zduny - north-west of Ostrzeszow. Baszków is situated ca 5 km west of Zduny, the Leszczynskis land, then in 1791 to Mielzynski.
Antoni Madalinski after capitulation in 1794, was jailed by the Prussians 1795 - 1797.

Antoni Józef Madalinski b. 1739 in Porowo / Porów / Borowo [or Borowa Wola south to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica River; or Potworow ?], d. 1804 / 1805 in Borowo [Borow, in the Przybyszew parish. NORTH TO MARIOWKA then to KIEDRZYNSKI];
son of Józef [1700/1710 - 1755; Jozef was NOT son of Bonawentura Madalinski and Konstancja Oraczewska] and Barbara Gutowski / Gutowska b. ca 1710, died 1775.

LUBANIA - north to Nowe Miasto by the Pilica;
Sadkowice - north to named Nowe Miasto.
Porów - we are not sure where this town is located! Borow, in the Przybyszew parish.
Above Józef Madalinski b. ca 1710, d. 1755, of Niedzielsko 4 km east of Wielun, died in Srem close to Koscian - see Sulkowski! Józef Madalinski, acc. to inf. 1739 - owner of Karniszew (the Sokolniki parish north of Gniezno, includes: Bojanice, Bojanickie Huby, Borzatew / Wilhelmsau, Florentynowo, Karniszew / Karniszewo close to Klecko, Kobylica, Maczniki, Male Swiatniki, Mieleszyn north-east of Klecko, Przysieka, Sokolnickie Huby, Sokolniki), married to Barbara Gutowski, owner of Gola - 5 km west of Gostyn and close to the Sulkowskis estates, in 1745-1746 owner of Babin - 6 km north of Slupca and east of Wrzesnia; Chrostowo - 1754, d. 1755. Barbara m. 2nd in 1765 to Jakub Krzyzanowski.

Antoni Jozef Madalinski was a participant in the Bar Confederation fighting initially from 1768 in the branch of Józef Bierzynski. In 1770 he fought in Mazovia in the branches of Józef Sawa-Calinski, however, in December 1770 he was wounded near Wysokie and he was taken prisoner by Ksawery Branicki. In 1778-1788, in the political life he used the Sulkowskis' protection.
He was living in Baszków (commune of Zduny) and was the commander of the garrison in Zduny.


The OPOCZNO district and the communist-Russian anti-Polish underground:

Russian intelligence conducts activities in 1945, 1977-1988, 2017-2018 from this County, in parallel with activities from Suwalki, Opoczno - ZARNOW [22 km south to Opoczno], and from Wloclawek - Brzesc Kujawski - Chocen [1983-2005 and 2013-2015 + Przasnysz - Rozan in July 1955 - 2018].

At the same time, the Russian military intelligence has been carrying out activities from Ploiesti, Bucharest, Timisoara from Romania, in 2005-2018.
Compare also on:
1.
Summers was born in New Haven, in 1954, into a Jewish family, the son of two economists, Robert Summers (who changed the family surname from Samuelson) and Anita Summers (of Romanian-Jewish ancestry), who are both professors at the University of Pennsylvania.
2.
The WHITE underground movement before the 1863 JANUARY UPRISING:

There is a mass various circles among Polish in St. Petersburg, Kiev and Warsaw. The origins of these coincidentally occurred on the date of arrival in Poland (1860) of one of the secretaries to Jakob / JACOB Cremieux

[JAKOB was the son of Saul Haim Cremieux / Crémieu, who was the son of Mardochée Crémieux and Esther; SAUL was a husband of Sarah Carcassone],

who was at the time organizing the Alliance Israelite Universelle.

This courier was a French lawyer and journalist, Armand Lévy (1827 - 1891), an anti-clericalist, a freemason, a socialist; he was "born in a Roman Catholic family, but with a Jewish grand-father, he was passionate about the Jewish cause. He fought alongside his illustrious friends, such as Adam Mickiewicz [Mickiewicz's stay on the Bosporus], Ion Bratianu and Camillo Cavour, for the independence of Poland and Romania, and for the unification of Italy"
by Wikipedia; he propagated the social upheaval in Russia.

The wealthy financiers and the Jewish merchants were associated with the White party funded by Leopold Kronenberg. This resulted the Jews not immediately commencing the January Uprising in 1863.

Dow Ber / Berush Meisels, 1798 in Szczekociny, d. 1878 in Warsaw, Rabbi (Cracow, then Warsaw), in 1856, Meisels moved in Warsaw, with the support of activists and supporters of the assimilation Jewish movement. He called on Polish Jews to join the Poles in the struggle for liberation. Many prominent representatives of the assimilated Jewish bourgeoisie, such as Leopold Kronenberg and Herman Epstein, undertook united efforts to reconcile Jewish and Polish interests in matters of religion, culture or economy. These attempts ended in a fiasco with the fall of the January Insurrection in 1863.

Karol Majewski, secretary of Leopold Kronenberg, was among the first of them. He was a very influential personality in conspiratorial circles; in 1860, Majewski had the most influence among the students.

Maksymilian Unszlicht, a member of the academic committee (consisting of three persons), was also attended by Edward Jurgens, the son of a Jewess, who ran all the youth circles and associations that was set up in Warsaw.

Named Karol Konstanty Majewski (born in Denkowo close to Opatow in 1833 roku, d. 1897), a chairman of the National Government of the January Uprising 1863. He came from a family with the Jewish roots; his brother was Wladyslaw Majewski [see below] - the Commissioner of National Government in 1863 and second brother - lawyer, Wincenty Majewski (1807-1888); a student at the Academy of Medicine and Surgery in Warsaw in 1860; he was the organizer of the Academic Committee. In 1862 he became a member of the White Country Rural Directorate. Arrested, in 1866 sent to Siberia, returned in 1880.

3.
James Angleton's supporters [CIA]:

Frank Gardiner Wisner (1909 - 1965)
was head of Office of Strategic Services operations in southeastern Europe in 1944-1945. He served as the 2nd Deputy Director of Plans in charge of the Directorate of Plans of the Central Intelligence Agency from August 23, 1951 to January 1, 1959.
He was also tapped for the Seven Society. The Seven Society is the most secretive of the University of Virginia's secret societies. Members [Edward Stettinius, Jr., secretary of state under Presidents Roosevelt and Truman] are only revealed after their death. FRANK G. Wisner in Washington was associated with the 'Georgetown Set':
George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Richard Bissell, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Cord Meyer, James Angleton, William Averill Harriman, Felix Frankfurter, Allen W. Dulles and Paul Nitze. The Georgetown Ladies' Social Club included Mary Pinchot Meyer, Sally Reston, Polly Wisner, Cynthia Helms, Phyllis Nitze and Annie Bissell.

In 1948, the Office of Special Projects was unveiled as the renamed Office of Policy Coordination (OPC) with FRANK Wisner still in charge as Executive Director.
With James Angleton, Wisner ran Operation red sox.
JAMES ANGLETON was associated with Frank Wisner in Albania and Poland.
Frank Wisner worked closely with Kim Philby, the British agent who was a Soviet spy.

The FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover, described the OPC as "Wisner's gang of weirdos" and had discovered that some of them had been active in left-wing politics in the 1930s. Hoover gave McCarthy inf. on an affair that Wisner had with Princess Caradja in Romania during the war; Caradja was a Soviet agent.

Princess Catherine Olympia Caradja born Ecaterina Olimpia Cretulescu in 1893, grew up in England and France, and lived in Romania from 1908 to 1952, as "Angel of Ploieşti" in PLOESTI.
She resided in the U.S. since Dec. 1955, mainly in Comfort, in the Hill Country of Texas. In 1978 she befriended Ottomar Berbig, an antiques dealer in West Berlin.

FRANK WISNER was also involved in establishing the Lockheed U-2 spy plane program run by Richard M. Bissell, Jr. On August 23, 1951, Frank Wisner succeeded Allen W. Dulles and became the 2nd Deputy Director of Plans; with
Richard Helms as his chief of operations.
This office had control of about 75% of the CIA budget.

Allen Dulles in September 1954 selected ANGLETON to be chief of a countrintelligence staff.

Angleton was greatly influenced by DONALD McLEAN and KIM PHILBY.

Donald Duart Maclean (1913 - 1983) was a British diplomat and member of the Cambridge Five who acted as spies for the Soviet Union.

We back to the OPOCZNO county:

Next to PRZYSUCHA [5 km south to MARIOWKA; compare: RUSINOW - 6 km north to MARIOWKA !] acted guerrilla sabotage group [the communist gang] with a spies working for military intelligence of the Soviet Union in 1942-1945.

This communist band under the command of Izrael Lew Ajzenman carried out murder in DRZEWICA [east to OPOCZNO] in January 1943 [the first communist attack on the town of August 1942].

Izrael Ajzenman / Julian Ajzenman / Julek Ajsenman acted since 1946 as Julian Kaniewski (b. 1913 or in 1914 in Radom).

Israel Lion Ajzenman was a robber eg. in Wolanów [east to PRZYSUCHA; ex-Wola Kowalska, Wola Świętej Doroty] in 1936.
During the war in September 1939, Izrael Lew Ajzenman got out of the prison in Radom and began organizing a revolutionary committee in Radom, hoping that the Red Army would soon take over the city - west to WISLA.

Izrael Lew Ajzenman attacked Drzewica [north to Wywoz and Gielniow; and 14 km north-west to MARIOWKA - see MOCZULSKI in Winter / Spring 1945 and the Kiedrzynski estate], during which seven people were murdered - the director of the local knife factory "Gerlach", August Kobylański.

Note on the KOBYLAŃSKI family:
1.
Kazimierz Kobylański - "Engineer", "Jerzy", "Markowski", born in 1892 in Warsaw, Polish mechanical engineer, entrepreneur; Son of Samuel and Maria Łabędzki. He graduated in Lviv.
2.
Maria Magdalena Kobylańska (Łabędzka) b. 1868 in Warsaw, d. 1959 in Rusinów, the Przysucha County, the daughter of Cyprian Soter Łabecki and Konstancja; wife of Samuel Hipolit Kobylański; the mother of Tadeusz Wiktor Kobylański; Kazimierz Juliusz Kobylański and Anna Rakowiecka.
3.
August Kobylański b. 1821, d. 1880 in Warsaw; married EMILIA GERLACH 1830-1856.
4.
August Kobylański, b. ca 1880, killed in January 1943

[he has death certificate in Drzewica - as August Ferdynand Kobylański born on July 7, 1891 - d. January 20, 1943 in Drzewica. Son of Bronisław Kobylański, b. 1854

{Bronislaw's father - August Samuel Kobylański b. 1821 in Lewiczyn, 8 km north-west to Mława, died in 1880 in Drzewica. Grandfather was - Filip Kobylański b. ca 1790 + Ewa Zaborowska},

and Maria Kobylańska {nee Kreyszoff}.

August Kobylański was the husband of Pfeffer. Father of Bogna Kobylańska
{+ Jan Czerski - come from Stężyca, the Kozienice County and of Borki, the Radzyń Podlaski County}. ;
Brother of Maria Jadwiga Kobylańska-Bauerfeind];

August Kobylański m. ca 1910 to Maria Pfeffer, with a daughter
Maria Kobylańska, 1910-1990 + Adam Stanisław Ryszard Mieczkowski

[he was the son of Władysław Mieczkowski b. 1877 in Nieciszew - d. 1959 in Barzkowice; lawyer, banker, political activist, member of the GERMAN parliament in 1907].
5.
KOBYLAŃSKI Franciszek, b. ca 1750/1755, died in 1844, the owner of Dąbrówka, married Salomea Psarska b. ca 1766 [see Kiedrzynski],
with children:
A. Karol;
B.
Faustyn Józef Franciszek Kobylanski, b. 1784 in Mikorzyn [close to Domanin; 10 km north to Kępno; at half way from Kępno to Doruchów], m. Prakseda Krąkowska from Mokrsko - 9 km south-west to WIELUN, with children:
a) Wincenty Kobylanski, b. 1830 in Mikorzyn, d. 1903 in Wygiełzów {2nd} - 5 km west to MARZENIN, the owner of Dąbrówka,
buried in Marzenin - north to SEDZIEJOWICE;
b) Salomea m. Józef Zaborowski;
c) Jan Kanty Idzi, b. 1825, the owner of Bieniec - 17 km south-east to WIELUN, and Mikorzyn [close to TORZENIEC].

A note to the ZABOROWSKI family:

1.
Les Freres Anglais et Franēais Réunis was founded in 1807 in Poznan, subsidiaries of the French Grand Orient, and consisted of numerous military and civilian dignitaries and prominent citizens; the champion for a long time was general Wincenty Axamitowski. On January 1, 1808, the "Brothers of the United France and Poles" camp was established in Poznan.
Members:
Colonel Stanislaw Mycielski,
Józef Poninski,
Aleksander Zychlinski,
Augustyn Zaborowski,
Bernard Rose,
Count Kacper Skarbek,
Wiktor Szoldrski,
General Henryk Dabrowski,
General Amilkar Kosinski,
Count Aleksander Bninski.

2.
The beginning of 1820 in Poznan - national Freemasonry:

Sczaniecki, Count Wiktor Szoldrski, Gajewski, Czapski, Pawlikowski, Morawski, Jarochowski, Karol Stablewski, Klaudiusz Sczaniecki, brothers Bojanowski,
[Augustyn ?] Zaborowski,
Radomski, Stanislaw Chlapowski, Skórzewski, three brothers Mielzynski, two Potworowski, Tytus Dzialynski, Józef Krzyzanowski, Garstkiewicz, Monkowski, Bukowiecki,
Alojzy Zaborowski,
Kalinowski,
General Pradzynski also in Warsaw [compare: Wilkowo Polskie and Wola Wiazowa !].
3.
Kunegunda Madalinska born before 1809 in Orpiszewek, m. in 1835 in Restarzew, to Grzegorz Chrzanowski b. ca 1784 [his 2nd wife], son of Zofia Tymienicki.
Inf. on 1st wife of named GRZEGORZ:
Jakub Hiacynt Madalinski b. 1775 [he was the brother of Józef Wawrzyniec Kajetan Madalinski b. 1774, Captain], m. Honorata Psarska daughter of Jan Kanty Psarski;
with children:
a) Anna b. 1797, m. in 1821 to Józef Julian Walewski son of Andrzej WALEWSKI and Antonina Czartkowska, owner of Wola Balucka; she m. 2nd to (??) Jan Kanty Psarski, owner of Wielgie,
b) Eliza MADALINSKA, 1800-29 [1st wife of Grzegorz], m. Grzegorz Chrzanowski

[his son ? - in 1864, Bobrowniki bought Julian Józef Chrzanowski ex-owner of Olszowa close to Kepno; then Walerian Chrzanowski (1834 -1891) - his son. Compare: in 1795 Nicolas CHOPIN was a home tutor to the children of Ewa Laczynska nee Zaborowska, widow of Maciej Laczynski, remarried with Józef Chrzanowski],

c) Pulcheria Anna Magdalena b. 1795 in Parcice,

d) Ludwik Józef Augustyn Madalinski b. ca 1803, d. 1854, landowner of Koscielec and Madalinow, m. in 1829 in Restarzew, to Pelagia Krystyna Józefa Wegierska b. ca 1810, daughter of Petronela nee Psarska;
with son
Stanislaw MADALINSKI, b. ca 1835, lived Iwanowice, m. in 1857 in Biala, to Felicja Malgorzata Sylwestra Szeliga Potocka, b. ca 1838 in Stypuly.

4.
GLUCHOW:
Gluchów close to Kaweczyn and TOKARY;
to the Galczynski family in the 18th cent. - 1783; Tomasz Galczynski died in 1786; but in 1785, Rzymsko and Gluchów were sold by Cyprian Galczynski to hands of Franciszek Ostrowski official in Sieradz. Then to
Wezyk; Pstrokonski and Cielecki.
In the 19th cent. to Zaborowski.

5.
Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski 1767 - 1828
(see more details at my webpages) 1801 became interested in the problems of the Black Sea. Wrote down the memorial to the French government, published in 1802 in French and German newspapers showed the benefits of trade with France, Ukraine;
received support for his plans from Bonaparte. In September 1802 arrived in Warsaw, and in November
he was elected an member of the Warsaw Society of Friends of Sciences (see above mentioned Sołtyk Stanislaw) with mathematics Ignacy Zaborowski.

Member of the company 'Trzecieski, Horodyski et comp.', founded in Odessa for the development of the Black Sea trade. 1803 arrived in Odessa, where he investigated the conditions for trade with France. However, a break of diplomatic relations between France and Russia in 1803 make impossible for these targets. Back to France.

We back to
Izrael Lew Ajzenman - in Autumn 1944 he started cooperation with the Soviet intelligence landing group 'Nitra' as its "political and field leader".
In 1945, Izrael Lew Ajzenman became an officer of the security Service in Końskie [see also a communist underground in 2015/2018 around me].
In 1946, Izrael Lew Ajzenman co-operated with Józef Różański / Jacek Różański / Józef Goldberg, and with Józef Czaplicki / Izydor Kurc of LODZ [Kurc was friendly with Roman Romkowski / Nasiek (Natan) Grinszpan-Kikiel / Natan Grünsapau-Kikiel / Grinszpan Menasze].

Mentioned above Józef Różański / Jacek Różański / Józef Goldberg b. 1907 in Warsaw,
"...was born in Warsaw to a Jewish family, as a son of a Zionist activist and editor Abraham Goldberg (1880-1933) and his wife Anna (Chana - died 1927). He had two older siblings: his sister Julia (Judyta, died 1943) and brother Beniamin, later known as Jerzy Borejsza (1905-1952)". In 1925, he began studies at the Faculty of Law of the University of Warsaw, which he graduated in 1929. In both school and academic documents he gave the Moses' religion. Probably during his studies he started cooperation with the soviet Intelligence - NKVD, his cooperation is beyond doubt.
JOZEF ROZANSKI -
"... He went abroad, including to Palestine and Paris, where in 1937 he participated in the Universe Jewish Congress and made numerous contacts in circles dealing with issues of Jewish emigration to Palestine ..."
[compare: When the Oliphant family left Ceylon, the estate sold to Sir Harry Dias. Sir Anthony Oliphant's tea estate, the Oliphant Estate, was situated in the hill country in Nuwara Eliya - 55 km south-east-south of Kandy, east of Colombo, 26 km east of Hatton, close to Lindula and Meepilimana - was the first estate to grow tea in Ceylon; Anthony [see below !] and his son Laurence junior are the first people to grow tea in Ceylon. Sir Anthony's son, above Laurence Oliphant, went on become a Member of the House of Commons. Laurence Oliphant was the only child of Sir Anthony Oliphant (1793 - 1859), a member of the Scottish landed gentry. Laurence spent his early childhood in Colombo, and the Oliphant Estate in Nuwara Eliya. In 1848 - 1849, he was in Europe, 1851 to Nepal, returned to Ceylon, travel in Russia at the Black Sea in 1853 (Odessa ?), then to 1861 Oliphant was secretary to Lord Elgin; visited the Circassian coast during the Crimean War. 1861 Oliphant was appointed the First Secretary of the British Legation in Japan, a visit to Korea, where he discovered a Russian force; met Alice le Strange, married in London, 1872. In 1879, Oliphant left for Palestine, where he promoted Jewish settlement for Jewish suffering in Eastern Europe. This was the first wave of Jewish settlement by Zionists in 1882 in the Galilee. Oliphant settled in Haifa, and on Mount Carmel. In 1888, in the United States married to Rosamond, a granddaughter of Robert Owen].
In 1947 ROZANSKI became a colonel and director of the Investigation Department due to the fact that he did all at the behest of Boleslaw Bierut
[Bolesław Biernacki = Bierut - 1925 until May 1926 was in Moscow at party courses under the pseudonym Jan Iwaniuk; in Moscow, he was trained in the principles of conspiracy, intelligence and sabotage work],
and Ivan Sierov
[state security officer of the USSR in the rank of army general; head of the KGB (1954-1958), head of the Central Intelligence Directorate (military intelligence, 1958-1963)].

The Department of Investigation - director Colonel Jozef ROZANSKI - under Minister Stanislaw Radkiewicz
[Stanisław Radkiewicz in 1923 illegally entered the USSR, to brother Antoni, who served in the Red Army. The Polish Bureau of the Communist Party of Belarus directed him to Moscow to study in the Polish section of the Communist University of National Minorities of the West - in 1924 he graduated. In 1925 he was illegally sent to Poland. He had a special favors of Józef Stalin, along with Jakub Berman, to liquidate the remaining organizational units of the Polish Communists].

Adam Teofil Humer, actually Adam Umer with Jewish origin - from September 1, 1951, Deputy Director of the Department of Investigation of the Ministry of Public Security.
Released on December 31, 1954.
Adam had two more sisters: Wanda Feldman [b. 1919 in CAMDEN, USA + Józef Feldman b. 1913; the son of Leon (Lewek) Feldman and Ita (Jula) Sakiel]
and Henryka Umer - also communist activists.

A. Humer - after the cremation of the body, the urn with ashes was transported to Israel by his sister Wanda, the wife of a Jewish official; their brother Edward Umer - and his daughter Magda is the artist. Magda Umer was brought up as an atheist. Her father Edward Umer was an officer of the Security Service.


Note to Marshal Marian SPYCHALSKI [compare on the relatives of the Konstantynowicz family] and Soviet General SIEROV [see above]:

Czesław Jan Kiszczak b. 1925 in Roczyny;
in June 1941, Czesław Kiszczak send to forced labor in Wrocław / Breslau. In the early spring of 1943, he was sent east to a camp in the Błędowska Desert.
He was sent to the Military Information / GZI - in December 1945.
His operational supervisor was Colonel KRZEMIEN:
Ignacy Krzemień / Ignacy Feuerberg (b. 1911)
- Colonel of the Armed Forces of the Polish People's Republic. Jew.
As a political commissar, he participated in the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. From August to December 1945 deputy head of the 2nd Division of the Central Board of Polish Army; the head of the 2nd Division of the Military Intelligence Service - December 1945 to December 1950, and then the head of the 1st Department of the Military Intelligence Service.

The Military Intelligence Service / GZI was subordinate to the Supreme Commander of the Polish Army, ie General Michał Rola-Żymierski in the period 1944-1945 [Zymierski was the soviet military intelligence agent]; then under First Deputy Minister General Major Marian Spychalski - 30 October 1945 - 11 March 1949.
It was a formal subordination, usually limited to information about planned projects and reports; in terms of specific task instructions, the Military Intelligence Service / GZI was subordinate to
Soviet General Colonel Ivan Sierow, the then deputy of the People's Commissar of State Security of the USSR (NKGB),
and to other high-ranking officers NKGB and Smersz, including commissioner, G. Zhukov.

The Information Board was transformed into the Information Management, and on March 11, 1945, to the Main Information Board of the Polish Army. His first boss was then Colonel Piotr Kożuszko; in December 1945, he was replaced by Colonel Jan Rutkowski.

Then Stefan Kuhl:
in the rank of colonel from May 1, 1947 to June 6, 1950, KUHL was the head of the Central Military Information Administration. Then, until 1956, he was the Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of State Control.
Since April 25, 1947 / May the 1st, Stefan Kuhl born in 1917, an earlier deputy head of the Department of Personnel of the Ministry of National Defense, and the military information showed a special cruelty;
very often in the most important cases he used the advice of his two deputies, Colonel Anatol Fejgin and Colonel Dmitry Wozniesienski.
Fejgin was soon transferred to the Ministry of Public Security as the head of the Department X. After Kuhl's release from the army in 1950, Wozniesienski replaced him as the head of the Military Intelligence Service / the Main Information Board of the Polish Army / the GZI MON.
Stefan Kuhl was born in 1917 in Kielce; Polish state activist of Jewish origin, head of the Central Board of Information of the Polish Army.


These people formed in 1944-1945 anti-Polish authorities managing the territories of the Vistula on behalf of Russia and the Soviet Army. They worked intensively in the years 1939-2015. In three successive generations, they created a political and military system that has its own ideology and thousands of invisible underground networks.

This is a fundamental problem for Poland in 2015-2018.

Among other things, above named people, the anti-Polish conspirators, date back a region surrounding Opoczno - these are people who come from the units of the People's Guard, called from the pseudonym of the leader 'the lions' - after 1942/1943 thay mostly came from fugitives from Opoczno, Przysucha and Drzewica.


Maria Magdalena Kobylańska (Łabędzka) b. 1868 in Warsaw, died in 1959 in Rusinów, 8 km north to MARIOWKA and to Smogorzów; 9 km east to DRZEWICA; in the Przysucha County.

Maria was the daughter of Cyprian Soter Łabecki born 1834, and [wedding in Warsaw in 1855] Konstancja GRUSZECKI - Łabecka, the daughter of Franciszek Gruszecki.
Maria was the wife of Samuel Hipolit Kobylański with children:
Tadeusz Wiktor Kobylański; Kazimierz Juliusz Kobylański and Anna Rakowiecka
[wife of Zygmunt Rakowiecki, the son of Maria Zofia Klara Rakowiecka nee Ostrowska, the daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Wojciech Ostrowski].


Przysucha east to OPOCZNO, and the Dembinski family:

I.
1804, Ludwik Dembinski b. 1768, the owner of Liszkówka, the son of Józef Dembinski and Anna Grabowski - the landowners of Pakodulsk, married Marjanna Bardzka, born in 1785, the daughter of Józef Bardzki and of Anna Pawlowski, the owners of Parlin.
Witnesses:
Ksawery Kossowski the owner of Palidno,
Nepomucen Dembinski the owner of Waldowo [Waldowo - 11 km east to Sepólno Krajenskie],
and Tadeusz Krzyzanowski.
II.
A.
Pawel BARDZKI, 1690-1739, married in 1732, Anna Skorzewska, 1700-1744, the daughter of Andrzej and Dorota Choinski, with children:

[remember:
BRYGIDA BARDZKA was the daughter of Wojciech Marek Bardzki d. 1770 and she was 2nd married to Jakub Kiedrzynski. Wojciech Marek BARDZKI had parents:
Jan Bardzki died in 1724 + mother Helena Milaczewska d. 1724]:

1. Franciszek BARDZKI b. 1732 in Mieleszyn [north to Gniezno !];
2. Katarzyna Elzbieta Dorota b. 1735 in JAGNIEWICE / Igniewice, north-west to GNIEZNO, and married to Józef Dobrolecki;
3. Ignacy Jan BARDZKI b. in Mieleszyn;
4. Józef Jan Nepomucen BARDZKI born in 1738, the Royal official, m. Anna Pawlowska, with children:
a) Aleksandra;
b) Ludwika Franciszka m. Tadeusz Krzyzanowski, 2nd she married Antoni Feliks Lewinski the owner of Paprotna / Paprotnia;
c) Mateusz Bardzki - Colonel, b. ca 1783,
d) Marianna m. Ludwik Dembinski, owner of Liszkówka;
see above!
5. Andrzej BARDZKI b. in 1730 or ca 1738/1739
- not in 1743;
Colonel [note about Erazm Mycielski], owner of Kobierzycko [at half way from Sieradz to BLASZKI; close to TUBADZIN], bought from hands of Antoni Siemiatkowski, m. Marianna Krzyzanowska, lived in Osmolin close to Zdunska Wola {or near Kiernozia ?}; children:
a) Michal Bardzki b. ca 1793, in Glinno [25 km north to SIERADZ, close to Warta],
b) Ludwika b. ca 1799, m. Józef Stanislawski,
c) Nepomucena Bardzka m. Kalikst Byszewski,
d) Ignacy Wojciech Pawel BARDZKI, b. 1797 in Iwanowice, lived in Wróblew, the owner of Rojkow, m. in Stronsko, to Faustyna Sulimierska, b. in 1799 in Stronsko
[by the Warta river; 18 km north-west to WIDAWA; 13 km west to MARZENIN],
the daughter of Ludwik Sulimierski and Marianna Kempista Sulimierska;
with children:
1. Romana Dobrochna Tekla, b. 1835 in Janowice [7 km south to Mikolajewice] near to Mikolajewice [4 km south-west to Lutomiersk],
2. Kandyd Brunon Franciszek BARDZKI - served the Russian Army in 1863,
3. Kamila Seweryna Ignacja,
4. August Ludwik Bardzki, b. 1827 in Rojków close to Marzenin [Marzenin - 19 km north-east to WIDAWA; Rojkow - 17 km north to Widawa],
5. Anna Balbina.

Mentioned above
Faustyna Sulimierska born ca 1799, in Stronsko, m. Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki, the owner of Janowice, close to SZADEK, inf. 1840, born 1797 - Iwanowice.
Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki - his parents:
Andrzej Bardzki COLONEL, 1730-1819 and Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska b. ca 1750;
the grandparents:
Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739; Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745; Stanislaw Krzyzanowski b. ca 1720; Dorota Bystram.

B.
Andrzej Bardzki, died in 1726, senior

[Above named Pawel Bardzki 1690-1739 + in 1732 to Anna Skórzewska 1700-1745, with the son Colonel ANDRZEJ BARDZKI, 1730- 1819 {note - Erasmus Mycielski !} + Marianna Marcjanna Krzyzanowska with son Ignacy Wojciech Pawel Bardzki b. 1797 + Faustyna Sulimierska,
with children:
Józef Bardzki b. 1824; Kamilla Seweria Ignacja Bardzka; Kandyd Brunon Franciszek Bardzki; Romana Bardzka; Maksymilian Edward Bardzki];

C.
Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770;
Stanislaw Bardzki born 1697;
Marianna Bardzka, 1707-1729;
elder brother Maciej Bardzki b. 1685;
Pawel Bardzki b. 1690 - d. 1739;
Antoni Bardzki d. 1738;
Kazimierz Bardzki d. 1738;
Katarzyna Bardzka died in 1742.

Brygida Bardzka married 1st to Owidiusz Wierusz Walknowski, before 1761, 2nd to Jakub Kiedrzynski junior, in 1767. Her father Wojciech Marek Bardzki, 1699-1770, mother Helena Teresa Kozminska, 1706-1792.
Brygida Bardzka Walknowska + JAKUB Kiedrzynski had two daughters:
1. Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770 / 1772-1811;
2. and Petronela Kiedrzynska - more on 'ZWIAZEK LECHITOW'. Above PETRONELA KIEDRZYNSKA married to Melchior Jan Pradzynski [compare the Pradzynskis and the Kiedrzynskis of WOLA WIAZOWA ! - the family of the author to this domain].

III.
Jan Nepomucen Józef Ludwik Dembinski b. 1805 in Kujawy,
the son of Ludwik Dembinski and mentioned above Marianna BARDZKA - Wesierska - Dembinska;
he was the brother of Anna Katarzyna Franciszka Dembinska and Anna Justyna;
half brother of Klementyna Katarzyna Marianna Tessen Wesierska and Ignacy Franciszek Tessen Wesierski.
Above
Ludwik Dembinski 1st - the son of Józef Dembinski b. 1740, and Antonina Franciszka Dembinska - Goetzendorf Grabowski;
and the grandson of JAN Dembinski, b. 1700 - d. ca 1754 ? [Jan was the father of Józef Dembinski; Teodora Garczynska; Wojciech Dembinski and Tomasz Dembinski].

IV.
Ludwik Dembinski 2nd and Amelia Anna Dembinska nee DEMBINSKA;
they had a son Ludwik junior 3rd, d. 1845.

Above LUDWIK, 2nd, senior, 1785 - 1835 in Kraków, was the son of
Ignacy Dembinski SENIOR, b. 1753 in Kraków, d. 1799.

Dembinski Ignacy, (1753-1799), official in Cracow; the son of Arnold Stefan / Arnolf Stefan Dembinski (1704 - 1758 in KIJE), and his 2nd wife - Kunegunda Aksak.

IGNACY - The owner of SEDZIEJOWICE.
We have his signature on the "assurance" (on 2 May 1791) of the constitution; he even belonged to the preparation group of May 3. For that he was later persecuted from Russia.
In 1794, he acted in the District Commission of the Kraków Province.
He married Marianna Moszynska, of Lublin, with the son Henryk DEMBINSKI, General.

The family of named Ignacy Dembinski of Cracow: his grandparents:
Piotr Dembinski d. 1735 and Anna Lipinska d. 1728 in Kossocice;
and unknown Aksak.

Ignacy's relatives:
DEMBINSKI Henryk (1791-1864), General - his son;
father-in-law MOSZYNSKI Leon (1724-1788) insurgent in 1768;
OSLAWSKI Wiktor (1814-1893) the grandson;
writer CHWALIBÓG Feliks (1866-1930) - the great-grandson;
DEMBINSKI Stanislaw Kostka (1708-1781) the governor of Cracow - uncle;
MIEROSZEWSKI Jan Chrzciciel (1789-1867) the Police commander, the senator of Cracow, poet - - father-in-law of the grandson;
SZANIAWSKI Stanislaw (ca 1750-1822) - son-in-law of the sister of Ignacy Dembinski.

V.
Arnolf Stefan Dembinski was born in 1704, to Piotr Dembinski and Anna Lipinska. Piotr was born in 1660. Anna was born in 1670. Arnolf had 3 siblings: Marianna Slaska. Arnolf married Kunegunda Aksak in 1745.

Piotr Dembinski b. 1660 and died in 1735, the Biecz official (1728-1735), the Chelmno (1704) official.

VI.
Ludwik Dembinski was the owner of Góra in the MIECHOW county, from his wife.

VII.
Przysucha -

the Dembinski family, had been in Przysucha since 1727, when Urszula, the wife of Antoni Czerminski, after his death, second time married Jan Dembinski.

Urszula Dembinska owned Przysucha; here was a iron factory;
geologist Julius Kolberg (he was the manager of these metallurgical plants) from Germany was living here; his son, Oskar Kolberg, a researcher of folklore of the Polish lands.
At that time, many different national groups lived there; the most Jews and Germans;

the residence was raised around 1870 by Juliusz Dembinski.

Henryk Antoni Dembinski (1911-1986), was born 1911 in Przysucha; the son of Henryk Dembinski (1866-1915) and Zofia Tyszkiewicz (1874-1958).
Henryk Dembinski (1866 in Kretinga, in the Klaipeda County - died in 1915) was the son of Juliusz Dembinski and Elena WODZICKA;
husband of Zofia Maria Dembinska.

Above Juliusz Dembinski, Count, born 1831 - d. 1887 in Kraków;
the son of Ludwik Dembinski older, and Amelia Anna Dembinska nee DEMBINSKA;
above LUDWIK, 1785 - 1835 in Kraków was the son of
Ignacy Dembinski SENIOR, the owner of Sedziejowice [close to WIDAWA] and Gora [Gora close to MICHOW].
Ignacy, 1753 in Kraków, died in 1799 in Kraków.
Ignacy was the son of Arnolf Stefan Dembinski and Kunegunda.
Husband of Marianna.
Father of Waclaw Dembinski; Kasper Dembinski; Karolina Dembinska; Leona Leonora Wielopolska; Hubert Ludwik Dembinski.
Brother of Stanislaw Kostka Marcin Dembinski.

VIII.
Note to Soltyk - Chosciak-POPIEL branch:

Benedykt Chosciak-Popiel 1710-1796 {son of Szymon Chosciak-Popiel b. 1670 and Ludwina TULKOWSKA} married to Anna Korwin- Krasinska b. in 1716.

Named Anna KRASINSKA was the daughter of Teresa Elzbieta Soltyk 1685-1728. Teresa SOLTYK was married 4 times; Teresa's brother (Michal Aleksander SOLTYK, 1680-1735, married to Józefa Makowiecka) had son General Maciej Soltyk, 1st, b. 1718 - died in 1802 in CHELMNO.

General Maciej Soltyk 1st, married 3 times: 2nd in 1752 to Anna nee Dembinska (d. 1789), daughter of Antoni DEMBINSKI, and Teresa Lipska;
Anna's 1st husband died - Stanislaw Lanckoronski (STANISLAW LANCKORONSKI d. 1747;
he was married two times:
Franciszka Bidzinska div. in 1733,
and 2nd time to Anna Dembinska in 1740, daughter of Antoni DEMBINSKI;
in 1739, Anna DEMBINSKA - LANCKORONSKA - SOLTYK owned Kurozweki and Kotuszow).

Maciej Soltyk 1st married 3rd to Kunegunda nee Koszowska / Koczewska / Koczowska, of Kurozweki.

Anna's 1st husband died - Stanislaw Lanckoronski (STANISLAW LANCKORONSKI d. 1747; married two times: Franciszka Bidzinska div. in 1733, and 2nd time to Anna Dembinska in 1740, daughter of Antoni; in 1739, Anna DEMBINSKA - LANCKORONSKA - SOLTYK owned Kurozweki and Kotuszow).
Maciej Soltyk married 3rd to Kunegunda nee Koszowska of Kurozweki.

IX.
Ignacy Dembinski the owner of Góra and Sedziejowice - died here in 1799.

When Catherine the Russia, after the Kosciuszko insurrection sentenced him to exile to Siberia, he flew to Galicia together with his family.

Góra of the Dembinski family
- from the 17th century to 1864, the village was the property of the Dembinski family, and until the end of World War II their family residence was located here.
Henryk Dembinski - a Napoleonic soldier and commander of the November Uprising of 1831, spent his childhood here.
On June 18, 1863, during the January Uprising, a battle took place near the estate - insurgents were led by Kazimierz Konrad BLESZYNSKI / Blaszczynski, wounded in battle, he passed away the following day.

X.
Maurycy Prozor 1st was born in September 1801 in Rothley-Temple in the Leicestershire county in the central part of ENGLAND. In March 1831 he headed the uprising in the Kovno county; he fought many times with Russian troops, among others he defended KIEJDANY / Kyedani. In July, he joined the corps of General Henryk Dembinski and with him retreated to the Congress Kingdom. On August 31, 1831, he received the Golden Cross of the Order Virtuti Militari. In 1832 he came to France.

Jan Nepomucen Uminski b. 1778 in Czeluscin, the brigade general, he took part in the Kosciuszko Uprising in 1794, where he was the adjutant of general Antoni Madalinski.
In 1806 he fought near Gdansk and Tczew during the Napoleonic wars. He was taken prisoner by Prussia and released in 1807 and joined the French cavalry; he moved to the army of the Warsaw Duchy. In Poznan, he was the commander of the squadron of the Honor Guard. The Polish-Austrian war in 1809; 1812 the Russian campaign, Borodino and near Smolensk. As the first of the Napoleonic army, he headed the Polish Hussars to Moscow. Leipzig in 1813, where he was wounded and was taken prisoner; release in 1815, he joined the army of the Congress Kingdom. In 1816 he left the army and settled in Smolice [compare General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI]. In 1820, he founded the "Kosynierzy Union" / SCYTHEMEN, then he became a member of the Patriotic Society, for which he was convicted by the Prussians in 1826 for six years in prison.
Uminski was jaled in Glogow, whence escaped on 17 February 1831. He joined the army of Poland in 1831. General Dembinski entrusted him with command of the 1st Cavalry Corps. On September 23, 1831 he was the commander-in-chief. After capitulation he moved to Modlin. In Plock he had a controversy with General Maciej Rybinski.

XI.
Teresa Bielinska + Jan Lubienski
(Boguslaw Jan Antoni Lubienski, 1660 or 1666 - 1738 or 1739, married Teresa Bielinska in ca 1710, she was born circa 1690. They had 5 children:
Zygmunt Lubienski, Izabela Helena Lubienska. Boguslaw Jan was son of Zygmunt Lubienski and Cecylia Opacki born in 1620. Boguslaw had sister Anna Aleksandra Dambski).

Izabela Helena Lubienska b. ca 1713 daughter of Boguslaw and Teresa Bielinska. She married in ca 1733 to GABALEONIS.
Her brother - Zygmunt Lubienski born 1710–1755 was son of Boguslaw (1666 - 1739 in Cracow) and Teresa Bielinska; his wife in 1750, Cracow, was Marianna Dembinska ca 1730-1795 daughter of Franciszek Andrzej Dembinski, of Zator, 1690-1756 and Konstancja Kczewska b. 1708;
with son Wincenty 1755-1755; mother's 2nd husband was Ignacy Jakub Stefan Zaluski.

XII.
Józef TOMICKI d. 1769 in Baranów, near Kepno, official in Ostrzeszow, owner of mentioned Baranow - 3 km south of KEPNO, married in 1743 to Joanna Niemojowska died 1784 in Mroczen, buried in Wielun, daughter of Antoni Niemojowski official in Ostrzeszow.
Mentioned above Józef Tomicki, b. ca 1735 - died in 1769, buried in Ostrzeszow, was son of Felicjan Tomicki and Zofia Trepka (died in 1735) daughter of Wojciech Trepka; married in ca 1743 to named above Joanna Niemojewska b. 1724 - d. 1784, daughter of Sebastian Antoni Niemojewskiego (died in 1741), official in Ostrzeszow, and Eufrozyna Podoska (died in 1779); in 1779 - 1780 they lived in Mroczen in the Trzcinica parish - 14 km south of KEPNO.
Joanna Niemojowska and Józef TOMICKI had the following children:

1. Marianna Tomicka, born in 1752, m. in 1777 in Mroczen - 9 km south of KEPNO and at half way from Kepno to Trzcinica - to Augustyn Myszkowski official in Ostrzeszow, son of Adam, landowner of Dzialoszyn,
second she married to Dembinski;

2. Gertruda Józefa Joanna b. 1745 in above Baranów [close to GREBANIN of the Kreski family], m. in 1770 in Mroczen south of KEPNO, to Wojciech Zaremba;
3. Karolina Salomea b. 1751 in Baranów, m. in 1771 in Mroczen, to Kazimierz Szembek b. ca 1750 - died in 1808, son of Józef Szembek (died in 1765 in Kraków) and Maria Schwarcenberg - Czerny (d. 1764), daughter of Franciszek Schwarcenberg - Czerny from Wojnicz;
4.
Julianna Elzbieta TOMICKA b. 1754 in Mroczen, proprietress an estate in Baranow close to KEPNO, m. in 1778 in Mroczen, to Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk of Osiny, son of Józef Wezyk and Elzbieta Siemienska; 2nd Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk m. to mentioned above Marianna Fundament Karsnicka.
Julianna Elzbieta Tomicka m. Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk b. ca 1750; Ksawery 2nd married to Marianna Fundament Karsnicka (died in 1817 in Myjomice). Ksawer's father was Józef Wezyk, son of Antoni WEZYK and Katarzyna Zamoyska; Ksawer's mother was Elzbieta Siemienska daughter of Maciej SIEMIENSKI.

XIII.
Ludwik Dembinski m. Amelia Anna Dembinska nee DEMBINSKA.

Above LUDWIK, 1785 - 1835 in Kraków, the son of
Ignacy Dembinski SENIOR, b. 1753.

Ignacy Dembinski, d. 1799, the parliamentary deputy in 1790, a chamberlain in 1778. Father of Henryk Dembinski - participant of the November Uprising of 1831.
IGNACY Dembinski was the son of Arnolf Stefan Dembinski and Kunegunda Aksak.


Henryk Dembinski,
born on January 16, 1791 in Strzalkowo near Stopnica - died on June 13, 1864 in Paris; Polish general, participant of the Napoleonic expedition to Russia, the November Uprising of 1831, and the Hungarian uprising, as well as a traveler and engineer.
Son of Ignacy Dembinski and Marianna Moszynska - daughter of Moszynski count, of the Saxon court.
In 1809, Henryk Dembinski did not take the officer's rank of the Austrian army and he joined the army of the Warsaw Principality as a private. In 1812, he was promoted to lieutenant, and then during the battle of Smolensk - to the rank of captain. He was a deputy to the Parliament of the Kingdom of Poland in 1825. He lived in Witkowice for a short time - near Ropczyce.
He took part in the November Uprising of 1831, where he distinguished himself especially in the expedition to Lithuania.
In August 1831 he was appointed general of the division and for a short time he served as the commander-in-chief.
Military Governor of Warsaw from August 9 until August 12, 1831. After the uprising, he emigrated to France, where he was associated with A. J. Czartoryski. Member of the Board of the National Union.

Persecuted by Russian authorities acc. to 'Gazeta Warszawska', 1833, No 339:

a. Maciej Sulimierski owner of Wiesiolki;

b. Apollodor Sulimirski / Apolinary Sulimierski, b. ca 1810 - Domaniew 6 km north-east of Blaszki, died 1858 - Piegonisko - south-west of Blaszki, near Sobieseki. Apolinary Sulimierski was owner of Wydrzyna - 6 km north-west of Sulmierzyce of the Kiedrzynskis, near Stroza, Bogumilowice, south of Chabielice.

c. Feliks Kisielewski / Felix Kisielewski of Kisielewo, court in 1834.

d. Stefan Zboinski owner of Wistki;

Albert Papuzinski lived in Goblic;

e. Jan Bardzinski owner of Glaskowo;

f. Ignacy Dembinski of Goblica.

g. Antoni Pradzynski / Anton Pronzinski / Pradzynski. Antoni Pradzynski was owner of Bielewa / Bielawa;
Adam Antoni Pradzynski 1835-1909, son of above Antoni [1786 - 1865 - Poznan] and Leokadia Bakowska.
The parents of Antoni: Michal Grzegorz Pradzynski 1750-1841 and Teresa Joanna Lissowska 1750-1807.

Henryk Antoni Dembinski (1911-1986), born in Przysucha close to OPOCZNO.
The son of Henryk Dembinski (1866-1915) and Zofia Tyszkiewicz (1874-1958).
Henryk Antoni Dembinski, 1927-1930 studied in Gostyn, he was active in the scout formation; 1935 he graduated in law in Lublin and Lviv.
As the youngest of eight siblings, he became the owner of Przysucha.
In 1937, he married Marie Anne Goluchowska (1916-1996), a student at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Universi