Table of Contents and index. Spis tresci stron od roku 2017 do 2023.
Copyright by Bogdan Konstantynowicz of Ursus-Warsaw, on 18 April 2023.


The Dyuflon / Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in 1892 in St Petersburg, and in Zaporozhye in 1907 / 1916 - 1918, Kazan aft. ca 1840, Moscow aft. 1880, Tallinn at the beginning of the 20th century. My genealogical branch of the Konstantynowicz family lived in the MSCISLAV province of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on the border with Russia, ca 1660 - ca 1850. Dominik Konstantynowicz in 1842 took Miezonka close to Berazino / Berezyna and Lobushany / Lubuszany / Luboszany - the estate of Sapieha and Potocki / Krystyna Tyszkiewicz Potocka - the line to the Templars of Krzeszowice, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Wojciech Paszkowski and the Poniatowski family.
In 1918 in Vilno; aft. 1922 in Lida until 18 Sepetmber 1939; 1939 - May 1945 in Wilno; then in Bydgoszcz. Swolna of the Konstantynowiczs together with the lines to Chrapowicki, Zarako-Zarakowski and Wankowicz with Swietorzecki, Piottuch-Kublicki, Szumski, Soltan, Stanislaw Radziwill, Stefania Julia Radziwill of Miezonka, Oskierka and Prozor, Stebnicki, Andrzejak of Stare Koluszki, Zbieranowski of Miezonka, Plaszczewski of Wilno, Puszkin of the Tallinn district and Venezuela. Together with my mother genealogical line in Bieganin, Pleszew, Orpiszewek, Oszczeplin, Chocen, Chelmza, Kalisz, Wilczkow, Przedborz, Krery, Raszkow, Ostrow Wielkopolski, Ostrzeszow, Jedlno, Radomsko, Dmenin Zakrzewski, Zakrzow close to Radomsko, Czestochowa, Kiedrzyn, Kuznica Kiedrzynska and the links to Bratoszewice, Niechanowo, Lipnik, Pakosc, Margonin, Glowno, Goluchow, and to Chruszczobrod, with my father genealogical line in Miezonka, Moscow, Swolna, Viljandi, Tallinn, Lobushany / Lubuszany and Berezyna Ihumenska.
Copyright by Bogdan Konstantynowicz on 02 November 2023 and on 18 APRIL 2023:
Pakosc - Goluchow - Miezonka - Chelmza - Bratoszewice - Moscow - Viljandi - Swolna.

My genealogical branch of the Konstantynowicz family lived in the MSCISLAV province of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on the border with Russia, ca 1660 - ca 1850.
Dominik Konstantynowicz in 1842 took Miezonka close to Berazino / Berezyna and 13 km to Lobushany / Lubuszany / Luboszany - the estate of Sapieha and Potocki / Krystyna Tyszkiewicz Potocka - the line to the Templars of Krzeszowice, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Wojciech Paszkowski and the Poniatowski family.
Dominik's family owned the Dyuflon / Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in 1892 in St Petersburg, and in Zaporozhye in 1907 / 1916 - 1918, Kazan aft. ca 1840, Moscow aft. 1880, Tallinn at the beginning of the 20th century.
Dominik's family moved home in 1918 in Vilno; aft. 1922 in Lida until 18 Sepetmber 1939; 1939 - May 1945 in Wilno; then in Bydgoszcz.
Dominik's family intermarried in Swolna of the Zarako-Zarakowskis together with the lines to Chrapowicki and Wankowicz with Swietorzecki, Piottuch-Kublicki, Szumski, Soltan, Stanislaw Radziwill, Stefania Julia Radziwill of Miezonka, Oskierka and Prozor, Stebnicki, Andrzejak of Stare Koluszki, Zbieranowski of Miezonka, Plaszczewski of Wilno, Puszkin of the Tallinn district and Venezuela.

The complex net of my mother genealogical line and my father family in Belarus and Russia:
Bratoszewice [Ciecierski, the Fryderyk Skorzewski b. in 1768 in BERLIN] - Miezonka [1842 - Dominik Konstantynowicz] - Pakosc [Tadeusz Wolanski and the Czolgosz family from the Grodno county; 1901 - assassination of the US President McKinley] - and Goluchow close to Pleszew [around PLESZEW the Kiedrzynski-Pradzynski branch].

Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten of the Chelmno province in Poland married the 2nd ca 1776 to Weronika Joanna Radziwill,
but
Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten / Franciszek Hutten-Czapski / Franciszek CZAPSKI older + the 1st ca 1759, to Dorota Dzialynska / Dorota Jozefina Dzialynska, b. 1743 in NAKLO by the Notes river, and she died in 1763.
Franciszek CZAPSKI older m. Dorota Dzialynska / Dorota Jozefina Dzialynska, b. 1743 in NAKLO by the Notes river, died in 1763, and Dorota Dzialynska Czapska was the daughter of Augustyn Dzialynski, 1715 in Naklo - 1759 {the PAKOSC owner};
the granddaughter of Jozef Dzialynski.

Emeryk Zachariasz Mikolaj Seweryn Hutten-Czapski, Count, b. 1828, was the son of Karol Jozef Czapski [Karol Hutten-Czapski leased MEZHONKA / Miezonka in 1832-1842 from Stefania Julia Radziwill m. Oskierka, m. Chrapowicka. The Chrapowickis owned SWOLNA].
Karol was the friend of last Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Karol Czapski was owner of Stankow / Stan'kava in Belarus!; b. 1777, died in 1836 in Danilovichi / Danilowicze,
was the son of above
Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten of the Chelmno province in Poland + Weronika Joanna Radziwill,
the daughter of
Duke Michal Kazimierz Radziwill nick-name Rybenko.

Mentioned Karol Czapski married to Fabianna Obuchowicz, a daughter of Michal Obuchowicz of Minsk in Belarus;
Karol was brother of
Stanislaw Hutten-Czapski, 1779-1844 / 1845, Colonel of the Polish Army; Marshal of the Minsk county, who married Zofia Obuchowicz, an owner of KOJDANOW [not of course - Kiejdany]
- the son of mentioned Stanislaw b. 1779, was
Marian Czapski Count: born in Lachwa in 1816 Belarus now, d. 1875, in Wieckowice in the Posen province / Poznan province [west of POZNAN], studied in Wilno / Vilnius, in 1845 an owner of Kojdanow close to Minsk, was exiled to Siberie in 1864, in Tomsk until 1867, in 1867-1871 MARIAN Czapski was living in Dorpat, Estonia.

Niechanowo - 14 km south-east to GNIEZNO:
in 1740, AUGUSTYN Dzialynski sold the estate Niechanowo to hands of Count Henryk Bruhl [he managed LIPNIK in Bielsko-Biala; the core of Germans and the Karol Wojtyla ancestors]. Main manager of Niechanowo - Onufry BREZA!
In 1763 - Niechanowo was sold to Franciszek Skorzewski + Marianna Skorzewski nee CIECIERSKA [the Ciecierskis owned Bratoszewice and GLOWNO].

Compare - in Niechanowo the GARCZYNSKI family. Niechanowo - the core of Pradzynski, Krasicki and Garczynski - Skorzewski conspiracy - the line to Kiedrzynski, Nostitz-Jackowski, Ciecierski. The Ciecierskis and then the Skorzewskis were owners of Margonin [east of Chodziez] and Lubostron [18 km north-east to ZNIN].
Garczynski of Zbaszyn took the NIECHANOWO estate in 1789 - until 1805. Then bought by Katarzyna Mielzynski, a widow from CHOBIENICE [compare the Mielzynskis and the ancestors of Angela MERKEL].

The core of genealogical liaisons around Pleszew is closely related to:
Skorzewski [Raszkow]
- Dzialynski [Pakosc] - Kiedrzynski [Wilkowo Polskie - Raszkow - Jedlno] -
Pradzynski [Wola Wiazowa] - Oskierka [Miezonka leased by Karol Hutten-Czapski in 1832-1842, then Dominik Konstantynowicz in 1842; and his family owned Miezonka until November 1918; Swolna - Jozef Konstantynowicz m. Css Zarako-Zarakowska; the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in 1892 until June 1918] - and CHOCEN, close to Wloclawek.

Miezonka had genealogical and political connections to Pakosc / Pakosch owned by the brothers, Ignacy Dzialynski and Ksawery Dzialynski; the family of Leon Czolgosz was from PAKOSC who killed President McKinley in 1901- compare: Theodore Roosevelt, the President of US in September 1901; then Pakosc was owned by Tadeusz Wolanski b. in Szawle in 1785 - Freemason, alchemist-illuminati, the godson of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1785/1786 in Poznan.

The net to:
Dzialynski of Pakosc, Hutten-Czapski, Skorzewski in RASZKOW with the Kiedrzynskis and Arnold, with Prozor, Oskierka, Chrapowicki, and Stefania Julia Radziwill of Miezonka.
The clan of Helena Kiedrzynska nee Hutten-Czapska [of Jedlno and Wola Wiazowa] and of Jakub Kiedrzynski was in Raszkow, Bieganin and Orpiszewek close to Pleszew.
Armand-Paszkowski in Moscow is the Konstantynowiczs relatives. Paul Armand of Moscow - Joachim Murat - Franciszek Paszkowski fought in the French Army. Apolon Konstantynowicz - Duflon - Breguet of Neuchatel - Dukes Oldenburg met in Russia.
Generals:
Franciszek Paszkowski, Stanislaw Fiszer, Wincenty Aksamitowski and Tadeusz Kosciuszko co-operated in France at the beginning of the 19th century.
The branch:
Oldenburg-Romanov-Japaridze-Armand-Saparian/SAPAROV-Konstantynowicz of Moscow and Miezonka, and Duflon-Breguet of Neuchatel, were closest connected with each other.

Emeryk Zachariasz Mikolaj Seweryn Hutten-Czapski, Count, b. 1828, was the son of Karol Jozef Czapski who leased Miezonka / MEZHONKA in 1832/1842. Karol was the friend of last Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Karol Czapski was owner of Stankow / Stan'kava in Belarus!; b. 1777, died in 1836 in Danilovichi / Danilowicze,
was the son of
Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten of the Chelmno province in Poland + Weronika Joanna Radziwill, the daughter of Michal Kazimierz Radziwill nick-name Rybenko.

Karol Czapski married to Fabianna Obuchowicz, a daughter of Michal Obuchowicz of Minsk in Belarus; Karol was brother of Stanislaw Hutten-Czapski, 1779-1844 / 1845, Colonel of the Polish Army; Marshal of the Minsk county, who married Zofia Obuchowicz, an owner of KOJDANOW [not of course - Kiejdany]
and mentioned Stanislaw b. 1779, had a son Marian Czapski Count: born in Lachwa in 1816 Belarus now, d. 1875, in Wieckowice in the Posen province / Poznan province [west of POZNAN], studied in Wilno / Vilnius, in 1845 an owner of Kojdanow close to Minsk, was exiled to Siberie in 1864, in Tomsk to 1867, in 1867-1871 MARIAN Czapski was living in Dorpat, Estonia.

In 1853 / 1856, Tytus Dzialynski [the family from PAKOSC] bought the GOLUCHOW Castle for his son Jan Kanty Dzialynski and his wife Izabella Czartoryski married Dzialynska, the daughter of Duke Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.
Jan Kanty Dzialynski financed and organized the January Uprising in Greater Poland in 1863. The collapse of the uprising and the default conviction handed down to him by the Prussian authorities (set aside only in 1871) forced him to emigrate. To protect Goluchow against confiscation, Izabella Dzialynska bought the castle from Dzialynskis' hands. In 1875 - 1885 she carried out a reconstruction combined with renovation.
After Izabella's death in 1899, the property was transformed into the ordination, with the museum, inherited by her nephew, Prince Witold Czartoryski. Goluchow remained in the hands of the Czartoryski family until the outbreak of World War II. I wrote above, in 1853, the Goluchow castle was bought by Tytus Dzialynski, for his son Jan Kanty.

Tytus Adam Dzialynski (1796 - 1861, was the son of Ksawery Dzialynski, the owner of Pakosc - compare Tadeusz Wolanski and the Czolgosz family) was a Polish political activist and protector of arts and a Prussian politician.
Above Ksawery Szymon Tadeusz Dzialynski b. 1756 in Konarzewo, and died in 1819 in named Konarzewo; Senator of the Warsaw Duchy and the Congress Kingdom. KSAWERY Dzialynski and Ignacy Dzialynski, both, were the owners of PAKOSC, close to Inowroclaw and Znin. Then PAKOSC belonged to the Knights Council Lieutenant, Johann Carl von Gerhardt of Flatow, ie. in 1789/1792 until 1802.
Ksawery Dzialynski was the son of Augustyn Dzialynski, the Kalisz governor [Augustyn was the owner of PAKOSC], and Anna Radomicka, the daughter of Jan Antoni Radomicki, the Inowroclaw governor. In 1782 he was MP. In 1786 Count in Prussia.

Anna Hutten-Czapska m. to Jozef Oskierka.
Anna Oskierka b. 1762, was the sister of Maria Hutten-Czapska b. 1760, and the sister of Franciszek Hutten-Czapski, b. ca 1770/1775.

Melchior Czapski was the son of above Franciszek Hutten CZAPSKI.

Franciszek Hutten-Czapski b. ca 1770/1775, the owner of Ignackowo, in the LIPNO county, the judge in Rypin.
Melchior Hutten-Czapski, b. in 1818 in Cieleta, but married in Lipno [the core of the Kielczewskis, Chalupiec of the Zilina county in Slovakia, Pola Negri + Dabski, Lech Walesa and Leszek Balcerowicz, and the wife of Maciej Igor Wojtczak who acted against me 2011-2014 after my writing on the coup d'etat on 10 April 2010] in 1853 to Jozefa Plaskowska b. in 1827 in Glodowo, the daughter of Ignacy PLASKOWSKI, b. ca 1800, the judge in LIPNO [Lipno is Gypsy little town north to Wloclawek] + Teodozja Suminski.

Anna Czapska married Jozef Oskierka. Anna b. 1762, was the daughter of
Franciszek CZAPSKI older + Dorota Dzialynska / Dorota Jozefina Dzialynska, b. 1743 in NAKLO by the Notes river, and she died in 1763
[Dorota Dzialynska Czapska was the daughter of Augustyn Dzialynski, 1715 in Naklo - 1759 {the PAKOSC owner}; the granddaughter of Jozef Dzialynski].

Named Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Hutten - Czapski, older, b. 1725, d. 1802 in Warsaw.
Above Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Hutten-Czapski, b. 1725, was the son of Ignacy Hutten-Czapski, older, 1700 - 1746 + Teofila Konopacka, 1680 - 1733
[the Konopackis of the SWIECIE county close to CHELMZA and the estates of the Kruszynskis and Nostitz-Jackowskis which intermarried to Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1710/1715, my ancestors. From Chelmza was sent Piotr Szybko / Szypko, street spy around me ca 2016/2022, and Konicki aft. 2008. Jerzy Kruszynski was the spy around my parents in Bydgoszcz and others places aft. 1947/1949 to the 60' of the 20th century].

Anna Hutten-Czapski married Jozef Oskierka. The wedding bef. 1800 [ca 1788]. Jozef Oskierka, b. ca 1763/1770, was the son of Antoni Oskierka b. ca 1740, and Teresa Eperyaszy. Miezonka of Stefania Julia Radziwill + Oskierka + Chrapowicki, then belonged to Domink Konstantynowicz aft. 1842. Ca 1788/1800 it's beginning of the links Chelmza-Miezonka-Pakosc, Lipno-Miezonka, Bratoszewice-Niechanowo-Lipnik in Bielsko Biala-Margonin-Pakosc, and Swolna-Miezonka-Moscow-St Petersburg.
Anna's children:
Franciszek Oskierka, b. bef. 1800 [ca 1790], and
Ignacy Oskierka born bef. 1800.


Duflon and Konstantynowicz Electromechanical Company in Russia, France and Switzerland in 1892-1918. Dyuflon / Duflon / Dufflon, and Konstantynowicz and Co. - Company of the Electromechanical Factories of Constructions abbreviated as DEKA 1892 - 1918.

Domink Konstantynowicz in 1842 the Mezhonka owner, close to Berezyna and Lubuszany / Luboszany - the estate of Sapieha and Potocki / Krystyna Tyszkiewicz Potocka - the line to the Templars of Krzeszowice, General Franciszek Paszkowski and Poniatowski. History and genealogy of the noble Konstantynowicz family. History Of Secret Societies: Knights Templar and Illuminati. Copyright by Bogdan Konstantynowicz on 17 APRIL 2023: My genealogical branch of the Konstantynowicz family lived in the MSCISLAV province of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on the border with Russia, ca 1660 - ca 1850. Dominik Konstantynowicz in 1842 - November 1918 in Miezonka close to Berazino / Berezyna and Lobushany / Lubuszany / Luboszany - the estate of Sapieha and Potocki / Krystyna Tyszkiewicz Potocka - the line to the Templars of Krzeszowice, General Franciszek Paszkowski, Wojciech Paszkowski and the Poniatowski family. Dyuflon / Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in 1892 in St Petersburg, and in Zaporozhye in 1907 / 1916 - 1918, Kazan aft. ca 1840, Moscow aft. 1880, Tallinn at the beginning of the 20th century. My grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Marian Konstantynowicz or Stankiewicz / Siedlecki in 1918 in Vilno; aft. 1922 in Lida until 18 Sepetmber 1939; 1939 - May 1945 in Wilno; then in Bydgoszcz. Swolna of the Konstantynowiczs together with the lines to Chrapowicki, Zarako-Zarakowski and Wankowicz with Swietorzecki, Piottuch-Kublicki, Szumski, Soltan, Stanislaw Radziwill, Stefania Julia Radziwill of Miezonka, Oskierka and Prozor, Stebnicki, Andrzejak of Stare Koluszki, Zbieranowski of Miezonka, Plaszczewski of Wilno, Puszkin of the Tallinn district and Venezuela.


The eldest information about a Konstantynowicz nickname, but not about the Fox coat of arms (crest), go back to 07 October 1515 (according to Jan Ciechanowicz) and to the Hrodna area:
Jakub (= Jakov) Konstantynowicz sued to a court his neighbour Tolloczko. His relative surely Olechno Konstantynowicz held a post in the Hrodna municipal tribunal in 1539. He sued his neighbour Dowtortowicz in 1542. The Konstantynowiczs - both of above mentioned - were the landowners of their Duke. Then the nest of them was in villages Toloczki, Ejsmonty and Jurewicze in the Hrodna region (probably since c. 1500) and they were knighted in 1578 with the Pielesz diverse coat of arms.

We are lacking information that they had the Fox coat of arms proper already and I don't know if the Konstantynowicz nickname was the surname in anyone case in the beginning of the 16th cent.! Or it maybe the Konstantynowicz name was only an "otchestvo" (by-name) id est a form deriving from Konstanty or Konstantyn names with oriental ending "wicz" (= vich). However it's not unlikely that Jakub was a father of Olechno and Michno Konstantynowicz but there is no probability on proved of the thesis. Michno and Olechno that's very popular form of Belorussian names with ending "-no" and "-ko" in the 15th and 16th cent.; I give others examples: Senko Miloszewicz from Ostryna 1528, Iwanko and Misko Miloszewicz in Podlasie, Mitko from Vicebsk = Vitsyebsk (or Witebsk) province in 1528, Michno Lyszczynski in 1528, Michno Polanski 1515, Mleczko from Vilkmerge 1467, Piotr Olechnowicz (surname from Christian name of father) 1501, Senko Mikolajewicz 1514, Szymko Mikolajewicz from Upita, Jacko son of Mikula Wasilkowicz A.D. 1525, Mitko (= Mikolaj) Mickiewicz with Fox arms et ceteri and also little villages exempli gratia Olechnowszczyzna in the Minsk province; besides I found out about Dmitrei son of Konstantin in the 15th century, Polut Konstiantinowic' mid 15th century, Kostiantinowic' Semen mid 15th century, Chebotko Konstiantinow in 1540 and Fedor Konstentinow son of Spits 1552, a clerk in Wisztyniec - Michal Konstantynowicz Sumorok A.D. 1571, Iwan Konstantynowicz from Kulbaczyna in 1572 (but with Mackowicz surname nicknamed Kulbaka or Mackiewicz), Jaroslaw Konstantynowicz (but with Lukomski surname 1595).

I was faced with the difficult task of collecting information and differing interpretations about origin of our ancestry. One has to be careful with final claims and theses for some years and in passing judgement on first person with the Konstantynowicz surname. A person with a Konstantynowicz nickname in the first half of the 16th cent. didn't has to be the person with the Konstantynowicz surname. I called it purposely to the attention of you. The Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Fox coat of arms proper lived only in the Trakai district (i.e. district of Troki since c. 1550), the Samaites territory (since c. 1550) and in the Minsk province (since c. 1570) by c. 1600 (next in the Slonim area after c. 1600; also in Vilna / Wilno since c. 1640) as good as proves it all armorials.

One of string evidences say us for example that the record of common noble movement A.D. 1528 doesn't point to persons with the Konstantynowicz surname in any districts of Lithuania (Grand Principality of Lithuania) according to all historical sources.

A legend was about the beginning of the Konstantynowicz family. Many said that our family (ancestry) has come from the BALKANS according to "Gutenberg Encyclopaedia" (volume 8); many said that the ancestry had got to descent from Serbian ancestor (janczar), who was Turkish soldier 1455 - 1463, who was afterwards in Poland (that is since 1470 or 1471); he has written memoirs here (1490-1516 or rather 1496 - 1501) about title "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)". A copy was in the Sapieha Archive. More inf. on the same Turkish soldier - Michal Konstantynowicz in F. Bujak, "Studia geograf.-hist.", p. 129 - 134. The main editions of "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)" in 1828 and 1912 misleaded many of our ancestors. The Kibalczyc family i.e. Kibalcicas have got a legend that tell us about an ancestor from Serbia - the family moved out to the Chernigov province in the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century - the legend it's mistake, too.

Descendants of the Konstantynowicz family who derived from present Bukovina (Bukovina joined Austrian Empire in 1775 but it seems to be probable they moved house here from the Austria - Hungarys Volhynia after the 1st Partition of Poland, precisely in the eighties of the 18th century) at the border Ukraine on Roumania; it was the Greek church family in the 19th century perhaps and they (regarded as - in part, by authorities - Ukrainians) were displaced partially to the Mazury / East Prussia after 1945. Most of them live today in south - easterly Poland. You see also about village Zydowskie = Shydovskie where Michajlo Konstantynowicz lived and who was born 1790; his father was priest and mother - Maria Wapnicki - derived from Desznica i.e Deshnica; and about Emilian Konstantynowicz b. 1864, d. 1943, priest in 1887. They had own GRECUL (i.e. GREKUL armorial bearings but own GREK arms was Lithuanian origin, according to Mieroszowski) coat of arms in time of the Austria - Hungarys Galicia at the beginning of the 19th cent. (Bazyli and Michal Konstantynowicz 1803). I take note of them in ODESSA, Tschernowzy (= Chernovits) in 1939 - 1940 and in Kiev after the second World War and besides e.g.
"Officials in 1876" note in Bukovina: "(...) Konopasek Emanuel, Konstantinowicz von Grekul Gedeon, Landes-Hauptmann Stellvertreter (...)" and "Franz Josef- Staatsgymnasium in Sereth": "(...) Kasriel Josef, Klocek Stanislaus Josef, Kohn Julius, Konstantinowicz, Ewald Ludwig Franz (...)".
Florin Konstantinowicz / Constantinovici from Roumania (Romania) was in Israel (the Tsafririm Holon team in 2001 - 2002).

In all probability our ancestry with the Konstantynowicz surname derived from belorussian Czyz family i.e. Senko Czyzewicz and his son Konstanty Czyz, I think. The Lithuanian - Byelorussian nobility was polonised as early as the 16th century (generally speaking, the ethnically non Polish noble families of Belarus adopted the Polish language and culture but only Byelorussian was official language of the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 14th - 17th centuries till 1697) and converted from the Orthodoxy to Roman Catholicism.
The Czyz family used the coat of arms of FOX proper since 1534 id est Marcin Konstantynowicz Czyz from Nieciecza either Marcin Czyz Konstantynowicz from Nieczyca or Marcin Czyz Nieczycki (or Nietecki because different opinions have been passed upon him; more inf. on the Fox coat of arms in Lithuania and Belarus, see: the Fox crest) who was born probably c. 1495.

The royal courtier Marcin Konstantynowicz Czyz from Nieciecza according to:
Niesiecki 1839, Czarniecki 1875, Boniecki 1901, Leszczyc 1908/13, page 210; historical magazine of 1914; historical magazine of April 1938 (number 4/17, page 49) and of Dymmel of 1995.

Konstantynowicz Czyz unknown of name (either Konstantinowicz who was born c. 1530 or the probability is that Michno Konstantynowicz / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus) was missed out in the last will and testament of his father in 1547 and devoid of a legacy which daughter Margaret inherited; she had got some brothers. Another lawsuits were also at that time: lady Katarzyna Czyz - Boguszewski vs. her sons i.e. the sons of Stanislaw Wojciechowicz Czyzewicz or Czyz in 1546 and at the same time Jan Czyzewicz son of Jurij and his wife Hanna nee Narbut vs. Aleksander Czyzewicz son of Wojciech in 1547.

Part of the Czyz family from neighbourhood of Lida (either Nietiacz, Nieciecz, Nieciecza, Nieczyca or Nietiaz near to Dubrovny and farther Lipniszki, 9 km from Lida) c. 1550 have accepted the Konstantynowicz surname (from Christian name of father according to Leszczyc of 1908/13;
Konstiantin or Kostiantin = Konstantin that is "steadfast, constant") adopting the armorial bearings of FOX proper and moved out to the Samaites territory and also to the Trakai district, and after from here to the Minsk province circa 1570.

I don't know surely where did Michno = Michal / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus come from. I don't know doubtless if exactly Michno was stripped of the assets by his sister in 1547. But then Miknos Konstantinoviciaus / Konstantinovicius - nobleman from Zaleskovscizna / Zaleskowszczyzna - was founder of Roman Catholic church in Krikstonys in 1562.

Settlement Krikstonys in Lithuania now, in subdistrict Norageliai, county Alytus / Olita, now the parish of Christ the King in Krikstonys 67252, phone 31847893; Post Office in Krikstonys, LT - 67014, Lazdijai / Lozdzee / Lozdzieje District Municipality. Krikstonys is 18,5 km SW of Alytus - near by Zilviciai, Gudonys, Dubravai and Lizdai; 2,5 km West of Nemunas and 5 km SE of Norageliai.

In reality just famous Michno Konstantynowicz / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus / Michal Konstantinovicius received a big estate, an arable ground and forested land from the king Sigismund Augustus on 04 January 1554 i.e. the Merkine farmland or Merecz Michnowski which is situated in the Merkine area, Merkine parish (= Merecz, Meretium or Merken area in the Troki district in the ex-province of Troki; a chief officer for life of the Merkine area was Jan Janowicz Zabrzezinski / Zaberezenski since 1536; the Junowicz family lived close by Merkine - see also: the Pileszyszki estate), beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas), next to estuary of Merkys = Mereczanka river and the same Michno possessed a landed property Zaleskowszczyzna / Zaleskovscizna, 49 km N-W-N of Lida in the Troki or Trakai district, too (close by a south - easterly border of the former Trakai district) as early as 1552
and it seems he owned Merkine (2nd) farmland in addition id est Merecz Michnowo upstream of Merkys river in the Turgeliai parish, 38 km S-E-S of Vilnius.

Zaleskowszczyzna, Merecz Michnowski, Ulkiszki, settlement Krikstonys and Merecz Michnowo are situated at the territory of independent, since 1918 (1940 - 1991 occupied), Republic of Lithuania. We set out to the authority in Vilna on 19 May 1842 original of the privilege edited by the king to MICHNO Konstantynowicz who was endowed with estate in the Merecz area on 04 January 1554 and many of documents of 18th cent.

Ca 1550 at Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie in the Samaites territory: the Poszeszow estate in the middle of the 16th century.

In 1598 Petrus Konstantynowicz in France and Perugia (a province of Umbrien in Italy) according to "Lista degli scolari (...)".

In 1600 the Konstantynowicz family used POCHOWICZ by-name (or Pohozy, Pohosha, Pohowicz, Rokoz, Rohoza and Pokoz nicknames, information of 1937) at first in the Minsk province since A.D. 1600.
It was a certain Rohoza family in the Orsa district and Verchnjadzvinsk (i.e. Dryssa) region A.D. 1602/1643 but it's not our line.

Ca 25 August 1601, a certain judicial document from the district of Trakai (i.e. Troki) tell us about noblemen, Jan Sobolewski of Busilolisdy by Kraksznia river near by Urkiszki and Stanislaw Kiszka, who litigated against a neighbour from Lachowicze due to the same taken away a little ground in 1600; the landowner called Pavel i.e. Pawel Konstantynowicz, Matys Gozdziewski and Stefan Stankiewicz in evidence at the end of August 1601; we read in the document about neighbours: Koklin family and Jan Sowgowicz, and also about a functionary from Trakai, Jan Stanislawowicz from Bogdanowicze village; the document signed in Urkiszki, and above village Urkiszki i.e. Ulkiszki was situated only 1 km NW of Rudziszki (i.e. Rudiskes, Lithuania now).

On 07 March 1643 Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz was rewarded a privilege in the Minsk province handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa. Bonifacy 1st Konstantynowicz derived from above mentioned Mikolay.

These facts noted down in armorials of the Grand duchy of Lithuania:
1578 Konstantinowicz who was born c. 1530;
1584 Michal Konstantynowic / Miknos Konstantinoviciaus / Konstantinovicius;
in 1648 Konstantinowicz or Konstantynowicz.

Just after 1661 the Konstantynowiczs partially moved house to the EAST BELARUS in the MSCISLAU / Mstsislaw province near to:
KRYCAU / Kritschew by Sosh / Kritchev / Krychaw
where we had eight hundred peasants c. 1700;
neighbourhood:
the Brujewicz family (in Krycau A.D. 1745), Czyz (Bazyli Czyz was an officer in Krycau in 1522), Danilowicz (Russians burned down Krycau in 1655 and all assets of Pawel Danilowicz, too), Holynski family (proprietors of towns Krychaw = Kritchev and Klimavici but after 1772), Jerzy Malachowski, Nowodworski, Petrazycki, dukes Polubinski or Polubenski (here as early as 1540), Siemaszko (Jan Siemaszko + wife Tomila Saprynowski at the castle of Kritchev / Krychaw in 1695), Siemienowicz (a priest Wasyl Siemienowicz in 1664), a certain Szalus (clerk in Krycau in 1568 - he fought against Russians in the Smolensk province), Mikolaj Shukovski (Nikolay Zhukovski i.e. Zukowski), Usakowski (in Zarubec since 1878), Weselowski (i.e. Wesolowski or Wiesiolowski in Kritschew as early as 1634 and next in 1663), Jan Zadanowicz (or Zdanowicz, Zdanavicius in Kritchev = Krychaw A.D. 1662, he came from the Orsa / Orscha district), Wacur (in Kritschew and nearby Zimonino or Zimonin) and others families,
MSCISLAU (= Mstsislaw, Mstislavl, Mstislawl)
and in the region northwards of MSCISLAU i.e. the villages Samava (either Szamowo by the Lejedna river or Chamovo at the map of 1834, Czamow at the map "Carte Des Frontieres de Pologne et de Russie (...)" by Rizzi Zannoni of 1772, only 3 km from present border of Russia), Kopceuka, Niesterevo or Niesterow - the Berezetnia estate, where Swedes looted their assets on 29 - 30 August (the battle near to Dobroje by White Natopa river 16 km SW of Mscislau) A.D. 1708.

Those near and dear in the Mscislau / Mstsislaw territory, the Polish and others known and renowned families:

Brujewicz
of Boncza arms (or Boncz - Brujewicz, in Bohdanovka - i.e. Bogdanowka in Russia now - in the Mscislau ex-district since 1870 and here also Poplatyno since 1870; Petrulin in the region of Cerykau; Muryn - Bor or Bor near to Holynski's Michiejeviczi, 12 km NW of Klimavicy since 1870; and Sieliszcze 18 km E-S-E of Cavusy or Czausy - since 1876);
counties Puszkin / Pushkin
according to Szaposznikow, vol. 1, in Mscislau = Mstsislaw 1774; owned Kolodzicz / Oltuchow in the province A.D. 1560, next Sielec or Sjalec farm south of Mstsislaw (according to "Philip's Concise World Atlas", 2003) i.e. Mscislau, Novae Sjalo i.e. Nowosiolki SW of Mscislau in 1774 and Monachi from Suchodolski family;
relations:
Sokolowski, Konstantynowicz and Reutt family. The greatest Russian poet, founder of classical Russian poetry, Alexander Pushkin, born June 6, 1799, in Moscow, into the old noble family.
Dederko
of Dederkalo arms (the crest verified on 10 March 1798, they lived in the Mscislau province and possessed:
Stare Siolo - 8 km NW of Mscislau,
Nowe Siolo i.e. Novae Sjalo - 13 km SW of Mscislau,
Hryckowo, Pisarzewszczyzna
and Turowka - 14 km SW of Novae Sjalo / Nowoje Sselo / Nowe Siolo / Nowosiolki);
Holynski
relations:
Chelchowski at the beginning of the 17th cent., Suryn before 1663, Kolski from Chlyszczewo by 1670; Ostankiewicz, Hurko, Konstantynowicz, Wojna, Karpilowicz, Anna nee Sutocki + Norbert Holynski from Janovek, Moskiewicz, Piszczal from Brakowiec, Kurzeniecki, counties Aleksandrowicz and Starosielski from Holedz at the beginning of the 18th cent.; Bojwid, Chodzkiewicz, Kaszyc, Mister(ow), Kirkor, Zyrkiewicz, Zukowski and Stachowski in the 18th cent.; Kotly, Issakowicz, Nagorski (i.e. Nagurski; pilot Jan I. Nagurskij did "the world first flight in Nesterov's flying boat on September 17th, 1916 twice with a passenger"; the international record was registered by the Airclub counsel on November 16th, 1916), Swatkowski (Swiatkowski) + Tekla nee Holynski at the end of the 18th cent.; Czudowski, Ciechanowiecki and Wieczor at the beginning of the 19th cent.;
dukes Horski,
places: Miksztyn or Miksztyno, Dudino, Liszki and Cerkowiszcze, and next here Ciechanowiecki, Hurko, Taran, Suchodolski families;
Hurko
in Jurkowszczyzna - 1330 ha. - near to Soino, Russia now; the Hurko house related to Dabrowski family of the Abdank coat of arms, branch from the Siauliai and Kaunas territories;
relations: the Konstantynowiczs, Jaroszewicz [Ludwik lived here in 1764];
Korsak -
Jozef Korsak, officer in the Mscislau province in 1611 - lived in Hlybokae, too; the others after 1667; possessed Holubicze in the Polack = Polatsk province and an estate in the Merkine parish - the Trakai district; in the Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk government related to the Lissowski house;
Korzeniewski
or Korzeniowski with the Fox coat of arms or Kosciesza arms according to Piekosinski, derived from the Brest province; the house distinguished in the Vitsyebsk / Vicebsk province, the Polack / Polatsk province and Livonia since the beginning of the 18th cent.;
the Korzeniewski house possessed village Usa (Usza or Staraja Usha) near by Kaluzyn, and also they possessed in the Minsk government in the end of the 19th cent.: Piorunov(y) Most together with Nieciejewski family, Krasny Brzeg and Hajdukowa Sloboda (Galdukova Sslobodka); Korzeniewski Jerzy + Konstancja nee Jablonski from the Mscislau province were owners of the Jurkowszczyzna farm in 1766 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth / Grand Principality of Lithuania i.e. a federal monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania then, and Russia now.
They verified themselves in Hrodna in 1835; related to Ulanowski family;
Kurko
in Jurkowszczyzna village, close by estates of the families Hurko, dukes Polubinski and Rajewski in the 19th cent.;
Petryzycki
or Pietrazycki, Petrazycki, Petrazickis in the Orsa and Mahileu areas A.D. 1592, Mscislau 1648,
farms in Suchanowo 1654, Koscielnik and
Szamowszczyzna = Samauscyna 7 km NW of Mscislau;
near to Krycau 1695, village Petrazyce or Pietryki by 1813;
Polonicki
related to the Konstantynowicz family; they derived from Eustafi Polonicki who stayed in Kaniow in 1663.

LEW / Leo Polubinski in the first half of the 16th cent.; Wasil in Mstislawl A.D. 1535, Iwan was officer in Mscislau 1569, Konstantyn Polubinski in Mscislau 1627 - 1629, Karol was clerk in Mscislau in 1700; they possessed village Leszczynsk A.D. 1510, Slowuczany and next village Jurkowszczyzna since 1858 - 7 km NE of Soino i.e. Sojna at the map of 1859; the family was kinsman to the Fedorowicz house and Wolowicz i.e. Wollowicz - middle 16th century.

MSCISLAW and MIEZONKA - Kruszyna close to JEDLNO - DUBROVNA close to ORSHA:

Eugeniusz Adolf Lubomirski the owner of Kruszyna since 1862, d. 1911 [compare Kruszyna and Jedlno; also on Dubrowna by the DNIEPR river close to ORSHA]: come from Ksawery Lubomirski / Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819, and Teofila Rzewuski.

Maria Anna Dorota Lubomirska RONIKIER, 1832-1905 + Roman RONIKIER 1832-1918 [compare de LACY, Buturlin, Wollowicz]:
her father - Konstanty Stanislaw Ksawery Lubomirski b. 1786 in Petersburg;
grandfather -
Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747 - 1819 [see above Kruszyna and Dubrowna];
great-grandfather
Stanislaw Lubomirski b. 1704 in Braclaw, d. 1793 in Warszawa;
great-great-grandfather:
Jerzy Aleksander Lubomirski 1666 in Nowy Sacz, d. 1735, son of Aleksander Michal Lubomirski d. 1675, grandson of Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski.

Teresa RONIKIER, 1845-1900 [the sister of above named ROMAN RONIKIER] m. Michal Wollowicz 1812-1882:
he was the grandson of Count Antoni Wollowicz, 1750-1822 + Teofila Matuszewicz.

Antoni Wollowicz, Count in 1798 of Prussia, 1750-1822 was the son of
Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz [see on SWIACK];
above Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz / Krzysztof Kazimierz Wollowicz b. ca 1670 / 1675] and Barbara Adamkowicz.

WOLLOWICZ and SULIMIERSKI [LUBIEC close to Wola Pszczolecka] the members of the ZALIWSKI guerilla in 1733:
Anna Wollowicz Oskierka had brother Michal Wollowicz, 1805 - 1833 (the Zaliwski conspiracy in 1833). Anna nee Wollowicz, Oskierka / Oskierko was granddaughter of Michal Wincenty Wollowicz b. ca 1740.

Michal Wincenty Wollowicz (with wife Petronela / Petronella Swiecicka) was son of Kazimierz Wollowicz senior - the Slonim Marshal, b. ca 1720 ?, died November 1790 in Slonim, with wife Ludwika.

Kazimierz Wollowicz senior - the Slonim Marshal, come from Samuel Wolowicz b. ca 1590 and Elzbieta.

Krzysztof Wollowicz was the husband of Jadwiga Wierzbowska and Cecylia Buchowiecka; father of Aleksander Wladymir Wollowicz / Aleksandras Vladimiras Valavicius.

Some details on the Ronikier family, the Lubomirskis, and O'Brien de Lacy:

Kazimierz Jozef Anastazy Ronikier was born in 1787 d. 1863, to Michal Aleksander Ronikier b. 1728 and Jozefa Miaczynski b. 1758. Kazimierz had brother Stanislaw August Jozef Ronikier.
Kazimierz RONIKIER married Ludwika Zbijewski b. 1780 ? (1790 !).
They had 9 children:
Adam Aleksander Ronikier, Roman Ronikier Count, Cezary Ronikier, Bronislaw Michal Ronikier.
Brother of above Kazimierz:
Stanislaw August Jozef Ronikier born 1785, in 1810 married Tekla Brudzicka b. 1790. They had one son Michal Ronikier.

Details on children of Ludwika RONIKIER nee Zbijewski b. 1790:
1. Cezary Michal 1809-1843 + Katarzyna Lewanidow b. 1820;
2. Bronislaw Michal Ronikier 1811-1853 + Kamila Ronikier of Nowosiolki;
3.
Adam Aleksander 1818-1873 + 1st to Zofia Barbara Starzenska + 2nd to Wanda Chrzanowska (Adam Aleksander Atanazy Jaxa-Ronikier);
4. Jozefa b. 1820 m. Aleksander Opperman,
5.
Ludwika Ronikier b. 1820 m. Piotr O'Brien de Lacy b. 1830
with children (this inf. about birth need to be check!):
a. Julia O'Brien de Lacy, 1850-1955,
b.
Patryk O'Brien de Lacy, b. 1860 (1863 !) m. 1st to Maria Tanska b. 1860
with
Katarzyna O'Brien de Lacy, 1889-1983,
and Piotr O'Brien de Lacy b. 1890.

PATRYK O'Brien de LACY m. 2nd to Ludmila Buturlin b. 1890;

6.
Edward Romuald 1824-1877 + Olga Olimpia Orlowska 1834-1919,
7. Gustaw Cezary Kazimierz b. 1830 m. Stefania Marianna Wawrzyna Skarbek-Kruszewska b. 1831,
8.
Roman RONIKIER 1832-1918 m. Maria Anna Dorota Lubomirska 1832-1905,
9.
Teresa Ronikier, 1845-1900 m. Michal Wollowicz, 1812-1882,
with
Jadwiga Kazimiera Teresa Wollowicz m. Jozef Mieczyslaw Miaczynski, 1842-1909,
and Wanda Wollowicz, 1850-1864.

Below the genealogy of Ludwika Ronikier b. 1880 m. Tadeusz Ostrowski b. 1860:
great-grandparents:
Michal Aleksander Ronikier 1728-1802,
Jan Nepomucen Zbijewski b. 1770,
Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819
{Ksawery Lubomirski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819) and Teofila Rzewuski (Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831)},
Mikolaj Tolstoj / Nikolaj Tolstoy 1765-1816,
Jozefa Miaczynska 1758-1822,
Teresa Dorota Karska b. 1760,
Teofila Beydo- Rzewuska 1762-1831,
Anna Boratynska 1769-1825;

grandparents:
Kazimierz Jozef Anastazy Ronikier Count 1787-1863,
Ludwika Zbijewska b. 1810,
Konstanty Stanislaw Xawery Lubomirski 1786-1870,
Katarzyna Tolstoj / Katerina Tolstoy 1789-1870;

parents:
Roman Ronikier, 1832-1918,
and Maria Anna Dorota Lubomirska, 1832-1905.

Louise Ronikier: Ludwika Ronikier, the daughter of Kazimierz Jozef Ronikier 1787 - 1863, and Ludwika Zbijewska b. after 1787 (ca 1790).

Note on above Konstanty Stanislaw Xawery Lubomirski, 1786-1870:

On October 7, 1918, on initiative of Prince Lubomirski, Polish declaration of independence was announced and 14th October 1918, Polish Army soldiers pledged allegiance to the Polish flag. Lubomirski supported Pilsudski's nomination (on 10th Nov. 1918 - 14th Nov.) for the post of the head of state. Remember that Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski b. 1826 in Dubrowna / Dubrovno, the Moghilov government; d. 1908, son of Eugeniusz Lubomirski, studied in St Petersburg. Then in France and England. 1863 the Foreign Affairs of Polish Government. Above named Dubrowno in the Sienno (north-east of Miezonka) catholic area; the Orsha county, Moghilev government; at present in the Vicebsk oblast; 90 km to Vicebsk, 19 km north-east of Orsza / Orsha. Dubrovno to 1774 to Sapieha; then Count R. A. Potiemkin / G. A. Potemkin to 1791 (a watch factory!), close to Ksawery Lubomirski estate (and his daughter Klementyna girlfriend of Piotr Kroer); since 1791 Lubomirski taken Dubrovno - now this place is "capital" of the government; next to Eugeniusz Lubomirski - 1809 new Orthodox church; Dubrovno was the Lubomirski family estate to 1917!

Eugeniusz Lubomirski b. 1789, d. 1834, landowner of Dubrovno close to Orsha from his father; EUGENIUSZ was the son of Ksawery Lubomirski (Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski 1747-1819) and Teofila Rzewuski (Teofila Beydo-Rzewuska 1762-1831), and brother of the Russian General Konstanty Lubomirski 1786-1870.

Above Konstanty Stanislaw Ksawery Lubomirski b. 1786 Petersburg, d. 1870 in Warsaw, was also the son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubomirski and Teofila Broel-Plater Rzewuska.

Konstanty Lubomirski (1786-1870), was the Russian General, married Katarzyna Nikolajewna Tolstoj. He was the owner of MEZHEVO / Miezawa / Miezava in the ORSHA / Orsza district; in the Witebsk county; 15 km north to Orsza - se also TRUBECKI !
MIEZAWA in 1772 to Russia, the Vicebsk governorate.
MEZHEVO / Miezawa was the Chrapowickis land; in 1760 belonged to Antoni Marcin Chrapowicki, official in Smolensk.

Antoni Chrapowicki, Colonel of Orsza, b. ca 1700 - d. in 1760, that is Antoni Marcin Chrapowicki who was the son of STEFAN Chrapowicki b. ca 1660.
Antoni Marcin Chrapowicki died in May 1760 in WILNO, was also official in Smolensk in 1731-1760, and 1730-1731. Inf. on him in 1733.
The grandson of unknown Chrapowicki.

The MEZHEVO / Miezawa estate was bought by Lubomirski:
Anna Maria Lubomirska (1838-1917), in 1859, bring MEZHEVO / Miezawa dowry to Franciszek Lubienski (1834-1891).

The WOLLOWICZ clan:

Teresa RONIKIER, 1845-1900 [the sister of above named ROMAN RONIKIER] m. Michal Wollowicz 1812-1882:
he was the grandson of Count Antoni Wollowicz, 1750-1822 + Teofila Matuszewicz.

Antoni Wollowicz, Count in 1798 of Prussia, 1750-1822 was son of Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz [see on SWIACK];
husband of Jozefata Piasecka and Teofila Matuszewicz;
father of Joachim Jozef Wollowicz and Eustachy Wollowicz;
brother of Michal Wollowicz; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera, and Katarzyna.

Above Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724, who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz / Krzysztof Kazimierz Wollowicz b. ca 1670 / 1675] and Barbara Adamkowicz.

Compare on SWIACK:
the owner of SWIACK was mentioned Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, married Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz.

Now about Wollowicz in the Grodno district:
Swiack - in the Hrodna / Grodno district, ex-Augustow county; close to Wollowiczowce; in the 18th - 19th centuries in the Troki province - belonged to the Wollowiczs; a palace built the Grodno marshal - Jozef Wollowicz (d. 1779)
{Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720 and married Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz.
Above Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779, was the son of
Jerzy Wollowicz [b. ca 1690, died 1724,
who was son of Krzysztof Wollowicz]
and Barbara Adamkowicz}.

The palace finished his son Antoni Wollowicz, the official in Merecz, senator in the Congress Poland; Antoni Wollowicz d. 1822, and the estate took his oldest son
Joachim Jozef Wollowicz (1783-1842) married Css Maria Starzenska.
Then all SWIACK belonged to Michal Wollowicz (1812-1882), m. Teresa Ronikier.
Michal's daughter Jadwiga Maria Wollowicz married Count Jozef Miaczynski - they were owners of SWIACK.

Above JOZEF WOLLOWICZ:
Jozef Wollowicz b. ca 1720, d. 1779; m. Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz.
Son of Jerzy Wollowicz and Barbara Adamkowicz - see above.
Husband of Magdalena Ludwika Marianna Michniewicz.
Father of Antoni Wollowicz; Michal Wollowicz; Balbina Jelenska; Benedykt Wollowicz; Kazimiera Wollowicz.
Half brother of Joanna Alexandra Wollowicz.

The next of our neighbors in the MSCISLAV province:

Rajewski
or Rajewskij, Rajauskas with Nalecz and Radwan arms in Belarus as early as 1509, here in 1528 and after 1595, 1623, owned Kislowicze and Fenowszczyzna in 1663, Perany in 1664, Stajow from the Ipacewicz family and Jurkowszczyzna since 1858 - together with Polubinski;
their neighbours: Komorowski from Mazyki, Ipacewicz, Strzyzewski, Zloczewski c. 1664;

Sutocki
i.e. Sutockas of the Dolega coat of arms with Malkowicz nickname, numerous estates in the Mscislau district in the 19th cent., next in the Trakai district, related to: Kijacki, Holynski, Krzywicki, Kozuchowski, Kondratowicz, Ostankiewicz, Zubr, Platowski - vide the work of Jan Ciechanowicz ed. in Rzeszow 2001, vol. 5;

counties Wollowicz
or Volovitch since 1590 in this territory, next of kin with the Szemiot family in 1700,
owned A.D. 1778:
Staje, Berezetnia, Horowatka, Ray - i.e. Bolschoj Raj in present Russia and near by border between Belarus and Russia, Miteykow i.e. Miljejkova close by current border, Kozuchowicze - i.e. Koshuchowitschi in Russia now, Polachowszczyzna, Jurginow and Pietrowicze i.e. Petrovici estate - 810 ha. and 10 km E of Soino - in Zahustyn area, the Klimavicy district A.D. 1784, Russia now;
related to Kamienski - inf. of 1623; others in Mscislau in 1634, too.

They came of Stanislaw Wissygina of 1413 with Bogorya arms according to Niesiecki of 1842, vol. 9, p. 414 - 421: and his son Jerzy Wyssyginowicz who accepted Wolowicz surname in 1454, and also his grandson Jerzy Wolowicz who fought in the battle near by Viedrussa in 1499, this last Jerzy had 3 sons (Niesiecki missed out a generation, I think): Bogdan, Grzegorz and third unknown; two sons came of this third unknown: Ostafiej - inf. of 1568
and Marcyan + wife nee Pac: they had 3 sons
i.e. Dominik + wife nee Savicki,
Jan Kazimierz + Katarzyna nee Narushevich - inf. of 1676
and Wincenty who died in 1698;
above Dominik had 3 sons:
Marcyan 2nd + Antonina nee Zahorovski in the Mscislau area in 1704,
Krzysztof and
Wincenty from the Mscislau province;
Wincenty had daughter who had gotten married to Pac,
and also six sons:
Marcyan 3rd, Dominik 2nd, Aleksander, Krzysztof, Jerzy and Stanislaw who died in 1737 and had gotten married to Eleonora Racs;
this last Stanislaw had two sons living in the Mscislau province in the middle of the 18th century.

The Russian army in the east Lithuania since 1657 till 1661 in Mstislawl; army of Saxony in Lithuania at first in 1708/1709, and next 1713 - 1717; the Russian army stationed in the east Lithuania: 1733-1736, 1743-1748, 1757-1763, 1764, 1767 - 1772.

Ancestors of ours
- Piotr Konstantynowicz who was born c. 1610 in the Minsk province; he lived in the Mscislau province A.D. 1669.

- Augustin / Augustyn Rokoz Konstantynowicz / Augustyn Pohoza Konstantynowicz (Augustyn was a clerk of the Lithuanian military confederation since 1661 by 1667 and after a special envoy of Michal Pac to Moscow to ask tsar Aleksei / Aleksey to put up his son Feodor / Fiodor III as a candidate to Polish election; the municipal and territorial writer in the Mscislau province, born c. 1635, had died 1713 or before 1713).
Mscislaw nobles, wishing to have their own school, appealed to the Parliament in 1690, on the Jesuit residence in Mscislaw, on the border of the Smolensk province and RUSSIA. County officials have provided with fund a missionary house with chapel St Michael and Joseph; also a grammar school.

In 1711 - the Mscislaw city writer Augustyn Konstantynovich, gave to the chapel a wonderful portrait of the Blessed Virgin from the Orthodox church. Assisted Kucewicz, Larska, Celnerowa, Wojnina, Illinich, Lendorf, Potemkin. 1707 - the chapel; the Swedes burned a large wooden church in 1708; rebuilt in 1711 by Dziechelewicz and built new wooden residential house.

Augustyn Konstantynowicz, the Mscislaw writer, from whom Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki (once called Krzysztof Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki), son of Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki, bought the land estate of Bielyj Mech / Bialy Mech.

Above Ciechanowiecki, Michal Wincenty, inf. 1685, mentioned in 1653, signed the election of Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki to the king in 1669, was the 5th son of Krzysztofa Stanislaw or Krzysztof Stanislawowicz Ciechanowiecki and Drucka-Horska; received in 1673 the Choslaw estate by his mother Antonella Drucka-Horska.

Above Krzysztof Franciszek CIECHANOWIECKI / Krzysztof Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki, was the brother of Mikolaj / Boguslaw Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki, son of mentioned Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki.

Named above Ciechanowiecki, Mikolaj / Ciechanowiecki, Boguslaw Mikolaj, was the son of Marianna Kotowska / Marcjanna Ciechanowiecka and Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki.

ROZA was the daughter of named Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki.

Marcin / Marcjan Adam, was the son of named Krzysztof Franciszek;
Antoni Tadeusz, son of named Krzysztof Franciszek;
Jozef, son of Krzysztof Franciszek;
Mikolaj / Michal Ciechanowiecki, son of Krzysztof Franciszek;
Stanislaw, son of mentioned above Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki.

Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki bought the village of Bialy Mech; he was the writer of Mstislav; Samuel Ciechanowiecki wrote a letter in 1705 on above Krzysztof. The first wife of Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki was unknown Konstantynowicz with the FOX / Lis coat of arms.

In the years 1681-1685 the main supporter of Russia in Lithuania was KRAJEWSKI. His trusted supporter was Augustyn Pohozy Konstantinovich - our branch of the family. Krajewski received letters from Augustyn Konstantinovich. Augustyn Konstantynovich was a long-term trustee, servant and advisor to Marcjan Oginski, Governor of TROKI. This information was given in 1686 by Jerzy Kazimierz Nienoronowicz-Szpilowski. Augustyn Constantinovich also had relations with the Ukrainian Cossacks.

In 1671 he was in Minsk the official to bridges [the Land Office of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania dealing with the maintenance and maintenance of bridges in the area entrusted to them].
In 1674, after the death of Wisniowiecki, in Lithuania, Michal PAC and MARCJAN Oginski wanted to be King Fyodor Alekseejewicz, so they were sent to MOSCOW Augustyn Konstantynovich. Augustyn talked with Prince Yuriy Alekseejewicz DOLGORUKI and Artam Sergeyevich Matveev.

Yuri Alekseyevich Dolgorukov b. 1602, d. on May 15, 1682 in Moscow, Russian prince, the Novgorod governor and Moscow, participant of the Polish-Russian war, commander of the army in the Polish-Russian war 1654-1667.

In 1674 - Augustyn Konstantynovitch is appointed the writer of MSCISLAW; 1685 - writer of the Land of Mscislaw; 1703 - last information about Augustyn Konstantynovich [1711 !].

In September 1682, S. Bentkowski arrives in Kadzina / KADINO [15 km east to Mohylew by the Dniepr river] and this information is given by Augustyn Konstantynovich.

Above Marcjan Alexander Oginski born 1632; he was the Orthodox; in 1670 the governor of TROKI and turns to Catholicism. Marcjan Oginski in 1674 fights with Turkey. His family was also the governors: POLOCK and MSCISLAW. Marcjan Aleksander Oginski (born 1632 - January 26, 1690) was a great Lithuanian chancellor from 15 May 1684, the voivode of Troki since 1670.
Son of the castellan of Troki, Alexander OGINSKI (died 1667).
MARCJAN was a member of the Confederacy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1672. He was a Senate deputy to the King's War Council in 1673.

His father Aleksander Oginski (born 1585 - died 1667), castellan (from 1649), Voivodeship of Minsk (1645), son of Bogdan (d. 1625) and Regina Wollowicz.
Above Aleksander Oginski, Prince, b. ca 1585 / 1590 in Trakai, d. 1667, son of Bogdan Oginski and Regina / Raina.
Husband of Elzbieta Pac and Kotryna.

Marcin Marian Aleksander Oginski / MARCJAN ALEKSANDER OGINSKI, 1632 - 1690, was the son of Aleksander Oginski, Prince and Kotryna.
Husband of Marcybela Anna Oginska and Konstancja Krystyna Oginski.
Brother of Jan Oginski; Jerzy Wincenty Oginski; Izabela; Helena; Aleksandra Konstancja Zawisza-Kiezgajlo.
Half brother of Bogdan Oginskis and Jan Oginski.

Note on count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:

his father Ignacy Kalinowski ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother Justyna nee Borzecka ca 1735 (1710 it's error) - Justyna was daughter of Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (ca 1715), and JUSTYNA married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski, she died after 1780?

The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej - Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695; Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Oginski [Marcjan Alexander Oginski born 1632], son of wife's brother [Marcin or MARCJAN b. 1632 was the son of Aleksander Oginski, Prince and Kotryna].
He married to Regina Oginska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki
[Regina Korff, Pociej, born Oginska, in 1624, to Samuel Leon Lew Oginski and Zofia Billewicz born in 1597.
Regina had brother Szymon Karol / Symeon Oginski.
Regina married Leonard Gabriel Pociej born on November 6, 1632.
They had 2 sons.
Regina married 1st Walter Korff. Regina died in 1728];
with children: above Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej].

Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was daughter of Samuel Leon Oginski and Zofia Billewicz.
She was sister of Jan Oginski; Szymon Karol / Symeon Oginski [see below !], and Helena Tyszkiewicz,
inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruskuliene.

The our ancestors:
- Adam Konstantynowicz of 1697;
- Krzysztof Konstantynowicz in 1697;
- Adam Franciszek Konstantynowicz A.D. 1707.

- Franciszek Rohoza Konstantynowicz near of kin with Holynski family from Soino (either Big Soino or Voronove Slobody near by a farm of Mielkovka = Mietkowka), and his siblings and Hurko family also (from Krotowsza otherwise called Krynki or Krotovshe that belonged to Romejko - Hurko family in the Orsa district) were in trouble for this reason with Holynski (Kazimierz son of Stefan Kazimierz Holynski from Chlyszczewo i.e. Chwostowo close by border between Belarus and Russia, from Soino and Uszpol) family after 1714.

The above Soino is situated 18 km east away from Mscislau, at territory of Russia now i.e. 7 km from present border; it was the Grand duchy of Lithuania 1359 - 1772 and next in Russia: the Mstislavl district, Soino region = "volost" that is similar to county, in a parish of Mscislau (archbishopric of Mahileu, in the Mscislau - Klimavicy catholic area were three parishes: Lozovica, Mscislau and Smolensk in the 19th cent.); one our leg lived in the territory of present Belarus, but the second one stood at the present land of Russia in borders after 1992. A fortunes of Poles in this remote easterly territories of the former Both Nations Republic turned out differently than by Vistula, because not a few Poles had got to choose military service in the Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent. or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century.

Next ancestor
- Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1735, signed the Second Manifesto of Lithuanian Nobility in 1763;
- Dominik Konstantynowicz was born in the Mahileu (either Mogiliow or Mogiljow by Dnepr, Mogilev = Mahilyow by Dnieper, Moghilev) Government in Russia near by Krycau / Krychaw c. 1805. He was gotten married with Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki from Kublicze (= Kublicy) in accordance with Boniecki;
she was great-granddaughter of
Stanislaw Duke Radziwill at Nieswiez / Nyasvizh (b.1722) + Karolina nee Pociej (b. 1732);
and daughter of
Jozef Piottuch - Kublicki of the Ostoja coat of arms (Oktawia born c. 1810, and Kublicy = Kublicze is situated in Uszacz region = Ushachi, Usacy - that is west of Uszacz, the Witebsk / Vitsyebsk / Vicebsk province, in district of Lepel / Lyepyel).

Mentioned Konstantynowicz that was Dominik born c. 1800/1805, exceptionally well-off man, the second husband of Oktawia Piottuch - Kublicki because Jozef Szumski was the first one. It was plenty of conversations among families of Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz even in the middle of the twentieth century about wealth of Dominik Konstantynowicz who took MEZHONKA after Dss Stefania Julia Radziwill Oskierko Chrapowicka.

These spouses were related with:
dukes Radziwill (one of richest person of Poland and Lithuania in eighteenth century, Stanislaw duke Radziwill was an immediate descendant of Aleksander Ludwik duke Radziwill - born 1594 - with "Trumpets" coat of arms and his wife Tekla nA ‚A?€LlA?A?‚¬L?A ‚A?€L?A‚A ¨e Wollowicz; also the descendant of Mikolaj Krzysztof duke Radziwill called the "Black" born 1515 in Nieswiez - most influential man in Grand Principality of Lithuania in 16th cent. and an uncle of Barbara Radziwill),
dukes Oginski,
Szumski,
Piottuch (- Kublicki),
Smokowski,
Soltan,
Pociej
and Benislawski.

Note about the Piottuch - Kublicki family:

Ferdynand Piottuch - Kublicki, who was an activist of 1863 in the East Belarus, was friend of Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski from the Vicebsk region and also Walerjan Weryho / Valerian Veryho (he was owner of the Stajki estate - South of Vicebsk, close to the Dymanowo station, where Russian police on 22nd April 1863 attempted to arrest him).
Above Ferdynand Piottuch - Kublicki was neighbour of Wasilewski and relation of Staniewicz; he and duke Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski / Weryho stayed in Vicebsk in 1862 and in Stajki 1863. Artemiusz Viaryha - Dareuski was familiar to:
Moniuszko, Odyniec, Syrokomla and with Aleksander Chodecki in Mohylew (Mahileu or Mogiliow) in 1859.

Note about the Benislawski family:

The Benislawskis from Polack / Polatsk / Polock, Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk / Witebsk, Lucyn / Ludza and Rzeczyce / Rzeczyca / Rezekne districts (here also in the thirties of the 20th cent.). The bishop of Mogilev (Mohylew, Mahileu or Mogiliow), Jan Benislawski who was in Rome 1783, consecrated new R.C. church in Aglona, in SE Latgale, 25 km SE of Preili and 40 km NE of Daugavpils, in 1800.

The Kastyr estate i.e. Kastire was situated in this parish: 42,5 km NE of Daugavpils (Dunaburg, Dyneburg), and belonged to the noble Dunaburg marshal Jozef Brzezinski [compare Malkiewicz and Brzezinski in the 40' of the 19th century] and next Zaba family.

This branch of the Konstantynowiczs come from Dominik Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms.
All descendants with the Fox proper coat of arms (and probably with the Bowel(s), Three Crosses and Radwan armorial bearings, too) and with our Konstantynowicz surname in the 17th cent. came from Michno Konstantynowicz:
in the region of Brest
in 1664 Jedrzej i.e. Andrew Konstantynowicz was the mayor of Brest
and Roman Konstantynowicz was a priest of the Greek Church in Jelna A.D. 1667 - as far as I know Jelnia i.e. Jelna was situated about 12 km away from Scucyn.
And in Mscislau and in the SLONIM district:

Hermogen Konstantynowicz wrote down in tribunal documents together with his neighbour Mizgier (Mizgier family lived also in Perepeczyn and Kolyszki in the Lida region A.D. 1608) in 1603, and also Michal Konstantynowicz - he signed the Olkienicka Alliance in 1698 and had Radwan coat of arms with Plavski by-name; the Arcimowicz family had also the Plavski nickname in a Braslau area, inf. of 1698 and 1763.

The others of the Konstantynowicz family lived in the central MINSK province continuously in
the Babianowszczyzna village i.e. Buchta,
Little Loszyca (Loszyce) in the Koroliszczewice parish - region of Siennica (the estate of Siennica was pawned and at a later date also sold by Stefan Dostojewski to duke Piotr Gorski son of Hryhory at the end of 16th cent.),
Koroleszczenicze (i.e. Koroliszczewice or Karoliszczewicze at the map of 1859) and others;
Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz as early as 1643 and
Jan Konstantynowicz in 1698;
following Jan Konstantynowicz was born in the Minsk province at the beginning of the 18th cent. and possessed here the village Buchta = Baguta at present.

In PINSK a certain Konstantynowicz called Rokoz i.e. Pokoz in 1674.

In the province of VILNA:

Jozef Konstantynowicz Master of Arts, published "Decisio controversiae juris canonici (...)" in 1647
and Stefan Konstantynowicz who was a member of the municipal board of Vilna in 1665 and information about him in 1669 and February the 06th, 1672 - in accordance with "The Records of the Lithuanian High Court" vol. XI, p. 319 about Iwan Pott;
also Symon = Szymon Konstantynowicz was a deputy to the Warsaw general confederation in 1668;
lady Maryna Konstantynowicz lived in the Vilna district in 1673;
Franciszek Konstantynowicz lived in the Vilna town in 1686 and he witnessed a riot.

In PORAZAVA and Vaukavysk district:
the Konstantynowicz family with our coat of arms lived also at the Vaukavysk district in the 17th cent. in accordance with "The Town Court Records"; Porazava i.e. Porozov landed property = Porosow near Vaukavysk in 1669.

In the Paszkowszczyzna - Kuranec region:
Jan Konstantynowicz in the Asmjany ex-district 1690, 7 km north - east of Vilejka in the 17th century.

In the Hrodna district:
Adam Konstantynowicz landowner near to Grodno with his neighbour Eysymont in 1646 and
Bazyli Konstantynowicz who was a royal general in the Hrodna district 1664 - 1688.
A certain Teodor Drozdowicz of Jastrzebiec arms was the royal general in this district also in 1682.

The Ejsmont family (= counties Eysymont or Eysimont) owned a Cydzik farmland and they were a neighbourhood of Konstantynowicz house. The Eysmont house was related to Bylinski or Bilinskis family of Lodzia arms from Kleptowszczyzna and Koraziewo village in 1623.
The Jurowski family or Jurauskas of Friend arms in an estate of Jurewicze also was a neighbourhood of them,
and Tolloczko house who had relationship with Dworzecki - Bohdanowicz or Dvozeckas - Bagdanavicius. Kalenkiewicz family of Kotwicz arms from the Jurewicze estate was related to the Konstantynowicz noble house.
Andrzej Konstantynowicz, Marek Konstantynowicz and Konstantin / Konstanty Konstantynowicz stayed at the Zydomlija region in space of 1630 / 1690.

Tolloczko i.e. Toloczko or Talackas with the Pobog diverse coat of arms according to Gajl, p. 234 and the Godziemba arms derived from Podlasie area, and for the first time information of 1391, verified in 1800, possessed Nieprakszty in the Trakai district and Dobury in the Vilkmerge district; Toloczko noble family with Pobog arms in the Hrodna district, and for the first time information of 1619, 1632, 1648, 1672, 1674 and 1764; the Pobog diverse arms: shield - an arrow diagonally going out of horseshoe, with three feathers and crown above the shield.

Kalenkiewicz lived in villages: Tereszki - Zygmuntowszczyzna, Zukiewicze, Niescierowskie, Filipowskie, Jurewicze, Kotra - Kalenkiewicze, Huszczyce and Piotrowszczyzna, too.

In the Trakai (Troki) district:
Krzysztof Konstantynowicz was a clerk of the district in 1669.

The Konstantynowicz ancestry lived in the 18th cent. in
1.
in the Minsk province:
Koroleszczenicze (= the parish of Koreliszczewicze / Koroleszczenicze) near to Minsk and the holding Little Loszyca next to Koroleszczenicze; we were in the Buchta estate (i.e. Bahuta at the map of 1859, Baguta or Babianowszczyzna in the parish of Luzki that is Lushki west of Smolewicze or Smaljavicy / Smolevichi), here Jan Konstantynowicz and his sons: Maciej, Pawel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni, Franciszek and Marcin in the first half of the 18th century.

According to the Dressel / Dreszel Genealogy:
in 1774 Jan Konstantynowicz was residing in Stashynki / Starzynki / Stashynek, and he witnessed to an attempt on Jerzy Dreszel = Dressel; he was giving the names of the people involved in it:
Alexander and Konstancya HORAIN WOYSKI / Harain Wojski (they have told that the duce Woronecki tries to include Stashynek / Starzynek in the County of Koydanov / Kojdanow, SW of Minsk, and that he means to take over the estate by force from Horain Woyski).
Jan Konstantynowicz was one of the willing to help for Dressel. His neighbours: Tadeusz Rutski / Rucki, Antoni Borowski, Jan Oskirka Zienkiewicz, Jan Daszkiewicz and Mikolaj Downar.
2.
near to Braslau
(or Braslaw) SE of Dyneburg; they were close to the family of Beynar - Bejnarowicz, with Novina - Zlotogolenczyk coat of arms;
3.
next Mscislau;
4.
near by Brzesc or Brest = Brest - Litovsk;
5.
at Volhynia
in 1729 with the "palatinus Kijoviensis" title to Bazyli Konstantynowicz but Volhynia is outside of the Grand duchy of Lithuania; "(...) two Konstantynowicz families have been (...) verified in (...) Podolyia (05. 12. 1841) and in Volhynia (04. 12. 1844)" according to Andrzej Bajor - this quotation without the Author's written permission;
6.
in the Grodno (= Hrodna) province,
an information was about
Jozef Konstantynowicz on 19 April 1764 and the same Jozef in 1765; besides in 1765:
Antoni, Jan, Dominik, Benedykt and Leon Konstantynowicz served their country;
the Konstantynowicz families, owners of Tolloczki village in part, survived in the Hrodna area in the 18th cent. according to S. Koscialovski and they lived in parishes of Pojeziersk and Lawkowo = Lavkovo ("Antoni Tyzenhaus", volume 1, p. 646);
7.
in the Vilna (Wilno) area,
Jan Konstantynowicz and
Michal Konstantynowicz in 1779 (they lived in the Hrodna district, too).
1788 - Szymon Konstantynowicz deputy "a communitate" of Wilno city to the 4-years Polish Parliament. It hasn't signatures of persons with the Konstantynowicz surname from the Grand duchy of Lithuania (without the Polish Ukraine: Podolia and Volhynia) in a documents of the Sluck Protestant Confederation of 1767;
8.
near to Perejaslav
somebody (owned Fox coat of arms according to an armorial of 1914; territory of Russia in the 18th cent., 78 km SE of Kiev) among Cossacks in 1756.

And somebody pro tempore in Greater Poland afterwards in the 18th century, too.

In 1772
this territory (Mscislau, Samava, near to Krycau) was already in Russia, as the Government of Mahileu (or Mogilev by Dnieper, Mogiljow by Dnepr) after the 1st Partition of Poland, I am afraid. Seventy years later on they partly have moved out to the easternmost parts of the Minsk government, to the Berezina parish circa 1842 id est in the villages BOROVINA and MIEZONKA (the village is situated 28 kilometres south - east of Berazino = Beresino, Berezyna, Berezina, Byerazino or Berezino).

The above Mezhonka:
here lived Antoni Konstantynowicz - was born c. 1833 - and
his son Stanislaw; the same Stanislaw Konstantynowicz from Miezonka (i.e. Miezonki) and Anna nee Malkiewicz are foster parents of my grandfather;
my foster great grandmother Anna nee Malkiewicz (Malkevicius) came from the Dryssa ujezd (= the Werchnedwinsk district; the place Asveja / Oswieja) in the Government of Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk; her ancestry was near related to the families:
Czyzewski (from the Dzisna district),
von Krey / The House of Croy / Count von Croy in 1697 entered the Russian service (i.e. the Baltic German noble Krej family from Tallinn and Livonia - from Polish Livonia),
Ostrowski (derived from Piotr Ostrowski de Kaki of 1697; Kaki farm situated 16,5 km NW of Ludza / Ludsen in Polish Livonia),
Juszkiewicz (or Jushkievich)
and Filipowicz (Pilipavicius or Pilipaitis with Pobog and Prawdzic coats of arms verified the armorial bearings in Vilna 1821: Jozef, Mateusz, Michal, Antoni, Szymon, Izydor, Benedykt and Joachim; the family related to Kisiel or Kiselius of the Kisiel coat of arms i.e. "the Camp Tent" in the Wilno / Vilna province and to Chodasiewicz family in the Dzisna district); family of my grandfather had next of kin Georgians.

Those near and dear in the Berazino parish in the middle of the 19th cent.:
Piotrovicz from Luboszany, Karp, Zywica (Shywica), Korbut from Hrynica (Grenica), Tatur (near of kin Zbieranovski),
Dzierzynski i.e. Dzerzhinskii (Dzerzhinskii - according to "Imperial and Soviet Russia (...)", Melbourne 1986 by David Christian; named Dziershynski in the Ihumen district related to Tumilovich = Tumilowicz family; the Dzierzynski or Derzinskis house of Sulima arms was verified in Minsk 1819; a poorer members were administrators in the Wankowicz house; others were related to Bulhak family and held Pietrylowicze farm in the Asmjany district in 1838, also Podgaj farm in Barysau district at the end of the 19th cent.;
Edmund Dzierzynski = Dzerzhinskii of Sulima arms who was father of Feliks, verified hereditary nobleness in Vilna on 14 June 1862),
Nieciejevski (their coat of arms verified in the Minsk goverment in 1836),
Milkiewicz (alone acquaintances and that's only accidental similarity with surname of Malkiewicz),
Stankiewicz (or Stankivich, among other things Antoni, Walerian and Jan - the sons of Stepan).

The counties Czapski family from Stankov and Przyluki leased Miezonka (only nearby villages Cereszyn i.e. Tereschin and Jagaszkin = Jagodka were at the map of 1859) from Stefania Radziwill - Wittgenstein (b. 1809 - died 1832) in the first half of the 19th century to c. 1840 - information of 1995 from Mr Piotr Zbieranowski.

We were also in the ethnic Lithuania and we possessed in part a landed property Pileszyszki
in the Kaunas district / the Kovno region in the 18th cent. (1766 bequeathed by lady Junowicz), here lived
Maciej Konstantynowicz; the same Maciej had brothers:
Pavel / Pawel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni, Franciszek and
Marcin Konstantynowicz.
The brothers inherited from their parents
(father Jan Konstantynowicz was born at the beginning of the 18th cent.)
the Babianowszczyzna = Buchta estate in the Minsk province (government then) A.D. 1798; that family verified the nobleness in Vilna A.D. 1842;

we lived in a district of RASEINIAI
Raseiniai region i.e. Rosienie / Rossienie in the Samaites territory: the Poszeszow estate in the middle of the 16th century.
Also in the parish of Sartyniki (or Sartininkai) in the place Komcie where stayed
Jan and his son Waclaw Konstantynowicz with Bowel (or Bowels) coat of arms, called Svarplovich i.e. nickname Szwarplowicz c. 1650 and others A.D. 1799.
In Vilna (i.e. in Wilno A.D. 1841) authorized the arms of them. To this lineage were related the Konstantynowiczs with the Fox proper arms from Pileszyszki in the Kaunas (here in 1766) district; they derived from famous
Michno Konstantynowicz.
Only one of the Kaunas branch was verified in Vilna A.D. 1910 and information about four lines of this branch were lacking.

Marijampole i.e. Mariampole in the Augustov government in the forties of the 19th century; two of them were the members of the Democratic Polish Society in Kaunas.
Piotr Konstantynowicz also in the Trakai area;
a certain Konstantynowicz signed a manifesto of the Polish nobility on 26 July 1812 - according to Czeslaw Malewski - because of Napoleon conquered Kaunas on 24/25 June and Vilna on 28 June;

the locality Chwiedziejowszczyzna
or Chwedziejowszczyzna in the Trakai district, the ex-parish Vysoki Dvor i.e. Aukstadvaris and at a later date other parish (Uzuguostis probably) in the 19th cent.;
near to Vladipolis, Alesiskes, Beizionys, Mergiskes and Mackantiskes - 7 km east of Aukstadvaris;
neighbouring families:
Mackiewicz (they owned - in the Kaunas district or more truly in the Trakai district - a Klidzie farm by 1817 - from Tolloczko noble family and also frroom Jan Szteyn who came from the Butrimonys parish, and Mackiewicz family possessed also Zailgi i.e. Stecki in the Trakai district c. 1690 and
here families at a later date:
Krzywicki, Romansewicz, Poplawski A.D. 1757), Klidzianka and Jeleniewski;

in Butrimonys
a certain Lucius Konstantynowicz was a teacher at high school in Butrimonys (more probable that is Butrimonys 18 km SW of Aukstadvaris in the independent Lithuania since 1918 and unlikely Butrymance i.e. Butrimonys 14 km NE of Eisiskes in the Butrimonys parish near by Jargance, Jundeiliszki, Kuze, Strzelce) in the thirties and forties of the 20th cent.

We possessed the Ustron estate in the Kaunas district (= region of Kovno) in the 19th cent. and at the beginning of the 20th century.

The Konstantynowicz family moved house also in the 19th century period:

- to St Petersburg / Sankt Peterburg in the middle of the 19th century (Michal or Michail son of Fiodor 2nd Konstantynowicz); a good many the Konstantynowiczs acted and lived in St Petersburg in past days, among other things state activists and also a senior military commandant;

- to Minsk in the eighties of the 19th century (old Bonifacy 2nd Konstantynowicz with his sons: Semen, Jakov and Vincenty);
- a documentation of the noble Konstantynowicz family with the Fox coat of arms proper was being shown in Minsk on 15 December 1802 and A.D. 1853 in the Minsk government;

- the Konstantynowicz family with the Fox coat of arms in the noble locality Nosewicze or Nosowicze near to LIDA in the 19th century; the village Nosewicze is situated 6 kilometres S-E-S from Radun or Radunsk, in the parish of Radun, the Vilna government, former district of LIDA;
near to villages Kieniensze, Rackuny, Mozajki, Paszkowicze and Koszary;
those neighbours:
families Hryhorowicz or Hrehorowicz, Laskowski, Laskowicz or Leskowicz, Nossewicz or Nosewicz, Rouba, Stecewicz, Stecki, Wincza, Zapasnik and Zemojtel or Zomojtel.

- we were near to HRODNA in the thirties of the 19th century (area of Skidal / Skidel, the places Jurevicze
(the Konstantynowicz noble family lived here till 1952, the village Jurewicze = Jurevitshi is situated 1,2 km NW of Zuki = Shuki and 6 km E of Obuchowicze), Zytomlja = Jitomlia at the map of 1834 and Zydomlija now, Tolloczki / Toloczki: Jozef Konstantynowicz born c. 1842 and Adam born c. 1840/45;
Ejsmonty: (i.e. Ejsymonty 4 km SW of Orechwicze = Orechowicze and 3 km NW of Toloczki;
neighbourhood: families Lobaczewski, Lukaszewic of Fox arms, Obuchowicz and Eysymont i.e. the family Ejsmont, Eysmont, Ejsmunt, Eisimuntas, Eisimontas, Eysmat or Eysimont - for the first time information in 1539 and 1585 - area of Skidel, and in the Hrodna area 1632: a Ejsymonty Paszewicze farm; they were persecuted here in 1863; related to Czaykowski (Dorota nee Eysmont) house from the Trakai district in 1700, and also to Czarnecki family (Katarzyna nee Eysmont) from the Lida district in 1728 and to the Lobaczewski family in places Great Eysmonty and Siemionowka, to families Hlebowicz, Poljanowski, Konstantynowicz and Balewski from Bulewszczyzna; a certain Eysmont or Eysimont was related to Antoni Jelski son of Bazyli J. Jelski from Little Eysmonty Paszewicze in 1720;
the noble Eysmont family lived in the Kovno district - village Mimale Panienie)
here lived Kazimierz Konstantynowicz who was born c. 1850 near to Toloczki;
Orechowicze: Walenty Konstantynowicz was born here A.D. 1870 and his brother Stefan).

- to Hrodna in the early eighties of the 19th century (Adam 2nd Konstantynowicz); and e.g. here in 1912 according to "Voters List Grodno Gubernia 1912" Konstantynowicz Wladyslaw son of Osip / Jozef Konstantynowicz.

- near to Kazlouscyna (the village Butlerowszczyzna / Butlerovshchisna;
Napoleon Konstantynowicz lived here, born c. 1825, colonel of the January Insurrection 1863) after the November Insurrection, then in the thirties of the 19th century.

- also near to Svencionys / Svencionus:
the places Paragiszki / Paringis, Podciejkinie, Saule / Savuliai in the Zablociszki region = "volost", that is the Zacisze estate (by the small Ejsiata river near to Ceikiniai in the Daugeliskis parish;
neighbours - Seyfert family of Hebryda arms in villages Zablociszki and Anastazow) by circa 1865 and at a later date property of Swiatecki family - information of 1886.

- and to the Dryssa ujezd (i.e. in the district of Verchnjadzvinsk or Werchnedwinsk): villages Old Svolna and Svolna / Swolna (about here count Jozef Zarako Zarakowski) in the Vicebsk government.

- the Konstantynowicz family also moved out to the "Polish Livland" (LATVIA today) in the parish of Malnov (the place Malnovskoi or Malnava in the district of Ludza = Ludsen and Kowalki farm or Kowali, about half square mile; 39,5 km north - east of Vilani and 35 km NW of Karsau i.e. Karsava) in the government of Vicebsk; many Roman Catholics persons laid off from bureaus in the Vicebsk government after 1863:
Jan Konstantynowicz held a post of accountant,
Kosma Konstantynowicz a hospital clerk,
Wiktor Konstantynowicz the 1st writer.

Following KONSTANTYN Konstantynowicz / Konstantin Konstantynowicz, the son of Alexandr / Aleksander Konstantynowicz. Konstantyn Konstantynowicz b. in Riga A.D. 1869 and died in Uzkoje estate ("Narrowly") near by Moscow = Moskva in 1924, he was member of the Ufa government office 1904 - 1917 in Baschkirische / Bashkortostan region,
married Wiera Puszkin in 1894 - she was born 1871,
daughter of Anatol Puszkin (1846 - 1905)
and grandchild of Elzbieta Zagrazski (Russian noble house of Zagrashskije, for the first time information in 1493 - 1503) and Lev Puszkin (b. 1805 - died in Odessa 1852, who was brother of famous writer);
the Uzkoje estate that was otherwise Uzkoje village, situated 15,5 km S-W-S of Moscow core in the suburbs of the capital i.e. 9 km from boundary of urban housing in 1917, and there are nowadays Litovskij bulvar Str. and Jasnogorskaja Str. near by Vitcevskij forest and also Tschertanovka river.

See also inf. about
the Armand family from Moscow, Lenin and Inessa Armand 1909 - 1920 and on Izabela Horodecki - Malkiewicz b. Moscow 1908, Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand, and Dyuflon / Duflon in Russia after 1892. All inf. in my domain 'konstantynowicz.info'.

In the Estonia province (Wiktor Konstantynowicz the 2nd was born 1874 in Kazan (not Riga) and died 1945 in Tallinn, the cemetery of Hiiu-Rahu Str. at Nomme area; was connected with Finland).
Wiktor Konstantynowicz the 2nd got married to Alexandra nee Staroh - Siedoh / Sedoh (1877 - 1948 in Tallinn) and they lived in Nomme close to Tallinn - South of Tallinn nowadays - since 1918 (the Sedoh / Siedoh family in Rakvere, Estonia and in Tatarstan now).

Victor Konstantynowicz vel Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch vel Starych Siedych (acc. to me he changed the surname because Viktor Konstantinovich has the documents named Constantine and scans of Estonian passports with the Starych Siedych surname), was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name, but mother Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka;

Wiktor was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna Starych Siedych, b. 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, her father Nikolai Ivanov, mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / Riabczynski;
on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme Harku tn 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu in Tallinn: Victor on 19 January 1945 by Rita Tunkel / Tungel, address Apteegi 14-2 and Alexandra - 09 December 1948 by Galina Tunkel. Inf. only by Inga Ilves and http://forum.vgd.ru/.
An information from a database of the White movement:
Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North-Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the Estonian 4th Infantry Division; in 1917 he was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi. Daughter of Alexandra and Victor: Galina born approx. 1900 / 1902, died in NOMME after 1968 and was married to a Latvian; she had two daughters, one married to a Latvian, another to a German (Irena?).

Trubetskoy or the dukes Trubecki family has Lithuanian and Russian roots from Gedimin; from Nikita Kosoy Trubecki who died 1608: Tonu Trubetsky musician of the well-known Estonian rock group with the Polish - Estonian branch of the descendants of Nikita Yurevich Trubetskoy: by Nicholas Nikitich d. 1821, Petr Nikolaevich d. 1801, Gregory Petrovich who settled in Poland b. 1802 died 1879, by Nestor Grigoriewicz Trubecki, an international journalist, who was born and died in Poland 1840 - 1907, and by Gerasimos Nestorovich and by Gerasimovich Paul b. 1879 died 1941, a member of the Polish Socialist Party, who died in Tallinn, by Vladimir Trubetskoy, a member of the Polish Home Army born 1915 died 1997 and to Jan Trubetskoy born 1938.

- Michail Konstantynowicz graduated from the Polack Orthodox Seminary in 1832.

- the Zapole farm (in the POLACK / Polatsk ujezd, either the Polotsk or Polozk district, about 31 km N-W-N of Polatsk = Polack, near to villages Hyrlino and Ramosze at the map of 1859) in the government of Vicebsk;
their neighbours:
Kuzarewski,
Newelski,
Reutt (or Reut, Reutas of Gozdawa arms, known in 1655; in the Vicebsk province 1764, they were verified here in 1857; next of kin Rusiecki family in the Dzisna area; related to Kossakowski of Slepowron coat of arms and to Kukiel family of Leliwa arms from Horodcewicze and Horki in the Polack = Polatsk territory c. 1737;
among other things Joanna Reut married to Michal Gano with by-name Lipski c. 1715 in the Vicebsk province - e.g. one of the Gano family, general Stanislaw Gano acted as a chief of the intelligence service of Polish Army 1943 - 1945;
Romuald Reut - administrator of Chalopenicy estate in the Barysau district in 1812; Anna Reut (= Reutt) was related to Bortkiewicz family with Lubicz coat of arms, c. 1865);

and Weryho either dukes Veryha, Veryha Darowski according to Kojalowicz, or Veriho - Darevski / Dareuski i.e. Verigas of Sreniawa / Szrzeniawa coat of arms in the Vicebsk A.D. 1420 and Polack provinces, also in Tver government in Russia;
e.g. Franciszek Veriho - Darevski (i.e. Darewski Veryha who was an officer in Polack A.D. 1754) married Rozalia Koszyc, and
next his daughter married Tadeusz Koziell Poklewski
son of Michal Koziell Poklewski from Holowczyn i.e.
Haloucyn = Holovsin 17 km NE of Bjalynicy, here the battle had taken place between Russians and Swedes in July 04th, 1708;
and Benedykt Veryha in the Polack province A.D. 1764; persecuted in the Polack and Vicebsk districts after 1863;
one of them, Ignacy duke Veryho / Weryho - who was born in Jekaterynburg A.D. 1876, in exile of
his parents:
Walerjan and Malwina Veryha / Weryho, insurgents of 1863 - was persecuted in U.S.S.R. and died at Solowezki Islands in 1930; the noble family related to Dauksza and Darowski.

- the Konstantynowiczs lived in BUDSLAU in the sixties of the 19th century
(Jakov born c. 1810/1820 and
his children Semen, Vikentij / Wincenty Konstantynowicz and Malwina Mancewicz),
the district of Vilejka, too; the Mancewicz family came among other things from: Kiociszki, area of Eisiskes, the Lida district and Vilnius in 1847/1858.

- we were in the Smolensk government as early as the beginning of the 19th cent., thus Jewfimij Konstantynowicz finished the Smolensk Orthodox Clerical Seminary in 1825 (together with Czebotariev, Jeleniev, Cvietkov, Spiridonov).

Also Konstantynowicz Elena, daughter of Wasilij Konstantynowicz from the Smolensk region probably the 1st half of the 19th century, acc. to Shpilenko D. P. of 2006.

- Chernigov:
Sophia (Zofia) Konstantynowicz,
the daughter of Alexander Konstantynowicz,
and she married to Maksimowski; Sophia was born in 1852 and died in Cernihiv = Chernigov, south of Homel in 1878; was buried near by the Cernihiv orthodox church.

- Vilna remained the third capital of Polish culture for all 19th century long, thus here learnt also the Konstantynowiczs:
1. Iosafat Konstantynowicz finished the Lithuanian Orthodox Seminary in 1830 (complete with Govorski, Novicki, Ksavery Zdanovicz),
2. Josif Konstantynowicz here also in 1859 (together with Grinievicz, Kaliskij, Druzilowski, Dedevicz, Noskovicz, Stupnicki, Paszkievicz, Pavlovicz, Bursa, Jakutovicz and others),
3. Ignatij Konstantynowicz completed study here in 1863 (others: Bursa, Ivacevicz, Doroszevski, Timinski, Devaltovski, Szirinski),
4. Konstantin (3rd) Konstantynowicz here in 1890 (+ Malygin, Szirinski, Prigodinski, Mironovicz, Savicz, Sosnovski, Rozanovicz),
5. Vladymir Konstantynowicz educated himself in the Vilna Clerical Secondary School in 1913 (together with: Aristarch, Malevicz, Aleksandr Muczinski, Toszczakov, Michail Sollohub).
I have derived the data on Orthodox schools from: http://www.petergen.com/spiskie.htm.

- we were in Volhynia, the Russian Empire in the 19th century. I take note of them in a certain village near to Wlodzimierz Wolynski = Vladimir in the middle of the 19th cent. (Volodymyr Volyns'ky, Ukraine now), Horodlo next to above Vladimir after c. 1863 according to my correspondent of 2004, SOKAL (Austrian Empire formerly) and near to Wisniowiec in Volhynia (Russia in 1876 and what coat of arms ?) before the first World War.
Adam Konstantynowicz was born in Vladimir c. 1800/1805, officer of the November Insurrection 1831 - that's a Volhynia Branch.
The Ornatowski Volhynia armorial note: "(...) Konopnicki 1839-1873, Konsowicej 1862-67, Konstantinowicz 1838 - 55 (...)", see: ornatowski.com/index/herbarzwolynski.htm.

The Konstantynowicz family verified noble descent in the nineteenth century:

- a documentation of the noble Konstantynowicz family with the Fox coat of arms proper was being shown in Minsk on 15 December 1802 (Stanislaw Wankowicz was the government marshal in 1802); they derived from Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz of the Minsk province; he had 3 sons: Stefan, Hrehory Dmitr and Jozef; they owned some farmlands in the province of Minsk and carried out positions in the first half of the seventeenth century; above Mikolay Pohosha Konstantynowicz received a privilege on 07 March 1643 handed over to him by the king Vladislav IV Vasa; Bonifacy 1st Konstantynowicz (who lived in the Minsk government in 1802, according to the Minsk State Archives) derived from a.m. Mikolay.

The Fox crest mean strategy, guile, stratagem defensive and intelligence - argued in 1997 Mr. Pavel Dudzinski in "Heraldic Alphabet" (p. 118 and plate 314).

The Fox crest is in eleven varieties according to Juliusz count Ostrovski in "Armorial Book of Polish ancestries" of 1897 ed. in Warsaw: 1st - shield and above fox, in shield: arrow upwards with two beams; 2nd - shield and above fox, in shield: golden arrow with two beams; 3rd - shield and above fox, arrow with two and half beams; 4th - three feathers instead of fox above of shield, with arrow and one beam in shield; 5th - arrow with three transversal beams upon the shield, and also three feathers above the shield; 6th - arrow with two beams on the shield, and also a duke cap with cross at the top; 7th - on the shield: horseshoe and above arrow with two beams, above of shield: crown with swan at the top; 8th - only in Poland in the thirteenth century: arrow with one beam on the shield without objects above of arms, and the arrow upwards; 9th - only shield, arrow downwards with one beam; 10th variety - of the 15th cent., shield with above helmet, and arrow diagonally downwards with two beams; 11th - variety of the 15th cent.: only shield with arrow upwards, and also two beams.

According to Tadeusz Gajl, "Noble crests of the Both Nations Republic", p. 127 and 128: seven kinds of the Fox coat of arms here and the Fox diverse arms of Liskowski family; 1. Fox (Mzura) - one arrow with two transversal rafters; 2. one golden arrow with two beams; 3. lack of image; 4. arrow with one transversal rafter and above three feathers; 5. three rafters on the arrow and three feathers; 6. a cap with cross above of shield, arrow with two beams; 7. shield and above crown with swan, in the shield: arrow with two beams and horseshoe below the arrow. The author write about the Konstantynowicz family of Intestines, Radwan and Fox arms only.

According to Alfred Znamierowski, "Polish regalia, symbols and arms", ed. in Warsaw 2003: discussion on a sword - p. 9; about Fox crest - p. 26 and 39: mainly double crossed "rogacina" i.e. arrows;

- we presented to the authority in Vilna on 19 May 1842 an original of privilege edited by the king Sigismund Augustus to Michno Konstantynowicz on 04 January 1554 who was endowed with estate in the Merecz area and set out many of documents of the 18th cent.; persons derived from the Minsk government i.e. from Babianowszczyzna = Buchta holding verified themselves (i.e. Baguta 15 km west of Smaljavicy, at the border of former Barysau distrtict on the Minsk district in the 19th cent.) at that time;

they were in Pileszyszki in the Kovno region after 1766, too:
Jan Konstantynowicz and his sons
Maciej, Pawel, Samuel, Bazyli, Antoni, Franciszek, Marcin and
grandsons of the above Jan (i.e. two sons of Maciej):
Jan II and Michal (childless);
sons from Jan II:
Adam (childless) and Michal Konstantynowicz
(his sons: Walenty Stanislaw, Konstanty, Jan Stanislaw, Jozef Andrzej and Alfons Onufry - they were born by 1840).

- A.D. 1853 and 1915 when name Konstantynowicz with the initials S. B. was mentioned in the memorial book of the Minsk province - both inf. in the Minsk government (the Fox coat of arms).

- 1859 in the Vicebsk government (the Fox coat of arms).

- Antoni Konstantynowicz confirmed coat of arms in Hrodna A.D. 1861 (Antoni b. ca 1833, the son of Dominik Konstantynowicz b. ca 1800/1805, derived from area of Krycau, with the Fox coat of arms).

- Aleksander Konstantynowicz b. ca 1825/1828/1832, who came from an Ukrainian military and landowning family, he lived in the government of Poltava (now in Ukraine), also in Kiev
(Olga I. Konstantynowicz who was born 1860 in Kiev - since 1880 in Paris and USA at the beginning of the 20th cent. - his daughter)
and verified the noble descent in Kishinev in 1893. He was general - lieutenant and war governor of the Turgai (Orenburg capital then and Arkalyk now) region in the 19th century. Next the Bessarabia governor.
His father Piotr Konstantynowicz (relation of Wlodzimierz Wernadskij) was Brigadier-General, too - Piotr was son of H. (G. ?) Konstantynowicz.

His sister Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz was the second wife (1862) of Jan Wernadskij
(that is Ivan Vernadski = Ivan Vasil'evich Vernadsky who was born in Kiev 1821, son of Vasilii; Ivan worked in Home Office 1856 - 1867, died 1884 in Sankt Peterburg = St Petersburg;
her son Vladymir was born in St. Petersburg on February 28 / March 12, 1863, lived in Kharkov, where the family had moved when he was five and acted as a Soviet specialist in mineralogy - taught himself Ukrainian and Polish;
her granddaughter married Fokin)
and she worked as a music teacher in Petersburg just before 1862.

Michal or Michail - son of Fiodor 2nd Konstantynowicz - was his next of kin; Michal was born in 1812, died 1867; doctor after completion of the Kharkov University; served in the Russian army and at a later date assistant director of the medical - military department in 1862 in Petersburg; he wrote a lot of researches and theses - with F. Augustynowicz, Trappe, Lebiediew, too.

The Sedoh / Siedoh / Sedykh / Siedych family in Estonia and in Tatarstan now:

Victor Konstantynowicz vel Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch vel Starych Siedych / Sedykh (acc. to me he changed the surname because Viktor Konstantinovich has the documents named Constantine and scans of Estonian passports with the Starych Siedych surname), was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name, but mother was Mary vel Maria nee Trubecki / Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1853 (or circa 1840). Wiktor Konstantynowicz was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, her father Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / Riabczynski; on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme Harku tn 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu (by the order of Nomme Small Town Council, Hiiu-Rahu Cemetery, which was established in 1919, is the smallest among the cemeteries in Tallinn) in Tallinn: Victor on 19 January 1945 by Rita Tunkel / Tungel, address Apteegi 14-2 and Alexandra - 09 December 1948 by Galina Tunkel.

Inf. by Inga Ilves (families from Odessa, Tallinn - Hiiu [Hiiu is a subdistrict / asum in the district of Nomme, Tallinn, the capital of Estonia], the town of Elva in Estonia) and 'http://forum.vgd.ru/'. There are 10 people in Estonia with the Trubetskoi / Trubetskoy last name now, in Harjumaa. Harju County or Harjumaa / Harrien / Harria, it is situated in northern Estonia, on the south coast of the Gulf of Finland; Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is included in the county.

See also: 'genealogy.euweb.cz' acc. to Josef Zvonecka - "...but then the page was attacked by Polish nationalists who turned it into a mess, starting a bunch of unnecessary stubs with Polish names. They also extensively used the Trubetskoy genealogy which I had compiled and posted at 'genealogy.euweb.cz'. I am sorting this category and some of it's members have really more connection with Russia then Poland..." (?!). "Someone give a bibliographic reference for this genealogy" at
'http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trubetskoy_family'. My correspondent was writing to me in June 2012: "...The Library of Congress as well as some other world libraries own the official Troubetzkoy family genealogies. The most recent one was published in 1976 and has full information about Princess Maria and was written by a nephew. In addition, there are 3 books about the descendants of that particular branch of the family, with the latest book published in 2006".

An information from a database of the White movement:
Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division.

- 04. 12. 1844 at Volhynia and verified the noble descent in Podolyia on 05. 12. 1841.

- 1913 in the district of Dorohobuz (verified the Fox coat of arms in Smolensk, and they stayed near to Dorogobush / Dorohobuz).

- in Mahileu.

- 1799 in the Kaunas territory and Samaites in the Russian Empire (other coat of arms thereabouts). Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Bowel coat of arms had the Poszeszow estate in the Raseiniai ex-district (the Samaites territory in the independent Lietuva i.e. Litwa or Litauen, Lithuania) in the middle of the 16th century. In Vilna (i.e. in Wilno A.D. 1841) authorized again the arms of them, and also nine generations and 57 male persons:
Jan Konstantynowicz and his son Waclaw with the nickname Szwarplowicz c. 1650 and
grandsons Jan and Michal - their sons:
Krzysztof and Stanislaw; Christopher (i.e. Krzysztof)
had a sons: Andrzej, Jan and Jerzy; the above named
Michal had a son Stanislaw and grandson Jerzy;
lived 13 persons at the end of the 18th cent. and 25 persons c. 1830:
Nikodem, Jakub, Wincenty, Michal, Kasper, Teodor, Ludwik, Antoni, Kajetan and Teofil.

The Konstantynowiczs with the Fox proper arms from Pileszyszki in the Kaunas (here in 1766) district were related to this lineage; they derived from famous Michno Konstantynowicz who received the big estate from the king Sigismund Augustus on 04 January 1554; the farmland was in the Merkine = Merecz area, beside the Niemen river (Neman or Nemunas) by the Merkys = Mereczanka river. Only one line of the Kaunas branch was verified in Vilna A.D. 1910 and information about four lines of this branch were lacking.

- 1817 in the Hrodna district and at a later date they verified privilege of 1578 handed over by the king Stephen Bathory but with another armorial bearings i.e. "two swords (some documents from Sankt Petersburg Archive - disclosure to Pavel in the beginning of August 2004; "the two swords might represent the military service of two brothers, and the star above might signify a successful military engagement", as somebody wrote in successive phase of public discussion about the noble Konstantynowicz family, that commenced on August 15th, 2004 in the web net, but the discussion is led by strange persons from feefhs.org, not from our roots) which constitute a cross, and a star above them, and feathers of ostrich below (above, I think) the helmet".

I explain the problem to you (on September 10th, 2004). Two naked crossing swords without golden hilts, this is fundamental Pielesz arms:

A.
priest Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, "Armorial of the Grand duchy of Lithuania knights, so-called Compendium" had written on the Pielesz / Pielesh crest c. 1650, ed. in Cracow 1897:
two swords at red field of shield and three feathers from ostrich above - plate, p. 212; it were four families with the Pielesz arms: Ielskj i.e. Jelskij - some with cross among swords, inf. of 1620, 1632 in the Mscislau province and of 1648, Kwasnickj Golden i.e. Kvasnickij or Kwasnicki Golden ancestry derived from Moscow, Pieleszyc house in the Vicebsk province, and also Wloszek family from Podlasie - inf. 1584;
B.
besides the Golocki family of the Golocki arms according to Kasper Niesiecki, vol. 4 ed. in Lipsk 1839, p. 174 - here effigy of the Golocki coat of arms, two swords on the shield, diagonally crossing with hilts upwards and a cap at the helmet - the shield is the same as the Pielesz one; the family came from Chelmno area in Poland; estates: Goloty, Sarnov near by Grudziadz, Melno, inf. of 1651;
C.
moreover Golocki family also with the Pielesz diverse crest according to T. Gajl, p. 67: a cap and two feathers above crown, and beneath two swords with golden hilts upwards in the shield;
D.
according to Seweryn Uruski, "Family. The Armorial of Polish nobility", vol. 13, 1916, p. 330: Pielesz family of the Pielesz arms in Lithuania, the district of Panevezys, near by Upita in 1580, also as Pieleszyc; Pieleszyc family with the Pielesz diverse arms - sabres instead of swords in the shield; it say that is the same family what Pielesz;
E.
according to J. Ostrowski, p. 437 - here a plate of the Pielesz arms: two swords with hilts downwards in the shield and three feathers above crown.

The Wloszek arms:
A.
Vloshek / Wloszek family according to Gajl, p. 246 - with the Pielesz diverse coat of arms, by turns from top to toe: bird above two hunting hornes, crown, shield - two swords with golden hilts and four roses between blades; Wloszek family with own Wloszek arms: coat of arms without helmet, and in the shield two crossing swords with golden hilts in palms and three roses between blades; the Wloszek arms come from the Pielesz crest;
B.
Niesiecki, vol. 9, 1842, had written about Wloszek family of the Pielesz diverse arms - they added four white roses in red field; Bielski, Paprocki and Okolovich wrote, too.

The Wloszek arms resulted from link between the Pielesz arms and the Roses coat of arms (i.e. Poraj); the Pielesz coat of arms belong to a sword group (the Kownia arms, Herburt crest, three swords and Pielesz come from the sword group); the Swords are in 19 arms and variants joined with another objects.

Adding of one star extra to the Pielesz armorial bearings resulted in unknown arms for Mieroszowski (plate 10, pieces 1 - 15, ed. of 1887). It's a Pielesz diverse coat of arms according to me.

There was a certain Konstantynowicz branch from Russia in the Congress Poland after exile to Siberia (the exile to Irkutsk in 1864). They lived at a later date near by Makov and thereafter Ciechanov at the end of the 19th cent. and derived from Patrycjusz Konstantynowicz + Anastazja nee Mierzejewski. Gavryla Konstantynowicz born c. 1810 was father of Patrycjusz and Zenon, I think. The document relating to the grant of a certain estate upon this Konstantynowicz branch (territory of them was situated at the border on Russia, at Volhynia) was in Mikashovka vicarage till 1945. Patrycjusz i.e. Patrycy Konstantynowicz was born in 1831, the Roman Catholic, d. November 01st, 1908. A part of this branch is living in USA now. At present, on September the 15th, in yr. 2008 Michal has written off to me that Patrycjusz had got to arrive to the Congress Poland from Berezyna (from the parish of Berazino; at least the message needs to be precisely researched !) and what is more alongside (?) younger brother Zenon Konstantynowicz.


The following names of lines are according to my research work:
THE BUDSLAU BRANCH,
FROM MALVINA AND WIKENTIJ;
THE HRODNA BRANCHES;
from KAZIMIERZ born c. 1850/52, JOZEF born c. 1842, ADAM born c. 1840/45, and also WALENTY from ORECHOVICZE or ORECHVICZE;
THE BRANCH FROM IRKUTSK;
FROM PATRYCJUSZ;
A BRANCHES FROM THE MINSK GOVERNMENT - earliest branch from Jan Konstantynowicz 1698; earlier branches from Bonifacy I, Gawryla, Jakow, Daniil (Daniel), Fiodor, Martin (Marcin) and from Leon; later branches from Bonifacy II, Antoni, Wilhelm, Pavel and from Jerzy II.
THE MSCISLAU BRANCH
(FROM DOMINIK and his brothers); my family from the Mscislau area derived from - according to the oral tale - a region by Mereczanka river (= Merkys river), thus from Michno Konstantynowicz with the Fox proper coat of arms, where the same possessed forest (1554) and the property of Zaleskowszczyzna (1552) but we weren't told that the Konstantynowicz family derived from Toloczki; the same Michno was put down in a judicial documents of the Troki district in 1552 (according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3). Searching for evidences last at present. All proofs show the Troki district by the Mereczanka river as the nest of our beginning and never point to the Hrodna district. All descendants with only the Fox proper coat of arms and with our Konstantynowicz surname come from the above Michno Konstantynowicz.

The KAUNAS BRANCHES - PIOTR the 1st AND HIS SON VLADYSLAV BORN 1891 and others families;
THE KAZLOUSCYNA BRANCH - FROM NAPOLEON KONSTANTYNOWICZ;
the VOLHYNIA BRANCH from Bazyli A.D. 1729 and what coat of arms? E.g. Kazimierz Konstantynowicz in Hrubieszow, 1934.

In 1863 the poor nobility in the East Belarus in the first half of the 19th cent. lived in two clumps, west and east group. The west one, by the Druc' river (near by Sjanno, through Careja and Bobr, to Talacyn and southwards Bjalynicy and next Druc village) and the east one by the Soz river (from Mscislau, through Krycau and to Cacersk, here thickest). In the east group were a big localities, 40 - 850 persons. A fortunes of Poles in this furthest easterly territories of the former Both Nations Republic turned out differently than by Vistula, because not a few Poles had got to choose military service in the Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent. or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century. We offer an example of the Czaplic family: Adam Eufemiusz Czaplic from the Mahileu government, Polish nobleman, friend of prince Potiomkin and Russian general fought against the Polish in 1792 and 1794, and also against Napoleon in 1812.

Nonetheless this country, the East Border, signaled to us attachment for Polish tradition during the January Insurrection in 1863, according to Edward Maliszewski (Edvard Malishevski), ed. in Warsaw in 1920. So in the Mahileu government was plan of the uprising on May 05th, 1863. There were 3.300 insurgents; in the district of Sjanno, at a farm of Slepce - here was a group of Tadeusz Chmurowicz (Tadeush Chmurovich) and W. Szlagier (V. Shlagier), 100 strong. Horki town was conquest by night 05/06 May 1863 (19 km from the present border of Russia and 22 km from Kopceuka).
The Orsa group under command of Ignacy Budzilowicz (Budzilovich) fought on May 07th, 1863. In the Mahileu district commanded W. Korsak (or Korsach) and Mancewicz brothers (Mancevich); they got defeated at once in Czarnorucz (Tsharnoruch). Consecutive battle between Russians and Polish rebels took place by Leciachy near to Rahacou by Dnjapro on May 11th, 1863, but already on May 12th and 13th, 1863 all Mahileu insurgents surrendered to Russians near by Zurawicze (Shuravicy, 38 km NE of Rahacou on May, 12th) and in Propojsk (that is Slauhard by Soz = Sosh river now, 75 km E - N - E of Rahacou in the Bychau district) on May 13th, 1863. Besides we know about a battle near by Szczawry (Scadry) close to the border of the Minsk government on the Mahileu one. It was similarly in the Minsk government: as early as November 1862 a Convention of the Nobility in Minsk made a statement - summons for uprising. For the first time a fighting was close by Piotrowszczyzna village (Piotrowinka, 18 km West of Cerven in the Ihumen district). The group of rebels retreated towards the Mahileu government, through Kolbcza (i.e. Koubca 19 km SW of Miezonka). At the same time, on May 07th, 1863, a group 400 strong fought close by Podberezje (Podbereshje 26 km SW of Cerven) in the Ihumen district, too. Consecutive battle between Russians and Polish rebels near by Loczyn on June 14th, 1863 in the Ihumen district, too (Lucznoje now, 8 km southwards of Cerven). In consequence the estate of Gorki had confiscated from Kornel Peliksza in 1863 (21 km of Minsk) after suppressing of the rebellion; Kornel Peliksza acted as chief of the Minsk province during the January Insurrection. Pawel Dybowski (Pavel Dybovski) was a chief in the Minsk district with centre in Stankow (Stankava now, 36 km SW of Minsk); it was property of general and count Emeryk Czapski. In the middle of May 1863, a group from the Ihumen district which came from east side of the Berazino parish (Berezino) under command of Piotr Jesman, after skirmish close to Boguschewitschi, was smashed completely close by Marcjanowka village (Martjanovka north of Boguschewitschi). Melchior Wankowicz older was also the insurgent in 1863.

Notwithstanding the Polish nobility lived on and on in the Mahileu government, for instance in 1865: the west group by Druc' river - 12.188 adult persons in 521 villages and places, among others 10.447 Roman Catholics; the east group by Soz river - 25.318 persons in 248 placess but only 5.927 Roman Catholics.

Only 3.700 Poles lived in the Mahileu province in 1989, after displacements and purges in 1918 - 21, 1928 - 37, 1940 - 44 and 1952 - 55.

We lived in the central and eastern Minsk government continuously in the middle of the 19th cent. and persons:
1. Iwan Konstantynowicz,
2. Zenon Konstantynowicz,
3. Marcin Konstantynowicz (dworianin = nobleman verified),
4. Iwan Konstantynowicz (dworianin = nobleman verified),
5. Patrycy Gawrylow Konstantynowicz,
6. Wikentij Jakowlew Konstantynowicz,
7. Semen Jakowlew Konstantynowicz,
8. Kazimierz Daniilow Konstantynowicz / Danilovich Konstantynowicz Kazimir (catholic, a nobleman, was living in noble locality Podkosie ca 15 km east of PUKHOVICHY, and south-west of Berezyna; PUKHOVICHY district, Minsk region),
9. Iwan Fiodorow Konstantynowicz,
10. Iwan Daniilow Konstantynowicz,
11. Mikolaj Martinow Konstantynowicz,
12. Iwan Leonow Konstantynowicz,
13. Stefan Konstantynowicz the 1st in Dzmitrovichi, the Barysau district - the information of 1844.

Localities of the Konstantynowiczs:
Zamostocze in the Minsk district (= uyezd), the region of Siennica, the parish of Koreliszczewicze; residents in this Polish noble locality at the end of the 19th cent.: Platowski, Narejko, Janczewski, Suchocki, Rzeczycki, Pawlowicz, Mazurkiewicz, Ancielewski and our family;
Luzki = Lushki (near to villages Skuraty, Donnarowka, Zadomlia, Zaluze in 1859, 7 km west of Smolewicze / Smaljavicy) in the Minsk government at the beginning of the 19th cent.; here was a teacher and priest Tadeusz Konstantynowicz in 1812.

Ozeryszcze = Ozdryszcze, Oserischtsche in the Ihumen (= Igumen either Tscherwen or Cerven) district, NW of Ossipowitschi;
Little Loszyca - small holding Male Loszyce in the Minsk district - 4 km NW of Koroleszczenicze (= Koreliszczewicze; neighbourhood of them in the 19th cent.: noble Poloniewicz family in a little village Zajameczno, noble houses Pawlowski, Niemorszanski, Bohdaszewski, Siemaszko, Lubanski, Proszynski, Kostrowicki and Narcyz Torczynski; the village was situated in the Siennica = Sienica region that is "volost", the parish of Koroleszczenicze, near to villages Kuroszczowszczyzna, Rylowszczyzna, Loszyce and Korziuki);
Barysau / Borysow, here Stefan Konstantynowicz the 2nd here in the early 20th century;
Mar'ina Horka = Marina Gorka, Anton / Antoni Konstantynowicz, b. ca 1820, the son of Ivan / Jan Konstantynowicz b. ca 1790; Antoni Konstantynowicz was the first rector of a school in the little city (the Piareshyr street) in 1866;
Konstantynov (the noble small village near to the river Usza = Usa, 5 kilometres from Borovina north; close to border of the Ihumen district) in the Barysau district;
BOROVINA in the Ihumen district (i.e. Borowiny near to Zeremiec at the map of 1859), here Ludwik Konstantynowicz and his son Jan born 1888, who has gone into the army of Balachowicz 1920.
Berezyna.

The Balachowicz's Corps passed by Olszany and Remel by south bank of Pripjat (= Pryp'jat) on Polish side: on November 26th, 1920 ("Tula" and "Putwal" regiments with Jozef Balachowicz); on November 26th - 28th: soldiers of the 2nd and 3rd Byelorussian Divisions passed to Poland; by night 27/28 November 1920 - Gen. Stanislaw Balachowicz went on to Poland (with his aides: painter Artur Szyk i.e. Alexander Szykarenko, b. 1894, d. 1951 in USA, since 1921 lived in Lodz, and also Tadeusz Darmont); on November 30th - Gen. Adamowicz; the remainder on December 02nd - 04th, 1920 (on December 04th: unit 2100 strong from the 1st Byelorussian Division of colonel Peremykin after tough fightings on November 25th - 27th). The formal demobilization of the Balachowicz's Corps followed on December 03rd, 1920. And nonetheless Gen. Stanislaw Balachowicz was elected as "General Chieftain of Belarus" in Warsaw on December 23rd, 1920, according to Stanislaw Dowoyno - Sollohub. Byelorussian soldiers were interned near by Czestochowa in January 1921, and from here to Szczypiorno close to Modlin, to Tuchola, Aleksandrow Kujawski, Pikulice, Dabie, Torun, Strzalkow and Kalisz, till August 1924. A lot of the "Balachowiczs" were employed in Hajnowka, Bialowieza and Bielsk.

MIEZONKA
in the Ihumen district (the GOVERNMENT OF MINSK, the parish of BERAZINO or BERESINO, the POHOST or Pogost region = Pogostskaya "volost" that is similar to county; PRECINCT BERAZINO = Uchastok No 2: Uyrevichskaya, Pogostskaya and the Belichanskaya volost; near to villages DULEBO (= Duleby) and DRUCZANY; here Stanislaw Konstantynowicz born c. 1855 + Anna Malkiewicz daughter of Konstancja Brzezinski from the Polish Livland / Livonia).
I search for all information about the village MIEZONKA where my grandfather was born on 23 April 1898 either 1897 or 23 April 1900; at present Belarus: the Bjalynicy (= Belynichi) region in the Mahileu (= the Mogilev or Mahilyow province) "oblast"; the village is situated among grand forest and southwards was big marsh - Miezonka was at a territory of the Radzivilles enormous estates before A.D. 1840; ask you about information.
The Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party, the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district and the Polish Military Organization conducted a contraband of weapon from Russia to Austria - Hungary at the beginning of the 20th century keeping in touch with Josef Pilsudski (b. 1867) and that track went out from Petersburg, among others across Miezonka and Lodz (the Tuvim street) in the direction to Galicia; a family of Andrzejak from Lodz involved in this activity occupied quarters in Miezonka and Moscow all over the first World War and thus they became technolators of aviation and the basis of the amateurish movement of aviation sports in Lodz (besides Henryk, Stefan and Wladyslaw Chlebowski - as early as 1910 in Paris and 1911 in Lodz - and also Zygmunt Dekler acted as air experts in Lodz before the First world war) after 1920;
the Polish school of Berazino precinct was here in 1918;
farm - houses in Borovina and Miezonka estates were burned down and sequestered by the Soviets in November 1918 and many perished; displacement from here at Ural and Siberia (the governments of Perm and Omsk;
Konstantynowicz Walery son of Zygmunt was born in Berezniki on March 01st, 1950 in the region of Perm, i.e. in Bieriezniki 155 km north of Perm and next graduated from the Moscow University, philosopher, he has been living and working in Omsk since 1975) in winter 1928/29; the Roman Catholic chapel was here on the German map of 1941.
Berezyna.

MEZHONKA - the residents in this Polish noble locality at the beginning of the 20th cent.
- Umecki near by Lodz now,
Tumilowicz
(Miezonka and neighbourhood) Jan and Florian sons of Jozef, Leon and Piotr sons of Foma, Wasyl and Felicjan sons of Ilin, Jakub and Maciej sons of Wincenty and others; close to Dzierzynski family (brother of Felix); one of them Boleslaw worked at the Monitz factory in Lodz, was born c. 1901 in Miezonka number 9, he had two sisters and brother Bronislaw, nowadays in Poland (near by Lodz, too),
Bronowicki,
Lodz at a later date;
madam Zaleski,
Barszczewski, Adam the son of Wincenty and Jan the son of a.n. Adam;
Soroko
= Soroka, Saroka of Leliwa and Suchekomnaty arms in the Brest province and at a later date in Vilkmerge area, Dzisna region since 1571; related to Bulhak noble family and Koziell house; some estates in the Trakai district in 1607; Siberia now.
Konstantynowicz among others Bydgoszcz now;

Szostak
i.e. Sastakas with Dabrowa coat of arms and Tartars with Swan arms (they lived in the Lida and Vilna districts, for example A.D. 1764, and also in the Svencionys district A.D. 1835, derived from Tartar Szostak according to S. Dziadulewicz and verified in Minsk and Vicebsk); Stanislaw Szostak was from this family, person of the same age what my grandfather, he learnt at the "Nikolai - Ingenieurschule" (the air section was here during the First world war) in Petersburg by November 1917, defender of the Winter Palace on 07 November 1917, colonel of armoured weapon 1944 - 1947. According to Dariusz Szostak of 2011: Stanislaw Szostak born 14 January 1898 in Berezyna, died 11 February 1961, jailed 29 October 1917 to 18 December 1917 in Petrograd. Summer 1946 in UK. Among others Lodz now.

Witkowski = Vitovsky of 1860; among other things: Antoni and Wincenty the sons of Mikolaj and Jan who was son of Franciszek, in period of the January Insurrection 1863 - 1864;
Malkiewicz - they had relatives in Paluse i.e. Pluszcze; information of 1958 according to Narcyz Soroko from Siberia; among others Lodz now;
Zbieranowski
- one from them, Mr. Aleksander Zbieranowski was convicted during "shahtynski" lawsuit of 1928 - he was radio engineer and the specialist - expert of a radio valves after completion of the Polytechnic of Berlin in 1914;
other - Wladyslaw Zbieranowski was courier of the Polish Military Organization at the district of Babrujsk A.D. 1918. Aleksander born 1895 in Miezonka, son of Jan, wife Jozefa b. 1905 - daughter of Michal, lived in Kirylucha close to Rozyszcze in Volhynia before 1939,
children: Danuta, Jan, Ryszard, Zygmunt. Near by Lodz now.

Huszcza
or Guscis (= Gustis); with Puchala and Horseshoe coats of arms in the Polack province and in Mahileu A.D. 1671 and next in the provinces Vilna and Minsk; they verified the arms in Minsk in 1825; the Huszcza and Tumilowicz families that is the rural "badger nobility", the Polish strongly. The Borsuki village (Badgers) is situated 15 km north - east from Miezonka, according to M. K. Pawlikowski who described history of Ipohorski - Irtenski family from the Berazino parish (proprietors of Backov estate 3 km E from the Berezina river); sons of Jerzy: Kazimierz, Hilary, Aleksander, Julian and Maciej Huszcza; peers of this Jerzy: Jan Huszcza, Semen, Fiodor and Kondrat Huszcza in the period of the January Insurrection; they've been living in Siberia and Belarus.

Comment on the Bonch - Bruevichs:

the foremost expert in the radio valves in the tsarist Russia was Michail (2nd) Boncz Brujewicz (Bonch-Bruevich b. 1888 in Orjol - d. 1940; son of Aleksander (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich who stayed in Kiev since 1896), electrician and engineer after completion of the "Nikolai - Ingenieurschule" in Petersburg 1914; he served in the Russian army as a professional officer, expert of electron lamps and radiolocation, 1915 - 1919 made a study of radio valves and organized the first production of one as chief of high - frequency's section in the Central laboratory of War Department in middle of 1917 (the first broadcast valves and valve sets appeared in Russian Air Force in 1917); director of the radio valves laboratory in 1918 - 1920 and author of the broadcasting station's project in Moskow of 1922; his son Aleksej Bonch - Bruevich (b. 1916) was the Soviet expert of electron tubes, too;
his relatives - actual originators of the November coup d'etat in 1917:
brothers
Wladymir Boncz Brujewicz = Bonch-Bruevich (1873 - 1955, son of Dmitry Bonch-Bruevich;
photo: W. Boncz - Brujewicz in Moscow, October 1918;
Wladymir i.e. Vladimir Bonch - Bruevich was publisher and one of Lenin's closet associates; he had got a cabin in autonomous Finland and Lenin had hiding place there in period July - October 10th, 1917 [Old Style] i.e. to 23rd October;
Vladimir Bruevich was administration manager at the Council of People's Commissars from November 1917; cf. F. Antoni Ossendowski, "Shadow of the bleak East", edition of 1919 and 1921, p. 57 - 58: he was known to sphere of Petersburg high society, Polish "old nobleman", secret chieftain of socialists; he concealed of Trocki - Bronstein in Petersburg A.D. 1905 and also directed Chrustalow - Nosar or Chrustalov - Nosari in 1905)
and general Michail (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich either Bonch - Bruyevich Mikhail Dmitriyevich or Michal Bonc - Bruevic,
see - if you read Russian - here: http://history.tuad.nsk.ru/index.html (b. 1870 - died 1956; son of Dmitry who stayed in Moscow) who was tsarist general and next chief of staff of the Supreme Commander after November 1917, the military director of the Supreme Military Council and chief of general field staff of the Red Army in 1918 - 1919; was the specialist in take a pictures from airplanes and organized the first technical office of aerial photograph in 1925; he wrote "The aerial photograph" in 1931 and similar book in 1934 (and Grigorij - his son Mikolaj (2nd) b. 1896 was general of the Soviet air force);
the family of Aleksander II Brujewicz or Bonc - Bruievicius of the Boncza arms lived in Zbyszyn or Sbychin near to Tschetschewitschi since 1876 / 1880, 39 km SE away from Miezonka and the big estate had 5548 hectares.

He lived next door Gresmer or Greszner family (according to a map edited by A. Brantner of "K.u.k. militar - geographisches Institut" in Wien 1896) and Mr Witold Bulhak home (the Bulhak noble house of the Syrokomla arms, verified in Minsk A.D. 1802, possessed also in the government of Minsk: Matewitschi = Maciejewicze i.e. Macevicy 14 km SW of Miezonka, and Zuki, Budzilowka and Kondratowicze);
villages Woncza / Vontcha, Borki and Rogi - which Florian Czarnyszewicz described in a book "Nadberezyncy" i.e. Berezyna's Riverside Inhabitants - were situated close by the Zbyszyn estate: 3 and 7 km; besides a certain Aleksander (IV ?) Brujewicz purchased village Mistow and neighbourhood in the Congress Poland on 25 January 1861 but I haven't yet any firm evidences if it's the same Aleksander (2nd) Brujewicz who settled himself in the Zbyszyn property - I am searching information; they derived from Michal 1st Brujewicz who was born 1762 and stayed in the Minsk province and all following generations
(all his sons: Aleksander I, Mikolaj I, Bazyli, Wiktor, Piotr, Pawel, Fiodor) served in Russian army at a later date; the Brujewicz family was in Mahileu A.D. 1718 and in Krycau A.D. 1745, Sladzin or Sladziniec in Mahileu region in 1761.

In search of genealogy. It is of greatest importance to me.

I am looking for all information about my grandfather Marian or Jerzy Konstantynowicz and about his family from the parish of Berazino (Berezina, Berezino or Berezyna). He belonged to one of the old noble families from the farthest eastern reaches of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Those lands were also the first to be taken by tsarist Russia as the result of the partitions of Poland.

Those near and dear (families at the beginning of the 20th cent.) in the Berazino parish (Mother of God of Mercy catholic church), Riga, the Dryssa ujezd and elsewhere:
1.
Malkiewicz
in Old Svolna, Miezonka and the Jauji farm (i.e. Jowce or Javci in LATVIA; 49 km north - east of Vilani in the Ludsen = Ludza district formerly);
2.
Nieciejewski
in farms Hrynica / Griniza and Usochy in the Ihumen district, and also village Luszewska Slobodka in the Rahacou district (345 ha., here a family of Gorski lived, too) since 1881; the Russian and Soviet general, count Bronislaw Nieciejewski who was born c. 1870 in the Berazino parish came from Hrynica, and his daughter worked as translator and interpreter as early as November 1917 (after completion of the University of Paris) at the first Council of People's Commissars under direction of Wladymir (Vladimir) Boncz Brujewicz who was the chief of the Lenin's office 1917 - 1918; either Nieciejovski or Niecijevskij, Nicijewski and Nieciovski, too.
3.
Uminski
or Uminskas with Cholewa arms in the Vilna and Vicebsk provinces (Manulki farm A.D. 1672), Bruslevo (or Bryjelov, Brialewo in the Berezina parish) and Smolarnia - Florian Czarnyszewicz has written the book "Nadberezyncy" about this village; Smolarnia was situated next to Krasny Brzeg in the Babrujsk district, property of the Korzeniewski family and also of Wincenty Stanislaw Koziell Poklewski - he was born 1853 and died 1929, son of Alfons Koziell Poklewski 1810 - 1890, member of the State Administration of Trade 1907 - 1912 according to Tatiana Pietrovna Mosunov and he was related to Hotowski i.e. Gatovskij, Slotwinski from Ravanicy and Malkiewicz, too; Uminski family was related to Sarnecki (or Sarneckis from Skierniow estate in the Trakai district) family with Slepowron arms.

After 10 years, I need specifies the base of the Krasny Brzeg village and the village of Smolarnia. Krasny Brzeg is situated in an area of Zlobin that is now the Gomel Province. Here is a palace of Koziell-Poklewski. Smolarnia / Smalarnia is a village in Belarus, a former Polish nobility locality, located in Mogilev Province at present, in the area of Kliczow / Klitshev, 3.5 km to the south-west of Kliczow, next to Niaseta / Niesety, Budniewo, about 30 km south - west of Miezonka. The village is sheltered from the north by forest. Smolarnia and its people during 1905-1920 is describes by Florian Czarnyszewicz.

4.
counties Zarako Zarakowski
i.e. the Zarokovskij family e.g. during war 1878 - 1879; properties: Holubovo palace, Kniazievo village and the great Svolna / Swolna estate -
KNIAZIEWO is situated 5 km south-east to HOLUBOWO; ca 19 east to DRYSSA; south-east to Kochanowicze; south to the Swolna farm
- the chief military state prosecutor of communistic Poland (after - see http://konstantynowicz.info/September_1939 - 1939 P. O. W. in Russia and next Military Attorney in Warsaw / Attorney General) and Soviet general, count Stanislaw Zarako Zarakowski was born here in 1909 or November 1907; neighbourhood of them: Lipski Jan who was the noble marshal of the Vicebsk government, Alina Rykow, Maryia Zabiella, famous Czerski by 1835, Szczyt since 1725, Rudomin, Korsak, Dluzniewski; Jan Zaraka(o) - Zarakowski b. 21.02.1857, Russian general, stayed in Vicebsk in June 1918, next Polish division general 1923, d. in Warsaw before 1934 according to T. Kryska-Karski; Soviet and Polish general Boleslaw Zarako - Zarakowski was chief of the main staff of the Polish People Army in 1944, b. in Polack 1894.

5.
Zbieranowski
in Igumen, Berazino (Michal born Berezino in 1882 son of Jozef Zbieranowski and his wife Zofia nee Witkowski, after Bobrujsk, Sluck and Riga / Ryga 1899 - 1904), Riga and Miezonka; they were relations of Sarnecki (or Sarneckis) family with Slepowron arms.

6.
Szostak,
Miezonka and (acquaintances of Raczkiewicz) Babrujsk = Bobruisk or Bobruysk.

7.
Konstantynowicz
in Miezonka, Petersburg, Svolna = Svol'na or Swolna, Krycau, Daugavpils, Kovalki, Riga, Omsk, Borovina.
8.
Pilecki,
Pileckis with Leliwa arms in the Vilna region in 1632 and the Trakai district in 1648, Navahrudak in 1674; first information of 1484 and 1511; they verified the Swan coat of arms in Vilnius and Kaunas in 1807, and also the family possessed a farmland near by Lida and close to an estate of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly west of Lida in the thirties of the 20th cent.

Stankiewicz -
The Stankiewicz ancestry with the Wadwicz coat of arms lived in the Minsk and Mscislau provinces, according to Kasper Niesiecki, vol. 8 (among others 1648 and 1661) as early as the 17th century; the Mazyr district, the province of Polack A.D. 1674. They were related to Kotowski and Oginski families. According to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 5, p. 134 - 135: Stankiewicz or Stankevicius of the Mogila, Boncza and Wadwicz coats of arms; they were near related to Bilewicz (or Billewicz) family from Samaites at the turn of the 16th century. There are information about Jan Stankiewicz in Samaites and Vilna A.D. 1635 and about Michal and Adam Mikolaj here in 1648; Jan Mikolaj from Raseiniai region in 1646, and also Kazimierz in 1658; about Stefan from the Minsk province in 1697 and Adam Stankiewicz in Samaites 1788. They verified the Mogila coat of arms on March 16th, 1835 and derived from Samaites territory in Lithuania. Here they owned Raseiniai in 1535 and next moved to Vilkmerge district (Kirbutiszki and Krekszle farms). The noble Stankiewicz family with the Wadwicz coat of arms came of the Orsa district, and next in the Asmjany one, also the Minsk province and the Mscislau one. They verified the Wadwicz coat of arms in Minsk on February 25th, 1828; besides they lived in the Braslau region.

The Stankiewicz family from Przydrusk village near by Daugavpils was related to colonel Jan Stankiewicz.

Przydrusk = Przydrujsk or Piedruja in the former Grand duchy of Lithuania, and Latvia now, 44 km West of Malkiewicz's Old Svolna = Stara Swolna; Jan Stankiewicz born 04.04.1862 in Vilna / Wilno as son of Franciszek Stankiewicz with the Mogila coat of arms and Pelagia nee Sienkiewicz, got married to Maria Odrowaz in 1886 and next as colonel served and lived in Riga / Ryga 1887 - 1909 / 1910 and possesed the Awocin property in Latvia to c. 1910; the friend of parents of minister Jozef Beck from Riga and acquaintance of Jozef Pilsudski in August 1919 in Wilno; the relation of Butrym family. Colonel Jan Stankiewicz was Polish educational activist and freedom fighter within the Pilsudski undercover movement before 1910 in Riga.

Colonel Jan Stankiewicz had withdrawn from the Russian Army on 01.01.1918, and the Bolsheviks assented to this discharge on 28.02.1918; reunion with family in Smolensk after January 1918; and next after settled himself in Vilna / Wilno / Vilnius in 1918 or maybe spring 1919. But he served for the Polish Army just since April 1919 and as brigade-general in October 1923; died in Milanowek near to Warsaw in December 1945.

Spychalski -
The Spychalski family from Lodz, worked in a garage of Andrzejak at the beginning of the 20th century and they were acquainted with Pilsudski.

Jerzy Konstantynowicz either Marian Konstantynowicz or Marian Stankiewicz with nick-name Colonel Siedlecki in Grodno in September 1939.
My grandfather was a regular; at first he learnt in the secondary school in Mahileu by the river Dnjapro, next a real school in PARNU / Pernau / Parnawa (the Livland government, and Estonia present) and the Naval Corps (or at the Petrograd Naval College = the Naval War College; Course of Navigation Officers 1912 - December 1916) in St Petersburg and he first served in the Kronstadt Stronghold (the Bureau of Navy Transport - in a navigation ensign capacity, i.e. concretly "pra'porchik", this is a temporary rank, about equivalent to Sub-Lieut., R.N.R. in British Navy, one 1/2-inch gold stripe without curl - Dec. 1916 / March 1917); during the First World War he escaped on powerboat from the Kronstadt Stronghold to Tallinn (Reval = Revel, the capital of autonomous Estonia = Estland since March 1917) with Estonian engineer Jansen and stayed here since April by June of 1917; next in Petrograd by November 1917;
during the fighting between the "whites" and "reds" after the Bolshevik Revolution towards the end of 1917 (Minsk - here in December 1917 - and at a later date Bychau = Bychow) by summer 1918 my grandfather Marian or Jerzy Konstantynowicz served for secret service of anti-revolutionary White Corps under general Dowbor Musnicki (a troop under command of engineer Wroblewski - who later worked in an armoury in Pionki in the thirties of the 20th century keeping in touch with the Wankowicz family still - recognized Mahileu and Babrujsk) and fought (Orsa = Orscha, Rahacou - 4th infantry regiment, the 1st Division of Polish Rifles, Hradzianka / Grodsjanka - North of Ossipowitschi Mahilyow google satellite maps) against the Bolsheviks for freedom of this country; he carried out duties of courier (Minsk, Babrujsk, Barysau) for the Polish Women Rings;
next in the Civil Guard of the Minsk Government and the Government of Mahileu;
- then met the family of Wankowicz (quod vide Appendix D about this family) in Old Kaluzyca = Kaluzyn because Mr. Witold "Tolo" Wankowicz was chief of the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district -
autonomous section of the Polish Military Organization.
And my grandfather was courier between the Luboszany (= Libuschany) estate and Kaluzyca in fall 1918; see: Berezyna ; here you can to acquaint with information about former Ihumen district and with data on the Polish in the parish of Berezino; it's a large part devoted to Polish senior officers in Tsarist Army and which next served for the 1st Polish Corps in Belarus in 1917 - 1918;
my grandfather was near to general Wejtko (ensign of orderly in Minsk and Vilna 1918) in the Self-defence of Lithuania and Belarus;
- after the collapse of tsarist Russia, Poland regained its independence after 123 years of foreign rule and he was professional officer in the intelligence service of Polish Army
(namely IInd Bureau of the General Staff - determination according to "The Secret Story of SOE (...)" by W. J. M. Mackenzie, U.K. 2000, p. 312; 04 December 1918 he owned document in Marian Konstantynowicz name but he wasn't this person surely over military service in voluntary Lithuanian - Byelorussian Division) 1918 - 1947; military oath in Vilna on December 29th, 1918 during defense of the town against Soviet troops; the 77th Kovno Regiment next; he served when Poland was fighting with the Bolsheviks in defense of its independence (1919 - 1920).

The LIDA garrison (the barracks had name of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly; the 77th Infantry Regiment handed over an estate to the Marshal west of Lida near by a farmland of famous Pilecki family; a pilot and the pioneer of Polish air force Witold Worbek Lettaw from Lithuania (the Lettowt family was verified in the Kaunas government in 1844 - 1847 and in Vilna on 03.05.1827 as Letowt; also as Letovt Vorbek or von Lettow Vorbeck, v. Lettow-Vorbeck, Lettow von Vorbek) acted in this garrison) by morning 18 - 09 - 1939; my grandfather at the night 17 / 18 September 1939 co-organized burning of the LIDA garrison's documentation and next was in Landwarow (= Lentvaris) on September 19th, 1939, ZAWIASY, probably arrived at the Rudziszki (= Rudiskes) station and to Grodno 20th September 1939. He gone on Lithuania on September 21st (= Litauen; was interned and after registered at the Vievis station 21st September 1939; see more information about Polish September 1939: http://konstantynowicz.info) 1939; he was in camps for prisoners of war in: Palanga, relocated to Vilkaviskis, Ponoj (= Ponoi in USSR Karta), Archangel / Archangelsk and Viazniki / at the Wjasniki station (here in August 1941; that is the Jusha camp = Jusk);
In September 1941 - May 1947 Army of general Anders. 1947 - 1948 emigre from Italy to ARGENTINA. I think he lived after in New Mexico, too. I am unclear about where he died; he used pseudonym Stankiewicz as though a second surname.

We stayed in St Petersburg and Moscow - "Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co." abbreviated as DEKA:

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich - Sandro / Sasho was a key figure in the development of the Russian air force; well-bred in Georgia / Sakartvelo.

Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich born 13 / 25 October 1832 in Peterhof, Field Marshal and on December 6, 1862 was appointed governor in the Caucasus and commander the Caucasian Army, with all rights chief of the army to July 23, 1881. Initiator of the compilation of the 'Caucasian Collection', published in Tiflis in 1876-1912. In marriage he had six sons and one daughter, among others Alexander Mikhailovich (Sandro), b. 01 April 1866 in Tbilisi died 1933, Nice, France: Chief of the Commercial navigation and ports (1902-1905), during the First World war was in charge of the aviation in the army: paid much attention to the development of aviation industry in Russia, on his initiative, established flight schools, began preparing the first national flight training and 1914 appointed head of the organization of aviation business in the armies. Mason, and called himself Philalethes. Receiving education at home in Georgia, often went for long voyages: 1886 - 1889 made a voyage round the world on the corvette 'Rynda' and in 1890 - 91, at his own yacht 'Tamara' traveled to India, described in his journals. In 1892 he commanded the destroyer 'Revel', in 1895, was a senior officer of a battleship and in 1899, on the battleship 'Admiral Apraksin', then transferred to the Black Sea Fleet, where he commanded the battleship 'Rostislav'. With the beginning of the 1st World War, in fact, led the fleet of Russia. In 1915, Admiral, with the December 1916 field inspector - general of military aircraft; after February 1917 was in the Crimea, and in 1919 went into exile. Since 1903 an honorary member of the Nikolaev Naval Academy, was also the chairman of the Eng. Technical Society. In exile, was the honorary chairman of the Union of Russian military pilots and he was the patron of the National Organization for Russian scouts. He was in France in 1909 and next established the Volunteer Aerial Association under his presidency (All Russian Aero Club) and set up the first military aviation school in Sebastopol in 1909 or 1910 - finally formed at Sevastopol (Sebastopol) for the winter 1912 and in Gatchina for the summer 1912; near to Russian military intelligence. The Duke, Freemason, Vice-Admiral was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Military Air Fleet in 1914 or 1915 and he became Inspector of Aviation; aide-de-camp to Nicholas II, an old friend of the Tsar and married to his sister Xenia.

In 1892, at the beginning Louis Franzevich Dyuflon founded technical office in the 2nd half of the 19th century in Moscow. L. Duflon / Dyuflon and Apollon Konstantynowicz acted in the St. Petersburg branch of the 'Breguet' Company (A. Konstantynowicz / Apollon Konstantinovich / Constantinovich for the Breguet Moscow branch). At present the Montres Breguet SA is a member company of the Swatch Group of western Switzerland in L'Abbaye (L'Abbaye is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne). It was founded by Abraham-Louis Breguet in Paris in 1775.


Karol Jozef Czapski leased Miezonka in Belarus, from Stefania Julia Radziwill Chrapowicka Oskierka, 1832 - 1842 [then Stanislaw CZAPSKI, 1779-1844 / 1845]; then Miezonka was the Konstantynowiczs estate (in the BEREZYNA Ihumenska parish; see: Breguet in Kazan and Armand in Moscow) since 1842 [Dominik Konstantynowicz].

Ancestors of ours
- Piotr Konstantynowicz who was born c. 1610 in the Minsk province; he lived in the Mscislau province A.D. 1669;
- Augustin / Augustyn Rokoz Konstantynowicz (Augustyn Konstantynowicz was a clerk of the Lithuanian military confederation since 1661 by 1667 and after a special envoy of Michal Pac to Moscow to ask tsar Aleksei / Aleksey to put up his son Feodor / Fiodor III as a candidate to Polish election; the municipal and territorial writer in the Mscislau province, born c. 1635, had died 1713 or before 1713);
- Adam Konstantynowicz of 1697;
- Krzysztof Konstantynowicz in 1697;
- Adam Franciszek Konstantynowicz A.D. 1707.

- Franciszek Rohoza Konstantynowicz near of kin with Holynski family from Soino (either Big Soino or Voronove Slobody near by a farm of Mielkovka = Mietkowka), and his siblings and Hurko family also (from Krotowsza otherwise called Krynki or Krotovshe that belonged to Romejko - Hurko family in the Orsa district) were in trouble for this reason with Holynski (Kazimierz son of Stefan Kazimierz Holynski from Chlyszczewo i.e. Chwostowo close by border between Belarus and Russia, from Soino and Uszpol) family after 1714.

The above Soino is situated 18 km east away from Mscislau, at territory of Russia now i.e. 7 km from present border; it was the Grand duchy of Lithuania 1359 - 1772 and next in Russia: the Mstislavl district, Soino region = "volost" that is similar to county, in a parish of Mscislau (archbishopric of Mahileu, in the Mscislau - Klimavicy catholic area were three parishes: Lozovica, Mscislau and Smolensk in the 19th cent.); one our leg lived in the territory of present Belarus, but the second one stood at the present land of Russia in borders after 1992. A fortunes of Poles in this remote easterly territories of the former Both Nations Republic turned out differently than by Vistula, because not a few Poles had got to choose military service in the Russian Army since the end of the 18th cent. or they worked as engineers in different corners of former Russia since second half of the 19th century.

- Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1730/1735, signed the Second Manifesto of Lithuanian Nobility in 1763;

- Dominik Konstantynowicz was born in the Mahileu (either Mogiliow or Mogiljow by Dnepr, Mogilev = Mahilyow by Dnieper, Moghilev) Government in Russia near by Krycau / Krychaw c. 1800/1805.

Ivan Vernadsky born 24 or 26 May / 5 or June 7, New Style, 1821 in Kiev - died 26 or 27 March / 7 or 8 April on the Gregorian calendar, 1884 in St. Petersburg,
the father of Vladimir Vernadsky,
the grandfather of George Vernadsky.

The first Ivan's wife died in ten years after the marriage, leaving him a son, Nicholas Vernadsky.
The second time, Ivan Vernadsky marries her cousin - the daughter of Ukrainian landowner Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz, teacher of music and singing.

The genealogy of above named Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich married Vernadsky / Vernadskij (Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vernadsky): b. November 11, 1837 in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898;
her mother Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria MARTYNOW, second voto KRASNICKA, and Wiktoria was born aft. 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev, she was the daughter of Major Russian army Martynow, her second husband - Krasnicki.

Anna's father: Piotr Konstantynowicz, the son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery;
Anna's brothers and sisters from Victoria nee Martynow:
Pawel,
Lew Konstantynowicz,
Elena,
Iwan - Jan Konstantynowicz,
Zofia - Sofija,
Wladymir,
Aleksandr,
Aleksandr second,
Elizawieta,
Piotr older,
Piotr younger.

Above Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Christofor Konstantinovich / Hristophor Constantinovich was born 1741, with the Fox coat of arms, probably came from the Mscislau / Mscislaw territory / ex-Mscislav province. He died 1786.
His father Anastazy Konstantynowicz,
a son of Kostia Konstantynowicz that is Konstantyn Konstantynowicz.

Anastazy Konstantynowicz born ca 1710 / 1720 and died before 1784.
Konstantyn Konstantynowicz (Kostia) born ca 1690.

The Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Fox coat of arms (1534) come from Michno Konstantynowicz of the Lida and the Mereczanka river (1552 and 1554) area on the border of Lithuania and Belarus. Konstantinovich hasn't the Cossack or the Greek origin.

It was a legend only about Greek Konstantinovich Anastasius of 1784 who moved from Rumelia - Macedonia today, first to Nizhyn, and then to Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky; served to the Pereyaslav regiment in 1756. A legend was about the beginning of the Konstantynowicz family. Many said that our family (ancestry) has come from the BALKANS according to "Gutenberg Encyclopaedia" (volume 8); many said that the ancestry had got to descent from Serbian ancestor (janczar), who was Turkish soldier 1455 - 1463, who was afterwards in Poland (that is since 1470 or 1471); he has written memoirs here (1490-1516 or rather 1496 - 1501) about title "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)". A copy was in the Sapieha Archive. More inf. on the same Turkish soldier - Michal Konstantynowicz in F. Bujak, "Studia geograf.-hist.", p. 129 - 134. The main editions of "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)" in 1828 and 1912 misleaded many of our ancestors. The Kibalczyc family i.e. Kibalcicas have got a legend that tell us about an ancestor from Serbia - the family moved out to the Chernigov province in the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century - the legend it's mistake, too. The Konstantynowicz family near by Perejaslav has got the Fox coat of arms.

Somebody (owned Fox coat of arms according to an armorial of 1914; territory of Russia in the 18th cent., 78 km SE of Kiev) among Cossacks in 1756 in Pereyaslav.
Anastazy Konstantynowicz (born ca 1710 / 1720 - d. before 1784) probably escaped from Poland to Russia before 1756 (ca 1740) and after he was a Commissioner Regiment (1759-60) among Cossacks.
His son Christopher Anastasiyovych Konstantynowicz (1741-1786; he is next of kin to Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1730/1735, of the Mscislau branch - the line to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MEZHONKA, b. ca 1800/1805) served to the first regiment of Pereyaslav and was centurion (1770-81),
the grandson Peter Hristoforovich (1785-1850) was Major General (1848), commander of Kyiv. artyler. Garrison (1836-48)
and the great-grandson Alexander P. Jr. (1825/1828/1832-1903) was Lieutenant General (1889) and the Governor of the Turgay region (1878-83), Bessarabian governor (1883-99).

This ancestry submitted to the 2nd and 3rd parts of the nobility book of Kiev province in Russia.
Source: 'The Armorial of Little Russia ... Chernigov Governorate', (and Heorhiy Narbut).

Peter Hristoforovich Konstantinovich b. 1785, was Major General of the Russian army 1848. Grandfather of historian George Vernadsky. Peter Hristoforovich was a soldier to 1849. General Konstantinovich had 13 children, five of them died infants. Some of the children were also military. The greatest success in this field has achieved son Alexander Konstantynowicz b. 1825/1828/1832. Peter / Piotr Konstantynowicz participated in many military campaigns of the Russian army: in 1812 near Smolensk and the Battle of Borodino. From 1836 he was commander of the Kiev garrison artillery. 1838 taken a possession in the Pereyaslavl county of the Kiev province.

Vernadsky Ivan was a teacher of Russian literature in high school; in 1847, in St. Petersburg, Ivan V. defended a master's degree thesis; after at the University of St. Vladimir; in 1850 he was transferred to the same department in Moscow University and was here from 1851 until 1856 as full professor; in the village Giant Shishaki in Poltava government Vernadsky had got a mansion, where all the family was living in summer.

ANNA Konstantynowicz / Konstantinowicz / Konstantinovich Anna Petrovna was a daughter of Brigadier-General Piotr H. Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz (b. ca 1785) and was the second wife of Ivan Vasilyevich Vernadsky.
Anna Petrovna, nee Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz born 1837 - died 1898.

H. Konstantinovich, the son of Christofor / Hristofor Konstantinovich that is Krzysztof Konstantynowicz (here was error: Henryk, Gawrila, Havrila) born 1741.

Anna's brother, Ivan Petrovich Konstantynowicz / Jan son of Piotr Konstantynowicz b. 1818 died 1877, a professional Navy officer, after a cadet school - 1834 he achieved Captain 1st Rank in 1868, in 1875 he served in the Caucasian Army, died in Tiflis. Owned estates in the province of Poltava, the Pereyaslavl County, Voitovtsy village.

Above Ivan's daughter, Alexandra Ivanovna Konstantynowicz born 1848 and died after 1912, was wife of L. N. Modzalevsky.

Above Ivan's another daughter Victoria Ivanovna Konstantynowicz, b. 1846, died 1899 or 1900; in 1867, she married M. P. Rehbinder, and after second husband O. E. Weimar.

Sister of Ivan Petrovich was Elizabeth Konstantynowicz married Mr Neyolov / Nieelov 1824 - 1889.
Her daughter Lydia A. Neyolov, who died at a old age in Kiev during the German occupation in 1941 / 1942.

Another sister of Ivan -
Helena Petrovna Konstantynowicz with her husband Kravchenko who was born 1831 and he was died no earlier than 1909, married to Kravchenko in 1859, lived in Piryatin.

Ivan's brother Alexander Petrovich Konstantynowicz was General-lieutenant, General-Governor of Bessarabia in Kishiniev 30 July 1883 to 4 July 1899. The Rogge noble family was close friends with the family Konstantinovich and Ippolit Rogge / Hippolytus born March 2, 1853 in Kerch, colonel in 1909, was baptized March 7, 1853 in St. John Church of Kerch; godfather - Lieutenant Adjutant Ivan Konstantinovich / Jan Konstantynowicz, the son of Piotr Konstantynowicz from Kercz / Kerch. All - Orthodox. A General List of noble families of Bessarabia includes the name of the Konstantynowicz Alexander in 1893 from the Poltava province.

Ivan Vernadsky b. 1821 was a grandson of Ivan Nikiforovich Vernadsky (b. ca 1770), which was recorded in the local book of the Chernigov governorship as a gentleman, graduated from the Kiev seminary, was a priest of the village Tserkovschina.
Ivan Vernadsky b. 1821 was a son of a doctor Vasil or Basil Ivanovich Vernadsky and his wife Ekaterina Yakovlevna; in 1856 - 1867 worked at the Ministry of Internal Affairs; professor of Main Pedagogical Institute 1857 - 1859, St. Petersburg Institute of Technology 1864 - 1868, professor of political economy at Kiev and Moscow universtities and moved to Kharkov, where he served as manager of the Kharkiv office of the State Bank until his resignation in 1876.
His first wife Maria Shigaevo, 1831-1860.
His second wife, Anna Petrovna, nee Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz, 1837 - 1898.
Children:
Nicholas 1851 (by first wife) - 1874;
Olga -
her grandson, Rynda Alekseev Dmitry Borisovich b. 1917 - 1941 ?, a student at the Leningrad Textile Institute, in July 1941, was missing;
Catherine was married to Korolenko;
Vladimir 1863 - 1945, his granddaughter was married to Fokin, Anatoly Mikhailovich 1892 - 1979.

LEW Modzalevsky / Leo / Lev, 1837 - 1896, the teacher, a graduate of History and Philology of St. Petersburg University. He worked in the schools of St. Petersburg and Tiflis / Tbilisi, the author of many works on pedagogy. His wife Alexandra Ivanovna nee Konstantynowicz was born 1848.

Mikhail P. Rehbinder, he studied at the St. Petersburg School of Jurisprudence and worked at the Law Faculty of the University; he lived in an estate Lyadno in the Novgorod province; he was trying to create together with peasants agricultural co-operative in his estate in the Novgorod province; he left his family and went to the USA in 1909;
his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz, b. 1846, the daughter of Ivan / Jan Konstantynowicz b. ca 1790;
her son Alexander Konstantynowicz b. ca 1870 ?, died d. 1906.

Weimar Orest E., b. 1845 died 1885, prominent physician in St. Petersburg, the owner of orthopedic clinics; populist, organized the escape of Kropotkin from prison in 1876 acc. to 'Notes of a revolutionary' by Kropotkin; he was arrested in 1879 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; it was the Russian-Turkish war period and this prison shortened to 10 years; he died in prison at Kara;
his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz, the daughter of Jan / Ivan Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz [Jan Konstantynowicz maybe was born ca 1790 and came from Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1730/1735, of the Mscislau province] - Wiktoria Konstantynowicz was b. 1846 and died in 1899 / 1900.

Kravchenko Ivan Ilyich 1829-1890, a assessor in 1867, lived and died in Piryatin in the Poltava area;
his wife Helena Petrovna Konstantynowicz, the daughter of Piotr Konstantynowicz, she was born 1831 and died no earlier than 1909; her son - probably not only one - Sergey.

Alexander Konstantynowicz, the son of Piotr Konstantynowicz / Petr. Aleksander b. ca 1825/1828/1832, died 1903, was a professional soldier, in service since 1846, an artilleryman; the Colonel in 1867, Major-General in 1877, Lieutenant-General in 1889; conquest of Khiva in 1873, in 1878 to 1883 he was the military governor of Orenburg, and Commander of Turgay region; since 1883 to 1899 - Governor of Bessarabia, since 1889 member of the Minister of the Interior; awards Anne 1st Class, Vladimir 2nd degree, the White Eagle; his wife since 1856 Ilyashenko Sophia Antonovna 1840 d. 1896.
Some of his children:
Olga b. 1858 or 1860 and died ?, the daughter of Alexander P. Konstantynowicz, in 1878 she married Andrei Ivanovich Schmidt, who served in the Orenburg district court; she emigrated to Paris and USA.
Michal Konstantynowicz / Michael b. 1860 and died in 1902, he was a district marshal of the nobility in Kovno Province in 1899,
his children:
Xenia nee Konstantynowicz b. 1889,
Natalia nee Konstantynowicz born 1894,
Catherine / Katarzyna the daughter of Alexander b. 1863 died in 1942, in 1885 she married P. A. Galenkovski, and after her divorce in 1905 she married L. N. Chernoyarov;
her daughter from her first marriage, Elizabeth married Suprunov;
Sofia nee Konstantynowicz, b. 1864 died 1942, in 1886 she married E. A. Mamchich, before the Revolution she was living in Chisinau - the Kremenchug area;
Natalia nee Konstantynowicz 1867 d. 1938?, in 1889, she married Jerzy Bulacel / Gregory Pavlovich Bulatsel;
Constantine / Konstantyn Konstantynowicz born 1869 and died no earlier than 1917, a son of Aleksander P. Konstantynowicz, in the 90s of the 19th cent. he served in the office in the Bessarabian Province, the Akkerman district, in 1904 member of the Ufa provincial office on Peasant Affairs, he had property - land in the Sterlitamak county of the Ufa province (all inf. about Konstantyn Konstantynowicz need to be check).

Ilyashenko Sophia Antonovna b. 1840 d. 1896, was daughter of a captain; her husband since 1856 was Alexander P. Konstantynowicz, 1832-1903.

Mamchich Eugene A. / Eugeniusz Mamczicz, b. 1849, died 1917?, state councilor in 1908, not later than 1905, was elected to a honorary magistrate in Kremenchug county in the Poltava province.

Bulacel / Bulatsel Jerzy / Grigory P., died in 1908, in 1899 the Chairman of the Vilnius Regional Court;
his wife Natalia Konstantynowicz, 1867 - 1938?

Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky born February 28 / March 12, 1863 in St. Petersburg and died January 6, 1945 in Moscow, from the nobility, he was Russian scientist and encyclopedist, humanist, an expert in the field of Earth Sciences, philosopher and social activist, the member of the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences, first president of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
Once in October 1905, the Board of the University of Moscow, headed by Professor Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (Vernadsky's mother was from the Konstantynowiczs of the Fox coat of arms) admitted women to listening of lectures, and Inessa Armand has made payment and went to law school.
In June 1907, Comrade Inessa confirmed the intention to be student, but instead of studying at university she had to go for exile with Vladimir Armand - with help of Poles. In late October 1908 she managed to escape.

We back to Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky:
his mother, Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz (1837 - 1898),
the father - Ivan Vernadsky (1821 - 1884), professor of political economy.

Letters by V. Vernadsky published in 2003 by Russian. In 1928 Vernadsky was at the University in Prague, 1928 on trip to Germany and Norway, research work in Germany, France, the Netherlands and Czechoslovakia, 1933 / 1934 Vernadsky was on a business trip to France, England and Czechoslovakia.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky in 1886 married Natalya Staritskaya (1862 - 1943), with whom he lived for more than 56 years; had two children - son Jerzy / George V. Vernadsky (1887 - 1973), professor of Russian history (lived in Perm; after in exile in Czechoslovakia and USA, since 1927 prof. Yale Univ.), the daughter Nina Vernadskaya - Toll (1898 - 1985 or 1986), a psychiatrist, both died in exile in the United States.

Nina Vernadskaya Toll / Nina V. Toll-Vernadskaya was second wife of Toll Nikolai Petrovich / Nicholas P., an orientalist archaeologist and art historian. His first marriage to Olga Petrovna Toll nee Syromyatnikov, both Orthodox on 17 August 1917 in a garrison of Samarkand, and cancel on November 9, 1925.
Toll Nikolai Petrovich (1894 - 1975), member of a volunteer army of the 1st Kuban Ice campaign, in the armed forces in the south of Russia before evacuation of the Crimea. In exile in Gallipoli, after in Czechoslovakia. On January 10, 1926 in Prague,
married Nina Vladimirovna Vernadsky b. 1898, the daughter of Professor V. I. Vernadsky. Since 1939 in the United States, occupied the chair of Iranian studies at Yale University.

Vernadskaya Toll Nina b. 1898, in 1922 - 1939 lived in Prague, and later the United States.
Toll Tatiana born 1929, the granddaughter of Vernadsky.

Von Toll family, the noble family of Baltic Germans, had the title of baron, from Reval now Tallinn in the province of Estonia, Russian Empire and Dorpat now Tartu.

Among relatives and next of kins of my Mscislau branch appeared the Zarako Zarakowski family in the second half of 19th cent. and in the 20th cent.;

the Spychalski family was related to kinsmen of our lineage at the turn of the 20th century and in the middle of the 20th cent.;

the Jaroszewicz family had connection to our line in the middle of the 20th cent.
(the Jaroszewicz house derived from the Vicebsk province and had Prus the 1st arms, they possessed here the Ostupiszcze estate from Gruzewski family since 1710 to the end of the 18th cent.; Jerzy Piotr Jaroszewicz with Kwaczynski nickname was an officer here in 1713 - 1714 and somebody here in 1716; related to Kownacki, Rymaczewski and Kopakowski according to Jan Ciechanowicz, vol. 3;
among others several of the Jaroszewiczs died in Old Bychow in 1655; priest Manuel Jaroszewicz in Sluck A.D. 1666, Roman Jaroszewicz in Mahileu in 1682, and Jan Jaroszewicz in Vilna 1720 - 1722, another Jan Jaroszewicz and also his son Jan lived in Szaule near by Mejszagola in 1753, Ludwik Jaroszewicz lived in the Mscislau province in 1764; the Jaroszewiczs were related to Jankowski, Olszewski and Chodasiewicz families in the Dzisna district and also they served Radzivill family in the Minsk government at the turn of the 20th cent.; Dmitrij Jaroszewicz son of Konstantin JAROSZEWICZ, Russian admiral);

the Swierczewski family was near socially associated with us, for instance in the sixtieth of the 20th century to my grandmother Zofia Konstantynowicz nee Plaszczewska, came from the Pilecki family; Zofia died in Lodz.

Some Generals, Prime Minister, the Head of State and one marshal of the communistic Poland - creators of the Soviet transitory administration 1943 / 1990 - derived from these families. Relatives of our Konstantynowicz branch kept in touch with Jozef Pilsudski, Michal Zymierski and Wladyslaw Sikorski at the moment in the first half of the 20th century - marshals and General with different political views.

It wonder that three Marshals and General - military prosecutor died with natural death but three remaining Generals died with tragic one. Generals of communistic People Polish Army: Karol Swierczewski, Piotr Jaroszewicz and Marian Spychalski (later on the Marshal) in the fourties of the 20th century were deputies of Michal Zymierski - Marshal and communistic Minister of Defense. The genealogy of my Mscislau "inlet" of the Konstantynowicz ancestry point out long and strong connections with the Imperial Russian Army and Russian military intelligence since the seventies of the nineteenth century and after when they served in tsarist Georgia / Sakartvelo but especial at the turn of the 20th century. It was the tsarist military technology intelligence at the beginning of the 20th century.

This connections fade away probably at the end of the 20th century. Anyway it relate to Poland only, and not to our easterly neighbours, e.g. Russia and Belarus. This is exciting subject for our family and to historians for the sake of connections with a couple of intelligences, and also it's the example of a genealogical tree on which based the important military structure of communist Poland for 50 years. Very broad, general information on these reciprocal connections was published for the first time in 2003 at my websites after researches ongoing 10 years and it was possible just after complete destruction of previous political system. Particular families of our ancestry didn't know mutually each other and they didn't know general image of this military genealogy up to 1995 (in piece) / 2003 (better in detail). This strange configuration in the genealogy and surprising family relationships give evidence to military service of somebody from our Konstantynowicz family in Soviet Union.

Miezonka
(my family was living also in Omsk after 1929: Viktoria / Wiktoria Konstantynowicz born 1870/71 or 1873/1875 -
a daughter of NN Konstantynowicz and Maria Trubecki / Troubetskoy;
she was probably sister of Wiktor Konstantynowicz from Tallinn but she was living in Miezonka with family of Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833, and Stanislaw Konstantynowicz;
in Omsk also Konstantynowicz Walery (i.e. Valerij), the son of Zygmunt Konstantynowicz (i.e. Sigizmund) and Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz / Evgenij / Jewgenij Konstantynowicz born 06. 12. 1982 in Omsk;

in Miezonka:
Burimsky Henry I. / Burzymski Henryk the son of Jan, born in 1906, Berezinsky region, lived in Mezhonka, the Zapolski region, Byalynichy district; arrested 02/23/1932 and 06/05/1932 sentenced to 3 years of labor camps, rehabilitated in 1989; next of kin Burimsky Ivan Vikentievich born in 1888, Berezinskii District and Burimsky Vincent I. who was born in 1876, Putkovo, Bobruisk district; Pole),
Petersburg, Svolna = Svol'na or Swolna, Krycau, Daugavpils, Kovalki, Riga, Moscow, Tallinn, Viljandi / Fellin, Omsk, Kazan and
(Pawel / Paul Konstantynowicz Adolfovich, b. 1885 in the Minsk Province, Igumen county, Borovin; Pole, individual peasant, place of residence: Tara district, M - Noble, Sibkraya after arrest on 02/10/1930, convicted 04/08/1930 at Sibkray on 5 years labor camp, sent to Siblag of the Omsk region,
source: Memorial Book of the Omsk Region.
See http://iberezino.ru/Represed2.html and http://iberezino.ru/Repressed10.html.
Also about Tomasz Konstantynowicz, the son of Ludwig Konstantynowicz / Thomas Lyudvigovich; born 01/01/1893, Borovin in the Berezinskii district, Pole, lived: Berezinski region, village Borovin / Borowina and arrested on September 25, 1937, sentenced: The Commission and the Prosecutor of the NKVD of the USSR December 17, 1937 for espionage, verdict: he was shot January 19, 1938 and place of burial - Cherven. Rehabilitated April 29, 1989 by the military prosecutor.
We know now that Ludwig Konstantynowicz with the Fox coat of arms was born ca 1850 / 1860)
Borovina [my relatives in the Pila county].

Following Konstanty Konstantynowicz / Konstantin Konstantynowicz, the son of Alexandr Konstantynowicz / Aleksander Konstantynowicz. Aleksander Konstantynowicz b. 1825/1828/1832. Konstantyn Konstantynowicz b. in Riga A.D. 1869 and died in Uzkoje estate ("Narrowly") near by Moscow = Moskva in 1924, he was member of the Ufa government office 1904 - 1917 in Baschkirische / Bashkortostan region [Aleksander b. ca 1828/1832 was living in RIGA],
married Wiera Puszkin in 1894 - she was born 1871,
the daughter of Anatol Puszkin (1846 - 1905)
and grandchild of
Elzbieta Zagrazski (Russian noble house of Zagrashskije, for the first time information in 1493 - 1503. Jelisaveta Aleksandrovna Zagrjasjkaja / Zagrazski b. 15 December 1821, d. 9 April 1898) and Lev Puszkin
(b. 1805 - died in Odessa 1852, who was brother of famous writer; when Pushkin was young he communicated in French, not Russian, and he also wrote his first poetry in French. This Puszkin branch emigrated to Venezuela.

Major-General of the gendarmerie (counterintelligence and being the successor in office of Benkendorf; General Dubelt, Staff Commander of the Corps of Gendarmes 1835-1856) Leonti V. Dubbelt / von Dubelt
was an owner of the factory Kuvshinovo, Tver region; he enjoyed high confidence and patronage of the king.

Von Dubelt, Leonti Vasilyevich / Leonti Wassiljewitsch Dubelt (b. 1792 died 1862), born into a family of Vasily Ivanovich Dubbelt by his wife - Mary Grigorievna Shperter vel Medina Celli, Princess;
his brother Peter, Colonel.

Von Dubelt is the German noble family from Livonia since the beginning of the 18th century.

Ivan Dubbelt entered the Russian service. His sons, Vasily and Mikhail Dubbelt.

Above Leonti V. Dubbelt married Anna Nikolaevna Persian nee Mordvinov in 1818. In marriage, had two sons:
Nicholas / Nikolai (1819-1874)
and Michail / Michael (1822-1900).

Michael Leontievich was Lieutenant-General (1897). Dubbelt / Dubelt Michael or Michail Leontievich who was born February 8, 1822 in Kiev, Russian cavalry Major General, he was commandant of the Tiflis Alexandropol / Aleksandrapol fortress 1887-1890.
His first wife Nataly / Natalia Puszkin / Natalja Aleksandrovna Pushkin since 1853, born May 23 / 4 Jun 1836 in St. Petersburg, was the daughter of Alexander Pushkin, poet.
This son - M. Dubelt in 1860, lost above named Kuvshinovo factory in gambler to hands of Peter Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1826 died 1880, the leader of the provincial nobility
(Prince Troubetzkoy in 1869 sold it to Michael Gavrilovich Kuvshinov;
his father Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804
and his grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy / Trubetskoy born 1760:
a daughter of Alexander Gruzinsky - Princess Darejan or Daria Aleksandrovna Gruzinskaya died 1796, was married to Prince Pyotr Sergeyevich Troubetzkoy / Piotr Sergiejevich Trubeckoj (1760-1817)
with four children, including Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy (29 August 1790 - 22 November 1860) who was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement and was a freemason).

Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin b. May 26 / 6 June 1799 in Moscow, Russian poet;
his paternal grandfather, Leo / Lev A. Pushkin was artillery colonel;
the father - Sergei L. Pushkin (1767-1848),
a Pushkin's mother was a granddaughter of Hannibal.
Brother of the poet - Lew vel Lev born 1805.

Nikolai Leontievich DUBBELT / Nicholas (1819-1874) was also Lieutenant-General (1864), commander 1852 - 1856 Belarusian Hussar Regiment.
Brother of Leonti Vasilievich -
Peter V. Dubbelt (born 1794 in Mogilev, Belarus now), the Adjutant in 1822-26 of General N. N. Rajewski.

A cousin of Leonti Vasilievich -
Ivan M. Dubbelt (born 1805, Riga), served in the Estonian Jaeger Regiment, took part in suppressing the Polish uprising of 1863-64.
His son Evgenii / Eugene I. Dubbelt, served from 1861 in Tiflis / Tbilisi).

The Uzkoje estate that was otherwise Uzkoje village, situated 15,5 km S-W-S of Moscow core in the suburbs of the capital i.e. 9 km from boundary of urban housing in 1917, and there are nowadays Litovskij bulvar Str. and Jasnogorskaja Str. near by Vitcevskij forest and also Tschertanovka river.

Mentioned Ivan Vernadsky born 24 or 26 May / 5 or June 7, New Style, 1821 in Kiev - died 26 or 27 March / 7 or 8 April on the Gregorian calendar, 1884 in St. Petersburg,
father of Vladimir Vernadsky,
grandfather of George Vernadsky.
The first wife died in ten years after the marriage, leaving him a son, Nicholas.
The second time, Ivan marries her cousin - the daughter of Ukrainian landowner Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz, teacher of music and singing.

Vernadsky Ivan was a teacher of Russian literature in high school; in 1847, in St. Petersburg, Ivan V. defended a master's degree thesis; after at the University of St. Vladimir; in 1850 he was transferred to the same department in Moscow University and was here from 1851 until 1856 as full professor; in the village Giant Shishaki in Poltava government Vernadsky had got a mansion, where all the family was living in summer.

Konstantynowicz / Konstantinowicz / Konstantinovich Anna Petrovna was a daughter of Brigadier-General Piotr H. Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz (b. ca 1795) and was the second wife of Ivan Vasilyevich Vernadsky. Anna Petrovna, nee Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz born 1837 - died 1898. H. Konstantinovich that is Henryk for example or Gawrila / Havrila born circa 1770.
Her brother, Ivan Petrovich Konstantynowicz / Jan son of Piotr Konstantynowicz b. 1818 died 1877, a professional Navy officer, after a cadet school - 1834 he achieved Captain 1st Rank in 1868, in 1875 he served in the Caucasian Army, died in Tiflis. Owned estates in the province of Poltava, the Pereyaslavl County, Voitovtsy village.

Modzalevsky Leo / Lev 1837 - 1896, the teacher, a graduate of History and Philology of St. Petersburg University. He worked in the schools of St. Petersburg and Tiflis / Tbilisi, the author of many works on pedagogy. His wife Alexandra Ivanovna nee Konstantynowicz was born 1848.


My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century. Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878.


Karol Jozef Czapski leased Miezonka in Belarus, from Stefania Julia Radziwill Chrapowicka Oskierka, 1832 - 1842 [then Stanislaw CZAPSKI, 1779-1844 / 1845]; then Miezonka was the Konstantynowiczs estate (in the BEREZYNA Ihumenska parish; see: Breguet in Kazan and Armand in Moscow) since 1842 [Dominik Konstantynowicz].

Michal Chrapowicki
{Michal Mikolaj Chrapowicki, b. 1780 / Michal Chrapowicki, Marschall of Dzisna county, and Minsk Province, the owner of Jasnogorki and Korolla in Zmudz, and Prozorok in the county of Dzisna, m. 1st Joanna Okuszkowna / Joanna Okuszko,
with a son
Kazimierz Chrapowicki and a daughter.

Named Kazimierz Chrapowicki, 1817-1881, married to Adela Ciechanowiecka, 1823-1887.
KAZIMIERZ's brother was Arkadiusz Chrapowicki / Arkady, m. to Stefania Julia Radziwill.

Michal Chrapowicki with his second wife, Jozefa Korsak, had the son Arkadyusz married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1825-1896. STEFANIA RADZIWILL was the owner of MIEZONKA - see
Dominik Konstantynowicz b. ca 1800/1805,
his son Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833,
the grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz. Stanislaw was the foster father of my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz = Marian Konstantynowicz = Marian Stankiewicz = Siedlecki in September 1939}.

The above Meshonka: here lived Antoni Konstantynowicz - was born c. 1833 - and his son Stanislaw; the same Stanislaw Konstantynowicz from Miezonka (i.e. Miezonki) and Anna nee Malkiewicz are foster parents of my grandfather; my great grandmother Anna nee Malkiewicz (Malkevicius) came from the Dryssa ujezd (= the Werchnedwinsk district; the place Asveja / Oswieja) in the Government of Vicebsk / Vitsyebsk; her ancestry was near related to the families:
Czyzewski (from the Dzisna district),
von Krey / The House of Croy / Count von Croy in 1697 entered the Russian service (i.e. the Baltic German noble Krej family from Tallinn and Livonia - http://www.almanachdegotha.org/id70.html from Polish Livonia),
Ostrowski (derived from Piotr Ostrowski de Kaki of 1697; Kaki farm situated 16,5 km NW of Ludza / Ludsen in Polish Livonia).

Michael KATENIN / Michail Andreevich Katenin or Colonel Mikhail Andreivitch Katenin, married to Countess Nadejda Vasilievna Orlov - Denisov,
the second daughter of General Count Vasili Vasilievitch Orlov-Denissov.
They had daughters:
1.
Mary Katenin or Maria Katenin / Princess Maria Mikhailovna Katenin married in 1868 to Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski b. 7th August 1844, the Governor of Vilno 1899 and Vice-Governor 1896 - 1899; he d. 1916, having two sons and four daughters.

Mary / Marija Michailovna Katenin b. ? and died 1903; married 1868 or 1869 to His Highness Prince Nikolaoz / Nikolai Ilyich Gruzinski / Nikolai Ilyich Bagration Gruzinskij of Georgia b. 1844, d. 1916 -
his father Elizbar / Ilija Bagration-Gruzinskij who was b. 1790 and died 1854,
the son of
Georgij XII Bagration - Kachietinskij who born 10 October 1746 and died 28 December 1800;
he come from
Iraklij 2nd Bagration [Erekle II, king of Kacheti 1744-62, king of united Georgia 1762-98], b. 1720 d. 1798 - see below on EREKLE II.

Now we back to
Mikolaj Swiatopelk Mirski, 1833 - 1898, m. 1st to Wiera Bagratyd / Pss Vera b. Tbilisi 1842.
He bought MIR in 1895 from the family of Dominik Radziwill and his daughter Stefania.

Mikolaj Swiatopelk-Mirski b. 1833, d. 1898, was the son of
JAN Siemionowicz Swiatopelk Mirski / Tomasz Teofil Jan MIRSKI, and Marcjanna Nostitz-Jackowska.
Mikolaj was the husband of named Wiera and 2nd to Kleopatra (Kapitolina).

Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski younger, was the son of Jan Nepomucen Ksawery Nostitz-Jackowski and Anna; above Aleksander was the half brother of MARCIANNA Nostitz-Jackowska;
Marcjanna Swiatopelk-Mirska nee Nostitz-Jackowska, was the wife of Tomasz Bogumil Jan Swiatopelk-Mirski, and the mother of
Dimitry Swiatopelk-Mirski,
and Mikolaj Swiatopelk-Mirski.

Above Jan Nepomucen Ksawery Nostitz-Jackowski b. 1770,
was the son of
Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski OLDER and Marcianna Antonie Barbara KCZEWSKA, Nostitz-Jackowska.
Above Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski, ca 1729 - 1802 in Nogat,
the son of
Michal Nostitz-Jackowski and Eleonora.
Mentioned Michal Nostitz-Jackowski, b. ca 1705, died ca 1766, was the son of Jan Nostitz-Jackowski, b. ca 1670.

Antoni Skorzewski, 1710 - 1766 m. Anna Nostitz - Jackowska [Anna Skorzewska born Nostitz-Jackowska], ca 1710/1715 - 1768. Anna was the daughter of above Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670. Anna Skorzewska Jackowska had one sister Franciszka Nostitz-Jackowski married Kiedrzynska. Franciszka JACKOWSKA married Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1715/1720, then he was the owner of Bieganin close to RASZKOW. Her son Jakub Kiedrzynski was the posesor of Orpiszewek close to PLESZEW.
Jakub's brother was IZYDOR Kiedrzynski - my family line.

Above
Wiera Bagration Gruzinsky, m. Swiatopelk Mirska, b. 1842 in Tbilisi, Georgia; d. 1863;
the daughter of ELIZBAR / ILIA Grigorievich Bagration Gruzinsky and Anastasja.

Mentioned Tomasz Teofil Jan Swiatopelk-Mirski 1788 - 1868, was the son of Franciszek Ksawery Mirski and Katarzyna.

Mentioned above ELIZBAR / ILIA Grigorievich Bagration Gruzinsky b. 1790, d. 1854, was the son of
Giorgi XII Bagrationi (King of Kartli and Kakheti) and Mariam.

Named above Giorgi XII Bagrationi King of Kartli and Kakheti, b. 1746, d. 1800, was the son of Erekle II, King of Georgia and Anna Abashidze.

Erekle II Bagrationi / Iraklij, known as Herculius II, b. 1720 in Telavi, in Kakheti, Georgia; d. 1798; was the son of Teimuraz II, King of Kakheti and Kartli.

Wiera Bagratyd / Pss Vera b. Tbilisi in 1842, come from Iraklij 2nd Bagration / Erekle II, king of Kacheti / Heracles II Bagratouni, 1744 -62, king of united Georgia 1762-98

(EREKLE II / Iraklij 2nd Bagration was born Telavi on 7 Nov 1720 and died in Telavi 11 Jan 1798),
m. 1st in 1739 to Pss Kethevan Mkheidze (d. 1744),
m. 2nd in 1745 to Pss Ana Abashidze (1730 - Tbilisi on 6 Dec 1749) and
m. 3rd in 1750 Pss Darejan Dadiani (20 Jul 1734 - St. Petersburg 8 Nov 1808).

Named Darejan Dadiani (20 Jul 1734 - St. Petersburg 8 Nov 1808 or 1738 - 8 November 1807) / Darejan Dadiani-Mingrelia,
was the daughter of
Otia Dadiani Hertog van Mingrelia / Katsia-Giorgi Dadiani,
a younger son of
Bezhan Dadiani, Prince of Mingrelia in western Georgia.

Mentioned Bezhan Dadiani [see above] died 1728, of the House of Dadiani, was Prince of Mingrelia from 1715 to 1728. He acceded to power in a coup against his own father, Giorgi IV Dadiani, and came to dominate western Georgian politics by asserting tutelage over King Alexander V of Imereti until being murdered by Ottoman agents.

Above Giorgi IV Dadiani died 1715, was Prince of Mingrelia from 1691 to 1704 and from 1710 to 1715. Giorgi was a son of
Katsia Chikovani, the lord of Lechkhumi by his wife Mzekhatun, a daughter of Prince Levan III Dadiani.

2.
Sofia KATENIN d. 1908, married ca 1880 to Viktor Martynov / Wiktor Martynow b. 1858 d. 1915 -
his father,
Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich b. 1816,
and his grandparents:
Solomon M. Martinov b. 1774, and Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya b. 1783.

Martynov / Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760, had brother Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich b. 1774, d. 1839 or after 1840.

The wife of above Martynov Solomon Mikhailovich was above named Elizabeth M. Tarnovskaya / Elzbieta Tarnowska - Polish (1783 - 1851), the daughter of
Major and State Councilor Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski (1759 - ?).

Children of Elzbieta Tarnowska MARTYNOW were:
Elizabeth Solomonovna Martynov,
Ekaterina Martynova Solomonovna (Rzhevskaya - Rzhevskij Michal),
1814 - 1860, Michael Solomonovich Martynov;
above named Nikolai Martynov Solomonovich, 1815 / 1816 - 1875 / 1876 who in 1841 killed Lermontov in a duel, his family related to Kolirovsky and Romeiko - Hurko (Polish);
b. in 1819 - Natalia Martynova Solomonovna;
Julia Martynova Solomonovna Gagarin b. 1821;
Dmitry Martynov Solomonovich born 1824 and died 1909;
also Pawel Martynov and Peter Solomonovich Martynov (? born ca 1820) - friends of Stefan Drzewiecki, Polish nobleman but about Pawel and Peter no any inf.

Above Mikhail Vasilyevich Tarnowski was son of Wasyl Tarnowski / Vasily Tarnowski; known as Michael Tarnavskiy, b. 1759;
Vasily Tarnowski (? b. ca 1720) was son of
Jan Tarnowski / Ivan Grigorevich Tarnavskiy died 1761 (? born ca 1700);
Vasily was Cossak, captain of Poltava regiment.
Ivan's father - Grigorij TARNOWSKI (? born ca 1670) was son of
Jan Tarnowski b. ca 1650,
and the grandson of Jozef Tarnowski b. ca 1620.

Mentioned above Martynov Dmitry M. born 1760 - that is Martynov Dmitry Michajlovich b. 1760. Captain (or Major?). He was a Kirsanov district (in Tambov Province) leader of the nobility.
His daughter was
Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria Matriniwna second voto Krasnickaja (Krasnicki), born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev.
Wiktoria Martynow married 1st to
Piotr Konstantynowicz, the son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, and Piotr was born in 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev.

A daughter of above Wiktoria:
Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz Wernadskaja / Hanna Pietriwna / Konstantinovich who married Vernadsky / Vernadskij.
Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vasilevich Vernadsky / Iwan Wasylewicz Wernadski b. 1821 died 1884,
and she was mother of W. I. Wernadski.

Anna Konstantynowicz b. November 11, 1837 (1827?) in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898 (1865?). Her mother was named above Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria second voto Krasnicka, the daughter of Major (or Captain?) Russian army - Martynow.

Wernadska Konstantynowicz Anna / Ganna / Hanna was friend of Wultfert Malecka Lidia, a daughter of Karol Malecki.

Anna's children:
1.
Wladymir Wernadski born 28 February 1863 d. 6 January 1945,
2.
Ekaterina Wernadska married Korolenko / born 1864 died 1910,
3.
Olga Wernadska Ivanovna, born 1864.

Anna's father:
Piotr Konstantynowicz [the son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz] b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery; Kiev garrison 1836, general major 1848,
the son of
Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Christofor Konstantynowicz Anastasijovich who was born 1741 and died 1786.

Anna's stepmother (not mother):
Ivanivna GULAK, a daughter of Nadija Andriivna Surovceva and Ivan Ivanovich Hulak / Jan Gulak, a son of Jan Gulak older.

Anna's brothers and sisters:
1.
Pawel Konstantynowicz Piotrowicz / Pawlo, a son of Pietr Konstantynowicz, 1822 - 1884, lived in Wsiotiwce / Wojtiwce / Woitivcy / Wojtowce, married to Olga Iwanowna, b. ?, died 1903, a daughter of Dubnikow; he served for the Poltawskij regiment in 1837, the Sleckij regiment (Slucki?) of 1842, 1843 lieutenant, the Newski Naval regiment 1845, has 7 children;
2. Lew Konstantynowicz b. ca 1823/1826,
3. Elena,
4.
Iwan Piotrowicz - Jan Konstantynowicz who married to Marija Sofroniwna / Sofronow, a daughter of Grigorij Sofronov, b. ?, died 1850, and she was from Sewastopol;
they had a daughter
Oleksandra Iwaniwna Konstantynowicz / Aleksandra Iwanowna 1848 - died 1920, nee Konstantynowicz;
she was married in August 1866 to Modzelewski Lew,
a son of Michail Modzelewski, 1837 - 1896;
her sons:
Modzelewski Wadim Lwowicz 1882 - 1920, historian;
and
Wsiewolod Lwowicz, 1879 - 1936, the Naval Corps in Sankt Petersburg and after in 1898 he served in the Russian fleet in Petersburg, 'Imperator Aleksandr II', 1904 - 1905 a war against Japan, captain 2nd class in 1912.

Konstantynowicz Iwan, the son of Piotr, born 1818 - died 1877, since 1834 served the Russian fleet, captain 1st class, 1875 Caucasus army;
5.
Zofia - Sofija Konstantynowicz Piotrowna, 1823 - 1848,
6. Wladymir,
7. Aleksandr Konstantynowicz b. ca 1825,
8. Aleksandr second b. ca 1828/1832:
Aleksander Konstantynowicz who came from an Ukrainian military and landowning family, lived in the government of Poltava (now in Ukraine), also in Kiev;
his daughter was
Olga I. Konstantynowicz who was born 1860 in Kiev - since 1880 in Paris and USA at the beginning of the 20th cent.;
9. Elizawieta,
10. Piotr older,
11. Piotr younger.

The Konstantynowiczs sealed themselves six armorial bearings:
the Fox proper, Bowel(s), Three Crosses, the Pielesz diverse, Radwan and Ours of the Konstantynowicz ancestry - Grekul.

Ivan Vernadsky born 24 or 26 May / 5 or June 7, New Style, 1821 in Kiev - died 26 or 27 March / 7 or 8 April on the Gregorian calendar, 1884 in St. Petersburg,
a father of Vladimir Vernadsky,
a grandfather of George Vernadsky.

The first wife of Ivan died in ten years after the marriage, leaving him a son, Nicholas.
The second time, Ivan marries her cousin - the daughter of Ukrainian landowner Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz, teacher of music and singing.

The genealogy of above named Anna Petrowna Konstantynowicz / Anna Konstantinovich married Vernadsky / Vernadskij / Wernadskaja (Anna became the wife of Professor Ivan Vernadsky): b. November 11, 1837 in Kiev / Kyiv in Ukraine and died on November 7, 1898;
her mother Victoria nee Martynov / Wiktoria Martynowna Konstantynowicz, second voto KRASNICKA, was born ca 1796 and died on December 6, 1862 in Kiev,
she was the daughter of Major Russian army Martynow,
her second husband - Krasnicki.

Anna's father:
Piotr Konstantynowicz, the son of Krzysztof Konstantynowicz, and Piotr b. 1785 (date 1795 was error) and died on October 9, 1850 in Kiev, Baykove cemetery.

Anna's brothers and sisters from Victoria nee Martynow / Wiktoria Martynow:
Pawel, Lew, Elena, Iwan - Jan Konstantynowicz, Zofia - Sofija, Wladymir, Aleksandr, Aleksandr second, Elizawieta, Piotr older, Piotr younger.

Above Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Christofor Konstantinovich / Hristophor Constantinovich was born 1741 (date ca 1750 / 1760 was mistaken; this is the branch of Antoni Konstantynowicz of the Mscislau province b. ca 1730/1735) with the Fox coat of arms, came from the Mscislau / Mscislaw territory / ex-Mscislav province.
Krzysztof Konstantynowicz / Christofor Anastasijovich Konstantynowicz died 1786.
His father Anastazy Konstantynowicz b. ca 1710/1720, the son of
Kostia Konstantynowicz that is Konstantyn Konstantynowicz b. ca 1680/1690, the SON of AUGUSTYN Konstantynowicz of MSCISLAU b. ca 1635/1645.

Anastasij Kostiantinovich Konstantynowicz born ca 1710 / 1720 and died before 1784.

Konstantyn Konstantynowicz (Kostia Konstantynowicz) born ca 1680/1690, the son of Augustyn Konstantynowicz.
He came from the family of AUGUSTYN Konstantynowicz of MSCISLAU b. 1635/1645.

Augustyn Konstantynowicz born ca 1635/1645, the Mscislaw writer, from whom Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki born ca 1650, (once called Krzysztof Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki), a son of Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki, bought the land estate of Bielyj Mech / Bialy Mech.

Above Ciechanowiecki, Michal Wincenty, born ca 1625; inf. 1685, mentioned in 1653, signed the election of Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki to the king in 1669, was the 5th son of
Krzysztofa Stanislaw or Krzysztof Stanislawowicz Ciechanowiecki born ca 1600, and Drucka-Horska;
received in 1673 the Choslaw estate by his mother Antonella Drucka-Horska.

Above Krzysztof Franciszek CIECHANOWIECKI / Krzysztof Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki, was the brother of
Mikolaj / Boguslaw Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki, the son of mentioned Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki.

Named above Ciechanowiecki, Mikolaj / Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki or Boguslaw Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki,
was the son of Marianna Kotowska / Marcjanna Ciechanowiecka and Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki.

Roza, was the daughter of named Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki. Below her sibilings -
Marcin / Marcjan Adam, was the son of named Krzysztof Franciszek;
Antoni Tadeusz, a son of named Krzysztof Franciszek;
Jozef, a son of Krzysztof Franciszek;
Mikolaj or Michal Ciechanowiecki, a son of Krzysztof Franciszek;
and Stanislaw, a son of mentioned above Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki.

Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki bought the village of Bialy Mech; he was the writer of Mstislav; Samuel Ciechanowiecki wrote a letter in 1705 on above Krzysztof.

The first wife of Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki, b. ca 1650, was unknown Konstantynowicz with the FOX / Lis coat of arms, born ca 1650/1655 - maybe the sister of Augustyn Konstantynowicz, b. 1635/1645.

Jurjewicz, Lukasz Mateusz, b. ca 1660, had son Jurjewicz, Franciszek Felicjan, b. 1695 in the Oshmiana ex-district.

Franciszek Felicjan Jurjewicz / Jurewicz had children:
1. Jurjewicz, Tomasz, b. 21/12/1720,
2. Jurjewicz, Stanislaw, b. 1725,
3. ANTONI JUREWICZ / Anthony Yurevich / Jurjewicz, Antoni, b. 1730 / 1735 + Agnieszka Konstantynowicz of the Mscislau branch of the Konstantynowiczs, born ca 1735/1740
- see Augustyn Konstantynowicz b. ca 1635/1645,
4. Adam Jurjewicz, b. 1740 + Marianna.

Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz, was born to Antoni Jurjewicz and Agnieszka Konstantynowicz.
Antoni Jurjewicz or Jurjevicius Antoni was born in 1735.
Ignacy had 6 brothers and sisters:
Tadeusz Jurewicz,
Michal Jurjewicz,
JOZEF Jurewicz born 1770, and so on.

Ignacy married Justyna Wieliczko. They had 3 sons:
Jozef Jurjewicz b. ca 1790 [see below], and 2 other children.

Above Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz b. ca 1760 / 1770.

Acc.to my research, the brother of Ignacy Jurewicz b. 1760/1770, and son of named Antoni Jurewicz b. ca 1730/1735, was
JOZEF JUREWICZ / Josif Jurievitsch b. ca 1770, married Joanna or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ.

Stanislaw Jurievitsch / Stanislaw Josifovich JUREWICZ / Stanislaw Jurewicz, b. 1800 or in 1802.
Stanislaw Jurewicz / Stanislav Yurevich, b. 1800/1802, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, was next of kin to Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot Zenovich.
Ignacy Despot ZENOWICZ b. ca 1830 was a translator of Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin.

Ignacy's children:
Mieczyslaw Deszpot-Zenowicz b. ca 1850,
Maria Aniela,
Wanda.

Stanislaw Juriewicz, b. 1800/1802, as the oldest brother, divided these properties among his brothers.
His brother, Michal Juriewicz, received Kraszuty, a large estate covered by a dense forest, known to contain bears, moose, and other big game.
His brother Jan Jurewicz received two estates, Franopol and Porzecze.
His father was
Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, b. ca 1770, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev.
Jozef Jurewicz came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz b. ca 1775; also in Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty.

Stanislaw was the son of JOZEF JUREWICZ / Josif Jurievitsch b. ca 1770, and Joanna or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ / Anna Jurewicz b. ca 1770 / 1775.
Anna Despot Zenowicz Jurewicz was the daughter of
Jozef Despot ZENOWICZ / Josif Deszpo-Zenowicz b. ca 1745, and POLONIA OGINSKA / Apolonia Deszpo-Zenowicz b. ca 1750.
Anna was the wife of named JOZEF JUREWICZ / Josif Jurievitsch b. ca 1770.
Anna was the mother of
Stanislaw Jurievitsch b. 1800 / 1802
and
Anna von Wrangell nee Jurewicz, b. 1819.

Stanislaw was the father of
Mieczyslaw Jan Filip Jurievitsch b. ca 1835, m. Roza Katarzyna ROSSI.

Near to MSCISLAW were living:
dukes Horski at places:
Miksztyn or Miksztyno, Dudino, Liszki and Cerkowiszcze,
and next here Ciechanowiecki, Hurko, Taran, Suchodolski families.

In 1711 - the Mscislaw city writer, mentioned Augustyn Konstantynovich, gave to the chapel a wonderful portrait of the Blessed Virgin from the Orthodox church.
Assisted Kucewicz, Larska, Celnerowa, Wojnina, Illinich, Lendorf, Potemkin.
In 1707 - the chapel was built; the Swedes burned a large wooden church in 1708; rebuilt in 1711 by Dziechelewicz and built new wooden residential house.
Augustyn Konstantynowicz, the Mscislaw writer, from whom Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki (once called Krzysztof Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki), the son of Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki, bought the land estate of Bielyj Mech / Bialy Mech.

Above Ciechanowiecki, Michal Wincenty, inf. 1685, mentioned in 1653, signed the election of Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki to the king in 1669,
was the 5th son of
Krzysztofa Stanislaw Ciechanowiecki or Krzysztof Stanislawowicz Ciechanowiecki and Antonella Drucka-Horska;
Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki received in 1673 the Choslaw estate by his mother Antonella Drucka-Horska.

Krzysztofa Stanislaw or Krzysztof Stanislawowicz Ciechanowiecki / Krzysztof Ciechanowiecki married to Antonila Horska / Antonella Drucka-Horska / HORSKI.

Kazimierz Wladyslaw SAPIEHA, top Lithuanian official in 1685, 1686, the Lithuanian court treasurer in 1686, b. ca 1650, d. 1703; 1 m. in 1678 Franciszka Kopec, 2 m. Anna Wincenta Fredra;
with:
1. Jan Fryderyk Sapieha + Konstancja Franciszka Radziwill (1697 - 1756);
2.
Mikolaj Sapieha, b. 1689, the Mscislaw official [see Augustyn Konstantynowicz b. 1635/1645];
3.
Cecylia Zofia Sapieha, b. 1688, d. in Mozejkowo Wielkie in 1762; 1 m. in Dawgieliszki in 1710 to Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, 2 m. above Michal Tyzenhauz / Michal Mikolaj Jan Tyzenhauz b. ca 1690-1734.

In 1792 Karol Prozor went abroad, arrived in Konigsberg; went to Klaipeda. Now he had the opportunity to communicate with his brother-in-law Franciszek Bukaty. Bukata urged Karol to come to London.
Karol Prozor soon established contacts with the conspiracy in Lithuania in January 1793; he cooperated closely with Cpt. Amilkar Kosinski, and from Jan Oskierka, he received secret brochures [see on JAN OSKIERKA older]. The manor in Chojniki became a conspiracy center at that time, and here in July 1793 the nobility congress was held, during which the members of the Volhynia-Polesie conspiracy set up a plan of action.
JAN Oskierka and Karol Prozor were called by General Governor T. Tutolmin in 1794, the "chief rebels" in Mozyr and Owrucz "the root of evil", the "spirit of disobedience and anarchy".

At the beginning of February 1794 KAROL PROZOR came from Chojnik to Warsaw; left Warsaw on the 13th or 14th of August under the name of Dabrowski;
the meeting with Tadeusz Kosciuszko took place in Dresden.
General Tadeusz Kosciuszko appointed Prozor as General Major and commander of all insurgent units in Ukraine, Polesie, Podolia and in a part of Lithuania, and A. Kosinski as his chief of staff.
Karol Prozor returning from Dresden, stopped briefly in Warsaw and moved to Zmudz to Poniemun. After meeting with the activists of the conspiracy in Kaunas, he went to Vilnius to Jakub Jasinski. From Vilnius, left in Polesie, to Zdzieciol [see Konstantynowicz here] to the court's ex-minister Stanislaw Soltan, head of the conspiracy in the province of Nowogrodek.
Then he went to Chojnik.
After the defeat of the KOSCIUSZKO insurrection, Karol Prozor went to Galicia with Michal Kleofas Oginski and General Franciszek Lazninski, in Jaroslaw; then left for Venice.

Mentione Augustin Konstantynowicz / Augustyn Rokoz Konstantynowicz / Augustyn Pohoza Konstantynowicz, was a clerk of the Lithuanian military confederation since 1661 by 1667 and after a special envoy of Michal Pac to Moscow to ask tsar Aleksei / Aleksey to put up his son Feodor / Fiodor III as a candidate to Polish election; the municipal and territorial writer in the Mscislau province, born c. 1635, had died 1713 or before 1713.

Mscislaw nobles, wishing to have their own school, appealed to the Parliament in 1690, on the Jesuit residence in Mscislaw, on the border of the Smolensk province and RUSSIA. County officials have provided with fund a missionary house with chapel St Michael and Joseph; also a grammar school.

Augustyn Konstantynowicz, the Mscislaw writer, from whom Krzysztof Franciszek Ciechanowiecki (once called Krzysztof Mikolaj Ciechanowiecki), son of Michal Wincenty Ciechanowiecki, bought the land estate of Bielyj Mech / Bialy Mech.

In the years 1681-1685 the main supporter of Russia in Lithuania was KRAJEWSKI. His trusted supporter was Augustyn Pohozy Konstantinovich - our branch of the family.
Krajewski received letters from Augustyn Konstantinovich.
Augustyn Konstantynovich was a long-term trustee, servant and advisor to Marcjan Oginski, Governor of TROKI.
This information was given in 1686 by Jerzy Kazimierz Nienoronowicz-Szpilowski.
Augustyn Constantinovich also had relations with the Ukrainian Cossacks.
In 1671 Augustyn was in Minsk the official to bridges [the Land Office of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania dealing with the maintenance and maintenance of bridges in the area entrusted to them].
In 1674, after the death of Wisniowiecki, in Lithuania, Michal PAC and MARCJAN Oginski wanted to be King Fyodor Alekseejewicz, so they were sent to MOSCOW Augustyn Konstantynovich. Augustyn talked with Prince Yuriy Alekseejewicz DOLGORUKOW and Artam Sergeyevich Matveev.

Yuri Alekseyevich Dolgorukov, b. 1602, d. on May 15, 1682 in Moscow, Russian prince, the Novgorod governor and Moscow, participant of the Polish-Russian war, commander of the army in the Polish-Russian war 1654-1667.

In 1674, Augustyn Konstantynovitch is appointed the writer of MSCISLAW; 1685 - writer of the Land of Mscislaw; 1703 - last information about Augustyn Konstantynovich [1711 !].

In September 1682, S. Bentkowski arrives in Kadzina / KADINO [15 km east to Mohylew by the Dniepr river] and this information is given by Augustyn Konstantynovich.

Above Marcjan Alexander Oginski born 1632; he was the Orthodox; in 1670 the governor of TROKI and turns to Catholicism. Marcjan Oginski in 1674 fights with Turkey. His family was also the governors: POLOCK and MSCISLAW. Marcjan Aleksander Oginski (born 1632 - January 26, 1690) was a great Lithuanian chancellor from 15 May 1684, the voivode of Troki since 1670.
The son of the castellan of Troki, Alexander OGINSKI (died 1667).

MARCJAN was a member of the Confederacy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1672. He was a Senate deputy to the King's War Council in 1673.

His father Aleksander Oginski (born 1585 - died 1667), castellan (from 1649), Voivodeship of Minsk (1645), the son of
Bogdan Oginski (d. 1625) and Regina Wollowicz.

Above Aleksander Oginski, Prince, b. ca 1585 / 1590 in Trakai, d. 1667, was the son of Bogdan Oginski and Regina / Raina.
Aleksander was the husband of Elzbieta Pac and Kotryna.

Marcin Marian Aleksander Oginski / MARCJAN ALEKSANDER OGINSKI, 1632 - 1690, was the son of Aleksander Oginski, Prince and Kotryna.
Marcin / Marian / Marcjan Oginski was the husband of Marcybela Anna Oginska and Konstancja Krystyna Oginski.
Brother of Jan Oginski; Jerzy Wincenty Oginski; Izabela; Helena; Aleksandra Konstancja Zawisza-Kiezgajlo.
Half brother of Bogdan Oginskis and Jan Oginski.


The Konstantynowicz ancestry with the Fox coat of arms (1534) come from Michno Konstantynowicz of the Lida and the Mereczanka river (1552 and 1554) area on the border of Lithuania and Belarus. Konstantinovich hasn't the Cossack or the Greek origin. It was a legend only about Greek Konstantinovich Anastasius of 1784 who moved from Rumelia - Macedonia today, first to Nizhyn, and then to Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky; served to the Pereyaslav regiment in 1756.
A legend was about the beginning of the Konstantynowicz family. Many said that our family (ancestry) has come from the BALKANS according to "Gutenberg Encyclopaedia" (volume 8); many said that the ancestry had got to descent from Serbian ancestor (janczar), who was Turkish soldier 1455 - 1463, who was afterwards in Poland (that is since 1470 or 1471); he has written memoirs here (1490-1516 or rather 1496 - 1501) about title "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)". A copy was in the Sapieha Archive.
More inf. on the same Turkish soldier - Michal Konstantynowicz in F. Bujak, "Studia geograf.-hist.", p. 129 - 134. The main editions of "(...) the Turkish chronicle (...)" in 1828 and 1912 misleaded many of our ancestors. The Kibalczyc family i.e. Kibalcicas have got a legend that tell us about an ancestor from Serbia - the family moved out to the Chernigov province in the Grand duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century - the legend it's mistake, too.

The Konstantynowicz family near by Perejaslav has got the Fox coat of arms. Somebody (owned Fox coat of arms according to an armorial of 1914; territory of Russia in the 18th cent., 78 km SE of Kiev) among Cossacks in 1756 in Pereyaslav.

Anastazy Konstantynowicz (born ca 1710 / 1720 - d. before 1784) probably escaped from Poland to Russia before 1756 (ca 1740) and after he was a Commissioner Regiment (in 1759-1760) among Cossacks.
His son
KRZYSZTOF Konstantynowicz = Christopher Anastasiyovych Konstantynowicz (1741 - 1786) served to the first regiment of Pereyaslav and was centurion (1770-1781),
the grandson
Piotr Konstantynowicz = Peter Hristoforovich (1785-1850) was Major General (1848), commander of Kyiv artyler garrison (1836-1848) and
the great-grandson
ALEKSANDER Konstantynowicz / Alexander P. Jr. (1825/1828/1832-1903) was Lieutenant General (1889) and the Governor of the Turgay region (1878-83), the Bessarabian governor (1883-99).
This ancestry submitted to the 2nd and 3rd parts of the nobility book of Kiev province in Russia.
Alexander Konstantynowicz, the son of Piotr / Petr Konstantynowicz. Aleksander b. 1828/1832, died 1903, was a professional soldier, in service since 1846, an artilleryman; the Colonel in 1867, Major-General in 1877, Lieutenant-General in 1889; conquest of Khiva in 1873, in 1878 to 1883 he was the military governor of Orenburg, and Commander of Turgay region; since 1883 to 1899 - Governor of Bessarabia, since 1889 member of the Minister of the Interior; awards Anne 1st Class, Vladimir 2nd degree, the White Eagle;
his wife since 1856 Ilyashenko Sophia Antonovna 1840 d. 1896.

Ilyashenko Sophia Antonovna b. 1840 d. 1896, was daughter of a captain; her husband since 1856 was Alexander P. Konstantynowicz 1832-1903.

Aleksander's children:
1.
Olga Konstantynowicz b. 1858 or 1860 and died ?, a daughter of Alexander P. Konstantynowicz, in 1878 she was married Andrei Ivanovich Schmidt, who served in the Orenburg district court; she emigrated to Paris and USA.
2.
Michal Konstantynowicz / Michael b. 1860 and died in 1902, he was a district marshal of the nobility in Kovno Province in 1899,
his children:
Xenia Konstantynowicz b. 1889,
Natalia Konstantynowicz born 1894,
Catherine / Katarzyna Konstantynowicz, a daughter of Alexander b. 1863 died in 1942, and in 1885 she married P. A. Galenkovski, and after her divorce in 1905 she married L. N. Chernoyarov;
her daughter from her first marriage, Elizabeth married Suprunov;
3.
Sofia Konstantynowicz b. 1864 died 1942, in 1886 she married E. A. Mamchich, before the Revolution she was living in Chisinau - the Kremenchug area;
4.
Natalia Konstantynowicz, b. 1867, d. 1938?, in 1889, she married Jerzy Bulacel / Gregory Pavlovich Bulatsel;
5.
Constantine / Konstantyn Konstantynowicz born 1869 and died no earlier than 1917, a son of Aleksander P. Konstantynowicz, in the 90s of the 19th cent. Konstantyn served in the office in the Bessarabian Province, the Akkerman district, in 1904 the member of the Ufa provincial office on Peasant Affairs, he had property - land in the Sterlitamak county of the Ufa province (all inf. about Konstantyn Konstantynowicz need to be check).

Source: 'The Armorial of Little Russia. ... Chernigov Governorate'; Lukomskij, L. Modzelewski (and Heorhiy Narbut), in Petersburg, 1914.

Peter Hristoforovich Konstantinovich / PIOTR Konstantynowicz was born in 1785, was Major General of the Russian army 1848.
The grandfather of historian George Vernadsky.

Piotr Konstantynowicz or Peter Hristoforovich was a soldier to 1849. General Konstantinovich had 13 children, five of them died infants. Some of the children were also military. The greatest success in this field has achieved son Alexander Konstantynowicz.

Peter / Piotr Konstantynowicz participated in many military campaigns of the Russian army: in 1812 near Smolensk and the Battle of Borodino. From 1836 he was commander of the Kiev garrison artillery. 1838 taken a possession in the Pereyaslavl county of the Kiev province.

Iwan Wernadski / Vernadsky Ivan was a teacher of Russian literature in high school; in 1847, in St. Petersburg, Ivan V. defended a master's degree thesis; after at the University of St. Vladimir; in 1850 he was transferred to the same department in Moscow University and was here from 1851 until 1856 as full professor; in the village Giant Shishaki in Poltava government Vernadsky had got a mansion, where all the family was living in summer.

Anna Konstantynowicz / Anna Konstantinowicz / Konstantinovich Anna Petrovna was the daughter of Brigadier-General Piotr H. Konstantinovich / PIOTR Konstantynowicz (b. ca 1785) and was the second wife of mentioned Ivan Vasilyevich Vernadsky.
Anna Petrovna, nee Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz born 1837 - died 1898.

H. Konstantinovich that is Christoforowicz, the son of
Christofor / Hristofor Konstantinovich that is Krzysztof Konstantynowicz (here was error: Henryk, Gawrila, Havrila) born 1741.

Anna's brother,
Ivan Petrovich Konstantynowicz / Jan Konstantynowicz, the son of Piotr Konstantynowicz, and Ivan b. 1818, died 1877, a professional Navy officer, after a cadet school - 1834 he achieved Captain 1st Rank in 1868, in 1875 he served in the Caucasian Army, died in Tiflis. Owned estates in the province of Poltava, the Pereyaslavl County, Voitovtsy village.

Ivan's daughter,
Alexandra Ivanovna Konstantynowicz born 1848 and died after 1912, was wife of L. N. Modzalevsky.
Modzalevsky Leo / Lev Modzelewski, 1837 - 1896, the teacher, a graduate of History and Philology of St. Petersburg University. He worked in the schools of St. Petersburg and Tiflis / Tbilisi, the author of many works on pedagogy.
His wife Alexandra Ivanovna nee Konstantynowicz was born 1848.

Another daughter of named IVAN -
Victoria Ivanovna Konstantynowicz born in 1846, died 1899 or 1900; in 1867, she married M. P. Rehbinder, and after second husband O. E. Weimar.

Mikhail P. Rehbinder, he studied at the St. Petersburg School of Jurisprudence and worked at the Law Faculty of the University; he lived in an estate Lyadno in the Novgorod province; he was trying to create together with peasants agricultural co-operative in his estate in the Novgorod province; he left his family and went to the USA in 1909; his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz, the daughter of Ivan / Jan Konstantynowicz b. ca 1790;
her son Alexander died 1906.

Anna and Ivan Petrovich Konstantynowicz had next sibiling -
Elizabeth Konstantynowicz married Mr Neyolov / Nieelov 1824 - 1889.
Elizabeth's daughter -
Lydia A. Neyolov, who died at a old age in Kiev during the German occupation in 1941 / 1942.

Another sister of above Anna Konstantynowicz -
Helena Petrovna Konstantynowicz with her husband Kravchenko. She was born 1831 and he was died no earlier than 1909. Helena married to Kravchenko in 1859, lived in Piryatin.

Kravchenko Ivan Ilyich, 1829-1890, a assessor in 1867, lived and died in Piryatin in the Poltava area; his wife Helena Petrovna Konstantynowicz, the daughter of Piotr Konstantynowicz, she was born 1831 and died no earlier than 1909;
her son - probably not only one - Sergey.

Anna's brother -
Alexander Petrovich Konstantynowicz was General-lieutenant, General-Governor of Bessarabia in Kishiniev on 30 July 1883 to 4 July 1899.
The Rogge noble family was close friends with the family Konstantinovich and Ippolit Rogge / Hippolytus born March 2, 1853 in Kerch, colonel in 1909, was baptized March 7, 1853 in St. John Church of Kerch;
godfather - Lieutenant Adjutant Ivan Konstantinovich / Jan Konstantynowicz, the son of Piotr Konstantynowicz from Kercz / Kerch. All - Orthodox.
A General List of noble families of Bessarabia includes the name of the Konstantynowicz Alexander in 1893 from the Poltava province.

Emeryk Zachariasz Mikolaj Seweryn Hutten-Czapski, Count, b. 1828, was the son of Karol Jozef Czapski.
Karol was the friend of last Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Karol Czapski was owner of Stankow / Stan'kava in Belarus!; b. 1777, died in 1836 in Danilovichi / Danilowicze,
was the son of
Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Czapski Hutten of the Chelmno province in Poland, and Weronika Joanna Radziwill,
the daughter of
Michal Kazimierz Radziwill nick-name Rybenko.

Karol Czapski married to Fabianna Obuchowicz, a daughter of Michal Obuchowicz of Minsk in Belarus;
Karol was brother of Stanislaw Hutten-Czapski, 1779-1844 / 1845, Colonel of the Polish Army; Marshal of the Minsk county, who married Zofia Obuchowicz, an owner of KOJDANOW [not of course - Kiejdany]
- the son of mentioned Stanislaw b. 1779, was
Marian Czapski Count: born in Lachwa in 1816 Belarus now, d. 1875, in Wieckowice in the Posen province / Poznan province [west of POZNAN], studied in Wilno / Vilnius, in 1845 an owner of Kojdanow close to Minsk, was exiled to Siberie in 1864, in Tomsk to 1867, in 1867-1871 MARIAN Czapski was living in Dorpat, Estonia.

Danilowicze / Danilavichy (Danilavicy), ca 11 km east-south-east of Stan'kava / Stankowo of the Hutten-Czapskis, and 18 km south-east of Dzyarzhynsk / Dzierzynsk / Kojdanow of the Hutten-Czapski family; west of Dukora of the Oginski family; ca 40 km south-west of Minsk in Belarus now. In 19th cent. it was the Minsk government, the Ihumen county (Cerven now), the Uzda region.

Miezonka and the net to DZIALYNSKI of Pakosc close to Inowroclaw - Znin, and of GOLUCHOW - 14 km south-east to PLESZEW, at way to KALISZ.
Kajetan Oskierka, b. 1820/1821, married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1825-1896, the owner of Miezonka. Kajetan was the son of Dominik Oskierka. Then in 1842 Miezonka belonged to Dominik Konstantynowicz and his son - Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833, and to the grandson - Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswiej / Oswieja - owned by PROZOR.
The sister of Dominik Oskierka -
Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz],
with:
Maurycy Prozor, b. 1801 in TEMPLARS Church in England - d. 1886 + Anna Chlopicka, b. ca 1810.

GOLUCHOW
- 14 km south-east to PLESZEW, at way to KALISZ; 5 km north to Czerminek; 12 km south to Rokutow [compare Kiedrzynski]; 14 km north-east to Sobotka;
20 km south-east to Broniszewice [Mycielski Erazm alias ERASMUS Mycielski (1769-1800) - the conspirator after the fall of the uprising in 1794].
Goluchow Castle was built between 1550 - 1560. Leszczynski sold in 1695 named Goluchow to Suszko;
then next owners:
Gorowski; Chlebowski; Swinarski; Suchorzewski.
In 1853 / 1856, Tytus Dzialynski [the family from PAKOSC] bought the Castle for his son Jan Kanty Dzialynski and his wife Izabella Czartoryski married Dzialynska, the daughter of Duke Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.
Jan Kanty Dzialynski financed and organized the January Uprising in Greater Poland in 1863. The collapse of the uprising and the default conviction handed down to him by the Prussian authorities (set aside only in 1871) forced him to emigrate. To protect Goluchow against confiscation, Izabella Dzialynska bought the castle from Dzialynskis' hands.
In 1875 - 1885 she carried out a reconstruction combined with renovation.
After Izabella's death in 1899, the property was transformed into the ordination, with the museum, inherited by her nephew, Prince Witold Czartoryski. Goluchow remained in the hands of the Czartoryski family until the outbreak of World War II. I wrote above, in 1853, the Goluchow castle was bought by Tytus Dzialynski, for his son Jan Kanty.
Tytus Adam Dzialynski (1796 - 1861, was the son of Ksawery Dzialynski, the owner of Pakosc - compare Tadeusz Wolanski and the Czolgosz family) was a Polish political activist and protector of arts and a Prussian politician.
Above Ksawery Szymon Tadeusz Dzialynski b. 1756 in Konarzewo, and died in 1819 in named Konarzewo;
Senator of the Warsaw Duchy and the Congress Kingdom.
KSAWERY Dzialynski and Ignacy Dzialynski, both, were the owners of PAKOSC, close to Inowroclaw and Znin.
Then PAKOSC belonged to the Knights Council Lieutenant, Johann Carl von Gerhardt of Flatow, ie. in 1789/1792 until 1802. Ksawery Dzialynski was the son of Augustyn Dzialynski, the Kalisz governor [Augustyn was the owner of PAKOSC], and Anna Radomicka, the daughter of Jan Antoni Radomicki, the Inowroclaw governor. In 1782 he was MP. In 1786 Count in Prussia.

In 1853 / 1856, Tytus Dzialynski [the family from PAKOSC] bought the Castle for his son Jan Kanty Dzialynski and his wife Izabella Czartoryski married Dzialynska, the daughter of Duke Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.
Jan Kanty Dzialynski financed and organized the January Uprising in Greater Poland in 1863. The collapse of the uprising and the default conviction handed down to him by the Prussian authorities (set aside only in 1871) forced him to emigrate. To protect Goluchow against confiscation, Izabella Dzialynska bought the castle from Dzialynskis' hands.
In 1875 - 1885 she carried out a reconstruction combined with renovation.
After Izabella's death in 1899, the property was transformed into the ordination, with the museum, inherited by her nephew, Prince Witold Czartoryski. Goluchow remained in the hands of the Czartoryski family until the outbreak of World War II. I wrote above, in 1853, the Goluchow castle was bought by Tytus Dzialynski, for his son Jan Kanty.
Tytus Adam Dzialynski (1796 - 1861, was the son of Ksawery Dzialynski, the owner of Pakosc - compare Tadeusz Wolanski and the Czolgosz family) was a Polish political activist and protector of arts and a Prussian politician.
Above Ksawery Szymon Tadeusz Dzialynski b. 1756 in Konarzewo, and died in 1819 in named Konarzewo;
Senator of the Warsaw Duchy and the Congress Kingdom.
KSAWERY Dzialynski and Ignacy Dzialynski, both, were the owners of PAKOSC, close to Inowroclaw and Znin.
Then PAKOSC belonged to the Knights Council Lieutenant, Johann Carl von Gerhardt of Flatow, ie. in 1789/1792 until 1802. Ksawery Dzialynski was the son of Augustyn Dzialynski, the Kalisz governor [Augustyn was the owner of PAKOSC], and Anna Radomicka, the daughter of Jan Antoni Radomicki, the Inowroclaw governor. In 1782 he was MP. In 1786 Count in Prussia.

Named above
Jozefa Skarzynska Rudnicka,
had godparents - Czapski, Rowinski and Maciej (Mateusz) Rowinski.
Stefan Rudnicki in 1815 in Danieszyn close to Ostrow Wielkopolski was the manager of a farm. He had a daughter Marcjana;
in 1818 he was living in Przygodzice, close to Ostrow Wielkopolski, and here was born his son Wojciech Rudnicki.

Ludwika nee Czapski died in Wielun in 1847; married Andrzej Piotrowicz b. ca 1800, marriage ca 1830.
Ludwika had a sister Konstancja.
Konstancja Hutten-Czapska, a single - unmarried woman, died in 1853. She was born in 1819.
Miss Konstancja Czapska was - in Wielun - the godmother of Wladyslaw Hutten-Czapski in 1844, but Wladyslaw Czapski was born in 1835.
Konstancja Hutten-Czapska was living in Piaski - 2 km north to Boleslawiec - as unmarried woman. Konstancja Czapska, born [or ca 1809] 1819; in 1844 in Wielun; died in 1853 in Piaski, buried in Boleslawiec, close to Wieruszow and to Wielun.

In 1793 in the Dobrzec parish; at present Piekart is situated in KALISZ, close to Dobrzec Wielki:
in Piekart was born Franciszka, the daughter of Michal Korycinski and Zofia Korycinska, the owners of Piekart, with godparents: Jan Amadei, the owner of Boczki, and Jozefa Rudnicka nee Ordega.
Marianna Rudnicka, the wife of Jan Amadej, the daughter of Ms Jozefa Ordega and Wojciech Jozef Antoni Rudnicki.

Raszkow, and also a register of the church in Glogowa, the Wladyslawow commune, in the Turek county:
Glogowa - 3 kilometres west of Wladyslawow, 11 km north-west of Turek.
In 1802, Ignacy Jozef Hutten Capski was born in Raszkow, the son of Jan Hutten Czapski b. ca 1765.
Jan Hutten Czapski b. ca 1765, was living in Raszkow ca 1802. Jan b. ca 1765 was the son of Antoni.
Antoni Hutten Czapski was born ca 1723.
Antoni Czapski had a sibilings: Jakub and Joanna.
In 1765, Antoni Czapski, the son of Jozef Hutten Czapski, and the grandson of Jan Hutten Czapski, sold the part of Bobrowa / Bobrowo [10 km north-west to Brodnica], to Jan Lewald Jezierski.
Antoni Hutten-Czapski was the son of Jozef Czapski, b. ca 1700.
Jozef had a brother Jerzy Czapski b. ca 1695.
Jozef Czapski died in or bef. 1736. Jozef Czapski b. ca 1700, had also a son Jan Czapski b. ca 1725.
In 1778, above Jan Czapski died, the son of Jozef Czapski.
Kruszyny Szlacheckie and Niewierz took Jozef Czapski b. ca 1700.
Jozef had also a son Ignacy Hutten Czapski b. ca 1727/1729.
Sumowko in 1778, Ignacy Czapski took.

Sumowko is a village in the Zbiczno commune, within the Brodnica County,
6 km east to KONOJADY;
11 km east to Bukowiec;
5 km north to WICHULEC.

Kruszyny Szlacheckie - 4 km south-east to Wichulec.

NIEWIERZ - 9 km west to Brodnica.

Bobrowo - 5 km south-west to Wichulec.

Additional explanations to the person of Jozef August Ilinski, the Tadeusz Grabianka's supporter: Jozef August Ilinski b. 1760 or in 1766 in Romanow in the Zhytomyr / Zytomierz county, MP, senator, chamberlain, head of the grenadier regiment, Polish and Russian general lieutenant and the general inspector in 1792; a Maltese bachelor in 1797.

Jozef August Ilinski born in 1766, General, the owner of Zytomierz until 1796, supporter of IGNACY POTOCKI; the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski; Jozef August Ilinski married to Antonina Leonora Komorowska 1770-1838,
the daughter of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski, born in 1697 or in 1724 - died in 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawlowska;
the granddaughter of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670

{Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski b. 1769 in Sushno, was son of Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781, who was son of
Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 / 1670,
and grandson of Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700,
who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 also had son Jan Komorowski junior b. ca 1680 [m. Zofia Polanska] [see President Bronislaw Komorowski].
Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660 [1670 ?], was son of Jan Komorowski senior b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.
Above Stefan had also son Adam Komorowski b. ca 1640 [?] who had son Jan Komorowski d. 1719 - the 3rd.
Ignacy Komorowski of Chelm, 1710-1760 was son of above named Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670- 1719 and Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska
[Jan's next son was Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski of Belz, 1699-1750].

Jan Komorowski the 3rd of Nowogrodek, 1670-1719 married to Konstancja Katarzyna Sulimierska b. ca 1670,
the daughter of Mikolaj Stefan Sulimierski and Teofila Gluzicka;
they had all 4 sons:
above Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski;
above named Ignacy Komorowski;
Adam Ignacy Komorowski b. 1699, d. 1759 in Skierniewice;
and Piotr d. 1747}.

The 2nd son of Lucya Glogowska + Stanislaw Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski was
Stanislaw Jozef Grzymala at Jablonowo Jablonowski, the owner of Rawa Ruska, m. Jozefa Bakawska, the daughter of
Jan Wincenty Count Bakowski and Kunegunda KOMOROWSKA Css
[above Jozefa Bakawska had sister Henryka + Roman KARNICKI;
and brother
Ferdynand Bakowski m. Antonina Komorowska Css
with the Korczak coat of arms].

Ferdynand Jaksa-Bakowski 1800-1853,
was the son of above
Jan Wincenty Jaksa-Bakowski 1770-1828, and Kunegunda Komorowska b. 1770.
Above Ferdynand BAKOWSKI m. ca 1830 to Antonina Jozefa Komorowska 1812-1891,
the daughter of
Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski 1769-1826 and Konstancja Kunegunda Siestrzanek-Karnicka b. 1787.

Above Antoni Piotr Jozef Komorowski / Antoni Piotr Jozef Kajetan Jan Walenty Adam Komorowski, b. 1769 in Sushno / SUSZNO, was the son of
Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski 1697 - 1781,
who was the son of
Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1670,
and the grandson of
Jan Komorowski b. ca 1640 - 1700, who came from Stefan Komorowski and Katarzyna.

Above Stefan KOMOROWSKI had also son Adam Komorowski who had the son
Jan Komorowski d. 1719, and the grandsons:
Stefan Aleksander Mamert Komorowski [Stefan was father of Barbara Zofia Dambska and Jan Komorowski];
Adam Ignacy Komorowski;
Ignacy Komorowski [with son Jozef Joachim Komorowski ca 1735 - 1800] and
Piotr Komorowski [the father of Konstancja Magdalena Popiel and Michal Komorowski
with a son Cyprian Kajetan Komorowski b. 1776, d. 1858 in L'viv].

Above Wladyslaw Symforian Ordega b. in Kozminek, d. in Paris, 1828-1896,
the son of
Jozef ORDEGA and Antonina Kielczewska.

Jozef Ordega, 1802-1879, was the next of kin to Jan Ordega, 1784-1871, the owner of Zelechow, m. in 1819, in Piotrkow Trybunalski, to Karolina Wilhelmina Dangel, 1787-1851.

Jan Ordega, 1784-1871 of ZELECHOW, the son of Marcin Ordega b. ca 1755 and Justyna Wezyk.
Marcin b. ca 1755, and Lukasz b. ca 1760, were the brothers ?
Jozef Ordega b. 1802, was the son of Lukasz Ordega, b. ca 1760.

Franciszek KOWALSKI b. ca 1745, died in 1823, the owner of Mantyki, and Dabrowka in the Sieradz province, m. in ca 1775 to Marianna Wyrzyska, the 2nd to Zuzanna Ordega.

Jan Ordega, b. 1784, the owner of ZELECHOW in latach 1827-1871, the FREEMASON.

The owner of Zelechow in 1782 - Fabian Sebastian Roman from Krzynowloga Mala in the Przasnysz county;
in 1786 - Franciszek Placyd Roman;
in 1792 - Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski until a death in 1802, MP, and the owner of CHOCEN.
In 1802 - Jan Nepomucen Sokolnicki; then his widowed wife, Konstancja Sokolnicka.
In 1813 - new landlord of Zelechow, Tadeusz Wyssogota Zakrzewski, the son of named Ignacy Zakrzewski, MP, the grandson of Izydor Wyssogota-Zakrzewski.
In 1824 - Jan Ordega bougt Zelechow.
In 1825 - Zelechow was bought by the daughters of Baron Tomasz Michal DANGEL.
In 1827 - Karolina ORDEGA nee DANGEL. She was married above Jan Ordega. He rebuilt the palace in 1838 and the cementary in 1852.
In 1829 - 1831 Joachim Lelewel acted here [his family had a family in Krzynowloga Mala] in ZELECHOW.
In the 50' of the 19th century Romuald Traugutt served here for 8 years.

Jan Ordega, 1784-1871, the owner of Zelechow, m. in 1819, in Piotrkow Trybunalski, to Karolina Wilhelmina Dangel, 1787-1851;
with children:
1.
Alfons Piotr Jan Ordega, b. 1820, m. Bronislawa Medrzecka. He was the owner of Zelechow.
2.
Olimpia Zofia SZYDLOWSKA Ordega, 1826-1906 + August Szydlowski, 1813-1894;
3.
Jan Artur Wojciech Ordega, Jr. - the owner of Stary Goniwilk and ZELECHOW.
He was born in 1828, d. in 1898 in Zelechow, the son of Jan Ordega and Karolina Wilhelmina Dangiel / Dangel / Ordega. Jan Artur married Michalina Maria Gertruda Bienkowska, b. ca 1820.
Jan Artur was the father of Michal Euzebiusz Ordega
[Michal ORDEGA, b. 1862 - d. in 1927 in Warsaw + Emilia BLOCH Holynska, 1870-1940, 1-voto KSAWERY HOLYNSKI, b. 1856 in Chelmsk,
the son of Walerian Holynski + Ewelina Ewa Broel-PLATER;
the grandson of
Michal Holynski, 1784-1854 + Elzbieta TOLSTOJ;
the great-grandson of
Jan Holynski / Ivan Holynsky, 1746-1817 + Barbara KASZYC;
the great-great-grandson of
Jozef Antoni Holynski b. ca 1728 + Petronela ZUKOWSKA;
the son of
Kazimierz Holynski b. ca 1670 + Teofila Moskiewicz.
Kazimierz was the son of Stefan Kazimierz Holynski, b. 1630 / ca 1640, d. 1701 + Izabela OSTANKIEWICZ b. ca 1650.

Jozef Hurko-Romejko JUNIOR, b. ca 1750/1760,
was the son of
SENIOR Jozef Hurko / JOZEF HURKO - ROMEJKO, born ca 1710 - in 1759-1780 the Vitebsk chamberlain. Jozef Hurko / Gurko, senior, was maybe the son of
JAN HURKO, born ca 1680 from KROTOWSZE-KRYNKI.

Christina Golynskaya (Krystyna Holynska) was the third daughter of Stefan HOLYNSKI / Stephen Holynski b. ca 1630/1640. Stefan Kazimierz Holynski, b. 1630 / ca 1640, d. 1701 + Izabela OSTANKIEWICZ b. ca 1650.
Krystyna m. Konstantynowicz and Hurko, nee Holynska, gave her estate in will to her brother Kazimierz HOLYNSKI, and to her sister Frantiska / Franciszka Holynska. In 1718, she sold the Chodun estate in the hands of the Order of Jesuits.


See on above Wladyslaw LASKI:

Stefania Ilinski (1841 - 1920) m. Wladyslaw LASKI = Lasek, banker, in 1870 the President of the International Bank in St. Petersburg.
The group included the Petersburg International Bank and Russian Bank for Foreign Trade from Russian side. Their rivals may be called as 'Rothschilds' group', including besides Rothschilds their allies with the Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank. The French side included Credit lyonnais [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company] and Credit industriel et commercial. Petersburg International Bank and Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank acted as intermediaries between the syndicate and the Russian government.

WLADYSLAW LASKI / Vladislav Ljasskij (1831-1889) and Discount and Loan Bank's director, Abram Zak (d. 1893) played the roles of financial advisers of Ivan Vyshnegradsky, the Russian minister of Finance in 1888-1892. The minister was suspected of close connections with 'Rothschilds' group'. The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company co-operated with the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank. The St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank was cooperating especially closely with the St. Petersburg International Bank by taking part "in the military industrial group to build submarines for the Baltic Navy. The group included Lessner's Plant and Nobel's Plant in St. Petersburg, which played a leading role in the group, as well as Fenix, Atlas, and Gatchinsky Ironworks".

Guchkov Alexander Ivanovich b. 1862, political and public figure, banker, was Director of Moscow Discount Bank; heading a defence Commission 1907-10. In St Petersburg, he was a member of St Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank's board.
From 1915, he was Chairman of the Central Military-Industrial Committee and a member of Special Meeting for defence. At the end of 1916, he designed plans for dynastic coup.

We know on Stefania Ilinski (1841 - 1920) m. Wladyslaw LASKI = Lasek, banker, in 1870 the President of the International Bank in St. Petersburg.
Stefania Ilinska was the daughter of Janusz Ilinski / Jan Ilinski, b. 1785 in Romanow;
the granddaughter of Jozef August Ilinski b. 1760 [the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA !];
the great-granddaughter of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski, b. 1731.

Jozef August Ilinski, the Tadeusz Grabianka's supporter:
Jozef August Ilinski b. 1760 or in 1766 in Romanow in the Zytomierz county, MP, senator, chamberlain, Polish and Russian general lieutenant and the general inspector in 1792;
a Maltese bachelor in 1797.


The Hutten-Czapski and Sobanski branch:

Css Jozefa Eleonora Justyna Hutten-Czapska b. in 1846 + Jan Walenty Burzynski;

Aleksander Hutten-Czapski + Jadwiga Sobanska.
Above Sobanska was the daughter of Leon Anastazy Dluszcz-Sobanski, 1824-1898 + Helena Holynska, 1833-1896 in Wilno.
The granddaughter of
Michal Holynski, ca 1782-1854 + Elzbieta Tolstoj b. 1773;
above Michal Holynski, ca 1782-1854, was the son of Ivan = Jan Holynski, b. 1817 + Barbara KASZYC;
Jan was the son of Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski and Petronela ZUKOWSKA.
Jozef Antoni Holynski b. ca 1730, was the son of Kazimierz Holynski and Teofila MOSKIEWICZ.
Kazimierz Holynski was the son of Stefan Kazimierz Holynski b. ca 1630/1640, and Izabela Ostankiewicz, b. ca 1650.

Aleksander Nikodem SOLTYK
{b. ca 1650, the son of BAZYLI SOLTYK.
Remember -
Jozef Franciszek Soltyk, died in 1735, the Lublin governor in 1731-1735, the BELZ governor in 1724-1731, the PODOLE official.
Jozef Soltyk was the son of named above Aleksander Nikodem Soltyk and his first wife Zuzanna HOLYNSKA / Golynski.
Jozef Soltyk was the brother of the Chelmno bishop, Maciej Aleksander SOLTYK and the PRZEMYSL governor, Mikolaj Aleksander SOLTYK}
+ Zuzanna HOLYNSKA / Zuzanna Soltyk (Golynska, b. ca 1660, was the daughter of WOJCIECH Holynski born 1627, and TEOFILA Zacwilichowska, b. ca 1630 / 1635 / 1640).

Kazimierz Holynski, b. ca 1670 - the son of
Stefan Kazimierz Holynski, b. ca 1630/1640, the MSCISLAW official, and Izabela Ostankiewicz.

IZABELA HOLYNSKA (born OSTANKIEWICZ in 1650) married STEFAN HOLYNSKI = STEFAN Kazimierz Holynski born in 1630/1640, d. 1701.
They had 7 children:
KAZIMIERZ HOLYNSKI, b. ca 1670;
FRANCISZKA HOLYNSKA, b. ca 1665;
Teofila Wojna;
Jan Michal Holynski;
Krystyna Holynska b. ca 1680, was married 2nd to Romeyko-Hurko; Krystyna Holynska was the 1st wife of Franciszek Konstantynowicz {the great owner close to KRZYCZEW in the Mscislaw province};
and BARBARA HURKO, and 1 other.

Above Stefan Kazimierz Holynski b. ca 1630/1640, was the son of Dawid Holynski, 1580-1663, and Teodora SURYN.

Stefan Kazimierz Holynski / Golynski was the brother of
Helena Kolska;
Aleksander Holynski, 1640-1720,
and Jakub Holynski, 1638-1710.

And maybe Stefan Kazimierz Holynski born ca 1630/1640, was the half-brother of WOJCIECH Holynski born 1627 + TEOFILA Zacwilichowska, b. ca 1630 / 1635 / 1640.

Zuzanna Holynska = Zuzanna Soltyk (Golynska), b. ca 1660, was the daughter of Wojciech Holynski and Teofila Zacwilichowska, b. ca 1640.

KAZIMIERZ Holynski of the MSCISLAU province, b. ca 1670, was brother of Franciszka Holynska born ca 1665; and of Krystyna Romeyko-Hurko - Konstantynowicz born ca 1680.


Below sibilings of the Hutten-Czapski family:
a.
Anna Hutten-Czapska m. to Jozef Oskierka.
Anna Oskierka b. 1762, was the sister of Maria Hutten-Czapska b. 1760, and the sister of Franciszek Hutten-Czapski, b. ca 1770/1775.

Melchior Czapski was the son of Franciszek Hutten CZAPSKI.
Franciszek Czapski b. ca 1770/1775, the owner of Ignackowo, in the LIPNO county, the judge in Rypin. Melchior Hutten-Czapski, b. in 1818 in Cieleta, but married in Lipno in 1853 to Jozefa Plaskowska b. in 1827 in Glodowo, the daughter of Ignacy PLASKOWSKI, b. ca 1800, the judge in LIPNO + Teodozja Suminski.

Anna Czapska married Jozef Oskierka. Anna b. 1762,
was the daughter of
Franciszek CZAPSKI older + and Dorota Dzialynska / Dorota Jozefina Dzialynska, b. 1743 in NAKLO by the Notes river, and she died in 1763
[Dorota Dzialynska Czapska was the daughter of
Augustyn Dzialynski, 1715 in Naklo - 1759 {the PAKOSC owner};
the granddaughter of Jozef Dzialynski].

Named Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Hutten - Czapski, older, b. 1725, d. 1802 in Warsaw. Above Franciszek Stanislaw Kostka Hutten-Czapski, b. 1725, was the son of
Ignacy Hutten-Czapski, older, 1700 - 1746 and Teofila Konopacka, 1680 - 1733 [the Konopackis of the SWIECIE county].

Anna Czapski married Jozef Oskierka. The wedding bef. 1800 [ca 1788]. Jozef Oskierka, b. ca 1763/1770, was the son of Antoni Oskierka b. ca 1740, and Teresa Eperyaszy.
Anna's children:
Franciszek Oskierka, b. bef. 1800 [ca 1790], and
Ignacy Oskierka born bef. 1800.

b.
Ignacy Hutten Czapski born 1770,
c.
Franciszek Hutten-Czapski, b. ca 1770/1775
[Franciszek had a brother Ignacy CZAPSKI born 1770. Franciszek Czapski b. ca 1770/1775, m. Katarzyna Mystkowski b. in 1794 in Dabrowka Pustkowie in the Wrocki parish, the daughter of Gotthard von Mystkowski, the Dobrzyn official + Regina Jeziorski / Regina Jezierski.
Melchior's brother -
Alfons Hutten-Czapski, the son of Franciszek Czapski, and Alfons was the owner of Dzierzno, close to Swiedziebnia. Swiedziebnia was owned by Nostitz-Jackowski, Swiatopelk-Mirski, Rodys of Przasnysz, Findeisen of the Chocen commune];

d.
Karol Hutten-Czapski, b. in Minsk 1777-1836 m. Fabianna Obuchowicz
(next generation - Emeryk hutten-Czapski, b. 1828);

e.
Stanislaw Hutten-Czapski, 1779-1844, m. Zofia Obuchowicz, Colonel under Napoleon.


Melchior Czapski, the son of Franciszek Hutten CZAPSKI [b. ca 1770/1775], the owner of Ignackowo, in the LIPNO county, the judge in Rypin.
Melchior b. in 1818 in Cieleta, but married in Lipno in 1853 to Jozefa Plaskowska b. in 1827 in Glodowo,
the daughter of
Ignacy PLASKOWSKI, the judge in LIPNO + Teodozja Suminski.
Malchior Czapski was the member of the Agriculture Society in 1861. Melchior Czapski was living in Turza Wielka [NOT close to Starogard Gdanski], the Dobrzyn post office, the Lipno county.
Melchior's children, among others,
1. in 1866, Teodozja Czapska b. in Swiedziebnia Dzierzno, m. in 1891 in Warsaw;
2. in 1859, Jozef Czapski b. in Badkowo in the Plock county, lived in Turza WIELKA close to Lipno and to Dobrzyn;
3.
Stanislaw Zygmunt Hutten-Czapski b. in 1863 in Dzierzno in the Swiedziebnia parish
[close to
Murzynowski with a line to the Pajeczno county,
Kalkstein of Krzynowloga Mala,
Swiatopelk-Mirski of Stara Hancza + Orbeliani, Nostitz-Jackowski,
Rodys of Przasnysz,
Findeisen of Smilowice in the Chocen commune with the Walesas in Golaszewo,
Niemojewski of Srem and of OPALENICA].

Turza Wielka, 6 km north-east to Chalin [close to Sobowo and Brudzen Duzy].
Turza Wilcza [not WIELKA], 7 km north-east to Chalin.

Malchior Czapski was the member of the Agriculture Society in 1861. Melchior Czapski was living in Turza Wielka [NOT close to Starogard Gdanski], the Dobrzyn post office, the Lipno county. Melchior had children:
Stanislaw; Wladyslaw; Jan; Jozef; Maria and Teodozja.
In 1862, Wladyslaw Czapski was born in Swiedziebnia-Dzierzno estate;
in 1863, Stanislaw Zygmunt Czapski was born in Swiedziebnia-Dzierzno;
1866, Teodozja Czapska b. in Swiedziebnia Dzierzno, m. in 1891 in Warsaw;
in 1859, Jozef Czapski b. in Badkowo in the Plock county, lived in Turza Wielka.

Melchior's brother -
Alfons Hutten-Czapski, the son of Franciszek Czapski b. ca 1770/1775, and Alfons was the owner of Dzierzno, close to Swiedziebnia. In 1861 Alfons was living in Dzierzno, m. Ludwika Sabina Pawlowska,
with the daughter
Stefania Czapska m. Antoni Kryszka / Antoni KRYCH b. 1818 in Radom, d. in 1912 in Warszawa, doctor.


Count Kazimierz Konstanty Plater-Zyberg, 1749 - 1807 in DAWGIELISZKI / Senasis Daugeliskis, close to Ignalino / Ignalina, 9 km east to Ignalino / Ignalina; buried in Kraslava, in Latvia.
Note at margin: LIGITA KERUL, Direktore; Marius Kerul in Vilniaus.

Konstanty Ludwik of Kraslaw had sons:
Jozef Wincenty Plater;
mentioned Kazimierz Konstanty Plater;
and August Hiacynt,
with a granddaughter ANIELA Plater, 1822-1852, m. Konstanty Plater-Zyberk, the son of Michal Plater Zyberk.

August Hiacynt's son
Jozef Kazimierz Donat Plater Broel, 1796-1852, m. Antonina SOLTAN / Antonina Pereswit-Soltan.
Css Antonina Broel-Plater Soltan, 1800 - 1871, had a son Leon Joachim Blazej Plater born 1836. Antonina Soltan Plater was the daughter of Benedykt Soltan b. 1760/1770 + Jozefa Benislawska.
Antonina Pereswit-Soltan (1800-1871) was the daughter of Benedykt Soltan b. ca 1760/1770 + Jozefa Benislawska.
Jozefa had also a son Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan, 1795 - 1843 + Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1800, with the daughter
Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 1871 + Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824-1900.

Antonina Soltan Plater was the granddaughter of
Piotr Soltan + Przyborowska + Kopec + Szostakowska;
the great-granddaughter of Jan SOLTAN
who was a son of Samuel Soltan;
Samuel SOLTAN was the son of Hieronim Soltan or Jan Soltan + Aleksandra Boreysza.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was the son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, an officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska, 1735- 1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760,
the daughter of
Stanislaw Soltan, 1698 - 1758 + Helena Romer;
the granddaughter of
Samuel Soltan, 1654 - 1735;
and great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730 had children:
1. Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krutz;
2. Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan.

Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan, 1698 - 1758, was Teodora Soltan, 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha,
with a daughter Krystyna Roza Massalska b. 1724.

The brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczow, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; CONSPIRATOR, he was the son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Romer;
the husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was the father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, CONSPIRATOR;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, the wife of Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was the half brother of
JOZEF Weyssenhoff;
Ksawery Weyssenhoff;
Mikolaj Jan Veisenhoff;
and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, the husband of Idalia POCIEJ b. 1801, a daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej, CONSPIRATOR.

Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan was the brother of Karolina SOLTAN Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1790 + Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780.

Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll was the father of Stanislaw Radziwill, 1722 - 1787,
who had the daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan b. circa 1751,
and her son was above mentioned Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan - the Polish conspirator.

Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810, married 1st to Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800
[maybe the brother of IGNACY SZUMSKI / Ignatius Shumsky b. ca 1800, of Chobienice],
and she was married second to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA [in 1842/November 1918 Miezonka was the property of the Konstantynowiczs - the branch of Viljandi, Kazan and Moscow - here Apolon Konstantynowicz m. Anna ARMAND].
Oktawia's siblings:
1.
Anna Benislawska
(born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Jozef Benislawski, 1790-1852,
with:
Leon Benislawski, 1846-1935, Jan, 1847- 1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2.
Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843,
the son of Benedykt Soltan b. 1770 and Jozefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was
Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4.
above Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 + the 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz;
5.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski, 1797 - 1876, the son of Michal Smokowski and Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska had the son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, a daughter of Oktawiusz EYSYMONT, and Helena Soltan).

Above Emilia Piottuch- Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski.

Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800, supposedly lost a large landed estate. He never left the home without the box of dueling pistols. He known Duke Wittgenstein; that is Ludwik Adolf Fryderyk Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (1799-1866) who in 1828 married Stefania Radziwill, the daughter of Dominik Radziwill.
OKTAWIA was the daughter of Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 - the official in Zawilie, b. 1780 - and Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780/1790;
above mentioned Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, had a sister:
Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krutz.

JOZEF Kublicki was the son of Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760.


Bratoszewice with Fryderyk Skorzewski, the son of Marianna Ciecierska Skorzewska.

RZEWUSKI in Bratoszewice and ZELECHOW.
Waclaw Henryk Franciszek Rzewuski / Waclaw Rzewuski younger b. 1922, was the son of Kazimierz Henryk Wincenty Rzewuski, the Bratoszewice owner, lived in 1886-1956 + Css Maria Plater-Zyberk, 1901-1979.
Named Kazimierz Henryk Rzewuski build the Bratoszewice palace and he was the son of Waclaw Symforian Ludwik Rzewuski, ca 1850-1910 + Stefania Aniela Lemanska, the lady-owner of Bratoszewice, lived in 1859-1896.
Above Wacla Symforian Rzewuski took Bratoszewice in 1900 because his wife 4 years before died. Waclaw Symforian Ludwik Rzewuski was the son of Wincenty Franciszek Jan Rzewuski, 1803-1866,
the grandson of Jozef Rzewuski, ca 1770-1823;
the great-grandson of Stanislaw Rzewuski b. ca 1740 + Helena Szaniawska b. ca 1750.
Probably Stanislaw Rzewuski b. ca 1740, was the brother to Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski born 1737 in Podhorce, the son of Waclaw Rzewuski b. 1705/1706, oldest.

Note to ZELECHOW and the owners:
in 1722 - Stanislaw Mateusz Rzewuski.
Stanislaw Mateusz Rzewuski (1662-1728) was a Royal Colonel since 1690, General of foreign mercenaries contingent; the son of Michal Rzewuski + Anna Dzierzek, 1st. The owner of Zelechow died in 1728, and Zelechow took a son of Stanislaw Mateusz Rzewuski, ie.
Waclaw Rzewuski, the owner of ZELECHOW until 1752.
Named Waclaw Rzewuski, the commander-in-chief in Poland in 1752 and in 1773-1778, the Cracow governor in 1762-1778/1779, Senator in 1736-1779, the Kruszwica and Chelm Lubelski governor, the Podole governor in 1736-1762, lived in 1705/1706-1779 + Dss Anna Lubomirska, ca 1720 - 1763.
Waclaw Rzewuski / Waclaw Piotr Beydo-Rzewuski b. in Rozdol in 1705/1706, was the father of
count Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski b. 1737;
Teresa Rzewuska;
Seweryn Rzewuski older;
Ludwika Maria Chodkiewicz;
and probably Stanislaw Rzewuski b. ca 1740.

Above son Stanislaw Ferdynand Rzewuski, 1737-1786, m. Dss Katarzyna Karolina Konstancja Radziwill, 1740-1789. Her sister - Teofila Konstancja MORAWSKA b. 1738 in Nieswiez.

Waclaw's grandson was
Seweryn Rzewuski younger, b. ca 1760, Colonel, MP of Kiev in 1790, m. ca 1800 to Magdalena Pruszynska, with a son Count Florian Rzewuski, ca 1810 - 1859.
The owner of Zelechow in 1752 - Duke Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski; in 1753 - Jerzy's wife, Joanna m. Lubomirska. In 1772 - 1784 acted in Zelechow Rabbi Lewi Izaak of Berdyczow.
The owner of Zelechow in 1782 - Fabian Sebastian Roman from Krzynowloga Mala in the Przasnysz county;
in 1786 - Franciszek Placyd Roman;
in 1792 - Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski owned Zelechow until a death in 1802, MP.

We back to ELZBIETA PONINSKA, the daughter of Adam Poninski, SENIOR, 1680-1732; and Adam senior was the grandfather to Adam Poninski younger, the Illuminati - met Cagliostro.
The King PONIATOWSKI, met just before his election, foreign occultist Toux de Salverte, who was friendly with Moszynski.
Adam Poninski, junior, FREEMASON in 1774 in LWOW, and - in 1777 - Adam Poninski, junior, received from J. L. Toux de Salverte a higher initiation in the Warsaw's "Bon Pasteur" with the rank of "bachelor of the East and the Shield". In 1779 Adam Poninski was affiliated to the "Parfait Sileone" Lodge with the honorary dignity of the "protector".
Jean Luc Louis de Toux de Salvert / SALVERTE acted together with Jan Karol Mniszech (1716 - 1759), in 1742 in WISNIOWIEC by the Horyn river.
De Toux de Salverte stayed for some time in Bavaria [1745-1748], where he organized the Masons lodges, then he went to Poland and settled in Podhorce [RZEWUSKI], at the court of Waclaw Rzewuski.

Jan Antoni Czarnecki (1700-1773/1774), the son of Stefan Czarnecki b. ca 1680 + Eleonora Chmielowska / Chmielewska. Jan Antoni Czarnecki m. Zuzanna Siemaszko and Felicjanna Czosnowska, the daughter of Antoni Piotr Kazimierz Czosnowski. Stefan Czarnecki b. ca 1680, was the son of Jan Czarnecki b. 1660 + Burczakowa.
Stefan had 2 sons: Wladyslaw Czarnecki and named Jan / Jan Antoni Czarnecki, b. ca 1700.
Above Wladyslaw Czarnecki owned Kozlenicze, and Jan Antoni Czarnecki b. ca 1700, was the Braclaw governor. Jan Antoni m. Zuzanna 1-voto Odrowaz nee Siemaszko.
Jan Antoni CZARNECKI had 2 sons:
1. Jozef Czarnecki b. ca 1725/1735 [?] and
2. Colonel Karol Czarnecki.
Jozef Czarnecki m. Dss Czetwertynska with 2 sons:
1. Jan Czarnecki, lieutenant, m. Lipska Jablonowsk;
2.
Feliks Czarnecki b. 1770, m. 3rd Rosciszewska with the son Karol Czarnecki, Colonel, m. Poniatowska in Lithuania.
Feliks died in 1834. Feliks CZARNECKI {NOT Czarniecki} was the owner of BRATOSZEWICE in 1799 from hands of FRYDERYK SKORZEWSKI b. in BERLIN in 1768.
They came from Stefan Czarnecki the 1st, b. ca 1595/1599 [but famous Stefan Czarniecki b. ca 1599 - maybe the same person ?], with the son Stefan Czarnecki, the 2nd, b. ca 1617, m. Krasnosielska Zbaraska.
Stefan Czarnecki the 1st, b. ca 1595/1599, had brothers: Jan and Piotr Czarnecki.
Compare Stefan Czarnecki b. 1893 in Dobrzyca, the Pleszew County, who came from Count Marceli Czarnecki, b. 1793 in Mosina commune, and Marceli was the son of Antoni Czarnecki + Barbara Maria Laura KWILECKA.
Antoni Czarnecki b. 1756, the son of Jan Antoni Czarnecki b. ca 1700 + Felicjanna CZOSNOWSKA.
Jan Antoni Czarnecki died in 1774, was the son of Stefan Czarnecki + Eleonora Chmielowska.

Ca 1700, Baltazar Ciecierski of MARGONIN [b. aft. 1660] close to West Pommerania bought Bratoszewice; his great-grandson FRYDERYK Skorzewski sold in 1799 [NOT in 1779] Bratoszewice to Feliks Czarnecki (1770-1834), Senator, resident of Tymianki close to Strykow. Bratoszewice was the home of Feliks's mother Ewa Nowowiejski Czarnecka.
Feliks CZARNECKI (died in 1834), was the owner of Glowno, died in Bratoszewice, left his wife with children.
TYMIANKI - 6 km west to BRATOSZEWICE;
4 kilometres north-west of Strykow, 14 km north-east of Zgierz.

In the ZGIERZ county, the palace of the Rzewuski family was built by Juliusz Nagorski in 1916-1922. At this time Kazimierz Henryk Rzewuski was the owner; In 1900, Waclaw Rzewuski took the Bratoszewice estate, like the dowry of his wife Stefania Lemanski.
Ca 1700, Baltazar Ciecierski of MARGONIN [b. aft. 1660] close to West Pommerania bought Bratoszewice; his great-grandson FRYDERYK Skorzewski sold in 1799 [NOT in 1779] Bratoszewice to Feliks Czarnecki (1770-1834).
In 1799, Fryderyk Skorzewski sold the Bratoszewice estate to Feliks Czarnecki, Senator, resident of Tymianki close to Strykow.
Bratoszewice was the home of Feliks's mother Ewa Nowowiejski Czarnecka.
Feliks CZARNECKI (died in 1834), the Senator, the owner of Glowno, died in Bratoszewice, left his wife with children.
Bratoszewice with Glowno in the 18th century belonged to the Ciecierskis [ca 1700-1799]. Baltazar Ciecierski was the Podlasie governor, the Drohiczyn judge, the landlord of Mordy, Labiszyn, Margolin / MARGONIN, GLOWNO, Holublia, Bratoszewice / Bartoszewice, Czekanow, Pelch, Ostrozany, died in 1752.
Baltazar's son - Ignacy Ciecierski, the Drohiczyn official in 1750, lived ca 1700 - 1766 + Teodora Woroniecka b. ca 1720, the daughter of Duke Franciszek Michal Woroniecki b. ca 1700 + Joanna Kunath-Wyrozebska b. ca 1702.
Teodora's brother [rather half-brother] was Duke Bazyli Woroniecki b. 1745, d. ca 1782 + Helena Grothus.
Jakub Ciecierski and Ignacy Ciecierski [ca 1700-ca 1775 ?] were the sons of named Baltazar Ciecierski b. aft. 1660.
Ignacy Ciecierski married Dss Teodora Woroniecka, lived in Bratoszewice.
Jozef Ciecierski b. ca 1710 - acc. to me - was the brother of named IGNACY Ciecierski b. ca 1700, and the son of BALTAZAR b. ca 1650. Jozef Ciecierski b. ca 1710, d. 1744, had the daughter Marianna Skorzewska b. 1741, and the grandson Fryderyk Skorzewski b. 1768 in BERLIN, the landlord of BRATOSZEWICE until 1799.

After the death of Ignacy Ciecierski [b. ca 1700, d. ca 1775 ?], Bratoszewice took young Count Fryderyk Skorzewski (1768-1832), the Prussia citizen, the son of Marianna Skorzewski nee Ciecierski b. 1741 [the grandson of JOZEF Ciecierski, the great-grandson of Baltazar Ciecierski b. aft. 1660]. Marianna was the wife to General Franciszek Skorzewski, but Fryderyk Skorzewski was the son of the Prussian Royal family, and FRYDERYK Skorzewski was the owner of Lubostron at way from Bydgoszcz to Znin. Fryderyk Skorzewski built here the palace in 1795-1800. In 1799, Fryderyk Skorzewski sold the Bratoszewice estate to Feliks Czarnecki, Senator, resident of Tymianki close to Strykow.
Bratoszewice was the home of Feliks's mother Ewa Nowowiejski Czarnecka, the 2nd wife of Wawrzyniec Czarnecki, the Inowlodz official. Ewa died in 1809 in the Bratoszewice manor, buried in the Bykowski tomb.

Mentioned Marianna Barbara Skorzewska nee Ciecierska, 1741 - 1791, in Berlin in 1773-1791, the owner of LABISZYN close to Bydgoszcz. Her husband General Franciszek Skorzewski was born 1709 or ca 1730; the owner of Margoninska Wies close to MARGONIN - compare Arciszewski and my family of Kasper Kiedrzynski, the brother of Izydor Kiedrzynski and Jakub Kiedrzynski.

In 1778, in Warsaw, Tadeusz Grabianka met with stories about the Bavarian Order of the Illuminati in Berlin, and met the TEMPLARS in Warsaw. In Berlin [in 1768/1769 and in 1773/1791] was living Marianna Barbara Skorzewska nee Ciecierska, 1741 - 1791, after the death of her husband General Franciszek Skorzewski in 1773. She had the libraries in Berlin and in Margoninska Wies. Tadeusz Grabianka in 1779, in Berlin, established contact with Antoni Jozef Perneta and Ludwik Jozef Morveau.
Tadeusz Grabianka married Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronski.
Tadeusz Grabianka returned [in 1759, again in 1770 ? and in 1793] to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after his father's death in 1759. He inherited a significant estate, which consisted of three noble residences (Ostapkowce, Rajkowce, Sutkowce), tenement houses in Lviv and Kamenec Podolsky and 14 villages. In 1771 he married Teresa Stadnicki.
His sister Tekla Grabianka (1740-1805) married a poet and General major, Jan Amor Tarnowski (1735 - 1799) [both the Illuminaties]. The sister was an intermediary in the finalization of his marriage, in 1771, with a cousin Teresa Stadnicka (1749-1826). The spouses were married in the village of Ostapkowce at Podolia.
In 1771 - 1772 they stopped in the papal Avignon, then the center of the Freemasonry esoterics. They returned to Podole after the clashes with the Bar confederates in 1772.
Marianna Skorzewska nee CIECIERSKA had a great library of nature books in Margonin, all in the spirit of the Enlightenment; she had a brain model, microscope and thermometer. In 1748 [mistake acc. to me? - in 1768] - 1769 she acted in Berlin in the scientific and anti-Russian field.
Marianna was the friend of Jozef Wybicki.
Feminist, abandoned her husband after the birth of 2 daughters.
She was suspected of having an affair with the king of Prussia, or with his brother, whose fruit would be her only son Frederick. Baby was born in 1768 in Berlin. His baptism was truly royal. An eyewitness to the event, Jozef Wybicki wrote that around Marianna Skorzewska "... the rest of the rooms were full of princes, graphs and generals ... I lose my eye not accustomed to the glare ...".

Marianna's boy-friend was Prince Frederick Henry Louis of Prussia / Friedrich Heinrich Ludwig, b. 1726, d. 1802, known as Henry / Heinrich, the younger brother of Frederick the Great. In 1752 Henry married Princess Wilhelmina of Hesse-Kassel, but they had no children. He was active homosexual. Frederick was lover of Marianna Barbara Skorzewska, Ciecierska, 1741 - 1791.
They had a son Fryderyk Skorzewski, born in Berlin in 1768 [then Fryderyk was the owner of BRATOSZEWICE close to GLOWNO until 1799].
This son Fryderyk was recognized by General Franciszek Skorzewski. But the father was Prince Frederick Henry Louis of Prussia, the grandson of Frederick I / Friedrich I, b. 1657. Frederick was the son of Frederick William I / Friedrich Wilhelm I, b. 1688.
Frederick Henry Louis, Prince of Prussia / Prince Frederick Henry Louis of Prussia, b. 1726, was the brother of Frederick II the Great, King of Prussia, b. 1712, who was bisexual.

We back to the branch of Ciecierski-Pradzynski:
Jozef Mieczyslaw Ujejski, the Messianic author, b. in Tarnow in 1883, d. 1937; was the son of Doctor Gustaw Ujejski and Sylwia Krasicka.
Gustaw Ujejski was the son of Wilhelm Marceli Ujejski, b. ca 1830, and Angela Ujejska Wojakowska born in 1832.
GUSTAW was the grandson of
Wincenty Ujejski = Jozef Ujejski, b. 1778, the ILLUMINATI {secret ILLUMINATI envoy to St Petersburg after the death of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA in 1807}, and Tekla Ujejska Stojowska-JORDAN.
The great-grandson of Joachim Ujejski b. 1742.

SYLWIA KRASICKA UJEJSKA
- the daughter of Jozef Boleslaw Krasicki b. 1834,
and the granddaughter of
Colonel Jakub Jan Karol Krasicki / Jakub Jan Krasicki b. 1785 / 1781 in Kamionka Wielka {see Illuminati and STADNICKI} close to Nowy Sacz, in Galicia; the owner of MALCZEWO close to GNIEZNO and he was living in Malczewo / Malczew in 1814-1831 {the family was buried in NIECHANOWO}, in 1832 jailed in Prussia,
and Jan Jakub Krasicki married SYLWIA PRADZYNSKA, the sister of GENERAL IGNACY PRADZYNSKI.
Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents:
Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] and Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brothers:
famous hero General Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska 1791-1862 m. Jakub Jan Krasicki insurgent of 1831, Colonel, 1785-1848;
and Wincenty Jozef PRADZYNSKI, 1795-1858 [the landowner of WOLA WIAZOWA], m. Salomea Mierzynska.
Jakub Jan KRASICKI b. 1785, was the son of Jakub Krasicki + Kunegunda Ciecierska [Kunegunda Ciecierska Krasicka b. ca 1748, was the sister of Marianna Skorzewska nee Ciecierska b. 1741].

Mentioned Fryderyk Skorzewski b. in BERLIN in 1768, was the son of Marianna Skorzewska b. 1741, the daughter of Jozef Ciecierski, b. ca 1710, d. in 1744; the granddaughter of Baltazar CIECIERSKI + Anna Gembicka. Baltazar was the landlord of BRATOSZEWICE close to Glowno, and the owner of MARGONIN, close to Pommerania. Baltazar b. ca 1650.
Marianna Ciecierska, 1741-1791 [NOT in 1773], m. General Franciszek Andrzej Skorzewski, (General in 1757-1773), lived ca 1709-1773.
We back to the Skorzewskis:
Franciszek Andrzej Skorzewski, 1709 - 1773 in MARGONIN, m. Marianna Ciecierska, 1741-1773. Kunegunda KRASICKI CIECIERSKA corresponded with FRYDERYK II [1712-1786] of Prussia. And I search they were the sisters and the granddaughters of Baltazar Ciecierski, the Drohiczyn official, b. aft. 1650.
A holding of Margonin, kept from Baltazar Ciecierski, and extended by Wojciech LIPSKI in 1725 for a further three years. In 1730 he was an manager of Grocholin and in 1732 as a pledged possessor of Labiszyn.

Jozef Ciecierski b. ca 1710, d. 1744, the son of above Baltazar Ciecierski + Anna Gembicka.

My family Kiedrzynski and above net to Marianna Skorzewska nee Ciecierska:
Jozef Skorzewski' family leased Raszkow, south to Pleszew in 1802
[Helena Skorzewska, nee Lipska, 1766 - 1832, married JOZEF Skorzewski = Jozef Ignacy Skorzewski, b. in 1757 in Komorze, and died ca 1809. Helena was the daughter of Jan Lipski and Marianna Kozminska. Komorze, 4 km west to Nowe Miasto by Warta.
JOZEF Skorzewski was the son of Michal Skorzewski, 1707 - ca 1789 and Ludwika Czapska-Hutten
{General Franciszek Skorzewski b. 1709/1730 was the brother of named Michal Skorzewski b. 1707.
Michal married Ludwika Hutten-Czapska, but General Franciszek Skorzewski married Marianna CIECIERSKA b. 1741. Franciszek Skorzewski lived in Margoninska Wies, and in Drezdenko but his wife was living in BERLIN in 1768};
and above JOZEF Skorzewski was the grandson of Count, General-major Andrzej Tomasz Skorzewski + Dorota CHOINSKA, b. ca 1670. This is the family of Anastazja Sczaniecka.
Michal Skorzewski, b. 1707, was the son of Andrzej Tomasz Skorzewski. Michal Skorzewski was the Poznan official, buried in PYZDRY, and Michal Skorzewski had a daughter Anastazja Sczaniecka born 1752 in Komorze; Anastazja was the mother of BRYGIDA MIELZYNSKA - b. 1775, died in Poznan, m. Mikolaj Gorgoni Mielzynski - the grandson of ANDRZEJ MIELZYNSKI b. 1698].

Michal Skorzewski in 1786 was the owner of Broniszewice, close to Pleszew, died in 1789, and Broniszewice inherited STADNICKI ie. the children of Teresa WEZYK married Franciszek Stadnicki. The Illuminati acted closely to the Stadnickis. The Stadnickis were relatives to the owners of JEDLNO ie. to MECINSKI. Then Mecinski-Stadnicki line got married to WALEWSKI and Jedlno took the Walewskis - here was living in 1776 my ancestor IZYDOR Kiedrzynski born close to RASZKOW, south to Pleszew. Widowed Helena Kiedrzynska in 1802 back from Jedlno to Raszkow to the Arnold-Kiedrzynski family.
Mentioned Jozef Skorzewski / Jozef Ignacy Skorzewski was the Gniezno official, leased Raszkow in 1802 from hands of Juljanna Arnold, the daughter of Jakub Kiedrzynski + Brygida BARDZKA WALKNOWSKA KIEDRZYNSKA [the Bardzki's intermarried to KARWAT of Tczew and of Wichulec].
Julianna Arnold nee Kiedrzynska was the niece to Kasper Kiedrzynski who married Marjanna ARCICHOWSKA and KASPER was living close to MARGONIN and near by the Marianna Skorzewska nee Ciecierska;
Raszkow bef. 1802 was co-owned by widowed Helena Kiedrzynska after death bef. 1802 of Izydor Kiedrzynski in JEDLNO. Izydor, Kasper and Jakub Kiedrzynski were the brothers and both the sons of Franciszka Nostitz-Jackowska + Andrzej Kiedrzynski.
Jozef Skorzewski had a sister Antonina.

In 1822 - Jan Karski was caught on the border of the Kingdom of Poland; and a letter to Dobrzycki was found, in which numerous matters were discussed:
Uminski [Jan Nepomucen Uminski b. 1778, Czeluscin, died in 1851, Wiesbaden],
Kniaziewicz;
Arnold Skorzewski
[b. 1798 in Warsaw - died in 1862 in Lubostron, MP,
the grandson of
Franciszek Andrzej Skorzewski, 1709/1730 - 1773 in MARGONIN + Marianna Ciecierska, 1741-1773;
Franciszek Andrzej Skorzewski, b. 1709 or ca 1730 - d. 1773 in Zon, close to Margonin or he died in Margonin. Franciszek Andrzej Skorzewski was the son of Count, Royal General-Major Andrzej Tomasz Skorzewski, born in 1674 in Wargowo, close to Oborniki - d. 1740
{Andrzej was the brother of Ludwika Ostromecka Malechowska; Wladyslaw Maciej Skorzewski; Wincenty Jozef Skorzewski; Jozef Prokop Skorzewski; Katarzyna + 10 others sibilings}.
Franciszek Skorzewski was the husband of Marianna Barbara Ciecierska, 1741 - 1791];
and General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski were threatened with arrest [General Franciszek Paszkowski was the secretary of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko in France].

PODHAJCE - the owner was Stanislaw Potocki Rewera (1589 in Podhajce - 1667 in Lwow).
This is line of ANDRZEJ POTOCKI of Krzeszowice who was the grandson of
Artur Potocki, 1787-1832, the Freemason-TEMPLAR (friend of General Franciszek Paszkowski and his brother Wojciech Paszkowski. This is line to Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand and to Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna Armand - they acted with Lenin) and Zofia Branicka 1790- 1879.

Mentioned Michal Skorzewski b. 1707, married to Ludwika Hutten-Czapska, 1722-1799, and they had children:
Katarzyna Agnieszka SKORZEWSKA, 1749 - 1797;
Anastazja Skorzewska, 1752 - 1835, married SCZANIECKA;
Jozef Skorzewski, b. 1757 = Jozef Ignacy Wojciech Skorzewski, senior, 1757 - ca 1809 [the leaseholder of RASZKOW from the Kiedrzynskis].

Niechanowo - 14 km south-east to GNIEZNO:
in 1740, Dzialynski sold the estate Niechanowo to hands of Count Henryk Bruhl. Main manager - Onufry BREZA!
In 1763 - Niechanowo was sold to Franciszek Skorzewski + Marianna Skorzewski nee CIECIERSKA.
Compare - in Niechanowo the GARCZYNSKI family. Niechanowo - the core of Pradzynski, Krasicki and Garczynski - Skorzewski conspiracy - the line to Kiedrzynski, Nostitz-Jackowski, Ciecierski. The Skorzewskis were owners of Margonin [east of Chodziez] and Lubostron [18 km north-east to ZNIN].
Garczynski of Zbaszyn took the NIECHANOWO estate in 1789; until 1805. Then bought by Katarzyna Mielzynski, a widow from CHOBIENICE.

SYLWIA PRADZYNSKA was the sister of GENERAL IGNACY PRADZYNSKI, and he was relatives to my family, the Kiedrzynskis in Wilkowo Polskie and in Wola Wiazowa. Melchior Pradzynski married Petronela Kiedrzynska. And compare on Nepomucena Pradzynska 1790-1858 - her parents: Stanislaw Kostka Jozef Pradzynski, 1761-1817 [the owner of WOLA WIAZOWA] + Marcjanna Marianna Bronikowska, 1770-1847. Nepomucena Pradzynska married 1st to Antoni Moszczenski, ca 1810 to ca 1825, the son of Aleksander Ezechiel Moszczenski, official in Brzesc Kujawski, 1759-1846 + Marianna Radziminska.
Nepomucena Pradzynska had a sister and brothers:
famous hero Ignacy Pantaleon Pradzynski,
Sylwia Pradzynska, 1791-1862, m. Jakub Jan Krasicki.
Petronela Kiedrzynska m. Pradzynska, had the sister Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. in 1770 = Juljanna Kiedrzynski;
Juliana Konstancja Kiedrzynska ARNOLD, b. 1770, was married in Sobotka, 1798, to Jan Arnold 1751-1840, the owner of Pecherzow. Juljanna Kiedrzynski b. ca 1770 / or in 1772 - died in 1811; she was 1st married Ruszkowska, widowed, she was the owner of Wierzchoslaw / Wierzchoslawice close to INOWROCLAW.

The sister of Marianna Skorzewska nee Ciecierska, was Kunegunda KRASICKI CIECIERSKA and Kunegunda corresponded with FRYDERYK II [1712-1786] of Prussia, who was the friend of Marianna Skorzewska nee Ciecierska - her sister.

The Loewenstein de Lenval family was next of kin to Leopold Kronenberg. Kronenberg co-operated with Gustaw Findeisen, the owner of Swiedziebnia close to the East Prussia border, ex-property of Nostitz-Jackowski, then to Dukes Swiatopelk-Mirski, with Mirski, the godson of Russian Emperor Nicholas I / Mikolaj I Romanov of Russia. Nostitz-Jackowski took in 1590 the title NOSTITZ in Pomerania / the Kings' Prussia / Gdansk Pomorze [Trzebcz Szlachecki, 12 km north-west to CHELMZA, the Kijewo Krolewskie commune, 18 kilometres south of Chelmno, 23 km north-west of Torun. Te core of the Trzebski clan in the 16th century] from Polish Parliament. They came from Boguslaw Boleslaw Nostitz-Jackowski / Boleslaw Jackowski [born in 1618 in Wielka Turza = Turza Wielka, Turza Wielka - 6 km south to Tluchowo; 5 km east to Chalin; 7 km north-east to SOBOWO; 13 km south-east to RUMUNKI Tupadelskie in Poland] who had the son Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670 [Jan had a brother Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski, oldest] with Jan's daughter Franciszka Kiedrzynska b. ca 1715, and her sister Anna SKORZEWSKA - here we have link to Marianna Ciecierska Skorzewska closest friend to Fryderyk the Great of Prussia and his brother, both LGBT in Berlin in 1768. Franciszka Kiedrzynska nee Nostitz-Jackowska had the son Izydor Kiedrzynski, of my family branch, who was lived in Jedlno until 1802, the property of Mecinski - Stadnicki clan and next of the Walewskis - the Freemasons [relatives to the NIEMOJEWSKIS].

The Bratoszewice estate took Wincenty Matuszewski, the landlord of Glowno in the 19th century, but Wincenty died in 1862, and his daughter Melania Matuszewska [b. 1833] was the next owner. Melania was the daughter of Wincenty MATUSZEWSKI, b. 1788, d. 1862 in ZABRZUSNIA close to GLOWNO + in WISKITKI in 1829, the 2nd wife Apolonia Pieniazek (1806-1903). Melania m. Kazimierz Lemanski, who was good manager of Bratoszewice. Kazimierz b. 1825, had a daughter Stefania LEMANSKA (1859-1896), the heiress of BRATOSZEWICE. Stefania was married Waclaw Rzewuski b. ca 1850, and they had a son Kazimierz Wincenty Rzewuski (b. in 1886, d. in 1956).

Above Stefania Aniela Rzewuska (Lemanska) b. 1859, the daughter of Kazimierz Marcin Lemanski + Melania Jozefa Lemanska (Matuszewska). Stefania m. Waclaw Symforian Ludwik Rzewuski.

Urszula Kreska, the daughter of Captain Grzegorz Lazarowicz + Teodora Lemanska, and Urszula m. Edward Napoleon Kreski; URSZULA Kreska was the half sister of above Kazimierz Marcin Lemanski. Above Edward Napoleon Kreski owned Grembanin close to Wieruszow, b. 1806 in Weglowice, was the son of Florian Stanislaw Jozef Kreski, 1771 in Grembalin - 1838 in Ruda close to Wielun.
FLORIAN was the son of Joachim Kreski [more below] + Justina Magnuska;
the grandson of Ignacy Franciszek Ksawery Kreski, 1689 in Kepno - 1763 in Grebanin;
the great-grandson of Cyprian von Nadelwitz-Krenski.
Above Florian Stanislaw Jozef Kreski b. 1771, had the sister Css Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska b. 1774, married Jedrzej Kiedrzynski.
Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska b. 1774 in Grebanin, m. 1804 to ANDRZEJ KIEDRZYNSKI / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski junior.
From the Ostrzeszow county come Joachim Count Kreski / Joachim de Kresko Kreski, b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died in 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranow parish, close to Kepno.
In 1765 Joachim Count Kreski m. Justyna Magnuska from Kuznica Bobrowska, close to Grabow by Prosna, in the Ostrzeszow county,
with a daughter
1. Salomea Elzbieta Cecylia Katarzyna Barbara Kreska born 1767 in Grebanin, d. 1842 in Grebanin;
2. a son Norbert Antoni Ignacy Kreski b. 1769 in Grebianin;
3. next son -
Florian Stanislaw Jozef Kreski / Floryan Stanislaw Jozef KRESKI, b. 1771 in Grebanin, close to Kepno, died in 1838 in Ruda (Maslowice), close to Wielun, marriage in 1803 to Antonina Karsznicka vel Karsnicka from Cieszecin (Weglewice), close to Wieruszow and near Galewice;
4.
Adam Jan Ewangelista Franciszek Xawery Kreski m. 1795 to Psarska in Grebanin, he born 1772 in Grebanin, d. 1806;
5.
Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska b. 1774 in Grebanin, m. 1804 to ANDRZEJ KIEDRZYNSKI / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski junior, in Grebanin;
6. Tekla Kreska 1775 Grebanin, d. 1776;
7. Wiktoria Ewa Kreska b. 1776 in Grebanin, died in 1815, m. to Rafal Nerski;
8. Gaudenty Walenty Ignacy Kreski 1778 in Grebanin;
9. Elzbieta b. 1780 Grebanin, d. 1807, m. Konstanty Rekowski as Elzbieta Wantoch Rekowska;
10. Franciszek Maksymilian Kreski b. 1782 in Grebanin, d. 1791;
11.
Konstanty Hermenegild Kreski b. 1785 in Grebanin, near Baranow, died in 1850 in Grebanin, married in 1818 to Brygida Kozuchowska / Brigitte Kozuchowska from Zbiersk, close to Stawiszyn, in the Kalisz county.

Older Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1710/1715, was the landowner of Biegacino in the 40' of the 18th century from Strzelecki, that is Bieganin / Bieganino, ca 23 km west of Kalisz and 16 / 21 km south of Orpiszewko / south-east-south; married Franciszka NOSTITZ-Jackowska. BIEGANIN - 18 south-east to DOBRZYCA.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski older, born ca 1710 / 1715 was the father of [both 10 children]:
1.
KACPER Kiedrzynski b. ca 1750
[Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, the Baranow parish, close to Kepno and the Polish-Prussian border, married on 27 August 1804 in Grebanin, close to above Baranow, to Andrzej Kiedrzynski / Jedrzej Kiedrzynski born ca 1770.
Andrzej Kiedrzynski (junior) was born ca 1770, was the son of Kacper / Kasper Kiedrzynski + Marianna Arcichowski, from Rokutow in the Grodzisko parish.
Maria Joanna Konstancja Kreska / Marya Joanna Konstancya Kreska, born 14 August 1774 in Grebanin, was the daughter of Joachim Kreski b. 1723 in Kobylogrod / Kobyla Gora close to Ostrzeszow, died 1795 in Grebanin, the Baranow parish + Justyna Magnuska b. 1749 and died 1817 in Grebanin];
2.
DOROTA PSARSKA - MADALINSKA born ca 1740 / 1750, died in 1784
[Dorota was 1st married (1768 / 1769 ?) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who d. before 1769, his father Stefan Grabinski d. 1742, mother Konstancja Lubiatowska d. 1763;
his brothers:
Jan Grabinski, Andrzej Grabinski, Bartlomiej Grabinski d. 1787;
his step-father Szymon Czarniecki d. 1744;
Dorota m. 2nd to Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 / 1750, died ca 1807; Tomasz was owner of Wola Dzierlinska bought in 1786. Above Tomasz Psarski born ca 1740 - died after 1770 / 1819 + Dorota Kiedrzynska 1740-1784, had a son Antoni Psarski born in 1770.
Dorota m. 3rd to Kajetan Madalinski, 1740-1784, with the son Jozef MADALINSKI, b. 1774, died after 1809, Captain in 1809];
3.
Izydor Kiedrzynski who was b. 1749 and m. to Helena Hutten-Czapska born in 1762 and she died in Wola Wiazowa in 1828 [the family of the author].
4.
Jan Marcin BOGDANSKI died in 1809, married in ca 1764 to Marianna Ostoja Kiedrzynska d. 1785, the daughter of above named Andrzej Kiedrzynski and his wife Franciszka Jackowska,
with children:
Marianna Bogdanska, 1768-1848, m. in 1784, Piotr Franciszek Tomasz Kiedrowski;
Petronela Bogdanska m. Roch Ruszkowski;
Florian Bogdanski d. 1851 - an owner of Jankow / Jankowo.
5
Jakub Kiedrzynski from Kalisz, born in WILCZKOW, was the owner of Orpiszewek. Jakub was born in 1738 in WILCZKOW in the GLUCHOW parish; died in 1798. Above JAKUB Kiedrzynski, and Antoni Psarski in 1792 [Antoni PSARSKI m. Lucja Czekulin] were next of kin to the Madalinski family.

The family of Bystrzanowski-Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantinovich took part in the non-legal conspiracy. And so the powerful underground Network was created: the King of Naples, Marshal Joachim Murat - General Armand - General Axamitowski of Poznan - General Franciszek Paszkowski [+ Maria Paszkowska Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz - BREGUET] - Colonel / General JAN DEMBOWSKI, the Freemason, the friend of Ignacy Potocki and Artur Potocki [the Templars and of the Grand Orient in 1818] - and from ARTUR POTOCKI to Wojciech Paszkowski + Br. Bystrzanowski and the Mark Masons Order [and here the line to Kalinowski and Tadeusz Grabianka / Marcin Tarnowski / Stadnicki / Ilinski - the ILLUMINATI and the TEMPLARS] + Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1776 [+ General Franciszek Paszkowski and General Stanislaw Fiszer (Fiszer lived in Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN)].

The ZABIELLO family and Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1780, supported by the Templar, Artur Potocki. Wojciech was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742. Wojciech had 2 brothers [or more half-brothers]: Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Paszkowski - my father family line by the Armands in Moscow.
Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1765 or in 1780
[he co-operated with Artur Potocki of Zator, Templars Freemason, and Artur's family owned Berezyna-Lubuszany in Belarus, 13 km to Miezonka owned in 1842 by my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz and Dominik's grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswieja in northern Belarus, who came from the Malnow-Rzeczyca area in Polish Livland / Inflanty in the south-east Latvia now],
was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742, and Petronela Kulikowska born ca 1755.
Wojciech PASZKOWSKI had 2 brothers: Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski closest to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and to General Fiszer and Axamitowski.
Wojciech Paszkowski married ca 1805 or after 1805 to Ludwina Galezka,
with the daughter
Jozefa Paszkowska b. ca 1810, married in 1828, in Checiny.
Above WOJCIECH Paszkowski had a son born 1805, an officer of the 1831 Uprising;
and Wojciech Paszkowski had next daughter married Schwarzenberg-Czerny.
Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813),
was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783.
Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County, the son of Jozef Czerny and Marianna. GOLUCHOWICE:
Wysoka, 4 km north-east to Chruszczobrod; 7 km east to Goluchowice. And 2 km north to Wiesiolka.
Wysoka - here probably Gabriel Jozef Longin Taszycki was born in 1755; maybe in Rudniki. Gabriel Taszycki d. in 1809 in Wysoka. Gabriel TASZYCKI m. Teresa Goluchowska. General; ultra left politician; in 1794 insurgent, then in Paris and enemy of General J. H. Dabrowski.

Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813), was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783.
Julianna Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny born Paszkowska in 1813, had 2 siblings: Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski and one other, acc. to Tel-Aviv genealogical research.
Above Piotr Szwarcenberg-Czerny was the son of Marianna Saczowska, 1773 - 1848 in Siewierz, in the Bedzin County.
Mentioned Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805, was the son of Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1765 + Ludwika Galezka b. 1783.
Rozalia Krasnopolska b. ca 1788/1790, m. ca 1820 to named Onufry Paszkowski. Rozalia was the daughter of Michal Krasnopolski b. 1764, d. in 1836 + GOLKOWSKA, b. ca 1775 - d. 1815.
Rozalia had a daughter b. ca 1820.
Named Onufry PASZKOWSKI died bef. 1853, the owner of Suchy Potok. Rozalia d. in 1854 in Horodnica. They had a daughter Helena b. 1810/1814 in Jablonka + Count Eugeniusz Dzieduszycki b. 1801, the owner of Potoczyska.
Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805 + Rozalia Krasnopolska, had 3 children: Helena Dzieduszycka; Ludwika Janiszewska; and one more [Wincenty Paszkowski ?].


Michal Holynski [his grandson Ksawery Holynski, 1856-1901 + Emilia Bloch], b. ca 1760/1782, d. 1854, m. Elzbieta Tolstoj, b. 1773, had the parents [NOT the grandparents] of him:
Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski, of Klimowicze, b. ca 1730 + Petronela Zukowska.
Michal Holynski, the Marshal [in 1804] of the nobility in Mohylew, b. ca 1760 or ca 1782, married Teresa Ciechanowiecka, b. ca 1770, was the owner of named Monasterszczyna / Monasterszczyzna, and probably Dudino - ex Dukes Horski possession.
Michal Holynski, the Mohylew nobility Marshal, was the son of
Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski, b. ca 1730, the Klimowicze official, married Petronela Zukowska.
The grandson of Kazimierz Holynski, b. ca 1670.
The great-grandson of
Stefan Holynski and Izabela Ostankiewicz, ie. Stefan = Stefan Kazimierz Holynski (ca 1630 / 1640 - 1701).

Russian and Soviet intelligence carried out two coups in the US: 1901 and in 1963. It was one and the same organization that in 1917/1918 worked in Bolshevik Russia without a break and without change.
Assassination of James Abram Garfield in 1881 by Charles J. Guiteau, and traces from the Warren Commission in 1963 led me to the Mscislaw province [now in Russia] that is to the village of Dudino - Monasterszczyzna.
Everything points to the Holynski family and the small village of Dudino inhabited in the 19th century by the Jewish community. The Monasterszczyna was a great estate of the Holynski family from the Mscislav province of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania [until 1772].
Dudino at present is the part of Monastyrshchina / Monasterszczyzna, it's just 1 / 2 km south-west to Monastyrshchina. The Hoholowka farm was a part of this estate.

Michal Holynski, the Marshal of the nobility in Mohylew, b. ca 1760/1782, married Teresa Ciechanowiecka, b. ca 1770, was the owner of named Monasterszczyna / Monasterszczyzna, and probably Dudino - ex Dukes Horski possession.
Monasterszczyzna / Monasterszczyna in 1772, according to the first division of Poland, as part of the Mogilev province, was transferred to Russia. In the 18th century, the Monasterszczyzna belonged to the Polotsk captain Mikhail Kuzmich Golynsky / Michal Jozwicz Holynski.
In 1791, Empress Catherine II established the Settlement for the Jewish people, in Dudino, and Monasterszczyzna, after which Jews began to actively settle in the town. By the middle of the XIX century, they accounted more than half of the population.
Michal Holynski had one brother, Jan = Iwan Holynski. Michal married Tekla Nagorska / Nagurska, with 2 daughters. Michal married 2nd to Teresa Ciechanowiecka.
Michal's father -
Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski, the Klimowicze official in 1764, and in Mscislaw in 1759, born ca 1730, married Petronela Zukowska. JOZEF was the son of Kazimierz Holynski Stefanowicz, born ca 1670.
Dudino is the south part of Monastirszczina / Monasterszczyzna.

Monasterszczyzna / Monasterszczyna in 1772, according to the first division of Poland, as part of the Mogilev province, was transferred to Russia. In the 18th century, the Monasterszczyzna belonged to the Polotsk captain Mikhail Kuzmich Golynsky / Michal Jozwicz Holynski.
In 1791, Empress Catherine II established the Settlement for the Jewish people, in Dudino, and Monasterszczyzna, after which Jews began to actively settle in the town. By the middle of the XIX century, they accounted more than half of the population. Meanwhile, it is known about two Monasterszczyzna in 1784: a village and a town that belonged to one owner - the captain of Polotsk, Mikhail Kuzmich Golynsky. In the middle of the nineteenth century here lived more than 1240 inhabitants, including about 1000 Jews. There was a wooden Orthodox church, two Jewish prayer synagogues, and a large grocery. The Polotsk captain Golynsky M. K. = M. G. Holynski, but acc. to me he is Michal Holynski, Jozwicz, born circa 1760, to Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski and Petronela Holynska (born Zukowska). Michal had one brother, Jan = Iwan Holynski. Michal married Tekla Nagorska / Nagurska, with 2 daughters. Michal married 2nd to Teresa Ciechanowiecka.
Michal's father -
Jozef Antoni Tadeusz, the Klimowicze official in 1764, and in Mscislaw in 1759, born ca 1730, married Petronela Zukowska.
JOZEF was the son of Kazimierz Holynski Stefanowicz, born ca 1670.

MICHAL Holynski was the owner of Monasterszczyzna / Monasterszczyna. Michal Holynski was the Mohylew noble Marshal, b. ca 1760, married Teresa Ciechanowiecka, b. ca 1770.
Michal Holynski m. twice: Tekla Nagurska; and Teresa Ciechanowiecka.
Teresa's daughter was Klotylda Holynska b. 1790.

Michal was OLDER, and maybe he is the Polotsk captain as Mikhail Kuzmich Golynsky,
the son of Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski, of Klimowicze, b. ca 1730 + Petronela Zukowska.

Above Michal with Teresa Ciechanowiecka had the daughter:
Klotylda Holynska, b. 1790, m. Jan Ciechanowiecki.
Jan's grandparents -
1.
Marcin Ciechanowiecki, b. ca 1720
{the son of KRZYSZTOF Ciechanowiecki younger;
the great-grandson of Krzysztof Ciechanowiecki older, 1600-1655};
2. Robert Brzostowski b. 1748;
3. Anna Jadwiga Plater Broel, b. ca 1750.

Klotylda and Jan had children:
Wlodzimierz Ciechanowiecki, 1820-1900 + Ludwika Wojnicz-Sianozecka;
Emilia Ciechanowiecka, b. ca 1820 + Edward Zukowski;
Klotylda Ciechanowiecka + Aleksander Zukowski;
Konstancja Ciechanowiecka m. Jan Soltan, 1830-1884,
with Idalia Maria Stanislawa Soltan, and Felicja Maria Pereswiet-Soltan, 1861-1956;
Teresa Ciechanowiecka + Aleksander Wojnicz-Sianozecki, b. ca 1850;
Zofia Ciechanowiecka, 1822-1883, m. Stefan Makowiecki;
Adela Ciechanowiecka, 1823-1887 + Kazimierz Chrapowicki, 1817 in Lozno - 1881 in Warsaw
[the son of
Michal Chrapowicki and Joanna Okuszko.
The grandson of Jozef Chrapowicki, 1750-1812 + Dss Magdalena Oginska.
The great-grandson of Eustachy Jozef Chrapowicki, 1730-1791;
Duke Jozef Oginski, 1713-1776;
Teresa Niemirowicz-Szczytt, 1730-1778;
Apolonia Wyhowska.
The great-great-grandson of
Dominik Chrapowicki, 1700-1729 + Rozalia Rypinska.
Compare - Kennedy; Onasis; Bouvier; Szumski - Piottuch Kublicki - Konstantynowicz of Miezonka; and Chrapowicki in Jeleniewo close to Suwalki],
with Wlodzimierz Wladyslaw Jan Chrapowicki, 1848-1909, and
Edward Chrapowicki, 1853-1905.


And we back to the RADZIWILLES - Oginski - SOLTAN:
Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. 2nd to Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retow passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill [Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill] of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763.
Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill, b. 1711, d. 1761 / 1763 in Maladzyechna [Molodeczno], the Minsk Province,
was daughter of
Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687. Named Michal Antoni Radziwill was brother of Lukrecja Katarzyna Donhoff; Adelajda Cecylia Teresa Dambska [in Golaszewo]; Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, and Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll who was father of Stanislaw Radziwill, 1722 - 1787,
and Stanislaw Radziwill had daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan, b. circa 1751,
and Franciszka Teofila's children were:
A.
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
B.
Karolina Soltan Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1785 + Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki, b. ca 1780
{with Karolina's children:
1.
Walentyna Soltan (Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1805 + Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan, 1795 - 1843,
with a daughter
Oktawia Soltan, b. 1830, d. 1871 in Kazan, m. in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900);
2.
Anna Benislawska (Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Jozef Benislawski);
3.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki;
4.
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Jozef Szumski + DOMINIK KONSTANTYNOWICZ of MIEZONKA
(owned since 1842; bef. him in 1832-1842 Miezonka was leased by Czapski / Hutten-Czapski; and bef. 1832 Miezonka belonged to Stefania Julia Radziwill Chrapowicka Oskierka);
5.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Wincenty Smokowski, 1797 - 1876, and Wincenty was a son of Konstancja Mickiewicz Smokowska;
6.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820};
C.
Helena Soltan;
D.
Anna Wankowicz / Anna Soltan, b. ca 1785 / 1788 + Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758 / 1760 / 1780.
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - died in 1812, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior / Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz,
the grandson of senior Tadeusz Wankowicz born ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725.
Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka, ca 1735-1812, the daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki; with children:
Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758/1760;
Waleria Wankowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz + Mostowski.

Tadeusz junior / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz was the leaseholder of LUCZAJ, from Tadeusz Oginski the owner of Luczaj. Tadeusz Wankowicz m. Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; then Andrzej Oginski and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs. Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz junior was owner of Luczaj in 1786, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA.
Tadeusz Kazimierz was the grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 + Zofia Chrapowicki of SWOLNA.
Jan had brothers: Wladyslaw b. ca 1648, Teodor Wankowicz b. ca 1650, Stanislaw Wankowicz b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK.

Arkadiusz Chrapowicki of Miezonka, 1821 - ca 1900, the son of Michal Chrapowicki b. ca 1790, d. ca 1850, and Jozefa KORSAK.
The grandson of
Jozef Chrapowicki b. ca 1750, d. 1812 + Magdalena Oginska [the 1st wife was Anna Radziwill, Narbut].
Arkadiusz married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1820-1896, the owner of Miezonka -
the daughter of Mikolaj Radziwill b. 1801, and Wiktoria Emilia Narbutt.
The granddaughter of Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747, and Franciszka Butler b. in 1757.
The great-granddaughter of Stanislaw Radziwill, born 8 May 1722 in Dzyatlava [the line to the Konstantynowiczs of Miezonka, Kazan, Moscow and Tallinn-Nomme],
who was the son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill and Barbara Franciszka Zawisza - Kiezgajlo m. Radziwill.

Franciszka Radziwill nee Css Butler, b. in 1757 in Berdychiv, d. in 1811, was the daughter of count Michal Buttler / Michal Butler and Benedykta PAC. Michal Butler, 1715 - 1782, was the son of count Marek Antoni Buttler and Francisca SZCZUKA.
Franciszka Butler born 1757, married to the son of Stanislaw Radziwill - ie Mikolaj Radziwill, general major of Lithuania, 1747-1811. Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747.

Children of above Stanislaw Soltan b. 1756:
A.
Karolina Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1790, married after 1800 to Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki;
B.
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wankowicz, ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka, ca 1735-1812, a daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki;
with children:
Waleria Wankowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz + Mostowski.
Above Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, the daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776);
Anna's father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.
C.
Helena Soltan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
D.
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
E.
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.

Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Karolina Soltan / Soltan Carolina born ca 1780;
with a daughter
Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (the mother Josepha Benislawska),
and Walentyna's daughter
Oktawia Soltan / Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, the landowner, member of the January Uprising. Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 in Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and here Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, the daughter of Wladyslaw Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia. In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.
F.
Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with a son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, a daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was the son of
Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki - the officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1790.
Above named Jozef Kublicki had daughters and sons:
1.
Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Jozef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with:
Leon Benislawski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2.
Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, the son of Benedykt Soltan b. 1770 and Jozefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was
Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4.
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Jozef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA;
5.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski, 1797 - 1876, a son of Michal Smokowski + Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was the son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, the officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska, 1735-1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[the daughter of Stanislaw Soltan, 1698 - 1758, and Helena Romer;
the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan, 1654 - 1735; and
the great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1.
Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krutz;
2.
Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan.
Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan, 1698 - 1758, was Teodora Soltan, 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with the daughter Krystyna Roza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczow, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was the son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Romer;
and Stanislaw Soltan was the husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.
Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, the wife of Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of JOZEF Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mikolaj Jan Weyssenhoff and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, the husband of Idalia POCIEJ b. 1801, the daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej;
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 was father of
Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan and
Maria Anna Sierakowska.
Above Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan, 1821 - 1853, was the father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.


Konstancja Szaszkiewicz m. ca 1850 to Jozef Scipio del Campo, 1810-1845.
Konstancja Szaszkiewicz b. 1827, had children -
Konstancja nee Scipio del Campo, b. 1850; Jozefa b. ca 1850; Bohdan.

Mentioned Jozef Kalasanty Szaszkiewicz, 1783-1849, married Konstancja Grocholska, and they had children:
1.
Medard SZASZKIEWICZ, b. 1818 + Zofia Susczanski-Proskura-Suszczewicz;
2.
Jozefa, 1823-1909 married Antoni Chodkiewicz, 1820-1878;
3.
Leonard SZASZKIEWICZ, the author of letters, b. 1826, m. Michalina Gizycka, b. 1830.
Michalina Gizycka Szaszkiewicz was the daughter of Count Jan Nepomucen Gizycki, and his wife Jozefa Walewska, 1804-1863;

and the great-grandparents of Michalina Szaszkiewicz nee GIZYCKA:
Kajetan Stanislaw Gizycki, 1720-1785,
Michal Walewski, the Bochnia governor, 1735-1806.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka / Ivan Oskirka, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
He was the son of Rafal Aloizy.
Together with his brother Antoni Joachim Oskierka studied in Warsaw. Participated in the seven-year war of 1756-1763.
In 1764 he took Czartoryski's side and of King Stanislaw Poniatowski.
He was the confederary Mozyr judge; was a deputy from the Mozyr County. In 1781, he was elected to the Tribunal of Lithuania. In August 1784, he was invited by Karol Radziwil to Nesvizh in connection with the King's visit planned there.
In August 1786, he signed a petition to the king asking for the border regiment. In 1788, together with Konstantin JELENSKI, he was a deputy to the Polish-Lithuanian Parliament from the Mozyr County. In 1790, he gave up his son Rafal Oskierka to the top post in Lithuania. The Constitution of May 3, 1791 greeted with his great enthusiasm. He was the richest owner in Lithuania, heir to a huge fortune (7 million zl). He owned Narovlei / NAROWLA (in the HOMEL county and close to KONOTOP - with the villages of Antonovo, Mukhoyedy, Ugly, Golovchitsy), Karpovichi in the Mozyr County; Barbarovo and Konotopy in Rechytsky / RZECZYCA COUNTY.
In early August 1793, together with his son Rafal Michal Oskierka
[born after 1761 - d. 1818; the official in MOZYRZ, in 1791 served at the Royal Court, CONSPIRATOR in 1793.
He married to Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790, the daughter of ANTONI OSKIERKA b. ca 1740.
RAFAL's son -
Jan Oskierka b. 1819 + Julia Oskierka,
the daughter of Pawel Oskierka official in RZECZYCA and granddaughter of Leopold Oskierka],
took part in the conspirative congress of the nobility in the estate of Karol Prozor in Khoyniki, whose goal was to prepare an armed attack against the Russian Army and for the revival of the Constitution on May 3, 1791.

Karol Prozor and Captain Hamilcar Kasinsky / KOSINSKI left the Khoyniki on April 20, 1794 in JUREWICZE / Yurovichi. However, Jan Mikolaj Oskerko, through his envoy, warned that Russian soldiers were waiting for them in Jurewicze. Thus he saved friends, but he himself was arrested on the first day of Easter in 1794.
After the Smolensk investigation, by decree of Catherine II of June 20, 1795, ranked among the first category of convicts; Oskerka was exiled to "the most remote Siberian cities." His property was confiscated and was distributed to Russian nobles, in particular, in 1793 his estate Barbarovo was transferred to the real secret adviser Sivers. From Irkutsk, Oskerka was moved to Zhigansk in the Yakutsk region of Irkutsk province, where he brought 122 silver rubles. Released under the amnesty of Paul I in 1796 but he was died of apoplexy in Tobolsk in 1796, where he was buried with honors by the son Dominik Oskierka, accompanying his father on his way back to his homeland.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk had 3 children:
1.
Rafal Michal Oskierka 1761-1818 + Maria Oskierka
[with
1. Jan Oskierka b. 1820 + Julia Oskierka;
2.
Emilia Oskierka + Hubert Artemiusz Swiatopelk-Mirski;
3. Teresa Oskierka + Romuald Jelenski];
2.
Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka
[with
1.
Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790 + Jan Gizycki
and 2.
Kajetan Oskierka b. 1821 + Pss Stefania Julia Radziwill - the owner of MIEZONKA - until 1842, then to my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz - the same branch like Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna ARMAND];
3.
Aniela Oskierka 1770-1804 + Ignacy Kajetan Prozor
[with
1. Kornela Prozor 1800-1835 + Michal Rokicki,
2. Henryk Prozor b. ca 1800;
3.
Maurycy Prozor h. wl. 1801 in UK - 1886 + Anna Chlopicka].
After the death of Oskierka, the Russians to return only a small part of the property (Konotopy). The memory of the loss of the huge estates of Oskerka was preserved in the Belarusian proverb: "It disappeared, like Oskierka assets. [above inf. under copyright by the Russian Wikipedia]"

Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz. Ignacy Kajetan Prozor was General major of the Kowno county],
with children:
Kornela Prozor Rokicka, 1800-1835;
Henryk Prozor;
Maurycy Prozor 1st senior 1801-1886 + Anna Chlopicka b. ca 1810.
Maurycy Prozor senior was born in Rothley-Temple, Leicestershire, died in 1886. PROZOR Maurycy was the commander of the Kowno Uprising.

ANIELA's brothers
Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka;
and Rafal Michal Oskierka, 1761-1818.
They were children of Jan Mikolaj Oskierka 1735-1796 - see the plot of KOSCIUSZKO and PROZOR - married in 1761 to Barbara Rokicka.

SALOMEA GIZYCKA b. ca 1770, m. Dominik OSKIERKA.
Salomea was the daughter of Kajetan Stanislaw Gizycki + Katarzyna RAKOWSKA.
Kajetan Stanislaw Gizycki, ca 1720 - 1785, was the son of Bartlomiej Gizycki + Franciszka ROMER b. ca 1700. Bartlomiej b. 1682, the official in Wyszogrod, m. ca 1720 to Franciszka Romer; the BAR insurgent; Colonel; the owner of Krasnopole.
Franciszka Romer m. twice. Franciszka Romer m. 2nd ca 1730 to Andrzej Gizycki.

Dominik Oskierka married
[the owner of Krasnopol in the Zytomierz county; in 1751 Bartlomiej GIZYCKI built here a church; official in Wyszogrod - see KRONENBERG; Krasnopol belonged to Lubomirski.
Close to MOLOCZKI and STRUMILOWKA owned by Lady OSKIERKO.
Kajetan Gizycki (1725 - 1785), the son of above Bartlomiej Gizycki (b. 1682) and Franciszkia Romer, had children:
1.
Salomea Gizycka m. Dominik Oskierko, the owner of Krasnopil / Krasnopole / Krasnopol, close to Moloczki / MOLOCHKY - 30 km south-east to LUBAR / Lyubar;
2.
Antoni Gizycki, the owner of Moloczki close to Krasnopil - 50 km west to BERDYCZOW / Berdychiv;
3. Adam Gizycki.

Bartlomiej Gizycki d. 1827 in Moloczki, 1792 the adjutant of Jozef Poniatowski, General.

Franciszek Ksawery Gizycki m. Weronika Sulatycka]
Salomea Gizycka b. 1770.

GIZYCKI, of the Gostyn county, come from Zytomierz.
Kajetan Gizycki (1725 - 1785 ) was the son of Bartlomiej Gizycki b. 1682, the official in Wyszogrod, the BAR insurgent; Colonel; the owner of Krasnopole;
the brother of Tadeusz Gizycki d. 1801, General.

Kajetan's children:
1. Salomea Gizycka m. Dominik Oskierko owner of Krasnopole;
2. Antoni Gizycki owner of Moloczki;
3. Adam Gizycki;
4. Bartlomiej Gizycki d. 1827 in Moloczki, 1792 adjutant of Jozef Poniatowski, General;
5. Franciszek Ksawery Gizycki + Weronika Sulatycka.

Stefania Julia Radziwill Princess, b. 1825 [the owner of MIEZONKA], m. ca 1840 to Arkadiusz Chrapowicki born 1821 [the link to SWOLNA], and 2nd to Kajetan Oskierka born 1821,
with the son Adolf Oskierka / Oskierko b. ca 1868 - d. 1901 in Lourdes.
KAJETAN Oskierka was the son of Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka.
DOMINIK Oskierka was the brother of Rafal Michal Oskierka, 1761-1818 + Maria; he was the official in MOZYRZ, CONSPIRATOR. RAFAL was married to Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790.
Dominik and Rafal were the children of Jan Mikolaj Oskierka, 1735-1796.

Anna Nosalewska, the daughter of WACLAW Gizycki. Anna was born ca 1855, to
Waclaw Jozef Gizycki b. 1822 + Olimpia Gizycka (born Romer) / Olimpia ROMER b. ca 1825/1830.
Compare INWALD in the Andrychow commune. Inwald bought Feliks Romer. Feliks Romer (1818-1886) was the next of kin to Bobrowski.

Count Karol Wladyslaw Romer b. in 1920 in Inwald.
Czaniec - 5 km south to BULOWICE; 4 km south-west to ROCZYNY; 5 km west to Andrychow and 10 km west to Inwald; 18 km west to Wadowice; and 14 / 15 km east to LIPNIK [now in eastern Bielsko-Biala]; 18 / 19 km north-east to Cyganski Las / Gypsy Forest
[southern part of Bielsko-Biala: the Zelazo / Iron action of General Miroslaw Milewski - and General Milewski acted for Red Army in the Augustow county {2007-2021 the nerks of this district acted around me at the West} in 1944-1945, the Bialystok province {Michalow / Wimborne 92} in 1945 until April 1955, Suwalki-Olecko-Raczki {Samuelson / Summers - the link to Anna Tymieniecka and Leopold Kronenberg} area {Kingston 81}. General Miroslaw Milewski was involved in death of Priest Popieluszko in Wloclawek {in 1985/1990 General Milewski was accused of Popieluszko's death in the area Bydgoszcz-Torun-Wloclawek - compare General Zbigniew Nowek in Bydgoszcz and Torun aft. 2002}:
this is area of Wloclawek-Chocen-Brzesc Kujawski-Lipnik with Maciej I. Wojtczak, Lech Walesa, Leszek Balcerowicz and Pola Negri, the Kielczewski family and Dambski].

Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State in 1978 until his death in 2005. He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978. Born in 1920, Wadowice, 8 / 9 km east to INWALD.

Franciszek SZWARCENBERG Czerny b. ca 1692, was the governor of Oswiecim, and in 1720 he was the owner of the Andrychow estate including Inwald (1747-1750), Czaniec (1764) and also western of Cracow - Poreba Zegoty, 2 km east to Alwernia (the church in 1762). The owner of the Czaniec manor and Andrychow.

The net of Bobrowski, Poninski, Dembinski, Mecinski of Jedlno and Szoldrski - Andrychow and Wilkowo Polskie.
Swiedziebnia with Nostitz-Jackowski - Inwald and Roczyny close to Andrychow - Wilkowo Polskie close to Dluzyna and to Koscian - Baldrzychow close to Poddebice - the village of Leszno close to Przasnysz and to Krasne; and Jedlno close to Radomsko owned by Stadnicki-Mecinski-Walewski family branch; together with Hutten-Czapski intermarried Kiedrzynski, Jaruzelski and the Karwat-Bardzki line of Wichulec near to Wabrzezno: The Bobrowskis owned Andrychow, Zagornik, Sulkowice, Targanice and Inwald. In the 18th century in Roczyny settled Romani / Gypsies of Romania and from Slovakia. They lived in Rzyki, 7 kilometres south-east of Andrychow, 12 km south-west of Wadowice.

Teresa Rottman, 1812-1888 in Andrychow, m. in 1832, in Lwow to Count Roman Bobrowski, 1803-1836,
the son of Konstanty BOBROWSKI + Barbara Siemonska.
Teresa had a son
Karol Konstanty Bobrowski, 1833-1886, m. 2nd to Dss Felicja Helena Poninska, 1846-1903,
with a son
Count Stefan Stanislaw Feliks Bobrowski, 1873-1932 + Roza Mecinska, 1880-1952,
the great-granddaughter of Jan Nepomucen Mecinski, 1776-1858, who was the grandson of
Wojciech Mecinski, 1698-1771 + Anna Glogowska;
and the great-grandson of Michal Mikolaj Mecinski.

Roman Bobrowski had a brother Count Karol Wincenty Franciszek Bobrowski who was living in INWALD and Leki Dolne.
Karol Wincenty BOBROWSKI b. 1799, d. in 1876, the son of
Count Konstanty Erazm Albert Bobrowski + Barbara.

Karol Wincenty Bobrowski was the father of
Adela Romer born in Inwald;
Felicja Ursyn Bobrowski;
Barbara Zborowska.

Leki Dolne is a village in the Pilzno commune, within the Debica County, 4 kilometres west of Pilzno, 16 km south-west of Debica, and 56 km west of Rzeszow, 37 km west-south-west to Sedziszow Malopolski.

Adela Romer Bobrowska had a sister Css Maria von Romer (nee Bobrowska), 1830 in Leki Dolne - 1899 in Viezdzietka / Biezdziatka, the daughters of Karol Wincenty Franciszek Bobrowski.
Maria BOBROWSKA was the wife of Count Stanislaw Romer, 1819 in Zolkow in the Jaslo district - 1902 in Biezdziatka.


This is old communist network of Generals Kiszczak, Milewski and Jaruzelski of the second half of the 20th century. My research [of 1987 until 13 December 2021] concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century. Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878. The genealogy of Anna Dembinska Jackowska / Anna Nostitz-Jackowska, b. ca 1760, died in 1819 - and the Andrychow district, with the links to Cardinal Karol Wojtyla {and the Michalow-Klemensow estate of the Zamoyskis}, General Miroslaw Milewski {and the fate of Priest Jerzy Popieluszko in the Suchowola commune} and General Czeslaw Kiszczak in Roczyny {closest friend of General Wojciech Jaruzelski - the links to Kalisz and Hutten-Czapski intermarried to Jaruzelski, Karwat in Tczew-Wabrzezno-Wichulec area; and the Karwat-Bardzki-Kiedrzynski branch came from Raszkow and Bieganin, together with Nostitz-Jackowski - Zaluskowski in the Chelmza district}: Antoni Dembinski (1705 - 1781, Gniewiecin, 25 km north to Miechow), the son of Jan Jozef Dembinski b. ca 1670. Antoni Dembinski was the owner of Roczyny [Czeslaw Kiszczak family here: Czeslaw Kiszczak was born in 1925, in Roczyny, the son of a struggling farmer who was fired as a steelworker because of his communist affiliation / Soviet net], Twierdza [4 / 5 km north-east to Wieprz; 8 km north-east to Andrychow; 8 km north-west to Wadowice], and Wieprz [Twierdza-Wieprz village, 5 km north to Andrychow; 6 km north-east to Bulowice; 5 km north-west to INWALD] close to Andrychow. Antoni Dembinski married to Anna Petkowska; and 2nd to Zofia Strus b. ca 1725, the daughter of Marcin Strus b. ca 1680 + ca 1700 to unknown b. ca 1680, the daughter of the official of Gostynin, b. ca 1650; with daughters: Anna Dembinska [m. Nostitz-Jackowska] b. 1760; Teresa Dembinska Piatkowski; Elzbieta Dembinska Faruchowicz.

Jan Jozef Dembinski b. ca 1670, was the brother to Antoni Dembinski older [1665 - aft. 1728], the owner of Szczytniki [Szczytniki is a village in the Kalisz County, 20 kilometres south-east of Kalisz; 5 km south-west to Staw Kaliski.

Kornelia Cyprianna Magdalena Wezyk, ca 1815/1820 - 1881, was the daughter of Stanislaw WEZYK + Salomea Rottermund. Stanislaw Wezyk, 1778/1779-1855, probably the first son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk, b. ca 1750, m. in 1778, in Mroczen, to Julianna Elzbieta Tomicka, 1754 - ca 1789, the daughter of Jozef Tomicki, the Ostrzeszow official + Joanna Niemojowska.
Tomice is a village in the Wadowice County, 3 kilometres north-west of Wadowice, 11 km east to Wieprz, 10 km north-east to Inwald, 12 km east to Nidek, 13 km north-east to Andrychow.
Kostancja Kiedrzynska was the sister of Jan Kiedrzynski b. 1670/1680 + Anna MOLSKA of Pleszew.
Konstancja married to Andrzej Myszkowski b. 1683, in Chruszczobrod, m. in 1701 in Borowno. Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. ca 1680 in Radostkow.


Konstancja nee SZASZKIEWICZ, b. 1827 + Jozef Scipio del Campo
[compare STARA HANCZA together with Duke Swiatopelk-Mirski; Swiedziebnia with Kalkstein, Dukes Swiatopelk-Mirski, Nostitz-Jackowski {the link to my mother's genealogical line}; Gustaw Findeisen {the link to CHOCEN and Jaroslaw Slota vel Skota in the 80' of the 20th century, to the WALESA family and the President Lech Walesa, Pawinski in ZGIERZ and Malgorzata Zieleniewska in LODZ}].
Cezary Szaszkiewicz, 1832-1900, m. Css Helena Maria Jozefa Bninska.
Above Helena BNINSKA and her great-grandparents [please look at my research below]:
1.
Rafal Bninski
[Rafal Bninski, 1705 - 1770, the son of Piotr Bninski, the Naklo judge, 1660-1716 + Anna Krakowska],
the Srem governor, 1705-1770;
2. Mikolaj Swinarski, 1711-1773;
Wojciech Dzierzek;
3. Szymon Stadnicki, 1730-1775;
4.
Marianna Kwilecka, 1700-1761;
5.
Anna Bninska, 1727-1771.

Weronika Garczynska / Krzycka / Weronika Mycielska b. ca 1742, was the daughter of Maciej Krzycki and Anna Swiniarska / Anna Swinarska b. ca 1720/1727 [her FIRST husband].
Mikolaj Swinarski / Mikolaj Swiniarski m. in 1748 to Anna Bninska [her SECOND husband], ca 1727-1771,
the daughter of
Rafal Bninski, the Srem governor, 1705-1770 + Marianna Kwilecka, ca 1700 - 1761.
Mikolaj's daughter was Barbara Swinarska, ca 1750-1786 + Jozef Krzyzanowski [compare CZARNOCIN], the supporter of the 3rd May Constitution in 1791, MP and the Poznan official in 1776, lived ca 1750-1796, with a daughter
Anna Prakseda Krzyzanowska, ca 1770-1802 + Andrzej Grabinski, ca 1742-1821.
Andrzej GRABINSKI was next of kin to my family Kiedrzynski: Dorota Kiedrzynska was 1st married (ca 1768) to Wawrzyniec Grabinski / Wawrzyniec Bartlomiej Grabinski who died before 1769, the brother to mentioned Andrzej Grabinski.
Rafal Bninski, the Srem governor, 1705-1770, married Marianna Kwilecka Bninska b. ca 1700, the daughter of Wojciech Kwilecki b. ca 1680.

Marianna Kwilecka Bninska b. ca 1700, was the mother of Anna Swinarska Bninska b. 1727 [ca 1720], d. 1771 + Mikolaj Swinarski; Anna Swinarska died in the Lubasz commune, in the Czarnkow-Trzcianka County.
Above Mikolaj Swinarski, 1711 - 1773 in the Lubasz commune, was the son of Jan Swinarski + Zofia.
Maciej Krzycki was the FIRST husband of mentioned Anna Swiniarska / Anna Swinarska b. ca 1720/1727. Anna was NOT the daughter of Jan Swinarski, ca 1675 - 1742 + Zofia Rokossowska b. ca 1690.
Anna Krzycka Swinarska Bninska nee BNINSKA [not nee Swinarska / Swiniarska b. ca 1720; and NOT the daughter of JAN Swinarski + Zofia Rokossowska].
Anna's brother was NOT Mikolaj Swinarski b. 1725, who was the son of Jan Swinarski, ca 1675 - 1742 + Zofia Rokossowska b. ca 1690.


Compare Sedziszow Malopolski with the owner SZUMSKI, and Szumski, the husband of Piottuch-Kublicka and she was second married Dominik Konstantynowicz, the owner of MIEZONKA in 1842, from hands of Stefania Julia Radziwill Oskierka Chrapowicka.

Named SZUMSK, owned, at the beginning of the 19th cent., by Ludwik Szumski, d. 1825; he built a palace, and Wincenty Smokowski [see Konstantynowicz and Oginski !] painted a polychromes in the SZUMSK Palace.

Eugene's father:
Jean Baptiste Joseph de BOUVIE, Officer and doctor, born ca 1785 or in 1770.
Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Bouvier, born in 1770 in Vesoul, created baron of Empire, maybe his son was born 1813 in Wilno, after death of father; the child born out of wedlock. Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Bouvier was the son of
Claude Joseph Bouvier, merchant in Vesoul, native of Poligny (Jura) and Jeanne Barbe Leclerc, also from a family of merchants established in Vesoul at the end of 17th century, originating from Lorraine.
Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Bouvier in April 1800 married Claudine Marguerite de Mailly de Chateaurenaud, the eldest daughter of Antoine Mailly.
De MAILLY, Claudine Marguerite b. OCT 1783 in Chateaurenaud.
Antoine DE MAILLY 1742-1819 m. in 1768, Claudine Alexandrine DAMAS, 1750-1783.
Antoine DE MAILLY 1742-1819 m. in 1785 to Rosalie RECEVEUR, with daughter Felicie Anne Amelie DE MAILLY, 1789-1830, m. in 1808, Jean Joseph Philibert GUILLEMAUT, 1778-1854.
Named Jean Joseph Philibert GUILLEMAUT, Doctor, from Maire de Louhans, b. 1778, had sons:
Charles GUILLEMAUT, General, 1809-1886; and Pierre Eugene GUILLEMAUT, Doctor, 1810-1886.
Above Charles Guillemaut - deputy of Saone-et-Loire from 1871 to 1876, and senator from 1876 to 1886, of the group of the LEFT Republicans. He is general councilor of the canton of Beaurepaire from 1874 to 1886. He is the uncle of Lucien Guillemaut, deputy and senator of Saone-et-Loire.
His son, the lawyer, Eugene-Francois-Philibert Guillemaut (1846-1917).

Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Bouvier, born in 1770 [maybe ca 1775] in Vesoul, in April 1812 the colonel, took part in the Russian Campaign [June 1812 - then in Wilno probably], occupied Smolensk and was killed near Krasnoe on November 18. General Jean-David Freytag wrote in his memoirs: "The death of Colonel Bouvier was a great loss for the army".
His son Hippolyte Bouvier without descendant.

Compare!
Jacqueline Lee Kennedy Onassis (Bouvier) (1929 - 1994)
come from
Michel Bouvier b. 1792 in Pont-Saint-Esprit, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrenees, France, died in Philadelphia.
The son of Eustache Bouvier and Therese Mercier [see MERCIER in Russia !].
Michel was the father of Elizabeth Dixon; Zenaide Bouvier / Zenajda; Alexine E. Bouvier; Mary Howell Bouvier; John Vernou Bouvier I.

Above Eustache / Andre Eustache Bouvier, b. in 1758 in Grenoble - d. 1835, the son of
Francois Bouvier, b. 1728, d. 1773, and Benoite Repelin.

Compare:
Claude Joseph Bouvier, merchant in Vesoul, native of Poligny (Jura), born ca 1750/1752.
Above Zenaide Bouvier, 1838-1914 / Zenadde Bouvier (1835 - 1914) of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Charles Daniel de Talleyrand-Perigord had the son
Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, prince de Benevent, 1754-1838.
Relationship with Dorothee Luzy, 1747-1830;
Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, prince de Benevent, 1754-1838, had a relationship with Adelaide Marie Emilie Filleul, 1761-1836;
and with Anne-Louise Germaine Necker, 1766-1817; and he married in 1802 in Paris, to Noelle-Catherine Verlee].

Archambaud Joseph de Talleyrand-Perigord, b. 1762, d. 1838,
was the grandson of
Daniel Marie Anne de Talleyrand-Perigord, marquis de Talleyrand, born in 1706, d. 1745 in Tournai, Colonel of the Normandie regiment. Married to Marie Elisabeth Chamillart.

Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, as Talleyrand, b. in 1754, d. in 1838, born in Paris into an aristocratic family;
his father,
Count Charles Daniel de Talleyrand-Perigord, was 20 years of age when Charles was born.
His mother was Alexandrine de Damas d'Antigny.
Both his parents held positions at court. Talleyrand's father had a long career in the Army, reaching the rank of lieutenant general, as did his uncle, Gabriel Marie de Perigord.

Mentioned Count Charles Daniel de Talleyrand-Perigord b. 1734, was the son of
Daniel de TALLEYRAND-PERIGORD, Marquis de Talleyrand, born in 1706, and Marie Elisabeth CHAMILLART.

Count Charles Daniel de Talleyrand-Perigord and Alexandrine de DAMAS had the son Charles-Maurice de TALLEYRAND-PERIGORD, Prince de Benevent, 1754-1838.

Compare Louis Marie de Mailly d'Haucourt, Duc de Mailly, 1744-1792, married in 1762 to Marie Jeanne de Talleyrand-Perigord, d. in 1792, the French court official.
Marie-Jeanne de Mailly (1747-1792) was a French court official. She served as the dame d'atour to Queen Marie Antoinette in 1775 until 1781.
Marie Jeanne was the daughter of
Gabriel Marie de Talleyrand-Perigord, comte de Perigord, born 1726, d. in 1795,
married to Marie Francoise Marguerite de Talleyrand-Perigord, princesse de Chalais, comtesse de Grignols, born 1727;
the granddaughter of
Daniel Marie Anne de Talleyrand-Perigord, marquis de Talleyrand, born in 1706, d. 1745, and Marie Guyonne de Rochefort-Theobon.


Felicja Maria Soltan, 1861-1956,
had the parents:
Jan Soltan, 1830-1884 + Konstancja Ciechanowiecka,
and the grandparents:
1.
Stanislaw Soltan, the 3rd, b. ca 1810, died in 1864, the son of Stanislaw Soltan, the 2nd, 1756-1836,
who was the son of
Stanislaw Soltan, the 1st, b. 1698 + Helena Soltan, Weyssenhoff (born Romer).
Stanislaw Soltan the 1st was born in 1698. Helena ROMER was born ca 1730.
Stanislaw Soltan the 2nd, b. 1756, had 5 siblings:
Augusta Piottuch Kublicka (born Soltan);
Jozef Weyssenhoff;
and 3 other siblings.
Stanislaw Soltan the 2nd, b. 1756, died in 1836, married Pss Franciszka Teofila Radziwill, born ca 1756, in Berdyczow. They had 3 children: Anna Soltan and 2 other children.
Stanislaw Soltan the 2nd then married Konstancja Toplicka born ca 1792 {bef. 1800}.
They had 3 children:
Stanislaw Soltan the 3rd, b. ca 1810 {or Stanislaw Soltan the 3rd was b. ca 1790 and was the son of Pss Franciszka Teofila Radziwill Soltan} and 2 other children.
Stanislaw Pereswiet-Soltan the 3rd died in April 1864 in Nidejka. He married Julia Sluczanowska.
Stanislaw Soltan the 4th, jailed in 1864, exiled to Tobolsku, under governor Aleksander Despot Zenowicz since 1862. In 1864 - 1865 Stanislaw Soltan the 4th, stayed in a prison in St Petersburg, then in Tobolsk until 1869; in 1869 moved home to Riga, in 1874 settled in Brzostowica Murowana. Stanislaw Soltan the 4th, d. in 1896 in Aninsk in the Siebiez / Sobiez county, the Witebsk governorate, in the estate of his son-in-law Bronislaw Korsak. Stanislaw Soltan the 4th, (1822-1896), b. in the Wilkomierz county, the son of Stanislaw Soltan + the 2nd wife Konstancja Toplicki-Tupalska.
Stanislaw Soltan the 4th b. 1822, was the half-brother to Stanislaw Soltan the 3rd, b. ca 1790/1810, the son of Pss Franciszka Teofila Radziwill Soltan.
Stanislaw Soltan the 4th was the brother to Wladyslaw Soltan, and the half-brother to Adam Ludwik Soltan.
Stanislaw Soltan the 4th, studied in Mitawa until 1841, then in 1842-1843 in Dorpat in Estonia; the friend to Tytus Chalubinski. Stanislaw the 4th married in 1846 to MARIA Jundzill, and settled in Pauzole in the Wilkomierz county.

Wiktor Wladyslaw Soltan born 1853 in Brzostowica Murowana, d. in 1905 in Warszawa, was railway engineer; Wiktor Soltan (Pereswit-Soltan) born close to Hrodna, was the son of
Stanislaw SOLTAN, youngest, b. 1822, and his first wife Maria Jundzill.

Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan, b. 1853, d. 1905, the son of Stanislaw Soltan the 4th and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, Countess or MARIA JUNDZILL.
After losing his mother and after father's exile to Siberia for his participation in the January Uprising 1863, Aunt Helena Pilecka took care of him - she lived in Brzostowica Murowana. In autumn 1868, along with his brother Adam Soltan went to Riga.
2.
Jan Ciechanowiecki,
3.
Klotylda Holynska b. ca 1790.
The great-grandparents:
Ignacy Ciechanowiecki;
Michal Holynski, b. ca 1760, the owner of Monasterszczyzna, the Mohylew Marshal,
Kordula Brzostowska;
Teresa Ciechanowiecka.

The Brujewicz family:
of Boncza arms (or Boncz - Brujewicz, in Bohdanovka - i.e. Bogdanowka in Russia now - in the Mscislau ex-district since 1870 and here also Poplatyno since 1870;
Petrulin in the region of Cerykau;
Muryn - Bor or Bor near to Holynski's Michiejeviczi, 12 km NW of Klimavicy since 1870;
and Sieliszcze 18 km E-S-E of Cavusy or Czausy - since 1876).

The counties Puszkin / Pushkin:
according to Szaposznikow, vol. 1, in Mscislau = Mstsislaw 1774;
they owned Kolodzicz / Oltuchow in the province A.D. 1560,
next Sielec or Sjalec farm south of Mstsislaw (according to "Philip's Concise World Atlas", 2003) i.e. Mscislau,
Novae Sjalo i.e. Nowosiolki SW of Mscislau in 1774 and
Monachi from Suchodolski family;
relations: Sokolowski, Konstantynowicz and Reutt family.
The greatest Russian poet, founder of classical Russian poetry, Alexander Pushkin, born June 6, 1799, in Moscow, into the old noble family came from the MSCISLAW province.

Dederko of Dederkalo arms (the crest verified on 10 March 1798, they lived in the Mscislau province and possessed:
Stare Siolo - 8 km NW of Mscislau,
Nowe Siolo i.e. Novae Sjalo - 13 km SW of Mscislau,
Hryckowo,
Pisarzewszczyzna and
Turowka - 14 km SW of Novae Sjalo / Nowoje Sselo / Nowe Siolo / Nowosiolki).

Holynski - relations:
Chelchowski at the beginning of the 17th cent.,
Suryn before 1663, Kolski from Chlyszczewo by 1670;
Ostankiewicz,
Hurko,
Konstantynowicz,
Wojna, Karpilowicz,
Anna nee Sutocki + Norbert Holynski from Janovek,
Moskiewicz, Piszczal from Brakowiec, Kurzeniecki, counties Aleksandrowicz
and Starosielski from Holedz at the beginning of the 18th cent.;
Bojwid, Chodzkiewicz, Kaszyc, Mister(ow), Kirkor, Zyrkiewicz,
Zukowski and Stachowski in the 18th cent.;
Kotly, Issakowicz,
Nagorski (i.e. Nagurski; pilot Jan I. Nagurskij did "the world first flight in Nesterov's flying boat on September 17th, 1916 twice with a passenger"; the international record was registered by the Airclub counsel on November 16th, 1916),
Swatkowski (Swiatkowski) + Tekla nee Holynski at the end of the 18th cent.;
Czudowski, Ciechanowiecki and Wieczor at the beginning of the 19th cent.

Dukes Horski - places:
Miksztyn or Miksztyno,
Dudino,
Liszki and
Cerkowiszcze, and next here Ciechanowiecki, Hurko, Taran, Suchodolski families.

Hurko in Jurkowszczyzna - 1330 ha. - near to Soino, Russia now; the Hurko house related to Dabrowski family of the Abdank coat of arms, branch from the Siauliai and Kaunas territories; relations: the Konstantynowiczs.


Dudino at present is the part of Monastyrshchina / Monasterszczyzna, it's just 1 / 2 km south-west to Monastyrshchina. The Hoholowka farm was a part of this estate.
Michal Holynski, the Marshal of the nobility in Mohylew, b. ca 1760, married Teresa Ciechanowiecka, b. ca 1770, was the owner of named Monasterszczyna / Monasterszczyzna, and probably Dudino - ex Dukes Horski possession.
In 1858 - an owner Holynski / Golynskij of Monasterszczyzna in the Mogilev province, the Mstislavl county. The estate of captain I. K. Golynsky has been known since the 1780s, and further belonged to his family [until 1917 in hands of the Holynskis], in the middle of the 19th century. I. K. Holynski = Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski m. Petronela ZUKOWSKA.
Above Jozef Antoni Holynski / Juozas Antanas Holinskis [ca 1727 - ca 1790] of the MSCISLAU province of POLAND, born ca 1720/1730,
was the son of Kazimierz Holynski, b. ca 1670 + Teofila MOSKIEWICZ.

L. V. Golynsky, at the end of the 19th century, the owner of Monasterszczyna; the widow of lieutenant S. I. Golynsky and until 1917 to her heirs.

Stefan Holynski (1815 - 1878), the brother of Aleksander Holynski, who was the owner of Monasterszczyzna; Stefan was the friend of Juliusz Slowacki. Stefan and Aleksander were co-owners of Krzyczew.
They were the sons of
Colonel Wincenty Michal Holynski, the Russian colonel, b. ca 1770 + Emma Gonczarow-Mordwinow.
And they were the grandsons of
Jan Holynski = Ivan Golynsky, b. 1740/1746 - 1817;
and the great-grandsons of
Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski, the Klimowicze official, b. ca 1725/1730.

Stefan's sister was Emma Holynska, 1820 - 1868, m. Jozef Kazimierz Piotr Borch.

Above Aleksander Holynski (1816 - 1893), the 1831 insurgent, author and the FREEMASON.
He had 3 sons born ca 1850, and 4 sons with the 2nd wife:
Michal Holynski;
Eugeniusz Holynski;
Aleksander Holynski,
and Eustachy Holynski.

Aleksander Holynski wrote 'Cabet and Ikaryjczycy', in 1892, based on the personal experience of the author, who during his travels in America stayed in the Ikarian colony in Nauvoo. The text was published in 1891 - 1892 in the newspaper "La Revue socialiste". Aleksander Holynski's texts on 'Cabet and Ikaryjczyk' are particularly valuable material for research into the practices of early socialist movements, because they are based on the personal experience of the author, who visited in 1855 the Ikarian colony in Nauvoo. The main creator and ideologist of the Ikarian movement was born in Dijon, Etienne Cabet, 1788 - 1856, a lawyer, later a committed communist inspired by works of Tomasz Morus and Robert Owen.
The Ikaran community was established on a brotherhood basis, as one of its first articles tells us. Cabet comes to solidarity. The community obliges everyone to work according to their own strength and to meet everyone's needs, thus becoming a protection against accidents and disasters. The community is the owner. This removes wealth and poverty, buying and selling. No more money and banks. No any salaries.
Aleksander Holynski was the co-owner of Krzyczew.
And also Golynsky Alexander Mikhailov, 1816-1893, a nobleman, of the Roman Catholic religion, owned (according to a separate record of 1855):
1.
the estate Monasterszczyzna, in which total - 496 acres, under the forest - 721.
2.
Soino
and the Lesnaya Dacha estate, in which there are 182 acres of land, 182 acres under the forest.

The Golynsky family in the town of Monastyrshchina lived until lieutenant Golynsky died and left this widow to Stanislav. L. V. Golynsky, at the end of the 19th century, the owner of Monasterszczyna; then the widow of lieutenant S. I. Golynsky and until 1917 to her heirs.
Kadino, 33 km from the village of Monastyrshchina (Mogilev province, Mstislavl county).
In the 1780s owned by M. K. Poti of Rohaczew; in the middle and in the second half of the 19th century: a landowner S. V. Golynsky; at the beginning of the 20th century: his son I. S. Golynsky. The Golynsky estate in KADINO had a model farm, including cattle breeding, gardening, and forestry; a distillery and 4 flour mills worked.

Monasterszczyzna was the property of Aleksander Holynski - inf. of 1855.
Dudino at present is the part of Monastyrshchina / Monasterszczyzna, it's just 1 / 2 km south-west to Monastyrshchina. The Hoholowka farm was a part of this estate.

Holynski Aleksander Jan Joachim, b. 1816, close to Vicebsk / Witebsk, or in Krzyczew / Krichev. Died in 1893, in Lwow, or in Paris; traveler and publicist; in 1836 - 1837 with his brother Stefan Holynski, he traveled to the Middle East. Holynski, Alexander (1816-1893) / Alexandre Jean Joachim Holinski visited Venezuela, described in 1853. Stefan was the friend of Juliusz Slowacki. They lived and were raised in their childhood in Krzyczew. Aleksander was in the south California / Californie. He was writing on the Panama Canal.
Aleksander Holynski emigrated after 1831/1832. He visited Egipt and Palestina, he was in Italy.
Aleksander wrote 'La Californie et les routes interoceaniques' in Brussels in 1853.
His brother
Stefan Holynski b. 1815, d. 1878, was the son of Wincenty Michal Holynski and Emma.
Stefan b. 1815, was the husband of Maria with 2 sons: Wladyslaw Holynski [maybe with the son L. V. Golynsky who was the owner of Monasterszczyzna ca 1895] and Jan Holynski [Jan b. 1865 {1863}, had a son Jan Stefan Holynski = S. I. Golynsky, b. in 1889]. Stefan was the brother of Aleksander Holynski; Alicja Alina Komar; Emma.

Above Jan Holynski born in 1865 {1863}, the son of Stefan Holynski. Husband of Janina with the son Jan Stefan Holynski = S. I. Golynsky. L. V. Golynsky, at the end of the 19th century, the owner of Monasterszczyna; then it belonged to the widow of lieutenant S. I. Golynsky and until 1917 to her heirs.

Named J. S. Holynski = S. I. Golynsky / Jan-Stefan Holynski / Jan Stefan Holynski, 1889-1914, the owner of MONASTERSZCZYZNA, was the of Jan Holynski and Janina Ciechanowiecka; Jan Holynski, 1863 - 1943, m. Janina Ciechanowiecka, 1866 - 1916,
with children:
1.
Ludwika Maria Janina Holynska, 1888-1952, m. Marian Stefan Wandalin Broel-Plater, 1873-1951,
with
Jerzy Broel-Plater, 1913-1939, and
Kazimierz Otto / Kazimierz Broel-Plater, 1915-2004, and
Andrzej Broel-Plater;
2.
Jan Stefan Holynski, 1889-1914, the owner of Monasterszczyzna;
3.
Wlodzimierz Holynski, 1890 - 1941;
4.
Stefan Michal Mateusz Holynski, 1890 - 1942, m. Gabriela Marya Starzenska, 1894 - 1984;
5.
Irena Ludwika Holynska, 1891 - 1981.

Mentioned Jan Stefan Holynski, 1889 - 1914, the Monasterszczyzna owner,
his parents
Jan Holynski, 1863 - 1943 + Janina Ciechanowiecka, 1866 - 1916;
the grandparents
Stefan Holynski, 1815 - 1878;
Maria Kobylinska;
Wlodzimierz Ciechanowiecki, 1820 - 1900;
Ludwika Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1840 - 1920;
the great-grandparents:
Wincenty Michal Holynski, Colonel, b. ca 1770;
Florian Aleksander Wawrzyniec Kobylinski, 1774 - 1843;
Jan Ciechanowiecki b. 1790;
Platon Wojnicz-Sianozecki;
Emma Gonczarow-Mordwinow b. ca 1790;
Anna Rostworowska, 1791-1847;
Klotylda Holynska b. ca 1790;
Aleksandra Zukowska b. 1810.
The great-great-grandparents:
Ignacy Ciechanowiecki, b. ca 1760;
Kordula Brzostowska b. ca 1780.
The great-great-great-grandparents:
Jozef Antoni Tadeusz Holynski, the Klimowicze official, b. ca 1730;
Petronela Zukowska.


Kraszuty and Jurewicz, Despot-Zenowicz, Konstantynowicz and Soltan genealogy, in the Polock province.

Stanislaw Juriewicz, b. 1800/1802, as the oldest brother, divided these properties among his brothers. His brother,
Michal Juriewicz, received Kraszuty, a large estate covered by a dense forest, known to contain bears, moose, and other big game. His brother
Jan Jurewicz received two estates, Franopol and Porzecze.
His father was
Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, b. ca 1770, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev.
Jozef Jurewicz came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz b. ca 1775; also in Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty.

Stanislaw Jurewicz was the son of
JOZEF JUREWICZ / Josif Jurievitsch b. ca 1770, and Joanna or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ / Anna Jurewicz b. ca 1770 / 1775.
Anna Despot Zenowicz Jurewicz was the daughter of
Jozef Despot ZENOWICZ / Josif Deszpo-Zenowicz b. ca 1745, and POLONIA OGINSKA / Apolonia Deszpo-Zenowicz b. ca 1750.
Anna was the wife of named JOZEF JUREWICZ / Josif Jurievitsch b. ca 1770.
Anna was the mother of
Stanislaw Jurievitsch / Stanislaw JUREWICZ, b. 1800 / 1802
and
Anna von Wrangell nee Jurewicz, b. 1819.

Wiktor Wladyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, the owner of Kraszuty.
Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, the goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk, owned by above mentioned Soltan, 1853-1905, engineer from Lodz, the Congress Poland, the owner of Kraszuty, married to Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff. Wiktor Wladyslaw Soltan (born 1853 in Brzostowica Murowana - 1905 Warszawa) was railway engineer;
Soltan (Pereswit-Soltan) born close to Hrodna, was the son of
Stanislaw SOLTAN, youngest, and his first wife Mary Jundzill.

Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan, b. 1853, d. 1905, maybe was the son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill, Countess.
After losing his mother and after father's exile to Siberia for his participation in the January Uprising 1863, Aunt Helena Pilecka took care of him - she lived in Brzostowica Murowana. In autumn 1868, along with his brother Adam Soltan went to Riga [see Konstantynowicz + PUSZKIN / Pushkin] to study at the Engineering Politechnic. He graduated in 1874; send on the practice of engineering in Switzerland, where his uncle, Victor Jundzill, was the chief engineer of railways Lausanne-Bern. In 1874-8, Wiktor Soltan worked for the West-Swiss Railways in Lausanne; returned to Warsaw in 1878 as a senior clerk in the Governing Board of the Warsaw-Terespol railway and in 1879 in the office of the board of Vistula Railway. Wiktor Wladyslaw Rudolf Pereswit-Soltan, born in 1853 - d. 1905 Warsaw, the owner of Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty, a village in the Mikolajewska area, a district of Polock, the goverment of Witebsk / Vicebsk, owned by above mentioned Soltan, 1853-1905, engineer from Lodz, the Congress Poland, the owner of Kraszuty, married to Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff. Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff Soltan's brother was
Joseph Weyssenhoff who married Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch,
the daughter of Jan Bloch a banker from Lodz, thanks to family connections of the Soltans.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff m. above Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan, b. 1853, d. 1905, the son of Stanislaw Soltan and Albertyna Dunin-Jundzill Countess.
Amelia's father:
Michal Weyssenhoff b. 1831 + Wanda Lubienska Countess, ca 1830 / after 1836 - ca 1880, and Wanda's father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska, Countess
{Amelia, 1813/1816 - 1885, the daughter of Jan Nepomucen Pawel Golabek-Jezierski, 1786 - 1858 in Garbow, the Brzeg County + Karolina JELSKA.
The granddaughter of
Count Karol Golabek Jezierski, 1750 - 1826 in Warszawa + Zuzanna BIELINSKA.
The great-granddaughter of
Jacek Golabek-Jezierski, 1722 - 1805 in Otwock Wielki, Count + Roza SZCZUTOWSKA.
JACEK Jezierski was the son of
Ludwik Golabek-Jezierski, ca 1690 - 1762 + Wiktoria STOINSKA}.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother:
Jozef Weyssenhoff, writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch, the daughter of a banker from Lodz - Jan Bloch. The daughter of mentioned Jozef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz, 1891 - 1956 in Brazil. Jozef Weyssenhoff, Baron, novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher.

Above Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski Count, b. 1822, died 1855, the brother of Amelia Lubienska, b. 1813/1816, was the husband of Julia Pavlovna Bobrinskaya.

Julia Pawlowna Bobrynska / Julia Broel - Plater, Golabek - Jezierska, nee Bobrinski / Bobrynska, 1823 - 1899, married Waldemar Golabek-Jezierski Count, b. 1822, died 1855 in Warsaw. Julia 1st married Waldemar Golabek - Jezierski in 1851; Waldemar was born in 1822. They had a son Aleksander Golabek - Jezierski.

Julia BOBRZYNSKA JEZIERSKA b. 1823, the 2nd time married Cezar August Broel - Plater in 1859.

Julia Pavlovna Bobrinskaya, born 1823 in Saratov, d. in 1899 in Nice, France, the daughter of
Pavel Alexeievich BOBRINSKI, 1801-1830, m. Julia Bielinska, 1804-1899,
and Julia BIELINSKA was the daughter of STANISLAW BIELINSKI.

Pavel / Pawel Bobrzynski / Paul Bobrinsky b. 1801 - died in Florence 1830 (see Oginski and Chodzko - Venture, Breguet, Sulkowski), m. 1822 to Julia Junosza - Bielinska / Junosza Bielinski / Julia Junosha-Belinskaya b. 1804 - died in Paris in 1899.
Julia Stanislawowna Bobrynska nee Sonocka Bielinska / Bielinska, b. after 1790 / bef. 1804 - d. 1892 / 1899 [1795-1892]; m. in 1822; after death of husband she moved to Paris; she was married to Pavel Alekseevich Bobrinski / Pawel Aleksiejewicz Bobrynski ie. Pawel Bobrynski / Bobrinski born on October 27, 1801, in Saint Petersburg ie. Paul Bobrinsky, b. 1801 - died in Florence 1830.
Julia Bielinska Bobrynska was the daughter of
Stanislaw Kostka Bielinski [b. ca 1740 ?] died 1812 in Vicebsk / Witebsk, served on the court of the King Stanislaw August Poniatowski; the Marshal of the Parliament in 1793, m. Katarzyna nee Golicyn, b. 1775, d. 1825 [1770-1827] in Saratow.
Julia Bielinska Bobrynska was the granddaughter of Michal Bielinski
[Michal Bielinski b. ca 1690, and he had the brother Franciszek BIELINSKI, junior, b. 1683,
and they both were the sons of Kazimierz Ludwik Bielinski, 1650-1713]
died 1746/1747, the Chelmno province governor in 1738, the Sztum office, 1725 the King court, 1736-1742 in Kozlowka palace near by Lubartow; and Michal Bielinski m. 1st to Aurora Maria Rutowska
{ie. Maria Anna Katharina (1706-1746), Countess Rutowska, married firstly in January 1728 to Count Michal Bielinski, divorced in early 1732; secondly, in February 1732, to Claude Marie Noyel, Comte du Bellegarde et d'Entremont}, the daughter of Fryderyk August the 1st and Fatima / the Turk Fatima, later Maria Aurora von Spiegel
{Augustus II the Strong / August II Mocny, 1670 - 1733, known in Saxony as Frederick Augustus I, was Elector of Saxony in 1697, elected King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1697-1706 and in 1709 - 1733. He was succeeded by his son, Augustus III of Poland},
the grand-daughter of
John George III, Elector of Saxony + Princess Anna Sophie of Denmark, ie. Jan Jerzy III Saxon / Sas and his 1st wife Anna Zofia of Danmark, 2-v. Claude Marie de Bellegarde. Jan Jerzy the 3rd, m. 2nd time to Tekla Peplowski.

Julia was the granddaughter of Jadwiga Niemyski, of the Kozlowka estate.
Julia was the granddaughter of Michal Bielinski.
Julia was the great-granddaughter of
Kazimierz Ludwik Bielinski, b. ca 1650, d. 1713, the Crown Marshal in 1702-1713, in 1682 he married Ludwika Maria MORSZTYN, the daughter of Andrzej Morsztyn. Kazimierz Bielinski was the son of
Franciszek Bielinski, senior, b. ca 1620, and Anna Akerstoff.

Jurjewicz or Lukasz Mateusz JUREWICZ, b. ca 1660, had son Jurjewicz / Franciszek Felicjan JUREWICZ, b. 1695 in the Oshmiana ex-district.

Franciszek Felicjan Jurjewicz / Franciszek Felicjan Jurewicz had children:
1. Tomasz Jurjewicz / Tomasz Jurewicz, b. 21/12/1720,
2. Stanislaw Jurjewicz / Stanislaw Jurewicz, b. 1725,
3.
ANTONI JUREWICZ / Anthony Yurevich / Jurjewicz, Antoni, b. 1730 / 1735 + Agnieszka Konstantynowicz of the Mscislau branch of the Konstantynowiczs, born ca 1735/1740 - see Augustyn Konstantynowicz b. ca 1635/1645,
4. Adam Jurjewicz, b. 1740 + Marianna.

Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz, was born to Antoni Jurjewicz and Agnieszka Konstantynowicz.
Antoni Jurjewicz or Jurjevicius Antoni was born in 1735.
Ignacy Jurewicz had 6 brothers and sisters:
Tadeusz Jurewicz,
Michal Jurjewicz,
JOZEF Jurewicz born 1770, and so on.

Ignacy JUREWICZ married Justyna Wieliczko. They had 3 sons:
Jozef Jurjewicz b. ca 1790 [see below], and 2 other children.

Above Ignacy Nikodem Jurjewicz b. ca 1760 / 1770.

Acc.to my research, the brother of Ignacy Jurewicz b. 1760/1770, and son of named Antoni Jurewicz b. ca 1730/1735, was
JOZEF JUREWICZ / Josif Jurievitsch b. ca 1770, married Joanna or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ.

Stanislaw Jurievitsch / Stanislaw Josifovich JUREWICZ / Stanislaw Jurewicz, b. 1800 or in 1802.
Stanislaw Jurewicz / Stanislav Yurevich, b. 1800/1802, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, was next of kin to Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot Zenovich.
Ignacy Despot ZENOWICZ b. ca 1830 was a translator of Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin.

Ignacy's ZENOWICZ children:
Mieczyslaw Deszpot-Zenowicz b. ca 1850,
Maria Aniela,
Wanda.

Stanislaw Juriewicz, b. 1800/1802, as the oldest brother, divided these properties among his brothers. His brother, Michal Juriewicz, received Kraszuty, a large estate covered by a dense forest, known to contain bears, moose, and other big game. His brother Jan Jurewicz received two estates, Franopol and Porzecze.

Rokossowski, Krasinski, Kaczynski, Chudzik in the Baranowo parish, north-west to Ostroleka. Olszowski, Maslowski, Myszkowski, Psarski, Kreski and Sulimierski in the area of Olszowa - Kepno - Grebanin and Wieruszow - Baranow.
It's weird. While researching my and my parents' genealogy and history in October 1987 until today on 29th April 2021, I came across the following people of great politics: Wladimir Ulianov Lenin, French PM Georges Eugene Benjamin Clemenceau, Marshal Jozef Pilsudski, Marshal Rola-Zymierski in 1942, General Wladyslaw Sikorski in 1939, General and President Wojciech Jaruzelski; Saint Karol Wojtyla - Pope and chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state or sovereign of the Vatican City State; President Lech Walesa, Leopold Kronenberg, US Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, J. F. Kennedy, President McKinnley, Marshal Marian Spychalski, General Piotr Jaroszewicz, General Karol Swierczewski, the Breguet family; the Poniatowski, Potocki, Lubomirski, Prozor, Radziwill, Oskierka, Chrapowicki, Wankowicz and others families from Belarus, Lithuania, Poland; Dukes Oldenburg; Japaridze, Erekle II of Georgia; Marshal Konstanty Rokossowski, President Lech Kaczynski; S. Niesiolowski, Leszek Moczulski, Bronislaw Geremek, PM Waldemar Pawlak; President of EU Donald Tusk; Angela Merkel; President Bronislaw Komorowski; PM Suchocka; Naimski of Secret services, A. Owsiany from intelligence agency; Cagliostro and Carsten Niebuhr of Illuminati Order with the Maltase Order; PM Leszek Miller, the Dukes Krasinski of the Przasnysz county; Findeisen of the Chocen commune; the German families among others Nostitz-Jackowski, Arnold, Kalkstein, Kruszynski; the Catholic Bishops of the Zaluski, Dembowski, Dembinski, Poniatowski, Soltyk families; the branch of Mecinski-Stadnicki-Wezyk-Jordan-Walewski-Pradzynski-Krasicki-Rzeczycki-Malachowski-Kiedrzynski-Pstrokonski in Poland in the 18th and 19th centuries; the Belarusian nobility with Oginski, Swiatopelk-Mirski, Wankowicz, Prozor, Oskierka, Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Soltan and Sapieha, Chrapowicki, Jurewicz and Despot-Zenowicz, Malkiewicz with Szumski and Bouvier; Zarako-Zarakowski and others. Why?


Anna Eugenia Bilevich (Lopatinska), 1753 - 1789, was the daughter of Ignacy Blazej Stanislaw Lopacinski + Judyta Prozor.
Ignacy Blazej Stanislaw Lopacinski, 1722 in Lopacin / Lopatino, the Mstsislaw District - 1776 in Vilnius, MP, writer, in 1746 the Mscislaw official, the son of
Leon Lopacinski, the the Mscislaw official, 1663-1732 + Regina SWIECICKA;
Ignacy of Jody was the brother to Bishop of ZMUDZ, Jan Dominik Lopacinski, and to the Brzesc Litewski governor, Mikolaj Tadeusz Lopacinski.
Ignacy with the brother Jan Dominik, moved abroad together with Bishop Jozef SAPIEHA.
Ignacy Blazej Stanislaw Lopacinski, 1722-1776, had a son
Jozef Nepomucen Nicefor Lopacinski, 1764-1850 + Paulina Antonina Franciszka Oginska + 2nd Klotylda Ruszczyc, ca 1770-1823. Jozef Nepomucen had a daughter, 1802-1880, m. Koziell-POKLERWSKI,
with the son Wladyslaw Koziell-Poklewski, 1834-1889. Wladyslaw had a daughter Teresa Maria Koziell-Poklewska + Wiktor Swiatopelk-Mirski, b. ca 1865, younger, the son of Wiktor Swiatopelk-Mirski, b. ca 1845;
the grandson of
Wiktor Swiatopelk-Mirski, 1820-1892;
the great-grandson of
Tomasz Swiatopelk-Mirski, 1788-1852 + 2nd Konstancja Wlosowska, ca 1790-1865;
the great-great-grandson of [compare below different genealogy of TOMASZ Swiatopelk b. 1788]
Tadeusz Swiatopelk-Mirski b. ca 1720 + Anna Swiatopelk-Mirska b. ca 1750;
the great-great-great-grandson of
1.
Jan Stanislaw Swiatopelk-Mirski, ca 1690-1761 + Joanna Rymsza;
2.
Cyprian Swiatopelk-Mirski b. ca 1710 + Maria Billewicz.

Above Tomasz Swiatopelk-Mirski and Chocen-Zgierz line:
Smilowice close to CHOCEN bought Maciej von Waldorff - Wolicki, ca 1795. Ca 1867/1870 Gustaw Findeisen bought SMILOWICE close to Golaszewo and to Chocen. The Findeisen family owned Smilowice until 1939.

Above Gustaw Adolf Findeisen, 1834-1885, was the son of Karol FINDEISEN, 1797-1855, German, and Julianna Stegman, 1794-1854; Gustaw Findeisen, German roots, was born in 1834 in Gostynin, d. in Smilowice [here the Walesa family intermarried to Germans].
He acted in WLOCLAWEK and Gustaw Findeisen was the Warsaw industrial entrepreneur. Gustaw's grandson - by Tadeusz son - was Andrzej Findeisen. Gustaw FINDEISEN m. in 1867, in Lowicz, to Pelagia Joanna Rodys, 1849-1875, the daughter of
Dss Boleslawa Wanda Felicja Rodys Swiatopelk-Mirska, born in 1831 in Swiedziebnia, in the PLOCK county, d. in 1915 in Warsaw.
Boleslawa was the daughter of
prince Tomasz Swiatopelk-Mirski / Thomas Theophilus Jan Sviatopolk-Mirsky [1st m. MALESZEWSKA] and 3rd marriage to Marianne / Marianna Marcjanna Swiatopelk-Mirska, nee Nostitz-Jackowska, 1807 - 1853,
the daughter of
Jan Nepomuk Xaverius Nostitz-Jatskovski / Jan Nepomucen Nostitz-Jackowski, b. ca 1770, and Petronela DRYWA - ZAKRZEWSKA.
The grand-daughter of Alexander Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1729;
great-granddaughter of MICHAL Jackowski b. ca 1700 / 1705, d. ca 1766;
the great-great-grandson of Jan Nostitz-Jackowski + Rozalia Trzebska,
and JAN had also the daughter
Franciszka Nostitz-Jackowska married Andrzej Kiedrzynski, b. ca 1715/1720, the Bieganin owner [my family branch].

Boleslawa RODYS was the daughter of prince Tomasz Swiatopelk-Mirski / Thomas Theophilus Jan Sviatopolk-Mirsky [1st m. MALESZEWSKA] and his 3rd wife, Marianne / Marianna Marcjanna Swiatopelk-Mirska, nee Nostitz-Jackowska, 1807 - 1853, the daughter of Jan Nepomuk Xaverius Nostitz-Jatskovski / Jan Nepomucen Nostitz-Jackowski, b. ca 1770, and Petronela DRYWA - ZAKRZEWSKA.

Above Tomasz Swiatopelk-Mirski, 1788-1852, had a daughter
Maria Swiatopelk-Mirska, ca 1820-1899 + Henryk Dominik Wincenty Lopacinski, 1823-1910,
with the son
Aleksander Lopacinski, 1848-1917 + Tekla Koziell-Poklewska, ca 1860-1945.
Above Maria Swiatopelk had the brother
Wiktor Lopacinski, 1820-1892 + Laura Czyzewicz.

Above named TADEUSZ Swiatopelk-Mirski b. ca 1760 and Jan SWIATOPELK-MIRSKI b. ca 1770, m. Tekla Burgundyfera Despot-Zenowicz, probably were the brothers of Franciszek Ksawery SWIATOPELK-MIRSKI, b. ca 1760/1764, married to Katarzyna Badowska, 1764 - 1843, who had the son Tomasz Bogumil Swiatopelk - Mirski, 1788, d. 1868.

Franciszek Ksawery SWIATOPELK-MIRSKI, b. ca 1760/1764, married to Katarzyna Badowska, 1764 - 1843; they had the son Tomasz Bogumil Swiatopelk - Mirski, 1788, d. 1868, m. Marcianna / Marianna Nostitz-Jackowska [net to my family Kiedrzynski].
Marianna was the daughter of Jan Nepomucen married 2nd to Petronela nee Drywa-Zakrzewska in 1804, born 1776 / 1780.
Jan Nepomucen Ksawery Nostitz-Jackowski was the son of Marianna Kczewski / Marcianna Antonie Barbara Nostitz-Jackowska Kczewska, born in Straszewo.
Nogat - 26 km south-east to KWIDZYN; 8 kilometres north of Lasin, 22 km north-east of Grudziadz, and 69 km north-east of Torun.
Straszewo / Dietrichsdorf, 17 km north-east to KWIDZYN; in the Kwidzyn county, close to Ryjewo - 18 km north to KWIDZYN. Named above Straszewo is situated at half way from Malbork to Kwidzyn.

Marianna KCZEWSKI was daughter of Andrzej Kczewski and Marianna; wife of Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski.
Aleksander Jackowski was born in 1729 ie. Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski, ca 1729 - 1802 in the Nogat village. The son of Michal Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1705, d. ca 1766. The grandson of Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670.
Antoni Skorzewski, 1710 - 1766 m. Anna Nostitz - Jackowska, ca 1710/1715 - 1768. Anna was the daughter of above Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670.
Franciszka Nostitz-Jackowski married Kiedrzynska had one sister, named above Anna Skorzewska born Nostitz-Jackowska. Franciszka JACKOWSKA married Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. 1710/1715, then he was the owner of Bieganin close to RASZKOW [my family].
Tomasz Bogumil Jan Swiatopelk-Mirski, 1788-1868, Duke in 1861 = JAN Siemionowicz Swiatopelk Mirski / Tomasz Teofil Jan MIRSKI, m. Marcjanna Nostitz-Jackowska.
His sons:
A.
Dmitrij Hariton Ruryk Miron back to Russia in 1840, 1841 served at Caucasus. Dmitri / Dmitry Ivanovich / Dmitrij, born in 1824 or 1825 - d. 1899, Infantry General and politician, Caucasus and Russo-Turkish wars, member of the State Council of Imperial Russia;
B.
Mikolaj Swiatopelk Mirski, 1833 - 1898, m. 1st to Wiera Bagratyd / Pss Vera b. Tbilisi 1842. He bought MIR in 1895 from the family of Dominik Radziwill and his daughter Stefania.
Above Wiera Bagration Gruzinsky, m. Swiatopelk Mirska, b. 1842 in Tbilisi, Georgia; d. 1863;
the daughter of ELIZBAR / ILIA Grigorievich Bagration Gruzinsky and Anastasja.
Mentioned above ELIZBAR / ILIA Grigorievich Bagration Gruzinsky b. 1790, d. 1854, was the son of Giorgi XII Bagrationi (King of Kartli and Kakheti) and Mariam.

And again back to my family [Paszkowski-Armand in Moscow with Apolon Konstantynowicz]:
Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1765 or in 1780
[he co-operated with Artur Potocki of Zator, Templars Freemason, and Artur's family owned Berezyna-Lubuszany in Belarus, 13 km to Miezonka owned in 1842 by my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz and Dominik's grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswieja in northern Belarus, who came from the Malnow-Rzeczyca area in Polish Livland / Inflanty in the south-east Latvia now],
was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742, and Petronela Kulikowska.
Petronela was born ca 1755.
Wojciech PASZKOWSKI had 2 brothers: Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski closest to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and to General Fiszer and Axamitowski.
Wojciech Paszkowski married ca 1805 or after 1805 to Ludwina Galezka, with the daughter Jozefa Paszkowska b. ca 1810, married in 1828, in Checiny.
Above WOJCIECH Paszkowski had a son born 1805, an officer of the 1831 Uprising;
and Wojciech Paszkowski had next daughter married Schwarzenberg-Czerny. Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813), was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783.
Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County, the son of Jozef Czerny and Marianna.

And we back to the RADZIWILLES - Oginski - SOLTAN:
Jadwiga Zaluska Tyszkiewicz m. 2nd to Duke Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski (1712-1783), and Retow passed on the ownership of the family Oginski. Tadeusz Franciszek Oginski was 1st married to Izabela Radziwill [Izabela Kotryna Oginska born Radziwill] of Nieswiez, d. 1761 / 1763.
Izabela Kotryna Oginska Radziwill, b. 1711, d. 1761 / 1763 in Maladzyechna [Molodeczno], the Minsk Province,
was daughter of
Michal Antoni Radziwill b. 1687. Named Michal Antoni Radziwill was brother of Lukrecja Katarzyna Donhoff; Adelajda Cecylia Teresa Dambska [in Golaszewo]; Jan Mikolaj Radziwill, and Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwll who was father of Stanislaw Radziwill, 1722 - 1787,
and Stanislaw Radziwill had daughter Franciszka Teofila Soltan, b. circa 1751,
and Franciszka Teofila's children were:
A.
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
B.
Karolina Soltan Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1785 + Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki, b. ca 1780
{with Karolina's children:
1.
Walentyna Soltan (Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1805 + Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan, 1795 - 1843,
with a daughter
Oktawia Soltan, b. 1830, d. 1871 in Kazan, m. in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900);
2.
Anna Benislawska (Anna Piottuch-Kublicka + Jozef Benislawski);
3.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki;
4.
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka + Jozef Szumski + DOMINIK KONSTANTYNOWICZ of MIEZONKA
(owned since 1842; bef. him in 1832-1842 Miezonka was leased by Czapski / Hutten-Czapski; and bef. 1832 Miezonka belonged to Stefania Julia Radziwill Chrapowicka Oskierka);
5.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka + Wincenty Smokowski, 1797 - 1876, and Wincenty was a son of Konstancja Mickiewicz Smokowska;
6.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820};
C.
Helena Soltan;
D.
Anna Wankowicz / Anna Soltan, b. ca 1785 / 1788 + Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758 / 1760 / 1780.
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - died in 1812, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior / Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz,
the grandson of senior Tadeusz Wankowicz born ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725.
Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka, ca 1735-1812, the daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki; with children:
Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758/1760;
Waleria Wankowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz + Mostowski.

Tadeusz junior / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz was the leaseholder of LUCZAJ, from Tadeusz Oginski the owner of Luczaj. Tadeusz Wankowicz m. Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; then Andrzej Oginski and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs. Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz junior was owner of Luczaj in 1786, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA.
Tadeusz Kazimierz was the grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 + Zofia Chrapowicki of SWOLNA.
Jan had brothers: Wladyslaw b. ca 1648, Teodor Wankowicz b. ca 1650, Stanislaw Wankowicz b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK.

Arkadiusz Chrapowicki of Miezonka, 1821 - ca 1900, the son of Michal Chrapowicki b. ca 1790, d. ca 1850, and Jozefa KORSAK.
The grandson of
Jozef Chrapowicki b. ca 1750, d. 1812 + Magdalena Oginska [the 1st wife was Anna Radziwill, Narbut].
Arkadiusz married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1820-1896, the owner of Miezonka -
the daughter of Mikolaj Radziwill b. 1801, and Wiktoria Emilia Narbutt.
The granddaughter of Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747, and Franciszka Butler b. in 1757.
The great-granddaughter of Stanislaw Radziwill, born 8 May 1722 in Dzyatlava [the line to the Konstantynowiczs of Miezonka, Kazan, Moscow and Tallinn-Nomme],
who was the son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill and Barbara Franciszka Zawisza - Kiezgajlo m. Radziwill.

Franciszka Radziwill nee Css Butler, b. in 1757 in Berdychiv, d. in 1811, was the daughter of count Michal Buttler / Michal Butler and Benedykta PAC. Michal Butler, 1715 - 1782, was the son of count Marek Antoni Buttler and Francisca SZCZUKA.
Franciszka Butler born 1757, married to the son of Stanislaw Radziwill - ie Mikolaj Radziwill, general major of Lithuania, 1747-1811. Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747.

Children of above Stanislaw Soltan b. 1756:
A.
Karolina Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1790, married after 1800 to Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki;
B.
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wankowicz, ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - 1812, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior
[Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725]
who m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka, ca 1735-1812, a daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki;
with children:
Waleria Wankowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz + Mostowski.
Above Antoni Wankowicz / Anton Vankovich married Catholic noblewoman Anna Stanislavovna Soltan, who belonged to a wealthy and influential in those days family, was in close relationship with the magnate clans; her mother was Franciszka Teofila Radziwill / Francisco Theophile Stanislavovna Radziwill, the daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill (1722-1787) and Karolina Pociej / Carolina (1732-1776);
Anna's father Stanislav Stanislavovich Soltan Pereswiat (1756-1836), who was court Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1791-1792 ), and in 1812 he led the Commission to the Provisional Government.
C.
Helena Soltan b. 1790 m. to Franciszek Soltan b. 1780, member of the Order of Malta;
D.
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan, b. 2.7.1792 in Warsaw, freemason, m. Idalia Pociej 1790 - 1839;
E.
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan born 1824 in Uzukrewno.

Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Karolina Soltan / Soltan Carolina born ca 1780;
with a daughter
Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (the mother Josepha Benislawska),
and Walentyna's daughter
Oktawia Soltan / Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, the landowner, member of the January Uprising. Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 in Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and here Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, the daughter of Wladyslaw Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia. In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.
F.
Stanislaw Soltan, 1822 - died 1897 in Anninsk, from Brzostowica Murowana in the Hrodna goverment.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska (b. ca 1820 or 1810 / 1813), with a son Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, a daughter of Oktawiusz, and Helena Soltan);
above Adolf was the son of
Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki - the officer in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1790.
Above named Jozef Kublicki had daughters and sons:
1.
Anna Benislawska (born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Jozef Benislawski, 1790-1852, with:
Leon Benislawski 1846-1935, Jan 1847-1899, Stanislaw, Konstanty, Adolf, Edward, Ludwik Benislawski, Helena Benislawska b. before 1852);
2.
Walentyna Soltan
(born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, the son of Benedykt Soltan b. 1770 and Jozefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was
Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4.
Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Jozef Szumski b. ca 1800 + 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA;
5.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski, 1797 - 1876, a son of Michal Smokowski + Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki was the son of Jerzy Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicze, the officer in Livland, b. 1710 + Rozalia Korsak-Udzielska, 1735-1789.
Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760
[the daughter of Stanislaw Soltan, 1698 - 1758, and Helena Romer;
the granddaughter of Samuel Soltan, 1654 - 1735; and
the great-granddaughter of Hieronim Wladyslaw Soltan],
with:
1.
Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krutz;
2.
Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, m. Karolina Soltan.
Half sister of above named Stanislaw Soltan, 1698 - 1758, was Teodora Soltan, 1700 - 1774 + Jerzy Stanislaw Sapieha, with the daughter Krystyna Roza Massalska b. 1724.

Brother of above Augusta Soltan / Soltan / Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1750 or 1760, was Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, born in 1756 in Berdyczow, died 1836 in Jelgava, now Latvia; he was the son of Stanislaw Soltan and Helena Romer;
and Stanislaw Soltan was the husband of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill b. 1751 and 2nd to Konstancija Taplockyte / Konstancja Toplicka.
Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was father of
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka (Karolina b. ca 1790, the wife of Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki);
Helena Soltan;
Anna Soltan;
Stanislaw Soltan junior; and
Helena Eysmont.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of JOZEF Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mikolaj Jan Weyssenhoff and Jan Weyssenhoff, acc. to geni.com.

Above Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 in Vilnius, died 1863 in Poznan, the husband of Idalia POCIEJ b. 1801, the daughter of Aleksander Michal Pociej;
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan b. 1792 was father of
Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan and
Maria Anna Sierakowska.
Above Aleksander Stanislaw August Soltan, 1821 - 1853, was the father of Stefania Ludwika de Virion.


Konstancja Szaszkiewicz b. 1827,
her parents -
Jozef Kalasanty Szaszkiewicz, 1783-1849 + Konstancja Grocholska Szaszkiewicz, b. 1790;
her grandparents -
Karol Szaszkiewicz, 1750-1817, and Jan Duklan Grocholski.
Her great-grandparents -
Marcin Grocholski, 1727-1807;
Cecylia Choloniewska b. 1751.

Konstancja Szaszkiewicz m. ca 1850 to Jozef Scipio del Campo, 1810-1845.
Konstancja Szaszkiewicz b. 1827, had children -
Konstancja nee Scipio del Campo, b. 1850; Jozefa b. ca 1850; Bohdan.

Mentioned Jozef Kalasanty Szaszkiewicz, 1783-1849, married Konstancja Grocholska, and they had children:
1.
Medard SZASZKIEWICZ, b. 1818 + Zofia Susczanski-Proskura-Suszczewicz;
2.
Jozefa, 1823-1909 married Antoni Chodkiewicz, 1820-1878;
3.
Leonard SZASZKIEWICZ, the author of letters, b. 1826, m. Michalina Gizycka, b. 1830.
Michalina Gizycka Szaszkiewicz was the daughter of Count Jan Nepomucen Gizycki, and his wife Jozefa Walewska, 1804-1863;

and the great-grandparents of Michalina Szaszkiewicz nee GIZYCKA:
Kajetan Stanislaw Gizycki, 1720-1785,
Michal Walewski, the Bochnia governor, 1735-1806.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka / Ivan Oskirka, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
He was the son of Rafal Aloizy.
Together with his brother Antoni Joachim Oskierka studied in Warsaw. Participated in the seven-year war of 1756-1763.
In 1764 he took Czartoryski's side and of King Stanislaw Poniatowski.
He was the confederary Mozyr judge; was a deputy from the Mozyr County. In 1781, he was elected to the Tribunal of Lithuania. In August 1784, he was invited by Karol Radziwil to Nesvizh in connection with the King's visit planned there.
In August 1786, he signed a petition to the king asking for the border regiment. In 1788, together with Konstantin JELENSKI, he was a deputy to the Polish-Lithuanian Parliament from the Mozyr County. In 1790, he gave up his son Rafal Oskierka to the top post in Lithuania. The Constitution of May 3, 1791 greeted with his great enthusiasm. He was the richest owner in Lithuania, heir to a huge fortune (7 million zl). He owned Narovlei / NAROWLA (in the HOMEL county and close to KONOTOP - with the villages of Antonovo, Mukhoyedy, Ugly, Golovchitsy), Karpovichi in the Mozyr County; Barbarovo and Konotopy in Rechytsky / RZECZYCA COUNTY.
In early August 1793, together with his son Rafal Michal Oskierka
[born after 1761 - d. 1818; the official in MOZYRZ, in 1791 served at the Royal Court, CONSPIRATOR in 1793.
He married to Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790, the daughter of ANTONI OSKIERKA b. ca 1740.
RAFAL's son -
Jan Oskierka b. 1819 + Julia Oskierka,
the daughter of Pawel Oskierka official in RZECZYCA and granddaughter of Leopold Oskierka],
took part in the conspirative congress of the nobility in the estate of Karol Prozor in Khoyniki, whose goal was to prepare an armed attack against the Russian Army and for the revival of the Constitution on May 3, 1791.

Karol Prozor and Captain Hamilcar Kasinsky / KOSINSKI left the Khoyniki on April 20, 1794 in JUREWICZE / Yurovichi. However, Jan Mikolaj Oskerko, through his envoy, warned that Russian soldiers were waiting for them in Jurewicze. Thus he saved friends, but he himself was arrested on the first day of Easter in 1794.
After the Smolensk investigation, by decree of Catherine II of June 20, 1795, ranked among the first category of convicts; Oskerka was exiled to "the most remote Siberian cities." His property was confiscated and was distributed to Russian nobles, in particular, in 1793 his estate Barbarovo was transferred to the real secret adviser Sivers. From Irkutsk, Oskerka was moved to Zhigansk in the Yakutsk region of Irkutsk province, where he brought 122 silver rubles. Released under the amnesty of Paul I in 1796 but he was died of apoplexy in Tobolsk in 1796, where he was buried with honors by the son Dominik Oskierka, accompanying his father on his way back to his homeland.

Jan Mikolaj Oskierka born Dec. 1735, died in exile in 1796 - Tobolsk had 3 children:
1.
Rafal Michal Oskierka 1761-1818 + Maria Oskierka
[with
1. Jan Oskierka b. 1820 + Julia Oskierka;
2.
Emilia Oskierka + Hubert Artemiusz Swiatopelk-Mirski;
3. Teresa Oskierka + Romuald Jelenski];
2.
Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka
[with
1.
Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790 + Jan Gizycki
and 2.
Kajetan Oskierka b. 1821 + Pss Stefania Julia Radziwill - the owner of MIEZONKA - until 1842, then to my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz - the same branch like Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna ARMAND];
3.
Aniela Oskierka 1770-1804 + Ignacy Kajetan Prozor
[with
1. Kornela Prozor 1800-1835 + Michal Rokicki,
2. Henryk Prozor b. ca 1800;
3.
Maurycy Prozor h. wl. 1801 in UK - 1886 + Anna Chlopicka].
After the death of Oskierka, the Russians to return only a small part of the property (Konotopy). The memory of the loss of the huge estates of Oskerka was preserved in the Belarusian proverb: "It disappeared, like Oskierka assets. [above inf. under copyright by the Russian Wikipedia]"

Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz. Ignacy Kajetan Prozor was General major of the Kowno county],
with children:
Kornela Prozor Rokicka, 1800-1835;
Henryk Prozor;
Maurycy Prozor 1st senior 1801-1886 + Anna Chlopicka b. ca 1810.
Maurycy Prozor senior was born in Rothley-Temple, Leicestershire, died in 1886. PROZOR Maurycy was the commander of the Kowno Uprising.

ANIELA's brothers
Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka;
and Rafal Michal Oskierka, 1761-1818.
They were children of Jan Mikolaj Oskierka 1735-1796 - see the plot of KOSCIUSZKO and PROZOR - married in 1761 to Barbara Rokicka.

SALOMEA GIZYCKA b. ca 1770, m. Dominik OSKIERKA.
Salomea was the daughter of Kajetan Stanislaw Gizycki + Katarzyna RAKOWSKA.
Kajetan Stanislaw Gizycki, ca 1720 - 1785, was the son of Bartlomiej Gizycki + Franciszka ROMER b. ca 1700. Bartlomiej b. 1682, the official in Wyszogrod, m. ca 1720 to Franciszka Romer; the BAR insurgent; Colonel; the owner of Krasnopole.
Franciszka Romer m. twice. Franciszka Romer m. 2nd ca 1730 to Andrzej Gizycki.

Dominik Oskierka married
[the owner of Krasnopol in the Zytomierz county; in 1751 Bartlomiej GIZYCKI built here a church; official in Wyszogrod - see KRONENBERG; Krasnopol belonged to Lubomirski.
Close to MOLOCZKI and STRUMILOWKA owned by Lady OSKIERKO.
Kajetan Gizycki (1725 - 1785), the son of above Bartlomiej Gizycki (b. 1682) and Franciszkia Romer, had children:
1.
Salomea Gizycka m. Dominik Oskierko, the owner of Krasnopil / Krasnopole / Krasnopol, close to Moloczki / MOLOCHKY - 30 km south-east to LUBAR / Lyubar;
2.
Antoni Gizycki, the owner of Moloczki close to Krasnopil - 50 km west to BERDYCZOW / Berdychiv;
3. Adam Gizycki.

Bartlomiej Gizycki d. 1827 in Moloczki, 1792 the adjutant of Jozef Poniatowski, General.

Franciszek Ksawery Gizycki m. Weronika Sulatycka]
Salomea Gizycka b. 1770.

GIZYCKI, of the Gostyn county, come from Zytomierz.
Kajetan Gizycki (1725 - 1785 ) was the son of Bartlomiej Gizycki b. 1682, the official in Wyszogrod, the BAR insurgent; Colonel; the owner of Krasnopole;
the brother of Tadeusz Gizycki d. 1801, General.

Kajetan's children:
1. Salomea Gizycka m. Dominik Oskierko owner of Krasnopole;
2. Antoni Gizycki owner of Moloczki;
3. Adam Gizycki;
4. Bartlomiej Gizycki d. 1827 in Moloczki, 1792 adjutant of Jozef Poniatowski, General;
5. Franciszek Ksawery Gizycki + Weronika Sulatycka.

Stefania Julia Radziwill Princess, b. 1825 [the owner of MIEZONKA], m. ca 1840 to Arkadiusz Chrapowicki born 1821 [the link to SWOLNA], and 2nd to Kajetan Oskierka born 1821,
with the son Adolf Oskierka / Oskierko b. ca 1868 - d. 1901 in Lourdes.
KAJETAN Oskierka was the son of Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka.
DOMINIK Oskierka was the brother of Rafal Michal Oskierka, 1761-1818 + Maria; he was the official in MOZYRZ, CONSPIRATOR. RAFAL was married to Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790.
Dominik and Rafal were the children of Jan Mikolaj Oskierka, 1735-1796.

Anna Nosalewska, the daughter of WACLAW Gizycki. Anna was born ca 1855, to
Waclaw Jozef Gizycki b. 1822 + Olimpia Gizycka (born Romer) / Olimpia ROMER b. ca 1825/1830.
Compare INWALD in the Andrychow commune. Inwald bought Feliks Romer. Feliks Romer (1818-1886) was the next of kin to Bobrowski.

Count Karol Wladyslaw Romer b. in 1920 in Inwald.
Czaniec - 5 km south to BULOWICE; 4 km south-west to ROCZYNY; 5 km west to Andrychow and 10 km west to Inwald; 18 km west to Wadowice; and 14 / 15 km east to LIPNIK [now in eastern Bielsko-Biala]; 18 / 19 km north-east to Cyganski Las / Gypsy Forest
[southern part of Bielsko-Biala: the Zelazo / Iron action of General Miroslaw Milewski - and General Milewski acted for Red Army in the Augustow county {2007-2021 the nerks of this district acted around me at the West} in 1944-1945, the Bialystok province {Michalow / Wimborne 92} in 1945 until April 1955, Suwalki-Olecko-Raczki {Samuelson / Summers - the link to Anna Tymieniecka and Leopold Kronenberg} area {Kingston 81}. General Miroslaw Milewski was involved in death of Priest Popieluszko in Wloclawek {in 1985/1990 General Milewski was accused of Popieluszko's death in the area Bydgoszcz-Torun-Wloclawek - compare General Zbigniew Nowek in Bydgoszcz and Torun aft. 2002}:
this is area of Wloclawek-Chocen-Brzesc Kujawski-Lipnik with Maciej I. Wojtczak, Lech Walesa, Leszek Balcerowicz and Pola Negri, the Kielczewski family and Dambski].

Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State in 1978 until his death in 2005. He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978. Born in 1920, Wadowice, 8 / 9 km east to INWALD.

Franciszek SZWARCENBERG Czerny b. ca 1692, was the governor of Oswiecim, and in 1720 he was the owner of the Andrychow estate including Inwald (1747-1750), Czaniec (1764) and also western of Cracow - Poreba Zegoty, 2 km east to Alwernia (the church in 1762). The owner of the Czaniec manor and Andrychow.

The net of Bobrowski, Poninski, Dembinski, Mecinski of Jedlno and Szoldrski - Andrychow and Wilkowo Polskie.
Swiedziebnia with Nostitz-Jackowski - Inwald and Roczyny close to Andrychow - Wilkowo Polskie close to Dluzyna and to Koscian - Baldrzychow close to Poddebice - the village of Leszno close to Przasnysz and to Krasne; and Jedlno close to Radomsko owned by Stadnicki-Mecinski-Walewski family branch; together with Hutten-Czapski intermarried Kiedrzynski, Jaruzelski and the Karwat-Bardzki line of Wichulec near to Wabrzezno: The Bobrowskis owned Andrychow, Zagornik, Sulkowice, Targanice and Inwald. In the 18th century in Roczyny settled Romani / Gypsies of Romania and from Slovakia. They lived in Rzyki, 7 kilometres south-east of Andrychow, 12 km south-west of Wadowice.

Teresa Rottman, 1812-1888 in Andrychow, m. in 1832, in Lwow to Count Roman Bobrowski, 1803-1836,
the son of Konstanty BOBROWSKI + Barbara Siemonska.
Teresa had a son
Karol Konstanty Bobrowski, 1833-1886, m. 2nd to Dss Felicja Helena Poninska, 1846-1903,
with a son
Count Stefan Stanislaw Feliks Bobrowski, 1873-1932 + Roza Mecinska, 1880-1952,
the great-granddaughter of Jan Nepomucen Mecinski, 1776-1858, who was the grandson of
Wojciech Mecinski, 1698-1771 + Anna Glogowska;
and the great-grandson of Michal Mikolaj Mecinski.

Roman Bobrowski had a brother Count Karol Wincenty Franciszek Bobrowski who was living in INWALD and Leki Dolne.
Karol Wincenty BOBROWSKI b. 1799, d. in 1876, the son of
Count Konstanty Erazm Albert Bobrowski + Barbara.

Karol Wincenty Bobrowski was the father of
Adela Romer born in Inwald;
Felicja Ursyn Bobrowski;
Barbara Zborowska.

Leki Dolne is a village in the Pilzno commune, within the Debica County, 4 kilometres west of Pilzno, 16 km south-west of Debica, and 56 km west of Rzeszow, 37 km west-south-west to Sedziszow Malopolski.

Adela Romer Bobrowska had a sister Css Maria von Romer (nee Bobrowska), 1830 in Leki Dolne - 1899 in Viezdzietka / Biezdziatka, the daughters of Karol Wincenty Franciszek Bobrowski.
Maria BOBROWSKA was the wife of Count Stanislaw Romer, 1819 in Zolkow in the Jaslo district - 1902 in Biezdziatka.

This is old communist network of Generals Kiszczak, Milewski and Jaruzelski of the second half of the 20th century. My research [of 1987 until 13 December 2021] concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century. Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878. The genealogy of Anna Dembinska Jackowska / Anna Nostitz-Jackowska, b. ca 1760, died in 1819 - and the Andrychow district, with the links to Cardinal Karol Wojtyla {and the Michalow-Klemensow estate of the Zamoyskis}, General Miroslaw Milewski {and the fate of Priest Jerzy Popieluszko in the Suchowola commune} and General Czeslaw Kiszczak in Roczyny {closest friend of General Wojciech Jaruzelski - the links to Kalisz and Hutten-Czapski intermarried to Jaruzelski, Karwat in Tczew-Wabrzezno-Wichulec area; and the Karwat-Bardzki-Kiedrzynski branch came from Raszkow and Bieganin, together with Nostitz-Jackowski - Zaluskowski in the Chelmza district}: Antoni Dembinski (1705 - 1781, Gniewiecin, 25 km north to Miechow), the son of Jan Jozef Dembinski b. ca 1670. Antoni Dembinski was the owner of Roczyny [Czeslaw Kiszczak family here: Czeslaw Kiszczak was born in 1925, in Roczyny, the son of a struggling farmer who was fired as a steelworker because of his communist affiliation / Soviet net], Twierdza [4 / 5 km north-east to Wieprz; 8 km north-east to Andrychow; 8 km north-west to Wadowice], and Wieprz [Twierdza-Wieprz village, 5 km north to Andrychow; 6 km north-east to Bulowice; 5 km north-west to INWALD] close to Andrychow. Antoni Dembinski married to Anna Petkowska; and 2nd to Zofia Strus b. ca 1725, the daughter of Marcin Strus b. ca 1680 + ca 1700 to unknown b. ca 1680, the daughter of the official of Gostynin, b. ca 1650; with daughters: Anna Dembinska [m. Nostitz-Jackowska] b. 1760; Teresa Dembinska Piatkowski; Elzbieta Dembinska Faruchowicz.

Jan Jozef Dembinski b. ca 1670, was the brother to Antoni Dembinski older [1665 - aft. 1728], the owner of Szczytniki [Szczytniki is a village in the Kalisz County, 20 kilometres south-east of Kalisz; 5 km south-west to Staw Kaliski.

Kornelia Cyprianna Magdalena Wezyk, ca 1815/1820 - 1881, was the daughter of Stanislaw WEZYK + Salomea Rottermund. Stanislaw Wezyk, 1778/1779-1855, probably the first son of Ksawery Franciszek Wezyk, b. ca 1750, m. in 1778, in Mroczen, to Julianna Elzbieta Tomicka, 1754 - ca 1789, the daughter of Jozef Tomicki, the Ostrzeszow official + Joanna Niemojowska.
Tomice is a village in the Wadowice County, 3 kilometres north-west of Wadowice, 11 km east to Wieprz, 10 km north-east to Inwald, 12 km east to Nidek, 13 km north-east to Andrychow.

Jan Paszkowski b. 1742 and his genealogical net to ZGIERZ and MOSCOW:

Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805, was the son of Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1765 + Ludwika Galezka b. 1783. Wojciech Paszkowski was the half-brother of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, who had the daughter Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married ca 1841 in Moscow to Armand. Wojciech and Franciszek Paszkowski co-operated with Artur Potocki in Cracow, Templar and Freemason.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of
JOZEF Weyssenhoff;
Ksawery Weyssenhoff;
Mikolaj Jan Weyssenhoff
and Jan Weyssenhoff older,
acc. to geni.com.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff + Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905. Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother: Jozef Weyssenhoff writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch.
The daughter of mentioned Jozef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz, 1891 - 1956 in Brazil.

Jozef Weyssenhoff Baron, was a novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher.

The family nest of the Lubienskis was village Kalinowa, district of Blaszki; and Szczytniki, also Guzow close to Warsaw, and Wiskitki. Kalinowa is situated close to Garbow and Golkow, north of Blaszki, north-west of Sieradz, close to Charlupia Wielka and Charlupia Mala [the CHUDZIK family of Lodz came from Charlupia Mala-Blaszki area, intermarried S. Kubacki, half Gypsy-Georgian man came from the Suchumi district; see Lija Taraschvili Turabelidze came from Gypsies of the North Caucasus, Vladykaukas, and also from RACHA-Svaneti province, then in Tbilisi, with a link to Thessaloniki and Brugia, and to Foreign Affairs HQ in Warsaw and Tbilisi. Her son Turabelidze-Tarashvili G. m. Gvantsa Grigalashvili of 'Fundacja Temida Arts & Business'.

Gvantsa Grigalashvili is Expert at Polish Investment and Trade Agency. Gvantsa Grigalashvili acting Head of Foreign Trade Office in Tbilisi, together with Karolina Zareba, Head of Tbilisi Foreign Trade Office.
The link to Robizon Qutateladze, the Head of Foreign Trade Office; Mikheil Janelidze, a chairman of Center for European Governance & Economy, served as Vice Prime Minister; in Ukraine, Jozias Vieira de Araujo of Acougueiro; in Dar es Salaam at Consultants Tanzania Graphic.

Gvantsa Grigalashvili Tarashvili Turabelidze, studied at Georgian Institute of Public Affairs, with Shota Kobalia of Amtse Group; Khatuna Iakobadze; Gvantsa Grigalashvili [b. ca 1990] of Georgia is the Expert at Polish Investment and Trade Agency. Gvantsa married Georgi Tarashvili Turabelidze in 2016. Acted in 2018 at Fundacja TEMIDA Arts & Business in Bielsko-Biala - compare General Miroslaw Milewski and Karol Wojtyla ancestors.
Above Found Agency acted in Georgia in November 2019, Tbilisi, Kiszyniow and Kijow / Kyiev.
Cooperated with the Zylina County in Slovakia - compare the spy of Zylina county around me in 2014/2016; see POLA NEGRI in Lipno - the Link to Maciej Igor Wojtczak's wife and to Lech Walesa and L. Balcerowicz.
The link to PAWEL MACIEJ KOTLA and IWONA KAZIMIERA LORANC. See Bator Art Gallery of Katarzyna Bator].


In 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA in Moscow, Zaporoze, St Petersburg.

Eugene's ARMAND of Moscow brother - Emil E. ARMAND was married to Zofia Hacker / Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke) from Estonia.
They had six children:
LEW ARMAND / Leo (1880 - 1942) + Japaridze-Saparov
[Saparova Tamara Arkadevna - Japaridze married 2nd to Leo Emilievich ARMAND.

Saparov Arkady (1854 - before 1921), was married to Varvara Maypariani with the daughter
Tamara Arkadevna SAPAROV married 1st to Ivan Konstantinovich Japaridze, and
TAMARA SAPAROV - JAPARIDZE was 2nd married to Lev ARMAND / Lion Emilievich Armand (Inessa Armand relatives).

Ivan Iaparidze was the son of Constantine Japaridze / Constantin Japaridze (Ivan b. ca 1860; his father Konstantyn died in 1860 !) from the upper Racha region of Georgia.
Ivan Japaridze b. ca 1860, had sister Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau, b. 1855, nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze, and Ivan Japaridze's parents were Constantine and Melania Japaridze;
named father Constantine died 1860].

LEW ARMAND, the son of EMIL Armand of Moscow, was the next of kin to Inessa Armand and to Anna Armand + Apolon Konstantynowicz, who co-operated with BREQUET in Kazan and Moscow and Apolon acted together with DUFLON and Dizerens.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz or Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name - Wasyl Konstantynowicz, acc. to me + Maria Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1840 in St Petersburg or in CRACOW.

Wasyl Konstantynowicz was living in the 40' of the 19th century in Kazan. WASYL's son was APOLON Konstantynowicz b. aft. 1858. The wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii Armand / Eugeniusz Armand / Eugene born about 1842. Eugeniusz Armand b. ca 1842, was the brother of EMIL ARMAND, both the sons of Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand ca 1841, b. ca 1819; Maria Wilhelmina was the daughter of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, the friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

General Wasyl Konstantynowicz married Mary Troubeckaja vel Maria Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1840 in St Petersburg or in CRACOW.

Mentioned Wiktor Konstantynowicz b. 1874, was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, the daughter of Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh + Olga Ryabchinskaya / Olga Riabczynski.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz vel Staroch Siedoch on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme [close to TALLINN where my grandfather was living in 1917: Jerzy Konstantynowicz / Marian Konstantynowicz vel Stankiewicz vel Siedlecki, Colonel of the Polish Intelligence Military service aft. 1918 until 1939], the Harku street No (tn) 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu.

Above named Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division. In 1917 Wiktor Konstantynowicz was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi [around me aft. 2015 until 2022 acted a man from the Viljandi district, Emil Andrei Ambrus].

Wasyl's son was A. Konstantinovich / Apollon Konstantynowicz (Apollo Konstantynowicz, Palemon, Apolon Konstantynowicz b. ca 1858/1862 in KAZAN) Konstantynowicz, the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon.
Wasilij Konstantynowicz / Wasyl Constantinowitz was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred.

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz b. ca 1858/1862, was the son of Wasilij Konstantynowicz / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1833; the grandson of Dominik Konstantynowicz of Miezonka aft. 1842, b. ca 1800/1805.
Anna Armand Konstantynowicz was the mother of my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898 vel Marian Stankiewicz b. 1900.

North of Lubna-Jakusy village: the Lubienskis were living in Warta city, and above named Lubny / Lubna. The Orzech estate in the Kalinowa parish, and Garbow / Garbok farm in the Kalinowa parish were owned by the Lubienski family.

Maciej Lubienski (b. - 1710) was the brother of Stanislaw Lubienski, and was the landlord of Kalinowa - he was the Sieradz officer; in the village of Kalinowa, central Poland, is the former mansion-house of families Lubienski, and later Murzynowski [the Murzynowskis took Swiedziebnia, then to Nostitz-Jackowski and Swiatopelk-Mirski with the link to Findeisen in Zgierz and the Chocen commune, where the Lech Walesa ancestors].

Mentioned Wanda Lubienska Countess, born ca 1830 / after 1836 / 1839 - ca 1880, and Wanda's father was Seweryn Lubienski Count + Amelia Golabek Jezierska Countess.
Amelia had 3 siblings:
Maria Golicyn nee Golabek-Jezierska and 2 others.
Mentioned Seweryn Lubienski b. 1811, in Kolano; he had 2 children:
Zdzislaw Stanislaw Jozef Lambert Lubienski and WANDA.

Seweryn Lubienski, the owner of Kolano and Rudzieniec; b. 1811 / 1812 - d. 1855 in Wenecja / Venice / Veneto, Italy; was the son of Franciszek Ksawery Lubienski [b. 1784 in Szczytniki, died in Guzow, in 1826; Captain of the Napoleon Guard] and Paulina.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz or Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name - Wasyl Konstantynowicz, acc. to me.
Wasyl Konstantynowicz was living in the 40' of the 19th century in Kazan [visit of Breguet here in the 40' of the 19th cent.].

Wasyl's son was A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon Konstantynowicz) Konstantynowicz, the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon.
Wasilij Konstantynowicz / Wasyl Constantinowitz was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred.

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz b. ca 1858/1862, was the son of Wasilij ?onstantynowicz / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1833; the grandson of Dominik Konstantynowicz of Miezonka aft. 1842, b. ca 1800/1805.

Anna Armand Konstantynowicz was the mother of my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898 vel Marian Stankiewicz b. 1900.

Marian vel Jerzy Konstantynowicz knew very well spoken and written Estonian according to the Polish Ministry of Defense in Warsaw - and studied at the Naval Corps (or at the Petrograd Naval College = the Naval War College; Course of Navigation Officers 1912 - December 1916) in St Petersburg and he first served in the Kronstadt Stronghold (the Bureau of Navy Transport - in a navigation ensign capacity, i.e. concretly "pra'porchik", this is a temporary rank, about equivalent to Sub-Lieut., R.N.R. in British Navy, one 1/2-inch gold stripe without curl - Dec. 1916 / March 1917).
After the March (1917) Revolution and during the First World War Jerzy Konstantynowicz escaped on powerboat from the Kronstadt Stronghold to Tallinn (Reval = Revel, the capital of autonomous Estonia = Estland since March 1917) with Estonian engineer Jansen / Jannsen and stayed at family home at Tallinn and Nomme, here since April by June of 1917; next in Petrograd by November 1917.
During the fighting between the "whites" and "reds" after the Bolshevik Revolution towards the end of 1917 (Minsk Litewski - he has been assigned to the Cadet Legion, here in December 1917 - and at a later date in Bychau / Bychow) by summer 1918 my grandfather 'Marian' or Jerzy Konstantynowicz / Yuri served for secret service of counter revolutionary White 1st Polish Corps under general Dowbor Musnicki (a scout troop - in January 1918 - under command of engineer Wroblewski - who later worked in an armoury in Pionki in the thirties of the 20th century keeping in touch with the Wankowicz family still - recognized Mahileu and Babrujsk) and fought (Orsa = Orscha / Orsza, Rahacou - 4th infantry regiment, the 1st Division of Polish Rifles, Hradzianka / Grodsjanka - North of Ossipowitschi Mahilyow google satellite maps) against the Bolsheviks for freedom of this country; he carried out duties of courier (Minsk, Babrujsk, Barysau) for the Polish Women Rings;
next in the Civil Guard of the Minsk Government and the Government of Mahileu
- then met the family of Wankowicz in Old Kaluzyca = Kaluzyn because Mr. Witold "Tolo" Wankowicz was chief of the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district - autonomous section of the Polish Military Organization - and my grandfather was courier between the Luboszany (= Libuschany) estate and Kaluzyca in fall 1918;
in Miezonka aft. 1915 until Nov. 1918 was living the Andrzejak family of Stare Koluszki.
Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Marian Konstantynowicz my grandfather was near to general Wejtko (ensign of orderly in Minsk and Vilna 1918) in the Self-defence of Lithuania and Belarus
- after the collapse of tsarist Russia, Poland regained its independence after 123 years of foreign rule and Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Marian was professional officer in the military intelligence service of Polish Army (namely IInd Bureau of the General Staff - determination according to "The Secret Story of SOE (...)" by W. J. M. Mackenzie, U.K. 2000, p. 312; 04 December 1918 he owned document in Marian Konstantynowicz name but he wasn't this person surely over military service in voluntary Lithuanian - Byelorussian Division) 1918 - 1947;
military oath in Vilna on December 29th, 1918 during defense of the town against Soviet troops; the 77th Kovno Regiment next; he served when Poland was fighting with the Bolsheviks in defense of its independence (1919 - 1920). In 1939 served in the military position of Colonel in defence of Grodno as Colonel Siedlecki.

The LIDA garrison (the barracks had name of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly; the 77th Infantry Regiment handed over an estate to the Marshal west of Lida near by a farmland of famous Pilecki family; a pilot and the pioneer of Polish air force Witold Worbek Lettaw from Lithuania (the Lettowt family was verified in the Kaunas government in 1844 - 1847 and in Vilna on 03.05.1827 as Letowt; also as Letovt Vorbek or von Lettow Vorbeck, v. Lettow-Vorbeck, Lettow von Vorbek) acted in this garrison) by morning 18 September 1939;
my grandfather at the night 17 / 18 September 1939 co-organized burning of the LIDA garrison's documentation and next was in Landwarow (= Lentvaris) on September 19th, 1939, ZAWIASY, probably arrived at the Rudziszki (= Rudiskes) station and to Grodno 20th September 1939. He gone on Lithuania on September 21st (= Litauen; was interned and after registered at the Vievis station 21st September 1939.
Marian Konstantynowicz was in camps for prisoners of war in: Palanga, relocated to Vilkaviskis, Ponoj (= Ponoi in USSR Karta), Archangel / Archangelsk and Viazniki / at the Wjasniki station (here in August 1941; that is the Jusha camp = Jusk);
September 1941 - May 1947 Army of general Anders.
1947 - 1948 emigre from Italy to ARGENTINA. He lived after in Mexico or New Mexico, too. I am unclear about where he died; he used pseudonym Marian Stankiewicz / Antoni Stanislaw Stankiewicz as though a second surname.

My grandfather was rarely at home before The Second World War. He traveled often for longer. With these expeditions brought particular trophies. What it was? These trophies from the trips were the Bolshevik guns called "revolver" or "Nagan" with a large caliber. He had a drawer in his office in the garrison of the 77th infantry regiment in Lida, full of them always. Probably, he killed enemies acc. to my father, on behalf of the Polish state. So my father spoke to us, grandfather often had to be on a secret trip to the Soviet Union. When he left the garrison and was in the central Poland, it received the nick-name Stankiewicz. For his interlocutors he took as a gift the Bolshevik guns. Once he was at the anniversary meeting of the members of the Polish Military Organization in Krakow and he was wearing a colonel's uniform. He had several biographies: according to one worked for the mobilization department of the Ministry of Defence. According to another legend aft. 1945, was a accountant. Still other data said that already in Tsarist Russia was learning to future employee of military intelligence, probably in the range of encryption and radio.
The course includes swam on the Russian battleship - "Petropavlovsk". During World War I it was stationed in Helsinki. In 1918, in Miezonka and Bobruisk he walked in uniform of the tsarist army probably "junker", very decorative, according to his colleague from Miezonka.
Also he used the birth certificate of Marian Konstantinovich, who died shortly after birth, but he was baptized. The new born baby died when his mother Anna also died - she was from the home of Malkiewicz family. These false documents indicated to Stanislaus Konstantynowicz as his adoptive father. When in 1939 he was in a camp for Polish interned soldiers in Palanga, Lithuania has used for identification in contact with the family, a sailing ship picture.
In 1947 Marian Konstantynowicz settled near to Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Acc. to KONSTANTYNOWICZ Immigration Records on the Port of Buenos Aires in Argentina, KONSTANTYNOWICZ, JAN aged 25, ORTODOX, Polish, on 01/02/1929 arrived to BUENOS AIRES;
KONSTANTYNOWICZ, MARIA aged 57, householder, Catholic, from Italy, ship EMPIRE HALBERD, dep. GENOVA, arrived on 20/11/1947 to BUENOS AIRES, was born in ROMA;
KONSTANTYNOWICZ, MARIAN aged 47, Catholic, Polish, ship EMPIRE HALBERD, dep. GENOVA, arrived on 20/11/1947 to BUENOS AIRES, born in MIEZONKA;
KONSTANTYNOWICZ, STEFAN aged 22, Catholic, Polish, from CHERBURG, arrived 03/08/1927 to BUENOS AIRES, born in ZYDOWSKIE;
and again KONSTANTYNOWICZ, STEFAN aged 28, from TRIESTE arrived on 18/09/1932 to BUENOS AIRES, was born in ZYDOWSKIE.

After 1948 all marks after Marian Konstantynowicz are interrupted. It is known, however, that Marian Konstantynowicz next was in Mexico. No one knows where or when he died.
Before the Second World War my grandfather did not have in the then Poland any family of his parents. My family in the twenties and thirties of the twentieth century, was running an extensive exchange of correspondence mainly from Estonia and in second place with Finland and Latvia. At a later point were letters from Lithuania.


L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz, the son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap.

In 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'.
1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department.

1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

Eugene's ARMAND of Moscow brother - Emil E. ARMAND was married to Zofia Hacker / Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke) from Estonia.
They had six children:
LEW ARMAND / Leo (1880 - 1942) + Japaridze-Saparov [Saparova Tamara Arkadevna - Japaridze married 2nd to Leo Emilievich ARMAND.

Saparov Arkady (1854 - before 1921), was married to Varvara Maypariani with the daughter Tamara Arkadevna SAPAROV married 1st to Ivan Konstantinovich Japaridze, and TAMARA SAPAROV - JAPARIDZE was 2nd married to Lev ARMAND / Lion Emilievich Armand (Inessa Armand relatives).

Ivan Iaparidze was the son of Constantine Japaridze / Constantin Japaridze (Ivan b. ca 1860; his father Konstantyn died in 1860 !) from the upper Racha region of Georgia.
Ivan Japaridze b. ca 1860, had sister Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau, b. 1855, nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze, and Ivan Japaridze's parents were Constantine and Melania Japaridze; named father Constantine died 1860].

Thomas Jefferson on the Illuminati - a letter on January 31, 1800:
"I have lately by accident got a sight of a single volume ... of the Abbe Barruel's Antisocial conspiracy, which gives me the first idea I have ever had of what is meant by the Illuminatism against which 'illuminate Morse' as he is now called, and his ecclesiastical and monarchical associates have been making such a hue and cry. Barruel's own parts of the book are perfectly the ravings of a Bedlamite. But he quotes largely from Wishaupt whom he considers as the founder of what he calls the order. As you may not have had an opportunity of forming a judgment of this cry of 'mad dog' which has been raised against his doctrines, I will give you the idea I have formed from only an hour's reading of Barruel's quotations from him, which you may be sure are not the most favorable. Wishaupt seems to be an enthusiastic Philanthropist. ...
As Wishaupt lived under the tyranny of a despot and priests, he knew that caution was necessary even in spreading information, and the principles of pure morality. He proposed therefore to lead the Free masons to adopt this object and to make the objects of their institution the diffusion of science and virtue. He proposed to initiate new members into his body by gradations proportioned to his fears of the thunderbolts of tyranny. This has given an air of mystery to his views, was the foundation of his banishment, the subversion of the masonic order, and is the colour for the ravings against him of Robinson, Barruel and Morse, whose real fears are that the craft would be endangered by the spreading of information, reason, and natural morality among men.
This subject being new to me, I have imagined that if it be so to you also, you may receive the same satisfaction in seeing, which I have had in forming the analysis of it: and I believe you will think with me that if Wishaupt had written here, where no secrecy is necessary in our endeavors to render men wise and virtuous, he would not have thought of any secret machinery for that purpose."

It was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British, French and Germans, and by the Polish independence conspiracy: Lenin and Inessa Armand, Duflon, nobility from Scotland, Italy, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the German noble families in Estonia.
On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms.

Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a lover and the secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire.

The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization (Petersburg - Miezonka - Lodz - Koluszki Stare and Cracow), but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities.
This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland].
Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state.
Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

This military - political intelligence network has a different appearance depending on, which side you watch from. It's like the external universe, which expands. It has a chaotic structure, but only to the viewers. For top executives of the network, it is extremely bright and clear. It works like clockwork.
Time passes, and this network is expanding, as the universe, at that time some stars turning pale, faded and disappeared.
The underground structure has clearly defined objectives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries:
1. call up the chaos in Europe [1917];
2. to bring the continental war [1914];
3. overthrow of the Romanovs in Russia [1917];
4. lead to anarchy in Russia [until 1922];
5. starting the war between the invaders, who take away the Polish independence [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland];
6. pulling the western countries into the war, and in due time also America.

The network in the 18th to 21st cent.
Overarching objectives are at the beginning of the 20th cent.:
1. Polish independence [11 November 1918 - Independence of Poland],
2. The independence of the Baltic States;
3. The creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Tools to achieve these goals are:
1. The money from the Scottish, Jewish and American banks; revenue from the Mediterranean trade - Marseille, Greece, Naples, Crimea; and plantations in Ceylon and from the Asian trade - Ceylon [aft. 1840], India, Japan [aft. 1904/1906];
2. the use of secret non-goverment organisations (NGOs) in Europe and America;
3. The creation of favorable underground structures inside the intelligence networks of Western Europe and American countries.

Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin.

Once in October 1905, the Board of the University of Moscow, headed by Professor Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (Vernadsky's mother was from the Konstantynowiczs of the Fox coat of arms) admitted women to listening of lectures, and Inessa Armand has made payment and went to law school. In June 1907, Comrade Inessa confirmed the intention to be student, but instead of studying at university she had to go for exile with Vladimir Armand. In late October 1908 she managed to escape. We back to Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky: his mother, Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz (1837 - 1898),
the father - Ivan Vernadsky (1821 - 1884), professor of political economy.

In 1902, Vladimir Lenin moved the publication of the Iskra (Spark, issues 22 to 38) to London at 37a Clerkenwell Green. At that time Vladimir Lenin resided on Percy Circus, less than half a mile north of Clerkenwell Green. In 1903 the newspaper was moved to Geneva.
Lenin and Stalin met in the Crown and Anchor pub (The Crown Tavern, 50 m east of Lenin 'Iskra') in 1903.
But at this time people from 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company and around the Armand family were involved in 'left' activity:
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling who elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918; Brilling i.e. Briling, b. 1876, Russian and Soviet expert of aeroengines after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic, twice under arrest due to distribution of Lenin's 'Iskra', 1907 doctor in field of engines.

At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz.
Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910,
but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon / the Duflon office address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903.

"Inessa Armand. Revolutionary and Feminist" by R. C. Elwood, p.74 - Inessa was on her honeymoon with Lenin who showed up in Copenhagen without his wife Krupska. Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910.

The research of Rene Marie Armand and we can read:
"...In 1918, as the head of mission of the Red Cross, Inessa Armand was sent by Lenin to France in order to take out several thousand Russian soldiers of an expeditionary corps. She was arrested by the French authorities, but released because of the threat of Lenin shoot for her the French mission in Moscow. Inessa was really part of a diplomatic mission to return to the Russia soldiers of expeditionary corps ...
All three members (Dmitry Manuilsky and Jacques Davityan) of the mission really concluded under house arrest, ... and released after the Commissar for Foreign Affairs G. V. Chicherin (and not Lenin) gave France a message that French citizens in Russia could be arrested. ...
I write about my great-aunt Inessa Teodorovna (patronymic Fedorovna - tribute Russian language) ... But how do you know the truth about Inese? Even in our family rarely talked about her... It was all about the conspiracy. ... Marietta Shahinian could not tell the whole truth about the relationship between the trinity Krupskaya, Lenin, Armand. ...
husband of Inna, daughter of Inessa Armand - Hugo or Gugo Eberlein and a husband of another daughter Varya - Yakov Romas.
... 'Inessa small' - so everyone called Inna, daughter of Inessa Armand and Alexander ... Sometimes in Riga, where we lived, came Varvara Aleksandrovna / Varya, the daughter of Inessa / Inez... she did not just have to go to France or Switzerland, to see mother, who was forced to live in exile.

It was sure that Inessa came from a family of Protestants, and that her husband was a Catholic. ... Before the revolution the Armands had a house on the corner of the alley Granatny and Spiridonyevka, owned by husband of Inessa. And a country house - in the village Eldigino, near Pushkin, in thirties miles from Moscow . ... Inessa and her sister Renee were born in the family of an opera singer and actress Theodore Steffen and Natalie Wild. Inessa Elizabeth, the eldest, was born May 8, 1874 in Paris. His father died when a little girl grew up and she turned with his aunt in Moscow. Woman and her two orphans, gave music lessons and foreign languages, so there is nothing surprising in the fact that Inessa and Rene fluent in Russian.
My grandmother Renee, sister Inez, until his death spoke in Russian with a strong accent. I kept the letters from her relatives, including from her sons. They are written in French, the native language of grandmother Renee. She studied music not in Moscow but in the Paris Higher National Conservatory of Music and Dance. ... in 1850, in the family of businessman Piter Wild / Peter Wild and his wife - the French, born daughter. Newborn named Natalie. Wilde / the Wilds were parishioners of the Church of England. ...
their name sounded like Wilde. Natalie, has a pleasant and strong voice, decided to continue his musical education in Paris. Parents were unhappy, but his daughter still succeeded.
Woman sent to the French capital, accompanied by Aunt Sophie / Zofia, the sister of her mother.
In Paris, appeared her idol - Comedy Opera tenor, born in Lyon. Fans knew him under the name Pesce Erbanvil. Singer was the son of the venerable French bourgeoisie, who were ashamed of relationship with the artist... The family has a birth certificate Renee Louise Justine Stephen, my dear grandmother.

... Inessa Armand - daughter of British (?) opera singer Stephen Theodore (nee Theodore Pecheux d'Herbenville) and French (?) actress Nathalie Wild, also an opera singer, and later a teacher of singing ... Wild Natalie was able to insist on his own. To marry, one of them had to change their faith. Theodore did that. On May 8, 1874 at 2:00 pm, in Paris, at number 63 at the Rue de la Chapelle born a girl that happy parents named Inez - Elizabeth / Inessa Elizabeth ... In the Anglican Church St. Mary the wife got a new document with the metric record of birth Inessa Elizabeth - May 8, 1874. ... Natalie and Theodore had been born next child
- a daughter again. Her name Rene Justine Louise. Natalie gave birth of three daughters.

The youngest, Anna, will be not just a rich man's wife, but also an aristocrat, and receive a Russian title of 'Her Excellency'.
...Tired of quarrels and lack of money, Natalie said 'yes' to the proposal of the relatives send to Moscow older girl. Six year old Ines, along with Aunt Sophie, who so shamefully failed chaperone role, went to Russia. Everything. With her father girl will never see. His mother and sister come to Moscow only ten years later, after the death of Theodore, who died at age 36. ...
On October 3, 1893 the parish priest of St. Nicholas Church in the village near Moscow, Pushkino, father Ignatius Kazan made ??wedding of a hereditary honorary citizen, Moscow guild merchant's son, Alexander Armand to a French citizen, young lady, the daughter of artist Inez Elizabeth Stephen, Anglican. ... now husband - the eldest son of hereditary honorary citizen of Moscow: Yevgeny Armand (Trading House 'Armand and sons').
Family of millionaires. Several luxury houses in Moscow - the Old Square, in the Cash Lane on Arbat Street, on the corner Granatny to Spiridonyevka, on Vozdvizhenka. Forests under Pushkino, hunting grounds around Sergiev Posad, land near Ikshi. Weaving and dyeing factories. ...
Armand family was significantly higher in the material and social terms than the Wild family.
Wild / Wilde were descended from a teacher from England, who arrived in Russia with the invitation of Count Vorontsov senior. The real name of them was Wilde, but in Russia it quickly rechristened to Wild.
From my father, I have heard that one of Wilde worked for a time as a manager of Count Vorontsov, who was known to Anglomaniac. One of the descendants of the Wild amassed a sizable fortune, but his successors were less able to commerce... too much invested in real estate. Bought the land, but it did not bring quick money. Wilde conducted in the village of Pushkin, where rented a cottage next door to the house of Armand.
... Inessa first appeared in Moscow in 1880.
... Inessa when aged 17 years received a tutor diploma. However, all girls had such a document. The diploma of tutor had Barbara Karlovna nee Demonet / Demonsi and all her daughters, girls from a family of millionaires. And the last - Inessa Steffen not married to the son of E. I. Armand but on his grandson! ... According to one version, Paul Armand was a shoemaker who had fled to Russia from the French Revolution.
According to another version, Paul died on a road and his son Alexander to get to Moscow.
But it is necessary to go to the old German cemetery, were we find the grave of the first Armand who moved to Russia from France. ...
Paul Armand 1760 - 1835,
Marie Barbe Armand, nee Collignon 1774 - 1872,
Jean-Louis Armand 1786 - 1855,
Jeanne Angelique Armand 1765 - 1813,
Paul Felix Armand, 06.06.1816 - 03.08.1817.

The 29 year-old general Paul Armand came from Paris in the carriage of the Marquis de Courtenay. Armand was not married ... He had an antique best wines of France in barrels, bought up at the south. Paul Armand expected to open in Moscow own wine shop. On the way to Russia, he did not know that it will suffer a financial collapse: the ship will sink with wine. ... When Paul Armand married, he did not know what would be the basis of family trade - fashionable hats. Next to the fashionable shop of Armand was trading house of Demonet where sold not only fashionable Parisian clothes, but also French wines, perfumes, delicacies and even lamps.

No one yet suspects that family Armand and Demonet in the future intermarry. This will be the heyday of the Trade House 'Eugene Armand and his sons'. The first mention of Armand contained in the book 'History of the French colony in Moscow from 1812...' by F. Tasteven. Tasteven writes that the first Armande / Armand, who arrived in Moscow, lived in Lefortovo, then the Lubyanka. Found in the book a mention of Mr. Freda Wilde, who lived in the early 19th century on the Arbat. They lived nearby Mademoiselle Richard, in future Madame Demons / Demonet.

No one knows what the future of these three families intermarried. ... In 1812, were arrested Jean-Paul Armand and his wife Sabina, as well as members of families Demons / Demonet / Demontet and Wild.

... They have relied on weaving, building two factories in the village of Pushkino thirty miles from Moscow. ... one of the descendants of Paul Armand, Eugene Louis. He was a talented entrepreneur and intelligent man.
Evgeny left a sizable fortune to his sons Eugene, Emil and Adolf. ...

Eugene Louis (Louis Eugene or Evgenii Ivanov Armand) became the first of Armand who strengthened the roots of the family tree in the Russian land. In 1864, having achieved considerable success in the development of the textile industry in Russia, received the prestigious international fairs of several gold medals, he petitioned the Emperor Alexander II on awarding him and his wife (Maria Frantsova = Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska, the daughter of Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, General) and sons (Evgenii-Francois, Adolf Osip, and Emil Aleksandr Armand) the title of honorary citizens (April 1852).
... published this document, as well as the decree of the king... Armand were Catholics, parishioners of St. Louis church at Malaya Lubyanka in which building, together with other French settlers invested.

Eugene Louis was married in this church with a beautiful Polish - Maria Wilhelmina Pashkovskaya.
Her father, Franciszek Paszkowski / Francis Paszkowski was a writer and military, during Napoleon's Italian campaign, he served as adjutant to Murat.
... Young Catholics family donated money and the Orthodox St. Nicholas Church in Pushkino.
When Armand moved to Orthodoxy, were baptized in this church grandchildren of Louis Eugene / Yevgeny Ivanovich. In the same church my grandmother Rene changed the Church of England to Orthodox in order to get married and named her Mary. But this name is never called, but gave it to her daughter (the couple had six children).
... Evgeny Armand, the eldest son, who worked in a textile factory as manager, after father's death led the family business.
Evgeny married a girl from Demonets / Demonet / Demontet family, most of those family lived at the Kuznetsk bridge. Demonets have sent them son Charles (in Russia it was called Karl in German style) to study medicine, he became a prominent physician, professor of the Kharkov University.
There, in Kharkov Carl and his wife, has child, Barb, in Russian - Varvara Karlovna. Marrying Eugene Armand, she gave birth to eleven children who safely reached maturity. ...
For the Orthodox communion Inessa took its second name - Elizabeth. Now, according to the documents became Elizabeth Armand.
Renee Louise Justine, which in the family simply called Rene. She graduated in Paris College of Music. Parisienne recently arrived in Russia had difficulties with the Russian language, which almost did not know. Therefore, in the family Armand, where the native language was still French, she immediately felt at home. ... After the wedding, Evgenii / Evgeny bought the estate near Pushkino for the two eldest sons. Alexander received the village Eldigino, Nicholas and Renee - Aleshino village, just five miles one from another.

After the wedding term Inessa first child was born. He was named after his father. After Alexander Alexandrovich was born Fyodor / Fedor - Theodore. In memory of her father. After just a year and a half was born a girl. She received her mother's name.
At first her family called 'Inessa small'.
The next child was the Varia, named after her grandmother, Barbara Karlovna Demonets Armand.

... In April 1897, were arrested three young men from the family Armand:
Leo Emilevich,
Boris, a student at Moscow University,
and Evgeny Kammer, a student at Moscow Technical School and relative of Armand.

Kammer older sister Mary was married to Sergei Yevgenyevich Armand, and brother had lived in Pushkin with his family.
Armand's relative hired a tutor to younger children. It was in the room of Kammer gendarmes found illegal warehouse printed and manuscript editions for screen printing machine, many ready stencils, paint, stacks of writing paper. ...
Alexander E. Armand was busy from morning till night. In addition to managing the factories, it duties as a member of the Moscow City Duma, Zemstvo Assembly, a member of the Special Committee on charity beggars.
Inessa decided to engage in charity. She began to visit homes in Eldigino and workers in Pushkin. ... She talked about her endeavor only to Anna his sister-in-law. Anna Armand married a Pole by the name of Konstantynowicz. Her husband Apollo, engineer, represented the interests of Russia in a major French company of Breguet for the production and trade of electromechanical structures.
With his father-in-law Evgeny / Evgenii Evgenievich Armand, he was linked not only by family, but also in business relationships. He become the Chairman of the Board of JSC 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', as the head of the family clan and Alexander E., husband of Inez, was also elected one of the directors.
In the same company acted Lyudvigovich Emmanuel Nobel, nephew of Alfred Nobel, who instituted a unique prize. While husbands are engaged in business, their wives are actively discussing ways to improve public life.

Relatives friends began appearing at the family table... Semenovykh-Prozorovsky, Armand Maria Nikolaevna, who had married a son of the chief architect of Moscow... There is a curious picture, made ??in 1906. At the head of the table - one of the sisters whose face is not visible. The right hand of her father - Evgeny Evgenievich, near Renee, then Inessa with Andriusha kneeling, opposite - Vladimir, and near the samovar - Anna Evgenievna Konstantynowicz. Old photo conveys a friendly family atmosphere. Of the six members of the family who were peacefully drinking tea and smiling to each other,
three - revolutionaries. Inessa, Volodya, Anna ...

Anna Konstantynowicz, heiress of her husband, who died in 1902 [APOLON Konstantynowicz], go abroad, where she became friends with the first social democratic circles, and then, following the example of Inessa, will join the Bolsheviks.
Most of his fortune she will donate to the party funds, and together with Lenin, Krupskaya, Inessa and other Bolsheviks back in the famous sealed train to Russia.
This group of people go down in history as a gang of villains who interrupted Russia's path to prosperity. But how can these people suspected of criminal intent to destroy the country?

Inessa and Anna Konstantynowicz, Alexander, Boris, Vladimir Armand who participated in the revolutionary movement, could continue measured life. But they did not allow a conscience. ... the family, who tried to reorganize society. ... loved aunt Inessa, Aunt Anna, and was genuinely happy when they returned from a long exile.
Abroad will only adult son of Anna Konstantynowicz and Apollo, and it is the only branch (??) of the family Armand, which again take root in their historic homeland, France. All others (??) remain in Russia and share unhappiness people [mistake - Jerzy Konstantynowicz escaped from Kronstadt, to Tallinn, then to Miezonka and to Zambrow in new Poland, born 1898, the son of Anna Armand Konstantynowicz].
... Alexander E. wife released without scandal and even the parents explained everything. Couple immediately went to the Cote d'Azur in Nice. One could only imagine the feelings of parents and the whole family. Volodya was the youngest and most beloved son. Inessa was beloved daughter...".

Inessa Armand born in Paris on 8th May, 1874. Name variations: Ines Stephane / Ines Elisabeth Stephane / Elise / Elisabeth / Elisaveta / Steffen / Comrade Inessa and Elena Blonina.
Born Elizabeth Stephane, was daughter of Theodore Pecheux d'Herbenville and Nathalie Wild;
married Alexander Armand, Oct 3, 1893.

Alexandre Dumas points to Pescheux d'Herbenville / Pecheux and Ernest Duchatelet were involved in political trials at the time but the person who shot Alfred Galois (a duel) was by the initials L. D., a member of the Society of Friends of the People (La Societe des Amis du Peuple, in France created in 1830, fighting for a republic and for political enlightenment of progressive workers. After the 1833 trial, the society ceased to exist, acc. to 2010 The Gale Group, Inc).

And after - when she was only five - Elizabeth Stephane or Ines / Inessa was brought up by an aunt - new governess and grandmother living in Moscow - around 1880. Anna Asknazi vel Askenazy was friend of Inessa Armand in Moscow of 1909 and also doctor N. N. Pechkin, Boris Armand, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich who helped out financially, Natalia Emil'evna, the twin Brilling brothers-in-law, Alexander Armand.
At the age of eighteen she married Alexander Armand, the son of Evgenii Armand, a successful textile manufacturer in Pushkino near by Moscow. At the age of 19 she knew only two languages until as adult she learned German and Polish. Her father, a singer, and her mother, Nathalie Wild, a comedian or half-French, half-English Jewish actress. Inessa's mother, Natalie Wild, also came from a French family that had settled in Moscow, although her roots was from Franche-Comte of France. Her father was a language teacher, and the Wilds naturally came to know the Armands.

Natalie back from Moscow to live with a French, Theodore Stephane, and Ines / Inessa had been born in Paris 1874, as the eldest of three girls, born four months before her parents were married. She married Alexander and her sister married into Armand family, with Boris or Nicolas. Inessa forced Alexander to marry her. Together with husband they opened a school for peasant children. She used her husband money for charity for prostitutes. She falls in love with his younger brother Vladimir, leaves Alexander. She never married Vladimir because she never formally divorced Alexander.
She became a member of a bolshevik organisation in 1904 or in 1903! In 1908 she jumped bail which her first husband Alexander paid for her, about 5000 rubles, and left Russia illegally. She joined Vladimir in Switzerland. She met Lenin in Paris or she met him in Brussels!
Inessa Armand was to become Lenin's lover, but without her marriage and husband, she might never have been to meet Lenin. The Armand family home was extraordinary. Originally four separate houses.

Alexander's father, Eugene-Evgenii Evgenevich Armand lived with his two brothers, Emil and Adolf.

At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz. Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910, but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903.

Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910. Inessa and Anna would finish the summer by attending the Conference of Socialist Women in Copenhagen. Inessa very likely was accompanied by her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, rather than by Lenin during the days of the 1910 congress. On Sunday 28 August 1910 after the Women's Conference had closed, Inessa and perhaps Anna Konstantinovich attended the opening ceremonies of the Eighth Congress of the Second International using two guest tickets obtained for Armand by Lenin in Copenhagen, according to P. P. Bulanov, Moscov 1925, 75. Dr. Edward Reilly from Australia when was visiting Marijampole, Lithuania, in Oct. 2003, had seen the grave of Lenin's (??) son, Guards Captain Andrej Armand, who fell in Oct. 1944.

When Lenin was writing to Inessa Armand to Moscow by 16 February 1920, asked her about any products which were sent to Konstantynowicz (according to 'Lenin in his life. ...' by ?. ?. Guslarov; address of Inessa: Nieglinnaja street, house 9, flat No 6; s. 226).

The wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii Armand / Eugeniusz Armand / Eugene born about 1842.

Wasyl Konstantynowicz married Mary Troubeckaja vel Maria Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1840 in St Petersburg or in CRACOW.

Mentioned Wiktor Konstantynowicz b. 1874, was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, the daughter of Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh + Olga Ryabchinskaya / Olga Riabczynski.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz vel Staroch Siedoch on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme, the Harku street No (tn) 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu. Above named Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division.

In 1917 Wiktor Konstantynowicz was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi [around me aft. 2015 until 2022 acted a man from the Viljandi district, Emil Andrei Ambrus].

Ambros / EMIL Andrei Ambrus = Emil AMBRUS, has responsibility of damaged Karcher in JUNE/August 2022, on 22/23 August 2022. He is mixed Russia/Jew/Romani of Estonia.

And with the next individual from Tczew {Mierz.} on 16th May 2019, 12.05 p.m. - and 20th May, 18.48 and 20.18: M. Burnicki and J. Burnicki - under my house - a delay of 10 seconds in relation to me; good! And 25 May - 16.38 + R. Tur, 16.45 + The Burleigh Hotel, 2 men, 16.55 [Polish Gy..., ca 50 years old, 170 cm, from Burleigh Hotel, 30 May 2020, hide in a subway 06.02-06.05, with smarthphone]. With Dowse + Je... [Emil Ambrus / Emil Andrei Ambrus] Andrei AMBRUS / Andrei Ambros of Muraste in Eesti / Estonia; Viljandi; Tallinn - on 24 July 2019, 18.25, at Bus Station (what a connection! Two famous European minorities mixed up with LG... ideology and alcoholism). Compare Adam Michnik [minority] and his 'Gazeta Wyborcza' on 29th July 2019 wrote about Catholics and LG... Wow! And next Ro..., man, 37 years, black hair, 178 cm, Skinner Str. 32, 10th August 2019, 16.23/16.42, with a smartphone orders. And to end this stage - led from Tczew through the help of the national minority of Bydgoszcz [b. 1967] - let us reflect on the mysterious utterance of Alicja K., representative of this not yet assimilated national minority group - on June 06, 2019 she addressed me, desperately: "Bogdan, I heard, that you no longer want to work hard!" Oh my God!

The daughter of Alexandra and Victor Konstantynowicz / Wiktor Konstantinovitsch was Galina Konstantynowicz born approx. 1900 / 1902, died in Nomme after 1968 and was married to a Latvian - Dunkel / Tunkel;
she had two daughters b. ca 1925/1935, one married to a Latvian, another to a German (Irena? Rita Irene).

Balduin Heinrich Dunkel, killed in December 1934, Tallinn, born on October 18, 1890 - or died on January 6, 1935 in Keskvangla, Tallinn; the son of Johannes Dunkel
[b. on August 26, 1845 in Humala, 9 km north to Keila, in Harjumaa, died on March 15, 1935 in Tallinn - the son of Mari Tunkel Pork, 1822 in Keila, d. 1865, a daughter of Toomas Pork and Anna - MARI was the wife of Hans Tunkel -
Hans Tunkel, b. 1814 in Lepiku talu, Kumna - 3 km north-east to KEILA, Harjumaa - 4 km south-east to KARJAKULA; a son of
[Leppiko] Siim Tunkel and Mari - above Leppiko Siim, b. ca 1779 in Keila, Harju County, Estonia, died in 1846 -
see: Otto Magnus Karl Bernhard von Toll (1794 - 1799) born in Thula (Tuula), close to Saue, Harjumaa; d. 1799 in Walling (Valingu), close to Saue and Keila;
and Margaretha Elisabeth Lisette von Toll Freiin von Rosen (1769 - 1824), d. 1824 in Walling (Valingu), close to Saue and Keila.

Valingu, 4 km north-east of Tuula, 4 km south-west of Saue.

Franziska Helene Magdalena von Toll 1796 - d. 1820 in Walling (Valingu), 3 km east of Keila.
Berend Heinrich von Toll, owner of Walling and Tuula / Thula (1758 - 1829)]

and Louise-Antonie KRAMAN Dunkel / Louise-Antonie Dunkel (Kraman), b. 1861, died in 1920, a daughter of
Anton Kreemann - born ca 1831, in Luiste, 8 km south-east to Kullamaa, Estonia.

The son of (Uuetoa Mardi) Mart Kramann and (Haima kortsu Adami) Vilhelmina / Miina Kramann - b. 1806 in Marjamaa khk., Sotkula m., Estonia.
The daughter of (Meremoisa Jaagu / Haima) Adam from Muua maja, Meremoisa, Keila vald, Harjumaa.

See KEILA-JOA and
Yegor Maksimovic Pillar / Pilar von Pilhau, 1767-1830, the Russian commander of the Napoleonic wars, Maj.-Gen.,
his father Magnus Wilhelm von Pilar Pilhau, 1734 - 1801, from Hallik close to Rakvere, Lehtse south-west of Rakvere, Meremoisa close to Keila-Joa, served for the Polish army as Major in 1757.

Yegor Maksimovic Pilar has been married to Anna Fyodorovna von Hesse / Johanna Agnetha b. 1779,
had three sons and two daughters:
Alexander (1804 - 1866), Lieutenant-Captain of the Guards;
Nicholas (1815 - 1887) and
George (1819 - 1882);
Elizabeth b. 1808, and Elena b. 1811 and Leenu.

CAPTAIN Balduin Heinrich Dunkel, was the husband 1st of Maria Tunkel {Hubner, died in 1923} and 2nd to Galina Tunkel KONSTANTYNOWICZ
[1900 - 1982, the wife of Balduin Heinrich Dunkel and mother of
Georgi (Jura) Tunkel (1918 - 1942, a husband of unknown Kukk);
Tamara Bender (1925 - 1975)
and unknown Tunkel].

Balduin Heinrich Dunkel was the father of Georgi (Jura) Tunkel; Tamara Bender and KUKK-Tunkel.
Brother of Herda-Elisabeth Takel; Herbert-Friedrich Tungal; Pauline Tamberg; Emilie Jaakson; Gottfried Valentin Dunkel.
Half brother of Helene Pauline Anette Dunkel; Carl Johann Tungal / Dunkel; Marie Dunkel; Emilie Dunkel; Adele Dunkel.

Siselinna Cemetery No K VI 11/1 11/1 - Dunkel Galina on 13.08.1982 by Rita Krause.
Siselinna Cemetery No K IX 4/5 buried Krauze Rita-Ireene on 21.11.1998.
Dunkel, Balduin-Heinrich, captain, reg. file ERA.554.1.139 - ERA.1868.1.1361 on 16.03.1934-15.01.1935, that is Heinrich Dunkel, the father of Rita Irene nee Dunkel.

Victor Konstantinovich born on 20.10.1874 in Kazan, his father Konstantinovich / WASYL Konstantynowicz [see DEMONCY / Demonsi from KAZAN and Moscow; see Breguet in KAZAN !], the mother Mary Trubetskoy / Maria Trubetskaya.

Wiktor KONSTANTYNOWICZ was a sailor, Petrograd;
his wife - Alexandra, b. 03.02.1877 in Petersburg,
her father Nikolaj Iwanow, a mother Olga Ryabchinskaya / ZABCZYNSKA / Rabczynska,
Victor was living on 09/06/1934 in Nomme.

Alexandra Konstantynowicz was buried by mentioned Rita Dunkel, and in the recording of Wiktor Constantin (= Wiktor Konstantynowicz) is Galina Dunkel / Tungel or Tunkel.

Carl Johann Dunkel b. 1872 in Riisipere - d. ?, his children:
1898 Harald Johann Dunkel in Tallinn,
1899 Marga Helene Dunkel in Koogi / Joelahtme, ca 25 km east of Tallinn.

Riisipere - close to Nissi; 23 km south of Lehola.

Dunkel, Johannes was living in Tallinn, 1904.

Elisabeth Dunkel nee Koplas (her father Michel Koplas, 1840 in Vastseliina, area of Voru, Eastland - south-east part of Estonia now, and west of Pskov, 70 km) b. 1878 in Hursi, Vorumaa, Estonia but west of Pskov and died 1953 in Helsinki;
her son:
Voldemar Dunkel b. in St Petersburg and died in Helsinki;
her husband Georg Otto Dunkel, he was living in Viipurinlaani, Suomi / the Viipuri Province was a province of Finland from 1812 to 1945;
her grandson Georg Dunkel.

Above Voldemar Dunkel was born 1903 in St Petersburg - 1964 in Helsinki, Finland;
his father Georg Otto Dunkel b. 1873 in Szczecin, Western Pomerania - d. 1941 in Kirkkonummi, Finland - municipality is located just outside the Helsinki Metropolitan Area;
Voldemara's wife Taisia Dunkel nee Stanovaja / Stanovay b. 1902;
her sons:
Albert, Eugen and Georg Dunkel - Finland - his son Manuel Dunkel.

Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska b. ca 1819, married ARMAND in Moscow and her genealogical branch.

Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick led the German delegation and the English one was led by a close friend of Falk, General Charles R. Rainsford (1728-1809), a British MP, and Swedenborgian Freemason.
In 1783, Rainsford, who had been collaborating with Falk on a Kabbalistic-Masonic scheme, received inquiries from Parisian Masons about Falk's system.

The 1785 congress convened by the Amis Reunis and the Philalethes was also attended by the Anton Mesmer, Comte St. Germain and Comte Cagliostro, another student of Rabbi Falk. Cagliostro, had all the secrets of Dr. Falk. Catherine the Great was reportedly also associated with the Comte St. Germain. St. Germain was in St Petersburg, where he participated in a conspiracy when the Russian army assisted Catherine in usurping the throne from her husband Peter III of Russia.

"... It was Falk who sent Cagliostro on the mission of Egyptian Freemasonry. Cagliostro had been initiated into the rite by the Comte St. Germain. Cagliostro was very close to the Grand Master of the Order of the Knights of Malta, Manuel Pinto de Fonseca. Cagliostro founded the Rite of High Egyptian Masonry in 1784. Between 1767 and 1775, he received the three high hermetic degrees Arcana Arcanorum from Sir Knight Luigi d'Aquino, the brother of the national Grand Master of Neapolitan Masonry. In 1788, Cagliostro introduced them into the Rite of Misraim and gave a patent to this Rite".

... Cagliostro's Egyptian Rite was a very complex system of oracles, quasi-Egyptian rituals and ceremonial magic.

Falk was born in Poland to a Sabbatean family and came to England in 1742. Falk lived in Brunswick, and in Westphalia.

Rabbi Jacob Emden accused Falk of being a Sabbatean, as he invited Moses David of Podhayce / PODHAJCE, a known Sabbatean with connections to Jonathan Eibeschutz, to his home [the owner was Stanislaw Potocki Rewera (1589 in Podhajce - 1667 in Lwow).
This is line of ANDRZEJ POTOCKI of Krzeszowice who was the grandson of Artur Potocki, 1787-1832, the Freemason-TEMPLAR
(the friend of General Franciszek Paszkowski and his brother Wojciech Paszkowski. This is line to Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand and to Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna Armand - they acted with Lenin)
and Zofia Branicka 1790- 1879.
They came from Stanislaw Potocki 1698-1760 and Helena Zamoyska 1717-1760 and from Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski - the Smolensk governor, 1679-1735 {see Wilkowo Polskie - Kiedrzynski - Pradzynski - Szoldrski - Poninski + CAGLIOSTRO !};
and Jozef Stanislaw Potocki (1673-1751) = Jozef Potocki in Cracow in 1748.

Dominik Oskierka b. ca 1770 + Salomea Gizycka, and Salomea had children:
1.
Maria Oskierka b. ca 1790 + Jan Gizycki;
and 2.
Kajetan Oskierka b. 1821 + Pss Stefania Julia Radziwill - the owner of MIEZONKA - until 1842, then to my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz - the same branch like Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna ARMAND.

MIEZONKA
[in 1842/November 1918 Miezonka was the property of the Konstantynowiczs - the branch of Viljandi, Kazan and Moscow - here Apolon Konstantynowicz m. Anna ARMAND, the granddaughter of Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska, b. ca 1819 at the Greater Poland, the daughter of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, the granddaughter of Jan Paszkowski who moved home to BRODY in Podolia],
13 km east to Lubuszany, the Potocki's property with BEREZYNA in Belarus nad ZATOR in Galicia.

The ZABIELLO family and Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1780, supported by the Templar, Artur Potocki. Wojciech was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742. Wojciech had 2 brothers [or more half-brothers]: Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Paszkowski - my father family line by the Armands in Moscow.

Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1765 or in 1780
[he co-operated with Artur Potocki of Zator, Templars Freemason, and Artur's family owned Berezyna-Lubuszany in Belarus, 13 km to Miezonka owned in 1842 by my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz and Dominik's grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswieja in northern Belarus, who came from the Malnow-Rzeczyca area in Polish Livland / Inflanty in the south-east Latvia now],
was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742, and Petronela Kulikowska born ca 1755.

Wojciech PASZKOWSKI had 2 brothers / half-brother:
Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski closest to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and to General Fiszer and Axamitowski.

Wojciech Paszkowski married ca 1805 or after 1805 to Ludwina Galezka, with the daughter Jozefa Paszkowska b. ca 1810, married in 1828, in Checiny. Above WOJCIECH Paszkowski had a son born 1805, an officer of the 1831 Uprising; and Wojciech Paszkowski had next daughter married Schwarzenberg-Czerny.

Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813), was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783.

Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County, the son of Jozef Szwarcenberg-Czerny and Marianna.

GOLUCHOWICE:
Wysoka, 4 km north-east to Chruszczobrod; 7 km east to Goluchowice. And 2 km north to Wiesiolka.
Wysoka - here probably Gabriel Jozef Longin Taszycki was born in 1755; maybe in Rudniki.

Both Czeslaw Kiszczak and Miroslaw Milewski [1945 in Vien / Wieden and in 1944 in SUWALKI they were took by the intelligence services of the Red Army] derived their genealogies from the Andrychow region, where also Wojtyla's family lived in CZANIEC. Some of these estates near Andrychow belonged to the ROMER family and to the Szwarcenberg-Czerny joined by marriage with the Bystrzanowski family [1776 co-operated with Tadeusz Kosciuszko] and to Wojciech Paszkowski, the brother of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski.

General Franciszek Paszkowski's daughter, Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska intermarried to the Armand family in Moscow, and her granddaughter Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand led Lenin on behalf of the Polish underground associated with Jozef Pilsudski and the British intelligence net / the Illuminati of London. Anna Konstantynowicz had the son Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898, nick-name Marian Stankiewicz, P. Siedlecki in 1939, Marian Konstantynowicz aft. Dec. 1918.

Jozef Pilsudski was a friend of the family Andrzejak from Koluszki Stare near Lodz bef. 1914 - Adela Andrzejak m. Karol Zbieranowski born in MIEZONKA, the friend of Andrzejak, Szostak, Konstantynowicz.

Andrzejak "Czarny" was living in Miezonka and Moscow during the First World War. Andrzejak joined themselves in marriage ties both with Zbieranowski from Miezonka and with Wiktoria Konstantynowicz Zbieranowska, a daughter of Stanislaw Konstantynowicz, the owner of the post-Radziwill property in Miezonka.

Leszek Moczulski was sent to Bush to the US as a representative of civil intelligence led by General Miroslaw Milewski.

The main people protecting Leszek Moczulski were Adam Slomka from Katowice, Andrzej Ostoja-Owsiany from Lodz / Andrzej Owsiany who was a relative of Andrzej Terlecki. Both the Gypsy families. The son of Andrzej Owsiany, born in 1962, was Adam Owsiany took the office of the head of counterintelligence in Lodz after 1992. Then, after 2002, he became one of the founders of the Civil Intelligence Agency in Warsaw, together with General Zbigniew Nowek from Bydgoszcz and Torun, together with Wabrzezno, Tczew, Bydgoszcz, Torun - Wrzosy, Chelmza, Gniew over the Vistula.

Adam Owsiany, around 2005-2010, headed the Human Resources Department of the Civil Intelligence Agency based in Warsaw. He was involved in the recruitment of agents in Senegal, Venezuela aft. 2008, and Gabon along with Colombia and Spain. General Zbigniew Nowek is Gypsy Sinti like Tadeusz Sedzicki from Krokusowa 59 in Lodz. Jaworski from Krokusowa 57 and Halina Wodkiewicz from the village of Leszno, 7 km south of Przasnysz, around 1952 married Jaworski, are colleagues to Tadeusz Cieslak from Krokusowa 72A. Monika Bogucka, married to Sedzicki, is a person who met Paulina from Police in Spring 2005 abroad. Leszek Moczulski was the head of the Confederation of Independent Poland, which we started to reserach in the 1980s when Leszek Moczulski was the communist agent.

The Institute of National Remembrance supported this investigation by giving the names of high communist intelligence officers who headed Moczulski, who was later taken over by Bronislaw Geremek, a Jew from DZBADZ, a few kilometers south of Rozan, sheltered in Dzbadz by Gypsies Baszczynski. Robert Leszek Moczulski, served Department I and II in Ministry of the Interior in Warsaw - see Colonel K. Slawinski. Among others with Deputy of the Ministry of the Interior and Top Departments of the Polish United Workers' Party.

Stanislaw Radziwill b. 1722, d. 1787, the son of Mikolaj Faustyn. The father of Anna Olimpia Mostowski. Stanislaw had the daughter Franciszka Teofila Radziwill.

Named Franciszka Teofila Soltan nee Radziwill, b. ca 1751, the mother of Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan; Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka; Helena Soltan and Anna Soltan.

Named KAROLINA was the mother of
Emilija Augusta Justina Kublicka; Adolf Kublicki; Valentina Kublicka / Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka; Anna Benislawska and OKTAWIA Piottuch Kublicka.

Oktawia was the wife of JOZEF SZUMSKI [with the son Wilhelm Szumski] and DOMINIK Konstantynowicz [sometimes as Vincentas Konstantinovicius] of MIEZONKA.

The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand; Eugene Armand / Eugeniusz Armand was born about 1842 and Eugeniusz was the son of Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski, the friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko - compare the godson [in Poznan in 1785] of Tadeusz Kosciuszko ie. Tadeusz Wolanski born in Szawle and he was living in Pakosc - Krotoszyn close to Pakosc; Inowroclaw - the Illuminati network of Curland / Mitawa; see Cagliostro here and the Illuminati in MALTA.

The cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), JUNIOR, painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. Franciszek Paszkowski was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), and Franciszek was the younger brother of Jozef Edmund Paszkowski. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where he lived with his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and General's brother - Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice.

Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Dusseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.

Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW, painter, the daughter of named General Franciszek Paszkowski. General was the best friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Tadeusz Kosciuszko was the god-father of Tadeusz Wolanski b. 1785 in SZAWLE.

Falk was born in Poland to a Sabbatean family and came to England in 1742. Falk lived in Brunswick, and in Westphalia. Rabbi Jacob Emden accused Falk of being a Sabbatean, as he invited Moses David of Podhayce / PODHAJCE, a known Sabbatean with connections to Jonathan Eibeschutz, to his home [the owner was Stanislaw Potocki Rewera (1589 in Podhajce - 1667 in Lwow).

This is line of ANDRZEJ POTOCKI of Krzeszowice who was the grandson of Artur Potocki, 1787-1832, the Freemason-TEMPLAR
(the friend of General Franciszek Paszkowski and his brother Wojciech Paszkowski. This is line to Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand and to Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna Armand - they acted with Lenin)
and Zofia Branicka 1790- 1879.
They came from Stanislaw Potocki 1698-1760 and Helena Zamoyska 1717-1760
and from Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski - the Smolensk governor, 1679-1735
{see Wilkowo Polskie - Kiedrzynski - Pradzynski - Szoldrski - Poninski + CAGLIOSTRO !};
and Jozef Stanislaw Potocki (1673-1751) = Jozef Potocki in Cracow in 1748].

Note to above Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska b. ca 1819:

Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth; was married to a Polish woman, Catholic - Mary Frantsevna Pashkovskaya / Maria Paszkowski, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. She was born 1819, died 1901, and was highly educated, c. 1840 studied painting in France; she was a woman of strong and humble disposition. Maria had a tender heart. In contrast to the position of her husband, his wife was educated, and drew quite well, in France she drew the ruins of castles and really liked them; Evgeny built in a park such ruins.

Maria Wilhelmina Armand was the daughter of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski with the Zadora coat of arms who was born 12 October 1778 in Brody - d. 11 March 1856 in Cracow, the friend of general Tadeusz Kosciuszko and General Stanislaw FISZER.

Maria Paszkowska / Maria Wilhelmina Paszkovski has got three sons:
Eugene / Eugeniusz Armand, the 'third';
Adolph / Adolf Armand;
and Emilie Armand that is Emil.

Emil Eugenevich Armand was married to Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke). They had six children: Leo (1880 - 1942), Natalie (1881 - ?), Mary (1883 -), Sophia (1885 - 1923?), Paul (1887 - 1892), Eugene (1890 -). They intermarried with the family Kindinger and others.

Eugene Armand born about 1842, Adolph b. circa 1845 and Emilie about 1847. All the sons had taken the house close to Pushkino factory c. 1875.

Above Adolf Armand and his wife, Alexandra Lengold had three children:
Andrew (1875 - 1884 ?), Helena (1876 - 1958) and Margaret (1881 - 1882).
They intermarried with the families of Repman [see - Evgenija Repman / Eugene Albertovna (1870-1937)], Gauthier, Doble, and others.

Evgenija Repman / Eugene Albertovna (1870-1937) - the daughter of Repman, Hristianovich Albert, 1834-1917, who studied in Moscow College until 1853. EVGENIJA was the director of the 1st Moscow cooperative high school - gymnasium of E. A. Repman - Armand.

ALBERT Repman married to JULIA KRAUSS, 1848-1922, the daughter of Bogdan Kraus / Krauze. Evgenija Repman was the Armand family relatives.
Her sister was Elena Albertovna Deysha / Deyshu / Georgij PIESKOV (1885-1977) - novelist, Elena graduated from the Higher Courses for Women in Moscow, married a hydraulic engineer Adrian Deyshu Vasilyevich (1886-1952).

Remember about A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo Konstantynowicz, Palemon, Apolon Konstantinovich) Konstantynowicz, the son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz / Wasilij Konstantynowicz;
Apolon Konstantynowicz was the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon. Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna Armand of Moscow; Apolon was the son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz and the grandson of Dominik Konstantynowicz of Miezonka b. ca 1800/1805.

Wasilij / Wasyl Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred.

Nestor Troubecki vel Nester Kalinowski in 1857 went to Vienna, in 1859 returned to Krakow, promote the Ruthenian Catholic Church, the Belarusian Greek Catholic Church and Ruthenian language; in 1863 the outbreak of January Uprising and he was involved in the secret 'Prowincjonalny Litewski Komitet' in Vilnius / Wilno; Trubecki was a member of the 'Miedzynarodowa Socjalno-Rewolucyjna Partia Proletariat' and a contributor of the 'Wolny Swiat' in 1904; in 1905 went to Warsaw in the Congress Poland and next fled arrest in April 1906 and went to Zurich and Geneva;
"...lived in several European countries and returned to Congress Poland; active in the Polish-Belarusian underground resistance until his death in 1907".

Above Prince Nestor Grigorievich Troubetzkoy / Nester / Nestor Grigoriewicz Trubecki, a landowner and revolutionary, international journalist and from 1901 "correspondent of Freiheit, Neues Leben, Der Anarchist, Der Freie Arbeiter, Wolny Swiat, Der Generalstreik, Der Weckruf, member of Jan Machajski's squad in Geneva", was born and died in Poland, b. in 1832 (?) in Free City of Cracow or in 1840 (!) - died in 1907 Warsaw.

The mother of named Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was countess Maria Kalinowska.

Probably Maria Kalinowska Trubecka was born after 1805 - ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski. The genealogy of Maria Kalinowska has to be proven, but it appears that the family was listed below:
her mother Emilia Potocka b. 1790 and married Kalinowski and second time married to Czeliszczew;
the father Josif / Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski b. after 1780 ? and died 1825;
the grandfather was Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759 and the grandmother Elzbieta Bielska from Olbrachcice b. ca 1760.

Above Emilia Potocka married first to Kalinowski and second time to Czeliszczew, was born 1790 and her parents:
Protazy Antoni Potocki b. 1761 and mother Marianna Lubomirska (Zubow, Potocki, Uwarow) born 1773 or Marianna Elzbieta Lubomirska b. ca 1766 - 1810.

The husband of above Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874
- his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski).

His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793 died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski, the son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski).

Above Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Trubetsky / Gregori Trubiacki / Grzegorz Trubecki was a Prince of the Troubetzkoy family. He married above MARIA Kalinowska (lived in St Petersburg to 1840, then in Cracow).

Grigory Troubeckoy / Grzegorz Trubecki was the son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy / Prince Petr Nikolaevich Troubetskoy born 18 November 1773 and died 16 November 1801 and Nadezhda Ivanovna Pestov / nee Pestova born 1793.

Above Prince Piotr Trubeckoy / Petr Nikolaevich TRUBECKI b. 1773 and d. 1801 had parents:
mother Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Czerkasskaja / Princess Varvara Alexandrovna Tcherkassky, and her husband Nikolai Trubeckoy / Nicholas Nikitich Trubeckoj b. 1744 and d. 1820 / 1821, a writer, who was the son of
Prince Nikita Trubecki / Nikitita Jurevich Troubeckoy (1699 - 1767, for 3 years as head of the Military Board with the rank of Field Marshal General).

Prince Nikita was son of Jurij Jurevich Troubeckoy (1668 - 1739), Russian statesman, privy councilor, senator.

Above Prince Nikita 7 months after the death of the first wife, married the widow of Major Matthew Kheraskov - Anna Danilovna, a daughter of Prince Daniel DRUCKI-SOKOLNICKI;
Anne Danilovna was primarily married to major Matvey Andreyevich Kheraskov.

Above Daniil Andreevich Druckij - Sokolinskij died 1752.

Above named Anna Danilovna Drucka-Sokolinskaja (Cheraskova, Trubeckaja) died 1780; she had son born in 1744 in Moscow - above Nikolay Nikitich Troubeckoy the 3rd, 1744 - 1820.
The family had 8 sons
Yuri, Nikolai, Alexei, Nicholas, Nicholas II, Alexander, Alexander II, Basil,
and 5 daughters: Anna, Maria, Elena, Elena II, Catherine. Of the 13 children, 6 died in infancy.

TRUBETSKOY Nikolai Nikitich (1744-1821) is known as a close friend of Novikov and one of the main members of society Martinists. In 1796 Paul I sent him to the Voronezh province, but he was soon appointed as a senator in Moscow Senate.
This Society had a close connection to the Franco-Masons and the Illuminati, in the end of the XVIII century, was a lot of branches in Russia and Germany. Many of its members were of royal and high-ranking foreign persons, such as the Duke of Brunswick, Duke Kassalsky, Velkner, Prussian First Minister, etc.
Many of the members were the Russians: Lopuhin Ivan, Ivan Turgenev, Kutuzov, Tatishchev, Chebotarev, etc.

His brother Prince Yuri Nikitich Troubeckoy, who was also a member of society Martinists, had a name Neasta (Neastes).

Maria Kalinowska married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki was sister of Seweryna Kalinowska, Jozefina and Olga, but this data need to be check, of course!

Above countess Olga Osipovna Kalinowskaja born 1818 or 1822 was married to Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski b. 1808, d. 1863 from Belarus in 1844 and her son: Bohdan / Bogdan Oginski was born in 1849.
She was lover of Alexander II, tsar of Russia who was born in Moscow on 29. 04. 1818. This Emperor has children from two marriages and children with two different women: with NN princess Lubomirska ca 1867 and with above Olga, countess Kalinovsky / Olga nee Kalinowska was son Michael-Bogdan or Bogdan / Bohdan Oginski, prince Oginski born 10. 10. 1848 or 1849 married after to Gabrielle-Marie, countess Potulicka / Maria Potulicki.

Above Ireneusz Oginski, duke, lived in the Kovno government, and was landowner of Retow and Zalesie.
Bogdan Oginski died on 25. 03. 1909.

Sister of Olga:
Jozefina Kalinowska born 1816, was also married to duke Ireneusz Kleofas Oginski who was born 1808.

And Seweryna Kalinowski b. 1814 d. 1852 was married to Nikolai / Mikolaj Plautyn b. 1794 or 1796, d. 24 December 1866, a son of Fiodor Sergiejewicz Plautyn / Plautin died 1807?
Above Nikolai Fedorovich Plautin was an outstanding military leader and statesman of the Russian Empire, General of Cavalry 1856, Adjutant General 1849, a member of the State Council in 1862.

Note on count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759:
his father was Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782 and his mother was Justyna Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error) -
Justyna was a daughter of Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739) and Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715),
and married ca 1765 to Ignacy Kalinowski; she died after 1780?.

The father of above Ludwika Marianna Pociej was Ludwik Konstanty Pociej.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej, and Kazimierz Aleksander Pociej were sons of Leonard Gabriel Pociej b. 1632, died in 1695; Leonard Pociej was closest friend of Marcjan Aleksander Oginski, the son of wife's brother.

Leonard Gabriel Pociej married to Regina Oginska, primo voto Walter Korff of Troki.
Above Regina Pociej nee Oginska, b. circa 1624, died ca 1700, was the daughter of Samuel Leon Oginski and Zofia Billewicz.

REGINA was the sister of Jan Oginski; Szymon Karol Symeon Oginski, and Helena Tyszkiewicz, inf. by Viktorija Janina Ruskuliene.
Above Samuel Leon Oginski b. ca 1593, d. 1657.

Jan Teodor Lubomirski adopted Elisabeth's children as his own:
Pss Maria Susanna Anna Christ, b. Cracow in 1722, d. in Vienna in 1771 [Anna Esterhazy born Lubomirska / Maria Susanna Anna Esterhazy De Galantha], m. in Warsaw in 1744 to Gf Miklos Esterhazy de Galantha (1711 - 1764);
and next adopted son Pr Kasper Lubomirski, Russian General-Lieutenant, who died 1780, m. Pss Barbara Lubomirska
with the daughter above named
MARIA Lubomirska / Pss Marianna Lubomirska {2nd}, 1773 - 1810,
1st m. (div) Protazy Antoni Potocki (1761 - 1801) with daughter EMILIA POTOCKA m. to JOZEF KALINOWSKI d. 1825 [see WOLA PSZCZOLECKA and Walewski, Radolinski, Sulimierski, Kiedrzynski;
with daughters:
Jozefina b. 1816, OLGA b. 1822, SEWERYNA, and MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska {see an affair in St Petersburg in 1840, and 1. her daughter Maria Trubecka m. KONSTANTYNOWICZ of Viljandi and Tallinn in Estonia and 2. NESTOR Trubecki vel Kalinowski}].

MARIA Lubomirska / Pss Marianna 2nd time married to Ct Valerian Alexandrovich Zubow, general of infantry (1771 - St.Petersburg in 1804);
the 3rd m. Feodor Petrovich Uvarov, general of cavalry (1769 / 1773 - St. Petersburg in 1824).

MARIA Lubomirska / Pss Marianna, b. 1773 had sister Pss Jozefa Lubomirska, 1 st m. Adam Walewski [see Jedlno and Wola Wiazowa];
the 2nd m. Ct Joseph de Witt (died 1814).

Adam Walewski + Jozefa Lubomirska had 2 children:
a.
Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin-Karwicka (1797-1881), a daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki;
b.
Izabela Walewska [Izabela Walewska 1800-1886 m. Siergiej Gagaryn 1795-1852 / the chief chamberlain Sergei Sergeyevich Gagarin,
with a daughter Maria GAGARIN, 1829-1906, and a son Siergiej Gagaryn 1832-1890 {Prince}].

The husband of above Maria Kalinowska {countess Maria Kalinowska was born after 1805 or ca 1819} was Gregory / Grigory Troubetzkoy / Grigorij Petrovich Trubecki who - settled before 1832 in the Kingdom of Poland - was born in 1802 after death of his father, and died in 1879 or 11 January 1874
- his brother Prince Jurij Petrovich Trubeckoj / Yuri Troubetzkoy was born 1796, died 1859 (married to Olga Nikolaevna Tchaikovsky / Czajkowski daughter of Mikolaj Czajkowski).
His sister Anna nee Trubecki / Trubetsky / Anna Kozhoukhova born 23 December 1793, died 29 March 1827 (married to Alexandr Stepanovitch Kozhoukhov / Aleksander Kozuchow or Kozuchowski, a son of Stefan Kozuchow or Kozuchowski).

MARIA TRUBECKA nee Kalinowska {see an affair in St Petersburg in 1840} had two children:
1. her daughter Maria Trubecka m. KONSTANTYNOWICZ of Viljandi and Tallinn in Estonia
and 2.
NESTOR Trubecki vel Kalinowski.

Maria Kalinowska m. Trubecka / Duke Trubecki / Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874, who was the son of Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773.

Maria Kalinowska in 1840 moved back from St Petersburg on Krakow / Cracow. 1840 acc. to Cosroe Dusi: May 30.
This morning began the portrait of Countess Josephine Kalinovskaya / Jozefina Kalinowska ... 1840, June, the 27. This morning the family Branicki leaves with Countess Kalinovsky. They ordered me a portrait of an older sister, who is married to General Plautin / Plautyn and lives in Tsarskoye Selo.

And Olga Kalynovska / Kalinowska goes away from court, to his native Poland, where she get married; Alexander Romanov agrees to marry Mary Hesse-Darmstadt.

Nestor Troubetzkoy (with nickname Nester Kalinowski) had a sister Maria. His sister's name would be given by the mother Maria of the Kalinowski house:
Mary Kalinowski who had affinities with family of Oginski; in turn, this family was associated with the Radziwills and then with the Konstantynowiczs in Miezonki.

Maria Trubeckoi / Duchess Maria Troubetzkoy / Mary Trubecki was born 1835 / 1840 / 1850. Duchess Maria Troubeckoy married Konstantinovich - genealogical research go towards demonstrating that her husband's name was Vasily / Wasyl Konstantynowicz of Kazan, the son of Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA; Wasilij or Vasily Konstantynowicz was born about 1840.

Therefore, we have strong links between the 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zaporozhya / Zaporoze / Alexandrovsk and with Estonia, including Tallinn, Viljandi and Parnu. These relations also apply Miezonki, Lodz, the secret Pilsudski movement in Belarus and Estonia and the smuggling of weapons from Russia to Galicia by Lodz.

Two families: Kalinowski and Paszkowski, has a lot connections.

Count Jozef KALINOWSKI / Joseph Kalinowski fought in the Polish Legions, among others between 1806 and 1807 - Silesia, Westphalia, etc. Similarly, the colonel and then general Franciszek Paszkowski. Both participated in the Napoleonic wars, years 1812- 1813. Returned to the country in 1814. Then Paszkowski, and Kalinowski, have made a Free City of Krakow (ca 1819/1820) and established families. Their children were born just after 1816. Both have completed military service in the rank of general. Both family came from south of the former Poland, after in the Russian zone, and also in the Austrian partition, but had a relationships with families living in Russia.

Nestor Troubetzkoy had father:
Grigory Troubetzkoy b. 1802 and died 11 January 1874;
the grandfather - Piotr Nikolaievich Troubetzkoy b. 18 November 1773 - died 16 November 1801.

And mother of Nestor Trubecki or Nester Trubiacki / Troubetzkoy vel Nestor Kalinowski was Countess Maria Kalinowska. Probably she was born (after 1805) ca 1819 and it was the same age as Maria Paszkowska / Mary Armand nee Paszkowski.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej b. 1664, d. 30 January 1730, in 1709 commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, his parents: Leonard Gabriel Pociej and Regina Oginska.

Ludwik Konstanty Pociej was the father of Ludwika Marianna Pociej (b. ca 1715) who married to Franciszek Borzecki (ca 1693 - 1739)
with the daughter
Justyna KALINOWSKA Borzecka (m. Ignacy Kalinowski born ca 1720 died 1782).
Her son was count Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski b. 1759.

Justyna nee Borzecka b. ca 1735 (1710 it's error).

Above named Seweryn Ksawery Kalinowski was born 1759, married in 1780 to Elzbieta Bielski from Olbrachcice born ca 1760 with children:
1.
Jozef Kalinowski / Osip Kalinowski, the general of Polish Army, b. after 1780, died 1825 - his wife Emilia Potocka born 1790 {Marianna Elzbieta Uvarova nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska; she was the wife of Protazy Antoni Potocki; Count Valerian Zubov, and Uvarov; she was the mother of above Emilia Kalinowska},
2.
Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784, d. 1831 and
3.
Justyna Kalinowska married Russocka b. 1790, d. 1876.

Above Ignacy Franciszek Kalinowski b. 1784, d. 1831, had a son Wladyslaw Kalinowski.

Children of mentioned count Jozef Kalinowski:
1. Seweryna b. 1814 d. 1852,
2. Jozefina Kalinowska married Oginska, born 1816 and died 1844;
3. Olga born 1822, died 7 April 1899 in Retow;
4. Maria Kalinowska (Maria Kalinowska Trubecka) married Troubetzkoy / Trubecki - the line in Estonia.

The Potockics took Berezyna and Lubuszany, 13 km to our MIEZONKA in Belarus. The Konstantynowiczs intermarried Piottuch-Kublicki and Soltan, and they came from Stanislaw Radziwill b. 1722.

Rozalia Krasnopolska b. ca 1788/1790, m. ca 1820 to Onufry Paszkowski. Rozalia was the daughter of Michal Krasnopolski b. 1764, d. in 1836 + GOLKOWSKA, b. ca 1775 - d. 1815. Rozalia had a daughter b. ca 1820.

Named Onufry PASZKOWSKI died bef. 1853, the owner of Suchy Potok. Rozalia d. in 1854 in Horodnica. They had a daughter Helena Paszkowska Dziduszycka b. 1810/1814 in Jablonka + Count Eugeniusz Dzieduszycki b. 1801, the owner of Potoczyska.

Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805 + Rozalia Krasnopolska b. ca 1788/1790, had 3 children:
1. Helena Dzieduszycka nee Paszkowska;
2. Ludwika Janiszewska nee Paszkowska;
3. and one more ie.
Feliks Paszkowski b. ca 1830 or bef. 1830 intermarried in ZGIERZ to PAWINSKI-Findeisen clan of CHOCEN and Swiedziebnia with roots from Nostitz-Jackowski and Swiatopelk-Mirski, and of Rodys, the Germans of Przasnysz. The Findeisen family came from Saxony, Germany.

Jadwiga Pawinska, 1868-1924, married in 1886, she was the social activist, had a son Tadeusz Pawinski / Thaddeus, philologist; JADWIGA's husband was Jozef Pawinski / Pawinski Joseph (1851-1925), a doctor of the Hospital of the Infant Jesus and St. Spirit in Warsaw, the Polish co-founder of cardiology. Jozef Pawinski was born in Zgierz in 1851, the son of JAN PAWINSKI + Amalia Krohn, the German woman; Jozef Pawinski b. 1851, was the brother [half-brother] of Adolf Pawinski b. 1840 and to TEKLA PAWINSKA m. PASZKOWSKA b. ca 1845, married FELIKS Paszkowski b. ca 1830, not ca 1850 [younger], with the son Kazimierz Paszkowski b. aft. 1880.

Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Oldenburg, 1850-1906 m. in 1882, Agrippina Djaparidse / Agrippina JAPARIDZE, 1855-1926, with a daughter Alexandra von Oldenburg, Grafin von Zarnekau, 1883-1957.

The JAPARIDZES, see Armand - PASZKOWSKI - DEMONSI home in Moscow and the Konstantynowicz line of Moscow-Swolna-Miezonka-Lida.

Sergei Shipov, b. in 1790, was descended from a well-to-do gentry family in Kostroma province. In 1832 he served Ministry of War. 1841 - 1846 the governor of KAZAN - compare DEMONSI and Wasyl Konstantynowicz + Breguet in KAZAN + V. A. KOKOREV in KAZAN ca 1843 {1844 tax reform note on farms; near LIKHACHEV before 1844; 1843-1844 he had two farms close to Kazan}.

The ARMAND family from Moscow [+ General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski] and the French roots of the Konstantynowicz family [Anna Armand Konstantynowicz and Inessa Armand - Lenin Uljanov] - Prometheism / PROMETHEISM of Poles in Russia, 1877/1878 - 1904:

Jean-Louis Armand (1786 - 1855 in Moscow) appeared in Russia in 1799, together with his father Paul Armand and mother Angelica (1765 / 1767 - 1813 in Moscow), the daughter of Charles, during an escape from the terror of the French Revolution.

Paul Armand b. ca 1762 was a prosperous farmer in Normandie and sympathized royalists. He, settling in Paris, opened the building workshop; there he married Angelica, b. 1767, the daughter of Charles from Alsatie; he decided to build his commerce on the French wines trade in Russia. Once the ship crashed in the Bay of Biscay and it ruined family of Armand in 1791. But Paul soon had good commercial relations in shipping ports of south France (Nice and Marseille probably).

The 29 year-old General Paul Armand, in 1791 [Jean-Louis Armand in 1799], came from Paris to Russia in the carriage of the Marquis de Courtenay.
He had an antique best wines of France in barrels, bought up at the south. Paul Armand expected to open in Moscow own wine shop. On the way to Russia, he did not know that it will suffer a financial collapse: the ship will sink with wine in 1791. After the shipwreck of wine in the Bay of Biscay, Armand transfered trade of wines to the Mediterranean ports of France, in 1792/1793, it took place perhaps during the continental blockade taken by England against Napoleon. Then, after 1815, the trade lasted maybe until the Crimean War in the 50's of the 19th century.

Paul Armand ran the wine trade through the ports in the south of France to Russia: a probable route from Marseille - Nice - after Italian Naples - Smyrna / Smyrne (see the Ralli Brothers from London, Marseille, India) in Turkey - Crimea / Krym, where the Armand family had a very good trade agreements. A Demonsi / Demontet family ran in Moscow and in KAZAN a sales of these French wines.

When Paul Armand married [ca 1783 / 1785], he did not know what would be the basis of family trade - fashionable hats at first. Next to the fashionable shop of Armand in MOSCOW, was trading house of DEMONSI / Demonet where sold not only fashionable Parisian clothes, but also French wines, perfumes, delicacies and even lamps.

Jean-Louis Armand, from his first marriage [ca 1806] to Elizabeth Osipovna (1786 / 1788 - 1817), Sabine called her, had a son Yevgeny / EUGENIUSZ ARMAND, born in 1809. From his second marriage, Jean-Louis and Marie-Barbe, nee Collignon (1780 - 1872) had a daughter Sophia, married a Swede, Osip Hecke / Hoecke/ Hacker [compare HACKER of Estonia in the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company].

Jan Paszkowski b. 1742 [Dabrowno with Sebastian Bystrzanowski] had the sons:
1.
Wojciech Paszkowski
[Trzebniow belonged to Sebastian Bystrzanowski, and the estate was managed by Wojciech Paszkowski who was the friend to Artur Potocki - the bearer of the Templar degree of the Freemasonry + Artur's friend in CRACOW, General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski in CRACOW in 1830/1832 + the Templars around General Franciszek Paszkowski in Cracow after 1840 - the line to Duke Kent in Scotland
- the line to Demonsi of KAZAN; Armand of Moscow {+ Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska Armand + Anna Konstantynowicz / Lenin and Inessa Armand / Lenin};
Breguet {+ Kazan in the 40' of the 19th cent., St. Petersburg, Duflon, Venture de Paradise, Maleszewski - Poniatowski, Jozef Sulkowski};
Duflon {+ Drzewiecki + Martynov / Katenin / Orlov Denisov} + Konstantynowicz / Armand in Moscow, Swolna, Miezonka, Nomme-Tallinn];
2.
General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski + political relationships with General Stanislaw Fiszer + General Tadeusz Kosciuszko [Kosciuszko - the friend of Thomas Jefferson - the ILLUMINATI - see Polish conspirators:
Szaniawski, Horodyski, Neyman, Soltyk, and MALESZEWSKI - 1789 in France and the ILLUMINATI - Breguet and KAZAN].

Tadeusz Kosciuszko, the hero of Poland and the United States, was under care of the Czartoryski-Poniatowski-Gordon of Scotland clan. Happily saved from the maritime disaster, stayed in July 1776 at Martinique and moved to America to fight for the independence of the United States. Tadeusz Kosciuszko set off from France to America in July 1776. At the Martinique coast, the ship crashed on the reefs, but Kosciuszko and five other Poles survived - they flowed with him as volunteers to the American army. They spent a month in Martinique because no ships were traveling due to numerous storms. Unable to wait, they hired a small fishing boat and sailed to Miami [Spanish city]. Information about the catastrophe of the Kosciuszko ship was released only one year later in the 'Nowiny' newspaper. Kosciuszko was already a colonel of the American army. He was there for eight years, during which he fought for independence of the United States.

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz who b. ca 1862, was the son of Wasilij / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1835 / 1840. The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand / Eugene born about 1842.

Apollon's children were living in Switzerland and Paris. They came from Varvara Karlovna Demonsi / Demonets or DEMONTET.

Eugene Konstantynowicz, as a patient, was treated in Switzerland, there he became acquainted with Marusya, who cared for her uncle Leon Bakst, along with Sophia, Bertha, Paul and Emily. Eugene Konstantynowicz / Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinowitz (1890 - 1977) had two sons, architects - Nikolai and Pyotr Constantinowitz.

Mikolaj Konstantynowicz and Piotr Konstantynowicz; but also is inf. about 3 children of Maria nee Klaczko / Maria Markovna Klyachko and Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinovich / Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz; all acc. to correspondence of Howard D. Rothschild to Constantinowitz Marie in 1976-1980; Howard Rothschild born 1907 and died 1989 in New York.

ARMAND - the family of millionaires.
Several luxury houses in Moscow - the Old Square, in the Cash Lane on Arbat Street, on the corner Granatny to Spiridonyevka, on Vozdvizhenka. Forests under Pushkino, hunting grounds around Sergiev Posad, land near Ikshi. weaving and dyeing factories. The Armand family was significantly higher in the material and social terms than the Wild family. Wild / Wilde were descended from a teacher from England, who arrived in Russia with the invitation of Count Vorontsov senior. The real name of them was Wilde but in Russia it quickly rechristened to Wild. One of Wilde worked for a time as a manager of Count Vorontsov, who was known to Anglomaniac. One of the descendants of the Wild amassed a sizable fortune, but his successors were less able to commerce too much invested in real estate. Bought the land, but it did not bring quick money. Wilde conducted in the village of Pushkin, where rented a cottage next door to the house of Armand.

Inessa first appeared in Moscow in 1880. Inessa when aged 17 years received a tutor diploma. However, all girls had such a document. The diploma of tutor had Barbara Karlovna nee Demonet / Demonsi and all her daughters, girls from a family of millionaires.

Eugene Louis (Louis Eugene or Evgeni Ivanov Armand) became the first of Armand who strengthened the roots of the family tree in the Russian land. In 1864, having achieved considerable success in the development of the textile industry in Russia, received the prestigious international fairs of several gold medals, he petitioned the Emperor Alexander II on awarding him and
his wife (Maria Frantsova) and sons (Evgenii-Francois; ADOLF OSIP; EMIL Aleksandr Armand) the title of honorary citizens (April 1852).
Published this document, as well as the decree of the king, Armand were Catholics, parishioners of St. Louis church at Malaya Lubyanka in which building, together with other French settlers invested. Eugene Louis was married in this church with a beautiful Polish, Maria Wilhelmina Pashkovskaya. Her father, Franciszek Paszkowski / Francis Paszkowski was a writer and military, during Napoleon's Italian campaign, he served as adjutant to Murat.

The Armand brothers received education in Moscow, in France and Germany, mainly in the textile business and dyeing of fabrics.
Evgenii Armand and his wife Varvara Karlovna (Barbara the daughter of Karl Demonet / Carl de Monet's that is Charles Demonets or DEMONTET from Vaud province / Monnette / Demonsi / Monnet) Demonets also had a very large family.

Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow and in 1869 next child Alexander.

Elizabeth-Ines Fedorovna Stephane fitted in nicely with her new family:
Anna and Alexander Armand were slightly older than she, while Vladimir born in 1875, Evgeniia b. 1876 and Boris born 1878 were somewhat younger.

According to: 'French settlers in Moscow and some of the descendants: Collection', the author-composer V. Egorov, Fedosov, ed. Moscow, 2005, p. 200-210 and Copyright Institution 'Museum of entrepreneurs, philanthropists and benefactors', powered by Vadim Tretyakov:
Evgeny and his wife Barbara Karlovna nee Demonsi had 12 children:
Anna KONSTANTYNOWICZ (1866 - 1932; Lenin was her friend and Inessa Arman and Krupska),
Mary (1868 - 1942),
Alexander (1870 - 1943),
Vera (1871 - 1942),
Nicholas (1872 - 1936),
Vladimir (1874 - 1875),
Eugene Armand (1876 - 1920),
Boris Armand (1878 - 1920),
Sophia (1881 - 1941),
Sergei Armand (1882 - 1945),
Barbara (1882 - 1966),
Vladimir Armand (1885 - 1909).

Vladimir Armand joined a Social Democratic propaganda group in Moscow and was arrested but his sister Anna Evgen'evna helped finance party organizations. They lived in Pushkino, according to JoAnn Ruckman, 'Moscow Business Elite...', edit. 1984, p. 61 and by Egor Nazarenko - a great grandson of one of Evgenii Armand's brothers. They owned house in Moscow, but in summer lived in Finland.

The Eugene family intermarried with the families:
Demonsi-Shnaubert-Mathiesen-Bunkin-Tsitsin,
Konstantynowicz and Manfred,
Kohl - Osipov, Pampel / Papmel - Mazing, Vdovin, Stepanov, Stephen, Wild, Karasev, Fedosov, Egorov, Zhurin, Pichnikovyh -
Shaposhnikov - Zilina or in Zilina in Austrian-Hungary Slovakia {see Pola Negri in LIPNO} ,
Cardo - Sysoev, Fallen, Shapiro, Romas and others.

Demontet / Demonsi / Demonets, Kazan ca 1835 - 1839.

Demonsi Carl, the son of a Frenchman, a native of Moscow, he studied at the Kazan univ. 1837, was prof. at the Kharkov Univ., died in 1867.
Demonsi was in 1864 a Moscow merchant 1st guild and a shareholder of a plants in the Urals.

Barbara Karlovna Armand from the Demonsi family was wife of Evgeny Armand.
Her sons:
1.
Aleksandr E. Armand, 1870 - 1943, the wife Ines Armand Stephane
- his daughters:
Inna,
Varvara,
and sons:
Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Armand,
Fiedor Aleksandrovich,
2.
Vladimir E. Armand, 1874 - 1875,
3.
Nikolaj / Nicholas E. Armand and his wife Rene / Maria Feodorovna Stephane Armand, 1872 - 1936,
his son
a.
Pavel Nikolajevich Armand, 1902 - 1964,
his daughter Rene Pavlovna,
b. a daughter Marija Nikolayevna,
4.
Boris E. Armand, 1878 - 1920, 5.
Sergej / Siergiej / Sergey E. Armand, 1882 - 1945,
6. daughters:
Zofia / Sofija, Anna Evgenievna, Viera, Evgenija, Varvara, Maria / Marija.

Disserens and Duflon co-operated with Apolon Konstantynowicz who married Anna Armand of Moscow, and Anna was the granddaughter of Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742.

The DUFLON family in 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse.

CHAMPRENAUD in 1748 also was living in Riex, Switzerland / Suisse.
Riex close to Lavaux in Switzerland.
CHAMPRENAUD in 1822 was living in Villette close to Lutry, too.
CUENOUD in 1774 in Grandvaux close to Lutry and Riex.

Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland in Cully in the Vaud province, Lutry and Lousanne.

Marie Elisabeth DUFLON b. 1690 in Riex, District de Lavaux and married in 1714 in the Canton de Vaud. The Duflon surname has ancienne origin: de Fluvio. Surname DEMONTET dit TAVERNEY in 1646 was in Corsier sur Vevey of District de Vevey in Canton de Vaud.

The DEMONTET family was near by DUFLON in 17th century. Barbara or Varvara Demonet or maybe DEMONTET from Vaud province was a daughter of Carl de Monet's that is DEMONTET or Charles Demonets / Monnette or Demonsi.

In 1924 Bakst meet Ida Rubinstein.
Nephew of Leon Bakst that is son of his sister Rose Samuilovna Rosenberg / Samuel Rosenberg was born in Germany (Zakhar L. Manfred worked as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, during the Civil War was a teacher in the Saratov province, then in the Pskov province; Rosa Samuilovna Rosenberg - a translator, sister of the artist Leon Bakst, died in 1918) + Zachary Manfred, was historian Albert Z. Manfred (1906-1976) who born in St Petersburg (acc. to Eugene Konstantynowicz, the son of Apollon Konstantynowicz, Polish, and Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand
[Anna's son Jerzy Konstantynowicz with the nick-name Marian Konstantynowicz and Marian Stankiewicz, b. 1898 in MIEZONKA or in MOSCOW, was my grandfather with links to Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of OSWIEJA, who lived in MIEZONKA. Jerzy Konstantynowicz studied in Mohylew by Dniepr, and in Parnu in Estonia, served Russian Army in Kronstadt in 1916/1917, escaped to Tallinn, then served White Corps in Belarus under General Dowbor-Musnicki, in December 1918 escaped to new Poland to Lapy and Zambrow; ca 21 September 1939 escaped to Lithuania and then served under General Wladyslaw ANDERS, moved home to Buenos Aires and to Mexico City in the 40-50' of the 20th century; in Poland left two sons killed by the Polish intelligence agencies,
and in Mexico one son.
Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Stankiewicz or Siedlecki had in Poland 3 grandsons and in Poland 5 great-grandchildren or more],
Polish roots - and his children living in Switzerland and Paris, France, that is grandchildren of Anna nee Armand, and great-grandchildren of Varvara Karlovna Demonsi / Demonets or DEMONTET;
this Eugene Konstantynowicz, as a patient, was treated in Switzerland, there he became acquainted with Marusya, who cared for her uncle Leon Bakst, along with Sophia, Bertha, Paul and Emily).
See: the Constantinowitz Museum in Meudon.

Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813), was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783.

Julianna Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny born Paszkowska in 1813, had 2 siblings:
Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski and one other, acc. to Tel-Aviv genealogical research.

Piotr Szwarcenberg-Czerny was the son of Marianna Saczowska, 1773 - 1848 in Siewierz, in the Bedzin County.

Mentioned Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805, was the son of Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1765 + Ludwika Galezka b. 1783.

Rozalia Krasnopolska b. ca 1788/1790, m. ca 1820 to named Onufry Paszkowski. Rozalia was the daughter of Michal Krasnopolski b. 1764, d. in 1836 + GOLKOWSKA, b. ca 1775 - d. 1815.
Rozalia had a daughter b. ca 1820.

Named Onufry PASZKOWSKI died bef. 1853, the owner of Suchy Potok. Rozalia d. in 1854 in Horodnica. They had a daughter Helena Paszkowska Dziduszycka b. 1810/1814 in Jablonka + Count Eugeniusz Dzieduszycki b. 1801, the owner of Potoczyska.

Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805 + Rozalia Krasnopolska b. ca 1788/1790, had 3 children:
Helena Dzieduszycka nee Paszkowska;
Ludwika Janiszewska nee Paszkowska;
and one more [Feliks Paszkowski b. ca 1830 or bef. 1830 intermarried in ZGIERZ;
NOT Wincenty Paszkowski younger -
but we have also identified in the Russian Empire and signed into the register of the nobility in Vilnius: Dominik Paszkowski, the son of Jan Paszkowski, with Dominik's sons: Wojciech Paszkowski and Wincenty Paszkowski younger, in 1845].

Jadwiga Pawinska (1868-1924, married in 1886, social activist, had a son Tadeusz Pawinski / Thaddeus, philologist); her husband Jozef Pawinski / Pawinski Joseph (1851-1925), a doctor of the Hospital of the Infant Jesus and St. Spirit in Warsaw, the Polish co-founder of cardiology. Jozef Pawinski was born in Zgierz in 1851, the son of JAN PAWINSKI + Amalia Krohn; Jozef Pawinski b. 1851, was the brother [half-brother] of Adolf Pawinski b. 1840 and to TEKLA PAWINSKA m. PASZKOWSKA b. ca 1845, married FELIKS Paszkowski b. ca 1830, not ca 1850 [younger], with the son Kazimierz Paszkowski b. aft. 1880.
Above Jan Pawinski b. bef. 1825, the son of Ignacy Pawinski + Balbina.

Jan PAWINSKI younger married also Agnieszka in 1846, with the son
Franciszek Pawinski b. ca 1848, a daughter Antonina Pawinska and 7 other children.

JOZEF PAWINSKI studied in Leczycy and in Warsaw, studied medicine at Imperial Univ. in Warsaw in 1869-1874. He worked then at the clinic of diagnostic under Ignacy Baranowski.
His brother was Adolf Stanislaw Pawinski, b. 1840 in Zgierz, d. 1896 in Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Polish historian.

Jozef PASZKOWSKI of Brzezie [b. ca 1765 ?], the son [we need to check] of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province [b. 1742], moved to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - an owner of landestate close to Sampolno, [compare MADALINSKI, UMINSKI, Bajkowska-Kiedrzynska] in Skotniki.
SKOTNIKI of PASZKOWSKI - 12/13 km north-west to Radziejow.

Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805, was the son of Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1765 + Ludwika Galezka b. 1783. Wojciech Paszkowski was the half-brother of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, who had the daughter Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married ca 1841 in Moscow to Armand. Wojciech and Franciszek Paszkowski co-operated with Artur Potocki in Cracow, Templar and Freemason. The Potockic took Berezyna and Lubuszany, 13 km to our MIEZONKA in Belarus. The Konstantynowiczs intermarried Piottuch-Kublicki and Soltan, and they came from Stanislaw Radziwill b. 1722.

Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1780, was supported by the Templar, Artur Potocki. Wojciech was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742.

Wojciech had 2 brothers [or more half-brothers]:
Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Paszkowski - my father family line by the Armands in Moscow have the roots from above General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski who was living ca 1815 - 1820 in the Greater Poland and then in 1821 in Cracow, but in 1817 the General visited the home of died General Tadeusz Kosciuszko in Switzerland.

Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1780, the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742 + Petronela Paszkowska born Kulikowska. Petronela was born ca 1755. Wojciech married [ca 1805 ?] the 1st Emilia Paszkowska born Bystrzonowska / Bystrzanowski. Emilia Bystrzanowska was born in Brody [here was born General Franciszek Paszkowski] - Emilia Bystrzonowska / Emilia Bystrzanowski / Emilia Bystrzanowska.

Emilia maybe was the daughter of the TRZEBNIOW owner, Sebastian Bystrzanowski; Emilia's husband was Wojciech Paszkowski who was closest friend to the Krzeszowice owner, Artur Potocki; and Wojciech was also the manager of Trzebniow estate. Sebastian Bystrzanowski inf. in Bystrzanowice in 1783; in Dabrowno in 1783. Dabrowno in the LELOW parish, near NIEGOWA.

Sebastian Bystrzanowski was the Checiny official (1774-1783), he was the owner of Bebelno / BEBELNO KOLONIA, north-east to LELOW and 12 km south to WLOSZCZOWA; the landlord in Cieletniki in 1792, the owner of Sekursko, south to ZYTNO - in 1761 bought from Jozef Bystrzanowski; of Raczkowice and Nowa Wies (in the Kalisz prov.); b. ca 1730, d. 1795.

Cieletniki - 4 km west to SEKURSKO; and close to Zytno. In 1742 - 1761, Cieletniki was owned by Jozef Bystrzanowski; then his nephew [the son of his brother] Sebastian Bystrzanowski.
ZYTNO - north-east to Cieletniki - ca 7 km; Zytno is situated north to LELOW.

SEBASTIAN Bystrzanowski, b. ca 1730, d. 1795, married to Magdalena Soltyk b. ca 1750, the daughter of Maciej Soltyk, 1720-1780 + Salomea Nakwaska, 1728-1778.

Emilia Bystrzanowska Paszkowska born in Brody in Podolia, maybe was the daughter of Count KAJETAN BYSTRZANOWSKI / Kajetan Bystrzonowski, 1730-1807; the Podole (in 1760) top official, MP, Count in 1801, the Busk (1785-1786) official; in Malogoszcz (1786-1795); the Radom (1784) official. The NAKLO close to LELOW, owner.
Sebastian Bystrzanowski and Kajetan Bystrzanowski were the sons of Karol Bystrzonowski + Apolonia Misiowski.
Mentioned EMILIA Bystrzanowska was born ca 1775/1780 in BRODY. Emilia Bystrzanowska married Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1780 - he was the half-brother of General Franciszek Paszkowski who was born in BRODY. Emilia was the sister to Franciszek Ksawery Bystrzanowski b. 1767.

Franciszka Bobrowska, Bystrzanowska, born Mecinska in 1775/1790, the daughter of Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski + Aniela Mecinska Stadnicka. Franciszka married to Franciszek Ksawery Bystrzanowski in 1809; Franciszek Bystrzanowski was born in 1767.

Franciszka Bobrowska (born Mecinska), 1775/1790-1835, married Joachim Bobrowski, born ca 1787 / 1790. They had a daughter Aleksandra Klara Stadnicka (born Bobrowska). Above Franciszka Aniela Teresa Mecinska b. Oct. 1775 in Zarki. Adam MECINSKI was born in 1740. Franciszka had 10 siblings, among others Anna Magdalena Teresa Stadnicka (born Mecinska), Wojciech Mecinski, and others.

At margin:
Franciszka Bobrowska (born Skora), 1890-1938, married Jozef Bobrowski 2nd, born in 1882 [m. ca 1915/1916, his second wife, but first was Janina WOLSKA], in Warszawa, died aft. 1916.
They had 3 daughters, among others Helena Buczek (born Bobrowska).

Mamed Jozef Feliks Bobrowski, 2nd, landlord, d. in 1914 in Warsaw or aft. 1916. Franciszka Skora Bobrowska was the granddaughter of Michal Skora + Klara Grudzieniec Stolarczyk m. in 1852, of the CHELMO parish, in Krery - Ochotnik area.

Jozef Bobrowski the 1st, b. ca 1850, m. in 1880 in BECZKOWICE in the Lodz province, close to Chelmo and Rozprza. In the Chelmo parish was living the Skora family. In 1862 Anna Skora was born in the Chelmo parish + Walenty Kwiatkowski, b. ca 1850, the wedding in 1881 in Beczkowice belonged to the Malachowskis.

Beczkowice is a village in the LEKI Szlacheckie commune, within the Piotrkow County, 7 kilometres west of Leki Szlacheckie, 23 km south of Piotrkow Trybunalski. Beczkowice was the ex - MALACHOWSKI property. In Beczkowice intermarried Skora family. Beczkowice and Przedborz with Bakowa Gora [also Bleszynski + Kiedrzynski of Sulmierzyce] - this is the same Malachowski branch. Krery of Skora, Nowak, Gabor and Kwiatkowski - in the Chelmo parish, close to Przedborz.

Chelmo near to Przedborz - the property of the Skorzewskis intermarried Ostrowski-Morsztyn clan. Beczkowice in the Leki Szlacheckie commune of the Malachowskis has the link to Brzezie, 7 km east to PLESZEW of the Molski - Zaleski - Czarniecki line.

Skora and Gabor in Ochotnik, Krery, Beczkowice and Chelmo, with the link to Kodrab, Dmenin and Bugaj Dmeninski, together with Ankwicz, Zaluskowski, Szwarcenberg-Czerny, Malachowski of Brzezie close to Pleszew, Gostkowski from Andrychow - Wadowice - Kety area, and Koscierzyna + Bialynicze of the Malachowskis + Nowy Sacz and Kamionka Wielka. Ignacy Frankenberg, the son of Stanislaw Frankenberg + Franciszka Malachowski, confirmed the receipt of money, from the parents, after the sale of BRZEZIE.

Note to BRZEZIE:
Marcin Malachowski was the owner of Borzeciczki, Galaski / Galazki, and Mycielinko / Mycielin, with Debowiec;
Marianna Bielicka Malachowska was living in Sobotka close to BIEGANIN of the Kiedrzynskis.
The Sobotka - Karsy - Droszew area with link to Kaliszkowice Kaliskie and Kaliszkowice Olobockie.

My family net:
Michal Skora was the son of Bonawentura Skora b. 1798 in the Sulmierzyce parish, north to JEDLNO + Julianna Pietrusiewicz / Pietruszka. Michal Skora b. in Ochotnik in May 1830, was living in Krery close to Chelmo and to Przedborz. Michal Skora was the grandson of Jan Skora b. ca 1775.
Ochotnik is a village in the Maslowice commune, within the Radomsko County, 26 kilometres east of Radomsko, 4 km east to Krery.

Michal Skora had a son Wawrzyniec Skura, b. 1872, living in Lodz, born in the Chelmo parish; Wawrzyniec Skora or Skura married in 1900. Michal m. Klara Stolarczyk. Wawrzyniec Skora / Skura m. Anna Japczynska. Petronela Skora m. Jan Bartnik. Petronela b. in 1859 in Krery in the Chelmo parish. The sister of Wawrzyniec Skura b. in 1872 in Krery. Above Klara m. 1st to Feliks Maslonik in 1847 in Chelmo.

Klara's parents - Kazimierz Grudzieniec + Tekla Niewiadomski. Klara b. in 1829 in Rajsko Maly in the Mierzyn parish.
Michal Skora m. in 1852 in Chelmo to widowed Klara Grudzieniec b. in 1829 in Rajsko Maly. Michal was the son of Bonawentura Skora b. 1798 + Julianna Pietrusiewicz / Pietruszka. Michal Skura was born in Ochotnik in 1830, living in Krery. The witnesses - [Gypsy] Karol Gabor b. 1799, and Ignacy Sobieraj.

Antonina Zaluskowska, b. ca 1802, d. ca 1862, m. in 1823 to Roman Ankwicz, major, the landlord of Zakrzewo in the Radomsko county = ZAKRZEW, 4 km east of Bugaj, in the Kodrab commune [in Bugaj Dmeninski = Bugaj Zakrzewski acted Antoni Skora of my mother's line], within the Radomsko County, 10 kilometres east of Radomsko [here to Kuchary, 1 km to Bugaj, the Skora family moved home from KRERY close to Chelmo]. Count Roman Wawrzyniec Ignacy Ankwicz, Captain, lived in 1785-1842; born in Sucha Wola, bpt. in Chmielnik, d. in Kodrab - 7 km east to Bugaj Zakrzewski; the son of ANKWICZ, b. ca 1750, d. 1797, the judge in Nowy Korczyn in 1783 - 1787, the Sandomierz official in 1778
[his brother was Count Hieronim Ankwicz m. ca 1800 to Tekla Bobrownicka, 1778-1858];
the grandson of
Count Wawrzyniec Ankwicz, the Sandomierz judge, lived ca 1720-1781 + Barbara Goluchowska d. in 1783
[Wawrzyniec Ankwicz b. ca 1720, m. 2nd to Kunegunda Ankwicz, b. ca 1740, the daughter of Stanislaw Walenty Ankwicz, 1720-1784 + Salomea Schwarzenberg Czerny died in 1756. Kunegunda m. 1st to Jan Kanty Ankwicz, the son of Lukasz Ankwicz + Teresa Paszkowska {b. ca 1700 ?}];
the great-grandson of
Hieronim Ankwicz, the Zawichost governor, lived ca 1690-1741 + Elzbieta Schwarcenberg-Czerny, b. ca 1690.
Elzbieta Schwarcenberg - Czerny was the daughter of Andrzej Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. ca 1670.

OKTAWIA Piottuch Kublicka Konstantynowicz Szumska
was the daughter of
Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 - the official in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780/1790.

KAROLINA Soltan Piottuch Kublicka was the daughter of Stanislaw Soltan junior, 1756-1836 and Franciszka Teofila Radziwill at Nieswiez b. ca 1751, the daughter of Stanislaw Radziwill 1722 - 1787, who was the son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill 1688 - 1746.

Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810, married 1st to Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 [maybe the brother of IGNACY SZUMSKI / Ignatius Shumsky b. ca 1800, of Chobienice], and she was married second to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA [in 1842/November 1918 Miezonka was the property of the Konstantynowiczs - the branch of Viljandi, Kazan and Moscow - here Apolon Konstantynowicz m. Anna ARMAND] b. ca 1800/1805.

Oktawia's siblings:
1.
Anna Benislawska born Piottuch-Kublicki in 1809, d. 1885 + Jozef Benislawski, 1790-1852;
2.
Walentyna Soltan (born Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1800 / 1810 + Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan b. 1795, died in 1843, the son of Benedykt Soltan b. 1770 and Jozefa Benislawska.
Walentyna's daughter was
Oktawia Soltan, 1830 - 15.8.1871 in Kazan + in 1849 to Wladyslaw Hieronim Samuel Soltan, 1824 - 1900, the January Uprising 1863);
3.
Stanislaw Piottuch-Kublicki born 1804;
4.
above Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810 + Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 + the 2nd to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA, 13 km east to Lubuszany of the Potockic;
5.
Emilia Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski, 1797 - 1876, the son of Michal Smokowski and Konstancja Mickiewicz;
6.
Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki + Ida Oginska b. ca 1820 / 1813 / 1810.

Adolf Piottuch-Kublicki born 1810 + Ida Oginska had the son
Karol Piottuch Kublicki b. ca 1850 (+ Zofia Eysymont, 1840 / 1848 - died 1926, a daughter of Oktawiusz EYSYMONT, and Helena Soltan).

Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800, supposedly lost a large landed estate. He never left the home without the box of dueling pistols. He known Duke Wittgenstein; that is Ludwik Adolf Fryderyk Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (1799-1866) who in 1828 married Stefania Radziwill, the daughter of Dominik Radziwill.

OKTAWIA was the daughter of
Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki b. ca 1780 - the official in Zawilie, b. 1780 + Karolina Soltan b. ca 1780/1790;
above mentioned Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki of Zawilie, had a sister:
Elzbieta Piottuch-Kublicka b. 1780, m. Benedykt Wawrzecki of Braslaw, b. ca 1760, 2nd to Krutz.

JOZEF Piottuch Kublicki was the son of Eliasz Piottuch-Kublicki of Livland / Inflanty, born ca 1730, married in ca 1775 to Augusta Soltan b. ca 1750 or 1760.

The Bedzin county:
Twardowice close to Siemonia, is stuated 13 / 14 km south-west-west to GOLUCHOWICE.

Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County, the son of Jozef Czerny and Marianna.
Jozef was the son of Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny and Marianna Piasecka, 1748 - 1816 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County. Above Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny, 1744 - 1818 in Goluchowice.

Antoni was the son of Wojciech Szwarcenberg-Czerny and Krystyna Cienska b. ca 1710/1720.
Wojciech Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. ca 1710. Wojciech was the son of Mikolaj Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. ca 1665, d. ca 1720. Mikolaj m. Anna RADOSZEWSKA.

And again back to my family [Paszkowski-Armand in Moscow with Apolon Konstantynowicz]:

Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1765 or in 1780 [he co-operated with Artur Potocki of Zator, Templars Freemason, and Artur's family owned Berezyna-Lubuszany in Belarus, 13 km to Miezonka owned in 1842 by my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz and Dominik's grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswieja in northern Belarus, who came from the Malnow-Rzeczyca area in Polish Livland / Inflanty in the south-east Latvia now], was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742, and Petronela Kulikowska.

Petronela was born ca 1755.

Wojciech had 2 brothers:
Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski closest to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and to General Fiszer and Axamitowski.

Wojciech Paszkowski married ca 1805 or after 1805 to Ludwina Galezka, with the daughter Jozefa Paszkowska b. ca 1810, married in 1828, in Checiny. Above WOJCIECH Paszkowski had a son born 1805, an officer of the 1831 Uprising; and Wojciech Paszkowski had next daughter married Schwarzenberg-Czerny.

Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813), was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783. Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County, the son of Jozef Czerny and Marianna.

Franciszek Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. 1692, the Oswiecim governor in 1739, the Wojnicz governor in 1746. Franciszek's daughter was Salomea, by the wife Salomea Nielepiec.

Salomea Szwarcenberg-Czerny younger m. Stanislaw Ankwicz b. 1720, the Nowy Sacz governor, and she died in 1756.
Franciszek m. in 1734 the 2nd to Krystyna Szembek, 1-voto Stanislaw Bidzinski.
Krystyna had a daughter - Maryanna Czerny m. in 1775 to Jozef Szembek.

Jozef Szwarcenberg was the son of Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny younger and Marianna Piasecka, 1748 - 1816 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County.

Jan Paszkowski b. 1742 and his genealogical net to ZGIERZ and MOSCOW:
Franciszek Onufry Paszkowski b. 1790/1805, was the son of Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1765 + Ludwika Galezka b. 1783. Wojciech Paszkowski was the half-brother of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, who had the daughter Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married ca 1841 in Moscow to Armand. Wojciech and Franciszek Paszkowski co-operated with Artur Potocki in Cracow, Templar and Freemason.

Stanislaw Soltan / Stanislovas Soltanas, b. 1756, was half brother of
JOZEF Weyssenhoff; Ksawery Weyssenhoff; Mikolaj Jan Weyssenhoff and Jan Weyssenhoff older, acc. to geni.com.

Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff + Wiktor Wladyslaw Pereswit Soltan b. 1853, d. 1905. Amelia Maria Weyssenhoff's brother: Jozef Weyssenhoff writer + Alicja Bloch / Aleksandra Emilia Bloch.
The daughter of mentioned Jozef Emanuel Marian Weyssenhoff was Aleksandra Zielewicz, 1891 - 1956 in Brazil.
Jozef Weyssenhoff Baron, was a novelist, poet, literary critic and publisher.

The family nest of the Lubienskis was village Kalinowa, district of Blaszki; and Szczytniki, also Guzow close to Warsaw, and Wiskitki. Kalinowa is situated close to Garbow and Golkow, north of Blaszki, north-west of Sieradz, close to Charlupia Wielka and Charlupia Mala
[the CHUDZIK family of Lodz came from Charlupia Mala-Blaszki area, intermarried S. Kubacki, half Gypsy-Georgian man came from the Suchumi district; see Lija Taraschvili Turabelidze came from Gypsies of the North Caucasus, Vladykaukas, and also from RACHA-Svaneti province, then in Tbilisi, with a link to Thessaloniki and Brugia, and to Foreign Affairs HQ in Warsaw and Tbilisi. Her son Turabelidze-Tarashvili G. m. Gvantsa Grigalashvili of 'Fundacja Temida Arts & Business'.

Gvantsa Grigalashvili is Expert at Polish Investment and Trade Agency. Gvantsa Grigalashvili acting Head of Foreign Trade Office in Tbilisi, together with Karolina Zareba, Head of Tbilisi Foreign Trade Office. The link to Robizon Qutateladze, the Head of Foreign Trade Office; Mikheil Janelidze, a chairman of Center for European Governance & Economy, served as Vice Prime Minister; in Ukraine, Jozias Vieira de Araujo of Acougueiro; in Dar es Salaam at Consultants Tanzania Graphic.

Gvantsa Grigalashvili Tarashvili Turabelidze, studied at Georgian Institute of Public Affairs, with Shota Kobalia of Amtse Group; Khatuna Iakobadze; Gvantsa Grigalashvili [b. ca 1990] of Georgia is the Expert at Polish Investment and Trade Agency. Gvantsa married Georgi Tarashvili Turabelidze in 2016. Acted in 2018 at Fundacja TEMIDA Arts & Business in Bielsko-Biala - compare General Miroslaw Milewski and Karol Wojtyla ancestors. Above Found Agency acted in Georgia in November 2019, Tbilisi, Kiszyniow and Kijow / Kyiev. Cooperated with the Zylina County in Slovakia - compare the spy of Zylina county around me in 2014/2016; see POLA NEGRI in Lipno - the Link to Maciej Igor Wojtczak's wife and to Lech Walesa and L. Balcerowicz. The link to PAWEL MACIEJ KOTLA and IWONA KAZIMIERA LORANC. See Bator Art Gallery of Katarzyna Bator].


In 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA in Moscow, Zaporoze, St Petersburg.

Eugene's ARMAND of Moscow brother - Emil E. ARMAND was married to Zofia Hacker / Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke) from Estonia. They had six children:
LEW ARMAND / Leo (1880 - 1942) + Japaridze-Saparov [Saparova Tamara Arkadevna - Japaridze married 2nd to Leo Emilievich ARMAND.

Saparov Arkady (1854 - before 1921), was married to Varvara Maypariani with the daughter Tamara Arkadevna SAPAROV married 1st to Ivan Konstantinovich Japaridze, and TAMARA SAPAROV - JAPARIDZE was 2nd married to Lev ARMAND / Lion Emilievich Armand (Inessa Armand relatives).

Ivan Iaparidze was the son of Constantine Japaridze / Constantin Japaridze (Ivan b. ca 1860; his father Konstantyn died in 1860 !) from the upper Racha region of Georgia. Ivan Japaridze b. ca 1860, had sister Agrippina, Countess von Zarnekau, b. 1855, nee Agrippina Constantines Japaridze, and Ivan Japaridze's parents were Constantine and Melania Japaridze; named father Constantine died 1860].

LEW ARMAND, the son of EMIL Armand of Moscow, was the next of kin to Inessa Armand and to Anna Armand + Apolon Konstantynowicz, who co-operated with BREQUET in Kazan and Moscow and Apolon acted together with DUFLON and Dizerens.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz or Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name - Wasyl Konstantynowicz, acc. to me + Maria Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1840 in St Petersburg or in CRACOW.

Wasyl Konstantynowicz was living in the 40' of the 19th century in Kazan. WASYL's son was APOLON Konstantynowicz b. aft. 1858. The wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii Armand / Eugeniusz Armand / Eugene born about 1842. Eugeniusz Armand b. ca 1842, was the brother of EMIL ARMAND, both the sons of Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand ca 1841, b. ca 1819; Maria Wilhelmina was the daughter of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, the friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

General Wasyl Konstantynowicz married Mary Troubeckaja vel Maria Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1840 in St Petersburg or in CRACOW.

Mentioned Wiktor Konstantynowicz b. 1874, was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, the daughter of Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh + Olga Ryabchinskaya / Olga Riabczynski.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz vel Staroch Siedoch on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme [close to TALLINN where my grandfather was living in 1917: Jerzy Konstantynowicz / Marian Konstantynowicz vel Stankiewicz vel Siedlecki, Colonel of the Polish Intelligence Military service aft. 1918 until 1939], the Harku street No (tn) 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu.

Above named Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division. In 1917 Wiktor Konstantynowicz was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi [around me aft. 2015 until 2022 acted a man from the Viljandi district, Emil Andrei Ambrus].

Wasyl's son was A. Konstantinovich / Apollon Konstantynowicz (Apollo Konstantynowicz, Palemon, Apolon Konstantynowicz b. ca 1858/1862 in KAZAN) Konstantynowicz, the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon. Wasilij Konstantynowicz / Wasyl Constantinowitz was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred.

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz b. ca 1858/1862, was the son of Wasilij Konstantynowicz / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1833; the grandson of Dominik Konstantynowicz of Miezonka aft. 1842, b. ca 1800/1805. Anna Armand Konstantynowicz was the mother of my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898 vel Marian Stankiewicz b. 1900.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz or Wiktor Konstantynowicz Staroch Siedoch was born on 20 October 1874 in Kazan, his father unknown name - Wasyl Konstantynowicz, acc. to me.

Wasyl Konstantynowicz was living in the 40' of the 19th century in Kazan. Wasyl's son was A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon Konstantynowicz) Konstantynowicz, the owner of the technical office in Moscow, worked for Breguet, and with Duflon.

Wasilij Konstantynowicz / Wasyl Constantinowitz was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred.

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz b. ca 1858/1862, was the son of Wasilij ?onstantynowicz / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1833; the grandson of Dominik Konstantynowicz of Miezonka aft. 1842, b. ca 1800/1805.

Anna Armand Konstantynowicz was the mother of my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898 vel Marian Stankiewicz b. 1900. Marian vel Jerzy Konstantynowicz knew very well spoken and written Estonian according to the Polish Ministry of Defense in Warsaw - and studied at the Naval Corps (or at the Petrograd Naval College = the Naval War College; Course of Navigation Officers 1912 - December 1916) in St Petersburg and he first served in the Kronstadt Stronghold (the Bureau of Navy Transport - in a navigation ensign capacity, i.e. concretly "pra'porchik", this is a temporary rank, about equivalent to Sub-Lieut., R.N.R. in British Navy, one 1/2-inch gold stripe without curl - Dec. 1916 / March 1917).
After the March (1917) Revolution and during the First World War Jerzy Konstantynowicz escaped on powerboat from the Kronstadt Stronghold to Tallinn (Reval = Revel, the capital of autonomous Estonia = Estland since March 1917) with Estonian engineer Jansen / Jannsen and stayed at family home at Tallinn and Nomme, here since April by June of 1917; next in Petrograd by November 1917.
During the fighting between the "whites" and "reds" after the Bolshevik Revolution towards the end of 1917 (Minsk Litewski - he has been assigned to the Cadet Legion, here in December 1917 - and at a later date in Bychau / Bychow) by summer 1918 my grandfather 'Marian' or Jerzy Konstantynowicz / Yuri served for secret service of counter revolutionary White 1st Polish Corps under general Dowbor Musnicki (a scout troop - in January 1918 - under command of engineer Wroblewski - who later worked in an armoury in Pionki in the thirties of the 20th century keeping in touch with the Wankowicz family still - recognized Mahileu and Babrujsk) and fought (Orsa = Orscha / Orsza, Rahacou - 4th infantry regiment, the 1st Division of Polish Rifles, Hradzianka / Grodsjanka - North of Ossipowitschi Mahilyow google satellite maps) against the Bolsheviks for freedom of this country; he carried out duties of courier (Minsk, Babrujsk, Barysau) for the Polish Women Rings;
next in the Civil Guard of the Minsk Government and the Government of Mahileu - then met the family of Wankowicz in Old Kaluzyca = Kaluzyn because Mr. Witold "Tolo" Wankowicz was chief of the Union of Weapon in the Ihumen district - autonomous section of the Polish Military Organization - and my grandfather was courier between the Luboszany (= Libuschany) estate and Kaluzyca in fall 1918; in Miezonka aft. 1915 until Nov. 1918 was living the Andrzejak family of Stare Koluszki.

Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Marian Konstantynowicz my grandfather was near to general Wejtko (ensign of orderly in Minsk and Vilna 1918) in the Self-defence of Lithuania and Belarus - after the collapse of tsarist Russia, Poland regained its independence after 123 years of foreign rule and Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Marian was professional officer in the military intelligence service of Polish Army (namely IInd Bureau of the General Staff - determination according to "The Secret Story of SOE (...)" by W. J. M. Mackenzie, U.K. 2000, p. 312; 04 December 1918 he owned document in Marian Konstantynowicz name but he wasn't this person surely over military service in voluntary Lithuanian - Byelorussian Division) 1918 - 1947; military oath in Vilna on December 29th, 1918 during defense of the town against Soviet troops; the 77th Kovno Regiment next; he served when Poland was fighting with the Bolsheviks in defense of its independence (1919 - 1920). In 1939 served in the military position of Colonel in defence of Grodno as Colonel Siedlecki.
The LIDA garrison (the barracks had name of Marshal Edward Rydz Smigly; the 77th Infantry Regiment handed over an estate to the Marshal west of Lida near by a farmland of famous Pilecki family; a pilot and the pioneer of Polish air force Witold Worbek Lettaw from Lithuania (the Lettowt family was verified in the Kaunas government in 1844 - 1847 and in Vilna on 03.05.1827 as Letowt; also as Letovt Vorbek or von Lettow Vorbeck, v. Lettow-Vorbeck, Lettow von Vorbek) acted in this garrison) by morning 18 September 1939;
my grandfather at the night 17 / 18 September 1939 co-organized burning of the LIDA garrison's documentation and next was in Landwarow (= Lentvaris) on September 19th, 1939, ZAWIASY, probably arrived at the Rudziszki (= Rudiskes) station and to Grodno 20th September 1939. He gone on Lithuania on September 21st (= Litauen; was interned and after registered at the Vievis station 21st September 1939.

Marian Konstantynowicz was in camps for prisoners of war in: Palanga, relocated to Vilkaviskis, Ponoj (= Ponoi in USSR Karta), Archangel / Archangelsk and Viazniki / at the Wjasniki station (here in August 1941; that is the Jusha camp = Jusk); September 1941 - May 1947 Army of general Anders. 1947 - 1948 emigre from Italy to ARGENTINA. He lived after in Mexico or New Mexico, too. I am unclear about where he died; he used pseudonym Marian Stankiewicz / Antoni Stanislaw Stankiewicz as though a second surname.

My grandfather was rarely at home before The Second World War. He traveled often for longer. With these expeditions brought particular trophies. What it was? These trophies from the trips were the Bolshevik guns called "revolver" or "Nagan" with a large caliber. He had a drawer in his office in the garrison of the 77th infantry regiment in Lida, full of them always. Probably, he killed enemies acc. to my father, on behalf of the Polish state. So my father spoke to us, grandfather often had to be on a secret trip to the Soviet Union. When he left the garrison and was in the central Poland, it received the nick-name Stankiewicz. For his interlocutors he took as a gift the Bolshevik guns. Once he was at the anniversary meeting of the members of the Polish Military Organization in Krakow and he was wearing a colonel's uniform. He had several biographies: according to one worked for the mobilization department of the Ministry of Defence. According to another legend aft. 1945, was a accountant. Still other data said that already in Tsarist Russia was learning to future employee of military intelligence, probably in the range of encryption and radio.
The course includes swam on the Russian battleship - "Petropavlovsk". During World War I it was stationed in Helsinki. In 1918, in Miezonka and Bobruisk he walked in uniform of the tsarist army probably "junker", very decorative, according to his colleague from Miezonka.
Also he used the birth certificate of Marian Konstantinovich, who died shortly after birth, but he was baptized. The new born baby died when his mother Anna also died - she was from the home of Malkiewicz family. These false documents indicated to Stanislaus Konstantynowicz as his adoptive father. When in 1939 he was in a camp for Polish interned soldiers in Palanga, Lithuania has used for identification in contact with the family, a sailing ship picture.
In 1947 Marian Konstantynowicz settled near to Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Acc. to KONSTANTYNOWICZ Immigration Records on the Port of Buenos Aires in Argentina, KONSTANTYNOWICZ, JAN aged 25, ORTODOX, Polish, on 01/02/1929 arrived to BUENOS AIRES; KONSTANTYNOWICZ, MARIA aged 57, householder, Catholic, from Italy, ship EMPIRE HALBERD, dep. GENOVA, arrived on 20/11/1947 to BUENOS AIRES, was born in ROMA; KONSTANTYNOWICZ, MARIAN aged 47, Catholic, Polish, ship EMPIRE HALBERD, dep. GENOVA, arrived on 20/11/1947 to BUENOS AIRES, born in MIEZONKA; KONSTANTYNOWICZ, STEFAN aged 22, Catholic, Polish, from CHERBURG, arrived 03/08/1927 to BUENOS AIRES, born in ZYDOWSKIE; and again KONSTANTYNOWICZ, STEFAN aged 28, from TRIESTE arrived on 18/09/1932 to BUENOS AIRES, was born in ZYDOWSKIE.

After 1948 all marks after Marian Konstantynowicz are interrupted. It is known, however, that Marian Konstantynowicz next was in Mexico. No one knows where or when he died.
Before the Second World War my grandfather did not have in the then Poland any family of his parents. My family in the twenties and thirties of the twentieth century, was running an extensive exchange of correspondence mainly from Estonia and in second place with Finland and Latvia. At a later point were letters from Lithuania.


L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz, the son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap.

In 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'. 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department. 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin.

Once in October 1905, the Board of the University of Moscow, headed by Professor Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (Vernadsky's mother was from the Konstantynowiczs of the Fox coat of arms) admitted women to listening of lectures, and Inessa Armand has made payment and went to law school. In June 1907, Comrade Inessa confirmed the intention to be student, but instead of studying at university she had to go for exile with Vladimir Armand. In late October 1908 she managed to escape.

We back to Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky: his mother, Anna Petrovna Konstantynowicz (1837 - 1898), the father - Ivan Vernadsky (1821 - 1884), professor of political economy.

In 1902, Vladimir Lenin moved the publication of the Iskra (Spark, issues 22 to 38) to London at 37a Clerkenwell Green. At that time Vladimir Lenin resided on Percy Circus, less than half a mile north of Clerkenwell Green. In 1903 the newspaper was moved to Geneva. Lenin and Stalin met in the Crown and Anchor pub (The Crown Tavern, 50 m east of Lenin 'Iskra') in 1903. But at this time people from 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company and around the Armand family were involved in 'left' activity:
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling who elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918; Brilling i.e. Briling, b. 1876, Russian and Soviet expert of aeroengines after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic, twice under arrest due to distribution of Lenin's 'Iskra', 1907 doctor in field of engines.

At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz. Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910, but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon / the Duflon office address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903. "Inessa Armand. Revolutionary and Feminist" by R. C. Elwood, p.74 - Inessa was on her honeymoon with Lenin who showed up in Copenhagen without his wife Krupska. Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910.

Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910. Inessa and Anna would finish the summer by attending the Conference of Socialist Women in Copenhagen. Inessa very likely was accompanied by her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, rather than by Lenin during the days of the 1910 congress. On Sunday 28 August 1910 after the Women's Conference had closed, Inessa and perhaps Anna Konstantinovich attended the opening ceremonies of the Eighth Congress of the Second International using two guest tickets obtained for Armand by Lenin in Copenhagen, according to P. P. Bulanov, Moscov 1925, 75. Dr. Edward Reilly from Australia when was visiting Marijampole, Lithuania, in Oct. 2003, had seen the grave of Lenin's (??) son, Guards Captain Andrej Armand, who fell in Oct. 1944.
When Lenin was writing to Inessa Armand to Moscow by 16 February 1920, asked her about any products which were sent to Konstantynowicz (according to 'Lenin in his life. ...' by ?. ?. Guslarov; address of Inessa: Nieglinnaja street, house 9, flat No 6; s. 226).

The wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii Armand / Eugeniusz Armand / Eugene born about 1842.

Wasyl Konstantynowicz married Mary Troubeckaja vel Maria Trubecki / Duchess Mary Trubetskaya / Maria Trubecka / Trubetskaja / Trubetzkaya born ca 1840 in St Petersburg or in CRACOW.

Mentioned Wiktor Konstantynowicz b. 1874, was married to Alexandra Nikolaevna nee Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh, born 03 February 1877 in St Petersburg, the daughter of Nikolai Ivanov Starych Siedych / Sedykh / Siedoh + Olga Ryabchinskaya / Olga Riabczynski.

Wiktor Konstantynowicz vel Staroch Siedoch on 09 June 1934 lived in Estonia, Nomme, the Harku street No (tn) 28-2 and buried in the cemetery Hiiu-Rahu. Above named Starych Siedych Victor Konstantynowicz born 1874, in service since 1904, an officer since 1912, 'ensign' that is praporschik by Admiralty, in the North - Western Army of White movement enlisted on May 20, 1919 and in December 1919 at the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division.

In 1917 Wiktor Konstantynowicz was living in Peterburg / St. Petersburg but on June the 14th, 1924 they lived in the town of Viljandi [around me aft. 2015 until 2022 acted a man from the Viljandi district, Emil Andrei Ambrus].

And again, we return to Wojciech Paszkowski + Franciszek Paszkowski, but this time we are going to Sebastian Bystrzanowski in Trzebniow and the Templars in Scotland. We're joining Br. Bystrzanowski with George Washington. We similarly connect General Franciszek Paszkowski - General Tadeusz Kosciuszko - General Stanislaw Fiszer - and then Mielzynski of Chobienice - von Unruh / Niepokojczycki of Sluck and Kargowa - Oppeln-Bronikowski of Kunowo {Kiedrzynski}; Wojciech Paszkowski + Artur Potocki and again the Templars. Artur Potocki with a network of connections to Cracow / Krakow, Berezina / BEREZYNA, and Lubuszany close to Miezonka. And Miezonka: Zarako Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Oskierka, Prozor, Stafania Radziwill, and Chrapowicki of Swolna. And Chrapowicki of Swolna - this line leads to Wankowicz from Kaluzyca and to Konstantynowicz from Miezonka, Swolna, Tallinn, and Moscow.

The structure of the Illuminati was taken over as a whole in the Spring of 1937 in the Soviet Union by Stalin and our enemies. This network of multi-country intelligence underwent degeneration and it transformed around 1961 into a globalist movement.

The main role is currently played - after 2015 - by Russia and China as the heirs of this globalist movement and Soviet ideology - currently the main enemies of Donald Trump, the USA and contemporary anti- Communist Poland.

My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century. Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878.

And now we back to the Mecinski of Jedlno [a branch of the Stadnicki family, and after 1740 the Walewskis next of kin - the Masons] also they had Trzebniow - on the south-east from Czestochowa.

Then Trzebniow moved to the Bystrzanowskis. Bystrzanowski with Kosciuszko in 1776 sailed together to Martynika, and they crashed there and only they saved themselves! French threw them to the colony of Britain - to George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Bystrzanowski was the head of the Masons Lodge, in which George Washington was a simple freemason. And Kosciuszko went to Jefferson.

In Trzebniow already in the 19th century, Wojciech Paszkowski was the manager, the brother of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski. But Wojciech Paszkowski was also the manager of Krzeszowice near Krakow, the Artur Potocki's estate, and his plenipotent, too. Artur Potocki was a Templar, 33 degrees. And again, we return to Wojciech Paszkowski + Franciszek Paszkowski, but this time we are going to Sebastian Bystrzanowski in Trzebniow and the Templars in Scotland. We're joining Br. Bystrzanowski with George Washington. We similarly connect General Franciszek Paszkowski - General Tadeusz Kosciuszko - General Stanislaw Fiszer - and then Mielzynski of Chobienice - von Unruh / Niepokojczycki of Sluck and Kargowa - Oppeln-Bronikowski of Kunowo {Kiedrzynski}; Wojciech Paszkowski + Artur Potocki and again the Templars.

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice [I had explained incorrect inf. on Jerzy Dunin-Wasowicz of the 18th century].

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892] (K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod. LUBUSZANY - 13 km to MIEZONKA), to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz (born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952! -
the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN;
the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA;
the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze; the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn), the wife of the Galicja governor - Andrzej Potocki.

The private Szaszkiewicz Archives in Sudylkow
[Sudilkov / Sudylkiv was part of the Zaslawski estate. Sudylkiv is a village 7 km east to Shepetivka, in Khmelnytskyi Province in Ukraine. 72 km west to Romaniv / Romanow of Jozef August Ilinski b. 1760, the friend of TADEUSZ GRABIANKA, and Jozef Ilinski, a Maltese bachelor in 1797, who had the sister Ludwika Ilinska b. ca 1766, married Bartlomiej Gizycki d. 1827, Moloczki, 56 km SW to Zytomierz; General, the grandson of Bartlomiej GIZYCKI, older, b. 1682. Ie. Romaniw, 51 km east-south-east to SLAWUTA]
proves how closely the links were between the family of Tadeusz Grabianka, the Illuminati Order, and our village Miezonka
[before 1842 the village was rented from Stefania Julia Radziwill Chrapowicka, Oskierka by family Czapski / Hutten-Czapski, whose family affinities lead us to Augustyn Dzialynski and Pakosc as well as to the area around Pleszew].

Miezonka is located in the parish Berezyna, the Ihumen county, not far from the great estate of Lubuszany - Berezyna belonging in the 19th century to the family of Artur Potocki, a member of the masonic Templar Order. Artur Potocki was politically and financially related to the family of Wojciech Paszkowski and with his brother General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski and his daughter Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska Armand in Moscow - the roots of Anna Konstantynowicz closest friend of Lenin and of Inessa Armand.

The core of genealogical liaisons around Pleszew is closely related to:
Skorzewski [Raszkow]
- Dzialynski [Pakosc] - Kiedrzynski [Wilkowo Polskie - Raszkow - Jedlno] -
Pradzynski [Wola Wiazowa] - Oskierka [Miezonka] - and CHOCEN, close to Wloclawek.

Mentioned Szaszkiewicz Archives housed in Sudylkow; in the mid-18th century, Sudylkow belonged to Stanislaw Lubomirski, heir of Rowne. In 1780, Jan Duklan Grocholski, bought the estate (born in 1762); he was captain of the national cavalry and chamberlain of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski. After Jan's death this property was inherited by his son Rafal (born in 1798, probably in Sudylkow - died in 1848 or 1850 in Florence, married). As he was involved in the 1831 uprising, he was forced to emigrate abroad, and his possessions were confiscated. Then Leonard Szaszkiewicz took the estate; he was the son of Konstancja Grocholska, married to Jozef Szaszkiewicz.

Aleksandra Potocka, Aleksandryna (1818-1892), born in Petersburg, as a child of Stanislaw Septym POTOCKI + Katarzyna Branicki; the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki.

Her father Stanislaw Potocki died in 1831; then Aleksandryna Potocka was living under care of Zofia BRANICKA POTOCKA, the wife of Artur Potocki - the Templar - in Biala Cerkiew, St Petersburg and Krzeszowice. ARTUR POTOCKI married to Css Zofia Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II. He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence
{the cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), JUNIOR, painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist.
Franciszek Paszkowski was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), and Franciszek was the younger brother of Jozef Edmund Paszkowski. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where he lived with his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and General's brother - Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice. Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Dusseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.

Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW, painter, the daughter of named General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski. General was the best friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Tadeusz Kosciuszko was the god-father of Tadeusz Wolanski b. 1785 in SZAWLE}.

ARTUR POTOCKI in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge.

Aleksandryna Potocka became friends with her cousin, Eliza Branicka, the later Eliza was the wife of Zygmunt Krasinski, in 1835 until 1876.

Genealogy of named ZYGMUNT Krasinski:
Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. in 1712, the commander of the BAR Uprising, had a son Jan KRASINSKI, 1756 - 1790 who married to Antonina CZACKA, 1756-1834. Jan Krasinski (1756-1790) + Antonina Czacka had a son Wincenty Krasinski, b. 1782 in Boromel at Volhynia [+ Maria Radziwill], and the grandson - Zygmunt Krasinski, b. 1812, became one of Poland's greatest romantic poets.

The BISHOP of Kamieniec Podolski [in 1867 Carsten Niebuhr moved to Kamieniec Podolski and Skala Podolska], Adam Krasinski was the brother of mentioned Michal Hieronim Krasinski [Michal Hieronim KRASINSKI b. 1712 - d. 1784; the Marshal of the BAR Confederation in 1768 + Aleksandra ZALUSKA]; and Anna Chosciak-Popiel / Anna POPIEL [the branch of Zbigniew Brzezinski].

We back to Paszkowski Wojciech: he acted together with Lozinski in Lancut; Wojciech Paszkowski was Commissioner General to Artur Potocki.

Artur Stanislaw Potocki (b. 1787) - a Napoleonic officer, the son of the writer and traveler Jan Potocki, and mentioned Julia Potocka nee Lubomirski b. 1767 in PARIS
{JAN POTOCKI was the son of Jozef Potocki b. 1735, d. 1802, Wien; the grandson of Stanislaw Potocki 1698 - 1760; the great-grandson of Jozef Potocki 1673 - 1751; the great-great-grandson of Andrzej Potocki died in 1691 / 1692 in Stanislawow}.

ARTUR Potocki married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II.
He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence
{the cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - ie younger Franciszek Paszkowski (1818-1883), painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. He was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), the younger brother of Jozef Edmund. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where he lived with his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebniow estate and Krzeszowice.

Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Dusseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz.
Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW}.

ARTUR POTOCKI in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge [the Templars].
We back to
Artur Stanislaw Potocki. He was the count, the owner of the Krzeszowice and Lancut estates, graduated of the Ernangen Protestant University, officer of the Polish army, the adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski in 1812, the adjutant of the emperor of France [fligiel- adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I] - Napoleon I - in 1815 [Napoleon Bonaparte I abdicated on 22 June 1815 in favour of his son Napoleon II. On 24 June the Provisional Government proclaimed the fact to the French nation and the world].

Wojciech Paszkowski [the half-brother of General Franciszek Paszkowski] was the manager of KRZESZOWICE owned by Artur Potocki.
Wojciech Paszkowski managed also Trzebniew / Trzebniow [not Trzebnica !]. The Trzebniow estate + Ludwikow / Ludwinow and Ostreznik; close to Niegowa, MYSZKOW, Gorzkow Nowy, and Bedzin; at half way from ZARKI to LELOW; north to MIROW; 31 km south-east to Czestochowa.

Zofia Potocka nee Clavone b. 1760, d. 1822, was a Greek, and a Russian agent, later a Polish noble. Her mother Maria sought support from foreign embassies. In May 1777, Zofia was sold to the Polish Ambassador, Boskamp Lyasopolski. The Polish Count Major Jozef Witt bought her from Boskamp Lyasopolsky and married her in 1779.

Jozef Witt was the son of the commandant of the fortress Kamieniec Podolski, and the couple lived a year in Kamieniec Podolski, before departing for Europe in 1781.
By Wikipedia:
"... 1781, she was called to court to be introduced to King Stanislas Augustus. After Warsaw, they visited Berlin, where Zofia was introduced to the King of Prussia Frederick II. In the resort town of Spa, Zofia was introduced to the Austrian Emperor Joseph II ... 1781 Zofia gave birth in Paris to a son. When this news reached the Polish king, he personally visited Kamieniec Podolski, and congratulated her father-in-law Josef Witt OLDER, with the birth of a grandson, promoted him to the rank of Lieutenant General and volunteered to be the godfather of the newborn. In 1782, the couple returned to Kamieniec Podolski, visiting Vienna, Moravia, Slovakia and Galicia on the way. In 1785, her spouse Joseph Witte succeeded his father as commandant of Kamieniec Podolski, making Zofia first lady of Podolia.
During her second marriage to POTOCKI, Zofia had three sons:
Alexander Potocki (born in 1798), Mieczyslaw (born in 1800) and Boleslaw (born in 1805),
and two daughters: Sophia, and Olga (1802-1861).
During the marriage, she also had an affair with her stepson, Szczesny Jerzy Potocki, who may have been the biological father of her son Boleslaw.
She also had an affair with the Russian governor, Nikolai Novosiltsov.

Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki indulged in mysticism and came under the influence of Polish Illuminati and died in March 15, 1805, ... In the early 1820s, she experienced a deteriorated health. Reportedly, the mysticism of the Polish Illuminati was suspected to have affected her health. She left for Berlin to consult German doctors, where she died".

The family of Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantinovich took part in the non-legal conspiracy. And so the powerful underground Network was created: the King of Naples, Marshal Joachim Murat - General Armand - General Axamitowski of Poznan - General Franciszek Paszkowski [+ Maria Paszkowska Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz - BREGUET] - Colonel / General JAN DEMBOWSKI, the Freemason, the friend of Ignacy Potocki and Artur Potocki [the Templars and of the Grand Orient in 1818] - and from ARTUR POTOCKI to Wojciech Paszkowski + Br. Bystrzanowski and the Mark Masons Order [and here the line to Kalinowski and Tadeusz Grabianka / Marcin Tarnowski / Stadnicki / Ilinski - the ILLUMINATI and the TEMPLARS] + Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1776 [+ General Franciszek Paszkowski and General Stanislaw Fiszer (Fiszer lived in Koninko in 1803 - 17 km south-east to POZNAN)].

The Armand family, who since 1799 wanted to settle in Moscow, met with General Franciszek Paszkowski, through the family Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and his son - Alphonse de Bauffremont / prince de Bauffremont Courtenay.

Named Alphonse de Bauffremont and General Franciszek Paszkowski were together adjutants / aide-de-camp of Marshal Joachim Murat.

Murat and Jozef Sulkowski were adjutants of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and [then he was Baron] General Armand were in Russia in 1791. So, 29 year-old general Paul Armand [Paul 1st] came from Paris together with Alexandre, the Marquis de Courtenay.
Paul Armand [Paul 2nd, wine merchant], 1760 - 1835, or was born in 1762, was the first in Russia in 1791.
General Paul Armand [Baron, the 1st], in Russia in 1791, but Jean-Louis Armand [he was the son of Paul Armand, the 2nd] was the first in Russia in 1799.

Note to above Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska b. ca 1819:

Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth; was married to a Polish woman, Catholic - Mary Frantsevna Pashkovskaya / Maria Paszkowski, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. She was born 1819, died 1901, and was highly educated, c. 1840 studied painting in France; she was a woman of strong and humble disposition. Maria had a tender heart. In contrast to the position of her husband, his wife was educated, and drew quite well, in France she drew the ruins of castles and really liked them; Evgeny built in a park such ruins.

Maria Armand was the daughter of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski with the Zadora coat of arms who was born 12 October 1778 in Brody - d. 11 March 1856 in Cracow, the friend of general Tadeusz Kosciuszko and General Stanislaw FISZER.

Maria Paszkowska / Maria Wilhelmina Paszkovski has got three sons: Eugene / Eugeniusz Armand, the 'third'; Adolph / Adolf Armand; and Emilie Armand that is Emil.

Emil Eugenevich Armand was married to Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke). They had six children: Leo (1880 - 1942), Natalie (1881 - ?), Mary (1883 -), Sophia (1885 - 1923?), Paul (1887 - 1892), Eugene (1890 -). They intermarried with the family Kindinger and others.

Eugene Armand born about 1842, Adolph b. circa 1845 and Emilie about 1847. All the sons had taken the house close to Pushkino factory c. 1875. Above Adolf Armand and his wife, Alexandra Lengold had three children:
Andrew (1875 - 1884 ?), Helena (1876 - 1958) and Margaret (1881 - 1882).
They intermarried with the families of Repman [see - Evgenija Repman / Eugene Albertovna (1870-1937)], Gauthier, Doble, and others. Evgenija Repman / Eugene Albertovna (1870-1937) - the daughter of Repman, Hristianovich Albert, 1834-1917, who studied in Moscow College until 1853. EVGENIJA was the director of the 1st Moscow cooperative high school - gymnasium of E. A. Repman - Armand.

ALBERT Repman married to JULIA KRAUSS, 1848-1922, the daughter of Bogdan Kraus / Krauze. Evgenija Repman was the Armand family relatives. Her sister was Elena Albertovna Deysha / Deyshu / Georgij PIESKOV (1885-1977) - novelist, Elena graduated from the Higher Courses for Women in Moscow, married a hydraulic engineer Adrian Deyshu Vasilyevich (1886-1952).

Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz who b. ca 1862, was the son of Wasilij / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1833/1840; the grandson of Dominik Konstantynowicz of Miezonka + his wife 1st m. Szumska, nee Piottuch-Kublicka, came from Soltan and Stanislaw Radziwill b. 1722.

Kazimierz Chrapowicki / Kazimierz Chrapowiecki, 1817-1881 married to Adela Ciechanowiecka, 1823-1887.
KAZIMIERZ's half-brother was Arkadiusz Chrapowicki / Arkady Chrapowiecki, m. to Stefania Julia Radziwill.

Michal Chrapowicki with his second wife, Jozefa Korsak, had the mentioned son Arkadyusz Chrapowiecki married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1825-1896. STEFANIA RADZIWILL was the owner of MIEZONKA - see Dominik Konstantynowicz, the owner of Miezonka in 1842, and his son Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833 [Antoni's brother was Wasyl Konstantynowicz of Kazan], and the grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz.

Arkadiusz CHRAPOWICKI married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1820-1896, the owner of Miezonka until 1842 [1832-1842 the Czapskis were leaseholders] - the daughter of Mikolaj Radziwill b. 1801, and Wiktoria Emilia Narbutt.
Stefania Julia Radziwill was also wife of OSKIERKA.

Stefania Julia Radziwill was the granddaughter of Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747, and Franciszka Butler.
The great-granddaughter of Stanislaw Radziwill, born 8 May 1722 in Dzyatlava. Stanislaw Radziwill, died in 1787, the son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill.
Stanislaw Radziwill was the father of Anna Olimpia Mostowski, and of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill.

Named Franciszka Teofila Soltan nee Radziwill, b. ca 1751, married Stanislaw Soltan, b. 1756. The mother of
Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka;
Helena Soltan;
and Anna Soltan.

Named KAROLINA Piottuch - Kublicka, nee SOLTAN was the mother of
Emilija Augusta Justina Kublicka; Adolf Kublicki; Valentina Kublicka / Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka; Anna Benislawska and
OKTAWIA Piottuch Kublicka, the daughter of JOZEF Kublicki and Karolina Soltan Piottuch-Kublicka. Oktawia was the wife of JOZEF SZUMSKI [with the son Wilhelm Szumski] and DOMINIK Konstantynowicz [sometimes as Vincentas Konstantinovicius] of MIEZONKA.

This is the line to DOMINIK Konstantynowicz, the owner of Miezonka in 1842 {here the Konstantynowicz family in 1842 - November 1918} - he was from a branch of Miezonka, Kazan, Moscow and Tallinn-Nomme with Viljandi in Estonia, and in LODZ, Bydgoszcz.
Dominik's sons:
Antoni Konstantynowicz b. ca 1833, of Miezonka
and
Wasyl Konstantynowicz of Kazan.

Dominik's relative:
The Minsk Governorate Middle School {not in Volhynia!}, in June 1829, award to Wincenty Konstantynowicz together with: Julian Jacyna, Tadeusz Dybowski, Ignacy Kreyczman, Leon Mirecki, Alexander Bielecki, Antoni Godziewski. Acc. to Kuryer Litewski in August 1829; ie. 11 years old Wincenty Konstantynowicz was born in 1818.

Mnetioned Stanislaw Soltan, b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793 and in 1812. He had children among others:
1. Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
2. Karolina SOLTAN Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1790 + Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki, b. ca 1780.

Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill married in 1710 in Rohotna to Barbara Franciszka Zawisza - Kiezgajllo (1690 - 1746), with 15 children: Albrecht Radziwill; Udalryk Krzysztof; Jerzy; Stanislaw Radziwill.

Stanislaw Radziwill b. 1722, d. 1787, the son of Mikolaj Faustyn. The father of Anna Olimpia Mostowski. Stanislaw had the daughter Franciszka Teofila Radziwill. Named Franciszka Teofila Soltan nee Radziwill, b. ca 1751, the mother of Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan; Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka; Helena Soltan and Anna Soltan.

Named KAROLINA was the mother of
Emilija Augusta Justina Kublicka; Adolf Kublicki; Valentina Kublicka / Walentyna Piottuch-Kublicka; Anna Benislawska and OKTAWIA Piottuch Kublicka. Oktawia was the wife of JOZEF SZUMSKI [with the son Wilhelm Szumski] and DOMINIK Konstantynowicz [sometimes as Vincentas Konstantinovicius] of MIEZONKA.

The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand; Eugene Armand / Eugeniusz Armand was born about 1842 and Eugeniusz was the son of Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski, the friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko - compare the godson [in Poznan in 1785] of Tadeusz Kosciuszko ie. Tadeusz Wolanski born in Szawle and he was living in Pakosc - Krotoszyn close to Pakosc; Inowroclaw - the Illuminati network of Curland / Mitawa; see Cagliostro here and the Illuminati in MALTA.

The cousin of General Franciszek Paszkowski - Paszkowski Franciszek (1818-1883), JUNIOR, painter, landowner, deputy to the Galician parliament, economic activist. Franciszek Paszkowski was the son of Dominik Paszkowski and Anna Niemojewska (died 1872), and Franciszek was the younger brother of Jozef Edmund Paszkowski. He learned painting with Rafal Hadziewicz, and then with Wojciech K. Stattler in Cracow, where he lived with his uncles Franciszek PASZKOWSKI, general, and General's brother - Wojciech PASZKOWSKI junior, a member of the Galician government in 1809, the manager of the Trzebnica estate and Krzeszowice. Franciszek Paszkowski - painter - went to Dusseldorf (1838), Dresden and Rome for further studies. He painted religious paintings, and many portraits: his father, brother and uncle, General Franciszek PASZKOWSKI in 1814 [in Warsaw], Tytus Chalubinski, and Antonina Jachowicz. Compare - MARIA WILHELMINA PASZKOWSKA ARMAND of MOSCOW, painter, the daughter of named General Franciszek Paszkowski. General was the best friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Tadeusz Kosciuszko was the god-father of Tadeusz Wolanski b. 1785 in SZAWLE.

Falk was born in Poland to a Sabbatean family and came to England in 1742. Falk lived in Brunswick, and in Westphalia. Rabbi Jacob Emden accused Falk of being a Sabbatean, as he invited Moses David of Podhayce / PODHAJCE, a known Sabbatean with connections to Jonathan Eibeschutz, to his home [the owner was Stanislaw Potocki Rewera (1589 in Podhajce - 1667 in Lwow). This is line of ANDRZEJ POTOCKI of Krzeszowice who was the grandson of Artur Potocki, 1787-1832, the Freemason-TEMPLAR
(friend of General Franciszek Paszkowski and his brother Wojciech Paszkowski. This is line to Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married Armand and to Apolon Konstantynowicz married Anna Armand - they acted with Lenin)
and Zofia Branicka 1790- 1879.
They came from Stanislaw Potocki 1698-1760 and Helena Zamoyska 1717-1760 and from Michal Zdzislaw Saryusz Zamoyski - the Smolensk governor, 1679-1735 {see Wilkowo Polskie - Kiedrzynski - Pradzynski - Szoldrski - Poninski + CAGLIOSTRO !}; and Jozef Stanislaw Potocki (1673-1751) = Jozef Potocki in Cracow in 1748.

Arkadiusz Chrapowicki of Miezonka, 1821 - ca 1900, the son of Michal Chrapowicki b. ca 1790, d. ca 1850, and Jozefa KORSAK. The grandson of Jozef Chrapowicki b. ca 1750, d. 1812, and Magdalena Oginska [the 1st wife was Anna Radziwill, Narbut].

Named above Miezonka is situated close to Lubuszany and Berezyna which belonged to the family of Artur Potocki, the Templar-Freemason, who acted together with Wojciech Paszkowski and General Franciszek Paszkowski in Cracow.

Miezonka had genealogical and political connections to Pakosc / Pakosch owned by the brothers, Ignacy Dzialynski and Ksawery Dzialynski; the family of Leon Czolgosz was from PAKOSC - compare: Theodore Roosevelt, the President of US in September 1901; then Pakosc was owned by Tadeusz Wolanski b. in Szawle in 1785 - Freemason, alchemist-illuminati, the godson of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko in 1785/1786 in Poznan.

The net to:
Dzialynski of Pakosc, Hutten-Czapski, Skorzewski in RASZKOW with the Kiedrzynskis and Arnold, with
Prozor, Oskierka, Chrapowicki, and Stefania Julia Radziwill of Miezonka.
The clan of Helena Kiedrzynska [of Jedlno and Wola Wiazowa] and of Jakub Kiedrzynski was in Raszkow, Bieganin and Orpiszewek close to Pleszew.
Armand-Paszkowski in Moscow is the Konstantynowiczs relatives.
Paul Armand of Moscow - Joachim Murat - Franciszek Paszkowski fought in the French Army. Apolon Konstantynowicz - Duflon - Breguet of Neuchatel - Dukes Oldenburg met in Russia.
Generals:
Franciszek Paszkowski, Stanislaw Fiszer, Wincenty Aksamitowski and Tadeusz Kosciuszko co-operated in France at the beginning of the 19th century.
The branch:
Oldenburg-Romanov-Japaridze-Armand-Saparian-Konstantynowicz of Moscow and Miezonka, and Duflon-Breguet of Neuchatel, were closest connected with each other.

Arkadiusz CHRAPOWICKI married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1820-1896, the owner of Miezonka until 1842 [1832-1842 the Czapskis were leaseholders] - the daughter of Mikolaj Radziwill b. 1801, and Wiktoria Emilia Narbutt. Stefania was also wife of OSKIERKA. Stefania was the granddaughter of Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747, and Franciszka Butler.
The great-granddaughter of Stanislaw Radziwill, born 8 May 1722 in Dzyatlava
[Stanislaw Radziwill, died in 1787, the son of Mikolaj Faustyn. The father of Anna Olimpia Mostowski, and of Franciszka Teofila Radziwill.
Named Franciszka Teofila Soltan nee Radziwill, b. ca 1751, married Stanislaw Soltan, b. 1756. The mother of Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan; Karolina Piottuch-Kublicka; Helena Soltan; and Anna Soltan.
This is the line to DOMINIK Konstantynowicz, the owner of Miezonka in 1842 {here the Konstantynowicz family in 1842 - November 1918} - he was from a branch of Miezonka, Kazan, Moscow and Tallinn-Nomme with Viljandi in Estonia.
Dominik's sons: Antoni Konstantynowicz of Miezonka and Wasyl Konstantynowicz of Kazan.
Stanislaw Soltan, b. 27.8.1756 - died in 1836 in Mitawa, General, secret acted in 1793 and in 1812.
He had children among others:
1. Adam Leon Ludwik Soltan;
2. Karolina SOLTAN Piottuch-Kublicka, b. ca 1790 + Jozef Piottuch-Kublicki, b. ca 1780].

Stefania Julia Radziwill, Chrapowicka, Oskierka, was the great-great-granddaughter of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill and Barbara Franciszka Zawisza - Kiezgajlo m. Radziwill.

Acc.to my research, the brother of Ignacy Jurewicz b. 1760/1770, and son of named Antoni Jurewicz b. ca 1730/1735, was JOZEF JUREWICZ / Jurievitsch b. ca 1770, married Joanna or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ.

Stanislaw Jurewicz / Stanislav Yurevich, b. 1800/1802, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, was next of kin to Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot Zenovich. Ignacy Despot ZENOWICZ b. ca 1830 was a translator of Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin. Ignacy's children: Mieczyslaw Deszpot-Zenowicz b. ca 1850, Maria Aniela, Wanda.

Stanislaw Juriewicz, b. 1800/1802, as the oldest brother, divided these properties among his brothers. His brother, Michal Juriewicz, received Kraszuty, a large estate covered by a dense forest, known to contain bears, moose, and other big game. His brother Jan received two estates, Franopol and Porzecze.
His father was Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, b. ca 1770, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev.

Jozef Jurewicz came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot- Zienowicz b. ca 1775; also in Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty.

Stanislaw was the son of JOZEF JUREWICZ / Jurievitsch b. ca 1770, and Joanna or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ b. ca 1770 / 1775.

Anna was the daughter of Jozef Despot ZENOWICZ b. ca 1745, and POLONIA OGINSKA b. ca 1750. Wife of named JOZEF JUREWICZ b. ca 1770. Mother of Stanislaw Jurievitsch b. 1800 / 1802 and Anna von Wrangell nee Jurewicz, b. 1819 !

Stanislaw was the father of Mieczyslaw Jan Filip Jurievitsch b. ca 1835, m. Roza Katarzyna ROSSI.

Fryderyk Marian Jurewicz / JURJEWICZ Fryderyk (1871-1929) was great-grandson of named Jozef Jurjewicz b. ca 1770 [son of Agnieszka Konstantynowicz Jurewicz]; Jan Nepomucen Moszynski; Anna Zenowicz / named Joanna Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1770; Maria Sadowska 1780-1840.
Grandson of Stanislaw Jurewicz 1802-1877 and Joanna Moszynska.
Parents: Mieczyslaw Jan Filip Jurewicz b. ca 1835, and ... Katarzyna Rossi b. ca 1840.

Fryderyk's sister was Anna Jurewicz b. 1871.

Jozef Jurjewicz b. 1790, m. Waleria Syruc daughter of Michal Syruc and Lenkiewicz.

Karl Philipp (Karl Ivanovich) Wrangel von Hubenthal was died in 1858 in Vitebsk, m. 1st to Konstantina Naskin; 2nd married Anna Wrangel JUREWICZ / Jurewitz.

Anna WRANGEL was the daughter of JOZEF JUREWICZ and ANNA Despot Zenowicz.

Anna Wrangel JUREWICZ / Jurewitz was the mother of Alexis Stanislaus Wrangel von Hubenthal.

Jozef Jurewicz b. ca 1770, came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot-Zienowicz b. ca 1775; also in Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty.

Karl married to Anna Jurevich [Anna Wrangel von Hubenthal BETSY b. 1804 or 1819, nee JUREWICZ] who had three estates in Vitebsk province - Kolpino, Reblino and Zabel [Reblio, and Zabelja]. Kolpino belonged to her mother, nee Despot-Zenovich [JOZEF JUREWICZ b. ca 1770, married to Joanna JUREWICZ or ANNA DESPOT ZENOWICZ b. ca 1770 / 1775].

TADEUSZ Swiatopelk-Mirski b. ca 1760, was the son of Jan Stanislaw SWIATOPELK-MIRSKI ca 1720, d. 1761, and Joanna Rymsza. TADEUSZ Swiatopelk Mirski b. ca 1760 maybe was the brother of Jan SWIATOPELK-MIRSKI b. ca 1770, who married Tekla Burgundyfera Despot-Zenowicz.

Tekla Mirski had son JAN Swiatopelk Mirski and granddaughter
Natalia Swiatopelk Mirska b. ca 1840 married Eugeniusz BOUVIE / Eugene Bouvier of SZUMSK - see the Szumskis and Dominik Konstantynowicz.

Tekla Burgundyfera Despot-Zenowicz born ca [1760 ?] 1770. Above TEKLA was the daughter of Antoni Despot-Zenowicz born 1730 + Eleonora Magdalena Skarbek-Wazynska b. 1743.

ANTONI ZENOWICZ maybe was the son of JANUSZ ZENOWICZ Despot, b. ca 1700/1710. Emilia Amelia Wollowicz (Despot-Zenowicz), b. ca 1700, probably was the sister of named JANUSZ.

Emilia married to Aleksander Wollowicz b. ca 1700.
EMILIA was the daughter of Krzysztof Despot-Zenowicz, ca 1660 - 1717.

Tekla Sosnowska (Despot-Zenowicz) b. ca 1731 - the daughter of named JANUSZ ZENOWICZ b. ca 1700/1710, and Kotryna Despot-Zenowicz. Wife of Jozef Sylwester Sosnowski - the mother of mentioned Css Katarzyna Plater and Ludwika Lubomirska.

Ludwika Sosnowska b. 1751, d. 1836, m. Jozef Aleksander Lubomirski.

Katarzyna Plater, b. ca 1748 - died in 1832, m. Jozef Wincenty Plater - the owner of Horynka at Volhynia.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia, born 1832, served 1862 - 1882 as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi. STANISLAW ZENOWICZ / Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, son of Jan Despot Zenowicz / Jan Despot-Zenowicz (b. ca 1800) was born in 1833 or 1835, education in France, he settled in the Caucasus, 1856 with the rank of titular counselor, served as an officer of the Caucasus Governor, the Baku District Court, was appointed by the Caucasus Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich.

Jan Despot Zenowicz / Jan Despot-Zenowicz (b. ca 1800) was the son of Michal Zenowicz b. ca 1770 and Anna Szczytt.

MICHAL was the son of named above ANTONI ZENOWICZ born ca 1730. ANTONI ZENOWICZ maybe was the son of JANUSZ ZENOWICZ Despot, b. ca 1700/1710.

MICHAL was the brother of Tekla Burgundyfera Despot-Zenowicz, b. ca 1770. Jan SWIATOPELK-MIRSKI b. ca 1770, m. Tekla Burgundyfera Despot-Zenowicz. They had son JAN Swiatopelk Mirski and granddaughter Natalia Swiatopelk Mirska b. ca 1840 married Eugeniusz BOUVIE / Bouvier of SZUMSK - see the Szumskis and Konstantynowicz.

Note on the Despot-Zenowiczs:

Antoni Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1730 / 1735 had son
Michal Despot-Zenowicz born ca 1770, + Anna Despot-Zenowicz nee Niemirowicz-Szczytt who had 2 sons
[all children: Wirginia, Justyna, Jan, Hieronim b. ca 1800; Antoni; Ludwik; Ignacy b. 1802]:
1. Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz (c. 1802 - d. ?);
2. Jan b. ca 1800.

In Biegienie in the Wolkowysk county were living: Przetocki (1830), Chodakowski (1830-1900), Nestorowicz (1847), Despot-Zenowicz (1847), Heburowicz (1928); buried in Szydlowice: above ? Jan Despot-Zenowicz, lived 85 years, his mother lived 71 years, his son Jan Julian Despot-Zenowicz Major of the Russian Army lived 72 years, wife of ? Julianna; father Nestorowicz senior died January 1847 roku, his daughter Pelagia, son Edward Nestorowicz, next daughter Anna Nestorowicz Despot- Zenowicz.

Mentioned Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800 had 2 sons [maybe 4 sons: Zenon b. 1830, Stanislaw, Aleksander, Ignacy]:
1.
Ignacy Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1830, son of Jan Despot-Zenowicz b. ca 1800; + Justyna Despot-Zenowicz nee Brzostowska b. ca 1830 from Wincenty Brzostowski, Marshal of the Lucyn / Ludsen county, Livland, now Latvia, b. ca 1790.

Wincenty Brzostowski was grandson of Augusta Oginska 1724-1791, and great-grandson of Jozef Tadeusz Oginski 1693-1736.
Wincenty Brzostowski was grandson of Augusta Oginska 1724-1791, and great-grandson of Jozef Tadeusz Oginski 1693-1736.

Stanislav Yurevich, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, accounted Ignatius Despot Zenovich nephew owner of the Kolpino estate. Alexander Pushkin back in 1824 from Odessa to Mikhailovsky, was in Kolpino, close to present city Pustoshka. In those years it was owned by Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot-Zenovich, a member of the Masonic Lodge in St. Petersburg. Ignacy Despot ZENOWICZ b. ca 1830 was a translator of Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin.

Ignacy's children:
Mieczyslaw Deszpot-Zenowicz b. ca 1850, Maria Aniela, Wanda.

Stanislaw Jurewicz / Stanislav Yurevich, with whom the poet Pushkin met in Mogilev, was next of kin with named above Ignacy Despot Zenowicz / Ignatius Despot Zenovich. Stanislaw Juriewicz, as the oldest brother, divided these properties among his brothers.
His brother, Michal Juriewicz, received Kraszuty, a large estate covered by a dense forest, known to contain bears, moose, and other big game.
His brother Jan received two estates, Franopol and Porzecze. Joseph Juriewicz/ Jozef Jurewicz, from the Orsha district in the province of Mogilev had a sister, Anna von Wrangell nee Jurewicz, b. ca ?, was seventeen years younger than he. Jozef Jurewicz came into possession of Kolpino after his marriage to Joanna Despot Zenowicz / Anna Deszpot- Zienowicz; also in Kraszuty / Wielkie-Kraszuty / Krashuty.
2.
Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, born in 1833 or 1835.

Stanislaw Iwanowicz Despot-Zenowicz / Despot Zenovich Stanislav Ivanovich, born in 1833 or 1835, d. 1900, Catholic, 1853 in Moscow, then in 1853 in Tiflis; 1865 trip in Germany, France, England, Wien, Italy, Turkey, and back Tiflis; 1867 moved to Baku; 1873 in Russia, Wien, Italy, back in Nov. 1873; Baku city Mayor 1879-1894.
3.
His brother was Aleksander Iwanowicz Despot-Zenowicz (1829-1897), Moscow Univ., the Tobolsk governor in 1862-1867, then an official in the Ministry of the Interior.
In 1851 he was appointed foreign language interpreter at the Head Office of Eastern Siberia in Irkutsk. In 1855 he was appointed Chairman of the Commission in Bukhara; 1858 he was sent to the Chinese city Urga for border important secrets and diplomatic information. Since 1859 he was appointed mayor of the border town of Kyakhta in eastern Siberia in 1860. Pole by birth; 1870 lived in St Petersburg; Despot-Zenovich was as the gendarmerie General.

They come from Jerzy (Jur) Jan Zenowicz, inf. 1639.
Next was Stanislaw Zenowicz (ca 1610-1672) inf. 1646, 1653, 1661, 1665, 1671;
his son was Krzysztof Zenowicz junior, born ca 1650, died 1717, in Oshmiany 1687 - 1715, Colonel, governor in Minsk in 1709.

Note on the SZUMSKI family:

Oktawia Piottuch-Kublicka b. ca 1810, married 1st to Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800 [maybe the brother of IGNACY SZUMSKI / Ignatius Shumsky b. ca 1800, of Chobienice], and she was married second to Dominik Konstantynowicz of MIEZONKA. Her sister Emilia Piottuch- Kublicka b. 1803 + Wincenty Smokowski. Jozef Szumski b. ca 1780 / 1800, supposedly lost a large landed estate. He never left the home without the box of dueling pistols. He known Duke Wittgenstein; that is Ludwik Adolf Fryderyk Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (1799-1866) who in 1828 married Stefania Radziwill, daughter of Dominik Radziwill - see MIEZONKA, the estate of STEFANIA RADZIWILL-Wittgenstein;
she was the land owner of 12 thousands of square kilometers; she had children: Maria (1829-1897) and Piotr Sayn Wittgenstein (1831-1887).
Stefania died in 1832, and in 1834 Ludwik Adolf Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn married Pss Leonilla Bariatinska with 4 children: Fryderyk Sayn Wittgenstein (1836-1909), Antonina (1839-1918), Ludwik Sayn Wittgenstein (1843-1876), and Aleksander Sayn Wittgenstein.

JOZEF's son,
Wilhelm Szuman Szumski / WILHELM SZUMSKI [b. ca 1835 / 1840 ?], was no longer the landowner; he was the administrator of estates. He was the main manager of the prince Wittgenstein who had a huge land and forests, and a number of estates in the SLUCK county!

Son of above WILHELM SZUMSKI -
Ignacy Szumski / Ignatius Shumsky [b. ca 1880 ?] who was born in the Wittgenstein estate - property Isern / Iserna near the town of Sluck / Slutsk - 15 km. Named Wilhelm and his wife Wilhelmina Szuman Szumski had 6 children:
Maria, Jozef, Jadwiga, Ignacy, Felicja, and Michalina. Maria m. Dubiski;
Jozef was doctor and was living at Caucasus; Jadwiga m. Borowiski, lived in Nieswiez, died after 1920.

Ignacy, studied in Sluck; then in Dorpat / Tartu in Estonia; worked at Caucasus; but Borowiski who was doctor for Poklewski in Talica, taken named Ignacy Szumski to Wincenty Poklewski KOZIELL.

Mentioned above Wincenty Poklewski Koziell [Wincenty Stanislaw Koziell Poklewski - he was born 1853 and died 1929, see my page on the Revolution 1917], was the son of insurgent of 1863, who was exiled to Siberia. The Koziell Poklewski family had a mine of gold and platinum in the Urals, its own breweries in Talica, own houses in the larger cities, its own railway line, built at his own expense, the station Poklewskaja.

Note:
Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, b. 1862, acted as Foreign Secretary from 1905 to 1916. 1905, Grey and the Russian Ambassador Count Alexander Benckendorff talked on the idea of an agreement with Russia; negotiations began Sir Arthur Nicolson as the new British Ambassador in 1906 to Russia; "...Grey's intention was to re-establish Russia as a factor in European politics on the side of France and Great Britain to maintain a balance of power in Europe...". The ambassador in St. Petersburg was Sir Arthur Nicolson, 1906 to 1910. Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock, b. 1849, son of Admiral Sir Frederick Nicolson, by his wife Mary Loch. Sir Arthur Nicolson married, in 1882, Mary Katherine Hamilton, daughter of Captain Archibald Rowan Hamilton, of Killyleagh Castle, County of Down / COUNTY DOWN, Ireland.

Wincenty Poklewski KOZIELL of Talica, took to an office above named Ignacy Szumski;
Ignacy m. in Talica in 1898 to Cecylia Sniegocka / Celina from TALICA, born ca 1875 / 1880 ?, daughter of Tomasz Zagloba Sniegocki [b. ca 1840 ??], insurgent of 1863, and his wife
JOLANTA TRZCINSKA / Jolanta nee Prandot Trzcinski, who had an estates near by the GOPLO lake in the Great Poland - Prussia, that is Popowo and Ostrowo [OSTROWO by the Goplo lake; 2 km north of POPOWO !].
Jolanta was next of kin to Stefania Sempolowska.
Jolanta had son Zygmunt Szumski b. in 1898; in 1902 in Jekaterynburg was born Jadwiga Szumska, 1st married Siedlecka, 2nd Plocharska, died 1984 in Lodz.

OSWIEJA and the Malkiewicz family - Konstantynowicz's branch:

Jozef Szadurski b. ca 1756-1760, died 1834. His manors: Pushi, Andrepn, Hoftsumberg, Juzefov and since 1786 / 1790 OSWIEJA.

In OSWIEJA - Wladyslaw Szadurski + Stefanja Borch [Stefania Borch 1847-1888]. OSWIEJ / Oswieja = Osveya, in 1749 was sold by Jozef Sapieha to Jan August Hylzen / HULSEN. In 1786 to Jozef Szadurski.

Jan Szadurski 1730-1771 was the son of Jan SZADURSKI [senior] and Jadwiga Hulsen.
Then to Wladyslaw Szadurski - the family of Jan Szadurski - he completely squandered the inherited fortune.

Above Stefania Borch 1847-1888 m. in 1866 to Wladyslaw Szadurski, the son of Mikolaj Szadurski 1810-1876 and Maria Plater-Zyberk 1813-1893;
her great-grandparents:
Jan Andrzej Jozef Borch 1713-1780; Ludwika Anna Zyberk zu Wischling 1740-1788.

Above Wladyslaw Szadurski b. ca 1840 had grandparents:
Franciszek Ksawery Szadurski b. 1764; Franciszka Felkerzamb; Michal Plater-Zyberk 1777-1862; Izabela Helena Syberg zu Wischling, 1785-1849.

Jan Szadurski 1730-1771 was the son of Jan SZADURSKI senior, and Jadwiga Hulsen.
Next son of Jadwiga Hulsen -
Ignacy Szadurski the owner of OSWIEJA, and
Kazimiera nee Szadurska was the next owner of OSWIEJA - the sister of named Ignacy Szadurski who was the Witebsk marshal.

From Kazimiera / Kazimira Szadurska the palace was passed to her uncle' brother Mikolaj Szadurski, and then to his son Wladyslaw Szadurski, to the beginning of the 20th cent.

The PROZOR family owned OSWIEJA ca 1905-1917 [maybe after death of Wladyslaw Szadurski b. ca 1840, the palace took JERZY's ZABIELLO the great-grandson - Maurycy Prozor junior 3rd, born 1849, m. Maria Grabowska {2nd !}, the Lithuanian Count born in Vilnius].

Above Maurycy Prozor 3rd, was born on January 28, 1849, in Vilnius, Lithuania, as the son of named Edward Prozor and his wife Maria Zaleska.

Edward Prozor was the son of Maurycy Prozor 1st + Anna Chlopicka.
The parents of MAURYCY senior: ANIELA OSKIERKA and Ignacy Kajetan Prozor.

Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz. Ignacy Kajetan Prozor was General major of the Kowno county], with:
Kornela Prozor Rokicka, 1800-1835;
Henryk Prozor;
Maurycy Prozor 1st senior 1801-1886 + Anna Chlopicka b. ca 1810.

Maurycy Prozor senior was born in Rothley-Temple, Leicestershire, died in 1886.

PROZOR Maurycy 1st (1801-1886) was the commander of the Kowno Uprising in 1831;
he had children:
Edward Prozor b. ca 1830
{Maria Zaleska (born ca 1825) m. [his 2nd wife] Edward Prozor b. ca 1830, the son of Maurycy Prozor senior, b. 1801.
EDWARD married 1st to GRABOWSKA [Poniatowski line - see above on Elzbieta Poniatowska-Grabowska and Stanislaw Grabowski - Poniatowski]};
Maurycy Prozor 2nd born ca 1830;
Lucjan Prozor;
and daughter JULIA PROZOR JACZEWSKA-ZALESKA b. ca 1829.

The Konstantynowicz family of Belarus and Russia - ties with Russian intelligence, communist occupation 1945-2015 of Poland, and German families from Latvia:

Jerome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki born on 12 December 1832 in the province of Volyn [close to the ILINSKI family - Illuminati]. The Stebnicki family came from Ustrzyki area - currently in Poland - in Unichow. In the 19th century, the Stebnicki family lived between Tarnopol - Kamieniec Podolski and Skalat, and south-east of Tarnopol. They no longer had nobility in Austria.

In Russia, the part of the Stebicki family remained as the landowner family with a coat of arms. They lived in the first half of the 19th century in the province of Volhynia / Volyn, in the district of Zytomierz / Zhytomyr, in the estate Kropizoniya. Here was born Hieronim Stebnicki in 1832, who in 1842 began his education in Zytomierz / Zhytomyr.

Kropizoniya close to Zhytomyr - maybe as Hrapizonia. Compare - Maria Olszewska (nee Stebnicka) died in 1906, and buried in Zytomierz.

Jerome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki born on 12 December 1832 in the province of Volyn, close to Zhytomyr, Ukraine - the Ilinski estate.

Note:
In 1805, the next protector of the "master" Tadeusz Grabianka, became Count August Ilinski (1766-1844), at whose invitation he arrived in St. Petersburg in August 1805. Named Jozef August Ilinski born in 1766, General, the owner of Zhytomyr / Zytomierz until 1796, supporter of IGNACY POTOCKI;
the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski.

Jozef August Ilinski married to Antonina Leonora Komorowska 1770-1838, the daughter of Jakub Bartlomiej Komorowski, born in 1697 or in 1724 - died in 1781, and Antonina Brygitta Pawlowska;
the granddaughter of Michal Jozef Komorowski b. ca 1660/1670.

Additional explanations to the person of Jozef August Ilinski, the Tadeusz Grabianka's supporter:
Jozef August Ilinski b. 1760 or in 1766 in Romanow in the Zhytomyr / Zytomierz county, MP, senator, chamberlain, head of the grenadier regiment, Polish and Russian general lieutenant and the general inspector in 1792; a Maltese bachelor in 1797.

Named Romanow / Romaniv = Dzerzynsk. August Jozef Ilinski was born on 18.08.1766 in Romanow, and had sibilings:
1.
Janusz Stanislaw Ilinski b. 1765, Romanow; killed in 1792, Markuszew; Chamberlain of the Polish King Stanislaw August in 1785, captain of the national cavalry, General Inspector of Cavalry in 1789, the deputy of the province of Kijow in 1791.
2.
Anna Maria Ilinska b. ca 1765, 1st m. Franciszek Zabierzowski, Chamberlain of the Polish King Stanislaw August in 1786; 2nd she was married to Franciszek Ksawery Brockmann. 3.
Ludwika Ilinska b. ca 1766, married Bartlomiej Gizycki, d. 1827, Moloczki, 56 km SW to Zytomierz; General, the nobility Marshal in Volhynia in 1825,
the son of Kajetan Gizycki,
the grandson of Bartlomiej GIZYCKI, b. 1682.

Mentioned August Jozef Ilinski was the son of Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski, born in 1731 in the DUBNO parish + Jozefa Wessel [Jan Kajetan Benedykt Ilinski was the owner of Romanow, the Zytomierz official, MP of Kiev, in 1779 Count; m. 1st Marianna Jozefa Wessel 1 voto Jan Aksak; m. 2nd Katarzyna Bielska the daughter of Jozef Bielski b. ca 1700; m. 3rd to Anna Jakoba Braconnier].

Stebnicki came from Pawel Demianowicz Ustrzycki, and his son Jacek, the owner of Stebniki, nickname Stebnicki, m. Anna Telesnicka.

In 1832 in Hlibow, the Grzymalow community, in the Skalat county, in Austria:
here was living Jakub Stebnicki and Anna; Franciszek Stebnicki; Piotr Stebnicki; Jan Stebnicki and Petronela Augustyniak. Franciszek Stebnicki b. ca 1825, d. 1888 in named Hlibow, close to Grzymalow, near to the Horodyski family.

Stebnitsky, Jeronim Ivanovich (1832-1897), military surveyor, general of infantry, born in the Volyn province, he studied at the gymnasium of Zhytomyr. After graduating from the Institute of Railway Engineers, he worked on the construction of the Petersburg-Warsaw railway.

Jerome Ivanovich STEBNICKI was the son of Jan Stebnicki, senior. Hieronim had a brother junior Jan Stebnicki born in 1823, to Jan Stebnicki b. ca 1800, and Anna Stebnicka born Kalinska or Holynska.
Jan junior had 3 siblings - Maria Dynowska (born Stebnicka).

Hieronim Stebnicki b. in the Estate Kropizoniya, in the Zhytomyr county, the Volyn province.

Above Anna Stebnicka - Kalinska - Holynska, was born to Michal Kalinski or she was born to Michal Holynski b. 1789, and Rozalia. Anna married Jan Stebnicki.

Above Holynski, the Sas coat of arms, the branch of Tysmienica - Michal DE RYLOWICZ HOLYNSKI, b. 1789, {maybe from Nadworna - Cucylow} was the son of Antoni (born ca 1765) + Maria Berezowska;
and the grandson of Mikolaj Holynski (b. ca 1735);
and the great-grandson of Lukasz (born ca 1705), the son of Daniel HOLYNSKI, b. ca 1680.

We know on Jan STEBNICKI born in 1808, the son of Bazyli STEBNICKI and Maria Kabarowska. Bazyli was born in Strusow, close to Trembowla. Jan had a brother Stefan STEBNICKI. Jan married Katarzyna Polonska in 1830. Katarzyna was born in 1814. They had 7 children: Apolonia STEBNICKA, Rozalia STEBNICKA and 5 others.

Jerome I. Stebnitsky (1832-1897), General of Infantry, military surveyor, geographer, was descended from a noble family of Stebnitsky. Jerome Ivanovich Stebnitsky was the maternal grandfather of the famous scientist Peter Leonidovich Kapitsa. J. I. Stebnitsky was born on September 30, 1832 in the Kropizonia estate of the Zhytomyr county. In 1844 he studied at the junior class of the Institute of the Railway Engineers.

We back to
Janusz's brother ie. Henryk Ilinski, b. 1792 in Romanow, d. 1871, the son of Jozef August Ilinski and Eleonora Antonina Komorowska. Above HENRYK ILINSKI was the owner of Romanow [ie. Romaniw / ROMANIV, 51 km east-south-east to SLAWUTA - the Romanow palace of Jozef August Ilinski, at way from Polonne to Zytomierz], and he m. Michalina Bierzynska, 1794 - 1858, the daughter of Adam Bierzynski [Adam married Teresa Walewska, b. 1776, d. 1856, Stutgard],
the graddaughter of Onufry Bierzynski, b. ca 1730, d. 1783, Colonel + Ludwika Poninska, d. bef. 1785.
Come from Maciej Bierzynski, b. ca 1710, the Wschowa official.

Mentioned above HENRYK ILINSKI had a daughter Jadwiga Ilinska b. 1824, d. 1889 in Bursztyn, the lady-owner of Romanow / Romaniv, m. Henryk Jozef Michal Stecki - Olechnowicz, d. aft. 1895; Jadwiga Ilinska STECKA had a son Henryk Stecki b. 1847, the owner of Romanow and Sielce in the Zytomierz county, and of Wojtowce in the Nowogrodzki county; m. Henryka Kurzenicka, the daughter of Gustaw Kurzenicki + Oktawia Ilinska, the daughter of Jan Ilinski + Oktawia Morawska Ilinska.

ROMANOW = Romaniv
- in the Zytomierz county. Passed into the ownership of the Ilinski in the eighteenth century, the village became a property of Kazimierz Ilinski. Jozef August Ilinski founded a steam mill and a large cloth factory in the village. In the nineteenth century, the village became the property of the Stecki family.

The Ilinski family come from: Ilinski of the Zytomierz county, ie. Seweryn Ilinski b. ca 1820 + Jadwiga Paczkowska.


Jerome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki born on 12 December 1832 in the province of Volyn [close to the Ilinski family], Polish engineer, cartographer and infantry general of the Russian Empire. He graduated in 1852, serve in the General Staff, since 1860 worked at the Caucasus and the Caspian region, left a description of triangulation Caucasus mountains, 1866 the head of the Military Division on the topographic of General Staff of the Russian Empire, 1867 head of the Caucasus Department,
grandfather of Peter Kapitza / Piotr Kapica.
He made the first detailed maps of the Caucasus, continuing work of Joseph Chodzko, acc. to 'pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hieronim_Stebnicki'.

The Physico - Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, one of the largest research institutes in Russia, was founded by Abram Fedorovich Ioffe in September 29, 1918. Located in St. Petersburg. Director of the Radium Institute was V. I. Vernadskij, his deputy - V. G. Hlopin. Director of the Institute 1957 - 1967 - Konstantinov B. P. acc. to Russian sources, but a US research show name Konstantinovich B. P. - acc. to:
Research Database, Bibliographies & Essays, Resources, HSS Publications, Committee on Education. "An interesting attempt to compare Soviet and Western research in high-energy physics is John Irvine and Ben R. Martin, 'Basic Research in the East and West: A Comparison of the Scientific Performance of High-Energy Physics Accelerators,' Social Studies of Science, 1985, 5(2): 293-341". History of Science Society: 440 Geddes Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA.
After him in 1967-1987 was Tuczkiewicz / Tuchkevich.

Genealogy - samples on Tarnopol district: Maria STEBNICKA (born Kotuszynska), 1816 - 1858, was the daughter of Jan Kotuszynski and Rozalia Budna. Maria married Stefan STEBNICKI in 1832, at age 16. Stefan was born ca 1812, in STRUSOW / Strusiv, Ukraina - 18 km south-west to BAVORIV / Baworow of Horodyski. They had 7 children: Szczepan (younger) STEBNICKI, Apolonia Dziuma, and others, maybe above Hieronim Stebnicki.

In 1918, Abram Ioffe [b. 1880, son of Fedor Ioffe; completion of the St. Petersburg Technological Institute in 1902] became a head of Physics and Technology division in State Institute of Roentgenology and Radiologythe i.e. Physico - Technical Institute where a group of young physicists worked:
B. P. Konstantynowicz,
I. V. Kurczatow = Kurchatov,
Lev Landau
[son of David LANDAU, born 1908 in Baku; his father was an engineer who worked in the Baku oil industry; since 1927 he continued research at the Leningrad Physico - Technical Institute],
P. L. Kapitsa
[Piotr Kapica = Pyotr Kapica was born July 08/June 26, 1894 in Kronstadt; he was son of Leon Kapica or Leonid Kapica - a military engineer, lieutenant general in the Russian engineers corps, Pole with the Kapica i.e. Jastrzebiec diverse coat of arms, see: 'jurzak.pl/gendyna.pl'.
- and Olga Stebnicki, the daughter of Hieronim Stebnicki, Pole with the Przestrzal coat of arms, see: 'przodkowie.com/niesiecki/s/stebnicki'.
He was the grandson of Piotr Kapica senior; received his preparatory education in Kronstadt and next educated at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, "he graduated in 1918 with a degree in electrical engineering" (or 1919) on Electromechanics Department; he remained there as a lecturer until 1921; he went to England and there he worked with Ernest Rutherford; in 1934, Kapica back to Soviet Union] and others [quantum electronics, electromagnetic waves].

Note about genealogy of the Stebnickis:
Antoni Stebnicki, b. May 1832 in Hlibow, the Grzymalow community, in the Skalat county, in Austria. Son of Jakub Stebnicki and Anna. Brother of Franciszek Stebnicki; Piotr Stebnicki; Jan Stebnicki and Petronela Augustyniak.

Franciszek Stebnicki b. ca 1825, d. 1888 in named Hlibow, close to Grzymalow, near to the Horodyski family. Son of Jakub Stebnicki and Anna.

Andrzej Michal Horodyski, b. 1773 in Baworowo [near to the Stebnickis], d. 1847 / 1857, politician, translator, freemason; the son of Antoni HORODYSKI, of Kiev, and Justyna Marchocki;

Andrzej Horodyski, in 1796 was an activist of Centralization of Lviv. In 1798, he moved to Warsaw, where he became director, after ERASMUS Mycielski [see Bardzki, Walknowski and Jakub KIEDRZYNSKI of KALISZ - compare Wilkowo Polskie of Zamoyska-Kiedrzynska and to SZOLDRSKI], of the Society of Polish Republicans, as Andrzej Dumanski. In 1801, ran encrypted correspondence with Hugo Kollataja. In 1802, formed in Odessa the store of Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp.; also with P. Maleszewski [ILLUMINATI], J. K. Szaniawski and J. Drzewiecki [see The Drzewiecki family and DUFLON in St Petersburg - line to Konstantynowicz and Breguet; Konstantynowicz and Armand; Armand and General Franciszek Paszkowski; Paszkowski + General Stanislaw FISZER and General Tadeusz KOSCIUSZKO; Kosciuszko - Thomas Jefferson; Kosciuszko and Br. Bystrzanowski in 1776].


My mother's family political and genealogical web net under the Illuminati influence but determined by the Russian intelligence and under a control of Germans of Berlin and Dresden: the Jordan family + Ostrowski of the Przedborz district with Chelmo of the Skorzewskis and the Morsztyn family; Szwarcenberg-Czerny with Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz; Myszkowski with Jaraczewski; Jaroszynski; Ankwicz of Wadowice; Malachowski. Julia Gostkowska b. ca 1805, m. ca 1823, to Brutus Ostrowski, 1800-1873, the son of Ignacy Blazej Ostrowski, 1770-1838 + Tekla Myszkowska, 1795-1823. Marcin Malachowski - the owner of Borzeciczki, Galaski / Galazki, and Mycielinko / Mycielin, with Debowiec; Marianna Bielicka Malachowska in Sobotka close to BIEGANIN of the Kiedrzynskis. Krzyzanowski in Czarnocin; Chelmo near to Przedborz - the property of the Skorzewskis intermarried Ostrowski-Morsztyn clan. Beczkowice in the Leki Szlacheckie commune of the Malachowskis + Brzezie, 7 km east to PLESZEW of the Molski - Zaleski - Czarniecki line. The Sobotka - Karsy - Droszew area with link to Kaliszkowice Kaliskie and Kaliszkowice Olobockie. Bogdanski of Brzezie close to Pleszew; Bogdanski - Madalinski - Kiedrzynski - Trampczynski Arcichowski - Bardzki - Karwat - Jaruzelski of Kalisz - Zaluskowski - Nostitz-Jackowski of the Kalisz district - Hutten-Czapski of Raszkow and Glogowa close to Bieganin ex-Strzelecki property - Molski genealogical branch. Skora and Gabor in Ochotnik, Krery, Beczkowice and Chelmo, with the link to Kodrab, Dmenin and Bugaj Dmeninski, together with Ankwicz, Zaluskowski, Szwarcenberg-Czerny, Malachowski of Brzezie close to Pleszew, Gostkowski from Andrychow - Wadowice - Kety area, and Koscierzyna + Bialynicze of the Malachowskis + Nowy Sacz and Kamionka Wielka. Chruszczobrod and Trzebieslawice [3 km south to Goluchowice; 5 / 6 km north-west to Chruszczobrod] and Goluchowice in the southern Poland - these villages are only 3 km away - two families met here: the branch of Nostitz-Jackowski, Hutten-Czapski, Molski, Pstrokonski together with Kiedrzynski which intermarried in the 20th century to the Konstantynowicz family of Miezonka, Kazan and Moscow with General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski - Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz' line. Together with Franciszek Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. 1692, the Oswiecim governor in 1739, the Wojnicz governor in 1746. Franciszek's daughter was Salomea, by the wife Salomea Nielepiec. Salomea younger m. Stanislaw Ankwicz b. 1720, the Nowy Sacz governor, and she died in 1756. The genealogy of Anna Dembinska Jackowska / Anna Nostitz-Jackowska, b. ca 1760, died in 1819, came from the Andrychow district. Anna Dembinska b. ca 1760, m. 2nd to Wincenty Sedzimir of Szczytniki b. ca 1760, the guardian of Antoni Dembinski. Wincenty was living in 1815 - 1818 in Podolin. Anna Dembinska married to Andrzej Nostitz-Jackowski / Andrzej Jackowski younger, born in 1748, the son of Andrzej Jackowski, older, the 1st, b. ca 1730, the grandson of Jan Jackowski / Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670/1680 + 3rd wife Anna Lukomski.

Jan Nostitz-Jackowski married 1st Teresa Zaluskowska [with children among others: Anna Skorzewska and Franciszka Kiedrzynska of Bieganin and Raszkow - my family line], and 2nd to Rozalia Trzebska [with the children in the Chelmza district, 5 km to the Kruszynski clan].

Net of Polish conspirators, 1767/1768-1918:

Romanow in the Zhytomyr county [Stebnicki; compare Gizycki, Oskierka], Kamieniec Podolski and Skala Podolska [Carsten Niebuhr in 1767 to Kossakowski, Stadnicki, Krasinski]; Felsztyn and Kamionka Wielka [Krasicki with Pradzynski and Sulimierski branch]; Rohatyn [Wilhelm Reich and homosexual ideology, with line to Krasinski, Jan Klemens Branicki and the Poniatowskis], Krasne close to Przasnysz [Krasinski with the Leopold's Kronenberg family], Wieniec and Chocen close to Wloclawek [see Osiecz Wielki with net to Zakrzewski, Skorzewski, Kiedrzynski], Wilkowo Polskie close to Przemet [a line of Cagliostro - Szoldrski - Poninski - Kiedrzynski - Mielzynski - Walknowski - Bardzki and Erasmus Mycielski], Jedlno near to Radomsko [Stadnicki - Mecinski - Walewski; my family Kiedrzynski - a line to Raszkow south to Pleszew and the Skorzewski - Tadeusz Wolanski branch], Pleszew and Raszkow [Skorzewski - Kiedrzynski - Arnold - Wolowski (the connections to Szymanowski - Brzezinski - Adam Mickiewicz - Woroniecki close to Przasnysz and Rozan)], Pakosc close to Inowroclaw [with Krotoszyn, Znin and Inowroclaw, Wloclawek masonic movement; Tadeusz Wolanski the godson of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Illuminati and Jefferson, Courland and Cagliostro. Pakosc owned the Dzialynski family, also in Goluchow; the relatives of Oskierka of Miezonka], Miezonka (Oskierka - Dzialynski; Chrapowicki - Bouvier; Stanislaw Radziwill and his family: Stefania Julia Radziwill, Piottuch-Kublicki, Soltan) - Lubuszany - Berezyna - Rawanicze and Kaluzyca [Konstantynowicz, Potocki, Poniatowski, Tyszkiewicz, Branicki branch - compare Branicki and Kalinowski in 1840; Slotwinski - Koziell Poklewski - Wankowicz and a line to Swolna and Oswieja - here the Prozor family and Malkiewicz]; Viljandi and Parnu in Estonia [the fate of my family Konstantynowicz with Krauze and Dunkel; Rosenberg]; Moscow and Kazan [Demonsi, Konstantynowicz, Armand, Paszkowski, Japaridze, Oldenburg];
Swolna [Wankowicz, Chrapowicki - Bouvier - Miezonka of Stefania Julia Radziwill came from Stanislaw Radziwill; Zarako Zarakowski and Konstantynowicz],
Dryssa and Oswieja in Belarus [Malkiewicz, Prozor, Zarako Zarakowski, Konstantynowicz].

Halina Wodkiewicz Jaworska b. in Leszno, village close to Krasne and Przasnysz. The woman was involved with spaying around the Kiedrzynski family from July 1955 in LODZ, and against the Konstantynowiczs from the 60' of the 20th century, resident the Krokusowa 57.
Halina Wodkiewicz was near to NOWOTKO family from Krasne. In Lodz she was closest to SEDZICKI [Gypsy] and Monika Sedzicka nee Bogucka.
Halina Wodkiewicz was JEW and came from Leszno near Krasne and Przasnysz - is one neighbor-family group with a young lawyer from the Internal Security Agency in Poland, which led another eavesdropping installation, around the next apartment of my family, but not in 1955, only after 2001, ie Monika Bogucka.
Previously ie. 1983-2000, above flat for Security Services, and monitoring, was registered on a name of a resident in Chocen near Wloclawek, near to Wieniec and Bedkow - assets taken over by Leopold Kronenberg. Leopold Kronenberg was the creator of the assimilation ideology among national minorities in the 70s of the 19th century.

The Kronenberg family was very friendly with The Krasinskis. And now we have a branch: Brzezno, Wieniec and Bedkow - to the Krasinskis of Przasnysz - Krasne, for 40 years until the end of the 19th century.

To conquer the North American west coast [Alaska - to California] Russians created - [beginning in 1721] through contacts on Malta - the intelligence network in Central and Western Europe [phase 1741-1791]. This organization was called the Illuminati [official beginnings of 1776/1778/1779].
In Poland it was built from the side of Kamieniec Podolski / Kamianets-Podilskyi and Podolia / Podole, through Warsaw and western Great Poland / Wielkopolska.
In Germany:
Courland [then German-Polish territory], Konigsberg, Berlin, Neuchatel [then in Prussia], Brunswick and Strasbourg.
In Great Britain:
southern Ireland, Scotland, London.

In Russia, among others the Tver Governorate and Minsk Province in Belarus and Vitebsk Governorate [together with Polish Livonia].

It was until 1870 / 1871-1909 but then the Illuminati turned into globalists, and from the 1950s-1960s the ideology of world globalization is also used, as well as globalism and atheistic liberalism derived from Marxism. After the 1963 coup in the US, globalists take over the US.
It allows for the 90s of the 20th century modernized Russia, and China had - after 2000 - the possibility of sucking money from the USA.

Long-term goal:
seizing power over Northern Hemisphere after 2030.

Two coups in the US, September 1901 and November of 1963, and the murder of General Wladyslaw Sikorski in July 1943, as well as the Smolensk Catastrophe in April 2010 in Smolensk, are the result of the operation of one and the same intelligence organization created in Tsarist Russia, but infiltrated since the 1880s through the 19th century by the Polish independence conspiracy and by Baltic Germans [Pilar-Pilchau; Mohrenschildt; Dzierzynski; Pilsudski; Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz of Miezonka and Moscow; Count Konstantin Alexander Karl Wilhelm Christoph von Benckendorff].

After 1871 [Albert Pike to Giuseppe Mazzini], it was known that British intelligence and the Polish underground aimed at overthrowing the family's power Romanov in Tsarist Russia [compare the branch of Romanov-Oldenburg-Japaridse-Armand-Saparian].

It was not until May 1937 that the communist Russian counterintelligence took over power again in Soviet Union [Great Purge], which led to the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939.

So we have one underground system using social engineering:
Illuminati [Tadeusz Grabianka and Cagliostro],
globalists [Zbigniew Brzezinski],
Russian political intelligence [along with the network of Leopold Kronenberg and Loewenstein after 1865].

This hostile structure was ruled over Russia in Europe and North America after 1741 to 2016, and 2022 the Russian attack on Ukraine is next step of the Evil Empire military politic. On 12 April 2023 our PM Morawiecki said in USA: "The Evil Empire has been reborn in the East. Russian barbarians threaten not only Ukraine. They threaten all of Europe and the whole free world. This is no mere incident, no coincidence, no maniac's impulse. Putin has been building his Evil Empire for 23 years [time of Obama, Merkel, Tusk since 2000], in preparation for this conflict. New Europe understands this. It is time that Old Europe understood it too". And here on April 12, 2023, Camilla C. / Camila Can... from the Caribbean calls me to the "rug". Who is she? A friend of Krzysztof Iglewski of Tczew [communist and soviet net / Russian around the Pruszak family, Karwat and Nostitz-Jackowski] and Rochelle Thompson from Jamaica. She was the one who fired me in April 2022. This morning. And 5.35-6.00 p.m. we have a freckled horribly little girl, a face as round as the moon, fat, Kingston Rd 6and a freckle on a freckle. And earlier, Lukasz with a tattoo for a red-eyed devil, 185 cm, alcohol and drug enthusiast, 13.00-13.20, Wimborne 54 A.

As already a curiosity:
The Mycielskis were around Pleszew, a few kilometers from Kiedrzynski, like from Stadnicki-Wezyk-Jordan line, and one of them, Erasmus Mycielski, the greatest secret conspirator of the 90s of the 18th century, was born obviously in Kamieniec Podolski. His biggest trust was Bardzki - it is Jakub Kiedrzynski's family - Jakub was the brother of Izydor Kiedrzynski, who moved home in 1775/1776, to Jedlno [Mecinski-Walewski-Stadnicki net]. Of course, Mycielski and Stadnicki were the highest officials in Kamieniec Podolski, where in 1767 Carsten Niebuhr was arrived, from Malta in 1761 [Illuminati under Russian influence]. And in this Kamieniec Podolski the supreme bishop was obviously Krasinski, the one who had a property near Przasnysz [Krasne close to Leszno village], for a 200 years the land of the Krasinskis, friends of the Leopold Kronenberg family.
Leopold Kronenberg was related to Severin Lowenstein-Lenval born 1833 in Warsaw.
This is a branch of Anna Teresa Tymieniecka born on Feb 28, 1923 in Marianowo.

KRASNE bef. 1831 belonged to AUGUST KRASINSKI, the aide to General SKRZYNECKI;
August's son was LUDWIK Krasinski b. 1833 in KRASNE;
August's wife - Ludwika nee Krasinski, the daughter of the Ciechanow official, and
the granddaughter of Michal Hieronim Krasinski, the Bar Confederation of 1768 Commander!

Ludwik Krasinski bef. 1854 studied in PARIS.
Ludwik m. in 1860 widowed ELIZA BRANICKA, after death of ZYGMUNT Krasinski in 1859. In 1863/1864 and after The January Uprising, Ludwik Krasinski of KRASNE, co-operated with LEOPOLD KRONENBERG - the Terespol rail network.

Ludwik KRASINSKI was the owner of:
Krasne - south-east to Przasnysz;
Przystan - north-west to Ostroleka [Baranowo belonged in the 18th century to the Krasinskis; then here Marshal Konstanty Rokossowski was born and in Baranowo were living CHUDZIK and KACZYNSKI];
Magnuszewo / Magnuszew since 1685 {Golymin, 19 km south-west to Krasne until 1685};
Krasnosielc - 22 km east to Przasnysz;
and Zulin; Ojcow and Pieskowa Skala; Adamow and Gutow in the Siedlce prov.; Ursynow close to Warsaw;
Rohatyn in GALICIA.
In the Minsk governorate the estates of his second wife - Magdalena Kiezgajlo - Zawisza. Ludwik Krasinski died in 1895 in Warsaw, but he was buried in KRASNE.

Anna Wankowicz / Anna Soltan, b. ca 1785 / 1788 + Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758 / 1760 / 1780.
Anna Soltan, b. ca 1780 / 1785 / 1788 / 1790 + Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758 / 1760 or in 1780 - died in 1812, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz junior / Tadeusz-Casimir Tadeushevich Vankovich / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz,
the grandson of senior Tadeusz Wankowicz born ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA in 1725.

Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz m. in 1755 to Anna Swietorzecka, ca 1735-1812, the daughter of Antoni Swietorzecki; with children:
Antoni Wankowicz b. ca 1758/1760;
Waleria Wankowicz, m. Konstanty Tyzenhauz,
Wanda Wankowicz + Benedykt Tyszkiewicz-Lohojski,
Klementyna Wankowicz + Mostowski.

Tadeusz junior / Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz was the leaseholder of LUCZAJ, from Tadeusz Oginski the owner of Luczaj. Tadeusz Wankowicz m. Anna Wankowicz nee Swietorzecka; then Andrzej Oginski and Franciszek Ksawery Oginski sold Luczaj to the Wankowiczs. Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz junior was owner of Luczaj in 1786, the son of Tadeusz Wankowicz senior b. ca 1675, the owner of SWOLNA.

Tadeusz Kazimierz Wankowicz was the grandson of Jan Wankowicz b. ca 1646 + Zofia Chrapowicki of SWOLNA.
Jan had brothers:
Wladyslaw b. ca 1648, Teodor Wankowicz b. ca 1650, Stanislaw Wankowicz b. ca 1652 + Joanna KORSAK.

Arkadiusz Chrapowicki of Miezonka, 1821 - ca 1900, the son of Michal Chrapowicki b. ca 1790, d. ca 1850, and Jozefa KORSAK.
The grandson of
Jozef Chrapowicki b. ca 1750, d. 1812 + Magdalena Oginska [the 1st wife was Anna Radziwill, Narbut].

Arkadiusz married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1820-1896, the owner of Miezonka - the daughter of Mikolaj Radziwill b. 1801, and Wiktoria Emilia Narbutt.
The granddaughter of Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747, and Franciszka Butler b. in 1757.
The great-granddaughter of Stanislaw Radziwill, born 8 May 1722 in Dzyatlava [the line to the Konstantynowiczs of Miezonka, Kazan, Moscow and Tallinn-Nomme],
who was the son of Mikolaj Faustyn Radziwill and Barbara Franciszka Zawisza - Kiezgajlo m. Radziwill.

Franciszka Radziwill nee Css Butler, b. in 1757 in Berdychiv, d. in 1811, was the daughter of count Michal Buttler / Michal Butler and Benedykta PAC. Michal Butler, 1715 - 1782, was the son of count Marek Antoni Buttler and Francisca SZCZUKA.
Franciszka Butler born 1757, married to the son of Stanislaw Radziwill - ie Mikolaj Radziwill, general major of Lithuania, 1747-1811. Mikolaj Radziwill, older, b. 1747.

Halina Wodkiewicz Jaworska b. in Leszno, village close to Krasne and Przasnysz. The woman was involved with spaying around the Kiedrzynski family from July 1955 in LODZ, and against the Konstantynowiczs from the 60' of the 20th century, resident the Krokusowa 57.
Halina Wodkiewicz was near to NOWOTKO family from Krasne. In Lodz she was closest to SEDZICKI [Gypsy] and Monika Sedzicka nee Bogucka.
Halina Wodkiewicz was JEW and came from Leszno near Krasne and Przasnysz - is one neighbor-family group with a young lawyer from the Internal Security Agency in Poland, which led another eavesdropping installation, around the next apartment of my family, but not in 1955, only after 2001, ie Monika Bogucka.
Previously ie. 1983-2000, above flat for Security Services, and monitoring, was registered on a name of a resident in Chocen near Wloclawek, near to Wieniec and Bedkow - assets taken over by Leopold Kronenberg. Leopold Kronenberg was the creator of the assimilation ideology among national minorities in the 70s of the 19th century.

The Kronenberg family was very friendly with The Krasinskis. And now we have a branch: Brzezno, Wieniec and Bedkow - to the Krasinskis of Przasnysz - Krasne, for 40 years until the end of the 19th century.

To conquer the North American west coast [Alaska - to California] Russians created - [beginning in 1721] through contacts on Malta - the intelligence network in Central and Western Europe [phase 1741-1791]. This organization was called the Illuminati [official beginnings of 1776/1778/1779].
In Poland it was built from the side of Kamieniec Podolski / Kamianets-Podilskyi and Podolia / Podole, through Warsaw and western Great Poland / Wielkopolska.
In Germany:
Courland [then German-Polish territory], Konigsberg, Berlin, Neuchatel [then in Prussia], Brunswick and Strasbourg.
In Great Britain:
southern Ireland, Scotland, London.
In Russia, among others the Tver Governorate and Minsk Province in Belarus and Vitebsk Governorate [together with Polish Livonia].

It was until 1870 / 1871-1909 but then the Illuminati turned into globalists, and from the 1950s-1960s the ideology of world globalization is also used, as well as globalism and atheistic liberalism derived from Marxism. After the 1963 coup in the US, globalists take over the US.

It allows for the 90s of the 20th century modernized Russia, and China had - after 2000 - the possibility of sucking money from the USA.

Long-term goal:
seizing power over Northern Hemisphere after 2030.

Two coups in the US, September 1901 and November of 1963, and the murder of General Wladyslaw Sikorski in July 1943, as well as the Smolensk Catastrophe in April 2010 in Smolensk, are the result of the operation of one and the same intelligence organization created in Tsarist Russia, but infiltrated since the 1880s through the 19th century by the Polish independence conspiracy and by Baltic Germans [Pilar-Pilchau; Mohrenschildt; Dzierzynski; Pilsudski; Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz of Miezonka and Moscow; Count Konstantin Alexander Karl Wilhelm Christoph von Benckendorff].

After 1871 [Albert Pike to Giuseppe Mazzini], it was known that British intelligence and the Polish underground aimed at overthrowing the family's power Romanov in Tsarist Russia [compare the branch of Romanov-Oldenburg-Japaridse-Armand-Saparian].

It was not until May 1937 that the communist Russian counterintelligence took over power again in Soviet Union [Great Purge], which led to the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939.

So we have one underground system using social engineering:
Illuminati [Tadeusz Grabianka and Cagliostro],
globalists [Zbigniew Brzezinski],
Russian political intelligence [along with the network of Leopold Kronenberg and Loewenstein after 1865].

This hostile structure was ruled over Russia in Europe and North America after 1741 to 2016.

As already a curiosity:
The Mycielskis were around Pleszew, a few kilometers from Kiedrzynski, like from Stadnicki-Wezyk-Jordan line, and one of them, Erasmus Mycielski, the greatest secret conspirator of the 90s of the 18th century, was born obviously in Kamieniec Podolski. His biggest trust was Bardzki - it is Jakub Kiedrzynski's family - Jakub was the brother of Izydor Kiedrzynski, who moved home in 1775/1776, to Jedlno [Mecinski-Walewski-Stadnicki net]. Of course, Mycielski and Stadnicki were the highest officials in Kamieniec Podolski, where in 1767 Carsten Niebuhr was arrived, from Malta in 1761 [Illuminati under Russian influence]. And in this Kamieniec Podolski the supreme bishop was obviously Krasinski, the one who had a property near Przasnysz [Krasne close to Leszno village], for a 200 years the land of the Krasinskis, friends of the Leopold Kronenberg family. Leopold Kronenberg was related to Severin Lowenstein-Lenval born 1833 in Warsaw.
This is a branch of Anna Teresa Tymieniecka born on Feb 28, 1923 in Marianowo.

KRASNE bef. 1831 belonged to AUGUST KRASINSKI, the aide to General SKRZYNECKI; August's son was LUDWIK Krasinski b. 1833 in KRASNE; August's wife - Ludwika nee Krasinski, the daughter of the Ciechanow official, and the granddaughter of Michal Hieronim Krasinski, the Bar Confederation of 1768 Commander!

Joseph Piottuch-Kublicki of Kublicz, about 1800 m. Karolina Soltan / Soltan Carolina born ca 1780;
with a daughter
Valentina Piottuch-Kublicka of Kublicz, b. ca 1800 and m. Wladyslaw Jozef Soltan was born 1795, d. 1843 (the mother Josepha Benislawska),
and Walentyna's daughter
Oktawia Soltan / Soltan Octavia, b. in Prezma / Pryzma / Presman 1830, died on August 15, 1871 in Kazan (or Razan ?), she was married in 1849 to
Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan / Hieronim S. V. Soltan born 1824, died in 1900, the landowner, member of the January Uprising.

Above named Samuel Jerome Wladyslaw Soltan was born 1824 in Uzukrewno (his mother's estate) and died on March 15, 1900 in Prezma, now Latvia; he was son of Stanislaus Soltan (collaborator of the Constitution of 3 May, imprisoned in Smolensk in the 1794-1796, the President of the Provisional Government of Lithuania in 1812, d. Mitawa 1836) and Constance Toplicki / Konstancja Toplicka, a high school in Mitawa in 1835-1842 in Courland, his parents after confiscating the 'Zdzieciol' estate (in the Slonim area and here Mr. Tadeusz Mickiewicz) moved house on the Livonia area, he was the insurgent in 1863, exiled to Ufa, interned in Riga. Study at the University of St. Petersburg in 1843-1844, married in 1849, with a relative of his, Oktawia nee Soltan, the daughter of Wladyslaw Joseph and Valentina, and settled in the estate of his wife, Pryzma in Polish Livonia. In 1858 - 1859 he traveled abroad, where he conferred with Adam Czartoryski and Witold Czartoryski and Count Zamoyski on the current state of Lithuania and Belarus.

GOLANCZ:
Stanislaw Mielzynski was born on November 14, 1778 in Rabin as Stanislaw Kostka Andrew James. He was the fourth child (the first of three sons) of the writer of the Crown - Maximilian Mielzynski and Konstancja Hutten-Czapska / Constance Czapski. In the early 90's of the XVIII cent., the family lived in Pawlowice owned Maximilian Mielzynski. In 1799, Count Maximilian Mielzynski died, the owner of a huge fortune inherited by his three sons.

Stanislaw Mielzynski got Pawlowice, Poniec, Laszczyn and Golancz.
His brother Nicholas among others, Zytowiecko, Leka, Karczewo, Baszkow close to Krotoszyn [Angela Merkel ancestors] and Rawicz; the youngest brother Thomas died four years later.
Three brothers had sister Catherine / Katarzyna Mielzynska.

On 18 November 1800, Stanislaw Mielzynski married in Gostyn to Prowidencja Honorata Zaremba, the daughter of the chamberlain Peter Zaremba and Elizabeth nee Radolinski / Elzbieta RADOLINSKA Zaremba. From this marriage were born in the following order:
Elizabeth (1802), Joseph (1803), next daughter (1807), Leon (1809) and Eleanor (1815).
In 1806 in November, the French troops invaded the Great Poland; in Poznan was gen. Jan Henryk Dabrowski and Joseph Wybicki / Jozef Wybicki [the friend of the Skorzewski-Ciecierski line in Margonin] who known Mielzynski and began creating Polish army;
the count Stanislaw Mielzynski on 24 November 1806 was appointed colonel of the Napoleonic army and began to organize 3rd infantry regiment in the division of the General Jan Henryk Dabrowski.
The commanders of the other regiments in the division were also Prince Anthony / ANTONI Sulkowski from Rydzyna (1 Regiment),
Lacki (2 regiment)
and Poninski (4 Regiment).

With Mielzynski co-operated the commander of the battalion Major Stanislaw Fisher / Stanislaw Fiszer (then the Army Chief of General Staff) [his wife Wirydianna Kwilecka Fiszer].
On January 3, 1807 created division of gen. J. H. Dabrowski, with the 3rd Infantry Regiment, of Colonel Stanislaw Mielzynski stationed in Pawlowice.
Other regiments in Leszno, Zduny and Rawicz (see Sulkowski).
The service of regiment in Gdansk lasted for two years until 1809. In the spring of 1809 the Duchy of Warsaw was attacked by the Austrian army. He was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General (20 March 1810). Mielzynski was the commander of one of three departments in Plock. On the way to Russia 30 V 1812 by Leszno passed Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, going from Glogow to Poznan. The Polish Army was partly assigned to the units of the French, led by Prince Jozef Poniatowski. The corps consisted of three infantry divisions;
General Stanislaw Mielzynski was appointed commander of the infantry brigade in the 16th infantry division of General Zajaczek.
With him commanders of the brigades in the division were:
General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski (II infantry brigade)
[his daughter Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married ARMAND in Moscow, and her granddaughter was Anna ARMAND married Apolon KONSTANTYNOWICZ the co-owner the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in St Petersburg and Zaporoze, and Apolon Konstantynowicz was co-worker of the BREGUET Company together with NOBEL in the board of Directors of Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company - this net financed Vladymir Ulianov Lenin and Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin; Apolon Konstantynowicz is the same genealogical line like Miezonka owned by Stanislaw Konstantynowicz until November 1918 - this is my ancestors in Moscow but foster parents in Miezonka, 1842-1918 the estate of the Konstantynowiczs with the line to Szumski, Piottuch-Kublicki, Malkiewicz of Oswieja and Koziell-Poklewski, Zbieranowski and Andrzejak in Koluszki, Soltan, Stanislaw Radziwill born in 1722, with the family in Kazan, Viljandi, Tallinn]
and General Tyszkiewicz (cavalry brigade).

On September 8, 1815 Stanislaw Mielzynski was released from military service and began acted in secret societies, among others, in the Poznan branch of the National Freemasonry, the 'Association of Kosynierzy'
[compare Gabriel Kiedrzynski in 1833 who changed the surname 5 times, intermarried Rogaczewski and the families of the Chelmo parish, Czarnocin, Wola Wiazowa, and Jedlno - here until 1802 Helena Hutten-Czapska born 1862 was living, married Izydor Kiedrzynski the son of Franciszka Nostitz-Jackowska married Andrzej Kiedrzynski b. ca 1710/1715],
he was a member of Freemasonry in the seventh degree and also belonged to several other Masonic lodges: "Knights of the Star", "The Brothers of the Union", was a master of the lodge "Humanity".
Stanislaw Mielzynski died in Pawlowice in June 1826 and was buried here; left 17-year-old son Leo, who got Pawlowice and Kakolewo; Stanislaw Mielzynski the second; Elizabeth (1822, Elzbieta Mielzynska married Ludwik Mycielski / Louis Mycielski, who in 1831 died) got Poniec;
Filipina Mielzynska (the wife of Ignacy Sczaniecki / Ignatius Szczaniecki - Miedzychod, a colonel during the uprising of 1848) had Laszczyn, while
youngest Eleonora Laura MIELZYNSKA (m. in 1834 to Karol Czarniecki of Volhynia, divorced, 2nd m. in 1850 to General Jozef Napoleon Hutten-Czapski) taken Golancz.

Golancz is situated at northern Great Poland, close to Chodziez.
The widow Prowidencja lived later in Poznan by 11 years. She died in Poznan, on October 11, 1837 and was buried in Pawlowice.

Margonin in 1720 and Margonska Wies of Ciecierski.
Wyszyny - 22 km south-west to MARGONIN, 23 west to ZON, 34 km west to GOLANCZ.

Wirydianna Fiszerowa / Wirydianna Fiszer / Wirydianna Radolinska, Kwilecka b. in Wyszyny, d. in Dzialyn in 1826 (Dzialyn - a village in the administrative district of Klecko, in west-central Poland, at way from Klecko to Gniezno); she known Frederick II of Prussia, Izabela Czartoryska, Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Jozef Poniatowski, Jan Henryk Dabrowski, and Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

The German intelligence together with Polish conspirators in the 19th century fought against the Russian Illuminati in Zelechow, Krzynowloga Mala close to Przasnysz, Sedziszow Malopolski, Podhajce, Wilkowyja and Kozmin.
The core of Polish conspiracy was in Berezyna and Lubuszany close to Miezonka, in Krzynowloga Mala and the Swiedziebnia commune, in Smilowice and Golaszewo close to Chocen, in Pakoslaw, Chocen with Zelechow;
Sedziszow Malopolski together with Krzeszowice, Zator, Berezyna and Lubuszany with the figures like Naimski, Neyman, General Jozef Niemojewski, General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, Artur Potocki, Ignacy Wyssogota-Zakrzewski, Kalkstein, the Roman clan of Zbigniew Brzezinski and with famous Lech Walesa.

So the main thought of the [Polish-French-English] Illuminati Order [the underground network in Berlin - France - London - Kamieniec Podolski and in Wilkowo Polskie with Wola Wiazowa - around Pleszew - Kamionka Wielka with Nawojowa - Sedziszow Malopolski - Berezyna, Lubuszany, Miezonka in Belarus] was the work of Tadeusz Grabianka as the counter-German and counter-Russian movement and against the German Illuminati [Russian and Berlin acted together with Jacob Frank] under cover of the Maltase Order [Cagliostro and Niebuhr] aft. 1741.

The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The first step to limit Russia to its ethnic territory was made by Jozef Sulkowski, Artur Potocki, the Prozor family in Belarus, then Adam Mickiewicz, and Israel Parvus from Berezina / Berezyna-Lubuszany estate of the Potockis. The continuator of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was the political movement of Jozef Pilsudski.

Remember here on connections:
MARSHAL Jozef Pilsudski / Jozef Klemens Pilsudski + Aleksandra Szczerbinska had a daughter Jadwiga Jagoda Pilsudska + Andrzej Jaraczewski, with the daughter Joanna Jaraczewska + Defence Min. Janusz Onyszkiewicz / Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz born 1937.

Zofia Kadenacy nee Pilsudski, b. 1865 was sister of Jozef Klemens Pilsudski; her husband Boleslaw Kadenacy (1845 - 1918). Marshal Jozef Klemens Pilsudski, 1867 in Zulow, d. 1935, PM + Aleksandra Szczerbinska + Maria Koplewska; and Marshal Jozef Pilsudski had above daughter Jadwiga Pilsudska b. in 1920 + Andrzej Jaraczewski. Jadwiga Pilsudska Jaraczewska
had a son
Krzysztof Jaraczewski + Jadwiga Karwat, b. 1956,
the daughter of Jan Karwat + Maria Sczaniecka.

Aldona Kojallowicz Bulhak nee Dzierzynska, 1870 - 1966, had a son Antoni Bulhak b. 1898. His wife Wanda Juchniewicz came from Cezary Juchniewicz and Maria Pilsudska, b. 1873.

MARIA Juchniewicz nee Pilsudska was the daughter of Jozef Wincenty Piotr Pilsudski, b. 1833; and Maria's brother was Marshal Jozef Klemens Pilsudski b. 1867.

Aldona was always closest sister to Feliks Dzierzynski. Aldona, whose son was adjutant of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski! Aldona Dzerzhinskaja - at first marriage Bulhak, second Koyallovich.

Jozef Pilsudski - Andrzejak of Koluszki Stare - Karol Zbieranowski of Miezonka - Marshal Marian Spychalski - Miezonka of the Konstantynowiczs, and then in Moscow with Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska Armand, the daughter of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski + Thomas Jefferson - Armand and Demonsi of Kazan - Apolon Konstantynowicz + Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand with LENIN; and further Breguet - Duflon - Piotr Maleszewski - Michal Poniatowski - Venture de Paradise - and we return to Jozef Sulkowski; here, Marshal Murat and Napoleon Bonaparte;
again from Marshal Jozef Pilsudski we have lines to Aldona Dzierzynski + Feliks Dzierzynski and Pilar Pilchau of Parnu / Parnawa - Oziemblowski and Terlecki. And again, we return to Wojciech Paszkowski + General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, but this time we are going to Sebastian Bystrzanowski in Trzebniow and the Templars in Scotland. We're joining Br. Bystrzanowski with George Washington. We similarly connect General Franciszek Paszkowski - General Tadeusz Kosciuszko - General Stanislaw Fiszer - and then Mielzynski of Chobienice - von Unruh / Niepokojczycki of Sluck and Kargowa - Oppeln-Bronikowski of Kunowo {Kiedrzynski}; Wojciech Paszkowski + Artur Potocki and again the Templars. Artur Potocki with a network of connections to Cracow / Krakow, Berezina / BEREZYNA, and Lubuszany close to Miezonka.

And Miezonka:
together with Zarako Zarakowski, Malkiewicz, Oskierka, Prozor, Stafania Radziwill, and Chrapowicki of Swolna. And Chrapowicki of Swolna [+ Chrapowicki in Jeleniewo in the Suwalki district] - this line leads to Wankowicz from Kaluzyca and to Konstantynowicz from Miezonka, Swolna, Tallinn, and Moscow.

The structure of the Illuminati was taken over as a whole in the Spring of 1937 in the Soviet Union by Stalin and our enemies. This network of multi-country intelligence underwent degeneration and it transformed around 1961 into a globalist movement. The main role is currently played - after 2015 - by Russia and China as the heirs of this globalist movement and Soviet ideology - currently the main enemies of Donald Trump [US President in 2017-2020], the USA and contemporary anti-Communist Poland [since 2015].

This "sect" of Tadeusz Grabianka [since 1778/1779], or The Order of Illuminati, it was a Polish intelligence network created during the collapse of the Polish-Lithuanian State and it is a secretive intelligence and political organization working to rebuild independent Poland in conditions when the entire territory of the country was occupied by three hostile neighbors. In the absence of state independence, Tadeusz Grabianka created the foundation of a political intelligence. It was the period of his activity from 1778 to the murder in 1807 in Russia. Tadeusz Grabianka used social engineering methods, he had the ability to recruit collaborators - for example during a visit to London [then this network surrounds Edward Brown, the owner of the Breguet Company in the 70' of the 19th century], which lasted almost a year - and he could recruit future "soldiers": a courier, probably also murderers, heads of smaller underground groups.

Tadeusz Grabianka co-operated with the French intelligence.
Tadeusz Grabianka also knew that in every country [Berlin, London, France, Austrian Galicia, Russian Podole and Ukraine; in Russia] after some time his conspiracy would be taken over by counterintelligences of these countries. However, Tadeusz Grabianka's aims were at the same time attractive to France and Great Britain.

Compare
Skeliwka = FELSZTYN of Kalinowski-Grabianka, and of BERNARD Grabianka [close to Stary Sambor - 1772 in Austria. In 1753 new Felsztyn church was founded by Marianna Grabianka nee Kalinowska, the wife of Jozef Grabianka, the Latyczow official]. Then FELSZTYN + Rajkowce belonged to Jozef's son - TADEUSZ GRABIANKA. Tadeusz Grabianka sold in 1781 the half of Felsztyn + Rajkowce to Onufry Morski, the Kamieniec Podolski governor. But again Onufry Morski sold Felsztyn to hands of TERESA GRABIANKA nee Stadnicka bef. 1791. They were the friends of the Kamieniec Podolski bishop ADAM KRASINSKI of Krasne close to Przasnysz.

Tadeusz Grabianka married Teresa Stadnicka, 1749-1826, the daughter of Stanislaw Stadnicki and Marta Lanckoronska. Tadeusz Grabianka and Teresa owned Sutkowice, Ostapkowice and Rajkowice / RAJKOWCE at Podole / Podolia [see FELSZTYN !]. Named Stanislaw Stadnicki b. 1710/1720, was the son of Jan Stadnicki and Katarzyna Peplowska - Stadnicka.

But we remember -
Adam Krasinski [of Krasne south to Przasnysz] was appointed bishop of KAMIENIEC PODOLSKI in 1759 and in 1763-1768 he conducted anti-Russian activities, but pro-German, together with Teodor Wessel in 1767. In 1767 he held secret negotiations with Turkey against Russia and against the Poniatowski family - the talks were in his Czarnokozince close to Kamieniec Podolski. 1768 - in Wroclaw, Dresden, Cieszyn was looking for help from Saxony, and sent Ignacy Potocki to Wien. Adam Krasinski came to Wien and Paris in 1768, then to Cieszyn, Byczyna, and Jozef WYBICKI was sent to BERLIN with anti-Russian support of
MARIANNA SKORZEWSKA [nee Ciecierska; she was died in 1791 in Berlin - not in 1773].

In 1769 with Kazimierz PULASKI in Turkey; next in Hungaria together with Jozef Bierzynski [in Lipnik close to Bielsko-Biala], the friend of WESSEL,
and with
JERZY MARCIN LUBOMIRSKI / Marcin Lubomirski to murder the king Stanislaw August Poniatowski - Marcin Lubomirski later became involved with Jakub FRANK in Frankfurt [he was with the visit in Kamyk of the Kiedrzynskis - my family].

A complex political, intelligence and genealogical structure was operating under the influence of Russian intelligence formed around 1720/1741 until now, December 2020: in Zelechow + Krzynowloga Mala close to Przasnysz [H. Wodkiewicz Jaworska, M. Bogucka Sedzicka {Krokusowa 59 + Tadeusz Cieslak}, M. Zieleniewska, Zbigniew Natkanski of the Opoczno county {+ Ossa close to BIALACZOW} together with the Lipski family, Pelka + Roman, Malachowski of Bialaczow {Robert Bubis} + Krasicki + Rzeczycki of Pieniany] - Sedziszow Malopolski {+ Andrzej PISZ acted ca 2010-2022} + Podhajce
- Wilkowyja and Kozmin wielkopolski + Berezyna and Lubuszany close to Miezonka owned by the Konstantynowiczs -
Krzynowloga Mala and the Swiedziebnia commune + Smilowice and Golaszewo close to Chocen - Pakoslaw, Chocen [Jaroslaw Slota, Maciej Igor Wojtczak] with Zelechow - Sedziszow Malopolski [Andrzej Pisz] together with Krzeszowice, Zator, Berezyna and Lubuszany - Naimski, Neyman, General Jozef Niemojewski, General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, Artur Potocki - the Templar Freemason, Ignacy Wyssogota-Zakrzewski, Kalkstein owned Krzynowloga Mala and Pluskowesy, ex Kruszynski and ex Nostitz-Jackowski property + the Roman family of Zelechow {Zelechow then was taken by Ignacy Wyssogota-Zakrzewski from CHOCEN} and of Krzynowloga Mala
+ Zbigniew Brzezinski and Lech Walesa
- together with the owner of Sedziszow Malopolski in 1787 or in 1790, Barbara Moszynska nee Rudzinska.
Her sister -
Wiktoria Rudzinska [m. Jan Nepomucen Zboinski in 1786].

Barbara Moszynska nee Rudzinska / Rudzienska, the owner of Sedziszow Malopolski, the daughter of Elzbieta Potocka, m. Michal Rudzinski. Named Michal Kazimierz Rudzinski, 1730-1764.
And Elzbieta POTOCKA RUDZINSKA m. the 2nd to Kazimierz Krasinski of Krasne.

Kazimierz Jan Krasinski, 1725-1802 [the owner of BARANOWO in the Ostroleka county - here CHUDZIK, Kaczynski and Rokossowski families].

Above Elzbieta Eustachia Potocka died in Zegrze [here von GERSDORFF] in 1764/1776, married bef. 1767 to Kazimierz Jan Krasinski.

Kazimierz Krasinski, 1725 - 1802, the Prussian count in 1798, the governor of Przasnysz in 1773, the ovner of the Baranowo parish in the Ostroleka county [with Rokossowski, Chudzik, Kaczynski].
He was married three times: in 1756 to Eustachia Elzbieta Potocka, 1720-1781, the daughter of Feliks Potocki, ca 1720 - 1766;
in 1767 to Elzbieta Potocka, 1740-1776, the daughter of Feliks Potocki;
in 1782 to Anna Ossolinska, the daughter of Aleksander Ossolinski + Benedykta Antonina Barbara Lewendal, 1735-1778.

Jozef Butler junior was born in 1771, to Ignacy Butler b. ca 1719, and Elzbieta Butler born Kurszewska.

Css Jozefa Butler b. ca 1740, was the daughter of Jozef Butler b. ca 1710/1717 + Teresa Urbanska.

Rozalia Ossolinska born Butler was born ca 1739, to above Ignacy Butler b. ca 1719 + above Elzbieta Petruszewicz Kurszewska. Rozalia Butler married Antoni Ossolinski. Antoni Ossolinski, ca 1730 - 1776, the SULEJOW official,
was the son of
Jan Stanislaw Ossolinski, General, 1689-1770 + Ludwika Zaluska, 1700-1758.

Antoni Ossolinski, ca 1730 - 1776 m. Css Rozalia Butler, b. ca 1730,
with the son
Stanislaw Ossolinski, MP in 1789, the Sulejow official, lived ca 1760 - 1843 + Jozefa Morsztyn, ca 1768 - 1815.

Duke Antoni Piotr Woroniecki, 1780-1835, had the son Jeremiasz Jozef Woroniecki, a member of the Agricultural Society in 1861 [see below], 1804-1877, married Felicja Izycka, and JEREMIASZ Woroniecki had an unknown Duke Woroniecki of Zbaraz, ie. Maksymilian Woroniecki, born ca 1840/1846.

Maksymilian Woroniecki had the daughter Zofia Woroniecka m. BRZEZINSKA. Maksymilian Woroniecki died in 1870 in Mielec, and was married Ernestyna Kropaczek ca 1862/1866 in Zolkiew. Kazimierz Brzezinski junior, was living in Zloczow, then in Lwow; in 1889 back home to Zolkiew; in 1894-1897 worked in Zloczow; he married in 1894 in Zolkiew or in Zloczow, to Zofia Woroniecka, the daughter of Maksymilian WORONIECKI and Ernestyna Kropaczek.

Zofia Brzezinska, nee Woroniecka, gave birth to a child in 1896 - Tadeusz Brzezinski.

Zofia's grandson was the famous US security adviser, ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI [in 1938 he was moved home to CANADA]. Named above Zofia Brzezinska, nee Woroniecka, b. circa 1866 / 1870, died 1941 in BORUJA, on the west border of former Poland.

Zofia's mother - Ernestyna Woroniecka nee Kropaczek, b. ca 1847/1850, was the wife of Maksymilian Woroniecki [born ca 1840/1846; a branch of the Galicia Woroniecki clan from Brzezany, Zloczow, Zbaraz], and she was the mother to Zofia Brzezinska.

The Second Partition of Poland, 23 January 1793, was the result of the German Illuminati Conspiracy [led by Russian military intelligence] against France and Poland-Lithuania: Adam Weishaupt; Count Alessandro di Cagliostro; Catherine the Great, born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, the Empress of Russia; Frederick II, the Great, the King of Prussia; Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg; Jean Phillipe Garran de Coulon.

The fall of Poland in 1795 was the greatest victory of the Russian intelligence in the 18th century, along with the Scots, Templars [Knights of St. John of Jerusalem], Stuart-Jacobites, the Order of Malta [Carsten Niebuhr, Pinto, Cagliostro, Althotas], and the German Illuminati; together with Poniatowski-Kosciuszko-Czartoryski-Argyll-Douglas-Gordon political and genealogical net.

My research concerns many state intelligence networks created in the first half of the 18th century.
Initially it was a global political network of the Russian intelligence infiltrated by the British [1791], French [from the 40s of the 18th century] and Germans [1769/1776], and by the Polish independence conspiracy [was established 1792/1799] starting from a years 1870/1878.

Compare three dates:
1.
6 km to the south of the BRZEZIE was the palace in Wieniec founded in the early nineteenth century by the family of Miaczynski; in 1868 the property bought a Warsaw banker of Jewish origin and a great Jewish patriot - Leopold Kronenberg.
2.
in 1870, Brown of London - takes over the Breguet company;
3.
and the letter of 1871 from Albert Pike to Mazzini.


Breguet cooperated also with Chambrier, V. Foy, the French government (dial telegraph in 1845), the Telegraph Company in 1863 (electric telegraph - Breguet System, late 19th century), in Britain in the 1860s and 1870s with Wood, Edward George b. in Clerkenwell, Islington, January 1812, d. 1896 from Cheapside, City of London, who was friend of Thomas Cooper, the Chartist (galvanic telegraph, Crossley's Telegraph in Halifax), d'Arlincourt (transmitter); Breguet patented a Telegraph Communicator - Breguet Alphabetical Type, circa 1870; manufactured the telephone transmitter (Boudet, Laborde, Breguet, Ader, Du Moncel, and others) and telephone receivers (Bell, Breguet, and others).

In 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878.

L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and A. V. Konstantinovich [Apollon Konstantynowicz, the son of Wasyl Konstantynowicz of KAZAN and Miezonka] in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap. 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'.
In 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department.
In 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.

The German Illuminati were called to life by Adam Weishaupt on May 1, 1776. They used the name 'Ordo Illuminati Germaniae'. The symbol of the Enlightened was the pyramid with the omniscient eye at the top (identical to that found on dollar banknotes).

Weisshaupt / WEISHAUPT collaborated with Count Alessandro di Cagliostro [compare his visit to Adam Poninski, Poniatowski in Warsaw, and in Curland]. Cagliostro with Manuel Pinto, the Grand Master of the Order in Malta - the Illuminati net with Carsten Niebuhr, 1761-1767 - were the core of Illuminati Conspiracy and of Russian intelligence. Tadeusz Grabianka [during 1778/1779 - 1807] and the Templars [1785-1790-1805] tried to take over this enemy organization of Germans and Russians.

Weisshaupt's goal was the New World Order, a permanent revolution [compare PARVUS and Jean Phillipe Garran de Coulon] and destruction of the current order [see Nestor Trubecki and Lenin]. The organization of the Illuminati was hierarchical, the individual degrees were isolated from each other. It was forbidden to talk about the organization and its activities [compare the speech of John F. Kennedy in April 1961 on the secret societes ie. Russian communist network - the President expalin in the next day !]. The sect had three classes divided into two grades.

The criminality of the Illuminati's plans was confirmed in the Vatican by Cagliostro, in 1790, in front of a Roman tribunal of the Holy Inquisition.
And Abbe Barrvel wrote on the ILLUMINATI PLOT, in 1793, in his book "The memorials illustrating the stories of the Jacobins";
and in 1797 by professor John Robinson, the author of the book "Evidence of conspiracy" published in Great Britain.

All three conspiracy centers, Brittany, Malta, Scotland, were taken over by Russian intelligence. This happened gradually in the 18th century. Russia built its power in the 18th century and took every opportunity to act against France, anti-English, and anti-Spanish. The goal was to conquer Western North America on the Pacific coasts. This plan was implemented from the 20s of the 18th century by Peter the Great, to 60's of the 19th century when Alaska was sold to the Americans.

You will look at interesting connections and not only, genealogical:
von Korff family from Courland; the Armand family from Moscow; here is a known step towards general Franciszek Paszkowski [+ Artur Potocki, the Templar] and Apolon Konstantynowicz, together with Lenin [+ Inessa Armand] and Anna Konstantynowicz;
and Cagliostro in Konigsberg and Mitau in Courland in February - March 1779, and St Petersburg in 1779-1780. And Cagliostro - a visit of Tadeusz Grabianka in London - and again the Breguet family and Edward Brown of London appear: and we have just returned to the air-telegraph-military company Duflon & Konstantinovich in St Petersburg and Zaporozhe in Russia.

So the main thought of the [Polish-French] Illuminati Order is the work of Tadeusz Grabianka. The thought of taking power in Russia was a central idea guiding the Polish underground from the 80s of the 18th century until 1917. The continuator of the main thought of Tadeusz Grabianka about taking power in the tsar state - in the Russian Empire - was Jozef Pilsudski.

The Armand family, who since 1799 wanted to settle in Moscow, met with General Franciszek Paszkowski, through the family Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and his son - Alphonse de Bauffremont / prince de Bauffremont Courtenay.
Named Alphonse de Bauffremont and General Franciszek Paszkowski were together adjutants / aide-de-camp of Marshal Joachim Murat.

Joachim Murat and Jozef Sulkowski were adjutants of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont-Courtenay and [then he was Baron] General Armand were in Russia in 1791. So, 29 year-old general Paul Armand [Paul 1st] came from Paris together with Alexandre, the Marquis de Courtenay.

Paul Armand [Paul 2nd, wine merchant], 1760 - 1835, or was born in 1762, was the first in Russia in 1791 [Paul the 1st = Paul the 2nd ?].
General Paul Armand [Baron, the 1st], in Russia in 1791, but Jean-Louis Armand [he was the son of Paul Armand, the 2nd] was the first in Russia in 1799.

Mentioned Alexandre de Bauffremont [de Bauffremont-Courtenay], born in 1773 and died in 1833, prince de Bauffremont, emigrated to Koblenz but rallied to Napoleon I who made him count Empire.

Mentioned above Alphonse de Bauffremont, born in 1792 and died in 1860, duke of Bauffremont, prince of Bauffremont, was created count by Napoleon and became aide-de-camp of Murat [see JOZEF SULKOWSKI and General FRANCISZEK PASZKOWSKI !].
Alphonse de Bauffremont distinguished himself at the Battle of the Moskowa, in 1812, under MURAT as his aide- de-camp, as well as in the Saxony campaign in 1813 [Dresde / Dresden / Drezno in 1813]. During the Hundred Days, Alphonse de Bauffremont was instructed by Murat to bring Napoleon confidential dispatches.

Also, the merchant Paul Armand / Pavel Armand was entered into the 3rd Guild (arrived in 1808, March) from foreigners of the French nation; resident of the Butcher's part in the house of Tolbukhin. He has wife Angelica Karlova, 44 years old.
It was expulsion of a group of foreigners (including Armand-father: PAUL ARMAND) from Moscow in 1812.

When the French and Russian troops stayed near Moscow, according to the writer N. Dubrovin in the book "1812 in the letters ...", "General Korff (Fedor Karlovich, baron, Russian adjutant general, 1774 - 1826), a man worthy of respect ... met at outposts with General Armand. This conversation ...:
'We are really very tired of this war', give us a passport (meaning the document on concluding peace on the specific conditions...), ... said General Armand. 'No general,' answered Korf, 'you have invited uninvited people to us'... [then] said General Armand - 'is it not a pity that two nations respecting one another ... we will apologize for being the instigators...'. 'So,' replied General Korf, 'we believe that you have learned to respect us lately, but could you, the general, respect us, if we allowed you to leave with a weapon in hand?' Armand - 'it is clear there is nothing to talk with you more about the world and it will not be possible for us to agree'."

My mother's family political and genealogical web net was under the Illuminati influence but determined by the Russian intelligence and under a control of Germans of Berlin and Dresden:
the Jordan family + Ostrowski of the Przedborz district with Chelmo of the Skorzewskis and the Morsztyn family;
Bystrzanowski and Szwarcenberg-Czerny with Paszkowski-Armand-Konstantynowicz;
Myszkowski with Jaraczewski;
Jaroszynski; Ankwicz of Wadowice; Malachowski.

Julia Gostkowska b. ca 1805, m. ca 1823, to Brutus Ostrowski, 1800-1873,
the son of
Ignacy Blazej Ostrowski, 1770-1838 + Tekla Myszkowska, 1795-1823.

Marcin Malachowski - the owner of Borzeciczki, Galaski / Galazki, and Mycielinko / Mycielin, with Debowiec;
Marianna Bielicka Malachowska in Sobotka close to BIEGANIN of the Kiedrzynskis.
The Krzyzanowskis in Czarnocin and SAMARA [+ Trocki in Samara, Odesa, London];
the Chelmo parish [with Skora, Nowak, Gabor] near to Przedborz - the property of the Skorzewskis intermarried Ostrowski-Morsztyn clan. Beczkowice in the Leki Szlacheckie commune of the Malachowskis + Brzezie, 7 km east to PLESZEW of the Molski - Zaleski - Czarniecki line. The Sobotka - Karsy - Droszew area with link to Kaliszkowice Kaliskie and Kaliszkowice Olobockie.
Bogdanski of Brzezie close to Pleszew;
Bogdanski - Madalinski - Kiedrzynski - Trampczynski - Arcichowski - Bardzki [the Tczew district] - Karwat [Wichulec, Tczew, and SREM] - Jaruzelski of Kalisz - Zaluskowski - Nostitz-Jackowski of the Kalisz district - Hutten-Czapski of Raszkow and Glogowa close to Bieganin ex-Strzelecki property - Molski genealogical branch of Pleszew.
Skora and Gabor in Ochotnik, Krery, Beczkowice and Chelmo, with the link to Kodrab, Dmenin and Bugaj Dmeninski, together with Ankwicz, Zaluskowski, Szwarcenberg-Czerny, Malachowski of Brzezie close to Pleszew,
Gostkowski from Andrychow - Wadowice - Kety area, and Koscierzyna
+ Bialynicze of the Malachowskis [the link to Pieniany and Grodyslawice east to Tomaszow Lubelski] + Nowy Sacz and Kamionka Wielka [with KRASICKI]. Chruszczobrod and Trzebieslawice [3 km south to Goluchowice; 5 / 6 km north-west to Chruszczobrod] and Goluchowice in the southern Poland - these villages are only 3 km away
- two families met here:
the branch of Nostitz-Jackowski [came from CHELMZA district], Hutten-Czapski, Molski, Pstrokonski together with Kiedrzynski which intermarried in the 20th century to the Konstantynowicz family of Miezonka, Kazan and Moscow with General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski - Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz' line.
Together with Franciszek Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. 1692, the Oswiecim governor in 1739, the Wojnicz governor in 1746. Franciszek's daughter was Salomea, by the wife Salomea Nielepiec. Salomea younger m. Stanislaw Ankwicz b. 1720, the Nowy Sacz governor, and she died in 1756.

The genealogy of Anna Dembinska Jackowska / Anna Nostitz-Jackowska, b. ca 1760, died in 1819, came from the Andrychow district.
Anna Dembinska b. ca 1760, m. 2nd to Wincenty Sedzimir of Szczytniki b. ca 1760, the guardian of Antoni Dembinski. Wincenty was living in 1815 - 1818 in Podolin. Anna Dembinska married to Andrzej Nostitz-Jackowski / Andrzej Jackowski younger, born in 1748, the son of Andrzej Jackowski, older, the 1st, b. ca 1730, the grandson of Jan Jackowski / Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670/1680 + 3rd wife Anna Lukomski.

Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670/1680, married 1st Teresa Zaluskowska [with children among others:
Anna Skorzewska
and Franciszka Kiedrzynska of Bieganin and Raszkow - my family line],
and 2nd to Rozalia Trzebska [with the children in the Chelmza district, 5 km to the Kruszynski clan].

Mentioned Anna Dembinska b. 1760, was the daughter of Antoni Dembinski b. ca 1705, d. in 1781 in Gniewiecin, 6 kilometres south of Sedziszow [the Swietokrzyskie province], 20 km south-west of Jedrzejow.

Antoni DEMBINSKI owned Roczyny [the Kiszczaks core] close to Andrychow, and of Twierdza with Wieprz near to Andrychow.

The fall of Poland in 1795 was the greatest victory of the Russian intelligence in the 18th century, along with the Scots, Templars [Knights of St. John of Jerusalem], Stuart-Jacobites, the Order of Malta [Carsten Niebuhr, Pinto, Cagliostro, Althotas], and the German Illuminati; together with the Poniatowski-Kosciuszko-Czartoryski-Argyll-Douglas-Gordon political and genealogical net versus Morsztyn-Ostrowski-Skorzewski-Ronikier branch around Tadeusz Grabianka's Illuminati [+ Ilinski, Apolon Konstantynowicz and Anna Armand Konstantynowicz, Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska Armand, Lasek, Duflon, Breguet, Venture de Paradise, Piotr Maleszewski, Jozef Sulkowski and others Polish conspirators];
and Nostitz-Jackowski, Hutten-Czapski, Oskierka, Chrapowicki, Kiedrzynski-Nieniewski-Skorzewski, Zaleski-Molski-Czarniecki, Pstrokonski, Madalinski, Psarski, Sulimierski, Pradzynski, Trampczynski, Arciszewski, Niemojewski, Swiatopelk-Mirski families of Polish conspirators.

The Loewenstein de Lenval family was next of kin to Leopold Kronenberg. Kronenberg co-operated with Gustaw Findeisen, the owner of Swiedziebnia close to the East Prussia border, ex-property of Nostitz-Jackowski, then to Dukes Swiatopelk-Mirski, with Mirski, the godson of Russian Emperor Nicholas I / Mikolaj I Romanov of Russia. Nostitz-Jackowski took in 1590 the title NOSTITZ in Pomerania / the Kings' Prussia / Gdansk Pomorze
[Trzebcz Szlachecki, 12 km north-west to CHELMZA, the Kijewo Krolewskie commune, 18 kilometres south of Chelmno, 23 km north-west of Torun. Te core of the Trzebski clan in the 16th century. Next to Bishops. In 1805 Mateusz Slaski the owner, also in 1895]
from Polish Parliament. They came from Boguslaw Boleslaw Nostitz-Jackowski
[born in 1618 in Wielka Turza = Turza Wielka, 10 kilometres north-west of Dzialdowo in East Prussia and 61 km south-west of Olsztyn; 36 km north-west to MLAWA in Poland]
who had the son
Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670 [Jan had a brother Aleksander Nostitz-Jackowski, oldest] with
Jan's daughter Franciszka Kiedrzynska b. ca 1715, and her sister Anna SKORZEWSKA -
here we have net to Marianna Ciecierska Skorzewska closest friend to Fryderyk the Great of Prussia and his brother, both LGBT in Berlin in 1768.

Franciszka Kiedrzynska nee Nostitz-Jackowska had the son Izydor Kiedrzynski, of my family branch, who was lived in Jedlno until 1802, the property of Mecinski - Stadnicki clan and next of the Walewskis - the Freemasons [relatives to the NIEMOJEWSKIS]. Above Gustaw Findeisen was also the owner of Smilowic / Smilowice in the Chocen commune, where the grandfather of the President Lech Walesa in 1896 married, with relatives of Schmidt, German, blacksmiths. Gustaw Findeisen came from Saxony - Germany.

Gustaw's wife - RODYS - was from PRZASNYSZ, the Garman family.

Gustaw Findeisen was secret courier of Leopold Kronenberg, and the member of Edward Jurgens group aft. 1858 in Warsaw. Jurgens came from Plock, of the Jews roots. The Kronenbergs came from Wyszogrod, also the Jews.

The Walesas moved home from France to Jarocin - Kozmin Wielkopolski area, the lands of the Sapiehas; then to the Chocen commune to the Dambskis estate of GOLASZEWO [Dambski was the next of kin to the Sapieha clan]. The Sapieha family also owned Berezyna and Lubuszany in the east-central Belarus, 13 km to Miezonka, aft. 1842 named Miezonka was of the Konstantynowiczs. Berezyna - Lubuszany then took Poniatowski - Tyszkiewicz - Potocki branch, of Artur Potocki who had the manager Wojciech Potocki, the half-brother of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, who had a daughter Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska married in Moscow to ARMAND. The Armands were closest to Apolon Konstantynowicz, co-owner of the Duflon, Konstantynowicz Company in St Petersburg and Zaporoze. Apolon Konstantynowicz / Apollon Konstantinovich with the roots of Miezonka and Kazan
[my family branch of Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898, nick-name Marian Konstantynowicz of Miezonka either Marian Stankiewicz or Siedlecki probably in 1939],
co-operated with BREGUET, Duflon, Nobel, Dukes Oldenburg, Japaridze, Drzewiecki
[Drzewiecki in St Petersburg known Breguet and Duflon - and his family had relations to Andrzej Horodyski, Jozef Kalasanty Szaniawski - Mycielski of Pleszew area. ANDRZEJ HORODYSKI in 1802, became a shareholder of the Trzycieski, Horodyski et comp. - commercial house, which was also opened in Odessa, to which they also received: P. Maleszewski {Venture de Paradise / Sulkowski / Napoleon, and Breguet - Duflon in Russia + Konstantynowicz, Nobel, Armand};
J. K. Szaniawski {he come from area of Wieruszow and J. K. Szaniawski was the family of Erazm Mycielski. General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski approached Gen. Dabrowski's opponents - he became friend with Jozef Kalasanty Szaniawski and Andrzej Horodyski, with whom he was later considered, at the time of the Duchy of Warsaw, as one of the leaders of "Polish Jacobins"};
and J. Drzewiecki {see DUFLON in St. Petersburg}.
The Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company financed Lenin's activities through a wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz, ie. Anna Konstantynowicz nee ARMAND - she come from Maria Paszkowska, the daughter of General Franciszek Paszkowski. Anna was the best friend of Inessa Armand, the lover of Lenin].

Above family of POTOCKI had in the second half of the 19th century next manager - NAIMSKI, the Frankist family, in Zator in Austria. See Naimski - Owsiany intelligence net aft. 1999/2002 in Poland, with the roots in the KOSCIAN district:
Wilkowo Polskie and area, where Cagliostro was in the 70' of the 18th century.

Anna Garczynska (Skorzewska) was the wife of Stefan Garczynski junior, who was the son of Stefan Garczynski SENIOR. In 1760, the royal Polish General Stefan Garczynski was the landlord of ZBASZYN / Bentschen, a town in western Poland, 13 km north to Chobienice, 16 km west-north to Stara TUCHORZA. They had a son TADEUSZ Garczynski, the Count of the Kingdom of Prussia, with a diploma dated in 1839 for the Royal Prussian Chamberlain Thaddaeus von Garczynski, who had been the lord of ZBASZYN / Bentschen and Garczyn since 1827 [5 km west to KOSCIERZYNA].

Stephan Garczynski, SENIOR, died in 1755, was the Governor of POZNAN / Posen.

Anna Garczynska was the mother of Tadeusz = Adam Wenant Alojzy Tadeusz Garczynski von Rautenberg, Count, 1791 - 1863, the Prussian Court official. Thaddaeus Graf von Garczynski, b. 1791, was the member of the MALTESE ORDER.

Adam Tadeusz Garczynski = Adam Garczynski married Adelajda von Stutterheim. He was known as Adam Rautenberg-Garczynski.

Anna Garczynska born in 1759 was the sister to Aleksandra Gorzenska born in 1757.

On February 8, 1774 Augustyn Gorzenski married Aleksandra Skorzewska of Labiszyn (1757-1801), 17 years aged, the daughter of General Franciszek Skorzewski and [Aleksandra's mother was 16 years old] Marianna Ciecierski Skorzewska, 1741-1791, the famous favorite of Frederick II of Prussia.

Marianna Skorzewska nee Ciecierska from the Margonin district, was the lover of Frederick Henry Louis / Friedrich Heinrich Ludwig, 1726 - 1802, commonly known as Henry (Heinrich - LGBT), who was a Prince of Prussia and the younger brother of Frederick the Great [LGBT].

Marcin Malachowski - the owner of Borzeciczki, Galaski / Galazki, and Mycielinko / Mycielin, with Debowiec; Marianna Bielicka Malachowska in Sobotka close to BIEGANIN of the Kiedrzynskis.
Krzyzanowski in Czarnocin;
Chelmo near to Przedborz - the property of the Skorzewskis intermarried Ostrowski-Morsztyn clan.

Beczkowice in the Leki Szlacheckie commune of the Malachowskis + Brzezie, 7 km east to PLESZEW of the Molski - Zaleski - Czarniecki line.

The Sobotka - Karsy - Droszew area with link to Kaliszkowice Kaliskie and Kaliszkowice Olobockie.
Bogdanski of Brzezie close to Pleszew;
Bogdanski - Madalinski - Kiedrzynski - Trampczynski - Arcichowski - Bardzki - Karwat - Jaruzelski of Kalisz - Zaluskowski - Nostitz-Jackowski of the Kalisz district - Hutten-Czapski of Raszkow and Glogowa close to Bieganin ex-Strzelecki property - Molski genealogical branch.

Skora and Gabor in Ochotnik, Krery, Beczkowice and Chelmo, with the link to Kodrab, Dmenin and Bugaj Dmeninski, together with Ankwicz, Zaluskowski, Szwarcenberg-Czerny, Malachowski of Brzezie close to Pleszew, Gostkowski from Andrychow - Wadowice - Kety area, and Koscierzyna + Bialynicze of the Malachowskis + Nowy Sacz and Kamionka Wielka. Chruszczobrod and Trzebieslawice [3 km south to Goluchowice; 5 / 6 km north-west to Chruszczobrod] and Goluchowice in the southern Poland - these villages are only 3 km away -
two families met here:
the branch of Nostitz-Jackowski, Hutten-Czapski, Molski, Pstrokonski together with Kiedrzynski which intermarried in the 20th century to the Konstantynowicz family of Miezonka, Kazan and Moscow with General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski - Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz' line.
Together with Franciszek Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. 1692, the Oswiecim governor in 1739, the Wojnicz governor in 1746. Franciszek's daughter was Salomea, by the wife Salomea Nielepiec. Salomea younger m. Stanislaw Ankwicz b. 1720, the Nowy Sacz governor, and she died in 1756.

The genealogy of Anna Dembinska Jackowska / Anna Nostitz-Jackowska, b. ca 1760, died in 1819, came from the Andrychow district. Anna Dembinska b. ca 1760, m. 2nd to Wincenty Sedzimir of Szczytniki b. ca 1760, the guardian of Antoni Dembinski. Wincenty was living in 1815 - 1818 in Podolin. Anna Dembinska married to Andrzej Nostitz-Jackowski / Andrzej Jackowski younger, born in 1748, the son of Andrzej Jackowski, older, the 1st, b. ca 1730, the grandson of Jan Jackowski / Jan Nostitz-Jackowski b. ca 1670/1680 + 3rd wife Anna Lukomski.

Jan Nostitz-Jackowski married 1st Teresa Zaluskowska [with children among others: Anna Skorzewska and Franciszka Kiedrzynska of Bieganin and Raszkow - my family line], and 2nd to Rozalia Trzebska [with the children in the Chelmza district, 5 km to the Kruszynski clan].

Mentioned Anna Dembinska b. 1760, was the daughter of Antoni Dembinski b. ca 1705, d. in 1781 in Gniewiecin, 6 kilometres south of Sedziszow [the Swietokrzyskie province], 20 km south-west of Jedrzejow.

Antoni DEMBINSKI owned Roczyny close to Andrychow, and of Twierdza with Wieprz near to Andrychow.

The fall of Poland in 1795 was the greatest victory of the Russian intelligence in the 18th century, along with the Scots, Templars [Knights of St. John of Jerusalem], Stuart-Jacobites, the Order of Malta [Carsten Niebuhr, Pinto, Cagliostro, Althotas], and the German Illuminati; together with the Poniatowski-Kosciuszko-Czartoryski-Argyll-Douglas-Gordon political and genealogical net
versus
Morsztyn-Ostrowski-Skorzewski-Ronikier branch around Tadeusz Grabianka's Illuminati [+ Ilinski, Apolon Konstantynowicz and Anna Armand Konstantynowicz, Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska Armand, Lasek, Duflon, Breguet, Venture de Paradise, Piotr Maleszewski, Jozef Sulkowski and others Polish conspirators];
and Nostitz-Jackowski, Hutten-Czapski, Oskierka, Chrapowicki, Kiedrzynski-Nieniewski-Skorzewski, Zaleski-Molski-Czarniecki, Pstrokonski, Madalinski, Psarski, Sulimierski, Pradzynski, Trampczynski, Arciszewski, Niemojewski, Swiatopelk-Mirski families of Polish conspirators.

In GUTOW in the Kucharki parish, 9 km east to Bieganin and 15 km north to Ostrow Wielkopolski, in 1725, Katarzyna Urszula Nieniewska was born, as the daughter of Wojciech Nieniewski / Ninieski + Katarzyna Ostrowska b. ca 1705, d. ca 1770.

In the Kucharki parish lived in the 18th century also the Trampczynski clan.

The French intelligence influenced:
Breguet and Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Armand of Moscow; Kazimierz Krasinski of Baranowo and Krasne; and Oskierka-Prozor branch with Stefania Julia Radziwill of Miezonka; King Stanislaw Leszczynski and Tadeusz Grabianka + Illinski and Lasek in St Petersburg.
At the Polish territory acted Russian, Prussian, Saxon, French, Scottish, English intelligence groups influenced Polish military nets [of Stefan Czarniecki-Zaleski and Stanislaw Leszczynski, who in 1703 joined the Lithuanian Confederation, which the Sapiehas with the aid of Sweden had formed against August of Saxony]
and our conspiracy after 1697 until 2022:
my permament contract at my factory was cancel on 12 December 2021 acc. to the letter on 15 December 2021 and now I have only 28 days temporary job position. And again I lost higher payment on 31 March 2022. But on 02 APRIL 2022 we have more on Ankwicz and Ostrowski together with Chruszczobrod and Poniatowski.

Andrzej MYSZKOWSKI was the son of Waclaw (Venceslaus) Myszkowski b. ca 1650, d. in 1698 in Chruszczobrod, the Siewierz official, the owner of Chruszczobrod and Mierzejowice (Mierzowice), closest to the Myszkowskis in Trzebieslawice.
Kostancja Kiedrzynska was the sister of Jan Kiedrzynski b. 1670/1680 + Anna MOLSKA of Pleszew. Konstancja married to Andrzej Myszkowski b. 1683, in Chruszczobrod, m. in 1701 in Borowno. Konstancja Kiedrzynska b. ca 1680 in Radostkow in the Borowno parish. Andrzej MYSZKOWSKI was the son of Waclaw (Venceslaus) Myszkowski b. ca 1650, d. in 1698 in Chruszczobrod, the Siewierz official, the owner of Chruszczobrod and Mierzejowice (MIRZOWICE = Mierzowice).

Myslow, 11 km north to Siewierz; and Osiek, 5 km south-east to Kozieglowy. Trzebieslawice - 3 km south-west to GOLUCHOWICE; and named Sikorka was 3 km south-west to Chruszczobrod. Trzebieslawice - 5 / 6 km north-west to Chruszczobrod; Goluchowice in the southern Poland -
these villages are only 3 km away - two families met here:
the branch of Nostitz-Jackowski, Hutten-Czapski, Molski, Pstrokonski together with Kiedrzynski which intermarried in the 20th century to the Konstantynowicz family of Miezonka, Kazan and Moscow with General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski - Armand - Apolon Konstantynowicz' line.

Together with Franciszek Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. 1692, the Oswiecim governor in 1739, the Wojnicz governor in 1746. Franciszek's daughter was Salomea, by the wife Salomea Nielepiec. Salomea younger m. Stanislaw Ankwicz b. 1720, the Nowy Sacz governor, and she died in 1756.

Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County,
the son of Jozef Czerny and Marianna.
Jozef was the son of Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny and Marianna Piasecka, 1748 - 1816 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County. Above Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny, 1744 - 1818 in Goluchowice.
Jozef Szwarcenberg was the son of Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny younger and Marianna Piasecka, 1748 - 1816 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County. Above Antoni Szwarcenberg-Czerny, 1744 - 1818 in Goluchowice. Antoni was the son of
Wojciech Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. ca 1710, and Krystyna Cienska b. ca 1710/1720.
Above Wojciech Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. ca 1710, the cousin of Franciszek Czerny-Szwarzenberg b. ca 1692, died in 1764; the Lowicz official, in 1739 he was the Oswiecim governor, in 1746-1760 the Wojnicz official.

Franciszek SZWARCENBERG Czerny b. ca 1692, was the governor of Oswiecim, and in 1720 he was the owner of the Andrychow estate including Inwald (1747-1750), Czaniec (1764) and also western of Cracow - Poreba Zegoty, 2 km east to Alwernia (the church in 1762). The owner of the Czaniec manor and Andrychow.
Franciszek Szwarcenberg-Czerny, b. 1692, the Oswiecim governor in 1739, the Wojnicz governor in 1746. Franciszek's daughter was Salomea, by the wife Salomea Nielepiec. Salomea younger m. Stanislaw Ankwicz b. 1720, the Nowy Sacz governor, and she died in 1756.
Franciszek m. in 1734 the 2nd to Krystyna Szembek, 1-voto Stanislaw Bidzinski.
Krystyna had a daughter - Maryanna Czerny m. in 1775 to Jozef Szembek.

And again back to my family [Paszkowski-Armand in Moscow with Apolon Konstantynowicz]:
Wojciech Paszkowski born in 1765 or in 1780
[he co-operated with Artur Potocki of Zator, Templars Freemason, and Artur's family owned Berezyna-Lubuszany in Belarus, 13 km to Miezonka owned in 1842 by my family of Dominik Konstantynowicz and Dominik's grandson Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswieja in northern Belarus, who came from the Malnow-Rzeczyca area in Polish Livland / Inflanty in the south-east Latvia now],
was the son of Jan Paszkowski b. 1742, and Petronela Kulikowska.
Petronela was born ca 1755.

Wojciech PASZKOWSKI had 2 brothers: Dominik Paszkowski and General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski closest to General Tadeusz Kosciuszko and to General Fiszer and Axamitowski.

Wojciech Paszkowski married ca 1805 or after 1805 to Ludwina Galezka, with the daughter Jozefa Paszkowska b. ca 1810, married in 1828, in Checiny. Above WOJCIECH Paszkowski had a son born 1805, an officer of the 1831 Uprising; and Wojciech Paszkowski had next daughter married Schwarzenberg-Czerny. Julianna Czerny or Julia Franciszka Szwarcenberg-Czerny (born Paszkowska in 1813), was the daughter of Wojciech Paszkowski b. in 1765/1780 + Ludwika GALESKA / Ludwina Galezka Paszkowski b. in 1783.
Julianna Paszkowska m. Piotr Pawel Szwarcenberg-Czerny b. in 1815 in Goluchowice, in the Bedzin County, the son of Jozef Czerny and Marianna.

Wojciech Paszkowski, the half brother to General Franciszek Paszkowski, was the friend to ARTUR POTOCKI who in 1818, became an adept of the 33rd degree of the Scottish Masonic Lodge.

Apolon Konstantynowicz' family was living in Moscow, Miezonka, KAZAN, Tallinn-Nomme and Viljandi, and in Paris, Lida, SWOLNA. MIEZONKA is situated 13 km to Lubuszany, the estate of the Potockis, of Artur Potocki' branch in Zator and in Berezyna.
CAPTAIN Wojciech Paszkowski, 1780 - 1856, was the brother of famous General Franciszek Paszkowski, who was the friend of General Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Kosciuszko was the friend of Thomas Jefferson b. 1743 - Illuminati.
Wojciech Paszkowski, 1780 - 1856, was the plenipotentiary [1821-1832] of Artur Potocki / Artur Stanislaw Potocki (b. 1787 in Paris, died in 1832 in Wien). Named Artur Potocki, the Templar masonic degree, in 1830-1832 in CRACOW closely cooperated with GENERAL FRANCISZEK PASZKOWSKI in The Committee for the Reconstruction of the Krakow Castle in the Free City of Krakow and its District (1830 - 1836). The Committee, whose work was supervised by Maciej Rembowski, the first - only nominal president was Count Artur Potocki - followed by general Franciszek Paszkowski, was never formally resolved, his activity decreased in 1833, and from 1836 his last documents came.

ARTUR POTOCKI was the Freemason - the TEMPLAR. The Masonic fraternity uses the honourary title of Knights Templar for its highest 33rd degree of initiation, in tribute to the earlier Templars. 'The Structure of Freemasonry' in Life Magazine (on 08 October 1956) in The Masonic Library and the Museum of Pennsylvania, featuring Knights Templar at 33rd Degree.
"... The steps on the left side present the 33 degrees of initiation for the Scottish Rite, with their Grand level on the top step of the 33rd degree. The steps on the right side present the levels of the York Rite, the top 3 levels of which are Masonic sub-orders named after earlier Orders which are independent in their own right, including the Order of the Red Cross (version of Rosicrucians), and the Order of Knights of Malta (version of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta).
At the top of the steps on the right side is the Order of Knights Templar (version of the 12th century Order of the Temple of Solomon of the original Knights Templar). The Templar figure uniquely occupies the highest level of the 33rd degree of Masonic initiation".

Artur Stanislaw Potocki / ARTUR POTOCKI was the Count, the owner of the Krzeszowice and Lancut estates, graduated of the Ernangen Protestant University, officer of the Polish army, the adjutant of Prince Jozef Poniatowski in 1812, the adjutant of the emperor of France [fligiel-adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I] - Napoleon I - in 1815 [Napoleon Bonaparte I abdicated on 22 June 1815 in favour of his son Napoleon II. On 24 June the Provisional Government proclaimed the fact to the French nation and the world].

Wojciech Paszkowski [the half-brother of General Franciszek Paszkowski] was the manager of KRZESZOWICE owned by Artur Potocki. Wojciech Paszkowski managed also Trzebniew / Trzebniow [not Trzebnica !] of BYSTRZANOWSKI.
CAPTAIN Wojciech Paszkowski, 1780 - 1856, was Commissioner General to Artur Potocki. ARTUR POTOCKI married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II. He bought a Palace in Cracow; and in Krzeszowice he built a summer residence.

Aleksandra Potocka, Aleksandryna (1818-1892), born in Petersburg, as a child of Stanislaw Septym POTOCKI + Katarzyna Branicki;
the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki.
Stanislaw Potocki died in 1831; then Aleksandryna Potocka was living under care of Zofia, the wife of Artur Potocki - the Templar - in Biala Cerkiew, St Petersburg and Krzeszowice.
ARTUR married to Zofia Countess Branicka, probably granddaughter of Empress Katarzyna II.

Aleksandryna Potocka became friends with her cousin, Eliza Branicka, the later Eliza was the wife of Zygmunt Krasinski, in 1835 until 1876. Miss Potocka formally remained under the care of Tsar Nicholas I. Around 1836, she became the lady of the imperial court. On her marriage with her cousin August Potocki from Wilanow recalled Jadwiga Dzialynski Zamoyska years later.

Aleksandra Potocka, with nick-name Aleksandryna, 1818-1892, born in St Petersburg, the daughter of Stanislaw Septym Potocki; the granddaughter of Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki 1751-1805;
the great-granddaughter of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, 1700-1772,
who was the son of Jozef Potocki (died 1723),
and grandson of Feliks Kazimierz "Szczesny" Potocki (1630-1702),
the great-grandson of Stanislaw "Rewera" Potocki, 1589-1667.

Aleksandryna, 1818-1892, married her cousin August Potocki / August Aleksander Potocki b. 1805; the son of Aleksander Stanislaw Potocki b. 1778;
the grandson of Stanislaw Kostka Potocki b. 1755;
the great-grandson of Eustachy Potocki born in 1720;
the great-great-grandson of Jerzy Potocki,
who was the son of Feliks Kazimierz Potocki, 1630-1702,
and grandson of Stanislaw Rewera Potocki b. 1589.

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold ZATOR [she died in 1892] to AUGUST POTOCKI, 1847-1905; then, in 1905, it belonged to widowed Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka Potocka, the widow after death of AUGUST POTOCKI. Eugenia Wojnicz-Sianozecka, 1870-1925. And ca 1908/1909, Eugenia sold the estate Zator to Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, of Krzeszowice.

Aleksandra Potocka / Aleksandryna Potocka sold [? ca 1887/1890] Luboszany / LUBUSZANY [she died in 1892] (K. Lipinski - the manager of Berezyna, Tepliki, Zwinogrod), to hands of Krystyna nee Tyszkiewicz, born in RIGA in 1866; died in 1952, the daughter of Jan Witold Emanuel Tyszkiewicz b. 1831 in WOLOZYN;
the granddaughter of Jozef Tyszkiewicz b. 1805 in PALANGA;
the great-granddaughter of Michal Tyszkiewicz Count, b. 1761 in BIRZAI / Birze;
the great-great-granddaughter of Jozef Ignacy Tyszkiewicz b. 1724, d. 1815 in Valozyn.

Krystyna Tyszkiewicz married the Galicja governor Andrzej Potocki.
Andrzej Potocki was murdered in 1908 while he fulfills the duties of the Governor of Galicia. The murderer uses the nationalist-Ukrainian ideology. But the widow Krystyna Potocka nee Tyszkiewicz, asks the Austrian authorities to exchange the death sentence for this offender, for a prison sentence. And of course, the prisoner escapes in 1911 from the Stanislawow prison. Where? To Sweden! And here he lives peacefully until 1914 - with what passport? In 1914 he left for the USA and there he lives peacefully until death in the 70s of the 20th century! How did he get a visa if he was a criminal?

Krystyna Potocka in 1908 has around 40, and 9 children. Krystyna in 1946 left for Kenya, to the Tyszkiewiczs. The murderer Siczynski, on 12th of April, shot dead the governor of Galicya, Count Andrzej Potocki. The murderer is Miroslaw Siczynski, Rusin, a university student. He shot four times. "Glos Warszawski" was realistically reported. Siczynski born in 1887. The bishops Bilczewski and Bandurski also came to the wounded, but Andrzej Potocki died.

Taszycki, Gostkowski, Jordan, Szwarcenberg-Czerny and my mother's genealogy: Skora-Nowak-Kwiatkowski-Gabor, Zaluskowski, Pradzynski, Ilowiecki, Nasierowski, Wolanski, Neyman, Arnold, Szwarcenberg-Czerny, Nieniewski, Pstrokonski, Ankwicz, Madalinski, Uminski, Mieroslawski vs Poniatowski with Kosciuszko, Morsztyn, Ostrowski, Gordon, Agryll and Czartoryski. My father's genealogy: Paszkowski, Szwarcenberg-Czerny, Armand, Japaridze-Saparow-Oldenburg-Dadiani with Konstantynowicz of Miezonka, Kazan, Moscow and Viljandi, Tallinn and Swolna.

Emilia Bystrzanowska Paszkowska born in Brody in Podolia,
was the daughter of
Count KAJETAN BYSTRZANOWSKI / Kajetan Bystrzonowski, 1730-1807; the Podole (in 1760) top official, MP, Count in 1801, the Busk (1785-1786) official; in Malogoszcz (1786-1795); the Radom (1784) official. The NAKLO close to LELOW, owner.

Kajetan Bystrzanowski was the son of Karol Bystrzonowski and Apolonia Misiowski.
Kajetan was the brother to Sebastian.

Mentioned EMILIA Bystrzanowska was born ca 1775/1780 in BRODY. Emilia Bystrzanowska married Wojciech Paszkowski b. 1780 - he was the half-brother of General Franciszek Paszkowski who was born in BRODY. Emilia was the sister to Franciszek Ksawery Bystrzanowski b. 1767.

Franciszka Bobrowska, Bystrzanowska, born Mecinska in 1775, the daughter of Adam Albert Wojciech Mecinski + Aniela Mecinska Stadnicka. Franciszka married to Franciszek Ksawery Bystrzanowski in 1809; Franciszek was born in 1767.

Franciszek's parents:
Count Kajetan Bystrzanowski, the Podole official; 1730-1807 + Marianna Marcjanna Mlodzianowska 1730-1796.
Grandparents:
Karol Bystrzanowski Szafraniec, the Checiny official; born ca 1692 or ca 1700/1710-1752 + Apolonia Misiowska.

KAROL's children:
1.
Kajetan Bystrzanowski the official of Podole (1760 - compare on Brody in Podole - Paszkowski), in Radom (1765); MP, Count in 1801, the Busk official (1785-1786), in Malogoszcz (1786-1795), in PiotrkAlw (1761) and Radom (1784); 1730-1807 + Marianna Marcjanna Mlodzianowska; 2nd to Katarzyna Grodzicka.
2.
Sebastian Bystrzanowski, of the Checiny (1774-1783) official; again in Checiny (1757 and 1765); 1730-1795 + Magdalena Soltyk.
3.
Kamilia Bystrzanowski or Domicela Szafraniec-Bystrzonowska born ca 1730 / 1735; m. Michal Czarnocki; 2nd married to Feliks de Valois Skorupka. Her granddaughter [great-granddaughter ?] Anna / Antonila or Antonilia Czarnocka 2nd, died in Paris 1899 and she writes his wealth on the foundations of the Hotel Lambert in Paris.
4.
Klemens Bystrzonowski, the Checiny official (1764), b. 1730 - 1774 + Antonila Czarnocka 1st, b. ca 1735 {who was aft. 1774 / 1776 in France and in August 1776 in USA, together with Tadeusz Kosciuszko ?}.
5.
Michal Bystrzonowski at the Royal court (1761); b. 1740/1742-1798 + Katarzyna Borzyslawska b. ca 1730/1740 -
with the son:
Kazimierz Szafraniec-Bystrzanowski, 1764-1840, married ca 1795/1796, Anna Russocka, 1775/1780-1844,
with children:
1. Ludwik Tadeusz Bystrzanowski, 1797-1878;
2. Liberata Bystrzanowska b. 1800;
3. Kamila Szafraniec-Bystrzanowska b. ca 1800.

Kajetan Oskierka, b. 1820/1821, married Stefania Julia Radziwill, 1825-1896, the owner of Miezonka [in 1842-1918 belonged to the Konstantynowiczs].
Kajetan was the son of Dominik Oskierka.
Then in 1842 Miezonka belonged to Dominik Konstantynowicz and his son - Antoni Konstantynowicz [Antoni b. ca 1833, had a brother Wasyl Konstantynowicz of Kazan, who had the son Apolon Konstantynowicz + Anna Armand of Moscow; Apolon's son was Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898 and until November 1918 lived in Miezonka], and to the grandson - Stanislaw Konstantynowicz + Anna Malkiewicz of Oswiej / Oswieja [Anna was the foster mother to my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz vel Marian Stankiewicz or Siedlecki] - owned by PROZOR.
The sister of Dominik Oskierka -
Aniela Oskierka, 1770-1804, married Ignacy Kajetan Prozor b. ca 1770 [see OSWIEJA and Malkiewicz],
with:
Maurycy Prozor, b. 1801 in Rothley-Temple, Leicestershire; he was the commander of the Kowno Uprising in 1831 - d. 1886 + Anna Chlopicka, b. ca 1810.


We back to Horodyski. In 1831, HORODYSKI was the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

BAWOROWO = Baworow, 72 km north-east-north to BEREMIANY of UJEJSKI !: The Baworowo castle in the TARNOPOL county; close to Zastaw; 21 south-east to Tarnopol / Tiernopil; west to SKALAT; south to ZBARAZ.

Brody - see PASZKOWSKI - ca 90 km north-west to Tarnopol.
In 1761 Jozef Potocki younger, took Studenica by the Dniestr river, Jozef Potocki (1734 - 1802) younger. Stanislawow took Wincenty Potocki, under care of his relative, Katarzyna Kossakowska - see FRANKISTS; in 1765 under care of Jozef Potocki younger. Stanislawow in 1768 and 1769 was taken by Russians.

We back to Sergei Pietrovich Kapitsa b. February 14, 1928 in Cambridge, Soviet and Russian physicist, the son of the Nobel Prize Kapitza, and
the grandson of A. N. Krylov, the Russian mathematician and shipbuilder,
and the great-nephew of the famous French biochemist Henry Victor / Victor Henri, Krylov - on his mother side, Anna Alekseevna.
The great-grandson of a geographer I. I. Stebnicki that is Ierome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki,
the elder brother of A. P. Kapitsa.

Father - Peter Leonidovich Kapitsa - the famous physicist and Nobel Prize winner,
mother - Anna A. Krylov, the daughter of Alexei Krylov, Russian ship builder, an expert in the field of mechanics, mathematics.

Above named Krylov, Alexey / Alexei Krylov, b. in August 1863, and in 1878 he entered the Naval Academy, he graduated with honors in 1884, worked in the Hydrographic Office of P. Kolong, study of the magnetic deviation, in 1887 Krylov moved to (since 1892 the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in St Petersburg; before 1892 Duflon acted in the Breguet Company in Petersburg owned by the Brown family from London) the Franco - Russian plant, and then continued his studies at the shipbuilding department of the Nicholas Naval Academy.
1890 he remained at the Academy. According to the memoirs of Krylov, since 1887, his specialty was ship-building, the application of mathematics to various issues of maritime affairs and expanded the theory of William Froude, 1896 he was elected a member of the British Society of Naval Architects, proposed the gyroscopic damping roll. His daughter Anna, became the wife of Kapitza.
Since 1900, Krylov cooperates with Stepan Osipovich Makarov, Admiral and scientist and shipbuilder.

Acc. to an Academician A. N. Krylov / Kriloff, 'My memories' on Stefan Drzewiecki = Stepan Karlovic Drzewiecki:
It was a talented engineer and inventor, with whom Krylov was friendly to April 1938. He knew Drzewiecki in November 1878, at age 15, being at the Naval College (Admiral Gregory I. Butakov died in the summer of 1882, as a teacher of the fleet, with an architect I. G. Bubnov and Captain 2nd rank M. N. Beklemishev [see Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company], and he cooperated on the project of submarine 'Dolphi').

Krylov met Drzewiecki many times in the technical society. In January 1886 was organized the first Electrical Exhibition. At this exhibition participated main hydrographic office, with the last sample of a compass 'de Kolong' and also participated a Parisian company 'Breguet', with two instruments invented by the French Navy admiral Fournier: among others dromoskop.

I. A. Shestakov and Main Hydrographic office was instructed to investigate these devices (I. P. de Kolong, Lieutenant N. M. Yakovlev and Krylov who met Drzewiecki). This work was later published in 'Sea collection'.

Krylov soon teamed up with the Petersburg department of the company 'Breguet', on dromoskop. Krylov then met with the engineer Dyuflon, a representative of 'Breguet', Swiss, friend of Drzewiecki and of Apolon Konstantynowicz.

Drzewiecki occupied a luxury apartment of the house No 6 Admiralty Street. In the evenings, guests of Drzewiecki were brothers Paul and Peter Solomonovich Martynov, Dyuflon and botanist Professor Poirot, K. E. Makovsky and the Serbian Prince Karageorgievich, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion, mainly for scientific or technical topics, flying airplanes on a theory of Drzewiecki (in April 1884 he published it and the chief inspector Rear Admiral Loschinsky invited Krylov to resolve this issue).

Drzewiecki acc. to his friend from Moscow, Goujon (remembering on the later system of J. Roy / Rey) and Dyuflon / Duflon, was noble, of an ancient clan of Poles, who owned large estates in the Volyn province, land in Odessa, orchard houses in Warsaw, etc. Drzewiecki had an extensive knowledge of the St. Petersburg nobility. His parents were living in Paris, where he was educated at home, at the Lycee St. Barbe, and the Central Engineering College. Among his companions was Eifel (aerodynamic research).

In 1873, Drzewiecki was at Vienna World Exhibition. When Drzewiecki moved to St. Petersburg, he turned to the famous Brouwer, at the Pulkovo Observatory and to the War Minister P. S. Rakovsky (construction of 50 boats, with the payment of 100.000 rubles for Drzewiecki).
Drzewiecki, received one hundred thousand, and went to Italy.
Summer 1886 Drzewiecki went to Turkestan, to General Annenkov (the Trans-Caspian railway from Krasnovodsk to Samarkand with a huge bridge across the Amu Darya in Chardzhui). The following summer, he went to Egypt, to Aswan. 1887 he calls Krylov to show a sketch of a submarine and gone to Grand Duke General Admiral Alexei Alexandrovich with this project to develop a submarine.

In 1888 Krylov was enrolled at the Shipbuilding Division of the Naval Academy, graduated it in 1890. At this time, Drzewiecki went to Paris. 1892 met with Krylov, on the development of the submarine, and together come to Paris. The Marine Technical Committee (boat steam engines, internal combustion engines, and then diesels) cooperated with Drzewiecki because he had an extensive knowledge of French naval engineers and brought Krylov into this world. In 1897 Drzewiecki invented a special type of destroyer for the Naval Ministry, and again asked Krylov to work with him in Paris. The project was adopted by the Technical Committee. In 1892 was the Dreyfus affair and Drzewiecki was not at home, back to St. Petersburg. Around 1905 Drzewiecki developed an original theory of propellers.

In 1909 to 1914 every time Krylov visited Drzewiecki in Paris, last time met with him 1925 to 1927, when Krylov was abroad for 'Neftesindikat' and 'Soviet oil'. Stefan Drzewiecki died in April 1938.

Above Jerome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki born on 12 December 1832 in the province of Volyn, Polish engineer, cartographer and infantry general of the Russian Empire. He graduated in 1852, serve in the General Staff, since 1860 worked at the Caucasus and the Caspian region, left a description of triangulation Caucasus mountains, 1866 the head of the Military Division on the topographic of General Staff of the Russian Empire, 1867 head of the Caucasus Department, grandfather of Peter Kapitza.

Acc. to: 'en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ioffe_Institute' we read
"...Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (for short, Ioffe Institute) is one of Russia's largest research centers specialized in physics...".

This Wikipedia page intentionally omits Konstantynowicz aka Konstantinov name in the list of scientists of the Institute.

And "...Abram Ioffe was born in the Ukraine in 1880. After graduating from St. Petersburg Technological Institute in 1902, Ioffe went to Munich, Germany, where he worked under Wilhelm Roentgen, the discoverer of X-rays. Ioffe earned his doctorate in physics in 1905. In 1906, Ioffe returned to St. Petersburg where he worked in the Polytechnical Institute. ... Several times he demonstrated his loyalty to Russia by turning down offers of academic positions in Munich and later, in Berkeley, California. He briefly left Russia during the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918, but he soon returned and helped build up the Physico-Technical Institute. He traveled to Western Europe in 1921, collecting books, journals, and equipment for the institute. He served as director of the Physico-Technical Institute from 1923 to 1953. ...
Igor V. Kurchatov, who was later put in charge of the project to build the Soviet atomic bomb, studied at Ioffe's institute during the 1930s, and Ioffe recommended Kurchatov for the position to head the nuclear project".
Acc. to 'fofweb.com/History', and Carlisle, Rodney P. 'Ioffe, Abram Fedorovich.' - Encyclopedia of the Atomic Age. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2001.

Above Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky b. 1863, St. Petersburg and died on January 6, 1945 in Moscow.
His father, Ivan, according to family legend, was a descendant of Cossacks.
Before moving to St. Petersburg, he was Professor of Economics in Kiev. In St. Petersburg, he served as a privy councilor.
His mother, Anna Petrovna nee Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich, was a Polish noblewoman.

Vladimir Vernadsky was a cousin of the Russian writer Vladimir Korolenko.

Above named Konstantinov, Boris Pavlovich or Borys Konstantinovich / Borys Konstantynowicz, the son of Pawel Konstantynowicz, b. 1910 in St. Petersburg.
Soviet physicist and Vice - President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Father Paul Fedoseevich Konstantinov / or Pavel Konstantinovich, b. 1874, in 1888 went to St. Petersburg,
mother - Agrippina Petrovna Konstantinov, b. 1876 nee Smirnov, gave birth to eight sons and four daughters;
Boris Konstantynowicz in 1916 was sent to a private elementary school, where he studied until the end of 1917; in early 1918 the family moved to the home of parents in the village. In 1919 his father died. In the winter 1920 - 1921 he lived and studied in St. Petersburg. Autumn of 1924 the family moved to Leningrad. At this time, at the Physico-Technical Institute worked older brother of Boris -
Alexander Pavlovich Konstantinov (1895 - 1945, repressioned, was posthumously rehabilitated) or maybe Aleksander Konstantynowicz, who became one of the largest radio technicians, radiophysicist
and create a variety of radio-electronic equipment (with Bonch - Bruevich) and contributed to the development of television - suggested a way to narrow band television signals, has developed a mosaic photocathodes for the television camera tubes of the 1930s television transmission. He was a member of the laboratory of L. S. Theremin: an alarm systems of banks and museums.

A. Konstantinov was an electrician in this protective system - 1909. In 1924 he created the radio-electronic equipment to determine the difference in longitude of Greenwich and Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, in 1928 to 1930 with his brother has developed radio - protective signaling processes of government vaults. They invented electric seismographs have been used successfully for mineral exploration.
He studied at the Physics and Mechanics of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute 1926 - 1929 and was expelled from this Polytechnic after fourth years for the non-proletarian origin, but was able to continue working in science through the application of Ioffe.
He worked as a laboratory assistant, senior laboratory assistant at the Physical - Technical Institute, 1935 - 1937 in the department of electro - acoustics of the Leningrad Institute, (in 1937 Konstantinovich Aleksandr Pavlovich was wrongly arrested and died in the dungeons of the NKVD) but 1937 - 1940 he headed a laboratory of the Research Institute of the music industry and acoustics for the needs of defense - but we need check this data.
His brother Boris Pavlovich Konstantinovich or Konstantinov was born in St. Petersburg in 1910, acc. to his autobiography, written an excellent literary language. In 1924 Konstantinov moved to Leningrad, because at the State Physical - Technical Institute of the X-ray worked his older brother, Alexander P. Konstantinovich. Since 1927 he started working at the laboratory of D. A. Rozhanski as a physicist and was student of Physics and Mechanics Faculty of the Polytechnic Institute.

A few details on Boris Konstantinov / Borys Konstantinovich:
Konstantinov Boris Pavlovich or Konstantinovich B. P. born on 23 June / 6 July 1910 in St. Petersburg and died July 1969. In 1927-35 and since 1940 has worked in the Physical - Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1957-67 director, in 1937-40 at the Research Institute of the music industry (like his brother?!). "In the 90's of last century, was opened part of the work on the nuclear problem, and as a result over the past half ten years, there are many books and publications devoted to the development of research on the nuclear problem in the USSR and Russia... There was a series of films about the secret physicists ... I. V. Kurchatov, Y. B. Chariton, Ya. Zel'dovich, A. D. Sakharov, I. E. Tamm, V. L. Ginzburg and others in the work on the atomic problem, but the role of B. P. Konstantinov reflected very sparingly. This is despite the fact that over the carried out his work, he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, was elected to the Academy and became director Physico - Technical Institute, vice - president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, it is named after him the Institute of Nuclear Physics Gatchina and the largest chemical plant in Kirov...".

"...B. P. Konstantinov / Konstantynowicz is one of the founders of the school of nuclear physicists.
In 1945, the Physics and Mechanics Department opened the country's first training in the Department of Nuclear Physics (Department of Technical Physics). The first head of the department was A. F. Ioffe, but after 2 years it was headed by B. P. Konstantinov / Konstantynowicz, who since 1945 has combined his academic work at PTI with teaching at the LPI...".

"The Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) is one of four nuclear physics centers within the National Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute' / NRC 'Kurchatov Institute'. PNPI bears the name of Academician B. P. Konstantinov ... Director of the Ioffe Physical Technical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, vice president of the Academy of Sciences...".

At the beginning in accordance with the Decision of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR in 1942 which was composed of the Commissariat of Communications was formed Military restorative management for all military telephones and telegraphs and broadcasting units, radio and postal enterprises on the territory liberated from the German.

B. P. Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz Borys / Konstantinov was working for this management (at the Petersburg Nuclear Institut as Head of Laboratory 1943 - 1957, for the Federal Agency for Special Construction / Spetsstroy Russia).
1951 established the Office building number 565 as a part of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR - successor of the General Directorate of Special Construction. In 1953 in Leningrad was organized management for the construction of the air defense system.

"Federal Agency for Special Construction (Spetsstroy Russia) - the federal executive body for the promotion of national defense and security organization works in the field of special construction, road building and communication engineering by military units and road-building military units of the Federal Agency for Special Construction".

References, acc. to 'Russian & Soviet Science and Technology' by Loren R. Graham, History of Science Society Newsletter, Volume 18 No. 4 (Supplement 1989):
"...An interesting article on the growth of scientific personnel in the USSR, portraying the Soviet overtaking of the United States in the number of research workers, is Louvan Nolting and Murray Feshbach's, 'R and D Employment in the USSR', 'Science', 01 Feb. 1980, 207:493-503.
Nolting has also published a series of reports (Foreign Economic Reports, Department of Commerce) on the structure and organization of Soviet science and technology. A recent and valuable analysis of the political role of Soviet science by Stephen Fortescue is 'The Communist Party and Soviet Science' (London: Macmillan, 1987). ... Peter Kneen's 'Soviet Scientists and the State' (Albany: SUNY Press, 1984). Works written by emigres who previously worked in the Soviet science establishment provide special insights; these include Mark Azbel, Refusenik: 'Trapped in the Soviet Union' (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981);
Mark Popovsky, 'Manipulated Science' (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979);
and Vladimir Kresin, 'Soviet Science in Practice: An Insider's View,' in 'The Soviet Union Today', edited by James Cracraft (Chicago: 'Bulletin of Atomic Scientists', 1983).
Three works treating Soviet industrial research from economic and political standpoints are Joseph Berliner, The Innovation Decision in Soviet Industry (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1976); Erik Hoffmann and Robbin Laird, Technocratic Socialism: 'The Soviet Union in the Advanced Industrial Era' (Durham, N.C.: Duke Univ. Press, 1985); and Raymond Hutchings, 'Soviet Science: Technology and Design Interaction and Convergence' (London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1976). A topic of particular interest to American scholars who may wish to do research in the Soviet Union, no matter what the field, is the history of scholarly exchanges between the United States and the USSR. The most thoughtful analysis of the subject is by Linda Lubrano, 'National and International Politics in USA-USSR Scientific Cooperation,' Social Studies of Science 1981, 11:451-480. Also see Review of USA-USSR Interacademy Exchanges and Relations, Report of the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C., 1977); and Yale Richmond, U.S. - Soviet Cultural Ex - changes 1958-1986: Who Wins? (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1987). ...
Loren Graham, Program on Science, Technology and Society, Room E51-128, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139. Russian-language films on the history of Russian and Soviet science can be purchased from Alexandre K. Surikov, President, All-Union Corporation 'Sovinfilm,' 20 Skatertny Per., Moscow 121069, USSR".
This above data under copyright in 1989 by the History of Science Society, All rights reserved.
Acc. to 'fofweb.com/History', and Carlisle, Rodney P. 'Ioffe, Abram Fedorovich.' - Encyclopedia of the Atomic Age. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2001.

Piotr Leonidovich Kapitsa - physicist, a researcher at low temperature physics.

Abram Fedorovich Joffe - physicist, moved to Munich, where he took a internship with Wilhelm Rontgen, he returned to St. Petersburg, was involved in nuclear physics and in the development of lasers.

Adam Gernet born on 7 August 1878 in Kiwidepah, Roethel, Laanermaa (Haapsalu), Estonia.
Adam von Gernet was involved in the study of magnetism; served an infantry regiment in Dunaburg, escape across the German lines in March 1918, by John Hiden [compare - Gernet and the Duflon-Konstantinovich Company in Russia].

Abraham-Louis Breguet b. 10 January 1747 and died on 17 September 1823, born in Neuchatel [here MARAT was born], Switzerland. Originally Prussian Abraham Louis Breguet began his career as a watchmaker but also a physicist.
His son Louis-Antoine Breguet. His ancestry was French but his family were Protestants so they fled to Switzerland after Edict of Nantes in 1685. He met Abraham-Louis Perrelet and Xavier Gide. In 1795 Breguet returned to Paris from England. Circa 1807 Abraham Breguet brought in his son, Louis-Antoine (born 1776) as a business partner, and from this point the firm became known as Breguet et Fils. He sent his son to London to study with the great English chronometer maker, John Arnold.
Abraham-Louis Breguet died in 1823 and it was carried on by Louis-Antoine to 1833 (he died in 1858), and after the business continued under Abraham-Louis' grandson Louis Francois Clement Breguet born on 22 Dec. 1804 in Paris.

The main events in the history of the Russian telegraph:
W. Siemens established company 'Trading house of Siemens and Halske' in St. Petersburg for repair and construction empire Russian telegraphs, in 1853. 1870 the Russian army started building the military telegraph parks. 1877 telephones appears in Russia but in the Russian army experiments on telephone made in 1878.
L. Dyuflon and Dizeren in St. Petersburg established the Electrotechnical workshop on 1892, June 27. On 1896, December 14, L. Dyuflon, J. Dizeren and Apolon Vasilievich Konstantinovich in St. Petersburg established The Factory of electromechanical structures when Tesla received a British patent on the design of the spark gap - rotating strap.
In 1898, K. F. Siemens, W. Siemens, A. V. Gvineria and A. Y. Rothstein in St. Petersburg established the Russian joint stock company of electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'.
In 1899 were starting experiments on radio in Russian War Department.
In 1902 (1901), the Plant of electromechanical structures reorganized into a joint stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co', DECA.
In 1904, Captain 2nd Rank A. A. Remmert appointed head of business wireless telegraphy in the Marine Department. The Telefunken, JSC Russian Electrotechnical plants 'Siemens and Halske' and A. S. Popov agreed on the establishment in St. Petersburg 'Branch for wireless telegraphy system'. 1905, Naval Department made a contract with JSC Russian electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske' for delivery to the Navy 24 stations of the 'Telefunken'. Open the radio station in Revel, 1913. 1915, L. E. Gabrilovich established in Petrograd, the Universal Russian company of radio - telegraph, radio - telephone and electric devices (VRKR).
In 1916, stopped activity of JSC Russian electrical plants 'Siemens and Halske'.
In 1917 April, 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', DEKA, now as 'Akcioniernoje Obsciestvo Zavodov elektromechaniceskich sooruzenij'.

Acc. to: T. V. Alekseev, ed. 2010:
In the first of these stages, which lasted until the beginning of the 1890s, Konstantynowicz and Duflon created small workshops for repair and installation works, as well as the production of simple parts. The priority of this case belonged to the German entrepreneur V. Siemens who in 1853 founded in the Russian capital firm called 'Trading House of Siemens and Halske' were performed under a government orders a series of telegraph lines. The Russian government to conclude a long-term contract with the Konstantynowicz and Duflon company for the construction of new telegraph communication lines, and the company itself became known as a company for 'building and repairing the Imperial Russian Telegraph'.
At the beginning of 1868 in private house on the 1st line of Vasilievsky island in St. Petersburg opened a mechanical workshop, for co-production of the telegraphs. Mechanic N. K. Geisler in 1874 in his apartment opened small electromechanical workshop; here was repairing telegraph 'Belle Black' and also master L. H. Josef in 1884 start to produce a small - wire switches. The second stage of the formation of the electrical industry in St. Petersburg was due to the introduction of the new customs tariff in 1891. First in a series of these enterprises, was 'Siemens and Halske'; N. K. Geisler in the mid of 1890s sets of commercial communication with the American company 'Western Electric' building in 1895 - 1896 in St. Petersburg a Branch of the Western Electric - telephone and telegraph plant. In 1896, a new venture 'electro-mechanical plant of N. K. Geisler and Co'; it was already employs 100 workers after a contract from January 5, 1897 between Geisler and the American company. In the capital of the Russian Empire there was 'a large triple enterprises': Siemens and Halske, Geisler and L. M. Erickson, determined by the position on the market of wired and later radio communications.

In November 1892 established 'general partnership' of the Dyuflon and Constantinovich to 'use of electricity and mechanics to industry, to the railway, military, naval and aeronautical affairs and the private use'.
Its founders became a Swiss citizens Dyuflon, and J. Dizeren and also
engineer Apollon V. Konstantynowicz [the grandson of Domink Konstantynowicz of Mezhonka], who acted as representatives of the interests of two French companies: Sotter, Harle and Co (electrical machinery, dynamos, motors) and 'E. Gabrielle and N. Angenolt' (incandescent lamps).
Production activities based in St. Petersburg workshop and imported from France. The island in St. Petersburg land has been purchased, on December 14, 1896 has opened a new plant, electromechanical plant of facilities.

In 1897, for the purpose of capital expansion general partnership was converted into a limited partnership 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co'. It should be noted that founded in 1899 'Telephone ... plant of K. Lorenz', proprietor was a German citizen O. V. Treplin. In 1900, the industrial crisis has pushed the idea of corporatization and owners made an association like Dyuflon, Constantinovich and Co.

In September 1901 the general meeting of shareholders of the new company, approved its name 'Joint Stock Company of Electromechanical installations', the former partnership of Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co, as well as the size of the authorized capital in the amount of 750 thousand rubles.

The cooperation 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company with security agencies, primarily by the Ministry of the Sea, in terms of delivery of products for radio-military industry began in 1912, and in June of this year also as a result of fire damage of electromechanical Plant company N. N. Glebov and Co, located in St. Petersburg, had started contracts with the Maritime Office on delivery of dynamos for radio stations. Shareholders decided not to rebuild the plant and the stock company transfered orders to the 'Electromechanical installations' - Duflon and Konstantynowicz.

In the company of Glebov head of the test station was electrical engineer V. P. Vologdin. He signed in April 1912 contract with the captain of the port of Kronstadt to make a machine for high frequency power. After a fire at the plant Glebov, Vologdin passes in the 'AO electro-mechanical installations', where he became chief of the technical office.

Since then, the company Duflon and Konstantynowicz transformed into a supplier of the main generators of naval power stations that immediately affected the results of its production and financial activities.
Besides, to expand the range of equipment for military radio, management begins with 1912 active search for foreign partners for the organization and production activities in this market.
In July 1912 it acquired the right of representation of the French company 'Compagnie Generale Radiotelegraphique', CGR and offered military and maritime authorities a number of products of this company.

On April 23, 1913 the 'Electromechanical installations' - ex-Duflon and Konstantynowicz - signed an agreement on cooperation with the French radio company 'Societe Francaise Radio-Electrique', SFR. The Duflon and Konstantynowicz / 'AO Electromechanical structures' becomes 'the sole representative of this company to operate its wireless telegraphy apparatus produced in Russia', and in the same 1913 proceeds to own wireless telegraphy equipment workshops.

The Board of 'Electromechanical facilities', expand the range of equipment for military and naval authorities on the dynamo engines, dynamo - electric power and other equipment, in the spring of 1915 commissioned a new factory building. And in the summer of 1915 again petitioned to the mayor of Petrograd on the construction of two new buildings.

The father of Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling / Schilling von Kannstadt / Schilling von Cannstatt -
Louis Joseph Ferdinand Schilling was a lieutenant or colonel in the Russian army. His sister married in 1780 by Count Christoph Benkendorf / Benckendorf / von Benckendorff.
The grandfather, Karl Friedrich, Baron Schilling von Cannstatt.

Anna Juliane von Benckendorff (under copyright by geni.com, Freiin Schilling von Canstadt) b. ca 1746;
her husband Christoph Ivanovich von Benckendorff b. 1749 and
her sons:
Alexander Konstantin Karl Wilhelm Christoph Christophorowich Graf von Benckendorff (b. 1781 / 1782 - died 1844, Russia's military commander, General of Cavalry, chief of police, Chief of III separation Office 1826 - 1844; brother of Constantine Benckendorff and Dorothea Lieven)
and Konstantin Christophorowitsch Graf von Benckendorff b. 1785;
and her granddaughter -
Sophia von Benckendorff b. 1825;
her father Karl Friedrich Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1697,
Anne's grandfather Ludwig Friedrich Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1654;
her brother above Ludwig Joseph Ferdinand Freiherr Schilling von Canstadt b. 1753, who has son
Paul Ludwig Schilling von Canstadt b. 1786 - d. 1837 (Emperor Nicholas visited him to ask to see the telegraph experiments, he presented his telegraph in 1833 in Berlin; 1835, he again traveled to Western Europe).

In 1835, above Baron Pavel L'vovitch von Schilling introduced his needle telegraph. "...In Germany and Russia, where in 1837 he had suggested concrete telegraphic transmission lines, his ideas were largely ignored" but Tsar Nicholas I decreed on 19 May 1837 the construction of a 30 km stretch of electrically operated telegraph line from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo, which was not realized because Schillings death.

In 1902, Vladimir Lenin moved the publication of the Iskra (Spark, issues 22 to 38) to London at 37a Clerkenwell Green. At that time Vladimir Lenin resided on Percy Circus, less than half a mile north of Clerkenwell Green. In 1903 the newspaper was moved to Geneva. Lenin and Stalin met in the Crown and Anchor pub (The Crown Tavern, 50 m east of Lenin 'Iskra') in 1903. But at this time people from 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company and around the Armand family were involved in 'left' activity: Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling who elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918; Brilling i.e. Briling, b. 1876, Russian and Soviet expert of aeroengines after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic, twice under arrest due to distribution of Lenin's 'Iskra', 1907 doctor in field of engines.
At least of 10 December 1908 Inessa Armand wanted to attend the First All-Russian Women's Congress in St Petersburg with her sister-in-law, Anna Evgen'evna Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz. Inessa was lover of Lenin since 1909 or 1910, but according to 'Correspondence of Lenin and ... organizations. 1903-1905 years', Volume 3, the first book, we know that Lenin sent a cliche of 'Iskra' / 'Sparks' at Dyuflon / the Duflon office address in Yekaterinburg (p. 332, here also name of Konstantynowicz!) in 1903.
"Inessa Armand. Revolutionary and Feminist" by R. C. Elwood, p.74 - Inessa was on her honeymoon with Lenin who showed up in Copenhagen without his wife Krupska. Inessa spent the time with her sister-in-law Anna Konstantinovich, whom she apparently visited in Leipzig during the month of August 1910.

The last of the Breguets, "... looked around for someone suitable to make a partner and continue the Firm after his time. He knew a first-class mechanician in Clerkenwell named Edward Brown, who was induced to go to Paris to look after the factory. Eventually he became a partner, and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm. Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired, ... 1920. Thus Monsieur Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm ... The general information I have gained by consulting certain books such as ... Mr. Hull, of the Firm of Messrs. Le Roy, in London, Mr. Henry Brown ... and his son, Mr. George Brown... Mr. Desoutter, of London, who has made a life- long study of Breguet's work...",
acc. to THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES, ,BREGUET 1747 - 1823', BY SIR DAVID LIONEL SALOMONS.

The Brown family and others in Clerkenwell:
James Brown, at 24, Noble-street (south-east, ca 1200 m from Lenin 'Iskra'), Clerkenwell (Barbican) in 1828, and at 3, Newcastle place, Clerkenwell-close (900 m south of Lenin 'Iskra'). The Baume Brothers, Importers of Geneva Watches, at 9, Ashley street, Northampton square, Clerkenwell, and at Aux Bois, Canton of Berne, Switzerland. BROWN Sophia b. 1859 in Clerkenwell, London, parent James Brown.

Antoine-Louis Breguet drove the prestigious business into bankruptcy.
"His son, Louis-Clement Breguet, eventually took over. He invented the first electric clocks but decided to leave and concentrate on electric telegraphs and telecommunications. The business was sold to the English watchmaker, Edward Brown".

In 1870 above Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the company to Edward Brown; he collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels and Professor Thomas Engel, and he met Alexander Graham Bell and obtained a license to manufacture Bell telephones for the French market.
He had one son
Antoine Breguet b. 1851
and he was grandfather of
Louis BREGUET, 1880-1955 / Louis Charles Breguet, aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.

Mentioned Louis Antoine BREGUET, b. 1851, d. 1882, was the last of the Breguet family to run the business.
So he took on noted English watchmaker Edward Brown of Clerkenwell to look after the Paris factory. London-born Edward Brown became the factory manager, his partner - 1870 - and, after Breguet's death, the owner and head of the company. His sons Edward and Henry Brown headed the firm into the 20th century. By Michael Weare, under Brown and his descendants, Breguet remained a niche Parisian watchmaking boutique for the next century. Edward Brown died in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.
Thus Henry Brown became the Head of Breguet's Firm. The watching making firm continues to market itself under the name of 'Breguet'. The electrical instrument business trades first under the name of 'Breguet fabricant' and from 1881 - 'Maison Breguet'. The Brown family owned the Breguet watch brand for 100 years, five years longer than the Breguets.
The complicated watches were built by the Joux Valley's leading watchmakers including the Victorin Piguet workshops.

In 1881 'Maison Breguet' that is Maison Breguet SA was the name given to the Breguet family business after it had sold off to Edward Brown in 1870 and reorganized by 1881. It manufactured electrical instruments, telegraphs, telephones, and industrial engines. It continued to operate in Paris until 1898 when its factories were moved to an industrial area in northern France, acc. to http://dssmhi1.fas.harvard.edu/emuseumdev.
Address: 1881 at 81, boulevard Montparnasse in Paris, next at rue Didot in Paris, and after 1898 in Douai.

Above named Louis Charles Breguet b. 1880 in Paris died 1955, was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers. In 1902, Louis married Nelly Girardet, the daughter of painter Eugene Girardet.
In 1905, with his brother Jacques, and Charles Richet, he began work on a gyroplane / helicopter. In 1912, Breguet constructed his first hydroplane.

Louis-Clement's grandsons, Louis and Jacques Breguet were France's aircraft pioneers, from the 1917 'Breguet 14' fighter-bomber helped turn the tide of war on the western front. Louis Breguet was one of the co-founders of Air France in 1933.

Engineer Louis Franzevich Dyuflon / L. Duflon, a Swiss 'Breguet' Company representative (he was very young, only aged 23), was Stefan Drzewiecki friend (the Polish family from the Volhynia government), and circa 1884 was searching of the structure of a dromoskop. Dyuflon sometimes was invited to have breakfast with Stefan Drzewiecki. Drzewiecki (Drzewiecki Stephane lived after in France: 5, rue Gustave-Zede, Paris) occupied luxury apartment in the house No 6 at Admiralty Seaside. In the evenings, the usual Drzewiecki guests were brothers Paul MARTYNOW and Peter Solomonovich Martynov (Lyubov Orlova-Denisova married to Nikolai Trubetskoy, she b. 1828, d. 1860. Her brother Fedor / Fiodor born 1802 or 1806 with wife from the Nikitin family}.

Drzewiecki in St Petersburg met with engineer Breguet
(Louis Antoine Breguet that is Antoine Breguet b. 1851 - died 1882, was engineer and his son Louis Charles Breguet b. 1880, d. 1955, was aircraft manufacturer and was a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers who - in 1905, with his brother Jacques Breguet - began work on a gyroplane, the forerunner of the helicopter, with flexible wings - like Igor Sikorsky and prof. Bothezat; Jacques BrA ‚A?€LlA?A?‚¬L?A ‚A?€L?A‚A ©guet that is probably Mr Breguet who was the engineer of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', company representative, Swiss citizen and friend of Stefan Drzewiecki;
Louis and Jacques Breguet, of the famous clock- and watch-making family, were interested in aviation from an early age and on 19 September 1907, they, in cooperation with Professor Charles Richet, created the first helicopter),
Dyuflon,
botanist professor Poiret / Poireau / Poirot,
K. E. Makovsky
(Konstantin Yegorovich MAKOWSKI - that is son of Georgij / Jurij Makovsky, b. Moscow in 1839 and died in Petrograd / St Petersburg on 30 Sept. 1915, painter, 1891 had become a member of the newly formed 'St Petersburg Society of Artists'),
and the pretender to the Serbian throne, prince Karageorgievich, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion
(Arseny Karageorgievich b. 1859, d. 1938, who served until 1916 at the Russian military; the son of Serbian Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic and Princess Persia; was educated in Paris lycee and graduated from the 2nd Konstantinovskoye Military College in 1888; wife 1891/2 - 1896 of above Arseny Aleksandrovich Karageorgievich / Arseny prince Karageorgievich:
Aurora Pavlovna Demidova di San Donato, b. 15 November 1873, Kiev;
her mother Helena Petrovna nee Troubetzkoy, b. 1853 and married to Pavel Pavlovich Demidov;
her grandfather
Peter Nikitich Troubetzkoy born 1826,
her great-grandfather Nikita Petrovich Trubetskoy, b. August 18, 1804;
her great - great-grandfather Peter S. Troubetzkoy b. 1760 died 1817;
her great-great - great-grandfather Sergei Troubetzkoy Nikitich b. 1731 died 1812).

In 1892, Swiss citizen, L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon built in St. Petersburg plant for the production of electrical equipment and opened in St. Petersburg 'Electrical studio'. In the same year 1892 he concluded a cooperation agreement with Moscow businessman of the Breguet Company branch - A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo, Palemon, Apolon) Konstantynowicz, the son of Wasyl / Wasilij Konstantynowicz of Kazan, and Apolon was the owner of the technical office.
Together they take on more complex projects, and soon the company taken the first military orders. Since 1896 the enterprise was owned by trading house, after by co-operatives and in 1901 it was transformed into a corporation.
In 1895, the third company in Russia in terms of the electronic products supply. Created 8 June 1901 by converting the firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' Co, DEKA, based in 1892. Founded in 1893 as a factory of electrical installations by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz'. Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon / DUFLON, his Swiss friend Yu Dizeren
(Jean Dizerens or Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland; they were aristocrats who fled from Paris to Switzerland - Cully in Vaud, Lutry and Lousanne - during the Fr. Revolution, where they first settled in Lutry; they were originally Italian noble family with last name diSerens or Diserens. Also L'Abbaye, is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, town from where the Breguet family came to Paris; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne}.

The father of above Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon / Luis Edouard / Louis Eduard Anton Duflon / Lun Eduard Anton Duflon, who was born 1861, a Swiss citizen - was probably Francis Dyuflon / Frances Duflon / Francois Louis DUFLON b. approx. 1824 (1831 ?). His wife was Jeanne Louise Susanne CUENOUD born 1826; her next of kin from families: Mercanton, Jenny, Milliquet.
Her parents: Francois-Louis CUENOUD and Jeanne-Francoise CHAMPRENAUD (Jeanne-Francoise CHAMPRENAUD b. 29.03.1792 in Grandvaux, the Vaud province in Suisse; died in 1864).
Mother of Jeanne-Francoise CHAMPRENAUD:
Jeanne-Louise RICCARD was born approx. 1757.
Father of above Jeanne-Francoise CHAMPRENAUD: Jean Pierre Champrenaud.
Father of above Francois-Louis CUENOUD: Jean David Cuenoud (Jean-David CUENOUD born 24.09.1774 in Grandvaux, Vaud province, Suisse and died on 13.02.1816 in Lutry, canton of Vaud, Suisse; maried to Jeanne Abetel on 14 August 1795 in Lausanne of Vaud province in Suisse).

Riex from Lutry 5 km distance only and east of Lausanne, 10 km.

The Duflon family nest in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland is to the west of Lausanne: Aubonne and Morges, where Duflon family was living in the 17th cent. - 18 km west of Lausanne.
The DUFLON family 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse.
CHAMPRENAUD in 1748 also was living in Riex, Switzerland / Suisse. Riex close to Lavaux in Switzerland. CHAMPRENAUD in 1822 was living in Villette close to Lutry, too.
CUENOUD in 1774 in Grandvaux close to Lutry and Riex.

Disserens / Diserens / diSerens from Switzerland in Cully in the Vaud province, Lutry and Lousanne.

Marie Elisabeth DUFLON b. 1690 in Riex, District de Lavaux and married in 1714 in the Canton de Vaud. The Duflon surname has ancienne origin: de Fluvio.


Varvara Karlovna Armand (DEMONSI) b. 1846 - died in 1923, the daughter of Carl Demonsi and Anna Karlovna Demonsi;
the wife of Evgenij Evgenevich Armand,
and mother of Anna Evgenievna Armand KONSTANTYNOWICZ;
Marie Papmehl;
Alexander E. Armand;
Viera Fiedosova;
Nikolai Armand; and 7 others;
the sister of Alexander Demonsi and Nikolai Demonsi.

Evgenij ARMAND / Evgeni Evgenievich Armand, born in 1840 in Moscow, d. 1919, the son of Louis Eugen Armand and Maria Francevna Armand nee Paszkowska b. 1819, married in 1839;
the brother of ADOLF Evgenievich Armand
and EMIL Evgenevich Armand.

Named above Marie Papmehl (Armand) / Marija PAPMEL, 1868 - 1942, the wife of Vladimir Papmehl and mother of
Michail PAPMEL; Varvara; Ekaterina Papmel; Vladimir Papmel; Sergei Vladimirovich Papmel.

Breguet, Louis Francois Clement / Louis Clement Breguet, b. December 22, 1804 (!) in Paris.

Jean-Michel Venture de Paradis that is Jan Michal Venture de Paradis was father of Janina 'Egipcjanka' Franciszka Victoire Maleszewska / JeanneFrancoise Venture / Jeanne Francoise Venture b. 1774 in Cairo, Egypt; died 1813 in Bourg-la-Reine, France, the wife of Antoine Louis / Antoine Breguet,
and mother of mentioned above Louis Clement Breguet.
She was also wife of Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski.
Her father Jean-Michel de Venture de Paradis, born 8 May 1739 in Marseille, died 16 May 1799 in Acri / Acra.

Janina Franciszka Victoire Maleszewska, with Piotr Pawel Jan Maleszewski had children:
Victoire Clementine de Laqueuille,
Olimpia Chodzko and
(different father) Adela married to Mortier (Adelajda? b. ca 1813 or ca 1815 ?).

So Little Louis had a sister, Adela! And their mother knew the Polish language: although she knew a bit the Polish language from first husband. So half-siblings of Little Louis also come to know from their father, the Polish language and Polish history. Adela had the surname, which suggests that she could be in St. Petersburg already in the 30's of the 19th century?
And Breguet, when he was in Kazan in the 40's of the 19th century, could know the Polish language and some Russian language!? Antoine Louis Breguet ran, with his cousin Lassieur, the team of watchmakers working in a studio on the Quai de l'Horloge. The 'little Louis' - called as its size does not exceed 1.55 m - was sent in 1824 to Geneva, where he worked as a common laborer.
In 1833, Louis married his cousin Caroline Lassieur, the daughter of Louis Lassieur and Sophie Courbin. Lassieur Louis was the son of Marie-Louise, a younger sister of Abraham Breguet.

On May 20, 1833 Antoine Louis Breguet signed the sale of his 'Breguet house, nephew and Co.', formed by Louis Breguet and Louis Lassieur; the price of 270.000 francs paid by the three members. Now, he invented a mechanical counter in 1841, published on induction with Masson and Savart, in the Annals of Physics;
at that time Louis Breguet realized thermometrograph who recorded at the University of Kazan in Russia temperatures of minus 42 degrees; he was appointed a member of the Kazan university in 1843, where WASYL Konstantynowicz, General, was Profesor.
Louis Breguet had one son born in 1851 named Anthony as his grandfather.

Around 1855, the Breguet built telegraph across Europe, and even in Brazil and Japan; led a studio in Montparnasse; among the new productions appeared exploders knuckle-fist for the army and navy, invention of Louis Breguet. In 1856, he worked for Lyon; 1857, it was the realization of the time resetting mechanical clock; at Breguet workshops also were born devices of Marey, Yvon Villarceau, Berlin.

Explanation to the DUFLON family:

Villette in the Vaud province. Cully is near to Riex. Villette or Lavaux close to Lutry and Cully. All on east of Lutry and east of Lausanne / Lozana. Vaud is the third largest of Swiss cantons by population and fourth by size. It located in the French-speaking western part of the country.

The Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz co-operated with L. Duflon and in December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant.
Lots of houses No 7 and 8 at Pavlov Street (Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street) in St Petersburg in 1895 bought L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon / Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren / Yu Dizeren and
(inf. about first names, father's name of Apollo(n) Konstantynowicz and middle names need to be check, on Yu = Y. K., L. F. = Louis Edward, A. = A. V. / A. W.)
A. V. (A. W.) Konstantynowicz / Apolon Konstantynowicz for the electrical company
(since 1922 the Petrograd State Machine-Building Plant 'Electric'; in 1923, the factory designed the first Soviet welding generator).

The site houses No 9-a, and 12 Pavlov Street got the Prince of Oldenburg.

The house No 14 in 1909 - 1910: factory building for 'The Russian Society of the wireless telegraph and telephone', in 1923 created Central Radio Laboratory - here was located the center of the main domestic radio industry (L. Mandelstam, N. Papaleksi, D. Rozhanskii, V. P. Vologdin).

A note dated September 21, 1895 from the Ministry guarantees that the plant 'will be to have a free hand for quick ... execution of its most difficult and painstaking work...'.
Domestic firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' which was a representative of the French 'Sautter and Harle', under a contract of December 4, been making 11 sets of electric winches for battleship's elevators and to additional elevator for 'Rurik', winches ordered directly to firm 'Sautter and Harle' (the 'Rurik'-I keel was laid in the Baltic Works in St. Petersburg, May 19, 1890).
Fuller was an order given in March 1905 to the company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' immediately by 24 portable electric fans of 300 m / hr. 'Navarin', based on the British Trafalgar-class battleship, was built in St. Petersburg, 1889 to 1896;
in September 1893, as planned 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' factory was appointed date of move of 'Navarino' to Kronstadt for completion of equipment and accessories. To build a 'Gromoboi' / 'Stormbreaker' ship in the new dock of the Baltic plant started on June 14, 1897, and on December 7 of that year this new cruiser called 'Gromoboi' was enrolled in the fleet; guns delivered from the Obukhov plant, and a winches from 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz company'.

In December 1896 at Lopukhinsky Street in St Petersburg, now Academic Pavlov Street No 8, opened the first-born in St. Petersburg electrotechnical industry, the electromechanical plant facilities owned joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', a large role in which played the French capital. The 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' office was situated at Aptekarski Ostrov in St Petersburg, now Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University is also located on the island. The Lopukhinsky road or lane Lopukhinsky in 1887 has got a common name, Lopukhinsky Street, also found writing Lapuhinskaya; lots of houses No 7 and 8 in 1895 bought the L. F. Dyuflon and his companions Y. K. Dizeren and A. Konstantynowicz for the electrical company.

Alexander Stepanovich Popov, pioneer in the invention of the radio was associated with the Duflon and Konstantinovich plant in St Petersburg at Medikov Street. On March 24, 1896, he demonstrated transmission of radio waves between different buildings in St Petersburg and he demonstrated ship-to-shore communication over a distance of 6 miles in 1898.
From the report of the Vologda city council member, F. N. Ovechkin, we know about question on the electric lighting in the city of Vologda in 1896 when the owners of the electromechanical plant of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', addressed to the Chief of the province a proposal to build in the city of Vologda electric lighting.

Nelly Bogorad in a newspaper 'The St. Petersburg Rush Hour' in 2002 was writing 'The Case Dyuflon will live':
"In December last year the plant, 'Electric', the sources of which were enterprising Frenchman and a Pole, created in 1896 by joint-stock company 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', has got 105 years old. But the big date, ... at the company was not mentioned. ... It was the culmination of a period of confrontation of the two shareholder groups, each pursuing its own interests. ... Both groups of shareholders began buying shares in the factory ... in the course of privatization got a 60 % stake. ... Member of the Board of Directors of JSC 'Plant Electric' Andrey Stepanenko, representing a major shareholder, ... explained why he and his colleagues have undertaken to preserve the enterprise. ... As noted by Mr. Stepanenko, ... is not more than four years to modernize and reconstruct capital assets, depreciation is not less than 70 - 80 % ... and Mr. Stepanenko and his comrades are waiting for the expansion of welding equipment in the U.S., Germany, Sweden and Finland".

In 1897 the founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon, his friend Swiss Yu Dizeren and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz.
In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant with name 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz, Dizeren and Co'. In 1901 it was transformed into a corporation. Service of lighting in Irkutsk proposed 'Erikson' and the firm 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz', the Russian electric company 'Union' and General Electric Company and other contractors but on December 10, 1901 City Council received an offer from the Universal Company.
The new plant, received the name 'Plant of the electromechanical Structures', was opened 14 December 1896.

At the beginning of 1897 the company was renamed in partnership, and in 1901 the plant has been transformed into joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (DECA), with a capital of 750 thousand rubles.

In 1901, the third company in Russia in terms of the electronic products supply. Created 8 June 1901 by converting the firm 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' based in 1892. Founded in 1893 as a factory of electrical installations by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz'.
Founders: Swiss citizen of French origin, Louis Edward Anton Dyuflon, his friend Swiss Yu Dizeren and Moscow engineer A. V. Konstantynowicz. In December 1895 they bought land in Lopukhinsky Park in St. Petersburg to build its own plant. The new plant, received the name 'Plant of the electromechanical Structures', was opened 14 December 1896.
At the beginning of 1897 the company was renamed in partnership, and in 1901 the plant has been transformed into joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (DECA), with a capital of 750 thousand rubles.

DEKA founded in 1901 on 08 June, as the transformation of the company Duflon and Konstantinovich, which was founded in 1892 by Luis Edouard son of Frances Duflon. Louis Eduard Anton Duflon, the son of Francis Dyuflon or Lun Eduard Anton Duflon, born 1861, a Swiss citizen and Polish engineer - technologist Apollon W. Konstantinovich, the Russian citizen. In December 1895 they bought the land in Lopuchinski Park in St. Petersburg. This factory was opened December 14, 1896. At the beginning of 1897 the factory turned into the Association and soon the 'Deca' began to receive government contracts, in particular for electrical equipment for naval artillery.

Louis E. Dyuflon was graduated of Zurich Polytechnic and starting as an engineer at the factory of electrical products, he soon became the official representative of the French electrical company of Breguet / Brown in Russia, where he met with the engineer Apollo Konstantinovich - a representative of the same company in Moscow. Edward Brown from London became a partner, and later the owner and the head of the Breguet Firm; Edward Brown died, aged 66, in 1895, and was succeeded by his two sons Edward and Henry, of whom Edward retired in 1920.

In 1901, the 'Deca' plant becomes a joint stock company DEKA. Capital 750 thousand rubles. In 1913 radio - agreement with French company SFR and it becomes a branch ot the SFR in Russia.

In the second half of 1901 MICHAIL Nikolaievich Beklemishev, Michael N. was sent to Paris for equipment for Russian submarines with co-operation with Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company: a main engine - petrol four-cylinder engine of the Otto-Deyts 160 hp, it was enough fuel reserves to 30 hours. The motion of the water provided the electric motor of 70 hp and battery power capacity of 1900 Ah and were made in Philadelphia, USA. Equipment ordered factory 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' from St. Petersburg. The submarine torpedo boat No 113 was built during the winter 1901 and summer 1902. However, the assembly of the battery to plant 'Dyuflon' delayed until late autumn, did not meet the contractual terms (accumulators and batteries were manufactured in 'Deka' plant after 1908);
in 1903 - it was finished making the submarine motor.

Above Michail Beklemishev, Michael N. was born on September 26, 1858 in the Alexinsky district of Tula province. 1879 graduated from the Technical College of the Navy Department, next taught at the School of Mine, graduated from the mechanical department of the Naval Academy.
In 1901 IVAN Siemionovich Goryunov, I. G. Bubnov and Beklemishev performed work on the development of mechanisms of weapons and electronics. Beklemishev was sent to the United States. In 1935 he was arrested by Soviets again and released. Gorjunov Ivan Semenovich b. 1869, scientist, naval military educator, designer of the mechanical part of the first Russian submarine 'Dolphin', Major-General. His son Nikolai Goryunov b. 1890, 1920-1927 the chief engineer of the ship's port of Sevastopol, was arrested in 1929 and executed in 1930.

Also tests of the Valentin Vologdin radio oscillator at the battleship 'Andrew' was successful; Marine Office was made an order for another twenty radio stations, which include a new power supply antennas. Order execution was entrusted to the plant by 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' for twenty ships. All of them are installed on warships of the Navy, have shown high efficiency.

In 1904-1907:
the beginning of a Duflon Company in Switzerland and France in 1904 (L. F. Dyuflon from 1908 resided in Switzerland). Within a few months in Russia and in 1901 / 1907 the beginning of the DEKA Joint Stock Society (Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Company JSC). In this years a business started to operate in Aleksandrovsk / Zaporoze when DEKA JSC bought land in order to changeover of activity (see December 1915) in 1907 at address: Zaporozje, Motorostroitelej 15. On 15 November 1907 the City Council of Alexandrovsk allocated land for the construction of the brothers Moznaim / Moznaimov iron foundry and machine factory but this factory was bought by joint-stock company 'Deca' from Moznaimov in 1915 and reconstructed for the production of aircraft engines; today, the 'Motor Sich', one of the most famous in the global avia industry (the Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz Company manufactured Salmson engines, Gnome, Ron - a production under license and by 1917 the production of the engines in all Russia reached 700 per month; about 250 were collected from the western parts; the Decka Company began to produce engines in 1913). Until December 1915 it made agricultural machinery and tools to perform different machining, cast iron and copper.

The "Credit Lyonnais" Bank in Geneva has got records, assessments and accounts for the Swiss country with reference number DEEF 30136 relating to "Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Company", that is "Company of the Electromechanical Factories of Constructions" called DEKA of 1904 - 1916; researched in 1921.

The DEKA Company produced agricultural machineries and tools, various machines, a cast iron; the factory in 1907 - 1911 (iron foundry) cast copper pieces and iron equipment. Ukraine organized a Celebration Committee in 2007 on the occasion of the one hundred anniversary of the "Motor Sich" Company / DEKA Joint-Stock Company.

The joint stock company 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' from St Petersburg and Moscow was co-property of our Mscislau branch of the male-line descendants of Dominik Konstantynowicz and our old ancestry:
Apollon (Apollo, Apellon) Wasylewicz Konstantynowicz who b. ca 1858/1862 - the son of Wasilij Konstantinovich / Wasyl Konstantynowicz who was born ca 1832/1840.

The wife of Apollon was Anna Armand, oldest - Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow - the daughter of Evgenii / Eugeniusz Armand - Eugene born about 1842.

Wasilij / Wasyl Constantinowitz / Konstantynowicz, was general of the Russian Army, and Leon Bakst (1866 - 1924) is our far kinsman: his relatives, families Tretyakov, Barsak, Klyachko and Manfred. His grandfather Baxter, probably English (mother side) - Collection Constantinowitz. Leon Bakst always lived with his family in St. Petersburg. Leon Bakst had two sisters, Sophia and Rose, and brother Isaiah.

On April 28 in 1866 Leon Bakst was born in Grodno. His grandfather was a tailor in Paris and ca 1876 came to Russia, to St Petersburg. In 1878 Leon Bakst won a drawing contest at school and after he decid to leave college. When his grandfather died, his parents divorced. Kanaev, his friend, found him a job with Albert Benois, Alexandre Benois, K. Somov, W. Vroubel, D. Filosofov and his cousin S. Diaghilev.

Alexandre Benois has friend - Count Benkendorf; Count put him in touch with Gran Duke Vladimir; Duke was President of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. 1903 Leon Bakst married L. Gricenko, widow of a painter, the daughter of P. Tretyakov. 1914 thanks to Count D. Benkendorf's support, Leon Bakst was elected as a member of the Academy of Fine Arts.

Above Dmitry A. Benkendorf / Benkendorf, Dmitriy Alexandrovich / Mita, born 1845, died 1917 or 1919; in 1910 became chairman of Academy of Fine Arts. State Councillor; in 1882-94 Secretary of the Embassy in Berlin, and later a member of the Council of the Russian Bank for Foreign Trade, the 'Russian Society of Sea, River ... and warehouses', 1903 - the Mariupol Mining and Metallurgical Society; amateur painter, graphic artist.
His brother, Alexander, 1848-1915, Lieutenant General.

Note on the family of
Dmitry Benckendorf / Dmitriy Benkendorf (Mita) born in 1845. Benkendorf Dmitriy Alexandrovich nickname Mita, died 1917.
His brother,
Alexander Alexandrovich Benckendorf, 1848 - 1915, was lieutenant-general.
We now check data on his father:
1. ? they were sons of Alexander Benckendorf (1819 - 1849), the Guard lieutenant. Portrait of Steuben.
2. or they were next of kin with the Nikolai Kropotkin:
his brother Peter D. Kropotkin; from Peter / Pyotr Kropotkin, b. 1771 d. 1826 and Praskovja A. Gagarin b. 1770 d. 1850, were children:
1800 - Tatiana Kropotkin Musin-Pushkin,
1801 - Dmitry Petrovich Kropotkin,
1802 - Nicholas P. Kropotkin and
1805 - Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin died 1871 -
the father of famous theorist of anarchism. Near by to the Benkendorf family!

Children of above named Dmitrij / Dmitry Kropotkin:
1826 Peter D. Kropotkin,
1830 Nikolai Kropotkin next of kin with Benkendorf
and 1832 Ivan D. Kropotkin.

We remember about Weimar Orest E., b. 1845 died in 1885, prominent physician in St. Petersburg, populist, organized the escape of Kropotkin from prison in 1876 acc. to 'Notes of a revolutionary' by Kropotkin; he was arrested in 1879 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; he died in prison at Kara;
his wife Victoria Konstantynowicz b. 1846, the daughter of Jan Konstantynowicz b. ca 1790 / Ivan Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz [the brother of Dominik Konstantynowicz b. ca 1800/1805];
Wiktoria - she was b. 1846 and died in 1899/1900.

Prince Peter Kropotkin b. 1842, Moscow, died 1921; theorist of anarchism, a historian, from princes of Smolensk province, his father, Prince Alexei Petrovich Krapotkin (1805 - 1871), Major General, owned estates in the three provinces; his mother, Catherine N. Sulima was a direct descendant of Cossacks Ataman - Ivan Sulima. Above Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin, b. 1805 and his father Pyotr Kropotkin b. 1771 and mother Praskovja A. Gagarin b. 1770.

Pyotr Kropotkin b. 1771, was the son of Nikolai Alexeyevich Kropotkin b. 1742 d. 1795,
and grandfather Alexey Kropotkin.

We back to the Benckendorf or Benkendorf family:

Alexander Benkendorf (1800 - 1873) in 1826, retired with the rank of lieutenant of the Guards, settled in Vinogradov, in 1859 bought the oil mines on the Apsheron Peninsula near Baku, founded the oil company 'Benckendorf', in 1865 he was in Moscow;
his daughter
Maria Benckendorf b. 1833 d. 1887 - her husband Nikolai Kropotkin b. 1830 and his brothers Peter D. Kropotkin 1826, and Ivan D. Kropotkin 1832; and her child Dmitri Kropotkin, b. 1857 d. 1902.

Above Alexander Benkendorf born 1800 d. 1873
(probably father of Dmitry Benckendorf / Dmitriy Benkendorf (Mita) born in 1845 that is Benkendorf Dmitriy Alexandrovich nickname Mita, died 1917 - you look on Bakst and Apollon Konstantynowicz).
Alexander was the son of Ivan Benckendorf b. 1765 d. 1841,
and grandson of Johann Michael Ivan Benckendorf b. 1720 d. November 18, 1775,
came from Johann Benckendorf b. April 26, 1659 d. June 17, 1727.

Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin b. 1805 died 1871 - father of famous theorist of anarchism Prince Peter Kropotkin b. 1842, Moscow, died 1921; theorist of anarchism. Near by to the Benkendorf family!

In 1924 Bakst meet Ida Rubinstein.

Nephew of Leon Bakst that is son of his sister Rose Samuilovna Rosenberg / Samuel Rosenberg was born in Germany (Zakhar L. Manfred worked as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, during the Civil War was a teacher in the Saratov province, then in the Pskov province; Rosa Samuilovna Rosenberg - a translator, sister of the artist Leon Bakst, died in 1918) and Zachary Manfred, was historian Albert Z. Manfred (1906-1976) who born in St Petersburg (acc. to Eugene Konstantynowicz - son of Apollon Konstantynowicz, Polish, and Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand, Polish roots - and his children living in Switzerland and Paris, France, that is grandchildren of Anna nee Armand, and great-grandchildren of Varvara Karlovna Demonsi / Demoncy).

Above mentioned Eugene Konstantynowicz, as a patient, was treated in Switzerland, there he became acquainted with Marusya, who cared for her uncle Leon Bakst, along with Sophia, Bertha, Paul and Emily). See: the Constantinowitz Museum in Meudon.

Meudon is a municipality in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, in the departement of Hauts-de-Seine. Chalais-Meudon was important in the pioneering of aviation, initially balloons and airships, but also the early powered craft (in 1880 Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs).

Klyachko, Maria Markovna (1895 - 1994), married name Constantinowitz / Marie Constantinowitz (1895 - 1994), daughter of Leon Bakst; sister, Sophia Klyachko / Sophie nee Bakst (1869 - 1944). All information about relatives are culled from 'My recollections of Uncle Lyova', the memoirs of Maria Klyachko-Constantinowitz and Manuscripts department, Tretyakov Gallery, fund 111, items 2632, 2636, and from Nikolai Constantinowitz, Irina Albertovna Manfred, Maria Markovna Klyachko who married a musician, a cello player Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinowitz (1890 - 1977). She met her future husband in Switzerland, when she was tending to the sick Bakst.
Her two sons became architects -
Nikolai Konstantynowicz and Pyotr Constantinowitz (Mikolaj Konstantynowicz and Piotr Konstantynowicz; but also is inf. about 3 children of Maria nee Klaczko / Maria Markovna Klyachko and Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugene Constantinovich / Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz) and 'Collection of the Constantinowitz family' is in Paris (among correspondence of Howard D. Rothschild were letters of Constantinowitz Marie in 1976-1980; Howard Rothschild born 1907 and died 1989 in New York).

Constantinowitz, Pyotr Yevgenievich (Kanstantinovich / Constantinowitz Pierre was born 1928 and address: Oree du Bois Brule, 78380 Bougival) and Constantinowitz Nikolai Yevgenievich (born 1931 - Nicolas, 45B Route des Gardes, Meudon).

Constantinowitz, Yevgeny Apollonovich (Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz the son of Apollon Konstantynowicz; Eugeniusz born 1890 - died 1977, the brother to my grandfather Jerzy Konstantynowicz b. 1898, nick-name Marian Stankiewicz / Marian Konstantynowicz b. in Warsaw, Pohost close to Miezonka, in Miezonka, or in Moscow) was a cello and piano player; he was receiving a treatment at the same resort as Bakst.
And also we know about Carole Constantinowitz.

Pierre Constantinowitz, route de la Bourbonniere, Chailly en Gatinais and 13 rue des Pres Verdy, Sevres, France.

Evgeny Armand Ivanovich / Evgeny second / Eugene-Louis Armand was b. 1809 and died 1890, was a son of Jean Armand / Ivan and his first wife Elizabeth; EUGENUIUSZ ARMAND was married to a Polish woman, Catholic - Mary Frantsevna Pashkovskaya / Maria Paszkowski the daughter of General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, the friend of General Stanislaw Fiszer, General Axamitowski of Poznan, and General Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska Armand was born 1819 and died 1901. She was highly educated, c. 1840 studied painting in France; she was a woman of strong and humble disposition.
Eugeniusz Ludwik Armand / Eugene Louis of MOSCOW was married to a beautiful Polish - Maria Wilhelmina Pashkovskaya.
Her father, Franciszek Paszkowski / Francis Paszkowski was a writer and military, during Napoleon's Italian campaign, he served as adjutant to Murat.
Young Catholics family, Maria and Eugeniusz Armand, donated money the Orthodox St. Nicholas Church in Pushkino. When Armand moved to Orthodoxy, grandchildren of Louis Eugene / Yevgeny Ivanovich were baptized in this church.

Maria had a tender heart. In contrast to the position of her husband, his wife was educated, and drew quite well, in France she drew the ruins of castles and really liked them; Evgeny built in a park such ruins.

Jan Paszkowski [ca 1640-ca 1700] was landowner of Zachorz / Zachorze and Smolany; he had one son Jerzy and 6 daughters:
Zofia + Bazyli Bortnowski and 2nd time married to Stefan Aleksander Zukowski;
Justyna + Bazyli Chocianowski;
Marianna Paszkowska b. ca 1670/1690, the 1st m. Czarniecki, 2nd to Sipajlo;
Anna married Laskowski;
Krystyna m. Bukaty;
Barbara unmarried.

The Linowa estate, in the Pruzany county, 23 km to Szereszow, 8 km to Pruzany, with villages: Horodniany, Slonimce, Olszany, Zahorze / ZAGOR'E, Smolany / SMALIANY, Podziensienie, Worotne, Zaniewicze, Obsze, in the 19th cent. owned by the Trebicki family.

ZAHORZE is situated south-west to Mereczowszczyzna of Kosciuszko, 48 km.

Mereczowszczyzna / Mierieczewszczina, 2 km north-west of KOSOW POLESKI; owned by Kosciuszko from hands of SAPIEHA; 1733 - 1764 belonged to Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko, then Kosciuszko moved to Siechnowicze - south-west to Pruzany. Tadeusz Kosciuszko was born in named Mereczowszczyzna. Ambrozy Kazimierz Kosciuszko (1667 - ca 1720 in Siechnowicze) son of Aleksander Jan Kosciuszko,
the grandfather of Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
Ambrozy's son:
LUDWIK TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO, 1700 - 1758 + Tekla Ratomska,
with children: Tadeusz Kosciuszko b. 1746, Jozef Kosciuszko, Anna Kosciuszko and Katarzyna Kosciuszko.

Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko (1700 - 1758) official in Brzesc Litewski, in 1740 married Tekla Ratomski. Ludwik Tadeusz Kosciuszko devolved Siechnowicze Male with Stepanki, Nowosiolki and Konotopy, to his uncle Faustyn Benedykt Kosciuszko; Ludwik rented Mereczowszczyzna.

Mentioned Zahorze - 4 km north-east to Smaliany; Zagorie / Zahorze / Zagor'e, east to Pruzana / Pruzany. Named Smaliany / Smolany - 9 km east to PRUZANY.

Above Jerzy PASZKOWSKI b. ca 1670/1680, m. Marianna Nowochonska in Polonne {Marianna Paszkowski Nowochonska with the Kostrzywiec Ostoja coat of arms, was the wife of Jerzy Paszkowski} - her brother Jan Samuelowicz Nowochonski.

POLONNE:
Adam Walewski + Jozefa Lubomirska had 2 children: Tadeusz Walewski (1795-1855), in 1828 m. to Anna Karwicka / Ann Dunin- Karwicka (1797-1881), daughter of General Krzysztof Karwicki. Tadeusz Walewski took Polonne at Polonszczyzna after Callistus Poninski. Subsequent owners were Jozef Dunin-Karwicki and Henry Stecki. The Adam Walewski family, the royal army brigadier, from the hands of his wife received the Polonna estate; others assets taken Mary Elizabeth Potocka
[Marianna Elzbieta Uvarov POTOCKA nee Lubomirska, ca 1766 - d. 1810, was daughter of Kasper Lubomirski and Barbara Poninska].

POLONNE in 1621 was taken by Zofia Ostrogska
[see PASZKOWSKI in POLONNE ca 1685 / 1690; in time of Stanislaw Herakliusz Lubomirski born 1642 in Niepolomice or Wisnicz, died in 1702 in Jazdow, and his wife Elzbieta Denhoff died 1702; and their son Johann Theodor Lubomirski, 1697 - 1745, or born in 1683, owner of Lancut, Ujazdow and Polonne; in 1721, he took away Elizabeth, wife of the CRACOW merchant of IRELAND, JOHN CHRIST / Jan Kristicz; Elizabeth, born in 1685/1689 in IRELAND - died in 1776 in Vienna, come from the Scottish family Cummings de Culler-Coming / de Culler-Cuming; they had daughter Maria Susanna Anna Christ Lubomirska b. 1722 in Cracow, died in 1771 in Vienna, married to Miklos, Graf Esterhazy von Galantha].

Jerzy Paszkowski [ca 1660-1709] was buried in Pruzany in 1709; left 5 sons:
Tomasz Paszkowski b. ca 1690, had the ZADORA coat of arms;
Mikolaj;
Jan Paszkowski;
Jozef;
Sylwester;
and 3 daughters: Joanna, Zofia, and Marianna.

Named Joanna Paszkowska {1st} m. Wladyslaw Franciszek Barski of Pinsk; Marianna + Zachorski; Zofia + Lazowski.

Mentioned Tomasz Paszkowski born ca 1690 [{b. NOT in 1650} d. ca 1760] + Regina Bajerska [she was born acc. to me ca 1705]
had 2 sons
[Jan Paszkowski born in 1742, was living in Mokrsko, he moved home to Ukraine, in BRODY. In 1790 he was living in the Cracow province. Jan Paszkowski married twice - second to Petronela KULIKOWSKA].

REGINA Paszkowska Bajerska was the daughter of Aleksander Bajerski Fogelveder, b. ca 1640 - died 1712 [a judge of Chelmno, MP of the province Chelmno, 1663 - 1669. He signed the election of Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki with the Chelmno Province in 1669], the son of Stanislaw Bajerski Fogelveder b. ca 1595 {b. 1585 acc. to geni.com by Andrzej W. Bieganowski}.

Sons of TOMASZ Paszkowski [ca 1690 - d. ca 1760] and REGINA Bajerska Paszkowska:
Michal Paszkowski and
Jan [JAN PASZKOWSKI born 1742, he was living in Mokrsko, moved home to Ukraine, in BRODY; he was living in the Cracow province in 1790].

Jan Paszkowski [born in 1742 - died ca 1800] moved home to Ukraine [ca 1776 ?].

Paszkowski Michal 2nd (born in 1761 in Brzesc Litewski - died after 1819), the Colonel of the Brest-Lithuanian militia in 1794, was the son of Piotr PASZKOWSKI and Elzbieta Nietyks.
PIOTR probably was the brother of mentioned Jan Paszkowski born 1742.

Piotr Paszkowski b. ca 1733.

Jozef Paszkowski of Brzezie, born ca 1765, was the son of Jan Paszkowski of the Cracow province, b. 1742.
JOZEF PASZKOWSKI moved home to the Great Poland and left son - inf. in 1788 - the owner of landestate north to Sampolno / SOMPOLNO, in Skotniki.
Above mentioned JAN Paszkowski was born 1742, moved to Volhynia.
SKOTNIKI in 1788 - 13 km north to RADZIEJOW; 24 km west to BADKOWO.

Above named Michal Paszkowski 1st [b. ca 1725/1730, older. The brother of mentioned JAN b. 1742] was an official in Malbork, moved in Volhynia, m. Monika Piotrowska of the Chelm area, the daughter of Mikolaj Piotrowski and Katarzyna nee Plonski, Piotrowska, with a few children.

Jan Paszkowski [older] b. ca 1705, son of Jerzy Paszkowski [ca 1660-1709], m. Katarzyna Lubieniecka daughter of Wojciech Lubieniecki and Marianna nee Szorncel, Lubieniecka, of Nowogrodek.

Jan Paszkowski b. ca 1705, had 2 sons:
Antoni Paszkowski and Tadeusz Paszkowski,
and 3 daughters:
Marianna, Marcjanna and Joanna [b. ca 1735]:
named Marianna m. Daniel Belgram; he was died 1794.
Marcjanna + Walerian Boncza Rutkowski of Malbork, with daughter Anna Rutkowska m. Mikolaj Ciechowski of Zydaczew.
Marianna 2nd m. to Antoni Kaminski in Warsaw.
Joanna Paszkowska [born ca 1735] was the last daughter of named above Jan Paszkowski [Jerzy Paszkowski, ca 1660-1709, was buried in Pruzany in 1709; left 5 sons, including named above JAN Paszkowski b. ca 1705] and she married Marcin Bakowski.

Jan Paszkowski, b. ca 1705, sold Kustowicze [in ca 1755] to hands of named JOANNA Bakowski and her husband Marcin Bakowski [he died maybe ca 1800].

Mentioned Jan Paszkowski born 1742, was living in Mokrsko, and he lived in the Cracov province in 1791.

Maybe his brother [cousin ?] was Piotr Paszkowski b. ca 1733 married Elzbieta nee Nietyks, with sons:
1.
Paszkowski Michal (1761 in Brzesc Litewski - after 1819), Colonel in 1794 in Brzesc Litewski, an official in Oszmiany; studied 1775-1779. In 1789 he bought Zabludow in the Grodno county; Friend of Hieronim Radziwill and of Michal Zaleski manager to Dominik Radziwill; to Karol Prozor in 1812. 1808-1820 he taken from hands of Radziwill, Naliboki. After 1819 no inf.
2. Leonard Paszkowski b. 1765 in Brzesc Litewski;
3. Antoni Paszkowski b. 1753 in Brzesc Litewski.

Above named Jan Paszkowski [b. 1742, lived in MOKRSKO; mistake was 1750 / ca 1755] has got the Zadora coat of arms and married 1st to unknown ca 1770, 2nd married in ca 1780 to Petronela Kulikowska b. ca 1750, with son
Dominik Paszkowski, b. 1783 in Brody, d. 1866 + Anna Niemojewska, died in 1872 (tomb in Krakow).

Named Dominik Paszkowski born 1783 in Brody, the Lwow province, was the half-brother to General Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski (b. 1778 in BRODY), general, friend of MURAT and KOSCIUSZKO, who was the first son of JAN Paszkowski of MOKRSKO.

Dominik's family:
1. colonel Jozef Paszkowski, 1787 - 1858;
2. Wojciech Paszkowski, who was member of the independent authorities of Galicia in 1809; manager of TECZYN and KRZESZOWICE.

Dominik Paszkowski born 1783 in Brody + Anna Niemojewska had sons:
1.
Jozef Edmund Paszkowski / Jozef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski, poet and translator; with coat of arms of Zadora; born 3 January 1817 in Warsaw and died 1861 in Warsaw, too; he was related with Stompf family, the Lasocki from Lasocin with coat of arms of Dolega [MOKRSKO close to Wielun], Kulikowski, Niemojewski, Gzowski families.
His son Leon Ignacy Jozef Paszkowski was related with Niemojewski and Falkiewicz.
His son - ? - Franciszek Paszkowski, lawyer, b. 1853 died 1926.
2.
Franciszek Paszkowski (Franciszek Jozef Wladyslaw Paszkowski) born 1818 in WARSAW, and died 1883, painter - who was studied painting in DREZNO in 1838, in Rome 1839 [with Jerzy Lubomirski], acc. to J. Pachonski [see in 1840, Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska studied painting, married ARMAND in MOSCOW in 1839 or in 1840], and then he was living in Cracow in general Franciszek's home; here he was a member of the Science Cracow Association since 1848 - after 1873. Owner of TONIE. Unmarried.
Franciszek was a nephew of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski b. 1778 and the nephew of Wojciech Paszkowski, who was member of the independent authorities of Galicia in 1809; also he was the uncle of Franciszek Paszkowski, lawyer, b. 1853 died 1926.

Maria Wilhelmina Paszkowska m. Armand was the daughter of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski with the Zadora coat of arms who was born 12 October 1778 in Brody - d. 11 March 1856 in Cracow, friend of general Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

It's amazing that the October Revolution in 1917, which swept the Russian Empire, allowing the reconstruction of Poland, broke out just on the anniversary of the death of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, exactly the 100th anniversary of his death, and around Lenin appeared figures of the Polish nobility, which adopted a sense of the Kosciuszko Polish patriotism. "Instead, after the fall of Napoleon's empire in 1815 he met with Russia's Tsar Alexander I in Braunau. In return for his prospective services, Kosciuszko demanded social reforms and territorial gains for Poland, which he wished to reach as far as the Dvina and Dnieper Rivers in the east". On October 15, 1817 Tadeusz Kosciuszko / Thaddeus Kosciusko died. But a underground movement led by Jozef Pilsudski had in that case great deals to take in hands, behind the scenes, all revolutionary Lenin movement of the Bolsheviks, between about 1909 - 1917, and even longer to 1920, when Inessa Armand perhaps was poisoned, and even to the year 1921, when it was still marked a influences of Bruevich brothers of noble Boncza arms. Inessa Armand controlled all Bolshevik work as a secretary of Lenin and she has influence on the directions of philosophical - political considerations, which diverged from reality, and their possible introduction in the life would be - if not as an experiment - even doom for the Russian Empire. The purpose of Jozef Pilsudski was not only gathering information about enemy - Russia, and not only the smuggling of weapons for his organization, but primarily for Pilsudski was the goal to Lenin seized power and overthrew the Tsarist authorities. This was to allow the recovery of independence by Poland. Stalin was here the enemy, because he wanted to rebuild the Russian empire, just as the Soviet Russia - a communist state. Lenin wanted a European communism, the total fiction and the absurd. Pilsudski had to put Lenin at the head of the new Russia, and at least Pilsudski conducive to this Lenin's communist movement did not collapsed. Wrangel, Denikin, Kolchak were number one enemies.

Dominik Paszkowski born 1783 in Brody, the Lwow province; his father Jan Paszkowski was born c. 1750 and has got the Zadora coat of arms; married c. 1770 / 1777 and Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski, general, was his first son.
His family: colonel Jozef Paszkowski 1787 - 1858.

Franciszek Paszkowski (Franciszek Jozef Wladyslaw Paszkowski) was born 1818 and died 1883, painter - who was studied painting in Rome 1839, acc. to J. Pachonski, and after was living in Cracow; here was member of the Science Cracow Association since 1848 - after 1873;
his father Dominik Paszkowski was born 1783 in Brody and was brother of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski (b. 1778).
Jan, the grandfather of above named Franciszek - painter was living in Brody and was born circa 1750.
Father of Franciszek - Dominik Paszkowski (at a portrait) and
brother (at a portrait) Jozef Edmund Paszkowski.

The same Jozef Edmund Paszkowski b. 1817 and died 1861, poet and translator.

Franciszek was a nephew of general Franciszek Maksymilian Paszkowski b. 1778 and the nephew of Wojciech Paszkowski, who was member of the independent authorities of Galicia in 1809; also he was the uncle of Franciszek Paszkowski, lawyer, b. 1853 died 1926.

Jozef Franciszek Daniel Paszkowski with coat of arms of Zadora was born 3 January 1817 in Warsaw and died 1861 in Warsaw, too;
the son of Dominik Paszkowski (father was born 1783 in Brody);
he was related with Stompf family, the Lasocki from Lasocin with coat of arms of Dolega, Kulikowski, Niemojewski, Gzowski families,
his son Leon Ignacy Jozef Paszkowski was related with Niemojewski and Falkiewicz.
Addition: Michal Paszkowski colonel of militia, died after 1819.

Maria Paszkowska that is Paszkovski has got three sons: Eugene / Eugeniusz the 'third', Adolph / Adolf and Emilie that is Emil Armand (Eugene born about 1842, Adolph b. circa 1845 and Emilie about 1847). All the sons had taken the house close to Pushkino factory c. 1875.

The elder son, Eugene / Evgeny was a merchant of the first guild and trading - manufacturing advisor.
His wife, Barbara Karlovna Demonets had 12 children, all the sons were married and all the daughters married: it was told about 39 grandchildren Eugene and Barbara Karlovna (all 42 cousins). His wife, Barbara Karlovna - a woman of extraordinary kindness and care, shelter under his wing all. The brothers received education in Moscow, in France and Germany, mainly in the textile business and dyeing of fabrics.

Evgenii Armand and his wife Varvara Karlovna (Barbara daughter of Karl Demoncy / DEMONSI from KAZAN / De Monsi) also had a very large family. Anna nee Armand was born on 19 August 1866 in Moscow and in 1869 next child Alexander.

Elizabeth-Ines Fedorovna Stephane fitted in nicely with her new family: Anna and Alexander Armand were slightly older than she, while Vladimir born in 1875, Evgeniia b. 1876 and Boris born 1878 were somewhat younger.

According to: 'French settlers in Moscow and some of the descendants: Collection', the author-composer V. Egorov, Fedosov, ed. Moscow, 2005, p. 200-210 and Copyright and Institution 'Museum of entrepreneurs, philanthropists and benefactors', powered by Vadim Tretyakov:
Evgeny and his wife Barbara Karlovna nee Demonsi had 12 children:
Anna (1866 - 1932), Mary (1868 - 1942), Alexander (1870 - 1943), Vera (1871 - 1942), Nicholas (1872 - 1936), Vladimir (1874 - 1875), Eugene (1876 - 1920), Boris (1878 - 1920), Sophia (1881 - 1941), Sergei (1882 - 1945), Barbara (1882 - 1966), Vladimir (1885 - 1909).

Vladimir Armand joined a Social Democratic propaganda group in Moscow and was arrested but his sister Anna Evgen'evna helped finance party organizations. They lived in Pushkino, according to JoAnn Ruckman, 'Moscow Business Elite...', edit. 1984, p. 61 and by
Egor Nazarenko - a great grandson of one of Evgenii Armand's brothers.
They owned house in Moscow, but in summer lived in Finland.

The Eugene family intermarried with the families: Demonsi-Shnaubert-Mathiesen-Bunkin-Tsitsin, Konstantynowicz and Manfred, Kohl - Osipov, Pampel / Papmel - Mazing, Vdovin, Stepanov, Stephen, Wild, Karasev, Fedosov, Egorov, Zhurin, Pichnikovyh - Shaposhnikov and in Zilina in Slovakia, Cardo - Sysoev, Fallen, Shapiro, Romas and others.

Schnaubert or Shnaubert Ivan A., Professor of Chemistry at Kharkov University, b. about 1781 in Giessen in Hesse region. He studied at the Chemical Institute in Erfurt, Jena in 1803. In 1804 he was invited to Kharkov University and was appointed professor of chemistry.
Boris Shnaubert b. 1852 in Moscow and died October 1917, a Russian engineer and architect, he served on the Moscow - Kazan Railway. Kazan ca 1870 - 1890? Repeatedly executed orders from wealthy merchant family Abrikosov 1900 - 1904 in Moscow.

Demonsi / Demoncy, in Kazan ca 1835 - 1839. Demonsi Carl, the son of a Frenchman, a native of Moscow, he studied at the Kazan univ. 1837, was prof. at the Kharkov Univ., died in 1867. Demonsi was in 1864 a Moscow merchant 1st guild and a shareholder of a plants in the Urals.

Barbara Karlovna Armand from the Demonsi family was wife of Evgeny Armand.
Her sons:
1. Aleksandr E. Armand 1870 - 1943, wife Ines Armand Stephane - his daughters Inna, Varvara, and sons Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, Fiedor Aleksandrovich,
2. Vladimir E. Armand 1874 - 1875,
3. Nikolaj / Nicholas E. Armand and his wife Rene / Maria Feodorovna Stephane Armand 1872 - 1936,
a.
his son Pavel Nikolajevich Armand 1902 - 1964, with a daughter Rene Pavlovna,
b.
daughter Marija Nikolayevna,
4. Boris Boris E. Armand 1878 - 1920,
5. Sergej / Siergiej / Sergey E. Armand 1882 - 1945,
6. daughters: Zofia / Sofija, Anna Evgenievna, Viera, Evgenija, Varvara, Maria / Marija.

On the Mathiesen family:
Mathiesen from Ncstved is a town in a municipality of the same name, located on the island of Zealand in Denmark. The town is one hour away from Copenhagen. Anna Henrikke Petronelle Mathiesen from Oslo, Norway. Jorgen Arthur Mathiesen 1901 was a Norwegian landowner. The Vvedensky cemetry, Moscow: Alexander Eduard Mathiesen, died October 1881.

Mazing - Korkus in Livonia, from Estonia:
Revel, Dorpat, Narva and Viru / Wierland - Varstu Parish in Voru County, and from Riga, St. Petersburg in Russia. Motherland - the former Livonia, Estonia present. According to legend from the Swedish soldier who settled after 1630 in St. Mary Magdalene in Kayavere in Livonia. Kaiavere - village south-west of Maarja-Magdaleena, east of Mullavere, east of Puurmani, north from Tartu / Dorpat.

Mazing / Masing Edward Wilhelm b. 1836 from St. Petersburg;
Michael Masing b. 1836, Russian - Turkish war of 1877, general.
From Dorpat Leonhard Masing and Ernst Masing; Otto Wilhelm Masing from Ida-Virumaa and his son Carl Gustav Theodor Masing; Carl Johannes Masing b. 1811 Rakvere.

The Manzing / Mansing / Masing family from Revel are not Estonian, only Swedish descendants and come from Sweden.

On the Bunkin family and Shnaubert:
Carl Shnaubert, a doctor, at the beginning of the XIX century in Moscow. Constantine Bunkin, Eng., took part in the construction of the first Soviet helicopter.

On the Tsitsin family: Natalia Tsitsin art restorer, a granddaughter of the architect Boris Shnaubert (born in 1925) and Maria - died in 1915. Boris Shnaubert died in 1917. Her father Konstantin Bunkin, engineer.

On the Manfred family:
Albert Z. Manfred 1906 St. Petersburg, his father Manfred L. Zachar / Zakhar / Zahar, worked as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, the French language was Manfred native one. He studied in St. Petersburg.

About Pampel / Papmel:
Papmel Alexander d. 1958, in France; Papmel E., a native of Finland.

Pampel Eduard 1884 - 1952, Germany, began his career in Russia: Lessner factory in St. Petersburg 1911, then entered the factory Becker in Revel; he worked at the aerodynamic laboratory of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute 1917, shipbuilding division Putilov factory. Plant Becker was in Revel that is Revel Shipyard BECKER & Co. / Joint Stock Company 'metallurgical, mechanical and shipbuilding plants Becker & Co.' in Reval / Tallinn. During the First World War, it had to be evacuated to Novorossiysk, where it is located on the site of a small factory Muller, Lampe & Co., after which he ever lost shipbuilding specialization. The factory made machine-gun and artillery tower installation of armored trains.

Adolf ARMAND and his wife, Alexandra, nee Lengold had three children: Andrew (1875 - 1884), Helen (1876 - 1958) and Margaret (1881 - 1882). They intermarried with the families of Repman, Gauthier, Doble, and others.

Emil E. ARMAND was married to Sophia nee Osipovna Hecke (Hakker, Hacker, Hekke). They had six children:
Leo (1880 - 1942) / LEW ARMAND,
Natalie (1881 - ?), Mary (1883 -), Sophia (1885 - 1923?), Paul (1887 - 1892), Eugene (1890 -). They intermarried with the family Kindinger and others.

As a young man, Evgeny Armand was a clerk - official at a German factory in Vanteevke near by Bolshevo about 1845, in 1853 Evgeny bought dyeing factory in Pushkino, Moscow Province, from the French owner, Favard; in 1859, Evgeny build a second factory close to this one; c. 1865 Evgeny built a house and made it his residence. In addition there were houses in Moscow, four-story office in the Old Square, at the corner Varvarka, an apartment house in the German market, the trading house on Vozdvizhenka street near the Arbat Square. They were co-owners of the Firm 'E. Armand and his sons', and two textile factories in the Moscow suburb, owned houses in Moscow and estates in the suburbs, were members of the charitable community organizations.

A brothers Brilling, Nicholas R. and Eugene R., big engineers of engines, operating in the Soviet era and even after World War II, Nikolai Romanovich was a famous theorist, honored worker of science, the brothers were married to two sisters Armand. There were another of the next of kin, Dr. Kohl and K. Fedosov and Konstantynowicz. The middle brother, Adolph E. was, in contrast to his elder brother. Three brothers lived lavishly, but these great bourgeois clan Armand began to decline but the 'Evgenii Armand and Sons' Company by 1912 had two thousand employees. However, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, all Armand continued to live in Pushkino and Nicholas Vladislavovich Ivinsky was here as governor.

In 1909 - 1910:

Battleships 'Sevastopol', 'Petropavlovsk', 'Poltava' and 'Gangut' were laid in June 1909 in Petersburg and the construction of new battleships required the use of private businesses: 'Kulebaki association Prodamet', 'Metal', 'Putilov', Obukhov, 'G. A. Lessner' and of course for electrical equipment, plants 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.', 'Volta', 'Universal Company of Electricity', 'Geisler and Erickson'.

Acc. to: R. M. Melnikov, 'The battleship "Emperor Pavel I" 1906 - 1925',
"... the beginning of all this work (with 'Emperor Pavel I') relates to 1906, when the plants have started to implement orders in mine arms, and until 1912 the ship is in a period of buildings and testing. During this time, were made all the principal mine works, equipped with facilities, installed devices, pumps, duct, radio, floodlights, alarm systems and all electrical installations. Since 1912, the ship enters into ... fleet ... Ship's electrical systems ... the ship in 1911 taken from plants: the Baltic, Volta, Geisler, 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' and from the Kronshtadt port. ... In 1911, on the march back from Kronstadt to Revel was acceptance ... electric steering device, manufactured by the 'Volta'. ... there are two portable electric water turbines made by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' tested in 1912 ... Two electric winches ... were installed at the ship and manufactured by 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' in 1911. ... shunt motor for polishing metal capacity of 1 kilowatt ... in 1911 made by the 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' and installed on a ship ... In 1912, from the plant of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', were two 90-cm projectors of Sotter with gilt metal parabolic reflectors. Spotlight placed on the anterior and posterior bridges on the rails, which can be rolled from side to side...".

The Ministry of the Navy ordered 32 of the fortress spotlight diameter of 210 cm of an Italian company 'Officine Galileo' for Revel at the beginning of 1914. When the war began contract was terminated, and the Castle Management Committee arranged a competition among Russian electrical engineering firms. 16 spotlights a diameter of 200 cm gave Russian branch of the Siemens - Schuckert factory in St Petersburg, and spotlights with smaller diameters (all 60) - The Company electromechanical structures (former 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz'). In the meantime, had to interrupt the test of Italian spotlight (The Officine Galileo / Galileo Workshop is an important Italian manufacturer of scientific instruments; at present - scientific instruments for satellites; located in Campi Bisenzio, in the province of Florence, 1862 by Giovanni Battista Donati, Angelo Vegni, and after Guglielmo Marconi; 1873, the production was extended to electric tools, lighting, optical instruments, periscopes, stereoscopic rangefinders) and set it on the Weems peninsula. The War Department has transferred to the fortress a spotlights to the north coast of the island Nargen and another on Surop peninsula near Marah.

Curiosity: on 28 August 1909 a robbery at a very mysterious circumstances, committed in the night of August 14 at the factory company 'L. Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' on Lopukhinsky Street. The plant was guarded by night watchmen, but from the office was stolen 5000 rubles. The money were intended for delivery to the workers. One key had got a porter, the other an accountant and no traces on the walls.

In 1910 reveals 'Aeronautic Division' of 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' in St. Petersburg to deliver a business aviation on an industrial basis.

In 1910 - 1914 -
"In 1892, Swiss citizen, L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon (built in St. Petersburg plant for the production of electrical equipment and) opened in St. Petersburg 'Electrical studio'. In the same year 1892 L. F. Dyuflon / Duflon concluded a cooperation agreement with Moscow businessman A. Konstantinovich / Apollon (Apollo) Konstantynowicz son of Wasyl / Wasilij Konstantinovich, the owner of the technical office.Copyright by Encyclopedia of Russian Merchants.
Apollo / Apollon Konstantynowicz with wife Anna Armand.
Together they take on more complex projects, and soon the company was the first military orders. Only a few years, and its mechanisms and electrical devices are mounted on Russian shipyards, battleships and to coastal artillery batteries ... in 1896 Konstantynowicz and K. Dyuflon build a new plant and establish joint-stock company 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and company'. The firm 'Deca' in addition to the main office in St. Petersburg, which was headed by Dyuflon opens branch in Moscow (headed by Konstantynowicz). Soon the production of 'Deca' is widely known, and representative of JSC appear in Kharkov and Yekaterinburg / Ekaterinburg, address: Main Avenue, the Izboldin house, ... industrial regions of Ukraine, Tavria, Volga and Ural. Business are growing along with demand for high quality equipment. It is planned to open offices in Kronstadt, Revel (now Tallinn), Nikolayev and Sevastopol. For the development of new products plant 'Deca' in St. Petersburg is equipped with latest imported equipment specially purchased in France, England and America, but do not stop and his own. Beginning of the twentieth century marked ... the conquest of the air disaster. There are first guided balloons - airships and fundamentally new type of technology - the airplane. While this is not transportation, but rather fun. Undertake the construction of single-aircraft enthusiasts. ... of 1910 reveals 'Aeronautic Division' in St. Petersburg to deliver a business aviation on an industrial basis.

In 1912 JSC 'Deca' is participating in the tender for the construction of airships for the military departments of Russia. The airship was constructed in full conformity with technical specifications and tested in 1913.
The experiment was considered successful and commercially viable, and in the same year was founded a specialized aviation workshop as a structural part of the company 'Deca' (shareholders are thinking about such promising areas as aeronautics and aviation and aircraft engines). When the First World War broke out, JSC 'Deca' has received a loan to expand aircraft production under the production of airplanes and engines, from domestic materials. But space, material and manpower resources to carry out new plans in the Russian capital was not enough, and we had to consider options for building a new plant in the province. Among them was a small town Aleksandrovsk in Ekaterinoslav province"
(Copyright 2006 - 2011 by 'Science & Technology', No 10 (53), 2010).

The 'Duflon and Konstantinovich' Company Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8:

1.
Evgeny / Armand Evgenii / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman, hereditary honorable citizen, counselor, chairman of the Board of the Association of woolen goods factory 'Eugene Armand and his sons'; chairman of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company';
Maria Paszkowska / Paszkovski has got three sons: Eugene / Eugeniusz the 'third', Adolph / Adolf and Emilie / Emil Armand (Eugene born about 1842, Adolph b. circa 1845 and Emilie about 1847), Eugene / Evgeny was a merchant of the first guild and trading - manufacturing advisor; his wife, Barbara Karlovna Demonsi / Demoncy had 12 children,
2.
Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko who represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg 1906 - 1914,
3.
Louis F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland,
4.
Alexander E. Armand / Armand Alexandr, hereditary honorable citizen and candidate for Board Member of the Association of woolen factory 'Eugene Armand and Sons'; a board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company',
5.
count Sergei von Gernet son of Pavel Gernet from Estland province, Von Gernet S. P., a nobleman, a retired captain and board member: the Company 'Bahmugskaya salt' / society 'Bahmutskiy salt', the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' and the Company of metallurgical, mechanical and shipbuilding plants 'Becker and Co.',
6.
Emil I. Ramseyer - Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg; his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo',
7.
count Albert R. de Gern / Gernet ? / de Gern Albert Romanovich Gernet, the member of the Russian-French Chamber of Commerce, Board Member: The Russian-French Commercial Bank and the Society of the Bryansk factories; the secretary of French society 'Russian Mining and Metallurgical Union', the French agent in Russia, and member of the board of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company,
8.
Masson Ph. Charles / CHARLE Masson, son of Philiberte / Antoine Philibert Masson / Masson Antoine-Philibert (name Masse by Russian language) was Vice - Chairman of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon' in St. Petersburg (then L. L. Nobel succeed him) and a member of the Board of Nabpolts (Moscow).
His father probably:
Antoine Philibert Masson / Masson Antoine-Philibert, born 1806 in Auxonne and died 1860 in Paris, is a French physicist;
"...he was responsible for the invention of the induction coil (with Louis Breguet) that bears Ruhmkorff's name. He realized tests telegraph transmission in ... Caen (in 1831, after a year of teaching mathematics at Montpellier, he moved to Caen, where he taught physical sciences at the College Royal until 1839; unaware of the discoveries of Joseph Henry or William Jenkins, Masson in 1834 observed independently the self-induction of a voltaic circuit; he described his investigation of this phenomenon and, ... demonstrated the tetanic effect of a series of rapidly repeated self-induced currents; ... Masson constructed some of the earliest induction coils). His research and publications cover areas as diverse as photometry, induction, the movement of fluids ...
Antoine MASSON is the descendant of a family of cloth merchants from Burgundy. His father, Pierre Antoine Masson Fourth (the name of his wife) had studied pharmacy ... and will move to Dijon when the young Antoine just 6 years. ...
In 1839, he was appointed professor of physics at the ... Ecole Centrale de Paris. With Breguet, it carries an electric telegraph in 1838 and in 1841, the first inductor to study electrical discharges in rarefied gases (in 1841, together with Louis Breguet, he described a high-tension induction coil of the type Ruhmkorff subsequently perfected ... in 1836 successfully defended a doctoral thesis elaborating Ampere's work in electrodynamics, Masson had returned to Paris and from 1841 taught physics at the Lycee Louis-le-Grand and at the Ecole Centrale ... until his death in 1860). Thereafter, the coil will keep the name Ruhmkorff coil... Masson ... establish the theory of wind instruments ("...between 1844 and 1854 he conducted an intensive investigation of the spark produced by electrical discharges through various media; ... with L. Courtepee and J. C. Jamin, he also examined ... the absorption of radiant heat and light by different substances ... he investigated aspects of electrical telegraphy, acoustics, the elasticity of solid bodies, and the discharge of induction coils through partial vacuums, as well as related chemical and physical problems").
... biography of MASSON family.
In 1830, Victor, cousin of Anthony, goes to PARIS ... publish several technical books and ... Victor Masson became the founder of Editions Masson...".

9.
Nobel L. L. (descendant of Ludvig and Edla Nobel), Ludvig Alfred Lullu Nobel, 1874 - 1935, hereditary honorable citizen, Director of the Company 'Gear-Tsitroen' (Citroen) and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' and a machine factory of Company 'Ludvig Nobel'.
Descendants of Immanuel Nobel, the younger b. 1801 and Andriette Ahlsell:
Robert Nobel b. 1829, Alfred Nobel b. 1833 - the inventor of dynamite, instituted the Nobel Prizes,
Emil Oskar Nobel and
Ludvig Immanuel Nobel b. 1831 - is buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery in St. Petersburg.

Descendants of Ludvig and Mina Nobel:
Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 d. 1932 (Branobel's second president and being interested in the encryption business correspondence, Carl Wilhelm Hagelin and Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel were an investors of the AB Cryptograph Company, in the production cipher machines developed Arvid Damm, like a rotary machine Electrocryptograph B-1),
Carl Nobel b. 1862;
and descendants of Ludvig and Edla Nobel:
Esther Wilhelmina Olsen-Nobel,
Ludvig Alfred (Lullu) Nobel b. 1874 (Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company),
Ingrid Hildegard Nobel-Ahlqvist b. 1879,
Marta Helena Nobel-Oleinikoff b. 1881,
Rolf Nobel,
Emil Waldemar Ludvig Nobel and last
Gustaf Oscar Ludvig.

10.
Zhurnollo L. A. (Dziurnollo?), engineer and commerce adviser, factory director and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', a board member of the Society of Tver city railway,
11.
Mr Breguet - the engineer of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', company representative, Swiss citizen and friend of Drzewiecki.

And others top members of the 'Duflon...':
12.
Azbelev Peter Pavlovich, b. Febr. the 27, 1868 in Vologda, a retired major-general of the Russian fleet, P. P. Azbelev also was Director of the Electromechanical Plant of the Society 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company'; a board member of society 'Bahmutskiy salt',
13.
Fedor Illarionovich Stupak - in 1898 he was appointed to the plant manager and in 1911 to the position of chief engineer of the plant 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.' in St Petersburg (to 1916),
14.
Valentin Petrovich Vologdin, 1881 - 1953, Valentin Petrovich was working as technical director of 'Duflon...',
15.
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling, elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918.

Sergius Gernet Pavlovic, b. 12.12.1859 / 24.12.1859 in Narva, Russia; education: a Seeschool, from 15 September 1875, Guard Marin Fleet from 05 January 1879; a training from 28 January 1884, merchant navy 20 October 1886, reserve 02 December 1890 as Kptn. 2 class,
occupation: 'Gov. Duflon and Konstantinovic and Co.' 1912;
ownership, owner of 'Tudor' Factory in Petersburg 1897; 30 August 1880 'micman', from 01/01/1885 Lieutenant, from 02/12/1890 Cptn 2 Class.

Louis Duflon Francov. born in Villeneuve, died 1930; wife Duflon, Marie Josephine. Top member of the Duflon and Konstantinovic Comp., from Swiss, Vaud district; mathematicians and ownership of the 'Duflon, Konstantinovic and Co. Mechan. Workshop', Saint Petersburg from 1893, owner of factory 08/06/1901 (Rauber, industry).

Edward Duflon / Eduard, from Swiss; owner of Duflon, Konstantinovic & Company Mechan. Workshop 1895 in Saint Petersburg. Acc. to 'amburger' we have two different figures with last name Duflon.

Emil Ramseyer Iv., born 1863 and died 1925; from Swiss, Bern, occupation: 'Gov. Peter. Loan (Ucetnyj i Ssudnyj Bank) Bank' in 1917; Chrm. of the 'Atlas Petrograd'; top member of the 'Deka' that is Duflon, Konstantinovic and Co.; top member of "Volta" and Oil N. Hartmann.

The Ramseyer family from Neuchatel, close to border on France, and area north of Lausanne and Neuchatel: La Chaux-de-Fonds is a Swiss city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchatel. It is located few kilometres south of the French border. Its growth and prosperity is mainly bound up with the watch making industry. It is the most important centre of the watch making industry in the area known as the Watch Valley. Completely destroyed by a fire in 1794; from St-Aubin-Sauges north of Lausanne, Grindlachen, Bern in Switzerland; from Siebnen and Steffisburg north-east of Lousanne, Tavannes, north of Neuchatel.

Villeneuve is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, located ca 30 km east-south of Lausanne; Duflon family gone from Nimes 1584, Lutry 1852, Neuchatel, in Paris 1801 - 1877 Louis Duflon and Duflon J.-F., landlord in Bouligneux in France west of Geneve.

Francois / Francoise Duflon from Riex (Lavaux) and Villeneuve was born in 1831 in La Tour-de-Peilz, where his father was a teacher. He attended the College of Vevey, where he was a professor; 1876 Lausanne, 1906 d'Ardon, south-east of Villeneuve. La Tour-de-Peilz east from Lausanne, close to Villeneuve, 15 km.

Acc. to A. SAUTER, 'RELIEUR...', ed. NEUCHATEL and Geneve, 1899: Valais, ...societe evalaisanne des Sciences naturelles, Vice-President: M. Emile Burnat, a Nant-sur-Vevey, M. Wilczek from Lausanne and M. F. Duflon from Villeneuve.

Acc. to: The Electrician, October 16, 1885:
"...Copper and bronzes prepared under such conditions are much used for aerial telegraph and telephone lines... A Wheatstone bridge, a differential galvanometer, a battery of four cups, and a contact key complete the apparatus. ... And made upon a great number a specimens, were made in part by the writer at the workshop at Angouleme with the assistance of Messrs.
X. Muller and
J. Stahl, engineers of the establishment, and partly by
M. Duflon, electrical engineer in the measuring room of Gaston SCIAMA / Gaston Joseph SCIAMA / M. Sciama, director of the Maison Breguet.
These latter experiments were those made upon the bars themselves. ... Their conductivities compared with silver and pure copper are given in the ... table: silver...".

Gaston SCIAMA / Gaston Joseph SCIAMA (1856-1926), born in Montmorency (Val d'Oise), d. in Paris. Former student of the Ecole des mines de Paris (promotion 1874); civil engineer of the mines.
Sciama will finish his career as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Director of the Breguet Company.
Among the pupils of the Ecole des Mines de Paris, were pioneers of electricity: Postel-Vinay, Sciama and Desroziers. The 1881 electricity exhibition, opening in Paris had revealed still unknown wonders: the telephone, the incandescent lamp, the electric tramway. The articles he published, attracted the attention of Antoine BrA ‚A?€LlA?A?‚¬L?A ‚A?€L?A‚A ©guet, who attached him as deputy director to the house of electrical construction he had just founded. Thus he built the dynamo of Desroziers. He founded, with Postel-Vinay, and he presided over the Syndicat des Industries Electriques; a member of the Chamber of Commerce; the Advisory Committee on Railways; in 1917, he created the Federation of Hygiene; the International Society of Electricians - Sciama in 1895 - 1898 chaired it.

Jean DIZERENS, born ca 1843 as son to Jean Francois DIZERENS. Jean jr married Rosette DIZERENS (born BIGLER). They had one daughter Lucie Charlotte Lydie DIZERENS.

Emmanuel Nobel / Immanuel the younger b. 1801 died 1872, the inventor of underwater mines. In 1842 - 1859 he lived in St. Petersburg, where he founded a mechanical plant.

Robert E. Nobel (1829 - 1896) was born in Sweden but his mother came to St. Petersburg and since 1850 he has worked at the factory of his father, after worked for many years in companies that founded together with his brothers:
Alfred Bernhard Nobel b. 1833, founder of the Nobel Prizes - in Russia became acquainted with the works of Zinin and V. F. Petrushevskii / Pietruszewski in chemical engineering nitroglycerin.
Ludvig Nobel b. 1831 died 1888, member of the Russian Technical Society, in St. Petersburg acted for 'Ludwig Nobel' / 'Russian diesel', in 1876 he founded with brothers Robert and Alfred and with his sons:
Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and Carl:
Oil Industry Company / Branobel / Tovarichtchestvo Nephtanavo Proisvodtsva Bratiev Nobel in Baku.
He moved with his mother Andriette and brothers Robert and Alfred to St Petersburg in 1842 where his father Immanuel had set up a factory. He bought his own smaller factory that he called the 'Machine-Building Factory Ludvig Nobel'. There, he made cannons, gun carriages, underwater mines and artillery missiles, machine tools, hydraulic presses.
Together with Russian Major General Peter A. Bilderling and his brother, he built up a model factory in Izhevsk in the Urals.

Ludvig and his son Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859, visited Baku in 1876. In 1879, the 'Naftaproduktionsaktiebolaget Broderna Nobel', shortened to Branobel, was formed in St. Petersburg.

Above Ludvig Immanuel Nobel b. 1831, was an engineer, m. 1st. time in 1858 to Mina Ahlsell and 2nd time in 1871. Ludvig ran the company with his sons Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and Carl. His first and illegitimate child, Hjalmar Crusell, was head of a laboratory and the closest person in St Petersburg. Most of the people in the managerial staff were Swedes, but was also a man from Norway, Hans Olsen who came to Kronstadt to work in 1880 and met Ludvig Nobel's sons, Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. 1859 and Carl, in the Russian capital.

Second person Michael Belyamin, born in 1831 worked with Ludvig Nobel as an engineer with management responsibilities. In 1880 he was elected as a member of the Supervisory Board of the company to 1899. His son, Michael Belyamin jr, was a mining engineer and lived in St. Petersburg until 1919.

Above named Peter Bilderling, born in 1844 was from a Courlandish noble family, was promoted to the rank of major general. He was one of the members of the Branobel administration from 1885 and one of the members of the Supervisory Board of the company until he died.

NOBEL Ludvig - first child was born out of wedlock in 1856. His name was Hjalmar Crusell. Ludvig married his cousin Wilhelmina Mina Ahlsell who died in 1869. Together they had the children Emanuel, born in 1859, Carl in 1862 and Anna in 1866.
Ludvig later married Edla Colin and they had seven children: Mina born in 1873,
Ludvig in 1874 that is Ludvig Alfred Lullu Nobel (1874 - 1935) was married 1901 to Mary Minnie Johnson b. 1876,
Ingrid in 1879, Marta in 1881, Rolf in 1882, Emil in 1885 and Gosta in 1886.

Above Emmanuel Nobel Jr. b. 1859 in 1888 - 1917 headed the company 'Ludwig Nobel' and other enterprises and he played an important role in business organizations in Russia. In early 1918, went to Sweden.

Ludwig Nobel and then his son Emmanuel, who skillfully managed the 'Branobel' till 1920, when Bolshevik Red Army invaded in Baku and nationalized the oil industry, considered Baku (Villa Petrolea) as their second home.

All above data according to branobelhistory.com. Under copyright with statement: 'Use of Content from this Website. The Centre for Business History in Stockholm (CBHS) provides the content on this website. The CBHS invites visitors to use its online content for personal, educational and other non-commercial purposes. By using the Branobel History Website, you accept and agree to abide by the following terms...'.

The Brujewicz family!
Children of Dmitrij Brujewicz:
Michail / Michal Boncz Brujewicz and his wife Eudokia Dobrowolski
daughter of Porfir / Porfirion Dobrowolski / Porfirion Doliwo Dobrowolski. She was born 1870, d. 1943.

Michail Boncz Brujewicz b. 24 Febr. 1870 in Moscow, died 1956 in Moscow, too.

Second son of Dmitrij:
Wladimir Boncz Brujewicz, b. 1873 in Moscow, d. 1955 in Moscow. Wife Wiera Wieliczkina, married in Geneve, Switzerland. Wiera was born 1868. His second wife Anna Tinkier vel Tynker daughter of Semen / Zenon Tynker. Anna Tinker was the first wife of Solomon Czernomordik son of Isajew / Izak.

Above named Michael's Dobrowolski mother Olga is a daughter of Mikhail Jewrejn.

Between 1862 to 1872 Michael Dobrovolsky / Michail / Michal Dobrowolski lived in Gatchina. 1872 to 1878 Odessa. 1878 - 1880 Department of Chemistry, Riga Polytechnical Institute, where he teaches in German, but were many Poles. 1881 to 1883 in St. Petersburg, Odessa, Novorossiysk. He has been worked at the Widder plant in St. Petersburg. 1883 Hesse in Germany. Here to 1884. Again in 1887 in Odessa. 1887 - 1903 worked for Emil Rathenau - AEG. 1903 - 1907 Lausanne. 1907 Berlin: electric motors, electric power consumption meter. According to the professors Krolikowski Lech and Zbigniew Woyndrowski, he came from a noble family Doliwa Dobrowolski, of the Mscislaw province, from the region of Mogilev on the Dnieper. 1772 in Russia, as the governorate Mogilev.

Florian Dobrowolski born 1776, died in 1852, the son of JOZEF DOBROWOLSKI DOLIWO / Joseph Dobrowolski coat Doliwa, born about 1750. Florian's wife Maria Szaltuch, a daughter of Fyodor Szaltuch. Florian Dobrowolski served in the Russian Army. 1822 - 1824 lives in Mogilev on the Dnieper. 1799 verified nobility in Mogilev. It is then an inspector of the military field post, as well as the police chief in Mogilev on the Dnieper. 1812 - 1814 the Napoleonic Wars, 1814 siege of Paris.
Florian Dobrowolski had 9 children.
The youngest son is Joseph / JOZEF Dobrowolski.
Joseph has the son MICHAL Dobrowolski / Michael Doliwo-Dobrowolski.

Joseph / Jozef Dobrowolski Doliwo was born in August 1824 in St. Petersburg. 1854 to 1855 the Crimean War, he served in the Russian Army in the rank of colonel. Director of the Institute for Orphans in Gatchina near Petersburg. Married to Olga Jewrejn, daughter of Mikhail Jewrejn.

In 1918 Abram Ioffe
[b. 1880, son of Fedor; completion of the St. Petersburg Technological Institute in 1902] became a head of Physics and Technology division in State Institute of Roentgenology and Radiologythe i.e. Physico - Technical Institute where a group of young physicists worked:
B. P. Konstantynowicz,
I. V. Kurczatow = Kurchatov,
Lev Landau [son of David, born 1908 in Baku; his father was an engineer who worked in the Baku oil industry; since 1927 he continued research at the Leningrad Physico - Technical Institute],
P. L. Kapitsa [Piotr = Pyotr Kapica was born July 08/June 26, 1894 in Kronstadt;
he was son of Leon KAPICA or Leonid Kapica - a military engineer, lieutenant general in the Russian engineers corps, Pole with the Kapica i.e. Jastrzebiec diverse coat of arms
and
Olga Stebnicki who was daughter of Hieronim Stebnicki, Pole with the Przestrzal coat of arms.
The grandson of Piotr Kapica senior; received his preparatory education in Kronstadt and next educated at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, "he graduated in 1918 with a degree in electrical engineering" (or 1919) on Electromechanics Department; he remained there as a lecturer until 1921; he went to England and there he worked with Ernest Rutherford; in 1934, Kapica went to Soviet Union]
and others [quantum electronics, electromagnetic waves].

The foremost expert in the radio valves in the tsarist Russia was Michail (2nd) Boncz Brujewicz (Bonch-Bruevich b. 1888 in Orjol - d. 1940; son of Aleksander (III) Boncz Brujewicz / Bonch - Bruevich who stayed in Kiev since 1896), electrician and engineer after completion of the "Nikolai - Ingenieurschule" in Petersburg 1914; he served in the Russian army as a professional officer, expert of electron lamps and radiolocation, 1915 - 1919 made a study of radio valves and organized the first production of one as chief of high - frequency's section in the Central laboratory of War Department in middle of 1917 (the first broadcast valves and valve sets appeared in Russian Air Force in 1917); director of the radio valves laboratory in 1918 - 1920 and author of the broadcasting station's project in Moskow of 1922; his son Aleksej Bonch - Bruevich (b. 1916) was the Soviet expert of electron tubes, too.

Sergei Pietrovich Kapitsa
b. February 14, 1928 in Cambridge, Soviet and Russian physicist, the son of the Nobel Prize Kapitza and the grandson of A. N. Krylov, the Russian mathematician and shipbuilder, and the great-nephew of the famous French biochemist Henry Victor / Victor Henri, Krylov - on his mother side, Anna Alekseevna.
The great-grandson of a geographer I. I. Stebnicki that is Ierome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki.

SERGEI was the elder brother of A. P. Kapitsa.

Father - Peter Leonidovich Kapitsa - the famous physicist and Nobel Prize winner,
mother - Anna A. Krylov, the daughter of Alexei Krylov, Russian ship builder, an expert in the field of mechanics, mathematics.

Above named Krylov, Alexey / Alexei Krylov b. in August 1863, 1878 he entered the Naval Academy, he graduated with honors in 1884, worked in the Hydrographic Office of P. Kolong, study of the magnetic deviation,
in 1887 Krylov moved to (since 1892 the Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company in St Petersburg; before 1892 Duflon acted in the Breguet Company in Petersburg owned by the Brown family from London) the Franco - Russian plant, and then continued his studies at the shipbuilding department of the Nicholas Naval Academy.
1890 he remained at the Academy. According to the memoirs of Krylov, since 1887, his specialty was ship-building, the application of mathematics to various issues of maritime affairs and expanded the theory of William Froude, 1896 he was elected a member of the British Society of Naval Architects, proposed the gyroscopic damping roll. His daughter Anna, became the wife of Kapitza. Since 1900, Krylov cooperates with Stepan Osipovich Makarov, Admiral and scientist and shipbuilder.

Acc. to an Academician A. N. Krylov / Kriloff, 'My memories' on Stepan Karlovic Drzewiecki:
It was a talented engineer and inventor, with whom Krylov was friendly to April 1938. He knew Drzewiecki in November 1878, at age 15, being at the Naval College (Admiral Gregory I. Butakov died in the summer of 1882, as a teacher of the fleet, with an architect I. G. Bubnov and Captain 2nd rank M. N. Beklemishev, cooperated on the project of submarine 'Dolphi').
Krylov met Drzewiecki many times in the technical society. In January 1886 was organized the first Electrical Exhibition. At this exhibition participated main hydrographic office, with the last sample of a compass 'de Kolong' and also participated a Parisian firm 'Breguet', with two instruments invented by the French Navy admiral Fournier: among others dromoskop. I. A. Shestakov and Main Hydrographic office was instructed to investigate these devices (I. P. de Kolong, Lieutenant N. M. Yakovlev and Krylov who met Drzewiecki). This work was later published in 'Sea collection'.

Krylov soon teamed up with the Petersburg department of the company 'Breguet', on dromoskop. Krylov then met with the engineer Dyuflon, a representative of 'Breguet', Swiss, friend of Drzewiecki.

Drzewiecki occupied a luxury apartment of the house No 6 Admiralty Street. In the evenings, guests of Drzewiecki were brothers Paul and Peter Solomonovich Martynov, Dyuflon and botanist Professor Poirot, K. E. Makovsky and the Serbian Prince Karageorgievich, who formerly served in the French Foreign Legion, mainly for scientific or technical topics, flying airplanes on a theory of Drzewiecki (in April 1884 he published it and the chief inspector Rear Admiral Loschinsky invited Krylov to resolve this issue). Drzewiecki acc. to his friend from Moscow, Goujon (remembering on the later system of J. Roy / Rey) and Dyuflon / Duflon, was noble, of an ancient clan of Poles, who owned large estates in the Volyn province, land in Odessa, orchard houses in Warsaw, etc. Drzewiecki had an extensive knowledge of the St. Petersburg nobility. His parents were living in Paris, where he was educated at home, at the Lycee St. Barbe, and the Central Engineering College. Among his companions was Eifel (aerodynamic research).

In 1873, Drzewiecki was at Vienna World Exhibition. When Drzewiecki moved to St. Petersburg, he turned to the famous Brouwer, at the Pulkovo Observatory and to the War Minister P. S. Rakovsky (construction of 50 boats, with the payment of 100.000 rubles for Drzewiecki). Drzewiecki, received one hundred thousand, and went to Italy.

Summer 1886 Drzewiecki went to Turkestan, to General Annenkov (the Trans-Caspian railway from Krasnovodsk to Samarkand with a huge bridge across the Amu Darya in Chardzhui).
The following summer, he went to Egypt, to Aswan.
1887 he calls Krylov to show a sketch of a submarine and gone to Grand Duke General Admiral Alexei Alexandrovich with this project to develop a submarine.

In 1888 Krylov was enrolled at the Shipbuilding Division of the Naval Academy, graduated it in 1890. At this time, Drzewiecki went to Paris. 1892 met with Krylov, on the development of the submarine, and together come to Paris. The Marine Technical Committee (boat steam engines, internal combustion engines, and then diesels) cooperated with Drzewiecki because he had an extensive knowledge of French naval engineers and brought Krylov into this world. In 1897 Drzewiecki invented a special type of destroyer for the Naval Ministry, and again asked Krylov to work with him in Paris. The project was adopted by the Technical Committee. In 1892 was the Dreyfus affair and Drzewiecki was not at home, back to St. Petersburg. Around 1905 Drzewiecki developed an original theory of propellers. 1909 to 1914 every time Krylov visited Drzewiecki in Paris, last time met with him 1925 to 1927, when Krylov was abroad for 'Neftesindikat' and 'Soviet oil'. Drzewiecki died in April 1938.

Above
Jerome Stebnicki / Hieronim Stebnicki born on 12 December 1832 in the province of Volyn, Polish engineer, cartographer and infantry general of the Russian Empire. He graduated in 1852, serve in the General Staff, since 1860 worked at the Caucasus and the Caspian region, left a description of triangulation Caucasus mountains, 1866 the head of the Military Division on the topographic of General Staff of the Russian Empire, 1867 head of the Caucasus Department, grandfather of Peter Kapitza. He made the first detailed maps of the Caucasus, after Joseph Chodzko.

The Physico - Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, one of the largest research institutes in Russia, founded by Abram Fedorovich Ioffe in September 29, 1918. Located in St. Petersburg. Director of the Radium Institute was V. I. Vernadskij, his deputy - V. G. Hlopin.
Director of the Institute 1957 - 1967 - Konstantinov B. P. acc. to Russian sources, but a US research show name Konstantinovich B. P.
- acc. to:
Research Database, Bibliographies & Essays, Resources, HSS Publications, Committee on Education. "An interesting attempt to compare Soviet and Western research in high-energy physics is John Irvine and Ben R. Martin, 'Basic Research in the East and West: A Comparison of the Scientific Performance of High-Energy Physics Accelerators,' Social Studies of Science, 1985, 5(2): 293-341". History of Science Society: 440 Geddes Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA, 574.631.1194, 574.631.1533 Fax.

After him in 1967-1987 was Tuczkiewicz / Tuchkevich.

Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky b. 1863, St. Petersburg and died on January 6, 1945 in Moscow. His father, Ivan, according to family legend, was a descendant of Cossacks. Before moving to St. Petersburg, he was Professor of Economics in Kiev. In St. Petersburg, he served as a privy councilor. His mother, Anna Petrovna nee Konstantynowicz / Konstantinovich, was a Polish noblewoman.
Vladimir Vernadsky was a cousin of the Russian writer Vladimir Korolenko.
Above named Konstantinov, Boris Pavlovich or
Borys Konstantinovich / Borys Konstantynowicz son of Pawel Konstantynowicz, b. 1910 in St. Petersburg. Soviet physicist and Vice - President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Father Paul Fedoseevich Konstantinov / or Pavel Konstantinovich b. 1874, 1888 went to St. Petersburg, mother - Agrippina Petrovna Konstantinov b. 1876 nee Smirnov, gave birth to eight sons and four daughters;
Boris in 1916 was sent to a private elementary school, where he studied until the end of 1917; In early 1918 the family moved to the home of parents in the village. In 1919 his father died. In the winter 1920 - 1921 he lived and studied in St. Petersburg. Autumn of 1924 the family moved to Leningrad.
At this time, at the Physico-Technical Institute worked older brother of Boris -
Alexander Pavlovich Konstantinov (1895 - 1945, repressioned, was posthumously rehabilitated) or maybe Aleksander Konstantynowicz, who became one of the largest radio technicians, radiophysicist and create a variety of radio-electronic equipment (with Bonch - Bruevich) and contributed to the development of television - suggested a way to narrow band television signals, has developed a mosaic photocathodes for the television camera tubes of the 1930s television transmission.
He was a member of the laboratory of L. S. Theremin: an alarm systems of banks and museums.
A. Konstantinov was an electrician in this protective system - 1909. In 1924 he created the radio-electronic equipment to determine the difference in longitude of Greenwich and Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, in 1928 to 1930 with his brother has developed radio - protective signaling processes of government vaults. They invented electric seismographs have been used successfully for mineral exploration.
He studied at the Physics and Mechanics of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute 1926 - 1929 and was expelled from this Polytechnic after fourth years for the non-proletarian origin,
but was able to continue working in science through the application of Ioffe. He worked as a laboratory assistant, senior laboratory assistant at the Physical - Technical Institute, 1935 - 1937 in the department of electro - acoustics of the Leningrad Institute, (in 1937 Konstantinov Aleksandr Pavlovich was wrongly arrested and died in the dungeons of the NKVD) but 1937 - 1940 he headed a laboratory of the Research Institute of the music industry and acoustics for the needs of defense - but we need check this data.

His brother Boris Pavlovich Konstantinovich or Konstantinov was born in St. Petersburg in 1910, acc. to his autobiography, written an excellent literary language. In 1924 Konstantinov moved to Leningrad, because at the State Physical - Technical Institute of the X-ray worked his older brother, Alexander P. Konstantinov.
Since 1927 he started working at the laboratory of D. A. Rozhanski / Rozanski as a physicist and was student of Physics and Mechanics Faculty of the Polytechnic Institute.

A few details on Boris Konstantinov / Konstantinovich:
Konstantinov Boris Pavlovich or Konstantinovich B. P. born on 23 June / 6 July 1910 in St. Petersburg and died July 1969. In 1927-35 and since 1940 has worked in the Physical - Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1957-67 director, in 1937-40 at the Research Institute of the music industry (like his brother?!).
"In the 90's of last century, was opened part of the work on the nuclear problem, and as a result over the past half ten years, there are many books and publications devoted to the development of research on the nuclear problem in the USSR and Russia... There was a series of films about the secret physicists ... I. V. Kurchatov, Y. B. Chariton, Ya. Zel'dovich, A. D. Sakharov, I. E. Tamm, V. L. Ginzburg and others in the work on the atomic problem, but the role of B. P. Konstantinov reflected very sparingly. This is despite the fact that over the carried out his work, he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, was elected to the Academy and became director Physico - Technical Institute, vice - president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, it is named after him the Institute of Nuclear Physics Gatchina and the largest chemical plant in Kirov...".

"...B. P. Konstantinov is one of the founders of the school of nuclear physicists. In 1945, the Physics and Mechanics Department opened the country's first training in the Department of Nuclear Physics (Department of Technical Physics). The first head of the department was A. F. Ioffe, but after 2 years it was headed by B. P. Konstantinov, who since 1945 has combined his academic work at PTI with teaching at the LPI...".

"The Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) is one of four nuclear physics centers within the National Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute' / NRC 'Kurchatov Institute'. PNPI bears the name of Academician B. P. Konstantinov ... Director of the Ioffe Physical Technical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, vice president of the Academy of Sciences...".

At the beginning in accordance with the Decision of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR in 1942 which was composed of the Commissariat of Communications was formed Military restorative management for all military telephones and telegraphs and broadcasting units, radio and postal enterprises on the territory liberated from the German. B. P. Konstantinovich / Konstantynowicz Borys / Konstantinov was working for this management (at the Petersburg Nuclear Institut as Head of Laboratory 1943 - 1957, for the Federal Agency for Special Construction / Spetsstroy Russia). 1951 established the Office building number 565 as a part of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR - successor of the General Directorate of Special Construction. In 1953 in Leningrad was organized management for the construction of the air defense system. "Federal Agency for Special Construction (Spetsstroy Russia) - the federal executive body for the promotion of national defense and security organization works in the field of special construction, road building and communication engineering by military units and road-building military units of the Federal Agency for Special Construction".

Abram Fedorovich Joffe - physicist, moved to Munich, where he took a internship with Wilhelm Rontgen, he returned to St. Petersburg, was involved in nuclear physics and in the development of lasers.

Adam Gernet born on 7 August 1878 in Kiwidepah, Roethel, Laanermaa (Haapsalu), Estonia. An Adam von Gernet was involved in the study of magnetism; an infantry regiment in Dunaburg, escape across the German lines in March 1918, by John Hiden.

In 1912,
only five of airships had been built in Russia before 1914 and we exactly constructed (the fifth in order) to Russian Army in the plant of DEKA an airship named "Kobchik" type "Blimp" by S. A. Nemchenko as early as 1912 (with two engines 45 hp, and length 48 m; speed 50 km/h according to "Taschenbuch der Luftflotten", 1st Issue 1914, Vol. 1 "Airships" by F. Rasch and W. Hormel, published in Germany, worked out by Thomas Heinz.

Airship i.e. an "aircraft that consists of a cigar-shaped gas bag, or envelope, filled with a lighter-than-air gas to provide lift, a propulsion system, a steering mechanism, and a gondola accommodating passengers, crew, and cargo. (...) NON-RIGID airships, now commonly known as blimps, are the most common type in use. The non-rigid airship has no frame and the envelope holds its shape due to the pressurized lifting gas inside." The DEKA company owned an infrastructure for airships i.e. a hangar, workshops and warehouses in St Petersburg before the First world war. War, revolution and civil war interrupted further development until 1920, when the Soviets built their first small blimp.

June, 1912: Vote of 150 aeroplanes (140 to be built at home); November, 1912: Military trials results:
1. Sikorsky in a "Sikorsky";
2. HABER in a "M. Farman";
3. Boutmy (BUTMI) in a "Nieuport". December, 1912: Aeronautical school re-organised; 15 pupils per school at a time - course made seven months. A one month course in aeroplanes, aerial motors, etc. Of the pupils, 10 to be selected for aeroplanes.
New flying school established at Tashkent in TURKESTAN. Only in Army Aviation in March, 1913: new schools established at Moscow, Odessa and OMSK. At the end of 1913: the number of actual military pilots was 72. There was a special volunteer corps of about 36 private aviators; total to 108 in Russia. In Navy Aviation: July, 1912 - Lieut. ANDREADI, did a flight from Sevastopol to Petersburg.

About above S. A. Nemchenko.
In the spring of 1906 the Wright brothers offered to the Russian Minister of War a flying machine created by them. Russian military department did not respond to the letter, however, in 1908 sent to France, where the Wright brothers opened Aircraft Company 'Ariel', two officers of the Training Aeronautic Park: - N. I. Uteshev and S. A. Nemchenko. Russian officers have studied the American airplane and have made test flights as passengers and wrote a negative review. According to them, the airplane Flyer-III for military purposes was no good. Should pay attention to the achievements of other designers, especially the French. On August 24, 1908 a Petersburg newspaper 'New time' informed on the Chief Engineer's Office organized in autumn 1909 international competition of airplanes with award of 50 thousand rubles but a place of the aerodrome was also not selected.

In 1912 JSC 'Deca' is participating in the tender for the construction of airships for the military departments of Russia. The airship was constructed in full conformity with technical specifications and tested in 1913. The experiment was considered successful and commercially viable, and in the same year was founded a specialized aviation workshop as a structural part of the company 'Deca'.

In April 1913 DECA has entered into a cooperation agreement with the French radio company 'Societe francaise Radio-Electrique' (SFR) and became a branch of it in Russia.

'Radiolectric French Company' was one of the first radiotelegraphic companies, founded by A ‚A?€LlA?A?‚¬L?A ‚A ?A?A?€L?A ¬A‚A °mile Girardeau in 1910 and it supported the production of the Radiola - radio receivers. 'Dyuflon and Konstantinowicz' has entered into a cooperation with 'Sautter, Harle and Co.' from Paris and also with a factory 'Gabriel and Anzeno' (Paul Lemonnier engineer, bacame a partner in the business of Sautter, at 26 Avenue Suffren in Paris 1867. Beginning in the 1860s Sautter started the study of the use of electricity. In 1869, Henri Harle who had married into the Dolfuss family, started as an engineer. In 1890 Henri Harle became a full partner in the firm, which was now known as Sautter Harle.

The company 'Societe Sautter, Harle et Cie' was founded in 1825 in Paris as a mechanical engineering company. 1907 began production of automobiles as the 'Sautter Harle'. 1908 the company was renamed in 'Harle et Cie'. 1912 ended production of cars. Three companies have manufactured lights on the coasts in France: F. Barbier et Fenestre, Sautter-Harle / Sautter et Lemonier and Lepaute, by 'planete-tp.com'. "In order to eliminate the jerks in release, Augustin Fresnel modified the blade regulator around 1826 with the aid of the clockmaker Lepaute, by incorporating a ball regulator".
"The Gymnote was one of the world's first all-electric submarines. Launched on 24 September 1888 ... by Gustave Zede ... and Arthur Krebs, who completed the project. For the Gymnote, Arthur Krebs developed the electric engine .... The motor proved so problematic that it was replaced with a smaller but more powerful Sautter-Harle motor".

In Tallinn the construction of the rear lighthouse was planned already in 1832. The new lighthouse acquired a Fresnel device purchased from Sautter Harle & Co in Paris.

In late 1915, the company name was changed to the 'Anciens Etablissements Sautter-Harle'. The Company produced electrical equipment: searchlight / floodlight, generators, compressors and diesel engines. The Sautter Harle at present has name the Alsthom Company).

They were working for Sautter - Harle / SAUTTER HARLE, founded in 1852:
Eugene Dejonc,
Emile Girardeau, born 1882, a French engineer, founder of the General Society of wireless telegraphy; 1910 he founded the radio - electric French Society SFR, in the field of radio - electricity and military telegraphy; 1915 he was assigned to education, in radio - electricity, flying officers.
Camille Charles Augustin Claudeville, b. 1868, adviser naval armament for Europe and South America, and co-operated with SAUTTER HARLE, founded in 1852, making lenticular lights, electric motors, turbo-generators and projectors.
Jean Rey / Jean-Alexandre REY b. 1861 in Lausanne / Lauzanne, Switzerland. His first wife Marie Sautter b. 1870, daughter of Louis Sautter - founder of LEMONNIER - HARLE and Co. with Paul LEMONNIER. After the death of Mary, Jean REY married another descendant of SAUTTER born VAN MUYDEN. Jean REY was the uncle of another Jean Rey b. 1902-1983, Belgian (member of the EEC Commission from 1958 to 1967 and President of the Commission from 1967 to 1970), acc. to: Christian LEVI ALVARES.

Jean-Alexandre REY, the School of Mines as a foreign student 1883; 1885 he obtained French nationality as a descendant of French parents refugees in Switzerland because of religion; he received the degree 1 ranked 1886; led factories Sautter - Harle and for thirty years directing the technical work of the house Sautter - Harle (turbo - machinery); 1904 studied steam turbines; 1906 gas turbines; at thirty - five he was chief engineer of the Sautter - Harle Company; finally president of the trade association of electrical engineering, President of the French Society of Electricians - 1921. In 1901 he build an internal combustion engine generators for submarines. From 1888, he became interested in steam turbines and turbo - electric machines.

You remember that Louis Francois Clement Breguet / Louis Francois Clement Breguet was born on 22 December 1804 in Paris, work in the early days of telegraphy, educated in Switzerland; in 1870 Louis Francois Clement Breguet transferred the leadership of the Breguet company to Edward Brown; collaborated with Heinrich Ruhmkorff, George Daniels, Professor Thomas Engel and Alexander Graham Bell; he had one son Antoine b. 1851.

The Swiss Canton of Vaud was the area where the French-speaking family settled (Diserens or Dizeren). Among other things, it were the villages and towns: CLARENS located east from Lausanne, also Villette, Cully and Riex. Villette or Lavaux is located close to Lutry and Cully. All on east of Lutry and east of Lausanne / Lozano. Moreover, a settlements such as Corsier sur Vevey, L'Abbaye and Grandvaux. L'Abbaye, is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, town from where the Breguet family (Antoine b. 1851) came to Paris; around 30 km north - west of Lausanne. The DUFLON family 1745 - 1815 was living in Riex of the Vaud province / Vaud canton, Switzerland / Suisse. Villeneuve is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, located ca 30 km east-south of Lausanne;
the Duflon family gone from Lutry of 1852 and Neuchatel, in Paris 1801 - 1877 was living Louis Duflon; Duflon J.-F. was a landlord in Bouligneux in France west of Geneve.

Francois / Francoise Duflon from Riex (Lavaux) and Villeneuve, was born in 1831 in La Tour-de-Peilz, where his father was a teacher. He attended the College of Vevey, where he was a professor; 1876 Lausanne, 1906 d'Ardon, south-east of Villeneuve. La Tour-de-Peilz east from Lausanne, close to Villeneuve, 15 km.

Michail Dobrowolski lived 1903 - 1907 in Lausanne.
In the spring of 1914 L. Bakst moved to Montreux in Switzerland. Sophia Klyachko came to stay with her brother and taking along all family.

Clarens is part of Montreux in Suisse, where the Duflon family was living. Anna Konstantynowicz nee Armand, wife of Apollon Konstantynowicz from Moscow, was here with her son, Evgenii Konstantinovich, probably since spring of 1914. She acted with Lenin (on 5 September 1914 Lenin moved to neutral Switzerland, residing first at Bern, then at ZA ‚A?€LlA?A?‚¬L?A ‚A?€LlA aLArich; on 31 March 1917 "Fritz Platten obtained permission from the German Foreign Minister through his ambassador in Switzerland, Baron Gisbert von Romberg, for Lenin and other Russian exiles to travel through Germany to Russia in a sealed one-carriage train"; from Zurich, Gottmadingen, Singen, Frankfurt and Berlin to Sassnitz, Trelleborg, in Sweden to Stockholm, at the Finland Station in Petrograd) and Inessa Armand, her friend. Anna Konstantynowicz back to Petersburg (Piotrogrod) with Lenin, Krupska and Inessa Armand in April 1917.

Sophia Klyachko met in Montreux (Clarens?) Yevgeny Constantinowitz / Eugeniusz Konstantynowicz son of Apollon Konstantynowicz from Moscow. 1914 all relocated to Geneve to Diaghilev; the company after (1914 / 1915 to 1920) moved to Lausanne, but Bakst removed to Paris, soon. The Klyachko family in spring of 1920 came to Paris; in Meudon is now a museum of Bakst.

The Ramseyer family from Neuchatel, close to border on France, and from St-Aubin-Sauges north of Lausanne, Grindlachen, Bern in Switzerland; from Siebnen and Steffisburg north-east of Lousanne, and Tavannes north of Neuchatel.

Adolphe Jean Edouard WIDMER, CEO of the Society of Electrical Constructions Breguet - Sautter - Harle, married in 1930 to Jacqueline HARLE Lucy b. 1905, parents Frederick Augustus 'Henri' HARLE, 1875-1961 and Jeanny Alice Lily KAMPMANN b. 1881.

Electric lighting has come into use in Russia in 1880s. In the end, the concession for the construction of the first power plant in Ufa and Ufa province was signed in 1896 by a specialist of the companies: 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' from St. Petersburg and the 'Sautter, Harle and Co.' from Paris, engineer Nikolai Vladimirovich Konshin. Construction of the city's first power plant taken about two years, on 01 February 1898 it gave a light. The city council had to pay for it to the owner 275 thousand rubles. In July 1918 to October 1918 Konshin went through terrible ordeals, he was among the 98 hostages of Ufa. He was alive in the early 1920s.
His father probably Konshin Vladimir Nikolaevich born ?, member of the Board of the South - Eastern Railway Society and the Rybinsk Railway.

Above Konshin Nikolai V. born ?, was working for the Prince of Oldenburg for the exploration of manganese around Trebizond 1887 - 1888, a member of the South Ussuri Expedition 1888 - 1890 and for the exploration of coal in the Semipalatinsk region 1890, in the Urals from 1891, built at his own expense the first power plant in Ufa 1898.

The Minsk City Council on June 28, 1894 decided on the introduction of electric lighting and the Town Council concluded an agreement with the Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz Company. According to the agreement a power station and the city's network lighting should be equipped with a steam boiler of Fiiner Gamper / Hamper from Sosnowiec, Westinghouse steam engine system, dynamos of the Baltic electric plant in Riga, lightbulbs of the Gabriel and Anzheno / Angeno Comp. from Paris, and electric bulbs of Harle factory.

On January 12, 1895 in Minsk, the first city power station started. In 1899 the plant was named 'Elvod', Minsk became the fourth city after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Kiev, where began to use electrical networks.

On the Parnu history and power stations and electrical networks in Estonia:
One hundred years ago in Parnu earned powerhouse. "The first power that earned in 1907, on the right bank of the PA ‚A?€LlA?A?‚¬L?A ‚A?€L?A‚A ¤rnu River , has not survived. Its capacity was inadequate and just four years later had to build a new power plant. This building still stands today...". "It is particularly interesting that once held two submarine cable across the river Parnu, as the network of street lighting was on one side, and the power plant - on the other".
In 1915, the commandant of the city Rodzyanko gave the order to blow up a number of industries and power station, too. In Estonia, the use of electricity began in 1882 at the Manufactory of Kreenholm, but the first public power - 108 or 100 kW and 220 V - launched November 2, 1907 in Parnu. The first industrial power plant was built at the Kunda cement factory in 1893.

Kotri Hangelaid or Gottfried Hacker or Hakker b. 1887 d. 1961 in Germany, graduated from Wismar Polytechnical School as certified engineer, 1913 lived in LEHOLA. Designed and built Estonian first electric power plant to Aru bog, on rented land from Kunda manor and the first high-voltage line 15 kV between different areas, which on 18 Oct. 1918 brought electricity to Rakvere. 1919 - 1939 was living in Tallinn. 1939 emigrated to Germany.

Kunda in Kirchspiel Maholm, Viru-Nigula Parish in Virumaa County, at present the Kunda Municipality.
"At the end of 1860s the owner of Kunda Manor John Girard de Soucanton became interested in the possibility of producing cement. Since 1893 steam engines were used for mining raw material, and a hydroelectric power station was completed at the same time (the first in all Estonia)".
Gustav John Edmund Baron Girard de Soucanton, from Selgs b. 1863 in Kunda. His wife Sophie Eleonore (Ellinor) Girard de Soucanton (von Rosenbach). His grandfather from Reval, Johann Carl Baron Girard de Soucanton b. 1785. The Girard family was originally from the French countryside Languedoc - Roussillon.

In 1899 founded in Tallinn, electric motors and generators manufacturing factory 'Volta'. The first power plant was built in factories, for example in Narva, Kunda cement factory, a train factory in Tallinn, Parnu in 1907. Followed by Tartu, Viljandi, Valga and Voru city. In 1907 the first public power station was opened in Estonia and Parnu was the first city in the whole of Russia, where the streets had light bulbs. The generator operated the steam engine and the electric went to city street lighting. The Parnu plant was ready in 1907; because it would have been cheaper to use coal to heat the plant, in 1910 this plant has been rebuilt and expanded.

In Viljandi in 1900 'Viljandi Telephone Company' started; A. Rosenberg houses had got electric light in 1902 from a power station commissioned by Volta factory. In 1910 the 'Inthal & Co.' power station to get electric lights downtown businesses, the first permanent cinema and residential houses in Viljandi. 1912 the city constructed a new power plant.

In 1912 released the first high-frequency machine for wireless telegraphy and telephony by Duflon and Konstantynowicz Company.

When the First World War broke out, JSC 'Deca' has received a loan to expand aircraft production under the production of airplanes and engines, from domestic materials. But space, material and manpower resources to carry out new plans in the Russian capital was not enough, and we had to consider options for building a new plant in the province. Among them was a small town Aleksandrovsk in Ekaterinoslav province (Copyright 2006 - 2011 by 'Science & Technology', No 10 (53), 2010). The third company in Russia in terms of the electronic products supply.

We manufactured an electrical accessory and magnetos for aero engines in the beginning of the First world war. A Swiss / French share (since 1904) of DEKA Joint Stock Society with brand name "Duflon" in St Petersburg manufactured electric accessory for naval fleet of Russian army, but also for other defensive enterprises. The Russian - Japanese war in 1904 - 05 and the First world war were with the best years, according to http://konkretno.ru/ and shareholders had taken up the advantage of this prosperity. Total employees rose over 3 times only in "Duflon" proper in heyday 1914 - 1916, and the production - 6 times. The factory manufactured radio sets and broadcasting stations (see about the Boncz Brujewicz family), engines for automobiles and for planes.
The "Duflon" had opened a branch in Aleksandrovsk / Zaporozhye that later on manufactured the "Zaporozhets" cars in "Zaporozhskiy Avtomobilnyi Zavod" (Auto Works of Zaporozhye in Ukraine)!

In 1915 DEKA JSC in December 1915 bought buildings and equipment in a town Aleksandrovsk in order to changeover of activity.
During the First World War the firm DECA was one of the best electrical companies in the country, was equipped with American equipment and have trained engineers, technicians and production staff. For 1914 - 1917 value of the new equipment has increased from 473 thousand to 2.5 million rubles; in 1897 one ruble = 0.774 grams gold.

The monthly production volume in July 1914 to December 1916 increased by 6 times.
On 24 October 1917 value belonging to the plant property, plant and equipment was estimated at 5.5 million rubles.

To 1917 plant was a wide-venture and had 6 major divisions: the ship and shore-based tower systems, searchlight, aviation, mechanical, magneto and telegraph technology, in which there were 17 workshops (a searchlight or spotlight is an apparatus that combines a bright light source with some form of curved reflector or other optics to project a powerful beam of light ... By 1907 it was using to assist attacks against torpedo boats, enemy ships at greater distances, were also used by battleships and were installed on many coastal artillery batteries).

DECA paid good dividends on the market in 1913: 500-ruble share of the Company was assessed at the St. Petersburg Stock Exchange at 850 rubles.

The capital of 750 thousand rubles as 1500 registered shares by 500 rubles, only in 1903 had given net profit totaled 62.1 thousand rubles. In 1913, fixed capital - 1.5 mln rubles, that is 1500 shares at 500 rubles and 7500 shares at 100 rubles; balance - 4.181.995 rubles; dividend - 12 % per share for 500 rubles and 3 rubles 12 kopeek per share for 100 rubles.

From June 1901 to October 1917 Joint-stock company 'Deca' has received about 3.5 million rubles net profit.

In June 1918 the company was nationalized.

'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' in Petersburg - the number of workers in 1900 - 1910 year: 170 and in 1911 - 1917: 250 or in January 1905 - 179 workers; in January 1914 - 240; 1917 - more than 820. The factory produced an electro-mechanical equipment for the Navy of Russia.

Around the same time, i.e. in the summer of 1915, Joint Stock Company 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' (or 'Deca') offered an airplane with a bullet with 'a four-sided feathers'. The bullet was cast from solid lead alloy, the stabilizer was made of tin. Bullets 'with feathers sided' with the other models under the guidance of Professor Zhukovsky were purged in the aerodynamic laboratory of the Imperial Moscow Technical School and received the highest rating-known scientist. The bullet 'Deka' or 'DK' has the best aerodynamic performance. In the end, that since the end of 1915 the company 'Syromyatnikov, Ovchinnikov, Shatsky & Co.' and JSC 'Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co.' became the main suppliers of such weapons for the Russian Army, launching a large-scale enterprises in their production. Bullets, 'DK' have been designed so well that no change had existed prior to the 20s of the 20th cent., survived war and civil war. The tests took place in this time showed complete failure of an engineer V. V. Dybovsky / W. Dybowski design of bullets and a bullets from foundry of E. E. Novitsky / E. Nowicki.

"...Our magazine printed articles about the world's first heavy bomber 'Ilya Muromets'. ... more recently the editors received archival documents that shown new light on some of the events of World War I on the unique heavy airplane of Sikorsky and enterprises of JSC 'Motor Sich', which was called in those days 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co. ...', or abbreviated DECA. These materials have been provided courtesy of the Museum of the plant 'Motor Sich'... Such opportunities have factory 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.'. By the time the plant passed the reorganization and was named 'Company of electromechanical structures', but the old mark of DECA continued to be used, as has been widely known for about twenty years. Its managing director Peter P. Azbelev signed on September 9, 1915 contract with the military-technical management, taking the following commitments:
'1. Reference samples ... and the exact basis of general conditions and the annexed lists, and specifications that will be subsequently given to the Company by the Chief Military-technical management, manufacture and deliver ...
a) one hundred types of Benz motors 150 HP at 16,200 rubles for the motor, and b) one hundred sets of spare parts for 1,570 rubles per set, and c) twenty additional kits to them / 12 / 15.250 per set, and d) twenty five engines like Mercedes 100-150 HP at 11,340 rubles for the engine, and e) twenty five complete sets of spare parts in 1500 per set, and e) five additional sets to them 14,000 rubles per set, and the total amount of two million four hundred and seventy three thousand (2.473.000) rubles.
2) Testing of engines produced by the supplier according to the rules that will be given to the public by the Office.
3) The company shall manufacture the aforesaid engines and spare parts for Russian factories and present at the factories for inspection and examination of the selection committee: motors of 150 HP, the first five engines and five sets of spare parts and an extra set of spare parts after ten months of the issuance to the Company of the sample, while the remaining 150 HP engines and sets of spare parts for them ... in the next delivery for the first eight months (and) the last month of 11 motors and 14 sets of spare parts. Engines Mercedes by the 100-105 HP - the first one motor, a spare parts kit and one extra set of spare parts in ten months from the date the sample ... 4) On receipt of engines and spare parts supplier undertakes at its own expense sealing and delivering them to the central warehouse near by the aeronautical school, or at one of the railway stations in Petrograd as directed by the Engineering Department, as well as to send them - if you need - to (at no extra cost to the Treasury) - on the proposals of the military department - a place as directed by the Engineering Department...'.
Copyright by http://www.nt-magazine.ru/nt/node/7009.

The contract was signed from the War Department by the head of the Technical Department, Major General GVTU Bolotov. Company Dyuflon and Konstantinovich possessed relatively large and well-equipped production facilities, in addition having major plants in St. Petersburg and Moscow, and several more branches in major provincial centers of the Russian Empire, but they were loaded with military production, and had no opportunity to place another order ... requiring the development of two new products. In search of the site for the new production ..., called attention to the company of brothers Moznaim in Alexandrovsk in Ukraine (now a city of Zaporozhye). His owners could not find the military orders...
Case the brothers were not going well ... and soon the plant changed owner. On the organization a motor branch of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' in Alexandrovsk and the modernization of the company told the 'S & T' / 'Nauka i Technika' number of January 2011 ...
We remind the reader only two dates in the history of the company in December 1915 signed a bill of sale, and in April 1916, had already been built new production buildings with modern - purchased in the U.S. and delivered through Archangel and Vladivostok - equipment. Next were built and other buildings, as well as construction, the specifics of which was related to the future profile of the company. ... began testing station, a large building with a spacious stand, necessary utilities, electric lighting and ventilation. Following the expansion of the plant is the largest enterprise in Russia ... and one of the best equipment ...
The first five-row six-cylinder engines, 'DECA' M-100 with parts and an additional set had to pass by the end of August 1916. It was very difficult: the German construction 'did not fit' with either adopted our technology ... or with the ... Russian and American machines. It was necessary to understand the materials used by German designer and pick up a replacement of domestic production ... the effort to 'adapt' engine 'Mercedes' to our manufacturing taken engineer Vorobyov, and the development of more powerful 'Benz' ... engineer Kireev. ... but the first step has been taken - and in August 1916 the motor 'DECA' M-100 was presented to the control tests. Major General Pniewski reported in St. Petersburg: '...the first engine made entirely of Russian materials, was set in motion and gave satisfactory results'. The plant began to implement the agreement in full. So, the issue of engines was started.
And although by the time the Office of Air Force managed to establish some order to force manufacturers to make this airplane, according to their calculation, the production of the aircraft has failed. And in the following events in 1917, ... you can not find the information in the documents on what engines from Alexandrovsk were to installed to particular variety of aircraft "Ilya Muromets". ... In addition, the well-known book of V. B. Shavrov 'History of aircraft design in the USSR until 1938', states that the motor 'deka' (in the book it is called the M-101) was installed on the aircraft, 'Lebed XI'.
In 1917 began the turbulent events ... All year management and staff of the Alexandrov factory DEKA did everything possible to continue production of engines and save the company ... but 'Company' could no longer exist (after November 1917) in the same form and on December 24, 1917 the company was terminated / adjourned. Although less than a month, the Soviet government decree that plant was nationalized (January 1918), the Company under the circumstances was unable to work...".

In 1916 - 1917, the Deka built up the military manufactory of aeroengines in a town Aleksandrovsk (i.e. in Zaporozh'e either Zaporoze or Zaporizhzhya / Zaporozhye) in 1916. The Stavka (Supreme High Command of the Russian Military) and Russian military intelligence was interested in such experimental production with advanced technology in actuality and this headquarters laid down actual line of research into the Deka mechanical powers for aircraft, e.g. general P. W. Pniewski ordered to enforce norms of special steel for aeroengines in Petrograd at the end of 1916.

The "Main war - technical board" under W. A. Semkowski concluded a big contract with joint stock company of electrical firms (i.e. particular, separate businesses from Duflon / Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co. abbreviated as DEKA) from Petrograd on 01 February 1916 in order to construct in the plant of DEKA two experimental aircrafts of professor Gheorghe Botezat by 01 or 20 October 1917 (with aeroengine "Renault" and with a gyroscope - wheel which, when spinning fast, keeps steady the object in which it is fixed - the first automatic pilot) but the professor has been gone abroad earlier.

The stock society DEKA received twice considerable government subsidies on research & development in 1916 but the magnetos to aero engines produced here continuously in co-operation with the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute (magneto i.e. electric apparatus for producing sparks in the ignition system of an internal combustion engine).

And it was soon built the section of aero engines in Zaporozhye = Zaporizhzhya under the general chief N. R. Brilling; an area of the factory had got 39 millions according to "History of building airplanes in the USSR" by B. V. Shavrov of 1985. In 1915, 'Deca' bought the plant of Moznaimov brothers and rebuild it under the issue of internal combustion engines and in particular - aviation; the first contract with the Government for an engine type '100' and 20 engines type Benz - Mercedes. The Mersedes (i.e. Mercedes) aero engines manufactured here in the second half of 1916 and expected 10 - 15 engines monthly (e.g. the Mercedes - type 100 hp from DEKA factory and "Deka M-100" in Zaporozh'e as early as 28 September 1916, at a later date DEKA 166/168/170 hp and it were produced here ten aero engines DEKA 129 hp with six cylinders monthly in the end of 1916, and DEKA M-170 hp in 1917; extra the "Benz" and "Mercedes" aero engines manufactured here also in 1917; the DEKA Company learned production of the piston engines since September 1916: M-6, M-11, M-22, M-85, M-86, M-87, M-88, Ash-87FN, Ash-62JR, often superior and better than foreign engines).

Major General Pniewski said in parliament about the DEKA company in November 1916: "This is the first aeroengine as a whole from the Russian materials of experimental line of 5 pieces by 100 hp". The day of complete success - DEKA M-100, the first Russian six-cylinder water cooled engine constructed on 15 / 28 September 1916. This date can be regarded as the birthday of Russian domestic air industry; before 1916 Russia only imported aircraft engines.

So incompetent paralleled researches into the Mercedes engines conducted Anthony Fokker in Germany who was from Holland and Heinrich Focke b. 1890. About details and photos of the MERCEDES aviation engines or on the Mercedes-Daimler Motorengesellschaft from Stuttgart-Unterturkheim, see: "Jane's fighting Aircraft of World War I", by John W. R. Taylor, England 1919 and London 1990 ("Studio Editions").

The War Department wants to procure large quantities an airplane's bullets and even in 1917 our Joint-stock company 'Deka' was commissioned 400 thousand 'bullets, to shoot from airplanes' but the plant in July passed this order the army.

At present in 2007 "LSR Group planned to open 3 new first class business-centers. Electric City business centre of 340 thousand square metres was designed by architects Sergey Choban and Evgeny Gerasimov in 10 Medikov Prospect in St Petersburg, in the historic building of 'Duflon, Konstantinovich and Co' plant - 'Electric plant'. ... LSR Group founded in 1993, LSR Group is one of the leading real estate development, construction and building materials companies in Russia".

I will take pains to collect information on all and somebody who reads need to know about. You don't need to thank me; I'm happy to help whenever I can. I think that we are all agreed in this matter, and therefore there needs no more words about it...

'Omsk Engine-Building Production Association' originates from the plant in Alexandrovsk / Zaporizhia, a joint stock company 'Deka' and produces aviation piston engines of foreign models. Was restored in 1920.

In 1916 -
"The area covered by brick-made production buildings of this factory exceeded any of then available engine works in the tsarist Russia and it was equipped as one of the best; the Mercedes-type 100 hp single-row water-cooled six-cylinder engine assembled here in September 1916 and designated Deka M-100 became the firstling of the company; the date of its manufacture was accepted as the birthday of the Company (i.e. in Zaporozh'e = Aleksandrovsk or Zaporozhye / Zaporizhzhya); later on the engine power has been increased to 129 hp and then to 168 hp due to efforts of Deka experts who managed to do this" (quotation from Vyacheslav Boguslayev, Chairman of Board and Director General Motor Sich JSC of 2001.

The engine was installed to power several modifications of four-engine "Ilya Muromets" aircraft (with the Argus engine too; for the first time attempted to produce "Benz" and "Argus" engines in the Russian Baltic Railroad Car Works that evacuated from Riga to Petersburg in 1915 but 10 months waited for steel in 1915/16; more than 70 military versions of the "Ilia Mourometz" were built for use as bombers within 1913 - 1917; in all, 75 bombers were delivered, and roughly half of them saw combat; twenty similar airplanes had been produced in 1916 and five built in September 1916 were not noticed by military command - were probably with engines of experimental line of 5 pieces Deka M-100; 15 March 1916 the 1st Aero Squadron begins operations) developed by the famous Polish aircraft designers Igor I. Sikorsky and his collaborator eng. Witold Jarkowski; outliving the fires of Civil War - sequestration by the Bolshevik authorities in January 1918 - "the factory has commenced to repair and then to manufacture the parts for Renault aircraft engines" after 1921. The section of aero engines in Zaporozhye = Zaporizhzhya employed as workers for years: in 1916 - 191 employees, 1917 - 420, and at the beginning of 1918 - 416 persons.

Employees of ours
Nikolaj Romanowicz Brilling
elaborated aeroengine with two opposite pistons when acted as chief in DEKA factory (Duflon either Duflou or Dufflon & Konstantynowicz) in Zaporozhye 1916 - 1918. Brilling i.e. Briling; Russian, b. 1876, Russian and Soviet expert of aeroengines after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic, twice under arrest due to distribution of Lenin's "Iskra", 1907 doctor in field of engines, 1908 - 1915 professor of the Moscow Polytechnic and chief of a special engine lab here, 1911 wrote thesis about internal combustion engines; Zaporoze, DEKA Company.
"The Soviet Council of Labor and Defense issued instructions for the creation of a Commission for Organization of the Design of the Aerosled = KOMPAS in 1919, and the membership of the commission included such leading designers as N. E. Zhukovskiy - its scientific director and N. R. Briling, who was selected (according to Valeriy Potapov; this quotation without the Author's written permission) as director of KOMPAS - it was Briling himself who had laid the foundation for aerosled design shortly before World War I in 1912 - mass production of transport aerosleds was begun in the Russo-Balt i.e. Russian-Baltic Plant in Tsarist Russia".
The 'DEKA' company gave work and bread for many future communists:
Antyuhin Fokich Ivan (1894-1938),
Mavrin I. F.,
A.I. Ionov,
Michail Georgievich Belov (1881-1936),
Skorokhodov Kastorovich Alexander (1880-1919),
Sutkevich Pavel Antonovich (1871 - 1919) and
Alexander Alexeyev Yemelyanovich in St. Petersburg - then become a draftsman, designer, and finally, an assistant manager at the plant 'Duflon'.

Wladymir Jakowlewicz Klimow
after completion of the Moscow Polytechnic in 1917 worked as trainee in DEKA factory in Zaporozhye, he designed a certain aero engine of his own here in 1917 and received an award at professor N. R. Brilling's hands (Klimow i.e. Klimov; Russian, b. 1892, main constructor of the Soviet aeroengines since 1935).

In August 1916 was a test of the first aircraft engine 'DECA M-100'. Inline six-cylinder water cooling, such as 'Mercedes'. His drawings created under the direction of engineer Vorobyov from Alexandrovsk / Zaporozhye Plant of St. Petersburg stock company Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co., abbreviated as DECA but "in this study involved a student of the Moscow higher Imperial Technical School - Vladimir Klimov - the future chief designer of engines 'VC', founder of the OKB-117 (now JSC 'Klimov', Saint Petersburg), which took place at the time as the factory practice".

Bedrich Urban (born 1880, d. 1940?) signed on with the Konstantynowiczs in year 1908 and he worked for "Duflon & Konstantynowicz" 1908 - 1911 in St Petersburg.
Urban has got experience from "Tallinn Volta" 1904 - 1908. Bedrich Urban was engineer constructor and after 1911 - 1918 worked for Siemens - Schuckert factory in St Petersburg as director manager according to Rain Vaikla. 1918 came back to Estonia and he was owner of the 'Bureau Ins. B. Urban & Co.' for technical products and metal products business, tools, engines, steam engines, turbines and Skoda car factory representation in Estonia. 'Siemens-Halske' played a key role in the formation of the St. Petersburg electrotechnical industry before the First Warld War but in this city were other businesses: 'Universal Company of Electricity', 'United Cable Plants', 'Schuckert and Co.', 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', 'Society battery factories Tudor'. From 1898 'Plant of dynamos Siemens-Schuckert' and in 1895, Erickson launched the company 'NK Geisler and Co.', which has American roots. 'Glebov plant' really was the only Russian electromechanical company in Petersburg. All the rest were foreigners, mainly British and Germans but however, one plant was with mixed capital: 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz' so-called 'Deca', but it was mainly French.

According to JOHN SPARGO an author of "RUSSIA AS AN AMERICAN PROBLEM", ed. NEW YORK and LONDON in 1920 by Harper & Brothers:
"The four principal manufacturers of electrical machinery in Russia were Siemens - Schuckert, General Electric Company, Siemens & Halske, and Duflon, Konstantynowicz & Co. These companies made practically all the generators and transformers produced in Russia, the first two companies named producing two-thirds of the whole. Of the four companies named three were simply Russian branches of German concerns, the last named, the Duflon-Konstantynowicz firm, being French. These factories were quite unable to meet the demand for generators, transformers and other electrical machinery even before the war".

Russian aircraft factories in the Russian Empire in 1915:
1. Rusian - Baltic Plant (RBVZ): departments of aviation in Riga and St. Petersburg. In 1910 Sikorsky built C6, C10, C12, C22.
2. Zavod 1st All-Russian Association of aeronautics (Shchetinin).
3. 'The aeronautics company (Lebedev, from 1913 to Petrograd).
4. Zavod V. Slyusarenko, 1912 Riga, Bleriot aircraft. 5. Fabrika A. A. Porohovschikova, Petrograd in 1914. 6. Company 'Dux' since 1910 aircraft Farman, Voisin, Deperdyussen. 7. Aviatsionny plant F. F. Mosca. 8. Masterskaya I. I. Steglau in 1911 Petrograd. 9. Zavod A. A. Anatra 1913, Odessa, Simferopol. 10. Company Mathias, from 1914 Berdyansk, the ...-Lanz airships.
11. 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', Aleksandrovsk in the Ekaterinoslav province, the Argus engines for sale under license.
12. Russian factories Daimler.
According to: P. D. Duz, 'The history of aeronautics and aviation in Russia':
1. Russian-Baltic Shipyard (RBVZ) manufactured liquid-cooled engine capacity of 166 liters; RBVZ type-6 Argus have been designed by RBVZ in Riga. The evacuation to Petrograd loss of skilled personnel, equipment and system of production and finance.
2. Plant 'Motor': in the summer of 1915 from Riga to Moscow was evacuated the plant of 'Motor' association which already had experience in building of rotating engines.
3. JSCompany of P. Ilin; producing of engines to cars was involved in workshops of the Ilin company in Moscow. 4. the aviation company in Simferopol; it was created as a branch of the Aviation Plant A. Anatar located in Odessa by the beginning of 1917.
5. Deka in Zaporoze / Aleksandrowsk / Alexandrowsk.
6. In Rostov-on-Don was the Agricultural Machinery Plant 'Aksai' began to create the aviation department and has received an order for monthly production of 30 engines of the 'Mercedes'; 7. and many related industries as Singer in Podolsk.

Gheorghe Botezat either doctor George, Geogrij, Georges A. de Bothezat or Georg A. Botezat, Botezatu, was born in Iasi i.e. Jassy in Romania 1883 or 1882 - died in Dayton, Ohio in USA 1940.
Botezat learnt in Sereth, next graduating in 1908 at Kharkiv Institute of Technology, and two years of study at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1911, was a doctor in field of aviation; a Russian aeronautical engineer and mathematician; professor of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute in the beginning of the First world war; worked for DEKA in Petrograd / St Petersburg 1914 - 1917 and next he stayed in Iasi at the turn of 1918. Prof. Bothezat from Romania.wrote (1918) letter and report "General Theory of the Screw" (air-screw i.e. propeller of an aircraft); at a later date he wrote off to Subcommittee on Buildings, Laboratories and Equipments in Feb. 1919 and ( by http://avia.russian.ee/vertigo/bothezat-r.html )
the US Army Air Corps awarded a contract in January 1921 to Dr. George de Bothezat and
Ivan Jerome (i.e. Eremeeff, Jeromiejew or Jerome - after a millionaire inventor from Long Island and next owner of the Massapequa Farmers Market, the 59-year old Jerome was arrested in 1955, freed on $100,000 bond, he jumped bail and disappeared;
there were reports he had been seen everywhere from Russia to South America, but he was never found; by http://www.newsday.com/extras/lihistory) to develop a vertical flight machine; this helicopter, designated the Engineering Division H-1 and designed by George De Bothezat and Ivan (Eremeeff) Jerome, made its first public flight on December 18, 1922; George de Bothezat's Army Helicopter Number 1, nicknamed "The Flying Octopus", possessed 1 x the 180 hp Le Rhone radial engine (Rhone 134 kW).

Count Albert R. de Gern / Albert Gernet ?, member of the Russian-French Chamber of Commerce, Board Member: The Russian-French Commercial Bank and the Society of the Bryansk factories; the secretary of French society 'Russian Mining and Metallurgical Union', the French agent in Russia, and member of the board of 'Duflon and Konstantynowicz' Company.
His neighbours at I. Lidvall / Lidval house in 1912 - 1916 in St Petersburg: G. Bunge, a retired engineer, member of Russian locomotive and mechanical plant in Kharkov, Management Board of Russian-Belgian Metallurgical Society; M. Weiss, the daughter of Vice Admiral, Grotkus Anna von Erne baroness and Grube, Ernest Charles, the Discount and Loan Bank of Persia - Chairman, Board of Siberian Commercial Bank in St. Petersburg, Committee of the Sisters of Mercy of the Red Cross in 1912; Ramseyer ? / Ramsay K. A. / Ramsayer, gentleman, office in the Ministry of Imperial Court.
After Revolution the family of Gern (von Gernet?) stayed in the St. Cloud in France. Even in St. Petersburg, Lina de Gern was acquaintance of Anna Pavlovna Pavlova second, a dancer of Russian ballet. Youngest son Nicholas, Frenchman was released from the Marine Corps in the spring of 1917 with the rank of warrant officer and was assigned to the cruiser. The Minister of Marine, Grigorovich has sent him in fall of 1917 to America on charges of ordering new ships. In New York he fell in love with some actress and decided to marry her. In 1918, shot himself. The eldest son Sergei, from post-war Paris, in 1920 went to America. They all were Catholic. Count de Gern for a long time was married to the daughter of the Marquis de Segur, and the Catholic Church does not recognize divorce; the count went to the family estate in the north of France. The consequence of loss of personal funds was that the Count appeared in St. Petersburg as a representative of the French capital invested in the steel factory Makeyevka in southern Russia. De Gern on August 19, 1906 second time married, lived close to Kozelsk and in St. Petersburg. Acquaintance of the Gern family: the family of Zapolsky, Sergei N. Aksakov with son of Boris and daughter Xenia, Peter V. Blokhin and Princess Nadezhda Vyazemskaya from Mogilev, Alexei Nikolayevich Yergolsky from a estate south of Kozelsk.

M. S. Sitnikov employees of ours.

Nikolay Mikhailovich Shvernik born 1888, was a Russian politician and employees of ours - 1902.

CHARLE Masson Ph. / son of Philiberte / Philibert Masson was Vice - Chairman of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon' in St. Petersburg (then L. L. Nobel succeed him) and a member of the Board of Nabpolts (Moscow). Nobel L. L. (descendant of Ludvig and Edla Nobel: Ludvig Alfred Lullu Nobel, 1874 - 1935) - hereditary honorable citizen, Director of the Company 'Gear-Tsitroen' (Citroen) and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Company' and a machine factory of Company 'Ludvig Nobel'.

The 'Duflon...' Board of Directors in St. Petersburg, Apothecary island, Lopukhinsky Street, No 8: Evgeny / Evgenij Evgienievich Armand - Chairman, Nikolai Danilovich Liesienko who 1906 - 1914 represented the interests of the company in St. Petersburg, L. F. Duflon who lived since 1908 in Switzerland, Alexander E. Armand, Sergei Gernet son of Pavel and Emil I. Ramseyer - Swiss citizen, the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank, chairman of the Board of the 'Atlas' Society in St. Petersburg; his brother Ramseyer Y. I., Swiss citizen was also the board member of the St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank and Director of the Company 'Sormovo'. Also: W. W. Kiriejew engineer in Aleksandrowsk (Benz engines) and Alexander Medvedev born 1900, the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs BASSR - he began his career in 1913 at 'Dyuflon' in St. Petersburg. Zhurnollo L. A. (Dziurnollo?), engineer and commerce adviser, factory director and board member of the Society of electromechanical installations 'Dyuflon, Konstantynowicz and Co.', a board member of the Society of Tver city railway. Mr Breguet - the engineer of 'Dyuflon and Konstantynowicz', company representative, Swiss citizen and friend of Drzewiecki. And from the Tomsk Province Basil Bunkov since 1915 in St Petersburg.

Valentin Petrovich Vologdin, 1881 - 1953.
According to Jan Schneiberg / Ian Shneyberg: "Valentin Petrovich Vologdin was born 1881.
His father, Piotr A. Vologdin worked as a mining superintendent of the Kuva Metallurgical Plant. ... After moving this family to Perm, Valentin ... enrolled in 1892 to Perm real school. ... In 1900 he successfully passed the examinations to the Petersburg Institute of Technology. ... participated in the demonstrations of the revolutionary ... students. ... he was arrested ... Through the application of a professors of Technology Institute, he was enrolled in the engineering corps soldier ...". V. P. Vologdin began his work after return to St. Petersburg. His real activity began in 1910 in the field of the construction of Russian-built generators for radio communications.
"V. P. Vologdin created several original designs, the first of which was built in 1912 for naval stations. ... in 1912, has developed its own ... radiogenerator ... to the naval radio station, manufactured by the factory of Glebov.
A year later, in 1913, Vologdin creates a more powerful machine (6 kW at a frequency 20 kHz), which was used for radiotelephone between crests and the main port of Admiralty in St. Petersburg at a distance of 5 km". He worked for the French - Russian plant in 1912 - 1918, now part of the Admiralty shipyard, the plant Duflon & Konstantinovich (Deka); he designed a certain generator at the plant Electrik (former Deka) in St. Petersburg, and also an high frequency alternator for radio engineering purposes in Russia, with 2 kW, 60 kHz for the Navy and planned to work on much larger machines for radio stations and (1915) on heavy aircraft Ilya Murometz by Igor I. Sikorski.
Igor Sikorsky airplane with co-operation of DEKA.
Prof. Valentin Petrovich Vologdin played an outstanding role in radio engineering and electrotechnology.
"V. P.